Samuel Pepys diary August 1666


August 1st. Up betimes to the settling of my last months accounts, and I
bless God I find them very clear, and that I am worth L5700, the most that
ever my book did yet make out. So prepared to attend the Duke of Yorke as
usual, but Sir W. Pen, just as I was going out, comes home from
Sheernesse, and held me in discourse about publique business, till I come
by coach too late to St. Jamess, and there find that every thing stood
still, and nothing done for want of me. Thence walked over the Parke with
Sir W. Coventry, who I clearly see is not thoroughly pleased with the late
management of the fight, nor with any thing that the Generalls do; only is
glad to hear that De Ruyter is out of favour, and that this fight hath
cost them 5,000 men, as they themselves do report. And it is a strange
thing, as he observes, how now and then the slaughter runs on one hand;
there being 5,000 killed on theirs, and not above 400 or 500 killed and
wounded on ours, and as many flag-officers on theirs as ordinary captains
in ours; there being Everson, and the Admiral and Vice-Admiral of
Freezeland on theirs, and Seamour, Martin, and——-, on ours. I
left him going to Chappell, it being the common fast day, and the Duke of
York at Chappell. And I to Mrs. Martins, but she abroad, so I sauntered
to or again to the Abbey, and then to the parish church, fearfull of being
seen to do so, and so after the parish church was ended, I to the Swan and
there dined upon a rabbit, and after dinner to Mrs. Martins, and there
find Mrs. Burroughs, and by and by comes a pretty widow, one Mrs.
Eastwood, and one Mrs. Fenton, a maid; and here merry kissing and looking
on their breasts, and all the innocent pleasure in the world. But, Lord!
to see the dissembling of this widow, how upon the singing of a certain
jigg by Doll, Mrs. Martins sister, she seemed to be sick and fainted and
God knows what, because the jigg, which her husband (who died this last
sickness) loved. But by and by I made her as merry as is possible, and
towzed and tumbled her as I pleased, and then carried her and her sober
pretty kinswoman Mrs. Fenton home to their lodgings in the new market of
my Lord Treasurers, and there left them. Mightily pleased with this
afternoons mirth, but in great pain to ride in a coach with them, for
fear of being seen. So home, and there much pleased with my wifes drawing
today in her pictures, and so to supper and to bed very pleasant.

2nd. [Up] and to the office, where we sat, and in discourse at the table
with Sir W. Batten, I was obliged to tell him it was an untruth, which did
displease him mightily, and parted at noon very angry with me. At home
find Lovett, who brought me some papers varnished, and showed me my
crucifix, which will be very fine when done. He dined with me and Baltys
wife, who is in great pain for her husband, not hearing of him since the
fight; but I understand he was not in it, going hence too late, and I am
glad of it. Thence to the office, and thither comes to me Creed, and he
and I walked a good while, and then to the victualling office together,
and there with Mr. Gawden I did much business, and so away with Creed
again, and by coach to see my Lord Bruncker, who it seems was not well
yesterday, but being come thither, I find his coach ready to carry him
abroad, but Tom, his footman, whatever the matter was, was lothe to desire
me to come in, but I walked a great while in the Piatza till I was going
away, but by and by my Lord himself comes down and coldly received me. So
I soon parted, having enough for my over officious folly in troubling
myself to visit him, and I am apt to think that he was fearfull that my
coming was out of design to see how he spent his time [rather] than to
enquire after his health. So parted, and I with Creed down to the New
Exchange Stairs, and there I took water, and he parted, so home, and then
down to Woolwich, reading and making an end of the Rival Ladys, and find
it a very pretty play. At Woolwich, it being now night, I find my wife and
Mercer, and Mr. Batelier and Mary there, and a supper getting ready. So I
staid, in some pain, it being late, and post night. So supped and merrily
home, but it was twelve at night first. However, sent away some letters,
and home to bed.

3rd. Up and to the office, where Sir W. Batten and I sat to contract for
some fire-ships. I there close all the morning. At noon home to dinner,
and then abroad to Sir Philip Warwickes at White Hall about Tangier one
quarter tallys, and there had some serious discourse touching money, and
the case of the Navy, wherein all I could get of him was that we had the
full understanding of the treasure as much as my Lord Treasurer himself,
and knew what he can do, and that whatever our case is, more money cannot
be got till the Parliament. So talked of getting an account ready as soon
as we could to give the Parliament, and so very melancholy parted. So I
back again, calling my wife at her sisters, from whose husband we do now
hear that he was safe this week, and going in a ship to the fleete from
the buoy of the Nore, where he has been all this while, the fleete being
gone before he got down. So home, and busy till night, and then to Sir W.
Pen, with my wife, to sit and chat, and a small supper, and home to bed.
The death of Everson, and the report of our success, beyond expectation,
in the killing of so great a number of men, hath raised the estimation of
the late victory considerably; but it is only among fools: for all that
was but accidental. But this morning, getting Sir.W. Pen to read over the
Narrative with me, he did sparingly, yet plainly, say that we might have
intercepted their Zealand squadron coming home, if we had done our parts;
and more, that we might have spooned before the wind as well as they, and
have overtaken their ships in the pursuite, in all the while.

[To spoom, or spoon, is to go right before the wind, without any
sail. Sea Dictionary. Dryden uses the word

When virtue spooms before a prosperous gale,
My heaving wishes help to fill the sail.
Hind and Panther, iii. 96.]

4th. Up, and to the office, where all the morning, and, at noon to dinner,
and Mr. Cooke dined with us, who is lately come from Hinchingbroke, [Lord
Hinchingbrooke] who is also come to town: The family all well. Then I to
the office, where very busy to state to Mr. Coventry the account of the
victuals of the fleete, and late at it, and then home to supper and to
bed. This evening, Sir W. Pen come into the garden, and walked with me,
and told me that he had certain notice that at Flushing they are in great
distraction. De Ruyter dares not come on shore for fear of the people; nor
any body open their houses or shops for fear of the tumult: which is a
every good hearing.

5th. (Lords day). Up, and down to the Old Swan, and there called Betty
Michell and her husband, and had two or three a long salutes from her out
of sight of su mari, which pleased me mightily, and so carried them by
water to West minster, and I to St. Jamess, and there had a meeting
before the Duke of Yorke, complaining of want of money, but nothing done
to any purpose, for want we shall, so that now our advices to him signify
nothing. Here Sir W. Coventry did acquaint the Duke of Yorke how the world
do discourse of the ill method of our books, and that we would consider
how to answer any enquiry which shall be made after our practice therein,
which will I think concern the Controller most, but I shall make it a
memento to myself. Thence walked to the Parish Church to have one look
upon Betty Michell, and so away homeward by water, and landed to go to the
church, where, I believe, Mrs. Horsely goes, by Merchant-tailors Hall,
and there I find in the pulpit Elborough, my old schoolfellow and a simple
rogue, and yet I find him preaching a very good sermon, and in as right a
parson-like manner, and in good manner too, as I have heard any body; and
the church very full, which is a surprising consideration; but I did not
see her. So home, and had a good dinner, and after dinner with my wife,
and Mercer, and Jane by water, all the afternoon up as high as Morclaeke
with great pleasure, and a fine day, reading over the second part of the
Siege of Rhodes, with great delight. We landed and walked at
Barne-elmes, and then at the Neat Houses I landed and bought a millon,—[melon]—and
we did also land and eat and drink at Wandsworth, and so to the Old Swan,
and thence walked home. It being a mighty fine cool evening, and there
being come, my wife and I spent an houre in the garden, talking of our
living in the country, when I shall be turned out of the office, as I fear
the Parliament may find faults enough with the office to remove us all,
and I am joyed to think in how good a condition I am to retire thither,
and have wherewith very well to subsist. Nan, at Sir W. Pens, lately
married to one Markeham, a kinsman of Sir W. Pens, a pretty wench she is.

6th. Up, and to the office a while, and then by water to my Lady
Montagus, at Westminster, and there visited my Lard Hinchingbroke, newly
come from Hinchingbroke, and find him a mighty sober gentleman, to my
great content. Thence to Sir Ph. Warwicke and my Lord Treasurers, but
failed in my business; so home and in Fenchurch-streete met with Mr.
Battersby; says he, Do you see Dan Rawlinsons door shut up? (which I
did, and wondered). Why, says he, after all the sickness, and himself
spending all the last year in the country, one of his men is now dead of
the plague, and his wife and one of his mayds sicke, and himself shut up;
which troubles me mightily. So home; and there do hear also from Mrs.
Sarah Daniel, that Greenwich is at this time much worse than ever it was,
and Deptford too: and she told us that they believed all the towne would
leave the towne and come to London; which is now the receptacle of all the
people from all infected places. God preserve us! So by and by to dinner,
and, after dinner in comes Mrs. Knipp, and I being at the office went home
to her, and there I sat and talked with her, it being the first time of
her being here since her being brought to bed. I very pleasant with her;
but perceive my wife hath no great pleasure in her being here, she not
being pleased with my kindnesse to her. However, we talked and sang, and
were very pleasant. By and by comes Mr. Pierce and his wife, the first
time she also hath been here since her lying-in, both having been brought
to bed of boys, and both of them dead. And here we talked, and were
pleasant, only my wife in a chagrin humour, she not being pleased with my
kindnesse to either of them, and by and by she fell into some silly
discourse wherein I checked her, which made her mighty pettish, and
discoursed mighty offensively to Mrs. Pierce, which did displease me, but
I would make no words, but put the discourse by as much as I could (it
being about a report that my wife said was made of herself and meant by
Mrs. Pierce, that she was grown a gallant, when she had but so few suits
of clothes these two or three years, and a great deale of that silly
discourse), and by and by Mrs. Pierce did tell her that such discourses
should not trouble her, for there went as bad on other people, and
particularly of herself at this end of the towne, meaning my wife, that
she was crooked, which was quite false, which my wife had the wit not to
acknowledge herself to be the speaker of, though she has said it twenty
times. But by this means we had little pleasure in their visit; however,
Knipp and I sang, and then I offered them to carry them home, and to take
my wife with me, but she would not go: so I with them, leaving my wife in
a very ill humour, and very slighting to them, which vexed me. However, I
would not be removed from my civility to them, but sent for a coach, and
went with them; and, in our way, Knipp saying that she come out of doors
without a dinner to us, I took them to Old Fish Streete, to the very house
and woman where I kept my wedding dinner, where I never was since, and
there I did give them a joie of salmon, and what else was to be had. And
here we talked of the ill-humour of my wife, which I did excuse as much as
I could, and they seemed to admit of it, but did both confess they
wondered at it; but from thence to other discourse, and among others to
that of my Lord Bruncker and Mrs. Williams, who it seems do speake mighty
hardly of me for my not treating them, and not giving her something to her
closett, and do speake worse of my wife, and dishonourably, but it is what
she do of all the world, though she be a whore herself; so I value it not.
But they told me how poorly my Lord carried himself the other day to his
kinswoman, Mrs. Howard, and was displeased because she called him uncle to
a little gentlewoman that is there with him, which he will not admit of;
for no relation is to be challenged from others to a lord, and did treat
her thereupon very rudely and ungenteely. Knipp tells me also that my Lord
keeps another woman besides Mrs. Williams; and that, when I was there the
other day, there was a great hubbub in the house, Mrs. Williams being
fallen sicke, because my Lord was gone to his other mistresse, making her
wait for him, till his return from the other mistresse; and a great deale
of do there was about it; and Mrs. Williams swounded at it, at the very
time when I was there and wondered at the reason of my being received so
negligently. I set them both at home, Knipp at her house, her husband
being at the doore; and glad she was to be found to have staid out so long
with me and Mrs. Pierce, and none else; and Mrs. Pierce at her house, and
am mightily pleased with the discretion of her during the simplicity and
offensiveness of my wifes discourse this afternoon. I perceive by the new
face at Mrs. Pierces door that our Mary is gone from her. So I home,
calling on W. Joyce in my coach, and staid and talked a little with him,
who is the same silly prating fellow that ever he was, and so home, and
there find my wife mightily out of order, and reproaching of Mrs. Pierce
and Knipp as wenches, and I know not what. But I did give her no words to
offend her, and quietly let all pass, and so to bed without any good looke
or words to or from my wife.

7th. Up, and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and home to
dinner, and then to the office again, being pretty good friends with my
wife again, no angry words passed; but she finding fault with Mercer,
suspecting that it was she that must have told Mary, that must have told
her mistresse of my wifes saying that she was crooked. But the truth is,
she is jealous of my kindnesse to her. After dinner, to the office, and
did a great deale of business. In the evening comes Mr. Reeves, with a
twelve-foote glasse, so I left the office and home, where I met Mr.
Batelier with my wife, in order to our going to-morrow, by agreement, to
Bow to see a dancing meeting. But, Lord! to see how soon I could conceive
evil fears and thoughts concerning them; so Reeves and I and they up to
the top of the house, and there we endeavoured to see the moon, and
Saturne and Jupiter; but the heavens proved cloudy, and so we lost our
labour, having taken pains to get things together, in order to the
managing of our long glasse. So down to supper and then to bed, Reeves
lying at my house, but good discourse I had from him: in his own trade,
concerning glasses, and so all of us late to bed. I receive fresh
intelligence that Deptford and Greenwich are now afresh exceedingly
afflicted with the sickness more than ever.

8th. Up, and with Reeves walk as far as the Temple, doing some business in
my way at my booksellers and elsewhere, and there parted, and I took
coach, having first discoursed with Mr. Hooke a little, whom we met in the
streete, about the nature of sounds, and he did make me understand the
nature of musicall sounds made by strings, mighty prettily; and told me
that having come to a certain number of vibrations proper to make any
tone, he is able to tell how many strokes a fly makes with her wings
(those flies that hum in their flying) by the note that it answers to in
musique during their flying. That, I suppose, is a little too much
refined; but his discourse in general of sound was mighty fine. There I
left them, and myself by coach to St. Jamess, where we attended with the
rest of my fellows on the Duke, whom I found with two or three patches
upon his nose and about his right eye, which come from his being struck
with the bough of a tree the other day in his hunting; and it is a wonder
it did not strike out his eye. After we had done our business with him,
which is now but little, the want of money being such as leaves us little
to do but to answer complaints of the want thereof, and nothing to offer
to the Duke, the representing of our want of money being now become
uselesse, I into the Park, and there I met with Mrs. Burroughs by
appointment, and did agree (after discoursing of some business of hers)
for her to meet me at New Exchange, while I by coach to my Lord
Treasurers, and then called at the New Exchange, and thence carried her
by water to Parliament stayres, and I to the Exchequer about my Tangier
quarter tallys, and that done I took coach and to the west door of the
Abby, where she come to me, and I with her by coach to Lissen-greene where
we were last, and staid an hour or two before dinner could be got for us,
I in the meantime having much pleasure with her, but all honest. And by
and by dinner come up, and then to my sport again, but still honest; and
then took coach and up and down in the country toward Acton, and then
toward Chelsy, and so to Westminster, and there set her down where I took
her up, with mighty pleasure in her company, and so I by coach home, and
thence to Bow, with all the haste I could, to my Lady Poolys, where my
wife was with Mr. Batelier and his sisters, and there I found a noble
supper, and every thing exceeding pleasant, and their mother, Mrs.
Batelier, a fine woman, but mighty passionate upon sudden news brought her
of the loss of a dog borrowed of the Duke of Albemarles son to line a
bitch of hers that is very pretty, but the dog was by and by found, and so
all well again, their company mighty innocent and pleasant, we having
never been here before. About ten oclock we rose from table, and sang a
song, and so home in two coaches (Mr. Batelier and his sister Mary and my
wife and I in one, and Mercer alone in the other); and after being
examined at Allgate, whether we were husbands and wives, home, and being
there come, and sent away Mr. Batelierand his sister, I find Reeves there,
it being a mighty fine bright night, and so upon my leads, though very
sleepy, till one in the morning, looking on the moon and Jupiter, with
this twelve-foote glasse and another of six foote, that he hath brought
with him to-night, and the sights mighty pleasant, and one of the glasses
I will buy, it being very usefull. So to bed mighty sleepy, but with much
pleasure. Reeves lying at my house again; and mighty proud I am (and ought
to be thankfull to God Almighty) that I am able to have a spare bed for my

9th. Up and to the office to prepare business for the Board, Reeves being
gone and I having lent him upon one of the glasses. Here we sat, but to
little purpose, nobody coming at us but to ask for money, not to offer us
any goods. At noon home to dinner, and then to the office again, being
mightily pleased with a Virgins head that my wife is now doing of. In the
evening to Lumbard-streete about money, to enable me to pay Sir G.
Carterets L3000, which he hath lodged in my hands, in behalf of his son
and my Lady Jemimah, toward their portion, which, I thank God, I am able
to do at a minutes warning. In my [way] I inquired, and find Mrs.
Rawlinson is dead of the sickness, and her mayde continues mighty ill. He
himself is got out of the house. I met also with Mr. Evelyn in the
streete, who tells me the sad condition at this very day at Deptford for
the plague, and more at Deale (within his precinct as one of the
Commissioners for sick and wounded seamen), that the towne is almost quite
depopulated. Thence back home again, and after some business at my office,
late, home to supper and to bed, I being sleepy by my late want of rest,
notwithstanding my endeavouring to get a nap of an hour this afternoon
after dinner. So home and to bed.

10th. Up and to my chamber; there did some business and then to my office,
and towards noon by water to the Exchequer about my Tangier order, and
thence back again and to the Exchange, where little newes but what is in
the book, and, among other things, of a man sent up for by the King and
Council for saying that Sir W. Coventry did give intelligence to the Dutch
of all our matters here. I met with Colvill, and he and I did agree about
his lending me L1000 upon a tally of L1000 for Tangier. Thence to Sympson,
the joyner, and I am mightily pleased with what I see of my presses for my
books, which he is making for me. So homeward, and hear in
Fanchurch-streete, that now the mayde also is dead at Mr. Rawlinsons; so
that there are three dead in all, the wife, a man-servant, and
mayde-servant. Home to dinner, where sister Balty dined with us, and met a
letter come to me from him. He is well at Harwich, going to the fleete.
After dinner to the office, and anon with my wife and sister abroad, left
them in Paternoster Row, while Creed, who was with me at the office, and I
to Westminster; and leaving him in the Strand, I to my Lord Chancellors,
and did very little business, and so away home by water, with more and
more pleasure, I every time reading over my Lord Bacons Faber Fortunae.
So home, and there did little business, and then walked an hour talking of
sundry things in the garden, and find him a cunning knave, as I always
observed him to be, and so home to supper, and to bed. Pleased that this
day I find, if I please, I can have all my money in that I have out of my
hands, but I am at a loss whether to take it in or no, and pleased also to
hear of Mrs. Barbara Sheldons good fortune, who is like to have Mr.
Woods son, the mast-maker, a very rich man, and to be married speedily,
she being already mighty fine upon it.

11th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning. At noon home to
dinner, where mighty pleased at my wifes beginnings of a little Virgins
head. To the office and did much business, and then to Mr. Colvills, and
with him did come to an agreement about my L2600 assignment on the
Exchequer, which I had of Sir W. Warren; and, to my great joy, I think I
shall get above L100 by it, but I must leave it to be finished on Monday.
Thence to the office, and there did the remainder of my business, and so
home to supper and to bed. This afternoon I hear as if we had landed some
men upon the Dutch coasts, but I believe it is but a foolery either in the
report or the attempt.

12th (Lords day). Up and to my chamber, where busy all the morning, and
my thoughts very much upon the manner of my removal of my closett things
the next weeke into my present musique room, if I find I can spare or get
money to furnish it. By and by comes Reeves, by appointment, but did not
bring the glasses and things I expected for our discourse and my
information to-day, but we have agreed on it for next Sunday. By and by,
in comes Betty Michell and her husband, and so to dinner, I mightily
pleased with their company. We passed the whole day talking with them, but
without any pleasure, but only her being there. In the evening, all
parted, and I and my wife up to her closett to consider how to order that
the next summer, if we live to it; and then down to my chamber at night to
examine her kitchen accounts, and there I took occasion to fall out with
her for her buying a laced handkercher and pinner without my leave. Though
the thing is not much, yet I would not permit her begin to do so, lest
worse should follow. From this we began both to be angry, and so continued
till bed, and did not sleep friends.

13th. Up, without being friends with my wife, nor great enemies, being
both quiet and silent. So out to Colvills, but he not being come to town
yet, I to Pauls Church-yarde, to treat with a bookbinder, to come and
gild the backs of all my books, to make them handsome, to stand in my new
presses, when they come. So back again to Colvills, and there did end our
treaty, to my full content, about my Exchequer assignment of L2600 of Sir
W. Warrens, for which I give him L170 to stand to the hazard of receiving
it. So I shall get clear by it L230, which is a very good jobb. God be
praised for it! Having done with him, then he and I took coach, and I
carried him to Westminster, and there set him down, in our way speaking of
several things. I find him a bold man to say any thing of any body, and
finds fault with our great ministers of state that nobody looks after any
thing; and I thought it dangerous to be free with him, for I do not think
he can keep counsel, because he blabs to me what hath passed between other
people and him. Thence I to St. Jamess, and there missed Sir W. Coventry;
but taking up Mr. Robinson in my coach, I towards London, and there in the
way met Sir W. Coventry, and followed him to White Hall, where a little
discourse very kind, and so I away with Robinson, and set him down at the
Change, and thence I to Stokes the goldsmith, and sent him to and again
to get me L1000 in gold; and so home to dinner, my wife and I friends,
without any words almost of last night. After dinner, I abroad to Stokes,
and there did receive L1000 worth in gold, paying 18 1/2d. and 19d. for
others exchange. Home with them, and there to my office to business, and
anon home in the evening, there to settle some of my accounts, and then to
supper and to bed.

14th. (Thanksgiving day.)

[A proclamation ordering August 14th to be observed in London and
Westminster, and August 23rd in other places, as a day of
thanksgiving for the late victory at sea over the Dutch, was
published on August 6th.]

Up, and comes Mr. Foley and his man, with a box of a great variety of
carpenters and joyners tooles, which I had bespoke, to me, which please
me mightily; but I will have more. Then I abroad down to the Old Swan, and
there I called and kissed Betty Michell, and would have got her to go with
me to Westminster, but I find her a little colder than she used to be,
methought, which did a little molest me. So I away not pleased, and to
White Hall, where I find them at Chappell, and met with Povy, and he and I
together, who tells me how mad my letter makes my Lord Peterborough, and
what a furious letter he hath writ to me in answer, though it is not come
yet. This did trouble me; for though there be no reason, yet to have a
noblemans mouth open against a man may do a man hurt; so I endeavoured to
have found him out and spoke with him, but could not. So to the chappell,
and heard a piece of the Dean of Westminsters sermon, and a special good
anthemne before the king, after a sermon, and then home by coach with
Captain Cocke, who is in pain about his hempe, of which he says he hath
bought great quantities, and would gladly be upon good terms with us for
it, wherein I promise to assist him. So we light at the Change, where,
after a small turn or two, taking no pleasure now-a-days to be there,
because of answering questions that would be asked there which I cannot
answer; so home and dined, and after dinner, with my wife and Mercer to
the Beare-garden,

[The Bear Garden was situated on Bankside, close to the precinct of
the Clinke Liberty, and very near to the old palace of the bishops
of Winchester. Stow, to his Survey, says: There be two Bear
Gardens, the old and new Places. The name still exists in a street
or lane at the foot of Southwark Bridge, and in Bear Garden Wharf.]

where I have not been, I think, of many years, and saw some good sport of
the bulls tossing of the dogs: one into the very boxes. But it is a very
rude and nasty pleasure. We had a great many hectors in the same box with
us (and one very fine went into the pit, and played his dog for a wager,
which was a strange sport for a gentleman), where they drank wine, and
drank Mercers health first, which I pledged with my hat off; and who
should be in the house but Mr. Pierce the surgeon, who saw us and spoke to
us. Thence home, well enough satisfied, however, with the variety of this
afternoons exercise; and so I to my chamber, till in the evening our
company come to supper. We had invited to a venison pasty Mr. Batelier and
his sister Mary, Mrs. Mercer, her daughter Anne, Mr. Le Brun, and W.
Hewer; and so we supped, and very merry. And then about nine oclock to
Mrs. Mercers gate, where the fire and boys expected us, and her son had
provided abundance of serpents and rockets; and there mighty merry (my
Lady Pen and Pegg going thither with us, and Nan Wright), till about
twelve at night, flinging our fireworks, and burning one another and the
people over the way. And at last our businesses being most spent, we into
Mrs. Mercers, and there mighty merry, smutting one another with candle
grease and soot, till most of us were like devils. And that being done,
then we broke up, and to my house; and there I made them drink, and
upstairs we went, and then fell into dancing (W. Batelier dancing well),
and dressing, him and I and one Mr. Banister (who with his wife come over
also with us) like women; and Mercer put on a suit of Toms, like a boy,
and mighty mirth we had, and Mercer danced a jigg; and Nan Wright and my
wife and Pegg Pen put on perriwigs. Thus we spent till three or four in
the morning, mighty merry; and then parted, and to bed.

15th. Mighty sleepy; slept till past eight of the clock, and was called up
by a letter from Sir W. Coventry, which, among other things, tells me how
we have burned one hundred and sixty ships of the enemy within the Fly.

[On the 8th August the Duke of Albemarle reported to Lord Arlington
that he had sent 1000 good men under Sir R. Holmes and Sir William
Jennings to destroy the islands of Vlie and Schelling. On the 10th
James Hayes wrote to Williamson: On the 9th at noon smoke was seen
rising from several places in the island of Vlie, and the 10th
brought news that Sir Robert had burned in the enemys harbour 160
outward bound valuable merchant men and three men-of-war, and taken
a little pleasure boat and eight guns in four hours. The loss is
computed at a million sterling, and will make great confusion when
the people see themselves in the power of the English at their very
doors. Sir Robert then landed his forces, and is burning the houses
in Vlie and Schelling as bonfires for his good success at sea
(Calendar of State Papers, 1666-67, pp. 21,27).]

I up, and with all possible haste, and in pain for fear of coming late, it
being our day of attending the Duke of Yorke, to St. Jamess, where they
are full of the particulars; how they are generally good merchant ships,
some of them laden and supposed rich ships. We spent five fire-ships upon
them. We landed on the Schelling (Sir Philip Howard with some men, and
Holmes, I think; with others, about 1000 in all), and burned a town; and
so come away. By and by the Duke of Yorke with his books showed us the
very place and manner, and that it was not our design or expectation to
have done this, but only to have landed on the Fly, and burned some of
their store; but being come in, we spied those ships, and with our long
boats, one by one, fired them, our ships running all aground, it being so
shoal water. We were led to this by, it seems, a renegado captain of the
Hollanders, who found himself ill used by De Ruyter for his good service,
and so come over to us, and hath done us good service; so that now we
trust him, and he himself did go on this expedition. The service is very
great, and our joys as great for it. All this will make the Duke of
Albemarle in repute again, I doubt, though there is nothing of his in
this. But, Lord! to see what successe do, whether with or without reason,
and making a man seem wise, notwithstanding never so late demonstration of
the profoundest folly in the world. Thence walked over the Parke with Sir
W. Coventry, in our way talking of the unhappy state of our office; and I
took an opportunity to let him know, that though the backwardnesses of all
our matters of the office may be well imputed to the known want of money,
yet, perhaps, there might be personal and particular failings; and that I
did, therefore, depend still upon his promise of telling me whenever he
finds any ground to believe any defect or neglect on my part, which he
promised me still to do; and that there was none he saw, nor, indeed, says
he, is there room now-a-days to find fault with any particular man, while
we are in this condition for money. This, methought, did not so well
please me; but, however, I am glad I have said this, thereby giving myself
good grounds to believe that at this time he did not want an occasion to
have said what he pleased to me, if he had had anything in his mind, which
by his late distance and silence I have feared. But then again I am to
consider he is grown a very great man, much greater than he was, and so
must keep more distance; and, next, that the condition of our office will
not afford me occasion of shewing myself so active and deserving as
heretofore; and, lastly, the muchness of his business cannot suffer him to
mind it, or give him leisure to reflect on anything, or shew the freedom
and kindnesse that he used to do. But I think I have done something
considerable to my satisfaction in doing this; and that if I do but my
duty remarkably from this time forward, and not neglect it, as I have of
late done, and minded my pleasures, I may be as well as ever I was. Thence
to the Exchequer, but did nothing, they being all gone from their offices;
and so to the Old Exchange, where the towne full of the good newes, but I
did not stay to tell or hear any, but home, my head akeing and drowsy, and
to dinner, and then lay down upon the couch, thinking to get a little
rest, but could not. So down the river, reading The Adventures of Five
Houres, which the more I read the more I admire. So down below Greenwich,
but the wind and tide being against us, I back again to Deptford, and did
a little business there, and thence walked to Redriffe; and so home, and
to the office a while. In the evening comes W. Batelier and his sister,
and my wife, and fair Mrs. Turner into the garden, and there we walked,
and then with my Lady Pen and Pegg in a-doors, and eat and were merry, and
so pretty late broke up, and to bed. The guns of the Tower going off, and
there being bonefires also in the street for this late good successe.

16th. Up, having slept well, and after entering my journal, to the office,
where all the morning, but of late Sir W. Coventry hath not come to us, he
being discouraged from the little we have to do but to answer the clamours
of people for money. At noon home, and there dined with me my Lady Pen
only and W. Hewer at a haunch of venison boiled, where pretty merry, only
my wife vexed me a little about demanding money to go with my Lady Pen to
the Exchange to lay out. I to the office, where all the afternoon and very
busy and doing much business; but here I had a most eminent experience of
the evil of being behindhand in business. I was the most backward to begin
any thing, and would fain have framed to myself an occasion of going
abroad, and should, I doubt, have done it, but some business coming in,
one after another, kept me there, and I fell to the ridding away of a
great deale of business, and when my hand was in it was so pleasing a
sight to [see] my papers disposed of, and letters answered, which troubled
my book and table, that I could have continued there with delight all
night long, and did till called away by my Lady Pen and Pegg and my wife
to their house to eat with them; and there I went, and exceeding merry,
there being Nan Wright, now Mrs. Markham, and sits at table with my Lady.
So mighty merry, home and to bed. This day Sir W. Batten did show us at
the table a letter from Sir T. Allen, which says that we have taken ten or
twelve ships (since the late great expedition of burning their ships and
towne), laden with hempe, flax, tarr, deales, &c. This was good newes;
but by and by comes in Sir G. Carteret, and he asked us with full mouth
what we would give for good newes. Says Sir W. Batten, I have better than
you, for a wager. They laid sixpence, and we that were by were to give
sixpence to him that told the best newes. So Sir W. Batten told his of the
ten or twelve ships Sir G. Carteret did then tell us that upon the newes
of the burning of the ships and towne the common people a Amsterdam did
besiege De Witts house, and he was force to flee to the Prince of Orange,
who is gone to Cleve to the marriage of his sister. This we concluded all
the best newest and my Lord Bruncker and myself did give Sir G. Carteret
our sixpence a-piece, which he did give Mr. Smith to give the poor. Thus
we made ourselves mighty merry.

17th. Up and betimes with Captain Erwin down by water to Woolwich, I
walking alone from Greenwich thither, making an end of the Adventures of
Five Hours, which when all is done is the best play that ever I read in
my life. Being come thither I did some business there and at the Rope
Yarde, and had a piece of bride-cake sent me by Mrs. Barbary into the
boate after me, she being here at her uncles, with her husband, Mr.
Woods son, the mast-maker, and mighty nobly married, they say, she was,
very fine, and he very rich, a strange fortune for so odd a looked mayde,
though her hands and body be good, and nature very good, I think. Back
with Captain Erwin, discoursing about the East Indys, where he hath often
been. And among other things he tells me how the King of Syam seldom goes
out without thirty or forty thousand people with him, and not a word
spoke, nor a hum or cough in the whole company to be heard. He tells me
the punishment frequently there for malefactors is cutting off the crowne
of their head, which they do very dexterously, leaving their brains bare,
which kills them presently. He told me what I remember he hath once done
heretofore: that every body is to lie flat down at the coming by of the
King, and nobody to look upon him upon pain of death. And that he and his
fellows, being strangers, were invited to see the sport of taking of a
wild elephant, and they did only kneel, and look toward the King. Their
druggerman did desire them to fall down, for otherwise he should suffer
for their contempt of the King. The sport being ended, a messenger comes
from the King, which the druggerman thought had been to have taken away
his life; but it was to enquire how the strangers liked the sport. The
druggerman answered that they did cry it up to be the best that ever they
saw, and that they never heard of any Prince so great in every thing as
this King. The messenger being gone back, Erwin and his company asked
their druggerman what he had said, which he told them. But why, say
they, would you say that without our leave, it being not true?—It
is no matter for that, says he, I must have said it, or have been
hanged, for our King do not live by meat, nor drink, but by having great
lyes told him. In our way back we come by a little vessel that come into
the river this morning, and says he left the fleete in Sole Bay, and that
he hath not heard (he belonging to Sir W. Jenings, in the fleete) of any
such prizes taken as the ten or twelve I inquired about, and said by Sir
W. Batten yesterday to be taken, so I fear it is not true. So to
Westminster, and there, to my great content, did receive my L2000 of Mr.
Spicers telling, which I was to receive of Colvill, and brought it home
with me [to] my house by water, and there I find one of my new presses for
my books brought home, which pleases me mightily. As, also, do my wifes
progresse upon her head that she is making. So to dinner, and thence
abroad with my wife, leaving her at Unthankes; I to White Hall, waiting
at the Council door till it rose, and there spoke with Sir W. Coventry,
who and I do much fear our Victuallers, they having missed the fleete in
their going. But Sir W. Coventry says it is not our fault, but theirs, if
they have not left ships to secure them. This he spoke in a chagrin sort
of way, methought. After a little more discourse of several businesses, I
away homeward, having in the gallery the good fortune to see Mrs. Stewart,
who is grown a little too tall, but is a woman of most excellent features.
The narrative of the late expedition in burning the ships is in print, and
makes it a great thing, and I hope it is so. So took up my wife and home,
there I to the office, and thence with Sympson the joyner home to put
together the press he hath brought me for my books this day, which pleases
me exceedingly. Then to Sir W. Battens, where Sir Richard Ford did very
understandingly, methought, give us an account of the originall of the
Hollands Bank,

[This bank at Amsterdam is referred to in a tract entitled An
Appeal to Caesar, 1660, p. 22. In 1640 Charles I. seized the money
in the mint in the Tower entrusted to the safe keeping of the Crown.
It was the practice of the London goldsmiths at this time to allow
interest at the rate of six or eight per cent. on money deposited
with them (J. Biddulph Martin, The Grasshopper in Lombard Street,
1892, p. 152).]

and the nature of it, and how they do never give any interest at all to
any person that brings in their money, though what is brought in upon the
public faith interest is given by the State for. The unsafe condition of a
Bank under a Monarch, and the little safety to a Monarch to have any; or
Corporation alone (as London in answer to Amsterdam) to have so great a
wealth or credit, it is, that makes it hard to have a Bank here. And as to
the former, he did tell us how it sticks in the memory of most merchants
how the late King (when by the war between Holland and France and Spayne
all the bullion of Spayne was brought hither, one-third of it to be
coyned; and indeed it was found advantageous to the merchant to coyne most
of it), was persuaded in a strait by my Lord Cottington to seize upon the
money in the Tower, which, though in a few days the merchants concerned
did prevail to get it released, yet the thing will never be forgot. So
home to supper and to bed, understanding this evening, since I come home,
that our Victuallers are all come in to the fleete, which is good newes.
Sir John Minnes come home tonight not well, from Chatham, where he hath
been at a pay, holding it at Upnor Castle, because of the plague so much
in the towne of Chatham. He hath, they say, got an ague, being so much on
the water.

18th. All the morning at my office; then to the Exchange (with my Lord
Bruncker in his coach) at noon, but it was only to avoid Mr. Chr. Petts
being invited by me to dinner. So home, calling at my little mercers in
Lumbard Streete, who hath the pretty wench, like the old Queene, and there
cheapened some stuffs to hang my roome, that I intend to turn into a
closett. So home to dinner, and after dinner comes Creed to discourse with
me about several things of Tangier concernments and accounts, among others
starts the doubt, which I was formerly aware of, but did wink at it,
whether or no Lanyon and his partners be not paid for more than they
should be, which he presses, so that it did a little discompose me; but,
however, I do think no harm will arise thereby. He gone, I to the office,
and there very late, very busy, and so home to supper and to bed.

19th (Lords day). Up and to my chamber, and there began to draw out fair
and methodically my accounts of Tangier, in order to shew them to the
Lords. But by and by comes by agreement Mr. Reeves, and after him Mr.
Spong, and all day with them, both before and after dinner, till ten
oclock at night, upon opticke enquiries, he bringing me a frame he closes
on, to see how the rays of light do cut one another, and in a darke room
with smoake, which is very pretty. He did also bring a lanthorne with
pictures in glasse, to make strange things appear on a wall, very pretty.
We did also at night see Jupiter and his girdle and satellites, very fine,
with my twelve-foote glasse, but could not Saturne, he being very dark.
Spong and I had also several fine discourses upon the globes this
afternoon, particularly why the fixed stars do not rise and set at the
same houre all the yeare long, which he could not demonstrate, nor I
neither, the reason of. So, it being late, after supper they away home.
But it vexed me to understand no more from Reeves and his glasses touching
the nature and reason of the several refractions of the several figured
glasses, he understanding the acting part, but not one bit the theory, nor
can make any body understand it, which is a strange dullness, methinks. I
did not hear anything yesterday or at all to confirm either Sir Thos.
Allens news of the 10 or 12 ships taken, nor of the disorder at Amsterdam
upon the news of the burning of the ships, that he [De Witt] should be
fled to the Prince of Orange, it being generally believed that he was gone
to France before.

20th. Waked this morning, about six oclock, with a violent knocking at
Sir J. Minness doore, to call up Mrs. Hammon, crying out that Sir J.
Minnes is a-dying. He come home ill of an ague on Friday night. I saw him
on Saturday, after his fit of the ague, and then was pretty lusty. Which
troubles me mightily, for he is a very good, harmless, honest gentleman,
though not fit for the business. But I much fear a worse may come, that
may be more uneasy to me. Up, and to Deptford by water, reading Othello,
Moore of Venice, which I ever heretofore esteemed a mighty good play, but
having so lately read The Adventures of Five Houres, it seems a mean
thing. Walked back, and so home, and then down to the Old Swan and drank
at Betty Michells, and so to Westminster to the Exchequer about my
quarter tallies, and so to Lumbard Streete to choose stuff to hang my new
intended closet, and have chosen purple. So home to dinner, and all the
afternoon till almost midnight upon my Tangier accounts, getting Tom
Wilson to help me in writing as I read, and at night W. Hewer, and find
myself most happy in the keeping of all my accounts, for that after all
the changings and turnings necessary in such an account, I find myself
right to a farthing in an account of L127,000. This afternoon I visited
Sir J. Minnes, who, poor man, is much impatient by these few days
sickness, and I fear indeed it will kill him.

21st. Up, and to the office, where much business and Sir W. Coventry
there, who of late hath wholly left us, most of our business being about
money, to which we can give no answer, which makes him weary of coming to
us. He made an experiment to-day, by taking up a heape of petitions that
lay upon the table. They proved seventeen in number, and found them thus:
one for money for reparation for clothes, four desired to have tickets
made out to them, and the other twelve were for money. Dined at home, and
sister Balty with us. My wife snappish because I denied her money to lay
out this afternoon; however, good friends again, and by coach set them
down at the New Exchange, and I to the Exchequer, and there find my
business of my tallys in good forwardness. I passed down into the Hall,
and there hear that Mr. Bowles, the grocer, after 4 or 5 days sickness,
is dead, and this day buried. So away, and taking up my wife, went
homewards. I light and with Harman to my mercers in Lumbard Streete, and
there agreed for, our purple serge for my closett, and so I away home. So
home and late at the office, and then home, and there found Mr. Batelier
and his sister Mary, and we sat chatting a great while, talking of witches
and spirits, and he told me of his own knowledge, being with some others
at Bourdeaux, making a bargain with another man at a taverne for some
clarets, they did hire a fellow to thunder (which he had the art of doing
upon a deale board) and to rain and hail, that is, make the noise of, so
as did give them a pretence of undervaluing their merchants wines, by
saying this thunder would spoil and turne them. Which was so reasonable to
the merchant, that he did abate two pistolls per ton for the wine in
belief of that, whereas, going out, there was no such thing. This Batelier
did see and was the cause of to his profit, as is above said. By and by
broke up and to bed.

22nd. Up and by coach with L100 to the Exchequer to pay fees there. There
left it, and I to St. Jamess, and there with; the Duke of Yorke. I had
opportunity of much talk with Sir. W. Pen to-day (he being newly come from
the fleete); and he, do much undervalue the honour that is given to the
conduct of the late business of Holmes in burning the ships and town

[The town burned (see August 15th, ante) was Brandaris, a place of
1000 houses, on the isle of Schelling; the ships lay between that
island and the Fly (i.e. Vlieland), the adjoining island. This
attack probably provoked that by the Dutch on Chatham.]

saying it was a great thing indeed, and of great profit to us in being of
great losse to the enemy, but that it was wholly a business of chance, and
no conduct employed in it. I find Sir W. Pen do hold up his head at this
time higher than ever he did in his life. I perceive he do look after Sir
J. Minness place if he dies, and though I love him not nor do desire to
have him in, yet I do think [he] is the first man in England for it. To
the Exchequer, and there received my tallys, and paid my fees in good
order, and so home, and there find Mrs. Knipp and my wife going to dinner.
She tells me my song, of Beauty Retire is mightily cried up, which I am
not a little proud of; and do think I have done It is Decreed better,
but I have not finished it. My closett is doing by upholsters, which I am
pleased with, but fear my purple will be too sad for that melancholy
roome. After dinner and doing something at the office, I with my wife,
Knipp, and Mercer, by coach to Moorefields, and there saw Polichinello,
which pleases me mightily, and here I saw our Mary, our last chamber-maid,
who is gone from Mrs. Pierces it seems. Thence carried Knipp home, calling
at the Cocke alehouse at the doore and drank, and so home, and there find
Reeves, and so up to look upon the stars, and do like my glasse very well,
and did even with him for it and a little perspective and the Lanthorne
that shows tricks, altogether costing me L9 5s. 0d. So to bed, he lying at
our house.

23rd. At the office all the morning, whither Sir W. Coventry sent me word
that the Dutch fleete is certainly abroad; and so we are to hasten all we
have to send to our fleete with all speed. But, Lord! to see how my Lord
Bruncker undertakes the despatch of the fire-ships, when he is no more fit
for it than a porter; and all the while Sir W. Pen, who is the most fit,
is unwilling to displease him, and do not look after it; and so the Kings
work is like to be well done. At noon dined at home, Lovett with us; but
he do not please me in his business, for he keeps things long in hand, and
his paper do not hold so good as I expected—the varnish wiping off
in a little time—a very sponge; and I doubt by his discourse he is
an odde kind of fellow, and, in plain terms, a very rogue. He gone, I to
the office (having seen and liked the upholsters work in my roome—which
they have almost done), and there late, and in the evening find Mr.
Batelier and his sister there and then we talked and eat and were merry,
and so parted late, and to bed.

24th. Up, and dispatched several businesses at home in the morning, and
then comes Sympson to set up my other new presses

[These presses still exist, and, according to Pepyss wish, they are
placed in the second court of Magdalene College in a room which they
exactly fit, and the books are arranged in the presses just as they
were when presented to the college.—M. B.]

for my books, and so he and I fell in to the furnishing of my new closett,
and taking out the things out of my old, and I kept him with me all day,
and he dined with me, and so all the afternoon till it was quite darke
hanging things, that is my maps and pictures and draughts, and setting up
my books, and as much as we could do, to my most extraordinary
satisfaction; so that I think it will be as noble a closett as any man
hath, and light enough—though, indeed, it would be better to have
had a little more light. He gone, my wife and I to talk, and sup, and then
to setting right my Tangier accounts and enter my Journall, and then to
bed with great content in my days worke. This afternoon comes Mrs.
Barbary Sheldon, now Mrs. Wood, to see my wife. I was so busy I would not
see her. But she came, it seems, mighty rich in rings and fine clothes,
and like a lady, and says she is matched mighty well, at which I am very
glad, but wonder at her good fortune and the folly of her husband, and
vexed at myself for not paying her the respect of seeing her, but I will
come out of her debt another time.

25th. All the morning at the office. At noon dined at home, and after
dinner up to my new closett, which pleases me mightily, and there I
proceeded to put many things in order as far as I had time, and then set
it in washing, and stood by myself a great while to see it washed; and
then to the office, and then wrote my letters and other things, and then
in mighty good humour home to supper and to bed.

26th (Lords day). Up betimes, and to the finishing the setting things in
order in my new closett out of my old, which I did thoroughly by the time
sermon was done at church, to my exceeding joy, only I was a little
disturbed with newes my Lord Bruncker brought me, that we are to attend
the King at White Hall this afternoon, and that it is about a complaint
from the Generalls against us. Sir W. Pen dined by invitation with me, his
Lady and daughter being gone into the country. We very merry. After dinner
we parted, and I to my office, whither I sent for Mr. Lewes and instructed
myself fully in the business of the Victualling, to enable me to answer in
the matter; and then Sir W. Pen and I by coach to White Hall, and there
staid till the King and Cabinet were met in the Green Chamber, and then we
were called in; and there the King begun with me, to hear how the
victualls of the fleete stood. I did in a long discourse tell him and the
rest (the Duke of Yorke, Lord Chancellor, Lord Treasurer, both the
Secretarys, Sir G. Carteret, and Sir W. Coventry,) how it stood, wherein
they seemed satisfied, but press mightily for more supplies; and the
letter of the Generalls, which was read, did lay their not going or too
soon returning from the Dutch coast, this next bout, to the want of
victuals. They then proceeded to the enquiry after the fireships; and did
all very superficially, and without any severity at all. But, however, I
was in pain, after we come out, to know how I had done; and hear well
enough. But, however, it shall be a caution to me to prepare myself
against a day of inquisition. Being come out, I met with Mr. Moore, and he
and I an houre together in the Gallery, telling me how far they are gone
in getting my Lord [Sandwichs] pardon, so as the Chancellor is prepared
in it; and Sir H. Bennet do promote it, and the warrant for the Kings
signing is drawn. The business between my Lord Hinchingbroke and Mrs.
Mallett is quite broke off; he attending her at Tunbridge, and she
declaring her affections to be settled; and he not being fully pleased
with the vanity and liberty of her carriage. He told me how my Lord has
drawn a bill of exchange from Spayne of L1200, and would have me supply
him with L500 of it, but I avoyded it, being not willing to embarke myself
in money there, where I see things going to ruine. Thence to discourse of
the times; and he tells me he believes both my Lord Arlington and Sir W.
Coventry, as well as my Lord Sandwich and Sir G. Carteret, have reason to
fear, and are afeard of this Parliament now coming on. He tells me that
Bristolls faction is getting ground apace against my Lord Chancellor. He
told me that my old Lord Coventry was a cunning, crafty man, and did make
as many bad decrees in Chancery as any man; and that in one case, that
occasioned many years dispute, at last when the King come in, it was
hoped by the party grieved, to get my Lord Chancellor to reverse a decree
of his. Sir W. Coventry took the opportunity of the business between the
Duke of Yorke and the Duchesse, and said to my Lord Chancellor, that he
had rather be drawn up Holborne to be hanged, than live to see his father
pissed upon (in these very terms) and any decree of his reversed. And so
the Chancellor did not think fit to do it, but it still stands, to the
undoing of one Norton, a printer, about his right to the printing of the
Bible, and Grammar, &c. Thence Sir W. Pen and I to Islington and there
drank at the Katherine Wheele, and so down the nearest way home, where
there was no kind of pleasure at all. Being come home, hear that Sir J.
Minnes has had a very bad fit all this day, and a hickup do take him,
which is a very bad sign, which troubles me truly. So home to supper a
little and then to bed.

27th. Up, and to my new closett, which pleases me mightily, and there did
a little business. Then to break open a window, to the leads side in my
old closett, which will enlighten the room mightily, and make it mighty
pleasant. So to the office, and then home about one thing or other, about
my new closet, for my mind is full of nothing but that. So at noon to
dinner, mightily pleased with my wifes picture that she is upon. Then to
the office, and thither come and walked an hour with me Sir G. Carteret,
who tells me what is done about my Lords pardon, and is not for letting
the Duke of Yorke know any thing of it beforehand, but to carry it as
speedily and quietly as we can. He seems to be very apprehensive that the
Parliament will be troublesome and inquisitive into faults, but seems not
to value them as to himself. He gone, I to the Victualling Office, there
with Lewes and Willson setting the business of the state of the fleetes
victualling even and plain, and that being done, and other good discourse
about it over, Mr. Willson and I by water down the River for discourse
only, about business of the office, and then back, and I home, and after a
little at my office home to my new closet, and there did much business on
my Tangier account and my Journall for three days. So to supper and to
bed. We are not sure that the Dutch fleete is out. I have another memento
from Sir W. Coventry of the want of provisions in the fleete, which
troubles me, though there is no reason for it; but will have the good
effect of making me more wary. So, full of thoughts, to bed.

28th. Up, and in my new closet a good while doing business. Then called on
Mrs. Martin and Burroughs of Westminster about business of the formers
husband. Which done, I to the office, where we sat all the morning. At
noon I, with my wife and Mercer, to Philpott Lane, a great cooks shop, to
the wedding of Mr. Longracke, our purveyor, a good, sober, civil man, and
hath married a sober, serious mayde. Here I met much ordinary company, I
going thither at his great request; but there was Mr. Madden and his lady,
a fine, noble, pretty lady, and he, and a fine gentleman seems to be. We
four were most together; but the whole company was very simple and
innocent. A good-dinner, and, what was best, good musique. After dinner
the young women went to dance; among others Mr. Christopher Pett his
daughter, who is a very pretty, modest girle, I am mightily taken with
her; and that being done about five oclock, home, very well pleased with
the afternoons work. And so we broke up mightily civilly, the bride and
bridegroom going to Greenwich (they keeping their dinner here only for my
sake) to lie, and we home, where I to the office, and anon am on a sudden
called to meet Sir W. Pen and Sir W. Coventry at the Victualling Office,
which did put me out of order to be so surprised. But I went, and there
Sir William Coventry did read me a letter from the Generalls to the King,

[The letter from Prince Rupert and the Duke of Albemarle to the king
(dated August 27th, from the Royal Charles, Sole Bay) is among the
State Papers. The generals complain of the want of supplies, in
spite of repeated importunities. The demands are answered by
accounts from Mr. Pepys of what has been sent to the fleet, which
will not satisfy the ships, unless the provisions could be found
… Have not a months provision of beer, yet Sir Wm. Coventry
assures the ministers that they are supplied till Oct. 3; unless
this is quickened they will have to return home too soon….
Want provisions according to their own computation, not Sir Wm.
Coventrys, to last to the end of October (Calendar, 1666-67, p.

a most scurvy letter, reflecting most upon Sir W. Coventry, and then upon
me for my accounts (not that they are not true, but that we do not
consider the expence of the fleete), and then of the whole office, in
neglecting them and the Kings service, and this in very plain and sharp
and menacing terms. I did give a good account of matters according to our
computation of the expence of the fleete. I find Sir W. Coventry willing
enough to accept of any thing to confront the Generalls. But a great
supply must be made, and shall be in grace of God! But, however, our
accounts here will be found the true ones. Having done here, and much work
set me, I with greater content home than I thought I should have done, and
so to the office a while, and then home, and a while in my new closet,
which delights me every day more and more, and so late to bed.

29th. Up betimes, and there to fit some Tangier accounts, and then, by
appointment, to my Lord Bellasses, but about Pauls thought of the chant
paper I should carry with me, and so fain to come back again, and did, and
then met with Sir W. Pen, and with him to my Lord Bellasses, he sitting in
the coach the while, while I up to my Lord and there offered him my
account of the bills of exchange I had received and paid for him, wherein
we agree all but one L200 bill of Vernattys drawing, wherein I doubt he
hath endeavoured to cheate my Lord; but that will soon appear. Thence took
leave, and found Sir W. Pen talking to Orange Moll, of the Kings house,
who, to our great comfort, told us that they begun to act on the 18th of
this month. So on to St. Jamess, in the way Sir W. Pen telling me that
Mr. Norton, that married Sir J. Lawsons daughter, is dead. She left L800
a year jointure, a son to inherit the whole estate. She freed from her
father-in-laws tyranny, and is in condition to helpe her mother, who
needs it; of which I am glad, the young lady being very pretty. To St.
Jamess, and there Sir W. Coventry took Sir W. Pen and me apart, and read
to us his answer to the Generalls letter to the King that he read last
night; wherein he is very plain, and states the matter in full defence of
himself and of me with him, which he could not avoid; which is a good
comfort to me, that I happen to be involved with him in the same cause.
And then, speaking of the supplies which have been made to this fleete,
more than ever in all kinds to any, even that wherein the Duke of Yorke
himself was, Well, says he, if this will not do, I will say, as Sir J.
Falstaffe did to the Prince, Tell your father, that if he do not like
this let him kill the next Piercy himself,—[King Henry IV., Part
I, act v., sc. 4.]—and so we broke up, and to the Duke, and there
did our usual business. So I to the Parke and there met Creed, and he and
I walked to Westminster to the Exchequer, and thence to White Hall talking
of Tangier matters and Vernattys knavery, and so parted, and then I
homeward and met Mr. Povy in Cheapside, and stopped and talked a good
while upon the profits of the place which my Lord Bellasses hath made this
last year, and what share we are to have of it, but of this all imperfect,
and so parted, and I home, and there find Mrs. Mary Batelier, and she
dined with us; and thence I took them to Islington, and there eat a
custard; and so back to Moorfields, and shewed Batelier, with my wife,
Polichinello, which I like the more I see it; and so home with great
content, she being a mighty good-natured, pretty woman, and thence I to
the Victualling office, and there with Mr. Lewes and Willson upon our
Victualling matters till ten at night, and so I home and there late
writing a letter to Sir W. Coventry, and so home to supper and to bed. No
newes where the Dutch are. We begin to think they will steale through the
Channel to meet Beaufort. We think our fleete sayled yesterday, but we
have no newes of it.

30th. Up and all the morning at the office, dined at home, and in the
afternoon, and at night till two in the morning, framing my great letter
to Mr. Hayes about the victualling of the fleete, about which there has
been so much ado and exceptions taken by the Generalls.

31st. To bed at 2 or 3 in the morning and up again at 6 to go by
appointment to my Lord Bellasses, but he out of town, which vexed me. So
back and got Mr. Poynter to enter into, my book while I read from my last
nights notes the letter, and that being done to writing it fair. At noon
home to dinner, and then the boy and I to the office, and there he read
while I writ it fair, which done I sent it to Sir W. Coventry to peruse
and send to the fleete by the first opportunity; and so pretty betimes to
bed. Much pleased to-day with thoughts of gilding the backs of all my
books alike in my new presses.