Samuel Pepys diary February 1666

FEBRUARY 1665-1666

February 1st. Up and to the office, where all the morning till late, and
Mr. Coventry with us, the first time since before the plague, then hearing
my wife was gone abroad to buy things and see her mother and father, whom
she hath not seen since before the plague, and no dinner provided for me
ready, I walked to Captain Cockes, knowing my Lord Bruncker dined there,
and there very merry, and a good dinner. Thence my Lord and his mistresse,
Madam Williams, set me down at the Exchange, and I to Alderman Backewells
to set all my reckonings straight there, which I did, and took up all my
notes. So evened to this day, and thence to Sir Robert Viners, where I
did the like, leaving clear in his hands just L2000 of my owne money, to
be called for when I pleased. Having done all this I home, and there to
the office, did my business there by the post and so home, and spent till
one in the morning in my chamber to set right all my money matters, and so
to bed.

2nd. Up betimes, and knowing that my Lord Sandwich is come to towne with
the King and Duke, I to wait upon him, which I did, and find him in very
good humour, which I am glad to see with all my heart. Having received his
commands, and discoursed with some of his people about my Lords going,
and with Sir Roger Cuttance, who was there, and finds himself slighted by
Sir W. Coventry, I advised him however to look after employment lest it
should be said that my Lords friends do forsake the service after he hath
made them rich with the prizes. I to London, and there among other things
did look over some pictures at Cades for my house, and did carry home a
silver drudger

     [The dredger was probably the drageoir of France; in low Latin,
     dragerium, or drageria, in which comfits (dragdes) were kept.
     Roquefort says, The ladies wore a little spice-box, in shape like a
     watch, to carry dragles, and it was called a drageoir.  The custom
     continued certainly till the middle of the last century.  Old
     Palsgrave, in his Eclaircissement de la Langue Francaise, gives
     dradge as spice, rendering it by the French word dragde.  Chaucer
     says, of his Doctor of Physic, Full ready hadde he his Apothecaries
     To send him dragges, and his lattuaries.  The word sometimes may
     have signified the pounded condiments in which our forefathers
     delighted.  It is worth notice, that dragge was applied to a grain
     in the eastern counties, though not exclusively there, appearing to
     denote mixed grain.  Bishop Kennett tells us that dredge mault is
     mault made up of oats, mixed with barley, of which they make an
     excellent, freshe, quiete sort of drinke, in Staffordshire.  The
     dredger is still commonly used in our kitchen.—B.]

for my cupboard of plate, and did call for my silver chafing dishes, but
they are sent home, and the man would not be paid for them, saying that he
was paid for them already, and with much ado got him to tell me by Mr.
Wayth, but I would not accept of that, but will send him his money, not
knowing any courtesy I have yet done him to deserve it. So home, and with
my wife looked over our plate, and picked out L40 worth, I believe, to
change for more usefull plate, to our great content, and then we shall
have a very handsome cupboard of plate. So to dinner, and then to the
office, where we had a meeting extraordinary, about stating to the Duke
the present debts of the Navy, for which ready money must be had, and that
being done, I to my business, where late, and then home to supper, and to

3rd. Up, and to the office very busy till 3 oclock, and then home, all of
us, for half an hour to dinner, and to it again till eight at night,
stating our wants of money for the Duke, but could not finish it. So broke
up, and I to my office, then about letters and other businesses very late,
and so home to supper, weary with business, and to bed.

4th. Lords day; and my wife and I the first time together at church since
the plague, and now only because of Mr. Mills his coming home to preach
his first sermon; expecting a great excuse for his leaving the parish
before any body went, and now staying till all are come home; but he made
but a very poor and short excuse, and a bad sermon. It was a frost, and
had snowed last night, which covered the graves in the churchyard, so as I
was the less afeard for going through. Here I had the content to see my
noble Mrs. Lethulier, and so home to dinner, and all the afternoon at my
Journall till supper, it being a long while behindhand. At supper my wife
tells me that W. Joyce has been with her this evening, the first time
since the plague, and tells her my aunt James is lately dead of the stone,
and what she had hath given to his and his brothers wife and my cozen
Sarah. So after supper to work again, and late to bed.

5th. Up, and with Sir W. Batten (at whose lodgings calling for him, I saw
his Lady the first time since her coming to towne since the plague, having
absented myself designedly to shew some discontent, and that I am not at
all the more suppliant because of my Lord Sandwichs fall), to my Lord
Brunckers, to see whether he goes to the Dukes this morning or no. But
it is put off, and so we parted. My Lord invited me to dinner to-day to
dine with Sir W. Batten and his Lady there, who were invited before, but
lest he should thinke so little an invitation would serve my turne I
refused and parted, and to Westminster about business, and so back to the
Change, and there met Mr. Hill, newly come to town, and with him the
Houblands, preparing for their ships and his going to Tangier, and agreed
that I must sup with them to-night. So home and eat a bit, and then to
White Hall to a Committee for Tangier, but it did not meet but was put off
to to-morrow, so I did some little business and visited my Lord Sandwich,
and so, it raining, went directly to the Sun, behind the Exchange, about
seven oclock, where I find all the five brothers Houblons, and mighty
fine gentlemen they are all, and used me mighty respectfully. We were
mighty civilly merry, and their discourses, having been all abroad, very
fine. Here late and at last accompanied home with Mr. J. Houblon and Hill,
whom I invited to sup with me on Friday, and so parted and I home to bed.

6th. Up, and to the office, where very busy all the morning. We met upon a
report to the Duke of Yorke of the debts of the Navy, which we finished by
three oclock, and having eat one little bit of meate, I by water before
the rest to White Hall (and they to come after me) because of a Committee
for Tangier, where I did my business of stating my accounts perfectly
well, and to good liking, and do not discern, but the Duke of Albemarle is
my friend in his intentions notwithstanding my general fears. After that
to our Navy business, where my fellow officers were called in, and did
that also very well, and then broke up, and I home by coach, Tooker with
me, and staid in Lumbard Streete at Viners, and sent home for the plate
which my wife and I had a mind to change, and there changed it, about L50
worth, into things more usefull, whereby we shall now have a very handsome
cupboard of plate. So home to the office, wrote my letters by the post,
and to bed.

7th. It being fast day I staid at home all day long to set things to
rights in my chamber by taking out all my books, and putting my chamber in
the same condition it was before the plague. But in the morning doing of
it, and knocking up a nail I did bruise my left thumb so as broke a great
deal of my flesh off, that it hung by a little. It was a sight frighted my
wife, but I put some balsam of Mrs. Turners to it, and though in great
pain, yet went on with my business, and did it to my full content, setting
every thing in order, in hopes now that the worst of our fears are over as
to the plague for the next year. Interrupted I was by two or three
occasions this day to my great vexation, having this the only day I have
been able to set apart for this work since my coming to town. At night to
supper, weary, and to bed, having had the plasterers and joiners also to
do some jobbs.

8th. Up, and all the morning at the office. At noon to the Change,
expecting to have received from Mr. Houbland, as he promised me, an
assignment upon Viner, for my reward for my getting them the going of
their two ships to Tangier, but I find myself much disappointed therein,
for I spoke with him and he said nothing of it, but looked coldly, through
some disturbance he meets with in our business through Colonell Norwoods
pressing them to carry more goods than will leave room for some of their
own. But I shall ease them. Thence to Captain Cockes, where Mr.
Williamson, Wren, Boldell and Madam Williams, and by and by Lord Bruncker,
he having been with the King and Duke upon the water to-day, to see
Greenwich house, and the yacht Castle is building of, and much good
discourse. So to White Hall to see my Lord Sandwich, and then home to my
business till night, and then to bed.

9th. Up, and betimes to Sir Philip Warwicke, who was glad to see me, and
very kind. Thence to Colonell Norwoods lodgings, and there set about
Houblons business about their ships. Thence to Westminster, to the
Exchequer, about my Tangier business to get orders for tallys, and so to
the Hall, where the first day of the Terme, and the Hall very full of
people, and much more than was expected, considering the plague that hath
been. Thence to the Change, and to the Sun behind it to dinner with the
Lieutenant of the Tower, Colonell Norwood and others, where strange
pleasure they seem to take in their wine and meate, and discourse of it
with the curiosity and joy that methinks was below men of worthe. Thence
home, and there very much angry with my people till I had put all things
in good forwardnesse about my supper for the Houblons, but that being done
I was in good humour again, and all things in good order. Anon the five
brothers Houblons come and Mr. Hill, and a very good supper we had, and
good company and discourse, with great pleasure. My new plate sets off my
cupboard very nobly. Here they were till about eleven at night with great
pleasure, and a fine sight it is to see these five brothers thus loving
one to another, and all industrious merchants. Our subject was principally
Mr. Hills going for them to Portugall, which was the occasion of this
entertainment. They gone, we to bed.

10th. Up, and to the office. At noon, full of business, to dinner. This
day comes first Sir Thomas Harvy after the plague, having been out of
towne all this while. He was coldly received by us, and he went away
before we rose also, to make himself appear yet a man less necessary.
After dinner, being full of care and multitude of business, I took coach
and my wife with me. I set her down at her mothers (having first called
at my Lord Treasurers and there spoke with Sir Ph. Warwicke), and I to
the Exchequer about Tangier orders, and so to the Swan and there staid a
little, and so by coach took up my wife, and at the old Exchange bought a
muffe, and so home and late at my letters, and so to supper and to bed,
being now-a-days, for these four or five months, mightily troubled with my
snoring in my sleep, and know not how to remedy it.

11th (Lords day). Up, and put on a new black cloth suit to an old coate
that I make to be in mourning at Court, where they are all, for the King
of Spayne.—[Philip IV., who died September 17th, 1665.]—To
church I, and at noon dined well, and then by water to White Hall,
carrying a captain of the Tower (who desired his freight thither); there I
to the Parke, and walked two or three turns of the Pell Mell with the
company about the King and Duke; the Duke speaking to me a good deal.
There met Lord Bruncker and Mr. Coventry, and discoursed about the Navy
business; and all of us much at a loss that we yet can hear nothing of Sir
Jeremy Smiths fleete, that went away to the Streights the middle of
December, through all the storms that we have had since, that have driven
back three or four of them with their masts by the board. Yesterday come
out the Kings Declaration of War against the French, but with such mild
invitations of both them and the Dutch to come over hither with promise of
their protection, that every body wonders at it. Thence home with my Lord
Bruncker for discourse sake, and thence by hackney coach home, and so my
wife and I mighty pleasant discourse, supped and to bed. The great wound I
had Wednesday last in my thumb having with once dressing by Mrs. Turners
balsam been perfectly cured, whereas I did not hope to save my nail,
whatever else ill it did give me. My wife and I are much thoughtfull
now-a-days about Palls coming up in order to a husband.

12th. Up, and very busy to perform an oathe in finishing my Journall this
morning for 7 or 8 days past. Then to several people attending upon
business, among others Mr. Grant and the executors of Barlow for the L25
due for the quarter before he died, which I scrupled to pay, being obliged
but to pay every half year. Then comes Mr. Caesar, my boys lute-master,
whom I have not seen since the plague before, but he hath been in
Westminster all this while very well; and tells me in the height of it,
how bold people there were, to go in sport to one anothers burials; and
in spite too, ill people would breathe in the faces (out of their windows)
of well people going by. Then to dinner before the Change, and so to the
Change, and then to the taverne to talk with Sir William Warren, and so
by coach to several places, among others to my Lord Treasurers, there to
meet my Lord Sandwich, but missed, and met him at [my] Lord Chancellors,
and there talked with him about his accounts, and then about Sir G.
Carteret, and I find by him that Sir G. Carteret has a worse game to play
than my Lord Sandwich, for people are jeering at him, and he cries out of
the business of Sir W. Coventry, who strikes at all and do all. Then to my
booksellers, and then received some books I have new bought, and here
late choosing some more to new bind, having resolved to give myself L10 in
books, and so home to the office and then home to supper, where Mr. Hill
was and supped with us, and good discourse; an excellent person he still
appears to me. After supper, and he gone, we to bed.

13th. Up, and all the morning at the office. At noon to the Change, and
thence after business dined at the Sheriffes [Hooker], being carried by
Mr. Lethulier, where to my hearts content I met with his wife, a most
beautifull fat woman. But all the house melancholy upon the sickness of a
daughter of the house in childbed, Mr. Vaughans lady. So all of them
undressed, but however this lady a very fine woman. I had a salute of her,
and after dinner some discourse the Sheriffe and I about a parcel of
tallow I am buying for the office of him. I away home, and there at the
office all the afternoon till late at night, and then away home to supper
and to bed. Ill newes this night that the plague is encreased this week,
and in many places else about the towne, and at Chatham and elsewhere.
This day my wife wanting a chambermaid with much ado got our old little
Jane to be found out, who come to see her and hath lived all this while in
one place, but is so well that we will not desire her removal, but are
mighty glad to see the poor wench, who is very well and do well.

14th (St. Valentines day). This morning called up by Mr. Hill, who, my
wife thought, had been come to be her Valentine; she, it seems, having
drawne him last night, but it proved not. However, calling him up to our
bed-side, my wife challenged him. I up, and made myself ready, and so with
him by coach to my Lord Sandwichs by appointment to deliver Mr. Howes
accounts to my Lord. Which done, my Lord did give me hearty and large
studied thanks for all my kindnesse to him and care of him and his
business. I after profession of all duty to his Lordship took occasion to
bemoane myself that I should fall into such a difficulty about Sir G.
Carteret, as not to be for him, but I must be against Sir W. Coventry, and
therefore desired to be neutrall, which my Lord approved and confessed
reasonable, but desired me to befriend him privately. Having done in
private with my Lord I brought Mr. Hill to kisse his hands, to whom my
Lord professed great respect upon my score. My Lord being gone, I took Mr.
Hill to my Lord Chancellors new house that is building, and went with
trouble up to the top of it, and there is there the noblest prospect that
ever I saw in my life, Greenwich being nothing to it; and in every thing
is a beautiful house, and most strongly built in every respect; and as if,
as it hath, it had the Chancellor for its master. Thence with him to his
paynter, Mr. Hales, who is drawing his picture, which will be mighty like
him, and pleased me so, that I am resolved presently to have my wifes and
mine done by him, he having a very masterly hand. So with mighty
satisfaction to the Change and thence home, and after dinner abroad,
taking Mrs. Mary Batelier with us, who was just come to see my wife, and
they set me down at my Lord Treasurers, and themselves went with the
coach into the fields to take the ayre. I staid a meeting of the Duke of
Yorkes, and the officers of the Navy and Ordnance. My Lord Treasurer
lying in bed of the gowte. Our business was discourse of the straits of
the Navy for want of money, but after long discourse as much out of order
as ordinary peoples, we come to no issue, nor any money promised, or like
to be had, and yet the worke must be done. Here I perceive Sir G. Carteret
had prepared himself to answer a choque of Sir W. Coventry, by offering of
himself to shew all he had paid, and what is unpaid, and what moneys and
assignments he hath in his hands, which, if he makes good, was the best
thing he ever did say in his life, and the best timed, for else it must
have fallen very foule on him. The meeting done I away, my wife and they
being come back and staying for me at the gate. But, Lord! to see how
afeard I was that Sir W. Coventry should have spyed me once whispering
with Sir G. Carteret, though not intended by me, but only Sir G. Carteret
come to me and I could not avoyde it. So home, they set me down at the
Change, and I to the Crowne, where my Lord Bruncker was come and several
of the Virtuosi, and after a small supper and but little good discourse I
with Sir W. Batten (who was brought thither with my Lord Bruncker) home,
where I find my wife gone to Mrs. Mercers to be merry, but presently come
in with Mrs. Knipp, who, it seems, is in towne, and was gone thither with
my wife and Mercer to dance, and after eating a little supper went thither
again to spend the whole night there, being W. Howe there, at whose
chamber they are, and Lawd Crisp by chance. I to bed.

15th. Up, and my wife not come home all night. To the office, where sat
all the morning. At noon to Starkys, a great cooke in Austin Friars,
invited by Colonell Atkins, and a good dinner for Colonell Norwood and his
friends, among others Sir Edward Spragg and others, but ill attendance.
Before dined, called on by my wife in a coach, and so I took leave, and
then with her and Knipp and Mercer (Mr. Hunt newly come out of the country
being there also come to see us) to Mr. Hales, the paynters, having set
down Mr. Hunt by the way. Here Mr. Hales begun my wife in the posture we
saw one of my Lady Peters, like a St. Katharine.

     [It was the fashion at this time to be painted as St. Catherine, in
     compliment to the queen.]

While he painted, Knipp, and Mercer, and I, sang; and by and by comes Mrs.
Pierce, with my name in her bosom for her Valentine, which will cost me
money. But strange how like his very first dead colouring is, that it did
me good to see it, and pleases me mightily, and I believe will be a noble
picture. Thence with them all as far as Fleete Streete, and there set
Mercer and Knipp down, and we home. I to the office, whither the Houblons
come telling me of a little new trouble from Norwood about their ship,
which troubles me, though without reason. So late home to supper and to
bed. We hear this night of Sir Jeremy Smith, that he and his fleete have
been seen at Malaga; which is good newes.

16th. Up betimes, and by appointment to the Exchange, where I met Messrs.
Houblons, and took them up in my coach and carried them to Charing Crosse,
where they to Colonell Norwood to see how they can settle matters with
him, I having informed them by the way with advice to be easy with him,
for he may hereafter do us service, and they and I are like to understand
one another to very good purpose. I to my Lord Sandwich, and there alone
with him to talke of his affairs, and particularly of his prize goods,
wherein I find he is wearied with being troubled, and gives over the care
of it to let it come to what it will, having the Kings release for the
dividend made, and for the rest he thinks himself safe from being proved
to have anything more. Thence to the Exchequer, and so by coach to the
Change, Mr. Moore with me, who tells me very odde passages of the
indiscretion of my Lord in the management of his family, of his
carelessnesse, &c., which troubles me, but makes me rejoice with all
my heart of my being rid of the bond of L1000, for that would have been a
cruel blow to me. With Moore to the Coffee-House, the first time I have
been there, where very full, and company it seems hath been there all the
plague time. So to the Change, and then home to dinner, and after dinner
to settle accounts with him for my Lord, and so evened with him to this
day. Then to the office, and out with Sir W. Warren for discourse by coach
to White Hall, thinking to have spoke with Sir W. Coventry, but did not,
and to see the Queene, but she comes but to Hampton Court to-night. Back
to my office and there late, and so home to supper and bed. I walked a
good while to-night with Mr. Hater in the garden, talking about a husband
for my sister, and reckoning up all our clerks about us, none of which he
thinks fit for her and her portion. At last I thought of young Gawden, and
will thinke of it again.

17th. Up, and to the office, where busy all the morning. Late to dinner,
and then to the office again, and there busy till past twelve at night,
and so home to supper and to bed. We have newes of Sir Jeremy Smiths
being very well with his fleete at Cales.—[Cadiz]

18th (Lords day). Lay long in bed discoursing with pleasure with my wife,
among other things about Palls coming up, for she must be here a little
to be fashioned, and my wife hath a mind to go down for her, which I am
not much against, and so I rose and to my chamber to settle several
things. At noon comes my uncle Wight to dinner, and brings with him Mrs.
Wight, sad company to me, nor was I much pleased with it, only I must shew
respect to my uncle. After dinner they gone, and it being a brave day, I
walked to White Hall, where the Queene and ladies are all come: I saw some
few of them, but not the Queene, nor any of the great beauties. I
endeavoured to have seen my Lord Hinchingbrooke, who come to town
yesterday, but I could not. Met with Creed and walked with him a turne or
two in the Parke, but without much content, having now designs of getting
money in my head, which allow me not the leisure I used to have with him,
besides an odde story lately told of him for a great truth, of his
endeavouring to lie with a woman at Oxford, and her crying out saved her;
and this being publickly known, do a little make me hate him. Thence took
coach, and calling by the way at my booksellers for a booke I writ about
twenty years ago in prophecy of this year coming on, 1666, explaining it
to be the marke of the beast, I home, and there fell to reading, and then
to supper, and to bed.

19th. Up, and by coach to my Lord Sandwichs, but he was gone out. So I to
White Hall, and there waited on the Duke of Yorke with some of the rest of
our brethren, and thence back again to my Lords, to see my Lord
Hinchingbroke, which I did, and I am mightily out of countenance in my
great expectation of him by others report, though he is indeed a pretty
gentleman, yet nothing what I took him for, methinks, either as to person
or discourse discovered to me, but I must try him more before I go too far
in censuring. Hence to the Exchequer from office to office, to set my
business of my tallys in doing, and there all the morning. So at noon by
coach to St. Pauls Church-yarde to my Booksellers, and there bespoke a
few more books to bring all I have lately bought to L10. Here I am told
for certain, what I have heard once or twice already, of a Jew in town,
that in the name of the rest do offer to give any man L10 to be paid L100,
if a certain person now at Smyrna be within these two years owned by all
the Princes of the East, and particularly the grand Signor as the King of
the world, in the same manner we do the King of England here, and that
this man is the true Messiah. One named a friend of his that had received
ten pieces in gold upon this score, and says that the Jew hath disposed of
L1100 in this manner, which is very strange; and certainly this year of
1666 will be a year of great action; but what the consequences of it will
be, God knows! Thence to the Change, and from my stationers thereabouts
carried home by coach two books of Ogilbys, his AEsop and Coronation,
which fell to my lot at his lottery. Cost me L4 besides the binding. So
home. I find my wife gone out to Hales, her paynters, and I after a
little dinner do follow her, and there do find him at worke, and with
great content I do see it will be a very brave picture. Left her there,
and I to my Lord Treasurers, where Sir G. Carteret and Sir J. Minnes met
me, and before my Lord Treasurer and Duke of Albemarle the state of our
Navy debts were laid open, being very great, and their want of money to
answer them openly professed, there being but L1,500,000 to answer a
certaine expense and debt of L2,300,000. Thence walked with Fenn down to
White Hall, and there saw the Queene at cards with many ladies, but none
of our beauties were there. But glad I was to see the Queene so well, who
looks prettily; and methinks hath more life than before, since it is
confessed of all that she miscarryed lately; Dr. Clerke telling me
yesterday at White Hall that he had the membranes and other vessels in his
hands which she voided, and were perfect as ever womans was that bore a
child. Thence hoping to find my Lord Sandwich, away by coach to my Lord
Chancellors, but missed him, and so home and to office, and then to
supper and my Journall, and to bed.

20th. Up, and to the office; where, among other businesses, Mr. Evelyns
proposition about publique Infirmarys was read and agreed on, he being
there: and at noon I took him home to dinner, being desirous of keeping my
acquaintance with him; and a most excellent humoured man I still find him,
and mighty knowing. After dinner I took him by coach to White Hall, and
there he and I parted, and I to my Lord Sandwichs, where coming and
bolting into the dining-room, I there found Captain Ferrers going to
christen a child of his born yesterday, and I come just pat to be a
godfather, along with my Lord Hinchingbrooke, and Madam Pierce, my
Valentine, which for that reason I was pretty well contented with, though
a little vexed to see myself so beset with people to spend me money, as
she of a Valentine and little Mrs. Tooker, who is come to my house this
day from Greenwich, and will cost me 20s., my wife going out with her this
afternoon, and now this christening. Well, by and by the child is brought
and christened Katharine, and I this day on this occasion drank a glasse
of wine, which I have not professedly done these two years, I think, but a
little in the time of the sicknesse. After that done, and gone and kissed
the mother in bed, I away to Westminster Hall, and there hear that Mrs.
Lane is come to town. So I staid loitering up and down till anon she comes
and agreed to meet at Swayns, and there I went anon, and she come, but
staid but little, the place not being private. I have not seen her since
before the plague. So thence parted and rencontrais a her last logis,
and in the place did what I tenais a mind pour ferais con her. At last
she desired to borrow money of me, L5, and would pawn gold with me for it,
which I accepted and promised in a day or two to supply her. So away home
to the office, and thence home, where little Mrs. Tooker staid all night
with us, and a pretty child she is, and happens to be niece to my beauty
that is dead, that lived at the Jackanapes, in Cheapside. So to bed, a
little troubled that I have been at two houses this afternoon with Mrs.
Lane that were formerly shut up of the plague.

21st. Up, and with Sir J. Minnes to White Hall by his coach, by the way
talking of my brother John to get a spiritual promotion for him, which I
am now to looke after, for as much as he is shortly to be Master in Arts,
and writes me this weeke a Latin letter that he is to go into orders this
Lent. There to the Dukes chamber, and find our fellows discoursing there
on our business, so I was sorry to come late, but no hurte was done
thereby. Here the Duke, among other things, did bring out a book of great
antiquity of some of the customs of the Navy, about 100 years since, which
he did lend us to read and deliver him back again. Thence I to the
Exchequer, and there did strike my tallys for a quarter for Tangier and
carried them home with me, and thence to Trinity-house, being invited to
an Elder Brothers feast; and there met and sat by Mr. Prin, and had good
discourse about the privileges of Parliament, which, he says, are few to
the Commons House, and those not examinable by them, but only by the
House of Lords. Thence with my Lord Bruncker to Gresham College, the first
time after the sicknesse that I was there, and the second time any met.
And here a good lecture of Mr. Hookes about the trade of felt-making,
very pretty. And anon alone with me about the art of drawing pictures by
Prince Ruperts rule and machine, and another of Dr. Wrens;

     [Afterwards the famous Sir Christopher Wren.  He was one of the
     mainstays of the Royal Society.]

but he says nothing do like squares, or, which is the best in the world,
like a darke roome,—[The camera obscura.]—which pleased me
mightily. Thence with Povy home to my house, and there late settling
accounts with him, which was very troublesome to me, and he gone, found
Mr. Hill below, who sat with me till late talking, and so away, and we to

22nd. Up, and to the office, where sat all the morning. At noon home to
dinner and thence by coach with my wife for ayre principally for her. I
alone stopped at Haless and there mightily am pleased with my wifes
picture that is begun there, and with Mr. Hills, though I must [owne] I
am not more pleased with it now the face is finished than I was when I saw
it the second time of sitting. Thence to my Lord Sandwichs, but he not
within, but goes to-morrow. My wife to Mrs. Hunts, who is lately come to
towne and grown mighty fat. I called her there, and so home and late at
the office, and so home to supper and to bed. We are much troubled that
the sicknesse in general (the town being so full of people) should be but
three, and yet of the particular disease of the plague there should be ten

23rd. Up betimes, and out of doors by 6 of the clock, and walked (W. Howe
with me) to my Lord Sandwichs, who did lie the last night at his house in
Lincolns Inne Fields. It being fine walking in the morning, and the
streets full of people again. There I staid, and the house full of people
come to take leave of my Lord, who this day goes out of towne upon his
embassy towards Spayne. And I was glad to find Sir W. Coventry to come,
though I know it is only a piece of courtshipp. I had much discourse with
my Lord, he telling me how fully he leaves the King his friend and the
large discourse he had with him the other day, and how he desired to have
the business of the prizes examined before he went, and that he yielded to
it, and it is done as far as it concerns himself to the full, and the
Lords Commissioners for prizes did reprehend all the informers in what
related to his Lordship, which I am glad of in many respects. But we could
not make an end of discourse, so I promised to waite upon [him] on Sunday
at Cranborne, and took leave and away hence to Mr. Haless with Mr. Hill
and two of the Houblons, who come thither to speak with me, and saw my
wifes picture, which pleases me well, but Mr. Hills picture never a whit
so well as it did before it was finished, which troubled me, and I begin
to doubt the picture of my Lady Peters my wife takes her posture from, and
which is an excellent picture, is not of his making, it is so master-like.
I set them down at the Change and I home to the office, and at noon dined
at home and to the office again. Anon comes Mrs. Knipp to see my wife, who
is gone out, so I fain to entertain her, and took her out by coach to look
my wife at Mrs. Pierces and Unthankes, but find her not. So back again,
and then my wife comes home, having been buying of things, and at home I
spent all the night talking with this baggage, and teaching her my song of
Beauty retire, which she sings and makes go most rarely, and a very fine
song it seems to be. She also entertained me with repeating many of her
own and others parts of the play-house, which she do most excellently;
and tells me the whole practices of the play-house and players, and is in
every respect most excellent company. So I supped, and was merry at home
all the evening, and the rather it being my birthday, 33 years, for which
God be praised that I am in so good a condition of healthe and estate, and
every thing else as I am, beyond expectation, in all. So she to Mrs.
Turners to lie, and we to bed. Mightily pleased to find myself in
condition to have these people come about me and to be able to entertain
them, and have the pleasure of their qualities, than which no man can have
more in the world.

24th. All the morning at the office till past three oclock. At that houre
home and eat a bit alone, my wife being gone out. So abroad by coach with
Mr. Hill, who staid for me to speake about business, and he and I to
Haless, where I find my wife and her woman, and Pierce and Knipp, and
there sung and was mighty merry, and I joyed myself in it; but vexed at
first to find my wifes picture not so like as I expected; but it was only
his having finished one part, and not another, of the face; but, before I
went, I was satisfied it will be an excellent picture. Here we had ale and
cakes and mighty merry, and sung my song, which she [Knipp] now sings
bravely, and makes me proud of myself. Thence left my wife to go home with
Mrs. Pierce, while I home to the office, and there pretty late, and to
bed, after fitting myself for to-morrows journey.

25th (Lords day). My wife up between three and four of the clock in the
morning to dress herself, and I about five, and were all ready to take
coach, she and I and Mercer, a little past five, but, to our trouble, the
coach did not come till six. Then with our coach of four horses I hire on
purpose, and Leshmore to ride by, we through the City to Branford and so
to Windsor, Captain Ferrers overtaking us at Kensington, being to go with
us, and here drank, and so through, making no stay, to Cranborne, about
eleven oclock, and found my Lord and the ladies at a sermon in the house;
which being ended we to them, and all the company glad to see us, and
mighty merry to dinner. Here was my Lord, and Lord Hinchingbroke, and Mr.
Sidney, Sir Charles Herbert, and Mr. Carteret, my Lady Carteret, my Lady
Jemimah, and Lady Slaning. After dinner to talk to and again, and then to
walke in the Parke, my Lord and I alone, talking upon these heads; first,
he has left his business of the prizes as well as is possible for him,
having cleared himself before the Commissioners by the Kings commands, so
that nothing or little is to be feared from that point, he goes fully
assured, he tells me, of the Kings favour. That upon occasion I may know,
I desired to know, his friends I may trust to, he tells me, but that he is
not yet in England, but continues this summer in Ireland, my Lord Orrery
is his father almost in affection. He tells me my Lord of Suffolke, Lord
Arlington, Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord Treasurer, Mr. Atturny Montagu,
Sir Thomas Clifford in the House of Commons, Sir G. Carteret, and some
others I cannot presently remember, are friends that I may rely on for
him. He tells me my Lord Chancellor seems his very good friend, but doubts
that he may not think him so much a servant of the Duke of Yorkes as he
would have him, and indeed my Lord tells me he hath lately made it his
business to be seen studious of the Kings favour, and not of the Dukes,
and by the King will stand or fall, for factions there are, as he tells
me, and God knows how high they may come. The Duke of Albemarles post is
so great, having had the name of bringing in the King, that he is like to
stand, or, if it were not for him, God knows in what troubles we might be
from some private faction, if an army could be got into another hand,
which God forbid! It is believed that though Mr. Coventry be in appearance
so great against the Chancellor, yet that there is a good understanding
between the Duke and him. He dreads the issue of this year, and fears
there will be some very great revolutions before his coming back again. He
doubts it is needful for him to have a pardon for his last years actions,
all which he did without commission, and at most but the Kings private
single word for that of Bergen; but he dares not ask it at this time, lest
it should make them think that there is something more in it than yet they
know; and if it should be denied, it would be of very ill consequence. He
says also, if it should in Parliament be enquired into the selling of
Dunkirke (though the Chancellor was the man that would have it sold to
France, saying the King of Spayne had no money to give for it); yet he
will be found to have been the greatest adviser of it; which he is a
little apprehensive may be called upon this Parliament. He told me it
would not be necessary for him to tell me his debts, because he thinks I
know them so well. He tells me, that for the match propounded of Mrs.
Mallett for my Lord Hinchingbroke, it hath been lately off, and now her
friends bring it on again, and an overture hath been made to him by a
servant of hers, to compass the thing without consent of friends, she
herself having a respect to my Lords family, but my Lord will not listen
to it but in a way of honour. The Duke hath for this weeke or two been
very kind to him, more than lately; and so others, which he thinks is a
good sign of faire weather again. He says the Archbishopp of Canterbury
hath been very kind to him, and hath plainly said to him that he and all
the world knows the difference between his judgment and brains and the
Duke of Albemarles, and then calls my Lady Duchesse the veryest slut and
drudge and the foulest worde that can be spoke of a woman almost. My Lord
having walked an houre with me talking thus and going in, and my Lady
Carteret not suffering me to go back again to-night, my Lord to walke
again with me about some of this and other discourse, and then in a-doors
and to talke with all and with my Lady Carteret, and I with the young
ladies and gentle men, who played on the guittar, and mighty merry, and
anon to supper, and then my Lord going away to write, the young gentlemen
to flinging of cushions, and other mad sports; at this late till towards
twelve at night, and then being sleepy, I and my wife in a passage-room to
bed, and slept not very well because of noise.

26th. Called up about five in the morning, and my Lord up, and took leave,
a little after six, very kindly of me and the whole company. Then I in,
and my wife up and to visit my Lady Slaving in her bed, and there sat
three hours, with Lady Jemimah with us, talking and laughing, and by and
by my Lady Carteret comes, and she and I to talke, I glad to please her in
discourse of Sir G. Carteret, that all will do well with him, and she is
much pleased, he having had great annoyance and fears about his well
doing, and I fear hath doubted that I have not been a friend to him, but
cries out against my Lady Castlemaine, that makes the King neglect his
business and seems much to fear that all will go to wracke, and I fear
with great reason; exclaims against the Duke of Albemarle, and more the
Duchesse for a filthy woman, as indeed she is. Here staid till 9 oclock
almost, and then took coach with so much love and kindnesse from my Lady
Carteret, Lady Jemimah, and Lady Slaving, that it joys my heart, and when
I consider the manner of my going hither, with a coach and four horses and
servants and a woman with us, and coming hither being so much made of, and
used with that state, and then going to Windsor and being shewn all that
we were there, and had wherewith to give every body something for their
pains, and then going home, and all in fine weather and no fears nor cares
upon me, I do thinke myself obliged to thinke myself happy, and do look
upon myself at this time in the happiest occasion a man can be, and
whereas we take pains in expectation of future comfort and ease, I have
taught myself to reflect upon myself at present as happy, and enjoy myself
in that consideration, and not only please myself with thoughts of future
wealth and forget the pleasure we at present enjoy. So took coach and to
Windsor, to the Garter, and thither sent for Dr. Childe; who come to us,
and carried us to St. Georges Chappell; and there placed us among the
Knights stalls (and pretty the observation, that no man, but a woman may
sit in a Knights place, where any brass-plates are set); and hither come
cushions to us, and a young singing-boy to bring us a copy of the anthem
to be sung. And here, for our sakes, had this anthem and the great service
sung extraordinary, only to entertain us. It is a noble place indeed, and
a good Quire of voices. Great bowing by all the people, the poor Knights
particularly, to the Alter. After prayers, we to see the plate of the
chappell, and the robes of Knights, and a man to shew us the banners of
the several Knights in being, which hang up over the stalls. And so to
other discourse very pretty, about the Order. Was shewn where the late
[King] is buried, and King Henry the Eighth, and my Lady [Jane] Seymour.
This being done, to the Kings house, and to observe the neatness and
contrivance of the house and gates: it is the most romantique castle that
is in the world. But, Lord! the prospect that is in the balcone in the
Queenes lodgings, and the terrace and walk, are strange things to
consider, being the best in the world, sure. Infinitely satisfied I and my
wife with all this, she being in all points mightily pleased too, which
added to my pleasure; and so giving a great deal of money to this and that
man and woman, we to our taverne, and there dined, the Doctor with us; and
so took coach and away to Eton, the Doctor with me. Before we went to
Chappell this morning, Kate Joyce, in a stage-coach going toward London,
called to me. I went to her and saluted her, but could not get her to stay
with us, having company. At Eton I left my wife in the coach, and he and I
to the College, and there find all mighty fine. The school good, and the
custom pretty of boys cutting their names in the struts of the window when
they go to Cambridge, by which many a one hath lived to see himself
Provost and Fellow, that had his name in the window standing. To the Hall,
and there find the boys verses, De Peste; it being their custom to make
verses at Shrove-tide. I read several, and very good ones they were, and
better, I think, than ever I made when I was a boy, and in rolls as long
and longer than the whole Hall, by much. Here is a picture of Venice hung
up given, and a monument made of Sir H. Wottons giving it to the College.
Thence to the porters, in the absence of the butler, and did drink of the
College beer, which is very good; and went into the back fields to see the
scholars play. And so to the chappell, and there saw, among other things,
Sir H. Wottons stone with this Epitaph

          Hic facet primus hujus sententiae Author:—
          Disputandi pruritus fit ecclesiae scabies.

But unfortunately the word Author was wrong writ, and now so basely
altered that it disgraces the stone. Thence took leave of the Doctor, and
so took coach, and finely, but sleepy, away home, and got thither about
eight at night, and after a little at my office, I to bed; and an houre
after, was waked with my wifes quarrelling with Mercer, at which I was
angry, and my wife and I fell out. But with much ado to sleep again, I
beginning to practise more temper, and to give her her way.

27th. Up, and after a harsh word or two my wife and I good friends, and so
up and to the office, where all the morning. At noon late to dinner, my
wife gone out to Haless about her picture, and, after dinner, I after
her, and do mightily like her picture, and think it will be as good as my
Lady Peterss. So home mightily pleased, and there late at business and
set down my three last days journalls, and so to bed, overjoyed to thinke
of the pleasure of the last Sunday and yesterday, and my ability to bear
the charge of these pleasures, and with profit too, by obliging my Lord,
and reconciling Sir George Carterets family.

28th (Ash Wednesday). Up, and after doing a little business at my office I
walked, it being a most curious dry and cold morning, to White Hall, and
there I went into the Parke, and meeting Sir Ph. Warwicke took a turne
with him in the Pell Mall, talking of the melancholy posture of affairs,
where every body is snarling one at another, and all things put together
looke ominously. This new Act too putting us out of a power of raising
money. So that he fears as I do, but is fearfull of enlarging in that
discourse of an ill condition in every thing, and the State and all. We
appointed another time to meet to talke of the business of the Navy alone
seriously, and so parted, and I to White Hall, and there we did our
business with the Duke of Yorke, and so parted, and walked to Westminster
Hall, where I staid talking with Mrs. Michell and Howlett long and her
daughter, which is become a mighty pretty woman, and thence going out of
the Hall was called to by Mrs. Martin, so I went to her and bought two
bands, and so parted, and by and by met at her chamber, and there did what
I would, and so away home and there find Mrs. Knipp, and we dined
together, she the pleasantest company in the world. After dinner I did
give my wife money to lay out on Knipp, 20s., and I abroad to White Hall
to visit Colonell Norwood, and then Sir G. Carteret, with whom I have
brought myself right again, and he very open to me; is very melancholy,
and matters, I fear, go down with him, but he seems most afeard of a
general catastrophe to the whole kingdom, and thinks, as I fear, that all
things will come to nothing. Thence to the Palace Yard, to the Swan, and
there staid till it was dark, and then to Mrs. Lanes, and there lent her
L5 upon L4 01s. in gold. And then did what I would with her, and I
perceive she is come to be very bad, and offers any thing, that it is
dangerous to have to do with her, nor will I see [her] any more a good
while. Thence by coach home and to the office, where a while, and then
betimes to bed by ten oclock, sooner than I have done many a day. And
thus ends this month, with my mind full of resolution to apply myself
better from this time forward to my business than I have done these six or
eight days, visibly to my prejudice both in quiett of mind and setting
backward of my business, that I cannot give a good account of it as I
ought to do.