Samuel Pepys diary May 1666

MAY 1666

May 1st. Up, and all the morning at the office. At noon, my cozen Thomas
Pepys did come to me, to consult about the business of his being a justice
of the Peace, which he is much against; and among other reasons, tells me,
as a confidant, that he is not free to exercise punishment according to
the Act against Quakers and other people, for religion. Nor do he
understand Latin, and so is not capable of the place as formerly, now all
warrants do run in Latin. Nor is he in Kent, though he be of Deptford
parish, his house standing in Surry. However, I did bring him to incline
towards it, if he be pressed to take it. I do think it may be some repute
to me to have my kinsman in Commission there, specially if he behave
himself to content in the country. He gone and my wife gone abroad, I out
also to and fro, to see and be seen, among others to find out in Thames
Streete where Betty Howlett is come to live, being married to Mrs.
Michells son; which I did about the Old Swan, but did not think fit to go
thither or see them. Thence by water to Redriffe, reading a new French
book my Lord Bruncker did give me to-day, LHistoire Amoureuse des

[This book, which has frequently been reprinted, was written by
Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, for the amusement of his mistress,
Madame de Montglas, and consists of sketches of the chief ladies of
the court, in which he libelled friends and foes alike. These
circulated in manuscript, and were printed at Liege in 1665. Louis
XIV. was so much annoyed with the book that he sent the author to
the Bastille for over a year.]

being a pretty libel against the amours of the Court of France. I walked
up and down Deptford yarde, where I had not been since I come from living
at Greenwich, which is some months. There I met with Mr. Castle, and was
forced against my will to have his company back with me. So we walked and
drank at Halfway house and so to his house, where I drank a cupp of syder,
and so home, where I find Mr. Norbury newly come to town to see us. After
he gone my wife tells me the ill newes that our Susan is sicke and gone to
bed, with great pain in her head and back, which troubles us all. However
we to bed expecting what to-morrow would produce. She hath we conceive
wrought a little too much, having neither maid nor girle to help her.

2nd. Up and find the girle better, which we are glad of, and with Sir W.
Batten to White Hall by coach. There attended the Duke as usual. Thence
with Captain Cocke, whom I met there, to London, to my office, to consult
about serving him in getting him some money, he being already tired of his
slavery to my Lord Bruncker, and the charge it costs him, and gets no
manner of courtesy from him for it. He gone I home to dinner, find the
girle yet better, so no fear of being forced to send her out of doors as
we intended. After dinner. I by water to White Hall to a Committee for
Tangier upon Mr. Yeabslys business, which I got referred to a Committee
to examine. Thence among other stops went to my rulers house, and there
staid a great while with Nan idling away the afternoon with pleasure. By
and by home, so to my office a little, and then home to supper with my
wife, the girle being pretty well again, and then to bed.

3rd. Up, and all the morning at the office. At noon home, and contrary to
my expectation find my little girle Su worse than she was, which troubled
me, and the more to see my wife minding her paynting and not thinking of
her house business, this being the first day of her beginning the second
time to paynt. This together made me froward that I was angry with my
wife, and would not have Browne to think to dine at my table with me
always, being desirous to have my house to myself without a stranger and a
mechanique to be privy to all my concernments. Upon this my wife and I had
a little disagreement, but it ended by and by, and then to send up and
down for a nurse to take the girle home and would have given anything. I
offered to the only one that we could get 20s. per weeke, and we to find
clothes, and bedding and physique, and would have given 30s., as demanded,
but desired an houre or twos time. So I away by water to Westminster, and
there sent for the girles mother to Westminster Hall to me; she came and
undertakes to get her daughter a lodging and nurse at next doore to her,
though she dare not, for the parishs sake, whose sexton her husband is,
to [have] her into her owne house. Thence home, calling at my booksellers
and other trifling places, and in the evening the mother come and with a
nurse she has got, who demanded and I did agree at 10s. per weeke to take
her, and so she away, and my house mighty uncouth, having so few in it,
and we shall want a servant or two by it, and the truth is my heart was a
little sad all the afternoon and jealous of myself. But she went, and we
all glad of it, and so a little to the office, and so home to supper and
to bed.

4th. Up and by water to Westminster to Charing Cross (Mr. Gregory for
company with me) to Sir Ph. Warwickes, who was not within. So I took
Gregory to White Hall, and there spoke with Joseph Williamson to have
leave in the next Gazette to have a general pay for the Chest at Chatham
declared upon such a day in June. Here I left Gregory, and I by coach back
again to Sir Philip Warwickes, and in the Park met him walking, so
discoursed about the business of striking a quarters tallys for Tangier,
due this day, which he hath promised to get my Lord Treasurers warrant
for, and so away hence, and to Mr. Hales, to see what he had done to Mrs.
Pierces picture, and whatever he pretends, I do not think it will ever be
so good a picture as my wifes. Thence home to the office a little and
then to dinner, and had a great fray with my wife again about Brownes
coming to teach her to paynt, and sitting with me at table, which I will
not yield to. I do thoroughly believe she means no hurte in it; but very
angry we were, and I resolved all into my having my will done, without
disputing, be the reason what it will; and so I will have it. After dinner
abroad again and to the New Exchange about play books, and to White Hall,
thinking to have met Sir G. Carteret, but failed. So to the Swan at
Westminster, and there spent a quarter of an hour with Jane, and thence
away home, and my wife coming home by and by (having been at her mothers
to pray her to look out for a mayde for her) by coach into the fields to
Bow, and so home back in the evening, late home, and after supper to bed,
being much out of order for lack of somebody in the room of Su. This
evening, being weary of my late idle courses, and the little good I shall
do the King or myself in the office, I bound myself to very strict rules
till Whitsunday next.

5th. At the office all the morning. After dinner upon a letter from the
fleete from Sir W. Coventry I did do a great deale of worke for the
sending away of the victuallers that are in the river, &c., too much
to remember. Till 10 at night busy about letters and other necessary
matter of the office. About 11 home, it being a fine moonshine and so my
wife and Mercer come into the garden, and, my business being done, we sang
till about twelve at night, with mighty pleasure to ourselves and
neighbours, by their casements opening, and so home to supper and to bed.

6th (Lords day). To church. Home, and after dinner walked to White Hall,
thinking to have seen Mr. Coventry, but failed, and therefore walked clear
on foot back again. Busy till night in fitting my Victualling papers in
order, which I through my multitude of business and pleasure have not
examined these several months. Walked back again home, and so to the
Victualling Office, where I met Mr. Gawden, and have received some
satisfaction, though it be short of what I expected, and what might be
expected from me. So after evened I have gone, and so to supper and to

7th. Up betimes to set my Victualling papers in order against Sir W.
Coventry comes, which indeed makes me very melancholy, being conscious
that I am much to seeke in giving a good answer to his queries about the
Victualling business. At the office mighty busy, and brought myself into a
pretty plausible condition before Sir W. Coventry come, and did give him a
pretty tolerable account of every thing and went with him into the
Victualling office, where we sat and examined his businesses and state of
the victualling of the fleete, which made me in my heart blushe that I
could say no more to it than I did or could. But I trust in God I shall
never be in that condition again. We parted, and I with pretty good grace,
and so home to dinner, where my wife troubled more and more with her
swollen cheek. So to dinner, my sister-in-law with us, who I find more and
more a witty woman; and then I to my Lord Treasurers and the Exchequer
about my Tangier businesses, and with my content passed by all things and
persons without so much as desiring any stay or loss of time with them,
being by strong vowe obliged on no occasion to stay abroad but my publique
offices. So home again, where I find Mrs. Pierce and Mrs. Ferrers come to
see my wife. I staid a little with them, being full of business, and so to
the office, where busy till late at night and so weary and a little
conscious of my failures to-day, yet proud that the day is over without
more observation on Sir W. Coventrys part, and so to bed and to sleepe

8th. Up, and to the office all the morning. At noon dined at home, my
wifes cheek bad still. After dinner to the office again and thither comes
Mr. Downing, the anchor-smith, who had given me 50 pieces in gold the last
month to speake for him to Sir W. Coventry, for his being smith at
Deptford; but after I had got it granted to him, he finds himself not fit
to go on with it, so lets it fall. So has no benefit of my motion. I
therefore in honour and conscience took him home the money, and, though
much to my grief, did yet willingly and forcibly force him to take it
again, the poor man having no mind to have it. However, I made him take
it, and away he went, and I glad to have given him so much cause to speake
well of me. So to my office again late, and then home to supper to a good
lobster with my wife, and then a little to my office again, and so to bed.

9th. Up by five oclock, which I have not a long time done, and down the
river by water to Deptford, among other things to examine the state of
Ironworke, in order to the doing something with reference to Downing that
may induce him to returne me the 50 pieces. Walked back again reading of
my Civill Law Book, and so home and by coach to White Hall, where we did
our usual business before the Duke, and heard the Duke commend Deanes
ship The Rupert before The Defyance, built lately by Castle, in
hearing of Sir W. Batten, which pleased me mightily. Thence by water to
Westminster, and there looked after my Tangier order, and so by coach to
Mrs. Pierces, thinking to have gone to Haless, but she was not ready, so
away home and to dinner, and after dinner out by coach to Lovetts to have
forwarded what I have doing there, but find him and his pretty wife gone
to my house to show me something. So away to my Lord Treasurers, and
thence to Pierces, where I find Knipp, and I took them to Haless to see
our pictures finished, which are very pretty, but I like not hers half so
well as I thought at first, it being not so like, nor so well painted as I
expected, or as mine and my wifes are. Thence with them to Cornhill to
call and choose a chimney-piece for Pierces closett, and so home, where my
wife in mighty pain and mightily vexed at my being abroad with these
women; and when they were gone called them whores and I know not what,
which vexed me, having been so innocent with them. So I with them to Mrs.
Turners and there sat with them a while, anon my wife sends for me, I
come, and what was it but to scold at me and she would go abroad to take
the ayre presently, that she would. So I left my company and went with her
to Bow, but was vexed and spoke not one word to her all the way going nor
coming, or being come home, but went up straight to bed. Half an hour
after (she in the coach leaning on me as being desirous to be friends) she
comes up mighty sicke with a fit of the cholique and in mighty pain and
calls for me out of the bed; I rose and held her, she prays me to forgive
her, and in mighty pain we put her to bed, where the pain ceased by and
by, and so had some asparagus to our bed side for supper and very kindly
afterward to sleepe and good friends in the morning.

10th. So up, and to the office, where all the morning. At noon home to
dinner and there busy all the afternoon till past six oclock, and then
abroad with my wife by coach, who is now at great ease, her cheeke being
broke inward. We took with us Mrs. Turner, who was come to visit my wife
just as we were going out. A great deale of tittle tattle discourse to
little purpose, I finding her, though in other things a very discreete
woman, as very a gossip speaking of her neighbours as any body. Going out
towards Hackney by coach for the ayre, the silly coachman carries us to
Shoreditch, which was so pleasant a piece of simplicity in him and us,
that made us mighty merry. So back again late, it being wondrous hot all
the day and night and it lightning exceeding all the way we went and came,
but without thunder. Coming home we called at a little ale-house, and had
an eele pye, of which my wife eat part and brought home the rest. So being
come home we to supper and to bed. This day come our new cook maid Mary,
commended by Mrs. Batters.

11th. Up betimes, and then away with Mr. Yeabsly to my Lord Ashlys,
whither by and by comes Sir H. Cholmly and Creed, and then to my Lord, and
there entered into examination of Mr. Yeabslys accounts, wherein as in
all other things I find him one of the most distinct men that ever I did
see in my life. He raised many scruples which were to be answered another
day and so parted, giving me an alarme how to provide myself against the
day of my passing my accounts. Thence I to Westminster to look after the
striking of my tallys, but nothing done or to be done therein. So to the
Change, to speake with Captain Cocke, among other things about getting of
the silver plates of him, which he promises to do; but in discourse he
tells me that I should beware of my fellow-officers; and by name told me
that my Lord Bruncker should say in his hearing, before Sir W. Batten, of
me, that he could undo the man, if he would; wherein I think he is a
foole; but, however, it is requisite I be prepared against the mans
friendship. Thence home to dinner alone, my wife being abroad. After
dinner to the setting some things in order in my dining-room; and by and
by comes my wife home and Mrs. Pierce with her, so I lost most of this
afternoon with them, and in the evening abroad with them, our long tour by
coach, to Hackney, so to Kingsland, and then to Islington, there
entertaining them by candlelight very well, and so home with her, set her
down, and so home and to bed.

12th. Up to the office very betimes to draw up a letter for the Duke of
Yorke relating to him the badness of our condition in this office for want
of money. That being in good time done we met at the office and there sat
all the morning. At noon home, where I find my wife troubled still at my
checking her last night in the coach in her long stories out of Grand
Cyrus, which she would tell, though nothing to the purpose, nor in any
good manner.

[Sir Walter Scott observes, in his Life of Dryden, that the
romances of Calprenede and Scuderi, those ponderous and unmerciful
folios, now consigned to oblivion, were, in their day, not only
universally read and admired, but supposed to furnish the most
perfect models of gallantry and heroism. Dr. Johnson read them all.
I have, says Mrs. Chapone, and yet I am still alive, dragged
through Le Grand Cyrus, in twelve huge volumes; Cleopatra, in
eight or ten; Ibrahim, Clelie, and some others, whose names, as
well as all the rest of them, I have forgotten (Letters to Mrs.
Carter). No wonder that Pepys sat on thorns, when his wife began
to recite Le Grand Cyrus in the coach, and trembled at the
impending tale.—B.]

This she took unkindly, and I think I was to blame indeed; but she do find
with reason, that in the company of Pierce, Knipp, or other women that I
love, I do not value her, or mind her as I ought. However very good
friends by and by, and to dinner, and after dinner up to the putting our
dining room in order, which will be clean again anon, but not as it is to
be because of the pictures which are not come home. To the office and did
much business, in the evening to Westminster and White Hall about business
and among other things met Sir G. Downing on White Hall bridge, and there
walked half an hour, talking of the success of the late new Act; and
indeed it is very much, that that hath stood really in the room of
L800,000 now since Christmas, being itself but L1,250,000. And so I do
really take it to be a very considerable thing done by him; for the
beginning, end, and every part of it, is to be imputed to him. So home by
water, and there hard till 12 at night at work finishing the great letter
to the Duke of Yorke against to-morrow morning, and so home to bed. This
day come home again my little girle Susan, her sicknesse proving an ague,
and she had a fit soon almost as she come home. The fleete is not yet gone
from the Nore. The plague encreases in many places, and is 53 this week
with us.

13th (Lords day). Up, and walked to White Hall, where we all met to
present a letter to the Duke of Yorke, complaining solemnly of the want of
money, and that being done, I to and again up and down Westminster,
thinking to have spent a little time with Sarah at the Swan, or Mrs.
Martin, but was disappointed in both, so walked the greatest part of the
way home, where comes Mr. Symons, my old acquaintance, to dine with me,
and I made myself as good company as I could to him, but he was mighty
impertinent methought too yet, and thereby I see the difference between
myself now and what it was heretofore, when I reckoned him a very brave
fellow. After dinner he and I walked together as far as Cheapside, and I
quite through to Westminster again, and fell by chance into St. Margetts
Church, where I heard a young man play the foole upon the doctrine of
purgatory. At this church I spied Betty Howlett, who indeed is mighty
pretty, and struck me mightily. After church time, standing in the Church
yarde, she spied me, so I went to her, her father and mother and husband
being with her. They desired and I agreed to go home with Mr. Michell, and
there had the opportunity to have saluted two or three times Betty and
make an acquaintance which they are pleased with, though not so much as I
am or they think I am. I staid here an houre or more chatting with them in
a little sorry garden of theirs by the Bowling Alley, and so left them and
I by water home, and there was in great pain in mind lest Sir W. Pen, who
is going down to the Fleete, should come to me or send for me to be
informed in the state of things, and particularly the Victualling, that by
my pains he might seem wise. So after spending an houre with my wife
pleasantly in her closett, I to bed even by daylight.

14th. Comes betimes a letter from Sir W. Coventry, that he and Sir G.
Carteret are ordered presently down to the Fleete. I up and saw Sir W. Pen
gone also after them, and so I finding it a leisure day fell to making
cleane my closett in my office, which I did to my content and set up my
Platts again, being much taken also with Griffins mayde, that did cleane
it, being a pretty mayde. I left her at it, and toward Westminster myself
with my wife by coach and meeting took up Mr. Lovett the varnisher with
us, who is a pleasant speaking and humoured man, so my wife much taken
with him, and a good deale of worke I believe I shall procure him. I left
my wife at the New Exchange and myself to the Exchequer, to looke after my
Tangier tallys, and there met Sir G. Downing, who shewed me his present
practise now begun this day to paste up upon the Exchequer door a note of
what orders upon the new Act are paid and now in paying, and my Lord of
Oxford coming by, also took him, and shewed him his whole method of
keeping his books, and everything of it, which indeed is very pretty, and
at this day there is assigned upon the Act L804,000. Thence at the New
Exchange took up my wife again, and so home to dinner, and after dinner to
my office again to set things in order. In the evening out with my wife
and my aunt Wight, to take the ayre, and happened to have a pleasant race
between our hackney-coach and a gentlemans. At Bow we eat and drank and
so back again, it being very cool in the evening. Having set home my aunt
and come home, I fell to examine my wifes kitchen book, and find 20s.
mistake, which made me mighty angry and great difference between us, and
so in the difference to bed.

15th. Up and to the office, where we met and sat all the morning. At noon
home to dinner, and after dinner by coach to Sir Philip Warwickes, he
having sent for me, but was not within, so I to my Lord Crews, who is
very lately come to towne, and with him talking half an houre of the
business of the warr, wherein he is very doubtful, from our want of money,
that we shall fail. And I do concur with him therein. After some little
discourse of ordinary matters, I away to Sir Philip Warwickes again, and
was come in, and gone out to my Lord Treasurers; whither I followed him,
and there my business was, to be told that my Lord Treasurer hath got
L10,000 for us in the Navy, to answer our great necessities, which I did
thank him for; but the sum is not considerable. So home, and there busy
all the afternoon till night, and then home to supper and to bed.

16th. Up very betimes, and so down the river to Deptford to look after
some business, being by and by to attend the Duke and Mr. Coventry, and so
I was wiling to carry something fresh that I may look as a man minding
business, which I have done too much for a great while to forfeit, and is
now so great a burden upon my mind night and day that I do not enjoy
myself in the world almost. I walked thither, and come back again by
water, and so to White Hall, and did our usual business before the Duke,
and so to the Exchequer, where the lazy rogues have not yet done my
tallys, which vexes me. Thence to Mr. Hales, and paid him for my picture,
and Mr. Hills, for the first L14 for the picture, and 25s. for the frame,
and for the other L7 for the picture, it being a copy of his only, and 5s.
for the frame; in all, L22 10s. I am very well satisfied in my pictures,
and so took them in another coach home along with me, and there with great
pleasure my wife and I hung them up, and, that being done, to dinner,
where Mrs. Barbara Sheldon come to see us and dined with us, and we kept
her all the day with us, I going down to Deptford, and, Lord! to see with
what itching desire I did endeavour to see Bagwells wife, but failed, for
which I am glad, only I observe the folly of my mind that cannot refrain
from pleasure at a season above all others in my life requisite for me to
shew my utmost care in. I walked both going and coming, spending my time
reading of my Civill and Ecclesiastical Law book. Being returned home, I
took my wife and Mrs. Barbary and Mercer out by coach and went our Grand
Tour, and baited at Islington, and so late home about 11 at night, and so
with much pleasure to bed.

17th. Up, lying long, being wearied yesterday with long walking. So to the
office, where all the morning with fresh occasion of vexing at myself for
my late neglect of business, by which I cannot appear half so usefull as I
used to do. Home at noon to dinner, and then to my office again, where I
could not hold my eyes open for an houre, but I drowsed (so little
sensible I apprehend my soul is of the necessity of minding business), but
I anon wakened and minded my business, and did a great deale with very
great pleasure, and so home at night to supper and to bed, mightily
pleased with myself for the business that I have done, and convinced that
if I would but keepe constantly to do the same I might have leisure enough
and yet do all my business, and by the grace of God so I will. So to bed.

18th. Up by 5 oclock, and so down by water to Deptford and Blackewall to
dispatch some business. So walked to Dickeshoare, and there took boat
again and home, and thence to Westminster, and attended all the morning on
the Exchequer for a quarters tallys for Tangier. But, Lord! to see what a
dull, heavy sort of people they are there would make a man mad. At noon
had them and carried them home, and there dined with great content with my
people, and within and at the office all the afternoon and night, and so
home to settle some papers there, and so to bed, being not very well,
having eaten too much lobster at noon at dinner with Mr. Hollyard, he
coming in and commending it so much.

19th. Up, and to the office all the morning. At noon took Mr. Deane
(lately come to towne) home with me to dinner, and there after giving him
some reprimands and good advice about his deportment in the place where by
my interest he is at Harwich, and then declaring my resolution of being
his friend still, we did then fall to discourse about his ship Rupert,
built by him there, which succeeds so well as he hath got great honour by
it, and I some by recommending him; the King, Duke, and every body saying
it is the best ship that was ever built. And then he fell to explain to me
his manner of casting the draught of water which a ship will draw
before-hand: which is a secret the King and all admire in him; and he is
the first that hath come to any certainty before-hand, of foretelling the
draught of water of a ship before she be launched. I must confess I am
much pleased in his successe in this business, and do admire at the
confidence of Castle who did undervalue the draught Deane sent up to me,
that I was ashamed to owne it or him, Castle asking of me upon the first
sight of it whether he that laid it down had ever built a ship or no,
which made me the more doubtfull of him. He being gone, I to the office,
where much business and many persons to speake with me. Late home and to
bed, glad to be at a little quiett.

20th (Lords day). With my wife to church in the morning. At noon dined
mighty nobly, ourselves alone. After dinner my wife and Mercer by coach to
Greenwich, to be gossip to Mrs. Daniels child. I out to Westminster, and
straight to Mrs. Martins, and there did what I would with her, she
staying at home all the day for me; and not being well pleased with her
over free and loose company, I away to Westminster Abbey, and there fell
in discourse with Mr. Blagrave, whom I find a sober politique man, that
gets money and increase of places, and thence by coach home, and thence by
water after I had discoursed awhile with Mr. Yeabsly, whom I met and took
up in my coach with me, and who hath this day presented my Lord Ashly with
L100 to bespeak his friendship to him in his accounts now before us; and
my Lord hath received it, and so I believe is as bad, as to bribes, as
what the world says of him. Calling on all the Victualling ships to know
what they had of their complements, and so to Deptford, to enquire after a
little business there, and thence by water back again, all the way coming
and going reading my Lord Bacons Faber Fortunae, which I can never read
too often, and so back home, and there find my wife come home, much
pleased with the reception she had there, and she was godmother, and did
hold the child at the Font, and it is called John. So back again home, and
after setting my papers in order and supping, to bed, desirous to rise
betimes in the morning.

21st. Up between 4 and 5 oclock and to set several papers to rights, and
so to the office, where we had an extraordinary meeting. But, Lord! how it
torments me to find myself so unable to give an account of my Victualling
business, which puts me out of heart in every thing else, so that I never
had a greater shame upon me in my owne mind, nor more trouble as to
publique business than I have now, but I will get out of it as soon as
possibly I can. At noon dined at home, and after dinner comes in my wifes
brother Balty and his wife, he being stepped ashore from the fleete for a
day or two. I away in some haste to my Lord Ashly, where it is stupendous
to see how favourably, and yet closely, my Lord Ashly carries himself to
Mr. Yeabsly, in his business, so as I think we shall do his business for
him in very good manner. But it is a most extraordinary thing to observe,
and that which I would not but have had the observation of for a great
deal of money. Being done there, and much forwarded Yeabslys business, I
with Sir H. Cholmly to my Lord Bellassis, who is lately come from Tangier
to visit him, but is not within. So to Westminster Hall a little about
business and so home by water, and then out with my wife, her brother,
sister, and Mercer to Islington, our grand tour, and there eat and drank.
But in discourse I am infinitely pleased with Balty, his deportment in his
business of Muster-Master, and hope mighty well from him, and am glad with
all my heart I put him into this business. Late home and to bed, they also
lying at my house, he intending to go away to-morrow back again to sea.

22nd. Up betimes and to my business of entering some Tangier payments in
my book in order, and then to the office, where very busy all the morning.
At noon home to dinner, Balty being gone back to sea and his wife dining
with us, whom afterward my wife carried home. I after dinner to the
office, and anon out on several occasions, among others to Lovetts, and
there staid by him and her and saw them (in their poor conditioned manner)
lay on their varnish, which however pleased me mightily to see. Thence
home to my business writing letters, and so at night home to supper and to

23rd. Up by 5 oclock and to my chamber settling several matters in order.
So out toward White Hall, calling in my way on my Lord Bellassis, where I
come to his bedside, and did give me a full and long account of his
matters, how he left them at Tangier. Declares himself fully satisfied
with my care: seems cunningly to argue for encreasing the number of men
there. Told me the whole story of his gains by the Turky prizes, which he
owns he hath got about L5000 by. Promised me the same profits Povy was to
have had; and in fine, I find him a pretty subtle man; and so I left him,
and to White Hall before the Duke and did our usual business, and eased my
mind of two or three things of weight that lay upon me about Lanyons
salary, which I have got to be L150 per annum. Thence to Westminster to
look after getting some little for some great tallys, but shall find
trouble in it. Thence homeward and met with Sir Philip Warwicke, and spoke
about this, in which he is scrupulous. After that to talk of the wants of
the Navy. He lays all the fault now upon the new Act, and owns his owne
folly in thinking once so well of it as to give way to others endeavours
about it, and is grieved at heart to see what passe things are like to
come to. Thence to the Excise Office to the Commissioners to get a meeting
between them and myself and others about our concernments in the Excise
for Tangier, and so to the Change awhile, and thence home with Creed, and
find my wife at dinner with Mr. Cooke, who is going down to Hinchinbrooke.
After dinner Creed and I and wife and Mercer out by coach, leaving them at
the New Exchange, while I to White Hall, and there staid at Sir G.
Carterets chamber till the Council rose, and then he and I, by agreement
this morning, went forth in his coach by Tiburne, to the Parke;
discoursing of the state of the Navy as to money, and the state of the
Kingdom too, how ill able to raise more: and of our office as to the
condition of the officers; he giving me caution as to myself, that there
are those that are my enemies as well as his, and by name my Lord
Bruncker, who hath said some odd speeches against me. So that he advises
me to stand on my guard; which I shall do, and unless my too-much
addiction to pleasure undo me, will be acute enough for any of them. We
rode to and again in the Parke a good while, and at last home and set me
down at Charing Crosse, and thence I to Mrs. Pierces to take up my wife
and Mercer, where I find her new picture by Hales do not please her, nor
me indeed, it making no show, nor is very like, nor no good painting. Home
to supper and to bed, having my right eye sore and full of humour of late,
I think, by my late change of my brewer, and having of 8s. beer.

24th. Up very betimes, and did much business in my chamber. Then to the
office, where busy all the morning. At noon rose in the pleasantest humour
I have seen Sir W. Coventry and the whole board in this twelvemonth from a
pleasant crossing humour Sir W. Batten was in, he being hungry, and
desirous to be gone. Home, and Mr. Hunt come to dine with me, but I was
prevented dining till 4 oclock by Sir H. Cholmly and Sir J. Bankess
coming in about some Tangier business. They gone I to dinner, the others
having dined. Mr. Sheply is also newly come out of the country and come to
see us, whom I am glad to see. He left all well there; but I perceive
under some discontent in my Lords behalfe, thinking that he is under
disgrace with the King; but he is not so at all, as Sir G. Carteret
assures me. They gone I to the office and did business, and so in the
evening abroad alone with my wife to Kingsland, and so back again and to
bed, my right eye continuing very ill of the rheum, which hath troubled it
four or five days.

25th. Up betimes and to my chamber to do business, where the greatest part
of the morning. Then out to the Change to speake with Captain [Cocke],
who tells me my silver plates are ready for me, and shall be sent me
speedily; and proposes another proposition of serving us with a thousand
tons of hempe, and tells me it shall bring me 6500, if the bargain go
forward, which is a good word. Thence to Sir G. Carteret, who is at the
pay of the tickets with Sir J. Minnes this day, and here I sat with them a
while, the first time I ever was there, and thence to dinner with him, a
good dinner. Here come a gentleman over from France arrived here this day,
Mr. Browne of St. Mellos, who, among other things, tells me the meaning of
the setting out of doggs every night out of the towne walls, which are
said to secure the city; but it is not so, but only to secure the anchors,
cables, and ships that lie dry, which might otherwise in the night be
liable to be robbed. And these doggs are set out every night, and called
together in every morning by a man with a home, and they go in very
orderly. Thence home, and there find Knipp at dinner with my wife, now
very big, and within a fortnight of lying down. But my head was full of
business and so could have no sport. So I left them, promising to return
and take them out at night, and so to the Excise Office, where a meeting
was appointed of Sir Stephen Fox, the Cofferer, and myself, to settle the
business of our tallys, and it was so pretty well against another meeting.
Thence away home to the office and out again to Captain Cocke (Mr. Moore
for company walking with me and discoursing and admiring of the learning
of Dr. Spencer), and there he and I discoursed a little more of our
matters, and so home, and (Knipp being gone) took out my wife and Mercer
to take the ayre a little, and so as far as Hackney and back again, and
then to bed.

26th. Up betimes and to the office, where all the morning. At noon dined
at home. So to the office again, and a while at the Victualling Office to
understand matters there a little, and thence to the office and despatched
much business, to my great content, and so home to supper and to bed.

27th (Lords day). Rose betimes, and to my office till church time to
write two copies of my Will fair, bearing date this day, wherein I have
given my sister Pall L500, my father for his owne and my mothers support
L2,000, to my wife the rest of my estate, but to have L2500 secured to
her, though by deducting out of what I have given my father and my sister.
I dispatched all before church time and then to church, my wife with me.
Thence home to dinner, whither come my uncle Wight, and aunt and uncle
Norbury, and Mr. Shepley. A good dinner and very merry. After dinner we
broke up and I by water to Westminster to Mrs. Martins, and there sat
with her and her husband and Mrs. Burrows, the pretty, an hour or two,
then to the Swan a while, and so home by water, and with my wife by and by
by water as low as Greenwich, for ayre only, and so back again home to
supper and to bed with great pleasure.

28th. Up and to my chamber to do some business there, and then to the
office, where a while, and then by agreement to the Excise Office, where I
waited all the morning for the Cofferer and Sir St. Foxes coming, but
they did not, so I and the Commissioners lost their labour and expectation
of doing the business we intended. Thence home, where I find Mr. Lovett
and his wife came to see us. They are a pretty couple, and she a fine bred
woman. They dined with us, and Browne, the paynter, and she plays finely
on the lute. My wife and I were well pleased with her company. After
dinner broke up, I to the office and they abroad. All the afternoon I busy
at the office, and down by water to Deptford. Walked back to Redriffe, and
so home to the office again, being thoughtfull how to answer Sir W.
Coventry against to-morrow in the business of the Victualling, but that I
do trust to Tom Wilson, that he will be ready with a book for me to-morrow
morning. So to bed, my wife telling me where she hath been to-day with my
aunt Wight, and seen Mrs. Margaret Wight, and says that she is one of the
beautifullest women that ever she saw in her life, the most excellent nose
and mouth. They have been also to see pretty Mrs. Batelier, and conclude
her to be a prettier woman than Mrs. Pierce, whom my wife led my aunt to
see also this day.

29th (Kings birth-day and Restauration day). Waked with the ringing of
the bells all over the towne; so up before five oclock, and to the
office, where we met, and I all the morning with great trouble upon my
spirit to think how I should come off in the afternoon when Sir W.
Coventry did go to the Victualling office to see the state of matters
there, and methinks by his doing of it without speaking to me, and only
with Sir W. Pen, it must be of design to find my negligence. However, at
noon I did, upon a small invitation of Sir W. Pens, go and dine with Sir
W. Coventry at his office, where great good cheer and many pleasant
stories of Sir W. Coventry; but I had no pleasure in them. However, I had
last night and this morning made myself a little able to report how
matters were, and did readily go with them after dinner to the Victualling
office; and there, beyond belief, did acquit myself very well to full
content; so that, beyond expectation, I got over this second rub in this
business; and if ever I fall on it again, I deserve to be undone. Being
broke up there, I with a merry heart home to my office, and thither my
wife comes to me, to tell me, that if I would see the handsomest woman in
England, I shall come home presently; and who should it be but the pretty
lady of our parish, that did heretofore sit on the other side of our
church, over against our gallery, that is since married; she with Mrs.
Anne Jones, one of this parish, that dances finely, and Mrs. sister did
come to see her this afternoon, and so I home and there find Creed also
come to me. So there I spent most of the afternoon with them, and indeed
she is a pretty black woman, her name Mrs. Horsely. But, Lord! to see how
my nature could not refrain from the temptation; but I must invite them to
Foxhall, to Spring Gardens, though I had freshly received minutes of a
great deale of extraordinary business. However I could not helpe it, but
sent them before with Creed, and I did some of my business; and so after
them, and find them there, in an arbour, and had met with Mrs. Pierce, and
some company with her. So here I spent 20s. upon them, and were pretty
merry. Among other things, had a fellow that imitated all manner of birds,
and doggs, and hogs, with his voice, which was mighty pleasant. Staid here
till night: then set Mrs. Pierce in at the New Exchange; and ourselves
took coach, and so set Mrs. Horsely home, and then home ourselves, but
with great trouble in the streets by bonefires, it being the Kings
birth-day and day of Restauration; but, Lord! to see the difference how
many there were on the other side, and so few ours, the City side of the
Temple, would make one wonder the difference between the temper of one
sort of people and the other: and the difference among all between what
they do now, and what it was the night when Monk come into the City. Such
a night as that I never think to see again, nor think it can be. After I
come home I was till one in the morning with Captain Cocke drawing up a
contract with him intended to be offered to the Duke to-morrow, which, if
it proceeds, he promises me L500.

30th. Up and to my office, there to settle some business in our
waiting on the Duke to-day. That done to White Hall to Sir W. Coventrys
chamber, where I find the Duke gone out with the King to-day on hunting.
So after some discourse with him, I by water to Westminster, and there
drew a draught of an order for my Lord Treasurer to sign for my having
some little tallys made me in lieu of two great ones, of L2000 each, to
enable me to pay small sums therewith. I shewed it to Sir R. Long and had
his approbation, and so to Sir Ph. Warwickes, and did give it him to get
signed. So home to my office, and there did business. By and by toward
noon word is brought me that my father and my sister are come. I expected
them to-day, but not so soon. I to them, and am heartily glad to see them,
especially my father, who, poor man, looks very well, and hath rode up
this journey on horseback very well, only his eyesight and hearing is very
bad. I staid and dined with them, my wife being gone by coach to Barnet,
with W. Hewer and Mercer, to meet them, and they did come Ware way. After
dinner I left them to dress themselves and I abroad by appointment to my
Lord Ashly, who, it is strange to see, how prettily he dissembles his
favour to Yeabslys business, which none in the world could mistrust only
I, that am privy to his being bribed. Thence to White Hall, and there
staid till the Council was up, with Creed expecting a meeting of Tangier
to end Yeabslys business, but we could not procure it. So I to my Lord
Treasurers and got my warrant, and then to Lovetts, but find nothing
done there. So home and did a little business at the office, and so down
by water to Deptford and back again home late, and having signed some
papers and given order in business, home, where my wife is come home, and
so to supper with my father, and mighty pleasant we were, and my wife
mighty kind to him and Pall, and so after supper to bed, myself being
sleepy, and my right eye still very sore, as it has been now about five
days or six, which puts me out of tune. To-night my wife tells me newes
has been brought her that Baltys wife is brought to bed, by some fall or
fit, before her time, of a great child but dead. If the woman do well we
have no reason to be sorry, because his staying a little longer without a
child will be better for him and her.

31st. Waked very betimes in the morning by extraordinary thunder and rain,
which did keep me sleeping and waking till very late, and it being a
holiday and my eye very sore, and myself having had very little sleep for
a good while till nine oclock, and so up, and so saw all my family up,
and my father and sister, who is a pretty good-bodied woman, and not over
thicke, as I thought she would have been, but full of freckles, and not
handsome in face. And so I out by water among the ships, and to Deptford
and Blackewall about business, and so home and to dinner with my father
and sister and family, mighty pleasant all of us; and, among other things,
with a sparrow that our Mercer hath brought up now for three weeks, which
is so tame that it flies up and down, and upon the table, and eats and
pecks, and do everything so pleasantly, that we are mightily pleased with
it. After dinner I to my papers and accounts of this month to sett all
straight, it being a publique Fast-day appointed to pray for the good
successe of the fleete. But it is a pretty thing to consider how little a
matter they make of this keeping of a Fast, that it was not so much as
declared time enough to be read in the churches the last Sunday; but
ordered by proclamation since: I suppose upon some sudden newes of the
Dutch being come out. To my accounts and settled them clear; but to my
grief find myself poorer than I was the last by near L20, by reason of my
being forced to return L50 to Downing, the smith, which he had presented
me with. However, I am well contented, finding myself yet to be worth
L5,200. Having done, to supper with my wife, and then to finish the
writing fair of my accounts, and so to bed. This day come to town Mr.
Homewood, and I took him home in the evening to my chamber, and discoursed
with him about my business of the Victualling, which I have a mind to
employ him in, and he is desirous of also, but do very ingenuously declare
he understands it not so well as other things, and desires to be informed
in the nature of it before he attempts it, which I like well, and so I
carried him to Mr. Gibson to discourse with him about it, and so home
again to my accounts. Thus ends this month, with my mind oppressed by my
defect in my duty of the Victualling, which lies upon me as a burden, till
I get myself into a better posture therein, and hinders me and casts down
my courage in every thing else that belongs to me, and the jealousy I have
of Sir W. Coventrys being displeased with me about it; but I hope in a
little time to remedy all. As to publique business; by late tidings of the
French fleete being come to Rochelle (how true, though, I know not) our
fleete is divided; Prince Rupert being gone with about thirty ships to the
Westward as is conceived to meet the French, to hinder their coming to
join with the Dutch. My Lord Duke of Albemarle lies in the Downes with the
rest, and intends presently to sail to the Gunfleete.