Samuel Pepys diary March 1669

MARCH 1668-1669

March 1st. Up, and to White Hall to the Committee of Tangier, but it did
not meet. But here I do hear first that my Lady Paulina Montagu did die
yesterday; at which I went to my Lords lodgings, but he is shut up with
sorrow, and so not to be spoken with: and therefore I returned, and to
Westminster Hall, where I have not been, I think, in some months. And here
the Hall was very full, the King having, by Commission to some Lords this
day, prorogued the Parliament till the 19th of October next: at which I am
glad, hoping to have time to go over to France this year. But I was most
of all surprised this morning by my Lord Bellassis, who, by appointment,
met me at Auditor Woods, at the Temple, and tells me of a duell designed
between the Duke of Buckingham and my Lord Halifax, or Sir W. Coventry;
the challenge being carried by Harry Saville, but prevented by my Lord
Arlington, and the King told of it; and this was all the discourse at
Court this day. But I, meeting Sir W. Coventry in the Duke of Yorks
chamber, he would not own it to me, but told me that he was a man of too
much peace to meddle with fighting, and so it rested: but the talk is full
in the town of the business. Thence, having walked some turns with my
cozen Pepys, and most people, by their discourse, believing that this
Parliament will never sit more, I away to several places to look after
things against to-morrows feast, and so home to dinner; and thence, after
noon, my wife and I out by hackneycoach, and spent the afternoon in
several places, doing several things at the Change and elsewhere against
to-morrow; and, among others, I did also bring home a piece of my face
cast in plaister, for to make a wizard upon, for my eyes. And so home,
where W. Batelier come, and sat with us; and there, after many doubts, did
resolve to go on with our feast and dancing to-morrow; and so, after
supper, left the maids to make clean the house, and to lay the cloth, and
other things against to-morrow, and we to bed.

2nd. Up, and at the office till noon, when home, and there I find my
company come, namely, Madam Turner, Dyke, The., and Betty Turner, and Mr.
Bellwood, formerly their fathers clerk, but now set up for himself—a
conceited, silly fellow, but one they make mightily of—my cozen
Roger Pepys, and his wife, and two daughters. I had a noble dinner for
them, as I almost ever had, and mighty merry, and particularly myself
pleased with looking on Betty Turner, who is mighty pretty. After dinner,
we fell one to one talk, and another to another, and looking over my
house, and closet, and things; and The. Turner to write a letter to a lady
in the country, in which I did, now and then, put in half a dozen words,
and sometimes five or six lines, and then she as much, and made up a long
and good letter, she being mighty witty really, though
troublesome-humoured with it. And thus till night, that our musick come,
and the Office ready and candles, and also W. Batelier and his sister
Susan come, and also Will. Howe and two gentlemen more, strangers, which,
at my request yesterday, he did bring to dance, called Mr. Ireton and Mr.
Starkey. We fell to dancing, and continued, only with intermission for a
good supper, till two in the morning, the musick being Greeting, and
another most excellent violin, and theorbo, the best in town. And so with
mighty mirth, and pleased with their dancing of jigs afterwards several of
them, and, among others, Betty Turner, who did it mighty prettily; and,
lastly, W. Bateliers Blackmore and Blackmore Mad; and then to a
country-dance again, and so broke up with extraordinary pleasure, as being
one of the days and nights of my life spent with the greatest content; and
that which I can but hope to repeat again a few times in my whole life.
This done, we parted, the strangers home, and I did lodge my cozen Pepys
and his wife in our blue chamber. My cozen Turner, her sister, and The.,
in our best chamber; Bab., Betty, and Betty Turner, in our own chamber;
and myself and my wife in the maids bed, which is very good. Our maids in
the coachmans bed; the coachman with the boy in his settlebed, and Tom
where he uses to lie. And so I did, to my great content, lodge at once in
my house, with the greatest ease, fifteen, and eight of them strangers of
quality. My wife this day put on first her French gown, called a Sac,
which becomes her very well, brought her over by W. Batelier.

3rd. Up, after a very good nights rest, and was called upon by Sir H.
Cholmly, who was with me an hour, and though acquainted did not stay to
talk with my company I had in the house, but away, and then I to my
guests, and got them to breakfast, and then parted by coaches; and I did,
in mine, carry my she-cozen Pepys and her daughters home, and there left
them, and so to White Hall, where W. Hewer met me; and he and I took a
turn in St. Jamess Park, and in the Mall did meet Sir W. Coventry and Sir
J. Duncomb, and did speak with them about some business before the Lords
of the Treasury; but I did find them more than usually busy, though I knew
not then the reason of it, though I guess it by what followed to-morrow.
Thence to Dancres, the painters, and there saw my picture of Greenwich,
finished to my very good content, though this manner of distemper do make
the figures not so pleasing as in oyle. So to Unthankes, and there took
up my wife, and carried her to the Duke of Yorks playhouse, and there saw
an old play, the first time acted these forty years, called The Ladys
Tryall, acted only by the young people of the house; but the house very
full. But it is but a sorry play, and the worse by how much my head is out
of humour by being a little sleepy and my legs weary since last night. So
after the play we to the New Exchange, and so called at my cozen Turners;
and there, meeting Mr. Bellwood, did hear how my Lord Mayor, being invited
this day to dinner at the Readers at the Temple, and endeavouring to
carry his sword up, the students did pull it down, and forced him to go
and stay all the day in a private Councillors chamber, until the Reader
himself could get the young gentlemen to dinner; and then my Lord Mayor
did retreat out of the Temple by stealth, with his sword up. This do make
great heat among the students; and my Lord Mayor did send to the King, and
also I hear that Sir Richard Browne did cause the drums to beat for the
Train-bands, but all is over, only I hear that the students do resolve to
try the Charter of the City. So we home, and betimes to bed, and slept
well all night.

4th. Up, and a while at the office, but thinking to have Mr. Povys
business to-day at the Committee for Tangier, I left the Board and away to
White Hall, where in the first court I did meet Sir Jeremy Smith, who did
tell me that Sir W. Coventry was just now sent to the Tower, about the
business of his challenging the Duke of Buckingham, and so was also Harry
Saville to the Gate-house; which, as [he is] a gentleman, and of the Duke
of Yorks bedchamber, I heard afterwards that the Duke of York is mightily
incensed at, and do appear very high to the King that he might not be sent
thither, but to the Tower, this being done only in contempt to him. This
news of Sir W. Coventry did strike me to the heart, and with reason, for
by this and my Lord of Ormonds business, I do doubt that the Duke of
Buckingham will be so flushed, that he will not stop at any thing, but be
forced to do any thing now, as thinking it not safe to end here; and, Sir
W. Coventry being gone, the King will have never a good counsellor, nor
the Duke of York any sure friend to stick to him; nor any good man will be
left to advise what is good. This, therefore, do heartily trouble me as
any thing that ever I heard. So up into the House, and met with several
people; but the Committee did not meet; and the whole House I find full of
this business of Sir W. Coventrys, and most men very sensible of the
cause and effects of it. So, meeting with my Lord Bellassis, he told me
the particulars of this matter; that it arises about a quarrel which Sir
W. Coventry had with the Duke of Buckingham about a design between the
Duke and Sir Robert Howard, to bring him into a play at the Kings house,
which W. Coventry not enduring, did by H. Saville send a letter to the
Duke of Buckingham, that he had a desire to speak with him. Upon which,
the Duke of Buckingham did bid Holmes, his champion ever since my Lord
Shrewsburys business,

     [Charles II. wrote to his sister (Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans), on
     March 7th, 1669: I am not sorry that Sir Will. Coventry has given
     me this good occasion by sending my Lord of Buckingham a challenge
     to turne him out of the Councill.  I do intend to turn him allso out
     of the Treasury.  The truth of it is, he has been a troublesome man
     in both places and I am well rid of him (Julia Cartwrights
     Madame, 1894, p.  283).]

go to him to know the business; but H. Saville would not tell it to any
but himself, and therefore did go presently to the Duke of Buckingham, and
told him that his uncle Coventry was a person of honour, and was sensible
of his Graces liberty taken of abusing him, and that he had a desire of
satisfaction, and would fight with him. But that here they were
interrupted by my Lord Chamberlains coming in, who was commanded to go to
bid the Duke of Buckingham to come to the King, Holmes having discovered
it. He told me that the King did last night, at the Council, ask the Duke
of Buckingham, upon his honour, whether he had received any challenge from
W. Coventry? which he confessed that he had; and then the King asking W.
Coventry, he told him that he did not owne what the Duke of Buckingham had
said, though it was not fit for him to give him a direct contradiction.
But, being by the King put upon declaring, upon his honour, the matter, he
answered that he had understood that many hard questions had upon this
business been moved to some lawyers, and that therefore he was unwilling
to declare any thing that might, from his own mouth, render him obnoxious
to his Majestys displeasure, and, therefore, prayed to be excused: which
the King did think fit to interpret to be a confession, and so gave
warrant that night for his commitment to the Tower. Being very much
troubled at this, I away by coach homewards, and directly to the Tower,
where I find him in one Mr. Bennets house, son to Major Bayly, one of the
Officers of the Ordnance, in the Bricke Tower:

     [The Brick Tower stands on the northern wall, a little to the west
     of Martin tower, with which it communicates by a secret passage.
     It was the residence of the Master of the Ordnance, and Raleigh was
     lodged here for a time.]

where I find him busy with my Lord Halifax and his brother; so I would not
stay to interrupt them, but only to give him comfort, and offer my service
to him, which he kindly and cheerfully received, only owning his being
troubled for the King his masters displeasure, which, I suppose, is the
ordinary form and will of persons in this condition. And so I parted, with
great content, that I had so earlily seen him there; and so going out, did
meet Sir Jer. Smith going to meet me, who had newly been with Sir W.
Coventry. And so he and I by water to Redriffe, and so walked to Deptford,
where I have not been, I think, these twelve months: and there to the
Treasurers house, where the Duke of York is, and his Duchess; and there
we find them at dinner in the great room, unhung; and there was with them
my Lady Duchess of Monmouth, the Countess of Falmouth, Castlemayne,
Henrietta Hide (my Lady Hinchingbrokes sister), and my Lady
Peterborough. And after dinner Sir Jer. Smith and I were invited down to
dinner with some of the Maids of Honour, namely, Mrs. Ogle, Blake, and
Howard, which did me good to have the honour to dine with, and look on;
and the Mother of the Maids, and Mrs. Howard, the mother of the Maid of
Honour of that name, and the Dukes housekeeper here. Here was also
Monsieur Blancfort, Sir Richard Powell, Colonel Villers, Sir Jonathan
Trelawny, and others. And here drank most excellent, and great variety,
and plenty of wines, more than I have drank, at once, these seven years,
but yet did me no great hurt. Having dined and very merry, and
understanding by Blancfort how angry the Duke of York was, about their
offering to send Saville to the Gate-house, among the rogues; and then,
observing how this company, both the ladies and all, are of a gang, and
did drink a health to the union of the two brothers, and talking of others
as their enemies, they parted, and so we up; and there I did find the Dupe
of York and Duchess, with all the great ladies, sitting upon a carpet, on
the ground, there being no chairs, playing at I love my love with an A,
because he is so and so: and I hate him with an A, because of this and
that: and some of them, but particularly the Duchess herself, and my Lady
Castlemayne, were very witty. This done, they took barge, and I with Sir
J. Smith to Captain Coxs; and there to talk, and left them and other
company to drink; while I slunk out to Bagwells; and there saw her, and
her mother, and our late maid Nell, who cried for joy to see me, but I had
no time for pleasure then nor could stay, but after drinking I back to the
yard, having a months mind para have had a bout with Nell, which I
believe I could have had, and may another time. So to Coxs, and thence
walked with Sir J. Smith back to Redriffe; and so, by water home, and
there my wife mighty angry for my absence, and fell mightily out, but not
being certain of any thing, but thinks only that Pierce or Knepp was
there, and did ask me, and, I perceive, the boy, many questions. But I did
answer her; and so, after much ado, did go to bed, and lie quiet all
night; but [she] had another bout with me in the morning, but I did make
shift to quiet her, but yet she was not fully satisfied, poor wretch! in
her mind, and thinks much of my taking so much pleasure from her; which,
indeed, is a fault, though I did not design or foresee it when I went.

5th. Up, and by water to White Hall, where did a little business with the
Duke of York at our usual attending him, and thence to my wife, who was
with my coach at Unthankes, though not very well of those upon her, and
so home to dinner, and after dinner I to the Tower, where I find Sir W.
Coventry with abundance of company with him; and after sitting awhile, and
hearing some merry discourse, and, among others, of Mr. Brounckers being
this day summoned to Sir William Morton, one of the judges, to give in
security for his good behaviour, upon his words the other day to Sir John
Morton, a Parliament-man, at White Hall, who had heretofore spoke very
highly against Brouncker in the House, I away, and to Aldgate, and walked
forward towards White Chapel, till my wife overtook me with the coach, it
being a mighty fine afternoon; and there we went the first time out of
town with our coach and horses, and went as far as Bow, the spring
beginning a little now to appear, though the way be dirty; and so, with
great pleasure, with the fore-part of our coach up, we spent the
afternoon. And so in the evening home, and there busy at the Office
awhile, and so to bed, mightily pleased with being at peace with my poor
wife, and with the pleasure we may hope to have with our coach this
summer, when the weather comes to be good.

6th. Up, and to the office, where all the morning, only before the Office
I stepped to Sir W. Coventry at the Tower, and there had a great deal of
discourse with him; among others, of the Kings putting him out of the
Council yesterday, with which he is well contented, as with what else they
can strip him of, he telling me, and so hath long done, that he is weary
and surfeited of business; but he joins with me in his fears that all will
go to naught, as matters are now managed. He told me the matter of the
play that was intended for his abuse, wherein they foolishly and sillily
bring in two tables like that which he hath made, with a round hole in the
middle, in his closet, to turn himself in; and he is to be in one of them
as master, and Sir J. Duncomb in the other, as his man or imitator: and
their discourse in those tables, about the disposing of their books and
papers, very foolish. But that, that he is offended with, is his being
made so contemptible, as that any should dare to make a gentleman a
subject for the mirth of the world: and that therefore he had told Tom
Killigrew that he should tell his actors, whoever they were, that did
offer at any thing like representing him, that he would not complain to my
Lord Chamberlain, which was too weak, nor get him beaten, as Sir Charles
Sidly is said to do, but that he would cause his nose to be cut. He told
me the passage at the Council much like what my Lord Bellassis told me. He
told me how that the Duke of Buckingham did himself, some time since,
desire to join with him, of all men in England, and did bid him propound
to himself to be Chief Minister of State, saying that he would bring it
about, but that he refused to have anything to do with any faction; and
that the Duke of Buckingham did, within these few days, say that, of all
men in England, he would have chosen W. Coventry to have joined entire
with. He tells me that he fears their prevailing against the Duke of York;
and that their violence will force them to it, as being already beyond his
pardon. He repeated to me many examples of challenging of
Privy-Councillors and others; but never any proceeded against with that
severity which he is, it never amounting to others to more than a little
confinement. He tells me of his being weary of the Treasury, and of the
folly, ambition, and desire of popularity of Sir Thomas Clifford; and yet
the rudeness of his tongue and passions when angry. This and much more
discourse being over I with great pleasure come home and to the office,
where all the morning, and at noon home to dinner, and thence to the
office again, where very hard at work all the afternoon till night, and
then home to my wife to read to me, and to bed, my cold having been now
almost for three days quite gone from me. This day my wife made it appear
to me that my late entertainment this week cost me above L12, an expence
which I am almost ashamed of, though it is but once in a great while, and
is the end for which, in the most part, we live, to have such a merry day
once or twice in a mans life.

7th (Lords day). Up, and to the office, busy till church time, and then
to church, where a dull sermon, and so home to dinner, all alone with my
wife, and then to even my Journall to this day, and then to the Tower, to
see Sir W. Coventry, who had H. Jermin and a great many more with him, and
more, while I was there, come in; so that I do hear that there was not
less than sixty coaches there yesterday, and the other day; which I hear
also that there is a great exception taken at, by the King and the Duke of
Buckingham, but it cannot be helped. Thence home, and with our coach out
to Suffolk Street, to see my cozen Pepys, but neither the old nor young at
home. So to my cozen Turners, and there staid talking a little, and then
back to Suffolk Street, where they not being yet come home I to White
Hall, and there hear that there are letters come from Sir Thomas Allen,
that he hath made some kind of peace with Algiers; upon which the King and
Duke of York, being to go out of town to-morrow, are met at my Lord
Arlingtons: so I there, and by Mr. Wren was desired to stay to see if
there were occasion for their speaking with me, which I did, walking
without, with Charles Porter,

     [Charles Porter was the son of a prebend[ary] in Norwich, and a
     prentice boy in the city in the rebellious times.  When the
     committee house was blown up, he was very active in that rising, and
     after the soldiers came and dispersed the rout, he, as a rat among
     joint stools, shifted to and fro among the shambles, and had forty
     pistols shot at him by the troopers that rode after him to kill him
     [24th April, 1648].  In that distress he had the presence of mind to
     catch up a little child that, during the rout, was frighted, and
     stood crying in the streets, and, unobserved by the troopers, ran
     away with it.  The people opened a way for him, saying, Make room
     for the poor child. Thus he got off, and while search was made for
     him in the market-place, got into the Yarmouth ferry, and at
     Yarmouth took ship and went to Holland....  In Holland he
     trailed a pike, and was in several actions as a common soldier.  At
     length he kept a cavalier eating-house; but, his customers being
     needy, he soon broke, and came for England, and being a genteel
     youth, was taken in among the chancery clerks, and got to be under a
     master....  His industry was great; and he had an acquired
     dexterity and skill in the forms of the court; and although he was a
     bon companion, and followed much the bottle, yet he made such
     dispatches as satisfied his clients, especially the clerks, who knew
     where to find him.  His person was florid, and speech prompt and
     articulate.  But his vices, in the way of women and the bottle, were
     so ungoverned, as brought him to a morsel....  When the Lord
     Keeper North had the Seal, who from an early acquaintance had a
     kindness for him which was well known, and also that he was well
     heard, as they call it, business flowed in to him very fast, and yet
     he could scarce keep himself at liberty to follow his business....
     At the Revolution, when his interest fell from, and his debts began
     to fall upon him, he was at his wits end....  His character for
     fidelity, loyalty, and facetious conversation was without
     exception—Roger Norths Lives of the Norths (Lord Keeper
     Guilford), ed.  Jessopp, vol. i., pp. 381-2.  He was originally made
     Lord Chancellor of Ireland in the reign of James II., during the
     viceroyalty of Lord Clarendon, 1686, when he was knighted.  He
     was, says Burnet, a man of ready wit, and being poor was thought a
     person fit to be made a tool of.  When Clarendon was recalled,
     Porter was also displaced, and Fitton was made chancellor, a man who
     knew no other law than the kings pleasure (Own Time).  Sir
     Charles Porter was again made Lord Chancellor of Ireland in 1690,
     and in this same year he acted as one of the Lords Justices.  This
     note of Lord Braybrookes is retained and added to, but the
     reference may after all be to another Charles Porter.  See vol.
     iii., p. 122, and vol. vi., p. 98.]

talking of a great many things: and I perceive all the world is against
the Duke of Buckingham his acting thus high, and do prophesy nothing but
ruin from it: But he do well observe that the church lands cannot
certainly come to much, if the King shall [be] persuaded to take them;
they being leased out for long leases. By and by, after two hours stay,
they rose, having, as Wren tells me, resolved upon sending six ships to
the Streights forthwith, not being contented with the peace upon the terms
they demand, which are, that all our ships, where any Turks or Moores
shall be found slaves, shall be prizes; which will imply that they, must
be searched. I hear that to-morrow the King and the Duke of York set out
for Newmarket, by three in the morning; to some foot and horse-races, to
be abroad ten or twelve days: So I away, without seeing the Duke of York;
but Mr. Wren showed me the Order of Council about the balancing the
Storekeepers accounts, passed the Council in the very terms I drew it,
only I did put in my name as he that presented the book of Hosiers
preparing, and that is left out—I mean, my name—which is no
great matter. So to my wife to Suffolk Streete, where she was gone, and
there I found them at supper, and eat a little with them, and so home, and
there to bed, my cold pretty well gone.

8th. Up, and with W. Hewer by hackney coach to White Hall, where the King
and the Duke of York is gone by three in the morning, and had the
misfortune to be overset with the Duke of York, the Duke of Monmouth, and
the Prince, at the Kings Gate in Holborne; and the King all dirty, but
no hurt. How it come to pass I know not, but only it was dark, and the
torches did not, they say, light the coach as they should do. I thought
this morning to have seen my Lord Sandwich before he went out of town, but
I come half an hour too late; which troubles me, I having not seen him
since my Lady Palls died. So W. Hewer and I to the Harp-and-Ball, to drink
my morning draught, having come out in haste; and there met with King, the
Parliament-man, with whom I had some impertinent talk. And so to the Privy
Seal Office, to examine what records I could find there, for my help in
the great business I am put upon, of defending the present constitution of
the Navy; but there could not have liberty without order from him that is
in present waiting, Mr. Bickerstaffe, who is out of town. This I did after
I had walked to the New Exchange and there met Mr. Moore, who went with me
thither, and I find him the same discontented poor man as ever. He tells
me that Mr. Shepley is upon being turned away from my Lords family, and
another sent down, which I am sorry for; but his age and good fellowship
have almost made him fit for nothing. Thence, at Unthankes my wife met
me, and with our coach to my cozen Turners and there dined, and after
dinner with my wife alone to the Kings playhouse, and there saw The
Mocke Astrologer, which I have often seen, and but an ordinary play; and
so to my cozen Turners again, where we met Roger Pepys, his wife, and two
daughters, and there staid and talked a little, and then home, and there
my wife to read to me, my eyes being sensibly hurt by the too great lights
of the playhouse. So to supper and to bed.

9th. Up, and to the Tower; and there find Sir W. Coventry alone, writing
down his journal, which, he tells me, he now keeps of the material things;
upon which I told him, and he is the only man I ever told it to, I think,
that I kept it most strictly these eight or ten years; and I am sorry
almost that I told it him, it not being necessary, nor may be convenient
to have it known. Here he showed me the petition he had sent to the King
by my Lord Keeper, which was not to desire any admittance to employment,
but submitting himself therein humbly to his Majesty; but prayed the
removal of his displeasure, and that he might be set free. He tells me
that my Lord Keeper did acquaint the King with the substance of it, not
shewing him the petition; who answered, that he was disposing of his
employments, and when that was done, he might be led to discharge him: and
this is what he expects, and what he seems to desire. But by this
discourse he was pleased to take occasion to shew me and read to me his
account, which he hath kept by him under his own hand, of all his
discourse, and the Kings answers to him, upon the great business of my
Lord Clarendon, and how he had first moved the Duke of York with it twice,
at good distance, one after another, but without success; shewing me
thereby the simplicity and reasons of his so doing, and the manner of it;
and the Kings accepting it, telling him that he was not satisfied in his
management, and did discover some dissatisfaction against him for his
opposing the laying aside of my Lord Treasurer, at Oxford, which was a
secret the King had not discovered. And really I was mighty proud to be
privy to this great transaction, it giving me great conviction of the
noble nature and ends of Sir W. Coventry in it, and considerations in
general of the consequences of great mens actions, and the uncertainty of
their estates, and other very serious considerations. From this to other
discourse, and so to the Office, where we sat all the morning, and after
dinner by coach to my cozen Turners, thinking to have taken the young
ladies to a play; but The. was let blood to-day; and so my wife and I
towards the Kings playhouse, and by the way found Betty [Turner], and
Bab., and Betty Pepys staying for us; and so took them all to see
Claricilla, which do not please me almost at all, though there are some
good things in it. And so to my cozen Turners again, and there find my
Lady Mordaunt, and her sister Johnson; and by and by comes in a gentleman,
Mr. Overbury, a pleasant man, who plays most excellently on the
flagelette, a little one, that sounded as low as one of mine, and mighty
pretty. Hence by and by away, and with my wife, and Bab. and Betty Pepys,
and W. Hewer, whom I carried all this day with me, to my cozen
Stradwicks, where I have not been ever since my brother Tom died, there
being some difference between my father and them, upon the account of my
cozen Scott; and I was glad of this opportunity of seeing them, they being
good and substantial people, and kind, and here met my cozen Roger and his
wife, and my cozen Turner, and here, which I never did before, I drank a
glass, of a pint, I believe, at one draught, of the juice of oranges, of
whose peel they make comfits; and here they drink the juice as wine, with
sugar, and it is very fine drink; but, it being new, I was doubtful
whether it might not do me hurt. Having staid a while, my wife and I back,
with my cozen Turner, etc., to her house, and there we took our leaves of
my cozen Pepys, who goes with his wife and two daughters for Impington
tomorrow. They are very good people, and people I love, and am obliged to,
and shall have great pleasure in their friendship, and particularly in
hers, she being an understanding and good woman. So away home, and there
after signing my letters, my eyes being bad, to supper and to bed.

10th. Up, and by hackney-coach to Auditor Beales Office, in Holborne, to
look for records of the Navy, but he was out of the way, and so forced to
go next to White Hall, to the Privy Seal; and, after staying a little
there, then to Westminster, where, at the Exchequer, I met with Mr.
Newport and Major Halsey; and, after doing a little business with Mr.
Burges, we by water to White Hall, where I made a little stop: and so with
them by coach to Temple Bar, where, at the Sugar Loaf we dined, and W.
Hewer with me; and there comes a companion of theirs, Colonel Vernon, I
think they called him; a merry good fellow, and one that was very plain in
cursing the Duke of Buckingham, and discoursing of his designs to ruin us,
and that ruin must follow his counsels, and that we are an undone people.
To which the others concurred, but not so plain, but all vexed at Sir W.
Coventrys being laid aside: but Vernon, he is concerned, I perceive, for
my Lord Ormonds being laid aside; but their company, being all old
cavaliers, were very pleasant to hear how they swear and talk. But Halsey,
to my content, tells me that my Lord Duke of Albemarle says that W.
Coventry being gone, nothing will be well done at the Treasury, and I
believe it; but they do all talk as that Duncombe, upon some pretence or
other, must follow him. Thence to Auditor Beales, his house and office,
but not to be found, and therefore to the Privy Seale at White Hall,
where, with W. Hewer and Mr. Gibson, who met me at the Temple, I spent the
afternoon till evening looking over the books there, and did find several
things to my purpose, though few of those I designed to find, the books
being kept there in no method at all. Having done there, we by water home,
and there find my cozen Turner and her two daughters come to see us; and
there, after talking a little, I had my coach ready, and my wife and I,
they going home, we out to White Chapel to take a little ayre, though yet
the dirtiness of the road do prevent most of the pleasure, which should
have been from this tour. So home, and my wife to read to me till supper,
and to bed.

11th. Up, and to Sir W. Coventry, to the Tower, where I walked and talked
with him an hour alone, from one good thing to another: who tells me that
he hears that the Commission is gone down to the King, with a blank to
fill, for his place in the Treasury: and he believes it will be filled
with one of our Treasurers of the Navy, but which he knows not, but he
believes it will be Osborne. We walked down to the Stone Walk, which is
called, it seems, my Lord of Northumberlands walk, being paved by some
one of that title, that was prisoner there: and at the end of it, there is
a piece of iron upon the wall, with, his armes upon it, and holes to put
in a peg, for every turn that they make upon that walk. So away to the
Office, where busy all the morning, and so to dinner, and so very busy all
the afternoon, at my Office, late; and then home tired, to supper, with
content with my wife, and so to bed, she pleasing me, though I dare not
own it, that she hath hired a chambermaid; but she, after many
commendations, told me that she had one great fault, and that was, that
she was very handsome, at which I made nothing, but let her go on; but
many times to-night she took occasion to discourse of her handsomeness,
and the danger she was in by taking her, and that she did doubt yet
whether it would be fit for her, to take her. But I did assure her of my
resolutions to have nothing to do with her maids, but in myself I was glad
to have the content to have a handsome one to look on.

12th. Up, and abroad, with my own coach, to Auditor Beales house, and
thence with W. Hewer to his Office, and there with great content spent all
the morning looking over the Navy accounts of several years, and the
several patents of the Treasurers, which was more than I did hope to have
found there. About noon I ended there, to my great content, and giving the
clerks there 20s. for their trouble, and having sent for W. Howe to me to
discourse with him about the Patent Office records, wherein I remembered
his brother to be concerned, I took him in my coach with W. Hewer and
myself towards Westminster; and there he carried me to Notts, the famous
bookbinder, that bound for my Lord Chancellors library; and here I did
take occasion for curiosity to bespeak a book to be bound, only that I
might have one of his binding. Thence back to Grayes Inne: and, at the
next door, at a cooks-shop of Howes acquaintance, we bespoke dinner, it
being now two oclock; and in the meantime he carried us into Grayes
Inne, to his chamber, where I never was before; and it is very pretty, and
little, and neat, as he was always. And so, after a little stay, and
looking over a book or two there, we carried a piece of my Lord Coke with
us, and to our dinner, where, after dinner, he read at my desire a chapter
in my Lord Coke about perjury, wherein I did learn a good deal touching
oaths, and so away to the Patent Office; in Chancery Lane, where his
brother Jacke, being newly broke by running in debt, and growing an idle
rogue, he is forced to hide himself; and W. Howe do look after the Office,
and here I did set a clerk to look out some things for me in their books,
while W. Hewer and I to the Crowne Offices where we met with several good
things that I most wanted, and did take short notes of the dockets, and so
back to the Patent Office, and did the like there, and by candle-light
ended. And so home, where, thinking to meet my wife with content, after my
pains all this day, I find her in her closet, alone, in the dark, in a hot
fit of railing against me, upon some news she has this day heard of Deb.s
living very fine, and with black spots, and speaking ill words of her
mistress, which with good reason might vex her; and the baggage is to
blame, but, God knows, I know nothing of her, nor what she do, nor what
becomes of her, though God knows that my devil that is within me do wish
that I could. Yet God I hope will prevent me therein, for I dare not trust
myself with it if I should know it; but, what with my high words, and
slighting it, and then serious, I did at last bring her to very good and
kind terms, poor heart! and I was heartily glad of it, for I do see there
is no man can be happier than myself, if I will, with her. But in her fit
she did tell me what vexed me all the night, that this had put her upon
putting off her handsome maid and hiring another that was full of the
small pox, which did mightily vex me, though I said nothing, and do still.
So down to supper, and she to read to me, and then with all possible
kindness to bed.

13th. Up, and to the Tower, to see Sir W. Coventry, and with him talking
of business of the Navy, all alone, an hour, he taking physic. And so away
to the Office, where all the morning, and then home to dinner, with my
people, and so to the Office again, and there all the afternoon till
night, when comes, by mistake, my cozen Turner, and her two daughters,
which love such freaks, to eat some anchovies and ham of bacon with me,
instead of noon, at dinner, when I expected them. But, however, I had done
my business before they come, and so was in good humour enough to be with
them, and so home to them to supper, and pretty merry, being pleased to
see Betty Turner, which hath something mighty pretty. But that which put
me in good humour, both at noon and night, is the fancy that I am this day
made a Captain of one of the Kings ships, Mr. Wren having this day sent
me, the Duke of Yorks commission to be Captain of The Jerzy, in order
to my being of a Court-martiall for examining the loss of The Defyance,
and other things; which do give me occasion of much mirth, and may be of
some use to me, at least I shall get a little money by it for the time I
have it; it being designed that I must really be a Captain to be able to
sit in this Court. They staid till about eight at night, and then away,
and my wife to read to me, and then to bed in mighty good humour, but for
my eyes.

14th (Lords day). Up, and to my office with Tom, whom I made to read to
me the books of Propositions in the time of the Grand Commission, which I
did read a good part of before church, and then with my wife to church,
where I did see my milliners wife come again, which pleased me; but I
durst not be seen to mind her for fear of my wifes seeing me, though the
woman I did never speak twenty words to, and that but only in her
husbands shop. But so fearful I am of discontenting my wife, or giving
her cause of jealousy. But here we heard a most excellent good sermon of
Mr. Giffords, upon the righteousness of Scribes and Pharisees. So home to
dinner and to work again, and so till dinner, where W. Howe come and dined
with me, and staid and read in my Lord Cooke upon his chapter of perjury
again, which pleased me, and so parted, and I to my office, and there made
an end of the books of Propositions, which did please me mightily to hear
read, they being excellently writ and much to the purpose, and yet so as I
think I shall make good use of his defence of our present constitution.
About four oclock took coach to visit my cozen Turner, and I out with her
to make a visit, but the lady she went to see was abroad. So back and to
talk with her and her daughters, and then home, and she and I to walk in
the garden, the first time this year, the weather being mighty temperate;
and then I to write down my Journall for the last week, my eyes being very
bad, and therefore I forced to find a way to use by turns with my tube,
one after another, and so home to supper and to bed. Before I went from my
office this night I did tell Tom my resolution not to keep him after Jane
was gone, but shall do well by him, which pleases him; and I think he will
presently marry her, and go away out of my house with her.

15th. Up, and by water with W. Hewer to the Temple; and thence to the
Rolls, where I made inquiry for several rolls, and was soon informed in
the manner of it: and so spent the whole morning with W. Hewer, he taking
little notes in short-hand, while I hired a clerk there to read to me
about twelve or more several rolls which I did call for: and it was great
pleasure to me to see the method wherein their rolls are kept; that when
the Master of the Office, one Mr. Case, do call for them, who is a man
that I have heretofore known by coming to my Lord of Sandwichs, he did
most readily turn to them. At noon they shut up; and W. Hewer and I did
walk to the Cocke, at the end of Suffolke Streete, where I never was, a
great ordinary, mightily cried up, and there bespoke a pullett; which
while dressing, he and I walked into St. Jamess Park, and thence back,
and dined very handsome, with a good soup, and a pullet, for 4s. 6d. the
whole. Thence back to the Rolls, and did a little more business: and so by
water to White Hall, whither. I went to speak with Mr. Williamson, that if
he hath any papers relating to the Navy I might see them, which he
promises me: and so by water home, with great content for what I have this
day found, having got almost as much as I desire of the history of the
Navy, from 1618 to 1642, when the King and Parliament fell out. So home,
and did get my wife to read, and so to supper and to bed.

16th. Up, and to the office, after having visited Sir W. Coventry at the
Tower, and walked with him upon the Stone Walk, alone, till other company
come to him, and had very good discourse with him. At noon home, where my
wife and Jane gone abroad, and Tom, in order to their buying of things for
their wedding, which, upon my discourse the last night, is now resolved to
be done, upon the 26th of this month, the day of my solemnity for my
cutting of the stone, when my cozen Turner must be with us. My wife,
therefore, not at dinner; and comes to me Mr. Evelyn of Deptford, a worthy
good man, and dined with me, but a bad dinner; who is grieved for, and
speaks openly to me his thoughts of, the times, and our ruin approaching;
and all by the folly of the King. His business to me was about some ground
of his, at Deptford, next to the Kings yard: and after dinner we parted.
My sister Michell coming also this day to see us, whom I left there, and I
away down by water with W. Hewer to Woolwich, where I have not been I
think more than a year or two, and here I saw, but did not go on board, my
ship The Jerzy, she lying at the wharf under repair. But my business was
to speak with Ackworth, about some old things and passages in the Navy,
for my information therein, in order to my great business now of stating
the history of the Navy. This I did; and upon the whole do find that the
late times, in all their management, were not more husbandly than we; and
other things of good content to me. His wife was sick, and so I could not
see her. Thence, after seeing Mr. Sheldon, I to Greenwich by water, and
there landed at the Kings house, which goes on slow, but is very pretty.

     [The old palace at Greenwich had just been pulled down, and a new
     building commenced by Charles II., only one wing of which was
     completed, at the expense of L36,000, under the auspices of Webb,
     Inigo Joness kinsman and executor.  In 1694 the unfinished edifice
     was granted by William and Mary to trustees for the use and service
     of a Naval Hospital; and it has been repeatedly enlarged and
     improved till it has arrived at its present splendour.—B.]

I to the Park, there to see the prospect of the hill, to judge of Dancres
picture, which he hath made thereof for me: and I do like it very well:
and it is a very pretty place. Thence to Deptford, but staid not, Uthwayte
being out of the way: and so home, and then to the Ship Tavern, Morrices,
and staid till W. Hewer fetched his uncle Blackburne by appointment to me,
to discourse of the business of the Navy in the late times; and he did do
it, by giving me a most exact account in writing, of the several turns in
the Admiralty and Navy, of the persons employed therein, from the
beginning of the Kings leaving the Parliament, to his Sons coming in, to
my great content; and now I am fully informed in all I at present desire.
We fell to other talk; and I find by him that the Bishops must certainly
fall, and their hierarchy; these people have got so much ground upon the
King and kingdom as is not to be got again from them: and the Bishops do
well deserve it. But it is all the talk, I find, that Dr. Wilkins, my
friend, the Bishop of Chester, shall be removed to Winchester, and be Lord
Treasurer. Though this be foolish talk, yet I do gather that he is a
mighty rising man, as being a Latitudinarian, and the Duke of Buckingham
his great friend. Here we staid talking till to at night, where I did
never drink before since this man come to the house, though for his pretty
wifes sake I do fetch my wine from this, whom I could not nevertheless
get para see to-night, though her husband did seem to call for her. So
parted here and I home, and to supper and to bed.

17th. Up, and by water to see Mr. Wren, and then Mr. Williamson, who did
shew me the very original bookes of propositions made by the Commissioners
for the Navy, in 1618, to my great content; but no other Navy papers he
could now shew me. Thence to Westminster by water and to the Hall, where
Mrs. Michell do surprize me with the news that Doll Lane is suddenly
brought to bed at her sisters lodging, and gives it out that she is
married, but there is no such thing certainly, she never mentioning it
before, but I have cause to rejoice that I have not seen her a great
while, she having several times desired my company, but I doubt to an evil
end. Thence to the Exchequer, where W. Hewer come to me, and after a
little business did go by water home, and there dined, and took my wife by
a hackney to the Kings playhouse, and saw The Coxcomb, the first time
acted, but an old play, and a silly one, being acted only by the young
people. Here met cozen Turner and The. So parted there from them, and home
by coach and to my letters at the office, where pretty late, and so to
supper and to bed.

18th. Up, and to see Sir W. Coventry, and walked with him a good while in
the Stone Walk: and brave discourse about my Lord Chancellor, and his ill
managements and mistakes, and several things of the Navy, and thence to
the office, where we sat all the morning, and so home to dinner, where my
wife mighty finely dressed, by a maid that she hath taken, and is to come
to her when Jane goes; and the same she the other day told me of, to be so
handsome. I therefore longed to see her, but did not till after dinner,
that my wife and I going by coach, she went with us to Holborne, where we
set her down. She is a mighty proper maid, and pretty comely, but so so;
but hath a most pleasing tone of voice, and speaks handsomely, but hath
most great hands, and I believe ugly; but very well dressed, and good
clothes, and the maid I believe will please me well enough. Thence to
visit Ned Pickering and his lady, and Creed and his wife, but the former
abroad, and the latter out of town, gone to my Lady Pickerings in
Northamptonshire, upon occasion of the late death of their brother, Oliver
Pickering, a youth, that is dead of the smallpox. So my wife and I to
Dancres to see the pictures; and thence to Hyde Park, the first time we
were there this year, or ever in our own coach, where with mighty pride
rode up and down, and many coaches there; and I thought our horses and
coach as pretty as any there, and observed so to be by others. Here staid
till night, and so home, and to the office, where busy late, and so home
to supper and to bed, with great content, but much business in my head of
the office, which troubles me.

19th. Up, and by water to White Hall, there to the Lords of the Treasury,
and did some business, and here Sir Thomas Clifford did speak to me, as
desirous that I would some time come and confer with him about the Navy,
which I am glad of, but will take the direction of the Duke of York before
I do it, though I would be glad to do something to secure myself, if I
could, in my employment. Thence to the plaisterers, and took my face, and
my Lord Duke of Albemarles, home with me by coach, they being done to my
mind; and mighty glad I am of understanding this way of having the
pictures of any friends. At home to dinner, where Mr. Sheres dined with
us, but after dinner I left him and my wife, and with Commissioner
Middleton and Kempthorne to a Court-martiall, to which, by virtue of my
late Captainship, I am called, the first I was ever at; where many
Commanders, and Kempthorne president. Here was tried a difference between
Sir L. Van Hemskirke, the Dutch Captain who commands The Nonsuch, built
by his direction, and his Lieutenant; a drunken kind of silly business. We
ordered the Lieutenant to ask him pardon, and have resolved to lay before
the Duke of York what concerns the Captain, which was striking of his
Lieutenant and challenging him to fight, which comes not within any
article of the laws martiall. But upon discourse the other day with Sir W.
Coventry, I did advise Middleton, and he and I did forbear to give
judgment, but after the debate did withdraw into another cabin, the Court
being held in one of the yachts, which was on purpose brought up over
against St. Katharines, it being to be feared that this precedent of our
being made Captains, in order to the trying of the loss of The Defyance,
wherein we are the proper persons to enquire into the want of instructions
while ships do lie in harbour, evil use might be hereafter made of the
precedent by putting the Duke of Buckingham, or any of these rude fellows
that now are uppermost, to make packed Courts, by Captains made on purpose
to serve their turns. The other cause was of the loss of The Providence
at Tangier, where the Captains being by chance on shore may prove very
inconvenient to him, for examples sake, though the man be a good man, and
one whom, for Norwoods sake, I would be kind to; but I will not offer any
thing to the excusing such a miscarriage. He is at present confined, till
he can bring better proofs on his behalf of the reasons of his being on
shore. So Middleton and I away to the Office; and there I late busy,
making my people, as I have done lately, to read Mr. Hollands Discourse
of the Navy, and what other things I can get to inform me fully in all;
and here late, about eight at night, comes Mr. Wren to me, who had been at
the Tower to Coventry. He come only to see how matters go, and tells me,
as a secret, that last night the Duke of Yorks closet was broken open,
and his cabinets, and shut again, one of them that the rogue that did it
hath left plate and a watch behind him, and therefore they fear that it
was only for papers, which looks like a very malicious business in design,
to hurt the Duke of York; but they cannot know that till the Duke of York
comes to town about the papers, and therefore make no words of it. He
gone, I to work again, and then to supper at home, and to bed.

20th. Up, and to the Tower, to W. Coventry, and there walked with him
alone, on the Stone Walk, till company come to him; and there about the
business of the Navy discoursed with him, and about my Lord Chancellor and
Treasurer; that they were against the war [with the Dutch] at first,
declaring, as wise men and statesmen, at first to the King, that they
thought it fit to have a war with them at some time or other, but that it
ought not to be till we found the Crowns of Spain and France together by
the Bares, the want of which did ruin our war. But then he told me that, a
great deal before the war, my Lord Chancellor did speak of a war with some
heat, as a thing to be desired, and did it upon a belief that he could
with his speeches make the Parliament give what money he pleased, and do
what he would, or would make the King desire; but he found himself soon
deceived of the Parliament, they having a long time before his removal
been cloyed with his speeches and good words, and were come to hate him.
Sir W. Coventry did tell me it, as the wisest thing that ever was said to
the King by any statesman of his time, and it was by my Lord Treasurer
that is dead, whom, I find, he takes for a very great statesman—that
when the King did shew himself forward for passing the Act of Indemnity,
he did advise the King that he would hold his hand in doing it, till he
had got his power restored, that had been diminished by the late times,
and his revenue settled in such a manner as he might depend on himself,
without resting upon Parliaments,—and then pass it. But my Lord
Chancellor, who thought he could have the command of Parliaments for ever,
because for the Kings sake they were awhile willing to grant all the King
desired, did press for its being done; and so it was, and the King from
that time able to do nothing with the Parliament almost. Thence to the
office, where sat all the forenoon, and then home to dinner, and so to the
office, where late busy, and so home, mightily pleased with the news
brought me to-night, that the King and Duke of York are come back this
afternoon, and no sooner come, but a warrant was sent to the Tower for the
releasing Sir W. Coventry; which do put me in some hopes that there may
be, in this absence, some accommodation made between the Duke of York and
the Duke of Buckingham and; Arlington. So home, to supper, and to bed.

21st (Lords day). Up, and by water over to Southwarke; and then, not
getting a boat, I forced to walk to Stangate; and so over to White Hall,
in a scull; where up to the Duke of Yorks dressing-room, and there met
Harry Saville, and understand that Sir W. Coventry is come to his house
last night. I understand by Mr. Wren that his friends having, by Secretary
Trevor and my Lord Keeper, applied to the King upon his first coming home,
and a promise made that he should be discharged this day, my Lord
Arlington did anticipate them, by sending a warrant presently for his
discharge which looks a little like kindness, or a desire of it; which God
send! though I fear the contrary: however, my heart is glad that he is
out. Thence up and down the House. Met with Mr. May, who tells me the
story of his being put by Sir John Denhams place, of Surveyor of the
Kings Works, who it seems, is lately dead, by the unkindness of the Duke
Buckingham, who hath brought in Dr. Wren: though, he tells me, he hath
been his servant for twenty years together in all his wants and dangers,
saving him from want of bread by his care and management, and with a
promise of having his help in his advancement, and an engagement under his
hand for L1000 not yet paid, and yet the Duke of Buckingham so ungrateful
as to put him by: which is an ill thing, though Dr. Wren is a worthy man.
But he tells me that the King is kind to him, and hath promised him a
pension of L300 a-year out of the Works; which will be of more content to
him than the place, which, under their present wants of money, is a place
that disobliges most people, being not able to do what they desire to
their lodgings. Here meeting with Sir H. Cholmly and Povy, that tell me
that my Lord Middleton is resolved in the Cabal that he shall not go to
Tangier; and that Sir Edward Harlow [Harley], whom I know not, is
propounded to go, who was Governor of Dunkirke, and, they say, a most
worthy brave man, which I shall be very glad of. So by water (H. Russell
coming for me) home to dinner, where W. Howe comes to dine with me; and
after dinner propounds to me my lending him L500, to help him to purchase
a place—the Master of the Patent Office, of Sir Richard Piggott. I
did give him a civil answer, but shall think twice of it; and the more,
because of the changes we are like to have in the Navy, which will not
make it fit for me to divide the little I have left more than I have done,
God knowing what my condition is, I having not attended, and now not being
able to examine what my state is, of my accounts, and being in the world,
which troubles me mightily. He gone, I to the office to enter my journall
for a week. News is lately come of the Algerines taking L3000 in money,
out of one of our Companys East India ships, outward bound, which will
certainly make the war last; which I am sorry for, being so poor as we
are, and broken in pieces. At night my wife to read to me, and then to
supper, where Pelling comes to see and sup with us, and I find that he is
assisting my wife in getting a licence to our young people to be married
this Lent, which is resolved shall be done upon Friday next, my great day,
or feast, for my being cut of the stone. So after supper to bed, my eyes
being very bad.

22nd. Up, and by water, with W. Newer, to White Hall, there to attend the
Lords of the Treasury; but, before they sat, I did make a step to see Sir
W. Coventry at his house, where, I bless God! he is come again; but in my
way I met him, and so he took me into his coach and carried me to White
Hall, and there set me down where he ought not—at least, he hath not
yet leave to come, nor hath thought fit to ask it, hearing that Henry
Saville is not only denied to kiss the Kings hand, but the King, being
asked it by the Duke of York, did deny it, and directed that the Duke
shall not receive him, to wait upon him in his chamber, till further
orders. Sir W. Coventry told me that he was going to visit Sir John
Trevor, who hath been kind to him; and he shewed me a long list of all his
friends that he must this week make visits to, that come to visit him in
the Tower; and seems mighty well satisfied with his being out of business,
but I hope he will not long be so; at least, I do believe that all must go
to rat if the King do not come to see the want of such a servant. Thence
to the Treasury-Chamber, and there all the morning to my great grief, put
to do Sir G. Downings work of dividing the Customes for this year,
between the Navy, the Ordnance and Tangier: but it did so trouble my eyes,
that I had rather have given L20 than have had it to do; but I did thereby
oblige Sir Thomas Clifford and Sir J. Duncombe, and so am glad of the
opportunity to recommend myself to the former for the latter I need not,
he loving me well already. At it till noon, here being several of my
brethren with me but doing nothing, but I all. But this day I did also
represent to our Treasurers, which was read here, a state of the charge of
the Navy, and what the expence of it this year would likely be; which is
done so as it will appear well done and to my honour, for so the Lords did
take it: and I oblige the Treasurers by doing it, at their request. Thence
with W. Hewer at noon to Unthankes, where my wife stays for me and so to
the Cocke, where there was no room, and thence to King Street, to several
cooks shops, where nothing to be had; and at last to the corner shop,
going down Ivy Lane, by my Lord of Salisburys, and there got a good
dinner, my wife, and W. Newer, and I: and after dinner she, with her
coach, home; and he and I to look over my papers for the East India
Company, against the afternoon: which done, I with them to White Hall, and
there to the Treasury-Chamber, where the East India Company and three
Councillors pleaded against me alone, for three or four hours, till seven
at night, before the Lords; and the Lords did give me the conquest on
behalf of the King, but could not come to any conclusion, the Company
being stiff: and so I think we shall go to law with them. This done, and
my eyes mighty bad with this days work, I to Mr. Wrens, and then up to
the Duke of York, and there with Mr. Wren did propound to him my going to
Chatham to-morrow with Commissioner Middleton, and so this week to make
the pay there, and examine the business of The Defyance being lost, and
other businesses, which I did the rather, that I might be out of the way
at the wedding, and be at a little liberty myself for a day, or two, to
find a little pleasure, and give my eyes a little ease. The Duke of York
mightily satisfied with it; and so away home, where my wife troubled at my
being so late abroad, poor woman! though never more busy, but I satisfied
her; and so begun to put things in order for my journey to-morrow, and so,
after supper, to bed.

23rd. Up, and to my office to do a little business there, and so, my
things being all ready, I took coach with Commissioner Middleton, Captain
Tinker, and Mr. Huchinson, a hackney coach, and over the bridge, and so
out towards Chatham, and; dined at Dartford, where we staid an hour or
two, it being a cold day; and so on, and got to Chatham just at night,
with very good discourse by the way, but mostly of matters of religion,
wherein Huchinson his vein lies. After supper, we fell to talk of spirits
and apparitions, whereupon many pretty, particular stories were told, so
as to make me almost afeard to lie alone, but for shame I could not help
it; and so to bed and, being sleepy, fell soon to rest, and so rested

24th. Up, and walked abroad in the garden, and find that Mrs. Tooker has
not any of her daughters here as I expected and so walked to the yard,
leaving Middleton at the pay, and there I only walked up and down the
yard, and then to the Hill-House, and there did give order for the coach
to be made ready; and got Mr. Gibson, whom I carried with me, to go with
me and Mr. Coney, the surgeon, towards Maydston which I had a mighty mind
to see, and took occasion, in my way, at St. Margetts, to pretend to call
to see Captain Allen to see whether Mrs. Jowles, his daughter, was there;
and there his wife come to the door, he being at London, and through a
window, I spied Jowles, but took no notice of he but made excuse till
night, and then promised to come and see Mrs. Allen again, and so away, it
being a mighty cold and windy, but clear day; and had the pleasure of
seeing the Medway running, winding up and down mightily, and a very fine
country; and I went a little out of the way to have visited Sir John
Bankes, but he at London; but here I had a sight of his seat and house,
the outside, which is an old abbey just like Hinchingbroke, and as good at
least, and mighty finely placed by the river; and he keeps the grounds
about it, and walls and the house, very handsome: I was mightily pleased
with the sight of it. Thence to Maydstone, which I had a mighty mind to
see, having never been there; and walked all up and down the town, and up
to the top of the steeple, and had a noble view, and then down again: and
in the town did see an old man beating of flax, and did step into the barn
and give him money, and saw that piece of husbandry which I never saw, and
it is very pretty: in the street also I did buy and send to our inne, the
Bell, a dish of fresh fish. And so, having walked all round the town, and
found it very pretty, as most towns I ever saw, though not very big, and
people of good fashion in it, we to our inne to dinner, and had a good
dinner; and after dinner a barber come to me, and there trimmed me, that I
might be clean against night, to go to Mrs. Allen. And so, staying till
about four oclock, we set out, I alone in the coach going and coming; and
in our way back, I light out of the way to see a Saxon monument,

     [Kits-Cotty House, a cromlech in Aylesford parish, Kent, on a
     hillside adjacent to the river Medway, three and a half miles N. by
     W. of Maidstone.  It consists of three upright stones and an
     overlying one, and forms a small chamber open in front.  It is
     supposed to have been the centre of a group of monuments indicating
     the burial-place of the Belgian settlers in this part of Britain.
     Other stones of a similar character exist in the neighbourhood.]

as they say, of a King, which is three stones standing upright, and a
great round one lying on them, of great bigness, although not so big as
those on Salisbury Plain; but certainly it is a thing of great antiquity,
and I mightily glad to see it; it is near to Aylesford, where Sir John
Bankes lives. So homeward, and stopped again at Captain Allens, and there
light, and sent the coach and Gibson home, and I and Coney staid; and
there comes to us Mrs. Jowles, who is a very fine, proper lady, as most I
know, and well dressed. Here was also a gentleman, one Major Manly, and
his wife, neighbours; and here we staid, and drank, and talked, and set
Coney and him to play while Mrs. Jowles and I to talk, and there had all
our old stories up, and there I had the liberty to salute her often, and
pull off her glove, where her hand mighty moist, and she mighty free in
kindness to me, and je do not at all doubt that I might have had that that
I would have desired de elle had I had time to have carried her to Cobham,
as she, upon my proposing it, was very willing to go, for elle is a whore,
that is certain, but a very brave and comely one. Here was a pretty cozen
of hers come in to supper also, of a great fortune, daughter-in-law to
this Manly, mighty pretty, but had now such a cold, she could not speak.
Here mightily pleased with Mrs. Jowles, and did get her to the street
door, and there to her su breasts, and baiser her without any force, and
credo that I might have had all else, but it was not time nor place. Here
staid till almost twelve at night, and then with a lanthorn from thence
walked over the fields, as dark as pitch, and mighty cold, and snow, to
Chatham, and Mr. Coney with great kindness to me: and there all in bed
before I come home, and so I presently to bed.

25th. Up, and by and by, about eight oclock, come Rear-Admiral Kempthorne
and seven Captains more, by the Duke of Yorks order, as we expected, to
hold the Court-martiall about the loss of The Defyance; and so presently
we by boat to The Charles, which lies over against Upnor Castle, and
there we fell to the business; and there I did manage the business, the
Duke of York having, by special order, directed them to take the
assistance of Commissioner Middleton and me, forasmuch as there might be
need of advice in what relates to the government of the ships in harbour.
And so I did lay the law open to them, and rattle the Master Attendants
out of their wits almost; and made the trial last till seven at night, not
eating a bit all the day; only when we had done examination, and I given
my thoughts that the neglect of the Gunner of the ship was as great as I
thought any neglect could be, which might by the law deserve death, but
Commissioner Middleton did declare that he was against giving the sentence
of death, we withdrew, as not being of the Court, and so left them to do
what they pleased; and, while they were debating it, the Boatswain of the
ship did bring us out of the kettle a piece of hot salt beef, and some
brown bread and brandy; and there we did make a little meal, but so good
as I never would desire to eat better meat while I live, only I would have
cleaner dishes. By and by they had done, and called us down from the
quarterdeck; and there we find they do sentence that the Gunner of The
Defyance should stand upon The Charles three hours with his fault writ
upon his breast, and with a halter about his neck, and so be made
incapable of any office. The truth is, the man do seem, and is, I believe,
a good man; but his neglect, in trusting a girl to carry fire into his
cabin, is not to be pardoned. This being done, we took boat and home; and
there a good supper was ready for us, which should have been our dinner.
The Captains, desirous to be at London, went away presently for Gravesend,
to get thither by this nights tide; and so we to supper, it having been a
great snowy and mighty cold, foul day; and so after supper to bed.

26th. Up, and with Middleton all the morning at the Docke, looking over
the storehouses and Commissioner Petts house, in order to Captain Coxs
coming to live there in his stead, as Commissioner. But it is a mighty
pretty house; and pretty to see how every thing is said to be out of
repair for this new man, though L10 would put it into as good condition in
every thing as it ever was in, so free every body is of the Kings money.
By and by to Mr. Wilsons, and there drank, but did not see his wife, nor
any woman in the yard, and so to dinner at the Hill-House; and after
dinner, till eight at night, close, Middleton and I, examining the
business of Mr. Pett, about selling a boat, and we find him a very knave;
and some other quarrels of his, wherein, to justify himself, he hath made
complaints of others. This being done, we to supper, and so to talk,
Commissioner Middleton being mighty good company upon a journey, and so to
bed, thinking how merry my people are at this time, putting Tom and Jane
to bed, being to have been married this day, it being also my feast for my
being cut of the stone, but how many years I do not remember, but I think
it to be about ten or eleven.

27th. Up, and did a little business, Middleton and I, then; after drinking
a little buttered ale, he and Huchinson and: I took coach, and, exceeding
merry in talk, to Dartford: Middleton finding stories of his own life at
Barbadoes, and up and down at Venice, and elsewhere, that are mighty
pretty, and worth hearing; and he is a strange good companion, and; droll
upon the road, more than ever I could have thought to have been in him.
Here we dined and met Captain Allen of Rochester, who dined with us, and
so went on his journey homeward, and we by and by took coach again and got
home about six at night, it being all the morning as cold, snowy, windy,
and rainy day, as any in the whole winter past, but pretty clear in the
afternoon. I find all well, but my wife abroad with Jane, who was married
yesterday, and I to the office busy, till by and by my wife comes home,
and so home, and there hear how merry they were yesterday, and I glad at
it, they being married, it seems, very handsomely, at Islington; and dined
at the old house, and lay in our blue chamber, with much company, and
wonderful merry. The Turner and Mary Batelier bridesmaids, and Talbot
Pepys and W. Hewer bridesmen. Anon to supper and to bed, my head a little
troubled with the muchness of the business I have upon me at present. So
to bed.

28th (Lords day). Lay long talking with pleasure with my wife, and so up
and to the Office with Tom, who looks mighty smug upon his marriage, as
Jane also do, both of whom I did give joy, and so Tom and I at work at the
Office all the morning, till dinner, and then dined, W. Batelier with us;
and so after dinner to work again, and sent for Gibson, and kept him also
till eight at night, doing much business. And so, that being done, and my
journal writ, my eyes being very bad, and every day worse and worse, I
fear: but I find it most certain that stronge drinks do make my eyes sore,
as they have done heretofore always; for, when I was in the country, when
my eyes were at the best, their stronge beere would make my eyes sore: so
home to supper, and by and by to bed.

29th. Up, and by water to White Hall; and there to the Duke of York, to
shew myself, after my journey to Chatham, but did no business to-day with
him: only after gone from him, I to Sir T. Cliffords; and there, after an
hours waiting, he being alone in his closet, I did speak with him, and
give him the account he gave me to draw up, and he did like it very well:
and then fell to talk of the business of the Navy and giving me good
words, did fall foul of the constitution [of the Board], and did then
discover his thoughts, that Sir J. Minnes was too old, and so was Colonel
Middleton, and that my Lord Brouncker did mind his mathematics too much. I
did not give much encouragement to that of finding fault with my
fellow-officers; but did stand up for the constitution, and did say that
what faults there were in our Office would be found not to arise from the
constitution, but from the failures of the officers in whose hands it was.
This he did seem to give good ear to; but did give me of myself very good
words, which pleased me well, though I shall not build upon them any
thing. Thence home; and after dinner by water with Tom down to Greenwich,
he reading to me all the way, coming and going, my collections out of the
Duke of Yorks old manuscript of the Navy, which I have bound up, and do
please me mightily. At Greenwich I come to Captain Cockes, where the
house full of company, at the burial of James Temple, who, it seems, hath
been dead these five days here I had a very good ring, which I did give my
wife as soon as I come home. I spent my time there walking in the garden,
talking with James Pierce, who tells me that he is certain that the Duke
of Buckingham had been with his wenches all the time that he was absent,
which was all the last week, nobody knowing where he was. The great talk
is of the Kings being hot of late against Conventicles, and to see
whether the Duke of Buckinghams being returned will turn the King, which
will make him very popular: and some think it is his plot to make the King
thus, to shew his power in the making him change his mind. But Pierce did
tell me that the King did certainly say, that he that took one stone from
the Church, did take two from his Crown. By and by the corpse come out;
and I, with Sir Richard Browne and Mr. Evelyn, in their coach to the
church, where Mr. Plume preached. But I, in the midst of the sermon, did
go out, and walked all alone, round to Deptford, thinking para have seen
the wife of Bagwell, which I did at her door, but I could not conveniently
go into her house, and so lost my labour: and so to the Kings Yard, and
there my boat by order met me; and home, where I made my boy to finish the
my manuscript, and so to supper and to bed my new chamber-maid, that comes
in the room of Jane; is come, Jane and Tom lying at their own lodging this
night: the new maids name is Matt, a proper and very comely maid… This
day also our cook-maid Bridget went away, which I was sorry for; but, just
at her going she was found to be a thief, and so I was the less trouble
for it; but now our whole house will, in a manner, be new which, since
Jane is gone, I am not at all sorry for, for that my late differences with
my wife about poor Deb. will not be remembered. So to bed after supper,
and to sleep with great content.

30th. Up, and to Sir W. Coventry, to see and discourse with him; and he
tells me that he hath lately been with my Lord Keeper, and had much
discourse about the Navy; and particularly he tells me that he finds they
are divided touching me and my Lord Brouncker; some are for removing; and
some for keeping us. He told my Lord Keeper that it would cost the King
L10,000 before he hath made another as fit to serve him in the Navy as I
am; which, though I believe it is true, yet I am much pleased to have that
character given me by W. Coventry, whatever be the success of it. But I
perceive they do think that I know too much, and shall impose upon
whomever shall come next, and therefore must be removed, though he tells
me that Sir T. Clifford is inclined well enough to me, and Sir T. Osborne;
by what I have lately done, I suppose. This news do a little trouble me,
but yet, when I consider it, it is but what I ought not to be much
troubled for, considering my incapacity, in regard to my eyes, to continue
long at this work, and this when I think of and talk with my wife do make
me the less troubled for it. After some talk of the business of the navy
more with him, I away and to the Office, where all the morning; and Sir W.
Pen, the first time that he hath been here since his being last sick,
which, I think, is two or three months; and I think will be the last that
he will be here as one of the Board, he now inviting us all to dine with
him, as a parting dinner, on Thursday next, which I am glad of, I am sure;
for he is a very villain. At noon home to dinner, where, and at the
office, all the afternoon, troubled at what I have this morning heard, at
least my mind full of thoughts upon it, and so at night after supper to

31st. Up, and by water to Sir W. Coventrys, there to talk with him about
business of the Navy, and received from him direction what to advise the
Duke of York at this time, which was, to submit and give way to the Kings
naming a man or two, that the people about him have a mind should be
brought into the Navy, and perhaps that may stop their fury in running
further against the whole; and this, he believes, will do it. After much
discourse with him, I walked out with him into St. Jamess Park, where,
being afeard to be seen with him, he having not leave yet to kiss the
Kings hand, but notice taken, as I hear, of all that go to him, I did
take the pretence of my attending the Tangier Committee, to take my leave,
though to serve him I should, I think, stick at nothing. At the Committee,
this morning, my Lord Middleton declares at last his being ready to go, as
soon as ever money can be made ready to pay the garrison: and so I have
orders to get money, but how soon I know not. Thence home, and there find
Mr Sheres, for whom I find my moher of late to talk with mighty kindness;
and particularly he hath shewn himself to be a poet, and that she do
mightily value him for. He did not stay to dine with us, but we to dinner;
and then, in the afternoon, my wife being very well dressed by her new
maid, we abroad, to make a visit to Mrs. Pickering; but she abroad again,
and so we never yet saw her. Thence to Dancres, and there, saw our
pictures which are in doing; and I did choose a view of Rome instead of
Hampton Court; and mightily pleased I shall be in them. Here were Sir
Charles Cotterell and his son bespeaking something; both ingenious men.
Thence my wife and I to the Park; and pretty store of company; and so home
with great content the month, my mind in pretty good content for all
things, but the designs on foot to bring alterations in the Office, which
troubles me.