Samuel Pepys diary August 1665


August 1st. Slept, and lay long; then up and my Lord [Crew] and Sir G.
Carteret being gone abroad, I first to see the bridegroom and bride, and
found them both up, and he gone to dress himself. Both red in the face,
and well enough pleased this morning with their nights lodging. Thence
down and Mr. Brisband and I to billiards: anon come my Lord and Sir G.
Carteret in, who have been looking abroad and visiting some farms that Sir
G. Carteret hath thereabouts, and, among other things, report the greatest
stories of the bigness of the calfes they find there, ready to sell to the
butchers, as big, they say, as little Cowes, and that they do give them a
piece of chalke to licke, which they hold makes them white in the flesh
within. Very merry at dinner, and so to talk and laugh after dinner, and
up and down, some to [one] place, some to another, full of content on all
sides. Anon about five oclock, Sir G. Carteret and his lady and I took
coach with the greatest joy and kindnesse that could be from the two
familys or that ever I saw with so much appearance, and, I believe,
reality in all my life. Drove hard home, and it was night ere we got to
Deptford, where, with much kindnesse from them to me, I left them, and
home to the office, where I find all well, and being weary and sleepy, it
being very late, I to bed.

2nd. Up, it being a publique fast, as being the first Wednesday of the
month, for the plague; I within doors all day, and upon my monthly
accounts late, and there to my great joy settled almost all my private
matters of money in my books clearly, and allowing myself several sums
which I had hitherto not reckoned myself sure of, because I would not be
over sure of any thing, though with reason I might do it, I did find
myself really worth L1900, for which the great God of Heaven and Earth be
praised! At night to the office to write a few letters, and so home to
bed, after fitting myself for tomorrows journey.

3rd. Up, and betimes to Deptford to Sir G. Carterets, where, not liking
the horse that had been hired by Mr. Uthwayt for me, I did desire Sir G.
Carteret to let me ride his new L40 horse, which he did, and so I left my
hacquenee—[Haquenee = an ambling nag fitted for ladies riding.]—behind,
and so after staying a good while in their bedchamber while they were
dressing themselves, discoursing merrily, I parted and to the ferry, where
I was forced to stay a great while before I could get my horse brought
over, and then mounted and rode very finely to Dagenhams; all the way
people, citizens, walking to and again to enquire how the plague is in the
City this week by the Bill; which by chance, at Greenwich, I had heard was
2,020 of the plague, and 3,000 and odd of all diseases; but methought it
was a sad question to be so often asked me. Coming to Dagenhams, I there
met our company coming out of the house, having staid as long as they
could for me; so I let them go a little before, and went and took leave of
my Lady Sandwich, good woman, who seems very sensible of my service in
this late business, and having her directions in some things, among
others, to get Sir G. Carteret and my Lord to settle the portion, and what
Sir G. Carteret is to settle, into land, soon as may be, she not liking
that it should lie long undone, for fear of death on either side. So took
leave of her, and then down to the buttery, and eat a piece of cold
venison pie, and drank and took some bread and cheese in my hand; and so
mounted after them, Mr. Marr very kindly staying to lead me the way. By
and by met my Lord Crew returning, after having accompanied them a little
way, and so after them, Mr. Marr telling me by the way how a mayde servant
of Mr. John Wrights (who lives thereabouts) falling sick of the plague,
she was removed to an out-house, and a nurse appointed to look to her;
who, being once absent, the mayde got out of the house at the window, and
run away. The nurse coming and knocking, and having no answer, believed
she was dead, and went and told Mr. Wright so; who and his lady were in
great strait what to do to get her buried. At last resolved to go to
Burntwood hard by, being in the parish, and there get people to do it. But
they would not; so he went home full of trouble, and in the way met the
wench walking over the common, which frighted him worse than before; and
was forced to send people to take her, which he did; and they got one of
the pest coaches and put her into it to carry her to a pest house. And
passing in a narrow lane, Sir Anthony Browne, with his brother and some
friends in the coach, met this coach with the curtains drawn close. The
brother being a young man, and believing there might be some lady in it
that would not be seen, and the way being narrow, he thrust his head out
of his own into her coach, and to look, and there saw somebody look very
ill, and in a sick dress, and stunk mightily; which the coachman also
cried out upon. And presently they come up to some people that stood
looking after it, and told our gallants that it was a mayde of Mr.
Wrights carried away sick of the plague; which put the young gentleman
into a fright had almost cost him his life, but is now well again. I,
overtaking our young people, light, and into the coach to them, where
mighty merry all the way; and anon come to the Blockehouse, over against
Gravesend, where we staid a great while, in a little drinking-house. Sent
back our coaches to Dagenhams. I, by and by, by boat to Gravesend, where
no newes of Sir G. Carteret come yet; so back again, and fetched them all
over, but the two saddle-horses that were to go with us, which could not
be brought over in the horseboat, the wind and tide being against us,
without towing; so we had some difference with some watermen, who would
not tow them over under 20s., whereupon I swore to send one of them to sea
and will do it. Anon some others come to me and did it for 10s. By and by
comes Sir G. Carteret, and so we set out for Chatham: in my way overtaking
some company, wherein was a lady, very pretty, riding singly, her husband
in company with her. We fell into talke, and I read a copy of verses which
her husband showed me, and he discommended, but the lady commended: and I
read them, so as to make the husband turn to commend them. By and by he
and I fell into acquaintance, having known me formerly at the Exchequer.
His name is Nokes, over against Bow Church. He was servant to Alderman
Dashwood. We promised to meet, if ever we come both to London again; and,
at parting, I had a fair salute on horseback, in Rochester streets, of the
lady, and so parted. Come to Chatham mighty merry, and anon to supper, it
being near 9 oclock ere we come thither. My Lady Carteret come thither in
a coach, by herself, before us. Great mind they have to buy a little
hacquenee that I rode on from Greenwich, for a womans horse. Mighty
merry, and after supper, all being withdrawn, Sir G. Carteret did take an
opportunity to speak with much value and kindness to me, which is of great
joy to me. So anon to bed. Mr. Brisband and I together to my content.

4th. Up at five oclock, and by six walked out alone, with my Lady
Slanning, to the Docke Yard, where walked up and down, and so to Mr.
Petts, who led us into his garden, and there the lady, the best humoured
woman in the world, and a devout woman (I having spied her on her knees
half an houre this morning in her chamber), clambered up to the top of the
banquetting-house to gather nuts, and mighty merry, and so walked back
again through the new rope house, which is very usefull; and so to the
Hill-house to breakfast and mighty merry. Then they took coach, and Sir G.
Carteret kissed me himself heartily, and my Lady several times, with great
kindnesse, and then the young ladies, and so with much joy, bade God be
with you! and an end I think it will be to my mirthe for a great while,
it having been the passage of my whole life the most pleasing for the
time, considering the quality and nature of the business, and my noble
usage in the doing of it, and very many fine journys, entertainments and
great company. I returned into the house for a while to do business there
with Commissioner Pett, and there with the officers of the Chest, where I
saw more of Sir W. Battens business than ever I did before, for whereas
he did own once under his hand to them that he was accountable for L2200,
of which he had yet paid but L1600, he writes them a letter lately that he
hath but about L50 left that is due to the Chest, but I will do something
in it and that speedily. That being done I took horse, and Mr. Barrow with
me bore me company to Gravesend, discoursing of his business, wherein I
vexed him, and he me, I seeing his frowardness, but yet that he is in my
conscience a very honest man, and some good things he told me, which I
shall remember to the Kings advantage. There I took boat alone, and, the
tide being against me, landed at Blackwall and walked to Wapping, Captain
Bowd whom I met with talking with me all the way, who is a sober man. So
home, and found all things well, and letters from Dover that my Lord
Hinchingbroke is arrived at Dover, and would be at Scotts hall this
night, where the whole company will meet. I wish myself with them. After
writing a few letters I took boat and down to Woolwich very late, and
there found my wife and her woman upon the key hearing a fellow in a
barge, that lay by, fiddle. So I to them and in, very merry, and to bed, I
sleepy and weary.

5th. In the morning up, and my wife showed me several things of her doing,
especially one fine womans Persian head mighty finely done, beyond what I
could expect of her; and so away by water, having ordered in the yarde six
or eight bargemen to be whipped, who had last night stolen some of the
Kings cordage from out of the yarde. I to Deptford, and there by
agreement met with my Lord Bruncker, and there we kept our office, he and
I, and did what there was to do, and at noon parted to meet at the office
next week. Sir W. Warren and I thence did walk through the rain to
Half-Way House, and there I eat a piece of boiled beef and he and I talked
over several businesses, among others our design upon the mast docke,
which I hope to compass and get 2 or L300 by. Thence to Redriffe, where we
parted, and I home, where busy all the afternoon. Stepped to Colvills to
set right a business of money, where he told me that for certain De Ruyter
is come home, with all his fleete, which is very ill newes, considering
the charge we have been at in keeping a fleete to the northward so long,
besides the great expectation of snapping him, wherein my Lord Sandwich
will I doubt suffer some dishonour. I am told also of a great ryott upon
Thursday last in Cheapside; Colonell Danvers, a delinquent, having been
taken, and in his way to the Tower was rescued from the captain of the
guard, and carried away; only one of the rescuers being taken. I am told
also that the Duke of Buckingham is dead, but I know not of a certainty.
So home and very late at letters, and then home to supper and to bed.

6th (Lords day). Dressed and had my head combed by my little girle, to
whom I confess que je sum demasiado kind, nuper ponendo mes mains in su
des choses de son breast, mais il faut que je leave it lest it bring me
to alcun major inconvenience. So to my business in my chamber, look over
and settling more of my papers than I could the two last days I have spent
about them. In the evening, it raining hard, down to Woolwich, where after
some little talk to bed.

7th. Up, and with great pleasure looking over my wifes pictures, and then
to see my Lady Pen, whom I have not seen since her coming hither, and
after being a little merry with her, she went forth and I staid there
talking with Mrs. Pegg and looking over her pictures, and commended them;
but, Lord! so far short of my wifes, as no comparison. Thence to my wife,
and there spent, talking, till noon, when by appointment Mr. Andrews come
out of the country to speake with me about their Tangier business, and so
having done with him and dined, I home by water, where by appointment I
met Dr. Twisden, Mr. Povy, Mr. Lawson, and Stockdale about settling their
business of money; but such confusion I never met with, nor could anything
be agreed on, but parted like a company of fools, I vexed to lose so much
time and pains to no purpose. They gone, comes Rayner, the boatmaker,
about some business, and brings a piece of plate with him, which I refused
to take of him, thinking indeed that the poor man hath no reason nor
encouragement from our dealings with him to give any of us any presents.
He gone, there comes Luellin, about Mr. Deerings business of planke, to
have the contract perfected, and offers me twenty pieces in gold, as
Deering had done some time since himself, but I both then and now refused
it, resolving not to be bribed to dispatch business, but will have it done
however out of hand forthwith. So he gone, I to supper and to bed.

8th. Up and to the office, where all the morning we sat. At noon I home to
dinner alone, and after dinner Bagwells wife waited at the door, and went
with me to my office…. So parted, and I to Sir W. Battens, and there
sat the most of the afternoon talking and drinking too much with my Lord
Bruncker, Sir G. Smith, G. Cocke and others very merry. I drunk a little
mixed, but yet more than I should do. So to my office a little, and then
to the Duke of Albemarles about some business. The streets mighty empty
all the way, now even in London, which is a sad sight. And to Westminster
Hall, where talking, hearing very sad stories from Mrs. Mumford; among
others, of Mrs. Michells sons family. And poor Will, that used to sell
us ale at the Hall-door, his wife and three children died, all, I think,
in a day. So home through the City again, wishing I may have taken no ill
in going; but I will go, I think, no more thither. Late at the office, and
then home to supper, having taken a pullet home with me, and then to bed.
The news of De Kuyters coming home is certain; and told to the great
disadvantage of our fleete, and the praise of De Kuyter; but it cannot be
helped, nor do I know what to say to it.

9th. Up betimes to my office, where Tom Hater to the writing of letters
with me, which have for a good while been in arreare, and we close at it
all day till night, only made a little step out for half an houre in the
morning to the Exchequer about striking of tallys, but no good done
therein, people being most out of towne. At noon T. Hater dined with me,
and so at it all the afternoon. At night home and supped, and after
reading a little in Cowleys poems, my head being disturbed with overmuch
business to-day, I to bed.

10th. Up betimes, and called upon early by my she-cozen Porter, the
turners wife, to tell me that her husband was carried to the Tower, for
buying of some of the Kings powder, and would have my helpe, but I could
give her none, not daring any more to appear in the business, having too
much trouble lately therein. By and by to the office, where we sat all the
morning; in great trouble to see the Bill this week rise so high, to above
4,000 in all, and of them above 3,000 of the plague. And an odd story of
Alderman Bences stumbling at night over a dead corps in the streete, and
going home and telling his wife, she at the fright, being with child, fell
sicke and died of the plague. We sat late, and then by invitation my Lord
Brunker, Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten and I to Sir G. Smiths to dinner,
where very good company and good cheer. Captain Cocke was there and Jacke
Fenn, but to our great wonder Alderman Bence, and tells us that not a word
of all this is true, and others said so too, but by his owne story his
wife hath been ill, and he fain to leave his house and comes not to her,
which continuing a trouble to me all the time I was there. Thence to the
office and, after writing letters, home, to draw-over anew my will, which
I had bound myself by oath to dispatch by to-morrow night; the town
growing so unhealthy, that a man cannot depend upon living two days to an
end. So having done something of it, I to bed.

11th. Up, and all day long finishing and writing over my will twice, for
my father and my wife, only in the morning a pleasant rencontre happened
in having a young married woman brought me by her father, old Delkes, that
carries pins always in his mouth, to get her husband off that he should
not go to sea, une contre pouvait avoir done any cose cum else, but I did
nothing, si ni baisser her. After they were gone my mind run upon having
them called back again, and I sent a messenger to Blackwall, but he
failed. So I lost my expectation. I to the Exchequer, about striking new
tallys, and I find the Exchequer, by proclamation, removing to Nonesuch.—[Nonsuch
Palace, near Epsom, where the Exchequer money was kept during the time of
the plague.]—Back again and at my papers, and putting up my books
into chests, and settling my house and all things in the best and
speediest order I can, lest it should please God to take me away, or force
me to leave my house. Late up at it, and weary and full of wind, finding
perfectly that so long as I keepe myself in company at meals and do there
eat lustily (which I cannot do alone, having no love to eating, but my
mind runs upon my business), I am as well as can be, but when I come to be
alone, I do not eat in time, nor enough, nor with any good heart, and I
immediately begin to be full of wind, which brings my pain, till I come to
fill my belly a-days again, then am presently well.

12th. The office now not sitting, but only hereafter on Thursdays at the
office, I within all the morning about my papers and setting things still
in order, and also much time in settling matters with Dr. Twisden. At noon
am sent for by Sir G. Carteret, to meet him and my Lord Hinchingbroke at
Deptford, but my Lord did not come thither, he having crossed the river at
Gravesend to Dagenhams, whither I dare not follow him, they being afeard
of me; but Sir G. Carteret says, he is a most sweet youth in every
circumstance. Sir G. Carteret being in haste of going to the Duke of
Albemarle and the Archbishop, he was pettish, and so I could not fasten
any discourse, but take another time. So he gone, I down to Greenwich and
sent away the Bezan, thinking to go with my wife to-night to come back
again to-morrow night to the Soveraigne at the buoy off the Nore. Coming
back to Deptford, old Bagwell walked a little way with me, and would have
me in to his daughters, and there he being gone dehors, ego had my
volunte de su hiza. Eat and drank and away home, and after a little at
the office to my chamber to put more things still in order, and late to
bed. The people die so, that now it seems they are fain to carry the dead
to be buried by day-light, the nights not sufficing to do it in. And my
Lord Mayor commands people to be within at nine at night all, as they say,
that the sick may have liberty to go abroad for ayre. There is one also
dead out of one of our ships at Deptford, which troubles us mightily; the
Providence fire-ship, which was just fitted to go to sea. But they tell me
to-day no more sick on board. And this day W. Bodham tells me that one is
dead at Woolwich, not far from the Rope-yard. I am told, too, that a wife
of one of the groomes at Court is dead at Salsbury; so that the King and
Queene are speedily to be all gone to Milton. God preserve us!

13th (Lords day). Up betimes and to my chamber, it being a very wet day
all day, and glad am I that we did not go by water to see The Soveraigne

     [The Sovereign of the Seas was built at Woolwich in 1637 of timber
     which had been stripped of its bark while growing in the spring, and
     not felled till the second autumn afterwards; and it is observed by
     Dr. Plot (Phil.  Trans.  for 1691), in his discourse on the most
     seasonable time for felling timber, written by the advice of Pepys,
     that after forty-seven years, all the ancient timber then remaining
     in her, it was no easy matter to drive a nail into it (Quarterly
     Review, vol. viii., p. 35).—B.]

to-day, as I intended, clearing all matters in packing up my papers and
books, and giving instructions in writing to my executors, thereby
perfecting the whole business of my will, to my very great joy; so that I
shall be in much better state of soul, I hope, if it should please the
Lord to call me away this sickly time. At night to read, being weary with
this days great work, and then after supper to bed, to rise betimes
to-morrow, and to bed with a mind as free as to the business of the world
as if I were not worth L100 in the whole world, every thing being evened
under my hand in my books and papers, and upon the whole I find myself
worth, besides Brampton estate, the sum of L2164, for which the Lord be

14th. Up, and my mind being at mighty ease from the dispatch of my
business so much yesterday, I down to Deptford to Sir G. Carteret, where
with him a great while, and a great deale of private talke concerning my
Lord Sandwichs and his matters, and chiefly of the latter, I giving him
great deale of advice about the necessity of his having caution concerning
Fenn, and the many ways there are of his being abused by any man in his
place, and why he should not bring his son in to look after his business,
and more, to be a Commissioner of the Navy, which he listened to and
liked, and told me how much the King was his good Master, and was sure not
to deny him that or any thing else greater than that, and I find him a
very cunning man, whatever at other times he seems to be, and among other
things he told me he was not for the fanfaroone

     [Fanfaron, French, from fanfare, a sounding of trumpets; hence, a
     swaggerer, or empty boaster.]

to make a show with a great title, as he might have had long since, but
the main thing to get an estate; and another thing, speaking of minding of
business, By God, says he, I will and have already almost brought it to
that pass, that the King shall not be able to whip a cat, but I must be at
the tayle of it. Meaning so necessary he is, and the King and my Lord
Treasurer and all do confess it; which, while I mind my business, is my
own case in this office of the Navy, and I hope shall be more, if God give
me life and health. Thence by agreement to Sir J. Minness lodgings, where
I found my Lord Bruncker, and so by water to the ferry, and there took Sir
W. Battens coach that was sent for us, and to Sir W. Battens, where very
merry, good cheer, and up and down the garden with great content to me,
and, after dinner, beat Captain Cocke at billiards, won about 8s. of him
and my Lord Bruncker. So in the evening after, much pleasure back again
and I by water to Woolwich, where supped with my wife, and then to bed
betimes, because of rising to-morrow at four of the clock in order to the
going out with Sir G. Carteret toward Cranborne to my Lord Hinchingbrooke
in his way to Court. This night I did present my wife with the dyamond
ring, awhile since given me by Mr. Dicke Viness brother, for helping him
to be a purser, valued at about L10, the first thing of that nature I did
ever give her. Great fears we have that the plague will be a great Bill
this weeke.

15th. Up by 4 oclock and walked to Greenwich, where called at Captain
Cockes and to his chamber, he being in bed, where something put my last
nights dream into my head, which I think is the best that ever was
dreamt, which was that I had my Lady Castlemayne in my armes and was
admitted to use all the dalliance I desired with her, and then dreamt that
this could not be awake, but that it was only a dream; but that since it
was a dream, and that I took so much real pleasure in it, what a happy
thing it would be if when we are in our graves (as Shakespeere resembles
it) we could dream, and dream but such dreams as this, that then we should
not need to be so fearful of death, as we are this plague time. Here I
hear that news is brought Sir G. Carteret that my Lord Hinchingbrooke is
not well, and so cannot meet us at Cranborne to-night. So I to Sir G.
Carterets; and there was sorry with him for our disappointment. So we
have put off our meeting there till Saturday next. Here I staid talking
with Sir G. Carteret, he being mighty free with me in his business, and
among other things hath ordered Rider and Cutler to put into my hands
copper to the value of L5,000 (which Sir G. Carterets share it seems come
to in it), which is to raise part of the money he is to layout for a
purchase for my Lady Jemimah. Thence he and I to Sir J. Minness by
invitation, where Sir W. Batten and my Lady, and my Lord Bruncker, and all
of us dined upon a venison pasty and other good meat, but nothing well
dressed. But my pleasure lay in getting some bills signed by Sir G.
Carteret, and promise of present payment from Mr. Fenn, which do rejoice
my heart, it being one of the heaviest things I had upon me, that so much
of the little I have should lie (viz. near L1000) in the Kings hands.
Here very merry and (Sir G. Carteret being gone presently after dinner) to
Captain Cockes, and there merry, and so broke up and I by water to the
Duke of Albemarle, with whom I spoke a great deale in private, they being
designed to send a fleete of ships privately to the Streights. No news yet
from our fleete, which is much wondered at, but the Duke says for certain
guns have been heard to the northward very much. It was dark before I
could get home, and so land at Church-yard stairs, where, to my great
trouble, I met a dead corps of the plague, in the narrow ally just
bringing down a little pair of stairs. But I thank God I was not much
disturbed at it. However, I shall beware of being late abroad again.

16th. Up, and after doing some necessary business about my accounts at
home, to the office, and there with Mr. Hater wrote letters, and I did
deliver to him my last will, one part of it to deliver to my wife when I
am dead. Thence to the Exchange, where I have not been a great while. But,
Lord! how sad a sight it is to see the streets empty of people, and very
few upon the Change. Jealous of every door that one sees shut up, lest it
should be the plague; and about us two shops in three, if not more,
generally shut up. From the Change to Sir G. Smiths with Mr. Fenn, to
whom I am nowadays very complaisant, he being under payment of my bills to
me, and some other sums at my desire, which he readily do. Mighty merry
with Captain Cocke and Fenn at Sir G. Smiths, and a brave dinner, but I
think Cocke is the greatest epicure that is, eats and drinks with the
greatest pleasure and liberty that ever man did. Very contrary newes
to-day upon the Change, some that our fleete hath taken some of the Dutch
East India ships, others that we did attaque it at Bergen and were
repulsed, others that our fleete is in great danger after this attaque by
meeting with the great body now gone out of Holland, almost 100 sayle of
men of warr. Every body is at a great losse and nobody can tell. Thence
among the goldsmiths to get some money, and so home, settling some new
money matters, and to my great joy have got home L500 more of the money
due to me, and got some more money to help Andrews first advanced. This
day I had the ill news from Dagenhams, that my poor lord of Hinchingbroke
his indisposition is turned to the small-pox. Poor gentleman! that he
should be come from France so soon to fall sick, and of that disease too,
when he should be gone to see a fine lady, his mistresse. I am most
heartily sorry for it. So late setting papers to rights, and so home to

17th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and at noon
dined together upon some victuals I had prepared at Sir W. Battens upon
the Kings charge, and after dinner, I having dispatched some business and
set things in order at home, we down to the water and by boat to Greenwich
to the Bezan yacht, where Sir W. Batten, Sir J. Minnes, my Lord Bruncker
and myself, with some servants (among others Mr. Carcasse, my Lords
clerk, a very civil gentleman), embarked in the yacht and down we went
most pleasantly, and noble discourse I had with my Lord Bruneker, who is a
most excellent person. Short of Gravesend it grew calme, and so we come to
an anchor, and to supper mighty merry, and after it, being moonshine, we
out of the cabbin to laugh and talk, and then, as we grew sleepy, went in
and upon velvet cushions of the Kings that belong to the yacht fell to
sleep, which we all did pretty well till 3 or 4 of the clock, having risen
in the night to look for a new comet which is said to have lately shone,
but we could see no such thing.

18th. Up about 5 oclock and dressed ourselves, and to sayle again down to
the Soveraigne at the buoy of the Nore, a noble ship, now rigged and
fitted and manned; we did not stay long, but to enquire after her
readinesse and thence to Sheernesse, where we walked up and down, laying
out the ground to be taken in for a yard to lay provisions for cleaning
and repairing of ships, and a most proper place it is for the purpose.
Thence with great pleasure up the Meadeway, our yacht contending with
Commissioner Petts, wherein he met us from Chatham, and he had the best
of it. Here I come by, but had not tide enough to stop at Quinbrough, a
with mighty pleasure spent the day in doing all and seeing these places,
which I had never done before. So to the Hill house at Chatham and there
dined, and after dinner spent some time discoursing of business. Among
others arguing with the Commissioner about his proposing the laying out so
much money upon Sheerenesse, unless it be to the slighting of Chatham
yarde, for it is much a better place than Chatham, which however the King
is not at present in purse to do, though it were to be wished he were.
Thence in Commissioner Petts coach (leaving them there). I late in the
darke to Gravesend, where great is the plague, and I troubled to stay
there so long for the tide. At 10 at night, having supped, I took boat
alone, and slept well all the way to the Tower docke about three oclock
in the morning. So knocked up my people, and to bed.

19th. Slept till 8 oclock, and then up and met with letters from the King
and Lord Arlington, for the removal of our office to Greenwich. I also
wrote letters, and made myself ready to go to Sir G. Carteret, at Windsor;
and having borrowed a horse of Mr. Blackbrough, sent him to wait for me at
the Duke of Albemarles door: when, on a sudden, a letter comes to us from
the Duke of Albemarle, to tell us that the fleete is all come back to
Solebay, and are presently to be dispatched back again. Whereupon I
presently by water to the Duke of Albemarle to know what news; and there I
saw a letter from my Lord Sandwich to the Duke of Albemarle, and also from
Sir W. Coventry and Captain Teddiman; how my Lord having commanded
Teddiman with twenty-two ships

     [A news letter of August 19th (Salisbury), gives the following
     account of this affair:—The Earl of Sandwich being on the Norway
     coast, ordered Sir Thomas Teddeman with 20 ships to attack 50 Dutch
     merchant ships in Bergen harbour; six convoyers had so placed
     themselves that only four or five of the ships could be reached at
     once.  The Governor of Bergen fired on our ships, and placed 100
     pieces of ordnance and two regiments of foot on the rocks to attack
     them, but they got clear without the loss of a ship, only 500 men
     killed or wounded, five or six captains among them. The fleet has
     gone to Sole Bay to repair losses and be ready to encounter the
     Dutch fleet, which is gone northward (Calendar of State Papers,
      1664-65, pp. 526, 527).  Medals were struck in Holland, the
     inscription in Dutch on one of these is thus translated: Thus we
     arrest the pride of the English, who extend their piracy even
     against their friends, and who insulting the forts of Norway,
     violate the rights of the harbours of King Frederick; but, for the
     reward of their audacity, see their vessels destroyed by the balls
     of the Dutch (Hawkinss Medallic Illustrations of the History of
     Great Britain and Ireland, ed.  Franks and Grueber, 1885, vol. i.,
     p. 508).  Sir Gilbert Talbots True Narrative of the Earl of
     Sandwichs Attempt upon Bergen with the English Fleet on the 3rd of
     August, 1665, and the Cause of his Miscarriage thereupon, is in the
     British Museum (Harl. MS., No. 6859).  It is printed in
     Archaeologia, vol.  xxii., p. 33.  The Earl of Rochester also gave
     an account of the action in a letter to his mother (Wordsworths
     Ecclesiastical Biography, fourth edition, vol. iv., p. 611).  Sir
     John Denham, in his Advice to a Painter, gives a long satirical
     account of the affair.  A coloured drawing of the attack upon
     Bergen, on vellum, showing the range of the ships engaged, is in the
     British Museum.  Shortly after the Bergen affair forty of the Dutch
     merchant vessels, on their way to Holland, fell into the hands of
     the English, and in Penns Memorials of Sir William Penn, vol.
     ii., p. 364, is a list of the prizes taken on the 3rd and 4th
     September.  The troubles connected with these prizes and the
     disgrace into which Lord Sandwich fell are fully set forth in
     subsequent pages of the Diary.  Evelyn writes in his Diary (November
     27th, 1665): There was no small suspicion of my Lord Sandwich
     having permitted divers commanders who were at ye taking of ye East
     India prizes to break bulk and take to themselves jewels, silkes,
     &c., tho I believe some whom I could name filld their pockets, my
     Lo. Sandwich himself had the least share.  However, he underwent the
     blame, and it created him enemies, and prepossessd ye Lo. Generall
     [Duke of Albemarle], for he spake to me of it with much zeale and
     concerne, and I believe laid load enough on Lo.  Sandwich at

(of which but fifteen could get thither, and of those fifteen but eight or
nine could come up to play) to go to Bergen; where, after several messages
to and fro from the Governor of the Castle, urging that Teddiman ought not
to come thither with more than five ships, and desiring time to think of
it, all the while he suffering the Dutch ships to land their guns to their
best advantage; Teddiman on the second pretence, began to play at the
Dutch ships, (wherof ten East India-men,) and in three hours time (the
town and castle, without any provocation, playing on our ships,) they did
cut all our cables, so as the wind being off the land, did force us to go
out, and rendered our fire-ships useless; without doing any thing, but
what hurt of course our guns must have done them: we having lost five
commanders, besides Mr. Edward Montagu, and Mr. Windham.

     [This Mr. Windham had entered into a formal engagement with the Earl
     of Rochester, not without ceremonies of religion, that if either of
     them died, he should appear, and give the other notice of the future
     state, if there was any.  He was probably one of the brothers of
     Sir William Wyndham, Bart.  See Wordsworths Ecclesiastical
     Biography, fourth.  edition, vol. iv., p. 615.—B.]

Our fleete is come home to our great grief with not above five weeks dry,
and six days wet provisions: however, must out again; and the Duke hath
ordered the Soveraigne, and all other ships ready, to go out to the fleete
to strengthen them. This news troubles us all, but cannot be helped.
Having read all this news, and received commands of the Duke with great
content, he giving me the words which to my great joy he hath several
times said to me, that his greatest reliance is upon me. And my Lord
Craven also did come out to talk with me, and told me that I am in mighty
esteem with the Duke, for which I bless God. Home, and having given my
fellow-officers an account hereof, to Chatham, and wrote other letters, I
by water to Charing-Cross, to the post-house, and there the people tell me
they are shut up; and so I went to the new post-house, and there got a
guide and horses to Hounslow, where I was mightily taken with a little
girle, the daughter of the master of the house (Betty Gysby), which, if
she lives, will make a great beauty. Here I met with a fine fellow who,
while I staid for my horses, did enquire newes, but I could not make him
remember Bergen in Norway, in 6 or 7 times telling, so ignorant he was. So
to Stanes, and there by this time it was dark night, and got a guide who
lost his way in the forest, till by help of the moone (which recompenses
me for all the pains I ever took about studying of her motions,) I led my
guide into the way back again; and so we made a man rise that kept a gate,
and so he carried us to Cranborne. Where in the dark I perceive an old
house new building with a great deal of rubbish, and was fain to go up a
ladder to Sir G. Carterets chamber. And there in his bed I sat down, and
told him all my bad newes, which troubled him mightily; but yet we were
very merry, and made the best of it; and being myself weary did take
leave, and after having spoken with Mr. Fenn in bed, I to bed in my Ladys
chamber that she uses to lie in, and where the Duchesse of York, that now
is, was born. So to sleep; being very well, but weary, and the better by
having carried with me a bottle of strong water; whereof now and then a
sip did me good.

20th (Lords day). Sir G. Carteret come and walked by my bedside half an
houre, talking and telling me how my Lord is in this unblameable in all
this ill-successe, he having followed orders; and that all ought to be
imputed to the falsenesse of the King of Denmarke, who, he told me as a
secret, had promised to deliver up the Dutch ships to us, and we expected
no less; and swears it will, and will easily, be the ruine of him and his
kingdom, if we fall out with him, as we must in honour do; but that all
that can be, must be to get the fleete out again to intercept De Witt, who
certainly will be coming home with the East India ships, he being gone
thither. He being gone, I up and with Fenn, being ready to walk forth to
see the place; and I find it to be a very noble seat in a noble forest,
with the noblest prospect towards Windsor, and round about over many
countys, that can be desired; but otherwise a very melancholy place, and
little variety save only trees. I had thoughts of going home by water, and
of seeing Windsor Chappell and Castle, but finding at my coming in that
Sir G. Carteret did prevent me in speaking for my sudden return to look
after business, I did presently eat a bit off the spit about 10 oclock,
and so took horse for Stanes, and thence to Brainford to Mr. Povys, the
weather being very pleasant to ride in. Mr. Povy not being at home I lost
my labour, only eat and drank there with his lady, and told my bad newes,
and hear the plague is round about them there. So away to Brainford; and
there at the inn that goes down to the water-side, I light and paid off
my post-horses, and so slipped on my shoes, and laid my things by, the
tide not serving, and to church, where a dull sermon, and many Londoners.
After church to my inn, and eat and drank, and so about seven oclock by
water, and got between nine and ten to Queenhive, very dark. And I could
not get my waterman to go elsewhere for fear of the plague. Thence with a
lanthorn, in great fear of meeting of dead corpses, carried to be buried;
but, blessed be God, met none, but did see now and then a linke (which is
the mark of them) at a distance. So got safe home about 10 oclock, my
people not all abed, and after supper I weary to bed.

21st. Called up, by message from Lord Bruncker and the rest of my fellows,
that they will meet me at the Duke of Albemarles this morning; so I up,
and weary, however, got thither before them, and spoke with my Lord, and
with him and other gentlemen to walk in the Parke, where, I perceive, he
spends much of his time, having no whither else to go; and here I hear him
speake of some Presbyter people that he caused to be apprehended
yesterday, at a private meeting in Covent Garden, which he would have
released upon paying L5 per man to the poor, but it was answered, they
would not pay anything; so he ordered them to another prison from the
guard. By and by comes my fellow-officers, and the Duke walked in, and to
counsel with us; and that being done we departed, and Sir W. Batten and I
to the office, where, after I had done a little business, I to his house
to dinner, whither comes Captain Cocke, for whose epicurisme a dish of
partriges was sent for, and still gives me reason to think is the greatest
epicure in the world. Thence, after dinner, I by water to Sir W. Warrens
and with him two hours, talking of things to his and my profit, and
particularly good advice from him what use to make of Sir G. Carterets
kindnesse to me and my interest in him, with exceeding good cautions for
me not using it too much nor obliging him to fear by prying into his
secrets, which it were easy for me to do. Thence to my Lord Bruncker, at
Greenwich, and Sir J. Minnes by appointment, to looke after the lodgings
appointed for us there for our office, which do by no means please me,
they being in the heart of all the labourers and workmen there, which
makes it as unsafe as to be, I think, at London. Mr. Hugh May, who is a
most ingenuous man, did show us the lodgings, and his acquaintance I am
desirous of. Thence walked, it being now dark, to Sir J. Minness, and
there staid at the door talking with him an hour while messengers went to
get a boat for me, to carry me to Woolwich, but all to no purpose; so I
was forced to walk it in the darke, at ten oclock at night, with Sir J.
Minness George with me, being mightily troubled for fear of the doggs at
Coome farme, and more for fear of rogues by the way, and yet more because
of the plague which is there, which is very strange, it being a single
house, all alone from the towne, but it seems they use to admit beggars,
for their owne safety, to lie in their barns, and they brought it to them;
but I bless God I got about eleven of the clock well to my wife, and
giving 4s. in recompence to George, I to my wife, and having first viewed
her last piece of drawing since I saw her, which is seven or eight days,
which pleases me beyond any thing in the world, to bed with great content
but weary.

22nd. Up, and after much pleasant talke and being importuned by my wife
and her two mayds, which are both good wenches, for me to buy a necklace
of pearle for her, and I promising to give her one of L60 in two years at
furthest, and in less if she pleases me in her painting, I went away and
walked to Greenwich, in my way seeing a coffin with a dead body therein,
dead of the plague, lying in an open close belonging to Coome farme, which
was carried out last night, and the parish have not appointed any body to
bury it; but only set a watch there day and night, that nobody should go
thither or come thence, which is a most cruel thing: this disease making
us more cruel to one another than if we are doggs. So to the Kings House,
and there met my Lord Bruncker and Sir J. Minnes, and to our lodgings
again that are appointed for us, which do please me better to day than
last night, and are set a doing. Thence I to Deptford, where by
appointment I find Mr. Andrews come, and to the Globe, where we dined
together and did much business as to our Plymouth gentlemen; and after a
good dinner and good discourse, he being a very good man, I think verily,
we parted and I to the Kings yard, walked up and down, and by and by out
at the back gate, and there saw the Bagwells wifes mother and daughter,
and went to them, and went in to the daughters house with the mother, and
faciebam le cose que ego tenebam a mind to con elle, and drinking and
talking, by and by away, and so walked to Redriffe, troubled to go through
the little lane, where the plague is, but did and took water and home,
where all well; but Mr. Andrews not coming to even accounts, as I
expected, with relation to something of my own profit, I was vexed that I
could not settle to business, but home to my viall, though in the evening
he did come to my satisfaction. So after supper (he being gone first) I to
settle my journall and to bed.

23rd. Up, and whereas I had appointed Mr. Hater and Will to come betimes
to the office to meet me about business there, I was called upon as soon
as ready by Mr. Andrews to my great content, and he and I to our Tangier
accounts, where I settled, to my great joy, all my accounts with him, and,
which is more, cleared for my service to the contractors since the last
sum I received of them, L222 13s. profit to myself, and received the money
actually in the afternoon. After he was gone comes by a pretence of mine
yesterday old Delks the waterman, with his daughter Robins, and several
times to and again, he leaving her with me, about the getting of his son
Robins off, who was pressed yesterday again…. All the afternoon at my
office mighty busy writing letters, and received a very kind and good one
from my Lord Sandwich of his arrival with the fleete at Solebay, and the
joy he has at my last newes he met with, of the marriage of my Lady
Jemimah; and he tells me more, the good newes that all our ships, which
were in such danger that nobody would insure upon them, from the Eastland,

     [Eastland was a name given to the eastern countries of Europe.  The
     Eastland Company, or Company of Merchants trading to the East
     Country, was incorporated in Queen Elizabeths reign (anno 21), and
     the charter was confirmed 13 Car. II. They were also called The
     Merchants of Elbing.]

were all safe arrived, which I am sure is a great piece of good luck,
being in much more danger than those of Hambrough which were lost, and
their value much greater at this time to us. At night home, much contented
with this days work, and being at home alone looking over my papers,
comes a neighbour of ours hard by to speak with me about business of the
office, one Mr. Fuller, a great merchant, but not my acquaintance, but he
come drunk, and would have had me gone and drunk with him at home, or have
let him send for wine hither, but I would do neither, nor offered him any,
but after some sorry discourse parted, and I up to [my] chamber and to

24th. Up betimes to my office, where my clerks with me, and very busy all
the morning writing letters. At noon down to Sir J. Minnes and Lord
Bruncker to Greenwich to sign some of the Treasurers books, and there
dined very well; and thence to look upon our rooms again at the Kings
house, which are not yet ready for us. So home and late writing letters,
and so, weary with business, home to supper and to bed.

25th. Up betimes to the office, and there, as well as all the afternoon,
saving a little dinner time, all alone till late at night writing letters
and doing business, that I may get beforehand with my business again,
which hath run behind a great while, and then home to supper and to bed.
This day I am told that Dr. Burnett, my physician, is this morning dead of
the plague; which is strange, his man dying so long ago, and his house
this month open again. Now himself dead. Poor unfortunate man!

26th. Up betimes, and prepared to my great satisfaction an account for the
board of my office disbursements, which I had suffered to run on to almost
L120. That done I down by water to Greenwich, where we met the first day
my Lord Bruncker, Sir J. Minnes, and I, and I think we shall do well
there, and begin very auspiciously to me by having my account abovesaid
passed, and put into a way of having it presently paid. When we rose I
find Mr. Andrews and Mr. Yeabsly, who is just come from Plymouth, at the
door, and we walked together toward my Lord Brunkers, talking about their
business, Yeabsly being come up on purpose to discourse with me about it,
and finished all in a quarter of an hour, and is gone again. I perceive
they have some inclination to be going on with their victualling-business
for a while longer before they resign it to Mr. Gauden, and I am well
contented, for it brings me very good profit with certainty, yet with much
care and some pains. We parted at my Lord Brunckers doore, where I went
in, having never been there before, and there he made a noble
entertainment for Sir J. Minnes, myself, and Captain Cocke, none else
saving some painted lady that dined there, I know not who she is. But very
merry we were, and after dinner into the garden, and to see his and her
chamber, where some good pictures, and a very handsome young woman for my
ladys woman. Thence I by water home, in my way seeing a man taken up
dead, out of the hold of a small catch that lay at Deptford. I doubt it
might be the plague, which, with the thought of Dr. Burnett, did something
disturb me, so that I did not what I intended and should have done at the
office, as to business, but home sooner than ordinary, and after supper,
to read melancholy alone, and then to bed.

27th (Lords day). Very well in the morning, and up and to my chamber all
the morning to put my things and papers yet more in order, and so to
dinner. Thence all the afternoon at my office till late making up my
papers and letters there into a good condition of order, and so home to
supper, and after reading a good while in the Kings works,—[Charles
I.s Works, now in the Pepysian Library]—which is a noble book, to

28th. Up, and being ready I out to Mr. Colvill, the goldsmiths, having
not for some days been in the streets; but now how few people I see, and
those looking like people that had taken leave of the world. I there, and
made even all accounts in the world between him and I, in a very good
condition, and I would have done the like with Sir Robert Viner, but he is
out of towne, the sicknesse being every where thereabouts. I to the
Exchange, and I think there was not fifty people upon it, and but few more
like to be as they told me, Sir G. Smith and others. Thus I think to take
adieu to-day of the London streets, unless it be to go again to Viners.
Home to dinner, and there W. Hewer brings me L119 he hath received for my
office disbursements, so that I think I have L1800 and more in the house,
and, blessed be God! no money out but what I can very well command and
that but very little, which is much the best posture I ever was in in my
life, both as to the quantity and the certainty I have of the money I am
worth; having most of it in my own hand. But then this is a trouble to me
what to do with it, being myself this day going to be wholly at Woolwich;
but for the present I am resolved to venture it in an iron chest, at least
for a while. In the afternoon I sent down my boy to Woolwich with some
things before me, in order to my lying there for good and all, and so I
followed him. Just now comes newes that the fleete is gone, or going this
day, out again, for which God be praised! and my Lord Sandwich hath done
himself great right in it, in getting so soon out again. I pray God, he
may meet the enemy. Towards the evening, just as I was fitting myself,
comes W. Hewer and shows me a letter which Mercer had wrote to her mother
about a great difference between my wife and her yesterday, and that my
wife will have her go away presently. This, together with my natural
jealousy that some bad thing or other may be in the way, did trouble me
exceedingly, so as I was in a doubt whether to go thither or no, but
having fitted myself and my things I did go, and by night got thither,
where I met my wife walking to the waterside with her paynter, Mr. Browne,
and her mayds. There I met Commissioner Pett, and my Lord Brunker, and the
lady at his house had been thereto-day, to see her. Commissioner Pett
staid a very little while, and so I to supper with my wife and Mr.
Shelden, and so to bed with great pleasure.

29th. In the morning waking, among other discourse my wife begun to tell
me the difference between her and Mercer, and that it was only from
restraining her to gad abroad to some Frenchmen that were in the town,
which I do not wholly yet in part believe, and for my quiet would not
enquire into it. So rose and dressed myself, and away by land walking a
good way, then remembered that I had promised Commissioner Pett to go with
him in his coach, and therefore I went back again to him, and so by his
coach to Greenwich, and called at Sir Theophilus Biddulphs, a sober,
discreet man, to discourse of the preventing of the plague in Greenwich,
and Woolwich, and Deptford, where in every place it begins to grow very
great. We appointed another meeting, and so walked together to Greenwich
and there parted, and Pett and I to the office, where all the morning, and
after office done I to Sir J. Minnes and dined with him, and thence to
Deptford thinking to have seen Bagwell, but did not, and so straight to
Redriffe, and home, and late at my business to dispatch away letters, and
then home to bed, which I did not intend, but to have staid for altogether
at Woolwich, but I made a shift for a bed for Tom, whose bed is gone to
Woolwich, and so to bed.

30th. Up betimes and to my business of settling my house and papers, and
then abroad and met with Hadley, our clerke, who, upon my asking how the
plague goes, he told me it encreases much, and much in our parish; for,
says he, there died nine this week, though I have returned but six: which
is a very ill practice, and makes me think it is so in other places; and
therefore the plague much greater than people take it to be. Thence, as I
intended, to Sir R. Viners, and there found not Mr. Lewes ready for me,
so I went forth and walked towards Moorefields to see (God forbid my
presumption!) whether I could see any dead corps going to the grave; but,
as God would have it, did not. But, Lord! how every bodys looks, and
discourse in the street is of death, and nothing else, and few people
going up and down, that the towne is like a place distressed and forsaken.
After one turne there back to Viners, and there found my business ready
for me, and evened all reckonings with them to this day to my great
content. So home, and all day till very late at night setting my Tangier
and private accounts in order, which I did in both, and in the latter to
my great joy do find myself yet in the much best condition that ever I was
in, finding myself worth L2180 and odd, besides plate and goods, which I
value at L250 more, which is a very great blessing to me. The Lord make me
thankfull! and of this at this day above L1800 in cash in my house, which
speaks but little out of my hands in desperate condition, but this is very
troublesome to have in my house at this time. So late to bed, well pleased
with my accounts, but weary of being so long at them.

31st. Up and, after putting several things in order to my removal, to
Woolwich; the plague having a great encrease this week, beyond all
expectation of almost 2,000, making the general Bill 7,000, odd 100; and
the plague above 6,000. I down by appointment to Greenwich, to our office,
where I did some business, and there dined with our company and Sir W.
Boreman, and Sir The. Biddulph, at Mr. Boremans, where a good venison
pasty, and after a good merry dinner I to my office, and there late
writing letters, and then to Woolwich by water, where pleasant with my
wife and people, and after supper to bed. Thus this month ends with great
sadness upon the publick, through the greatness of the plague every where
through the kingdom almost. Every day sadder and sadder news of its
encrease. In the City died this week 7,496 and of them 6,102 of the
plague. But it is feared that the true number of the dead, this week is
near 10,000; partly from the poor that cannot be taken notice of, through
the greatness of the number, and partly from the Quakers and others that
will not have any bell ring for them. Our fleete gone out to find the
Dutch, we having about 100 sail in our fleete, and in them the Soveraigne
one; so that it is a better fleete than the former with the Duke was. All
our fear is that the Dutch should be got in before them; which would be a
very great sorrow to the publick, and to me particularly, for my Lord
Sandwichs sake. A great deal of money being spent, and the kingdom not in
a condition to spare, nor a parliament without much difficulty to meet to
give more. And to that; to have it said, what hath been done by our late
fleetes? As to myself I am very well, only in fear of the plague, and as
much of an ague by being forced to go early and late to Woolwich, and my
family to lie there continually. My late gettings have been very great to
my great content, and am likely to have yet a few more profitable jobbs in
a little while; for which Tangier, and Sir W. Warren I am wholly obliged