Samuel Pepys diary December 1667


December 1st (Lords day). Up, and after entering my journal for 2 or 3
days, I to church, where Mr. Mills, a dull sermon: and in our pew there
sat a great lady, which I afterwards understood to be my Lady Carlisle,
that made her husband a cuckold in Scotland, a very fine woman indeed in
person. After sermon home, where W. Hewer dined with us, and after dinner
he and I all the afternoon to read over our office letters to see what
matters can be got for our advantage or disadvantage therein. In the
evening comes Mr. Pelling and the two men that were with him formerly, the
little man that sings so good a base (Wallington) and another that
understands well, one Pigott, and Betty Turner come and sat and supped
with us, and we spent the evening mighty well in good musique, to my great
content to see myself in condition to have these and entertain them for my
own pleasure only. So they gone, we to bed.

2nd. Up, and then abroad to Alderman Backewells (who was sick of a cold
in bed), and then to the Excise Office, where I find Mr. Ball out of
humour in expectation of being put out of his office by the change of the
farm of the excise. There comes Sir H. Cholmly, and he and I to
Westminster, and there walked up and down till noon, where all the
business is that the Lords answer is come down to the Commons, that they
are not satisfied in the Commons Reasons: and so the Commons are hot, and
like to sit all day upon the business what to do herein, most thinking
that they will remonstrate against the Lords. Thence to Lord Crews, and
there dined with him; where, after dinner, he took me aside, and bewailed
the condition of the nation, how the King and his brother are at a
distance about this business of the Chancellor, and the two Houses
differing. And he do believe that there are so many about the King like to
be concerned and troubled by the Parliament, that they will get him to
dissolve or prorogue the Parliament; and the rather, for that the King is
likely, by this good husbandry of the Treasury, to get out of debt, and
the Parliament is likely to give no money. Among other things, my Lord
Crew did tell me, with grief, that he hears that the King of late hath not
dined nor supped with the Queen, as he used of late to do. After a little
discourse, Mr. Caesar, he dining there, did give us some musique on his
lute (Mr. John Crew being there) to my great content, and then away I, and
Mr. Caesar followed me and told me that my boy Tom hath this day declared
to him that he cared not for the French lute and would learn no more,
which Caesar out of faithfulness tells me that I might not spend any more
money on him in vain. I shall take the boy to task about it, though I am
contented to save my money if the boy knows not what is good for himself.
So thanked him, and indeed he is a very honest man I believe, and away
home, there to get something ready for the Lords Commissioners of the
Treasury, and so took my wife and girle and set them at Unthankes, and I
to White Hall, and there with the Commissioners of the Treasury, who I
find in mighty good condition to go on in payment of the seamen off, and
thence I to Westminster Hall, where I met with my cozen Roger and walked a
good while with him; he tells me of the high vote of the Commons this
afternoon, which I also heard at White Hall, that the proceedings of the
Lords in the case of my Lord Clarendon are an obstruction to justice, and
of ill precedent to future times. This makes every body wonder what will
be the effect of it, most thinking that the King will try him by his own
Commission. It seems they were mighty high to have remonstrated, but some
said that was too great an appeale to the people. Roger is mighty full of
fears of the consequence of it, and wishes the King would dissolve them.
So we parted, and I bought some Scotch cakes at Wilkinsons in King
Street, and called my wife, and home, and there to supper, talk, and to
bed. Supped upon these cakes, of which I have eat none since we lived at
Westminster. This night our poor little dogg Fancy was in a strange fit,
through age, of which she has had five or six.

3rd. Up, by candlelight, the only time I think I have done so this winter,
and a coach being got over night, I to Sir W. Coventrys, the first time I
have seen him at his new house since he come to lodge there. He tells me
of the vote for none of the House to be of the Commission for the Bill of
Accounts; which he thinks is so great a disappointment to Birch and others
that expected to be of it, that he thinks, could it have been [fore]seen,
there would not have been any Bill at all. We hope it will be the better
for all that are to account; it being likely that the men, being few, and
not of the House, will hear reason. The main business I went about was
about. Gilsthrop, Sir W. Battens clerk; who, being upon his death-bed,
and now dead, hath offered to make discoveries of the disorders of the
Navy and of L65,000 damage to the King: which made mighty noise in the
Commons House; and members appointed to go to him, which they did; but
nothing to the purpose got from him, but complaints of false musters, and
ships being refitted with victuals and stores at Plymouth, after they come
fitted from other ports; but all this to no purpose, nor more than we
know, and will owne. But the best is, that this loggerhead should say
this, that understands nothing of the Navy, nor ever would; and hath
particularly blemished his master by name among us. I told Sir W. Coventry
of my letter to Sir R. Brookes, and his answer to me. He advises me, in
what I write to him, to be as short as I can, and obscure, saving in
things fully plain; for all that he do is to make mischief; and that the
greatest wisdom in dealing with the Parliament in the world is to say
little, and let them get out what they can by force: which I shall
observe. He declared to me much of his mind to be ruled by his own
measures, and not to go so far as many would have him to the ruin of my
Lord Chancellor, and for which they do endeavour to do what they can
against [Sir] W. Coventry. But, says he, I have done my do in helping
to get him out of the administration of things, for which he is not fit;
but for his life or estate I will have nothing to say to it: besides that,
my duty to my master the Duke of York is such, that I will perish before I
will do any thing to displease or disoblige him, where the very necessity
of the kingdom do not in my judgment call me. Thence I home and to the
office, where my Lord Anglesey, and all the discourse was yesterdays vote
in the Commons, wherein he told us that, should the Lords yield to what
the Commons would have in this matter, it were to make them worse than any
justice of Peace (whereas they are the highest Court in the Kingdom) that
they cannot be judges whether an offender be to be committed or bailed,
which every justice of Peace do do, and then he showed me precedents plain
in their defence. At noon home to dinner, and busy all the afternoon, and
at night home, and there met W. Batelier, who tells me the first great
news that my Lord Chancellor is fled this day. By and by to Sir W. Pens,
where Sir R. Ford and he and I met, with Mr. Young and Lewes, about our
accounts with my Lady Batten, which prove troublesome, and I doubt will
prove to our loss. But here I hear the whole that my Lord Chancellor is
gone, and left a paper behind him for the House of Lords, telling them the
reason of him retiring, complaining of a design for his ruin. But the
paper I must get: only the thing at present is great, and will put the
King and Commons to some new counsels certainly. So home to supper and to
bed. Sir W. Pen I find in much trouble this evening, having been called to
the Committee this afternoon, about the business of prizes. Sir Richard
Ford told us this evening an odd story of the basenesse of the late Lord
Mayor, Sir W. Bolton, in cheating the poor of the City, out of the
collections made for the people that were burned, of L1800; of which he
can give no account, and in which he hath forsworn himself plainly, so as
the Court of Aldermen have sequestered him from their Court till he do
bring in an account, which is the greatest piece of roguery that they say
was ever found in a Lord Mayor. He says also that this day hath been made
appear to them that the Keeper of Newgate, at this day, hath made his
house the only nursery of rogues, and whores, and pickpockets, and thieves
in the world; where they were bred and entertained, and the whole society
met: and that, for the sake of the Sheriffes, they durst not this day
committ him, for fear of making him let out the prisoners, but are fain to
go by artifice to deal with him. He tells me, also, speaking of the new
street that is to be made from Guild Hall down to Cheapside, that the
ground is already, most of it, bought. And tells me of one particular, of
a man that hath a piece of ground lieing in the very middle of the street
that must be; which, when the street is cut out of it, there will remain
ground enough, of each side, to build a house to front the street. He
demanded L700 for the ground, and to be excused paying any thing for the
melioration of the rest of his ground that he was to keep. The Court
consented to give him L700, only not to abate him the consideration: which
the man denied; but told them, and so they agreed, that he would excuse
the City the L700, that he might have the benefit of the melioration
without paying any thing for it. So much some will get by having the City
burned! But he told me that in other cases ground, by this means, that was
not 4d. a-foot before, will now, when houses are built, be worth 15s.
a-foot. But he tells me that the common standard now reckoned on between
man and man, in places where there is no alteration of circumstances, but
only the houses burnt, there the ground, which, with a house on it, did
yield L100 a-year, is now reputed worth L33 6s. 8d.; and that this is the
common market-price between one man and another, made upon a good and
moderate medium.

4th. At the office all the morning. At noon to dinner, and presently with
my wife abroad, whom and her girle I leave at Unthankes, and so to White
Hall in expectation of waiting on the Duke of York to-day, but was
prevented therein, only at Mr. Wrens chamber there I hear that the House
of Lords did send down the paper which my Lord Chancellor left behind him,
directed to the Lords, to be seditious and scandalous; and the Commons
have voted that it be burned by the hands of the hangman, and that the
King be desired to agree to it. I do hear, also, that they have desired
the King to use means to stop his escape out of the nation. Here I also
heard Mr. Jermin, who was there in the chamber upon occasion of Sir Thomas
Harvys telling him of his brothers having a child, and thereby taking
away his hopes (that is, Mr. Jermins) of L2000 a year. He swore, God damn
him, he did not desire to have any more wealth than he had in the world,
which indeed is a great estate, having all his uncles, my Lord St.
Albans, and my Lord hath all the Queen-Mothers. But when Sir Thos. Harvy
told him that hereafter you will wish it more;—By God, answers
he, I wont promise what I shall do hereafter. Thence into the House,
and there spied a pretty woman with spots on her face, well clad, who was
enquiring for the guard chamber; I followed her, and there she went up,
and turned into the turning towards the chapel, and I after her, and upon
the stairs there met her coming up again, and there kissed her twice, and
her business was to enquire for Sir Edward Bishop, one of the serjeants at
armes. I believe she was a woman of pleasure, but was shy enough to me,
and so I saw her go out afterwards, and I took a hackney coach, and away.
I to Westminster Hall, and there walked, and thence towards White Hall by
coach, and spying Mrs. Burroughs in a shop did stop and light and speak
to her; and so to White Hall, where I light and went and met her coming
towards White Hall, but was upon business, and I could not get her to go
any whither and so parted, and I home with my wife and girle (my wife not
being very well, of a great looseness day and night for these two days).
So home, my wife to read to me in Sir R. Cottons book of warr, which is
excellent reading, and particularly I was mightily pleased this night in
what we read about the little profit or honour this kingdom ever gained by
the greatest of its conquests abroad in France. This evening come Mr.
Mills and sat with us a while, who is mighty kind and good company, and
so, he gone, I to supper and to bed. My wife an unquiet night. This day
Gilsthrop is buried, who hath made all the late discourse of the great
discovery of L65,000, of which the King bath been wronged.

5th. At the office all the morning, do hear that Will Pen, Sir W. Pens
son, is come from Ireland, but I have not seen him yet. At noon to the
Change, where did little, but so home again and to dinner with my clerks
with me, and very good discourse and company they give me, and so to the
office all the afternoon till late, and so home to supper and to bed. This
day, not for want, but for good husbandry, I sent my father, by his
desire, six pair of my old shoes, which fit him, and are good; yet,
methought, it was a thing against my mind to have him wear my old things.

6th. Up, and with Sir J. Minnes to the Duke of York, the first time that I
have seen him, or we waited on him, since his sickness; and, blessed be
God! he is not at all the worse for the smallpox, but is only a little
weak yet. We did much business with him, and so parted. My Lord Anglesey
told me how my Lord Northampton brought in a Bill into the House of Lords
yesterday, under the name of a Bill for the Honour and Privilege of the
House, and Mercy to my Lord Clarendon: which, he told me, he opposed,
saying that he was a man accused of treason by the House of Commons; and
mercy was not proper for him, having not been tried yet, and so no mercy
needful for him. However, the Duke of Buckingham and others did desire
that the Bill might be read; and it, was for banishing my Lord Clarendon
from all his Majestys dominions, and that it should be treason to have
him found in any of them: the thing is only a thing of vanity, and to
insult over him, which is mighty poor I think, and so do every body else,
and ended in nothing, I think. By and by home with Sir J. Minnes, who
tells me that my Lord Clarendon did go away in a Custom-house boat, and is
now at Callis (Calais): and, I confess, nothing seems to hang more heavy
than his leaving of this unfortunate paper behind him, that hath angered
both Houses, and hath, I think, reconciled them in that which otherwise
would have broke them in pieces; so that I do hence, and from Sir W.
Coventrys late example and doctrine to me, learn that on these sorts of
occasions there is nothing like silence; it being seldom any wrong to a
man to say nothing, but, for the most part, it is to say anything. This
day, in coming home, Sir J. Minnes told me a pretty story of Sir Lewes
Dives, whom I saw this morning speaking with him, that having escaped once
out of prison through a house of office, and another time in womans
apparel, and leaping over a broad canal, a soldier swore, says he, this is
a strange jade…. He told me also a story of my Lord Cottington, who,
wanting a son, intended to make his nephew his heir, a country boy; but
did alter his mind upon the boys being persuaded by another young heir,
in roguery, to crow like a cock at my Lords table, much company being
there, and the boy having a great trick at doing that perfectly. My Lord
bade them take away that fool from the table, and so gave over the
thoughts of making him his heir, from this piece of folly. So home, and
there to dinner, and after dinner abroad with my wife and girle, set them
down at Unthankes, and I to White Hall to the Council chamber, where I
was summoned about the business of paying of the seamen, where I heard my
Lord Anglesey put to it by Sir W. Coventry before the King for altering
the course set by the Council; which he like a wise man did answer in few
words, that he had already sent to alter it according to the Councils
method, and so stopped it, whereas many words would have set the
Commissioners of the Treasury on fire, who, I perceive, were prepared for
it. Here I heard Mr. Gawden speak to the King and Council upon some
business of his before them, but did it so well, in so good words and to
the purpose, that I could never have expected from a man of no greater
learning. So went away, and in the Lobby met Mr. Sawyer, my old chamber
fellow, and stayed and had an hours discourse of old things with him, and
I perceive he do very well in the world, and is married he tells me and
hath a child. Then home and to the office, where Captain Cocke come to me;
and, among other discourse, tells me that he is told that an impeachment
against Sir W. Coventry will be brought in very soon. He tells me, that
even those that are against my Lord Chancellor and the Court, in the
House, do not trust nor agree one with another. He tells me that my Lord
Chancellor went away about ten at night, on Saturday last; and took boat
at Westminster, and thence by a vessel to Callis, where he believes he now
is: and that the Duke of York and Mr. Wren knew of it, and that himself
did know of it on Sunday morning: that on Sunday his coach, and people
about it, went to Twittenham, and the world thought that he had been
there: that nothing but this unhappy paper hath undone him and that he
doubts that this paper hath lost him everywhere that his withdrawing do
reconcile things so far as, he thinks the heat of their fury will be over,
and that all will be made well between the two [royal] brothers: that
Holland do endeavour to persuade the King of France to break peace with
us: that the Dutch will, without doubt, have sixty sail of ships out the
next year; so knows not what will become of us, but hopes the Parliament
will find money for us to have a fleete. He gone, I home, and there my
wife made an end to me of Sir K. Cottons discourse of warr, which is
indeed a very fine book. So to supper and to bed. Captain Cocke did this
night tell me also, among other discourses, that he did believe that there
are jealousies in some of the House at this day against the Commissioners
of the Treasury, that by their good husbandry they will bring the King to
be out of debt and to save money, and so will not be in need of the
Parliament, and then do what he please, which is a very good piece of news
that there is such a thing to be hoped, which they would be afeard of.

7th. All the morning at the office, and at noon home to dinner with my
clerks, and while we were at dinner comes Willets aunt to see her and my
wife; she is a very fine widow and pretty handsome, but extraordinary well
carriaged and speaks very handsomely and with extraordinary understanding,
so as I spent the whole afternoon in her company with my wife, she
understanding all the things of note touching plays and fashions and Court
and everything and speaks rarely, which pleases me mightily, and seems to
love her niece very well, and was so glad (which was pretty odde) that
since she came hither her breasts begin to swell, she being afeard before
that she would have none, which was a pretty kind of content she gave
herself. She tells us that Catelin is likely to be soon acted, which I am
glad to hear, but it is at the Kings House. But the Kings House is at
present and hath for some days been silenced upon some difference
[between] Hart and Moone. She being gone I to the office, and there late
doing business, and so home to supper and to bed. Only this evening I must
remember that my Lady Batten sent for me, and it was to speak to me before
her overseers about my bargain with Sir W. Batten about the prize, to
which I would give no present answer, but am well enough contented that
they begin the discourse of it, and so away to the office again, and then
home to supper and to bed. Somebody told me this, that they hear that
Thomson, with the wooden leg, and Wildman, the Fifth-Monarchy man, a great
creature of the Duke of Buckinghams, are in nomination to be
Commissioners, among others, upon the Bill of Accounts.

8th (Lords day). All the morning at my chamber doing something towards
the settling of my papers and accounts, which have been out of order a
great while. At noon to dinner, where W. How with us, and after dinner, he
being gone, I to my chamber again till almost night, and then took boat,
the tide serving, and so to White Hall, where I saw the Duchesse of York,
in a fine dress of second mourning for her mother, being black, edged with
ermine, go to make her first visit to the Queene since the Duke of York
was sick; and by and by, she being returned, the Queene come and visited
her. But it was pretty to observe that Sir W. Coventry and I, walking an
hour and more together in the Matted Gallery, he observed, and so did I,
how the Duchesse, as soon as she spied him, turned her head a one side.
Here he and I walked thus long, which we have not done a great while
before. Our discourse was upon everything: the unhappiness of having our
matters examined by people that understand them not; that it was better
for us in the Navy to have men that do understand the whole, and that are
not passionate; that we that have taken the most pains are called upon to
answer for all crimes, while those that, like Sir W. Batten and Sir J.
Minnes, did sit and do nothing, do lie still without any trouble; that, if
it were to serve the King and kingdom again in a war, neither of us could
do more, though upon this experience we might do better than we did; that
the commanders, the gentlemen that could never be brought to order, but
undid all, are now the men that find fault and abuse others; that it had
been much better for the King to have given Sir J. Minnes and Sir W.
Batten L1000 a-year to have sat still, than to have had them in his
business this war: that the serving a Prince that minds not his business
is most unhappy for them that serve him well, and an unhappiness so great
that he declares he will never have more to do with a war, under him. That
he hath papers which do flatly contradict the Duke of Albemarles
Narrative; and that he hath been with the Duke of Albemarle and shewed him
them, to prevent his falling into another like fault: that the Duke of
Albemarle seems to be able to answer them; but he thinks that the Duke of
Albemarle and the Prince are contented to let their Narratives sleep, they
being not only contradictory in some things (as he observed about the
business of the Duke of Albemarles being to follow the Prince upon
dividing the fleete, in case the enemy come out), but neither of them to
be maintained in others. That the business the other night of my Lord
Anglesey at the Council was happily got over for my Lord, by his dexterous
silencing it, and the rest, not urging it further; forasmuch as, had the
Duke of Buckingham come in time enough, and had got it by the end, he,
would have toused him in it; Sir W. Coventry telling me that my Lord
Anglesey did, with such impudence, maintain the quarrel against the
Commons and some of the Lords, in the business of my Lord Clarendon, that
he believes there are enough would be glad but of this occasion to be
revenged of him. He tells me that he hears some of the Thomsons are like
to be of the Commission for the Accounts, and Wildman, which he much
wonders at, as having been a false fellow to every body, and in prison
most of the time since the Kings coming in. But he do tell me that the
House is in such a condition that nobody can tell what to make of them,
and, he thinks, they were never in before; that every body leads, and
nobody follows; and that he do now think that, since a great many are
defeated in their expectation of being of the Commission, now they would
put it into such hands as it shall get no credit from: for, if they do
look to the bottom and see the Kings case, they think they are then bound
to give the King money; whereas, they would be excused from that, and
therefore endeavour to make this business of the Accounts to signify
little. I spoke with him about my Lord Sandwichs business, in which he is
very friendly, and do say that the unhappy business of the prizes is it
that hath brought all this trouble upon him, and the only thing that made
any thing else mentioned, and it is true. So having discoursed with him, I
spent some time with Sir Stephen Fox about the business of our adjusting
the new method of the Excise between the Guards household and Tangier, the
Lords Commissioners of the Treasury being now resolved to bring all their
management into a course of payment by orders, and not by tallies, and I
am glad of it, and so by water home late, and very dark, and when come
home there I got my wife to read, and then come Captain Cocke to me; and
there he tells me, to my great satisfaction, that Sir Robert Brookes did
dine with him today; and that he told him, speaking of me, that he would
make me the darling of the House of Commons, so much he is satisfied
concerning me. And this Cocke did tell me that I might give him thanks for
it; and I do think it may do me good, for he do happen to be held a
considerable person, of a young man, both for sobriety and ability. Then
to discourse of business of his own about some hemp of his that is come
home to receive it into the Kings stores, and then parted, and by and by
my wife and I to supper, she not being well, her flux being great upon
her, and so to bed.

9th. All the morning busy at the office, doing very considerable business,
and thither comes Sir G. Carteret to talk with me; who seems to think
himself safe as to his particular, but do doubt what will become of the
whole kingdom, things being so broke in pieces. He tells me that the King
himself did the other day very particularly tell the whole story of my
Lord Sandwichs not following the Dutch ships, with which he is charged;
and shews the reasons of it to be the only good course he could have
taken, and do discourse it very knowingly. This I am glad of, though, as
the King is now, his favour, for aught I see, serves very little in stead
at this day, but rather is an argument against a man; and the King do not
concern himself to relieve or justify any body, but is wholly negligent of
everybodys concernment. This morning I was troubled with my Lord
Hinchingbrokes sending to borrow L200 of me; but I did answer that I had
none, nor could borrow any; for I am resolved I will not be undone for any
body, though I would do much for my Lord Sandwich—for it is to
answer a bill of exchange of his, and I perceive he hath made use of all
other means in the world to do it, but I am resolved to serve him, but not
ruin myself, as it may be to part with so much of the little I have by me
to keep if I should by any turn of times lose the rest. At noon I to the
Change, and there did a little business, and among other things called at
Cades, the stationer, where he tells me how my Lord Gerard is troubled
for several things in the House of Commons, and in one wherein himself is
concerned; and, it seems, this Lord is a very proud and wicked man, and
the Parliament is likely to order him. Then home to dinner, and then a
little abroad, thinking to have gone to the other end of the town, but it
being almost night I would not, but home again, and there to my chamber,
and all alone did there draw up my answer to Sir Rob. Brookess letter,
and when I had done it went down to my clerks at the office for their
opinion which at this time serves me to very good purpose, they having
many things in their heads which I had not in the businesses of the office
now in dispute. Having done with this, then I home and to supper very
late, and to bed. My [wife] being yet very ill of her looseness, by which
she is forced to lie from me to-night in the girls chamber.

10th. Up, and all the morning at the office, and then home with my people
to dinner, and very merry, and then to my office again, where did much
business till night, that my eyes begun to be sore, and then forced to
leave off, and by coach set my wife at her tailors and Willet, and I to
Westminster Hall, and there walked a good while till 8 at night, and there
hear to my great content that the King did send a message to the House
to-day that he would adjourne them on the 17th instant to February; by
which time, at least, I shall have more respite to prepare things on my
own behalf, and the Office, against their return. Here met Mr. Hinxton,
the organist, walking, and I walked with him; and, asking him many
questions, I do find that he can no more give an intelligible answer to a
man that is not a great master in his art, than another man. And this
confirms me that it is only want of an ingenious man that is master in
musique, to bring musique to a certainty, and ease in composition. Having
done this, I home, taking up my wife and girle, and there to supper and to
bed, having finished my letters, among which one to Commissioner
Middleton, who is now coming up to town from Portsmouth, to enter upon his

11th. By coach to White Hall, and there attended the Duke of York, as we
are wont, who is now grown pretty well, and goes up and down White Hall,
and this night will be at the Council, which I am glad of. Thence to
Westminster Hall, and there walked most of the morning, and among others
did there meet my cozen Roger Pepys, who intends to go to Impington on
this day sennight, the Parliament break up the night before. Here I met
Rolt and Sir John Chichly, and Harris, the player, and there we talked of
many things, and particularly of Catiline, which is to be suddenly acted
at the Kings house; and there all agree that it cannot be well done at
that house, there not being good actors enow: and Burt acts Cicero, which
they all conclude he will not be able to do well. The King gives them L500
for robes, there being, as they say, to be sixteen scarlett robes. Thence
home to dinner, and would have had Harris home with me, but it was too
late for him to get to the playhouse after it, and so home to dinner, and
spent the afternoon talking with my wife and people at home till the
evening, and then comes Sir W. Warren to talk about some business of his
and mine: and he, I find, would have me not to think that the Parliament,
in the mind they are in, and having so many good offices in their view to
dispose of, will leave any of the Kings officers in, but will rout all,
though I am likely to escape as well as any, if any can escape; and I
think he is in the right, and I do look for it accordingly. Then we fell
to discourse of my little vessel, The Maybolt, and he thinks that it
will be best for me to employ her for a voyage to Newcastle for coles,
they being now dear, and the voyage not long, nor dangerous yet; and I
think I shall go near to do so. Then, talking of his business, I away to
the office, where very busy, and thither comes Sir W. Pen, and he and I
walked together in the garden, and there told me what passed to-day with
him in the Committee, by my Lord Sandwichs breaking bulk of the prizes;
and he do seem to me that he hath left it pretty well understood by them,
he saying that what my Lord did was done at the desire, and with the
advice, of the chief officers of the fleete, and that it was no more than
admirals heretofore have done in like cases, which, if it be true that he
said it, is very well, and did please me well. He being gone, I to my
office again and there late, and so weary home.

12th. Rose before day, and took coach, by daylight, and to Westminster to
Sir G. Downings, and there met Sir Stephen Fox, and thence he and I to
Sir Robert Longs to discourse the business of our orders for money, he for
the guards, and I for Tangier, and were a little angry in our concerns,
one against the other, but yet parted good friends, and I think I got
ground by it. Thence straight to the office, and there sat all the
morning, and then home to dinner, and after dinner I all alone to the Duke
of Yorks house, and saw The Tempest, which, as often as I have seen it,
I do like very well, and the house very full. But I could take little
pleasure more than the play, for not being able to look about, for fear of
being seen. Here only I saw a French lady in the pit, with a tunique, just
like one of ours, only a handkercher about her neck; but this fashion for
a woman did not look decent. Thence walked to my booksellers, and there
he did give me a list of the twenty who were nominated for the Commission
in Parliament for the Accounts: and it is strange that of the twenty the
Parliament could not think fit to choose their nine, but were fain to add
three that were not in the list of the twenty, they being many of them
factious people and ringleaders in the late troubles; so that Sir John
Talbott did fly out and was very hot in the business of Wildmans being
named, and took notice how he was entertained in the bosom of the Duke of
Buckingham, a Privy-counsellor; and that it was fit to be observed by the
House, and punished. The men that I know of the nine I like very well;
that is, Mr. Pierrepont, Lord Brereton, and Sir William Turner; and I do
think the rest are so, too; but such as will not be able to do this
business as it ought to be, to do any good with. Here I did also see their
votes against my Lord Chiefe Justice Keeling, that his proceedings were
illegal, and that he was a contemner of Magna Charta (the great preserver
of our lives, freedoms, and properties) and an introduction to arbitrary
government; which is very high language, and of the same sound with that
in the year 1640. I home, and there wrote my letters, and so to supper and
to bed. This day my Lord Chancellors letter was burned at the Change.

13th. Up, lying long all alone (my wife lying for these two or three days
of sickness alone), thinking of my several businesses in hand, and then
rose and to the office, being in some doubt of having my cozen Roger and
Lord Hinchinbroke and Sir Thos. Crew by my cozens invitation at dinner
to-day, and we wholly unprovided. So I away to Westminster, to the
Parliament-door, to speak with Roger: and here I saw my Lord Keeling go
into the House to the barr, to have his business heard by the whole House
to-day; and a great crowd of people to stare upon him. Here I hear that
the Lords Bill for banishing and disabling my Lord Clarendon from bearing
any office, or being in the Kings dominions, and its being made felony
for any to correspond with him but his own children, is brought to the
Commons: but they will not agree to it, being not satisfied with that as
sufficient, but will have a Bill of Attainder brought in against him: but
they make use of this against the Lords, that they, that would not think
there was cause enough to commit him without hearing, will have him
banished without hearing. By and by comes out my cozen Roger to me, he
being not willing to be in the House at the business of my Lord Keeling,
lest he should be called upon to complain against him for his abusing him
at Cambridge, very wrongfully and shamefully, but not to his reproach, but
to the Chief justices in the end, when all the world cried shame upon him
for it. So he with me home, and Creed, whom I took up by the way, going
thither, and they to dine with me, and pretty merry, and among other
pieces of news, it is now fresh that the King of Portugall is deposed, and
his brother made King; and that my Lord Sandwich is gone from Madrid with
great honour to Lisbon, to make up, at this juncture, a peace to the
advantage, as the Spaniard would have it, of Spain. I wish it may be for
my Lords honour, if it be so; but it seems my Lord is in mighty
estimation in Spain. After dinner comes Mr. Moore, and he and I alone a
while, he telling me my Lord Sandwichs credit is like to be undone, if
the bill of L200 my Lord Hinchingbroke wrote to me about be not paid
to-morrow, and that, if I do not help him about it, they have no way but
to let it be protested. So, finding that Creed hath supplied them with
L150 in their straits, and that this is no bigger sum, I am very willing
to serve my Lord, though not in this kind; but yet I will endeavour to get
this done for them, and the rather because of some plate that was lodged
the other day with me, by my Ladys order, which may be in part of
security for my money, as I may order it, for, for ought I see, there is
no other to be hoped for. This do trouble me; but yet it is good luck that
the sum is no bigger. He gone, I with my cozen Roger to Westminster Hall;
and there we met the House rising: and they have voted my Lord Chief
Justice Keelings proceedings illegal; but that, out of particular respect
to him, and the mediation of a great many, they have resolved to proceed
no further against him. After a turn or two with my cozen, I away with Sir
W. Warren, who met me here by my desire, and to Exeter House, and there to
counsel, to Sir William Turner, about the business of my bargain with my
Lady Batten; and he do give me good advice, and that I am safe, but that
there is a great many pretty considerations in it that makes it necessary
for me to be silent yet for a while till we see whether the ship be safe
or no; for she is drove to the coast of Holland, where she now is in the
Texell, so that it is not prudence for me yet to resolve whether I will
stand by the bargain or no, and so home, and Sir W. Warren and I walked
upon Tower Hill by moonlight a great while, consulting business of the
office and our present condition, which is but bad, it being most likely
that the Parliament will change all hands, and so let them, so I may keep
but what I have. Thence home, and there spent the evening at home with my
wife and entering my journal, and so to supper and to bed, troubled with
my parting with the L200, which I must lend my Lord Sandwich to answer his
bill of exchange.

14th. Up and to the office, where busy, and after dinner also to the
office again till night, when Mr. Moore come to me to discourse about the
L200 I must supply my Lord Hinchingbroke, and I promised him to do it,
though much against my will. So home, to supper and to bed.

15th (Lords day). Up, and to church, where I heard a German preach, in a
tone hard to be understood, but yet an extraordinary good sermon, and
wholly to my great content. So home, and there all alone with wife and
girle to dinner, and then I busy at my chamber all the afternoon, and
looking over my plate, which indeed is a very fine quantity, God knows,
more than ever I expected to see of my own, and more than is fit for a man
of no better quality than I am. In the evening comes Mrs. Turner to visit
us, who hath been long sick, and she sat and supped with us, and after
supper, her son Francke being there, now upon the point of his going to
the East Indys, I did give him Lex Mercatoria, and my wife my old pair
of tweezers, which are pretty, and my book an excellent one for him. Most
of our talk was of the great discourse the world hath against my Lady
Batten, for getting her husband to give her all, and disinherit his eldest
son; though the truth is, the son, as they say, did play the knave with
his father when time was, and the father no great matter better with him,
nor with other people also. So she gone, we to bed.

16th. Up, and to several places, to pay what I owed. Among others, to my
mercer, to pay for my fine camlott cloak, which costs me, the very stuff,
almost L6; and also a velvet coat-the outside cost me above L8. And so to
Westminster, where I find the House mighty busy upon a petition against my
Lord Gerard, which lays heavy things to his charge, of his abusing the
King in his Guards; and very hot the House is upon it. I away home to
dinner alone with wife and girle, and so to the office, where mighty busy
to my great content late, and then home to supper, talk with my wife, and
to bed. It was doubtful to-day whether the House should be adjourned
to-morrow or no.

17th. Up, and to the office, where very busy all the morning, and then in
the afternoon I with Sir W. Pen and Sir T. Harvy to White Hall to attend
the Duke of York, who is now as well as ever, and there we did our usual
business with him, and so away home with Sir W. Pen, and there to the
office, where pretty late doing business, my wife having been abroad all
day with Mrs. Turner buying of one thing or other. This day I do hear at
White Hall that the Duke of Monmouth is sick, and in danger of the
smallpox. So home to supper and to bed.

18th. Up, and to my goldsmiths in the morning, to look after the
providing of L60 for Mr. Moore, towards the answering of my Lord
Sandwichs bill of exchange, he being come to be contented with my lending
him L60 in part of it, which pleases me, I expecting to have been forced
to answer the whole bill; and this, which I do do, I hope to secure out of
the plate, which was delivered into my custody of my Lords the other day
by Mr. Cooke, and which I did get Mr. Stokes, the goldsmith, last night to
weigh at my house, and there is enough to secure L100. Thence home to the
office, and there all the morning by particular appointment with Sir W.
Pen, Sir R. Ford, and those that are concerned for my Lady Batten (Mr.
Wood, Young, and Lewes), to even the accounts of our prize business, and
at noon broke up, and to dinner, every man to his own home, and to it till
late at night again, and we did come to some end, and I am mightily put to
it how to order the business of my bargaine, but my industry is to keep it
off from discourse till the ship be brought home safe, and this I did do,
and so we broke up, she appearing in our debts about L1500, and so we
parted, and I to my business, and home to my wife, who is troubled with
the tooth ake, and there however I got her to read to me the History of
Algiers, which I find a very pretty book, and so to supper with much
pleasure talking, and to bed. The Parliament not adjourned yet.

19th. Up, and to the Office, where Commissioner Middleton first took place
at the Board as Surveyor of the Navy; and indeed I think will be an
excellent officer; I am sure much beyond what his predecessor was. At
noon, to avoid being forced to invite him to dinner, it being his first
day, and nobody inviting him, I did go to the Change with Sir W. Pen in
his coach, who first went to Guildhall, whither I went with him, he to
speak with Sheriff Gawden—I only for company; and did here look up
and down this place, where I have not been before since the fire; and I
see that the city are got a pace on in the rebuilding of Guildhall. Thence
to the Change, where I stayed very little, and so home to dinner, and
there find my wife mightily out of order with her teeth. At the office all
the afternoon, and at night by coach to Westminster, to the Hall, where I
met nobody, and do find that this evening the King by message (which he
never did before) hath passed several bills, among others that for the
Accounts, and for banishing my Lord Chancellor, and hath adjourned the
House to February; at which I am glad, hoping in this time to get leisure
to state my Tangier Accounts, and to prepare better for the Parliaments
enquiries. Here I hear how the House of Lords, with great severity, if not
tyranny, have ordered poor Carr, who only erred in the manner of the
presenting his petition against my Lord Gerard, it being first printed
before it was presented; which was, it, seems, by Colonel Sandss going
into the country, into whose hands he had put it: the poor man is ordered
to stand in the pillory two or three times, and his eares cut, and be
imprisoned I know not how long. But it is believed that the Commons, when
they meet, will not be well pleased with it; and they have no reason, I
think. Having only heard this from Mrs. Michell, I away again home, and
there to supper and to bed, my wife exceeding ill in her face with the
tooth ake, and now her face has become mightily swelled that I am mightily
troubled for it.

20th. Up, and all the morning at the office with Sir R. Ford and the same
company as on Wednesday about my Lady Battens accounts. At noon home to
dinner, where my poor wife in bed in mighty pain, her left cheek so
swelled as that we feared it would break, and so were fain to send for Mr.
Hollier, who come, and seems doubtful of the defluxions of humours that
may spoil her face, if not timely cured. He laid a poultice to it and
other directions, and so away, and I to the office, where on the same
accounts very late, and did come pretty near a settlement. So at night to
Sir W. Pens with Sir R. Ford, and there was Sir D. Gawden, and there we
only talked of sundry things; and I have found of late, by discourse, that
the present sort of government is looked upon as a sort of government that
we never had yet—that is to say, a King and House of Commons against
the House of Lords; for so indeed it is, though neither of the two first
care a fig for one another, nor the third for them both, only the Bishops
are afeard of losing ground, as I believe they will. So home to my poor
wife, who is in mighty pain, and her face miserably swelled: so as I was
frighted to see it, and I was forced to lie below in the great chamber,
where I have not lain many a day, and having sat up with her, talking and
reading and pitying her, I to bed.

21st. At the office all the morning, and at noon home to dinner with my
Clerks and Creed, who among other things all alone, after dinner, talking
of the times, he tells me that the Nonconformists are mighty high, and
their meetings frequented and connived at; and they do expect to have
their day now soon; for my Lord of Buckingham is a declared friend to
them, and even to the Quakers, who had very good words the other day from
the King himself: and, what is more, the Archbishop of Canterbury is
called no more to the Cabal, nor, by the way, Sir W. Coventry; which I am
sorry for, the Cabal at present being, as he says, the King, and Duke of
Buckingham, and Lord Keeper, the Duke of Albemarle, and Privy Seale. The
Bishops, differing from the King in the late business in the House of
Lords, having caused this and what is like to follow, for every body is
encouraged nowadays to speak, and even to preach, as I have heard one of
them, as bad things against them as ever in the year 1640; which is a
strange change. He gone, I to the office, where busy till late at night,
and then home to sit with my wife, who is a little better, and her cheek
asswaged. I read to her out of The History of Algiers, which is mighty
pretty reading, and did discourse alone about my sister Palls match,
which is now on foot with one Jackson, another nephew of Mr. Phillipss,
to whom he hath left his estate.

22nd (Lords day). Up, and my wife, poor wretch, still in pain, and then
to dress myself and down to my chamber to settle some papers, and thither
come to me Willet with an errand from her mistress, and this time I first
did give her a little kiss, she being a very pretty humoured girle, and so
one that I do love mightily. Thence to my office, and there did a little
business, and so to church, where a dull sermon, and then home, and Cozen
Kate Joyce come and dined with me and Mr. Holliard; but by chance I
offering occasion to him to discourse of the Church of Rome, Lord! how he
run on to discourse with the greatest vehemence and importunity in the
world, as the only thing in the world that he is full of, and it was good
sport to me to see him so earnest on so little occasion. She come to see
us and to tell me that her husband is going to build his house again, and
would borrow of me L300, which I shall upon good security be willing to
do, and so told her, being willing to have some money out of my hands upon
good security. After dinner up to my wife again, who is in great pain
still with her tooth, and there, they gone, I spent the most of the
afternoon and night reading and talking to bear her company, and so to
supper and to bed.

23rd. Up before day, and by coach to Sir W. Coventrys, and with him to
White Hall, and there walked a great while with him in the garden till the
Commissioners of the Treasury met, and there talked over many businesses,
and particularly he tells me that by my desire he hath moved the Duke of
York that Sir J. Minnes might be removed from the Navy, at least the
Controllers place, and his business put on my Lord Brouncker and Sir W.
Pen; that the Committee for Accounts are good sober men, and such as he
thinks we shall have fair play from; that he hopes that the kingdom will
escape ruin in general, notwithstanding all our fears, and yet I find he
do seem not very confident in it. So to the Commissioners of the Treasury,
and there I had a dispute before them with Sir Stephen Fox about our
orders for money, who is very angry, but I value it not. But, Lord! to see
with what folly my Lord Albemarle do speak in this business would make a
man wonder at the good fortune of such a fool. Thence meeting there with
Creed, he and I to the Exchange, and there I saw Carr stand in the pillory
for the business of my Lord Gerard, which is supposed will make a hot
business in the House of Commons, when they shall come to sit again, the
Lords having ordered this with great injustice, as all people think, his
only fault being the printing his petition before, by accident, his
petition be read in the House. Here walked up and down the Exchange with
Creed, and then home to dinner, and there hear by Creed that the Bishops
of Winchester and of Rochester, and the Dean of the Chapel, and some other
great prelates, are suspended: and a cloud upon the Archbishop ever since
the late business in the House of Lords; and I believe it will be a heavy
blow to the Clergy. This noon I bought a sermon of Dr. Floyds, which
Creed read a great part of to me and Mr. Hollier, who dined with me, but
as well writ and as good, against the Church of Rome, as ever I read; but,
Lord! how Hollier, poor man, was taken with it. They gone I to the office,
and there very late with Mr. Willson and my people about the making of a
new contract for the victualler, which do and will require a great deal of
pains of me, and so to supper and to bed, my wife being pretty well all
this day by reason of her imposthume being broke in her cheek into her
mouth. This day, at the Change, Creed shewed me Mr. Coleman, of whom my
wife hath so good an opinion, and says that he is as very a rogue for
women as any in the world; which did disquiet me, like a fool, and run in
my mind a great while.

24th. Up, and all the morning at the office, and at noon with my clerks to
dinner, and then to the office again, busy at the office till six at
night, and then by coach to St. Jamess, it being about six at night; my
design being to see the ceremonys, this night being the eve of Christmas,
at the Queens chapel. But it being not begun I to Westminster Hall, and
there staid and walked, and then to the Swan, and there drank and talked,
and did banter a little Frank, and so to White Hall, and sent my coach
round, I through the Park to chapel, where I got in up almost to the rail,
and with a great deal of patience staid from nine at night to two in the
morning, in a very great crowd; and there expected, but found nothing
extraordinary, there being nothing but a high masse. The Queen was there,
and some ladies. But, Lord! what an odde thing it was for me to be in a
crowd of people, here a footman, there a beggar, here a fine lady, there a
zealous poor papist, and here a Protestant, two or three together, come to
see the shew. I was afeard of my pocket being picked very much…. Their
musique very good indeed, but their service I confess too frivolous, that
there can be no zeal go along with it, and I do find by them themselves
that they do run over their beads with one hand, and point and play and
talk and make signs with the other in the midst of their masse. But all
things very rich and beautiful; and I see the papists have the wit, most
of them, to bring cushions to kneel on, which I wanted, and was mightily
troubled to kneel. All being done, and I sorry for my coming, missing of
what I expected; which was, to have had a child born and dressed there,
and a great deal of do: but we broke up, and nothing like it done: and
there I left people receiving the Sacrament: and the Queen gone, and
ladies; only my Lady Castlemayne, who looked prettily in her
night-clothes, and so took my coach, which waited, and away through Covent
Garden, to set down two gentlemen and a lady, who come thither to see
also, and did make mighty mirth in their talk of the folly of this
religion. And so I stopped, having set them down and drank some burnt wine
at the Rose Tavern door, while the constables come, and two or three
Bellmen went by,

25th. It being a fine, light, moonshine morning, and so home round the
city, and stopped and dropped money at five or six places, which I was the
willinger to do, it being Christmas-day, and so home, and there find my
wife in bed, and Jane and the maids making pyes, and so I to bed, and
slept well, and rose about nine, and to church, and there heard a dull
sermon of Mr. Mills, but a great many fine people at church; and so home.
Wife and girl and I alone at dinner—a good Christmas dinner, and all
the afternoon at home, my wife reading to me The History of the Drummer
of Mr. Mompesson, which is a strange story of spies, and worth reading
indeed. In the evening comes Mr. Pelling, and he sat and supped with us;
and very good company, he reciting to us many copies of good verses of Dr.
Wilde, who writ Iter Boreale, and so to bed, my boy being gone with W.
Hewer and Mr. Hater to Mr. Gibsons in the country to dinner and lie there
all night.

26th. Up and to Westminster, and there to the Swan, and by chance met Mr.
Spicer and another Chequer clerk, and there made them drink, and there
talked of the credit the Chequer is now come to and will in a little
time, and so away homeward, and called at my booksellers, and there
bought Mr. Harringtons works, Oceana, &c., and two other books,
which cost me L4, and so home, and there eat a bit, and then with my wife
to the Kings playhouse, and there saw The Surprizall; which did not
please me to-day, the actors not pleasing me; and especially Nells acting
of a serious part, which she spoils. Here met with Sir W. Pen, and sat by
him, and home by coach with him, and there to my office a while, and then
home to supper and to bed. I hear this day that Mrs. Stewart do at this
day keep a great court at Somerset House, with her husband the Duke of
Richmond, she being visited for her beautys sake by people, as the Queen
is, at nights; and they say also that she is likely to go to Court again,
and there put my Lady Castlemaynes nose out of joynt. God knows that
would make a great turn. This day I was invited to have gone to my cozen
Mary Pepys burial, my uncle Thomas daughter, but could not.

27th. Up, and by water to White Hall, and there walked with Creed in the
Matted gallery till by and by a Committee for Tangier met: the Duke of
York there; and there I did discourse over to them their condition as to
money, which they were all mightily, as I could desire, satisfied with,
but the Duke of Albemarle, who takes the part of the Guards against us in
our supplies of money, which is an odd consideration for a dull, heavy
blockhead as he is, understanding no more of either than a goose: but the
ability and integrity of Sir W. Coventry, in all the Kings concernments,
I do and must admire. After the Committee up, I and Sir W. Coventry walked
an hour in the gallery, talking over many businesses, and he tells me that
there are so many things concur to make him and his Fellow Commissioners
unable to go through the Kings work that he do despair of it, every body
becoming an enemy to them in their retrenchments, and the King unstable,
the debts great and the Kings present occasions for money great and many
and pressing, the bankers broke and every body keeping in their money,
while the times are doubtful what will stand. But he says had they come in
two years ago they doubt not to have done what the King would by this
time, or were the King in the condition as heretofore, when the Chancellor
was great, to be able to have what sums of money they pleased of the
Parliament, and then the ill administration was such that instead of
making good use of this power and money he suffered all to go to ruin. But
one such sum now would put all upon their legs, and now the King would
have the Parliament give him money when they are in an ill humour and will
not be willing to give any, nor are very able, and besides every body
distrusts what they give the King will be lost; whereas six months hence,
when they see that the King can live without them, and is become steady,
and to manage what he has well, he doubts not but their doubts would be
removed, and would be much more free as well as more able to give him
money. He told me how some of his enemies at the Duke of Yorks had got
the Duke of Yorks commission for the Commissioners of his estate changed,
and he and Brouncker and Povy left out: that this they did do to disgrace
and impose upon him at this time; but that he, though he values not the
thing, did go and tell the Duke of York what he heard, and that he did not
think that he had given him any reason to do this, out of his belief that
he would not be as faithful and serviceable to him as the best of those
that have got him put out. Whereupon the Duke of York did say that it
arose only from his not knowing whether now he would have time to regard
his affairs; and that, if he should, he would put him into the commission
with his own hand, though the commission be passed. He answered that he
had been faithful to him, and done him good service therein, so long as he
could attend it; and if he had been able to have attended it more, he
would not have enriched himself with such and such estates as my Lord
Chancellor hath got, that did properly belong to his Royal Highness, as
being forfeited to the King, and so by the Kings gift given to the Duke
of York. Hereupon the Duke of York did call for the commission, and hath
since put him in. This he tells me he did only to show his enemies that he
is not so low as to be trod on by them, or the Duke hath any so bad
opinion of him as they would think. Here we parted, and I with Sir H.
Cholmly went and took a turn into the Park, and there talked of several
things, and about Tangier particularly, and of his management of his
business, and among other discourse about the method he will leave his
accounts in if he should suddenly die, he says there is nothing but what
is easily understood, but only a sum of L500 which he has entered given to
E. E. S., which in great confidence he do discover to me to be my Lord
Sandwich, at the beginning of their contract for the Mole, and I suppose
the rest did the like, which was L1500, which would appear a very odd
thing for my Lord to be a profiter by the getting of the contract made for
them. But here it puts me into thoughts how I shall own my receiving of
L200 a year from him, but it is his gift, I never asked of him, and which
he did to Mr. Povy, and so there is no great matter in it. Thence to other
talk. He tells me that the business of getting the Duchess of Richmond to
Court is broke off, the Duke not suffering it; and thereby great trouble
is brought among the people that endeavoured it, and thought they had
compassed it. And, Lord! to think that at this time the King should mind
no other cares but these! He tells me that my Lord of Canterbury is a
mighty stout man, and a man of a brave, high spirit, and cares not for
this disfavour that he is under at Court, knowing that the King cannot
take away his profits during his life, and therefore do not value it.

     [This character of Archbishop Sheldon does not tally with the
     scandal that Pepys previously reported of him.  Burnet has some
     passages of importance on this in his Own Time, Book II. He
     affirms that Charless final decision to throw over Clarendon was
     caused by the Chancellors favouring Mrs. Stewarts marriage with
     the Duke of Richmond.  The king had a conference with Sheldon on the
     removal of Clarendon, but could not convert the archbishop to his
     view.  Lauderdale told Burnet that he had an account of the
     interview from the king.  The king and Sheldon had gone into such
     expostulations upon it that from that day forward Sheldon could
     never recover the kings confidence.]

Thence I home, and there to my office and wrote a letter to the Duke of
York from myself about my clerks extraordinary, which I have employed this
war, to prevent my being obliged to answer for what others do without any
reason demand allowance for, and so by this means I will be accountable
for none but my own, and they shall not have them but upon the same terms
that I have, which is a profession that with these helps they will answer
to their having performed their duties of their places. So to dinner, and
then away by coach to the Temple, and then for speed by water thence to
White Hall, and there to our usual attending the Duke of York, and did
attend him, where among other things I did present and lodge my letter,
and did speed in it as I could wish. Thence home with Sir W. Pen and Comm.
Middleton by coach, and there home and to cards with my wife, W. Hewer,
Mercer, and the girle, and mighty pleasant all the evening, and so to bed
with my wife, which I have not done since her being ill for three weeks or

28th. Up, and to the office, where busy all the morning, at noon home, and
there to dinner with my clerks and Mr. Pelting, and had a very good
dinner, among others a haunch of venison boiled, and merry we were, and I
rose soon from dinner, and with my wife and girle to the Kings house, and
there saw The Mad Couple, which is but an ordinary play; but only Nells
and Harts mad parts are most excellently done, but especially hers: which
makes it a miracle to me to think how ill she do any serious part, as, the
other day, just like a fool or changeling; and, in a mad part, do beyond
all imitation almost. [It pleased us mightily to see the natural affection
of a poor woman, the mother of one of the children brought on the stage:
the child crying, she by force got upon the stage, and took up her child
and carried it away off of the stage from Hart.] Many fine faces here
to-day. Thence home, and there to the office late, and then home to supper
and to bed. I am told to-day, which troubles me, that great complaint is
made upon the Change, among our merchants, that the very Ostend little
pickaroon men-of-war do offer violence to our merchant-men, and search
them, beat our masters, and plunder them, upon pretence of carrying
Frenchmens goods. Lord! what a condition are we come to, and that so soon
after a war!

29th (Lords day). Up, and at my chamber all the day, both morning and
afternoon (only a little at dinner with my wife alone), upon the settling
of my Tangier accounts towards the evening of all reckonings now against
the new year, and here I do see the great folly of letting things go long
unevened, it being very hard for me and dangerous to state after things
are gone out of memory, and much more would be so should I have died in
this time and my accounts come to other hands, to understand which would
never be. At night comes Mrs. Turner to see us; and there, among other
talk, she tells me that Mr. William Pen, who is lately come over from
Ireland, is a Quaker again, or some very melancholy thing; that he cares
for no company, nor comes into any which is a pleasant thing, after his
being abroad so long, and his father such a hypocritical rogue, and at
this time an Atheist. She gone, I to my very great content do find my
accounts to come very even and naturally, and so to supper and to bed.

30th. Up before day, and by coach to Westminster, and there first to Sir
H. Cholmly, and there I did to my great content deliver him up his little
several papers for sums of money paid him, and took his regular receipts
upon his orders, wherein I am safe. Thence to White Hall, and there to
visit Sir G. Carteret, and there was with him a great while, and my Lady
and they seem in very good humour, but by and by Sir G. Carteret and I
alone, and there we did talk of the ruinous condition we are in, the King
being going to put out of the Council so many able men; such as my Lord
Anglesey, Ashly, Hopis, Secretary Morrice (to bring in Mr. Trevor), and
the Archbishop of Canterbury, and my Lord Bridgewater. He tells me that
this is true, only the Duke of York do endeavour to hinder it, and the
Duke of York himself did tell him so: that the King and the Duke of York
do not in company disagree, but are friendly; but that there is a core in
their hearts, he doubts, which is not to be easily removed; for these men
do suffer only for their constancy to the Chancellor, or at least from the
Kings ill-will against him: that they do now all they can to vilify the
clergy, and do accuse Rochester [Dolben]… and so do raise scandals, all
that is possible, against other of the Bishops. He do suggest that
something is intended for the Duke of Monmouth, and it may be, against the
Queene also: that we are in no manner sure against an invasion the next
year: that the Duke of Buckingham do rule all now, and the Duke of York
comes indeed to the Caball, but signifies little there. That this new
faction do not endure, nor the King, Sir W. Coventry; but yet that he is
so usefull that they cannot be without him; but that he is not now called
to the Caball. That my Lord of Buckingham, Bristoll, and Arlington, do
seem to agree in these things; but that they do not in their hearts trust
one another, but do drive several ways, all of them. In short, he do bless
himself that he is no more concerned in matters now; and the hopes he hath
of being at liberty, when his accounts are over, to retire into the
country. That he do give over the kingdom for wholly lost. So after some
other little discourse, I away, meeting with Mr. Cooling. I with him by
coach to the Wardrobe, where I never was since the fire in Hatton Garden,
but did not light: and he tells me he fears that my Lord Sandwich will
suffer much by Mr. Townsends being untrue to him, he being now unable to
give the Commissioners of the Treasury an account of his money received by
many thousands of pounds, which I am troubled for. Thence to the Old
Exchange together, he telling me that he believes there will be no such
turning out of great men as is talked of, but that it is only to fright
people, but I do fear there may be such a thing doing. He do mightily
inveigh against the folly of the King to bring his matters to wrack thus,
and that we must all be undone without help. I met with Cooling at the
Temple-gate, after I had been at both my booksellers and there laid out
several pounds in books now against the new year. From the Change (where
I met with Captain Cocke, who would have borrowed money of me, but I had
the grace to deny him, he would have had 3 or L400) I with Cocke and Mr.
Temple (whose wife was just now brought to bed of a boy, but he seems not
to be at all taken with it, which is a strange consideration how others do
rejoice to have a child born), to Sir G. Carterets, in Lincolns Inn
Fields, and there did dine together, there being there, among other
company, Mr. Attorney Montagu, and his fine lady, a fine woman. After
dinner, I did understand from my Lady Jemimah that her brother
Hinchingbrokes business was to be ended this day, as she thinks, towards
his match, and they do talk here of their intent to buy themselves some
new clothes against the wedding, which I am very glad of. After dinner I
did even with Sir G. Carteret the accounts of the interest of the money
which I did so long put out for him in Sir R. Viners hands, and by it I
think I shall be a gainer about L28, which is a very good reward for the
little trouble I have had in it. Thence with Sir Philip Carteret to the
Kings playhouse, there to see Loves Cruelty, an old play, but which I
have not seen before; and in the first act Orange Moll come to me, with
one of our porters by my house, to tell me that Mrs. Pierce and Knepp did
dine at my house to-day, and that I was desired to come home. So I went
out presently, and by coach home, and they were just gone away so, after a
very little stay with my wife, I took coach again, and to the Kings
playhouse again, and come in the fourth act; and it proves to me a very
silly play, and to everybody else, as far as I could judge. But the jest
is, that here telling Moll how I had lost my journey, she told me that
Mrs. Knepp was in the house, and so shews me to her, and I went to her,
and sat out the play, and then with her to Mrs. Manuels, where Mrs.
Pierce was, and her boy and girl; and here I did hear Mrs. Manuel and one
of the Italians, her gallant, sing well. But yet I confess I am not
delighted so much with it, as to admire it: for, not understanding the
words, I lose the benefit of the vocalitys of the musick, and it proves
only instrumental; and therefore was more pleased to hear Knepp sing two
or three little English things that I understood, though the composition
of the other, and performance, was very fine. Thence, after sitting and
talking a pretty while, I took leave and left them there, and so to my
booksellers, and paid for the books I had bought, and away home, where I
told my wife where I had been. But she was as mad as a devil, and nothing
but ill words between us all the evening while we sat at cards—W.
Hewer and the girl by—even to gross ill words, which I was troubled
for, but do see that I must use policy to keep her spirit down, and to
give her no offence by my being with Knepp and Pierce, of which, though
she will not own it, yet she is heartily jealous. At last it ended in few
words and my silence (which for fear of growing higher between us I did
forbear), and so to supper and to bed without one word one to another.
This day I did carry money out, and paid several debts. Among others, my
tailor, and shoemaker, and draper, Sir W. Turner, who begun to talk of the
Commission of accounts, wherein he is one; but though they are the
greatest people that ever were in the nation as to power, and like to be
our judges, yet I did never speak one word to him of desiring favour, or
bidding him joy in it, but did answer him to what he said, and do resolve
to stand or fall by my silent preparing to answer whatever can be laid to
me, and that will be my best proceeding, I think. This day I got a little
rent in my new fine camlett cloak with the latch of Sir G. Carterets
door; but it is darned up at my tailors, that it will be no great blemish
to it; but it troubled me. I could not but observe that Sir Philip
Carteret would fain have given me my going into a play; but yet, when he
come to the door, he had no money to pay for himself, I having refused to
accept of it for myself, but was fain; and I perceive he is known there,
and do run upon the score for plays, which is a shame; but I perceive
always he is in want of money.

     [The practice of gallants attending the theatre without payment is
     illustrated by Mr. Lowe in his Betterton, from Shadwells True

          1st Doorkeeper.  Pray, sir, pay me: my masters will make me
          pay it.

          3d Man.  Impudent rascal, do you ask me for money?  Take that,

          2nd Doorkeeper.  Will you pay me, sir?

          4th Man.  No; I dont intend to stay.

          2nd Doorkeeper.  So you say every day, and see two or three
          acts for nothing.]

In the pit I met with Sir Ch. North, formerly Mr. North, who was with my
Lord at sea; and he, of his own accord, was so silly as to tell me he is
married; and for her quality (being a Lords daughter, my Lord Grey), and
person, and beauty, and years, and estate, and disposition, he is the
happiest man in the world. I am sure he is an ugly fellow; but a good
scholar and sober gentleman; and heir to his father, now Lord North, the
old Lord being dead.

31st. Up, without words to my wife, or few, and those not angry, and so to
White Hall, and there waited a long time, while the Duke of York was with
the King in the Caball, and there I and Creed stayed talking without, in
the Vane-Room, and I perceive all peoples expectation is, what will be
the issue of this great business of putting these great Lords out of the
council and power, the quarrel, I perceive, being only their standing
against the will of the King in the business of the Chancellor. Anon the
Duke of York comes out, and then to a committee of Tangier, where my Lord
Middleton did come to-day, and seems to me but a dull, heavy man; but he
is a great soldier, and stout, and a needy Lord, which will still keep
that poor garrison from ever coming to be worth anything to the King.
Here, after a short meeting, we broke up, and I home to the office, where
they are sitting, and so I to them, and having done our business rose, and
I home to dinner with my people, and there dined with me my uncle Thomas,
with a mourning hat-band on, for his daughter Mary, and here I and my
people did discourse of the Act for the accounts,

     [An Act for taking the Accompts of the several sums of money therein
     menconed, 19 and 20 Car.  II., c.  I.  The commissioners were
     empowered to call before them all Treasurers, Receivers,
     Paymasters, Principal Officers and Commissioners of the Navy and
     Ordnance respectively, Pursers, Mustermasters and Clerks of the
     Cheque, Accomptants, and all Officers and Keepers of his Majesties
     Stores and Provisions for Warr as well for Land as Sea, and all
     other persons whatsoever imployed in the management of the said Warr
     or requisite for the discovery of any frauds relating thereunto,
      &c., &c.  (Statutes of the Realm, vol. v., pp.  624,627).]

which do give the greatest power to these people, as they report that have
read it (I having not yet read it, and indeed its nature is such as I have
no mind to go about to read it, for fear of meeting matter in it to
trouble me), that ever was given to any subjects, and too much also. After
dinner with my wife and girl to Unthankes, and there left her, and I to
Westminster, and there to Mrs. Martins, and did hazer con elle what I
desired, and there did drink with her, and find fault with her husbands
wearing of too fine clothes, by which I perceive he will be a beggar, and
so after a little talking I away and took up my wife again, and so home
and to the office, where Captain Perryman did give me an account, walking
in the garden, how the seamen of England are discouraged by want of money
(or otherwise by being, as he says, but I think without cause, by their
being underrated) so far as that he thinks the greatest part are gone
abroad or going, and says that it is known that there are Irish in the
town, up and down, that do labour to entice the seamen out of the nation
by giving them L3 in hand, and promise of 40s. per month, to go into the
King of Frances service, which is a mighty shame, but yet I believe is
true. I did advise with him about my little vessel, The Maybolt, which
he says will be best for me to sell, though my employing her to Newcastle
this winter, and the next spring, for coles, will be a gainful trade, but
yet make me great trouble, but I will think of it, and so to my office,
ended my letters, and so home to supper and to bed, good friends with my
wife. Thus ends the year, with great happiness to myself and family as to
health and good condition in the world, blessed be God for it! only with
great trouble to my mind in reference to the publick, there being little
hopes left but that the whole nation must in a very little time be lost,
either by troubles at home, the Parliament being dissatisfied, and the
King led into unsettled councils by some about him, himself considering
little, and divisions growing between the King and Duke of York; or else
by foreign invasion, to which we must submit if any, at this bad point of
time, should come upon us, which the King of France is well able to do.
These thoughts, and some cares upon me, concerning my standing in this
Office when the Committee of Parliament shall come to examine our Navy
matters, which they will now shortly do. I pray God they may do the
kingdom service therein, as they will have sufficient opportunity of doing


     20s. in money, and what wine she needed, for the burying him
     A gainful trade, but yet make me great trouble
     Act of Council passed, to put out all Papists in office
     Advantage a man of the law hath over all other people
     And a deal of do of which I am weary
     Angling with a minikin, a gut-string varnished over
     Anthem anything but instrumentall musique with the voice
     Archbishop is a wencher, and known to be so
     As he called it, the Kings seventeenth whore abroad
     Bakers house in Pudding Lane, where the late great fire begun
     Beginnings of discontents take so much root between us
     Being taken with a Psalmbook or Testament
     Better now than never
     Bill against importing Cattle from Ireland
     Bold to deliver what he thinks on every occasion
     Bring me a periwig, but it was full of nits
     But do it with mighty vanity and talking
     But my wife vexed, which vexed me
     Buying his place of my Lord Barkely
     Buying up of goods in case there should be war
     Cast stones with his horne crooke
     Certainly Annapolis must be defended,—where is Annapolis?
     Chief Court of judicature (House of Lords)
     Clap of the pox which he got about twelve years ago
     Come to us out of bed in his furred mittens and furred cap
     Commons, where there is nothing done but by passion, and faction
     Confidence, and vanity, and disparages everything
     Consider that this is all the pleasure I live for in the world
     Court full of great apprehensions of the French
     Court is in a way to ruin all for their pleasures
     Credit of this office hath received by this rogues occasion
     Dash the brains of it out before the Kings face
     Declared he will never have another public mistress again
     Desk fastened to one of the armes of his chayre
     Did take me up very prettily in one or two things that I said
     Dinner, an ill and little mean one, with foul cloth and dishes
     Disquiet all night, telling of the clock till it was daylight
     Do outdo the Lords infinitely (debates in the Commons)
     Dog, that would turn a sheep any way which
     Dutch fleets being in so many places
     Eat some of the best cheese-cakes that ever I eat in my life
     Enough existed to build a ship (Pieces of the true Cross)
     Enviously, said, I could not come honestly by them
     Erasmus de scribendis epistolis
      Every body leads, and nobody follows
     Father, who to supper and betimes to bed at his country hours
     Feared she hath from some [one] or other of a present
     Fell a-crying for joy, being all maudlin and kissing one another
     Fools play with which all publick things are done
     For I will not be inward with him that is open to another
     For I will be hanged before I seek to him, unless I see I need
     Found to be with child, do never stir out of their beds
     Give the King of France Nova Scotia, which he do not like
     Gold holds up its price still
     Good purpose of fitting ourselves for another war (A Peace)
     Had his hand cut off, and was hanged presently!
     Had the umbles of it for dinner
     Hates to have any body mention what he had done the day before
     Hath given her the pox, but I hope it is not so
     Have not any awe over them from the Kings displeasure (Commons)
     He was charged with making himself popular
     He is not a man fit to be told what one hears
     He will do no good, he being a man of an unsettled head
     He is a man of no worth in the world but compliment
     Heeling her on one side to make her draw little water
     History of this days growth, we cannot tell the truth
     House of Lords is the last appeal that a man can make
     How do the children?
     Hugged, it being cold now in the mornings....
     Hunt up and down with its mouth if you touch the cheek
     I would not enquire into anything, but let her talk
     I am not a man able to go through trouble, as other men
     I having now seen a play every day this week
     I perceive no passion in a woman can be lasting long
     I did get her hand to me under my cloak
     I love the treason I hate the traitor
     I find her painted, which makes me loathe her (cosmetics)
     If the word Inquisition be but mentioned
     Ill-bred woman, would take exceptions at anything any body said
     Ill sign when we are once to come to study how to excuse
     Just set down to dinner, and I dined with them, as I intended
     King do resolve to declare the Duke of Monmouth legitimate
     King is at the command of any woman like a slave
     King the necessity of having, at least, a show of religion
     King is offended with the Duke of Richmonds marrying
     King of France did think other princes fit for nothing
     King governed by his lust, and women, and rogues about him
     Kings service is undone, and those that trust him perish
     Kingdom will fall back again to a commonwealth
     Know yourself to be secure, in being necessary to the office
     Lady Castlemaynes nose out of joynt
     Lady Castlemayne is compounding with the King for a pension
     Liberty of speech in the House
     Little content most people have in the peace
     Little worth of this world, to buy it with so much pain
     Looks to lie down about two months hence
     Make a man wonder at the good fortune of such a fool
     Mazer or drinking-bowl turned out of some kind of wood
     Mean, methinks, and is as if they had married like dog and bitch
     Mirrors which makes the room seem both bigger and lighter
     Mr. William Pen a Quaker again
     Mrs. Stewarts sending the King his jewels again
     Much difficulty to get pews, I offering the sexton money
     Musique in the morning to call up our new-married people
     Must yet pay to the Poll Bill for this pension (unreceived)
     My wife will keep to one another and let the world go hang
     My intention to learn to trill
     My people do observe my minding my pleasure more than usual
     My wife this night troubled at my leaving her alone so much
     Necessary, and yet the peace is so bad in its terms
     Never laughed so in all my life.  I laughed till my head ached
     Never was known to keep two mistresses in his life (Charles II.)
     Never, while he lives, truckle under any body or any faction
     Never to keep a country-house, but to keep a coach
     New medall, where, in little, there is Mrs. Stewards face
     Night the Dutch burned our ships the King did sup with Castlemayne
     No man knowing what to do, whether to sell or buy
     Nobody knows which side will be uppermost
     Nobody being willing to trust us for anything
     Nor offer anything, but just what is drawn out of a man
     Not more than I expected, nor so much by a great deal as I ought
     Not thinking them safe men to receive such a gratuity
     Now above six months since (smoke from the cellars)
     Officers are four years behind-hand unpaid
     Only because she sees it is the fashion (She likes it)
     Outdo for neatness and plenty anything done by any of them
     Painful to keep money, as well as to get it
     Pit, where the bears are baited
     Poll Bill
     Pressing in it as if none of us had like care with him
     Princes being trepanned, which was in doing just as we passed
     Proud that she shall come to trill
     Receive the applications of people, and hath presents
     Reparation for what we had embezzled
     Run over their beads with one hand, and point and play and talk
     Said to die with the cleanest hands that ever any Lord Treasurer
     Saying, that for money he might be got to our side
     Says of wood, that it is an excrescence of the earth
     Seems she hath had long melancholy upon her
     Sermon ended, and the church broke up, and my amours ended also
     Sermon upon Original Sin, neither understood by himself
     Sermon without affectation or study
     Shame such a rogue should give me and all of us this trouble
     She has this silly vanity that she must play
     Sick of it and of him for it
     Silence; it being seldom any wrong to a man to say nothing
     Singing with many voices is not singing
     So every thing stands still for money
     Some ends of my own in what advice I do give her
     Sorry thing to be a poor King
     Spares not to blame another to defend himself
     Speaks rarely, which pleases me mightily
     Spends his time here most, playing at bowles
     Sport to me to see him so earnest on so little occasion
     Street ordered to be continued, forty feet broad, from Pauls
     Supper and to bed without one word one to another
     Suspect the badness of the peace we shall make
     Swear they will not go to be killed and have no pay
     Take pins out of her pocket to prick me if I should touch her
     The pleasure of my not committing these things to my memory
     The world do not grow old at all
     The gates of the City shut, it being so late
     Their condition was a little below my present state
     Then home, and merry with my wife
     They are all mad; and thus the kingdom is governed!
     They want where to set their feet, to begin to do any thing
     Think never to see this woman—at least, to have her here more
     Though he knows, if he be not a fool, that I love him not
     Through my wifes illness had a bad night of it, and she a worse
     To my joy, I met not with any that have sped better than myself
     Troubled to think what trouble a rogue may without cause give
     Uncertainty of all history
     Used to make coal fires, and wash my foul clothes
     Very great tax; but yet I do think it is so perplexed
     Voyage to Newcastle for coles
     We find the two young ladies come home, and their patches off
     Weary of it; but it will please the citizens
     Weigh him after he had done playing
     What way a man could devise to lose so much in so little time
     What I said would not hold water
     Whatever I do give to anybody else, I shall give her
     Where a piece of the Cross is
     Which he left him in the lurch
     Whip this child till the blood come, if it were my child!
     Who continues so ill as not to be troubled with business
     Whom, in mirth to us, he calls Antichrist
     Whose red nose makes me ashamed to be seen with him
     Wise mans not being wise at all times
     Wise men do prepare to remove abroad what they have
     Wonders that she cannot be as good within as she is fair without
     Wretch, n., often used as an expression of endearment
     Yet let him remember the days of darkness
     Young fellow, with his hat cocked like a fool behind