Samuel Pepys diary September 1665


September 1st. Up, and to visit my Lady Pen and her daughter at the
Ropeyarde where I did breakfast with them and sat chatting a good while.
Then to my lodging at Mr. Sheldens, where I met Captain Cocke and eat a
little bit of dinner, and with him to Greenwich by water, having good
discourse with him by the way. After being at Greenwich a little while, I
to London, to my house, there put many more things in order for my totall
remove, sending away my girle Susan and other goods down to Woolwich, and
I by water to the Duke of Albemarle, and thence home late by water. At the
Duke of Albemarles I overheard some examinations of the late plot that is
discoursed of and a great deale of do there is about it. Among other
discourses, I heard read, in the presence of the Duke, an examination and
discourse of Sir Philip Howards, with one of the plotting party. In many
places these words being, Then, said Sir P. Howard, if you so come over
to the King, and be faithfull to him, you shall be maintained, and be set
up with a horse and armes, and I know not what. And then said such a one,
Yes, I will be true to the King. But, damn me, said Sir Philip, will
you so and so? And thus I believe twelve times Sir P. Howard answered him
a damn me, which was a fine way of rhetorique to persuade a Quaker or
Anabaptist from his persuasion. And this was read in the hearing of Sir P.
Howard, before the Duke and twenty more officers, and they make sport of
it, only without any reproach, or he being anything ashamed of it!

     [This republican plot was described by the Lord Chancellor in a
     speech delivered on October 9th, when parliament met at Oxford.]

But it ended, I remember, at last, But such a one (the plotter) did at
last bid them remember that he had not told them what King he would be
faithfull to.

2nd. This morning I wrote letters to Mr. Hill and Andrews to come to dine
with me to-morrow, and then I to the office, where busy, and thence to
dine with Sir J. Minnes, where merry, but only that Sir J. Minnes who hath
lately lost two coach horses, dead in the stable, has a third now a dying.
After dinner I to Deptford, and there took occasion to entrar a la casa
de la gunaica de ma Minusier, and did what I had a mind… To Greenwich,
where wrote some letters, and home in pretty good time.

3rd (Lords day). Up; and put on my coloured silk suit very fine, and my
new periwigg, bought a good while since, but durst not wear, because the
plague was in Westminster when I bought it; and it is a wonder what will
be the fashion after the plague is done, as to periwiggs, for nobody will
dare to buy any haire, for fear of the infection, that it had been cut off
of the heads of people dead of the plague. Before church time comes Mr.
Hill (Mr. Andrews failing because he was to receive the Sacrament), and to
church, where a sorry dull parson, and so home and most excellent company
with Mr. Hill and discourse of musique. I took my Lady Pen home, and her
daughter Pegg, and merry we were; and after dinner I made my wife show
them her pictures, which did mad Pegg Pen, who learns of the same man and
cannot do so well. After dinner left them and I by water to Greenwich,
where much ado to be suffered to come into the towne because of the
sicknesse, for fear I should come from London, till I told them who I was.
So up to the church, where at the door I find Captain Cocke in my Lord
Brunkers coach, and he come out and walked with me in the church-yarde
till the church was done, talking of the ill government of our Kingdom,
nobody setting to heart the business of the Kingdom, but every body
minding their particular profit or pleasures, the King himself minding
nothing but his ease, and so we let things go to wracke. This arose upon
considering what we shall do for money when the fleete comes in, and more
if the fleete should not meet with the Dutch, which will put a disgrace
upon the Kings actions, so as the Parliament and Kingdom will have the
less mind to give more money, besides so bad an account of the last money,
we fear, will be given, not half of it being spent, as it ought to be,
upon the Navy. Besides, it is said that at this day our Lord Treasurer
cannot tell what the profit of Chimney money is, what it comes to per
annum, nor looks whether that or any other part of the revenue be duly
gathered as it ought; the very money that should pay the City the L200,000
they lent the King, being all gathered and in the hands of the Receiver
and hath been long and yet not brought up to pay the City, whereas we are
coming to borrow 4 or L500,000 more of the City, which will never be lent
as is to be feared. Church being done, my Lord Bruncker, Sir J. Minnes,
and I up to the Vestry at the desire of the justices of the Peace, Sir
Theo. Biddulph and Sir W. Boreman and Alderman Hooker, in order to the
doing something for the keeping of the plague from growing; but Lord! to
consider the madness of the people of the town, who will (because they are
forbid) come in crowds along with the dead corps to see them buried; but
we agreed on some orders for the prevention thereof. Among other stories,
one was very passionate, methought, of a complaint brought against a man
in the towne for taking a child from London from an infected house.
Alderman Hooker told us it was the child of a very able citizen in
Gracious Street, a saddler, who had buried all the rest of his children of
the plague, and himself and wife now being shut up and in despair of
escaping, did desire only to save the life of this little child; and so
prevailed to have it received stark-naked into the arms of a friend, who
brought it (having put it into new fresh clothes) to Greenwich; where upon
hearing the story, we did agree it should be permitted to be received and
kept in the towne. Thence with my Lord Bruncker to Captain Cockes, where
we mighty merry and supped, and very late I by water to Woolwich, in great
apprehensions of an ague. Here was my Lord Brunckers lady of pleasure,
who, I perceive, goes every where with him; and he, I find, is obliged to
carry her, and make all the courtship to her that can be.

4th. Writing letters all the morning, among others to my Lady Carteret,
the first I have wrote to her, telling her the state of the city as to
health and other sorrowfull stories, and thence after dinner to Greenwich,
to Sir J. Minnes, where I found my Lord Bruncker, and having staid our
hour for the justices by agreement, the time being past we to walk in the
Park with Mr. Hammond and Turner, and there eat some fruit out of the
Kings garden and walked in the Parke, and so back to Sir J. Minnes, and
thence walked home, my Lord Bruncker giving me a very neat cane to walk
with; but it troubled me to pass by Coome farme where about twenty-one
people have died of the plague, and three or four days since I saw a dead
corps in a coffin lie in the Close unburied, and a watch is constantly
kept there night and day to keep the people in, the plague making us
cruel, as doggs, one to another.

5th. Up, and walked with some Captains and others talking to me to
Greenwich, they crying out upon Captain Teddimans management of the
business of Bergen, that he staid treating too long while he saw the Dutch
fitting themselves, and that at first he might have taken every ship, and
done what he would with them. How true I cannot tell. Here we sat very
late and for want of money, which lies heavy upon us, did nothing of
business almost. Thence home with my Lord Bruncker to dinner where very
merry with him and his doxy. After dinner comes Colonell Blunt in his new
chariot made with springs; as that was of wicker, wherein a while since we
rode at his house. And he hath rode, he says, now this journey, many miles
in it with one horse, and out-drives any coach, and out-goes any horse,
and so easy, he says. So for curiosity I went into it to try it, and up
the hill to the heath, and over the cart-rutts and found it pretty well,
but not so easy as he pretends, and so back again, and took leave of my
Lord and drove myself in the chariot to the office, and there ended my
letters and home pretty betimes and there found W. Pen, and he staid
supper with us and mighty merry talking of his travells and the French
humours, etc., and so parted and to bed.

6th. Busy all the morning writing letters to several, so to dinner, to
London, to pack up more things thence; and there I looked into the street
and saw fires burning in the street, as it is through the whole City, by
the Lord Mayors order. Thence by water to the Duke of Albemarles: all
the way fires on each side of the Thames, and strange to see in broad
daylight two or three burials upon the Bankeside, one at the very heels of
another: doubtless all of the plague; and yet at least forty or fifty
people going along with every one of them. The Duke mighty pleasant with
me; telling me that he is certainly informed that the Dutch were not come
home upon the 1st instant, and so he hopes our fleete may meet with them,
and here to my great joy I got him to sign bills for the several sums I
have paid on Tangier business by his single letter, and so now I can get
more hands to them. This was a great joy to me: Home to Woolwich late by
water, found wife in bed, and yet late as [it] was to write letters in
order to my rising betimes to go to Povy to-morrow. So to bed, my wife
asking me to-night about a letter of hers I should find, which indeed Mary
did the other day give me as if she had found it in my bed, thinking it
had been mine, brought to her from a man without name owning great
kindness to her and I know not what. But looking it over seriously, and
seeing it bad sense and ill writ, I did believe it to be her brothers and
so had flung it away, but finding her now concerned at it and vexed with
Mary about it, it did trouble me, but I would take no notice of it
to-night, but fell to sleep as if angry.

7th. Up by 5 of the clock, mighty full of fear of an ague, but was obliged
to go, and so by water, wrapping myself up warm, to the Tower, and there
sent for the Weekely Bill, and find 8,252 dead in all, and of them 6,878
of the plague; which is a most dreadfull number, and shows reason to fear
that the plague hath got that hold that it will yet continue among us.
Thence to Brainford, reading The Villaine, a pretty good play, all the
way. There a coach of Mr. Povys stood ready for me, and he at his house
ready to come in, and so we together merrily to Swakely, Sir R. Viners. A
very pleasant place, bought by him of Sir James Harringtons lady. He took
us up and down with great respect, and showed us all his house and
grounds; and it is a place not very moderne in the garden nor house, but
the most uniforme in all that ever I saw; and some things to excess.
Pretty to see over the screene of the hall (put up by Sir J. Harrington, a
Long Parliamentman) the Kings head, and my Lord of Essex on one side, and
Fairfax on the other; and upon the other side of the screene, the parson
of the parish, and the lord of the manor and his sisters. The
window-cases, door-cases, and chimnys of all the house are marble. He
showed me a black boy that he had, that died of a consumption, and being
dead, he caused him to be dried in an oven, and lies there entire in a
box. By and by to dinner, where his lady I find yet handsome, but hath
been a very handsome woman; now is old. Hath brought him near L100,000 and
now he lives, no man in England in greater plenty, and commands both King
and Council with his credit he gives them. Here was a fine lady a
merchants wife at dinner with us, and who should be here in the quality
of a woman but Mrs. Worships daughter, Dr. Clerkes niece, and after
dinner Sir Robert led us up to his long gallery, very fine, above stairs
(and better, or such, furniture I never did see), and there Mrs. Worship
did give us three or four very good songs, and sings very neatly, to my
great delight. After all this, and ending the chief business to my content
about getting a promise of some money of him, we took leave, being
exceedingly well treated here, and a most pleasant journey we had back,
Povy and I, and his company most excellent in anything but business, he
here giving me an account of as many persons at Court as I had a mind or
thought of enquiring after. He tells me by a letter he showed me, that the
King is not, nor hath been of late, very well, but quite out of humour;
and, as some think, in a consumption, and weary of every thing. He showed
me my Lord Arlingtons house that he was born in, in a towne called
Harlington: and so carried me through a most pleasant country to
Brainford, and there put me into my boat, and good night. So I wrapt
myself warm, and by water got to Woolwich about one in the morning, my
wife and all in bed.

8th. Waked, and fell in talk with my wife about the letter, and she
satisfied me that she did not know from whence it come, but believed it
might be from her cozen Franke Moore lately come out of France. The truth
is the thing I think cannot have much in it, and being unwilling (being in
other things so much at ease) to vex myself in a strange place at a
melancholy time, passed all by and were presently friends. Up, and several
with me about business. Anon comes my Lord Bruncker, as I expected, and we
to the enquiring into the business of the late desertion of the
Shipwrights from worke, who had left us for three days together for want
of money, and upon this all the morning, and brought it to a pretty good
issue, that they, we believe, will come to-morrow to work. To dinner,
having but a mean one, yet sufficient for him, and he well enough pleased,
besides that I do not desire to vye entertainments with him or any else.
Here was Captain Cocke also, and Mr. Wayth. We staid together talking upon
one business or other all the afternoon. In the evening my Lord Bruncker
hearing that Mr. Ackeworths clerke, the Dutchman who writes and draws so
well, was transcribing a book of Rates and our ships for Captain Millet a
gallant of his mistresss, we sent for him for it. He would not deliver
it, but said it was his mistresss and had delivered it to her. At last we
were forced to send to her for it; she would come herself, and indeed the
book was a very neat one and worth keeping as a rarity, but we did think
fit, and though much against my will, to cancell all that he had finished
of it, and did give her the rest, which vexed her, and she bore it
discreetly enough, but with a cruel deal of malicious rancour in her
looks. I must confess I would have persuaded her to have let us have it to
the office, and it may be the board would not have censured too hardly of
it, but my intent was to have had it as a Record for the office, but she
foresaw what would be the end of it and so desired it might rather be
cancelled, which was a plaguy deal of spite. My Lord Bruncker being gone
and company, and she also, afterwards I took my wife and people and walked
into the fields about a while till night, and then home, and so to sing a
little and then to bed. I was in great trouble all this day for my boy Tom
who went to Greenwich yesterday by my order and come not home till
to-night for fear of the plague, but he did come home to-night, saying he
staid last night by Mr. Haters advice hoping to have me called as I come
home with my boat to come along with me.

9th. Up and walked to Greenwich, and there we sat and dispatched a good
deal of business I had a mind to. At noon, by invitation, to my Lord
Brunckers, all of us, to dinner, where a good venison pasty, and mighty
merry. Here was Sir W. Doyly, lately come from Ipswich about the sicke and
wounded, and Mr. Evelyn and Captain Cocke. My wife also was sent for by my
Lord Bruncker, by Cocke, and was here. After dinner, my Lord and his
mistress would see her home again, it being a most cursed rainy afternoon,
having had none a great while before, and I, forced to go to the office on
foot through all the rain, was almost wet to my skin, and spoiled my silke
breeches almost. Rained all the afternoon and evening, so as my letters
being done, I was forced to get a bed at Captain Cockes, where I find Sir
W. Doyly, and he, and Evelyn at supper; and I with them full of discourse
of the neglect of our masters, the great officers of State, about all
business, and especially that of money: having now some thousands
prisoners, kept to no purpose at a great charge, and no money provided
almost for the doing of it. We fell to talk largely of the want of some
persons understanding to look after businesses, but all goes to rack.
For, says Captain Cocke, my Lord Treasurer, he minds his ease, and lets
things go how they will: if he can have his L8000 per annum, and a game at
lombre,—[Spanish card game]—he is well. My Lord Chancellor he
minds getting of money and nothing else; and my Lord Ashly will rob the
Devil and the Alter, but he will get money if it be to be got. But that
that put us into this great melancholy, was newes brought to-day, which
Captain Cocke reports as a certain truth, that all the Dutch fleete,
men-of-war and merchant East India ships, are got every one in from Bergen
the 3d of this month, Sunday last; which will make us all ridiculous. The
fleete come home with shame to require a great deale of money, which is
not to be had, to discharge many men that must get the plague then or
continue at greater charge on shipboard, nothing done by them to encourage
the Parliament to give money, nor the Kingdom able to spare any money, if
they would, at this time of the plague, so that, as things look at
present, the whole state must come to ruine. Full of these melancholy
thoughts, to bed; where, though I lay the softest I ever did in my life,
with a downe bed, after the Danish manner, upon me, yet I slept very ill,
chiefly through the thoughts of my Lord Sandwichs concernment in all this
ill successe at sea.

10th (Lords day). Walked home; being forced thereto by one of my watermen
falling sick yesterday, and it was Gods great mercy I did not go by water
with them yesterday, for he fell sick on Saturday night, and it is to be
feared of the plague. So I sent him away to London with his fellow; but
another boat come to me this morning, whom I sent to Blackewall for Mr.
Andrews. I walked to Woolwich, and there find Mr. Hill, and he and I all
the morning at musique and a song he hath set of three parts, methinks,
very good. Anon comes Mr. Andrews, though it be a very ill day, and so
after dinner we to musique and sang till about 4 or 5 oclock, it blowing
very hard, and now and then raining, and wind and tide being against us,
Andrews and I took leave and walked to Greenwich. My wife before I come
out telling me the ill news that she hears that her father is very ill,
and then I told her I feared of the plague, for that the house is shut up.
And so she much troubled she did desire me to send them something; and I
said I would, and will do so. But before I come out there happened newes
to come to the by an expresse from Mr. Coventry, telling me the most happy
news of my Lord Sandwichs meeting with part of the Dutch; his taking two
of their East India ships, and six or seven others, and very good prizes
and that he is in search of the rest of the fleet, which he hopes to find
upon the Wellbancke, with the loss only of the Hector, poor Captain
Cuttle. This newes do so overjoy me that I know not what to say enough to
express it, but the better to do it I did walk to Greenwich, and there
sending away Mr. Andrews, I to Captain Cockes, where I find my Lord
Bruncker and his mistress, and Sir J. Minnes. Where we supped (there was
also Sir W. Doyly and Mr. Evelyn); but the receipt of this newes did put
us all into such an extacy of joy, that it inspired into Sir J. Minnes and
Mr. Evelyn such a spirit of mirth, that in all my life I never met with so
merry a two hours as our company this night was. Among other humours, Mr.
Evelyns repeating of some verses made up of nothing but the various
acceptations of may and can, and doing it so aptly upon occasion of
something of that nature, and so fast, did make us all die almost with
laughing, and did so stop the mouth of Sir J. Minnes in the middle of all
his mirth (and in a thing agreeing with his own manner of genius), that I
never saw any man so out-done in all my life; and Sir J. Minness mirth
too to see himself out-done, was the crown of all our mirth. In this
humour we sat till about ten at night, and so my Lord and his mistress
home, and we to bed, it being one of the times of my life wherein I was
the fullest of true sense of joy.

11th. Up and walked to the office, there to do some business till ten of
the clock, and then by agreement my Lord, Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Doyly, and
I took boat and over to the ferry, where Sir W. Battens coach was ready
for us, and to Walthamstow drove merrily, excellent merry discourse in the
way, and most upon our last nights revells; there come we were very
merry, and a good plain venison dinner. After dinner to billiards, where I
won an angel,

     [A gold coin, so called because it bore the image of an angel,
     varying in value from six shillings and eightpence to ten

and among other sports we were merry with my pretending to have a warrant
to Sir W. Hickes (who was there, and was out of humour with Sir W. Doylys
having lately got a warrant for a leash of buckes, of which we were now
eating one) which vexed him, and at last would compound with me to give my
Lord Bruncker half a buck now, and me a Doe for it a while hence when the
season comes in, which we agreed to and had held, but that we fear Sir W.
Doyly did betray our design, which spoiled all; however, my Lady Batten
invited herself to dine with him this week, and she invited us all to dine
with her there, which we agreed to, only to vex him, he being the most
niggardly fellow, it seems, in the world. Full of good victuals and mirth
we set homeward in the evening, and very merry all the way. So to
Greenwich, where when come I find my Lord Rutherford and Creed come from
Court, and among other things have brought me several orders for money to
pay for Tangier; and, among the rest L7000 and more, to this Lord, which
is an excellent thing to consider, that, though they can do nothing else,
they can give away the Kings money upon their progresse. I did give him
the best answer I could to pay him with tallys, and that is all they could
get from me. I was not in humour to spend much time with them, but walked
a little before Sir J. Minness door and then took leave, and I by water
to Woolwich, where with my wife to a game at tables,

     [The old name for backgammon, used by Shakespeare and others.  The
     following lines are from an epitaph entirely made up of puns on

              Mans lifes a game at tables, and he may
               Mend his bad fortune by his wiser play.

                              Wits Recre., i. 250, reprint, 1817.]

and to bed.

12th. Up, and walked to the office, where we sat late, and thence to
dinner home with Sir J. Minnes, and so to the office, where writing
letters, and home in the evening, where my wife shews me a letter from her
brother speaking of their fathers being ill, like to die, which, God
forgive me! did not trouble me so much as it should, though I was indeed
sorry for it. I did presently resolve to send him something in a letter
from my wife, viz. 20s. So to bed.

13th. Up, and walked to Greenwich, taking pleasure to walk with my minute
watch in my hand, by which I am come now to see the distances of my way
from Woolwich to Greenwich, and do find myself to come within two minutes
constantly to the same place at the end of each quarter of an houre. Here
we rendezvoused at Captain Cockes, and there eat oysters, and so my Lord
Bruncker, Sir J. Minnes, and I took boat, and in my Lords coach to Sir W.
Hickess, whither by and by my Lady Batten and Sir William comes. It is a
good seat, with a fair grove of trees by it, and the remains of a good
garden; but so let to run to ruine, both house and every thing in and
about it, so ill furnished and miserably looked after, I never did see in
all my life. Not so much as a latch to his dining-room door; which saved
him nothing, for the wind blowing into the room for want thereof, flung
down a great bow pott that stood upon the side-table, and that fell upon
some Venice glasses, and did him a crowns worth of hurt. He did give us
the meanest dinner (of beef, shoulder and umbles of venison

     [Dr. Johnson was puzzled by the following passage in The Merry
     Wives of Windsor, act v., sc. 3: Divide me like a bribe-buck, each
     a haunch.  I will keep the sides to myself; my shoulders for the
     fellow of this walk.  If he could have read the account of Sir
     William Hickess dinner, he would at once have understood the
     allusion to the keepers perquisites of the shoulders of all deer
     killed in his walk.—B.]

which he takes away from the keeper of the Forest, and a few pigeons, and
all in the meanest manner) that ever I did see, to the basest degree.
After dinner we officers of the Navy stepped aside to read some letters
and consider some business, and so in again. I was only pleased at a very
fine picture of the Queene-Mother, when she was young, by Van-Dike; a very
good picture, and a lovely sweet face. Thence in the afternoon home, and
landing at Greenwich I saw Mr. Pen walking my way, so we walked together,
and for discourse I put him into talk of France, when he took delight to
tell me of his observations, some good, some impertinent, and all ill
told, but it served for want of better, and so to my house, where I find
my wife abroad, and hath been all this day, nobody knows where, which
troubled me, it being late and a cold evening. So being invited to his
mothers to supper, we took Mrs. Barbara, who was mighty finely dressed,
and in my Ladys coach, which we met going for my wife, we thither, and
there after some discourse went to supper. By and by comes my wife and
Mercer, and had been with Captain Cocke all day, he coming and taking her
out to go see his boy at school at Brumly [Bromley], and brought her home
again with great respect. Here pretty merry, only I had no stomach, having
dined late, to eat. After supper Mr. Pen and I fell to discourse about
some words in a French song my wife was saying, Dun air tout interdict,
wherein I laid twenty to one against him which he would not agree with me,
though I know myself in the right as to the sense of the word, and almost
angry we were, and were an houre and more upon the dispute, till at last
broke up not satisfied, and so home in their coach and so to bed. H.
Russell did this day deliver my 20s. to my wifes father or mother, but
has not yet told us how they do.

14th September. Up, and walked to Greenwich, and there fitted myself in several
businesses to go to London, where I have not been now a pretty while. But
before I went from the office newes is brought by word of mouth that
letters are now just now brought from the fleete of our taking a great
many more of the Dutch fleete, in which I did never more plainly see my
command of my temper in my not admitting myself to receive any kind of joy
from it till I had heard the certainty of it, and therefore went by water
directly to the Duke of Albemarle, where I find a letter of the Lath from
Solebay, from my Lord Sandwich, of the fleetes meeting with about
eighteen more of the Dutch fleete, and his taking of most of them; and the
messenger says, they had taken three after the letter was wrote and
sealed; which being twenty-one, and the fourteen took the other day, is
forty-five sail; some of which are good, and others rich ships, which is
so great a cause of joy in us all that my Lord and everybody is highly
joyed thereat. And having taken a copy of my Lords letter, I away back
again to the Beare at the Bridge foot, being full of wind and out of
order, and there called for a biscuit and a piece of cheese and gill of
sacke, being forced to walk over the Bridge, toward the Change, and the
plague being all thereabouts. Here my news was highly welcome, and I did
wonder to see the Change so full, I believe 200 people; but not a man or
merchant of any fashion, but plain men all. And Lord! to see how I did
endeavour all I could to talk with as few as I could, there being now no
observation of shutting up of houses infected, that to be sure we do
converse and meet with people that have the plague upon them. I to Sir
Robert Viners, where my main business was about settling the business of
Debustys L5000 tallys, which I did for the present to enable me to have
some money, and so home, buying some things for my wife in the way. So
home, and put up several things to carry to Woolwich, and upon serious
thoughts I am advised by W. Griffin to let my money and plate rest there,
as being as safe as any place, nobody imagining that people would leave
money in their houses now, when all their families are gone. So for the
present that being my opinion, I did leave them there still. But, Lord! to
see the trouble that it puts a man to, to keep safe what with pain a man
hath been getting together, and there is good reason for it. Down to the
office, and there wrote letters to and again about this good newes of our
victory, and so by water home late. Where, when I come home I spent some
thoughts upon the occurrences of this day, giving matter for as much
content on one hand and melancholy on another, as any day in all my life.
For the first; the finding of my money and plate, and all safe at London,
and speeding in my business of money this day. The hearing of this good
news to such excess, after so great a despair of my Lords doing anything
this year; adding to that, the decrease of 500 and more, which is the
first decrease we have yet had in the sickness since it begun: and great
hopes that the next week it will be greater. Then, on the other side, my
finding that though the Bill in general is abated, yet the City within the
walls is encreased, and likely to continue so, and is close to our house
there. My meeting dead corpses of the plague, carried to be buried close
to me at noon-day through the City in Fanchurch-street. To see a person
sick of the sores, carried close by me by Gracechurch in a hackney-coach.
My finding the Angell tavern, at the lower end of Tower-hill, shut up, and
more than that, the alehouse at the Tower-stairs, and more than that, the
person was then dying of the plague when I was last there, a little while
ago, at night, to write a short letter there, and I overheard the
mistresse of the house sadly saying to her husband somebody was very ill,
but did not think it was of the plague. To hear that poor Payne, my
waiter, hath buried a child, and is dying himself. To hear that a labourer
I sent but the other day to Dagenhams, to know how they did there, is dead
of the plague; and that one of my own watermen, that carried me daily,
fell sick as soon as he had landed me on Friday morning last, when I had
been all night upon the water (and I believe he did get his infection that
day at Brainford), and is now dead of the plague. To hear that Captain
Lambert and Cuttle are killed in the taking these ships; and that Mr.
Sidney Montague is sick of a desperate fever at my Lady Carterets, at
Scotts-hall. To hear that Mr. Lewes hath another daughter sick. And,
lastly, that both my servants, W. Hewer and Tom Edwards, have lost their
fathers, both in St. Sepulchres parish, of the plague this week, do put
me into great apprehensions of melancholy, and with good reason. But I put
off the thoughts of sadness as much as I can, and the rather to keep my
wife in good heart and family also. After supper (having eat nothing all
this day) upon a fine tench of Mr. Sheldens taking, we to bed.

15th. Up, it being a cold misting morning, and so by water to the office,
where very busy upon several businesses. At noon got the messenger,
Marlow, to get me a piece of bread and butter and cheese and a bottle of
beer and ale, and so I went not out of the office but dined off that, and
my boy Tom, but the rest of my clerks went home to dinner. Then to my
business again, and by and by sent my waterman to see how Sir W. Warren
do, who is sicke, and for which I have reason to be very sorry, he being
the friend I have got most by of most friends in England but the King: who
returns me that he is pretty well again, his disease being an ague. I by
water to Deptford, thinking to have seen my valentine, but I could not,
and so come back again, and to the office, where a little business, and
thence with Captain Cocke, and there drank a cup of good drink, which I am
fain to allow myself during this plague time, by advice of all, and not
contrary to my oathe, my physician being dead, and chyrurgeon out of the
way, whose advice I am obliged to take, and so by water home and eat my
supper, and to bed, being in much pain to think what I shall do this
winter time; for go every day to Woolwich I cannot, without endangering my
life; and staying from my wife at Greenwich is not handsome.

16th. Up, and walked to Greenwich reading a play, and to the office, where
I find Sir J. Minnes gone to the fleete, like a doating foole, to do no
good, but proclaim himself an asse; for no service he can do there, nor
inform my Lord, who is come in thither to the buoy of the Nore, in
anything worth his knowledge. At noon to dinner to my Lord Bruncker, where
Sir W. Batten and his Lady come, by invitation, and very merry we were,
only that the discourse of the likelihood of the increase of the plague
this weeke makes us a little sad, but then again the thoughts of the late
prizes make us glad. After dinner, by appointment, comes Mr. Andrews, and
he and I walking alone in the garden talking of our Tangier business, and
I endeavoured by the by to offer some encouragements for their continuing
in the business, which he seemed to take hold of, and the truth is my
profit is so much concerned that I could wish they would, and would take
pains to ease them in the business of money as much as was possible. He
being gone (after I had ordered him L2000, and he paid me my quantum out
of it) I also walked to the office, and there to my business; but find
myself, through the unfitness of my place to write in, and my coming from
great dinners, and drinking wine, that I am not in the good temper of
doing business now a days that I used to be and ought still to be. At
night to Captain Cockes, meaning to lie there, it being late, and he not
being at home, I walked to him to my Lord Brunckers, and there staid a
while, they being at tables; and so by and by parted, and walked to his
house; and, after a mess of good broth, to bed, in great pleasure, his
company being most excellent.

17th (Lords day). Up, and before I went out of my chamber did draw a
musique scale, in order to my having it at any time ready in my hand to
turn to for exercise, for I have a great mind in this Vacation to perfect
myself in my scale, in order to my practising of composition, and so that
being done I down stairs, and there find Captain Cocke under the barbers
hands, the barber that did heretofore trim Commissioner Pett, and with
whom I have been. He offered to come this day after dinner with his violin
to play me a set of Lyra-ayres upon it, which I was glad of, hoping to be
merry thereby. Being ready we to church, where a company of fine people to
church, and a fine Church, and very good sermon, Mr. Plume being a very
excellent scholler and preacher. Coming out of the church I met Mrs.
Pierce, whom I was ashamed to see, having not been with her since my
coming to town, but promised to visit her. Thence with Captain Cocke, in
his coach, home to dinner, whither comes by invitation my Lord Bruncker
and his mistresse and very good company we were, but in dinner time comes
Sir J. Minnes from the fleete, like a simple weak man, having nothing to
say of what he hath done there, but tells of what value he imagines the
prizes to be, and that my Lord Sandwich is well, and mightily concerned to
hear that I was well. But this did put me upon a desire of going thither;
and, moving of it to my Lord, we presently agreed upon it to go this very
tide, we two and Captain Cocke. So every body prepared to fit himself for
his journey, and I walked to Woolwich to trim and shift myself, and by the
time I was ready they come down in the Bezan yacht, and so I aboard and my
boy Tom, and there very merrily we sailed to below Gravesend, and there
come to anchor for all night, and supped and talked, and with much
pleasure at last settled ourselves to sleep having very good lodging upon
cushions in the cabbin.

18th. By break of day we come to within sight of the fleete, which was a
very fine thing to behold, being above 100 ships, great and small; with
the flag-ships of each squadron, distinguished by their several flags on
their main, fore, or mizen masts. Among others, the Soveraigne, Charles,
and Prince; in the last of which my Lord Sandwich was. When we called by
her side his Lordshipp was not stirring, so we come to anchor a little
below his ship, thinking to have rowed on board him, but the wind and tide
was so strong against us that we could not get up to him, no, though rowed
by a boat of the Princes that come to us to tow us up; at last however he
brought us within a little way, and then they flung out a rope to us from
the Prince and so come on board, but with great trouble and tune and
patience, it being very cold; we find my Lord newly up in his night-gown
very well. He received us kindly; telling us the state of the fleet,
lacking provisions, having no beer at all, nor have had most of them these
three weeks or month, and but few days dry provisions. And indeed he
tells us that he believes no fleete was ever set to sea in so ill
condition of provision, as this was when it went out last. He did inform
us in the business of Bergen,

     [Lord Sandwich was not so successful in convincing other people as
     to the propriety of his conduct at Bergen as he was with Pepys.]

so as to let us see how the judgment of the world is not to be depended on
in things they know not; it being a place just wide enough, and not so
much hardly, for ships to go through to it, the yardarmes sticking in the
very rocks. He do not, upon his best enquiry, find reason to except
against any part of the management of the business by Teddiman; he having
staid treating no longer than during the night, whiles he was fitting
himself to fight, bringing his ship a-breast, and not a quarter of an hour
longer (as is said); nor could more ships have been brought to play, as is
thought. Nor could men be landed, there being 10,000 men effectively
always in armes of the Danes; nor, says he, could we expect more from the
Dane than he did, it being impossible to set fire on the ships but it must
burn the towne. But that wherein the Dane did amisse is, that he did
assist them, the Dutch, all the while, while he was treating with us,
while he should have been neutrall to us both. But, however, he did demand
but the treaty of us; which is, that we should not come with more than
five ships. A flag of truce is said, and confessed by my Lord, that he
believes it was hung out; but while they did hang it out, they did shoot
at us; so that it was not either seen perhaps, or fit to cease upon sight
of it, while they continued actually in action against us. But the main
thing my Lord wonders at, and condemns the Dane for, is, that the
blockhead, who is so much in debt to the Hollander, having now a treasure
more by much than all his Crowne was worth, and that which would for ever
have beggared the Hollanders, should not take this time to break with the
Hollander, and, thereby paid his debt which must have been forgiven him,
and got the greatest treasure into his hands that ever was together in the
world. By and by my Lord took me aside to discourse of his private
matters, who was very free with me touching the ill condition of the
fleete that it hath been in, and the good fortune that he hath had, and
nothing else that these prizes are to be imputed to. He also talked with
me about Mr. Coventrys dealing with him in sending Sir W. Pen away before
him, which was not fair nor kind; but that he hath mastered and cajoled
Sir W. Pen, that he hath been able to do, nothing in the fleete, but been
obedient to him; but withal tells me he is a man that is but of very mean
parts, and a fellow not to be lived with, so false and base he is; which I
know well enough to be very true, and did, as I had formerly done, give my
Lord my knowledge of him. By and by was called a Council of Warr on board,
when come Sir W. Pen there, and Sir Christopher Mings, Sir Edward Spragg,
Sir Jos. Jordan, Sir Thomas Teddiman, and Sir Roger Cuttance, and so the
necessity of the fleete for victuals, clothes, and money was discoursed,
but by the discourse there of all but my Lord, that is to say, the
counterfeit grave nonsense of Sir W. Pen and the poor mean discourse of
the rest, methinks I saw how the government and management of the greatest
business of the three nations is committed to very ordinary heads, saving
my Lord, and in effect is only upon him, who is able to do what he pleases
with them, they not having the meanest degree of reason to be able to
oppose anything that he says, and so I fear it is ordered but like all the
rest of the Kings publique affayres. The council being up they most of
them went away, only Sir W. Pen who staid to dine there and did so, but
the wind being high the ship (though the motion of it was hardly
discernible to the eye) did make me sick, so as I could not eat any thing
almost. After dinner Cocke did pray me to helpe him to L500 of W. How, who
is deputy Treasurer, wherein my Lord Bruncker and I am to be concerned and
I did aske it my Lord, and he did consent to have us furnished with L500,
and I did get it paid to Sir Roger Cuttance and Mr. Pierce in part for
above L1000 worth of goods, Mace, Nutmegs, Cynamon, and Cloves, and he
tells us we may hope to get L1500 by it, which God send! Great spoil, I
hear, there hath been of the two East India ships, and that yet they will
come in to the King very rich: so that I hope this journey will be worth
L100 to me.

     [There is a shorthand journal of proceedings relating to Pepyss
     purchase of some East India prize goods among the Rawlinson MSS. in
     the Bodleian Library.]

After having paid this money, we took leave of my Lord and so to our Yacht
again, having seen many of my friends there. Among others I hear that W.
Howe will grow very rich by this last business and grows very proud and
insolent by it; but it is what I ever expected. I hear by every body how
much my poor Lord of Sandwich was concerned for me during my silence a
while, lest I had been dead of the plague in this sickly time. No sooner
come into the yacht, though overjoyed with the good work we have done
to-day, but I was overcome with sea sickness so that I begun to spue
soundly, and so continued a good while, till at last I went into the
cabbin and shutting my eyes my trouble did cease that I fell asleep, which
continued till we come into Chatham river where the water was smooth, and
then I rose and was very well, and the tide coming to be against us we did
land before we come to Chatham and walked a mile, having very good
discourse by the way, it being dark and it beginning to rain just as we
got thither. At Commissioner Petts we did eat and drink very well and
very merry we were, and about 10 at night, it being moonshine and very
cold, we set out, his coach carrying us, and so all night travelled to
Greenwich, we sometimes sleeping a little and then talking and laughing by
the way, and with much pleasure, but that it was very horrible cold, that
I was afeard of an ague. A pretty passage was that the coach stood of a
sudden and the coachman come down and the horses stirring, he cried, Hold!
which waked me, and the coach[man] standing at the boote to [do] something
or other and crying, Hold! I did wake of a sudden and not knowing who he
was, nor thinking of the coachman between sleeping and waking I did take
up the heart to take him by the shoulder, thinking verily he had been a
thief. But when I waked I found my cowardly heart to discover a fear
within me and that I should never have done it if I had been awake.

19th. About 4 or 5 of the clock we come to Greenwich, and, having first
set down my Lord Bruncker, Cocke and I went to his house, it being light,
and there to our great trouble, we being sleepy and cold, we met with the
ill newes that his boy Jacke was gone to bed sicke, which put Captain
Cocke and me also into much trouble, the boy, as they told us, complaining
of his head most, which is a bad sign it seems. So they presently betook
themselves to consult whither and how to remove him. However I thought it
not fit for me to discover too much fear to go away, nor had I any place
to go to. So to bed I went and slept till 10 of the clock and then comes
Captain Cocke to wake me and tell me that his boy was well again. With
great joy I heard the newes and he told it, so I up and to the office
where we did a little, and but a little business. At noon by invitation to
my Lord Brunckers where we staid till four of the clock for my Lady
Batten and she not then coming we to dinner and pretty merry but
disordered by her making us stay so long. After dinner I to the office,
and there wrote letters and did business till night and then to Sir J.
Minness, where I find my Lady Batten come, and she and my Lord Bruncker
and his mistresse, and the whole house-full there at cards. But by and by
my Lord Bruncker goes away and others of the company, and when I expected
Sir J. Minnes and his sister should have staid to have made Sir W. Batten
and Lady sup, I find they go up in snuffe to bed without taking any manner
of leave of them, but left them with Mr. Boreman. The reason of this I
could not presently learn, but anon I hear it is that Sir J. Minnes did
expect and intend them a supper, but they without respect to him did first
apply themselves to Boreman, which makes all this great feude. However I
staid and there supped, all of us being in great disorder from this, and
more from Cockes boys being ill, where my Lady Batten and Sir W. Batten
did come to town with an intent to lodge, and I was forced to go seek a
lodging which my W. Hewer did get me, viz., his own chamber in the towne,
whither I went and found it a very fine room, and there lay most

20th. Called up by Captain Cocke (who was last night put into great
trouble upon his boys being rather worse than better, upon which he
removed him out of his house to his stable), who told me that to my
comfort his boy was now as well as ever he was in his life. So I up, and
after being trimmed, the first time I have been touched by a barber these
twelvemonths, I think, and more, went to Sir J. Minness, where I find all
out of order still, they having not seen one another till by and by Sir J.
Minnes and Sir W. Batten met, to go into my Lord Brunckers coach, and so
we four to Lambeth, and thence to the Duke of Albemarle, to inform him
what we have done as to the fleete, which is very little, and to receive
his direction. But, Lord! what a sad time it is to see no boats upon the
River; and grass grows all up and down White Hall court, and nobody but
poor wretches in the streets! And, which is worst of all, the Duke showed
us the number of the plague this week, brought in the last night from the
Lord Mayor; that it is encreased about 600 more than the last, which is
quite contrary to all our hopes and expectations, from the coldness of the
late season. For the whole general number is 8,297, and of them the plague
7,165; which is more in the whole by above 50, than the biggest Bill yet;
which is very grievous to us all. I find here a design in my Lord Bruncker
and Captain Cocke to have had my Lord Bruncker chosen as one of us to have
been sent aboard one of the East Indiamen, and Captain Cocke as a merchant
to be joined with him, and Sir J. Minnes for the other, and Sir G. Smith
to be joined with him. But I did order it so that my Lord Bruncker and Sir
J. Minnes were ordered, but I did stop the merchants to be added, which
would have been a most pernicious thing to the King I am sure. In this I
did, I think, a very good office, though I cannot acquit myself from some
envy of mine in the business to have the profitable business done by
another hand while I lay wholly imployed in the trouble of the office.
Thence back again by my Lords coach to my Lord Brunckers house, where I
find my Lady Batten, who is become very great with Mrs. Williams (my Lord
Brunckers whore), and there we dined and were mighty merry. After dinner
I to the office there to write letters, to fit myself for a journey
to-morrow to Nonsuch to the Exchequer by appointment. That being done I to
Sir J. Minnes where I find Sir W. Batten and his Lady gone home to
Walthamstow in great snuffe as to Sir J. Minnes, but yet with some
necessity, hearing that a mayde-servant of theirs is taken ill. Here I
staid and resolved of my going in my Lord Brunckers coach which he would
have me to take, though himself cannot go with me as he intended, and so
to my last nights lodging to bed very weary.

21st. Up between five and six oclock; and by the time I was ready, my
Lords coach comes for me; and taking Will Hewer with me, who is all in
mourning for his father, who is lately dead of the plague, as my boy Toms
is also, I set out, and took about L100 with me to pay the fees there, and
so rode in some fear of robbing. When I come thither, I find only Mr.
Ward, who led me to Burgesss bedside, and Spicers, who, watching of the
house, as it is their turns every night, did lie long in bed to-day, and I
find nothing at all done in my business, which vexed me. But not seeing
how to helpe it I did walk up and down with Mr. Ward to see the house; and
by and by Spicer and Mr. Falconbrige come to me and he and I to a towne
near by, Yowell, there drink and set up my horses and also bespoke a
dinner, and while that is dressing went with Spicer and walked up and down
the house and park; and a fine place it hath heretofore been, and a fine
prospect about the house. A great walk of an elme and a walnutt set one
after another in order. And all the house on the outside filled with
figures of stories, and good painting of Rubens or Holbens doing. And
one great thing is, that most of the house is covered, I mean the posts,
and quarters in the walls; covered with lead, and gilded. I walked into
the ruined garden, and there found a plain little girle, kinswoman of Mr.
Falconbridge, to sing very finely by the eare only, but a fine way of
singing, and if I come ever to lacke a girle again I shall think of
getting her. Thence to the towne, and there Spicer, Woodruffe, and W.
Bowyer and I dined together and a friend of Spicers; and a good dinner I
had for them. Falconbrige dined somewhere else, by appointment. Strange to
see how young W. Bowyer looks at 41 years; one would not take him for 24
or more, and is one of the greatest wonders I ever did see. After dinner,
about 4 of the clock we broke up, and I took coach and home (in fear for
the money I had with me, but that this friend of Spicers, one of the
Dukes guard did ride along the best part of the way with us). I got to my
Lord Brunckers before night, and there I sat and supped with him and his
mistresse, and Cocke whose boy is yet ill. Thence, after losing a crowne
betting at Tables—[Cribbage]—, we walked home, Cocke seeing me
at my new lodging, where I went to bed. All my worke this day in the coach
going and coming was to refresh myself in my musique scale, which I would
fain have perfecter than ever I had yet.

22nd. Up betimes and to the office, meaning to have entered my last 5 or 6
days Journall, but was called away by my Lord Bruncker and Sir J. Minnes,
and to Blackwall, there to look after the storehouses in order to the
laying of goods out of the East India ships when they shall be unloaden.
That being done, we into Johnsons house, and were much made of, eating
and drinking. But here it is observable what he tells us, that in digging
his late Docke, he did 12 foot under ground find perfect trees
over-covered with earth. Nut trees, with the branches and the very nuts
upon them; some of whose nuts he showed us. Their shells black with age,
and their kernell, upon opening, decayed, but their shell perfectly hard
as ever. And a yew tree he showed us (upon which, he says, the very ivy
was taken up whole about it), which upon cutting with an addes [adze], we
found to be rather harder than the living tree usually is. They say, very
much, but I do not know how hard a yew tree naturally is.

     [The same discovery was made in 1789, in digging the Brunswick Dock,
     also at Blackwall, and elsewhere in the neighbourhood.]

The armes, they say, were taken up at first whole, about the body, which
is very strange. Thence away by water, and I walked with my Lord Bruncker
home, and there at dinner comes a letter from my Lord Sandwich to tell me
that he would this day be at Woolwich, and desired me to meet him. Which
fearing might have lain in Sir J. Minnes pocket a while, he sending it
me, did give my Lord Bruncker, his mistress, and I occasion to talk of him
as the most unfit man for business in the world. Though at last afterwards
I found that he was not in this faulty, but hereby I have got a clear
evidence of my Lord Brunckers opinion of him. My Lord Bruncker presently
ordered his coach to be ready and we to Woolwich, and my Lord Sandwich not
being come, we took a boat and about a mile off met him in his Catch, and
boarded him, and come up with him; and, after making a little halt at my
house, which I ordered, to have my wife see him, we all together by coach
to Mr. Boremans, where Sir J. Minnes did receive him very handsomely, and
there he is to lie; and Sir J. Minnes did give him on the sudden, a very
handsome supper and brave discourse, my Lord Bruncker, and Captain Cocke,
and Captain Herbert being there, with myself. Here my Lord did witness
great respect to me, and very kind expressions, and by other occasions,
from one thing to another did take notice how I was overjoyed at first to
see the Kings letter to his Lordship, and told them how I did kiss it,
and that, whatever he was, I did always love the King. This my Lord
Bruncker did take such notice [of] as that he could not forbear kissing me
before my Lord, professing his finding occasion every day more and more to
love me, and Captain Cocke has since of himself taken notice of that
speech of my Lord then concerning me, and may be of good use to me. Among
other discourse concerning long life, Sir J. Minnes saying that his
great-grandfather was alive in Edward the Vths time; my Lord Sandwich did
tell us how few there have been of his family since King Harry the VIIIth;
that is to say, the then Chiefe Justice, and his son the Lord Montagu, who
was father to Sir Sidney,

     [These are the words in the MS., and not his son and the Lord
     Montagu, as in some former editions.  Pepys seems to have written
     Lord Montagu by mistake for Sir Edward Montagu.]

who was his father. And yet, what is more wonderfull, he did assure us
from the mouth of my Lord Montagu himself, that in King Jamess time
([when he] had a mind to get the King to cut off the entayle of some land
which was given in Harry the VIIIths time to the family, with the
remainder in the Crowne); he did answer the King in showing how unlikely
it was that ever it could revert to the Crown, but that it would be a
present convenience to him; and did show that at that time there were
4,000 persons derived from the very body of the Chiefe Justice. It seems
the number of daughters in the family having been very great, and they too
had most of them many children, and grandchildren, and
great-grandchildren. This he tells as a most known and certain truth.
After supper, my Lord Bruncker took his leave, and I also did mine, taking
Captain Herbert home to my lodging to lie with me, who did mighty
seriously inquire after who was that in the black dress with my wife
yesterday, and would not believe that it was my wifes mayde, Mercer, but
it was she.

23rd. Up, and to my Lord Sandwich, who did advise alone with me how far he
might trust Captain Cocke in the business of the prize-goods, my Lord
telling me that he hath taken into his hands 2 or L3000 value of them: it
being a good way, he says, to get money, and afterwards to get the Kings
allowance thereof, it being easier, he observes, to keepe money when got
of the King than to get it when it is too late. I advised him not to trust
Cocke too far, and did therefore offer him ready money for a L1000 or two,
which he listens to and do agree to, which is great joy to me, hoping
thereby to get something! Thence by coach to Lambeth, his Lordship, and
all our office, and Mr. Evelyn, to the Duke of Albemarle, where, after the
compliment with my Lord very kind, we sat down to consult of the disposing
and supporting of the fleete with victuals and money, and for the sicke
men and prisoners; and I did propose the taking out some goods out of the
prizes, to the value of L10,000, which was accorded to, and an order,
drawn up and signed by the Duke and my Lord, done in the best manner I
can, and referred to my Lord Bruncker and Sir J. Minnes, but what
inconveniences may arise from it I do not yet see, but fear there may be
many. Here we dined, and I did hear my Lord Craven whisper, as he is
mightily possessed with a good opinion of me, much to my advantage, which
my good Lord did second, and anon my Lord Craven did speak publiquely of
me to the Duke, in the hearing of all the rest; and the Duke did say
something of the like advantage to me; I believe, not much to the
satisfaction of my brethren; but I was mightily joyed at it. Thence took
leave, leaving my Lord Sandwich to go visit the Bishop of Canterbury, and
I and Sir W. Batten down to the Tower, where he went further by water, and
I home, and among other things took out all my gold to carry along with me
to-night with Captain Cocke downe to the fleete, being L180 and more,
hoping to lay out that and a great deal more to good advantage. Thence
down to Greenwich to the office, and there wrote several letters, and so
to my Lord Sandwich, and mighty merry and he mighty kind to me in the face
of all, saying much in my favour, and after supper I took leave and with
Captain Cocke set out in the yacht about ten oclock at night, and after
some discourse, and drinking a little, my mind full of what we are going
about and jealous of Cockes outdoing me. So to sleep upon beds brought by
Cocke on board mighty handsome, and never slept better than upon this bed
upon the floor in the Cabbin.

24th (Lords day). Waked, and up and drank, and then to discourse; and
then being about Grayes, and a very calme, curious morning, we took our
wherry, and to the fishermen, and bought a great deal of fine fish, and to
Gravesend to Whites, and had part of it dressed; and, in the meantime, we
to walk about a mile from the towne, and so back again; and there, after
breakfast, one of our watermen told us he had heard of a bargain of cloves
for us, and we went to a blind alehouse at the further end wretched dirty
seamen, who, of the towne to a couple of poor wretches, had got together
about 37 lb. of cloves and to 10 of nutmeggs, and we bought them of them,
the first at 5s. 6d. per lb. and the latter at 4s.; and paid them in gold;
but, Lord! to see how silly these men are in the selling of it, and easily
to be persuaded almost to anything, offering a bag to us to pass as 20
lbs. of cloves, which upon weighing proved 25 lbs. But it would never have
been allowed by my conscience to have wronged the poor wretches, who told
us how dangerously they had got some, and dearly paid for the rest of
these goods. This being done we with great content herein on board again
and there Captain Cocke and I to discourse of our business, but he will
not yet be open to me, nor am I to him till I hear what he will say and do
with Sir Roger Cuttance. However, this discourse did do me good, and got
me a copy of the agreement made the other day on board for the parcel of
Mr. Pierce and Sir Roger Cuttance, but this great parcel is of my Lord
Sandwichs. By and by to dinner about 3 oclock and then I in the cabbin
to writing down my journall for these last seven days to my great content,
it having pleased God that in this sad time of the plague every thing else
has conspired to my happiness and pleasure more for these last three
months than in all my life before in so little time. God long preserve it
and make me thankful) for it! After finishing my Journal), then to
discourse and to read, and then to supper and to bed, my mind not being at
full ease, having not fully satisfied myself how Captain Cocke will deal
with me as to the share of the profits.

25th. Found ourselves come to the fleete, and so aboard the Prince; and
there, after a good while in discourse, we did agree a bargain of L5,000
with Sir Roger Cuttance for my Lord Sandwich for silk, cinnamon, nutmeggs,
and indigo. And I was near signing to an undertaking for the payment of
the whole sum; but I did by chance escape it; having since, upon second
thoughts, great cause to be glad of it, reflecting upon the craft and not
good condition, it may be, of Captain Cocke. I could get no trifles for my
wife. Anon to dinner and thence in great haste to make a short visit to
Sir W. Pen, where I found them and his lady and daughter and many
commanders at dinner. Among others Sir G. Askue, of whom whatever the
matter is, the world is silent altogether. But a very pretty dinner there
was, and after dinner Sir W. Pen made a bargain with Cocke for ten bales
of silke, at 16s. per lb., which, as Cocke says, will be a good
pennyworth, and so away to the Prince and presently comes my Lord on board
from Greenwich, with whom, after a little discourse about his trusting of
Cocke, we parted and to our yacht; but it being calme, we to make haste,
took our wherry toward Chatham; but, it growing darke, we were put to
great difficultys, our simple, yet confident waterman, not knowing a step
of the way; and we found ourselves to go backward and forward, which, in
the darke night and a wild place, did vex us mightily. At last we got a
fisher boy by chance, and took him into the boat, and being an odde kind
of boy, did vex us too; for he would not answer us aloud when we spoke to
him, but did carry us safe thither, though with a mistake or two; but I
wonder they were not more. In our way I was [surprised] and so were we
all, at the strange nature of the sea-water in a darke night, that it
seemed like fire upon every stroke of the oare, and, they say, is a sign
of winde. We went to the Crowne Inne, at Rochester, and there to supper,
and made ourselves merry with our poor fisher-boy, who told us he had not
been in a bed in the whole seven years since he came to prentice, and
hath two or three more years to serve. After eating something, we in our
clothes to bed.

26th. Up by five oclock and got post horses and so set out for Greenwich,
calling and drinking at Dartford. Being come to Greenwich and shifting
myself I to the office, from whence by and by my Lord Bruncker and Sir J.
Minnes set out toward Erith to take charge of the two East India shipps,
which I had a hand in contriving for the Kings service and may do myself
a good office too thereby. I to dinner with Mr. Wright to his
father-in-law in Greenwich, one of the most silly, harmless, prating old
men that ever I heard in my life. Creed dined with me, and among other
discourses got of me a promise of half that he could get my Lord
Rutherford to give me upon clearing his business, which should not be
less, he says, than L50 for my half, which is a good thing, though
cunningly got of him. By and by Luellin comes, and I hope to get something
of Deering shortly. They being gone, Mr. Wright and I went into the garden
to discourse with much trouble for fear of losing all the profit and
principal of what we have laid out in buying of prize goods, and therefore
puts me upon thoughts of flinging up my interest, but yet I shall take
good advice first. Thence to the office, and after some letters down to
Woolwich, where I have not lain with my wife these eight days I think, or
more. After supper, and telling her my mind in my trouble in what I have
done as to buying of these goods, we to bed.

27th. Up, and saw and admired my wifes picture of our Saviour,

     [This picture by Mrs. Pepys may have given trouble when Pepys was
     unjustifiably attacked for having Popish pictures in his house.]

now finished, which is very pretty. So by water to Greenwich, where with
Creed and Lord Rutherford, and there my Lord told me that he would give me
L100 for my pains, which pleased me well, though Creed, like a cunning
rogue, hath got a promise of half of it from me. We to the Kings Head,
the great musique house, the first time I was ever there, and had a good
breakfast, and thence parted, I being much troubled to hear from Creed,
that he was told at Salsbury that I am come to be a great swearer and
drinker, though I know the contrary; but, Lord! to see how my late little
drinking of wine is taken notice of by envious men to my disadvantage. I
thence to Captain Cockes, [and] (he not yet come from town) to Mr.
Evelyns, where much company; and thence in his coach with him to the Duke
of Albemarle by Lambeth, who was in a mighty pleasant humour; there the
Duke tells us that the Dutch do stay abroad, and our fleet must go out
again, or to be ready to do so. Here we got several things ordered as we
desired for the relief of the prisoners, and sick and wounded men. Here I
saw this weeks Bill of Mortality, wherein, blessed be God! there is above
1800 decrease, being the first considerable decrease we have had. Back
again the same way and had most excellent discourse of Mr. Evelyn touching
all manner of learning; wherein I find him a very fine gentleman, and
particularly of paynting, in which he tells me the beautifull Mrs.
Middleton is rare, and his own wife do brave things. He brought me to the
office, whither comes unexpectedly Captain Cocke, who hath brought one
parcel of our goods by waggons, and at first resolved to have lodged them
at our office; but then the thoughts of its being the Kings house altered
our resolution, and so put them at his friends, Mr. Glanvills, and there
they are safe. Would the rest of them were so too! In discourse, we come
to mention my profit, and he offers me L500 clear, and I demand L600 for
my certain profit. We part to-night, and I lie there at Mr. Glanvills
house, there being none there but a maydeservant and a young man; being in
some pain, partly from not knowing what to do in this business, having a
mind to be at a certainty in my profit, and partly through his having
Jacke sicke still, and his blackemore now also fallen sicke. So he being
gone, I to bed.

28th. Up, and being mightily pleased with my nights lodging, drank a cup
of beer, and went out to my office, and there did some business, and so
took boat and down to Woolwich (having first made a visit to Madam
Williams, who is going down to my Lord Bruncker) and there dined, and then
fitted my papers and money and every thing else for a journey to Nonsuch
to-morrow. That being done I walked to Greenwich, and there to the office
pretty late expecting Captain Cockes coming, which he did, and so with me
to my new lodging (and there I chose rather to lie because of my interest
in the goods that we have brought there to lie), but the people were abed,
so we knocked them up, and so I to bed, and in the night was mightily
troubled with a looseness (I suppose from some fresh damp linen that I put
on this night), and feeling for a chamber-pott, there was none, I having
called the mayde up out of her bed, she had forgot I suppose to put one
there; so I was forced in this strange house to rise and shit in the
chimney twice; and so to bed and was very well again, and

29th. To sleep till 5 oclock, when it is now very dark, and then rose,
being called up by order by Mr. Marlow, and so up and dressed myself, and
by and by comes Mr. Lashmore on horseback, and I had my horse I borrowed
of Mr. Gillthropp, Sir W. Battens clerke, brought to me, and so we set
out and rode hard and was at Nonsuch by about eight oclock, a very fine
journey and a fine day. There I come just about chappell time and so I
went to chappell with them and thence to the several offices about my
tallys, which I find done, but strung for sums not to my purpose, and so
was forced to get them to promise me to have them cut into other sums.
But, Lord! what ado I had to persuade the dull fellows to it, especially
Mr. Warder, Master of the Pells, and yet without any manner of reason for
their scruple. But at last I did, and so left my tallies there against
another day, and so walked to Yowell, and there did spend a peece upon
them, having a whole house full, and much mirth by a sister of the
mistresse of the house, an old mayde lately married to a lieutenant of a
company that quarters there, and much pleasant discourse we had and,
dinner being done, we to horse again and come to Greenwich before night,
and so to my lodging, and there being a little weary sat down and fell to
order some of my pocket papers, and then comes Captain Cocke, and after a
great deal of discourse with him seriously upon the disorders of our state
through lack of men to mind the public business and to understand it, we
broke up, sitting up talking very late. We spoke a little of my late
business propounded of taking profit for my money laid out for these
goods, but he finds I rise in my demand, he offering me still L500
certain. So we did give it over, and I to bed. I hear for certain this
night upon the road that Sir Martin Noell is this day dead of the plague
in London, where he hath lain sick of it these eight days.

30th. Up and to the office, where busy all the morning, and at noon with
Sir W. Batten to Coll. Cleggat to dinner, being invited, where a very
pretty dinner to my full content and very merry. The great burden we have
upon us at this time at the office, is the providing for prisoners and
sicke men that are recovered, they lying before our office doors all night
and all day, poor wretches. Having been on shore, the captains wont
receive them on board, and other ships we have not to put them on, nor
money to pay them off, or provide for them. God remove this difficulty!
This made us followed all the way to this gentlemans house and there are
waited for our coming out after dinner. Hither come Luellin to me and
would force me to take Mr. Deerings 20 pieces in gold he did offer me a
good while since, which I did, yet really and sincerely against my will
and content, I seeing him a man not likely to do well in his business, nor
I to reap any comfort in having to do with, and be beholden to, a man that
minds more his pleasure and company than his business. Thence mighty merry
and much pleased with the dinner and company and they with me I parted and
there was set upon by the poor wretches, whom I did give good words and
some little money to, and the poor people went away like lambs, and in
good earnest are not to be censured if their necessities drive them to bad
courses of stealing or the like, while they lacke wherewith to live.
Thence to the office, and there wrote a letter or two and dispatched a
little business, and then to Captain Cockes, where I find Mr. Temple, the
fat blade, Sir Robert. Viners chief man. And we three and two companions
of his in the evening by agreement took ship in the Bezan and the tide
carried us no further than Woolwich about 8 at night, and so I on shore to
my wife, and there to my great trouble find my wife out of order, and she
took me downstairs and there alone did tell me her falling out with both
her mayds and particularly Mary, and how Mary had to her teeth told her
she would tell me of something that should stop her mouth and words of
that sense. Which I suspect may be about Brown, but my wife prays me to
call it to examination, and this, I being of myself jealous, do make me
mightily out of temper, and seeing it not fit to enter into the dispute
did passionately go away, thinking to go on board again. But when I come
to the stairs I considered the Bezan would not go till the next ebb, and
it was best to lie in a good bed and, it may be, get myself into a better
humour by being with my wife. So I back again and to bed and having
otherwise so many reasons to rejoice and hopes of good profit, besides
considering the ill that trouble of mind and melancholly may in this
sickly time bring a family into, and that if the difference were never so
great, it is not a time to put away servants, I was resolved to salve up
the business rather than stir in it, and so become pleasant with my wife
and to bed, minding nothing of this difference. So to sleep with a good
deal of content, and saving only this night and a day or two about the
same business a month or six weeks ago, I do end this month with the
greatest content, and may say that these last three months, for joy,
health, and profit, have been much the greatest that ever I received in
all my life in any twelve months almost in my life, having nothing upon me
but the consideration of the sicklinesse of the season during this great
plague to mortify mee. For all which the Lord God be praised!