Samuel Pepys diary December 1665


December 1st. This morning to the office, full of resolution to spend the
whole day at business, and there, among other things, I did agree with
Poynter to be my clerke for my Victualling business, and so all alone all
the day long shut up in my little closett at my office, drawing up
instructions, which I should long since have done for my Surveyours of the
Ports, Sir W. Coventry desiring much to have them, and he might well have
expected them long since. After dinner to it again, and at night had long
discourse with Gibson, who is for Yarmouth, who makes me understand so
much of the victualling business and the pursers trade, that I am ashamed
I should go about the concerning myself in a business which I understand
so very very little of, and made me distrust all I had been doing to-day.
So I did lay it by till to-morrow morning to think of it afresh, and so
home by promise to my wife, to have mirth there. So we had our neighbours,
little Miss Tooker and Mrs. Daniels, to dance, and after supper I to bed,
and left them merry below, which they did not part from till two or three
in the morning.

2nd. Up, and discoursing with my wife, who is resolved to go to London for
good and all this day, we did agree upon giving Mr. Sheldon L10, and Mrs.
Barbary two pieces, and so I left her to go down thither to fetch away the
rest of the things and pay him the money, and so I to the office, where
very busy setting Mr. Poynter to write out my last nights worke, which
pleases me this day, but yet it is pretty to reflect how much I am out of
confidence with what I had done upon Gibsons discourse with me, for fear
I should have done it sillily, but Poynter likes them, and Mr. Hater also,
but yet I am afeard lest they should do it out of flattery, so conscious I
am of my ignorance. Dined with my wife at noon and took leave of her, she
being to go to London, as I said, for altogether, and I to the office,
busy till past one in the morning.

3rd. It being Lords day, up and dressed and to church, thinking to have
sat with Sir James Bunce to hear his daughter and her husband sing, that
are so much commended, but was prevented by being invited into Coll.
Cleggatts pew. However, there I sat, near Mr. Laneare, with whom I spoke,
and in sight, by chance, and very near my fat brown beauty of our Parish,
the rich merchants lady, a very noble woman, and Madame Pierce. A good
sermon of Mr. Plumes, and so to Captain Cockes, and there dined with
him, and Colonell Wyndham, a worthy gentleman, whose wife was nurse to the
present King, and one that while she lived governed him and every thing
else, as Cocke says, as a minister of state; the old King putting mighty
weight and trust upon her. They talked much of matters of State and
persons, and particularly how my Lord Barkeley hath all along been a
fortunate, though a passionate and but weak man as to policy; but as a
kinsman brought in and promoted by my Lord of St. Albans, and one that is
the greatest vapourer in the world, this Colonell Wyndham says; and one to
whom only, with Jacke Asheburnel and Colonel Legg, the Kings removal to
the Isle of Wight from Hampton Court was communicated; and (though
betrayed by their knavery, or at best by their ignorance, insomuch that
they have all solemnly charged one another with their failures therein,
and have been at daggers-drawing publickly about it), yet now none greater
friends in the world. We dined, and in comes Mrs. Owen, a kinswoman of my
Lord Brunckers, about getting a man discharged, which I did for her, and
by and by Mrs. Pierce to speake with me (and Mary my wifes late maid, now
gone to her) about her husbands business of money, and she tells us how
she prevented Captain Fisher the other day in his purchase of all her
husbands fine goods, as pearls and silks, that he had seized in an
Apothecarys house, a friend of theirs, but she got in and broke them open
and removed all before Captain Fisher came the next day to fetch them
away, at which he is starke mad. She went home, and I to my lodgings. At
night by agreement I fetched her again with Cockes coach, and he come and
we sat and talked together, thinking to have had Mrs. Coleman and my
songsters, her husband and Laneare, but they failed me. So we to supper,
and as merry as was sufficient, and my pretty little Miss with me; and so
after supper walked [with] Pierce home, and so back and to bed. But, Lord!
I stand admiring of the wittinesse of her little boy, which is one of the
wittiest boys, but most confident that ever I did see of a child of 9
years old or under in all my life, or indeed one twice his age almost, but
all for roguish wit. So to bed.

4th. Several people to me about business, among others Captain Taylor,
intended Storekeeper for Harwich, whom I did give some assistance in his
dispatch by lending him money. So out and by water to London and to the
Change, and up and down about several businesses, and after the observing
(God forgive me!) one or two of my neighbour Jasons women come to towne,
which did please me very well, home to my house at the office, where my
wife had got a dinner for me: and it was a joyfull thing for us to meet
here, for which God be praised! Here was her brother come to see her, and
speake with me about business. It seems my recommending of him hath not
only obtained his presently being admitted into the Duke of Albemarles
guards, and present pay, but also by the Dukes and Sir Philip Howards
direction, to be put as a right-hand man, and other marks of special
respect, at which I am very glad, partly for him, and partly to see that I
am reckoned something in my recommendations, but wish he may carry himself
that I may receive no disgrace by him. So to the Change. Up and down
again in the evening about business and to meet Captain Cocke, who waited
for Mrs. Pierce (with whom he is mightily stricken), to receive and hide
for her her rich goods she saved the other day from seizure. Upon the
Change to-day Colvill tells me, from Oxford, that the King in person hath
justified my Lord Sandwich to the highest degree; and is right in his
favour to the uttermost. So late by water home, taking a barrel of oysters
with me, and at Greenwich went and sat with Madam Penington …. and made
her undress her head and sit dishevilled all night sporting till two in
the morning, and so away to my lodging and so to bed. Over-fasting all the
morning hath filled me mightily with wind, and nothing else hath done it,
that I fear a fit of the cholique.

5th. Up and to the office, where very busy about several businesses all
the morning. At noon empty, yet without stomach to dinner, having spoiled
myself with fasting yesterday, and so filled with wind. In the afternoon
by water, calling Mr. Stevens (who is with great trouble paying of seamen
of their tickets at Deptford) and to London, to look for Captain Kingdom
whom we found at home about 5 oclock. I tried him, and he promised to
follow us presently to the East India House to sign papers to-night in
order to the settling the business of my receiving money for Tangier. We
went and stopt the officer there to shut up. He made us stay above an
houre. I sent for him; he comes, but was not found at home, but abroad on
other business, and brings a paper saying that he had been this houre
looking for the Lord Ashleys order. When he looks for it, that is not the
paper. He would go again to look; kept us waiting till almost 8 at night.
Then was I to go home by water this weather and darke, and to write
letters by the post, besides keeping the East India officers there so
late. I sent for him again; at last he comes, and says he cannot find the
paper (which is a pretty thing to lay orders for L100,000 no better). I
was angry; he told me I ought to give people ease at night, and all
business was to be done by day. I answered him sharply, that I did [not]
make, nor any honest man, any difference between night and day in the
Kings business, and this was such, and my Lord Ashley should know. He
answered me short. I told him I knew the time (meaning the Rumps time)
when he did other mens business with more diligence. He cried, Nay, say
not so, and stopped his mouth, not one word after. We then did our
business without the order in less than eight minutes, which he made me to
no purpose stay above two hours for the doing. This made him mad, and so
we exchanged notes, and I had notes for L14,000 of the Treasurer of the
Company, and so away and by water to Greenwich and wrote my letters, and
so home late to bed.

6th. Up betimes, it being fast-day; and by water to the Duke of Albemarle,
who come to towne from Oxford last night. He is mighty brisk, and very
kind to me, and asks my advice principally in every thing. He surprises me
with the news that my Lord Sandwich goes Embassador to Spayne speedily;
though I know not whence this arises, yet I am heartily glad of it. He did
give me several directions what to do, and so I home by water again and to
church a little, thinking to have met Mrs. Pierce in order to our meeting
at night; but she not there, I home and dined, and comes presently by
appointment my wife. I spent the afternoon upon a song of Solymans words
to Roxalana that I have set, and so with my wife walked and Mercer to Mrs.
Pierces, where Captain Rolt and Mrs. Knipp, Mr. Coleman and his wife, and
Laneare, Mrs. Worshipp and her singing daughter, met; and by and by
unexpectedly comes Mr. Pierce from Oxford. Here the best company for
musique I ever was in, in my life, and wish I could live and die in it,
both for musique and the face of Mrs. Pierce, and my wife and Knipp, who
is pretty enough; but the most excellent, mad-humoured thing, and sings
the noblest that ever I heard in my life, and Rolt, with her, some things
together most excellently. I spent the night in extasy almost; and, having
invited them to my house a day or two hence, we broke up, Pierce having
told me that he is told how the King hath done my Lord Sandwich all the
right imaginable, by shewing him his countenance before all the world on
every occasion, to remove thoughts of discontent; and that he is to go
Embassador, and that the Duke of Yorke is made generall of all forces by
land and sea, and the Duke of Albemarle, lieutenant-generall. Whether the
two latter alterations be so, true or no, he knows not, but he is told so;
but my Lord is in full favour with the King. So all home and to bed.

7th. Up and to the office, where very busy all day. Sir G. Carterets
letter tells me my Lord Sandwich is, as I was told, declared Embassador
Extraordinary to Spayne, and to go with all speed away, and that his
enemies have done him as much good as he could wish. At noon late to
dinner, and after dinner spent till night with Mr. Gibson and Hater
discoursing and making myself more fully [know] the trade of pursers, and
what fittest to be done in their business, and so to the office till
midnight writing letters, and so home, and after supper with my wife about
one oclock to bed.

8th. Up, well pleased in my mind about my Lord Sandwich, about whom I
shall know more anon from Sir G. Carteret, who will be in towne, and also
that the Hambrough [ships] after all difficulties are got out. God send
them good speed! So, after being trimmed, I by water to London, to the
Navy office, there to give order to my mayde to buy things to send down to
Greenwich for supper to-night; and I also to buy other things, as oysters,
and lemons, 6d. per piece, and oranges, 3d. That done I to the Change,
and among many other things, especially for getting of my Tangier money, I
by appointment met Mr. Gawden, and he and I to the Popes Head Taverne,
and there he did give me alone a very pretty dinner. Our business to talk
of his matters and his supply of money, which was necessary for us to talk
on before the Duke of Albemarle this afternoon and Sir G. Carteret. After
that I offered now to pay him the L4000 remaining of his L8000 for
Tangier, which he took with great kindnesse, and prayed me most frankly to
give him a note for L3500 and accept the other L500 for myself, which in
good earnest was against my judgement to do, for [I] expected about L100
and no more, but however he would have me do it, and ownes very great
obligations to me, and the man indeed I love, and he deserves it. This put
me into great joy, though with a little stay to it till we have time to
settle it, for for so great a sum I was fearfull any accident might by
death or otherwise defeate me, having not now time to change papers. So we
rose, and by water to White Hall, where we found Sir G. Carteret with the
Duke, and also Sir G. Downing, whom I had not seen in many years before.
He greeted me very kindly, and I him; though methinks I am touched, that
it should be said that he was my master heretofore, as doubtless he will.
So to talk of our Navy business, and particularly money business, of which
there is little hopes of any present supply upon this new Act, the
goldsmiths being here (and Alderman Backewell newly come from Flanders),
and none offering any. So we rose without doing more than my stating the
case of the Victualler, that whereas there is due to him on the last
years declaration L80,000, and the charge of this years amounts to
L420,000 and odd, he must be supplied between this and the end of January
with L150,000, and the remainder in 40 weeks by weekly payments, or else
he cannot go through his business. Thence after some discourse with Sir G.
Carteret, who, though he tells me that he is glad of my Lords being made
Embassador, and that it is the greatest courtesy his enemies could do him;
yet I find he is not heartily merry upon it, and that it was no design of
my Lords friends, but the prevalence of his enemies, and that the Duke of
Albemarle and Prince Rupert are like to go to sea together the next year.
I pray God, when my Lord is gone, they do not fall hard upon the
Vice-Chamberlain, being alone, and in so envious a place, though by this
late Act and the instructions now a brewing for our office as to method of
payments will destroy the profit of his place of itself without more
trouble. Thence by water down to Greenwich, and there found all my company
come; that is, Mrs. Knipp, and an ill, melancholy, jealous-looking fellow,
her husband, that spoke not a word to us all the night, Pierce and his
wife, and Rolt, Mrs. Worshipp and her daughter, Coleman and his wife, and
Laneare, and, to make us perfectly happy, there comes by chance to towne
Mr. Hill to see us. Most excellent musique we had in abundance, and a good
supper, dancing, and a pleasant scene of Mrs. Knipps rising sicke from
table, but whispered me it was for some hard word or other her husband
gave her just now when she laughed and was more merry than ordinary. But
we got her in humour again, and mighty merry; spending the night, till two
in the morning, with most complete content as ever in my life, it being
increased by my days work with Gawden. Then broke up, and we to bed, Mr.
Hill and I, whom I love more and more, and he us.

9th. Called up betimes by my Lord Bruncker, who is come to towne from his
long water worke at Erith last night, to go with him to the Duke of
Albemarle, which by his coach I did. Our discourse upon the ill posture of
the times through lacke of money. At the Dukes did some business, and I
believe he was not pleased to see all the Dukes discourse and
applications to me and everybody else. Discoursed also with Sir G.
Carteret about office business, but no money in view. Here my Lord and I
staid and dined, the Vice-Chamberlain taking his leave. At table the
Duchesse, a damned ill-looked woman, complaining of her Lords going to
sea the next year, said these cursed words: If my Lord had been a coward
he had gone to sea no more: it may be then he might have been excused, and
made an Embassador (meaning my Lord Sandwich).

     [When Lord Sandwich was away a new commander had to be chosen, and
     rank and long service pointed out Prince Rupert for the office, it
     having been decided that the heir presumptive should be kept at
     home.  It was thought, however, that the same confidence could not
     be placed in the princes discretion as in his courage, and
     therefore the Duke of Albemarle was induced to take a joint command
     with him, and so make one admiral of two persons (see Listers
     Life of Clarendon, vol. ii., pp. 360,361).]

This made me mad, and I believed she perceived my countenance change, and
blushed herself very much. I was in hopes others had not minded it, but my
Lord Bruncker, after we were come away, took notice of the words to me
with displeasure. Thence after dinner away by water, calling and taking
leave of Sir G. Carteret, whom we found going through at White Hall, and
so over to Lambeth and took coach and home, and so to the office, where
late writing letters, and then home to Mr. Hill, and sang, among other
things, my song of Beauty retire, which he likes, only excepts against
two notes in the base, but likes the whole very well. So late to bed.

10th (Lords day). Lay long talking, Hill and I, with great pleasure, and
then up, and being ready walked to Cockes for some newes, but heard none,
only they would have us stay their dinner, and sent for my wife, who come,
and very merry we were, there being Sir Edmund Pooly and Mr. Evelyn.
Before we had dined comes Mr. Andrews, whom we had sent for to Bow, and so
after dinner home, and there we sang some things, but not with much
pleasure, Mr. Andrews being in so great haste to go home, his wife looking
every hour to be brought to bed. He gone Mr. Hill and I continued our
musique, one thing after another, late till supper, and so to bed with
great pleasure.

11th. Lay long with great pleasure talking. So I left him and to London to
the Change, and after discoursed with several people about business; met
Mr. Gawden at the Popes Head, where he brought Mr. Lewes and T. Willson
to discourse about the Victualling business, and the alterations of the
pursers trade, for something must be done to secure the King a little
better, and yet that they may have wherewith to live. After dinner I took
him aside, and perfected to my great joy my business with him, wherein he
deals most nobly in giving me his hand for the L4,000, and would take my
note but for L3500. This is a great blessing, and God make me thankfull
truly for it. With him till it was darke putting in writing our discourse
about victualling, and so parted, and I to Viners, and there evened all
accounts, and took up my notes setting all straight between us to this
day. The like to Colvill, and paying several bills due from me on the
Tangier account. Then late met Cocke and Temple at the Popes Head, and
there had good discourse with Temple, who tells me that of the L80,000
advanced already by the East India Company, they have had L5000 out of
their hands. He discoursed largely of the quantity of money coyned, and
what may be thought the real sum of money in the kingdom. He told me, too,
as an instance of the thrift used in the Kings business, that the tools
and the interest of the money-using to the King for the money he borrowed
while the new invention of the mill money was perfected, cost him L35,000,
and in mirthe tells me that the new fashion money is good for nothing but
to help the Prince if he can secretly get copper plates shut up in silver
it shall never be discovered, at least not in his age. Thence Cocke and I
by water, he home and I home, and there sat with Mr. Hill and my wife
supping, talking and singing till midnight, and then to bed. [That I may
remember it the more particularly, I thought fit to insert this additional
memorandum of Temples discourse this night with me, which I took in
writing from his mouth. Before the Harp and Crosse money was cried down,
he and his fellow goldsmiths did make some particular trials what
proportion that money bore to the old Kings money, and they found that
generally it come to, one with another, about L25 in every L100. Of this
money there was, upon the calling of it in, L650,000 at least brought into
the Tower; and from thence he computes that the whole money of England
must be full L6,250,000. But for all this believes that there is above
L30,000,000; he supposing that about the Kings coming in (when he begun
to observe the quantity of the new money) people begun to be fearfull of
this moneys being cried down, and so picked it out and set it a-going as
fast as they could, to be rid of it; and he thinks L30,000,000 the rather,
because if there were but L16,250,000 the King having L2,000,000 every
year, would have the whole money of the kingdom in his hands in eight
years. He tells me about L350,000 sterling was coined out of the French
money, the proceeds of Dunkirke; so that, with what was coined of the
Crosse money, there is new coined about L1,000,000 besides the gold, which
is guessed at L500,000. He tells me, that, though the King did deposit the
French money in pawn all the while for the L350,000 he was forced to
borrow thereupon till the tools could be made for the new Minting in the
present form, yet the interest he paid for that time came to L35,000,
Viner having to his knowledge L10,000 for the use of L100,000 of it.]—(The
passage between brackets is from a piece of paper inserted in this place.)

12th. Up, and to the office, where my Lord Bruncker met, and among other
things did finish a contract with Cocke for hemp, by which I hope to get
my money due from him paid presently. At noon home to dinner, only eating
a bit, and with much kindness taking leave of Mr. Hill who goes away
to-day, and so I by water saving the tide through Bridge and to Sir G.
Downing by appointment at Charing Crosse, who did at first mightily please
me with informing me thoroughly the virtue and force of this Act, and
indeed it is ten times better than ever I thought could have been said of
it, but when he come to impose upon me that without more ado I must get by
my credit people to serve in goods and lend money upon it and none could
do it better than I, and the King should give me thanks particularly in
it, and I could not get him to excuse me, but I must come to him though to
no purpose on Saturday, and that he is sure I will bring him some bargains
or other made upon this Act, it vexed me more than all the pleasure I took
before, for I find he will be troublesome to me in it, if I will let him
have as much of my time as he would have. So late I took leave and in the
cold (the weather setting in cold) home to the office and, after my
letters being wrote, home to supper and to bed, my wife being also gone to

13th. Up betimes and finished my journall for five days back, and then
after being ready to my Lord Bruncker by appointment, there to order the
disposing of some money that we have come into the office, and here to my
great content I did get a bill of imprest to Captain Cocke to pay myself
in part of what is coming to me from him for my Lord Sandwichs
satisfaction and my owne, and also another payment or two wherein I am
concerned, and having done that did go to Mr. Pierces, where he and his
wife made me drink some tea, and so he and I by water together to London.
Here at a taverne in Cornhill he and I did agree upon my delivering up to
him a bill of Captain Cockes, put into my hand for Pierces use upon
evening of reckonings about the prize goods, and so away to the Change,
and there hear the ill news, to my great and all our great trouble, that
the plague is encreased again this week, notwithstanding there hath been a
day or two great frosts; but we hope it is only the effects of the late
close warm weather, and if the frosts continue the next week, may fall
again; but the town do thicken so much with people, that it is much if the
plague do not grow again upon us. Off the Change invited by Sheriff
Hooker, who keeps the poorest, mean, dirty table in a dirty house that
ever I did see any Sheriff of London; and a plain, ordinary, silly man I
think he is, but rich; only his son, Mr. Lethulier, I like, for a pretty,
civil, understanding merchant; and the more by much, because he happens to
be husband to our noble, fat, brave lady in our parish, that I and my wife
admire so. Thence away to the Popes Head Taverne, and there met first
with Captain Cocke, and dispatched my business with him to my content, he
being ready to sign his bill of imprest of L2,000, and gives it me in part
of his payment to me, which glads my heart. He being gone, comes Sir W.
Warren, who advised with me about several things about getting money, and
L100 I shall presently have of him. We advised about a business of
insurance, wherein something may be saved to him and got to me, and to
that end he and I did take a coach at night and to the Cockepitt, there to
get the Duke of Albemarles advice for our insuring some of our Sounde
goods coming home under Harmans convoy, but he proved shy of doing it
without knowledge of the Duke of Yorke, so we back again and calling at my
house to see my wife, who is well; though my great trouble is that our
poor little parish is the greatest number this weeke in all the city
within the walls, having six, from one the last weeke; and so by water to
Greenwich leaving Sir W. Warren at home, and I straight to my Lord
Bruncker, it being late, and concluded upon insuring something and to send
to that purpose to Sir W. Warren to come to us to-morrow morning. So I
home and, my mind in great rest, to bed.

14th. Up, and to the office a while with my Lord Bruncker, where we
directed Sir W. Warren in the business of the insurance as I desired, and
ended some other businesses of his, and so at noon I to London, but the
Change was done before I got thither, so I to the Popes Head Taverne,
and there find Mr. Gawden and Captain Beckford and Nick Osborne going to
dinner, and I dined with them and very exceeding merry we were as I had
[not] been a great while, and dinner being done I to the East India House
and there had an assignment on Mr. Temple for the L2,000 of Cockes, which
joyed my heart; so, having seen my wife in the way, I home by water and to
write my letters and then home to bed.

15th. Up, and spent all the morning with my Surveyors of the Ports for the
Victualling, and there read to them what instructions I had provided for
them and discoursed largely much of our business and the business of the
pursers. I left them to dine with my people, and to my Lord Brunckers
where I met with a great good dinner and Sir T. Teddiman, with whom my
Lord and I were to discourse about the bringing of W. Howe to a tryall for
his jewells, and there till almost night, and so away toward the office
and in my way met with Sir James Bunce; and after asking what newes, he
cried Ah! says he (I know [not] whether in earnest or jest), this is
the time for you, says he, that were for Oliver heretofore; you are full
of employment, and we poor Cavaliers sit still and can get nothing; which
was a pretty reproach, I thought, but answered nothing to it, for fear of
making it worse. So away and I to see Mrs. Penington, but company being to
come to her, I staid not, but to the office a little and so home, and
after supper to bed.

16th. Up, and met at the office; Sir W. Batten with us, who come from
Portsmouth on Monday last, and hath not been with us to see or discourse
with us about any business till this day. At noon to dinner, Sir W. Warren
with me on boat, and thence I by water, it being a fearfull cold, snowing
day to Westminster to White Hall stairs and thence to Sir G. Downing, to
whom I brought the happy newes of my having contracted, as we did this day
with Sir W. Warren, for a ships lading of Norway goods here and another
at Harwich to the value of above L3,000, which is the first that hath been
got upon the New Act, and he is overjoyed with it and tells me he will do
me all the right to Court about it in the world, and I am glad I have it
to write to Sir W. Coventry to-night. He would fain have me come in L200
to lend upon the Act, but I desire to be excused in doing that, it being
to little purpose for us that relate to the King to do it, for the sum
gets the King no courtesy nor credit. So I parted from him and walked to
Westminster Hall, where Sir W. Warren, who come along with me, staid for
me, and there I did see Betty Howlet come after the sicknesse to the Hall.
Had not opportunity to salute her, as I desired, but was glad to see her
and a very pretty wench she is. Thence back, landing at the Old Swan and
taking boat again at Billingsgate, and setting ashore we home and I to the
office…. and there wrote my letters, and so home to supper and to bed,
it being a great frost. Newes is come to-day of our Sounde fleete being
come, but I do not know what Sir W. Warren hath insured.

17th (Lords day). After being trimmed word brought me that Cutlers coach
is, by appointment, come to the Isle of Doggs for me, and so I over the
water; and in his coach to Hackney, a very fine, cold, clear, frosty day.
At his house I find him with a plain little dinner, good wine, and
welcome. He is still a prating man; and the more I know him, the less I
find in him. A pretty house he hath here indeed, of his owne building. His
old mother was an object at dinner that made me not like it; and, after
dinner, to visit his sicke wife I did not also take much joy in, but very
friendly he is to me, not for any kindnesse I think he hath to any man,
but thinking me, I perceive, a man whose friendship is to be looked after.
After dinner back again and to Deptford to Mr. Evelyns, who was not
within, but I had appointed my cozen Thos. Pepys of Hatcham to meet me
there, to discourse about getting his L1000 of my Lord Sandwich, having
now an opportunity of my having above that sum in my hands of his. I found
this a dull fellow still in all his discourse, but in this he is ready
enough to embrace what I counsel him to, which is, to write importunately
to my Lord and me about it and I will look after it. I do again and again
declare myself a man unfit to be security for such a sum. He walked with
me as far as Deptford upper towne, being mighty respectfull to me, and
there parted, he telling me that this towne is still very bad of the
plague. I walked to Greenwich first, to make a short visit to my Lord
Bruncker, and next to Mrs. Penington and spent all the evening with her
with the same freedom I used to have and very pleasant company. With her
till one of the clock in the morning and past, and so to my lodging to
bed, and

18th. Betimes, up, it being a fine frost, and walked it to Redriffe,
calling and drinking at Half-way house, thinking, indeed, to have
overtaken some of the people of our house, the women, who were to walk the
same walke, but I could not. So to London, and there visited my wife, and
was a little displeased to find she is so forward all of a spurt to make
much of her brother and sister since my last kindnesse to him in getting
him a place, but all ended well presently, and I to the Change and up and
down to Kingdon and the goldsmiths to meet Mr. Stephens, and did get all
my money matters most excellently cleared to my complete satisfaction.
Passing over Cornhill I spied young Mrs. Daniel and Sarah, my landladys
daughter, who are come, as I expected, to towne, and did say they spied me
and I dogged them to St. Martins, where I passed by them being shy, and
walked down as low as Ducke Lane and enquired for some Spanish books, and
so back again and they were gone. So to the Change, hoping to see them in
the streete, and missing them, went back again thither and back to the
Change, but no sight of them, so went after my business again, and,
though late, was sent to by Sir W. Warren (who heard where I was) to
intreat me to come dine with him, hearing that I lacked a dinner, at the
Popes Head; and there with Mr. Hinton, the goldsmith, and others, very
merry; but, Lord! to see how Dr. Hinton come in with a gallant or two from
Court, and do so call Cozen Mr. Hinton, the goldsmith, but I that know
him to be a beggar and a knave, did make great sport in my mind at it.

     [John Hinton, M.D., a strong royalist, who attended Henrietta Maria
     in her confinement at Exeter when she gave birth to the Princess
     Henrietta.  He was knighted by Charles II., and appointed physician
     in ordinary to the king and queen.  His knighthood was a reward for
     having procured a private advance of money from his kinsman, the
     goldsmith, to enable the Duke of Albemarle to pay the army (see
     Memorial to King Charles II. from Sir John Hinton, A.D. 1679,
      printed in Elliss Original Letters, 3rd series, vol. iv.,
     p  296).]

After dinner Sir W. Warren and I alone in another room a little while
talking about business, and so parted, and I hence, my mind full of
content in my days worke, home by water to Greenwich, the river beginning
to be very full of ice, so as I was a little frighted, but got home well,
it being darke. So having no mind to do any business, went home to my
lodgings, and there got little Mrs. Tooker, and Mrs. Daniel, the daughter,
and Sarah to my chamber to cards and sup with me, when in comes Mr. Pierce
to me, who tells me how W. Howe has been examined on shipboard by my Lord
Bruncker to-day, and others, and that he has charged him out of envy with
sending goods under my Lords seale and in my Lord Brunckers name,
thereby to get them safe passage, which, he tells me, is false, but that
he did use my name to that purpose, and hath acknowledged it to my Lord
Bruncker, but do also confess to me that one parcel he thinks he did use
my Lord Brunckers name, which do vexe me mightily that my name should be
brought in question about such things, though I did not say much to him of
my discontent till I have spoke with my Lord Bruncker about it. So he
being gone, being to go to Oxford to-morrow, we to cards again late, and
so broke up, I having great pleasure with my little girle, Mrs. Tooker.

19th. Up, and to the office, where all the morning. At noon by agreement
comes Hatcham Pepys to dine with me. I thought to have had him to Sir J.
Minnes to a good venison pasty with the rest of my fellows, being invited,
but seeing much company I went away with him and had a good dinner at
home. He did give me letters he hath wrote to my Lord and Moore about my
Lords money to get it paid to my cozen, which I will make good use of. I
made mighty much of him, but a sorry dull fellow he is, fit for nothing
that is ingenious, nor is there a turd of kindnesse or service to be had
from him. So I shall neglect him if I could get but him satisfied about
this money that I may be out of bonds for my Lord to him. To see that this
fellow could desire me to helpe him to some employment, if it were but of
L100 per annum: when he is not worth less than, I believe, L20,000. He
gone, I to Sir J. Minnes, and thence with my Lord Bruncker on board the
Bezan to examine W. Howe again, who I find upon this tryall one of much
more wit and ingenuity in his answers than ever I expected, he being very
cunning and discreet and well spoken in them. I said little to him or
concerning him; but, Lord! to see how he writes to me a-days, and styles
me My Honour. So much is a man subjected and dejected under afflictions
as to flatter me in that manner on this occasion. Back with my Lord to Sir
J. Minnes, where I left him and the rest of a great deale of company, and
so I to my office, where late writing letters and then home to bed.

20th. Up, and was trimmed, but not time enough to save my Lord Brunckers
coach or Sir J. Minness, and so was fain to walk to Lambeth on foot, but
it was a very fine frosty walke, and great pleasure in it, but troublesome
getting over the River for ice. I to the Duke of Albemarle, whither my
brethren were all come, but I was not too late. There we sat in discourse
upon our Navy business an houre, and thence in my Lord Brunckers coach
alone, he walking before (while I staid awhile talking with Sir G. Downing
about the Act, in which he is horrid troublesome) to the Old Exchange.
Thence I took Sir Ellis Layton to Captain Cockes, where my Lord Bruncker
and Lady Williams dine, and we all mighty merry; but Sir Ellis Layton one
of the best companions at a meale in the world. After dinner I to the
Exchange to see whether my pretty seamstress be come again or no, and I
find she is, so I to her, saluted her over her counter in the open
Exchange above, and mightily joyed to see her, poor pretty woman! I must
confess I think her a great beauty. After laying out a little money there
for two pair of thread stockings, cost 8s., I to Lumbard Streete to see
some business to-night there at the goldsmiths, among others paying in
L1258 to Viner for my Lord Sandwichs use upon Cockes account. I was
called by my Lord Bruncker in his coach with his mistresse, and Mr. Cottle
the lawyer, our acquaintance at Greenwich, and so home to Greenwich, and
thence I to Mrs. Penington, and had a supper from the Kings Head for her,
and there mighty merry and free as I used to be with her, and at last,
late, I did pray her to undress herself into her nightgowne, that I might
see how to have her picture drawne carelessly (for she is mighty proud of
that conceit), and I would walk without in the streete till she had done.
So I did walk forth, and whether I made too many turns or no in the darke
cold frosty night between the two walls up to the Parke gate I know not,
but she was gone to bed when I come again to the house, upon pretence of
leaving some papers there, which I did on purpose by her consent. So I
away home, and was there sat up for to be spoken with my young Mrs.
Daniel, to pray me to speake for her husband to be a Lieutenant. I had the
opportunity here of kissing her again and again, and did answer that I
would be very willing to do him any kindnesse, and so parted, and I to
bed, exceedingly pleased in all my matters of money this month or two, it
having pleased God to bless me with several opportunities of good sums,
and that I have them in effect all very well paid, or in my power to have.
But two things trouble me; one, the sicknesse is increased above 80 this
weeke (though in my owne parish not one has died, though six the last
weeke); the other, most of all, which is, that I have so complexed an
account for these last two months for variety of layings out upon Tangier,
occasions and variety of gettings that I have not made even with myself
now these 3 or 4 months, which do trouble me mightily, finding that I
shall hardly ever come to understand them thoroughly again, as I used to
do my accounts when I was at home.

21st. At the office all the morning. At noon all of us dined at Captain
Cockes at a good chine of beef, and other good meat; but, being all
frost-bitten, was most of it unroast; but very merry, and a good dish of
fowle we dressed ourselves. Mr. Evelyn there, in very good humour. All the
afternoon till night pleasant, and then I took my leave of them and to the
office, where I wrote my letters, and away home, my head full of business
and some trouble for my letting my accounts go so far that I have made an
oathe this night for the drinking no wine, &c., on such penalties till
I have passed my accounts and cleared all. Coming home and going to bed,
the boy tells me his sister Daniel has provided me a supper of little
birds killed by her husband, and I made her sup with me, and after supper
were alone a great while, and I had the pleasure of her lips, she being a
pretty woman, and one whom a great belly becomes as well as ever I saw
any. She gone, I to bed. This day I was come to by Mrs. Burrows, of
Westminster, Lieutenant Burrows (lately dead) his wife, a most pretty
woman and my old acquaintance; I had a kiss or two of her, and a most
modest woman she is.

22nd. Up betimes and to my Lord Bruncker to consider the late instructions
sent us for the method of our signing bills hereafter and paying them. By
and by, by agreement, comes Sir J. Minnes and Sir W. Batten, and then to
read them publicly and consider of putting them in execution. About this
all the morning, and, it appearing necessary for the Controller to have
another Clerke, I recommended Poynter to him, which he accepts, and I by
that means rid of one that I fear would not have been fit for my turne,
though he writes very well. At noon comes Mr. Hill to towne, and finds me
out here, and brings Mr. Houbland, who met him here. So I was compelled to
leave my Lord and his dinner and company, and with them to the Beare, and
dined with them and their brothers, of which Hill had his and the other
two of his, and mighty merry and very fine company they are, and I glad to
see them. After dinner I forced to take leave of them by being called upon
by Mr. Andrews, I having sent for him, and by a fine glosse did bring him
to desire tallys for what orders I have to pay him and his company for
Tangier victualls, and I by that means cleared to myself L210 coming to me
upon their two orders, which is also a noble addition to my late profits,
which have been very considerable of late, but how great I know not till I
come to cast up my accounts, which burdens my mind that it should be so
backward, but I am resolved to settle to nothing till I have done it. He
gone, I to my Lord Brunckers, and there spent the evening by my desire in
seeing his Lordship open to pieces and make up again his watch, thereby
being taught what I never knew before; and it is a thing very well worth
my having seen, and am mightily pleased and satisfied with it. So I sat
talking with him till late at night, somewhat vexed at a snappish answer
Madam Williams did give me to herself, upon my speaking a free word to her
in mirthe, calling her a mad jade. She answered, we were not so well
acquainted yet. But I was more at a letter from my Lord Duke of Albemarle
to-day, pressing us to continue our meetings for all Christmas, which,
though every body intended not to have done, yet I am concluded in it, who
intended nothing else. But I see it is necessary that I do make often
visits to my Lord Duke, which nothing shall hinder after I have evened my
accounts, and now the river is frozen I know not how to get to him. Thence
to my lodging, making up my Journall for 8 or 9 days, and so my mind being
eased of it, I to supper and to bed. The weather hath been frosty these
eight or nine days, and so we hope for an abatement of the plague the next
weeke, or else God have mercy upon us! for the plague will certainly
continue the next year if it do not.

23rd. At my office all the morning and home to dinner, my head full of
business, and there my wife finds me unexpectedly. But I not being at
leisure to stay or talk with her, she went down by coach to Woolwich,
thinking to fetch Mrs. Barbary to carry her to London to keep her
Christmas with her, and I to the office. This day one come to me with four
great turkies, as a present from Mr. Deane, at Harwich, three of which my
wife carried in the evening home with her to London in her coach (Mrs.
Barbary not being to be got so suddenly, but will come to her the next
week), and I at my office late, and then to my lodgings to bed.

24th (Sunday). Up betimes, to my Lord Duke of Albemarle by water, and
after some talke with him about business of the office with great content,
and so back again and to dinner, my landlady and her daughters with me,
and had mince-pies, and very merry at a mischance her young son had in
tearing of his new coate quite down the outside of his sleeve in the whole
cloth, one of the strangest mishaps that ever I saw in my life. Then to
church, and placed myself in the Parsons pew under the pulpit, to hear
Mrs. Chamberlain in the next pew sing, who is daughter to Sir James Bunch,
of whom I have heard much, and indeed she sings very finely, and from
church met with Sir W. Warren and he and I walked together talking about
his and my businesses, getting of money as fairly as we can, and, having
set him part of his way home, I walked to my Lord Bruncker, whom I heard
was at Alderman Hookers, hoping to see and salute Mrs. Lethulier, whom I
did see in passing, but no opportunity of beginning acquaintance, but a
very noble lady she is, however the silly alderman got her. Here we sat
talking a great while, Sir The. Biddulph and Mr. Vaughan, a son-in-law of
Alderman Hookers. Hence with my Lord Bruncker home and sat a little with
him and so home to bed.

25th (Christmas-day). To church in the morning, and there saw a wedding in
the church, which I have not seen many a day; and the young people so
merry one with another, and strange to see what delight we married people
have to see these poor fools decoyed into our condition, every man and
woman gazing and smiling at them. Here I saw again my beauty Lethulier.
Thence to my Lord Brunckers by invitation and dined there, and so home to
look over and settle my papers, both of my accounts private, and those of
Tangier, which I have let go so long that it were impossible for any soul,
had I died, to understand them, or ever come to any good end in them. I
hope God will never suffer me to come to that disorder again.

26th. Up, and to the office, where Sir J. Minnes and my Lord Bruncker and
I met, to give our directions to the Commanders of all the ships in the
river to bring in lists of their ships companies, with entries,
discharges, &c., all the last voyage, where young Seymour, among 20
that stood bare, stood with his hat on, a proud, saucy young man. Thence
with them to Mr. Cuttles, being invited, and dined nobly and neatly; with
a very pretty house and a fine turret at top, with winding stairs and the
finest prospect I know about all Greenwich, save the top of the hill, and
yet in some respects better than that. Here I also saw some fine writing
worke and flourishing of Mr. Hore, he one that I knew long ago, an
acquaintance of Mr. Tomsons at Westminster, that is this mans clerk. It
is the story of the several Archbishops of Canterbury, engrossed in
vellum, to hang up in Canterbury Cathedrall in tables, in lieu of the old
ones, which are almost worn out. Thence to the office a while, and so to
Captain Cockes and there talked, and home to look over my papers, and so
to bed.

27th. Up, and with Cocke, by coach to London, there home to my wife, and
angry about her desiring a mayde yet, before the plague is quite over. It
seems Mercer is troubled that she hath not one under her, but I will not
venture my family by increasing it before it be safe. Thence about many
businesses, particularly with Sir W. Warren on the Change, and he and I
dined together and settled our Tangier matters, wherein I get above L200
presently. We dined together at the Popes Head to do this, and thence to
the goldsmiths, I to examine the state of my matters there too, and so
with him to my house, but my wife was gone abroad to Mrs. Mercers, so we
took boat, and it being darke and the thaw having broke the ice, but not
carried it quite away, the boat did pass through so much of it all along,
and that with the crackling and noise that it made me fearfull indeed. So
I forced the watermen to land us on Redriffe side, and so walked together
till Sir W. Warren and I parted near his house and thence I walked quite
over the fields home by light of linke, one of my watermen carrying it,
and I reading by the light of it, it being a very fine, clear, dry night.
So to Captain Cockes, and there sat and talked, especially with his
Counsellor, about his prize goods, that hath done him good turne, being of
the company with Captain Fisher, his name Godderson; here I supped and so
home to bed, with great content that the plague is decreased to 152, the
whole being but 330.

28th. Up and to the office, and thence with a great deal of business in my
head, dined alone with Cocke. So home alone strictly about my accounts,
wherein I made a good beginning, and so, after letters wrote by the post,
to bed.

29th. Up betimes, and all day long within doors upon my accounts, publique
and private, and find the ill effect of letting them go so long without
evening, that no soul could have ever understood them but myself, and I
with much ado. But, however, my regularity in all I did and spent do helpe
me, and I hope to find them well. Late at them and to bed.

30th. Up and to the office, at noon home to dinner, and all the afternoon
to my accounts again, and there find myself, to my great joy, a great deal
worth above L4000, for which the Lord be praised! and is principally
occasioned by my getting L500 of Cocke, for my profit in his bargains of
prize goods, and from Mr. Gawdens making me a present of L500 more, when
I paid him 8000 for Tangier. So to my office to write letters, then to my
accounts again, and so to bed, being in great ease of mind.

31st (Lords day). All the morning in my chamber, writing fair the state
of my Tangier accounts, and so dined at home. In the afternoon to the Duke
of Albemarle and thence back again by water, and so to my chamber to
finish the entry of my accounts and to think of the business I am next to
do, which is the stating my thoughts and putting in order my collections
about the business of pursers, to see where the fault of our present
constitution relating to them lies and what to propose to mend it, and
upon this late and with my head full of this business to bed. Thus ends
this year, to my great joy, in this manner. I have raised my estate from
L1300 in this year to L4400. I have got myself greater interest, I think,
by my diligence, and my employments encreased by that of Treasurer for
Tangier, and Surveyour of the Victualls. It is true we have gone through
great melancholy because of the great plague, and I put to great charges
by it, by keeping my family long at Woolwich, and myself and another part
of my family, my clerks, at my charge at Greenwich, and a mayde at London;
but I hope the King will give us some satisfaction for that. But now the
plague is abated almost to nothing, and I intending to get to London as
fast as I can. My family, that is my wife and maids, having been there
these two or three weeks. The Dutch war goes on very ill, by reason of
lack of money; having none to hope for, all being put into disorder by a
new Act that is made as an experiment to bring credit to the Exchequer,
for goods and money to be advanced upon the credit of that Act. I have
never lived so merrily (besides that I never got so much) as I have done
this plague time, by my Lord Brunckers and Captain Cockes good company,
and the acquaintance of Mrs. Knipp, Coleman and her husband, and Mr.
Laneare, and great store of dancings we have had at my cost (which I was
willing to indulge myself and wife) at my lodgings. The great evil of this
year, and the only one indeed, is the fall of my Lord of Sandwich, whose
mistake about the prizes hath undone him, I believe, as to interest at
Court; though sent (for a little palliating it) Embassador into Spayne,
which he is now fitting himself for. But the Duke of Albemarle goes with
the Prince to sea this next year, and my Lord very meanly spoken of; and,
indeed, his miscarriage about the prize goods is not to be excused, to
suffer a company of rogues to go away with ten times as much as himself,
and the blame of all to be deservedly laid upon him.

     [According to Granville Penn (Memorials of Sir W. Penn, ii. 488 n.)
     L2000 went to Lord Sandwich and L8000 among eight others.]

My whole family hath been well all this while, and all my friends I know
of, saving my aunt Bell, who is dead, and some children of my cozen
Sarahs, of the plague. But many of such as I know very well, dead; yet,
to our great joy, the town fills apace, and shops begin to be open again.
Pray God continue the plagues decrease! for that keeps the Court away
from the place of business, and so all goes to rack as to publick matters,
they at this distance not thinking of it.


     A fair salute on horseback, in Rochester streets, of the lady
     A most conceited fellow and not over much in him
     A conceited man, but of no Logique in his head at all
     A vineyard, the first that ever I did see
     A pretty man, I would be content to break a commandment with him
     About two oclock, too late and too soon to go home to bed
     Accounts I never did see, or hope again to see in my days
     All the towne almost going out of towne (Plague panic)
     Among  many lazy people that the diligent man becomes necessary
     And feeling for a chamber-pott, there was none
     And all to dinner and sat down to the King saving myself
     At a loss whether it will be better for me to have him die
     Bagwells wife waited at the door, and went with me to my office
     Baseness and looseness of the Court
     Because I would not be over sure of any thing
     Being able to do little business (but the less the better)
     Being the first Wednesday of the month
     Best poem that ever was wrote (Siege of Rhodes)
     Bottle of strong water; whereof now and then a sip did me good
     Buy some roll-tobacco to smell to and chaw
     By his many words and no understanding, confound himself
     Castlemayne is sicke again, people think, slipping her filly
     Church, where a most insipid young coxcomb preached
     Clean myself with warm water; my wife will have me
     Consult my pillow upon that and every great thing of my life
     Contracted for her as if he had been buying a horse
     Convenience of periwiggs is so great
     Copper to the value of L5,000
     Costs me 12d. a kiss after the first
     Delight to see these poor fools decoyed into our condition
     Desired me that I would baste his coate
     Did bear with it, and very pleasant all the while
     Did put evil thoughts in me, but proceeded no further
     Discourse of Mr. Evelyn touching all manner of learning
     Disease making us more cruel to one another than if we are doggs
     Doubtfull whether her daughter will like of it or no
     Dying this last week of the plague 112, from 43 the week before
     Endeavouring to strike tallys for money for Tangier
     Every body is at a great losse and nobody can tell
     Every bodys looks, and discourse in the street is of death
     Fell to sleep as if angry
     Find that now and then a little difference do no hurte
     First thing of that nature I did ever give her (L10 ring)
     For my quiet would not enquire into it
     For, for her part, she should not be buried in the commons
     France, which is accounted the best place for bread
     French have taken two and sunk one of our merchant-men
     Give the other notice of the future state, if there was any
     Going with her woman to a hot-house to bathe herself
     Good discourse and counsel from him, which I hope I shall take
     Great many silly stories they tell of their sport
     Great thaw it is not for a man to walk the streets
     Had what pleasure almost I would with her
     Hath sent me masters that do observe that I take pains
     Hath a good heart to bear, or a cunning one to conceal his evil
     Hear that the plague is come into the City
     Heard noises over their head upon the leads
     His wife and three children died, all, I think, in a day
     His disease was the pox and that he must be fluxed (Rupert)
     His enemies have done him as much good as he could wish
     Houses marked with a red cross upon the doors
     How sad a sight it is to see the streets empty of people
     How little merit do prevail in the world, but only favour
     How little heed is had to the prisoners and sicke and wounded
     How Povy overdoes every thing in commending it
     How unhppily a man may fall into a necessity of bribing people
     I kissed the bride in bed, and so the curtaines drawne
     I have promised, but know not when I shall perform
     I know not how their fortunes may agree
     I met a dead corps of the plague, in the narrow ally
     I am a foole to be troubled at it, since I cannot helpe it
     If the exportations exceed importations
     In our graves (as Shakespeere resembles it) we could dream
     It is a strange thing how fancy works
     King shall not be able to whip a cat
     King himself minding nothing but his ease
     King is not at present in purse to do
     L10,000 to the Prince, and half-a-crowne to my Lord of Sandwich
     Law against it signifies nothing in the world
     Law and severity were used against drunkennesse
     Lechery will never leave him
     Left him with some Commanders at the table taking tobacco
     Less he finds of difference between them and other men
     Lord! in the dullest insipid manner that ever lover did
     Luxury and looseness of the times
     Money I have not, nor can get
     Mr. Evelyns translating and sending me as a present
     Must be forced to confess it to my wife, which troubles me
     My wife after her bathing lying alone in another bed
     My old folly and childishnesse hangs upon me still
     Nan at Moreclacke, very much pleased and merry with her
     Never could man say worse himself nor have worse said
     No man is wise at all times
     Not had the confidence to take his lady once by the hand
     Not liking that it should lie long undone, for fear of death
     Not to be censured if their necessities drive them to bad
     Offer to give me a piece to receive of me 20
     One whom a great belly becomes as well as ever I saw any
     Ordered him L2000, and he paid me my quantum out of it
     Ordered in the yarde six or eight bargemen to be whipped
     Out of my purse I dare not for fear of a precedent
     Pest coaches and put her into it to carry her to a pest house
     Plague claimed 68,596 victims (in 1665)
     Plague, forty last night, the bell always going
     Pleases them mightily, and me not at all
     Poor seamen that lie starving in the streets
     Pretends to a resolution of being hereafter very clean
     Pretty to see the young pretty ladies dressed like men
     Pride of some persons and vice of most was but a sad story
     Quakers and others that will not have any bell ring for them
     Resolving not to be bribed to dispatch business
     Sat an hour or two talking and discoursing....
     Saying me to be the fittest man in England
     Searchers with their rods in their hands
     See how a good dinner and feasting reconciles everybody
     Sicke men that are recovered, they lying before our office doors
     So to bed, to be up betimes by the helpe of a larum watch
     So great a trouble is fear
     The coachman that carried [us] cannot know me again
     The boy is well, and offers to be searched
     This absence makes us a little strange instead of more fond
     Those bred in the North among the colliers are good for labour
     Though neither of us care 2d. one for another
     Tied our men back to back, and thrown them all into the sea
     Told us he had not been in a bed in the whole seven years
     Too much of it will make her know her force too much
     Two shops in three, if not more, generally shut up
     Up, leaving my wife in bed, being sick of her months
     Wanton as ever she was, with much I made myself merry and away
     Well enough pleased this morning with their nights lodging
     What silly discourse we had by the way as to love-matters
     When she least shews it hath her wit at work
     Where money is free, there is great plenty
     Which may teach me how I make others wait
     Who is the most, and promises the least, of any man
     Wife that brings me nothing almost (besides a comely person)