Samuel Pepys diary June 1666

JUNE 1666

June 1st. Being prevented yesterday in meeting by reason of the fast day,
we met to-day all the morning. At noon I and my father, wife and sister,
dined at Aunt Wights here hard by at Mr. Woollys, upon sudden warning,
they being to go out of town to-morrow. Here dined the faire Mrs. Margaret
Wight, who is a very fine lady, but the cast of her eye, got only by an
ill habit, do her much wrong and her hands are bad; but she hath the face
of a noble Roman lady. After dinner my uncle and Woolly and I out into
their yarde, to talke about what may be done hereafter to all our profits
by prizegoods, which did give us reason to lament the losse of the
opportunity of the last yeare, which, if we were as wise as we are now,
and at the peaceable end of all those troubles that we met with, all might
have been such a hit as will never come again in this age, and so I do
really believe it. Thence home to my office and there did much business,
and at night home to my father to supper and to bed.

2nd. Up, and to the office, where certain newes is brought us of a letter
come to the King this morning from the Duke of Albemarle, dated yesterday
at eleven oclock, as they were sailing to the Gunfleete, that they were
in sight of the Dutch fleete, and were fitting themselves to fight them;
so that they are, ere this, certainly engaged; besides, several do averr
they heard the guns all yesterday in the afternoon. This put us at the
Board into a tosse. Presently come orders for our sending away to the
fleete a recruite of 200 soldiers. So I rose from the table, and to the
Victualling office, and thence upon the River among several vessels, to
consider of the sending them away; and lastly, down to Greenwich, and
there appointed two yachts to be ready for them; and did order the
soldiers to march to Blackewall. Having set all things in order against
the next flood, I went on shore with Captain Erwin at Greenwich, and into
the Parke, and there we could hear the guns from the fleete most plainly.
Thence he and I to the Kings Head and there bespoke a dish of steaks for
our dinner about four oclock. While that was doing, we walked to the
water-side, and there seeing the King and Duke come down in their barge to
Greenwich-house, I to them, and did give them an account [of] what I was
doing. They went up to the Parke to hear the guns of the fleete go off.
All our hopes now are that Prince Rupert with his fleete is coming back
and will be with the fleete this even: a message being sent to him to that
purpose on Wednesday last; and a return is come from him this morning,
that he did intend to sail from St. Ellens point about four in the
afternoon on Wednesday [Friday], which was yesterday; which gives us great
hopes, the wind being very fair, that he is with them this even, and the
fresh going off of the guns makes us believe the same. After dinner,
having nothing else to do till flood, I went and saw Mrs. Daniel, to whom
I did not tell that the fleets were engaged, because of her husband, who
is in the R. Charles. Very pleasant with her half an hour, and so away and
down to Blackewall, and there saw the soldiers (who were by this time
gotten most of them drunk) shipped off. But, Lord! to see how the poor
fellows kissed their wives and sweethearts in that simple manner at their
going off, and shouted, and let off their guns, was strange sport. In the
evening come up the River the Katharine yacht, Captain Fazeby, who hath
brought over my Lord of Alesbury and Sir Thomas Liddall (with a very
pretty daughter, and in a pretty travelling-dress) from Flanders, who saw
the Dutch fleete on Thursday, and ran from them; but from that houre to
this hath not heard one gun, nor any newes of any fight. Having put the
soldiers on board, I home and wrote what I had to write by the post, and
so home to supper and to bed, it being late.

3rd (Lords-day; Whit-sunday). Up, and by water to White Hall, and there
met with Mr. Coventry, who tells me the only news from the fleete is
brought by Captain Elliott, of The Portland, which, by being run on board
by The Guernsey, was disabled from staying abroad; so is come in to
Aldbrough. That he saw one of the Dutch great ships blown up, and three on
fire. That they begun to fight on Friday; and at his coming into port, he
could make another ship of the Kings coming in, which he judged to be the
Rupert: that he knows of no other hurt to our ships. With this good newes
I home by water again, and to church in the sermon-time, and with great
joy told it my fellows in the pew. So home after church time to dinner,
and after dinner my father, wife, sister, and Mercer by water to Woolwich,
while I walked by land, and saw the Exchange as full of people, and hath
been all this noon as of any other day, only for newes. I to St.
Margarets, Westminster, and there saw at church my pretty Betty Michell,
and thence to the Abbey, and so to Mrs. Martin, and there did what je
voudrais avec her…. So by and by he come in, and after some discourse
with him I away to White Hall, and there met with this bad newes farther,
that the Prince come to Dover but at ten oclock last night, and there
heard nothing of a fight; so that we are defeated of all our hopes of his
helpe to the fleete. It is also reported by some Victuallers that the Duke
of Albemarle and Holmes their flags were shot down, and both fain to come
to anchor to renew their rigging and sails. A letter is also come this
afternoon, from Harman in the Henery; which is she [that] was taken by
Elliott for the Rupert; that being fallen into the body of the Dutch
fleete, he made his way through them, was set on by three fire-ships one
after another, got two of them off, and disabled the third; was set on
fire himself; upon which many of his men leapt into the sea and perished;
among others, the parson first. Have lost above 100 men, and a good many
women (God knows what is become of Balty), and at last quenched his own
fire and got to Aldbrough; being, as all say, the greatest hazard that
ever any ship escaped, and as bravely managed by him. The mast of the
third fire-ship fell into their ship on fire, and hurt Harmans leg, which
makes him lame now, but not dangerous. I to Sir G. Carteret, who told me
there hath been great bad management in all this; that the Kings orders
that went on Friday for calling back the Prince, were sent but by the
ordinary post on Wednesday; and come to the Prince his hands but on
Friday; and then, instead of sailing presently, he stays till four in the
evening. And that which is worst of all, the Hampshire, laden with
merchants money, come from the Straights, set out with or but just before
the fleete, and was in the Downes by five in the clock yesterday morning;
and the Prince with his fleete come to Dover but at ten of the clock at
night. This is hard to answer, if it be true. This puts great astonishment
into the King, and Duke, and Court, every body being out of countenance.
So meeting Creed, he and I by coach to Hide Parke alone to talke of these
things, and do blesse God that my Lord Sandwich was not here at this time
to be concerned in a business like to be so misfortunate. It was a
pleasant thing to consider how fearfull I was of being seen with Creed all
this afternoon, for fear of peoples thinking that by our relation to my
Lord Sandwich we should be making ill construction of the Princes
failure. But, God knows, I am heartily sorry for the sake of the whole
nation, though, if it were not for that, it would not be amisse to have
these high blades find some checke to their presumption and their
disparaging of as good men. Thence set him down in Covent Guarden and so
home by the Change, which is full of people still, and all talk highly of
the failure of the Prince in not making more haste after his instructions
did come, and of our managements here in not giving it sooner and with
more care and oftener. Thence. After supper to bed.

4th. Up, and with Sir J. Minnes and Sir W. Pen to White Hall in the
latters coach, where, when we come, we find the Duke at St. Jamess,
whither he is lately gone to lodge. So walking through the Parke we saw
hundreds of people listening at the Gravel-pits,—[Kensington]—and
to and again in the Parke to hear the guns, and I saw a letter, dated last
night, from Strowd, Governor of Dover Castle, which says that the Prince
come thither the night before with his fleete, but that for the guns which
we writ that we heard, it is only a mistake for thunder;

[Evelyn was in his garden when he heard the guns, and be at once set
off to Rochester and the coast, but he found that nothing had been
heard at Deal (see his Diary, June 1st, 1666).]

and so far as to yesterday it is a miraculous thing that we all Friday,
and Saturday and yesterday, did hear every where most plainly the guns go
off, and yet at Deale and Dover to last night they did not hear one word
of a fight, nor think they heard one gun. This, added to what I have set
down before the other day about the Katharine, makes room for a great
dispute in philosophy, how we should hear it and they not, the same wind
that brought it to us being the same that should bring it to them: but so
it is. Major Halsey, however (he was sent down on purpose to hear newes),
did bring newes this morning that he did see the Prince and his fleete at
nine of the clock yesterday morning, four or five leagues to sea behind
the Goodwin, so that by the hearing of the guns this morning we conclude
he is come to the fleete. After wayting upon the Duke, Sir W. Pen (who was
commanded to go to-night by water down to Harwich, to dispatch away all
the ships he can) and I home, drinking two bottles of Cocke ale in the
streete in his new fine coach, where no sooner come, but newes is brought
me of a couple of men come to speak with me from the fleete; so I down,
and who should it be but Mr. Daniel, all muffled up, and his face as black
as the chimney, and covered with dirt, pitch, and tarr, and powder, and
muffled with dirty clouts, and his right eye stopped with okum. He is come
last night at five oclock from the fleete, with a comrade of his that
hath endangered another eye. They were set on shore at Harwich this
morning, and at two oclock, in a catch with about twenty more wounded men
from the Royall Charles. They being able to ride, took post about three
this morning, and were here between eleven and twelve. I went presently
into the coach with them, and carried them to Somerset-House-stairs, and
there took water (all the world gazing upon us, and concluding it to be
newes from the fleete, and every bodys face appeared expecting of newes)
to the Privy-stairs, and left them at Mr. Coventrys lodging (he, though,
not being there); and so I into the Parke to the King, and told him my
Lord Generall was well the last night at five oclock, and the Prince come
with his fleete and joyned with his about seven. The King was mightily
pleased with this newes, and so took me by the hand and talked a little of
it. Giving him the best account I could; and then he bid me to fetch the
two seamen to him, he walking into the house. So I went and fetched the
seamen into the Vane room to him, and there he heard the whole account.


How we found the Dutch fleete at anchor on Friday half seas over, between
Dunkirke and Ostend, and made them let slip their anchors. They about
ninety, and we less than sixty. We fought them, and put them to the run,
till they met with about sixteen sail of fresh ships, and so bore up
again. The fight continued till night, and then again the next morning
from five till seven at night. And so, too, yesterday morning they begun
again, and continued till about four oclock, they chasing us for the most
part of Saturday and yesterday, we flying from them. The Duke himself,
then those people were put into the catch, and by and by spied the
Princes fleete coming, upon which De Ruyter called a little council
(being in chase at this time of us), and thereupon their fleete divided
into two squadrons; forty in one, and about thirty in the other (the
fleete being at first about ninety, but by one accident or other, supposed
to be lessened to about seventy); the bigger to follow the Duke, the less
to meet the Prince. But the Prince come up with the Generalls fleete, and
the Dutch come together again and bore towards their own coast, and we
with them; and now what the consequence of this day will be, at that time
fighting, we know not. The Duke was forced to come to anchor on Friday,
having lost his sails and rigging. No particular person spoken of to be
hurt but Sir W. Clerke, who hath lost his leg, and bore it bravely. The
Duke himself had a little hurt in his thigh, but signified little. The
King did pull out of his pocket about twenty pieces in gold, and did give
it Daniel for himself and his companion; and so parted, mightily pleased
with the account he did give him of the fight, and the successe it ended
with, of the Princes coming, though it seems the Duke did give way again
and again. The King did give order for care to be had of Mr. Daniel and
his companion; and so we parted from him, and then met the Duke [of York],
and gave him the same account: and so broke up, and I left them going to
the surgeons and I myself by water to the Change, and to several people
did give account of the business. So home about four oclock to dinner,
and was followed by several people to be told the newes, and good newes it
is. God send we may hear a good issue of this days business! After I had
eat something I walked to Gresham College, where I heard my Lord Bruncker
was, and there got a promise of the receipt of the fine varnish, which I
shall be glad to have. Thence back with Mr. Hooke to my house and there
lent some of my tables of naval matters, the names of rigging and the
timbers about a ship, in order to Dr. Wilkins book coming out about the
Universal Language. Thence, he being gone, to the Crown, behind the
Change, and there supped at the club with my Lord Bruncker, Sir G. Ent,
and others of Gresham College; and all our discourse is of this fight at
sea, and all are doubtful of the successe, and conclude all had been lost
if the Prince had not come in, they having chased us the greatest part of
Saturday and Sunday. Thence with my Lord Bruncker and Creed by coach to
White Hall, where fresh letters are come from Harwich, where the
Gloucester, Captain Clerke, is come in, and says that on Sunday night upon
coming in of the Prince, the Duke did fly; but all this day they have been
fighting; therefore they did face again, to be sure. Captain Bacon of The
Bristoll is killed. They cry up Jenings of The Ruby, and Saunders of The
Sweepstakes. They condemn mightily Sir Thomas Teddiman for a coward, but
with what reason time must shew. Having heard all this Creed and I walked
into the Parke till 9 or 10 at night, it being fine moonshine, discoursing
of the unhappinesse of our fleete, what it would have been if the Prince
had not come in, how much the Duke hath failed of what he was so
presumptuous of, how little we deserve of God Almighty to give us better
fortune, how much this excuses all that was imputed to my Lord Sandwich,
and how much more he is a man fit to be trusted with all those matters
than those that now command, who act by nor with any advice, but rashly
and without any order. How bad we are at intelligence that should give the
Prince no sooner notice of any thing but let him come to Dover without
notice of any fight, or where the fleete were, or any thing else, nor give
the Duke any notice that he might depend upon the Princes reserve; and
lastly, of how good use all may be to checke our pride and presumption in
adventuring upon hazards upon unequal force against a people that can
fight, it seems now, as well as we, and that will not be discouraged by
any losses, but that they will rise again. Thence by water home, and to
supper (my father, wife, and sister having been at Islington today at
Pitts) and to bed.

5th. Up, and to the office, where all the morning, expecting every houre
more newes of the fleete and the issue of yesterdays fight, but nothing
come. At noon, though I should have dined with my Lord Mayor and Aldermen
at an entertainment of Commissioner Taylors, yet it being a time of
expectation of the successe of the fleete, I did not go, but dined at
home, and after dinner by water down to Deptford (and Woolwich, where I
had not been since I lodged there, and methinks the place has grown
natural to me), and thence down to Longreach, calling on all the ships in
the way, seeing their condition for sayling, and what they want. Home
about 11 of the clock, and so eat a bit and to bed, having received no
manner of newes this day, but of The Rainbows being put in from the
fleete, maimed as the other ships are, and some say that Sir W. Clerke is
dead of his leg being cut off.

6th. Up betimes, and vexed with my people for having a key taken out of
the chamber doors and nobody knew where it was, as also with my boy for
not being ready as soon as I, though I called him, whereupon I boxed him
soundly, and then to my business at the office and on the Victualling
Office, and thence by water to St. Jamess, whither he [the Duke of York]
is now gone, it being a monthly fast-day for the plague. There we all met,
and did our business as usual with the Duke, and among other things had
Captain Cockes proposal of East country goods read, brought by my Lord
Bruncker, which I make use of as a monkey do the cats foot. Sir W.
Coventry did much oppose it, and its likely it will not do; so away goes
my hopes of L500. Thence after the Duke into the Parke, walking through to
White Hall, and there every body listening for guns, but none heard, and
every creature is now overjoyed and concludes upon very good grounds that
the Dutch are beaten because we have heard no guns nor no newes of our
fleete. By and by walking a little further, Sir Philip Frowde did meet the
Duke with an expresse to Sir W. Coventry (who was by) from Captain Taylor,
the Storekeeper at Harwich, being the narration of Captain Hayward of The
Dunkirke; who gives a very serious account, how upon Monday the two
fleetes fought all day till seven at night, and then the whole fleete of
Dutch did betake themselves to a very plain flight, and never looked back
again. That Sir Christopher Mings is wounded in the leg; that the Generall
is well. That it is conceived reasonably, that of all the Dutch fleete,
which, with what recruits they had, come to one hundred sayle, there is
not above fifty got home; and of them, few if any of their flags. And that
little Captain Bell, in one of the fire-ships, did at the end of the day
fire a ship of 70 guns. We were all so overtaken with this good newes,
that the Duke ran with it to the King, who was gone to chappell, and there
all the Court was in a hubbub, being rejoiced over head and ears in this
good newes. Away go I by coach to the New Exchange, and there did spread
this good newes a little, though I find it had broke out before. And so
home to our own church, it being the common Fast-day, and it was just
before sermon; but, Lord! how all the people in the church stared upon me
to see me whisper to Sir John Minnes and my Lady Pen. Anon I saw people
stirring and whispering below, and by and by comes up the sexton from my
Lady Ford to tell me the newes (which I had brought), being now sent into
the church by Sir W. Batten in writing, and handed from pew to pew. But
that which pleased me as much as the newes, was, to have the fair Mrs.
Middleton at our church, who indeed is a very beautiful lady. Here after
sermon comes to our office 40 people almost of all sorts and qualities to
hear the newes, which I took great delight to tell them. Then home and
found my wife at dinner, not knowing of my being at church, and after
dinner my father and she out to Haless, where my father is to begin to
sit to-day for his picture, which I have a desire to have. I all the
afternoon at home doing some business, drawing up my vowes for the rest of
the yeare to Christmas; but, Lord! to see in what a condition of happiness
I am, if I would but keepe myself so; but my love of pleasure is such,
that my very soul is angry with itself for my vanity in so doing. Anon
took coach and to Haless, but he was gone out, and my father and wife
gone. So I to Lovetts, and there to my trouble saw plainly that my
project of varnished books will not take, it not keeping colour, not being
able to take polishing upon a single paper. Thence home, and my father and
wife not coming in, I proceeded with my coach to take a little ayre as far
as Bow all alone, and there turned back and home; but before I got home,
the bonefires were lighted all the towne over, and I going through
Crouched Friars, seeing Mercer at her mothers gate, stopped, and light,
and into her mothers, the first time I ever was there, and find all my
people, father and all, at a very fine supper at W. Hewers lodging, very
neatly, and to my great pleasure. After supper, into his chamber, which is
mighty fine with pictures and every thing else, very curious, which
pleased me exceedingly. Thence to the gate, with the women all about me,
and Mrs. Mercers son had provided a great many serpents, and so I made
the women all fire some serpents. By and by comes in our faire neighbour,
Mrs. Turner, and two neighbours daughters, Mrs. Tite, the elder of whom,
a long red-nosed silly jade; the younger, a pretty black girle, and the
merriest sprightly jade that ever I saw. With them idled away the whole
night till twelve at night at the bonefire in the streets. Some of the
people thereabouts going about with musquets, and did give me two or three
vollies of their musquets, I giving them a crowne to drink; and so home.
Mightily pleased with this happy days newes, and the more, because
confirmed by Sir Daniel Harvy, who was in the whole fight with the
Generall, and tells me that there appear but thirty-six in all of the
Dutch fleete left at the end of the voyage when they run home. The joy of
the City was this night exceeding great.

7th. Up betimes, and to my office about business (Sir W. Coventry having
sent me word that he is gone down to the fleete to see how matters stand,
and to be back again speedily); and with the same expectation of
congratulating ourselves with the victory that I had yesterday. But my
Lord Bruncker and Sir T. H. that come from Court, tell me quite contrary
newes, which astonishes me: that is to say, that we are beaten, lost many
ships and good commanders; have not taken one ship of the enemys; and so
can only report ourselves a victory; nor is it certain that we were left
masters of the field. But, above all, that The Prince run on shore upon
the Galloper, and there stuck; was endeavoured to be fetched off by the
Dutch, but could not; and so they burned her; and Sir G. Ascue is taken
prisoner, and carried into Holland. This newes do much trouble me, and the
thoughts of the ill consequences of it, and the pride and presumption that
brought us to it. At noon to the Change, and there find the discourse of
towne, and their countenances much changed; but yet not very plain. So
home to dinner all alone, my father and people being gone all to Woolwich
to see the launching of the new ship The Greenwich, built by Chr. Pett. I
left alone with little Mrs. Tooker, whom I kept with me in my chamber all
the afternoon, and did what I would with her. By and by comes Mr. Wayth to
me; and discoursing of our ill successe, he tells me plainly from Captain
Pages own mouth (who hath lost his arm in the fight), that the Dutch did
pursue us two hours before they left us, and then they suffered us to go
on homewards, and they retreated towards their coast: which is very sad
newes. Then to my office and anon to White Hall, late, to the Duke of York
to see what commands he hath and to pray a meeting to-morrow for Tangier
in behalf of Mr. Yeabsly, which I did do and do find the Duke much damped
in his discourse, touching the late fight, and all the Court talk sadly of
it. The Duke did give me several letters he had received from the fleete,
and Sir W. Coventry and Sir W. Pen, who are gone down thither, for me to
pick out some works to be done for the setting out the fleete again; and
so I took them home with me, and was drawing out an abstract of them till
midnight. And as to newes, I do find great reason to think that we are
beaten in every respect, and that we are the losers. The Prince upon the
Galloper, where both the Royall Charles and Royall Katharine had come
twice aground, but got off. The Essex carried into Holland; the Swiftsure
missing (Sir William Barkeley) ever since the beginning of the fight.
Captains Bacon, Tearne, Wood, Mootham, Whitty, and Coppin, slayne. The
Duke of Albemarle writes, that he never fought with worse officers in his
life, not above twenty of them behaving themselves like men. Sir William
Clerke lost his leg; and in two days died. The Loyall George, Seven Oakes,
and Swiftsure, are still missing, having never, as the Generall writes
himself, engaged with them. It was as great an alteration to find myself
required to write a sad letter instead of a triumphant one to my Lady
Sandwich this night, as ever on any occasion I had in my life. So late
home and to bed.

8th. Up very betimes and to attend the Duke of York by order, all of us to
report to him what the works are that are required of us and to divide
among us, wherein I have taken a very good share, and more than I can
perform, I doubt. Thence to the Exchequer about some Tangier businesses,
and then home, where to my very great joy I find Balty come home without
any hurt, after the utmost imaginable danger he hath gone through in the
Henery, being upon the quarterdeck with Harman all the time; and for which
service Harman I heard this day commended most seriously and most
eminently by the Duke of Yorke. As also the Duke did do most utmost right
to Sir Thomas Teddiman, of whom a scandal was raised, but without cause,
he having behaved himself most eminently brave all the whole fight, and to
extraordinary great service and purpose, having given Trump himself such a
broadside as was hardly ever given to any ship. Mings is shot through the
face, and into the shoulder, where the bullet is lodged. Young Holmes is
also ill wounded, and Ather in The Rupert. Balty tells me the case of The
Henery; and it was, indeed, most extraordinary sad and desperate. After
dinner Balty and I to my office, and there talked a great deal of this
fight; and I am mightily pleased in him and have great content in, and
hopes of his doing well. Thence out to White Hall to a Committee for
Tangier, but it met not. But, Lord! to see how melancholy the Court is,
under the thoughts of this last overthrow (for so it is), instead of a
victory, so much and so unreasonably expected. Thence, the Committee not
meeting, Creed and I down the river as low as Sir W. Warrens, with whom I
did motion a business that may be of profit to me, about buying some
lighters to send down to the fleete, wherein he will assist me. So back
again, he and I talking of the late ill management of this fight, and of
the ill management of fighting at all against so great a force bigger than
ours, and so to the office, where we parted, but with this satisfaction
that we hear the Swiftsure, Sir W. Barkeley, is come in safe to the Nore,
after her being absent ever since the beginning of the fight, wherein she
did not appear at all from beginning to end. But wherever she has been,
they say she is arrived there well, which I pray God however may be true.
At the office late, doing business, and so home to supper and to bed.

9th. Up, and to St. Jamess, there to wait on the Duke of Yorke, and had
discourse with him about several businesses of the fleete. But, Lord! to
see how the Court is divided about The Swiftsure and The Essexs being
safe. And wagers and odds laid on both sides. I did tell the Duke how Sir
W. Batten did tell me this morning that he was sure the Swiftsure is safe.
This put them all in a great joy and certainty of it, but this I doubt
will prove nothing. Thence to White Ball in expectation of a meeting of
Tangier, and we did industriously labour to have it this morning; but we
could not get a fifth person there, so after much pains and thoughts on my
side on behalfe of Yeabsly, we were fain to breake up. But, Lord! to see
with what patience Lord Ashly did stay all the morning to get a Committee,
little thinking that I know the reason of his willingnesse. So I home to
dinner and back again to White Hall, and, being come thither a little too
soon, went to Westminster Hall, and bought a payre of gloves, and to see
how people do take this late fight at sea, and I find all give over the
thoughts of it as a victory and to reckon it a great overthrow. So to
White Hall, and there when we were come all together in certain
expectation of doing our business to Yeabslys full content, and us that
were his friends, my Lord Peterborough (whether through some difference
between him and my Lord Ashly, or him and me or Povy, or through the
falsenesse of Creed, I know not) do bring word that the Duke of Yorke (who
did expressly bid me wait at the Committee for the dispatch of the
business) would not have us go forward in this business of allowing the
losse of the ships till Sir G. Carteret and Sir W. Coventry were come to
towne, which was the very thing indeed which we would have avoided. This
being told us, we broke up doing nothing, to my great discontent, though I
said nothing, and afterwards I find by my Lord Ashlys discourse to me
that he is troubled mightily at it, and indeed it is a great abuse of him
and of the whole Commissioners that nothing of that nature can be done
without Sir G. Carteret or Sir W. Coventry. No sooner was the Committee
up, and I going [through] the Court homeward, but I am told Sir W.
Coventry is come to town; so I to his chamber, and there did give him an
account how matters go in our office, and with some content I parted from
him, after we had discoursed several things of the haste requisite to be
made in getting the fleete out again and the manner of doing it. But I do
not hear that he is at all pleased or satisfied with the late fight; but
he tells me more newes of our suffering, by the death of one or two
captains more than I knew before. But he do give over the thoughts of the
safety of The Swiftsure or Essex. Thence homewards, landed at the Old
Swan, and there find my pretty Betty Michell and her husband at their
doore in Thames Streete, which I was glad to find, and went into their
shop, and they made me drink some of their strong water, the first time I
was ever with them there. I do exceedingly love her. After sitting a
little and talking with them about several things at great distance I
parted and home to my business late. But I am to observe how the drinking
of some strong water did immediately put my eyes into a fit of sorenesse
again as they were the other day. I mean my right eye only. Late at night
I had an account brought me by Sir W. Warren that he has gone through four
lighters for me, which pleases me very well. So home to bed, much troubled
with our disappointment at the Tangier Committee.

10th (Lords day). Up very betimes, and down the river to Deptford, and
did a good deale of business in sending away and directing several things
to the Fleete. That being done, back to London to my office, and there at
my office till after Church time fitting some notes to carry to Sir W.
Coventry in the afternoon. At noon home to dinner, where my cozen Joyces,
both of them, they and their wives and little Will, come by invitation to
dinner to me, and I had a good dinner for them; but, Lord! how sicke was I
of W. Joyces company, both the impertinencies of it and his ill manners
before me at my table to his wife, which I could hardly forbear taking
notice of; but being at my table and for his wifes sake, I did, though I
will prevent his giving me the like occasion again at my house I will
warrant him. After dinner I took leave and by water to White Hall, and
there spent all the afternoon in the Gallery, till the Council was up, to
speake with Sir W. Coventry. Walking here I met with Pierce the surgeon,
who is lately come from the fleete, and tells me that all the commanders,
officers, and even the common seamen do condemn every part of the late
conduct of the Duke of Albemarle: both in his fighting at all, in his
manner of fighting, running among them in his retreat, and running the
ships on ground; so as nothing can be worse spoken of. That Holmes,
Spragg, and Smith do all the business, and the old and wiser commanders
nothing. So as Sir Thomas Teddiman (whom the King and all the world speak
well of) is mightily discontented, as being wholly slighted. He says we
lost more after the Prince come, than before too. The Prince was so
maimed, as to be forced to be towed home. He says all the fleete confess
their being chased home by the Dutch; and yet the body of the Dutch that
did it, was not above forty sayle at most. And yet this put us into the
fright, as to bring all our ships on ground. He says, however, that the
Duke of Albemarle is as high almost as ever, and pleases himself to think
that he hath given the Dutch their bellies full, without sense of what he
hath lost us; and talks how he knows now the way to beat them. But he
says, that even Smith himself, one of his creatures, did himself condemn
the late conduct from the beginning to the end. He tells me further, how
the Duke of Yorke is wholly given up to his new mistresse, my Lady Denham,
going at noon-day with all his gentlemen with him to visit her in Scotland
Yard; she declaring she will not be his mistresse, as Mrs. Price, to go up
and down the Privy-stairs, but will be owned publicly; and so she is. Mr.
Bruncker, it seems, was the pimp to bring it about, and my Lady
Castlemaine, who designs thereby to fortify herself by the Duke; there
being a falling-out the other day between the King and her: on this
occasion, the Queene, in ordinary talke before the ladies in her
drawing-room, did say to my Lady Castlemaine that she feared the King did
take cold, by staying so late abroad at her house. She answered before
them all, that he did not stay so late abroad with her, for he went
betimes thence (though he do not before one, two, or three in the
morning), but must stay somewhere else. The King then coming in and
overhearing, did whisper in the eare aside, and told her she was a bold
impertinent woman, and bid her to be gone out of the Court, and not come
again till he sent for, her; which she did presently, and went to a
lodging in the Pell Mell, and kept there two or three days, and then sent
to the King to know whether she might send for her things away out of her
house. The King sent to her, she must first come and view them: and so she
come, and the King went to her, and all friends again. He tells me she
did, in her anger, say she would be even with the King, and print his
letters to her. So putting all together, we are and are like to be in a
sad condition. We are endeavouring to raise money by borrowing it of the
City; but I do not think the City will lend a farthing. By and by the
Council broke up, and I spoke with Sir W. Coventry about business, with
whom I doubt not in a little time to be mighty well, when I shall appear
to mind my business again as I used to do, which by the grace of God I
will do. Gone from him I endeavoured to find out Sir G. Carteret, and at
last did at Mr. Ashburnhams, in the Old Palace Yarde, and thence he and I
stepped out and walked an houre in the church-yarde, under Henry the
Sevenths Chappell, he being lately come from the fleete; and tells me, as
I hear from every body else, that the management in the late fight was bad
from top to bottom. That several said this would not have been if my Lord
Sandwich had had the ordering of it. Nay, he tells me that certainly had
my Lord Sandwich had the misfortune to have done as they have done, the
King could not have saved him. There is, too, nothing but discontent among
the officers; and all the old experienced men are slighted. He tells me to
my question (but as a great secret), that the dividing of the fleete did
proceed first from a proposition from the fleete, though agreed to hence.
But he confesses it arose from want of due intelligence, which he
confesses we do want. He do, however, call the fleetes retreat on Sunday
a very honourable retreat, and that the Duke of Albemarle did do well in
it, and would have been well if he had done it sooner, rather than venture
the loss of the fleete and crown, as he must have done if the Prince had
not come. He was surprised when I told him I heard that the King did
intend to borrow some money of the City, and would know who had spoke of
it to me; I told him Sir Ellis Layton this afternoon. He says it is a
dangerous discourse; for that the City certainly will not be invited to do
it, and then for the King to ask it and be denied, will be the beginning
of our sorrow. He seems to fear we shall all fall to pieces among
ourselves. This evening we hear that Sir Christopher Mings is dead of his
late wounds; and Sir W. Coventry did commend him to me in a most
extraordinary manner. But this day, after three days trial in vain, and
the hazard of the spoiling of the ship in lying till next spring, besides
the disgrace of it, newes is brought that the Loyall London is launched at
Deptford. Having talked thus much with Sir G. Carteret we parted there,
and I home by water, taking in my boat with me young Michell and my Betty
his wife, meeting them accidentally going to look a boat. I set them down
at the Old Swan and myself, went through bridge to the Tower, and so home,
and after supper to bed.

11th. Up, and down by water to Sir W. Warrens (the first time I was in
his new house on the other side the water since he enlarged it) to
discourse about our lighters that he hath bought for me, and I hope to get
L100 by this jobb. Having done with him I took boat again (being mightily
struck with a woman in a hat, a seamans mother,—[Mother or mauther,
a wench.]—that stood on the key) and home, where at the office all
the morning with Sir W. Coventry and some others of our board hiring of
fireships, and Sir W. Coventry begins to see my pains again, which I do
begin to take, and I am proud of it, and I hope shall continue it. He
gone, at noon I home to dinner, and after dinner my father and wife out to
the painters to sit again, and I, with my Lady Pen and her daughter, to
see Harman; whom we find lame in bed. His bones of his anckle are broke,
but he hopes to do well soon; and a fine person by his discourse he seems
to be and my hearty [friend]; and he did plainly tell me that at the
Council of War before the fight, it was against his reason to begin the
fight then, and the reasons of most sober men there, the wind being such,
and we to windward, that they could not use their lower tier of guns,
which was a very sad thing for us to have the honour and weal of the
nation ventured so foolishly. I left them there, and walked to Deptford,
reading in Walsinghams Manual, a very good book, and there met with Sir
W. Batten and my Lady at Uthwayts. Here I did much business and yet had
some little mirthe with my Lady, and anon we all come up together to our
office, where I was very late doing much business. Late comes Sir J.
Bankes to see me, and tells me that coming up from Rochester he overtook
three or four hundred seamen, and he believes every day they come flocking
from the fleete in like numbers; which is a sad neglect there, when it
will be impossible to get others, and we have little reason to think that
these will return presently again. He gone, I to end my letters to-night,
and then home to supper and to bed.

12th. Up, and to the office, where we sat all the morning. At noon to
dinner, and then to White Hall in hopes of a meeting of Tangier about
Yeabslys business, but it could not be obtained, Sir G. Carteret nor Sir
W. Coventry being able to be there, which still vexes [me] to see the poor
man forced still to attend, as also being desirous to see what my profit
is, and get it. Walking here in the galleries I find the Ladies of Honour
dressed in their riding garbs, with coats and doublets with deep skirts,
just for all the world like mine, and buttoned their doublets up the
breast, with perriwigs and with hats; so that, only for a long petticoat
dragging under their mens coats, nobody could take them for women in any
point whatever; which was an odde sight, and a sight did not please me. It
was Mrs. Wells and another fine lady that I saw thus. Thence down by water
to Deptford, and there late seeing some things dispatched down to the
fleete, and so home (thinking indeed to have met with Bagwell, but I did
not) to write my letters very late, and so to supper and to bed.

13th. Up, and by coach to St. Jamess, and there did our business before
the Duke as usual, having, before the Duke come out of his bed, walked in
an ante-chamber with Sir H. Cholmly, who tells me there are great jarrs
between the Duke of Yorke and the Duke of Albemarle, about the laters
turning out one or two of the commanders put in by the Duke of Yorke.
Among others, Captain Du Tell, a Frenchman, put in by the Duke of Yorke,
and mightily defended by him; and is therein led by Monsieur Blancford,
that it seems hath the same command over the Duke of Yorke as Sir W.
Coventry hath; which raises ill blood between them. And I do in several
little things observe that Sir W. Coventry hath of late, by the by,
reflected on the Duke of Albemarle and his captains, particularly in that
of old Teddiman, who did deserve to be turned out this fight, and was so;
but I heard Sir W. Coventry say that the Duke of Albemarle put in one as
bad as he is in his room, and one that did as little. After we had done
with the Duke of Yorke, I with others to White Hall, there to attend again
a Committee of Tangier, but there was none, which vexed me to the heart,
and makes me mighty doubtfull that when we have one, it will be prejudiced
against poor Yeabsly and to my great disadvantage thereby, my Lord
Peterborough making it his business, I perceive (whether in spite to me,
whom he cannot but smell to be a friend to it, or to my Lord Ashly, I know
not), to obstruct it, and seems to take delight in disappointing of us;
but I shall be revenged of him. Here I staid a very great while, almost
till noon, and then meeting Balty I took him with me, and to Westminster
to the Exchequer about breaking of two tallys of L2000 each into smaller
tallys, which I have been endeavouring a good while, but to my trouble it
will not, I fear, be done, though there be no reason against it, but only
a little trouble to the clerks; but it is nothing to me of real profit at
all. Thence with Balty to Haless by coach, it being the seventh day from
my making my late oathes, and by them I am at liberty to dispense with any
of my oathes every seventh day after I had for the six days before going
performed all my vowes. Here I find my fathers picture begun, and so much
to my content, that it joys my very heart to thinke that I should have his
picture so well done; who, besides that he is my father, and a man that
loves me, and hath ever done so, is also, at this day, one of the most
carefull and innocent men, in the world. Thence with mighty content
homeward, and in my way at the Stockes did buy a couple of lobsters, and
so home to dinner, where I find my wife and father had dined, and were
going out to Haless to sit there, so Balty and I alone to dinner, and in
the middle of my grace, praying for a blessing upon (these his good
creatures), my mind fell upon my lobsters: upon which I cried, Odd zooks!
and Balty looked upon me like a man at a losse what I meant, thinking at
first that I meant only that I had said the grace after meat instead of
that before meat. But then I cried, what is become of my lobsters?
Whereupon he run out of doors to overtake the coach, but could not, so
came back again, and mighty merry at dinner to thinke of my surprize.
After dinner to the Excise Office by appointment, and there find my Lord
Bellasses and the Commissioners, and by and by the whole company come to
dispute the business of our running so far behindhand there, and did come
to a good issue in it, that is to say, to resolve upon having the debt due
to us, and the Household and the Guards from the Excise stated, and so we
shall come to know the worst of our condition and endeavour for some helpe
from my Lord Treasurer. Thence home, and put off Balty, and so, being
invited, to Sir Christopher Mingss funeral, but find them gone to church.
However I into the church (which is a fair, large church, and a great
chappell) and there heard the service, and staid till they buried him, and
then out. And there met with Sir W. Coventry (who was there out of great
generosity, and no person of quality there but he) and went with him into
his coach, and being in it with him there happened this extraordinary
case, one of the most romantique that ever I heard of in my life, and
could not have believed, but that I did see it; which was this:—About
a dozen able, lusty, proper men come to the coach-side with tears in their
eyes, and one of them that spoke for the rest begun and says to Sir W.
Coventry, We are here a dozen of us that have long known and loved, and
served our dead commander, Sir Christopher Mings, and have now done the
last office of laying him in the ground. We would be glad we had any other
to offer after him, and in revenge of him. All we have is our lives; if
you will please to get His Royal Highness to give us a fireship among us
all, here is a dozen of us, out of all which choose you one to be
commander, and the rest of us, whoever he is, will serve him; and, if
possible, do that that shall show our memory of our dead commander, and
our revenge. Sir W. Coventry was herewith much moved (as well as I, who
could hardly abstain from weeping), and took their names, and so parted;
telling me that he would move His Royal Highness as in a thing very
extraordinary, which was done. Thereon see the next day in this book. So
we parted. The truth is, Sir Christopher Mings was a very stout man, and a
man of great parts, and most excellent tongue among ordinary men; and as
Sir W. Coventry says, could have been the most useful man at such a pinch
of time as this. He was come into great renowne here at home, and more
abroad in the West Indys. He had brought his family into a way of being
great; but dying at this time, his memory and name (his father being
always and at this day a shoemaker, and his mother a Hoymans daughter; of
which he was used frequently to boast) will be quite forgot in a few
months as if he had never been, nor any of his name be the better by it;
he having not had time to will any estate, but is dead poor rather than
rich. So we left the church and crowd, and I home (being set down on Tower
Hill), and there did a little business and then in the evening went down
by water to Deptford, it being very late, and there I staid out as much
time as I could, and then took boat again homeward, but the officers being
gone in, returned and walked to Mrs. Bagwells house, and there (it being
by this time pretty dark and past ten oclock) went into her house and did
what I would. But I was not a little fearfull of what she told me but now,
which is, that her servant was dead of the plague, that her coming to me
yesterday was the first day of her coming forth, and that she had new
whitened the house all below stairs, but that above stairs they are not so
fit for me to go up to, they being not so. So I parted thence, with a very
good will, but very civil, and away to the waterside, and sent for a pint
of sacke and so home, drank what I would and gave the waterman the rest;
and so adieu. Home about twelve at night, and so to bed, finding most of
my people gone to bed. In my way home I called on a fisherman and bought
three eeles, which cost me three shillings.

14th. Up, and to the office, and there sat all the morning. At noon dined
at home, and thence with my wife and father to Haless, and there looked
only on my fathers picture (which is mighty like); and so away to White
Hall to a committee for Tangier, where the Duke of York was, and Sir W.
Coventry, and a very full committee; and instead of having a very
prejudiced meeting, they did, though indeed inclined against Yeabsly,
yield to the greatest part of his account, so as to allow of his demands
to the value of L7,000 and more, and only give time for him to make good
his pretence to the rest; which was mighty joy to me: and so we rose up.
But I must observe the force of money, which did make my Lord Ashly to
argue and behave himself in the business with the greatest friendship, and
yet with all the discretion imaginable; and [it] will be a business of
admonition and instruction to me concerning him (and other men, too, for
aught I know) as long as I live. Thence took Creed with some kind of
violence and some hard words between us to St. Jamess, to have found out
Sir W. Coventry to have signed the order for his payment among others that
did stay on purpose to do it (and which is strange among the rest my Lord
Ashly, who did cause Creed to write it presently and kept two or three of
them with him by cunning to stay and sign it), but Creeds ill nature
(though never so well bribed, as it hath lately in this case by twenty
pieces) will not be overcome from his usual delays. Thence failing of
meeting Sir W. Coventry I took leave of Creed (very good friends) and away
home, and there took out my father, wife, sister, and Mercer our grand
Tour in the evening, and made it ten at night before we got home, only
drink at the doore at Islington at the Katherine Wheel, and so home and to
the office a little, and then to bed.

15th. Up betimes, and to my Journall entries, but disturbed by many
businesses, among others by Mr. Houblons coming to me about evening their
freight for Tangier, which I did, and then Mr. Bland, who presented me
yesterday with a very fine African mat, to lay upon the ground under a bed
of state, being the first fruits of our peace with Guyland. So to the
office, and thither come my pretty widow Mrs. Burrows, poor woman, to get
her ticket paid for her husbands service, which I did her myself, and did
baisser her moucher, and I do hope may thereafter have some day sa
company. Thence to Westminster to the Exchequer, but could not persuade
the blockheaded fellows to do what I desire, of breaking my great tallys
into less, notwithstanding my Lord Treasurers order, which vexed [me] so
much that I would not bestow more time and trouble among a company of
dunces, and so back again home, and to dinner, whither Creed come and
dined with me and after dinner Mr. Moore, and he and I abroad, thinking to
go down the river together, but the tide being against me would not, but
returned and walked an houre in the garden, but, Lord! to hear how he
pleases himself in behalf of my Lord Sandwich, in the miscarriage of the
Duke of Albemarle, and do inveigh against Sir W. Coventry as a cunning
knave, but I thinke that without any manner of reason at all, but only his
passion. He being gone I to my chamber at home to set my Journall right
and so to settle my Tangier accounts, which I did in very good order, and
then in the evening comes Mr. Yeabsly to reckon with me, which I did also,
and have above L200 profit therein to myself, which is a great blessing,
the God of heaven make me thankfull for it. That being done, and my eyes
beginning to be sore with overmuch writing, I to supper and to bed.

16th. Up betimes and to my office, and there we sat all the morning and
dispatched much business, the King, Duke of Yorke, and Sir W. Coventry
being gone down to the fleete. At noon home to dinner and then down to
Woolwich and Deptford to look after things, my head akeing from the
multitude of businesses I had in my head yesterday in settling my
accounts. All the way down and up, reading of The Mayor of Quinborough,
a simple play. At Deptford, while I am there, comes Mr. Williamson, Sir
Arthur Ingram and Jacke Fen, to see the new ships, which they had done,
and then I with them home in their boat, and a very fine gentleman Mr.
Williamson is. It seems the Dutch do mightily insult of their victory, and
they have great reason.

[This treatment seems to have been that of the Dutch populace alone,
and there does not appear to have been cause of complaint against
the government. Respecting Sir W. Berkeleys body the following
notice was published in the London Gazette of July 15th, 1666 (No.
69) Whitehall, July 15. This day arrived a trumpet from the States
of Holland, who came over from Calais in the Dover packet-boat, with
a letter to his Majesty, that the States have taken order for the
embalming the body of Sir William Berkeley, which they have placed
in the chapel of the great church at the Hague, a civility they
profess to owe to his corpse, in respect to the quality of his
person, the greatness of his command, and of the high courage and
valour he showed in the late engagement; desiring his Majesty to
signify his pleasure about the further disposal of it. Frederick
Ruysch, the celebrated Dutch anatomist, undertook, by order of the
States-General, to inject the body of the English Admiral Berkeley,
killed in the sea-fight of 1666; and the body, already somewhat
decomposed, was sent over to England as well prepared as if it had
been the fresh corpse of a child. This produced to Ruysch, on the
part of the States-General, a recompense worthy of their liberality,
and the merit of the anatomist, Jamess Medical Dictionary.]

Sir William Barkeley was killed before his ship taken; and there he lies
dead in a sugar-chest, for every body to see, with his flag standing up by
him. And Sir George Ascue is carried up and down the Hague for people to
see. Home to my office, where late, and then to bed.

17th (Lords day). Being invited to Anthony Joyces to dinner, my wife and
sister and Mercer and I walked out in the morning, it being fine weather,
to Christ Church, and there heard a silly sermon, but sat where we saw one
of the prettiest little boys with the prettiest mouth that ever I saw in
[my] life. Thence to Joyces, where William Joyce and his wife were, and
had a good dinner; but, Lord! how sicke was I of the company, only hope I
shall have no more of it a good while; but am invited to Wills this week;
and his wife, poor unhappy woman, cried to hear me say that I could not be
there, she thinking that I slight her: so they got me to promise to come.
Thence my father and I walked to Grays Inne Fields, and there spent an
houre or two walking and talking of several businesses; first, as to his
estate, he told me it produced about L80 per ann., but then there goes L30
per. ann. taxes and other things, certain charge, which I do promise to
make good as far as this L30, at which the poor man was overjoyed and
wept. As to Pall he tells me he is mightily satisfied with Ensum, and so I
promised to give her L500 presently, and to oblige myself to 100 more on
the birth of her first child, he insuring her in L10 per ann. for every
L100, and in the meantime till she do marry I promise to allow her L10 per
ann. Then as to John I tell him I will promise him nothing, but will
supply him as so much lent him, I declaring that I am not pleased with him
yet, and that when his degree is over I will send for him up hither, and
if he be good for any thing doubt not to get him preferment. This
discourse ended to the joy of my father and no less to me to see that I am
able to do this, we return to Joyces and there wanting a coach to carry
us home I walked out as far as the New Exchange to find one, but could
not. So down to the Milke-house, and drank three glasses of whay, and then
up into the Strand again, and there met with a coach, and so to Joyces
and took up my father, wife, sister, and Mercer, and to Islington, where
we drank, and then our tour by Hackney home, where, after a little,
business at my office and then talke with my Lady and Pegg Pen in the
garden, I home and to bed, being very weary.

18th. Up betimes and in my chamber most of the morning setting things to
rights there, my Journall and accounts with my father and brother, then to
the office a little, and so to Lumbard Streete, to borrow a little money
upon a tally, but cannot. Thence to the Exchequer, and there after much
wrangling got consent that I should have a great tally broken into little
ones. Thence to Haless to see how my fathers picture goes on, which
pleases me mighty well, though I find again, as I did in Mrs. Pierces,
that a picture may have more of a likeness in the first or second working
than it shall have when finished, though this is very well and to my full
content, but so it is, and certainly mine was not so like at the first,
second, or third sitting as it was afterward. Thence to my Lord Bellasses,
by invitation, and there dined with him, and his lady and daughter; and at
dinner there played to us a young boy, lately come from France, where he
had been learning a yeare or two on the viallin, and plays finely. But
impartially I do not find any goodnesse in their ayres (though very good)
beyond ours when played by the same hand, I observed in several of

[Jean Baptiste Lulli, son of a Tuscan peasant, born 1633, died 1687.
He invented the dramatic overture. But during the first years of
Charles II. all musick affected by the beau mond run in the french
way; and the rather because at that time the master of the court
musick in France, whose name was Baptista (an Italian frenchifyed)
had influenced the french style by infusing a great portion of the
Italian harmony into it, whereby the ayre was exceedingly improved
(Norths Memoires of Musick, ed. Rimbault, 1846, p, 102).]

(the present great composer) and our Bannisters. But it was pretty to see
how passionately my Lords daughter loves musique, the most that ever I
saw creature in my life. Thence after dinner home and to the office and
anon to Lumbard Streete again, where much talke at Colvills, he censuring
the times, and how matters are ordered, and with reason enough; but, above
all, the thinking to borrow money of the City, which will not be done, but
be denied, they being little pleased with the Kings affairs, and that
must breed differences between the King and the City. Thence down by water
to Deptford, to order things away to the fleete and back again, and after
some business at my office late home to supper and to bed. Sir W. Coventry
is returned this night from the fleete, he being the activest man in the
world, and we all (myself particularly) more afeard of him than of the
King or his service, for aught I see; God forgive us! This day the great
newes is come of the French, their taking the island of St. Christophers
from us; and it is to be feared they have done the like of all those
islands thereabouts this makes the city mad.

19th. Up, and to my office, there to fit business against the rest meet,
which they did by and by, and sat late. After the office rose (with Creed
with me) to Wm. Joyces to dinner, being invited, and there find my father
and sister, my wife and Mercer, with them, almost dined. I made myself as
complaisant as I could till I had dined, but yet much against my will, and
so away after dinner with Creed to Pennys, my Tailor, where I bespoke a
thin stuff suit, and did spend a little time evening some little accounts
with Creed and so parted, and I to Sir. G. Carterets by appointment;
where I perceive by him the King is going to borrow some money of the
City; but I fear it will do no good, but hurt. He tells me how the
Generall—[The Duke of Albemarle.]—is displeased, and there
have been some high words between the Generall and Sir W. Coventry. And it
may be so; for I do not find Sir W. Coventry so highly commending the Duke
as he used to be, but letting fall now and then some little jerkes: as
this day, speaking of newes from Holland, he says, I find their victory
begins to shrinke there, as well as ours here. Here I met with Captain
Cocke, and he tells me that the first thing the Prince said to the King
upon his coming, was complaining of the Commissioners of the Navy; that
they could have been abroad in three or four days but for us; that we do
not take care of them which I am troubled at, and do fear may in violence
break out upon this office some time or other; for we shall not be able to
carry on the business. Thence home, and at my business till late at night,
then with my wife into the garden and there sang with Mercer, whom I feel
myself begin to love too much by handling of her breasts in a morning
when she dresses me, they being the finest that ever I saw in my life,
that is the truth of it. So home and to supper with beans and bacon and to

20th. Up, but in some pain of the collique. I have of late taken too much
cold by washing my feet and going in a thin silke waistcoate, without any
other coate over it, and open-breasted, but I hope it will go over. I did
this morning (my father being to go away to-morrow) give my father some
money to buy him a horse, and for other things to himself and my mother
and sister, among them L20, besides undertaking to pay for other things
for them to about L3, which the poor man takes with infinite kindnesse,
and I do not thinke I can bestow it better. Thence by coach to St. Jamess
as usual to wait on the Duke of York, after having discoursed with
Collonell Fitzgerald, whom I met in my way and he returned with me to
Westminster, about paying him a sum of 700 and odd pounds, and he bids me
defalk L25 for myself,—[Abate from an amount.]—which is a very
good thing; having done with the Duke I to the Exchequer and there after
much ado do get my business quite over of the difficulty of breaking a
great tally into little ones and so shall have it done tomorrow. Thence to
the Hall and with Mrs. Martin home and staid with her a while, and then
away to the Swan and sent for a bit of meat and dined there, and thence to
Faythorne, the picture-sellers, and there chose two or three good Cutts
to try to vernish, and so to Haless to see my fathers picture, which is
now near finished and is very good, and here I staid and took a nap of an
hour, thinking my father and wife would have come, but they did not; so I
away home as fast as I could, fearing lest my father this day going abroad
to see Mr. Honiwood at Major Russells might meet with any trouble, and so
in great pain home; but to spite me, in Cheapside I met Mrs. Williams in a
coach, and she called me, so I must needs light and go along with her and
poor Knipp (who is so big as she can tumble and looks-every day to lie
down) as far as Paternoster Row, which I did do and there staid in
Bennetts shop with them, and was fearfull lest the people of the shop,
knowing me, should aske after my father and give Mrs. Williams any
knowledge of me to my disgrace. Having seen them done there and
accompanied them to Ludgate I light and into my owne coach and home,
where I find my father and wife had had no intent of coming at all to
Haless. So I at home all the evening doing business, and at night in the
garden (it having been these three or four days mighty hot weather)
singing in the evening, and then home to supper and to bed.

21st. Up, and at the office all the morning; whereby several circumstances
I find Sir W. Coventry and the Duke of Albemarle do not agree as they used
to do; Sir W. Coventry commending Aylett (in some reproach to the Duke),
whom the Duke hath put out for want of courage; and found fault with
Steward, whom the Duke keeps in, though as much in fault as any commander
in the fleete. At noon home to dinner, my father, sister, and wife dining
at Sarah Giless, poor woman, where I should have been, but my pride would
not suffer me. After dinner to Mr. Debastys to speake with Sir Robert
Viner, a fine house and a great many fine ladies. He used me mighty
civilly. My business was to set the matter right about the letter of
credit he did give my Lord Belassis, that I may take up the tallys lodged
with Viner for his security in the answering of my Lords bills, which we
did set right very well, and Sir Robert Viner went home with me and did
give me the L5000 tallys presently. Here at Mr. Debastys I saw, in a gold
frame, a picture of a Outer playing on his flute which, for a good while,
I took for paynting, but at last observed it a piece of tapestry, and is
the finest that ever I saw in my life for figures, and good natural
colours, and a very fine thing it is indeed. So home and met Sir George
Smith by the way, who tells me that this day my Lord Chancellor and some
of the Court have been with the City, and the City have voted to lend the
King L100,000; which, if soon paid (as he says he believes it will), will
be a greater service than I did ever expect at this time from the City. So
home to my letters and then with my wife in the garden, and then upon our
leades singing in the evening and so to supper (while at supper comes
young Michell, whose wife I love, little Betty Howlet, to get my favour
about a ticket, and I am glad of this occasion of obliging him and give
occasion of his coming to me, for I must be better acquainted with him and
her), and after supper to bed.

22nd. Up, and before I went out Mr. Peter Barr sent me a tierce of claret,
which is very welcome. And so abroad down the river to Deptford and there
did some business, and then to Westminster, and there did with much ado
get my tallys (my small ones instead of one great one of L2,000), and so
away home and there all day upon my Tangier accounts with Creed, and, he
being gone, with myself, in settling other accounts till past twelve at
night, and then every body being in bed, I to bed, my father, wife, and
sister late abroad upon the water, and Mercer being gone to her mothers
and staid so long she could not get into the office, which vexed me.

23rd. My father and sister very betimes took their leave; and my wife,
with all possible kindnesse, went with them to the coach, I being mightily
pleased with their company thus long, and my father with his being here,
and it rejoices my heart that I am in condition to do any thing to comfort
him, and could, were it not for my mother, have been contented he should
have stayed always here with me, he is such innocent company. They being
gone, I to my papers, but vexed at what I heard but a little of this
morning, before my wife went out, that Mercer and she fell out last night,
and that the girle is gone home to her mothers for all-together: This
troubles me, though perhaps it may be an ease to me of so much charge. But
I love the girle, and another we must be forced to keepe I do foresee and
then shall be sorry to part with her. At the office all the morning, much
disquiett in my mind in the middle of my business about this girle. Home
at noon to dinner, and what with the going away of my father today and the
losse of Mercer, I after dinner went up to my chamber and there could have
cried to myself, had not people come to me about business. In the evening
down to Tower Wharfe thinking to go by water, but could not get watermen;
they being now so scarce, by reason of the great presse; so to the Custome
House, and there, with great threats, got a couple to carry me down to
Deptford, all the way reading Pompey the Great (a play translated from the
French by several noble persons; among others, my Lord Buckhurst), that to
me is but a mean play, and the words and sense not very extraordinary.
From Deptford I walked to Redriffe, and in my way was overtaken by
Bagwell, lately come from sea in the Providence, who did give me an
account of several particulars in the late fight, and how his ship was
deserted basely by the York, Captain Swanly, commander. So I home and
there after writing my letters home to supper and to bed, fully resolved
to rise betimes, and go down the river to-morrow morning, being vexed this
night to find none of the officers in the yarde at 7 at night, nor any
body concerned as if it were a Dutch warr. It seems Mercers mother was
here in the morning to speak with my wife, but my wife would not. In the
afternoon I and my wife in writing did instruct W. Hewer in some discourse
to her, and she in the evening did come and satisfy my wife, and by and by
Mercer did come, which I was mighty glad of and eased of much pain about

24th. Sunday. Midsummer Day. Up, but, being weary the last night, not so
soon as I intended. Then being dressed, down by water to Deptford, and
there did a great deale of business, being in a mighty hurry, Sir W.
Coventry writing to me that there was some thoughts that the Dutch fleete
were out or coming out. Business being done in providing for the carrying
down of some provisions to the fleete, I away back home and after dinner
by water to White Hall, and there waited till the councill rose, in the
boarded gallery, and there among other things I hear that Sir Francis
Prujean is dead, after being married to a widow about a yeare or
thereabouts. He died very rich, and had, for the last yeare, lived very
handsomely, his lady bringing him to it. He was no great painstaker in
person, yet died very rich; and, as Dr. Clerke says, was of a very great
judgment, but hath writ nothing to leave his name to posterity. In the
gallery among others met with Major Halsey, a great creature of the Duke
of Albemarles; who tells me that the Duke, by name, hath said that he
expected to have the worke here up in the River done, having left Sir W.
Batten and Mr. Phipps there. He says that the Duke of Albemarle do say
that this is a victory we have had, having, as he was sure, killed them
8000 men, and sunk about fourteen of their ships; but nothing like this
appears true. He lays much of the little success we had, however, upon the
fleetes being divided by order from above, and the want of spirit in the
commanders; and that he was commanded by order to go out of the Downes to
the Gun-fleete, and in the way meeting the Dutch fleete, what should he
do? should he not fight them? especially having beat them heretofore at as
great disadvantage. He tells me further, that having been downe with the
Duke of Albemarle, he finds that Holmes and Spragge do govern most
business of the Navy; and by others I understand that Sir Thomas Allen is
offended thereat; that he is not so much advised with as he ought to be.
He tells me also, as he says, of his own knowledge, that several people
before the Duke went out did offer to supply the King with L100,000
provided he would be treasurer of it, to see it laid out for the Navy;
which he refused, and so it died. But I believe none of this. This day I
saw my Lady Falmouth, with whom I remember now I have dined at my Lord
Barkeleys heretofore, a pretty woman: she was now in her second or third
mourning, and pretty pleasant in her looks. By and by the Council rises,
and Sir W. Coventry comes out; and he and I went aside, and discoursed of
much business of the Navy; and afterwards took his coach, and to
Hide-Parke, he and I alone: there we had much talke. First, he started a
discourse of a talke he hears about the towne, which, says he, is a very
bad one, and fit to be suppressed, if we knew how which is, the comparing
of the successe of the last year with that of this; saying that that was
good, and that bad. I was as sparing in speaking as I could, being jealous
of him and myself also, but wished it could be stopped; but said I doubted
it could not otherwise than by the fleetes being abroad again, and so
finding other worke for mens minds and discourse. Then to discourse of
himself, saying, that he heard that he was under the lash of peoples
discourse about the Princes not having notice of the Dutch being out, and
for him to comeback again, nor the Duke of Albemarle notice that the
Prince was sent for back again: to which he told me very particularly how
careful he was the very same night that it was resolved to send for the
Prince back, to cause orders to be writ, and waked the Duke, who was then
in bed, to sign them; and that they went by expresse that very night,
being the Wednesday night before the fight, which begun on the Friday; and
that for sending them by the post expresse, and not by gentlemen on
purpose, he made a sport of it, and said, I knew of none to send it with,
but would at least have lost more time in fitting themselves out, than any
diligence of theirs beyond that of the ordinary post would have recovered.
I told him that this was not so much the towne talke as the reason of
dividing the fleete. To this he told me he ought not to say much; but did
assure me in general that the proposition did first come from the fleete,
and the resolution not being prosecuted with orders so soon as the
Generall thought fit, the Generall did send Sir Edward Spragge up on
purpose for them; and that there was nothing in the whole business which
was not done with the full consent and advice of the Duke of Albemarle.

But he did adde (as the Catholiques call le secret de la Masse), that
Sir Edward Spragge—who had even in Sir Christopher Mingss time put
in to be the great favourite of the Prince, but much more now had a mind
to be the great man with him, and to that end had a mind to have the
Prince at a distance from the Duke of Albemarle, that they might be doing
something alone—did, as he believed, put on this business of
dividing the fleete, and that thence it came.

[This division of the fleet was the original cause of the disaster,
and at a later period the enemies of Clarendon charged him with
having advised this action, but Coventrys communication to Pepys in
the text completely exonerates Clarendon.]

He tells me as to the business of intelligence, the want whereof the world
did complain much of, that for that it was not his business, and as he was
therefore to have no share in the blame, so he would not meddle to lay it
any where else. That de Ruyter was ordered by the States not to make it
his business to come into much danger, but to preserve himself as much as
was fit out of harms way, to be able to direct the fleete. He do, I
perceive, with some violence, forbear saying any thing to the reproach of
the Duke of Albemarle; but, contrarily, speaks much of his courage; but I
do as plainly see that he do not like the Duke of Albemarles proceedings,
but, contrarily, is displeased therewith. And he do plainly diminish the
commanders put in by the Duke, and do lessen the miscarriages of any that
have been removed by him. He concurs with me, that the next bout will be a
fatal one to one side or other, because, if we be beaten, we shall not be
able to set out our fleete again. He do confess with me that the hearts of
our seamen are much saddened; and for that reason, among others, wishes
Sir Christopher Mings was alive, who might inspire courage and spirit into
them. Speaking of Holmes, how great a man he is, and that he do for the
present, and hath done all the voyage, kept himself in good order and
within bounds; but, says he, a cat will be a cat still, and some time or
other out his humour must break again. He do not disowne but that the
dividing of the fleete upon the presumptions that were then had (which, I
suppose, was the French fleete being come this way), was a good
resolution. Having had all this discourse, he and I back to White Hall;
and there I left him, being [in] a little doubt whether I had behaved
myself in my discourse with the policy and circumspection which ought to
be used to so great a courtier as he is, and so wise and factious a man,
and by water home, and so, after supper, to bed.

25th. Up, and all the morning at my Tangier accounts, which the chopping
and changing of my tallys make mighty troublesome; but, however, I did end
them with great satisfaction to myself. At noon, without staying to eat my
dinner, I down by water to Deptford, and there coming find Sir W. Batten
and Sir Jeremy Smith (whom the dispatch of the Loyall London detained) at
dinner at Greenwich at the Beare Taverne, and thither I to them and there
dined with them. Very good company of strangers there was, but I took no
great pleasure among them, being desirous to be back again. So got them to
rise as soon as I could, having told them the newes Sir W. Coventry just
now wrote me to tell them, which is, that the Dutch are certainly come
out. I did much business at Deptford, and so home, by an old poor man, a
sculler, having no oares to be got, and all this day on the water
entertained myself with the play of Commenius, and being come home did go
out to Aldgate, there to be overtaken by Mrs. Margot Pen in her fathers
coach, and my wife and Mercer with her, and Mrs. Pen carried us to two
gardens at Hackny, (which I every day grow more and more in love with,)
Mr. Drakes one, where the garden is good, and house and the prospect
admirable; the other my Lord Brookes, where the gardens are much better,
but the house not so good, nor the prospect good at all. But the gardens
are excellent; and here I first saw oranges grow: some green, some half,
some a quarter, and some full ripe, on the same tree, and one fruit of the
same tree do come a year or two after the other. I pulled off a little one
by stealth (the man being mighty curious of them) and eat it, and it was
just as other little green small oranges are; as big as half the end of my
little finger. Here were also great variety of other exotique plants, and
several labarinths, and a pretty aviary. Having done there with very great
pleasure we away back again, and called at the Taverne in Hackny by the
church, and there drank and eate, and so in the Goole of the evening home.
This being the first day of my putting on my black stuff bombazin suit,
and I hope to feel no inconvenience by it, the weather being extremely
hot. So home and to bed, and this night the first night of my lying
without a waistcoat, which I hope I shall very well endure. So to bed.
This morning I did with great pleasure hear Mr. Caesar play some good
things on his lute, while he come to teach my boy Tom, and I did give him
40s. for his encouragement.

26th. Up and to my office betimes, and there all the morning, very busy to
get out the fleete, the Dutch being now for certain out, and we shall not,
we thinke, be much behindhand with them. At noon to the Change about
business, and so home to dinner, and after dinner to the setting my
Journall to rights, and so to the office again, where all the afternoon
full of business, and there till night, that my eyes were sore, that I
could not write no longer. Then into the garden, then my wife and Mercer
and my Lady Yen and her daughter with us, and here we sung in the darke
very finely half an houre, and so home to supper and to bed. This
afternoon, after a long drowth, we had a good shower of rain, but it will
not signify much if no more come. This day in the morning come Mr. Chichly
to Sir W. Coventry, to tell him the ill successe of the guns made for the
Loyall London; which is, that in the trial every one of the great guns,
the whole cannon of seven (as I take it), broke in pieces, which is a
strange mishap, and that which will give more occasion to peoples
discourse of the Kings business being done ill. This night Mary my
cookemayde, that hath been with us about three months, but find herself
not able to do my worke, so is gone with great kindnesse away, and another
(Luce) come, very ugly and plaine, but may be a good servant for all that.

27th. Up, and to my office awhile, and then down the river a little way to
see vessels ready for the carrying down of 400 land soldiers to the
fleete. Then back to the office for my papers, and so to St. Jamess,
where we did our usual attendance on the Duke. Having done with him, we
all of us down to Sir W. Coventrys chamber (where I saw his father my
Lord Coventrys picture hung up, done by Stone, who then brought it home.
It is a good picture, drawn in his judges robes, and the great seale by
him. And while it was hanging up, This, says Sir W. Coventry, merrily,
is the use we make of our fathers,) to discourse about the proposition
of serving us with hempe, delivered in by my Lord Brouncker as from an
unknown person, though I know it to be Captain Cockes. My Lord and Sir
William Coventry had some earnest words about it, the one promoting it for
his private ends, being, as Cocke tells me himself, to have L500 if the
bargain goes on, and I am to have as much, and the other opposing it for
the unseasonableness of it, not knowing at all whose the proposition is,
which seems the more ingenious of the two. I sat by and said nothing,
being no great friend to the proposition, though Cocke intends me a
convenience by it. But what I observed most from the discourse was this of
Sir W. Coventry, that he do look upon ourselves in a desperate condition.
The issue of all standing upon this one point, that by the next fight, if
we beat, the Dutch will certainly be content to take eggs for their money
(that was his expression); or if we be beaten, we must be contented to
make peace, and glad if we can have it without paying too dear for it. And
withall we do rely wholly upon the Parliaments giving us more money the
next sitting, or else we are undone. Being gone hence, I took coach to the
Old Exchange, but did not go into it, but to Mr. Cades, the stationer,
stood till the shower was over, it being a great and welcome one after so
much dry weather. Here I understand that Ogleby is putting out some new
fables of his owne, which will be very fine and very satyricall. Thence
home to dinner, and after dinner carried my wife to her sisters and I to
Mr. Haless, to pay for my fathers picture, which cost me L10 the head
and 25s. the frame. Thence to Lovetts, who has now done something towards
the varnishing of single paper for the making of books, which will do, I
think, very well. He did also carry me to a Knights chamber in Grayes
Inne, where there is a frame of his making, of counterfeite tortoise
shell, which indeed is most excellently done. Then I took him with me to a
picture shop to choose a print for him to vernish, but did not agree for
one then. Thence to my wife to take her up and so carried her home, and I
at the office till late, and so to supper with my wife and to bed. I did
this afternoon visit my Lord Bellasses, who professes all imaginable
satisfaction in me. He spoke dissatisfiedly with Creed, which I was
pleased well enough with. My Lord is going down to his garrison to Hull,
by the Kings command, to put it in order for fear of an invasion which
course I perceive is taken upon the sea-coasts round; for we have a real
apprehension of the King of Frances invading us.

28th. Up, and at the office all the morning. At noon home to dinner, and
after dinner abroad to Lumbard Streete, there to reckon with Sir Robert
Viner for some money, and did sett all straight to my great content, and
so home, and all the afternoon and evening at the office, my mind full at
this time of getting my accounts over, and as much money in my hands as I
can, for a great turne is to be feared in the times, the French having
some great design (whatever it is) in hand, and our necessities on every
side very great. The Dutch are now known to be out, and we may expect them
every houre upon our coast. But our fleete is in pretty good readinesse
for them.

29th. Up, and within doors most of the morning, sending a porter (Sanders)
up and down to several people to pay them money to clear my months debts
every where, being mighty desirous to have all clear so soon as I can, and
to that end did so much in settling my Tangier accounts clear. At noon
dined, having first been down at Deptford and did a little business there
and back again. After dinner to White Hall to a Committee of Tangier, but
I come a little too late, they were up, so I to several places about
business, among others to Westminster Hall, and there did meet with Betty
Michell at her own mothers shop. I would fain have carried her home by
water, but she was to sup at that end of the town. So I away to White
Hall, and thence, the Council being up, walked to St. Jamess, and there
had much discourse with Sir W. Coventry at his chamber, who I find quite
weary of the warr, decries our having any warr at all, or himself to have
been any occasion of it, that he hopes this will make us shy of any warr
hereafter, or to prepare better for it, believes that one overthrow on the
Dutch side would make them desire peace, and that one on ours will make us
willing to accept of one: tells me that Commissioner Pett is fallen
infinitely under the displeasure of the Prince and Duke of Albemarle, not
giving them satisfaction in the getting out of the fleete, and that the
complaint he believes is come to the King, and by Sir W. Coventrys
discourse I find he do concur in it, and speaks of his having of no
authority in the place where he is, and I do believe at least it will end
in his being removed to some other yarde, and I am not sorry for it, but
do fear that though he deserves as bad, yet at this time the blame may not
be so well deserved. Thence home and to the office; where I met with a
letter from Dover, which tells me (and it did come by expresse) that newes
is brought over by a gentleman from Callice that the Dutch fleete, 130
sail, are come upon the French coast; and that the country is bringing in
picke-axes, and shovells, and wheel-barrows into Callice; that there are
6,000 men armed with head, back, and breast (Frenchmen) ready to go on
board the Dutch fleete, and will be followed by 12,000 more. That they
pretend they are to come to Dover; and that thereupon the Governor of
Dover Castle is getting the victuallers provision out of the towne into
the Castle to secure it. But I do think this is a ridiculous conceit; but
a little time will show. At night home to supper and to bed,

30th. Up, and to the office, and mightily troubled all this morning with
going to my Lord Mayor (Sir Thomas Bludworth,

[As his conduct during the Great Fire fully proved, when he is said
to have boasted that he would extinguish the flames by the same
means to which Swift tells us Gulliver had recourse at Lilliput.—B.]

a silly man, I think), and other places, about getting shipped some men
that they have these two last nights pressed in the City out of houses:
the persons wholly unfit for sea, and many of them people of very good
fashion, which is a shame to think of, and carried to Bridewell they are,
yet without being impressed with money legally as they ought to be. But to
see how the Kings business is done; my Lord Mayor himself did scruple at
this time of extremity to do this thing, because he had not money to pay
the pressed-money to the men, he told me so himself; nor to take up boats
to carry them down through bridge to the ships I had prepared to carry
them down in; insomuch that I was forced to promise to be his paymaster,
and he did send his City Remembrancer afterwards to the office, and at the
table, in the face of the officers, I did there out of my owne purse
disburse L15 to pay for their pressing and diet last night and this
morning; which is a thing worth record of my Lord Mayor. Busy about this
all the morning, at noon dined and then to the office again, and all the
afternoon till twelve at night full of this business and others, and among
these others about the getting off men pressed by our officers of the
fleete into the service; even our owne men that are at the office, and the
boats that carry us. So that it is now become impossible to have so much
as a letter carried from place to place, or any message done for us: nay,
out of Victualling ships full loaden to go down to the fleete, and out of
the vessels of the officers of the Ordnance, they press men, so that for
want of discipline in this respect I do fear all will be undone. Vexed
with these things, but eased in mind by my ridding of a great deale of
business from the office, I late home to supper and to bed. But before I
was in bed, while I was undressing myself, our new ugly mayde, Luce, had
like to have broke her necke in the darke, going down our upper stairs;
but, which I was glad of, the poor girle did only bruise her head, but at
first did lie on the ground groaning and drawing her breath, like one
a-dying. This month I end in much hurry of business, but in much more
trouble in mind to thinke what will become of publique businesses, having
so many enemys abroad, and neither force nor money at all, and but little
courage for ourselves, it being really true that the spirits of our seamen
and commanders too are really broke by the last defeate with the Dutch,
and this is not my conjecture only, but the real and serious thoughts of
Sir G. Carteret and Sir W. Coventry, whom I have at distinct times heard
the same thing come from with a great deale of grief and trouble. But,
lastly, I am providing against a foule day to get as much money into my
hands as I can, at least out of the publique hands, that so, if a turne,
which I fear, do come, I may have a little to trust to. I pray God give me
good successe in my choice how to dispose of what little I have, that I
may not take it out of publique hands, and put it into worse.