Samuel Pepys diary October 1665


October 1st (Lords day). Called up about 4 of the clock and so dressed
myself and so on board the Bezan, and there finding all my company asleep
I would not wake them, but it beginning to be break of day I did stay upon
the decke walking, and then into the Maisters cabbin and there laid and
slept a little, and so at last was waked by Captain Cockes calling of me,
and so I turned out, and then to chat and talk and laugh, and mighty
merry. We spent most of the morning talking and reading of The Siege of
Rhodes, which is certainly (the more I read it the more I think so) the
best poem that ever was wrote. We breakfasted betimes and come to the
fleete about two of the clock in the afternoon, having a fine day and a
fine winde. My Lord received us mighty kindly, and after discourse with us
in general left us to our business, and he to his officers, having called
a council of wary, we in the meantime settling of papers with Mr. Pierce
and everybody else, and by and by with Captain Cuttance. Anon called down
to my Lord, and there with him till supper talking and discourse; among
other things, to my great joy, he did assure me that he had wrote to the
King and Duke about these prize-goods, and told me that they did approve
of what he had done, and that he would owne what he had done, and would
have me to tell all the world so, and did, under his hand, give Cocke and
me his certificate of our bargains, and giving us full power of disposal
of what we have so bought. This do ease my mind of all my fear, and makes
my heart lighter by L100 than it was before. He did discourse to us of the
Dutch fleete being abroad, eighty-five of them still, and are now at the
Texell, he believes, in expectation of our Eastland ships coming home with
masts and hempe, and our loaden Hambrough ships going to Hambrough. He
discoursed against them that would have us yield to no conditions but
conquest over the Dutch, and seems to believe that the Dutch will call for
the protection of the King of France and come under his power, which were
to be wished they might be brought to do under ours by fair means, and to
that end would have all Dutch men and familys, that would come hither and
settled, to be declared denizens; and my Lord did whisper to me alone that
things here must break in pieces, nobody minding any thing, but every man
his owne business of profit or pleasure, and the King some little designs
of his owne, and that certainly the kingdom could not stand in this
condition long, which I fear and believe is very true. So to supper and
there my Lord the kindest man to me, before all the table talking of me to
my advantage and with tenderness too that it overjoyed me. So after supper
Captain Cocke and I and Temple on board the Bezan, and there to cards for
a while and then to read again in Rhodes and so to sleep. But, Lord! the
mirth which it caused me to be waked in the night by their snoaring round
about me; I did laugh till I was ready to burst, and waked one of the two
companions of Temple, who could not a good while tell where he was that he
heard one laugh so, till he recollected himself, and I told him what it
was at, and so to sleep again, they still snoaring.

2nd. We having sailed all night (and I do wonder how they in the dark
could find the way) we got by morning to Gillingham, and thence all walked
to Chatham; and there with Commissioner Pett viewed the Yard; and among
other things, a teame of four horses come close by us, he being with me,
drawing a piece of timber that I am confident one man could easily have
carried upon his back. I made the horses be taken away, and a man or two
to take the timber away with their hands. This the Commissioner did see,
but said nothing, but I think had cause to be ashamed of. We walked, he
and I and Cocke, to the Hill-house, where we find Sir W. Pen in bed and
there much talke and much dissembling of kindnesse from him, but he is a
false rogue, and I shall not trust him, but my being there did procure his
consent to have his silk carried away before the money received, which he
would not have done for Cocke I am sure. Thence to Rochester, walked to
the Crowne, and while dinner was getting ready, I did there walk to visit
the old Castle ruines, which hath been a noble place, and there going up I
did upon the stairs overtake three pretty mayds or women and took them up
with me, and I did baiser sur mouches et toucher leur mains and necks to
my great pleasure: but, Lord! to see what a dreadfull thing it is to look
down the precipices, for it did fright me mightily, and hinder me of much
pleasure which I would have made to myself in the company of these three,
if it had not been for that. The place hath been very noble and great and
strong in former ages. So to walk up and down the Cathedral, and thence to
the Crowne, whither Mr. Fowler, the Mayor of the towne, was come in his
gowne, and is a very reverend magistrate. After I had eat a bit, not
staying to eat with them, I went away, and so took horses and to
Gravesend, and there staid not, but got a boat, the sicknesse being very
much in the towne still, and so called on board my Lord Bruncker and Sir
John Minnes, on board one of the East Indiamen at Erith, and there do find
them full of envious complaints for the pillageing of the ships, but I did
pacify them, and discoursed about making money of some of the goods, and
do hope to be the better by it honestly. So took leave (Madam Williams
being here also with my Lord), and about 8 oclock got to Woolwich and
there supped and mighty pleasant with my wife, who is, for ought I see,
all friends with her mayds, and so in great joy and content to bed.

3rd. Up, and to my great content visited betimes by Mr. Woolly, my uncle
Wights cozen, who comes to see what work I have for him about these East
India goods, and I do find that this fellow might have been of great use,
and hereafter may be of very great use to me, in this trade of prize
goods, and glad I am fully of his coming hither. While I dressed myself,
and afterwards in walking to Greenwich we did discourse over all the
business of the prize goods, and he puts me in hopes I may get some money
in what I have done, but not so much as I expected, but that I may
hereafter do more. We have laid a design of getting more, and are to talk
again of it a few days hence. To the office, where nobody to meet me, Sir
W. Batten being the only man and he gone this day to meet to adjourne the
Parliament to Oxford. Anon by appointment comes one to tell me my Lord
Rutherford is come; so I to the Kings Head to him, where I find his lady,
a fine young Scotch lady, pretty handsome and plain. My wife also, and
Mercer, by and by comes, Creed bringing them; and so presently to dinner
and very merry; and after to even our accounts, and I to give him tallys,
where he do allow me L100, of which to my grief the rogue Creed has
trepanned me out of L50. But I do foresee a way how it may be I may get a
greater sum of my Lord to his content by getting him allowance of interest
upon his tallys. That being done, and some musique and other diversions,
at last away goes my Lord and Lady, and I sent my wife to visit Mrs.
Pierce, and so I to my office, where wrote important letters to the Court,
and at night (Creed having clownishly left my wife), I to Mrs. Pierces and
brought her and Mrs. Pierce to the Kings Head and there spent a piece
upon a supper for her and mighty merry and pretty discourse, she being as
pretty as ever, most of our mirth being upon my Cozen (meaning my Lord
Brunckers ugly mistress, whom he calls cozen), and to my trouble she
tells me that the fine Mrs. Middleton is noted for carrying about her body
a continued sour base smell, that is very offensive, especially if she be
a little hot. Here some bad musique to close the night and so away and all
of us saw Mrs. Belle Pierce (as pretty as ever she was almost) home, and
so walked to Wills lodging where I used to lie, and there made shift for
a bed for Mercer, and mighty pleasantly to bed. This night I hear that of
our two watermen that use to carry our letters, and were well on Saturday
last, one is dead, and the other dying sick of the plague. The plague,
though decreasing elsewhere, yet being greater about the Tower and

4th. Up and to my office, where Mr. Andrews comes, and reckoning with him
I get L64 of him. By and by comes Mr. Gawden, and reckoning with him he
gives me L60 in his account, which is a great mercy to me. Then both of
them met and discoursed the business of the first mans resigning and the
others taking up the business of the victualling of Tangier, and I do not
think that I shall be able to do as well under Mr. Gawden as under these
men, or within a little as to profit and less care upon me. Thence to the
Kings Head to dinner, where we three and Creed and my wife and her woman
dined mighty merry and sat long talking, and so in the afternoon broke up,
and I led my wife to our lodging again, and I to the office where did much
business, and so to my wife. This night comes Sir George Smith to see me
at the office, and tells me how the plague is decreased this week 740, for
which God be praised! but that it encreases at our end of the town still,
and says how all the towne is full of Captain Cockes being in some ill
condition about prize-goods, his goods being taken from him, and I know
not what. But though this troubles me to have it said, and that it is
likely to be a business in Parliament, yet I am not much concerned at it,
because yet I believe this newes is all false, for he would have wrote to
me sure about it. Being come to my wife, at our lodging, I did go to bed,
and left my wife with her people to laugh and dance and I to sleep.

5th. Lay long in bed talking among other things of my sister Pall, and my
wife of herself is very willing that I should give her L400 to her
portion, and would have her married soon as we could; but this great
sicknesse time do make it unfit to send for her up. I abroad to the office
and thence to the Duke of Albemarle, all my way reading a book of Mr.
Evelyns translating and sending me as a present, about directions for
gathering a Library;

     [Instructions concerning erecting of a Library, presented to my
     Lord the President De Mesme by Gilbert Naudeus, and now interpreted
     by Jo.  Evelyn, Esquire.  London, 1661: This little book was
     dedicated to Lord Clarendon by the translator.  It was printed while
     Evelyn was abroad, and is full of typographical errors; these are
     corrected in a copy mentioned in Evelyns Miscellaneous Writings,
      1825, p.  xii, where a letter to Dr. Godolphin on the subject is

but the book is above my reach, but his epistle to my Lord Chancellor is a
very fine piece. When I come to the Duke it was about the victuallers
business, to put it into other hands, or more hands, which I do advise in,
but I hope to do myself a jobb of work in it. So I walked through
Westminster to my old house the Swan, and there did pass some time with
Sarah, and so down by water to Deptford and there to my Valentine.

          [A Mrs. Bagwell.  See ante, February 14th, 1664-65]

Round about and next door on every side is the plague, but I did not value
it, but there did what I would con elle, and so away to Mr. Evelyns to
discourse of our confounded business of prisoners, and sick and wounded
seamen, wherein he and we are so much put out of order.

     [Each of the Commissioners for the Sick and Wounded was appointed to
     a particular district, and Evelyns district was Kent and Sussex.
     On September 25th, 1665, Evelyn wrote in his Diary: My Lord Admiral
     being come from ye fleete to Greenewich, I went thence with him to
     ye Cockpit to consult with the Duke of Albemarle.  I was peremptory
     that unlesse we had L10,000 immediately, the prisoners would starve,
     and twas proposed it should be raisd out of the E. India prizes
     now taken by Lord Sandwich.  They being but two of ye Commission,
     and so not impowerd to determine, sent an expresse to his Majesty
     and Council to know what they should do.]

And here he showed me his gardens, which are for variety of evergreens,
and hedge of holly, the finest things I ever saw in my life.

     [Evelyn purchased Sayes Court, Deptford, in 1653, and laid out his
     gardens, walks, groves, enclosures, and plantations, which
     afterwards became famous for their beauty.  When he took the place
     in hand it was nothing but an open field of one hundred acres, with
     scarcely a hedge in it.]

Thence in his coach to Greenwich, and there to my office, all the way
having fine discourse of trees and the nature of vegetables. And so to
write letters, I very late to Sir W. Coventry of great concernment, and so
to my last nights lodging, but my wife is gone home to Woolwich. The
Bill, blessed be God! is less this week by 740 of what it was the last
week. Being come to my lodging I got something to eat, having eat little
all the day, and so to bed, having this night renewed my promises of
observing my vowes as I used to do; for I find that, since I left them
off, my mind is run awool-gathering and my business neglected.

6th. Up, and having sent for Mr. Gawden he come to me, and he and I
largely discoursed the business of his Victualling, in order to the adding
of partners to him or other ways of altering it, wherein I find him ready
to do anything the King would have him do. So he and I took his coach and
to Lambeth and to the Duke of Albemarle about it, and so back again, where
he left me. In our way discoursing of the business and contracting a great
friendship with him, and I find he is a man most worthy to be made a
friend, being very honest and gratefull, and in the freedom of our
discourse he did tell me his opinion and knowledge of Sir W. Pen to be,
what I know him to be, as false a man as ever was born, for so, it seems,
he hath been to him. He did also tell me, discoursing how things are
governed as to the Kings treasure, that, having occasion for money in the
country, he did offer Alderman Maynell to pay him down money here, to be
paid by the Receiver in some county in the country, upon whom Maynell had
assignments, in whose hands the money also lay ready. But Maynell refused
it, saying that he could have his money when he would, and had rather it
should lie where it do than receive it here in towne this sickly time,
where he hath no occasion for it. But now the evil is that he hath lent
this money upon tallys which are become payable, but he finds that nobody
looks after it, how long the money is unpaid, and whether it lies dead in
the Receivers hands or no, so the King he pays Maynell 10 per cent. while
the money lies in his Receivers hands to no purpose but the benefit of
the Receiver. I to dinner to the Kings Head with Mr. Woolly, who is come
to instruct me in the business of my goods, but gives me not so good
comfort as I thought I should have had. But, however, it will be well
worth my time though not above 2 or L300. He gone I to my office, where
very busy drawing up a letter by way of discourse to the Duke of Albemarle
about my conception how the business of the Victualling should be ordered,
wherein I have taken great pains, and I think have hitt the right if they
will but follow it. At this very late and so home to our lodgings to bed.

7th. Up and to the office along with Mr. Childe, whom I sent for to
discourse about the victualling business, who will not come into
partnership (no more will Captain Beckford ), but I do find him a mighty
understanding man, and one I will keep a knowledge of. Did business,
though not much, at the office; because of the horrible crowd and
lamentable moan of the poor seamen that lie starving in the streets for
lack of money. Which do trouble and perplex me to the heart; and more at
noon when we were to go through them, for then a whole hundred of them
followed us; some cursing, some swearing, and some praying to us. And that
that made me more troubled was a letter come this afternoon from the Duke
of Albemarle, signifying the Dutch to be in sight, with 80 sayle,
yesterday morning, off of Solebay, coming right into the bay. God knows
what they will and may do to us, we having no force abroad able to oppose
them, but to be sacrificed to them. Here come Sir W. Rider to me, whom I
sent for about the victualling business also, but he neither will not come
into partnership, but desires to be of the Commission if there be one.
Thence back the back way to my office, where very late, very busy. But
most of all when at night come two waggons from Rochester with more goods
from Captain Cocke; and in houseing them at Mr. Tookers lodgings come two
of the Custome-house to seize them, and did seize them but I showed them
my Transire. However, after some hot and angry words, we locked them up,
and sealed up the key, and did give it to the constable to keep till
Monday, and so parted. But, Lord! to think how the poor constable come to
me in the dark going home; Sir, says he, I have the key, and if you
would have me do any service for you, send for me betimes to-morrow
morning, and I will do what you would have me. Whether the fellow do this
out of kindness or knavery, I cannot tell; but it is pretty to observe.
Talking with him in the high way, come close by the bearers with a dead
corpse of the plague; but, Lord! to see what custom is, that I am come
almost to think nothing of it. So to my lodging, and there, with Mr. Hater
and Will, ending a business of the state of the last six months charge of
the Navy, which we bring to L1,000,000 and above, and I think we do not
enlarge much in it if anything. So to bed.

8th (Lords day). Up and, after being trimmed, to the office, whither I
upon a letter from the Duke of Albemarle to me, to order as many ships
forth out of the river as I can presently, to joyne to meet the Dutch;
having ordered all the Captains of the ships in the river to come to me, I
did some business with them, and so to Captain Cockes to dinner, he being
in the country. But here his brother Solomon was, and, for guests, myself,
Sir G. Smith, and a very fine lady, one Mrs. Penington, and two more
gentlemen. But, both [before] and after dinner, most witty discourse with
this lady, who is a very fine witty lady, one of the best I ever heard
speake, and indifferent handsome. There after dinner an houre or two, and
so to the office, where ended my business with the Captains; and I think
of twenty-two ships we shall make shift to get out seven. (God helpe us!
men being sick, or provisions lacking.) And so to write letters to Sir Ph.
Warwicke, Sir W. Coventry, and Sir G. Carteret to Court about the last six
months accounts, and sent away by an express to-night. This day I hear
the Pope is dead;—[a false report]—and one said, that the
newes is, that the King of France is stabbed, but that the former is very
true, which will do great things sure, as to the troubling of that part of
the world, the King of Spayne

     [Philip IV., King of Spain, who succeeded to the throne in 1621,
     died in 1665.  He was succeeded by his son Charles II.]

being so lately dead. And one thing more, Sir Martin Noells lady is dead
with griefe for the death of her husband and nothing else, as they say, in
the world; but it seems nobody can make anything of his estate, whether he
be dead worth anything or no, he having dealt in so many things, publique
and private, as nobody can understand whereabouts his estate is, which is
the fate of these great dealers at everything. So after my business being
done I home to my lodging and to bed,

9th. Up, my head full of business, and called upon also by Sir John Shaw,
to whom I did give a civil answer about our prize goods, that all his dues
as one of the Farmers of the Customes are paid, and showed him our
Transire; with which he was satisfied, and parted, ordering his servants
to see the weight of them. I to the office, and there found an order for
my coming presently to the Duke of Albemarle, and what should it be, but
to tell me, that, if my Lord Sandwich do not come to towne, he do resolve
to go with the fleete to sea himself, the Dutch, as he thinks, being in
the Downes, and so desired me to get a pleasure boat for to take him in
to-morrow morning, and do many other things, and with a great liking of
me, and my management especially, as that coxcombe my Lord Craven do tell
me, and I perceive it, and I am sure take pains enough to deserve it.
Thence away and to the office at London, where I did some business about
my money and private accounts, and there eat a bit of goose of Mr.
Griffins, and so by water, it raining most miserably, to Greenwich,
calling on several vessels in my passage. Being come there I hear another
seizure hath been made of our goods by one Captain Fisher that hath been
at Chatham by warrant of the Duke of Albemarle, and is come in my absence
to Tookers and viewed them, demanding the key of the constable, and so
sealed up the door. I to the house, but there being no officers nor
constable could do nothing, but back to my office full of trouble about
this, and there late about business, vexed to see myself fall into this
trouble and concernment in a thing that I want instruction from my Lord
Sandwich whether I should appear in it or no, and so home to bed, having
spent two hours, I and my boy, at Mr. Glanvills removing of faggots to
make room to remove our goods to, but when done I thought it not fit to
use it. The newes of the killing of the [King of] France is wholly untrue,
and they say that of the Pope too.

10th. Up, and receive a stop from the Duke of Albemarle of setting out any
more ships, or providing a pleasure boat for himself, which I am glad of,
and do see, what I thought yesterday, that this resolution of his was a
sudden one and silly. By and by comes Captain Cockes Jacob to tell me
that he is come from Chatham this morning, and that there are four waggons
of goods at hand coming to towne, which troubles me. I directed him to
bring them to his masters house. But before I could send him away to
bring them thither, newes is brought me that they are seized on in the
towne by this Captain Fisher and they will carry them to another place. So
I to them and found our four waggons in the streete stopped by the church
by this Fisher and company and 100 or 200 people in the streetes gazing. I
did give them good words, and made modest desires of carrying the goods to
Captain Cockes, but they would have them to a house of their hiring,
where in a barne the goods were laid. I had transires to show for all, and
the tale was right, and there I spent all the morning seeing this done. At
which Fisher was vexed that I would not let it be done by any body else
for the merchant, and that I must needs be concerned therein, which I did
not think fit to owne. So that being done, I left the goods to be watched
by men on their part and ours, and so to the office by noon, whither by
and by comes Captain Cocke, whom I had with great care sent for by
expresse the last night, and so I with him to his house and there eat a
bit, and so by coach to Lambeth, and I took occasion first to go to the
Duke of Albemarle to acquaint him with some thing of what had been done
this morning in behalf of a friend absent, which did give a good entrance
and prevented their possessing the Duke with anything of evil of me by
their report, and by and by in comes. Captain Cocke and tells his whole
story. So an order was made for the putting him in possession upon giving
security to, be accountable for the goods, which for the present did
satisfy us, and so away, giving Locke that drew the order a piece. (Lord!
to see how unhappily a man may fall into a necessity of bribing people to
do him right in a thing, wherein he hath done nothing but fair, and bought
dear.) So to the office, there to write my letters, and Cocke comes to
tell me that Fisher is come to him, and that he doubts not to cajole
Fisher and his companion and make them friends with drink and a bribe.
This night comes Sir Christopher Mings to towne, and I went to see him,
and by and by he being then out of the town comes to see me. He is newly
come from Court, and carries direction for the making a show of getting
out the fleete again to go fight the Dutch, but that it will end in a
fleete of 20 good sayling frigates to go to the Northward or Southward,
and that will be all. I enquired, but he would not be to know that he had
heard any thing at Oxford about the business of the prize goods, which I
did suspect, but he being gone, anon comes Cocke and tells me that he hath
been with him a great while, and that he finds him sullen and speaking
very high what disrespect he had received of my Lord, saying that he hath
walked 3 or 4 hours together at that Earles cabbin door for audience and
could not be received, which, if true, I am sorry for. He tells me that
Sir G. Ascue says, that he did from the beginning declare against these
[prize] goods, and would not receive his dividend; and that he and Sir W.
Pen are at odds about it, and that he fears Mings hath been doing ill
offices to my Lord. I did to-night give my Lord an account of all this,
and so home and to bed.

11th. Up, and so in my chamber staid all the morning doing something
toward my Tangier accounts, for the stating of them, and also comes up my
landlady, Mrs. Clerke, to make an agreement for the time to come; and I,
for the having room enough, and to keepe out strangers, and to have a
place to retreat to for my wife, if the sicknesse should come to Woolwich,
am contented to pay dear; so for three rooms and a dining-room, and for
linen and bread and beer and butter, at nights and mornings, I am to give
her L5 10s. per month, and I wrote and we signed to an agreement. By and
by comes Cocke to tell me that Fisher and his fellow were last night
mightily satisfied and promised all friendship, but this morning he finds
them to have new tricks and shall be troubled with them. So he being to go
down to Erith with them this afternoon about giving security, I advised
him to let them go by land, and so he and I (having eat something at his
house) by water to Erith, but they got thither before us, and there we met
Mr. Seymour, one of the Commissioners for Prizes, and a Parliament-man,
and he was mighty high, and had now seized our goods on their behalf; and
he mighty imperiously would have all forfeited, and I know not what. I
thought I was in the right in a thing I said and spoke somewhat earnestly,
so we took up one another very smartly, for which I was sorry afterwards,
shewing thereby myself too much concerned, but nothing passed that I
valued at all. But I could not but think [it odd] that a Parliament-man,
in a serious discourse before such persons as we and my Lord Bruncker, and
Sir John Minnes, should quote Hudibras, as being the book I doubt he hath
read most. They I doubt will stand hard for high security, and Cocke would
have had me bound with him for his appearing, but I did stagger at it,
besides Seymour do stop the doing it at all till he has been with the Duke
of Albemarle. So there will be another demurre. It growing late, and I
having something to do at home, took my leave alone, leaving Cocke there
for all night, and so against tide and in the darke and very cold weather
to Woolwich, where we had appointed to keepe the night merrily; and so, by
Captain Cockes coach, had brought a very pretty child, a daughter of one
Mrs. Tookers, next door to my lodging, and so she, and a daughter and
kinsman of Mrs. Petts made up a fine company at my lodgings at Woolwich,
where my wife and Mercer, and Mrs. Barbara danced, and mighty merry we
were, but especially at Mercers dancing a jigg, which she does the best I
ever did see, having the most natural way of it, and keeps time the most
perfectly I ever did see. This night is kept in lieu of yesterday, for my
wedding day of ten years; for which God be praised! being now in an
extreme good condition of health and estate and honour, and a way of
getting more money, though at this houre under some discomposure, rather
than damage, about some prize goods that I have bought off the fleete, in
partnership with Captain Cocke; and for the discourse about the world
concerning my Lord Sandwich, that he hath done a thing so bad; and indeed
it must needs have been a very rash act; and the rather because of a
Parliament now newly met to give money, and will have some account of what
hath already been spent, besides the precedent for a General to take what
prizes he pleases, and the giving a pretence to take away much more than
he intended, and all will lie upon him; and not giving to all the
Commanders, as well as the Flaggs, he displeases all them, and offends
even some of them, thinking others to be better served than themselves;
and lastly, puts himself out of a power of begging anything again a great
while of the King. Having danced with my people as long as I saw fit to
sit up, I to bed and left them to do what they would. I forgot that we had
W. Hewer there, and Tom, and Golding, my barber at Greenwich, for our
fiddler, to whom I did give 10s.

12th. Called up before day, and so I dressed myself and down, it being
horrid cold, by water to my Lord Brunckers ship, who advised me to do so,
and it was civilly to show me what the King had commanded about the
prize-goods, to examine most severely all that had been done in the taking
out any with or without order, without respect to my Lord Sandwich at all,
and that he had been doing of it, and find him examining one man, and I do
find that extreme ill use was made of my Lords order. For they did toss
and tumble and spoil, and breake things in hold to a great losse and shame
to come at the fine goods, and did take a man that knows where the fine
goods were, and did this over and over again for many days, Sir W.
Berkeley being the chief hand that did it, but others did the like at
other times, and they did say in doing it that my Lord Sandwichs back was
broad enough to bear it. Having learned as much as I could, which was,
that the King and Duke were very severe in this point, whatever order they
before had given my Lord in approbation of what he had done, and that all
will come out and the King see, by the entries at the Custome House, what
all do amount to that had been taken, and so I took leave, and by water,
very cold, and to Woolwich where it was now noon, and so I staid dinner
and talking part of the afternoon, and then by coach, Captain Cockes, to
Greenwich, taking the young lady home, and so to Cocke, and he tells me
that he hath cajolled with Seymour, who will be our friend; but that,
above all, Seymour tells him, that my Lord Duke did shew him to-day an
order from Court, for having all respect paid to the Earle of Sandwich,
and what goods had been delivered by his order, which do overjoy us, and
that to-morrow our goods shall be weighed, and he doubts not possession
to-morrow or next day. Being overjoyed at this I to write my letters, and
at it very late. Good newes this week that there are about 600 less dead
of the plague than the last. So home to bed.

13th. Lay long, and this morning comes Sir Jer. Smith

     [Captain Jeremiah Smith (or Smyth), knighted June, 1665; Admiral of
     the Blue in 1666.  He succeeded Sir William Penn as Comptroller of
     the Victualling Accounts in 1669, and held the office until 1675.]

to see me in his way to Court, and a good man he is, and one that I must
keep fair with, and will, it being I perceive my interest to have
kindnesse with the Commanders. So to the office, and there very busy till
about noon comes Sir W. Warren, and he goes and gets a bit of meat ready
at the Kings Head for us, and I by and by thither, and we dined together,
and I am not pleased with him about a little business of Tangier that I
put to him to do for me, but however, the hurt is not much, and his other
matters of profit to me continue very likely to be good. Here we spent
till 2 oclock, and so I set him on shore, and I by water to the Duke of
Albemarle, where I find him with Lord Craven and Lieutenant of the Tower
about him; among other things, talking of ships to get of the King to
fetch coles for the poore of the city, which is a good worke. But, Lord!
to hear the silly talke between these three great people! Yet I have no
reason to find fault, the Duke and Lord Craven being my very great
friends. Here did the business I come about, and so back home by water,
and there Cocke comes to me and tells me that he is come to an
understanding with Fisher, and that he must give him L100, and that he
shall have his goods in possession to-morrow, they being all weighed
to-day, which pleases me very well. This day the Duke tells me that there
is no news heard of the Dutch, what they do or where they are, but
believes that they are all gone home, for none of our spyes can give us
any tideings of them. Cocke is fain to keep these people, Fisher and his
fellow, company night and day to keep them friends almost and great
troubles withal. My head is full of settling the victualling business
also, that I may make some profit out of it, which I hope justly to do to
the Kings advantage. To-night come Sir J. Bankes to me upon my letter to
discourse it with him, and he did give me the advice I have taken almost
as fully as if I had been directed by him what to write. The business also
of my Tangier accounts to be sent to Court is upon my hands in great
haste; besides, all my owne proper accounts are in great disorder, having
been neglected now above a month, which grieves me, but it could not be
settled sooner. These together and the feare of the sicknesse and
providing for my family do fill my head very full, besides the infinite
business of the office, and nobody here to look after it but myself. So
late from my office to my lodgings, and to bed.

14th. Up, and to the office, where mighty busy, especially with Mr.
Gawden, with whom I shall, I think, have much to do, and by and by comes
the Lieutenant of the Tower by my invitation yesterday, but I had got
nothing for him, it is to discourse about the Cole shipps. So he went away
to Sheriffe Hookers, and I staid at the office till he sent for me at
noon to dinner, I very hungry. When I come to the Sheriffes he was not
there, nor in many other places, nor could find him at all, so was forced
to come to the office and get a bit of meat from the taverne, and so to my
business. By and by comes the Lieutenant and reproaches me with my not
treating him as I ought, but all in jest, he it seemed dined with Mr.
Adrian May. Very late writing letters at the office, and much satisfied to
hear from Captain Cocke that he had got possession of some of his goods to
his own house, and expected to have all to-night. The towne, I hear, is
full of talke that there are great differences in the fleete among the
great Commanders, and that Mings at Oxford did impeach my Lord of
something, I think about these goods, but this is but talke. But my heart
and head to-night is full of the Victualling business, being overjoyed and
proud at my success in my proposal about it, it being read before the
King, Duke, and the Caball with complete applause and satisfaction. This
Sir G. Carteret and Sir W. Coventry both writ me, besides Sir W.
Coventrys letter to the Duke of Albemarle, which I read yesterday, and I
hope to find my profit in it also. So late home to bed.

15th (Lords day). Up, and while I staid for the barber, tried to compose
a duo of counterpoint, and I think it will do very well, it being by Mr.
Berckenshaws rule. By and by by appointment comes Mr. Povys coach, and,
more than I expected, him himself, to fetch me to Brainford: so he and I
immediately set out, having drunk a draft of mulled sacke; and so rode
most nobly, in his most pretty and best contrived charriott in the world,
with many new conveniences, his never having till now, within a day or
two, been yet finished; our discourse upon Tangier business, want of
money, and then of publique miscarriages, nobody minding the publique, but
every body himself and his lusts. Anon we come to his house, and there I
eat a bit, and so with fresh horses, his noble fine horses, the best
confessedly in England, the King having none such, he sent me to Sir
Robert Viners, whom I met coming just from church, and so after having
spent half-an-hour almost looking upon the horses with some gentlemen that
were in company, he and I into his garden to discourse of money, but none
is to be had, he confessing himself in great straits, and I believe it.
Having this answer, and that I could not get better, we fell to publique
talke, and to think how the fleete and seamen will be paid, which he
protests he do not think it possible to compass, as the world is now: no
money got by trade, nor the persons that have it by them in the City to be
come at. The Parliament, it seems, have voted the King L1,250,000 at
L50,000 per month, tax for the war; and voted to assist the King against
the Dutch, and all that shall adhere to them; and thanks to be given him
for his care of the Duke of Yorke, which last is a very popular vote on
the Dukes behalf. He tells me how the taxes of the last assessment, which
should have been in good part gathered, are not yet laid, and that even in
part of the City of London; and the Chimny-money comes almost to nothing,
nor any thing else looked after. Having done this I parted, my mind not
eased by any money, but only that I had done my part to the Kings
service. And so in a very pleasant evening back to Mr. Povys, and there
supped, and after supper to talke and to sing, his man Duttons wife
singing very pleasantly (a mighty fat woman), and I wrote out one song
from her and pricked the tune, both very pretty. But I did never heare one
sing with so much pleasure to herself as this lady do, relishing it to her
very heart, which was mighty pleasant.

16th. Up about seven oclock; and, after drinking, and I observing Mr.
Povys being mightily mortifyed in his eating and drinking, and coaches
and horses, he desiring to sell his best, and every thing else, his
furniture of his house, he walked with me to Syon,

     [Sion House, granted by Edward VI. to his uncle, the Duke of
     Somerset.  After his execution, 1552, it was forfeited, and given to
     John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland.  The duke being beheaded in
     1553, it reverted to the Crown, and was granted in 1604 to Henry
     Percy, Earl of Northumberland.  It still belongs to the Duke of

and there I took water, in our way he discoursing of the wantonnesse of
the Court, and how it minds nothing else, and I saying that that would
leave the King shortly if he did not leave it, he told me No, for the
King do spend most of his time in feeling and kissing them naked… But
this lechery will never leave him. Here I took boat (leaving him there)
and down to the Tower, where I hear the Duke of Albemarle is, and I to
Lumbard Streete, but can get no money. So upon the Exchange, which is very
empty, God knows! and but mean people there. The newes for certain that
the Dutch are come with their fleete before Margett, and some men were
endeavouring to come on shore when the post come away, perhaps to steal
some sheep. But, Lord! how Colvill talks of the businesse of publique
revenue like a madman, and yet I doubt all true; that nobody minds it, but
that the King and Kingdom must speedily be undone, and rails at my Lord
about the prizes, but I think knows not my relation to him. Here I
endeavoured to satisfy all I could, people about Bills of Exchange from
Tangier, but it is only with good words, for money I have not, nor can
get. God knows what will become of all the Kings matters in a little
time, for he runs in debt every day, and nothing to pay them looked after.
Thence I walked to the Tower; but, Lord! how empty the streets are and
melancholy, so many poor sick people in the streets full of sores; and so
many sad stories overheard as I walk, every body talking of this dead, and
that man sick, and so many in this place, and so many in that. And they
tell me that, in Westminster, there is never a physician and but one
apothecary left, all being dead; but that there are great hopes of a great
decrease this week: God send it! At the Tower found my Lord Duke and
Duchesse at dinner; so I sat down. And much good cheer, the Lieutenant and
his lady, and several officers with the Duke. But, Lord! to hear the silly
talk that was there, would make one mad; the Duke having none almost but
fools about him. Much of their talke about the Dutch coming on shore,
which they believe they may some of them have been and steal sheep, and
speak all in reproach of them in whose hands the fleete is; but, Lord
helpe him, there is something will hinder him and all the world in going
to sea, which is want of victuals; for we have not wherewith to answer our
service; and how much better it would have been if the Dukes advice had
been taken for the fleete to have gone presently out; but, God helpe the
King! while no better counsels are given, and what is given no better
taken. Thence after dinner receiving many commands from the Duke, I to our
office on the Hill, and there did a little business and to Colvills
again, and so took water at the Tower, and there met with Captain Cocke,
and he down with me to Greenwich, I having received letters from my Lord
Sandwich to-day, speaking very high about the prize goods, that he would
have us to fear nobody, but be very confident in what we have done, and
not to confess any fault or doubt of what he hath done; for the King hath
allowed it, and do now confirm it, and sent orders, as he says, for
nothing to be disturbed that his Lordshipp hath ordered therein as to the
division of the goods to the fleete; which do comfort us, but my Lord
writes to me that both he and I may hence learn by what we see in this
business. But that which pleases me best is that Cocke tells me that he
now understands that Fisher was set on in this business by the design of
some of the Duke of Albemarles people, Warcupp and others, who lent him
money to set him out in it, and he has spent high. Who now curse him for a
rogue to take L100 when he might have had as well L1,500, and they are
mightily fallen out about it. Which in due time shall be discovered, but
that now that troubles me afresh is, after I am got to the office at
Greenwich that some new troubles are come, and Captain Cockes house is
beset before and behind with guards, and more, I do fear they may come to
my office here to search for Cockes goods and find some small things of
my clerks. So I assisted them in helping to remove their small trade, but
by and by I am told that it is only the Custome House men who came to
seize the things that did lie at Mr. Glanvilles, for which they did never
yet see our Transire, nor did know of them till to-day. So that my fear is
now over, for a transire is ready for them. Cocke did get a great many of
his goods to London to-day. To the Still Yarde, which place, however, is
now shut up of the plague; but I was there, and we now make no bones of
it. Much talke there is of the Chancellors speech and the Kings at the
Parliaments meeting, which are very well liked; and that we shall
certainly, by their speeches, fall out with France at this time, together
with the Dutch, which will find us work. Late at the office entering my
Journall for 8 days past, the greatness of my business hindering me of
late to put it down daily, but I have done it now very true and
particularly, and hereafter will, I hope, be able to fall into my old way
of doing it daily. So to my lodging, and there had a good pullet to my
supper, and so to bed, it being very cold again, God be thanked for it!

17th. Up, and all day long busy at the office, mighty busy, only stepped
to my lodging and had a fowl for my dinner, and at night my wife and
Mercer comes to me, which troubled me a little because I am to be mighty
busy to-morrow all day seriously about my accounts. So late from my office
to her, and supped, and so to bed.

18th. Up, and after some pleasant discourse with my wife (though my head
full of business) I out and left her to go home, and myself to the office,
and thence by water to the Duke of Albemarles, and so back again and find
my wife gone. So to my chamber at my lodgings, and to the making of my
accounts up of Tangier, which I did with great difficulty, finding the
difference between short and long reckonings where I have had occasion to
mix my moneys, as I have of late done my Tangier treasure upon other
occasions, and other moneys upon that. However, I was at it late and did
it pretty perfectly, and so, after eating something, to bed, my mind eased
of a great deal of figures and castings.

19th. Up, and to my accounts again, and stated them very clear and fair,
and at noon dined at my lodgings with Mr. Hater and W. Hewer at table with
me, I being come to an agreement yesterday with my landlady for L6 per
month, for so many rooms for myself, them, and my wife and mayde, when she
shall come, and to pay besides for my dyett. After dinner I did give them
my accounts and letters to write against I went to the Duke of Albemarles
this evening, which I did; and among other things, spoke to him for my
wifes brother, Balty, to be of his guard, which he kindly answered that
he should. My business of the Victualling goes on as I would have it; and
now my head is full how to make some profit of it to myself or people. To
that end, when I came home, I wrote a letter to Mr. Coventry, offering
myself to be the Surveyor Generall, and am apt to think he will assist me
in it, but I do not set my heart much on it, though it would be a good
helpe. So back to my office, and there till past one before I could get
all these letters and papers copied out, which vexed me, but so sent them
away without hopes of saving the post, and so to my lodging to bed.

20th. Up, and had my last nights letters brought back to me, which
troubles me, because of my accounts, lest they should be asked for before
they come, which I abhorr, being more ready to give than they can be to
demand them: so I sent away an expresse to Oxford with them, and another
to Portsmouth, with a copy of my letter to Mr. Coventry about my
victualling business, for fear he should be gone from Oxford, as he
intended, thither. So busy all the morning and at noon to Cocke, and dined
there. He and I alone, vexed that we are not rid of all our trouble about
our goods, but it is almost over, and in the afternoon to my lodging, and
there spent the whole afternoon and evening with Mr. Hater, discoursing of
the business of the office, where he tells me that among others Thomas
Willson do now and then seem to hint that I do take too much business upon
me, more than I can do, and that therefore some do lie undone. This I
confess to my trouble is true, but it arises from my being forced to take
so much on me, more than is my proper task to undertake. But for this at
last I did advise to him to take another clerk if he thinks fit, I will
take care to have him paid. I discoursed also much with him about persons
fit to be put into the victualling business, and such as I could spare
something out of their salaries for them, but without trouble I cannot, I
see, well do it, because Thomas Willson must have the refusal of the best
place which is London of L200 per annum, which I did intend for Tooker,
and to get L50 out of it as a help to Mr. Hater. How[ever], I will try to
do something of this kind for them. Having done discourse with him late, I
to enter my Tangier accounts fair, and so to supper and to bed.

21 st. Up, and to my office, where busy all the morning, and then with my
two clerks home to dinner, and so back again to the office, and there very
late very busy, and so home to supper and to bed.

22nd (Lords day). Up, and after ready and going to Captain Cockes, where
I find we are a little further safe in some part of our goods, I to
Church, in my way was meeting with some letters, which made me resolve to
go after church to my Lord Duke of Albemarles, so, after sermon, I took
Cockes chariott, and to Lambeth; but, in going and getting over the
water, and through White Hall, I spent so much time, the Duke had almost
dined. However, fresh meat was brought for me to his table, and there I
dined, and full of discourse and very kind. Here they are again talking of
the prizes, and my Lord Duke did speake very broad that my Lord Sandwich
and Pen should do what they would, and answer for themselves. For his
part, he would lay all before the King. Here he tells me the Dutch
Embassador at Oxford is clapped up, but since I hear it is not true.
Thence back again, it being evening before I could get home, and there
Cocke not being within, I and Mr. Salomon to Mr. Glanvilles, and there we
found Cocke and sat and supped, and was mighty merry with only Madam
Penington, who is a fine, witty lady. Here we spent the evening late with
great mirth, and so home and to bed.

23rd. Up, and after doing some business I down by water, calling to see my
wife, with whom very merry for ten minutes, and so to Erith, where my Lord
Bruncker and I kept the office, and dispatched some business by
appointment on the Bezan. Among other things about the slopsellers, who
have trusted us so long, they are not able, nor can be expected to trust
us further, and I fear this winter the fleete will be undone by that
particular. Thence on board the East India ship, where my Lord Bruncker
had provided a great dinner, and thither comes by and by Sir John Minnes
and before him Sir W. Warren and anon a Perspective glasse maker, of whom
we, every one, bought a pocket glasse. But I am troubled with the much
talke and conceitedness of Mrs. Williams and her impudence, in case she be
not married to my Lord. They are getting themselves ready to deliver the
goods all out to the East India Company, who are to have the goods in
their possession and to advance two thirds of the moderate value thereof
and sell them as well as they can and the King to give them 6 per cent.
for the use of the money they shall so advance. By this means the company
will not suffer by the Kings goods bringing down the price of their own.
Thence in the evening back again with Sir W. Warren and Captain Taylor in
my boat, and the latter went with me to the office, and there he and I
reckoned; and I perceive I shall get L100 profit by my services of late to
him, which is a very good thing. Thence to my lodging, where I find my
Lord Rutherford, of which I was glad. We supped together and sat up late,
he being a mighty wanton man with a daughter in law of my landladys, a
pretty conceited woman big with child, and he would be handling her
breasts, which she coyly refused. But they gone, my Lord and I to
business, and he would have me forbear paying Alderman Backewell the money
ordered him, which I, in hopes to advantage myself, shall forbear, but do
not think that my Lord will do any thing gratefully more to me than he
hath done, not that I shall get any thing as I pretended by helping him to
interest for his last L7700, which I could do, and do him a courtesy too.
Discourse being done, he to bed in my chamber and I to another in the

24th. Lay long, having a cold. Then to my Lord and sent him going to
Oxford, and I to my office, whither comes Sir William Batten now newly
from Oxford. I can gather nothing from him about my Lord Sandwich about
the business of the prizes, he being close, but he shewed me a bill which
hath been read in the House making all breaking of bulke for the time to
come felony, but it is a foolish Act, and will do no great matter, only is
calculated to my Lord Sandwichs case. He shewed me also a good letter
printed from the Bishopp of Munster to the States of Holland shewing the
state of their case. Here we did some business and so broke up and I to
Cocke, where Mr. Evelyn was, to dinner, and there merry, yet vexed again
at publique matters, and to see how little heed is had to the prisoners
and sicke and wounded. Thence to my office, and no sooner there but to my
great surprise am told that my Lord Sandwich is come to towne; so I
presently to Boremans, where he is and there found him: he mighty kind to
me, but no opportunity of discourse private yet, which he tells me he must
have with me; only his business is sudden to go to the fleece, to get out
a few ships to drive away the Dutch. I left him in discourse with Sir W.
Batten and others, and myself to the office till about 10 at night and so,
letters being done, I to him again to Captain Cockes, where he supped,
and lies, and never saw him more merry, and here is Charles Herbert, who
the King hath lately knighted.

     [This person, erroneously called by Pepys Sir C. Herbert, will be
     best defined by subjoining the inscription on his monument in
     Westminster Abbey: Sir Charles Harbord, Knight, third son of Sir
     Charles Harbord, Knight, Surveyor-General, and First Lieutenant of
     the Royall James, under the most noble and illustrious Captaine,
     Edward, Earle of Sandwich, Vice-Admirall of England, which, after a
     terrible fight, maintained to admiration against a squadron of the
     Holland fleet, above six hours, neere the Suffolk coast, having put
     off two fireships; at last, being utterly disabled, and few of her
     men remaining unhurt, was, by a third, unfortunately set on fire.
     But he (though he swome well) neglected to save himselfe, as some
     did, and out of perfect love to that worthy Lord, whom, for many
     yeares, he had constantly accompanyed, in all his honourable
     employments, and in all the engagements of the former warre, dyed
     with him, at the age of xxxii., much bewailed by his father, whom he
     never offended; and much beloved by all for his knowne piety,
     vertue, loyalty, fortitude, and fidelity.—B.]

My Lord, to my great content, did tell me before them, that never anything
was read to the King and Council, all the chief Ministers of State being
there, as my letter about the Victualling was, and no more said upon it
than a most thorough consent to every word was said, and directed, that it
be pursued and practised. After much mirth, and my Lord having travelled
all night last night, he to bed, and we all parted, I home.

25th. Up and to my Lord Sandwichs, where several Commanders, of whom I
took the state of all their ships, and of all could find not above four
capable of going out. The truth is, the want of victuals being the whole
overthrow of this yeare both at sea, and now at the Nore here and
Portsmouth, where all the fleete lies. By and by comes down my Lord, and
then he and I an houre together alone upon private discourse. He tells me
that Mr. Coventry and he are not reconciled, but declared enemies: the
only occasion of it being, he tells me, his ill usage from him about the
first fight, wherein he had no right done him, which, methinks, is a poor
occasion, for, in my conscience, that was no design of Coventrys. But,
however, when I asked my Lord whether it were not best, though with some
condescension, to be friends with him, he told me it was not possible, and
so I stopped. He tells me, as very private, that there are great factions
at the Court between the Kings party and the Duke of Yorkes, and that
the King, which is a strange difficulty, do favour my Lord in opposition
to the Dukes party; that my Lord Chancellor, being, to be sure, the
patron of the Dukes, it is a mystery whence it should be that Mr.
Coventry is looked upon by him [Clarendon] as an enemy to him; that if he
had a mind himself to be out of this employment, as Mr. Coventry, he
believes, wishes, and himself and I do incline to wish it also, in many
respects, yet he believes he shall not be able, because of the King, who
will keepe him in on purpose, in opposition to the other party; that
Prince Rupert and he are all possible friends in the world; that Coventry
hath aggravated this business of the prizes, though never so great
plundering in the world as while the Duke and he were at sea; and in Sir
John Lawsons time he could take and pillage, and then sink a whole ship
in the Streights, and Coventry say nothing to it; that my Lord Arlington
is his fast friend; that the Chancellor is cold to him, and though I told
him that I and the world do take my Lord Chancellor, in his speech the
other day, to have said as much as could be wished, yet he thinks he did
not. That my Lord Chancellor do from hence begin to be cold to him,
because of his seeing him and Arlington so great: that nothing at Court is
minded but faction and pleasure, and nothing intended of general good to
the kingdom by anybody heartily; so that he believes with me, in a little
time confusion will certainly come over all the nation. He told me how a
design was carried on a while ago, for the Duke of Yorke to raise an army
in the North, and to be the Generall of it, and all this without the
knowledge or advice of the Duke of Albemarle, which when he come to know,
he was so vexed, they were fain to let it fall to content him: that his
matching with the family of Sir G. Carteret do make the difference greater
between Coventry and him, they being enemies; that the Chancellor did, as
every body else, speak well of me the other day, but yet was, at the
Committee for Tangier, angry that I should offer to suffer a bill of
exchange to be protested. So my Lord did bid me take heed, for that I
might easily suppose I could not want enemies, no more than others. In all
he speaks with the greatest trust and love and confidence in what I say or
do, that a man can do. After this discourse ended we sat down to dinner
and mighty merry, among other things, at the Bill brought into the House
to make it felony to break bulke, which, as my Lord says well, will make
that no prizes shall be taken, or, if taken, shall be sunke after
plundering; and the Act for the method of gathering this last L1,250,000
now voted, and how paid wherein are several strange imperfections. After
dinner my Lord by a ketch down to Erith, where the Bezan was, it blowing
these last two days and now both night and day very hard southwardly, so
that it has certainly drove the Dutch off the coast. My Lord being gone I
to the office, and there find Captain Ferrers, who tells me his wife is
come to town to see him, having not seen him since 15 weeks ago at his
first going to sea last. She is now at a Taverne and stays all night, so I
was obliged to give him my house and chamber to lie in, which he with
great modesty and after much force took, and so I got Mr. Evelyns coach
to carry her thither, and the coach coming back, I with Mr. Evelyn to
Deptford, where a little while with him doing a little business, and so in
his coach back again to my lodgings, and there sat with Mrs. Ferrers two
hours, and with my little girle, Mistress Frances Tooker, and very
pleasant. Anon the Captain comes, and then to supper very merry, and so I
led them to bed. And so to bed myself, having seen my pretty little girle
home first at the next door.

26th. Up, and, leaving my guests to make themselves ready, I to the
office, and thither comes Sir Jer. Smith and Sir Christopher Mings to see
me, being just come from Portsmouth and going down to the Fleete. Here I
sat and talked with them a good while and then parted, only Sir
Christopher Mings and I together by water to the Tower; and I find him a
very witty well-spoken fellow, and mighty free to tell his parentage,
being a shoemakers son, to whom he is now going, and I to the Change,
where I hear how the French have taken two and sunk one of our
merchant-men in the Streights, and carried the ships to Toulon; so that
there is no expectation but we must fall out with them. The Change pretty
full, and the town begins to be lively again, though the streets very
empty, and most shops shut. So back again I and took boat and called for
Sir Christopher Mings at St. Katharines, who was followed with some
ordinary friends, of which, he says, he is proud, and so down to
Greenwich, the wind furious high, and we with our sail up till I made it
be taken down. I took him, it being 3 oclock, to my lodgings and did give
him a good dinner and so parted, he being pretty close to me as to any
business of the fleete, knowing me to be a servant of my Lord Sandwichs.
He gone I to the office till night, and then they come and tell me my wife
is come to towne, so I to her vexed at her coming, but it was upon
innocent business, so I was pleased and made her stay, Captain Ferrers and
his lady being yet there, and so I left them to dance, and I to the office
till past nine at night, and so to them and there saw them dance very
prettily, the Captain and his wife, my wife and Mrs. Barbary, and Mercer
and my landladys daughter, and then little Mistress Frances Tooker and
her mother, a pretty woman come to see my wife. Anon to supper, and then
to dance again (Golding being our fiddler, who plays very well and all
tunes) till past twelve at night, and then we broke up and every one to
bed, we make shift for all our company, Mrs. Tooker being gone.

27th. Up, and after some pleasant discourse with my wife, I out, leaving
her and Mrs. Ferrers there, and I to Captain Cockes, there to do some
business, and then away with Cocke in his coach through Kent Streete, a
miserable, wretched, poor place, people sitting sicke and muffled up with
plasters at every 4 or 5 doors. So to the Change, and thence I by water
to the Duke of Albemarles, and there much company, but I staid and dined,
and he makes mighty much of me; and here he tells us the Dutch are gone,
and have lost above 160 cables and anchors, through the last foule
weather. Here he proposed to me from Mr. Coventry, as I had desired of Mr.
Coventry, that I should be Surveyor-Generall of the Victualling business,
which I accepted. But, indeed, the terms in which Mr. Coventry proposes it
for me are the most obliging that ever I could expect from any man, and
more; it saying me to be the fittest man in England, and that he is sure,
if I will undertake, I will perform it; and that it will be also a very
desirable thing that I might have this encouragement, my encouragement in
the Navy alone being in no wise proportionable to my pains or deserts.
This, added to the letter I had three days since from Mr. Southerne,
signifying that the Duke of Yorke had in his masters absence opened my
letter, and commanded him to tell me that he did approve of my being the
Surveyor-General, do make me joyful beyond myself that I cannot express
it, to see that as I do take pains, so God blesses me, and hath sent me
masters that do observe that I take pains. After having done here, I back
by water and to London, and there met with Captain Cockes coach again,
and I went in it to Greenwich and thence sent my wife in it to Woolwich,
and I to the office, and thence home late with Captain Taylor, and he and
I settled all accounts between us, and I do find that I do get above L129
of him for my services for him within these six months. At it till almost
one in the morning, and after supper he away and I to bed, mightily
satisfied in all this, and in a resolution I have taken to-night with Mr.
Hater to propose the port of London for the victualling business for
Thomas Willson, by which it will be better done and I at more ease, in
case he should grumble.

     [The Duke of Yorks letter appointing Thomas Wilson Surveyor of the
     Victualling of His Majestys Navy in the Port of London, and
     referring to Pepys as Surveyor-General of the Victualling Affairs,
     is printed in Memoirs of the English Affairs, chiefly Naval, 1660-
     73, by James, Duke of York, 1729, p. 131.]

So to bed.

28th. Up, and sent for Thomas Willson, and broke the victualling business
to him and he is mightily contented, and so am I that I have bestowed it
on him, and so I to Mr. Boremans, where Sir W. Batten is, to tell him
what I had proposed to Thomas Willson, and the newes also I have this
morning from Sir W. Clerke, which is, that notwithstanding all the care
the Duke of Albemarle hath taken about the putting the East India prize
goods into the East India Companys hands, and my Lord Bruncker and Sir J.
Minnes having laden out a great part of the goods, an order is come from
Court to stop all, and to have the goods delivered to the
Sub-Commissioners of prizes. At which I am glad, because it do vex this
simple weake man, and we shall have a little reparation for the disgrace
my Lord Sandwich has had in it. He tells me also that the Parliament hath
given the Duke of Yorke L120,000, to be paid him after the L1,250,000 is
gathered upon the tax which they have now given the King.

     [This sum was granted by the Commons to Charles, with a request that
     he would bestow it on his brother.—B.]

He tells me that the Dutch have lately launched sixteen new ships; all
which is great news. Thence by horsebacke with Mr. Deane to Erith, and so
aboard my Lord Bruncker and dined, and very merry with him and good
discourse between them about ship building, and, after dinner and a little
pleasant discourse, we away and by horse back again to Greenwich, and
there I to the office very late, offering my persons for all the
victualling posts much to my satisfaction. Also much other business I did
to my mind, and so weary home to my lodging, and there after eating and
drinking a little I to bed. The King and Court, they say, have now finally
resolved to spend nothing upon clothes, but what is of the growth of
England; which, if observed, will be very pleasing to the people, and very
good for them.

29th (Lords day). Up, and being ready set out with Captain Cocke in his
coach toward Erith, Mr. Deane riding along with us, where we dined and
were very merry. After dinner we fell to discourse about the Dutch, Cocke
undertaking to prove that they were able to wage warr with us three years
together, which, though it may be true, yet, not being satisfied with his
arguments, my Lord and I did oppose the strength of his arguments, which
brought us to a great heate, he being a conceited man, but of no Logique
in his head at all, which made my Lord and I mirth. Anon we parted, and
back again, we hardly having a word all the way, he being so vexed at our
not yielding to his persuasion. I was set down at Woolwich towne end, and
walked through the towne in the darke, it being now night. But in the
streete did overtake and almost run upon two women crying and carrying a
mans coffin between them. I suppose the husband of one of them, which,
methinks, is a sad thing. Being come to Sheldens, I find my people in the
darke in the dining room, merry and laughing, and, I thought, sporting one
with another, which, God helpe me! raised my jealousy presently. Come in
the darke, and one of them touching me (which afterward I found was Susan)
made them shreeke, and so went out up stairs, leaving them to light a
candle and to run out. I went out and was very vexed till I found my wife
was gone with Mr. Hill and Mercer this day to see me at Greenwich, and
these people were at supper, and the candle on a sudden falling out of the
candlesticke (which I saw as I come through the yarde) and Mrs. Barbary
being there I was well at ease again, and so bethought myself what to do,
whether to go to Greenwich or stay there; at last go I would, and so with
a lanthorne, and 3 or 4 people with me, among others Mr. Browne, who was
there, would go, I walked with a lanthorne and discoursed with him about
paynting and the several sorts of it. I came in good time to Greenwich,
where I found Mr. Hill with my wife, and very glad I was to see him. To
supper and discourse of musique and so to bed, I lying with him talking
till midnight about Berckenshaws musique rules, which I did to his great
satisfaction inform him in, and so to sleep.

30th. Up, and to my office about business. At noon to dinner, and after
some discourse of musique, he and I to the office awhile, and he to get
Mr. Coleman, if he can, against night. By and by I back again home, and
there find him returned with Mr. Coleman (his wife being ill) and Mr.
Laneare, with whom with their Lute we had excellent company and good
singing till midnight, and a good supper I did give them, but Colemans
voice is quite spoiled, and when he begins to be drunk he is excellent
company, but afterward troublesome and impertinent. Laneare sings in a
melancholy method very well, and a sober man he seems to be. They being
gone, we to bed. Captain Ferrers coming this day from my Lord is forced to
lodge here, and I put him to Mr. Hill.

31st. Up, and to the office, Captain Ferrers going back betimes to my
Lord. I to the office, where Sir W. Batten met me, and did tell me that
Captain Cockes black was dead of the plague, which I had heard of before,
but took no notice. By and by Captain Cocke come to the office, and Sir W.
Batten and I did send to him that he would either forbear the office, or
forbear going to his owne office. However, meeting yesterday the Searchers
with their rods in their hands coming from Captain Cockes house, I did
overhear them say that the fellow did not die of the plague, but he had I
know been ill a good while, and I am told that his boy Jack is also ill.
At noon home to dinner, and then to the office again, leaving Mr. Hill if
he can to get Mrs. Coleman at night. About nine at night I come home, and
there find Mrs. Pierce come and little Fran. Tooker, and Mr. Hill, and
other people, a great many dancing, and anon comes Mrs. Coleman with her
husband and Laneare. The dancing ended and to sing, which Mrs. Coleman do
very finely, though her voice is decayed as to strength but mighty sweet
though soft, and a pleasant jolly woman, and in mighty good humour was
to-night. Among other things Laneare did, at the request of Mr. Hill,
bring two or three the finest prints for my wife to see that ever I did
see in all my life. But for singing, among other things, we got Mrs.
Coleman to sing part of the Opera, though she wont owne that ever she did
get any of it without book in order to the stage; but, above all, her
counterfeiting of Captain Cookes part, in his reproaching his man with
cowardice, Base slave, &c., she do it most excellently. At it till
past midnight, and then broke up and to bed. Hill and I together again,
and being very sleepy we had little discourse as we had the other night.
Thus we end the month merrily; and the more for that, after some fears
that the plague would have increased again this week, I hear for certain
that there is above 400 [less], the whole number being 1,388, and of them
of the plague, 1,031. Want of money in the Navy puts everything out of
order. Men grow mutinous; and nobody here to mind the business of the Navy
but myself. At least Sir W. Batten for the few days he has been here do
nothing. I in great hopes of my place of Surveyor-Generall of the
Victualling, which will bring me L300 per annum.