Samuel Pepys diary April 1665

APRIL 1665

April 1st. All the morning very busy at the office preparing a last
half-years account for my Lord Treasurer. At noon eat a bit and stepped
to Sir Ph. Warwicke, by coach to my Lord Treasurers, and after some
private conference and examining of my papers with him I did return into
the City and to Sir G. Carteret, whom I found with the Commissioners of
Prizes dining at Captain Cockes, in Broad Streete, very merry. Among
other tricks, there did come a blind fiddler to the doore, and Sir G.
Carteret did go to the doore and lead the blind fiddler by the hand in.
Thence with Sir G. Carteret to my Lord Treasurer, and by and by come Sir
W. Batten and Sir J. Minnes, and anon we come to my Lord, and there did
lay open the expence for the six months past, and an estimate of the seven
months to come, to November next: the first arising to above L500,000, and
the latter will, as we judge, come to above L1,000,000. But to see how my
Lord Treasurer did bless himself, crying he could do no more than he
could, nor give more money than he had, if the occasion and expence were
never so great, which is but a sad story. And then to hear how like a
passionate and ignorant asse Sir G. Carteret did harangue upon the abuse
of Tickets did make me mad almost and yet was fain to hold my tongue.
Thence home, vexed mightily to see how simply our greatest ministers do
content themselves to understand and do things, while the Kings service
in the meantime lies a-bleeding. At my office late writing letters till
ready to drop down asleep with my late sitting up of late, and running up
and down a-days. So to bed.

2nd (Lords day). At my office all the morning, renewing my vowes in
writing and then home to dinner. All the afternoon, Mr. Tasborough, one of
Mr. Povys clerks, with me about his masters accounts. In the evening Mr.
Andrews and Hill sang, but supped not with me, then after supper to bed.

3rd. Up and to the Duke of Albemarle and White Hall, where much business.
Thence home and to dinner, and then with Creed, my wife, and Mercer to a
play at the Dukes, of my Lord Orrerys, called Mustapha, which being
not good, made Bettertons part and Ianthes but ordinary too, so that we
were not contented with it at all. Thence home and to the office a while,
and then home to supper and to bed. All the pleasure of the play was, the
King and my Lady Castlemayne were there; and pretty witty Nell,—[Nell
Gwynne]—at the Kings house, and the younger Marshall sat next us;
which pleased me mightily.

4th. All the morning at the office busy, at noon to the Change, and then
went up to the Change to buy a pair of cotton stockings, which I did at
the husbands shop of the most pretty woman there, who did also invite me
to buy some linnen of her, and I was glad of the occasion, and bespoke
some bands of her, intending to make her my seamstress, she being one of
the prettiest and most modest looked women that ever I did see. Dined at
home and to the office, where very late till I was ready to fall down
asleep, and did several times nod in the middle of my letters.

5th. This day was kept publiquely by the Kings command, as a fast day
against the Dutch warr, and I betimes with Mr. Tooker, whom I have brought
into the Navy to serve us as a husband to see goods timely shipped off
from hence to the Fleete and other places, and took him with me to
Woolwich and Deptford, where by business I have been hindered a great
while of going, did a very great deale of business, and home, and there by
promise find Creed, and he and my wife, Mercer and I by coach to take the
ayre; and, where we had formerly been, at Hackney, did there eat some
pullets we carried with us, and some things of the house; and after a game
or two at shuffle-board, home, and Creed lay with me; but, being sleepy,
he had no mind to talk about business, which indeed I intended, by
inviting him to lie with me, but I would not force it on him, and so to
bed, he and I, and to sleep, being the first time I have been so much at
my ease and taken so much fresh ayre these many weeks or months.

6th. At the office sat all the morning, where, in the absence of Sir W.
Batten, Sir G. Carteret being angry about the business of tickets, spoke
of Sir W. Batten for speaking some words about the signing of tickets, and
called Sir W. Batten in his discourse at the table to us (the clerks being
withdrawn) shitten foole, which vexed me. At noon to the Change, and
there set my business of lighters buying for the King, to Sir W. Warren,
and I think he will do it for me to very great advantage, at which I am
mightily rejoiced. Home and after a mouthfull of dinner to the office,
where till 6 oclock, and then to White Hall, and there with Sir G.
Carteret and my Lord Brunkerd attended the Duke of Albemarle about the
business of money. I also went to Jervass, my barber, for my periwigg
that was mending there, and there do hear that Jane is quite undone,
taking the idle fellow for her husband yet not married, and lay with him
several weeks that had another wife and child, and she is now going into
Ireland. So called my wife at the Change and home, and at my office
writing letters till one oclock in the morning, that I was ready to fall
down asleep again. Great talke of a new Comett; and it is certain one do
now appear as bright as the late one at the best; but I have not seen it
myself.

7th. Up betimes to the Duke of Albemarle about money to be got for the
Navy, or else we must shut up shop. Thence to Westminster Hall and up and
down, doing not much; then to London, but to prevent Povys dining with me
(who I see is at the Change) I went back again and to Herberts at
Westminster, there sent for a bit of meat and dined, and then to my Lord
Treasurers, and there with Sir Philip Warwicke, and thence to White Hall
in my Lord Treasurers chamber with Sir Philip Warwicke till dark night,
about fower hours talking of the business of the Navy Charge, and how Sir
G. Carteret do order business, keeping us in ignorance what he do with his
money, and also Sir Philip did shew me nakedly the Kings condition for
money for the Navy; and he do assure me, unless the King can get some
noblemen or rich money-gentlemen to lend him money, or to get the City to
do it, it is impossible to find money: we having already, as he says,
spent one years share of the three-years tax, which comes to L2,500,000.
Being very glad of this days discourse in all but that I fear I shall
quite lose Sir G. Carteret, who knows that I have been privately here all
this day with Sir Ph. Warwicke. However, I will order it so as to give him
as little offence as I can. So home to my office, and then to supper and
to bed.

8th. Up, and all the morning full of business at the office. At noon dined
with Mr. Povy, and then to the getting some business looked over of his,
and then I to my Lord Chancellors, where to have spoke with the Duke of
Albemarle, but the King and Council busy, I could not; then to the Old
Exchange and there of my new pretty seamstress bought four bands, and so
home, where I found my house mighty neat and clean. Then to my office
late, till past 12, and so home to bed. The French Embassadors

     [The French ambassadors were Henri de Bourbon, Duc de Verneuil,
     natural son of Henry IV. and brother of Henrietta Maria, and M. de
     Courtin.—B.]

are come incognito before their train, which will hereafter be very
pompous. It is thought they come to get our King to joyne with the King of
France in helping him against Flanders, and they to do the like to us
against Holland. We have laine a good while with a good fleete at Harwich.
The Dutch not said yet to be out. We, as high as we make our shew, I am
sure, are unable to set out another small fleete, if this should be
worsted. Wherefore, God send us peace! I cry.

9th (Lords day). To church with my wife in the morning, in her new
light-coloured silk gowne, which is, with her new point, very noble. Dined
at home, and in the afternoon to Fanchurch, the little church in the
middle of Fanchurch Streete, where a very few people and few of any rank.
Thence, after sermon, home, and in the evening walking in the garden, my
Lady Pen and her daughter walked with my wife and I, and so to my house to
eat with us, and very merry, and so broke up and to bed.

10th. Up, and to the Duke of Albemarles, and thence to White Hall to a
Committee for Tangier, where new disorder about Mr. Povys accounts, that
I think I shall never be settled in my business of Treasurer for him. Here
Captain Cooke met me, and did seem discontented about my boy Toms having
no time to mind his singing nor lute, which I answered him fully in, that
he desired me that I would baste his coate. So home and to the Change,
and thence to the Old James to dine with Sir W. Rider, Cutler, and Mr.
Deering, upon the business of hemp, and so hence to White Hall to have
attended the King and Lord Chancellor about the debts of the navy and to
get some money, but the meeting failed. So my Lord Brunkard took me and
Sir Thomas Harvy in his coach to the Parke, which is very troublesome with
the dust; and neer a great beauty there to-day but Mrs. Middleton, and so
home to my office, where Mr. Warren proposed my getting of L100 to get him
a protection for a ship to go out, which I think I shall do. So home to
supper and to bed.

11th. Up and betimes to Alderman Cheverton to treat with him about hempe,
and so back to the office. At noon dined at the Sun, behind the Change,
with Sir Edward Deering and his brother and Commissioner Pett, we having
made a contract with Sir Edward this day about timber. Thence to the
office, where late very busy, but with some trouble have also some hopes
of profit too. So home to supper and to bed.

12th. Up, and to White Hall to a Committee of Tangier, where, contrary to
all expectation, my Lord Ashly, being vexed with Povys accounts, did
propose it as necessary that Povy should be still continued Treasurer of
Tangier till he had made up his accounts; and with such arguments as, I
confess, I was not prepared to answer, but by putting off of the
discourse, and so, I think, brought it right again; but it troubled me so
all the day after, and night too, that I was not quiet, though I think it
doubtfull whether I shall be much the worse for it or no, if it should
come to be so. Dined at home and thence to White Hall again (where I lose
most of my time now-a-days to my great trouble, charge, and loss of time
and benefit), and there, after the Council rose, Sir G. Carteret, my Lord
Brunkard, Sir Thomas Harvy, and myself, down to my Lord Treasurers
chamber to him and the Chancellor, and the Duke of Albemarle; and there I
did give them a large account of the charge of the Navy, and want of
money. But strange to see how they held up their hands crying, What shall
we do? Says my Lord Treasurer, Why, what means all this, Mr. Pepys? This
is true, you say; but what would you have me to do? I have given all I can
for my life. Why will not people lend their money? Why will they not trust
the King as well as Oliver? Why do our prizes come to nothing, that
yielded so much heretofore? And this was all we could get, and went away
without other answer, which is one of the saddest things that, at such a
time as this, with the greatest action on foot that ever was in England,
nothing should be minded, but let things go on of themselves do as well as
they can. So home, vexed, and going to my Lady Battens, there found a
great many women with her, in her chamber merry, my Lady Pen and her
daughter, among others; where my Lady Pen flung me down upon the bed, and
herself and others, one after another, upon me, and very merry we were,
and thence I home and called my wife with my Lady Pen to supper, and very
merry as I could be, being vexed as I was. So home to bed.

13th. Lay long in bed, troubled a little with wind, but not much. So to
the office, and there all the morning. At noon to Sheriff Watermans to
dinner, all of us men of the office in towne, and our wives, my Lady
Carteret and daughters, and Ladies Batten, Pen, and my wife, &c., and
very good cheer we had and merry; musique at and after dinner, and a
fellow danced a jigg; but when the company begun to dance, I came away
lest I should be taken out; and God knows how my wife carried herself, but
I left her to try her fortune. So home, and late at the office, and then
home to supper and to bed.

14th. Up, and betimes to Mr. Povy, being desirous to have an end of my
trouble of mind touching my Tangier business, whether he hath any desire
of accepting what my Lord Ashly offered, of his becoming Treasurer again;
and there I did, with a seeming most generous spirit, offer him to take it
back again upon his owne terms; but he did answer to me that he would not
above all things in the world, at which I was for the present satisfied;
but, going away thence and speaking with Creed, he puts me in doubt that
the very nature of the thing will require that he be put in again; and did
give me the reasons of the auditors, which, I confess, are so plain, that
I know not how to withstand them. But he did give me most ingenious advice
what to do in it, and anon, my Lord Barkeley and some of the Commissioners
coming together, though not in a meeting, I did procure that they should
order Povys payment of his remain of accounts to me; which order if it do
pass will put a good stop to the fastening of the thing upon me. At noon
Creed and I to a cooks shop at Charing Cross, and there dined and had
much discourse, and his very good upon my business, and upon other things,
among the rest upon Will Howes dissembling with us, we discovering one to
another his carriage to us, present and absent, being a very false fellow.
Thence to White Hall again, and there spent the afternoon, and then home
to fetch a letter for the Council, and so back to White Hall, where walked
an hour with Mr. Wren, of my Lord Chancellors, and Mr. Ager, and then to
Unthankes and called my wife, and with her through the city to Mile-End
Greene, and eat some creame and cakes and so back home, and I a little at
the office, and so home to supper and to bed. This morning I was saluted
with newes that the fleetes, ours and the Dutch, were engaged, and that
the guns were heard at Walthamstow to play all yesterday, and that Captain
Teddimans legs were shot off in the Royall Katherine. But before night I
hear the contrary, both by letters of my owne and messengers thence, that
they were all well of our side and no enemy appears yet, and that the
Royall Katherine is come to the fleete, and likely to prove as good a ship
as any the King hath, of which I am heartily glad, both for Christopher
Petts sake and Captain Teddiman that is in her.

15th. Up, and to White Hall about several businesses, but chiefly to see
the proposals of my warrants about Tangier under Creed, but to my trouble
found them not finished. So back to the office, where all the morning,
busy, then home to dinner, and then all the afternoon till very late at my
office, and then home to supper and to bed, weary.

16th (Lords day). Lay long in bed, then up and to my chamber and my
office, looking over some plates which I find necessary for me to
understand pretty well, because of the Dutch warr. Then home to dinner,
where Creed dined with us, and so after dinner he and I walked to the
Rolls Chappell, expecting to hear the great Stillingfleete preach, but he
did not; but a very sorry fellow, which vexed me. The sermon done, we
parted, and I home, where I find Mr. Andrews, and by and by comes Captain
Taylor, my old acquaintance at Westminster, that understands musique very
well and composes mighty bravely; he brought us some things of two parts
to sing, very hard; but that that is the worst, he is very conceited of
them, and that though they are good makes them troublesome to one, to see
him every note commend and admire them. He supped with me, and a good
understanding man he is and a good scholler, and, among other things, a
great antiquary, and among other things he can, as he says, show the very
originall Charter to Worcester, of King Edgars, wherein he stiles
himself, Rex Marium Brittanniae, &c.; which is the great text that Mr.
Selden and others do quote, but imperfectly and upon trust. But he hath
the very originall, which he says he will shew me. He gone we to bed. This
night I am told that newes is come of our taking of three Dutch
men-of-warr, with the loss of one of our Captains.

17th. Up and to the Duke of Albemarles, where he shewed me Mr. Coventrys
letters, how three Dutch privateers are taken, in one whereof Eversons
son is captaine. But they have killed poor Captaine Golding in The
Diamond. Two of them, one of 32 and the other of 20 odd guns, did stand
stoutly up against her, which hath 46, and the Yarmouth that hath 52 guns,
and as many more men as they. So that they did more than we could expect,
not yielding till many of their men were killed. And Everson, when he was
brought before the Duke of Yorke, and was observed to be shot through the
hat, answered, that he wished it had gone through his head, rather than
been taken. One thing more is written: that two of our ships the other day
appearing upon the coast of Holland, they presently fired their beacons
round the country to give notice. And newes is brought the King, that the
Dutch Smyrna fleete is seen upon the back of Scotland; and thereupon the
King hath wrote to the Duke, that he do appoint a fleete to go to the
Northward to try to meet them coming home round: which God send! Thence to
White Hall; where the King seeing me, did come to me, and calling me by
name, did discourse with me about the ships in the River: and this is the
first time that ever I knew the King did know me personally; so that
hereafter I must not go thither, but with expectation to be questioned,
and to be ready to give good answers. So home, and thence with Creed, who
come to dine with me, to the Old James, where we dined with Sir W. Rider
and Cutler, and, by and by, being called by my wife, we all to a play,
The Ghosts, at the Dukes house, but a very simple play. Thence up and
down, with my wife with me, to look [for] Sir Ph. Warwicke (Mr. Creed
going from me), but missed of him and so home, and late and busy at my
office. So home to supper and to bed. This day was left at my house a very
neat silver watch, by one Briggs, a scrivener and sollicitor, at which I
was angry with my wife for receiving, or, at least, for opening the box
wherein it was, and so far witnessing our receipt of it, as to give the
messenger 5s. for bringing it; but it cant be helped, and I will
endeavour to do the man a kindnesse, he being a friend of my uncle
Wights.

18th. Up and to Sir Philip Warwicke, and walked with him an houre with
great delight in the Parke about Sir G. Carterets accounts, and the
endeavours that he hath made to bring Sir G. Carteret to show his accounts
and let the world see what he receives and what he pays. Thence home to
the office, where I find Sir J. Minnes come home from Chatham, and Sir W.
Batten both this morning from Harwich, where they have been these 7 or 8
days. At noon with my wife and Mr. Moore by water to Chelsey about my
Privy Seale for Tangier, but my Lord Privy Seale was gone abroad, and so
we, without going out of the boat, forced to return, and found him not at
White Hall. So I to Sir Philip Warwicke and with him to my Lord Treasurer,
who signed my commission for Tangier-Treasurer and the docquet of my Privy
Seale, for the monies to be paid to me. Thence to White Hall to Mr. Moore
again, and not finding my Lord I home, taking my wife and woman up at
Unthankes. Late at my office, then to supper and to bed.

19th. Up by five oclock, and by water to White Hall; and there took
coach, and with Mr. Moore to Chelsy; where, after all my fears what doubts
and difficulties my Lord Privy Seale would make at my Tangier Privy Seale,
he did pass it at first reading, without my speaking with him. And then
called me in, and was very civil to me. I passed my time in contemplating
(before I was called in) the picture of my Lords sons lady, a most
beautiful woman, and most like to Mrs. Butler. Thence very much joyed to
London back again, and found out Mr. Povy; told him this; and then went
and left my Privy Seale at my Lord Treasurers; and so to the Change, and
thence to Trinity-House; where a great dinner of Captain Crisp, who is
made an Elder Brother. And so, being very pleasant at dinner, away home,
Creed with me; and there met Povy; and we to Gresham College, where we saw
some experiments upon a hen, a dogg, and a cat, of the Florence poyson.

     [Sir Robert Moray presented the Society from the King with a phial
     of Florentine poison sent for by his Majesty from Florence, on
     purpose to have those experiments related of the efficacy thereof,
     tried by the Society.  The poison had little effect upon the kitten
     (Birchs History; vol. ii., p. 31).]

The first it made for a time drunk, but it come to itself again quickly;
the second it made vomitt mightily, but no other hurt. The third I did not
stay to see the effect of it, being taken out by Povy. He and I walked
below together, he giving me most exceeding discouragements in the getting
of money (whether by design or no I know not, for I am now come to think
him a most cunning fellow in most things he do, but his accounts), and
made it plain to me that money will be hard to get, and that it is to be
feared Backewell hath a design in it to get the thing forced upon himself.
This put me into a cruel melancholy to think I may lose what I have had so
near my hand; but yet something may be hoped for which to-morrow will
shew. He gone, Creed and I together a great while consulting what to do in
this case, and after all I left him to do what he thought fit in his
discourse to-morrow with my Lord Ashly. So home, and in my way met with
Mr. Warren, from whom my hopes I fear will fail of what I hoped for, by my
getting him a protection. But all these troubles will if not be over, yet
we shall see the worst of there in a day or two. So to my office, and
thence to supper, and my head akeing, betimes, that is by 10 or 11
oclock, to bed.

20th. Up, and all the morning busy at the office. At noon dined, and Mr.
Povy by agreement with me (where his boldness with Mercer, poor innocent
wench, did make both her and me blush, to think how he were able to
debauch a poor girl if he had opportunity) at a dish or two of plain meat
of his own choice. After dinner comes Creed and then Andrews, where want
of money to Andrews the main discourse, and at last in confidence of
Creeds judgement I am resolved to spare him 4 or L500 of what lies by me
upon the security of some Tallys. This went against my heart to begin, but
when obtaining Mr. Creed to joyne with me we do resolve to assist Mr.
Andrews. Then anon we parted, and I to my office, where late, and then
home to supper and to bed. This night I am told the first play is played
in White Hall noon-hall, which is now turned to a house of playing. I had
a great mind, but could not go to see it.

21st. Up and to my office about business. Anon comes Creed and Povy, and
we treat about the business of our lending money, Creed and I, upon a
tally for the satisfying of Andrews, and did conclude it as in papers is
expressed, and as I am glad to have an opportunity of having 10 per cent.
for my money, so I am as glad that the sum I begin this trade with is no
more than L350. We all dined at Andrews charge at the Sun behind the
Change, a good dinner the worst dressed that ever I eat any, then home,
and there found Kate Joyce and Harman come to see us. With them, after
long talk, abroad by coach, a tour in the fields, and drunk at Islington,
it being very pleasant, the dust being laid by a little rain, and so home
very well pleased with this days work. So after a while at my office to
supper and to bed. This day we hear that the Duke and the fleete are
sailed yesterday. Pray God go along with them, that they have good speed
in the beginning of their worke.

22nd. Up, and Mr. Caesar, my boys lute-master, being come betimes to
teach him, I did speak with him seriously about the boy, what my mind was,
if he did not look after his lute and singing that I would turn him away;
which I hope will do some good upon the boy. All the morning busy at the
office. At noon dined at home, and then to the office again very busy till
very late, and so home to supper and to bed. My wife making great
preparation to go to Court to Chappell to-morrow. This day I have newes
from Mr. Coventry that the fleete is sailed yesterday from Harwich to the
coast of Holland to see what the Dutch will do. God go along with them!

23rd (Lords day). Mr. Povy, according to promise, sent his coach betimes,
and I carried my wife and her woman to White Hall Chappell and set them in
the Organ Loft, and I having left to untruss went to the Harp and Ball and
there drank also, and entertained myself in talke with the mayde of the
house, a pretty mayde and very modest. Thence to the Chappell and heard
the famous young Stillingfleete, whom I knew at Cambridge, and is now
newly admitted one of the Kings chaplains; and was presented, they say,
to my Lord Treasurer for St. Andrews, Holborne, where he is now minister,
with these words: that they (the Bishops of Canterbury, London, and
another) believed he is the ablest young man to preach the Gospel of any
since the Apostles. He did make the most plain, honest, good, grave
sermon, in the most unconcerned and easy yet substantial manner, that ever
I heard in my life, upon the words of Samuell to the people, Fear the
Lord in truth with all your heart, and remember the great things that he
hath done for you. It being proper to this day, the day of the Kings
Coronation. Thence to Mr. Povys, where mightily treated, and Creed with
us. But Lord! to see how Povy overdoes every thing in commending it, do
make it nauseous to me, and was not (by reason of my large praise of his
house) over acceptable to my wife. Thence after dinner Creed and we by
coach took the ayre in the fields beyond St. Pancras, it raining now and
then, which it seems is most welcome weather, and then all to my house,
where comes Mr. Hill, Andrews, and Captain Taylor, and good musique, but
at supper to hear the arguments we had against Taylor concerning a Corant,
he saying that the law of a dancing Corant is to have every barr to end in
a pricked crochet and quaver, which I did deny, was very strange. It
proceeded till I vexed him, but all parted friends, for Creed and I to
laugh at when he was gone. After supper, Creed and I together to bed, in
Mercers bed, and so to sleep.

24th. Up and with Creed in Sir W. Battens coach to White Hall. Sir W.
Batten and I to the Duke of Albemarle, where very busy. Then I to Creeds
chamber, where I received with much ado my two orders about receiving
Povys monies and answering his credits, and it is strange how he will
preserve his constant humour of delaying all business that comes before
him. Thence he and I to London to my office, and back again to my Lady
Sandwichs to dinner, where my wife by agreement. After dinner alone, my
Lady told me, with the prettiest kind of doubtfullnesse, whether it would
be fit for her with respect to Creed to do it, that is, in the world, that
Creed had broke his desire to her of being a servant to Mrs. Betty
Pickering, and placed it upon encouragement which he had from some
discourse of her ladyship, commending of her virtues to him, which, poor
lady, she meant most innocently. She did give him a cold answer, but not
so severe as it ought to have been; and, it seems, as the lady since to my
Lady confesses, he had wrote a letter to her, which she answered slightly,
and was resolved to contemn any motion of his therein. My Lady takes the
thing very ill, as it is fit she should; but I advise her to stop all
future occasions of the worlds taking notice of his coming thither so
often as of late he hath done. But to think that he should have this
devilish presumption to aime at a lady so near to my Lord is strange, both
for his modesty and discretion. Thence to the Cockepitt, and there walked
an houre with my Lord Duke of Albemarle alone in his garden, where he
expressed in great words his opinion of me; that I was the right hand of
the Navy here, nobody but I taking any care of any thing therein; so that
he should not know what could be done without me. At which I was (from
him) not a little proud. Thence to a Committee of Tangier, where because
not a quorum little was done, and so away to my wife (Creed with me) at
Mrs. Pierces, who continues very pretty and is now great with child. I
had not seen her a great while. Thence by coach to my Lord Treasurers,
but could not speak with Sir Ph. Warwicke. So by coach with my wife and
Mercer to the Parke; but the King being there, and I now-a-days being
doubtfull of being seen in any pleasure, did part from the tour, and away
out of the Parke to Knightsbridge, and there eat and drank in the coach,
and so home, and after a while at my office, home to supper and to bed,
having got a great cold I think by my pulling off my periwigg so often.

25th. At the office all the morning, and the like after dinner, at home
all the afternoon till very late, and then to bed, being very hoarse with
a cold I did lately get with leaving off my periwigg. This afternoon W.
Pen, lately come from his father in the fleete, did give me an account how
the fleete did sayle, about 103 in all, besides small catches, they being
in sight of six or seven Dutch scouts, and sent ships in chase of them.

26th. Up very betimes, my cold continuing and my stomach sick with the
buttered ale that I did drink the last night in bed, which did lie upon me
till I did this morning vomitt it up. So walked to Povys, where Creed met
me, and there I did receive the first parcel of money as Treasurer of
Tangier, and did give him my receipt for it, which was about L2,800 value
in Tallys; we did also examine and settle several other things, and then I
away to White Hall, talking, with Povy alone, about my opinion of Creeds
indiscretion in looking after Mrs. Pickering, desiring him to make no more
a sport of it, but to correct him, if he finds that he continues to owne
any such thing. This I did by my Ladys desire, and do intend to pursue
the stop of it. So to the Carriers by Cripplegate, to see whether my
mother be come to towne or no, I expecting her to-day, but she is not
come. So to dinner to my Lady Sandwichs, and there after dinner above in
the diningroom did spend an houre or two with her talking again about
Creeds folly; but strange it is that he should dare to propose this
business himself of Mrs. Pickering to my Lady, and to tell my Lady that he
did it for her virtue sake, not minding her money, for he could have a
wife with more, but, for that, he did intend to depend upon her Ladyshipp
to get as much of her father and mother for her as she could; and that,
what he did, was by encouragement from discourse of her Ladyshipps: he
also had wrote to Mrs. Pickering, but she did give him a slighting answer
back again. But I do very much fear that Mrs. Pickerings honour, if the
world comes to take notice of it, may be wronged by it. Thence home, and
all the afternoon till night at my office, then home to supper and to bed.

27th. Up, and to my office, where all the morning, at noon Creed dined
with me; and, after dinner, walked in the garden, he telling me that my
Lord Treasurer now begins to be scrupulous, and will know what becomes of
the L26,000 saved by my Lord Peterborough, before he parts with any more
money, which puts us into new doubts, and me into a great fear, that all
my cake will be doe still.

     [An obsolete proverb, signifying to lose ones hopes, a cake coming
     out of the oven in a state of dough being considered spoiled.

         My cake is dough; but Ill in among the rest;
          Out of hope of all, but my share in the feast.
                Shakespeare, Taming of the Shrew, act v., sc.  i.-M. B.]

But I am well prepared for it to bear it, being not clear whether it will
be more for my profit to have it, or go without it, as my profits of the
Navy are likely now to be. All the afternoon till late hard at the office.
Then to supper and to bed. This night William Hewer is returned from
Harwich, where he hath been paying off of some ships this fortnight, and
went to sea a good way with the fleete, which was 96 in company then, men
of warr, besides some come in, and following them since, which makes now
above 100, whom God bless!

28th. Up by 5 oclock, and by appointment with Creed by 6 at his chamber,
expecting Povy, who come not. Thence he and I out to Sir Philip
Warwickes, but being not up we took a turn in the garden hard by, and
thither comes Povy to us. After some discourse of the reason of the
difficulty that Sir Philip Warwicke makes in issuing a warrant for my
striking of tallys, namely, the having a clear account of the L26,000
saved by my Lord of Peterborough, we parted, and I to Sir P. Warwicke, who
did give me an account of his demurr, which I applied myself to remove by
taking Creed with me to my Lord Ashly, from whom, contrary to all
expectation, I received a very kind answer, just as we could have wished
it, that he would satisfy my Lord Treasurer. Thence very well satisfied I
home, and down the River to visit the victualling-ships, where I find all
out of order. And come home to dinner, and then to write a letter to the
Duke of Albemarle about the victualling-ships, and carried it myself to
the Council-chamber, where it was read; and when they rose, my Lord
Chancellor passing by stroked me on the head, and told me that the Board
had read my letter, and taken order for the punishing of the watermen for
not appearing on board the ships.

     [Among the State Papers are lists of watermen impressed and put on
     board the victualling ships.  Attached to one of these is a note of
     their unfitness and refractory conduct; also that many go ashore to
     sleep, and are discontent that they, as masters of families, are
     pressed, while single men are excused on giving money to the
     pressmen (Calendar, Domestic, 1664-65, p. 323).]

And so did the King afterwards, who do now know me so well, that he never
sees me but he speaks to me about our Navy business. Thence got my Lord
Ashly to my Lord Treasurer below in his chamber, and there removed the
scruple, and by and by brought Mr. Sherwin to Sir Philip Warwicke and did
the like, and so home, and after a while at my office, to bed.

29th. All the morning busy at the office. In the afternoon to my Lord
Treasurers, and there got my Lord Treasurer to sign the warrant for my
striking of tallys, and so doing many jobbs in my way home, and there late
writeing letters, being troubled in my mind to hear that Sir W. Batten and
Sir J. Minnes do take notice that I am now-a-days much from the office
upon no office business, which vexes me, and will make me mind my business
the better, I hope in God; but what troubles me more is, that I do omit to
write, as I should do, to Mr. Coventry, which I must not do, though this
night I minded it so little as to sleep in the middle of my letter to him,
and committed forty blotts and blurrs in my letter to him, but of this I
hope never more to be guilty, if I have not already given him sufficient
offence. So, late home, and to bed.

30th (Lords day). Up and to my office alone all the morning, making up my
monthly accounts, which though it hath been very intricate, and very great
disbursements and receipts and odd reckonings, yet I differed not from the
truth; viz.: between my first computing what my profit ought to be and
then what my cash and debts do really make me worth, not above 10s., which
is very much, and I do much value myself upon the account, and herein I
with great joy find myself to have gained this month above L100 clear, and
in the whole to be worth above L1400, the greatest sum I ever yet was
worth. Thence home to dinner, and there find poor Mr. Spong walking at my
door, where he had knocked, and being told I was at the office staid
modestly there walking because of disturbing me, which methinks was one of
the most modest acts (of a man that hath no need of being so to me) that
ever I knew in my life. He dined with me, and then after dinner to my
closet, where abundance of mighty pretty discourse, wherein, in a word, I
find him the man of the world that hath of his own ingenuity obtained the
most in most things, being withall no scholler. He gone, I took boat and
down to Woolwich and Deptford, and made it late home, and so to supper and
to bed. Thus I end this month in great content as to my estate and
gettings: in much trouble as to the pains I have taken, and the rubs I
expect yet to meet with, about the business of Tangier. The fleete, with
about 106 ships upon the coast of Holland, in sight of the Dutch, within
the Texel. Great fears of the sickenesse here in the City, it being said
that two or three houses are already shut up. God preserve as all!