Samuel Pepys diary June 1665

JUNE 1665

June 1st. Up and to the office, where sat all the morning, at noon to the
Change, and there did some business, and home to dinner, whither Creed
comes, and after dinner I put on my new silke camelott sute; the best that
ever I wore in my life, the sute costing me above L24. In this I went with
Creed to Goldsmiths Hall, to the burial of Sir Thomas Viner; which Hall,
and Haberdashers also, was so full of people, that we were fain for ease
and coolness to go forth to Pater Noster Row, to choose a silke to make me
a plain ordinary suit. That done, we walked to Cornehill, and there at Mr.
Cades stood in the balcon and saw all the funeral, which was with the
blue-coat boys and old men, all the Aldermen, and Lord Mayor, &c., and
the number of the company very great; the greatest I ever did see for a
taverne. Hither come up to us Dr. Allen, and then Mr. Povy and Mr. Fox.
The show being over, and my discourse with Mr. Povy, I took coach and to
Westminster Hall, where I took the fairest flower, and by coach to Tothill
Fields for the ayre till it was dark. I light, and in with the fairest
flower to eat a cake, and there did do as much as was safe with my flower,
and that was enough on my part. Broke up, and away without any notice,
and, after delivering the rose where it should be, I to the Temple and
light, and come to the middle door, and there took another coach, and so
home to write letters, but very few, God knows, being by my pleasure made
to forget everything that is. The coachman that carried [us] cannot know
me again, nor the people at the house where we were. Home to bed, certain
news being come that our fleete is in sight of the Dutch ships.

2nd. Lay troubled in mind abed a good while, thinking of my Tangier and
victualling business, which I doubt will fall. Up and to the Duke of
Albemarle, but missed him. Thence to the Harp and Ball and to Westminster
Hall, where I visited the flowers in each place, and so met with Mr.
Creed, and he and I to Mrs. Crofts to drink and did, but saw not her
daughter Borroughes. I away home, and there dined and did business. In the
afternoon went with my tallys, made a fair end with Colvill and Viner,
delivering them L5000 tallys to each and very quietly had credit given me
upon other tallys of Mr. Colvill for L2000 and good words for more, and of
Mr. Viner too. Thence to visit the Duke of Albemarle, and thence my Lady
Sandwich and Lord Crew. Thence home, and there met an expresse from Sir W.
Batten at Harwich, that the fleete is all sailed from Solebay, having
spied the Dutch fleete at sea, and that, if the calmes hinder not, they
must needs now be engaged with them. Another letter also come to me from
Mr. Hater, committed by the Council this afternoon to the Gate House, upon
the misfortune of having his name used by one, without his knowledge or
privity, for the receiving of some powder that he had bought. Up to Court
about these two, and for the former was led up to my Lady Castlemaynes
lodgings, where the King and she and others were at supper, and there I
read the letter and returned; and then to Sir G. Carteret about Hater, and
shall have him released to-morrow, upon my giving bail for his appearance,
which I have promised to do. Sir G. Carteret did go on purpose to the King
to ask this, and it was granted. So home at past 12, almost one oclock in
the morning. To my office till past two, and then home to supper and to

3rd. Up and to White Hall, where Sir G. Carteret did go with me to
Secretary Morris, and prevailed with him to let Mr. Hater be released upon
bail for his appearance. So I at a loss how to get another besides myself,
and got Mr. Hunt, who did patiently stay with me all the morning at
Secretary Morriss chamber, Mr. Hater being sent for with his keeper, and
at noon comes in the Secretary, and upon entering [into] recognizances, he
for L200, and Mr. Hunt and I for L100 each for his appearance upon demand,
he was released, it costing him, I think, above L3. I thence home, vexed
to be kept from the office all the morning, which I had not been in many
months before, if not some years. At home to dinner, and all the afternoon
at the office, where late at night, and much business done, then home to
supper and to bed. All this day by all people upon the River, and almost
every where else hereabout were heard the guns, our two fleets for certain
being engaged; which was confirmed by letters from Harwich, but nothing
particular: and all our hearts full of concernment for the Duke, and I
particularly for my Lord Sandwich and Mr. Coventry after his Royall

4th (Sunday). Up and at my chamber all the forenoon, at evening my
accounts, which I could not do sooner, for the last month, and, blessed be
God! am worth L1400 odd money, something more than ever I was yet in the
world. Dined very well at noon, and then to my office, and there and in
the garden discoursed with several people about business, among others Mr.
Howell, the turner, who did give me so good a discourse about the
practices of the Paymaster J. Fenn that I thought fit to recollect all
when he was gone, and have entered it down to be for ever remembered.
Thence to my chamber again to settle my Tangier accounts against tomorrow
and some other things, and with great joy ended them, and so to supper,
where a good fowl and tansy, and so to bed. Newes being come that our
fleete is pursuing the Dutch, who, either by cunning, or by being worsted,
do give ground, but nothing more for certain. Late to bed upon my papers
being quite finished.

5th. Up very betimes to look some other papers, and then to White Hall to
a Committee of Tangier, where I offered my accounts with great
acceptation, and so had some good words and honour by it, and one or two
things done to my content in my business of Treasurer, but I do clearly
see that we shall lose our business of victualling, Sir Thomas Ingram
undertaking that it shall be done by persons there as cheap as we do it,
and give the seamen their full allowance and themselves give good security
here for performance of contract, upon which terms there is no opposing
it. This would trouble me, but that I hope when that fails to spend my
time to some good advantage other ways, and so shall permit it all to God
Almightys pleasure. Thence home to dinner, after Change, where great
talke of the Dutch being fled and we in pursuit of them, and that our ship

     [Sir William Coventry and Sir William Penn to the Navy
     Commissioners, June 4th: Engaged yesterday with the Dutch; they
     began to stand away at 3 p.m.  Chased them all the rest of the day
     and night; 20 considerable ships are destroyed and taken; we have
     only lost the Great Charity.  The Earl of Marlborough, Rear-Admiral
     Sansum, and Captain Kirby are slain, and Sir John Lawson wounded
      (Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, 1664-65, p. 406).]

is lost upon our Captains, Wilkinson, and Lieutenants yielding, but of
this there is no certainty, save the report of some of the sicke men of
the Charity, turned adrift in a boat out of the Charity and taken up and
brought on shore yesterday to Sole Bay, and the newes hereof brought by
Sir Henry Felton. Home to dinner, and Creed with me. Then he and I down to
Deptford, did some business, and back again at night. He home, and I to my
office, and so to supper and to bed. This morning I had great discourse
with my Lord Barkeley about Mr. Hater, towards whom from a great passion
reproaching him with being a fanatique and dangerous for me to keepe, I
did bring him to be mighty calme and to ask me pardons for what he had
thought of him and to desire me to ask his pardon of Hater himself for the
ill words he did give him the other day alone at White Hall (which was,
that he had always thought him a man that was no good friend to the King,
but did never think it would breake out in a thing of this nature), and
did advise him to declare his innocence to the Council and pray for his
examination and vindication. Of which I shall consider and say no more,
but remember one compliment that in great kindness to me he did give me,
extolling my care and diligence, that he did love me heartily for my owne
sake, and more that he did will me whatsoever I thought for Mr. Coventrys
sake, for though the world did think them enemies, and to have an ill
aspect, one to another, yet he did love him with all his heart, which was
a strange manner of noble compliment, confessing his owning me as a
confidant and favourite of Mr. Coventrys.

6th. Waked in the morning before 4 oclock with great pain to piss, and
great pain in pissing by having, I think, drank too great a draught of
cold drink before going to bed. But by and by to sleep again, and then
rose and to the office, where very busy all the morning, and at noon to
dinner with Sir G. Carteret to his house with all our Board, where a good
pasty and brave discourse. But our great fear was some fresh news of the
fleete, but not from the fleete, all being said to be well and beaten the
Dutch, but I do not give much belief to it, and indeed the news come from
Sir W. Batten at Harwich, and writ so simply that we all made good mirth
of it. Thence to the office, where upon Sir G. Carterets accounts, to my
great vexation there being nothing done by the Controller to right the
King therein. I thence to my office and wrote letters all the afternoon,
and in the evening by coach to Sir Ph. Warwickes about my Tangier
business to get money, and so to my Lady Sandwichs, who, poor lady,
expects every hour to hear of my Lord; but in the best temper, neither
confident nor troubled with fear, that I ever did see in my life. She
tells me my Lord Rochester is now declaredly out of hopes of Mrs. Mallett,
and now she is to receive notice in a day or two how the King stands
inclined to the giving leave for my Lord Hinchingbroke to look after her,
and that being done to bring it to an end shortly. Thence by coach home,
and to my office a little, and so before 12 oclock home and to bed.

7th. This morning my wife and mother rose about two oclock; and with
Mercer, Mary, the boy, and W. Hewer, as they had designed, took boat and
down to refresh themselves on the water to Gravesend. Lay till 7 oclock,
then up and to the office upon Sir G. Carterets accounts again, where
very busy; thence abroad and to the Change, no news of certainty being
yet come from the fleete. Thence to the Dolphin Taverne, where Sir J.
Minnes, Lord Brunkard, Sir Thomas Harvy, and myself dined, upon Sir G.
Carterets charge, and very merry we were, Sir Thomas Harvy being a very
drolle. Thence to the office, and meeting Creed away with him to my Lord
Treasurers, there thinking to have met the goldsmiths, at White Hall, but
did not, and so appointed another time for my Lord to speak to them to
advance us some money. Thence, it being the hottest day that ever I felt
in my life, and it is confessed so by all other people the hottest they
ever knew in England in the beginning of June, we to the New Exchange, and
there drunk whey, with much entreaty getting it for our money, and [they]
would not be entreated to let us have one glasse more. So took water and
to Fox-Hall, to the Spring garden, and there walked an houre or two with
great pleasure, saving our minds ill at ease concerning the fleete and my
Lord Sandwich, that we have no newes of them, and ill reports run up and
down of his being killed, but without ground. Here staid pleasantly
walking and spending but 6d. till nine at night, and then by water to
White Hall, and there I stopped to hear news of the fleete, but none come,
which is strange, and so by water home, where, weary with walking and with
the mighty heat of the weather, and for my wifes not coming home, I
staying walking in the garden till twelve at night, when it begun to
lighten exceedingly, through the greatness of the heat. Then despairing of
her coming home, I to bed. This day, much against my will, I did in Drury
Lane see two or three houses marked with a red cross upon the doors, and
Lord have mercy upon us writ there; which was a sad sight to me, being
the first of the kind that, to my remembrance, I ever saw. It put me into
an ill conception of myself and my smell, so that I was forced to buy some
roll-tobacco to smell to and chaw, which took away the apprehension.

8th. About five oclock my wife come home, it having lightened all night
hard, and one great shower of rain. She come and lay upon the bed; I up
and to the office, where all the morning. Alone at home to dinner, my
wife, mother, and Mercer dining at W. Joyces; I giving her a caution to
go round by the Half Moone to his house, because of the plague. I to my
Lord Treasurers by appointment of Sir Thomas Ingrams, to meet the
Goldsmiths; where I met with the great news at last newly come, brought by
Bab May from the Duke of Yorke, that we have totally routed the Dutch;
that the Duke himself, the Prince, my Lord Sandwich, and Mr. Coventry are
all well: which did put me into such joy, that I forgot almost all other
thoughts. The particulars I shall set down by and by. By and by comes
Alderman Maynell and Mr. Viner, and there my Lord Treasurer did intreat
them to furnish me with money upon my tallys, Sir Philip Warwicke before
my Lord declaring the Kings changing of the hand from Mr. Povy to me,
whom he called a very sober person, and one whom the Lord Treasurer would
owne in all things that I should concern myself with them in the business
of money. They did at present declare they could not part with money at
present. My Lord did press them very hard, and I hope upon their
considering we shall get some of them. Thence with great joy to the
Cocke-pitt; where the Duke of Albemarle, like a man out of himself with
content, new-told me all; and by and by comes a letter from Mr. Coventrys
own hand to him, which he never opened (which was a strange thing), but
did give it me to open and read, and consider what was fit for our office
to do in it, and leave the letter with Sir W. Clerke; which upon such a
time and occasion was a strange piece of indifference, hardly pardonable.
I copied out the letter, and did also take minutes out of Sir W. Clerkes
other letters; and the sum of the newes is:

                 VICTORY OVER THE DUTCH, JUNE 3RD, 1665.

This day they engaged; the Dutch neglecting greatly the opportunity of the
wind they had of us, by which they lost the benefit of their fire-ships.
The Earl of Falmouth, Muskerry, and Mr. Richard Boyle killed on board the
Dukes ship, the Royall Charles, with one shot: their blood and brains
flying in the Dukes face; and the head of Mr. Boyle striking down the
Duke, as some say. Earle of Marlborough, Portland, Rear-Admirall Sansum
(to Prince Rupert) killed, and Capt. Kirby and Ableson. Sir John Lawson
wounded on the knee; hath had some bones taken out, and is likely to be
well again. Upon receiving the hurt, he sent to the Duke for another to
command the Royall Oake. The Duke sent Jordan

     [Afterwards Sir Joseph Jordan, commander of the Royal Sovereign,
      and Vice-Admiral of the Red, 1672.  He was knighted on July 1st,

out of the St. George, who did brave things in her. Capt. Jer. Smith of
the Mary was second to the Duke, and stepped between him and Captain
Seaton of the Urania (76 guns and 400 men), who had sworn to board the
Duke; killed him, 200 men, and took the ship; himself losing 99 men, and
never an officer saved but himself and lieutenant. His master indeed is
saved, with his leg cut off: Admirall Opdam blown up, Trump killed, and
said by Holmes; all the rest of their admiralls, as they say, but Everson
(whom they dare not trust for his affection to the Prince of Orange), are
killed: we having taken and sunk, as is believed, about 24 of their best
ships; killed and taken near 8 or 10,000 men, and lost, we think, not
above 700. A great[er] victory never known in the world. They are all
fled, some 43 got into the Texell, and others elsewhere, and we in pursuit
of the rest. Thence, with my heart full of joy; home, and to my office a
little; then to my Lady Pens, where they are all joyed and not a little
puffed up at the good successe of their father;

     [In the royal charter granted by Charles II. in 1680 to William Penn
     for the government of his American province, to be styled
     Pennsylvania, special reference is made to the memory and merits of
     Sir William Penn in divers services, and particularly his conduct,
     courage, and discretion under our dearest brother, James, Duke of
     York, in that signal battle and victory fought and obtained against
     the Dutch fleet commanded by Heer van Opdam in 1665 (Penns
     Memorials of Sir W. Penn, vol. ii., p. 359).]

and good service indeed is said to have been done by him. Had a great
bonefire at the gate; and I with my Lady Pens people and others to Mrs.
Turners great room, and then down into the streete. I did give the boys
4s. among them, and mighty merry. So home to bed, with my heart at great
rest and quiett, saving that the consideration of the victory is too great
for me presently to comprehend.

     [Mrs. Ady (Julia Cartwright), in her fascinating life of Henrietta,
     Duchess of Orleans, gives an account of the receipt of the news of
     the great sea-fight in Paris, and quotes a letter of Charles II. to
     his sister, dated, Whitehall, June 8th, 1665  The first report
     that reached Paris was that the Duke of Yorks ship had been blown
     up, and he himself had been drowned.  The shock was too much for
     Madame...  she was seized with convulsions, and became so
     dangerously ill that Lord Hollis wrote to the king, If things had
     gone ill at sea I really believe Madame would have died.  Charles
     wrote: I thanke God we have now the certayne newes of a very
     considerable victory over the Duch; you will see most of the
     particulars by the relation my Lord Hopis will shew you, though I
     have had as great a losse as tis possible in a good frinde, poore
     C. Barckely.  It troubles me so much, as I hope you will excuse the
     shortnesse of this letter, haveing receaved the newes of it but two
     houres agoe (Madame, 1894, pp.  215, 216).]

9th. Lay long in bed, my head akeing with too much thoughts I think last
night. Up and to White Hall, and my Lord Treasurers to Sir Ph. Warwicke,
about Tangier business, and in my way met with Mr. Moore, who eases me in
one point wherein I was troubled; which was, that I heard of nothing said
or done by my Lord Sandwich: but he tells me that Mr. Cowling, my Lord
Chamberlains secretary, did hear the King say that my Lord Sandwich had
done nobly and worthily. The King, it seems, is much troubled at the fall
of my Lord of Falmouth; but I do not meet with any man else that so much
as wishes him alive again, the world conceiving him a man of too much
pleasure to do the King any good, or offer any good office to him. But I
hear of all hands he is confessed to have been a man of great honour, that
did show it in this his going with the Duke, the most that ever any man
did. Home, where my people busy to make ready a supper against night for
some guests, in lieu of my stonefeast. At noon eat a small dinner at home,
and so abroad to buy several things, and among others with my taylor to
buy a silke suit, which though I had one lately, yet I do, for joy of the
good newes we have lately had of our victory over the Dutch, which makes
me willing to spare myself something extraordinary in clothes; and after
long resolution of having nothing but black, I did buy a coloured silk
ferrandin. So to the Old Exchange, and there at my pretty seamstresses
bought a pair of stockings of her husband, and so home, where by and by
comes Mr. Honiwood and Mrs. Wilde, and Roger Pepys and, after long time
spent, Mrs. Turner, The. and Joyce. We had a very good venison pasty, this
being instead of my stone-feast the last March, and very merry we were,
and the more I know the more I like Mr. Honiwoods conversation. So after
a good supper they parted, walking to the Change for a coach, and I with
them to see them there. So home and to bed, glad it was over.

10th. Lay long in bed, and then up and at the office all the morning. At
noon dined at home, and then to the office busy all the afternoon. In the
evening home to supper; and there, to my great trouble, hear that the
plague is come into the City (though it hath these three or four weeks
since its beginning been wholly out of the City); but where should it
begin but in my good friend and neighbours, Dr. Burnett, in Fanchurch
Street: which in both points troubles me mightily. To the office to finish
my letters and then home to bed, being troubled at the sicknesse, and my
head filled also with other business enough, and particularly how to put
my things and estate in order, in case it should please God to call me
away, which God dispose of to his glory!

11th (Lords day). Up, and expected long a new suit; but, coming not,
dressed myself in my late new black silke camelott suit; and, when fully
ready, comes my new one of coloured ferrandin, which my wife puts me out
of love with, which vexes me, but I think it is only my not being used to
wear colours which makes it look a little unusual upon me. To my chamber
and there spent the morning reading. At noon, by invitation, comes my two
cozen Joyces and their wives, my aunt James and he-cozen Harman, his wife
being ill. I had a good dinner for them, and as merry as I could be in
such company. They being gone, I out of doors a little, to shew, forsooth,
my new suit, and back again, and in going I saw poor Dr. Burnetts door
shut; but he hath, I hear, gained great goodwill among his neighbours; for
he discovered it himself first, and caused himself to be shut up of his
own accord: which was very handsome. In the evening comes Mr. Andrews and
his wife and Mr. Hill, and staid and played, and sung and supped, most
excellent pretty company, so pleasant, ingenious, and harmless, I cannot
desire better. They gone we to bed, my mind in great present ease.

12th. Up, and in my yesterdays new suit to the Duke of Albemarle, and
after a turne in White Hall, and then in Westminster Hall, returned, and
with my taylor bought some gold lace for my sleeve hands in Pater Noster
Row. So home to dinner, and then to the office, and down the River to
Deptford, and then back again and to my Lord Treasurers, and up and down
to look after my Tangier business, and so home to my office, then to
supper and to bed. The Duke of Yorke is sent for last night and expected
to be here to-morrow.

13th. Up and to the office, where all the morning doing business. At noon
with Sir G. Carteret to my Lord Mayors to dinner, where much company in a
little room, and though a good, yet no extraordinary table. His name, Sir
John Lawrence, whose father, a very ordinary old man, sat there at table,
but it seems a very rich man. Here were at table three Sir Richard
Brownes, viz.: he of the Councill, a clerk, and the Alderman, and his son;
and there was a little grandson also Richard, who will hereafter be Sir
Richard Browne. The Alderman did here openly tell in boasting how he had,
only upon suspicion of disturbances, if there had been any bad newes from
sea, clapped up several persons that he was afeard of; and that he had
several times done the like and would do, and take no bail where he saw it
unsafe for the King. But by and by he said that he was now sued in the
Exchequer by a man for false imprisonment, that he had, upon the same
score, imprisoned while he was Mayor four years ago, and asked advice upon
it. I told him I believed there was none, and told my story of Field, at
which he was troubled, and said that it was then unsafe for any man to
serve the King, and, I believed, knows not what to do therein; but that
Sir Richard Browne, of the Councill, advised him to speak with my Lord
Chancellor about it. My Lord Mayor very respectfull to me; and so I after
dinner away and found Sir J. Minnes ready with his coach and four horses
at our office gate, for him and me to go out of towne to meet the Duke of
Yorke coming from Harwich to-night, and so as far as Ilford, and there
light. By and by comes to us Sir John Shaw and Mr. Neale, that married
the rich widow Gold, upon the same errand. After eating a dish of creame,
we took coach again, hearing nothing of the Duke, and away home, a most
pleasant evening and road. And so to my office, where, after my letters
wrote, to supper and to bed. All our discourse in our way was Sir J.
Minness telling me passages of the late Kings and his fathers, which I
was mightily pleased to hear for information, though the pride of some
persons and vice of most was but a sad story to tell how that brought the
whole kingdom and King to ruine.

14th. Up, and to Sir Ph. Warwickes and other places, about Tangier
business, but to little purpose. Among others to my Lord Treasurers,
there to speak with him, and waited in the lobby three long hours for to
speake with him, to the trial of my utmost patience, but missed him at
last, and forced to go home without it, which may teach me how I make
others wait. Home to dinner and staid Mr. Hater with me, and after dinner
drew up a petition for Mr. Hater to present to the Councill about his
troublesome business of powder, desiring a trial that his absence may be
vindicated, and so to White Hall, but it was not proper to present it
to-day. Here I met with Mr. Cowling, who observed to me how he finds every
body silent in the praise of my Lord Sandwich, to set up the Duke and the
Prince; but that the Duke did both to the King and my Lord Chancellor
write abundantly of my Lords courage and service.

     [Charles II.s letter of thanks to Lord Sandwich, dated Whitehall,
     June 9th, 1665, written entirely in the kings hand, is printed in
     Elliss Original Letters, 1st series, vol. iii., p. 327.]

And I this day met with a letter of Captain Ferrers, wherein he tells [us]
my Lord was with his ship in all the heat of the day, and did most
worthily. Met with Creed, and he and I to Westminster; and there saw my
Lord Marlborough

     [Of the four distinguished men who died after the late action with
     the Dutch and were buried in Westminster Abbey, the Earl of
     Marlborough was interred on June 14th, Viscount Muskerry on the
     19th, the Earl of Falmouth on the 22nd, and Sir Edward Broughton on
     the 26th.  After the entries in the Abbey Registers is this note:
     These four last Honble Persons dyed in his Majys service against
     the Dutch, excepting only that ST Ed Br received his deaths wound
     at sea, but dyed here at home (Chesters Westminster Abbey
     Registers, p. 162).]

brought to be buried, several Lords of the Council carrying him, and with
the herald in some state. Thence, vexed in my mind to think that I do so
little in my Tangier business, and so home, and after supper to bed.

15th. Up, and put on my new stuff suit with close knees, which becomes me
most nobly, as my wife says. At the office all day. At noon, put on my
first laced band, all lace; and to Kate Joyces to dinner, where my
mother, wife, and abundance of their friends, and good usage. Thence, wife
and Mercer and I to the Old Exchange, and there bought two lace bands
more, one of my semstresse, whom my wife concurs with me to be a pretty
woman. So down to Deptford and Woolwich, my boy and I. At Woolwich,
discoursed with Mr. Sheldon about my bringing my wife down for a month or
two to his house, which he approves of, and, I think, will be very
convenient. So late back, and to the office, wrote letters, and so home to
supper and to bed. This day the Newes book upon Mr. Moores showing

     [The Public Intelligencer, published by Roger LEstrange, the
     predecessor of the London Gazette.]

(Captain Ferrerss letter) did do my Lord Sandwich great right as to the
late victory. The Duke of Yorke not yet come to towne. The towne grows
very sickly, and people to be afeard of it; there dying this last week of
the plague 112, from 43 the week before, whereof but [one] in
Fanchurch-streete, and one in Broad-streete, by the Treasurers office.

16th. Up and to the office, where I set hard to business, but was informed
that the Duke of Yorke is come, and hath appointed us to attend him this
afternoon. So after dinner, and doing some business at the office, I to
White Hall, where the Court is full of the Duke and his courtiers returned
from sea. All fat and lusty, and ruddy by being in the sun. I kissed his
hands, and we waited all the afternoon. By and by saw Mr. Coventry, which
rejoiced my very heart. Anon he and I, from all the rest of the company,
walked into the Matted Gallery; where after many expressions of love, we
fell to talk of business. Among other things, how my Lord Sandwich, both
in his counsells and personal service, hath done most honourably and
serviceably. Sir J. Lawson is come to Greenwich; but his wound in his knee
yet very bad. Jonas Poole, in the Vantguard, did basely, so as to be, or
will be, turned out of his ship. Captain Holmes

     [Captain Robert Holmes (afterwards knighted).  Sir William Coventry,
     in a letter to Lord Arlington (dated from The Royal Charles,
      Southwold Bay, June 13th), writes: Capt. Holmes asked to be rear
     admiral of the white squadron in place of Sansum who was killed, but
     the Duke gave the place to Captain Harman, on which he delivered up
     his commission, which the Duke received, and put Captain Langhorne
     in his stead (Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, 1664-65, p.

expecting upon Sansums death to be made Rear-admirall to the Prince (but
Harman is

     [John Harman, afterwards knighted.  He had served with great
     reputation in several naval fights, and was desperately wounded in
     1673, while]

put in) hath delivered up to the Duke his commission, which the Duke took
and tore. He, it seems, had bid the Prince, who first told him of Holmess
intention, that he should dissuade him from it; for that he was resolved
to take it if he offered it. Yet Holmes would do it, like a rash, proud
coxcombe. But he is rich, and hath, it seems, sought an occasion of
leaving the service. Several of our captains have done ill. The great
ships are the ships do the business, they quite deadening the enemy. They
run away upon sight of The Prince.

     [The Prince was Lord Sandwichs ship; the captain was Roger
     Cuttance.  It was put up at Chatham for repair at this date.]

It is strange to see how people do already slight Sir William Barkeley,

     [Sir William Berkeley, see note, vol.  iii., p.  334.  His behaviour
     after the death of his brother, Lord Falmouth, is severely commented
     on in Poems on State Affairs, vol. i., p. 29

              Berkeley had heard it soon, and thought not good
               To venture more of royal Hardings blood;
               To be immortal he was not of age,
               And did een now the Indian Prize presage;
               And judged it safe and decent, cost what cost,
               To lose the day, since his dear brothers lost.
               With his whole squadron straight away he bore,
               And, like good boy, promised to fight no more.—B.]

my Lord FitzHardings brother, who, three months since, was the delight of
the Court. Captain Smith of The Mary the Duke talks mightily of; and
some great thing will be done for him. Strange to hear how the Dutch do
relate, as the Duke says, that they are the conquerors; and bonefires are
made in Dunkirke in their behalf; though a clearer victory can never be
expected. Mr. Coventry thinks they cannot have lost less than 6000 men,
and we not dead above 200, and wounded about 400; in all about 600. Thence
home and to my office till past twelve, and then home to supper and to
bed, my wife and mother not being yet come home from W. Hewers chamber,
who treats my mother tonight. Captain Grovel the Duke told us this day,
hath done the basest thing at Lowestoffe, in hearing of the guns, and
could not (as others) be got out, but staid there; for which he will be
tried; and is reckoned a prating coxcombe, and of no courage.

17th. My wife come to bed about one in the morning. I up and abroad about
Tangier business, then back to the office, where we sat, and at noon home
to dinner, and then abroad to Mr. Povys, after I and Mr. Andrews had been
with Mr. Ball and one Major Strange, who looks after the getting of money
for tallys and is helping Mr. Andrews. I had much discourse with Ball, and
it may be he may prove a necessary man for our turns. With Mr. Povy I
spoke very freely my indifference as to my place of Treasurer, being so
much troubled in it, which he took with much seeming trouble, that I
should think of letting go so lightly the place, but if the place cant be
held I will. So hearing that my Lord Treasurer was gone out of town with
his family because of the sicknesse, I returned home without staying
there, and at the office find Sir W. Pen come home, who looks very well;
and I am gladder to see him than otherwise I should be because of my
hearing so well of him for his serviceablenesse in this late great action.
To the office late, and then home to bed. It struck me very deep this
afternoon going with a hackney coach from my Lord Treasurers down
Holborne, the coachman I found to drive easily and easily, at last stood
still, and come down hardly able to stand, and told me that he was
suddenly struck very sicke, and almost blind, he could not see; so I
light and went into another coach, with a sad heart for the poor man and
trouble for myself, lest he should have been struck with the plague, being
at the end of the towne that I took him up; but God have mercy upon us
all! Sir John Lawson, I hear, is worse than yesterday: the King went to
see him to-day most kindly. It seems his wound is not very bad; but he
hath a fever, a thrush, and a hickup, all three together, which are, it
seems, very bad symptoms.

18th (Lords day). Up, and to church, where Sir W. Pen was the first time
[since he] come from sea, after the battle. Mr. Mills made a sorry sermon
to prove that there was a world to come after this. Home and dined and
then to my chamber, where all the afternoon. Anon comes Mr. Andrews to see
and sing with me, but Mr. Hill not coming, and having business, we soon
parted, there coming Mr. Povy and Creed to discourse about our Tangier
business of money. They gone, I hear Sir W. Batten and my Lady are
returned from Harwich. I went to see them, and it is pretty to see how we
appear kind one to another, though neither of us care 2d. one for another.
Home to supper, and there coming a hasty letter from Commissioner Pett for
pressing of some calkers (as I would ever on his Majestys service), with
all speed, I made a warrant presently and issued it. So to my office a
little, and then home to bed.

19th. Up, and to White Hall with Sir W. Batten (calling at my Lord
Ashlys, but to no purpose, by the way, he being not up), and there had
our usual meeting before the Duke with the officers of the Ordnance with
us, which in some respects I think will be the better for us, for despatch
sake. Thence home to the Change and dined alone (my wife gone to her
mothers), after dinner to my little new goldsmiths,

     [John Colvill of Lombard Street, see ante, May 24th.  He lost
     L85,832  17s. 2d.  by the closing of the Exchequer in 1672, and he
     died between 1672 and 1677 (Prices Handbook of London Bankers ).]

whose wife indeed is one of the prettiest, modest black women that ever I
saw. I paid for a dozen of silver salts L6 14s. 6d. Thence with Sir W. Pen
from the office down to Greenwich to see Sir J. Lawson, who is better, but
continues ill; his hickupp not being yet gone, could have little discourse
with him. So thence home and to supper, a while to the office, my head and
mind mightily vexed to see the multitude of papers and business before
[me] and so little time to do it in. So to bed.

20th. Thankes-giving-day for victory over ye Dutch. Up, and to the office,
where very busy alone all the morning till church time, and there heard a
mean sorry sermon of Mr. Mills. Then to the Dolphin Taverne, where all we
officers of the Navy met with the Commissioners of the Ordnance by
agreement, and dined: where good musique at my direction. Our club—[share]

             [Next these a sort of Sots there are,
               Who crave more wine than they can bear,
               Yet hate, when drunk, to pay or spend
               Their equal Club or Dividend,
               But wrangle, when the Bill is brought,
               And think theyre cheated when theyre not.

     The Delights of the Bottle, or the Compleat Vintner, 3rd ed., 1721,
     p. 29.]

—come to 34s. a man, nine of us. Thence after dinner, to White Hall
with Sir W. Berkely in his coach, and so walked to Herberts and there
spent a little time…. Thence by water to Fox-hall, and there walked an
hour alone, observing the several humours of the citizens that were there
this holyday, pulling of cherries,—[The game of bob-cherry]—and
God knows what, and so home to my office, where late, my wife not being
come home with my mother, who have been this day all abroad upon the
water, my mother being to go out of town speedily. So I home and to supper
and to bed, my wife come home when I come from the office. This day I
informed myself that there died four or five at Westminster of the plague
in one alley in several houses upon Sunday last, Bell Alley, over against
the Palace-gate; yet people do think that the number will be fewer in the
towne than it was the last weeke! The Dutch are come out again with 20
sail under Bankert; supposed gone to the Northward to meete their East
India fleete.

21st. Up, and very busy all the morning. At noon with Creed to the Excise
Office, where I find our tallys will not be money in less than sixteen
months, which is a sad thing for the King to pay all that interest for
every penny he spends; and, which is strange, the goldsmiths with whom I
spoke, do declare that they will not be moved to part with money upon the
increase of their consideration of ten per cent. which they have, and
therefore desire I would not move in it, and indeed the consequence would
be very ill to the King, and have its ill consequences follow us through
all the Kings revenue. Home, and my uncle Wight and aunt James dined with
me, my mother being to go away to-morrow. So to White Hall, and there
before and after Council discoursed with Sir Thomas Ingram about our ill
case as to Tangier for money. He hath got the King to appoint a meeting on
Friday, which I hope will put an end one way or other to my pain. So
homewards and to the Cross Keys at Cripplegate, where I find all the towne
almost going out of towne, the coaches and waggons being all full of
people going into the country. Here I had some of the company of the
tapsters wife a while, and so home to my office, and then home to supper
and to bed.

22nd. Up pretty betimes, and in great pain whether to send my another into
the country to-day or no, I hearing, by my people, that she, poor wretch,
hath a mind to stay a little longer, and I cannot blame her, considering
what a life she will through her own folly lead when she comes home again,
unlike the pleasure and liberty she hath had here. At last I resolved to
put it to her, and she agreed to go, so I would not oppose it, because of
the sicknesse in the towne, and my intentions of removing my wife. So I
did give her money and took a kind leave of her, she, poor wretch,
desiring that I would forgive my brother John, but I refused it to her,
which troubled her, poor soul, but I did it in kind words and so let the
discourse go off, she leaving me though in a great deal of sorrow. So I to
my office and left my wife and people to see her out of town, and I at the
office all the morning. At noon my wife tells me that she is with much ado
gone, and I pray God bless her, but it seems she was to the last unwilling
to go, but would not say so, but put it off till she lost her place in the
coach, and was fain to ride in the waggon part. After dinner to the office
again till night, very busy, and so home not very late to supper and to

23rd. Up and to White Hall to a Committee for Tangier, where his Royal
Highness was. Our great design was to state to them the true condition of
this Committee for want of money, the want whereof was so great as to need
some sudden help, and it was with some content resolved to see it supplied
and means proposed towards the doing of it. At this Committee, unknown to
me, comes my Lord of Sandwich, who, it seems, come to towne last night.
After the Committee was up, my Lord Sandwich did take me aside, and we
walked an hour alone together in the robe-chamber, the door shut, telling
me how much the Duke and Mr. Coventry did, both in the fleete and here,
make of him, and that in some opposition to the Prince; and as a more
private message, he told me that he hath been with them both when they
have made sport of the Prince and laughed at him: yet that all the
discourse of the towne, and the printed relation, should not give him one
word of honour my Lord thinks mighty strange; he assuring me, that though
by accident the Prince was in the van the beginning of the fight for the
first pass, yet all the rest of the day my Lord was in the van, and
continued so. That notwithstanding all this noise of the Prince, he had
hardly a shot in his side nor a man killed, whereas he hath above 30 in
her hull, and not one mast whole nor yard; but the most battered ship of
the fleet, and lost most men, saving Captain Smith of The Mary. That the
most the Duke did was almost out of gun-shot; but that, indeed, the Duke
did come up to my Lords rescue after he had a great while fought with
four of them. How poorly Sir John Lawson performed, notwithstanding all
that was said of him; and how his ship turned out of the way, while Sir J.
Lawson himself was upon the deck, to the endangering of the whole fleete.
It therefore troubles my Lord that Mr. Coventry should not mention a word
of him in his relation. I did, in answer, offer that I was sure the
relation was not compiled by Mr. Coventry, but by LEstrange, out of
several letters, as I could witness; and that Mr. Coventrys letter that
he did give the Duke of Albemarle did give him as much right as the
Prince, for I myself read it first and then copied it out, which I
promised to show my Lord, with which he was somewhat satisfied. From that
discourse my Lord did begin to tell me how much he was concerned to
dispose of his children, and would have my advice and help; and propounded
to match my Lady Jemimah to Sir G. Carterets eldest son, which I approved
of, and did undertake the speaking with him about it as from myself, which
my Lord liked. So parted, with my head full of care about this business.
Thence home to the Change, and so to dinner, and thence by coach to Mr.
Povys. Thence by appointment with him and Creed to one Mr. Finch; one of
the Commissioners for the Excise, to be informed about some things of the
Excise, in order to our settling matters therein better for us for our
Tangier business. I find him a very discreet, grave person. Thence well
satisfied I and Creed to Mr. Fox at White Hall to speak with him about the
same matter, and having some pretty satisfaction from him also, he and I
took boat and to Fox Hall, where we spent two or three hours talking of
several matters very soberly and contentfully to me, which, with the ayre
and pleasure of the garden, was a great refreshment to me, and, methinks,
that which we ought to joy ourselves in. Thence back to White Hall, where
we parted, and I to find my Lord to receive his farther direction about
his proposal this morning. Wherein I did that I should first by another
hand break my intentions to Sir G. Carteret. I pitched upon Dr. Clerke,
which my Lord liked, and so I endeavoured but in vain to find him out
to-night. So home by hackney-coach, which is become a very dangerous
passage now-a-days, the sickness increasing mightily, and to bed.

24th (Midsummer-day). Up very betimes, by six, and at Dr. Clerkes at
Westminster by 7 of the clock, having over night by a note acquainted him
with my intention of coming, and there I, in the best manner I could,
broke my errand about a match between Sir G. Carterets eldest son and my
Lord Sandwichs eldest daughter, which he (as I knew he would) took with
great content: and we both agreed that my Lord and he, being both men
relating to the sea, under a kind aspect of His Majesty, already good
friends, and both virtuous and good familys, their allyance might be of
good use to us; and he did undertake to find out Sir George this morning,
and put the business in execution. So being both well pleased with the
proposition, I saw his niece there and made her sing me two or three songs
very prettily, and so home to the office, where to my great trouble I
found Mr. Coventry and the board met before I come. I excused my late
coming by having been on the River about office business. So to business
all the morning. At noon Captain Ferrers and Mr. Moore dined with me, the
former of them the first time I saw him since his corning from sea, who do
give me the best conversation in general, and as good an account of the
particular service of the Prince and my Lord of Sandwich in the late
sea-fight that I could desire. After dinner they parted. So I to White
Hall, where I with Creed and Povy attended my Lord Treasurer, and did
prevail with him to let us have an assignment for 15 or L20,000, which, I
hope, will do our business for Tangier. So to Dr. Clerke, and there found
that he had broke the business to Sir G. Carteret, and that he takes the
thing mighty well. Thence I to Sir G. Carteret at his chamber, and in the
best manner I could, and most obligingly, moved the business: he received
it with great respect and content, and thanks to me, and promised that he
would do what he could possibly for his son, to render him fit for my
Lords daughter, and shewed great kindness to me, and sense of my kindness
to him herein. Sir William Pen told me this day that Mr. Coventry is to be
sworn a Privy Counsellor, at which my soul is glad. So home and to my
letters by the post, and so home to supper and bed.

25th (Lords day). Up, and several people about business come to me by
appointment relating to the office. Thence I to my closet about my Tangier
papers. At noon dined, and then I abroad by water, it raining hard,
thinking to have gone down to Woolwich, but I did not, but back through
bridge to White Hall, where, after I had again visited Sir G. Carteret,
and received his (and now his Ladys) full content in my proposal, I went
to my Lord Sandwich, and having told him how Sir G. Carteret received it,
he did direct me to return to Sir G. Carteret, and give him thanks for his
kind reception of this offer, and that he would the next day be willing to
enter discourse with him about the business. Which message I did presently
do, and so left the business with great joy to both sides. My Lord, I
perceive, intends to give L5000 with her, and expects about L800 per annum
joynture. So by water home and to supper and bed, being weary with long
walking at Court, but had a Psalm or two with my boy and Mercer before
bed, which pleased me mightily. This night Sir G. Carteret told me with
great kindnesse that the order of the Council did run for the making of
Hater and Whitfield incapable of any serving the King again, but that he
had stopped the entry of it, which he told me with great kindnesse, but
the thing troubles me. After dinner, before I went to White Hall, I went
down to Greenwich by water, thinking to have visited Sir J. Lawson, where,
when I come, I find that he is dead, and died this morning, at which I was
much surprized; and indeed the nation hath a great loss; though I cannot,
without dissembling, say that I am sorry for it, for he was a man never
kind to me at all. Being at White Hall, I visited Mr. Coventry, who, among
other talk, entered about the great question now in the House about the
Dukes going to sea again; about which the whole House is divided. He did
concur with me that, for the Dukes honour and safety, it were best, after
so great a service and victory and danger, not to go again; and, above
all, that the life of the Duke cannot but be a security to the Crowne; if
he were away, it being more easy to attempt anything upon the King; but
how the fleete will be governed without him, the Prince—[Rupert]—being
a man of no government and severe in council, that no ordinary man can
offer any advice against his; saying truly that it had been better he had
gone to Guinny, and that were he away, it were easy to say how matters
might be ordered, my Lord Sandwich being a man of temper and judgment as
much as any man he ever knew, and that upon good observation he said this,
and that his temper must correct the Princes. But I perceive he is much
troubled what will be the event of the question. And so I left him.

26th. Up and to White Hall with Sir J. Minnes, and to the Committee of
Tangier, where my Lord Treasurer was, the first and only time he ever was
there, and did promise us L15,000 for Tangier and no more, which will be
short. But if I can pay Mr. Andrews all his money I care for no more, and
the bills of Exchange. Thence with Mr. Povy and Creed below to a new
chamber of Mr. Povys, very pretty, and there discourse about his
business, not to his content, but with the most advantage I could to him,
and Creed also did the like. Thence with Creed to the Kings Head, and
there dined with him at the ordinary, and good sport with one Mr.
Nicholls, a prating coxcombe, that would be thought a poet, but would not
be got to repeat any of his verses. Thence I home, and there find my
wifes brother and his wife, a pretty little modest woman, where they
dined with my wife. He did come to desire my assistance for a living, and,
upon his good promises of care, and that it should be no burden to me, I
did say and promise I would think of finding something for him, and the
rather because his wife seems a pretty discreet young thing, and humble,
and he, above all things, desirous to do something to maintain her,
telling me sad stories of what she endured with him in Holland, and I hope
it will not be burdensome. So down by water to Woolwich, walking to and
again from Greenwich thither and back again, my business being to speak
again with Sheldon, who desires and expects my wife coming thither to
spend the summer, and upon second thoughts I do agree that it will be a
good place for her and me too. So, weary, home, and to my office a while,
till almost midnight, and so to bed. The plague encreases mightily, I this
day seeing a house, at a bitt-makers over against St. Clements Church,
in the open street, shut up; which is a sad sight.

27th. Up and to the office, where all the morning. At noon dined by chance
at my Lady Battens, and they sent for my wife, and there was my Lady Pen
and Pegg. Very merry, and so I to my office again, where till 12 oclock
at night, and so home to supper and to bed.

28th. Sir J. Minnes carried me and my wife to White Hall, and thence his
coach along with my wife where she would. There after attending the Duke
to discourse of the navy. We did not kiss his hand, nor do I think, for
all their pretence, of going away to-morrow. Yet I believe they will not
go for good and all, but I did take my leave of Sir William Coventry, who,
it seems, was knighted and sworn a Privy-Counsellor two days since; who
with his old kindness treated me, and I believe I shall ever find [him] a
noble friend. Thence by water to Blackfriars, and so to Pauls churchyard
and bespoke severall books, and so home and there dined, my man William
giving me a lobster sent him by my old maid Sarah. This morning I met with
Sir G. Carteret, who tells me how all things proceed between my Lord
Sandwich and himself to full content, and both sides depend upon having
the match finished presently, and professed great kindnesse to me, and
said that now we were something akin. I am mightily, both with respect to
myself and much more of my Lords family, glad of this alliance. After
dinner to White Hall, thinking to speak with my Lord Ashly, but failed,
and I whiled away some time in Westminster Hall against he did come, in my
way observing several plague houses in Kings Street and [near] the
Palace. Here I hear Mrs. Martin is gone out of town, and that her husband,
an idle fellow, is since come out of France, as he pretends, but I believe
not that he hath been. I was fearful of going to any house, but I did to
the Swan, and thence to White Hall, giving the waterman a shilling,
because a young fellow and belonging to the Plymouth. Thence by coach to
several places, and so home, and all the evening with Sir J. Minnes and
all the women of the house (excepting my Lady Batten) late in the garden
chatting. At 12 oclock home to supper and to bed. My Lord Sandwich is
gone towards the sea to-day, it being a sudden resolution, I having taken
no leave of him.

29th. Up and by water to White Hall, where the Court full of waggons and
people ready to go out of towne. To the Harp and Ball, and there drank and
talked with Mary, she telling me in discourse that she lived lately at my
neighbours, Mr. Knightly, which made me forbear further discourse. This
end of the towne every day grows very bad of the plague. The Mortality
Bill is come to 267;

     [According to the Bills of Mortality, the total number of deaths in
     London for the week ending June 27th was 684, of which number 267
     were deaths from the plague.  The number of deaths rose week by week
     until September 19th, when the total was 8,297, and the deaths from
     the plague 7,165.  On September 26th the total had fallen to 6,460,
     and deaths from the plague to 5,533 The number fell gradually, week
     by week, till October 31st, when the total was 1,388, and deaths
     from the plague 1,031.  On November 7th there was a rise to 1,787
     and 1,414 respectively.  On November 14th the numbers had gone down
     to 1,359 and 1,050 respectively.  On December 12th the total had
     fallen to 442, and deaths from the plague to 243.  On December 19th
     there was a rise to 525 and 281 respectively.  The total of burials
     in 1665 was 97,506, of which number the plague claimed 68,596

which is about ninety more than the last: and of these but four in the
City, which is a great blessing to us. Thence to Creed, and with him up
and down about Tangier business, to no purpose. Took leave again of Mr.
Coventry; though I hope the Duke has not gone to stay, and so do others
too. So home, calling at Somersett House, where all are packing up too:
the Queene-Mother setting out for France this day to drink Bourbon waters
this year, she being in a consumption; and intends not to come till winter
come twelvemonths.

     [The Queen-Mother never came to England again.  She retired to her
     chateau at Colombes, near Paris, where she died in August, 1669,
     after a long illness; the immediate cause of her death being an
     opiate ordered by her physicians.  She was buried, September 12th,
     in the church of St. Denis.  Her funeral sermon was preached by
     Bossuet.  Sir John Reresby speaks of Queen Henrietta Maria in high
     terms.  He says that in the winter, 1659-60, although the Court of
     France was very splendid, there was a greater resort to the Palais
     Royal, the good humour and wit of our Queen Mother, and the beauty
     of the Princess [Henrietta] her daughter, giving greater invitation
     than the more particular humour of the French Queen, being a
     Spaniard.  In another place he says: Her majesty had a great
     affection for England, notwithstanding the severe usage she and hers
     had received from it.  Her discourse was much with the great men and
     ladies of France in praise of the people and of the country; of
     their courage, generosity, good nature; and would excuse all their
     miscarriages in relation to unfortunate effects of the late war, as
     if it were a convulsion of some desperate and infatuated persons,
     rather than from the genius and temper of the kingdom (Memoirs of
     Sir John Reresby, ed.  Cartwright, pp. 43, 45).]

So by coach home, where at the office all the morning, and at noon Mrs.
Hunt dined with us. Very merry, and she a very good woman. To the office,
where busy a while putting some things in my office in order, and then to
letters till night. About 10 aclock home, the days being sensibly shorter
before I have once kept a summers day by shutting up office by daylight;
but my life hath been still as it was in winter almost. But I will for a
month try what I can do by daylight. So home to supper and to bed.

30th. Up and to White Hall, to the Duke of Albemarle, who I find at
Secretary Bennets, there being now no other great Statesman, I think, but
my Lord Chancellor, in towne. I received several commands from them; among
others, to provide some bread and cheese for the garrison at Guernsey,
which they promised to see me paid for. So to the Change, and home to
dinner. In the afternoon I down to Woolwich and after me my wife and
Mercer, whom I led to Mr. Sheldons to see his house, and I find it a very
pretty place for them to be at. So I back again, walking both forward and
backward, and left my wife to come by water. I straight to White Hall,
late, to Secretary Bennets to give him an account of the business I
received from him to-day, and there staid weary and sleepy till past 12 at
night. Then writ my mind to him, and so back by water and in the dark and
against tide shot the bridge, groping with their pole for the way, which
troubled me before I got through. So home, about one or two oclock in the
morning, my family at a great losse what was become of me. To supper, and
to bed. Thus this book of two years ends. Myself and family in good
health, consisting of myself and wife, Mercer, her woman, Mary, Alice, and
Susan our maids, and Tom my boy. In a sickly time of the plague growing
on. Having upon my hands the troublesome care of the Treasury of Tangier,
with great sums drawn upon me, and nothing to pay them with: also the
business of the office great. Consideration of removing my wife to
Woolwich; she lately busy in learning to paint, with great pleasure and
successe. All other things well; especially a new interest I am making, by
a match in hand between the eldest son of Sir G. Carteret, and my Lady
Jemimah Montage. The Duke of Yorke gone down to the fleete, but all
suppose not with intent to stay there, as it is not fit, all men conceive,
he should.