Samuel Pepys diary May 1665

MAY 1665

May 1st. Up and to Mr. Povys, and by his bedside talked a good while.
Among other things he do much insist I perceive upon the difficulty of
getting of money, and would fain have me to concur in the thinking of some
other way of disposing of the place of Treasurer to one Mr. Bell, but I
did seem slight of it, and resolved to try to do the best or to give it
up. Thence to the Duke of Albemarle, where I was sorry to find myself to
come a little late, and so home, and at noon going to the Change I met my
Lord Brunkard, Sir Robert Murry, Deane Wilkins, and Mr. Hooke, going by
coach to Colonell Blunts to dinner. So they stopped and took me with them.
Landed at the Tower-wharf, and thence by water to Greenwich; and there
coaches met us; and to his house, a very stately sight for situation and
brave plantations; and among others, a vineyard, the first that ever I did
see. No extraordinary dinner, nor any other entertainment good; but only
after dinner to the tryall of some experiments about making of coaches
easy. And several we tried; but one did prove mighty easy (not here for me
to describe, but the whole body of the coach lies upon one long spring),
and we all, one after another, rid in it; and it is very fine and likely
to take. These experiments were the intent of their coming, and pretty
they are. Thence back by coach to Greenwich, and in his pleasure boat to
Deptford, and there stopped and in to Mr. Evelyns,—[Sayes Court,
the well-known residence of John Evelyn.]—which is a most beautiful
place; but it being dark and late, I staid not; but Deane Wilkins and Mr.
Hooke and I walked to Redriffe; and noble discourse all day long did
please me, and it being late did take them to my house to drink, and did
give them some sweetmeats, and thence sent them with a lanthorn home, two
worthy persons as are in England, I think, or the world. So to my Lady
Batten, where my wife is tonight, and so after some merry talk home and to

2nd. Up and to the office all day, where sat late, and then to the office
again, and by and by Sir W. Batten and my Lady and my wife and I by
appointment yesterday (my Lady Pen failed us, who ought to have been with
us) to the Rhenish winehouse at the Steelyard, and there eat a couple of
lobsters and some prawns, and pretty merry, especially to see us four
together, while my wife and my Lady did never intend ever to be together
again after a years distance between one another. Hither by and by come
Sir Richard Ford and also Mrs. Esther, that lived formerly with my Lady
Batten, now well married to a priest, come to see my Lady. Thence toward
evening home, and to my office, where late, and then home to supper and to

3rd. Up betimes and walked to Sir Ph. Warwickes, where a long time with
him in his chamber alone talking of Sir G. Carterets business, and the
abuses he puts on the nation by his bad payments to both our vexations,
but no hope of remedy for ought I see. Thence to my Lord Ashly to a
Committee of Tangier for my Lord Rutherfords accounts, and that done we
to my Lord Treasurers, where I did receive my Lords warrant to Sir R.
Long for drawing a warrant for my striking of tallys. So to the Inne again
by Cripplegate, expecting my mothers coming to towne, but she is not come
this weeke neither, the coach being too full. So to the Change and thence
home to dinner, and so out to Gresham College, and saw a cat killed with
the Duke of Florences poyson, and saw it proved that the oyle of tobacco

     [Mr. Daniel Coxe read an account of the effects of tobacco-oil
     distilled in a retort, by one drop of which given at the mouth he
     had killed a lusty cat, which being opened, smelled strongly of the
     oil, and the blood of the heart more strongly than the rest....
     One drop of the Florentine oglio di tobacco being again given to a
     dog, it proved stupefying and vomitive, as before (Birchs History
     of the Royal Society, vol, ii., pp. 42, 43).]

drawn by one of the Society do the same effect, and is judged to be the
same thing with the poyson both in colour and smell, and effect. I saw
also an abortive child preserved fresh in spirits of salt. Thence parted,
and to White Hall to the Councilchamber about an order touching the Navy
(our being empowered to commit seamen or Masters that do not, being hired
or pressed, follow their worke), but they could give us none. So a little
vexed at that, because I put in the memorial to the Duke of Albemarle
alone under my own hand, home, and after some time at the office home to
bed. My Lord Chief Justice Hide did die suddenly this week, a day or two
ago, of an apoplexy.

4th. Up, and to the office, where we sat busy all the morning. At noon
home to dinner, and then to the office again all day till almost midnight,
and then, weary, home to supper and to bed.

5th. Up betimes, and by water to Westminster, there to speak the first
time with Sir Robert Long, to give him my Privy Seal and my Lord
Treasurers order for Tangier Tallys; he received me kindly enough. Thence
home by water, and presently down to Woolwich and back to Blackewall, and
there, viewed the Breach, in order to a Mast Docke, and so to Deptford to
the Globe, where my Lord Brunkard, Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten, and
Commissioner Pett were at dinner, having been at the Breach also, but they
find it will be too great charge to make use of it. After dinner to Mr.
Evelyns; he being abroad, we walked in his garden, and a lovely noble
ground he hath indeed. And among other rarities, a hive of bees, so as
being hived in glass, you may see the bees making their honey and combs
mighty pleasantly. Thence home, and I by and by to Mr. Povys to see him,
who is yet in his chamber not well, and thence by his advice to one
Lovetts, a varnisher, to see his manner of new varnish, but found not him
at home, but his wife, a very beautiful woman, who shewed me much variety
of admirable work, and is in order to my having of some papers fitted with
his lines for my use for tables and the like. I know not whether I was
more pleased with the thing, or that I was shewed it by her, but resolved
I am to have some made. So home to my office late, and then to supper and
to bed. My wife tells me that she hears that my poor aunt James hath had
her breast cut off here in town, her breast having long been out of order.
This day, after I had suffered my owne hayre to grow long, in order to
wearing it, I find the convenience of periwiggs is so great, that I have
cut off all short again, and will keep to periwiggs.

6th. Up, and all day at the office, but a little at dinner, and there late
till past 12. So home to bed, pleased as I always am after I have rid a
great deal of work, it being very satisfactory to me.

7th (Lords day). Up, and to church with my wife. Home and dined. After
dinner come Mr. Andrews and spent the afternoon with me, about our Tangier
business of the victuals, and then parted, and after sermon comes Mr. Hill
and a gentleman, a friend of his, one Mr. Scott, that sings well also, and
then comes Mr. Andrews, and we all sung and supped, and then to sing again
and passed the Sunday very pleasantly and soberly, and so I to my office a
little, and then home to prayers and to bed. Yesterday begun my wife to
learn to, limn of one Browne,

     [Alexander Browne, a printseller, who taught drawing, and practised
     it with success.  He published in 1669, Ars Pictoria, or an Academy
     treating of Drawing, Painting, Limning and Etching.]

which Mr. Hill helps her to, and, by her beginning upon some eyes, I think
she will [do] very fine things, and I shall take great delight in it.

8th. Up very betimes, and did much business before I went out with several
persons, among others Captain Taylor, who would leave the management of
most of his business now he is going to Harwich, upon me, and if I can get
money by it, which I believe it will, I shall take some of it upon me.
Thence with Sir W. Batten to the Duke of Albemarles and there did much
business, and then to the Change, and thence off with Sir W. Warren to an
ordinary, where we dined and sat talking of most usefull discourse till 5
in the afternoon, and then home, and very busy till late, and so home and
to bed.

9th. Up betimes, and to my business at the office, where all the morning.
At noon comes Mrs. The. Turner, and dines with us, and my wifes
painting-master staid and dined; and I take great pleasure in thinking
that my wife will really come to something in that business. Here dined
also Luellin. So after dinner to my office, and there very busy till
almost midnight, and so home to supper and to bed. This day we have newes
of eight ships being taken by some of ours going into the Texel, their two
men of warr, that convoyed them, running in. They come from about Ireland,
round to the north.

10th. Up betimes, and abroad to the Cocke-Pitt, where the Duke [of
Albemarle] did give Sir W. Batten and me an account of the late taking of
eight ships, and of his intent to come back to the Gunfleete—[The
Gunfleet Sand off the Essex coast.]—with the fleete presently; which
creates us much work and haste therein, against the fleete comes. So to
Mr. Povy, and after discourse with him home, and thence to the Guard in
Southwarke, there to get some soldiers, by the Dukes order, to go keep
pressmen on board our ships. So to the Change and did much business, and
then home to dinner, and there find my poor mother come out of the country
today in good health, and I am glad to see her, but my business, which I
am sorry for, keeps me from paying the respect I ought to her at her first
coming, she being grown very weak in her judgement, and doating again in
her discourse, through age and some trouble in her family. I left her and
my wife to go abroad to buy something, and then I to my office. In the
evening by appointment to Sir W. Warren and Mr. Deering at a taverne hard
by with intent to do some good upon their agreement in a great bargain of
planks. So home to my office again, and then to supper and to bed, my
mother being in bed already.

11th. Up betimes, and at the office all the morning. At home dined, and
then to the office all day till late at night, and then home to supper,
weary with business, and to bed.

12th. Up betimes, and find myself disappointed in my receiving presently
of my L50 I hoped for sure of Mr. Warren upon the benefit of my press
warrant, but he promises to make it good. So by water to the Exchequer,
and there up and down through all the offices to strike my tallys for
L17,500, which methinks is so great a testimony of the goodness of God to
me, that I, from a mean clerke there, should come to strike tallys myself
for that sum, and in the authority that I do now, is a very stupendous
mercy to me. I shall have them struck to-morrow. But to see how every
little fellow looks after his fees, and to get what he can for everything,
is a strange consideration; the Kings fees that he must pay himself for
this L17,500 coming to above L100. Thence called my wife at Unthankes to
the New Exchange and elsewhere to buy a lace band for me, but we did not
buy, but I find it so necessary to have some handsome clothes that I
cannot but lay out some money thereupon. To the Change and thence to my
watchmaker, where he has put it [i.e. the watch] in order, and a good and
brave piece it is, and he tells me worth L14 which is a greater present
than I valued it. So home to dinner, and after dinner comes several
people, among others my cozen, Thomas Pepys, of Hatcham,

     [Thomas Pepys, of Hatcham Barnes, Surrey, Master of the Jewel House
     to Charles II. and James II.]

to receive some money, of my Lord Sandwichs, and there I paid him what
was due to him upon my uncles score, but, contrary to my expectation, did
get him to sign and seale to my sale of lands for payment of debts. So
that now I reckon myself in better condition by L100 in my content than I
was before, when I was liable to be called to an account and others after
me by my uncle Thomas or his children for every foot of land we had sold
before. This I reckon a great good fortune in the getting of this done. He
gone, come Mr. Povy, Dr. Twisden, and Mr. Lawson about settling my
security in the paying of the L4000 ordered to Sir J. Lawson. So a little
abroad and then home, and late at my office and closet settling this days
disordering of my papers, then to supper and to bed.

13th. Up, and all day in some little gruntings of pain, as I used to have
from winde, arising I think from my fasting so long, and want of exercise,
and I think going so hot in clothes, the weather being hot, and the same
clothes I wore all winter. To the Change after office, and received my
watch from the watchmaker, and a very fine [one] it is, given me by
Briggs, the Scrivener. Home to dinner, and then I abroad to the Atturney
Generall, about advice upon the Act for Land Carriage, which he desired
not to give me before I had received the Kings and Councils order
therein; going home bespoke the Kings works, will cost me 50s., I
believe. So home and late at my office. But, Lord! to see how much of my
old folly and childishnesse hangs upon me still that I cannot forbear
carrying my watch in my hand in the coach all this afternoon, and seeing
what oclock it is one hundred times; and am apt to think with myself, how
could I be so long without one; though I remember since, I had one, and
found it a trouble, and resolved to carry one no more about me while I
lived. So home to supper and to bed, being troubled at a letter from Mr.
Gholmly from Tangier, wherein he do advise me how people are at worke to
overthrow our Victualling business, by which I shall lose L300 per annum,
I am much obliged to him for this, secret kindnesse, and concerned to
repay it him in his own concernments and look after this.

14th (Lords day). Up, and with my wife to church, it being Whitsunday; my
wife very fine in a new yellow birds-eye hood, as the fashion is now. We
had a most sorry sermon; so home to dinner, my mother having her new suit
brought home, which makes her very fine. After dinner my wife and she and
Mercer to Thomas Pepyss wifes christening of his first child, and I took
a coach, and to Wanstead, the house where Sir H. Mildmay died, and now Sir
Robert Brookes lives, having bought it of the Duke of Yorke, it being
forfeited to him. A fine seat, but an old-fashioned house; and being not
full of people looks desolately. Thence to Walthamstow, where (failing at
the old place) Sir W. Batten by and by come home, I walking up and down
the house and garden with my Lady very pleasantly, then to supper very
merry, and then back by coach by dark night. I all the afternoon in the
coach reading the treasonous book of the Court of King James, printed a
great while ago, and worth reading, though ill intended. As soon as I come
home, upon a letter from the Duke of Albemarle, I took boat at about 12 at
night, and down the River in a gally, my boy and I, down to the Hope and
so up again, sleeping and waking, with great pleasure, my business to call
upon every one of

15th. Our victualling ships to set them agoing, and so home, and after
dinner to the Kings playhouse, all alone, and saw Loves Maistresse.
Some pretty things and good variety in it, but no or little fancy in it.
Thence to the Duke of Albemarle to give him account of my days works,
where he shewed me letters from Sir G. Downing, of four days date, that
the Dutch are come out and joyned, well-manned, and resolved to board our
best ships, and fight for certain they will. Thence to the Swan at
Herberts, and there the company of Sarah a little while, and so away and
called at the Harp and Ball, where the mayde, Mary, is very formosa—[handsome]—;
but, Lord! to see in what readiness I am, upon the expiring of my vowes
this day, to begin to run into all my pleasures and neglect of business.
Thence home, and being sleepy to bed.

16th. Up betimes, and to the Duke of Albemarle with an account of my
yesterdays actions in writing. So back to the office, where all the
morning very busy. After dinner by coach to see and speak with Mr. Povy,
and after little discourse back again home, where busy upon letters till
past 12 at night, and so home to supper and to bed, weary.

17th. Up, and by appointment to a meeting of Sir John Lawson and Mr.
Cholmlys atturney and Mr. Povy at the Swan taverne at Westminster to
settle their business about my being secured in the payment of money to
Sir J. Lawson in the others absence. Thence at Langfords, where I never
was since my brother died there. I find my wife and Mercer, having with
him agreed upon two rich silk suits for me, which is fit for me to have,
but yet the money is too much, I doubt, to lay out altogether; but it is
done, and so let it be, it being the expense of the world that I can the
best bear with and the worst spare. Thence home, and after dinner to the
office, where late, and so home to supper and to bed. Sir J. Minnes and I
had an angry bout this afternoon with Commissioner Pett about his
neglecting his duty and absenting himself, unknown to us, from his place
at Chatham, but a most false man I every day find him more and more, and
in this very full of equivocation. The fleete we doubt not come to Harwich
by this time. Sir W. Batten is gone down this day thither, and the
Duchesse of Yorke went down yesterday to meet the Duke.

18th. Up, and with Sir J. Minnes to the Duke of Albemarle, where we did
much business, and I with good content to myself; among other things we
did examine Nixon and Stanesby, about their late running from two

     [Captain Edward Nixon, of the Elizabeth, and Captain John
     Stanesby, of the Eagle.  John Lanyon wrote to the Navy
     Commissioners from Plymouth, May 16th: Understands from the seamen
     that the conduct of Captains Nixon and Stanesby in their late
     engagement with two Dutch capers was very foul; the night they left
     the Dutch, no lights were put out as formerly, and though in sight
     of them in the morning, they still kept on their way; the Eagle lay
     by some time, and both the enemys ships plied on her, but finding
     the Elizabeth nearly out of sight she also made sail; it is true the
     wind and sea were high, but there were no sufficient reasons for
     such endeavours to get from them. (Calendar of State Papers,
      Domestic, 1664-65, p. 367).  Both captains were tried; Nixon was
     condemned to be shot but Stanesby was cleared, and Charnock asserts
     that he was commander the Happy Return in 1672.]

for which they are committed to a vessel to carry them to the fleete to be
tried. A most fowle unhandsome thing as ever was heard, for plain
cowardice on Nixons part. Thence with the Duke of Albemarle in his coach
to my Lord Treasurer, and there was before the King (who ever now calls me
by my name) and Lord Chancellor, and many other great Lords, discoursing
about insuring of some of the Kings goods, wherein the King accepted of
my motion that we should; and so away, well pleased. To the office, and
dined, and then to the office again, and abroad to speak with Sir G.
Carteret; but, Lord! to see how fraile a man I am, subject to my vanities,
that can hardly forbear, though pressed with never so much business, my
pursuing of pleasure, but home I got, and there very busy very late. Among
other things consulting with Mr. Andrews about our Tangier business,
wherein we are like to meet with some trouble, and my Lord Bellassess
endeavour to supplant us, which vexes my mind; but, however, our
undertaking is so honourable that we shall stand a tug for it I think. So
home to supper and to bed.

19th. Up, and to White Hall, where the Committee for Tangier met, and
there, though the case as to the merit of it was most plain and most of
the company favourable to our business, yet it was with much ado that I
got the business not carried fully against us, but put off to another day,
my Lord Arlington being the great man in it, and I was sorry to be found
arguing so greatly against him. The business I believe will in the end be
carried against us, and the whole business fall; I must therefore
endeavour the most I can to get money another way. It vexed me to see
Creed so hot against it, but I cannot much blame him, having never
declared to him my being concerned in it. But that that troubles me most
is my Lord Arlington calls to me privately and asks me whether I had ever
said to any body that I desired to leave this employment, having not time
to look after it. I told him, No, for that the thing being settled it will
not require much time to look after it. He told me then he would do me
right to the King, for he had been told so, which I desired him to do, and
by and by he called me to him again and asked me whether I had no friend
about the Duke, asking me (I making a stand) whether Mr. Coventry was not
my friend. I told him I had received many friendships from him. He then
advised me to procure that the Duke would in his next letter write to him
to continue me in my place and remove any obstruction; which I told him I
would, and thanked him. So parted, vexed at the first and amazed at this
business of my Lord Arlingtons. Thence to the Exchequer, and there got my
tallys for L17,500, the first payment I ever had out of the Exchequer, and
at the Legg spent 14s. upon my old acquaintance, some of them the clerks,
and away home with my tallys in a coach, fearful every step of having one
of them fall out, or snatched from me. Being come home, I much troubled
out again by coach (for company taking Sir W. Warren with me), intending
to have spoke to my Lord Arlington to have known the bottom of it, but
missed him, and afterwards discoursing the thing as a confidant to Sir W.
Warren, he did give me several good hints and principles not to do
anything suddenly, but consult my pillow upon that and every great thing
of my life, before I resolve anything in it. Away back home, and not being
fit for business I took my wife and Mercer down by water to Greenwich at 8
at night, it being very fine and cool and moonshine afterward. Mighty
pleasant passage it was; there eat a cake or two, and so home by 10 or 11
at night, and then to bed, my mind not settled what to think.

20th. Up, and to my office, where busy all the morning. At noon dined at
home, and to my office, very busy.

21st. Till past one, Lords day, in the morning writing letters to the
fleete and elsewhere, and my mind eased of much business, home to bed and
slept till 8. So up, and this day is brought home one of my new silk
suits, the plain one, but very rich camelott and noble. I tried it and it
pleases me, but did not wear it, being I would not go out today to church.
So laid it by, and my mind changed, thinking to go see my Lady Sandwich,
and I did go a little way, but stopped and returned home to dinner, after
dinner up to my chamber to settle my Tangier accounts, and then to my
office, there to do the like with other papers. In the evening home to
supper and to bed.

22nd. Up, and down to the ships, which now are hindered from going down to
the fleete (to our great sorrow and shame) with their provisions, the wind
being against them. So to the Duke of Albemarle, and thence down by water
to Deptford, it being Trinity Monday, and so the day of choosing the
Master of Trinity House for the next yeare, where, to my great content, I
find that, contrary to the practice and design of Sir W. Batten, to breake
the rule and custom of the Company in choosing their Masters by
succession, he would have brought in Sir W. Rider or Sir W. Pen, over the
head of Hurleston (who is a knave too besides, I believe), the younger
brothers did all oppose it against the elder, and with great heat did
carry it for Hurleston, which I know will vex him to the heart. Thence,
the election being over, to church, where an idle sermon from that
conceited fellow, Dr. Britton, saving that his advice to unity, and laying
aside all envy and enmity among them was very apposite. Thence walked to
Redriffe, and so to the Trinity House, and a great dinner, as is usual,
and so to my office, where busy all the afternoon till late, and then home
to bed, being much troubled in mind for several things, first, for the
condition of the fleete for lacke of provisions, the blame this office
lies under and the shame that they deserve to have brought upon them for
the ships not being gone out of the River, and then for my business of
Tangier which is not settled, and lastly for fear that I am not observed
to have attended the office business of late as much as I ought to do,
though there has been nothing but my attendance on Tangier that has
occasioned my absence, and that of late not much.

23rd. Up, and at the office busy all the morning. At noon dined alone, my
wife and mother being gone by invitation to dine with my mothers old
servant Mr. Cordery, who made them very welcome. So to Mr. Povys, where
after a little discourse about his business I home again, and late at the
office busy. Late comes Sir Arthur Ingram to my office, to tell me that,
by letters from Amsterdam of the 28th of this month (their style),

     [The new style was adopted by most of the countries of Europe long
     before it was legalized in England, although Russia still retains
     the old style.]

the Dutch fleete, being about 100 men-of-war, besides fire-ships, &c.,
did set out upon the 23rd and 24th inst. Being divided into seven
squadrons; viz., 1. Generall Opdam. 2. Cottenar, of Rotterdam. 3. Trump.
4. Schram, of Horne. 5. Stillingworth, of Freezland. 6. Everson. 7. One
other, not named, of Zealand.

24th. Up, and by 4 oclock in the morning, and with W. Hewer, there till
12 without intermission putting some papers in order. Thence to the
Coffee-house with Creed, where I have not been a great while, where all
the newes is of the Dutch being gone out, and of the plague growing upon
us in this towne; and of remedies against it: some saying one thing, some
another. So home to dinner, and after dinner Creed and I to Colvills,
thinking to shew him all the respect we could by obliging him in carrying
him 5 tallys of L5000 to secure him for so much credit he has formerly
given Povy to Tangier, but he, like an impertinent fool, cavills at it,
but most ignorantly that ever I heard man in my life. At last Mr. Viner by
chance comes, who I find a very moderate man, but could not persuade the
fool to reason, but brought away the tallys again, and so vexed to my
office, where late, and then home to my supper and to bed.

25th. Up, and to the office, where all the morning. At noon dined at home,
and then to the office all the afternoon, busy till almost 12 at night,
and then home to supper and to bed.

26th. Up at 4 oclock, and all the morning in my office with W. Hewer
finishing my papers that were so long out of order, and at noon to my
booksellers, and there bespoke a book or two, and so home to dinner,
where Creed dined with me, and he and I afterwards to Alderman Backewells
to try him about supplying us with money, which he denied at first and
last also, saving that he spoke a little fairer at the end than before.
But the truth is I do fear I shall have a great deale of trouble in
getting of money. Thence home, and in the evening by water to the Duke of
Albemarle, whom I found mightily off the hooks, that the ships are not
gone out of the River; which vexed me to see, insomuch that I am afeard
that we must expect some change or addition of new officers brought upon
us, so that I must from this time forward resolve to make myself appear
eminently serviceable in attending at my office duly and no where else,
which makes me wish with all my heart that I had never anything to do with
this business of Tangier. After a while at my office, home to supper
vexed, and to bed.

27th. Up, and to the office, where all the morning; at noon dined at home,
and then to my office again,, where late, and so to bed, with my mind full
of fears for the business of this office and troubled with that of
Tangier, concerning which Mr. Povy was with me, but do give me little
help, but more reason of being troubled. So that were it not for our
Plymouth business I would be glad to be rid of it.

28th (Lords day). By water to the Duke of Albemarle, where I hear that
Nixon is condemned to be shot to death, for his cowardice, by a Council of
War. Went to chapel and heard a little musique, and there met with Creed,
and with him a little while walking, and to Wilkinsons for me to drink,
being troubled with winde, and at noon to Sir Philip Warwickes to dinner,
where abundance of company come in unexpectedly; and here I saw one pretty
piece of household stuff, as the company increaseth, to put a larger leaf
upon an oval table. After dinner much good discourse with Sir Philip, who
I find, I think, a most pious, good man, and a professor of a
philosophical manner of life and principles like Epictetus, whom he cites
in many things. Thence to my Lady Sandwichs, where, to my shame, I had
not been a great while before. Here, upon my telling her a story of my
Lord Rochesters running away on Friday night last with Mrs. Mallett, the
great beauty and fortune of the North, who had supped at White Hall with
Mrs. Stewart, and was going home to her lodgings with her grandfather, my
Lord Haly, by coach; and was at Charing Cross seized on by both horse and
foot men, and forcibly taken from him, and put into a coach with six
horses, and two women provided to receive her, and carried away. Upon
immediate pursuit, my Lord of Rochester (for whom the King had spoke to
the lady often, but with no successe) was taken at Uxbridge; but the lady
is not yet heard of, and the King mighty angry, and the Lord sent to the
Tower. Hereupon my Lady did confess to me, as a great secret, her being
concerned in this story. For if this match breaks between my Lord
Rochester and her, then, by the consent of all her friends, my Lord
Hinchingbroke stands fair, and is invited for her. She is worth, and will
be at her mothers death (who keeps but a little from her), L2500 per
annum. Pray God give a good success to it! But my poor Lady, who is afeard
of the sickness, and resolved to be gone into the country, is forced to
stay in towne a day or two, or three about it, to see the event of it.
Thence home and to see my Lady Pen, where my wife and I were shown a fine
rarity: of fishes kept in a glass of water, that will live so for ever;
and finely marked they are, being foreign.—[Gold-fish introduced
from China.]—So to supper at home and to bed, after many people
being with me about business, among others the two Bellamys about their
old debt due to them from the King for their victualling business, out of
which I hope to get some money.

29th. Lay long in bed, being in some little pain of the wind collique,
then up and to the Duke of Albemarle, and so to the Swan, and there drank
at Herberts, and so by coach home, it being kept a great holiday through
the City, for the birth and restoration of the King. To my office, where I
stood by and saw Symson the joyner do several things, little jobbs, to the
rendering of my closet handsome and the setting up of some neat plates
that Burston has for my money made me, and so home to dinner, and then
with my wife, mother, and Mercer in one boat, and I in another, down to
Woolwich. I walking from Greenwich, the others going to and fro upon the
water till my coming back, having done but little business. So home and to
supper, and, weary, to bed. We have every where taken some prizes. Our
merchants have good luck to come home safe: Colliers from the North, and
some Streights men just now. And our Hambrough ships, of whom we were so
much afeard, are safe in Hambrough. Our fleete resolved to sail out again
from Harwich in a day or two.

30th. Lay long, and very busy all the morning, at noon to the Change, and
thence to dinner to Sir G. Carterets, to talk upon the business of
insuring our goods upon the Hambrough [ships]. Here a very fine, neat
French dinner, without much cost, we being all alone with my Lady and one
of the house with her; thence home and wrote letters, and then in the
evening, by coach, with my wife and mother and Mercer, our usual tour by
coach, and eat at the old house at Islington; but, Lord! to see how my
mother found herself talk upon every object to think of old stories. Here
I met with one that tells me that Jack Cole, my old schoolefellow, is dead
and buried lately of a consumption, who was a great crony of mine. So back
again home, and there to my closet to write letters. Hear to my great
trouble that our Hambrough ships,

     [On May 29th Sir William Coventry wrote to Lord Arlington: Capt.
     Langhorne has arrived with seven ships, and reports the taking of
     the Hamburg fleet with the man of war their convoy; mistaking the
     Dutch fleet for the English, he fell into it (Calendar of State
     Papers, Domestic, 1664-65, p. 393)]

valued of the Kings goods and the merchants (though but little of the
former) to L200,000 [are lost]. By and by, about 11 at night, called into
the garden by my Lady Pen and daughter, and there walked with them and my
wife till almost twelve, and so in and closed my letters, and home to bed.

31st. Up, and to my office, and to Westminster, doing business till noon,
and then to the Change, where great the noise and trouble of having our
Hambrough ships lost; and that very much placed upon Mr. Coventrys
forgetting to give notice to them of the going away of our fleete from the
coast of Holland. But all without reason, for he did; but the merchants
not being ready, staid longer than the time ordered for the convoy to
stay, which was ten days. Thence home with Creed and Mr. Moore to dinner.
Anon we broke up, and Creed and I to discourse about our Tangier matters
of money, which vex me. So to Gresham College, staid a very little while,
and away and I home busy, and busy late, at the end of the month, about my
months accounts, but by the addition of Tangier it is rendered more
intricate, and so (which I have not done these 12 months, nor would
willingly have done now) failed of having it done, but I will do it as
soon as I can. So weary and sleepy to bed. I endeavoured but missed of
seeing Sir Thomas Ingram at Westminster, so went to Housemans the
Painter, who I intend shall draw my wife, but he was not within, but I saw
several very good pictures.