Samuel Pepys diary November 1666

NOVEMBER 1666

November 1st. Up, and was presented by Burton, one of our smiths wives,
with a very noble cake, which I presently resolved to have my wife go with
to-day, and some wine, and house-warme my Betty Michell, which she readily
resolved to do. So I to the office and sat all the morning, where little
to do but answer people about want of money; so that there is little
service done the King by us, and great disquiet to ourselves; I am sure
there is to me very much, for I do not enjoy myself as I would and should
do in my employment if my pains could do the King better service, and with
the peace that we used to do it. At noon to dinner, and from dinner my
wife and my brother, and W. Hewer and Barker away to Betty Michells, to
Shadwell, and I to my office, where I took in Mrs. Bagwell and did what I
would with her, and so she went away, and I all the afternoon till almost
night there, and then, my wife being come back, I took her and set her at
her brothers, who is very sicke, and I to White Hall, and there all alone
a pretty while with Sir W. Coventry at his chamber. I find him very
melancholy under the same considerations of the Kings service that I am.
He confesses with me he expects all will be undone, and all ruined; he
complains and sees perfectly what I with grief do, and said it first
himself to me that all discipline is lost in the fleete, no order nor no
command, and concurs with me that it is necessary we do again and again
represent all things more and more plainly to the Duke of York, for a
guard to ourselves hereafter when things shall come to be worse. He says
the House goes on slowly in finding of money, and that the discontented
party do say they have not done with us, for they will have a further bout
with us as to our accounts, and they are exceedingly well instructed where
to hit us. I left him with a thousand sad reflections upon the times, and
the state of the Kings matters, and so away, and took up my wife and
home, where a little at the office, and then home to supper, and talk with
my wife (with whom I have much comfort) and my brother, and so to bed.

2nd November. Up betimes, and with Sir W. Batten to Woolwich, where first we went
on board the Ruby, French prize, the only ship of war we have taken from
any of our enemies this year. It seems a very good ship, but with
galleries quite round the sterne to walk in as a balcone, which will be
taken down. She had also about forty good brass guns, but will make little
amends to our loss in The Prince. Thence to the Ropeyarde and the other
yards to do several businesses, he and I also did buy some apples and
pork; by the same token the butcher commended it as the best in England
for cloath and colour. And for his beef, says he, Look how fat it is; the
lean appears only here and there a speck, like beauty-spots. Having done
at Woolwich, we to Deptford (it being very cold upon the water), and there
did also a little more business, and so home, I reading all the why to
make end of the Bondman (which the oftener I read the more I like), and
begun The Duchesse of Malfy; which seems a good play. At home to dinner,
and there come Mr. Pierce, surgeon, to see me, and after I had eat
something, he and I and my wife by coach to Westminster, she set us down
at White Hall, and she to her brothers. I up into the House, and among
other things walked a good while with the Serjeant Trumpet, who tells me,
as I wished, that the Kings Italian here is about setting three parts for
trumpets, and shall teach some to sound them, and believes they will be
admirable musique. I also walked with Sir Stephen Fox an houre, and good
discourse of publique business with him, who seems very much satisfied
with my discourse, and desired more of my acquaintance. Then comes out the
King and Duke of York from the Council, and so I spoke awhile to Sir W.
Coventry about some office business, and so called my wife (her brother
being now a little better than he was), and so home, and I to my chamber
to do some business, and then to supper and to bed.

3rd November. This morning comes Mr. Lovett, and brings me my print of the Passion,
varnished by him, and the frame black, which indeed is very fine, though
not so fine as I expected; however, pleases me exceedingly. This, and the
sheets of paper he prepared for me, come to L3, which I did give him, and
though it be more than is fit to lay out on pleasure, yet, it being
ingenious, I did not think much of it. He gone, I to the office, where all
the morning to little purpose, nothing being before us but clamours for
money: So at noon home to dinner, and after dinner to hang up my new
varnished picture and set my chamber in order to be made clean, and then
to; the office again, and there all the afternoon till late at night, and
so to supper and to bed.

4th November (Lords day). Comes my taylors man in the morning, and brings my vest
home, and coate to wear with it, and belt, and silver-hilted sword. So I
rose and dressed myself, and I like myself mightily in it, and so do my
wife. Then, being dressed, to church; and after church pulled my Lady Pen
and Mrs. Markham into my house to dinner, and Sir J. Minnes he got Mrs.
Pegg along with him. I had a good dinner for them, and very merry; and
after dinner to the waterside, and so, it being very cold, to White Hall,
and was mighty fearfull of an ague, my vest being new and thin, and the
coat cut not to meet before upon my breast. Here I waited in the gallery
till the Council was up, and among others did speak with Mr. Cooling, my
Lord Chamberlains secretary, who tells me my Lord Generall is become
mighty low in all peoples opinion, and that he hath received several
slurs from the King and Duke of York. The people at Court do see the
difference between his and the Princes management, and my Lord
Sandwichs. That this business which he is put upon of crying out against
the Catholiques and turning them out of all employment, will undo him,
when he comes to turn-out the officers out of the Army, and this is a
thing of his own seeking. That he is grown a drunken sot, and drinks with
nobody but Troutbecke, whom nobody else will keep company with. Of whom he
told me this story: That once the Duke of Albemarle in his drink taking
notice as of a wonder that Nan Hide should ever come to be Duchesse of
York, Nay, says Troutbecke, neer wonder at that; for if you will give
me another bottle of wine, I will tell you as great, if not greater, a
miracle. And what was that, but that our dirty Besse (meaning his
Duchesse) should come to be Duchesse of Albemarle? Here we parted, and so
by and by the Council rose, and out comes Sir G. Carteret and Sir W.
Coventry, and they and my Lord Bruncker and I went to Sir G. Carterets
lodgings, there to discourse about some money demanded by Sir W. Warren,
and having done that broke up. And Sir G. Carteret and I alone together a
while, where he shows a long letter, all in cipher, from my Lord Sandwich
to him. The contents he hath not yet found out, but he tells me that my
Lord is not sent for home, as several people have enquired after of me. He
spoke something reflecting upon me in the business of pursers, that their
present bad behaviour is what he did foresee, and had convinced me of, and
yet when it come last year to be argued before the Duke of York I turned
and said as the rest did. I answered nothing to it, but let it go, and so
to other discourse of the ill state of things, of which all people are
full of sorrow and observation, and so parted, and then by water, landing
in Southwarke, home to the Tower, and so home, and there began to read
Potters Discourse upon 1666, which pleases me mightily, and then broke
off and to supper and to bed.

5th November (A holyday). Lay long; then up, and to the office, where vexed to meet
with people come from the fleete at the Nore, where so many ships are laid
up and few going abroad, and yet Sir Thomas Allen hath sent up some
Lieutenants with warrants to presse men for a few ships to go out this
winter, while every day thousands appear here, to our great trouble and
affright, before our office and the ticket office, and no Captains able to
command one-man aboard. Thence by water to Westminster, and there at the
Swan find Sarah is married to a shoemaker yesterday, so I could not see
her, but I believe I shall hereafter at good leisure. Thence by coach to
my Lady Peterborough, and there spoke with my Lady, who had sent to speak
with me. She makes mighty moan of the badness of the times, and her family
as to money. My Lords passionateness for want thereof, and his want of
coming in of rents, and no wages from the Duke of York. No money to be had
there for wages nor disbursements, and therefore prays my assistance about
his pension. I was moved with her story, which she largely and handsomely
told me, and promised I would try what I could do in a few days, and so
took leave, being willing to keep her Lord fair with me, both for his
respect to my Lord Sandwich and for my owne sake hereafter, when I come to
pass my accounts. Thence to my Lord Crews, and there dined, and mightily
made of, having not, to my shame, been there in 8 months before. Here my
Lord and Sir Thomas Crew, Mr. John, and Dr. Crew, and two strangers. The
best family in the world for goodness and sobriety. Here beyond my
expectation I met my Lord Hinchingbroke, who is come to towne two days
since from Hinchingbroke, and brought his sister and brother Carteret with
him, who are at Sir G. Carterets. After dinner I and Sir Thomas Crew went
aside to discourse of public matters, and do find by him that all the
country gentlemen are publickly jealous of the courtiers in the
Parliament, and that they do doubt every thing that they propose; and that
the true reason why the country gentlemen are for a land-tax and against a
general excise, is, because they are fearful that if the latter be granted
they shall never get it down again; whereas the land-tax will be but for
so much; and when the war ceases, there will be no ground got by the Court
to keep it up. He do much cry out upon our accounts, and that all that
they have had from the King hath been but estimates both from my Lord
Treasurer and us, and from all people else, so that the Parliament is
weary of it. He says the House would be very glad to get something against
Sir G. Carteret, and will not let their inquiries die till they have got
something. He do, from what he hath heard at the Committee for examining
the burning of the City, conclude it as a thing certain that it was done
by plots; it being proved by many witnesses that endeavours were made in
several places to encrease the fire, and that both in City and country it
was bragged by several Papists that upon such a day or in such a time we
should find the hottest weather that ever was in England, and words of
plainer sense. But my Lord Crew was discoursing at table how the judges
have determined in the case whether the landlords or the tenants (who are,
in their leases, all of them generally tied to maintain and uphold their
houses) shall bear the losse of the fire; and they say that tenants should
against all casualties of fire beginning either in their owne or in their
neighbours; but, where it is done by an enemy, they are not to do it. And
this was by an enemy, there having been one convicted and hanged upon this
very score. This is an excellent salvo for the tenants, and for which I am
glad, because of my fathers house. After dinner and this discourse I took
coach, and at the same time find my Lord Hinchingbroke and Mr. John Crew
and the Doctor going out to see the ruins of the City; so I took the
Doctor into my hackney coach (and he is a very fine sober gentleman), and
so through the City. But, Lord! what pretty and sober observations he made
of the City and its desolation; till anon we come to my house, and there I
took them upon Tower Hill to shew them what houses were pulled down there
since the fire; and then to my house, where I treated them with good wine
of several sorts, and they took it mighty respectfully, and a fine company
of gentlemen they are; but above all I was glad to see my Lord
Hinchingbroke drink no wine at all. Here I got them to appoint Wednesday
come sennight to dine here at my house, and so we broke up and all took
coach again, and I carried the Doctor to Chancery Lane, and thence I to
White Hall, where I staid walking up and down till night, and then got
almost into the play house, having much mind to go and see the play at
Court this night; but fearing how I should get home, because of the
bonefires and the lateness of the night to get a coach, I did not stay;
but having this evening seen my Lady Jemimah, who is come to towne, and
looks very well and fat, and heard how Mr. John Pickering is to be married
this week, and to a fortune with L5000, and seen a rich necklace of pearle
and two pendants of dyamonds, which Sir G. Carteret hath presented her
with since her coming to towne, I home by coach, but met not one bonefire
through the whole town in going round by the wall, which is strange, and
speaks the melancholy disposition of the City at present, while never more
was said of, and feared of, and done against the Papists than just at this
time. Home, and there find my wife and her people at cards, and I to my
chamber, and there late, and so to supper and to bed.

6th November. Up, and to the office, where all the morning sitting. At noon home to
dinner, and after dinner down alone by water to Deptford, reading
Duchesse of Malfy, the play, which is pretty good, and there did some
business, and so up again, and all the evening at the office. At night
home, and there find Mr. Batelier, who supped with us, and good company he
is, and so after supper to bed.

7th November. Up, and with Sir W. Batten to White Hall, where we attended as usual
the Duke of York and there was by the folly of Sir W. Batten prevented in
obtaining a bargain for Captain Cocke, which would, I think have [been] at
this time (during our great want of hempe), both profitable to the King
and of good convenience to me; but I matter it not, it being done only by
the folly, not any design, of Sir W. Battens. Thence to Westminster Hall,
and, it being fast day, there was no shops open, but meeting with Doll
Lane, did go with her to the Rose taverne, and there drank and played with
her a good while. She went away, and I staid a good while after, and was
seen going out by one of our neighbours near the office and two of the
Hall people that I had no mind to have been seen by, but there was no hurt
in it nor can be alledged from it. Therefore I am not solicitous in it,
but took coach and called at Faythornes, to buy some prints for my wife
to draw by this winter, and here did see my Lady Castlemaynes picture,
done by him from Lillys, in red chalke and other colours, by which he
hath cut it in copper to be printed. The picture in chalke is the finest
thing I ever saw in my life, I think; and did desire to buy it; but he
says he must keep it awhile to correct his copper-plate by, and when that
is done he will sell it me. Thence home and find my wife gone out with my
brother to see her brother. I to dinner and thence to my chamber to read,
and so to the office (it being a fast day and so a holiday), and then to
Mrs. Turners, at her request to speake and advise about Sir Thomas
Harvys coming to lodge there, which I think must be submitted to, and
better now than hereafter, when he gets more ground, for I perceive he
intends to stay by it, and begins to crow mightily upon his late being at
the payment of tickets; but a coxcombe he is and will never be better in
the business of the Navy. Thence home, and there find Mr. Batelier come to
bring my wife a very fine puppy of his mothers spaniel, a very fine one
indeed, which my wife is mighty proud of. He staid and supped with us, and
they to cards. I to my chamber to do some business, and then out to them
to play and were a little merry, and then to bed. By the Duke of York his
discourse to-day in his chamber, they have it at Court, as well as we
here, that a fatal day is to be expected shortly, of some great mischiefe
to the remainder of this day; whether by the Papists, or what, they are
not certain. But the day is disputed; some say next Friday, others a day
sooner, others later, and I hope all will prove a foolery. But it is
observable how every bodys fears are busy at this time.

8th November. Up, and before I went to the office I spoke with Mr. Martin for his
advice about my proceeding in the business of the private man-of-war, he
having heretofore served in one of them, and now I have it in my thoughts
to send him purser in ours. After this discourse I to the office, where I
sat all the morning, Sir W. Coventry with us, where he hath not been a
great while, Sir W. Pen also, newly come from the Nore, where he hath been
some time fitting of the ships out. At noon home to dinner and then to the
office awhile, and so home for my sword, and there find Mercer come to see
her mistresse. I was glad to see her there, and my wife mighty kind also,
and for my part, much vexed that the jade is not with us still. Left them
together, designing to go abroad to-morrow night to Mrs. Pierces to dance;
and so I to Westminster Hall, and there met Mr. Grey, who tells me the
House is sitting still (and now it was six oclock), and likely to sit
till midnight; and have proceeded fair to give the King his supply
presently; and herein have done more to-day than was hoped for. So to
White Hall to Sir W. Coventry, and there would fain have carried Captain
Cockes business for his bargain of hemp, but am defeated and
disappointed, and know hardly how to carry myself in it between my
interest and desire not to offend Sir W. Coventry. Sir W. Coventry did
this night tell me how the business is about Sir J. Minnes; that he is to
be a Commissioner, and my Lord Bruncker and Sir W. Pen are to be
Controller joyntly, which I am very glad of, and better than if they were
either of them alone; and do hope truly that the Kings business will be
better done thereby, and infinitely better than now it is. Thence by coach
home, full of thoughts of the consequence of this alteration in our
office, and I think no evil to me. So at my office late, and then home to
supper and to bed. Mr. Grey did assure me this night, that he was told
this day, by one of the greater Ministers of State in England, and one of
the Kings Cabinet, that we had little left to agree on between the Dutch
and us towards a peace, but only the place of treaty; which do astonish me
to hear, but I am glad of it, for I fear the consequence of the war. But
he says that the King, having all the money he is like to have, we shall
be sure of a peace in a little time.

9th November. Up and to the office, where did a good deale of business, and then at
noon to the Exchange and to my little goldsmiths, whose wife is very
pretty and modest, that ever I saw any. Upon the Change, where I seldom
have of late been, I find all people mightily at a losse what to expect,
but confusion and fears in every mans head and heart. Whether war or
peace, all fear the event will be bad. Thence home and with my brother to
dinner, my wife being dressing herself against night; after dinner I to my
closett all the afternoon, till the porter brought my vest back from the
taylors, and then to dress myself very fine, about 4 or 5 oclock, and by
that time comes Mr. Batelier and Mercer, and away by coach to Mrs.
Pierces, by appointment, where we find good company: a fair lady, my Lady
Prettyman, Mrs. Corbet, Knipp; and for men, Captain Downing, Mr. Lloyd,
Sir W. Coventrys clerk, and one Mr. Tripp, who dances well. After some
trifling discourse, we to dancing, and very good sport, and mightily
pleased I was with the company. After our first bout of dancing, Knipp and
I to sing, and Mercer and Captain Downing (who loves and understands
musique) would by all means have my song of Beauty, retire. which Knipp
had spread abroad; and he extols it above any thing he ever heard, and,
without flattery, I know it is good in its kind. This being done and going
to dance again, comes news that White Hall was on fire; and presently more
particulars, that the Horse-guard was on fire;

[Nov. 9th. Between seven and eight at night, there happened a fire
in the Horse Guard House, in the Tilt Yard, over against Whitehall,
which at first arising, it is supposed, from some snuff of a candle
falling amongst the straw, broke out with so sudden a flame, that at
once it seized the north-west part of that building; but being so
close under His Majestys own eye, it was, by the timely help His
Majesty and His Royal Highness caused to be applied, immediately
stopped, and by ten oclock wholly mastered, with the loss only of
that part of the building it had at first seized.—The London
Gazette, No. 103.—B.]

and so we run up to the garret, and find it so; a horrid great fire; and
by and by we saw and heard part of it blown up with powder. The ladies
begun presently to be afeard: one fell into fits. The whole town in an
alarme. Drums beat and trumpets, and the guards every where spread,
running up and down in the street. And I begun to have mighty
apprehensions how things might be at home, and so was in mighty pain to
get home, and that that encreased all is that we are in expectation, from
common fame, this night, or to-morrow, to have a massacre, by the having
so many fires one after another, as that in the City, and at same time
begun in Westminster, by the Palace, but put out; and since in Southwarke,
to the burning down some houses; and now this do make all people conclude
there is something extraordinary in it; but nobody knows what. By and by
comes news that the fire has slackened; so then we were a little cheered
up again, and to supper, and pretty merry. But, above all, there comes in
the dumb boy that I knew in Olivers time, who is mightily acquainted
here, and with Downing; and he made strange signs of the fire, and how the
King was abroad, and many things they understood, but I could not, which I
wondering at, and discoursing with Downing about it, Why, says he, it
is only a little use, and you will understand him, and make him understand
you with as much ease as may be. So I prayed him to tell him that I was
afeard that my coach would be gone, and that he should go down and steal
one of the seats out of the coach and keep it, and that would make the
coachman to stay. He did this, so that the dumb boy did go down, and, like
a cunning rogue, went into the coach, pretending to sleep; and, by and by,
fell to his work, but finds the seats nailed to the coach. So he did all
he could, but could not do it; however, stayed there, and stayed the coach
till the coachmans patience was quite spent, and beat the dumb boy by
force, and so went away. So the dumb boy come up and told him all the
story, which they below did see all that passed, and knew it to be true.
After supper, another dance or two, and then newes that the fire is as
great as ever, which put us all to our wits-end; and I mightily [anxious]
to go home, but the coach being gone, and it being about ten at night, and
rainy dirty weather, I knew not what to do; but to walk out with Mr.
Batelier, myself resolving to go home on foot, and leave the women there.
And so did; but at the Savoy got a coach, and come back and took up the
women; and so, having, by people come from the fire, understood that the
fire was overcome, and all well, we merrily parted, and home. Stopped by
several guards and constables quite through the town, round the wall, as
we went, all being in armes. We got well home …. Being come home, we to
cards, till two in the morning, and drinking lambs-wool.

[A beverage consisting of ale mixed with sugar, nutmeg, and the pulp
of roasted apples. A cupp of lambs-wool they dranke unto him
then. The King and the Miller of Mansfield (Percys Reliques,
Series III., book ii., No. 20).]

So to bed.

10th November. Up and to the office, where Sir W. Coventry come to tell us that the
Parliament did fall foul of our accounts again yesterday; and we must arme
to have them examined, which I am sorry for: it will bring great trouble
to me, and shame upon the office. My head full this morning how to carry
on Captain Cockes bargain of hemp, which I think I shall by my dexterity
do, and to the Kings advantage as well as my own. At noon with my Lord
Bruncker and Sir Thomas Harvy, to Cockes house, and there Mrs. Williams
and other company, and an excellent dinner. Mr. Temples wife; after
dinner, fell to play on the harpsicon, till she tired everybody, that I
left the house without taking leave, and no creature left standing by her
to hear her. Thence I home and to the office, where late doing of
business, and then home. Read an hour, to make an end of Potters
Discourse of the Number 666, which I like all along, but his close is most
excellent; and, whether it be right or wrong, is mighty ingenious. Then to
supper and to bed. This is the fatal day that every body hath discoursed
for a long time to be the day that the Papists, or I know not who, had
designed to commit a massacre upon; but, however, I trust in God we shall
rise to-morrow morning as well as ever. This afternoon Creed comes to me,
and by him, as, also my Lady Pen, I hear that my Lady Denham is exceeding
sick, even to death, and that she says, and every body else discourses,
that she is poysoned; and Creed tells me, that it is said that there hath
been a design to poison the King. What the meaning of all these sad signs
is, the Lord knows; but every day things look worse and worse. God fit us
for the worst!

11th November (Lords day). Up, and to church, myself and wife, where the old dunce
Meriton, brother to the known Meriton; of St. Martins, Westminster, did
make a very good sermon, beyond my expectation. Home to dinner, and we
carried in Pegg Pen, and there also come to us little Michell and his
wife, and dined very pleasantly. Anon to church, my wife and I and Betty
Michell, her husband being gone to Westminster…. Alter church home, and
I to my chamber, and there did finish the putting time to my song of It
is decreed, and do please myself at last and think it will be thought a
good song. By and by little Michell comes and takes away his wife home,
and my wife and brother and I to my uncle Wights, where my aunt is grown
so ugly and their entertainment so bad that I am in pain to be there; nor
will go thither again a good while, if sent for, for we were sent for
to-night, we had not gone else. Woolys wife, a silly woman, and not very
handsome, but no spirit in her at all; and their discourse mean, and the
fear of the troubles of the times hath made them not to bring their plate
to town, since it was carried out upon the business of the fire, so that
they drink in earth and a wooden can, which I do not like. So home, and my
people to bed. I late to finish my song, and then to bed also, and the
business of the firing of the city, and the fears we have of new troubles
and violences, and the fear of fire among ourselves, did keep me awake a
good while, considering the sad condition I and my family should be in. So
at last to sleep.

12th November. Lay long in bed, and then up, and Mr. Carcasse brought me near 500
tickets to sign, which I did, and by discourse find him a cunning,
confident, shrewd man, but one that I do doubt hath by his discourse of
the ill will he hath got with my Lord Marquess of Dorchester (with whom he
lived), he hath had cunning practices in his time, and would not now spare
to use the same to his profit. That done I to the office; whither by and
by comes Creed to me, and he and I walked in the garden a little, talking
of the present ill condition of things, which is the common subject of all
mens discourse and fears now-a-days, and particularly of my Lady Denham,
whom everybody says is poisoned, and he tells me she hath said it to the
Duke of York; but is upon the mending hand, though the town says she is
dead this morning. He and I to the Change. There I had several little
errands, and going to Sir R. Viners, I did get such a splash and spots of
dirt upon my new vest, that I was out of countenance to be seen in the
street. This day I received 450 pieces of gold more of Mr. Stokes, but
cost me 22 1/2d. change; but I am well contented with it,—I having
now near L2800 in gold, and will not rest till I get full L3000, and then
will venture my fortune for the saving that and the rest. Home to dinner,
though Sir R. Viner would have staid us to dine with him, he being
sheriffe; but, poor man, was so out of countenance that he had no wine
ready to drink to us, his butler being out of the way, though we know him
to be a very liberal man. And after dinner I took my wife out, intending
to have gone and have seen my Lady Jemimah, at White Hall, but so great a
stop there was at the New Exchange, that we could not pass in half an
houre, and therefore light and bought a little matter at the Exchange,
and then home, and then at the office awhile, and then home to my chamber,
and after my wife and all the mayds abed but Jane, whom I put confidence
in—she and I, and my brother, and Tom, and W. Hewer, did bring up
all the remainder of my money, and my plate-chest, out of the cellar, and
placed the money in my study, with the rest, and the plate in my
dressing-room; but indeed I am in great pain to think how to dispose of my
money, it being wholly unsafe to keep it all in coin in one place. But
now I have it all at my hand, I shall remember it better to think of
disposing of it. This done, by one in the morning to bed. This afternoon
going towards Westminster, Creed and I did stop, the Duke of York being
just going away from seeing of it, at Pauls, and in the Convocation House
Yard did there see the body of Robert Braybrooke, Bishop of London, that
died 1404: He fell down in his tomb out of the great church into St.
Fayths this late fire, and is here seen his skeleton with the flesh on;
but all tough and dry like a spongy dry leather, or touchwood all upon his
bones. His head turned aside. A great man in his time, and Lord
Chancellor; and his skeletons now exposed to be handled and derided by
some, though admired for its duration by others. Many flocking to see it.

13th November. At the office all the morning, at noon home to dinner, and out to
Bishopsgate Street, and there bought some drinking-glasses, a case of
knives, and other things, against tomorrow, in expectation of my Lord
Hinchingbrokes coming to dine with me. So home, and having set some
things in the way of doing, also against to-morrow, I to my office, there
to dispatch business, and do here receive notice from my Lord
Hinchingbroke that he is not well, and so not in condition to come to dine
with me to-morrow, which I am not in much trouble for, because of the
disorder my house is in, by the bricklayers coming to mend the chimney in
my dining-room for smoking, which they were upon almost till midnight, and
have now made it very pretty, and do carry smoke exceeding well. This
evening come all the Houblons to me, to invite me to sup with them
to-morrow night. I did take them home, and there we sat and talked a good
while, and a glass of wine, and then parted till to-morrow night. So at
night, well satisfied in the alteration of my chimney, to bed.

14th November. Up, and by water to White Hall, and thence to Westminster, where I
bought several things, as a hone, ribbon, gloves, books, and then took
coach and to Knipps lodging, whom I find not ready to go home with me. So
I away to do a little business, among others to call upon Mr. Osborne for
my Tangier warrant for the last quarter, and so to the Exchange for some
things for my wife, and then to Knipps again, and there staid reading of
Wallers verses, while she finished dressing, her husband being by. I had
no other pastime. Her lodging very mean, and the condition she lives in;
yet makes a shew without doors, God bless us! I carried him along with us
into the City, and set him down in Bishopsgate Street, and then home with
her. She tells me how Smith, of the Dukes house, hath killed a man upon a
quarrel in play; which makes every body sorry, he being a good actor, and,
they say, a good man, however this happens. The ladies of the Court do
much bemoan him, she says. Here she and we alone at dinner to some good
victuals, that we could not put off, that was intended for the great
dinner of my Lord Hinchingbrokes, if he had come. After dinner I to teach
her my new recitative of It is decreed, of which she learnt a good part,
and I do well like it and believe shall be well pleased when she hath it
all, and that it will be found an agreeable thing. Then carried her home,
and my wife and I intended to have seen my Lady Jemimah at White Hall, but
the Exchange Streete was so full of coaches, every body, as they say,
going thither to make themselves fine against tomorrow night, that, after
half an hours stay, we could not do any [thing], only my wife to see her
brother, and I to go speak one word with Sir G. Carteret about office
business, and talk of the general complexion of matters, which he looks
upon, as I do, with horrour, and gives us all for an undone people. That
there is no such thing as a peace in hand, nor possibility of any without
our begging it, they being as high, or higher, in their terms than ever,
and tells me that, just now, my Lord Hollis had been with him, and wept to
think in what a condition we are fallen. He shewed me my Lord Sandwichs
letter to him, complaining of the lack of money, which Sir G. Carteret is
at a loss how in the world to get the King to supply him with, and wishes
him, for that reason, here; for that he fears he will be brought to
disgrace there, for want of supplies. He says the House is yet in a bad
humour; and desiring to know whence it is that the King stirs not, he says
he minds it not, nor will be brought to it, and that his servants of the
House do, instead of making the Parliament better, rather play the rogue
one with another, and will put all in fire. So that, upon the whole, we
are in a wretched condition, and I went from him in full apprehensions of
it. So took up my wife, her brother being yet very bad, and doubtful
whether he will recover or no, and so to St. Ellens [St. Helens], and
there sent my wife home, and myself to the Popes Head, where all the
Houblons were, and Dr. Croone,

[William Croune, or Croone, of Emanuel College, Cambridge, chosen
Rhetoric Professor at Gresham College, 1659, F.R.S. and M.D. Died
October 12th, 1684, and was interred at St. Mildreds in the
Poultry. He was a prominent Fellow of the Royal Society and first
Registrar. In accordance with his wishes his widow (who married Sir
Edwin Sadleir, Bart.) left by will one-fifth of the clear rent of
the Kings Head tavern in or near Old Fish Street, at the corner of
Lambeth Hill, to the Royal Society for the support of a lecture and
illustrative experiments for the advancement of natural knowledge on
local motion. The Croonian lecture is still delivered before the
Royal Society.]

and by and by to an exceeding pretty supper, excellent discourse of all
sorts, and indeed [they] are a set of the finest gentlemen that ever I met
withal in my life. Here Dr. Croone told me, that, at the meeting at
Gresham College to-night, which, it seems, they now have every Wednesday
again, there was a pretty experiment of the blood of one dogg let out,
till he died, into the body of another on one side, while all his own run
out on the other side.

[At the meeting on November 14th, the experiment of transfusing the
blood of one dog into another was made before the Society by Mr.
King and Mr. Thomas Coxe upon a little mastiff and a spaniel with
very good success, the former bleeding to death, and the latter
receiving the blood of the other, and emitting so much of his own,
as to make him capable of receiving that of the other. On November
21st the spaniel was produced and found very well (Birchs
History of the Royal Society, vol. ii., pp. 123, 125). The
experiment of transfusion of blood, which occupied much of the
attention of the Royal Society in its early days, was revived within
the last few years.]

The first died upon the place, and the other very well, and likely to do
well. This did give occasion to many pretty wishes, as of the blood of a
Quaker to be let into an Archbishop, and such like; but, as Dr. Croone
says, may, if it takes, be of mighty use to mans health, for the amending
of bad blood by borrowing from a better body. After supper, James Houblon
and another brother took me aside and to talk of some businesses of their
owne, where I am to serve them, and will, and then to talk of publique
matters, and I do find that they and all merchants else do give over trade
and the nation for lost, nothing being done with care or foresight, no
convoys granted, nor any thing done to satisfaction; but do think that the
Dutch and French will master us the next yeare, do what we can: and so do
I, unless necessity makes the King to mind his business, which might yet
save all. Here we sat talking till past one in the morning, and then home,
where my people sat up for me, my wife and all, and so to bed.

15th November. This [morning] come Mr. Shepley (newly out of the country) to see
me; after a little discourse with him, I to the office, where we sat all
the morning, and at noon home, and there dined, Shepley with me, and after
dinner I did pay him L70, which he had paid my father for my use in the
country. He being gone, I took coach and to Mrs. Pierces, where I find
her as fine as possible, and himself going to the ball at night at Court,
it being the Queens birth-day, and so I carried them in my coach, and
having set them into the house, and gotten Mr. Pierce to undertake the
carrying in my wife, I to Unthankes, where she appointed to be, and there
told her, and back again about business to White Hall, while Pierce went
and fetched her and carried her in. I, after I had met with Sir W.
Coventry and given him some account of matters, I also to the ball, and
with much ado got up to the loft, where with much trouble I could see very
well. Anon the house grew full, and the candles light, and the King and
Queen and all the ladies set: and it was, indeed, a glorious sight to see
Mrs. Stewart in black and white lace, and her head and shoulders dressed
with dyamonds, and the like a great many great ladies more, only the Queen
none; and the King in his rich vest of some rich silke and silver
trimming, as the Duke of York and all the dancers were, some of cloth of
silver, and others of other sorts, exceeding rich. Presently after the
King was come in, he took the Queene, and about fourteen more couple there
was, and began the Bransles. As many of the men as I can remember
presently, were, the King, Duke of York, Prince Rupert, Duke of Monmouth,
Duke of Buckingham, Lord Douglas, Mr. [George] Hamilton, Colonell
Russell, Mr. Griffith, Lord Ossory, Lord Rochester; and of the ladies, the
Queene, Duchess of York, Mrs. Stewart, Duchess of Monmouth, Lady Essex
Howard, Mrs. Temples Swedes Embassadress, Lady Arlington; Lord George
Barkeleys daughter, and many others I remember not; but all most
excellently dressed in rich petticoats and gowns, and dyamonds, and
pearls. After the Bransles, then to a Corant, and now and then a French
dance; but that so rare that the Corants grew tiresome, that I wished it
done. Only Mrs. Stewart danced mighty finely, and many French dances,
specially one the King called the New Dance, which was very pretty; but
upon the whole matter, the business of the dancing of itself was not
extraordinary pleasing. But the clothes and sight of the persons was
indeed very pleasing, and worth my coming, being never likely to see more
gallantry while I live, if I should come twenty times. About twelve at
night it broke up, and I to hire a coach with much difficulty, but Pierce
had hired a chair for my wife, and so she being gone to his house, he and
I, taking up Barker at Unthankes, to his house, whither his wife was come
home a good while ago and gone to bed. So away home with my wife, between
displeased with the dull dancing, and satisfied at the clothes and
persons. My Lady Castlemayne, without whom all is nothing, being there,
very rich, though not dancing. And so after supper, it being very cold, to
bed.

16th November. Up again betimes to attend the examination of Mr. Gawdens,
accounts, where we all met, but I did little but fit myself for the
drawing my great letter to the Duke of York of the state of the Navy for
want of money. At noon to the Change, and thence back to the new taverne
come by us; the Three Tuns, where D. Gawden did feast us all with a chine
of beef and other good things, and an infinite dish of fowl, but all
spoiled in the dressing. This noon I met with Mr. Hooke, and he tells me
the dog which was filled with another dogs blood, at the College the
other day, is very well, and like to be so as ever, and doubts not its
being found of great use to men; and so do Dr. Whistler, who dined with us
at the taverne. Thence home in the evening, and I to my preparing my
letter, and did go a pretty way in it, staying late upon it, and then home
to supper and to bed, the weather being on a sudden set in to be very
cold.

17th November. Up, and to the office, where all the morning. At noon home to
dinner, and in the afternoon shut myself in my chamber, and there till
twelve at night finishing my great letter to the Duke of York, which do
lay the ill condition of the Navy so open to him, that it is impossible if
the King and he minds any thing of their business, but it will operate
upon them to set all matters right, and get money to carry on the war,
before it be too late, or else lay out for a peace upon any termes. It was
a great convenience to-night that what I had writ foule in short hand, I
could read to W. Hewer, and he take it fair in short hand, so as I can
read it to-morrow to Sir W. Coventry, and then come home, and Hewer read
it to me while I take it in long-hand to present, which saves me much
time. So to bed.

18th November (Lords day). Up by candle-light and on foote to White Hall, where by
appointment I met Lord Bruncker at Sir W. Coventrys chamber, and there I
read over my great letter, and they approved it: and as I do do our
business in defence of the Board, so I think it is as good a letter in the
manner, and believe it is the worst in the matter of it, as ever come from
any office to a Prince. Back home in my Lord Brunckers coach, and there
W. Hewer and I to write it over fair; dined at noon, and Mercer with us,
and mighty merry, and then to finish my letter; and it being three oclock
ere we had done, when I come to Sir W. Batten; he was in a huffe, which I
made light of, but he signed the letter, though he would not go, and liked
the letter well. Sir W. Pen, it seems, he would not stay for it: so,
making slight of Sir W. Pens putting so much weight upon his hand to Sir
W. Batten, I down to the Tower Wharf, and there got a sculler, and to
White Hall, and there met Lord Bruncker, and he signed it, and so I
delivered it to Mr. Cheving,

[William Chiffinch, pimp to Charles II. and receiver of the secret
pensions paid by the French Court. He succeeded his brother, Thomas
Chiffinch (who died in April, 1666), as Keeper of the Kings Private
Closet (see note, vol. v., p. 265). He is introduced by Scott into
his Peveril of the Peak.]

and he to Sir W. Coventry, in the cabinet, the King and councill being
sitting, where I leave it to its fortune, and I by water home again, and
to my chamber, to even my Journall; and then comes Captain Cocke to me,
and he and I a great deal of melancholy discourse of the times, giving all
over for gone, though now the Parliament will soon finish the Bill for
money. But we fear, if we had it, as matters are now managed, we shall
never make the best of it, but consume it all to no purpose or a bad one.
He being gone, I again to my Journall and finished it, and so to supper
and to bed.

19th November. Lay pretty long in bed talking with pleasure with my wife, and then
up and all the morning at my own chamber fitting some Tangier matters
against the afternoon for a meeting. This morning also came Mr. Caesar,
and I heard him on the lute very finely, and my boy begins to play well.
After dinner I carried and set my wife down at her brothers, and then to
Barkeshire-house, where my Lord Chancellor hath been ever since the fire,
but he is not come home yet, so I to Westminster Hall, where the Lords
newly up and the Commons still sitting. Here I met with Mr. Robinson, who
did give me a printed paper wherein he states his pretence to the post
office, and intends to petition the Parliament in it. Thence I to the
Bull-head tavern, where I have not been since Mr. Chetwind and the time of
our club, and here had six bottles of claret filled, and I sent them to
Mrs. Martin, whom I had promised some of my owne, and, having none of my
owne, sent her this. Thence to my Lord Chancellors, and there Mr. Creed
and Gawden, Cholmley, and Sir G. Carteret walking in the Park over against
the house. I walked with Sir G. Carteret, who I find displeased with the
letter I have drawn and sent in yesterday, finding fault with the account
we give of the ill state of the Navy, but I said little, only will justify
the truth of it. Here we walked to and again till one dropped away after
another, and so I took coach to White Hall, and there visited my Lady
Jemimah, at Sir G. Carterets lodgings. Here was Sir Thomas Crew, and he
told me how hot words grew again to-day in the House of Lords between my
Lord Ossory and Ashly, the former saying that something said by the other
was said like one of Olivers Council. Ashly said that he must give him
reparation, or he would take it his owne way. The House therefore did
bring my Lord Ossory to confess his fault, and ask pardon for it, as he
was also to my Lord Buckingham, for saying that something was not truth
that my Lord Buckingham had said. This will render my Lord Ossory very
little in a little time. By and by away, and calling my wife went home,
and then a little at Sir W. Battens to hear news, but nothing, and then
home to supper, whither Captain Cocke, half foxed, come and sat with us,
and so away, and then we to bed.

20th November. Called up by Mr. Sheply, who is going into the country to-day to
Hinchingbroke, I sent my service to my Lady, and in general for newes:
that the world do think well of my Lord, and do wish he were here again,
but that the publique matters of the State as to the war are in the worst
condition that is possible. By and by Sir W. Warren, and with him half an
hour discoursing of several businesses, and some I hope will bring me a
little profit. He gone, and Sheply, I to the office a little, and then to
church, it being thanksgiving-day for the cessation of the plague; but,
Lord! how the towne do say that it is hastened before the plague is quite
over, there dying some people still,

[According to the Bills of Mortality seven persons died in London of
the plague during the week November 20th to 27th; and for some weeks
after deaths continued from this cause.]

but only to get ground for plays to be publickly acted, which the Bishops
would not suffer till the plague was over; and one would thinke so, by the
suddenness of the notice given of the day, which was last Sunday, and the
little ceremony. The sermon being dull of Mr. Minnes, and people with
great indifferency come to hear him. After church home, where I met Mr.
Gregory, who I did then agree with to come to teach my wife to play on the
Viall, and he being an able and sober man, I am mightily glad of it. He
had dined, therefore went away, and I to dinner, and after dinner by coach
to Barkeshire-house, and there did get a very great meeting; the Duke of
York being there, and much business done, though not in proportion to the
greatness of the business, and my Lord Chancellor sleeping and snoring the
greater part of the time. Among other things I declared the state of our
credit as to tallys to raise money by, and there was an order for payment
of L5000 to Mr. Gawden, out of which I hope to get something against
Christmas. Here we sat late, and here I did hear that there are some
troubles like to be in Scotland, there being a discontented party already
risen, that have seized on the Governor of Dumfreeze and imprisoned him,

[William Fielding, writing to Sir Phil. Musgrave from Carlisle on
November 15th, says: Major Baxter, who has arrived from Dumfries,
reports that this morning a great number of horse and foot came into
that town, with drawn swords and pistols, gallopped up to Sir Jas.
Turners lodgings, seized him in his bed, carried him without
clothes to the marketplace, threatened to cut him to pieces, and
seized and put into the Tollbooth all the foot soldiers that were
with him; they also secured the minister of Dumfries. Many of the
party were lairds and county people from Galloway—200 horse well
mounted, one minister was with them who had swords and pistols, and
200 or 300 foot, some with clubs, others with scythes. On November
17th Rob. Meine wrote to Williamson: On the 15th 120 fanatics from
the Glenkins, Deray; and neighbouring parishes in Dumfriesshire,
none worth L10 except two mad fellows, the lairds of Barscob and
Corsuck, came to Dumfries early in the morning, seized Sir Jas.
Turner, commander of a company of men in Dumfriesshire, and carried
him, without violence to others, to a strong house in Maxwell town,
Galloway, declaring they sought only revenge against the tyrant who
had been severe with them for not keeping to church, and had laid
their families waste (Calendar of State Papers, 1666-67, pp. 262,
268).]

but the story is yet very uncertain, and therefore I set no great weight
on it. I home by Mr. Gawden in his coach, and so with great pleasure to
spend the evening at home upon my Lyra Viall, and then to supper and to
bed. With mighty peace of mind and a hearty desire that I had but what I
have quietly in the country, but, I fear, I do at this day see the best
that either I or the rest of our nation will ever see.

21st November. Up, with Sir W. Batten to Charing Cross, and thence I to wait on Sir
Philip Howard, whom I find dressing himself in his night-gown and turban
like a Turke, but one of the finest persons that ever I saw in my life. He
had several gentlemen of his owne waiting on him, and one playing finely
on the gittar: he discourses as well as ever I heard man, in few words and
handsome. He expressed all kindness to Balty, when I told him how sick he
is: he says that, before he comes to be mustered again, he must bring a
certificate of his swearing the oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and
having taken the Sacrament according to the rites of the Church of
England. This, I perceive, is imposed on all, and he will be ready to do.
I pray God he may have his health again to be able to do it. Being
mightily satisfied with his civility, I away to Westminster Hall, and
there walked with several people, and all the discourse is about some
trouble in Scotland I heard of yesterday, but nobody can tell the truth of
it. Here was Betty Michell with her mother. I would have carried her home,
but her father intends to go with her, so I lost my hopes. And thence I to
the Excise Office about some tallies, and then to the Exchange, where I
did much business, and so home to dinner, and then to the office, where
busy all the afternoon till night, and then home to supper, and after
supper an hour reading to my wife and brother something in Chaucer with
great pleasure, and so to bed.

22nd November. Up, and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and my Lord
Bruncker did show me Hollars new print of the City, with a pretty
representation of that part which is burnt, very fine indeed; and tells me
that he was yesterday sworn the Kings servant, and that the King hath
commanded him to go on with his great map of the City, which he was upon
before the City was burned, like Gombout of Paris, which I am glad of. At
noon home to dinner, where my wife and I fell out, I being displeased with
her cutting away a lace handkercher sewed about the neck down to her
breasts almost, out of a belief, but without reason, that it is the
fashion. Here we did give one another the lie too much, but were presently
friends, and then I to my office, where very late and did much business,
and then home, and there find Mr. Batelier, and did sup and play at cards
awhile. But he tells me the newes how the King of France hath, in defiance
to the King of England, caused all his footmen to be put into vests, and
that the noblemen of France will do the like; which, if true, is the
greatest indignity ever done by one Prince to another, and would incite a
stone to be revenged; and I hope our King will, if it be so, as he tells
me it is:

[Planche throws some doubt on this story in his Cyclopaedia of
Costume (vol. ii., p. 240), and asks the question, Was Mr.
Batelier hoaxing the inquisitive secretary, or was it the idle
gossip of the day, as untrustworthy as such gossip is in general?
But the same statement was made by the author of the Character of a
Trimmer, who wrote from actual knowledge of the Court: About this
time a general humour, in opposition to France, had made us throw
off their fashion, and put on vests, that we might look more like a
distinct people, and not be under the servility of imitation, which
ever pays a greater deference to the original than is consistent
with the equality all independent nations should pretend to. France
did not like this small beginning of ill humours, at least of
emulation; and wisely considering, that it is a natural
introduction, first to make the world their apes, that they may be
afterwards their slaves. It was thought, that one of the
instructions Madame [Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans] brought along
with her, was to laugh us out of these vests; which she performed so
effectually, that in a moment, like so many footmen who had quitted
their masters livery, we all took it again, and returned to our old
service; so that the very time of doing it gave a very critical
advantage to France, since it looked like an evidence of our
returning to her interest, as well as to their fashion. The
Character of a Trimmer (Miscellanies by the Marquis of Halifax,
1704, p. 164). Evelyn reports that when the king expressed his
intention never to alter this fashion, divers courtiers and
gentlemen gave his Majesty gold by way of wager that he would not
persist in this resolution (Diary, October 18th, 1666).]

being told by one that come over from Paris with my Lady Fanshaw, who is
come over with the dead body of her husband, and that saw it before he
come away. This makes me mighty merry, it being an ingenious kind of
affront; but yet it makes me angry, to see that the King of England is
become so little as to have the affront offered him. So I left my people
at cards, and so to my chamber to read, and then to bed. Batelier did
bring us some oysters to-night, and some bottles of new French wine of
this year, mighty good, but I drank but little. This noon Bagwells wife
was with me at the office, and I did what I would, and at night comes Mrs.
Burroughs, and appointed to meet upon the next holyday and go abroad
together.

23rd November. Up, and with Sir J. Minnes to White Hall, where we and the rest
attended the Duke of York, where, among other things, we had a complaint
of Sir William Jennings against his lieutenant, Le Neve, one that had been
long the Dukes page, and for whom the Duke of York hath great kindness.
It was a drunken quarrel, where one was as blameable as the other. It was
referred to further examination, but the Duke of York declared, that as he
would not favour disobedience, so neither drunkenness, and therein he said
very well. Thence with Sir W. Coventry to Westminster Hall, and there
parted, he having told me how Sir J. Minnes do disagree from the
proposition of resigning his place, and that so the whole matter is again
at a stand, at which I am sorry for the Kings sake, but glad that Sir W.
Pen is again defeated, for I would not have him come to be Comptroller if
I could help it, he will be so cruel proud. Here I spoke with Sir G.
Downing about our prisoners in Holland, and their being released; which he
is concerned in, and most of them are. Then, discoursing of matters of the
House of Parliament, he tells me that it is not the fault of the House,
but the Kings own party, that have hindered the passing of the Bill for
money, by their popping in of new projects for raising it: which is a
strange thing; and mighty confident he is, that what money is raised, will
be raised and put into the same form that the last was, to come into the
Exchequer; and, for aught I see, I must confess I think it is the best
way. Thence down to the Hall, and there walked awhile, and all the talk is
about Scotland, what news thence; but there is nothing come since the
first report, and so all is given over for nothing. Thence home, and after
dinner to my chamber with Creed, who come and dined with me, and he and I
to reckon for his salary, and by and by comes in Colonel Atkins, and I did
the like with him, and it was Creeds design to bring him only for his own
ends, to seem to do him a courtesy, and it is no great matter. The fellow
I hate, and so I think all the world else do. Then to talk of my report I
am to make of the state of our wants of money to the Lord Treasurer, but
our discourse come to little. However, in the evening, to be rid of him, I
took coach and saw him to the Temple and there light, and he being gone,
with all the haste back again and to my chamber late to enter all this
days matters of account, and to draw up my report to my Lord Treasurer,
and so to bed. At the Temple I called at Playfords, and there find that
his new impression of his ketches

[John Hiltons Catch that catch can, or a Choice Collection of
Catches, Rounds and Canons for 3 or 4 voyces, was first published
by Playford in 1651 or 1652. The book was republished with large
additions by John Playford in 1658. The edition referred to in the
text was published in 1667 with a second title of The Musical
Companion. The book was republished in 1672-73.]

are not yet out, the fire having hindered it, but his man tells me that it
will be a very fine piece, many things new being added to it.

24th November. Up, and to the office, where we sat all the morning. At noon rose
and to my closet, and finished my report to my Lord Treasurer of our
Tangier wants, and then with Sir J. Minnes by coach to Stepney to the
Trinity House, where it is kept again now since the burning of their other
house in London. And here a great many met at Sir Thomas Allens feast, of
his being made an Elder Brother; but he is sick, and so could not be
there. Here was much good company, and very merry; but the discourse of
Scotland, it seems, is confirmed, and that they are 4000 of them in armes,
and do declare for King and Covenant, which is very ill news. I pray God
deliver us from the ill consequences we may justly fear from it. Here was
a good venison pasty or two and other good victuals; but towards the
latter end of the dinner I rose, and without taking leave went away from
the table, and got Sir J. Minnes coach and away home, and thence with my
report to my Lord Treasurers, where I did deliver it to Sir Philip
Warwicke for my Lord, who was busy, my report for him to consider against
to-morrows council. Sir Philip Warwicke, I find, is full of trouble in
his mind to see how things go, and what our wants are; and so I have no
delight to trouble him with discourse, though I honour the man with all my
heart, and I think him to be a very able and right honest man. So away
home again, and there to my office to write my letters very late, and then
home to supper, and then to read the late printed discourse of witches by
a member of Gresham College, and then to bed; the discourse being well
writ, in good stile, but methinks not very convincing. This day Mr. Martin
is come to tell me his wife is brought to bed of a girle, and I promised
to christen it next Sunday.

25th November (Lords day). Up, and with Sir J. Minnes by coach to White Hall, and
there coming late, I to rights to the chapel, where in my usual place I
heard one of the Kings chaplains, one Mr. Floyd, preach. He was out two
or three times in his prayer, and as many in his sermon, but yet he made a
most excellent good sermon, of our duty to imitate the lives and practice
of Christ and the saints departed, and did it very handsomely and
excellent stile; but was a little overlarge in magnifying the graces of
the nobility and prelates, that we have seen in our memorys in the world,
whom God hath taken from us. At the end of the sermon an excellent anthem;
but it was a pleasant thing, an idle companion in our pew, a prating, bold
counsellor that hath been heretofore at the Navy Office, and noted for a
great eater and drinker, not for quantity, but of the best, his name Tom
Bales, said, I know a fitter anthem for this sermon, speaking only of
our duty of following the saints, and I know not what. Cooke should have
sung, Come, follow, follow me. I After sermon up into the gallery, and
then to Sir G. Carterets to dinner; where much company. Among others, Mr.
Carteret and my Lady Jemimah, and here was also Mr. [John] Ashburnham, the
great man, who is a pleasant man, and that hath seen much of the world,
and more of the Court. After dinner Sir G. Carteret and I to another room,
and he tells me more and more of our want of money and in how ill
condition we are likely to be soon in, and that he believes we shall not
have a fleete at sea the next year. So do I believe; but he seems to speak
it as a thing expected by the King and as if their matters were laid
accordingly. Thence into the Court and there delivered copies of my report
to my Lord Treasurer, to the Duke of York, Sir W. Coventry, and others,
and attended there till the Council met, and then was called in, and I
read my letter. My Lord Treasurer declared that the King had nothing to
give till the Parliament did give him some money. So the King did of
himself bid me to declare to all that would take our tallys for payment,
that he should, soon as the Parliaments money do come in, take back their
tallys, and give them money: which I giving him occasion to repeat to me,
it coming from him against the gre

[Apparently a translation of the French contre le gre, and
presumably an expression in common use. Against the grain is
generally supposed to have its origin in the use of a plane against
the grain of the wood.]

I perceive, of my Lord Treasurer, I was content therewith, and went out,
and glad that I have got so much. Here staid till the Council rose,
walking in the gallery. All the talke being of Scotland, where the highest
report, I perceive, runs but upon three or four hundred in armes; but they
believe that it will grow more, and do seem to apprehend it much, as if
the King of France had a hand in it. My Lord Lauderdale do make nothing of
it, it seems, and people do censure him for it, he from the beginning
saying that there was nothing in it, whereas it do appear to be a pure
rebellion; but no persons of quality being in it, all do hope that it
cannot amount to much. Here I saw Mrs. Stewart this afternoon, methought
the beautifullest creature that ever I saw in my life, more than ever I
thought her so, often as I have seen her; and I begin to think do exceed
my Lady Castlemayne, at least now. This being St. Catherines day, the
Queene was at masse by seven oclock this morning; and. Mr. Ashburnham do
say that he never saw any one have so much zeale in his life as she hath:
and, the question being asked by my Lady Carteret, much beyond the bigotry
that ever the old Queen-mother had. I spoke with Mr. Maya who tells me
that the design of building the City do go on apace, and by his
description it will be mighty handsome, and to the satisfaction of the
people; but I pray God it come not out too late. The Council up, after
speaking with Sir W. Coventry a little, away home with Captain Cocke in
his coach, discourse about the forming of his contract he made with us
lately for hempe, and so home, where we parted, and I find my uncle Wight
and Mrs. Wight and Woolly, who staid and supped, and mighty merry
together, and then I to my chamber to even my journal, and then to bed. I
will remember that Mr. Ashburnham to-day at dinner told how the rich
fortune Mrs. Mallett reports of her servants; that my Lord Herbert would
have had her; my Lord Hinchingbroke was indifferent to have her;

[They had quarrelled (see August 26th). She, perhaps, was piqued at
Lord Hinchingbrokes refusal to compass the thing without consent
of friends (see February 25th), whence her expression,
indifferent to have her. It is worthy of remark that their
children intermarried; Lord Hinchingbrokes son married Lady
Rochesters daughter.—B.]

my Lord John Butler might not have her; my Lord of Rochester would have
forced her;

[Of the lady thus sought after, whom Pepys calls a beauty as well
as a fortune, and who shortly afterwards, about the 4th February,
1667, became the wife of the Earl of Rochester, then not twenty
years old, no authentic portrait is known to exist. When Mr.
Miller, of Albemarle Street, in 1811, proposed to publish an edition
of the Memoires de Grammont, he sent an artist to Windsor to copy
there the portraits which he could find of those who figure in that
work. In the list given to him for this purpose was the name of
Lady Rochester. Not finding amongst the Beauties, or elsewhere,
any genuine portrait of her, but seeing that by Hamilton she is
absurdly styled une triste heritiere, the artist made a drawing
from some unknown portrait at Windsor of a lady of a sorrowful
countenance, and palmed it off upon the bookseller. In the edition
of Grammont it is not actually called Lady Rochester, but La
Triste Heritiere. A similar falsification had been practised in
Edwardss edition of 1793, but a different portrait had been copied.
It is needless, almost, to remark how ill applied is Hamiltons
epithet.—B.]

and Sir———Popham, who nevertheless is likely to have
her, would kiss her breach to have her.

26th November. Up, and to my chamber to do some business. Then to speak with
several people, among others with Mrs. Burroughs, whom I appointed to meet
me at the New Exchange in the afternoon. I by water to Westminster, and
there to enquire after my tallies, which I shall get this week. Thence to
the Swan, having sent for some burnt claret, and there by and by comes
Doll Lane, and she and I sat and drank and talked a great while, among
other things about her sisters being brought to bed, and I to be
godfather to the girle. I did tumble Doll, and do almost what I would with
her, and so parted, and I took coach, and to the New Exchange, buying a
neats tongue by the way, thinking to eat it out of town, but there I find
Burroughs in company of an old woman, an aunt of hers, whom she could not
leave for half an hour. So after buying a few baubles to while away time,
I down to Westminster, and there into the House of Parliament, where, at a
great Committee, I did hear, as long as I would, the great case against my
Lord Mordaunt, for some arbitrary proceedings of his against one Taylor,
whom he imprisoned, and did all the violence to imaginable, only to get
him to give way to his abusing his daughter. Here was Mr. Sawyer, my old
chamber-fellow, a counsel against my Lord; and I am glad to see him in so
good play. Here I met, before the committee sat, with my cozen Roger
Pepys, the first time I have spoke with him this parliament. He hath
promised to come, and bring Madam Turner with him, who is come to towne to
see the City, but hath lost all her goods of all kinds in Salisbury Court,
Sir William Turner having not endeavoured, in her absence, to save one
penny, to dine with me on Friday next, of which I am glad. Roger bids me
to help him to some good rich widow; for he is resolved to go, and retire
wholly, into the country; for, he says, he is confident we shall be all
ruined very speedily, by what he sees in the State, and I am much in his
mind. Having staid as long as I thought fit for meeting of Burroughs, I
away and to the Change again, but there I do not find her now, I having
staid too long at the House, and therefore very hungry, having eat nothing
to-day. Home, and there to eat presently, and then to the office a little,
and to Sir W. Batten, where Sir J. Minnes and Captain Cocke was; but no
newes from the North at all to-day; and the newes-book makes the business
nothing, but that they are all dispersed. I pray God it may prove so. So
home, and, after a little, to my chamber to bed.

27th November. Up, and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and here I had
a letter from Mr. Brisband on another occasion, which, by the by,
intimates my Lord Hinchingbrokes intention to come and dine with me
to-morrow. This put me into a great surprise, and therefore endeavoured
all I could to hasten over our business at the office, and so home at noon
and to dinner, and then away by coach, it being a very foul day, to White
Hall, and there at Sir G. Carterets find my Lord Hinchingbroke, who
promises to dine with me to-morrow, and bring Mr. Carteret along with him.
Here I staid a little while talking with him and the ladies, and then away
to my Lord Crews, and then did by the by make a visit to my Lord Crew,
and had some good discourse with him, he doubting that all will break in
pieces in the kingdom; and that the taxes now coming out, which will tax
the same man in three or four several capacities, as for lands, office,
profession, and money at interest, will be the hardest that ever come out;
and do think that we owe it, and the lateness of its being given, wholly
to the unpreparedness of the Kings own party, to make their demand and
choice; for they have obstructed the giving it by land-tax, which had been
done long since. Having ended my visit, I spoke to Sir Thomas Crew, to
invite him and his brother John to dinner tomorrow, at my house, to meet
Lord Hinchingbroke; and so homewards, calling at the cooks, who is to
dress it, to bespeak him, and then home, and there set things in order for
a very fine dinner, and then to the office, where late very busy and to
good purpose as to dispatch of business, and then home. To bed, my people
sitting up to get things in order against to-morrow. This evening was
brought me what Griffin had, as he says, taken this evening off of the
table in the office, a letter sealed and directed to the Principal
Officers and Commissioners of the Navy. It is a serious and just libel
against our disorder in paying of our money, making ten times more people
wait than we have money for, and complaining by name of Sir W. Batten for
paying away great sums to particular people, which is true. I was sorry to
see this way of reproach taken against us, but more sorry that there is
true ground for it.

28th November. Up, and with Sir W. Pen to White Hall (setting his lady and daughter
down by the way at a mercers in the Strand, where they are going to lay
out some money), where, though it blows hard and rains hard, yet the Duke
of York is gone a-hunting. We therefore lost our labour, and so back
again, and by hackney coach to secure places to get things ready against
dinner, and then home, and did the like there, and to my great
satisfaction: and at noon comes my Lord Hinchingbroke, Sir Thomas Crew,
Mr. John Crew, Mr. Carteret, and Brisband. I had six noble dishes for
them, dressed by a man-cook, and commended, as indeed they deserved, for
exceeding well done. We eat with great pleasure, and I enjoyed myself in
it with reflections upon the pleasures which I at best can expect, yet not
to exceed this; eating in silver plates, and all things mighty rich and
handsome about me. A great deal of fine discourse, sitting almost till
dark at dinner, and then broke up with great pleasure, especially to
myself; and they away, only Mr. Carteret and I to Gresham College, where
they meet now weekly again, and here they had good discourse how this late
experiment of the dog, which is in perfect good health, may be improved
for good uses to men, and other pretty things, and then broke up. Here was
Mr. Henry Howard, that will hereafter be Duke of Norfolke, who is admitted
this day into the Society, and being a very proud man, and one that values
himself upon his family, writes his name, as he do every where, Henry
Howard of Norfolke. Thence home and there comes my Lady Pen, Pegg, and
Mrs. Turner, and played at cards and supped with us, and were pretty
merry, and Pegg with me in my closet a good while, and did suffer me a la
baiser mouche et toucher ses cosas upon her breast, wherein I had great
pleasure, and so spent the evening and then broke up, and I to bed, my
mind mightily pleased with the days entertainment.

29th November. Up, and to the office, where busy all the morning. At noon home to
dinner, where I find Balty come out to see us, but looks like death, and I
do fear he is in a consumption; he has not been abroad many weeks before,
and hath now a well day, and a fit day of the headake in extraordinary
torture. After dinner left him and his wife, they having their mother hard
by and my wife, and I a wet afternoon to White Hall to have seen my Lady
Carteret and Jemimah, but as God would have it they were abroad, and I was
well contented at it. So my wife and I to Westminster Hall, where I left
her a little, and to the Exchequer, and then presently home again, calling
at our man-cookes for his help to-morrow, but he could not come. So I
home to the office, my people all busy to get a good dinner to-morrow
again. I late at the office, and all the newes I hear I put into a letter
this night to my Lord Bruncker at Chatham, thus:—

I doubt not of your lordships hearing of Sir Thomas Cliffords
succeeding Sir H. Pollard in the Comptrollership of the Kings
house; but perhaps our ill, but confirmed, tidings from the
Barbadoes may not [have reached you] yet, it coming but yesterday;
viz., that about eleven ships, whereof two of the Kings, the Hope
and Coventry, going thence with men to attack St. Christophers,
were seized by a violent hurricane, and all sunk—two only of
thirteen escaping, and those with loss of masts, &c. My Lord
Willoughby himself is involved in the disaster, and I think two
ships thrown upon an island of the French, and so all the men, to
500, become their prisoners. Tis said, too, that eighteen Dutch
men-of-war are passed the Channell, in order to meet with our Smyrna
ships; and some, I hear, do fright us with the King of Swedens
seizing our mast-ships at Gottenburgh. But we have too much ill
newes true, to afflict ourselves with what is uncertain. That which
I hear from Scotland is, the Duke of Yorks saying, yesterday, that
he is confident the Lieutenant-Generall there hath driven them into
a pound, somewhere towards the mountains.

Having writ my letter, I home to supper and to bed, the world being
mightily troubled at the ill news from Barbadoes, and the consequence of
the Scotch business, as little as we do make of it. And to shew how mad we
are at home, here, and unfit for any troubles: my Lord St. John did, a day
or two since, openly pull a gentleman in Westminster Hall by the nose, one
Sir Andrew Henly, while the judges were upon their benches, and the other
gentleman did give him a rap over the pate with his cane, of which fray
the judges, they say, will make a great matter: men are only sorry the
gentle man did proceed to return a blow; for, otherwise, my Lord would
have been soundly fined for the affront, and may be yet for his affront to
the judges.

30th November. Up, and with Sir W. Batten to White Hall, and there we did attend
the Duke of York, and had much business with him; and pretty to see, it
being St. Andrews day, how some few did wear St. Andrews crosse; but
most did make a mockery at it, and the House of Parliament, contrary to
practice, did sit also: people having no mind to observe the Scotch
saints days till they hear better newes from Scotland. Thence to
Westminster Hall and the Abbey, thinking as I had appointed to have met
Mrs. Burroughs there, but not meeting her I home, and just overtook my
cozen Roger Pepys, Mrs. Turner, Dicke, and Joyce Norton, coming by
invitation to dine with me. These ladies I have not seen since before the
plague. Mrs. Turner is come to towne to look after her things in her
house, but all is lost. She is quite weary of the country, but cannot get
her husband to let her live here any more, which troubles her mightily.
She was mighty angry with me, that in all this time I never writ to her,
which I do think and take to myself as a fault, and which I have promised
to mend. Here I had a noble and costly dinner for them, dressed by a
man-cooke, as that the other day was, and pretty merry we were, as I could
be with this company and so great a charge. We sat long, and after much
talk of the plenty of her country in fish, but in nothing also that is
pleasing, we broke up with great kindness, and when it begun to be dark we
parted, they in one coach home, and I in another to Westminster Hall,
where by appointment Mrs. Burroughs and I were to meet, but did not after
I had spent the whole evening there. Only I did go drink at the Swan, and
there did meet with Sarah, who is now newly married, and there I did lay
the beginnings of a future amour con elle….. Thence it being late away
called at Mrs. Burroughs mothers door, and she come out to me, and I did
hazer whatever I would…. and then parted, and home, and after some
playing at cards with my wife, we to supper and to bed.