Samuel Pepys diary October 1666

OCTOBER 1666

October 1st, 1666. Up, and all the morning at the office, getting the list
of all the ships and vessels employed since the war, for the Committee of
Parliament. At noon with it to Sir W. Coventrys chamber, and there dined
with him and [Sir] W. Batten, and [Sir] W. Pen, and after dinner examined
it and find it will do us much right in the number of men rising to near
the expense we delivered to the Parliament. [Sir] W. Coventry and I (the
others going before the Committee) to Lord Brunckers for his hand, and
find him simply mighty busy in a council of the Queens. He come out and
took in the papers to sign, and sent them mighty wisely out again. Sir W.
Coventry away to the Committee, and I to the Mercers, and there took a
bill of what I owe of late, which comes to about L17. Thence to White
Hall, and there did hear Betty Michell was at this end of the towne, and
so without breach of vowe did stay to endeavour to meet with her and carry
her home; but she did not come, so I lost my whole afternoon. But pretty!
how I took another pretty woman for her, taking her a clap on the breech,
thinking verily it had been her. Staid till [Sir] W. Batten and [Sir] W.
Pen come out, and so away home by water with them, and to the office to do
some business, and then home, and my wife do tell me that W. Hewer tells
her that Mercer hath no mind to come. So I was angry at it, and resolved
with her to have Falconbridges girle, and I think it will be better for
us, and will please me better with singing. With this resolution, to
supper and to bed.

2nd. Up, and am sent for to Sir G. Carteret, and to him, and there he
tells me how our lists are referred to a Sub-committee to consider and
examine, and that I am ordered to be there this afternoon. So I away
thence to my new bookbinder to see my books gilding in the backs, and then
to White Hall to the House, and spoke to Sir W. Coventry, where he told me
I must attend the Committee in the afternoon, and received some hints of
more work to do. So I away to the Chequer, and thence to an alehouse, and
found Mr. Falconbridge, and agreed for his kinswoman to come to me. He
says she can dress my wife, and will do anything we would have her to do,
and is of a good spirit and mighty cheerful. He is much pleased therewith,
and so we shall be. So agreed for her coming the next week. So away home,
and eat a short dinner, and then with Sir W. Pen to White Hall, and do
give his boy my book of papers to hold while he went into the Committee
Chamber in the Inner Court of Wards, and I walked without with Mr.
Slingsby, of the Tower, who was there, and who did in walking inform me
mightily in several things; among others, that the heightening or lowering
of money is only a cheat, and do good to some particular men, which, if I
can but remember how, I am now by him fully convinced of. Anon Sir W. Pen
went away, telling me that Sir W. Coventry that was within had told him
that the fleete is all come into the buoy of the Nore, and that he must
hasten down to them, and so went away, and I into the Committee Chamber
before the Committee sat, and there heard Birch discourse highly and
understandingly about the Navy business and a proposal made heretofore to
farm the Navy; but Sir W. Coventry did abundantly answer him, and is a
most excellent person. By and by the Committee met, and I walked out, and
anon they rose and called me in, and appointed me to attend a Committee of
them to-morrow at the office to examine our lists. This put me into a
mighty fear and trouble; they doing it in a very ill humour, methought. So
I away and called on my Lord Bruncker to desire him to be there to-morrow,
and so home, having taken up my wife at Unthankes, full of trouble in
mind to think what I shall be obliged to answer, that am neither fully
fit, nor in any measure concerned to take the shame and trouble of this
office upon me, but only from the inability and folly of the Comptroller
that occasions it. When come home I to Sir W. Pens, to his boy, for my
book, and there find he hath it not, but delivered it to the doorekeeper
of the Committee for me. This, added to my former disquiet, made me stark
mad, considering all the nakedness of the office lay open in papers within
those covers. I could not tell in the world what to do, but was mad on all
sides, and that which made me worse Captain Cocke was there, and he did so
swear and curse at the boy that told me. So Cocke, Griffin, and the boy
with me, they to find the housekeeper of the Parliament, Hughes, while I
to Sir W. Coventry, but could hear nothing of it there. But coming to our
rendezvous at the Swan Taverne, in Ding Streete, I find they have found
the housekeeper, and the book simply locked up in the Court. So I staid
and drank, and rewarded the doore-keeper, and away home, my heart lighter
by all this, but to bed very sad notwithstanding, in fear of what will
happen to-morrow upon their coming.

3rd. Waked betimes, mightily troubled in mind, and in the most true
trouble that I ever was in my life, saving in the business last year of
the East India prizes. So up, and with Mr. Hater and W. Hewer and Griffin
to consider of our business, and books and papers necessary for this
examination; and by and by, by eight oclock, comes Birch, the first, with
the lists and books of accounts delivered in. He calls me to work, and
there he and I begun, when, by and by, comes Garraway,

[William Garway, elected M.P. for Chichester, March 26th, 1661, and
in 1674 he was appointed by the House to confer with Lord
Shaftesbury respecting the charge against Pepys being popishly
affected. See note to the Life, vol. i., p, xxxii, and for his
character, October 6th, 1666]

the first time I ever saw him, and Sir W. Thompson and Mr. Boscawen. They
to it, and I did make shift to answer them better than I expected. Sir W.
Batten, Lord Bruncker, [Sir] W. Pen, come in, but presently went out; and
[Sir] J. Minnes come in, and said two or three words from the purpose, but
to do hurt; and so away he went also, and left me all the morning with
them alone to stand or fall. At noon Sir W. Batten comes to them to invite
them (though fast day) to dinner, which they did, and good company they
were, but especially Garraway. Here I have news brought me of my fathers
coming to town, and I presently to him, glad to see him, poor man, he
being come to town unexpectedly to see us and the city. I could not stay
with him, but after dinner to work again, only the Committee and I, till
dark night, and by that time they cast up all the lists, and found out
what the medium of men was borne all the war, of all sorts, and ended with
good peace, and much seeming satisfaction; but I find them wise and
reserved, and instructed to hit all our blots, as among others, that we
reckon the ships full manned from the beginning. They gone, and my heart
eased of a great deale of fear and pain, and reckoning myself to come off
with victory, because not overcome in anything or much foiled, I away to
Sir W. Coventrys chamber, but he not within, then to White Hall, and
there among the ladies, and saw my Lady Castlemaine never looked so ill,
nor Mrs. Stewart neither, as in this plain, natural dress. I was not
pleased with either of them. Away, not finding [Sir] W. Coventry, and so
home, and there find my father and my brother come to towne—my
father without my expectation; but glad I am to see him. And so to supper
with him, and to work again at the office; then home, to set up all my
folio books, which are come home gilt on the backs, very handsome to the
eye, and then at midnight to bed. This night [Sir] W. Pen told me [Sir] W.
Batten swears he will have nothing to do with the Privateer if his son do
not go Lieutenant, which angers me and him; but we will be even with him,
one way or other.

4th. Up, and mighty betimes, to [Sir] W. Coventry, to give him an account
of yesterdays work, which do give him good content. He did then tell me
his speech lately to the House in his owne vindication about the report of
his selling of places, he having a small occasion offered him by chance,
which he did desire, and took, and did it to his content, and, he says, to
the Houses seeming to approve of it by their hum. He confessed how long
he had done it, and how he desired to have something else; and, since
then, he had taken nothing, and challenged all the world. I was glad of
this also. Thence up to the Duke of York, by appointment, with fellow
officers, to complaine, but to no purpose, of want of money, and so away.
I to Sir G. Carteret, to his lodging, and here discoursed much of the want
of money and our being designed for destruction. How the King hath lost
his power, by submitting himself to this way of examining his accounts,
and is become but as a private man. He says the King is troubled at it,
but they talk an entry shall be made, that it is not to be brought into
example; that the King must, if they do not agree presently, make them a
courageous speech, which he says he may do, the City of London being now
burned, and himself master of an army, better than any prince before him,
and so I believe. Thence home, about noon, to dinner. After dinner the
book binder come, and I sent by him some more books to gild. I to the
office all day, and spent most of it with Sir W. Warren, whom I have had
no discourse with a great while, and when all is done I do find him a
mighty wise man as any I know, and his counsel as much to be followed.
Late with Mr. Hater upon comparing the charge and husbandry of the last
Dutch war with ours now, and do find good roome to think we have done
little worse than they, whereof good use may and will be made. So home to
supper, and to bed.

5th. Up, and with my father talking awhile, then to the office, and there
troubled with a message from Lord Peterborough about money; but I did give
as kind answer as I could, though I hate him. Then to Sir G. Carteret to
discourse about paying of part of the great ships come in, and so home
again to compare the comparison of the two Dutch wars charges for [Sir]
W. Coventry, and then by water (and saw old Mr. Michell digging like a
painfull father for his son) to him, and find him at dinner. After dinner
to look over my papers, and comparing them with some notes of his and
brought me, the sight of some good Navy notes of his which I shall get.
Then examined and liked well my notes, and away together to White Hall, in
the way discoursing the inconvenience of the Kings being thus subject to
an account, but it will be remedied for the time to come, he thinks, if we
can get this over, and I find he will have the Comptrollers business
better done, swearing he will never be for a wit to be employed on
business again. Thence I home, and back again to White Hall, and meeting
Sir H. Cholmly to White Hall; there walked till night that the Committee
come down, and there Sir W. Coventry tells me that the Subcommittee have
made their report to the Grand Committee, and in pretty kind terms, and
have agreed upon allowing us L4 per head, which I am sure will do the
business, but he had endeavoured to have got more, but this do well, and
he and I are both mighty glad it is come to this, and the heat of the
present business seems almost over. But I have more worke cut out for me,
to prepare a list of the extraordinaries, not to be included within the
L4, against Monday. So I away from him, and met with the Vice-Chamberlain,
and I told him when I had this evening in coming hither met with Captain
Cocke, and he told me of a wild motion made in the House of Lords by the
Duke of Buckingham for all men that had cheated the King to be declared
traitors and felons, and that my Lord Sandwich was named. This put me into
a great pain, so the Vice-Chamberlain, who had heard nothing of it, having
been all day in the City, away with me to White Hall; and there come to me
and told me that, upon Lord Ashlys asking their direction whether, being
a peere, he should bring in his accounts to the Commons, which they did
give way to, the Duke of Buckingham did move that, for the time to come,
what I have written above might be declared by some fuller law than
heretofore. Lord Ashly answered, that it was not the fault of the present
laws, but want of proof; and so said the Lord Chancellor. He answered,
that a better law, he thought, might be made so the House laughing, did
refer it to him to bring in a Bill to that purpose, and this was all. So I
away with joyful heart home, calling on Cocke and telling him the same. So
I away home to the office to clear my Journall for five days, and so home
to supper and to bed, my father who had staid out late and troubled me
thereat being come home well and gone to bed, which pleases me also. This
day, coming home, Mr. Kirtons kinsman, my bookseller, come in my way; and
so I am told by him that Mr. Kirton is utterly undone, and made 2 or L3000
worse than nothing, from being worth 7 or L8,000. That the goods laid in
the Churchyarde fired through the windows those in St. Fayths church; and
those coming to the warehouses doors fired them, and burned all the books
and the pillars of the church, so as the roof falling down, broke quite
down, which it did not do in the other places of the church, which is
alike pillared (which I knew not before); but being not burned, they stand
still. He do believe there is above; L50,000 of books burned; all the
great booksellers almost undone: not only these, but their warehouses at
their Hall, and under Christchurch, and elsewhere being all burned. A
great want thereof there will be of books, specially Latin books and
foreign books; and, among others, the Polyglottes and new Bible, which he
believes will be presently worth L40 a-piece.

6th. Up, and having seen my brother in his cassocke, which I am not the
most satisfied in, being doubtfull at this time what course to have him
profess too soon. To the office and there busy about a list of the
extraordinaries of the charge of the fleete this war; and was led to go to
the office of the ordnance to be satisfied in something, and find their
accounts and books kept in mighty good order, but that they can give no
light, nor will the nature of their affairs permit it to tell what the
charge of the ordnance comes to a man a month. So home again and to
dinner, there coming Creed to me; but what with business and my hatred to
the man, I did not spend any time with him, but after dinner [my] wife and
he and I took coach and to Westminster, but he light about Pauls, and
set her at her tailors, and myself to St. Jamess, but there missing
[Sir] W. Coventry, returned and took up my wife, and calling at the
Exchange home, whither Sir H. Cholmly come to visit me, but my business
suffered me not to stay with him. So he gone I by water to Westminster
Hall and thence to St. Jamess, and there found [Sir] W. Coventry waiting
for me, and I did give him a good account to his mind of the business he
expected about extraordinaries and then fell to other talke, among others,
our sad condition contracted by want of a Comptroller;

[As Sir John Minnes performed the duties inefficiently, it was
considered necessary to take the office from him: See January 21st.]

and it was his words, that he believes, besides all the shame and trouble
he hath brought on the office, the King had better have given L100,000
than ever have had him there. He did discourse about some of these
discontented Parliament-men, and says that Birch is a false rogue, but
that Garraway is a man that hath not been well used by the Court, though
very stout to death, and hath suffered all that is possible for the King
from the beginning. But discontented as he is, yet he never knew a Session
of Parliament but he hath done some good deed for the King before it rose.
I told him the passage Cocke told me of his having begged a brace of bucks
of the Lord Arlington for him, and when it come to him, he sent it back
again. Sir W. Coventry told me, it is much to be pitied that the King
should lose the service of a man so able and faithfull; and that he ought
to be brought over, but that it is always observed, that by bringing over
one discontented man, you raise up three in his room; which is a State
lesson I never knew before. But when others discover your fear, and that
discontent procures favour, they will be discontented too, and impose on
you. Thence to White Hall and got a coach and home, and there did business
late, and so home and set up my little books of one of my presses come
home gilt, which pleases me mightily, and then to bed. This morning my
wife told me of a fine gentlewoman my Lady Pen tells her of, for L20 per
annum, that sings, dances, plays on four or five instruments and many
other fine things, which pleases me mightily: and she sent to have her see
her, which she did this afternoon; but sings basely, and is a tawdry wench
that would take L8, but [neither] my wife nor I think her fit to come.

7th (Lords day). Up, and after visiting my father in his chamber, to
church, and then home to dinner. Little Michell and his wife come to dine
with us, which they did, and then presently after dinner I with Sir J.
Minnes to White Hall, where met by Sir W. Batten and Lord Bruncker, to
attend the King and Duke of York at the Cabinet; but nobody had determined
what to speak of, but only in general to ask for money. So I was forced
immediately to prepare in my mind a method of discoursing. And anon we
were called in to the Green Room, where the King, Duke of York, Prince
Rupert, Lord Chancellor, Lord Treasurer, Duke of Albemarle, [Sirs] G.
Carteret, W. Coventry, Morrice. Nobody beginning, I did, and made a
current, and I thought a good speech, laying open the ill state of the
Navy: by the greatness of the debt; greatness of work to do against next
yeare; the time and materials it would take; and our incapacity, through a
total want of money. I had no sooner done, but Prince Rupert rose up and
told the King in a heat, that whatever the gentleman had said, he had
brought home his fleete in as good a condition as ever any fleete was
brought home; that twenty boats would be as many as the fleete would want:
and all the anchors and cables left in the storm might be taken up again.
This arose from my saying, among other things we had to do, that the
fleete was come in—the greatest fleete that ever his Majesty had yet
together, and that in as bad condition as the enemy or weather could put
it; and to use Sir W. Pens words, who is upon the place taking a survey,
he dreads the reports he is to receive from the Surveyors of its defects.
I therefore did only answer, that I was sorry for his Highnesss offence,
but that what I said was but the report we received from those entrusted
in the fleete to inform us. He muttered and repeated what he had said; and
so, after a long silence on all hands, nobody, not so much as the Duke of
Albemarle, seconding the Prince, nor taking notice of what he said, we
withdrew. I was not a little troubled at this passage, and the more when
speaking with Jacke Fenn about it, he told me that the Prince will be
asking now who this Pepys is, and find him to be a creature of my Lord
Sandwichs, and therefore this was done only to disparage him. Anon they
broke, up, and Sir W. Coventry come out; so I asked his advice. He told me
he had said something to salve it, which was, that his Highnesse had, he
believed, rightly informed the King that the fleete is come in good
condition to have staid out yet longer, and have fought the enemy, but yet
that Mr. Pepys his meaning might be, that, though in so good condition, if
they should come in and lie all the winter, we shall be very loth to send
them to sea for another years service with[out] great repairs. He said it
would be no hurt if I went to him, and showed him the report himself
brought up from the fleete, where every ship, by the Commanders report,
do need more or less, and not to mention more of Sir W. Pen for doing him
a mischief. So I said I would, but do not think that all this will redound
to my hurt, because the truth of what I said will soon appear. Thence,
having been informed that, after all this pains, the King hath found out
how to supply us with 5 or L6000, when L100,000 were at this time but
absolutely necessary, and we mentioned L50,000. This is every day a
greater and greater omen of ruine. God fit us for it! Sir J. Minnes and I
home (it raining) by coach, calling only on Sir G. Cartefet at his lodging
(who is I find troubled at my Lord Treasurer and Sir Ph. Warwicke bungling
in his accounts), and come home to supper with my father, and then all to
bed. I made my brother in his cassocke to say grace this day, but I like
his voice so ill that I begin to be sorry he hath taken this order upon
him.

8th. Up and to my office, called up by Commissioner Middleton, newly come
to town, but staid not with me; so I to my office busy all the morning.
Towards noon, by water to Westminster Hall, and there by several hear that
the Parliament do resolve to do something to retrench Sir G. Carterets
great salary; but cannot hear of any thing bad they can lay to his charge.
The House did this day order to be engrossed the Bill against importing
Irish cattle; a thing, it seems, carried on by the Western Parliament-men,
wholly against the sense of most of the rest of the House; who think if
you do this, you give the Irish again cause to rebel. Thus plenty on both
sides makes us mad. The Committee of the Canary Company of both factions
come to me for my Cozen Roger that is of the Committee. Thence with [Sir]
W. Coventry when the House rose and [Sir] W. Batten to St. Jamess, and
there agreed of and signed our paper of extraordinaries, and there left
them, and I to Unthankes, where Mr. Falconbridges girle is, and by and
by comes my wife, who likes her well, though I confess I cannot (though
she be of my finding out and sings pretty well), because she will be
raised from so mean a condition to so high all of a sudden; but she will
be much to our profit, more than Mercer, less expense. Here we bespoke
anew gowne for her, and to come to us on Friday. She being gone, my wife
and I home by coach, and then I presently by water with Mr. Pierce to
Westminster Hall, he in the way telling me how the Duke of York and Duke
of Albemarle do not agree. The Duke of York is wholly given up to this
bitch of Denham. The Duke of Albemarle and Prince Rupert do less agree. So
that we are all in pieces, and nobody knows what will be done the next
year. The King hath yesterday in Council declared his resolution of
setting a fashion for clothes, which he will never alter.

[There are several references to this new fashion of dress
introduced by the king, Pepys saw the Duke of York put on the vest
on the 13th, and he says Charles II. himself put it on on the 15th.
On November 4th Pepys dressed himself in the new vest and coat. See
notes, October 15th and November 22nd.]

It will be a vest, I know not well how; but it is to teach the nobility
thrift, and will do good. By and by comes down from the Committee [Sir] W.
Coventry, and I find him troubled at several things happened this
afternoon, which vexes me also; our business looking worse and worse, and
our worke growing on our hands. Time spending, and no money to set
anything in hand with; the end thereof must be speedy ruine. The Dutch
insult and have taken off Bruants head,

[Captain Du Buat, a Frenchman in the Dutch service, plotted with two
magistrates of Rotterdam to obtain a peace with England as the
readiest means of pressing the elevation of the Prince of Orange to
the office of Captain-General. He was brought before the Supreme
Court of Holland, condemned, and executed. He had been one of the
household of the Prince of Orange who were dismissed by De Witt.]

which they have not dared to do (though found guilty of the fault he did
die for, of something of the Prince of Oranges faction) till just now,
which speaks more confidence in our being worse than before. Alderman
Maynell, I hear, is dead. Thence returned in the darke by coach all alone,
full of thoughts of the consequences of this ill complexion of affairs,
and how to save myself and the little I have, which if I can do, I have
cause to bless God that I am so well, and shall be well contented to
retreat to Brampton, and spend the rest of my days there. So to my office,
and did some business, and finished my Journall with resolutions, if God
bless me, to apply myself soberly to settle all matters for myself, and
expect the event of all with comfort. So home to supper and to bed.

9th. Up and to the office, where we sat the first day since the fire, I
think. At noon home, and my uncle Thomas was there, and dined with my
brother and I (my father and I were gone abroad), and then to the office
again in the afternoon, and there close all day long, and did much
business. At night to Sir W. Batten, where Sir R. Ford did occasion some
discourse of sending a convoy to the Maderas; and this did put us upon
some new thoughts of sending our privateer thither on merchants accounts,
which I have more mind to, the profit being certain and occasion honest
withall. So home, and to supper with my father, and then to set my
remainder of my books gilt in order with much pleasure, and so late to
bed.

10th (Fast-day for the fire). Up with Sir W. Batten by water to White
Hall, and anon had a meeting before the Duke of York, where pretty to see
how Sir W. Batten, that carried the surveys of all the fleete with him, to
shew their ill condition to the Duke of York, when he found the Prince
there, did not speak one word, though the meeting was of his asking—for
nothing else. And when I asked him, he told me he knew the Prince too well
to anger him, so that he was afeard to do it. Thence with him to
Westminster, to the parish church, where the Parliament-men, and
Stillingfleete in the pulpit. So full, no standing there; so he and I to
eat herrings at the Dog Taverne. And then to church again, and there was
Mr. Frampton in the pulpit, they cry up so much, a young man, and of a
mighty ready tongue. I heard a little of his sermon, and liked it; but the
crowd so great, I could not stay. So to the Swan, and baise la fille,
and drank, and then home by coach, and took father, wife, brother, and W.
Hewer to Islington, where I find mine host dead. Here eat and drank, and
merry; and so home, and to the office a while, and then to Sir W. Batten
to talk a while, and with Captain Cocke into the office to hear his newes,
who is mighty conversant with Garraway and those people, who tells me what
they object as to the maladministration of things as to money. But that
they mean well, and will do well; but their reckonings are very good, and
show great faults, as I will insert here. They say the king hath had
towards this war expressly thus much

Royal Ayde……………………………… L2,450,000
More…………………………………… 1,250,000
Three months tax given the King by a power of
raising a months tax of L70,000 every
year for three years………………… 0,210,000
Customes, out of which the King did promise
to pay L240,000, which for two years
comes to……………………………. 0,480,000
Prizes, which they moderately reckon at…….. 0,300,000
A debt declared by the Navy, by us…………. 0,900,000
—————
5,590,000

The whole charge of the Navy, as we state it
for two years and a month, hath been but.. 3,200,000

So what is become of all this sum?…….. 2,390,000

He and I did bemoan our public condition. He tells me the Duke of
Albemarle is under a cloud, and they have a mind at Court to lay him
aside. This I know not; but all things are not right with him, and I am
glad of it, but sorry for the time. So home to supper, and to bed, it
being my wedding night,

[See Life, vol. i., p. xxi., where the register of St. Margarets
parish, Westminster, is quoted to the effect that Pepys was married
December 1st, 1655. It seems incomprehensible that both husband and
wife should have been wrong as to the date of their wedding day, but
Mrs. Pepys was unquestionably wrong as to the number of years, for
they had been married nearly eleven.]

but how many years I cannot tell; but my wife says ten.

11th. Up, and discoursed with my father of my sending some money for
safety into the country, for I am in pain what to do with what I have. I
did give him money, poor man, and he overjoyed. So left him, and to the
office, where nothing but sad evidences of ruine coming on us for want of
money. So home to dinner, which was a very good dinner, my father,
brother, wife and I, and then to the office again, where I was all the
afternoon till very late, busy, and then home to supper and to bed.

Memorandum. I had taken my Journall during the fire and the
disorders following in loose papers until this very day, and could
not get time to enter them in my book till January 18, in the
morning, having made my eyes sore by frequent attempts this winter
to do it. But now it is done, for which I thank God, and pray never
the like occasion may happen.

12th. Up, and after taking leave of my poor father, who is setting out
this day for Brampton by the Cambridge coach, he having taken a journey to
see the city burned, and to bring my brother to towne, I out by water; and
so coach to St. Jamess, the weather being foul; and there, from Sir W.
Coventry, do hear how the House have cut us off L150,000 of our wear and
tear, for that which was saved by the King while the fleete lay in harbour
in winter. However, he seems pleased, and so am I, that they have abated
no more, and do intend to allow of 28,000 men for the next year; and this
day have appointed to declare the sum they will give the King,

[The parliament voted this day a supply of L1,800,000 sterling.
See below.]

and to propose the way of raising it; so that this is likely to be the
great day. This done in his chamber, I with him to Westminster Hall, and
there took a few turns, the Hall mighty full of people, and the House
likely to be very full to-day about the money business. Here I met with
several people, and do find that people have a mighty mind to have a fling
at the Vice-Chamberlain, if they could lay hold of anything, his place
being, indeed, too much for such, they think, or any single subject of no
greater parts and quality than he, to enjoy. But I hope he may weather
all, though it will not be by any dexterity of his, I dare say, if he do
stand, but by his fate only, and peoples being taken off by other things.
Thence home by coach, mighty dirty weather, and then to the Treasurers
office and got a ticket paid for my little Michell, and so again by coach
to Westminster, and come presently after the House rose. So to the Swan,
and there sent for a piece of meat and dined alone and played with Sarah,
and so to the Hall a while, and thence to Mrs. Martins lodging and did
what I would with her. She is very big, and resolves I must be godfather.
Thence away by water with Cropp to Deptford. It was almost night before I
got thither. So I did only give directions concerning a press that I have
making there to hold my turning and joyners tooles that were lately given
me, which will be very handsome, and so away back again, it being now
dark, and so home, and there find my wife come home, and hath brought her
new girle I have helped her to, of Mr. Falconbridges. She is wretched
poor; and but ordinary favoured; and we fain to lay out seven or eight
pounds worth of clothes upon her back, which, methinks, do go against my
heart; and I do not think I can ever esteem her as I could have done
another that had come fine and handsome; and which is more, her voice, for
want of use, is so furred, that it do not at present please me; but her
manner of singing is such, that I shall, I think, take great pleasure in
it. Well, she is come, and I wish us good fortune in her. Here I met with
notice of a meeting of the Commissioners for Tangier tomorrow, and so I
must have my accounts ready for them, which caused me to confine myself to
my chamber presently and set to the making up my accounts, which I find
very clear, but with much difficulty by reason of my not doing them
sooner, things being out of my mind.

13th. It cost me till four oclock in the morning, and, which was pretty
to think, I was above an hour, after I had made all right, in casting up
of about twenty sums, being dozed with much work, and had for forty times
together forgot to carry the 60 which I had in my mind, in one
denomination which exceeded 60; and this did confound me for above an hour
together. At last all even and done, and so to bed. Up at seven, and so to
the office, after looking over my last nights work. We sat all the
morning. At noon by coach with my Lord Bruncker and light at the Temple,
and so alone I to dinner at a cookes, and thence to my Lord Bellasses,
whom I find kind; but he had drawn some new proposal to deliver to the
Lords Commissioners to-day, wherein one was, that the garrison would not
be well paid without some goldsmiths undertaking the paying of the bills
of exchange for Tallys. He professing so much kindness to me, and saying
that he would not be concerned in the garrison without me; and that if he
continued in the employment, no man should have to do with the money but
myself. I did ask his Lordships meaning of the proposition in his paper.
He told me he had not much considered it, but that he meant no harm to me.
I told him I thought it would render me useless; whereupon he did very
frankly, after my seeming denials for a good while, cause it to be writ
over again, and that clause left out, which did satisfy me abundantly. It
being done, he and I together to White Hall, and there the Duke of York
(who is gone over to all his pleasures again, and leaves off care of
business, what with his woman, my Lady Denham, and his hunting three times
a week) was just come in from hunting. So I stood and saw him dress
himself, and try on his vest, which is the Kings new fashion, and will be
in it for good and all on Monday next, and the whole Court: it is a
fashion, the King says; he will never change. He being ready, he and my
Lord Chancellor, and Duke of Albemarle, and Prince Rupert, Lord Bellasses,
Sir H. Cholmly, Povy, and myself, met at a Committee for Tangier. My Lord
Bellassess propositions were read and discoursed of, about reducing the
garrison to less charge; and indeed I am mad in love with my Lord
Chancellor, for he do comprehend and speak out well, and with the greatest
easinesse and authority that ever I saw man in my life. I did never
observe how much easier a man do speak when he knows all the company to be
below him, than in him; for though he spoke, indeed, excellent welt, yet
his manner and freedom of doing it, as if he played with it, and was
informing only all the rest of the company, was mighty pretty. He did call
again and again upon Mr. Povy for his accounts. I did think fit to make
the solemn tender of my accounts that I intended. I said something that
was liked, touching the want of money, and the bad credit of our tallys.
My Lord Chancellor moved, that without any trouble to any of the rest of
the Lords, I might alone attend the King, when he was with his private
Council; and open the state of the garrisons want of credit; and all that
could be done, should. Most things moved were referred to Committees, and
so we broke up. And at the end Sir W. Coventry come; so I away with him,
and he discoursed with me something of the Parliaments business. They
have voted giving the [King] for next year L1,800,000; which, were it not
for his debts, were a great sum. He says, he thinks the House may say no
more to us for the present, but that we must mend our manners against the
next tryall, and mend them we will. But he thinks it not a fit time to be
found making of trouble among ourselves, meaning about Sir J. Minnes, who
most certainly must be removed, or made a Commissioner, and somebody else
Comptroller. But he tells me that the House has a great envy at Sir G.
Carteret, and that had he ever thought fit in all his discourse to have
touched upon the point of our want of money and badness of payment, it
would have been laid hold on to Sir G. Carterets hurt; but he hath
avoided it, though without much reason for it, most studiously, and in
short did end thus, that he has never shewn so much of the pigeon in all
his life as in his innocence to Sir G. Carteret at this time; which I
believe, and will desire Sir G. Carteret to thank him for it. So we broke
up and I by coach home, calling for a new pair of shoes, and so, little
being to do at the office, did go home, and after spending a little in
righting some of my books, which stood out of order, I to bed.

14th (Lords day). Lay long in bed, among other things, talking of my
wifes renewing her acquaintance with Mrs. Pierce, which, by my wifes ill
using her when she was here last, hath been interrupted. Herein we were a
little angry together, but presently friends again; and so up, and I to
church, which was mighty full, and my beauties, Mrs. Lethulier and fair
Batelier, both there. A very foul morning, and rained; and sent for my
cloake to go out of the church with. So dined, and after dinner (a good
discourse thereat to my brother) he and I by water to White Hall, and he
to Westminster Abbey. Here I met with Sir Stephen Fox, who told me how
much right I had done myself, and how well it is represented by the
Committee to the House, my readinesse to give them satisfaction in
everything when they were at the office. I was glad of this. He did
further discourse of Sir W. Coventrys, great abilities, and how necessary
it were that I were of the House to assist him. I did not owne it, but do
myself think it were not unnecessary if either he should die, or be
removed to the Lords, or any thing to hinder his doing the like service
the next trial, which makes me think that it were not a thing very unfit;
but I will not move in it. He and I parted, I to Mrs. Martins, thinking
to have met Mrs. Burrows, but she was not there, so away and took my
brother out of the Abbey and home, and there to set some accounts right,
and to the office to even my Journall, and so home to supper and to bed.

15th. Called up, though a very rainy morning, by Sir H. Cholmley, and he
and I most of the morning together evening of accounts, which I was very
glad of. Then he and I out to Sir Robt. Viners, at the African house
(where I had not been since he come thither); but he was not there; but I
did some business with his people, and then to Colvills, who, I find,
lives now in Lyme Streete, and with the same credit as ever, this fire
having not done them any wrong that I hear of at all. Thence he and I
together to Westminster Hall, in our way talking of matters and passages
of state, the viciousness of the Court; the contempt the King brings
himself into thereby; his minding nothing, but doing all things just as
his people about him will have it; the Duke of York becoming a slave to
this whore Denham, and wholly minds her; that there really was amours
between the Duchesse and Sidney; a that there is reason to fear that, as
soon as the Parliament have raised this money, the King will see that he
hath got all that he can get, and then make up a peace. He tells me, what
I wonder at, but that I find it confirmed by Mr. Pierce, whom I met
by-and-by in the Hall, that Sir W. Coventry is of the caball with the Duke
of York, and Bruncker, with this Denham; which is a shame, and I am sorry
for it, and that Sir W. Coventry do make her visits; but yet I hope it is
not so. Pierce tells me, that as little agreement as there is between the
Prince—[Rupert]—and Duke of Albemarle, yet they are likely to
go to sea again; for the first will not be trusted alone, and nobody will
go with him but this Duke of Albemarle. He tells me much how all the
commanders of the fleete and officers that are sober men do cry out upon
their bad discipline, and the ruine that must follow it if it continue.
But that which I wonder most at, it seems their secretaries have been the
most exorbitant in their fees to all sorts of the people, that it is not
to be believed that they durst do it, so as it is believed they have got
L800 apiece by the very vacancies in the fleete. He tells me that Lady
Castlemayne is concluded to be with child again; and that all the people
about the King do make no scruple of saying that the King do lie with Mrs.
Stewart, who, he says, is a most excellent-natured lady. This day the King
begins to put on his vest, and I did see several persons of the House of
Lords and Commons too, great courtiers, who are in it; being a long
cassocke close to the body, of black cloth, and pinked with white silke
under it, and a coat over it, and the legs ruffled with black riband like
a pigeons leg; and, upon the whole, I wish the King may keep it, for it
is a very fine and handsome garment.

[Evelyn describes the new fashion as a comely dress after ye
Persian mode (see Diary, October 18th, 1666). He adds that he
had described the comelinesse and usefulnesse of the Persian
clothing in his pamphlet entitled Tyrannus, or the Mode. I do
not impute to this discourse the change which soone happend, but
it was an identity I could not but take notice of. Rugge, in his
Diurnal, thus describes the new Court costume 1666, Oct. 11. In
this month His Majestie and whole Court changed the fashion of their
clothes-viz. a close coat of cloth, pinkt with a white taffety under
the cutts. This in length reached the calf of the leg, and upon
that a sercoat cutt at the breast, which hung loose and shorter than
the vest six inches. The breeches the Spanish cut, and buskins some
of cloth, some of leather, but of the same colour as the vest or
garment; of never the like fashion since William the Conqueror. It
is represented in a portrait of Lord Arlington, by Sir P. Lely,
formerly belonging to Lord de Clifford, and engraved in Lodges
Portraits. Louis XIV. ordered his servants to wear the dress.
See November 22.]

Walking with Pierce in the Court of Wards out comes Sir W. Coventry, and
he and I talked of business. Among others I proposed the making Sir J.
Minnes a Commissioner, and make somebody else Comptroller. He tells me it
is the thing he hath been thinking of, and hath spoke to the Duke of York
of it. He believes it will be done; but that which I fear is that Pen will
be Comptroller, which I shall grudge a little. The Duke of Buckingham
called him aside and spoke a good while with him. I did presently fear it
might be to discourse something of his design to blemish my Lord of
Sandwich, in pursuance of the wild motion he made the other day in the
House. Sir W. Coventry, when he come to me again, told me that he had
wrought a miracle, which was, the convincing the Duke of Buckingham that
something—he did not name what—that he had intended to do was
not fit to be done, and that the Duke is gone away of that opinion. This
makes me verily believe it was something like what I feared. By and by the
House rose, and then we parted, and I with Sir G. Carteret, and walked in
the Exchequer Court, discoursing of businesses. Among others, I observing
to him how friendly Sir W. Coventry had carried himself to him in these
late inquiries, when, if he had borne him any spleen, he could have had
what occasion he pleased offered him, he did confess he found the same
thing, and would thanke him for it. I did give him some other advices, and
so away with him to his lodgings at White Hall to dinner, where my Lady
Carteret is, and mighty kind, both of them, to me. Their son and my Lady
Jemimah will be here very speedily. She tells me the ladies are to go into
a new fashion shortly, and that is, to wear short coats, above their
ancles; which she and I do not like, but conclude this long trayne to be
mighty graceful. But she cries out of the vices of the Court, and how they
are going to set up plays already; and how, the next day after the late
great fast, the Duchesse of York did give the King and Queene a play. Nay,
she told me that they have heretofore had plays at Court the very nights
before the fast for the death of the late King: She do much cry out upon
these things, and that which she believes will undo the whole nation; and
I fear so too. After dinner away home, Mr. Brisband along with me as far
as the Temple, and there looked upon a new booke, set out by one Rycault,
secretary to my Lord Winchelsea, of the policy and customs of the Turks,
which is, it seems, much cried up. But I could not stay, but home, where I
find Balty come back, and with him some muster-books, which I am glad of,
and hope he will do me credit in his employment. By and by took coach
again and carried him home, and my wife to her tailors, while I to White
Hall to have found out Povy, but miss him and so call in my wife and home
again, where at Sir W. Battens I met Sir W. Pen, lately come from the
fleete at the Nore; and here were many good fellows, among others Sir R.
Holmes, who is exceeding kind to me, more than usual, which makes me
afeard of him, though I do much wish his friendship. Thereupon, after a
little stay, I withdrew, and to the office and awhile, and then home to
supper and to my chamber to settle a few papers, and then to bed. This day
the great debate was in Parliament, the manner of raising the L1,800,000
they voted [the King] on Friday; and at last, after many proposals, one
moved that the Chimney-money might be taken from the King, and an equal
revenue of something else might be found for the King, and people be
enjoyned to buy off this tax of Chimney-money for ever at eight years
purchase, which will raise present money, as they think, L1,600,000, and
the State be eased of an ill burthen and the King be supplied of something
as food or better for his use. The House seems to like this, and put off
the debate to to-morrow.

16th. Up, and to the office, where sat to do little business but hear
clamours for money. At noon home to dinner, and to the office again, after
hearing my brother play a little upon the Lyra viall, which he do so as to
show that he hath a love to musique and a spirit for it, which I am well
pleased with. All the afternoon at the office, and at night with Sir W.
Batten, Sir W. Pen, [and Sir] J. Minnes, at [Sir] W. Pens lodgings,
advising about business and orders fit presently to make about discharging
of ships come into the river, and which to pay first, and many things in
order thereto. But it vexed me that, it being now past seven oclock, and
the businesses of great weight, and I had done them by eight oclock, and
sending them to be signed, they were all gone to bed, and Sir W. Pen,
though awake, would not, being in bed, have them brought to him to sign;
this made me quite angry. Late at work at the office, and then home to
supper and to bed. Not come to any resolution at the Parliament to-day
about the manner of raising this L1,800,000.

17th. Up, and busy about public and private business all the morning at
the office. At noon home to dinner, alone with my brother, with whom I had
now the first private talke I have had, and find he hath preached but
twice in his life. I did give him some advice to study pronunciation; but
I do fear he will never make a good speaker, nor, I fear, any general good
scholar, for I do not see that he minds optickes or mathematiques of any
sort, nor anything else that I can find. I know not what he may be at
divinity and ordinary school-learning. However, he seems sober, and that
pleases me. After dinner took him and my wife and Barker (for so is our
new woman called, and is yet but a sorry girle), and set them down at
Unthankes, and so to White Hall, and there find some of my brethren with
the Duke of York, but so few I put off the meeting. So staid and heard the
Duke discourse, which he did mighty scurrilously, of the French, and with
reason, that they should give Beaufort orders when he was to bring, and
did bring, his fleete hither, that his rendezvous for his fleete, and for
all sluggs to come to, should be between Calais and Dover; which did prove
the taking of La Roche[lle], who, among other sluggs behind, did, by their
instructions, make for that place, to rendezvous with the fleete; and
Beaufort, seeing them as he was returning, took them for the English
fleete, and wrote word to the King of France that he had passed by the
English fleete, and the English fleete durst not meddle with him. The
Court is all full of vests, only my Lord St. Albans not pinked but plain
black; and they say the King says the pinking upon white makes them look
too much like magpyes, and therefore hath bespoke one of plain velvet.
Thence to St. Jamess by coach, and spoke, at four oclock or five, with
Sir W. Coventry, newly come from the House, where they have sat all this
day and not come to an end of the debate how the money shall be raised. He
tells me that what I proposed to him the other day was what he had himself
thought on and determined, and that he believes it will speedily be done—the
making Sir J. Minnes a Commissioner, and bringing somebody else to be
Comptroller, and that (which do not please me, I confess, for my own
particulars, so well as Sir J. Minnes) will, I fear, be Sir W. Pen, for he
is the only fit man for it. Away from him and took up my wife, and left
her at Temple Bar to buy some lace for a petticoat, and I took coach and
away to Sir R. Viners about a little business, and then home, and by and
by to my chamber, and there late upon making up an account for the Board
to pass to-morrow, if I can get them, for the clearing all my imprest
bills, which if I can do, will be to my very good satisfaction. Having
done this, then to supper and to bed.

18th. Up, and to the office, where we sat all the morning. The waters so
high in the roads, by the late rains, that our letters come not in till
to-day, and now I understand that my father is got well home, but had a
painful journey of it. At noon with Lord Bruncker to St. Ellens, where
the master of the late Popes Head Taverne is now set up again, and there
dined at Sir W. Warrens cost, a very good dinner. Here my Lord Bruncker
proffered to carry me and my wife into a play at Court to-night, and to
lend me his coach home, which tempted me much; but I shall not do it.
Thence rose from table before dinner ended, and homewards met my wife, and
so away by coach towards Lovetts (in the way wondering at what a good
pretty wench our Barker makes, being now put into good clothes, and
fashionable, at my charge; but it becomes her, so that I do not now think
much of it, and is an example of the power of good clothes and dress),
where I stood godfather. But it was pretty, that, being a Protestant, a
man stood by and was my Proxy to answer for me. A priest christened it,
and the boys name is Samuel. The ceremonies many, and some foolish. The
priest in a gentlemans dress, more than my owne; but is a Capuchin, one
of the Queene-mothers priests. He did give my proxy and the woman proxy
(my Lady Bills, absent, had a proxy also) good advice to bring up the
child, and, at the end, that he ought never to marry the child nor the
godmother, nor the godmother the child or the godfather: but, which is
strange, they say that the mother of the child and the godfather may
marry. By and by the Lady Bills come in, a well-bred but crooked woman.
The poor people of the house had good wine, and a good cake; and she a
pretty woman in her lying-in dress. It cost me near 40s. the whole
christening: to midwife 20s., nurse 10s., mayde 2s. 6d., and the coach 5s.
I was very well satisfied with what I have done, and so home and to the
office, and thence to Sir W. Battens, and there hear how the business of
buying off the Chimney-money is passed in the House; and so the King to be
satisfied some other way, and the King supplied with the money raised by
this purchasing off of the chimnies. So home, mightily pleased in mind
that I have got my bills of imprest cleared by bills signed this day, to
my good satisfaction. To supper, and to bed.

19th. Up, and by coach to my Lord Ashlys, and thence (he being gone out),
to the Exchequer chamber, and there find him and my Lord Bellasses about
my Lord Bellasses accounts, which was the business I went upon. This was
soon ended, and then I with Creed back home to my house, and there he and
I did even accounts for salary, and by that time dinner was ready, and
merry at dinner, and then abroad to Povys, who continues as much
confounded in all his business as ever he was; and would have had me paid
money, as like a fool as himself, which I troubled him in refusing; but I
did persist in it. After a little more discourse, I left them, and to
White Hall, where I met with Sir Robert Viner, who told me a little of
what, in going home, I had seen; also a little of the disorder and mutiny
among the seamen at the Treasurers office, which did trouble me then and
all day since, considering how many more seamen will come to towne every
day, and no money for them. A Parliament sitting, and the Exchange close
by, and an enemy to hear of, and laugh at it.

[The King of Denmark was induced to conclude a treaty with the
United Provinces, a secret article of which bound him to declare war
against England. The order in council for the printing and
publishing a declaration of war against Denmark is dated Whitehall,
Sept. 19, 1666; annexed is A True Declaration of all
transactions between his Majesty of Great Britain and the King of
Denmark, with a declaration of war against the said king, and the
motives that obliged his Majesty thereunto (Calendar of State
Papers, 1666-67, p. 140).]

Viner too, and Backewell, were sent for this afternoon; and was before the
King and his Cabinet about money; they declaring they would advance no
more, it being discoursed of in the House of Parliament for the King to
issue out his privy-seals to them to command them to trust him, which
gives them reason to decline trusting. But more money they are persuaded
to lend, but so little that (with horrour I speake it), coming after the
Council was up, with Sir G. Carteret, Sir W. Coventry, Lord Bruncker, and
myself, I did lay the state of our condition before the Duke of York, that
the fleete could not go out without several things it wanted, and we could
not have without money, particularly rum and bread, which we have promised
the man Swan to helpe him to L200 of his debt, and a few other small sums
of L200 a piece to some others, and that I do foresee the Duke of York
would call us to an account why the fleete is not abroad, and we cannot
answer otherwise than our want of money; and that indeed we do not do the
King any service now, but do rather abuse and betray his service by being
there, and seeming to do something, while we do not. Sir G. Carteret asked
me (just in these words, for in this and all the rest I set down the very
words for memory sake, if there should be occasion) whether L50 or L60
would do us any good; and when I told him the very rum man must have L200,
he held up his eyes as if we had asked a million. Sir W. Coventry told the
Duke of York plainly he did rather desire to have his commission called in
than serve in so ill a place, where he cannot do the King service, and I
did concur in saying the same. This was all very plain, and the Duke of
York did confess that he did not see how we could do anything without a
present supply of L20,000, and that he would speak to the King next
Council day, and I promised to wait on him to put him in mind of it. This
I set down for my future justification, if need be, and so we broke up,
and all parted, Sir W. Coventry being not very well, but I believe made
much worse by this nights sad discourse. So I home by coach, considering
what the consequence of all this must be in a little time. Nothing but
distraction and confusion; which makes me wish with all my heart that I
were well and quietly settled with what little I have got at Brampton,
where I might live peaceably, and study, and pray for the good of the King
and my country. Home, and to Sir W. Battens, where I saw my Lady, who is
now come down stairs after a great sickness. Sir W. Batten was at the pay
to-day, and tells me how rude the men were, but did go away quietly, being
promised pay on Wednesday next. God send us money for it! So to the
office, and then to supper and to bed. Among other things proposed in the
House to-day, to give the King in lieu of chimneys, there was the bringing
up of sealed paper, such as Sir J. Minnes shewed me to-night, at Sir W.
Battens, is used in Spayne, and brings the King a great revenue; but it
shows what shifts we are put to too much.

20th. Up, and all the morning at the office, where none met but myself. So
I walked a good while with Mr. Gawden in the garden, who is lately come
from the fleete at the buoy of the Nore, and he do tell me how all the
sober commanders, and even Sir Thomas Allen himself, do complain of the
ill government of the fleete. How Holmes and Jennings have commanded all
the fleete this yeare, that nothing is done upon deliberation, but if a
sober man give his opinion otherwise than the Prince would have it the
Prince would cry, Damn him, do you follow your orders, and that is enough
for you. He tells me he hears of nothing but of swearing and drinking and
whoring, and all manner of profaneness, quite through the whole fleete. He
being gone, there comes to me Commissioner Middleton, whom I took on
purpose to walk in the garden with me, and to learn what he observed when
the fleete was at Portsmouth. He says that the fleete was in such a
condition, as to discipline, as if the Devil had commanded it; so much
wickedness of all sorts. Enquiring how it come to pass that so many ships
miscarried this year, he tells me that he enquired; and the pilots do say,
that they dare not do nor go but as the Captains will have them; and if
they offer to do otherwise, the Captains swear they will run them through.
He says that he heard Captain Digby (my Lord of Bristolls son, a young
fellow that never was but one year, if that, in the fleete) say that he
did hope he should not see a tarpaulin have the command of a ship within
this twelve months. He observed while he was on board the Admirall, when
the fleete was at Portsmouth, that there was a faction there. Holmes
commanded all on the Princes side, and Sir Jeremy Smith on the Dukes,
and every body that come did apply themselves to one side or other; and
when the Duke of Albemarle was gone away to come hither, then Sir Jeremy
Smith did hang his head, and walked in the Generalls ship but like a
private commander. He says he was on board The Prince, when the newes come
of the burning of London; and all the Prince said was, that now Shiptons
prophecy was out; and he heard a young commander presently swear, that now
a citizens wife that would not take under half a piece before, would be
occupied for half-a-crowne: and made mighty sport of it. He says that
Hubberd that commanded this year the Admirals ship is a proud conceited
fellow (though I thought otherwise of him), and fit to command a single
ship but not a fleete, and he do wonder that there hath not been more
mischief this year than there hath. He says the fleete come to anchor
between the Horse and the Island, so that when they came to weigh many of
the ships could not turn, but run foul of the Horse, and there stuck, but
that the weather was good. He says that nothing can do the King more
disservice, nor please the standing officers of the ship better than these
silly commanders that now we have, for they sign to anything that their
officers desire of them, nor have judgment to contradict them if they
would. He told me other good things, which made me bless God that we have
received no greater disasters this year than we have, though they have
been the greatest that ever was known in England before, put all their
losses of the Kings ships by want of skill and seamanship together from
the beginning. He being gone, comes Sir G. Carteret, and he and I walked
together awhile, discoursing upon the sad condition of the times, what
need we have, and how impossible it is to get money. He told me my Lord
Chancellor the other day did ask him how it come to pass that his friend
Pepys do so much magnify all things to worst, as I did on Sunday last, in
the bad condition of the fleete. Sir G. Carteret tells me that he answered
him, that I was but the mouth of the rest, and spoke what they have
dictated to me; which did, as he says, presently take off his displeasure.
So that I am well at present with him, but I must have a care not to be
over busy in the office again, and burn my fingers. He tells me he wishes
he had sold his place at some good rate to somebody or other at the
beginning of the warr, and that he would do it now, but no body will deale
with him for it. He tells me the Duke of Albemarle is very much
discontented, and the Duke of York do not, it seems, please him. He tells
me that our case as to money is not to be made good at present, and
therefore wishes a good and speedy peace before it be too late, and from
his discourse methinks I find that there is something moving towards it.
Many people at the office, but having no more of the office I did put it
off till the next meeting. Thence, with Sir G. Carteret, home to dinner,
with him, my Lady and Mr. Ashburnham, the Cofferer. Here they talk that
the Queene hath a great mind to alter her fashion, and to have the feet
seen, which she loves mightily; and they do believe that it [will] come
into it in a little time. Here I met with the Kings declaration about his
proceedings with the King of Denmarke, and particularly the business of
Bergen; but it is so well writ, that, if it be true, the King of Denmarke
is one of the most absolute wickednesse in the world for a person of his
quality. After dinner home, and there met Mr. Povy by appointment, and
there he and I all the afternoon, till late at night, evening of all
accounts between us, which we did to both our satisfaction; but that which
troubles me most is, that I am to refund to the ignoble Lord Peterborough
what he had given us six months ago, because we did not supply him with
money; but it is no great matter. He gone I to the office, and there did
some business; and so home, my mind in good ease by having done with Povy
in order to the adjusting of all my accounts in a few days. So home to
supper and to bed.

21st (Lords day). Up, and with my wife to church, and her new woman
Barker with her the first time. The girle will, I think, do very well.
Here a lazy sermon, and so home to dinner, and took in my Lady Pen and Peg
(Sir William being below with the fleete), and mighty merry we were, and
then after dinner presently (it being a mighty cool day) I by coach to
White Hall, and there attended the Cabinet, and was called in before the
King and them to give an account of our want of money for Tangier, which
troubles me that it should be my place so often and so soon after one
another to come to speak there of their wants—the thing of the world
that they love least to hear of, and that which is no welcome thing to be
the solicitor for—and to see how like an image the King sat and
could not speak one word when I had delivered myself was very strange;
only my Lord Chancellor did ask me, whether I thought it was in nature at
this time to help us to anything. So I was referred to another meeting of
the Lords Commissioners for Tangier and my Lord Treasurer, and so went
away, and by coach home, where I spent the evening in reading
Stillingfleets defence of the Archbishopp, the part about Purgatory, a
point I had never considered before, what was said for it or against it,
and though I do believe we are in the right, yet I do not see any great
matter in this book. So to supper; and my people being gone, most of them,
to bed, my boy and Jane and I did get two of my iron chests out of the
cellar into my closett, and the money to my great satisfaction to see it
there again, and the rather because the damp cellar spoils all my chests.
This being done, and I weary, to bed. This afternoon walking with Sir H.
Cholmly long in the gallery, he told me, among many other things, how
Harry Killigrew is banished the Court lately, for saying that my Lady
Castlemayne was a little lecherous girle when she was young…. This she
complained to the King of, and he sent to the Duke of York, whose servant
he is, to turn him away. The Duke of York hath done it, but takes it ill
of my Lady that he was not complained to first. She attended him to excute
it, but ill blood is made by it. He told me how Mr. Williamson stood in a
little place to have come into the House of Commons, and they would not
choose him; they said, No courtier. And which is worse, Bab May went
down in great state to Winchelsea with the Duke of Yorks letters, not
doubting to be chosen; and there the people chose a private gentleman in
spite of him, and cried out they would have no Court pimp to be their
burgesse; which are things that bode very ill. This afternoon I went to
see and sat a good while with Mrs. Martin, and there was her sister Doll,
with whom, contrary to all expectation, I did what I would, and might have
done anything else.

22nd. Up, and by coach to Westminster Hall, there thinking to have met
Betty Michell, who I heard yesterday staid all night at her fathers, but
she was gone. So I staid a little and then down to the bridge by water,
and there overtook her and her father. So saluted her and walked over
London Bridge with them and there parted, the weather being very foul, and
so to the Tower by water, and so heme, where I find Mr. Caesar playing the
treble to my boy upon the Theorbo, the first time I heard him, which
pleases me mightily. After dinner I carried him and my wife towards
Westminster, by coach, myself lighting at the Temple, and there, being a
little too soon, walked in the Temple Church, looking with pleasure on the
monuments and epitaphs, and then to my Lord Belasses, where Creed and Povy
by appointment met to discourse of some of their Tangier accounts between
my Lord and Vernatty, who will prove a very knave. That being done I away
with Povy to White Hall, and thence I to Unthankes, and there take up my
wife, and so home, it being very foule and darke. Being there come, I to
the settling of some of my money matters in my chests, and evening some
accounts, which I was at late, to my extraordinary content, and especially
to see all things hit so even and right and with an apparent profit and
advantage since my last accounting, but how much I cannot particularly yet
come to adjudge.

23rd. Up, and to the office all the morning. At noon Sir W. Batten told me
Sir Richard Ford would accept of one-third of my profit of our private
man-of-war, and bear one-third of the charge, and be bound in the
Admiralty, so I shall be excused being bound, which I like mightily of,
and did draw up a writing, as well as I could, to that purpose and signed
and sealed it, and so he and Sir R. Ford are to go to enter into bond this
afternoon. Home to dinner, and after dinner, it being late, I down by
water to Shadwell, to see Betty Michell, the first time I was ever at
their new dwelling since the fire, and there find her in the house all
alone. I find her mighty modest. But had her lips as much as I would, and
indeed she is mighty pretty, that I love her exceedingly. I paid her L10
1s. that I received upon a ticket for her husband, which is a great
kindness I have done them, and having kissed her as much as I would, I
away, poor wretch, and down to Deptford to see Sir J. Minnes ordering of
the pay of some ships there, which he do most miserably, and so home.
Bagwells wife, seeing me come the fields way, did get over her pales to
come after and talk with me, which she did for a good way, and so parted,
and I home, and to the office, very busy, and so to supper and to bed.

24th. Up, and down to the Old Swan, and there find little Michell come to
his new shop that he hath built there in the room of his house that was
burned. I hope he will do good here. I drank and bade him joy, for I love
him and his wife well, him for his care, and her for her person, and so to
White Hall, where we attended the Duke; and to all our complaints for want
of money, which now we are tired out with making, the Duke only tells us
that he is sorry for it, and hath spoke to the King of it, and money we
shall have as soon as it can be found; and though all the issue of the war
lies upon it, yet that is all the answer we can get, and that is as bad or
worse than nothing. Thence to Westminster Hall, where the term is begun,
and I did take a turn or two, and so away by coach to Sir R. Viners, and
there received some money, and then home and to dinner. After dinner to
little business, and then abroad with my wife, she to see her brother, who
is sick, and she believes is from some discontent his wife hath given him
by her loose carriage, which he is told, and he hath found has been very
suspicious in his absence, which I am sorry for. I to the Hall and there
walked long, among others talking with Mr. Hayes, Prince Ruperts
Secretary, a very ingenious man, and one, I think, fit to contract some
friendship with. Here I staid late, walking to and again, hearing how the
Parliament proceeds, which is mighty slowly in the settling of the money
business, and great factions growing every day among them. I am told also
how Holmes did last Sunday deliver in his articles to the King and Cabinet
against [Sir Jeremy] Smith, and that Smith hath given in his answer, and
lays his not accompanying the fleete to his pilot, who would not undertake
to carry the ship further; which the pilot acknowledges. The thing is not
accommodated, but only taken up, and both sides commanded to be quiet; but
no peace like to be. The Duke of Albemarle is Smiths friend, and hath
publiquely swore that he would never go to sea again unless Holmess
commission were taken from him.

[In the instructions given to Sir Thomas Clifford (August 5th, 1666)
to be communicated to Prince Rupert and the Duke of Albemarle, we
read: to tell them that the complaint of Sir Jeremy Smiths
misbehaviour in the late engagement being so universal, unless he
have fully satisfied the generals he should be brought to trial by
court-martial, and there purged or condemned. The Duke of
Albemarle answered the king (August 14th?): Wishes to clear a
gallant man falsely accused, Sir Jeremiah Smith, who had more men
killed and hurt, and his ship received more shot than any in the
fleet. There is not a more spirited man serves in the fleet On
October 27th H. Muddiman wrote to Sir Edward Stradling: Sir Jeremy
Smith has got as much credit by his late examination as his enemies
wished him disgrace, the King and Duke of York being fully satisfied
of his valour in the engagement. It appears that he had 147 men
killed and wounded, while the most eminent of his accusers had but
two or three. With regard to Sir Jeremys counter-charges, we
read: Nov. 3. The King having maturely considered the charges
brought against Sir Rob. Holmes by Sir Jeremy Smith, finds no cause
to suspect Sir Robert of cowardice in the fight with the Dutch of
June 25 and 26, but thinks that on the night of the 26th he yielded
too easily to the opinion of his pilot, without consulting those of
the other ships, muzzled his ship, and thus obliged the squadron to
do the same, and so the enemy, which might have been driven into the
body of the kings fleet, then returning from the pursuit, was
allowed to escape (Calendar of State Papers, 1666-67, pp. 14,
40, 222, 236).]

I find by Hayes that they did expect great glory in coming home in so good
condition as they did with the fleete, and therefore I the less wonder
that the Prince was distasted with my discourse the other day about the
bad state of the fleete. But it pleases me to hear that he did expect
great thanks, and lays the fault of the want of it upon the fire, which
deadened everything, and the glory of his services. About seven at night
home, and called my wife, and, it being moonshine, took her into the
garden, and there layed open our condition as to our estate, and the
danger of my having it [his money] all in the house at once, in case of
any disorder or troubles in the State, and therefore resolved to remove
part of it to Brampton, and part some whither else, and part in my owne
house, which is very necessary, and will tend to our safety, though I
shall not think it safe out of my owne sight. So to the office, and then
to supper and to bed.

25th. Up betimes and by water to White Hall, and there with Sir G.
Carteret to Sir W. Coventry, who is come to his winter lodgings at White
Hall, and there agreed upon a method of paying of tickets; and so I back
again home and to the office, where we sate all the morning, but to little
purpose but to receive clamours for money. At noon home to dinner, where
the two Mrs. Daniels come to see us, and dined with us. After dinner I out
with my wife to Mrs. Pierces, where she hath not been a great while, from
some little unkindness of my wifes to her when she was last here, but she
received us with mighty respect and discretion, and was making herself
mighty fine to go to a great ball to-night at Court, being the Queenes
birthday; so the ladies for this one day do wear laces, but to put them
off again to-morrow. Thence I to my Lord Brunckers, and with him to Mrs.
Williamss where we met Knipp. I was glad to see the jade. Made her sing;
and she told us they begin at both houses to act on Monday next. But I
fear, after all this sorrow, their gains will be but little. Mrs. Williams
says, the Dukes house will now be much the better of the two, because of
their women; which I am glad to hear. Thence with Lord Bruncker to White
Hall and there spoke with Sir W. Coventry about some office business, and
then I away to Mrs. Pierces, and there saw her new closet, which is mighty
rich and fine. Her daughter Betty grows mighty pretty. Thence with my wife
home and to do business at the office. Then to Sir W. Battens, who tells
me that the House of Parliament makes mighty little haste in settling the
money, and that he knows not when it will be done; but they fall into
faction, and libells have been found in the House. Among others, one
yesterday, wherein they reckon up divers great sums to be given away by
the King, among others, L10,000 to Sir W. Coventry, for weare and teare
(the point he stood upon to advance that sum by, for them to give the
King); Sir G. Carteret L50,000 for something else, I think supernumerarys;
and so to Matt. Wren L5000 for passing the Canary Companys patent; and so
a great many other sums to other persons. So home to supper and to bed.

26th. Up, and all the morning and most of the afternoon within doors,
beginning to set my accounts in order from before this fire, I being
behindhand with them ever since; and this day I got most of my tradesmen
to bring in their bills and paid them. Dined at home, and busy again after
dinner, and then abroad by water to Westminster Hall, where I walked till
the evening, and then out, the first time I ever was abroad with Doll
Lane, to the Dog tavern, and there drank with her, a bad face, but good
bodied girle. Did nothing but salute and play with her and talk, and
thence away by coach, home, and so to do a little more in my accounts, and
then to supper and to bed. Nothing done in the House yet as to the
finishing of the bill for money, which is a mighty sad thing, all lying at
stake for it.

27th. Up, and there comes to see me my Lord Belasses, which was a great
honour. He tells me great newes, yet but what I suspected, that Vernatty
is fled, and so hath cheated him and twenty more, but most of all, I
doubt, Mr. Povy. Thence to talk about publique business; he tells me how
the two Houses begin to be troublesome; the Lords to have quarrels one
with another. My Lord Duke of Buckingham having said to the Lord
Chancellor (who is against the passing of the Bill for prohibiting the
bringing over of Irish cattle), that whoever was against the Bill, was
there led to it by an Irish interest, or an Irish understanding, which is
as much as to say he is a Poole; this bred heat from my Lord Chancellor,
and something he [Buckingham] said did offend my Lord of Ossory (my Lord
Duke of Ormonds son), and they two had hard words, upon which the latter
sends a challenge to the former; of which the former complains to the
House, and so the business is to be heard on Monday next. Then as to the
Commons; some ugly knives, like poignards, to stab people with, about two
or three hundred of them were brought in yesterday to the House, found in
one of the houses rubbish that was burned, and said to be the house of a
Catholique. This and several letters out of the country, saying how high
the Catholiques are everywhere and bold in the owning their religion, have
made the Commons mad, and they presently voted that the King be desired to
put all Catholiques out of employment, and other high things; while the
business of money hangs in the hedge. So that upon the whole, God knows we
are in a sad condition like to be, there being the very beginnings of the
late troubles. He gone, I at the office all the morning. At noon home to
dinner, where Mrs. Pierce and her boy and Knipp, who sings as well, and is
the best company in the world, dined with us, and infinite merry. The
playhouses begin to play next week. Towards evening I took them out to the
New Exchange, and there my wife bought things, and I did give each of them
a pair of Jesimy

[Jessemin (Jasminum), the flowers of which are of a delicate sweet
smell, and often used to perfume gloves. Edmund Howes, Stows
continuator, informs us that sweet or perfumed gloves were first
brought into England by the Earl of Oxford on his return from Italy,
in the fifteenth year of Queen Elizabeth, during whose reign, and
long afterwards, they were very fashionable. They are frequently
mentioned by Shakespeare. Autolyctis, in the Winters Tale, has
among his wares—Gloves as sweet as damask roses.—B.]

plain gloves, and another of white. Here Knipp and I walked up and down to
see handsome faces, and did see several. Then carried each of them home,
and with great pleasure and content, home myself, where, having writ
several letters, I home, and there, upon some serious discourse between my
wife and I upon the business, I called to us my brother, and there broke
to him our design to send him into the country with some part of our
money, and so did seriously discourse the whole thing, and then away to
supper and to bed. I pray God give a blessing to our resolution, for I do
much fear we shall meet with speedy distractions for want of money.

28th (Lords day). Up, and to church with my wife, and then home, and
there is come little Michell and his wife, I sent for them, and also tomes
Captain Guy to dine with me, and he and I much talk together. He cries out
of the discipline of the fleete, and confesses really that the true
English valour we talk of is almost spent and worn out; few of the
commanders doing what they should do, and he much fears we shall therefore
be beaten the next year. He assures me we were beaten home the last June
fight, and that the whole fleete was ashamed to hear of our bonefires. He
commends Smith, and cries out of Holmes for an idle, proud, conceited,
though stout fellow. He tells me we are to owe the losse of so many ships
on the sands, not to any fault of the pilots, but to the weather; but in
this I have good authority to fear there was something more. He says the
Dutch do fight in very good order, and we in none at all. He says that in
the July fight, both the Prince and Holmes had their belly-fulls, and were
fain to go aside; though, if the wind had continued, we had utterly beaten
them. He do confess the whole to be governed by a company of fools, and
fears our ruine. After dinner he gone, I with my brother to White Hall and
he to Westminster Abbey. I presently to Mrs. Martins, and there met widow
Burroughes and Doll, and did tumble them all the afternoon as I pleased,
and having given them a bottle of wine I parted and home by boat (my
brother going by land), and thence with my wife to sit and sup with my
uncle and aunt Wight, and see Woollys wife, who is a pretty woman, and
after supper, being very merry, in abusing my aunt with Dr. Venner, we
home, and I to do something in my accounts, and so to bed. The Revenge
having her forecastle blown up with powder to the killing of some men in
the River, and the Dyamonds being overset in the careening at Sheernesse,
are further marks of the method all the Kings work is now done in. The
Foresight also and another come to disasters in the same place this week
in the cleaning; which is strange.

29th. Up, and to the office to do business, and thither comes to me Sir
Thomas Teddiman, and he and I walked a good while in the garden together,
discoursing of the disorder and discipline of the fleete, wherein he told
me how bad every thing is; but was very wary in speaking any thing to the
dishonour of the Prince or Duke of Albemarle, but do magnify my Lord
Sandwich much before them both, for ability to serve the King, and do
heartily wish for him here. For he fears that we shall be undone the next
year, but that he will, however, see an end of it. To prevent the
necessity of his dining with me I was forced to pretend occasion of going
to Westminster, so away I went, and Mr. Barber, the clerk, having a
request to make to me to get him into employment, did walk along with me,
and by water to Westminster with me, he professing great love to me, and
an able clerk he is. When I come thither I find the new Lord Mayor Bolton
a-swearing at the Exchequer, with some of the Aldermen and Livery; but,
Lord! to see how meanely they now look, who upon this day used to be all
little lords, is a sad sight and worthy consideration. And every body did
reflect with pity upon the poor City, to which they are now coming to
choose and swear their Lord Mayor, compared with what it heretofore was.
Thence by coach (having in the Hall bought me a velvet riding cap, cost me
20s.) to my taylors, and there bespoke a plain vest, and so to my
goldsmith to bid him look out for some gold for me; and he tells me that
ginnys, which I bought 2,000 of not long ago, and cost me but 18 1/2d.
change, will now cost me 22d.; and but very few to be had at any price.
However, some more I will have, for they are very convenient, and of easy
disposal. So home to dinner and to discourse with my brother upon his
translation of my Lord Bacons Faber Fortunae, which I gave him to do
and he has done it, but meanely; I am not pleased with it at all, having
done it only literally, but without any life at all. About five oclock I
took my wife (who is mighty fine, and with a new fair pair of locks, which
vex me, though like a foole I helped her the other night to buy them), and
to Mrs. Pierces, and there staying a little I away before to White Hall,
and into the new playhouse there, the first time I ever was there, and the
first play I have seen since before the great plague. By and by Mr. Pierce
comes, bringing my wife and his, and Knipp. By and by the King and Queene,
Duke and Duchesse, and all the great ladies of the Court; which, indeed,
was a fine sight. But the play being Love in a Tub, a silly play, and
though done by the Dukes people, yet having neither Betterton nor his
wife, and the whole thing done ill, and being ill also, I had no manner of
pleasure in the play. Besides, the House, though very fine, yet bad for
the voice, for hearing. The sight of the ladies, indeed, was exceeding
noble; and above all, my Lady Castlemayne. The play done by ten oclock. I
carried them all home, and then home myself, and well satisfied with the
sight, but not the play, we with great content to bed.

30th. Up, and to the office, where sat all the morning, and at noon home
to dinner, and then to the office again, where late, very busy, and
dispatching much business. Mr. Hater staying most of the afternoon abroad,
he come to me, poor man, to make excuse, and it was that he had been
looking out for a little house for his family. His wife being much
frightened in the country with the discourses of troubles and disorders
like to be, and therefore durst not be from him, and therefore he is
forced to bring her to towne that they may be together. This is now the
general apprehension of all people; particulars I do not know, but my owne
fears are also great, and I do think it time to look out to save
something, if a storm should come. At night home to supper, and singing
with my wife, who hath lately begun to learn, and I think will come to do
something, though her eare is not good, nor I, I confess, have patience
enough to teach her, or hear her sing now and then a note out of tune, and
am to blame that I cannot bear with that in her which is fit I should do
with her as a learner, and one that I desire much could sing, and so
should encourage her. This I was troubled at, for I do find that I do put
her out of heart, and make her fearfull to sing before me. So after supper
to bed.

31st. Out with Sir W. Batten toward White Hall, being in pain in my cods
by being squeezed the other night in a little coach when I carried Pierce
and his wife and my people. But I hope I shall be soon well again. This
day is a great day at the House, so little to do with the Duke of York,
but soon parted. Coming out of the Court I met Colonell Atkins, who tells
me the whole city rings to-day of Sir Jeremy Smiths killing of Holmes in
a duell, at which I was not much displeased, for I fear every day more and
more mischief from the man, if he lives; but the thing is not true, for in
my coach I did by and by meet Sir Jer. Smith going to Court. So I by coach
to my goldsmith, there to see what gold I can get, which is but little,
and not under 22d. So away home to dinner, and after dinner to my closett,
where I spent the whole afternoon till late at evening of all my accounts
publique and private, and to my great satisfaction I do find that I do
bring my accounts to a very near balance, notwithstanding all the hurries
and troubles I have been put to by the late fire, that I have not been
able to even my accounts since July last before; and I bless God I do find
that I am worth more than ever I yet was, which is L6,200, for which the
Holy Name of God be praised! and my other accounts of Tangier in a very
plain and clear condition, that I am not liable to any trouble from them;
but in fear great I am, and I perceive the whole city is, of some
distractions and disorders among us, which God of his goodness prevent!
Late to supper with my wife and brother, and then to bed. And thus ends
the month with an ill aspect, the business of the Navy standing wholly
still. No credit, no goods sold us, nobody will trust. All we have to do
at the office is to hear complaints for want of money. The Duke of York
himself for now three weeks seems to rest satisfied that we can do nothing
without money, and that all must stand still till the King gets money,
which the Parliament have been a great while about; but are so
dissatisfied with the Kings management, and his giving himself up to
pleasures, and not minding the calling to account any of his officers, and
they observe so much the expense of the war, and yet that after we have
made it the most we can, it do not amount to what they have given the King
for the warn that they are backward of giving any more. However,
L1,800,000 they have voted, but the way of gathering it has taken up more
time than is fit to be now lost: The seamen grow very rude, and every
thing out of order; commanders having no power over their seamen, but the
seamen do what they please. Few stay on board, but all coming running up
hither to towne, and nobody can with justice blame them, we owing them so
much money; and their familys must starve if we do not give them money, or
they procure upon their tickets from some people that will trust them. A
great folly is observed by all people in the Kings giving leave to so
many merchantmen to go abroad this winter, and some upon voyages where it
is impossible they should be back again by the spring, and the rest will
be doubtfull, but yet we let them go; what the reason of State is nobody
can tell, but all condemn it. The Prince and Duke of Albemarle have got no
great credit by this years service. Our losses both of reputation and
ships having been greater than is thought have ever been suffered in all
ages put together before; being beat home, and fleeing home the first
fight, and then losing so many ships then and since upon the sands, and
some falling into the enemys hands, and not one taken this yeare, but the
Ruby, French prize, now at the end of the yeare, by the Frenchmens
mistake in running upon us. Great folly in both Houses of Parliament,
several persons falling together by the eares, among others in the House
of Lords, the Duke of Buckingham and my Lord Ossory. Such is our case,
that every body fears an invasion the next yeare; and for my part, I do
methinks foresee great unhappiness coming upon us, and do provide for it
by laying by something against a rainy day, dividing what I have, and
laying it in several places, but with all faithfulness to the King in all
respects; my grief only being that the King do not look after his business
himself, and thereby will be undone both himself and his nation, it being
not yet, I believe, too late if he would apply himself to it, to save all,
and conquer the Dutch; but while he and the Duke of York mind their
pleasure, as they do and nothing else, we must be beaten. So late with my
mind in good condition of quiet after the settling all my accounts, and to
bed.