Samuel Pepys diary February 1669

FEBRUARY 1668-1669

February 1st. Up, and by water from the Tower to White Hall, the first
time that I have gone to that end of the town by water, for two or three
months, I think, since I kept a coach, which God send propitious to me;
but it is a very great convenience. I went to a Committee of Tangier, but
it did not meet, and so I meeting Mr. Povy, he and I away to Dancres, to
speak something touching the pictures I am getting him to make for me. And
thence he carried me to Mr. Streeters, the famous history-painter over
the way, whom I have often heard of, but did never see him before; and
there I found him, and Dr. Wren, and several Virtuosos, looking upon the
paintings which he is making for the new Theatre at Oxford: and, indeed,
they look as if they would be very fine, and the rest think better than
those of Rubens in the Banqueting-house at White Hall, but I do not so
fully think so. But they will certainly be very noble; and I am mightily
pleased to have the fortune to see this man and his work, which is very
famous; and he a very civil little man, and lame, but lives very
handsomely. So thence to my Lord Bellassis, and met him within: my
business only to see a chimney-piece of Dancres doing, in distemper, with
egg to keep off the glaring of the light, which I must have done for my
room: and indeed it is pretty, but, I must confess, I do think it is not
altogether so beautiful as the oyle pictures; but I will have some of one,
and some of another. Thence set him down at Little Turnstile, and so I
home, and there eat a little dinner, and away with my wife by coach to the
Kings playhouse, thinking to have seen The Heyresse, first acted on
Saturday last; but when we come thither, we find no play there; Kinaston,
that did act a part therein, in abuse to Sir Charles Sedley, being last
night exceedingly beaten with sticks, by two or three that assaulted him,
so as he is mightily bruised, and forced to keep his bed. So we to the
Duke of Yorks playhouse, and there saw She Would if She Could, and so
home and to my office to business, and then to supper and to bed. This
day, going to the play, The. Turner met us, and carried us to her mother,
at my Lady Mordaunts; and I did carry both mother and daughter with us to
the Duke of Yorks playhouse, at next door.

2nd. Up, and to the office, where all the morning, and home to dinner at
noon, where I find Mr. Sheres; and there made a short dinner, and carried
him with us to the Kings playhouse, where The Heyresse,
not-withstanding Kinastons being beaten, is acted; and they say the King
is very angry with Sir Charles Sedley for his being beaten, but he do deny
it. But his part is done by Beeston, who is fain to read it out of a book
all the while, and thereby spoils the part, and almost the play, it being
one of the best parts in it; and though the design is, in the first
conception of it, pretty good, yet it is but an indifferent play, wrote,
they say, by my Lord Newcastle. But it was pleasant to see Beeston come in
with others, supposing it to be dark, and yet he is forced to read his
part by the light of the candles: and this I observing to a gentleman that
sat by me, he was mightily pleased therewith, and spread it up and down.
But that, that pleased me most in the play is, the first song that Knepp
sings, she singing three or four; and, indeed, it was very finely sung, so
as to make the whole house clap her. Thence carried Sheres to White Hall,
and there I stepped in, and looked out Mr. May, who tells me that he and
his company cannot come to dine with me to-morrow, whom I expected only to
come to see the manner of our Office and books, at which I was not very
much displeased, having much business at the Office, and so away home, and
there to the office about my letters, and then home to supper and to bed,
my wife being in mighty ill humour all night, and in the morning I found
it to be from her observing Knepp to wink and smile on me; and she says I
smiled on her; and, poor wretch! I did perceive that she did, and do on
all such occasions, mind my eyes. I did, with much difficulty, pacify her,
and were friends, she desiring that hereafter, at that house, we might
always sit either above in a box, or, if there be [no] room, close up to
the lower boxes.

3rd. So up, and to the Office till noon, and then home to a little dinner,
and thither again till night, mighty busy, to my great content, doing a
great deal of business, and so home to supper, and to bed; I finding this
day that I may be able to do a great deal of business by dictating, if I
do not read myself, or write, without spoiling my eyes, I being very well
in my eyes after a great days work.

4th. Up, and at the office all the morning. At noon home with my people to
dinner, and then after dinner comes Mr. Spong to see me, and brings me my
Parallelogram, in better order than before, and two or three draughts of
the port of Brest, to my great content, and I did call Mr. Gibson to take
notice of it, who is very much pleased therewith; and it seems this
Parallelogram is not, as Mr. Sheres would, the other day, have persuaded
me, the same as a Protractor, which do so much the more make me value it,
but of itself it is a most usefull instrument. Thence out with my wife and
him, and carried him to an instrument-makers shop in Chancery Lane, that
was once a Prentice of Greatorexs, but the master was not within, and
there he [Gibson] shewed me a Parallelogram in brass, which I like so well
that I will buy, and therefore bid it be made clean and fit for me. And so
to my cozen Turners, and there just spoke with The., the mother not being
at home; and so to the New Exchange, and thence home to my letters; and so
home to supper and to bed. This morning I made a slip from the Office to
White Hall, expecting Povys business at a Committee of Tangier, at which
I would be, but it did not meet, and so I presently back.

5th. Up betimes, by coach to Sir W. Coventrys, and with him by coach to
White Hall, and there walked in the garden talking of several things, and
by my visit to keep fresh my interest in him; and there he tells me how it
hath been talked that he was to go one of the Commissioners to Ireland,
which he was resolved never to do, unless directly commanded; for he told
me that for to go thither, while the Chief Secretary of State was his
professed enemy, was to undo himself; and, therefore, it were better for
him to venture being unhappy here, than to go further off, to be undone by
some obscure instructions, or whatever other way of mischief his enemies
should cut out for him. He mighty kind to me, and so parted, and thence
home, calling in two or three places—among others, Dancres, where I
find him beginning of a piece for me, of Greenwich, which will please me
well, and so home to dinner, and very busy all the afternoon, and so at
night home to supper, and to bed.

6th. Up, and to the office, where all the morning, and thence after dinner
to the Kings playhouse, and there,—in an upper box, where come in
Colonel Poynton and Doll Stacey, who is very fine, and, by her
wedding-ring, I suppose he hath married her at last,—did see The
Moor of Venice: but ill acted in most parts; Mohun, which did a little
surprise me, not acting Iagos part by much so well as Clun used to do;
nor another Harts, which was Cassios; nor, indeed, Burt doing the Moors
so well as I once thought he did. Thence home, and just at Holborn Conduit
the bolt broke, that holds the fore-wheels to the perch, and so the horses
went away with them, and left the coachman and us; but being near our
coachmakers, and we staying in a little ironmongers shop, we were
presently supplied with another, and so home, and there to my letters at
the office, and so to supper and to bed.

7th (Lords day). My wife mighty peevish in the morning about my lying
unquietly a-nights, and she will have it that it is a late practice, from
my evil thoughts in my dreams,….and mightily she is troubled about it;
but all blew over, and I up, and to church, and so home to dinner, where
she in a worse fit, which lasted all the afternoon, and shut herself up,
in her closet, and I mightily grieved and vexed, and could not get her to
tell me what ayled her, or to let me into her closet, but at last she did,
where I found her crying on the ground, and I could not please her; but I
did at last find that she did plainly expound it to me. It was, that she
did believe me false to her with Jane, and did rip up three or four silly
circumstances of her not rising till I come out of my chamber, and her
letting me thereby see her dressing herself; and that I must needs go into
her chamber and was naught with her; which was so silly, and so far from
truth, that I could not be troubled at it, though I could not wonder at
her being troubled, if she had these thoughts, and therefore she would lie
from me, and caused sheets to be put on in the blue room, and would have
Jane to lie with her lest I should come to her. At last, I did give her
such satisfaction, that we were mighty good friends, and went to bed
betimes …..

8th. Up, and dressed myself; and by coach, with W. Hewer and my wife, to
White Hall, where she set us two down; and in the way, our little boy, at
Martin, my booksellers shop, going to light, did fall down; and, had he
not been a most nimble boy (I saw how he did it, and was mightily pleased
with him for it), he had been run over by the coach. I to visit my Lord
Sandwich; and there, while my Lord was dressing himself, did see a young
Spaniard, that he hath brought over with him, dance, which he is admired
for, as the best dancer in Spain, and indeed he do with mighty mastery;
but I do not like his dancing as the English, though my Lord commends it
mightily: but I will have him to my house, and show it my wife. Here I met
with Mr. Moore, who tells me the state of my Lords accounts of his
embassy, which I find not so good as I thought: for, though it be passed
the King and his Cabal (the Committee for Foreign Affairs as they are
called), yet they have cut off from L9000 full L8000, and have now sent it
to the Lords of the Treasury, who, though the Committee have allowed the
rest, yet they are not obliged to abide by it. So that I do fear this
account may yet be long ere it be passed—much more, ere that sum be
paid: I am sorry for the family, and not a little for what it owes me. So
to my wife, took her up at Unthanks, and in our way home did shew her the
tall woman in Holborne, which I have seen before; and I measured her, and
she is, without shoes, just six feet five inches high, and they say not
above twenty-one years old. Thence home, and there to dinner, and my wife
in a wonderful ill humour; and, after dinner, I staid with her alone,
being not able to endure this life, and fell to some angry words together;
but by and by were mighty good friends, she telling me plain it was still
about Jane, whom she cannot believe but I am base with, which I made a
matter of mirth at; but at last did call up Jane, and confirm her
mistresss directions for her being gone at Easter, which I find the wench
willing to be, but directly prayed that Tom might go with her, which I
promised, and was but what I designed; and she being thus spoke with, and
gone, my wife and I good friends, and mighty kind, I having promised, and
I will perform it, never to give her for the time to come ground of new
trouble; and so I to the Office, with a very light heart, and there close
at my business all the afternoon. This day I was told by Mr. Wren, that
Captain Cox, Master-Attendant at Deptford, is to be one of us very soon,
he and Tippets being to take their turns for Chatham and Portsmouth, which
choice I like well enough; and Captain Annesley is to come in his room at
Deptford. This morning also, going to visit Roger Pepys, at the
potticarys in Kings Street, he tells me that Roger is gone to his
wifes, so that they have been married, as he tells me, ever since the
middle of last week: it was his design, upon good reasons, to make no
noise of it; but I am well enough contented that it is over. Dispatched a
great deal of business at the office, and there pretty late, till finding
myself very full of wind, by my eating no dinner to-day, being vexed, I
was forced to go home, and there supped W. Batelier with us, and so with
great content to bed.

9th. Up, and all the morning busy at the office, and after dinner abroad
with my wife to the Kings playhouse, and there saw The Island
Princesse, which I like mighty well, as an excellent play: and here we
find Kinaston to be well enough to act again, which he do very well, after
his beating by Sir Charles Sedleys appointment; and so thence home, and
there to my business at the Office, and after my letters done, then home
to supper and to bed, my mind being mightily eased by my having this
morning delivered to the Office a letter of advice about our answers to
the Commissioners of Accounts, whom we have neglected, and I have done
this as a record in my justification hereafter, when it shall come to be

10th. Up, and with my wife and W. Hewer, she set us down at White Hall,
where the Duke of York was gone a-hunting: and so, after I had done a
little business there, I to my wife, and with her to the plaisterers at
Charing Cross, that casts heads and bodies in plaister: and there I had my
whole face done; but I was vexed first to be forced to daub all my face
over with pomatum: but it was pretty to feel how soft and easily it is
done on the face, and by and by, by degrees, how hard it becomes, that you
cannot break it, and sits so close, that you cannot pull it off, and yet
so easy, that it is as soft as a pillow, so safe is everything where many
parts of the body do bear alike. Thus was the mould made; but when it came
off there was little pleasure in it, as it looks in the mould, nor any
resemblance whatever there will be in the figure, when I come to see it
cast off, which I am to call for a day or two hence, which I shall long to
see. Thence to Hercules Pillars, and there my wife and W. Hewer and I
dined, and back to White Hall, where I staid till the Duke of York come
from hunting, which he did by and by, and, when dressed, did come out to
dinner; and there I waited: and he did tell me that to-morrow was to be
the great day that the business of the Navy would be dis coursed of before
the King and his Caball, and that he must stand on his guard, and did
design to have had me in readiness by, but that upon second thoughts did
think it better to let it alone, but they are now upon entering into the
economical part of the Navy. Here he dined, and did mightily magnify his
sauce, which he did then eat with every thing, and said it was the best
universal sauce in the world, it being taught him by the Spanish
Embassador; made of some parsley and a dry toast, beat in a mortar,
together with vinegar, salt, and a little pepper: he eats it with flesh,
or fowl, or fish: and then he did now mightily commend some new sort of
wine lately found out, called Navarre wine, which I tasted, and is, I
think, good wine: but I did like better the notion of the sauce, and by
and by did taste it, and liked it mightily. After dinner, I did what I
went for, which was to get his consent that Balty might hold his
Muster-Masters place by deputy, in his new employment which I design for
him, about the Storekeepers accounts; which the Duke of York did grant
me, and I was mighty glad of it. Thence home, and there I find Povy and W.
Batelier, by appointment, met to talk of some merchandize of wine and
linnen; but I do not like of their troubling my house to meet in, having
no mind to their pretences of having their rendezvous here, but, however,
I was not much troubled, but went to the office, and there very busy, and
did much business till late at night, and so home to supper, and with
great pleasure to bed. This day, at dinner, I sent to Mr. Spong to come to
me to Hercules Pillars, who come to us, and there did bring with him my
new Parallelogram of brass, which I was mightily pleased with, and paid
for it 25s., and am mightily pleased with his ingenious and modest

11th. Up, and to the office, where sat all the morning, and at noon home
and heard that the last night Colonel Middletons wife died, a woman I
never saw since she come hither, having never been within their house
since. Home at noon to dinner, and thence to work all the afternoon with
great pleasure, and did bring my business to a very little compass in my
day book, which is a mighty pleasure, and so home to supper and get my
wife to read to me, and then to bed.

12th. Up, and my wife with me to White Hall, and Tom, and there she sets
us down, and there to wait on the Duke of York, with the rest of us, at
the Robes, where the Duke of York did tell us that the King would have us
prepare a draught of the present administration of the Navy, and what it
was in the late times, in order to his being able to distinguish between
the good and the bad, which I shall do, but to do it well will give me a
great deal of trouble. Here we shewed him Sir J. Minness propositions
about balancing Storekeepers accounts; and I did shew him Hosiers, which
did please him mightily, and he will have it shewed the Council and King
anon, to be put in practice. Thence to the Treasurers; and I and Sir J.
Minnes and Mr. Tippets down to the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury,
and there had a hot debate from Sir Thomas Clifford and my Lord Ashly (the
latter of which, I hear, is turning about as fast as he can to the Duke of
Buckinghams side, being in danger, it seems, of being otherwise out of
play, which would not be convenient for him), against Sir W. Coventry and
Sir J. Duncomb, who did uphold our Office against an accusation of our
Treasurers, who told the Lords that they found that we had run the King in
debt L50,000 or more, more than the money appointed for the year would
defray, which they declared like fools, and with design to hurt us, though
the thing is in itself ridiculous. But my Lord Ashly and Clifford did most
horribly cry out against the want of method in the Office. At last it come
that it should be put in writing what they had to object; but I was
devilish mad at it, to see us thus wounded by our own members, and so away
vexed, and called my wife, and to Hercules Pillars, Tom and I, there
dined; and here there coming a Frenchman by with his Shew, we did make him
shew it us, which he did just as Lacy acts it, which made it mighty
pleasant to me. So after dinner we away and to Dancres, and there saw our
picture of Greenwich in doing, which is mighty pretty, and so to White
Hall, my wife to Unthanks, and I attended with Lord Brouncker the King
and Council, about the proposition of balancing Storekeepers accounts and
there presented Hosiers book, and it was mighty well resented and
approved of. So the Council being up, we to the Queens side with the King
and Duke of York: and the Duke of York did take me out to talk of our
Treasurers, whom he is mighty angry with: and I perceive he is mighty
desirous to bring in as many good motions of profit and reformation in the
Navy as he can, before the Treasurers do light upon them, they being
desirous, it seems, to be thought the great reformers: and the Duke of
York do well. But to my great joy he is mighty open to me in every thing;
and by this means I know his whole mind, and shall be able to secure
myself, if he stands. Here to-night I understand, by my Lord Brouncker,
that at last it is concluded on by the King and Buckingham that my Lord of
Ormond shall not hold his government of Ireland, which is a great stroke,
to shew the power of Buckingham and the poor spirit of the King, and
little hold that any man can have of him. Thence I homeward, and calling
my wife called at my cozen Turners, and there met our new cozen Pepys
(Mrs. Dickenson), and Bab. and Betty come yesterday to town, poor girls,
whom we have reason to love, and mighty glad we are to see them; and there
staid and talked a little, being also mightily pleased to see Betty
Turner, who is now in town, and her brothers Charles and Will, being come
from school to see their father, and there talked a while, and so home,
and there Pelling hath got me W. Pens book against the Trinity.

     [Entitled, The Sandy Foundation Shaken; or those...  doctrines
     of one God subsisting in three distinct and separate persons; the
     impossibility of Gods pardoning sinners without a plenary
     satisfaction, the justification of impure persons by an imputative
     righteousness, refuted from the authority of Scripture testimonies
     and right reason, etc.  London, 1668.  It caused him to be
     imprisoned in the Tower.  Aug. 4, 1669.  Young Penn who wrote the
     blasphemous book is delivered to his father to be transported
      (Letter to Sir John Birkenhead, quoted by Bishop Kennett in his MS.
     Collections, vol. lxxxix., p. 477).]

I got my wife to read it to me; and I find it so well writ as, I think, it
is too good for him ever to have writ it; and it is a serious sort of
book, and not fit for every body to read. So to supper and to bed.

13th. Up, and all the morning at the office, and at noon home to dinner,
and thence to the office again mighty busy, to my great content, till
night, and then home to supper and, my eyes being weary, to bed.

14th (Lords day). Up, and by coach to Sir W. Coventry, and there, he
taking physic, I with him all the morning, full of very good discourse of
the Navy and publick matters, to my great content, wherein I find him
doubtful that all will be bad, and, for his part, he tells me he takes no
more care for any thing more than in the Treasury; and that, that being
done, he goes to cards and other delights, as plays, and in summertime to
bowles. But here he did shew me two or three old books of the Navy, of my
Lord Northumberlands times, which he hath taken many good notes out of,
for justifying the Duke of York and us, in many things, wherein, perhaps,
precedents will be necessary to produce, which did give me great content.
At noon home, and pleased mightily with my mornings work, and coming
home, I do find a letter from Mr. Wren, to call me to the Duke of York
after dinner. So dined in all haste, and then W. Hewer and my wife and I
out, we set her at my cozen Turners while we to White Hall, where the
Duke of York expected me; and in his closet Wren and I. He did tell me how
the King hath been acquainted with the Treasurers discourse at the Lords
Commissioners of the Treasury, the other day, and is dissatisfied with our
running him in debt, which I removed; and he did, carry me to the King,
and I did satisfy him also; but his satisfaction is nothing worth, it
being easily got, and easily removed; but I do purpose to put in writing
that which shall make the Treasurers ashamed. But the Duke of York is
horrid angry against them; and he hath cause, for they do all they can to
bring dishonour upon his management, as do vainly appear in all they do.
Having done with the Duke of York, who do repose all in me, I with Mr.
Wren to his, chamber, to talk; where he observed, that these people are
all of them a broken sort of people, that have not much to lose, and
therefore will venture all to make their fortunes better: that Sir Thomas
Osborne is a beggar, having 11 of L1200 a-year, but owes above L10,000.
The Duke of Buckinghams condition is shortly this: that he hath about
L19,600 a-year, of which he pays away about L7,000 a-year in interest,
about L2000 in fee-farm rents to the King, about L6000 wages and pensions,
and the rest to live upon, and pay taxes for the whole. Wren says, that
for the Duke of York to stir in this matter, as his quality might justify,
would but make all things worse, and that therefore he must bend, and
suffer all, till time works it out: that he fears they will sacrifice the
Church, and that the King will take anything, and so he will hold up his
head a little longer, and then break in pieces. But Sir W. Coventry did
today mightily magnify my late Lord Treasurer, for a wise and solid,
though infirm man: and, among other things, that when he hath said it was
impossible in nature to find this or that sum of money, and my Lord
Chancellor hath made sport of it, and tell the King that when my Lord hath
said it [was] impossible, yet he hath made shift to find it, and that was
by Sir G. Carterets getting credit, my Lord did once in his hearing say
thus, which he magnifies as a great saying—that impossible would be
found impossible at last; meaning that the King would run himself out,
beyond all his credit and funds, and then we should too late find it
impossible; which is, he says, now come to pass. For that Sir W. Coventry
says they could borrow what money they would, if they had assignments, and
funds to secure it with, which before they had enough of, and then must
spend it as if it would never have an end. From White Hall to my cozen
Turners, and there took up my wife; and so to my uncle Wights, and there
sat and supped, and talked pretty merry, and then walked home, and to bed.

15th. Up, and with Tom to White Hall; and there at a Committee of Tangier,
where a great instance of what a man may lose by the neglect of a friend:
Povy never had such an opportunity of passing his accounts, the Duke of
York being there, and everybody well disposed, and in expectation of them;
but my Lord Ashly, on whom he relied, and for whose sake this day was
pitched on, that he might be sure to be there, among the rest of his
friends, staid too long, till the Duke of York and the company thought
unfit to stay longer and so the day lost, and God knows when he will ever
have so good a one again, as long as he lives; and this was the man of the
whole company that he hath made the most interest to gain, and now most
depended upon him. So up and down the house a while, and then to the
plaisterers, and there saw the figure of my face taken from the mould:
and it is most admirably like, and I will have another made, before I take
it away, and therefore I away and to the Temple, and thence to my cozen
Turners, where, having the last night been told by her that she had drawn
me for her Valentine, I did this day call at the New Exchange, and bought
her a pair of green silk stockings and garters and shoe-strings, and two
pair of jessimy gloves, all coming to about 28s., and did give them her
this noon. At the Change, I did at my booksellers shop accidentally fall
into talk with Sir Samuel Tuke about trees, and Mr. Evelyns garden; and I
do find him, I think, a little conceited, but a man of very fine discourse
as any I ever heard almost, which I was mighty glad of. I dined at my
cozen Turners, and my wife also and her husband there, and after dinner,
my wife and I endeavoured to make a visit to Ned Pickering; but he not at
home, nor his lady; and therefore back again, and took up my cozen Turner,
and to my cozen Rogers lodgings, and there find him pretty well again,
and his wife mighty kind and merry, and did make mighty much of us, and I
believe he is married to a very good woman. Here was also Bab. and Betty,
who have not their clothes yet, and therefore cannot go out, otherwise I
would have had them abroad to-morrow; but the poor girls mighty kind to
us, and we must skew them kindness also. Here in Suffolk Street lives Moll
Davis; and we did see her coach come for her to her door, a mighty pretty
fine coach. Here we staid an hour or two, and then carried Turner home,
and there staid and talked a while, and then my wife and I to White Hall;
and there, by means of Mr. Cooling, did get into the play, the only one we
have seen this winter: it was The Five Hours Adventure: but I sat so
far I could not hear well, nor was there any pretty woman that I did see,
but my wife, who sat in my Lady Foxs pew

     [We may suppose that pews were by no means common at this time
     within consecrated walls, from the word being applied indifferently
     by Pepys to a box in a place of amusement, and two days afterwards
     to a seat at church.  It would appear, from other authorities, that
     between 1646 and 1660 scarcely any pews had been erected; and Sir C.
     Wren is known to have objected to their introduction into his London

with her. The house very full; and late before done, so that it was past
eleven before we got home. But we were well pleased with seeing it, and so
to supper, where it happened that there was no bread in the house, which
was an unusual case, and so to bed.

16th. Up, and to the office, where all the morning, my head full of
business of the office now at once on my hands, and so at noon home to
dinner, where I find some things of W. Bateliers come out of France,
among which some clothes for my wife, wherein she is likely to lead me to
the expence of so much money as vexed me; but I seemed so, more than I at
this time was, only to prevent her taking too much, and she was mighty
calm under it. But I was mightily pleased with another picture of the King
of Frances head, of Nanteuils, bigger than the other which he brought
over, that pleases me infinitely: and so to the Office, where busy all the
afternoon, though my eyes mighty bad with the light of the candles last
night, which was so great as to make my eyes sore all this day, and do
teach me, by a manifest experiment, that it is only too much light that do
make my eyes sore. Nevertheless, with the help of my tube, and being
desirous of easing my mind of five or six days journall, I did venture to
write it down from ever since this day sennight, and I think without
hurting my eyes any more than they were before, which was very much, and
so home to supper and to bed.

17th. Up, and with W. Hewer with me to Lincolns Inn, by appointment, to
have spoke with Mr. Pedley about Mr. Goldsboroughs business and Mr.
Weavers, but he was gone out, and so I with Mr. Castle, the son-in-law of
Weaver, to White Hall to look for him, but did not find him, but here I
did meet with several and talked, and do hear only that the King dining
yesterday at the Dutch Embassadors, after dinner they drank, and were
pretty merry; and, among the rest of the Kings company, there was that
worthy fellow my lord of Rochester, and Tom Killigrew, whose mirth and
raillery offended the former so much, that he did give Tom Killigrew a box
on the ear in the Kings presence, which do much give offence to the
people here at Court, to see how cheap the King makes himself, and the
more, for that the King hath not only passed by the thing, and pardoned it
to Rochester already, but this very morning the King did publickly walk up
and down, and Rochester I saw with him as free as ever, to the Kings
everlasting shame, to have so idle a rogue his companion. How Tom
Killigrew takes it, I do not hear. I do also this day hear that my Lord
Privy Seale do accept to go Lieutenant into Ireland; but whether it be
true or no, I cannot tell. So calling at my shoemakers, and paying him to
this day, I home to dinner, and in the afternoon to Colonel Middletons
house, to the burial of his wife, where we are all invited, and much more
company, and had each of us a ring: and so towards evening to our church,
where there was a sermon preached by Mills, and so home. At church there
was my Lord Brouncker and Mrs. Williams in our pew, the first time they
were ever there or that I knew that either of them would go to church. At
home comes Castle to me, to desire me to go to Mr. Pedly, this night, he
being to go out of town to-morrow morning, which I, therefore, did, by
hackney-coach, first going to White Hall to meet with Sir W. Coventry, but
missed him. But here I had a pleasant rencontre of a lady in mourning,
that, by the little light I had, seemed handsome. I passing by her, I did
observe she looked back again and again upon me, I suffering her to go
before, and it being now duske. I observed she went into the little
passage towards the Privy Water-Gate, and I followed, but missed her; but
coming back again, I observed she returned, and went to go out of the
Court. I followed her, and took occasion, in the new passage now built,
where the walke is to be, to take her by the hand, to lead her through,
which she willingly accepted, and I led her to the Great Gate, and there
left her, she telling me, of her own accord, that she was going as far as,
Charing Cross; but my boy was at the gate, and so je durst not go out con
her, which vexed me, and my mind (God forgive me) did run apres her toute
that night, though I have reason to thank God, and so I do now, that I was
not tempted to go further. So to Lincolns Inn, where to Mr. Pedly, with
whom I spoke, and did my business presently: and I find him a man of very
good language, and mighty civil, and I believe very upright: and so home,
where W. Batelier was, and supped with us, and I did reckon this night
what I owed him; and I do find that the things my wife, of her own head,
hath taken (together with my own, which comes not to above L5), comes to
above L22. But it is the last, and so I am the better contented; and they
are things that are not trifles, but clothes, gloves, shoes, hoods, &c.
So after supper, to bed.

18th. Up, and to the Office, and at noon home, expecting to have this day
seen Bab. and Betty Pepys here, but they come not; and so after dinner my
wife and I to the Duke of Yorks house, to a play, and there saw The Mad
Lover, which do not please me so well as it used to do, only Bettertons
part still pleases me. But here who should we have come to us but Bab. and
Betty and Talbot, the first play they were yet at; and going to see us,
and hearing by my boy, whom I sent to them, that we were here, they come
to us hither, and happened all of us to sit by my cozen Turner and The.,
and we carried them home first, and then took Bab. and Betty to our house,
where they lay and supped, and pretty merry, and very fine with their new
clothes, and good comely girls they are enough, and very glad I am of
their being with us, though I would very well have been contented to have
been without the charge. So they to bed and we to bed.

19th. Up, and after seeing the girls, who lodged in our bed, with their
maid Martha, who hath been their fathers maid these twenty years and
more, I with Lord Brouncker to White Hall, where all of us waited on the
Duke of York; and after our usual business done, W. Hewer and I to look my
wife at the Black Lion, Mercers, but she is gone home, and so I home and
there dined, and W. Batelierand W. Hewer with us. All the afternoon I at
the Office, while the young people went to see Bedlam, and at night home
to them and to supper, and pretty merry, only troubled with a great cold
at this time, and my eyes very bad ever since Monday night last that the
light of the candles spoiled me. So to bed. This morning, among other
things, talking with Sir W. Coventry, I did propose to him my putting in
to serve in Parliament, if there should, as the world begins to expect, be
a new one chose: he likes it mightily, both for the Kings and Services
sake, and the Duke of Yorks, and will propound it to the Duke of York:
and I confess, if there be one, I would be glad to be in.

20th. Up, and all the morning at the office, and then home to dinner, and
after dinner out with my wife and my two girls to the Duke of Yorks
house, and there saw The Gratefull Servant, a pretty good play, and
which I have forgot that ever I did see. And thence with them to Mrs.
Gotiers, the Queens tire-woman, for a pair of locks for my wife; she is
an oldish French woman, but with a pretty hand as most I have seen; and so
home, and to supper, W. Batelier and W. Hewer with us, and so my cold
being great, and greater by my having left my coat at my tailors to-night
and come home in a thinner that I borrowed there, I went to bed before
them and slept pretty well.

21st (Lords day). Up, and with my wife and two girls to church, they very
fine; and so home, where comes my cozen Roger and his wife, I having sent
for them, to dine with us, and there comes in by chance also Mr. Shepley,
who is come to town with my Lady Paulina, who is desperately sick, and is
gone to Chelsey, to the old house where my Lord himself was once sick,
where I doubt my Lord means to visit hers more for young Mrs. Becks sake
than for hers. Here we dined with W. Batelier, and W. Hewer with us, these
two, girls making it necessary that they be always with us, for I am not
company light enough to be always merry with them and so sat talking all
the afternoon, and then Shepley went: away first, and then my cozen Roger
and his wife. And so I, to my Office, to write down my Journall, and so
home to my chamber and to do a little business there, my papers being in
mighty disorder, and likely so to continue while these girls are with us.
In the evening comes W. Batelier and his sisters and supped and talked
with us, and so spent the evening, myself being somewhat out of order
because of my eyes, which have never been well since last Sundays reading
at Sir W. Coventrys chamber, and so after supper to bed.

22nd. Up, and betimes to White Hall; but there the Duke of York is gone
abroad a-hunting, and therefore after a little stay there I into London,
with Sir H. Cholmly, talking all the way of Tangier matters, wherein I
find him troubled from some reports lately from Norwood (who is his great
enemy and I doubt an ill man), of some decay of the Mole, and a breach
made therein by the sea to a great value. He set me down at the end of
Leadenhall Street, and so I home, and after dinner, with my wife, in her
morning-gown, and the two girls dressed, to Unthankes, where my wife
dresses herself, having her gown this day laced, and a new petticoat; and
so is indeed very fine. And in the evening I do carry them to White Hall,
and there did without much trouble get into the playhouse, there in a good
place among the Ladies of Honour, and myself also sat in the pit; and
there by and by come the King and Queen, and they begun Bartholomew
Fayre. But I like no play here so well as at the common playhouse;
besides that, my eyes being very ill since last Sunday and this day
sennight, with the light of the candles, I was in mighty pain to defend
myself now from the light of the candles. After the play done, we met with
W. Batelier and W. Hewer and Talbot Pepys, and they follow us in a
hackney-coach: and we all stopped at Hercules Pillars; and there I did
give them the best supper I could, and pretty merry; and so home between
eleven and twelve at night, and so to bed, mightily well pleased with this
days work.

23rd. Up: and to the Office, where all the morning, and then home, and put
a mouthfull of victuals in my mouth; and by a hackney-coach followed my
wife and the girls, who are gone by eleven oclock, thinking to have seen
a new play at the Duke of Yorks house. But I do find them staying at my
tailors, the play not being to-day, and therefore I now took them to
Westminster Abbey, and there did show them all the tombs very finely,
having one with us alone, there being other company this day to see the
tombs, it being Shrove Tuesday; and here we did see, by particular favour,
the body of Queen Katherine of Valois; and I had the upper part of her
body in my hands, and I did kiss her mouth, reflecting upon it that I did
kiss a Queen,

     [Pepyss attachment to the fair sex extended even to a dead queen.
     The record of this royal salute on his natal day is very
     characteristic.  The story told him in Westminster Abbey appears to
     have been correct; for Neale informs us (History of Westminster
     Abbey, vol. ii., p. 88) that near the south side of Henry V.s tomb
     there was formerly a wooden chest, or coffin, wherein part of the
     skeleton and parched body of Katherine de Valois, his queen (from
     the waist upwards), was to be seen.  She was interred in January,
     1457, in the Chapel of Our Lady, at the east end of this church; but
     when that building was pulled down by her grandson, Henry VII., her
     coffin was found to be decayed, and her body was taken up, and
     placed in a chest, near her first husbands tomb.  There, says
     Dart, it hath ever since continued to be seen, the bones being
     firmly united, and thinly clothed with flesh, like scrapings of
     tanned leather.  This awful spectacle of frail mortality was at
     length removed from the public gaze into St. Nicholass Chapel, and
     finally deposited under the monument of Sir George Villiers, when
     the vault was made for the remains of Elizabeth Percy, Duchess of
     Northumberland, in December, 1776.—B.]

and that this was my birth-day, thirty-six years old, that I did first
kiss a Queen. But here this man, who seems to understand well, tells me
that the saying is not true that says she was never buried, for she was
buried; only, when Henry the Seventh built his chapel, it was taken up and
laid in this wooden coffin; but I did there see that, in it, the body was
buried in a leaden one, which remains under the body to this day. Thence
to the Duke of Yorks playhouse, and there, finding the play begun, we
homeward to the Glass-House,

     [Glass House Alley, Whitefriars and Blackfriars, marked the site for
     some years: The Whitefriars Glass Works of Messrs.  Powell and Sons
     are on the old site, now Temple Street.]

and there shewed my cozens the making of glass, and had several things
made with great content; and, among others, I had one or two
singing-glasses made, which make an echo to the voice, the first that ever
I saw; but so thin, that the very breath broke one or two of them. So
home, and thence to Mr. Bateliers, where we supped, and had a good
supper, and here was Mr. Gumbleton; and after supper some fiddles, and so
to dance; but my eyes were so out of order, that I had little pleasure
this night at all, though I was glad to see the rest merry, and so about
midnight home and to bed.

24th. Lay long in bed, both being sleepy and my eyes bad, and myself
having a great cold so as I was hardly able to speak, but, however, by and
by up and to the office, and at noon home with my people to dinner, and
then I to the office again, and there till the evening doing of much
business, and at night my wife sends for me to W. Hewers lodging, where I
find two best chambers of his so finely furnished, and all so rich and
neat, that I was mightily pleased with him and them and here only my wife,
and I, and the two girls, and had a mighty neat dish of custards and
tarts, and good drink and talk. And so away home to bed, with infinite
content at this his treat; for it was mighty pretty, and everything mighty

25th. All the morning at the office. At noon home and eat a bit myself,
and then followed my wife and girls to the Duke of Yorks house, and there
before one, but the house infinite full, where, by and by, the King and
Court come, it being a new play, or an old one new vamped, by Shadwell,
called The Royall Shepherdesse; but the silliest for words and design,
and everything, that ever I saw in my whole life, there being nothing in
the world pleasing in it, but a good martial dance of pikemen, where
Harris and another do handle their pikes in a dance to admiration; but
never less satisfied with a play in my life. Thence to the office I, and
did a little business, and so home to supper with my girls, and pretty
merry, only my eyes, which continue very bad, and my cold, that I cannot
speak at all, do trouble me.

26th. Was forced to send my excuse to the Duke of York for my not
attending him with my fellows this day because of my cold, and was the
less troubled because I was thereby out of the way to offer my proposals
about Pursers till the Surveyor hath delivered his notions, which he is to
do to-day about something he has to offer relating to the Navy in general,
which I would be glad to see and peruse before I offer what I have to say.
So lay long in bed, and then up and to my office, and so to dinner, and
then, though I could not speak, yet I went with my wife and girls to the
Kings playhouse, to shew them that, and there saw The Faithfull
Shepherdesse. But, Lord! what an empty house, there not being, as I could
tell the people, so many as to make up above L10 in the whole house! The
being of a new play at the other house, I suppose, being the cause, though
it be so silly a play that I wonder how there should be enough people to
go thither two days together, and not leave more to fill this house. The
emptiness of the house took away our pleasure a great deal, though I liked
it the better; for that I plainly discern the musick is the better, by how
much the house the emptier. Thence home, and again to W. Hewers, and had
a pretty little treat, and spent an hour or two, my voice being wholly
taken away with my cold, and so home and to bed.

27th. Up, and at the office all the morning, where I could speak but a
little. At noon home to dinner, and all the afternoon till night busy at
the office again, where forced to speak low and dictate. But that that
troubles me most is my eyes, which are still mighty bad night and day, and
so home at night to talk and sup with my cozens, and so all of us in
mighty good humour to bed.

28th (Lords day). Up, and got my wife to read to me a copy of what the
Surveyor offered to the Duke of York on Friday, he himself putting it into
my hands to read; but, Lord! it is a poor, silly thing ever to think to
bring it in practice, in the Kings Navy. It is to have the Captains to
account for all stores and victuals; but upon so silly grounds, to my
thinking; and ignorance of the present instructions of Officers, that I am
ashamed to hear it. However, I do take a copy of it, for my future use and
answering; and so to church, where, God forgive me! I did most of the time
gaze on the fine milliners wife, in Fenchurch Street, who was at our
church to-day; and so home to dinner. And after dinner to write down my
Journall; and then abroad by coach with my cozens, to their fathers,
where we are kindly received, but he is an great pain for his man Arthur,
who, he fears, is now dead, having been desperately sick, and speaks so
much of him that my cozen, his wife, and I did make mirth of it, and call
him Arthur OBradly. After staying here a little, and eat and drank, and
she gave me some ginger-bread made in cakes, like chocolate, very good,
made by a friend, I carried him and her to my cozen Turners, where we
staid, expecting her coming from church; but she coming not, I went to her
husbands chamber in the Temple, and thence fetched her, she having been
there alone ever since sermon staying till the evening to walk home on
foot, her horses being ill. This I did, and brought her home. And after
talking there awhile, and agreeing to be all merry at my house on Tuesday
next, I away home; and there spent the evening talking and reading, with
my wife and Mr. Pelling, and yet much troubled with my cold, it hardly
suffering me to speak, we to bed.