Samuel Pepys diary April 1666

APRIL 1666

April 1st (Lords day). Up and abroad, and by coach to Charing Cross, to
wait on Sir Philip Howard; whom I found in bed: and he do receive me very
civilly. My request was about suffering my wifes brother to go to sea,
and to save his pay in the Dukes guards; which after a little difficulty
he did with great respect agree to. I find him a very fine-spoken
gentleman, and one of great parts, and very courteous. Much pleased with
this visit I to White Hall, where I met Sir G. Downing, and to discourse
with him an houre about the Exchequer payments upon the late Act, and
informed myself of him thoroughly in my safety in lending L2000 to Sir W.
Warren, upon an order of his upon the Exchequer for L2602 and I do purpose
to do it. Thence meeting Dr. Allen, the physician, he and I and another
walked in the Parke, a most pleasant warm day, and to the Queenes
chappell; where I do not so dislike the musique. Here I saw on a post an
invitation to all good Catholiques to pray for the soul of such a one
departed this life. The Queene, I hear, do not yet hear of the death of
her mother, she being in a course of physique, that they dare not tell it
her. At noon by coach home, and there by invitation met my uncle and aunt
Wight and their cozen Mary, and dined with me and very merry. After dinner
my uncle and I abroad by coach to White Hall, up and down the house, and I
did some business and thence with him and a gentleman he met with to my
Lord Chancellors new house, and there viewed it again and again and up to
the top and I like it as well as ever and think it a most noble house. So
all up and down my Lord St. Albans his new building and market-house, and
the taverne under the market-house, looking to and again into every place
of building, and so away and took coach and home, where to my accounts,
and was at them till I could not hold open my eyes, and so to bed. I this
afternoon made a visit to my Lady Carteret, whom I understood newly come
to towne; and she took it mighty kindly, but I see her face and heart are
dejected from the condition her husbands matters stand in. But I hope
they will do all well enough. And I do comfort her as much as I can, for
she is a noble lady.

2nd. Up, and to the office and thence with Mr. Gawden to Guildhall to see
the bills and tallys there in the chamber (and by the way in the streete
his new coach broke and we fain to take an old hackney). Thence to the
Exchequer again to inform myself of some other points in the new Act in
order to my lending Sir W. Warren L2000 upon an order of his upon the Act,
which they all encourage me to. There walking with Mr. Gawden in
Westminster Hall, he and I to talke from one business to another and at
last to the marriage of his daughter. He told me the story of Creeds
pretences to his daughter, and how he would not believe but she loved him,
while his daughter was in great passion on the other hand against him.
Thence to talke of his son Benjamin; and I propounded a match for him, and
at last named my sister, which he embraces heartily, and speaking of the
lowness of her portion, that it would be less than L1000, he tells me if
every thing else agrees, he will out of what he means to give me yearly,
make a portion for her shall cost me nothing more than I intend freely.
This did mightily rejoice me and full of it did go with him to London to
the Change; and there did much business and at the Coffee-house with Sir
W. Warren, who very wisely did shew me that my matching my sister with Mr.
Gawden would undo me in all my places, everybody suspecting me in all I
do; and I shall neither be able to serve him, nor free myself from
imputation of being of his faction, while I am placed for his severest
check. I was convinced that it would be for neither of our interests to
make this alliance, and so am quite off of it again, but with great
satisfaction in the motion. Thence to the Crowne tavern behind the
Exchange to meet with Cocke and Fenn and did so, and dined with them, and
after dinner had the intent of our meeting, which was some private
discourse with Fenn, telling him what I hear and think of his business,
which he takes very kindly and says he will look about him. It was about
his giving of ill language and answers to people that come to him about
money and some other particulars. This morning Mrs. Barbary and little
Mrs. Tooker went away homeward. Thence my wife by coach calling me at
White Hall to visit my Lady Carteret, and she was not within. So to
Westminster Hall, where I purposely tooke my wife well dressed into the
Hall to see and be seen; and, among others, [met] Howlets daughter, who
is newly married, and is she I call wife, and one I love mightily. So to
Broad Streete and there met my Lady and Sir G. Carteret, and sat and
talked with them a good while and so home, and to my accounts which I
cannot get through with. But at it till I grew drowsy, and so to bed
mightily vexed that I can come to no better issue in my accounts.

3rd. Up, and Sir W. Warren with me betimes and signed a bond, and assigned
his order on the Exchequer to a blank for me to fill and I did deliver him
L1900. The truth is, it is a great venture to venture so much on the Act,
but thereby I hedge in L300 gift for my service about some ships that he
hath bought, prizes, and good interest besides, and his bond to repay me
the money at six weeks warning. So to the office, where busy all the
morning. At noon home to dinner, and there my brother Balty dined with me
and my wife, who is become a good serious man, and I hope to do him good
being sending him a Muster-Master on one of the squadrons of the fleete.
After dinner and he gone I to my accounts hard all the afternoon till it
was quite darke, and I thank God I do come to bring them very fairly to
make me worth L5,000 stocke in the world, which is a great mercy to me.
Though I am a little troubled to find L50 difference between the
particular account I make to myself of my profits and loss in each month
and the account which I raise from my acquittances and money which I have
at the end of every month in my chest and other mens hands. However I do
well believe that I am effectually L5,000, the greatest sum I ever was in
my life yet, and this day I have as I have said before agreed with Sir W.
Warren and got of him L300 gift. At night a while to the office and then
home and supped and to my accounts again till I was ready to sleepe, there
being no pleasure to handle them, if they are not kept in good order. So
to bed.

4th. Up, and with Sir W. Pen in his coach to White Hall, in his way
talking simply and fondly as he used to do, but I find myself to slight
him and his simple talke, I thank God, and that my condition will enable
me to do it. Thence, after doing our business with the Duke of Yorke, with
Captain Cocke home to the Change in his coach. He promises me presently a
dozen of silver salts, and proposes a business for which he hath promised
Mrs. Williams for my Lord Bruncker a set of plate shall cost him L500 and
me the like, which will be a good business indeed. After done several
businesses at the Change I home, and being washing day dined upon cold
meate, and so abroad by coach to Haless, and there sat till night,
mightily pleased with my picture, which is now almost finished. So by
coach home, it being the fast day and to my chamber and so after supper to
bed, consulting how to send my wife into the country to advise about
Palls marriage, which I much desire, and my father too, and two or three
offers are now in hand.

5th. Up, and before office time to Lumbard Streete, and there at Viners
was shewn the silver plates, made for Captain Cocke to present my Lord
Bruncker; and I chose a dozen of the same weight to be bespoke for myself,
which he told me yesterday he would give me on the same occasion. To the
office, where the falsenesse and impertinencies of Sir W. Pen would make a
man mad to think of. At noon would have avoided, but could not, dining
with my Lord Bruncker and his mistresse with Captain Cocke at the Sun
Taverne in Fish Streete, where a good dinner, but the woman do tire me,
and indeed how simply my Lord Bruncker, who is otherwise a wise man, do
proceed at the table in serving of Cocke, without any means of
understanding in his proposal, or defence when proposed, would make a man
think him a foole. After dinner home, where I find my wife hath on a
sudden, upon notice of a coach going away to-morrow, taken a resolution of
going in it to Brampton, we having lately thought it fit for her to go to
satisfy herself and me in the nature of the fellow that is there proposed
to my sister. So she to fit herself for her journey and I to the office
all the afternoon till late, and so home and late putting notes to It is
decreed, nor shall thy fate, &c. and then to bed. The plague is, to
our great grief, encreased nine this week, though decreased a few in the
total. And this encrease runs through many parishes, which makes us much
fear the next year.

6th. Up mighty betimes upon my wifes going this day toward Brampton. I
could not go to the coach with her, but W. Hewer did and hath leave from
me to go the whole days journey with her. All the morning upon business
at the office, and at noon dined, and Mrs. Hunt coming lent her L5 on her
occasions and so carried her to Axe Yard end at Westminster and there left
her, a good and understanding woman, and her husband I perceive thrives
mightily in his business of the Excise. Thence to Mr. Hales and there sat,
and my picture almost finished, which by the word of Mr. and Mrs. Pierce
(who come in accidently) is mighty like, and I am sure I am mightily
pleased both in the thing and the posture. Thence with them home a little,
and so to White Hall and there met by agreement with Sir Stephen Fox and
Mr. Ashburnham, and discoursed the business of our Excise tallys; the
former being Treasurer of the guards, and the other Cofferer of the Kings
household. I benefitted much by their discourse. We come to no great
conclusion upon our discourse, but parted, and I home, where all things,
methinks, melancholy in the absence of my wife. This day great newes of
the Swedes declaring for us against the Dutch, and, so far as that, I
believe it. After a little supper to bed.

7th. Lay pretty long to-day, lying alone and thinking of several
businesses. So up to the office and there till noon. Thence with my Lord
Bruncker home by coach to Mrs. Williamss, where Bab. Allen and Dr.
Charleton dined. Bab and I sang and were mighty merry as we could be
there, where the rest of the company did not overplease. Thence took her
by coach to Haless, and there find Mrs. Pierce and her boy and Mary. She
had done sitting the first time, and indeed her face is mighty like at
first dash. Thence took them to the cakehouse, and there called in the
coach for cakes and drank, and thence I carried them to my Lord
Chancellors new house to shew them that, and all mightily pleased, thence
set each down at home, and so I home to the office, where about ten of the
clock W. Hewer comes to me to tell me that he has left my wife well this
morning at Bugden, which was great riding, and brings me a letter from
her. She is very well got thither, of which I am heartily glad. After
writing several letters, I home to supper and to bed. The Parliament of
which I was afraid of their calling us of the Navy to an account of the
expense of money and stores and wherein we were so little ready to give
them a good answer [will soon meet]. The Bishop of Munster, every body
says, is coming to peace with the Dutch, we having not supplied him with
the money promised him.

8th (Lords day). Up, and was in great trouble how to get a passage to
White Hall, it raining, and no coach to be had. So I walked to the Old
Swan, and there got a scull. To the Duke of Yorke, where we all met to
hear the debate between Sir Thomas Allen and Mr. Wayth; the former
complaining of the latters ill usage of him at the late pay of his ship.
But a very sorry poor occasion he had for it. The Duke did determine it
with great judgement, chiding both, but encouraging Wayth to continue to
be a check to all captains in any thing to the Kings right. And, indeed,
I never did see the Duke do any thing more in order, nor with more
judgement than he did pass the verdict in this business. The Court full
this morning of the newes of Tom Cheffins death, the Kings
closett-keeper. He was well last night as ever, flaying at tables in the
house, and not very ill this morning at six oclock, yet dead before
seven: they think, of an imposthume in his breast. But it looks fearfully
among people nowadays, the plague, as we hear, encreasing every where
again. To the Chappell, but could not get in to hear well. But I had the
pleasure once in my life to see an Archbishop (this was of Yorke) in a
pulpit. Then at a loss how to get home to dinner, having promised to carry
Mrs. Hunt thither. At last got my Lord Hinchingbrokes coach, he staying
at Court; and so took her up in Axe-yard, and home and dined. And good
discourse of the old matters of the Protector and his family, she having a
relation to them. The Protector

[Richard Cromwell subsequently returned to England, and resided in
strict privacy at Cheshunt for some years before his death in 1712]

lives in France: spends about L500 per annum. Thence carried her home
again and then to Court and walked over to St. Jamess Chappell, thinking
to have heard a Jesuite preach, but come too late. So got a hackney and
home, and there to business. At night had Mercer comb my head and so to
supper, sing a psalm, and to bed.

9th. Up betimes, and with my Joyner begun the making of the window in my
boys chamber bigger, purposing it shall be a roome to eat and for having
musique in. To the office, where a meeting upon extraordinary business, at
noon to the Change about more, and then home with Creed and dined, and
then with him to the Committee of Tangier, where I got two or three things
done I had a mind to of convenience to me. Thence by coach to Mrs.
Pierces, and with her and Knipp and Mrs. Pierces boy and girle abroad,
thinking to have been merry at Chelsey; but being come almost to the house
by coach near the waterside, a house alone, I think the Swan, a gentleman
walking by called to us to tell us that the house was shut up of the
sicknesse. So we with great affright turned back, being holden to the
gentleman; and went away (I for my part in great disorder) for Kensington,
and there I spent about 30s. upon the jades with great pleasure, and we
sang finely and staid till about eight at night, the night coming on apace
and so set them down at Pierces, and so away home, where awhile with Sir
W. Warren about business, and then to bed,

10th. Up betimes, and many people to me about business. To the office and
there sat till noon, and then home and dined, and to the office again all
the afternoon, where we sat all, the first time of our resolution to sit
both forenoons and afternoons. Much business at night and then home, and
though late did see some work done by the plasterer to my new window in
the boys chamber plastered. Then to supper, and after having my head
combed by the little girle to bed. Bad news that the plague is decreased
in the general again and two increased in the sickness.

11th. To White Hall, having first set my people to worke about setting me
rails upon the leads of my wifes closett, a thing I have long designed,
but never had a fit opportunity till now. After having done with the Duke
of Yorke, I to Haless, where there was nothing found to be done more to
my picture, but the musique, which now pleases me mightily, it being
painted true. Thence home, and after dinner to Gresham College, where a
great deal of do and formality in choosing of the Council and Officers. I
had three votes to be of the Council, who am but a stranger, nor expected
any. So my Lord Bruncker being confirmed President I home, where I find to
my great content my rails up upon my leads. To the office and did a little
business, and then home and did a great jobb at my Tangier accounts, which
I find are mighty apt to run into confusion, my head also being too full
of other businesses and pleasures. This noon Bagwells wife come to me to
the office, after her being long at Portsmouth. After supper, and past 12
at night to bed.

12th. Up and to the office, where all the morning. At noon dined at home
and so to my office again, and taking a turne in the garden my Lady Pen
comes to me and takes me into her house, where I find her daughter and a
pretty lady of her acquaintance, one Mrs. Lowder, sister, I suppose, of
her servant Lowders, with whom I, notwithstanding all my resolution to
follow business close this afternoon, did stay talking and playing the
foole almost all the afternoon, and there saw two or three foolish sorry
pictures of her doing, but very ridiculous compared to what my wife do.
She grows mighty homely and looks old. Thence ashamed at myself for this
losse of time, yet not able to leave it, I to the office, where my Lord
Bruncker come; and he and I had a little fray, he being, I find, a very
peevish man, if he be denied what he expects, and very simple in his
argument in this business (about signing a warrant for paying Sir Thos.
Allen L1000 out of the groats); but we were pretty good friends before we
parted, and so we broke up and I to the writing my letters by the post,
and so home to supper and to bed.

13th. Up, being called up by my wifes brother, for whom I have got a
commission from the Duke of Yorke for Muster-Master of one of the
divisions, of which Harman is Rere-Admirall, of which I am glad as well as
he. After I had acquainted him with it, and discoursed a little of it, I
went forth and took him with me by coach to the Duke of Albemarle, who
being not up, I took a walk with Balty into the Parke, and to the Queenes
Chappell, it being Good Friday, where people were all upon their knees
very silent; but, it seems, no masse this day. So back and waited on the
Duke and received some commands of his, and so by coach to Mr. Haless,
where it is pretty strange to see that his second doing, I mean the second
time of her sitting, is less like Mrs. Pierce than the first, and yet I am
confident will be most like her, for he is so curious that I do not see
how it is possible for him to mistake. Here he and I presently resolved of
going to White Hall, to spend an houre in the galleries there among the
pictures, and we did so to my great satisfaction, he shewing me the
difference in the payntings, and when I come more and more to distinguish
and observe the workmanship, I do not find so many good things as I
thought there was, but yet great difference between the works of some and
others; and, while my head and judgment was full of these, I would go back
again to his house to see his pictures, and indeed, though, I think, at
first sight some difference do open, yet very inconsiderably but that I
may judge his to be very good pictures. Here we fell into discourse of my
picture, and I am for his putting out the Landskipp, though he says it is
very well done, yet I do judge it will be best without it, and so it shall
be put out, and be made a plain sky like my wifes picture, which will be
very noble. Thence called upon an old woman in Pannier Ally to agree for
ruling of some paper for me and she will do it pretty cheap. Here I found
her have a very comely black mayde to her servant, which I liked very
well. So home to dinner and to see my joiner do the bench upon my leads to
my great content. After dinner I abroad to carry paper to my old woman,
and so to Westminster Hall, and there beyond my intention or design did
see and speak with Betty Howlett, at her fathers still, and it seems they
carry her to her own house to begin the world with her young husband on
Monday next, Easter Monday. I please myself with the thoughts of her
neighbourhood, for I love the girl mightily. Thence home, and thither
comes Mr. Houblon and a brother, with whom I evened for the charter
parties of their ships for Tangier, and paid them the third advance on
their freight to full satisfaction, and so, they being gone, comes Creed
and with him till past one in the morning, evening his accounts till my
head aked and I was fit for nothing, however, coming at last luckily to
see through and settle all to my mind, it did please me mightily, and so
with my mind at rest to bed, and he with me and hard to sleep.

14th. Up about seven and finished our papers, he and I, and I delivered
him tallys and some money and so away I to the office, where we sat all
the morning. At noon dined at home and Creed with me, then parted, and I
to the office, and anon called thence by Sir H. Cholmley and he and I to
my chamber, and there settled our matters of accounts, and did give him
tallys and money to clear him, and so he being gone and all these accounts
cleared I shall be even with the King, so as to make a very clear and
short account in a very few days, which pleases me very well. Here he and
I discoursed a great while about Tangier, and he do convince me, as things
are now ordered by my Lord Bellasses and will be by Norwood (men that do
only mind themselves), the garrison will never come to any thing, and he
proposes his owne being governor, which in truth I do think will do very
well, and that he will bring it to something. He gone I to my office,
where to write letters late, and then home and looked over a little more
my papers of accounts lately passed, and so to bed.

15th (Easter Day). Up and by water to Westminster to the Swan to lay down
my cloak, and there found Sarah alone, with whom after I had staid awhile
I to White Hall Chapel, and there coming late could hear nothing of the
Bishop of Londons sermon. So walked into the Park to the Queenes
chappell, and there heard a good deal of their mass, and some of their
musique, which is not so contemptible, I think, as our people would make
it, it pleasing me very well; and, indeed, better than the anthem I heard
afterwards at White Hall, at my coming back. I staid till the King went
down to receive the Sacrament, and stood in his closett with a great many
others, and there saw him receive it, which I did never see the manner of
before. But I do see very little difference between the degree of the
ceremonies used by our people in the administration thereof, and that in
the Roman church, saving that methought our Chappell was not so fine, nor
the manner of doing it so glorious, as it was in the Queenes chappell.
Thence walked to Mr. Pierces, and there dined, I alone with him and her
and their children: very good company and good discourse, they being able
to tell me all the businesses of the Court; the amours and the mad doings
that are there; how for certain Mrs. Stewart do do everything with the
King that a mistress should do; and that the King hath many bastard
children that are known and owned, besides the Duke of Monmouth. After a
great deale of this discourse I walked thence into the Parke with her
little boy James with me, who is the wittiest boy and the best company in
the world, and so back again through White Hall both coming and going, and
people did generally take him to be my boy and some would aske me. Thence
home to Mr. Pierce again; and he being gone forth, she and I and the
children out by coach to Kensington, to where we were the other day, and
with great pleasure stayed till night; and were mighty late getting home,
the horses tiring and stopping at every twenty steps. By the way we
discoursed of Mrs. Clerke, who, she says, is grown mighty high, fine, and
proud, but tells me an odd story how Captain Rolt did see her the other
day accost a gentleman in Westminster Hall and went with him, and he
dogged them to Moorefields to a little blind bawdy house, and there staid
watching three hours and they come not out, so could stay no longer but
left them there, and he is sure it was she, he knowing her well and
describing her very clothes to Mrs. Pierce, which she knows are what she
wears. Seeing them well at home I homeward, but the horses at Ludgate Hill
made a final stop; so there I lighted, and with a linke, it being about
10 oclock, walked home, and after singing a Psalm or two and supped to

16th. Up, and set my people, Mercer, W. Hewer, Tom and the girle at work
at ruling and stitching my ruled book for the Muster-Masters, and I hard
toward the settling of my Tangier accounts. At noon dined alone, the girl
Mercer taking physique can eat nothing, and W. Hewer went forth to dinner.
So up to my accounts again, and then comes Mrs. Mercer and fair Mrs.
Turner, a neighbour of hers that my wife knows by their means, to visit
me. I staid a great while with them, being taken with this pretty woman,
though a mighty silly, affected citizen woman she is. Then I left them to
come to me at supper anon, and myself out by coach to the old woman in
Pannyer Alley for my ruled papers, and they are done, and I am much more
taken with her black maid Nan. Thence further to Westminster, thinking to
have met Mrs. Martin, but could not find her, so back and called at
Kirtons to borrow 10s. to pay for my ruled papers, I having not money in
my pocket enough to pay for them. But it was a pretty consideration that
on this occasion I was considering where I could with most confidence in a
time of need borrow 10s., and I protest I could not tell where to do it
and with some trouble and fear did aske it here. So that God keepe me from
want, for I shall be in a very bad condition to helpe myself if ever I
should come to want or borrow. Thence called for my papers and so home,
and there comes Mrs. Turner and Mercer and supped with me, and well
pleased I was with their company, but especially Mrs. Turners, she being
a very pretty woman of person and her face pretty good, the colour of her
haire very fine and light. They staid with me talking till about eleven
oclock and so home, W. Hewer, who supped with me, leading them home. So I
to bed.

17th. Up, and to the office, where all the morning. At noon dined at home,
my brother Balty with me, who is fitting himself to go to sea. So after
dinner to my accounts and did proceed a good way in settling them, and
thence to the office, where all the afternoon late, writing my letters and
doing business, but, Lord! what a conflict I had with myself, my heart
tempting me 1000 times to go abroad about some pleasure or other,
notwithstanding the weather foule. However I reproached myself with my
weaknesse in yielding so much my judgment to my sense, and prevailed with
difficulty and did not budge, but stayed within, and, to my great content,
did a great deale of business, and so home to supper and to bed. This day
I am told that Moll Davis, the pretty girle, that sang and danced so well
at the Dukes house, is dead.

18th. [Up] and by coach with Sir W. Batten and Sir Thos. Allen to White
Hall, and there after attending the Duke as usual and there concluding of
many things preparatory to the Prince and Generalls going to sea on
Monday next, Sir W. Batten and Sir T. Allen and I to Mr. Lillys, the
painters; and there saw the heads, some finished, and all begun, of the
Flaggmen in the late great fight with the Duke of Yorke against the Dutch.
The Duke of Yorke hath them done to hang in his chamber, and very finely
they are done indeed. Here is the Princes, Sir G. Askues, Sir Thomas
Teddimans, Sir Christopher Mings, Sir Joseph Jordan, Sir William
Barkeley, Sir Thomas Allen, and Captain Harmans, as also the Duke of
Albemarles; and will be my Lord Sandwichs, Sir W. Pens, and Sir Jeremy
Smiths. Being very well satisfied with this sight, and other good
pictures hanging in the house, we parted, and I left them, and [to] pass
away a little time went to the printed picture sellers in the way thence
to the Exchange, and there did see great plenty of fine prints; but did
not buy any, only a print of an old pillar in Rome made for a Navall

[The columna rostrata erected in the Forum to C. Duilius, who
obtained a triumph for the first naval victory over the
Carthaginians, B.C. 261. Part of the column was discovered in the
ruins of the Forum near the Arch of Septimius, and transferred to
the Capitol.—B.]

which for the antiquity of the shape of ships, I buy and keepe. Thence to
the Exchange, that is, the New Exchange, and looked over some play books
and intend to get all the late new plays. So to Westminster, and there at
the Swan got a bit of meat and dined alone; and so away toward Kings
Street, and spying out of my coach Jane that lived heretofore at Jevons,
my barbers, I went a little further and stopped, and went on foot back,
and overtook her, taking water at Westminster Bridge, and spoke to her,
and she telling me whither she was going I over the water and met her at
Lambeth, and there drank with her; she telling me how he that was so long
her servant, did prove to be a married man, though her master told me
(which she denies) that he had lain with her several times in his house.
There left her sans essayer alcune cose con elle, and so away by boat to
the Change, and took coach and to Mr. Hales, where he would have
persuaded me to have had the landskipp stand in my picture, but I like it
not and will have it otherwise, which I perceive he do not like so well,
however is so civil as to say it shall be altered. Thence away to Mrs.
Pierces, who was not at home, but gone to my house to visit me with Mrs.
Knipp. I therefore took up the little girle Betty and my mayde Mary that
now lives there and to my house, where they had been but were gone, so in
our way back again met them coming back again to my house in Cornehill,
and there stopped laughing at our pretty misfortunes, and so I carried
them to Fish Streete, and there treated them with prawns and lobsters, and
it beginning to grow darke we away, but the jest is our horses would not
draw us up the Hill, but we were fain to light and stay till the coachman
had made them draw down to the bottom of the Hill, thereby warming their
legs, and then they came up cheerfully enough, and we got up and I carried
them home, and coming home called at my paper rulers and there found
black Nan, which pleases me mightily, and having saluted her again and
again away home and to bed….. In all my ridings in the coach and
intervals my mind hath been full these three weeks of setting in musique
It is decreed, &c.

19th. Lay long in bed, so to the office, where all the morning. At noon
dined with Sir W. Warren at the Popes Head. So back to the office, and
there met with the Commissioners of the Ordnance, where Sir W. Pen being
almost drunk vexed me, and the more because Mr. Chichly observed it with
me, and it was a disparagement to the office. They gone I to my office.
Anon comes home my wife from Brampton, not looked for till Saturday, which
will hinder me of a little pleasure, but I am glad of her coming. She
tells me Palls business with Ensum is like to go on, but I must give, and
she consents to it, another 100. She says she doubts my father is in want
of money, for rents come in mighty slowly. My mother grows very unpleasant
and troublesome and my father mighty infirm through his old distemper,
which altogether makes me mighty thoughtfull. Having heard all this and
bid her welcome I to the office, where late, and so home, and after a
little more talk with my wife, she to bed and I after her.

20th. Up, and after an houre or twos talke with my poor wife, who gives
me more and more content every day than other, I abroad by coach to
Westminster, and there met with Mrs. Martin, and she and I over the water
to Stangold, and after a walke in the fields to the Kings Head, and there
spent an houre or two with pleasure with her, and eat a tansy and so
parted, and I to the New Exchange, there to get a list of all the modern
plays which I intend to collect and to have them bound up together. Thence
to Mr. Haless, and there, though against his particular mind, I had my
landskipp done out, and only a heaven made in the roome of it, which
though it do not please me thoroughly now it is done, yet it will do
better than as it was before. Thence to Pauls Churchyarde, and there
bespoke some new books, and so to my ruling womans and there did see my
work a doing, and so home and to my office a little, but was hindered of
business I intended by being sent for to Mrs. Turner, who desired some
discourse with me and lay her condition before me, which is bad and poor.
Sir Thomas Harvey intends again to have lodgings in her house, which she
prays me to prevent if I can, which I promised. Thence to talke generally
of our neighbours. I find she tells me the faults of all of them, and
their bad words of me and my wife, and indeed do discover more than I
thought. So I told her, and so will practise that I will have nothing to
do with any of them. She ended all with a promise of shells to my wife,
very fine ones indeed, and seems to have great respect and honour for my
wife. So home and to bed.

21st. Up betimes and to the office, there to prepare some things against
the afternoon for discourse about the business of the pursers and settling
the pursers matters of the fleete according to my proposition. By and by
the office sat, and they being up I continued at the office to finish my
matters against the meeting before the Duke this afternoon, so home about
three to clap a bit of meate in my mouth, and so away with Sir W. Batten
to White Hall, and there to the Duke, but he being to go abroad to take
the ayre, he dismissed us presently without doing any thing till to-morrow
morning. So my Lord Bruncker and I down to walk in the garden [at White
Hall], it being a mighty hot and pleasant day; and there was the King,
who, among others, talked to us a little; and among other pretty things,
he swore merrily that he believed the ketch that Sir W. Batten bought the
last year at Colchester was of his own getting, it was so thick to its
length. Another pleasant thing he said of Christopher Pett, commending him
that he will not alter his moulds of his ships upon any mans advice;
as, says he, Commissioner Taylor I fear do of his New London, that he
makes it differ, in hopes of mending the Old London, built by him. For,
says he, he finds that God hath put him into the right, and so will keep
in it while he is in. And, says the King, I am sure it must be God put
him in, for no art of his owne ever could have done it; for it seems he
cannot give a good account of what he do as an artist. Thence with my Lord
Bruncker in his coach to Hide Parke, the first time I have been there this
year. There the King was; but I was sorry to see my Lady Castlemaine, for
the mourning forceing all the ladies to go in black, with their hair plain
and without any spots, I find her to be a much more ordinary woman than
ever I durst have thought she was; and, indeed, is not so pretty as Mrs.
Stewart, whom I saw there also. Having done at the Park he set me down at
the Exchange, and I by coach home and there to my letters, and they being
done, to writing a large letter about the business of the pursers to Sir
W. Batten against to-morrows discourse, and so home and to bed.

22nd (Lords day). Up, and put on my new black coate, long down to my
knees, and with Sir W. Batten to White Hall, where all in deep mourning
for the Queenes mother. There had great discourse, before the Duke and
Sir W. Coventry begun the discourse of the day about the pursers
business, which I seconded, and with great liking to the Duke, whom
however afterward my Lord Bruncker and Sir W. Pen did stop by some thing
they said, though not much to the purpose, yet because our proposition had
some appearance of certain charge to the King it was ruled that for this
year we should try another the same in every respect with ours, leaving
out one circumstance of allowing the pursers the victuals of all men short
of the complement. I was very well satisfied with it and am contented to
try it, wishing it may prove effectual. Thence away with Sir W. Batten in
his coach home, in our way he telling me the certaine newes, which was
afterward confirmed to me this day by several, that the Bishopp of Munster
has made a league [with] the Hollanders, and that our King and Court are
displeased much at it: moreover we are not sure of Sweden. I home to my
house, and there dined mighty well, my poor wife and Mercer and I. So back
again walked to White Hall, and there to and again in the Parke, till
being in the shoemakers stockes.—[A cant expression for tight
shoes.]—I was heartily weary, yet walked however to the Queenes
Chappell at St. Jamess, and there saw a little mayde baptized; many parts
and words whereof are the same with that of our Liturgy, and little that
is more ceremonious than ours. Thence walked to Westminster and eat a bit
of bread and drank, and so to Worster House, and there staid, and saw the
Council up, and then back, walked to the Cockepitt, and there took my
leave of the Duke of Albemarle, who is going to-morrow to sea. He seems
mightily pleased with me, which I am glad of; but I do find infinitely my
concernment in being careful to appear to the King and Duke to continue my
care of his business, and to be found diligent as I used to be. Thence
walked wearily as far as Fleet Streete and so there met a coach and home
to supper and to bed, having sat a great while with Will Joyce, who come
to see me, and it is the first time I have seen him at my house since the
plague, and find him the same impertinent, prating coxcombe that ever he

23rd. Being mighty weary last night, lay long this morning, then up and to
the office, where Sir W. Batten, Lord Bruncker and I met, and toward noon
took coach and to White Hall, where I had the opportunity to take leave of
the Prince, and again of the Duke of Albemarle; and saw them kiss the
Kings hands and the Dukes; and much content, indeed, there seems to be
in all people at their going to sea, and [they] promise themselves much
good from them. This morning the House of Parliament do meet, only to
adjourne again till winter. The plague, I hear, encreases in the towne
much, and exceedingly in the country everywhere. Thence walked to
Westminster Hall, and after a little stay, there being nothing now left to
keep me there, Betty Howlett being gone, I took coach and away home, in my
way asking in two or three places the worth of pearles, I being now come
to the time that I have long ago promised my wife a necklace. Dined at
home and took Balty with me to Haless to show him his sisters picture,
and thence to Westminster, and there I to the Swan and drank, and so back
again alone to Haless and there met my wife and Mercer, Mrs. Pierce being
sitting, and two or three idle people of her acquaintance more standing
by. Her picture do come on well. So staid until she had done and then set
her down at home, and my wife and I and the girle by coach to Islington,
and there eat and drank in the coach and so home, and there find a girle
sent at my desire by Mrs. Michell of Westminster Hall, to be my girle
under the cooke-mayde, Susan. But I am a little dissatisfied that the
girle, though young, is taller and bigger than Su, and will not, I fear,
be under her command, which will trouble me, and the more because she is
recommended by a friend that I would not have any unkindness with, but my
wife do like very well of her. So to my accounts and journall at my
chamber, there being bonfires in the streete, for being St. Georges day,
and the Kings Coronation, and the day of the Prince and Dukes going to
sea. So having done my business, to bed.

24th. Up, and presently am told that the girle that came yesterday hath
packed up her things to be gone home again to Enfield, whence she come,
which I was glad of, that we might be at first rid of her altogether
rather than be liable to her going away hereafter. The reason was that
London do not agree with her. So I did give her something, and away she
went. By and by comes Mr. Bland to me, the first time since his coming
from Tangier, and tells me, in short, how all things are out of order
there, and like to be; and the place never likely to come to anything
while the soldiers govern all, and do not encourage trade. He gone I to
the office, where all the morning, and so to dinner, and there in the
afternoon very busy all day till late, and so home to supper and to bed.

25th. Up, and to White Hall to the Duke as usual, and did our business
there. So I away to Westminster (Batty with me, whom I had presented to
Sir W. Coventry) and there told Mrs. Michell of her kinswomans running
away, which troubled her. So home, and there find another little girle
come from my wifes mother, likely to do well. After dinner I to the
office, where Mr. Prin come to meet about the Chest business; and till
company come, did discourse with me a good while alone in the garden about
the laws of England, telling me the many faults in them; and among others,
their obscurity through multitude of long statutes, which he is about to
abstract out of all of a sort; and as he lives, and Parliaments come, get
them put into laws, and the other statutes repealed, and then it will be a
short work to know the law, which appears a very noble good thing. By and
by Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Rider met with us, and we did something to
purpose about the Chest, and hope we shall go on to do so. They up, I to
present Batty to Sir W. Pen, who at my entreaty did write a most obliging
letter to Harman to use him civilly, but the dissembling of the rogue is
such, that it do not oblige me at all. So abroad to my rulers of my
books, having, God forgive me! a mind to see Nan there, which I did, and
so back again, and then out again to see Mrs. Bettons, who were looking
out of the window as I come through Fenchurch Streete. So that indeed I am
not, as I ought to be, able to command myself in the pleasures of my eye.
So home, and with my wife and Mercer spent our evening upon our new leads
by our bedchamber singing, while Mrs. Mary Batelier looked out of the
window to us, and we talked together, and at last bid good night. However,
my wife and I staid there talking of several things with great pleasure
till eleven oclock at night, and it is a convenience I would not want for
any thing in the world, it being, methinks, better than almost any roome
in my house. So having, supped upon the leads, to bed. The plague, blessed
be God! is decreased sixteen this week.

26th. To the office, where all the morning. At noon home to dinner, and in
the afternoon to my office again, where very busy all the afternoon and
particularly about fitting of Mr. Yeabslys accounts for the view of the
Lords Commissioners for Tangier. At night home to supper and to bed.

27th. Up (taking Balty with me, who lay at my house last [night] in order
to his going away to-day to sea with the pursers of the Henery, whom I
appointed to call him), abroad to many several places about several
businesses, to my Lord Treasurers, Westminster, and I know not where. At
noon to the Change a little, and there bespoke some maps to hang in my
new roome (my boys roome) which will be very-pretty. Home to dinner, and
after dinner to the hanging up of maps, and other things for the fitting
of the roome, and now it will certainly be one of the handsomest and most
usefull roomes in my house. So that what with this room and the room on my
leads my house is half as good again as it was. All this afternoon about
this till I was so weary and it was late I could do no more but finished
the room. So I did not get out to the office all the day long. At night
spent a good deale of time with my wife and Mercer teaching them a song,
and so after supper to bed.

28th. Up and to the office. At noon dined at home. After dinner abroad
with my wife to Haless to see only our pictures and Mrs. Pierces, which
I do not think so fine as I might have expected it. My wife to her
fathers, to carry him some ruling work, which I have advised her to let
him do. It will get him some money. She also is to look out again for
another little girle, the last we had being also gone home the very same
day she came. She was also to look after a necklace of pearle, which she
is mighty busy about, I being contented to lay out L80 in one for her. I
home to my business. By and by comes my wife and presently after, the tide
serving, Balty took leave of us, going to sea, and upon very good terms,
to be Muster-Master of a squadron, which will be worth L100 this yeare to
him, besides keeping him the benefit of his pay in the Guards. He gone, I
very busy all the afternoon till night, among other things, writing a
letter to my brother John, the first I have done since my being angry with
him, and that so sharpe a one too that I was sorry almost to send it when
I had wrote it, but it is preparatory to my being kind to him, and sending
for him up hither when he hath passed his degree of Master of Arts. So
home to supper and to bed.

29th (Lords day). Up, and to church, where Mr. Mills, a lazy, simple
sermon upon the Devils having no right to any thing in this world. So
home to dinner, and after dinner I and my boy down by water to Redriffe
and thence walked to Mr. Evelyns, where I walked in his garden till he
come from Church, with great pleasure reading Ridlys discourse, all my
way going and coming, upon the Civill and Ecclesiastical Law. He being
come home, he and I walked together in the garden with mighty pleasure, he
being a very ingenious man; and the more I know him, the more I love him.
His chief business with me was to propose having my cozen Thomas Pepys in
Commission of the Peace, which I do not know what to say to till I speake
with him, but should be glad of it and will put him upon it. Thence walked
back again reading and so took water and home, where I find my uncle and
aunt Wight, and supped with them upon my leads with mighty pleasure and
mirthe, and they being gone I mighty weary to bed, after having my haire
of my head cut shorter, even close to my skull, for coolnesse, it being
mighty hot weather.

30th. Up and, being ready, to finish my journall for four days past. To
the office, where busy all the morning. At noon dined alone, my wife gone
abroad to conclude about her necklace of pearle. I after dinner to even
all my accounts of this month; and, bless God! I find myself,
notwithstanding great expences of late; viz. L80 now to pay for a
necklace; near L40 for a set of chairs and couch; near L40 for my three
pictures: yet I do gather, and am now worth L5200. My wife comes home by
and by, and hath pitched upon a necklace with three rows, which is a very
good one, and L80 is the price. In the evening, having finished my
accounts to my full content and joyed that I have evened them so plainly,
remembering the trouble my last accounts did give me by being let alone a
little longer than ordinary, by which I am to this day at a loss for L50,
I hope I shall never commit such an error again, for I cannot devise where
the L50 should be, but it is plain I ought to be worth L50 more than I am,
and blessed be God the error was no greater. In the evening with my [wife]
and Mercer by coach to take the ayre as far as Bow, and eat and drank in
the coach by the way and with much pleasure and pleased with my company.
At night home and up to the leads, but were contrary to expectation driven
down again with a stinke by Sir W. Pens shying of a shitten pot in their
house of office close by, which do trouble me for fear it do hereafter
annoy me. So down to sing a little and then to bed. So ends this month
with great layings-out. Good health and gettings, and advanced well in the
whole of my estate, for which God make me thankful.