Samuel Pepys diary January 1667

JANUARY 1666-1667

January 1st. Lay long, being a bitter, cold, frosty day, the frost being
now grown old, and the Thames covered with ice. Up, and to the office,
where all the morning busy. At noon to the Change a little, where Mr.
James Houblon and I walked a good while speaking of our ill condition in
not being able to set out a fleet (we doubt) this year, and the certain
ill effect that must bring, which is lamentable. Home to dinner, where the
best powdered goose that ever I eat. Then to the office again, and to Sir
W. Battens to examine the Commission going down to Portsmouth to examine
witnesses about our prizes, of which God give a good issue! and then to
the office again, where late, and so home, my eyes sore. To supper and to

2nd. Up, I, and walked to White Hall to attend the Duke of York, as usual.
My wife up, and with Mrs. Pen to walk in the fields to frost-bite
themselves. I find the Court full of great apprehensions of the French,
who have certainly shipped landsmen, great numbers, at Brest; and most of
our people here guess his design for Ireland. We have orders to send all
the ships we can possible to the Downes. God have mercy on us! for we can
send forth no ships without men, nor will men go without money, every day
bringing us news of new mutinies among the seamen; so that our condition
is like to be very miserable. Thence to Westminster Hall, and there met
all the Houblons, who do laugh at this discourse of the French, and say
they are verily of opinion it is nothing but to send to their plantation
in the West Indys, and that we at Court do blow up a design of invading
us, only to make the Parliament make more haste in the money matters, and
perhaps it may be so, but I do not believe we have any such plot in our
heads. After them, I, with several people, among others Mr. George
Montagu, whom I have not seen long, he mighty kind. He tells me all is
like to go ill, the King displeasing the House of Commons by evading their
Bill for examining Accounts, and putting it into a Commission, though
therein he hath left out Coventry and I and named all the rest the
Parliament named, and all country Lords, not one Courtier: this do not
please them. He tells me he finds the enmity almost over for my Lord
Sandwich, and that now all is upon the Vice-Chamberlain, who bears up well
and stands upon his vindication, which he seems to like well, and the
others do construe well also. Thence up to the Painted Chamber, and there
heard a conference between the House of Lords and Commons about the Wine
Patent; which I was exceeding glad to be at, because of my hearing
exceeding good discourses, but especially from the Commons; among others,
Mr. Swinfen, and a young man, one Sir Thomas Meres: and do outdo the Lords
infinitely. So down to the Hall and to the Rose Taverne, while Doll Lane
come to me, and we did biber a good deal de vino, et je did give elle
twelve soldis para comprare elle some gans for a new annos gift ….
Thence to the Hall again, and with Sir W. Pen by coach to the Temple, and
there light and eat a bit at an ordinary by, and then alone to the Kings
House, and there saw The Custome of the Country, the second time of its
being acted, wherein Knipp does the Widow well; but, of all the plays that
ever I did see, the worst-having neither plot, language, nor anything in
the earth that is acceptable; only Knipp sings a little song admirably.
But fully the worst play that ever I saw or I believe shall see. So away
home, much displeased for the loss of so much time, and disobliging my
wife by being there without her. So, by link, walked home, it being mighty
cold but dry, yet bad walking because very slippery with the frost and
treading. Home and to my chamber to set down my journal, and then to
thinking upon establishing my vows against the next year, and so to supper
and to bed.

3rd. Up, and to the office, where we sat all the morning. At noon by
invitation to dinner to Sir W. Pens, where my Lord Bruncker, Sir W.
Batten, and his lady, myself, and wife, Sir J. Minnes, and Mr. Turner and
his wife. Indifferent merry, to which I contributed the most, but a mean
dinner, and in a mean manner. In the evening a little to the office, and
then to them, where I found them at cards, myself very ill with a cold
(the frost continuing hard), so eat but little at supper, but very merry,
and late home to bed, not much pleased with the manner of our
entertainment, though to myself more civil than to any. This day, I hear,
hath been a conference between the two Houses about the Bill for examining
Accounts, wherein the House of Lords their proceedings in petitioning the
King for doing it by Commission is, in great heat, voted by the Commons,
after the conference, unparliamentary. The issue whereof, God knows.

4th. Up, and seeing things put in order for a dinner at my house to-day, I
to the office awhile, and about noon home, and there saw all things in
good order. Anon comes our company; my Lord Bruncker, Sir W. Pen, his
lady, and Pegg, and her servant, Mr. Lowther, my Lady Batten (Sir W.
Batten being forced to dine at Sir K. Fords, being invited), Mr. Turner
and his wife. Here I had good room for ten, and no more would my table
have held well, had Sir J. Minnes, who was fallen lame, and his sister,
and niece, and Sir W. Batten come, which was a great content to me to be
without them. I did make them all gaze to see themselves served so nobly
in plate, and a neat dinner, indeed, though but of seven dishes. Mighty
merry I was and made them all, and they mightily pleased. My Lord Bruncker
went away after dinner to the ticket-office, the rest staid, only my Lady
Batten home, her ague-fit coming on her at table. The rest merry, and to
cards, and then to sing and talk, and at night to sup, and then to cards;
and, last of all, to have a flaggon of ale and apples, drunk out of a wood

[A mazer or drinking-bowl turned out of some kind of wood, by
preference of maple, and especially the spotted or speckled variety
called birds-eye maple (see W. H. St. John Hopes paper, On the
English Mediaeval Drinking-bowls called Mazers, Archaeologia,
vol. 50, pp. 129,93).]

as a Christmas draught, made all merry; and they full of admiration at my
plate, particularly my flaggons (which, indeed, are noble), and so late
home, all with great mirth and satisfaction to them, as I thought, and to
myself to see all I have and do so much outdo for neatness and plenty
anything done by any of them. They gone, I to bed, much pleased, and do
observe Mr. Lowther to be a pretty gentleman, and, I think, too good for
Peg; and, by the way, Peg Pen seems mightily to be kind to me, and I
believe by her fathers advice, who is also himself so; but I believe not
a little troubled to see my plenty, and was much troubled to hear the song
I sung, The New Droll—it touching him home. So to bed.

5th. At the office all the morning, thinking at noon to have been taken
home, and my wife (according to appointment yesterday), by my Lord
Bruncker, to dinner and then to a play, but he had forgot it, at which I
was glad, being glad of avoyding the occasion of inviting him again, and
being forced to invite his doxy, Mrs. Williams. So home, and took a small
snap of victuals, and away, with my wife, to the Dukes house, and there
saw Mustapha, a most excellent play for words and design as ever I did
see. I had seen it before but forgot it, so it was wholly new to me, which
is the pleasure of my not committing these things to my memory. Home, and
a little to the office, and then to bed, where I lay with much pain in my
head most of the night, and very unquiet, partly by my drinking before I
went out too great a draught of sack, and partly my eyes being still very

6th (Lords day). Up pretty well in the morning, and then to church, where
a dull doctor, a stranger, made a dull sermon. Then home, and Betty
Michell and her husband come by invitation to dine with us, and, she I
find the same as ever (which I was afraid of the contrary)… Here come
also Mr. Howe to dine with me, and we had a good dinner and good merry
discourse with much pleasure, I enjoying myself mightily to have friends
at my table. After dinner young Michell and I, it being an excellent
frosty day to walk, did walk out, he showing me the bakers house in
Pudding Lane, where the late great fire begun; and thence all along Thames
Street, where I did view several places, and so up by London Wall, by
Blackfriars, to Ludgate; and thence to Bridewell, which I find to have
been heretofore an extraordinary good house, and a fine coming to it,
before the house by the bridge was built; and so to look about St. Brides
church and my fathers house, and so walked home, and there supped
together, and then Michell and Betty home, and I to my closet, there to
read and agree upon my vows for next year, and so to bed and slept mighty

7th. Lay long in bed. Then up and to the office, where busy all the
morning. At noon (my wife being gone to Westminster) I with my Lord
Bruncker by coach as far as the Temple, in the way he telling me that my
Lady Denham is at last dead. Some suspect her poisoned, but it will be
best known when her body is opened, which will be to-day, she dying
yesterday morning. The Duke of York is troubled for her; but hath declared
he will never have another public mistress again; which I shall be glad
of, and would the King would do the like. He tells me how the Parliament
is grown so jealous of the Kings being unfayre to them in the business of
the Bill for examining Accounts, Irish Bill, and the business of the
Papists, that they will not pass the business for money till they see
themselves secure that those Bills will pass; which they do observe the
Court to keep off till all the Bills come together, that the King may
accept what he pleases, and what he pleases to reject, which will undo all
our business and the kingdom too. He tells me how Mr. Henry Howard, of
Norfolke, hath given our Royal Society all his grandfathers library:
which noble gift they value at L1000; and gives them accommodation to meet
in at his house, Arundell House, they being now disturbed at Gresham
College. Thence lighting at the Temple to the ordinary hard by and eat a
bit of meat, and then by coach to fetch my wife from her brothers, and
thence to the Dukes house, and saw Macbeth, which, though I saw it
lately, yet appears a most excellent play in all respects, but especially
in divertisement, though it be a deep tragedy; which is a strange
perfection in a tragedy, it being most proper here, and suitable. So home,
it being the last play now I am to see till a fortnight hence, I being
from the last night entered into my vowes for the year coming on. Here I
met with the good newes of Hoggs bringing in two prizes more to Plymouth,
which if they prove but any part of them, I hope, at least, we shall be no
losers by them. So home from the office, to write over fair my vowes for
this year, and then to supper, and to bed. In great peace of mind having
now done it, and brought myself into order again and a resolution of
keeping it, and having entered my journall to this night, so to bed, my
eyes failing me with writing.

8th. Up, and to the office, where we sat all the morning. At noon home to
dinner, where my uncle Thomas with me to receive his quarterage. He tells
me his son Thomas is set up in Smithfield, where he hath a shop—I
suppose, a booth. Presently after dinner to the office, and there set
close to my business and did a great deal before night, and am resolved to
stand to it, having been a truant too long. At night to Sir W. Battens to
consider some things about our prizes, and then to other talk, and among
other things he tells me that he hears for certain that Sir W. Coventry
hath resigned to the King his place of Commissioner of the Navy, the thing
he bath often told me that he had a mind to do, but I am surprised to
think that he hath done it, and am full of thoughts all this evening after
I heard it what may be the consequences of it to me. So home and to
supper, and then saw the catalogue of my books, which my brother had wrote
out, now perfectly alphabeticall, and so to bed. Sir Richard Ford did this
evening at Sir W. Battens tell us that upon opening the body of my Lady
Denham it is said that they found a vessel about her matrix which had
never been broke by her husband, that caused all pains in her body. Which
if true is excellent invention to clear both the Duchesse from poison or
the Duke from lying with her.

9th. Up, and with Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen in a hackney-coach to White
Hall, the way being most horribly bad upon the breaking up of the frost,
so as not to be passed almost. There did our usual [business] with the
Duke of York, and here I do hear, by my Lord Bruncker, that for certain
Sir W. Coventry hath resigned his place of Commissioner; which I believe
he hath done upon good grounds of security to himself, from all the blame
which must attend our office this next year; but I fear the King will
suffer by it. Thence to Westminster Hall, and there to the conference of
the Houses about the word Nuisance,

[In the Bill against importing Cattle from Ireland and other parts
beyond the Seas, the Lords proposed to insert Detriment and
Mischief in place of Nuisance, but the Commons stood to their
word, and gained their way. The Lords finally consented that
Nuisance should stand in the Bill.]

which the Commons would have, and the Lords will not, in the Irish Bill.
The Commons do it professedly to prevent the Kings dispensing with it;
which Sir Robert Howard and others did expressly repeat often: viz., the
King nor any King ever could do any thing which was hurtful to their
people. Now the Lords did argue, that it was an ill precedent, and that
which will ever hereafter be used as a way of preventing the Kings
dispensation with acts; and therefore rather advise to pass the Bill
without that word, and let it go, accompanied with a petition, to the
King, that he will not dispense with it; this being a more civil way to
the King. They answered well, that this do imply that the King should pass
their Bill, and yet with design to dispense with it; which is to suppose
the King guilty of abusing them. And more, they produce precedents for it;
namely, that against new buildings and about leather, wherein the word
Nuisance is used to the purpose: and further, that they do not rob the
King of any right he ever had, for he never had a power to do hurt to his
people, nor would exercise it; and therefore there is no danger, in the
passing this Bill, of imposing on his prerogative; and concluded, that
they think they ought to do this, so as the people may really have the
benefit of it when it is passed, for never any people could expect so
reasonably to be indulged something from a King, they having already given
him so much money, and are likely to give more. Thus they broke up, both
adhering to their opinions; but the Commons seemed much more full of
judgment and reason than the Lords. Then the Commons made their Report to
the Lords of their vote, that their Lordships proceedings in the Bill for
examining Accounts were unparliamentary; they having, while a Bill was
sent up to them from the Commons about the business, petitioned his
Majesty that he would do the same thing by his Commission. They did give
their reasons: viz., that it had no precedent; that the King ought not to
be informed of anything passing in the Houses till it comes to a Bill;
that it will wholly break off all correspondence between the two Houses,
and in the issue wholly infringe the very use and being of Parliaments.
Having left their arguments with the Lords they all broke up, and I by
coach to the ordinary by the Temple, and there dined alone on a rabbit,
and read a book I brought home from Mrs. Michells, of the proceedings of
the Parliament in the 3rd and 4th year of the late King, a very good book
for speeches and for arguments of law. Thence to Faythorne, and bought a
head or two; one of them my Lord of Ormonds, the best I ever saw, and
then to Arundell House, where first the Royall Society meet, by the favour
of Mr. Harry Howard, who was there, and has given us his grandfathers
library, a noble gift, and a noble favour and undertaking it is for him to
make his house the seat for this college. Here was an experiment shown
about improving the use of powder for creating of force in winding up of
springs and other uses of great worth. And here was a great meeting of
worthy noble persons; but my Lord Bruncker, who pretended to make a
congratulatory speech upon their coming hither, and in thanks to Mr.
Howard, do it in the worst manner in the world, being the worst speaker,
so as I do wonder at his parts and the unhappiness of his speaking. Thence
home by coach and to the office, and then home to supper, Mercer and her
sister there, and to cards, and then to bed. Mr. Cowling did this day in
the House-lobby tell me of the many complaints among people against Mr.
Townsend in the Wardrobe, and advises me to think of my Lord Sandwichs
concernment there under his care. He did also tell me upon my demanding
it, that he do believe there are some things on foot for a peace between
France and us, but that we shall be foiled in it.

10th. Up, and at the office all the morning. At noon home and, there being
business to do in the afternoon, took my Lord Bruncker home with me, who
dined with me. His discourse and mine about the bad performances of the
Controllers and Surveyors places by the hands they are now in, and the
shame to the service and loss the King suffers by it. Then after dinner to
the office, where we and some of the chief of the Trinity House met to
examine the occasion of the loss of The Prince Royall, the master and
mates being examined, which I took and keep, and so broke up, and I to my
letters by the post, and so home and to supper with my mind at pretty good
ease, being entered upon minding my business, and so to bed. This noon
Mrs. Burroughs come to me about business, whom I did baiser….

11th. Up, being troubled at my being found abed a-days by all sorts of
people, I having got a trick of sitting up later than I need, never
supping, or very seldom, before 12 at night. Then to the office, there
busy all the morning, and among other things comes Sir W. Warren and
walked with me awhile, whose discourse I love, he being a very wise man
and full of good counsel, and his own practices for wisdom much to be
observed, and among other things he tells me how he is fallen in with my
Lord Bruncker, who has promised him most particular inward friendship and
yet not to appear at the board to do so, and he tells me how my Lord
Bruncker should take notice of the two flaggons he saw at my house at
dinner, at my late feast, and merrily, yet I know enviously, said, I could
not come honestly by them. This I am glad to hear, though vexed to see his
ignoble soul, but I shall beware of him, and yet it is fit he should see I
am no mean fellow, but can live in the world, and have something. At noon
home to dinner, and then to the office with my people and very busy, and
did dispatch to my great satisfaction abundance of business, and do
resolve, by the grace of God, to stick to it till I have cleared my heart
of most things wherein I am in arrear in public and private matters. At
night, home to supper and to bed. This day ill news of my fathers being
very ill of his old grief the rupture, which troubles me.

12th. Up, still lying long in bed; then to the office, where sat very
long. Then home to dinner, and so to the office again, mighty busy, and
did to the joy of my soul dispatch much business, which do make my heart
light, and will enable me to recover all the ground I have lost (if I have
by my late minding my pleasures lost any) and assert myself. So home to
supper, and then to read a little in Moores Antidote against Atheisme,
a pretty book, and so to bed.

13th (Lords day). Up, and to church, where young Lowther come to church
with Sir W. Pen and his Lady and daughter, and my wife tells me that
either they are married or the match is quite perfected, which I am apt to
believe, because all the peoples eyes in the church were much fixed upon
them. At noon sent for Mercer, who dined with us, and very merry, and so
I, after dinner, walked to the Old Swan, thinking to have got a boat to
White Hall, but could not, nor was there anybody at home at Michells,
where I thought to have sat with her…. So home, to church, a dull
sermon, and then home at my chamber all the evening. So to supper and to

14th. Up, and to the office, where busy getting beforehand with my
business as fast as I can. At noon home to dinner, and presently afterward
at my office again. I understand my father is pretty well again, blessed
be God! and would have my Br[other] John comedown to him for a little
while. Busy till night, pleasing myself mightily to see what a deal of
business goes off of a mans hands when he stays by it, and then, at
night, before it was late (yet much business done) home to supper,
discourse with my wife, and to bed. Sir W. Batten tells me the Lords do
agree at last with the Commons about the word Nuisance in the Irish
Bill, and do desire a good correspondence between the two Houses; and that
the King do intend to prorogue them the last of this month.

15th. Up, and to the office, where busy all the morning. Here my Lord
Bruncker would have made me promise to go with him to a play this
afternoon, where Knipp acts Mrs. Weavers great part in The Indian
Emperour, and he says is coming on to be a great actor. But I am so fell
to my business, that I, though against my inclination, will not go. At
noon, dined with my wife and were pleasant, and then to the office, where
I got Mrs. Burroughs sola cum ego, and did toucher ses mamailles… She
gone, I to my business and did much, and among other things to-night we
were all mightily troubled how to prevent the sale of a great deal of
hemp, and timber-deals, and other good goods to-morrow at the candle by
the Prize Office, where it will be sold for little, and we shall be found
to want the same goods and buy at extraordinary prices, and perhaps the
very same goods now sold, which is a most horrid evil and a shame. At
night home to supper and to bed with my mind mighty light to see the
fruits of my diligence in having my business go off my hand so merrily.

16th. Up, and by coach to White Hall, and there to the Duke of York as
usual. Here Sir W. Coventry come to me aside in the Dukes chamber, to
tell that he had not answered part of a late letter of mine, because
littera scripta manet. About his leaving the office, he tells me, [it
is] because he finds that his business at Court will not permit him to
attend it; and then he confesses that he seldom of late could come from it
with satisfaction, and therefore would not take the Kings money for
nothing. I professed my sorrow for it, and prayed the continuance of his
favour; which he promised. I do believe he hath [done] like a very wise
man in reference to himself; but I doubt it will prove ill for the King,
and for the office. Prince Rupert, I hear to-day, is very ill; yesterday
given over, but better to-day. This day, before the Duke of York, the
business of the Muster-Masters was reported, and Balty found the best of
the whole number, so as the Duke enquired who he was, and whether he was a
stranger by his two names, both strange, and offered that he and one more,
who hath done next best, should have not only their owne, but part of the
others salary, but that I having said he was my brother-in-law, he did
stop, but they two are ordered their pay, which I am glad of, and some of
the rest will lose their pay, and others be laid by the heels. I was very
glad of this being ended so well. I did also, this morning, move in a
business wherein Mr. Hater hath concerned me, about getting a ship, laden
with salt from France, permitted to unload, coming in after the Kings
declaration was out, which I have hopes by some dexterity to get done.
Then with the Duke of York to the King, to receive his commands for
stopping the sale this day of some prize-goods at the Prize-Office, goods
fit for the Navy; and received the Kings commands, and carried them to
the Lords House, to my Lord Ashly, who was angry much thereat, and I am
sorry it fell to me to carry the order, but I cannot help it. So, against
his will, he signed a note I writ to the Commissioners of Prizes, which I
carried and delivered to Kingdone, at their new office in Aldersgate
Streete. Thence a little to the Exchange, where it was hot that the Prince
was dead, but I did rectify it. So home to dinner, and found Balty, told
him the good news, and then after dinner away, I presently to White Hall,
and did give the Duke of York a memorial of the salt business, against the
Council, and did wait all the Council for answer, walking a good while
with Sir Stephen Fox, who, among other things, told me his whole mystery
in the business of the interest he pays as Treasurer for the Army. They
give him 12d. per pound quite through the Army, with condition to be paid
weekly. This he undertakes upon his own private credit, and to be paid by
the King at the end of every four months. If the King pay him not at the
end of the four months, then, for all the time he stays longer, my Lord
Treasurer, by agreement, allows him eight per cent. per annum for the
forbearance. So that, in fine, he hath about twelve per cent. from the
King and the Army, for fifteen or sixteen months interest; out of which
he gains soundly, his expense being about L130,000 per annum; and hath no
trouble in it, compared, as I told him, to the trouble I must have to
bring in an account of interest. I was, however, glad of being thus
enlightened, and so away to the other council door, and there got in and
hear a piece of a cause, heard before the King, about a ship deserted by
her fellows (who were bound mutually to defend each other), in their way
to Virginy, and taken by the enemy, but it was but meanly pleaded. Then
all withdrew, and by and by the Council rose, and I spoke with the Duke of
York, and he told me my business was done, which I found accordingly in
Sir Edward Walkers books. And so away, mightily satisfied, to Arundell
House, and there heard a little good discourse, and so home, and there to
Sir W. Batten, where I heard the examinations in two of our prizes, which
do make but little for us, so that I do begin to doubt their proving
prize, which troubled me. So home to supper with my wife, and after supper
my wife told me how she had moved to W. Hewer the business of my sister
for a wife to him, which he received with mighty acknowledgements, as she
says, above anything; but says he hath no intention to alter his
condition: so that I am in some measure sorry she ever moved it; but I
hope he will think it only come from her. So after supper a little to the
office, to enter my journall, and then home to bed. Talk there is of a
letter to come from Holland, desiring a place of treaty; but I do doubt
it. This day I observe still, in many places, the smoking remains of the
late fire: the ways mighty bad and dirty. This night Sir R. Ford told me
how this day, at Christ Church Hospital, they have given a living over
L200 per annum to Mr. Sanchy, my old acquaintance, which I wonder at, he
commending him mightily; but am glad of it. He tells me, too, how the
famous Stillingfleete was a Bluecoat boy. The children at this day are
provided for in the country by the House, which I am glad also to hear.

17th. Up, and to the office, where all the morning sitting. At noon home
to dinner, and then to the office busy also till very late, my heart joyed
with the effects of my following my business, by easing my head of cares,
and so home to supper and to bed.

18th. Up, and most of the morning finishing my entry of my journall during
the late fire out of loose papers into this book, which did please me
mightily when done, I, writing till my eyes were almost blind therewith to
make an end of it. Then all the rest of the morning, and, after a mouthful
of dinner, all the afternoon in my closet till night, sorting all my
papers, which have lain unsorted for all the time we were at Greenwich
during the plague, which did please me also, I drawing on to put my office
into a good posture, though much is behind. This morning come Captain.
Cocke to me, and tells me that the King comes to the House this day to
pass the poll Bill and the Irish Bill; he tells me too that, though the
Faction is very froward in the House, yet all will end well there. But he
says that one had got a Bill ready to present in the House against Sir W.
Coventry, for selling of places, and says he is certain of it, and how he
was withheld from doing it. He says, that the Vice-chamberlaine is now one
of the greatest men in England again, and was he that did prevail with the
King to let the Irish Bill go with the word Nuisance. He told me, that
Sir G. Carterets declaration of giving double to any man that will prove
that any of his people have demanded or taken any thing for forwarding the
payment of the wages of any man (of which he sent us a copy yesterday,
which we approved of) is set up, among other places, upon the House of
Lords door. I do not know how wisely this is done. This morning, also,
there come to the office a letter from the Duke of York, commanding our
payment of no wages to any of the muster-masters of the fleete the last
year, but only two, my brother Balty, taking notice that he had taken
pains therein, and one Ward, who, though he had not taken so much as the
other, yet had done more than the rest. This I was exceeding glad of for
my own sake and his. At night I, by appointment, home, where W. Batelier
and his sister Mary, and the two Mercers, to play at cards and sup, and
did cut our great cake lately given us by Russell: a very good one. Here
very merry late. Sir W. Pen told me this night how the King did make them
a very sharp speech in the House of Lords to-day, saying that he did
expect to have had more Bills;

[On this day An Act for raising Money by a Poll and otherwise
towards the maintenance of the present War, and An Act prohibiting
the Importation of Cattle from Ireland and other parts beyond the
Sea, and Fish taken by Foreigners, were passed. The king.
complained of the insufficient supply, and said, Tis high time for
you to make good your promises, and tis high time for you to be in
the country (Journals of the House of Lords, vol xii., p. 81).]

that he purposes to prorogue them on Monday come sennight; that whereas
they have unjustly conceived some jealousys of his making a peace, he
declares he knows of no such thing or treaty: and so left them. But with
so little effect, that as soon as he come into the House, Sir W. Coventry
moved, that now the King hath declared his intention of proroguing them,
it would be loss of time to go on with the thing they were upon, when they
were called to the King, which was the calling over the defaults of
Members appearing in the House; for that, before any person could now come
or be brought to town, the House would be up. Yet the Faction did desire
to delay time, and contend so as to come to a division of the House;
where, however, it was carried, by a few voices, that the debate should be
laid by. But this shews that they are not pleased, or that they have not
any awe over them from the Kings displeasure. The company being gone, to

19th. Up, and at the office all the morning. Sir W. Batten tells me to my
wonder that at his coming to my Lord Ashly, yesterday morning, to tell him
what prize-goods he would have saved for the Navy, and not sold, according
to the Kings order on the 17th, he fell quite out with him in high terms;
and he says, too, that they did go on to the sale yesterday, even of the
very hempe, and other things, at which I am astonished, and will never
wonder at the ruine of the Kings affairs, if this be suffered. At noon
dined, and Mr. Pierce come to see me, he newly come from keeping his
Christmas in the country. So to the office, where very busy, but with
great pleasure till late at night, and then home to supper and to bed.

20th (Lords day). Up betimes and down to the Old Swan, there called on
Michell and his wife, which in her night linen appeared as pretty almost
as ever to my thinking I saw woman. Here I drank some burnt brandy. They
shewed me their house, which, poor people, they have built, and is very
pretty. I invited them to dine with me, and so away to White Hall to Sir
W. Coventry, with whom I have not been alone a good while, and very kind
he is, and tells me how the business is now ordered by order of council
for my Lord Bruncker to assist Sir J. Minnes in all matters of accounts
relating to the Treasurer, and Sir W. Pen in all matters relating to the
victuallers and pursers accounts, which I am very glad of, and the more
for that I think it will not do me any hurt at all. Other discourse, much
especially about the heat the House was in yesterday about the ill
management of the Navy, which I was sorry to hear; though I think they
were well answered, both by Sir G. Carteret and [Sir] W. Coventry, as he
informs me the substance of their speeches. Having done with him, home
mightily satisfied with my being with him, and coming home I to church,
and there, beyond expectation, find our seat, and all the church crammed,
by twice as many people as used to be: and to my great joy find Mr.
Frampton in the pulpit; so to my great joy I hear him preach, and I think
the best sermon, for goodness and oratory, without affectation or study,
that ever I heard in my life. The truth is, he preaches the most like an
apostle that ever I heard man; and it was much the best time that ever I
spent in my life at church. His text, Ecclesiastes xi., verse 8th—the
words, But if a man live many years, and rejoice in them all, yet let him
remember the days of darkness, for they shall be many. All that cometh is
vanity. He done, I home, and there Michell and his wife, and we dined and
mighty merry, I mightily taken more and more with her. After dinner I with
my brother away by water to White Hall, and there walked in the Parke, and
a little to my Lord Chancellors, where the King and Cabinet met, and
there met Mr. Brisband, with whom good discourse, to White Hall towards
night, and there he did lend me The Third Advice to a Paynter, a bitter
satyre upon the service of the Duke of Albemarle the last year. I took it
home with me, and will copy it, having the former, being also mightily
pleased with it. So after reading it, I to Sir W. Pen to discourse a
little with him about the business of our prizes, and so home to supper
and to bed.

21st. Up betimes, and with, Sir W. Batten, [Sir] W. Pen, [Sir] R. Ford, by
coach to the Swedes Residents in the Piatza, to discourse with him about
two of our prizes, wherein he puts in his concernment as for his
countrymen. We had no satisfaction, nor did give him any, but I find him a
cunning fellow. He lives in one of the great houses there, but
ill-furnished; and come to us out of bed in his furred mittens and furred
cap. Thence to Exeter House to the Doctors Commons, and there with our
Proctors to Dr. Walker, who was not very well, but, however, did hear our
matters, and after a dull seeming hearing of them read, did discourse most
understandingly of them, as well as ever I heard man, telling us all our
grounds of pretence to the prize would do no good, and made it appear but
thus, and thus, it may be, but yet did give us but little reason to expect
it would prove, which troubled us, but I was mightily taken to hear his
manner of discourse. Thence with them to Westminster Hall, they setting me
down at White Hall, where I missed of finding Sir G. Carteret, up to the
Lords House, and there come mighty seasonably to hear the Solicitor about
my Lord Buckinghams pretence to the title of Lord Rosse. Mr. Atturny
Montagu is also a good man, and so is old Sir P. Ball; but the Solicitor
and Scroggs after him are excellent men. Here spoke with my Lord Bellasses
about getting some money for Tangier, which he doubts we shall not be able
to do out of the Poll Bill, it being so strictly tied for the Navy. He
tells me the Lords have passed the Bill for the accounts with some little
amendments. So down to the Hall, and thence with our company to Exeter
House, and then did the business I have said before, we doing nothing the
first time of going, it being too early. At home find Lovett, to whom I
did give my Lady Castlemaynes head to do. He is talking of going into
Spayne to get money by his art, but I doubt he will do no good, he being a
man of an unsettled head. Thence by water down to Deptford, the first time
I have been by water a great while, and there did some little business and
walked home, and there come into my company three drunken seamen, but one
especially, who told me such stories, calling me Captain, as made me
mighty merry, and they would leap and skip, and kiss what mayds they met
all the way. I did at first give them money to drink, lest they should
know who I was, and so become troublesome to me. Parted at Redriffe, and
there home and to the office, where did much business, and then to Sir W.
Battens, where [Sir] W. Pen, [Sir] R. Ford, and I to hear a proposition
[Sir] R. Ford was to acquaint us with from the Swedes Embassador, in
manner of saying, that for money he might be got to our side and
relinquish the trouble he may give us. Sir W. Pen did make a long simple
declaration of his resolution to give nothing to deceive any poor man of
what was his right by law, but ended in doing whatever any body else
would, and we did commission Sir R. Ford to give promise of not beyond
L350 to him and his Secretary, in case they did not oppose us in the
Phoenix (the net profits of which, as [Sir] R. Ford cast up before us, the
Admirals tenths, and ships thirds, and other charges all cleared, will
amount to L3,000) and that we did gain her. [Sir] R. Ford did pray for a
curse upon his family, if he was privy to anything more than he told us
(which I believe he is a knave in), yet we all concluded him the most fit
man for it and very honest, and so left it wholly to him to manage as he
pleased. Thence to the office a little while longer, and so home, where W.
Hewers mother was, and Mrs. Turner, our neighbour, and supped with us.
His mother a well-favoured old little woman, and a good woman, I believe.
After we had supped, and merry, we parted late, Mrs. Turner having staid
behind to talk a little about her lodgings, which now my Lord Bruncker
upon Sir W. Coventrys surrendering do claim, but I cannot think he will
come to live in them so as to need to put them out. She gone, we to bed
all. This night, at supper, comes from Sir W. Coventry the Order of
Councill for my Lord Bruncker to do all the Comptrollers part relating to
the Treasurers accounts, and Sir W. Pen, all relating to the
Victuallers, and Sir J. Minnes to do the rest. This, I hope, will do much
better for the King than now, and, I think, will give neither of them
ground to over-top me, as I feared they would; which pleases me mightily.
This evening, Mr. Wren and Captain Cocke called upon me at the office, and
there told me how the House was in better temper to-day, and hath passed
the Bill for the remainder of the money, but not to be passed finally till
they have done some other things which they will have passed with it;
wherein they are very open, what their meaning is, which was but doubted
before, for they do in all respects doubt the Kings pleasing them.

22nd. Up, and there come to me Darnell the fiddler, one of the Dukes
house, and brought me a set of lessons, all three parts, I heard them play
to the Duke of York after Christmas at his lodgings, and bid him get me
them. I did give him a crowne for them, and did enquire after the musique
of the Siege of Rhodes, which, he tells me, he can get me, which I am
mighty glad of. So to the office, where among other things I read the
Councills order about my Lord Bruncker and Sir W. Pen to be assistants to
the Comptroller, which quietly went down with Sir J. Minnes, poor man,
seeming a little as if he would be thought to have desired it, but yet
apparently to his discontent; and, I fear, as the order runs, it will
hardly do much good. At noon to dinner, and there comes a letter from Mrs.
Pierce, telling me she will come and dine with us on Thursday next, with
some of the players, Knipp, &c., which I was glad of, but my wife
vexed, which vexed me; but I seemed merry, but know not how to order the
matter, whether they shall come or no. After dinner to the office, and
there late doing much business, and so home to supper, and to bed.

23rd. Up, and with Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen to White Hall, and there
to the Duke of York, and did our usual business. Having done there, I to
St. Jamess, to see the organ Mrs. Turner told me of the other night, of
my late Lord Aubigneys; and I took my Lord Bruncker with me, he being
acquainted with my present Lord Almoner, Mr. Howard, brother to the Duke
of Norfolke; so he and I thither and did see the organ, but I do not like
it, it being but a bauble, with a virginal! joining to it: so I shall not
meddle with it. Here we sat and talked with him a good while, and he seems
a good-natured gentleman: here I observed the deske which he hath, [made]
to remove, and is fastened to one of the armes of his chayre. I do also
observe the counterfeit windows there was, in the form of doors with
looking-glasses instead of windows, which makes the room seem both bigger
and lighter, I think; and I have some thoughts to have the like in one of
my rooms. He discoursed much of the goodness of the musique in Rome, but
could not tell me how long musique had been in any perfection in that
church, which I would be glad to know. He speaks much of the great
buildings that this Pope,

[Fabio Chigi, of Siena, succeeded Innocent X. in 1655 as Alexander
VII. He died May, 1667, and was succeeded by Clement IX.]

whom, in mirth to us, he calls Antichrist, hath done in his time. Having
done with the discourse, we away, and my Lord and I walking into the Park
back again, I did observe the new buildings: and my Lord, seeing I had a
desire to see them, they being the place for the priests and fryers, he
took me back to my Lord Almoner; and he took us quite through the whole
house and chapel, and the new monastery, showing me most excellent pieces
in wax-worke: a crucifix given by a Pope to Mary Queen of Scotts, where a
piece of the Cross is;

[Pieces of the Cross were formerly held in such veneration, and
were so common, that it has been often said enough existed to build
a ship. Most readers will remember the distinction which Sir W.
Scott represents Louis XI. (with great appreciation of that
monarchs character), as drawing between an oath taken on a false
piece and one taken on a piece of the true cross. Sir Thomas More,
a very devout believer in relics, says (Works, p. 119), that
Luther wished, in a sermon of his, that he had in his hand all the
pieces of the Holy Cross; and said that if he so had, he would throw
them there as never sun should shine on them:—and for what
worshipful reason would the wretch do such villainy to the cross of
Christ? Because, as he saith, that there is so much gold now
bestowed about the garnishing of the pieces of the Cross, that there
is none left for poore folke. Is not this a high reason? As though
all the gold that is now bestowed about the pieces of the Holy Cross
would not have failed to have been given to poor men, if they had
not been bestowed about the garnishing of the Cross! and as though
there were nothing lost, but what is bestowed about Christs Cross!
Wolsey, says Cavendish, on his fall, gave to Norris, who brought
him a ring of gold as a token of good will from Henry, a little
chaine of gold, made like a bottle chain, with a cross of gold,
wherein was a piece of the Holy Cross, which he continually wore
about his neck, next his body; and said, furthermore, Master
Norris, I assure you, when I was in prosperity, although it seem but
small in value, yet I would not gladly have departed with the same
for a thousand pounds. Life, ed. 1852, p. 167. Evelyn mentions,
Diary, November 17th, 1664, that he saw in one of the chapels in
St. Peters a crucifix with a piece of the true cross in it.
Amongst the jewels of Mary Queen of Scots was a cross of gold, which
had been pledged to Hume of Blackadder for L1000 (Chalmerss Life,
vol. i., p. 31 ).—B.]

two bits set in the manner of a cross in the foot of the crucifix: several
fine pictures, but especially very good prints of holy pictures. I saw the
dortoire—[dormitory]—and the cells of the priests, and we went
into one; a very pretty little room, very clean, hung with pictures, set
with books. The Priest was in his cell, with his hair clothes to his skin,
bare-legged, with a sandal! only on, and his little bed without sheets,
and no feather bed; but yet, I thought, soft enough. His cord about his
middle; but in so good company, living with ease, I thought it a very good
life. A pretty library they have. And I was in the refectoire, where every
man his napkin, knife, cup of earth, and basin of the same; and a place
for one to sit and read while the rest are at meals. And into the kitchen
I went, where a good neck of mutton at the fire, and other victuals
boiling. I do not think they fared very hard. Their windows all looking
into a fine garden and the Park; and mighty pretty rooms all. I wished
myself one of the Capuchins. Having seen what we could here, and all with
mighty pleasure, so away with the Almoner in his coach, talking merrily
about the difference in our religions, to White Hall, and there we left
him. I in my Lord Brunckers coach, he carried me to the Savoy, and there
we parted. I to the Castle Tavern, where was and did come all our company,
Sir W. Batten, [Sir] W. Pen, [Sir] R. Ford, and our Counsel Sir Ellis
Layton, Walt Walker, Dr. Budd, Mr. Holder, and several others, and here we
had a bad dinner of our preparing, and did discourse something of our
business of our prizes, which was the work of the day. I staid till dinner
was over, and there being no use of me I away after dinner without taking
leave, and to the New Exchange, there to take up my wife and Mercer, and
to Temple Bar to the Ordinary, and had a dish of meat for them, they
having not dined, and thence to the Kings house, and there saw The
Numerous Lieutenant, a silly play, I think; only the Spirit in it that
grows very tall, and then sinks again to nothing, having two heads
breeding upon one, and then Knipps singing, did please us. Here, in a box
above, we spied Mrs. Pierce; and, going out, they called us, and so we
staid for them; and Knipp took us all in, and brought to us Nelly; a most
pretty woman, who acted the great part of Coelia to-day very fine, and did
it pretty well: I kissed her, and so did my wife; and a mighty pretty soul
she is. We also saw Mrs. Halls which is my little Roman-nose black girl,
that is mighty pretty: she is usually called Betty. Knipp made us stay in
a box and see the dancing preparatory to to-morrow for The Goblins, a
play of Sucklings, not acted these twenty-five years; which was pretty;
and so away thence, pleased with this sight also, and specially kissing of
Nell. We away, Mr. Pierce and I, on foot to his house, the women by coach.
In our way we find the Guards of horse in the street, and hear the
occasion to be news that the seamen are in a mutiny, which put me into a
great fright; so away with my wife and Mercer home preparing against
to-morrow night to have Mrs. Pierce and Knipp and a great deal more
company to dance; and, when I come home, hear of no disturbance there of
the seamen, but that one of them, being arrested to-day, others do go and
rescue him. So to the office a little, and then home to supper, and to my
chamber awhile, and then to bed.

24th. Up, and to the office, full of thoughts how to order the business of
our merry meeting to-night. So to the office, where busy all the morning.
[While we were sitting in the morning at the office, we were frighted with
news of fire at Sir W. Battens by a chimney taking fire, and it put me
into much fear and trouble, but with a great many hands and pains it was
soon stopped.] At noon home to dinner, and presently to the office to
despatch my business, and also we sat all the afternoon to examine the
loss of The Bredagh, which was done by as plain negligence as ever ship
was. We being rose, I entering my letters and getting the office swept and
a good fire made and abundance of candles lighted, I home, where most of
my company come of this end of the town-Mercer and her sister, Mr.
Batelier and Pembleton (my Lady Pen, and Pegg, and Mr. Lowther, but did
not stay long, and I believe it was by Sir W. Pens order; for they had a
great mind to have staid), and also Captain Rolt. And, anon, at about
seven or eight oclock, comes Mr. Harris, of the Dukes playhouse, and
brings Mrs. Pierce with him, and also one dressed like a country-mayde
with a straw hat on; which, at first, I could not tell who it was, though
I expected Knipp: but it was she coming off the stage just as she acted
this day in The Goblins; a merry jade. Now my house is full, and four
fiddlers that play well. Harris I first took to my closet; and I find him
a very curious and understanding person in all pictures and other things,
and a man of fine conversation; and so is Rolt. So away with all my
company down to the office, and there fell to dancing, and continued at it
an hour or two, there coming Mrs. Anne Jones, a merchants daughter hard
by, who dances well, and all in mighty good humour, and danced with great
pleasure; and then sung and then danced, and then sung many things of
three voices—both Harris and Rolt singing their parts excellently.
Among other things, Harris sung his Irish song—the strangest in
itself, and the prettiest sung by him, that ever I heard. Then to supper
in the office, a cold, good supper, and wondrous merry. Here was Mrs.
Turner also, but the poor woman sad about her lodgings, and Mrs. Markham:
after supper to dancing again and singing, and so continued till almost
three in the morning, and then, with extraordinary pleasure, broke up only
towards morning, Knipp fell a little ill, and so my wife home with her to
put her to bed, and we continued dancing and singing; and, among other
things, our Mercer unexpectedly did happen to sing an Italian song I know
not, of which they two sung the other two parts to, that did almost ravish
me, and made me in love with her more than ever with her singing. As late
as it was, yet Rolt and Harris would go home to-night, and walked it,
though I had a bed for them; and it proved dark, and a misly night, and
very windy. The company being all gone to their homes, I up with Mrs.
Pierce to Knipp, who was in bed; and we waked her, and there I handled her
breasts and did baiser la, and sing a song, lying by her on the bed, and
then left my wife to see Mrs. Pierce in bed to her, in our best chamber,
and so to bed myself, my mind mightily satisfied with all this evenings
work, and thinking it to be one of the merriest enjoyment I must look for
in the world, and did content myself therefore with the thoughts of it,
and so to bed; only the musique did not please me, they not being
contented with less than 30s.

25th. Lay pretty long, then to the office, where Lord Bruncker and Sir J.
Minnes and I did meet, and sat private all the morning about dividing the
Controllers work according to the late order of Council, between them two
and Sir W. Pen, and it troubled me to see the poor honest man, Sir J.
Minnes, troubled at it, and yet the Kings work cannot be done without it.
It was at last friendlily ended, and so up and home to dinner with my
wife. This afternoon I saw the Poll Bill, now printed; wherein I do fear I
shall be very deeply concerned, being to be taxed for all my offices, and
then for my money that I have, and my title, as well as my head. It is a
very great tax; but yet I do think it is so perplexed, it will hardly ever
be collected duly. The late invention of Sir G. Downings is continued of
bringing all the money into the Exchequer; and Sir G. Carterets three
pence is turned for all the money of this act into but a penny per pound,
which I am sorry for. After dinner to the office again, where Lord
Bruncker, [Sir] W. Batten, and [Sir] W. Pen and I met to talk again about
the Controllers office, and there [Sir] W. Pen would have a piece of the
great office cut out to make an office for him, which I opposed to the
making him very angry, but I think I shall carry it against him, and then
I care not. So a little troubled at this fray, I away by coach with my
wife, and left her at the New Exchange, and I to my Lord Chancellors, and
then back, taking up my wife to my Lord Bellasses, and there spoke with
Mr. Moone, who tells me that the peace between us and Spayne is, as he
hears, concluded on, which I should be glad of, and so home, and after a
little at my office, home to finish my journall for yesterday and to-day,
and then a little supper and to bed. This day the House hath passed the
Bill for the Assessment, which I am glad of; and also our little Bill, for
giving any one of us in the office the power of justice of peace, is done
as I would have it.

26th. Up, and at the office. Sat all the morning, where among other things
I did the first unkind [thing] that ever I did design to Sir W. Warren,
but I did it now to some purpose, to make him sensible how little any
mans friendship shall avail him if he wants money. I perceive he do
nowadays court much my Lord Brunckers favour, who never did any man much
courtesy at the board, nor ever will be able, at least so much as myself.
Besides, my Lord would do him a kindness in concurrence with me, but he
would have the danger of the thing to be done lie upon me, if there be any
danger in it (in drawing up a letter to Sir W. Warrens advantage), which
I do not like, nor will endure. I was, I confess, very angry, and will
venture the loss of Sir W. Warrens kindnesses rather than he shall have
any mans friendship in greater esteem than mine. At noon home to dinner,
and after dinner to the office again, and there all the afternoon, and at
night poor Mrs. Turner come and walked in the garden for my advice about
her husband and her relating to my Lord Brunckers late proceedings with
them. I do give her the best I can, but yet can lay aside some ends of my
own in what advice I do give her. So she being gone I to make an end of my
letters, and so home to supper and to bed, Balty lodging here with my
brother, he being newly returned from mustering in the river.

27th (Lords day). Up betimes, and leaving my wife to go by coach to hear
Mr. Frampton preach, which I had a mighty desire she should, I down to the
Old Swan, and there to Michell and staid while he and she dressed
themselves, and here had a baiser or two of her, whom I love mightily;
and then took them in a sculler (being by some means or other disappointed
of my own boat) to White Hall, and so with them to Westminster, Sir W.
Coventry, Bruncker and I all the morning together discoursing of the
office business, and glad of the Controllers business being likely to be
put into better order than formerly, and did discourse of many good
things, but especially of having something done to bringing the Surveyors
matters into order also. Thence I up to the Kings closet, and there heard
a good Anthem, and discoursed with several people here about business,
among others with Lord Bellasses, and so from one to another after sermon
till the King had almost dined, and then home with Sir G. Carteret and
dined with him, being mightily ashamed of my not having seen my Lady
Jemimah so long, and my wife not at all yet since she come, but she shall
soon do it. I thence to Sir Philip Warwicke, by appointment, to meet Lord
Bellasses, and up to his chamber, but find him unwilling to discourse of
business on Sundays; so did not enlarge, but took leave, and went down and
sat in a low room, reading Erasmus de scribendis epistolis, a very good
book, especially one letter of advice to a courtier most true and good,
which made me once resolve to tear out the two leaves that it was writ in,
but I forebore it. By and by comes Lord Bellasses, and then he and I up
again to Sir P. Warwicke and had much discourse of our Tangier business,
but no hopes of getting any money. Thence I through the garden into the
Park, and there met with Roger Pepys, and he and I to walk in the Pell
Mell. I find by him that the House of Parliament continues full of ill
humours, and he seems to dislike those that are troublesome more than
needs, and do say how, in their late Poll Bill, which cost so much time,
the yeomanry, and indeed two-thirds of the nation, are left out to be
taxed, that there is not effectual provision enough made for collecting of
the money; and then, that after a man his goods are distrained and sold,
and the overplus returned, I am to have ten days to make my complaints of
being over-rated if there be cause, when my goods are sold, and that is
too late. These things they are resolved to look into again, and mend them
before they rise, which they expect at furthest on Thursday next. Here we
met with Mr. May, and he and we to talk of several things, of building,
and such like matters; and so walked to White Hall, and there I skewed my
cozen Roger the Duchesse of York sitting in state, while her own mother
stands by her; he had a desire, and I shewed him my Lady Castlemayne, whom
he approves to be very handsome, and wonders that she cannot be as good
within as she is fair without. Her little black boy came by him; and, a
dog being in his way, the little boy called to the dog: Pox of this dog!—Now,
says he, blessing himself, would I whip this child till the blood come,
if it were my child! and I believe he would. But he do by no means like
the liberty of the Court, and did come with expectation of finding them
playing at cards to-night, though Sunday; for such stories he is told, but
how true I know not.

[There is little reason to doubt that it was such as Evelyn
describes it at a later time. I can never forget the inexpressible
luxury and prophaneness, gaming, and all dissoluteness, and, as it
were, total forgetfulness of God (it being Sunday evening) which
this day sennight I was witness of; the King sitting and toying
with his concubines, Portsmouth, Cleveland, Mazarin, &c. A French
boy singing love songs in that glorious gallery, whilst about twenty
of the great courtiers and other dissolute persons were at basset
round a large table, a bank of at least L2,000 in gold before them;
upon which two gentlemen who were with me made reflexions with
astonishment. Six days after was all in the dust.—Diary,
February, 1685.—B.]

After walking up and down the Court with him, it being now dark and past
six at night, I walked to the Swan in the Palace yard and there with much
ado did get a waterman, and so I sent for the Michells, and they come, and
their father Howlett and his wife with them, and there we drank, and so
into the boat, poor Bettys head aching. We home by water, a fine
moonshine and warm night, it having been also a very summers day for
warmth. I did get her hand to me under my cloak…. So there we parted at
their house, and he walked almost home with me, and then I home and to
supper, and to read a little and to bed. My wife tells me Mr. Frampton is
gone to sea, and so she lost her labour to-day in thinking to hear him
preach, which I am sorry for.

28th. Up, and down to the Old Swan, and there drank at Michells and saw
Betty, and so took boat and to the Temple, and thence to my tailors and
other places about business in my way to Westminster, where I spent the
morning at the Lords House door, to hear the conference between the two
Houses about my Lord Mordaunt, of which there was great expectation, many
hundreds of people coming to hear it. But, when they come, the Lords did
insist upon my Lord Mordaunts having leave to sit upon a stool uncovered
within their burr, and that he should have counsel, which the Commons
would not suffer, but desired leave to report their Lordships resolution
to the House of Commons; and so parted for this day, which troubled me, I
having by this means lost the whole day. Here I hear from Mr. Hayes that
Prince Rupert is very bad still, and so bad, that he do now yield to be
trepanned. It seems, as Dr. Clerke also tells me, it is a clap of the pox
which he got about twelve years ago, and hath eaten to his head and come
through his scull, so his scull must be opened, and there is great fear of
him. Much work I find there is to do in the two Houses in a little time,
and much difference there is between the two Houses in many things to be
reconciled; as in the Bill for examining our accounts; Lord Mordaunts
Bill for building the City, and several others. A little before noon I
went to the Swan and eat a bit of meat, thinking I should have had
occasion to have stayed long at the house, but I did not, but so home by
coach, calling at Broad Street and taking the goldsmith home with me, and
paid him L15 15s. for my silver standish. He tells me gold holds up its
price still, and did desire me to let him have what old 20s. pieces I
have, and he would give me 3s. 2d. change for each. He gone, I to the
office, where business all the afternoon, and at night comes Mr. Gawden at
my desire to me, and to-morrow I shall pay him some money, and shall see
what present he will make me, the hopes of which do make me to part with
my money out of my chest, which I should not otherwise do, but lest this
alteration in the Controllers office should occasion my losing my
concernment in the Victualling, and so he have no more need of me. He
gone, I to the office again, having come thence home with him to talk, and
so after a little more business I to supper. I then sent for Mercer, and
began to teach her It is decreed, which will please me well, and so
after supper and reading a little, and my wifes cutting off my hair
short, which is grown too long upon my crown of my head, I to bed. I met
this day in Westminster Hall Sir W. Batten and [Sir] W. Pen, and the
latter since our falling out the other day do look mighty reservedly upon
me, and still he shall do so for me, for I will be hanged before I seek to
him, unless I see I need it.

29th. Up to the office all the morning, where Sir W. Pen and I look much
askewe one upon another, though afterward business made us speak friendly
enough, but yet we hate one another. At noon home to dinner, and then to
the office, where all the afternoon expecting Mr. Gawden to come for some
money I am to pay him, but he comes not, which makes me think he is
considering whether it be necessary to make the present he hath promised,
it being possible this alteration in the Controllers duty may make my
place in the Victualling unnecessary, so that I am a little troubled at
it. Busy till late at night at the office, and Sir W. Batten come to me,
and tells me that there is newes upon the Exchange to-day, that my Lord
Sandwichs coach and the French Embassadors at Madrid, meeting and
contending for the way, they shot my Lords postilion and another man
dead; and that we have killed 25 of theirs, and that my Lord is well. How
true this is I cannot tell, there being no newes of it at all at Court, as
I am told late by one come thence, so that I hope it is not so. By and by
comes Mrs. Turner to me, to make her complaint of her sad usage she
receives from my Lord Bruncker, that he thinks much she hath not already
got another house, though he himself hath employed her night and day ever
since his first mention of the matter, to make part of her house ready for
him, as he ordered, and promised she should stay till she had fitted
herself; by which and what discourse I do remember he had of the business
before Sir W. Coventry on Sunday last I perceive he is a rotten-hearted,
false man as any else I know, even as Sir W. Pen himself, and, therefore,
I must beware of him accordingly, and I hope I shall. I did pity the woman
with all my heart, and gave her the best council I could; and so, falling
to other discourse, I made her laugh and merry, as sad as she came to me;
so that I perceive no passion in a woman can be lasting long; and so
parted and I home, and there teaching my girle Barker part of my song It
is decreed, which she will sing prettily, and so after supper to bed.

30th. Fast-day for the Kings death. I all the morning at my chamber
making up my months accounts, which I did before dinner to my thorough
content, and find myself but a small gainer this month, having no manner
of profits, but just my salary, but, blessed be God! that I am able to
save out of that, living as I do. So to dinner, then to my chamber all the
afternoon, and in the evening my wife and I and Mercer and Barker to
little Michells, walked, with some neats tongues and cake and wine, and
there sat with the little couple with great pleasure, and talked and eat
and drank, and saw their little house, which is very pretty; and I much
pleased therewith, and so walked home, about eight at night, it being a
little moonshine and fair weather, and so into the garden, and, with
Mercer, sang till my wife put me in mind of its being a fast day; and so I
was sorry for it, and stopped, and home to cards awhile, and had
opportunity para baiser Mercer several times, and so to bed.

31st. Up, and to the office, where we met and sat all the morning. At noon
home to dinner, and by and by Mr. Osborne comes from Mr. Gawden, and takes
money and notes for L4000, and leaves me acknowledgment for L4000 and odd;
implying as if D. Gawden would give the L800 between Povy and myself, but
how he will divide it I know-not, till I speak with him, so that my
content is not yet full in the business. In the evening stept out to Sir
Robert Viners to get the money ready upon my notes to D. Gawden, and
there hear that Mr. Temple is very ill. I met on the Change with Captain
Cocke, who tells me that he hears new certainty of the business of Madrid,
how our Embassador and the French met, and says that two or three of my
Lords men, and twenty one of the French men are killed, but nothing at
Court of it. He fears the next years service through the badness of our
counsels at White Hall, but that if they were wise, and the King would
mind his business, he might do what he would yet. The Parliament is not
yet up, being finishing some bills. So home and to the office, and late
home to supper, and to talk with my wife, with pleasure, and to bed. I met
this evening at Sir R. Viners our Mr. Turner, who I find in a melancholy
condition about his being removed out of his house, but I find him so
silly and so false that I dare not tell how to trust any advice to him,
and therefore did speak only generally to him, but I doubt his condition
is very miserable, and do pity his family. Thus the month ends: myself in
very good health and content of mind in my family. All our heads full in
the office at this dividing of the Comptrollers duty, so that I am in
some doubt how it may prove to intrench upon my benefits, but it cannot be
much. The Parliament, upon breaking up, having given the King money with
much ado, and great heats, and neither side pleased, neither King nor
them. The imperfection of the Poll Bill, which must be mended before they
rise, there being several horrible oversights to the prejudice of the
King, is a certain sign of the care anybody hath of the Kings business.
Prince Rupert very ill, and to be trepanned on Saturday next. Nobody knows
who commands the fleete next year, or, indeed, whether we shall have a
fleete or no. Great preparations in Holland and France, and the French
have lately taken Antego

[Antigua, one of the West India Islands (Leeward Islands),
discovered by Columbus in 1493, who is said to have named it after a
church at Seville called Santa Maria la Antigua. It was first
settled by a few English families in 1632, and in 1663 another
settlement was made under Lord Willoughby, to whom the entire island
was granted by Charles II. In 1666 it was invaded by a French
force, which laid waste all the settlement. It was reconquered by
the English, and formally restored to them by the treaty of Breda.]

from us, which vexes us. I am in a little care through my at last putting
a great deal of money out of my hands again into the Kings upon tallies
for Tangier, but the interest which I wholly lost while in my trunk is a
temptation while things look safe, as they do in some measure for six
months, I think, and I would venture but little longer.