Samuel Pepys diary January 1665

JANUARY 1664-1665

January 1st (Lords day). Lay long in bed, having been busy late last
night, then up and to my office, where upon ordering my accounts and
papers with respect to my understanding my last years gains and expense,
which I find very great, as I have already set down yesterday. Now this
day I am dividing my expense, to see what my clothes and every particular
hath stood me in: I mean all the branches of my expense. At noon a good
venison pasty and a turkey to ourselves without any body so much as
invited by us, a thing unusuall for so small a family of my condition: but
we did it and were very merry. After dinner to my office again, where very
late alone upon my accounts, but have not brought them to order yet, and
very intricate I find it, notwithstanding my care all the year to keep
things in as good method as any man can do. Past 11 oclock home to supper
and to bed.

2nd January. Up, and it being a most fine, hard frost I walked a good way toward
White Hall, and then being overtaken with Sir W. Pens coach, went into
it, and with him thither, and there did our usual business with the Duke.
Thence, being forced to pay a great deale of money away in boxes (that is,
basins at White Hall), I to my barbers, Gervas, and there had a little
opportunity of speaking with my Jane alone, and did give her something,
and of herself she did tell me a place where I might come to her on Sunday
next, which I will not fail, but to see how modestly and harmlessly she
brought it out was very pretty. Thence to the Swan, and there did sport a
good while with Herberts young kinswoman without hurt, though they being
abroad, the old people. Then to the Hall, and there agreed with Mrs.
Martin, and to her lodgings which she has now taken to lie in, in Bow
Streete, pitiful poor things, yet she thinks them pretty, and so they are
for her condition I believe good enough. Here I did ce que je voudrais
avec her most freely, and it having cost 2s. in wine and cake upon her, I
away sick of her impudence, and by coach to my Lord Brunkers, by
appointment, in the Piazza, in Covent-Guarding; where I occasioned much
mirth with a ballet I brought with me, made from the seamen at sea to
their ladies in town; saying Sir W. Pen, Sir G. Ascue, and Sir J. Lawson
made them. Here a most noble French dinner and banquet, the best I have
seen this many a day and good discourse. Thence to my booksellers and at
his binders saw Hookes book of the Microscope,

     [Micrographia: or some physiological descriptions of minute bodies
     made by Magnifying Glasses.  London, 1665, a very remarkable work
     with elaborate plates, some of which have been used for lecture
     illustrations almost to our own day.  On November 23rd, 1664, the
     President of the Royal Society was desired to sign a licence for
     printing of Mr. Hookes microscopical book.  At this time the book
     was mostly printed, but it was delayed, much to Hookes disgust, by
     the examination of several Fellows of the Society.  In spite of this
     examination the council were anxious that the author should make it
     clear that he alone was responsible for any theory put forward, and
     they gave him notice to that effect.  Hooke made this clear in his
     dedication (see Birchs History, vol. i., pp. 490-491)]

which is so pretty that I presently bespoke it, and away home to the
office, where we met to do something, and then though very late by coach
to Sir Ph. Warwickes, but having company with him could not speak with
him. So back again home, where thinking to be merry was vexed with my
wifes having looked out a letter in Sir Philip Sidney about jealousy for
me to read, which she industriously and maliciously caused me to do, and
the truth is my conscience told me it was most proper for me, and
therefore was touched at it, but tooke no notice of it, but read it out
most frankly, but it stucke in my stomach, and moreover I was vexed to
have a dog brought to my house to line our little bitch, which they make
him do in all their sights, which, God forgive me, do stir my jealousy
again, though of itself the thing is a very immodest sight. However, to
cards with my wife a good while, and then to bed.

3rd January. Up, and by coach to Sir Ph. Warwickes, the streete being full of
footballs, it being a great frost, and found him and Mr. Coventry walking
in St. Jamess Parke. I did my errand to him about the felling of the
Kings timber in the forests, and then to my Lord of Oxford, Justice in
Eyre, for his consent thereto, for want whereof my Lord Privy Seale stops
the whole business. I found him in his lodgings, in but an ordinary
furnished house and roome where he was, but I find him to be a man of good
discreet replys. Thence to the Coffee-house, where certain newes that the
Dutch have taken some of our colliers to the North; some say four, some
say seven. Thence to the Change a while, and so home to dinner and to the
office, where we sat late, and then I to write my letters, and then to Sir
W. Battens, who is going out of towne to Harwich to-morrow to set up a
light-house there, which he hath lately got a patent from the King to set
up, that will turne much to his profit. Here very merry, and so to my
office again, where very late, and then home to supper and to bed, but sat
up with my wife at cards till past two in the morning.

4th January. Lay long, and then up and to my Lord of Oxfords, but his Lordshipp
was in bed at past ten oclock: and, Lord helpe us! so rude a dirty family
I never saw in my life. He sent me out word my business was not done, but
should against the afternoon. I thence to the Coffee-house, there but
little company, and so home to the Change, where I hear of some more of
our ships lost to the Northward. So to Sir W. Battens, but he was set out
before I got thither. I sat long talking with my lady, and then home to
dinner. Then come Mr. Moore to see me, and he and I to my Lord of
Oxfords, but not finding him within Mr. Moore and I to Love in a Tubb,
which is very merry, but only so by gesture, not wit at all, which
methinks is beneath the House. So walked home, it being a very hard frost,
and I find myself as heretofore in cold weather to begin to burn within
and pimples and pricks all over my body, my pores with cold being shut up.
So home to supper and to cards and to bed.

5th January. Up, it being very cold and a great snow and frost tonight. To the
office, and there all the morning. At noon dined at home, troubled at my
wifes being simply angry with Jane, our cook mayde (a good servant,
though perhaps hath faults and is cunning), and given her warning to be
gone. So to the office again, where we sat late, and then I to my office,
and there very late doing business. Home to supper and to the office
again, and then late home to bed.

6th January. Lay long in bed, but most of it angry and scolding with my wife about
her warning Jane our cookemayde to be gone and upon that she desires to go
abroad to-day to look a place. A very good mayde she is and fully to my
mind, being neat, only they say a little apt to scold, but I hear her not.
To my office all the morning busy. Dined at home. To my office again,
being pretty well reconciled to my wife, which I did desire to be, because
she had designed much mirthe to-day to end Christmas with among her
servants. At night home, being twelfenight, and there chose my piece of
cake, but went up to my viall, and then to bed, leaving my wife and people
up at their sports, which they continue till morning, not coming to bed at

7th January. Up and to the office all the morning. At noon dined alone, my wife
and family most of them a-bed. Then to see my Lady Batten and sit with her
a while, Sir W. Batten being out of town, and then to my office doing very
much business very late, and then home to supper and to bed.

8th January (Lords day). Up betimes, and it being a very fine frosty day, I and
my boy walked to White Hall, and there to the Chappell, where one Dr.
Beaumont preached a good sermon, and afterwards a brave anthem upon the
150 Psalm, where upon the word trumpet very good musique was made. So
walked to my Ladys and there dined with her (my boy going home), where
much pretty discourse, and after dinner walked to Westminster, and there
to the house where Jane Welsh had appointed me, but it being sermon time
they would not let me in, and said nobody was there to speak with me. I
spent the whole afternoon walking into the Church and Abbey, and up and
down, but could not find her, and so in the evening took a coach and home,
and there sat discoursing with my wife, and by and by at supper, drinking
some cold drink I think it was, I was forced to go make water, and had
very great pain after it, but was well by and by and continued so, it
being only I think from the drink, or from my straining at stool to do
more than my body would. So after prayers to bed.

9th January. Up and walked to White Hall, it being still a brave frost, and I in
perfect good health, blessed be God! In my way saw a woman that broke her
thigh, in her heels slipping up upon the frosty streete. To the Duke, and
there did our usual worke. Here I saw the Royal Society bring their new
book, wherein is nobly writ their charter and laws, and comes to be
signed by the Duke as a Fellow; and all the Fellows hands are to be
entered there, and lie as a monument; and the King hath put his with the
word Founder. Thence I to Westminster, to my barbers, and found occasion
to see Jane, but in presence of her mistress, and so could not speak to
her of her failing me yesterday, and then to the Swan to Herberts girl,
and lost time a little with her, and so took coach, and to my Lord Crews
and dined with him, who receives me with the greatest respect that could
be, telling me that he do much doubt of the successe of this warr with
Holland, we going about it, he doubts, by the instigation of persons that
do not enough apprehend the consequences of the danger of it, and therein
I do think with him. Holmes was this day sent to the Tower,—[For
taking New York from the Dutch]—but I perceive it is made matter of
jest only; but if the Dutch should be our masters, it may come to be of
earnest to him, to be given over to them for a sacrifice, as Sir W. Rawly
[Raleigh] was. Thence to White Hall to a Tangier Committee, where I was
accosted and most highly complimented by my Lord Bellasses,

     [John Belasyse, second son of Thomas, first Viscount Fauconberg,
     created Baron Belasyse of Worlaby, January 27th, 1644, Lord
     Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire, and Governor of Hull.
     He was appointed Governor of Tangier, and Captain of the Band of
     Gentlemen Pensioners.  He was a Roman Catholic, and therefore was
     deprived of all his appointments in 1672 by the provisions of the
     Test Act, but in 1684 James II. made him First Commissioner of the
     Treasury.  He died 1689.]

our new governor, beyond my expectation, or measure I could imagine he
would have given any man, as if I were the only person of business that he
intended to rely on, and desires my correspondence with him. This I was
not only surprized at, but am well pleased with, and may make good use of
it. Our patent is renewed, and he and my Lord Barkeley, and Sir Thomas
Ingram put in as commissioners. Here some business happened which may
bring me some profit. Thence took coach and calling my wife at her
tailors (she being come this afternoon to bring her mother some apples,
neats tongues, and wine); I home, and there at my office late with Sir W.
Warren, and had a great deal of good discourse and counsel from him, which
I hope I shall take, being all for my good in my deportment in my office,
yet with all honesty. He gone I home to supper and to bed.

10th January. Lay long, it being still very cold, and then to the office, where
till dinner, and then home, and by and by to the office, where we sat and
were very late, and I writing letters till twelve at night, and then after
supper to bed.

11th January. Up, and very angry with my boy for lying long a bed and forgetting
his lute. To my office all the morning. At noon to the Change, and so
home to dinner. After dinner to Gresham College to my Lord Brunker and
Commissioner Pett, taking, Mr. Castle with me there to discourse over his
draught of a ship he is to build for us. Where I first found reason to
apprehend Commissioner Pett to be a man of an ability extraordinary in any
thing, for I found he did turn and wind Castle like a chicken in his
business, and that most pertinently and mister-like, and great pleasure it
was to me to hear them discourse, I, of late having studied something
thereof, and my Lord Brunker is a very able person also himself in this
sort of business, as owning himself to be a master in the business of all
lines and Conicall Sections: Thence home, where very late at my office
doing business to my content, though [God] knows with what ado it was that
when I was out I could get myself to come home to my business, or when I
was there though late would stay there from going abroad again. To supper
and to bed. This evening, by a letter from Plymouth, I hear that two of
our ships, the Leopard and another, in the Straights, are lost by running
aground; and that three more had like to have been so, but got off,
whereof Captain Allen one: and that a Dutch fleete are gone thither; which
if they should meet with our lame ships, God knows what would become of
them. This I reckon most sad newes; God make us sensible of it! This
night, when I come home, I was much troubled to hear my poor canary bird,
that I have kept these three or four years, is dead.

12th January. Up, and to White Hall about getting a privy seal for felling of the
Kings timber for the navy, and to the Lords House to speak with my Lord
Privy Seale about it, and so to the Change, where to my last nights ill
news I met more. Spoke with a Frenchman who was taken, but released, by a
Dutch man-of-war of thirty-six guns (with seven more of the like or
greater ships), off the North Foreland, by Margett. Which is a strange
attempt, that they should come to our teeth; but the wind being easterly,
the wind that should bring our force from Portsmouth, will carry them away
home. God preserve us against them, and pardon our making them in our
discourse so contemptible an enemy! So home and to dinner, where Mr.
Hollyard with us dined. So to the office, and there late till 11 at night
and more, and then home to supper and to bed.

13th January. Up betimes and walked to my Lord Bellassess lodgings in Lincolnes
Inne Fieldes, and there he received and discoursed with me in the most
respectfull manner that could be, telling me what a character of my
judgment, and care, and love to Tangier he had received of me, that he
desired my advice and my constant correspondence, which he much valued,
and in my courtship, in which, though I understand his designe very well,
and that it is only a piece of courtship, yet it is a comfort to me that I
am become so considerable as to have him need to say that to me, which, if
I did not do something in the world, would never have been. Here well
satisfied I to Sir Ph. Warwicke, and there did some business with him;
thence to Jervass and there spent a little idle time with him, his wife,
Jane, and a sweetheart of hers. So to the Hall awhile and thence to the
Exchange, where yesterdays newes confirmed, though in a little different
manner; but a couple of ships in the Straights we have lost, and the Dutch
have been in Margaret [Margate] Road. Thence home to dinner and so abroad
and alone to the Kings house, to a play, The Traytor, where,
unfortunately, I met with Sir W. Pen, so that I must be forced to confess
it to my wife, which troubles me. Thence walked home, being ill-satisfied
with the present actings of the House, and prefer the other House before
this infinitely. To my Lady Battens, where I find Pegg Pen, the first
time that ever I saw her to wear spots. Here very merry, Sir W. Batten
being looked for to-night, but is not yet come from Harwich. So home to
supper and to bed.

14th January. Up and to White Hall, where long waited in the Dukes chamber for a
Committee intended for Tangier, but none met, and so I home and to the
office, where we met a little, and then to the Change, where our late ill
newes confirmed in loss of two ships in the Straights, but are now the
Phoenix and Nonsuch! Home to dinner, thence with my wife to the Kings
house, there to see Vulpone, a most excellent play; the best I think I
ever saw, and well, acted. So with Sir W. Pen home in his coach, and then
to the office. So home, to supper, and bed, resolving by the grace of God
from this day to fall hard to my business again, after some weeke or
fortnights neglect.

15th January (Lords day). Up, and after a little at my office to prepare a fresh
draught of my vowes for the next yeare, I to church, where a most insipid
young coxcomb preached. Then home to dinner, and after dinner to read in
Rushworths Collections about the charge against the late Duke of
Buckingham, in order to the fitting me to speak and understand the
discourse anon before the King about the suffering the Turkey merchants to
send out their fleete at this dangerous time, when we can neither spare
them ships to go, nor men, nor Kings ships to convoy them. At four
oclock with Sir W. Pen in his coach to my Lord Chancellors, where by and
by Mr. Coventry, Sir W. Pen, Sir J. Lawson, Sir G. Ascue, and myself were
called in to the King, there being several of the Privy Council, and my
Lord Chancellor lying at length upon a couch (of the goute I suppose); and
there Sir W. Pen begun, and he had prepared heads in a paper, and spoke
pretty well to purpose, but with so much leisure and gravity as was
tiresome; besides, the things he said were but very poor to a man in his
trade after a great consideration, but it was to purpose, indeed to
dissuade the King from letting these Turkey ships to go out: saying (in
short) the King having resolved to have 130 ships out by the spring, he
must have above 20 of them merchantmen. Towards which, he in the whole
River could find but 12 or 14, and of them the five ships taken up by
these merchants were a part, and so could not be spared. That we should
need 30,000 [sailors] to man these 130 ships, and of them in service we
have not above 16,000; so we shall need 14,000 more. That these ships will
with their convoys carry above 2,000 men, and those the best men that
could be got; it being the men used to the Southward that are the best men
for warr, though those bred in the North among the colliers are good for
labour. That it will not be safe for the merchants, nor honourable for the
King, to expose these rich ships with his convoy of six ships to go, it
not being enough to secure them against the Dutch, who, without doubt,
will have a great fleete in the Straights. This, Sir J. Lawson enlarged
upon. Sir G. Ascue he chiefly spoke that the warr and trade could not be
supported together, and, therefore, that trade must stand still to give
way to them. This Mr. Coventry seconded, and showed how the medium of the
men the King hath one year with another employed in his Navy since his
coming, hath not been above 3,000 men, or at most 4,000 men; and now
having occasion of 30,000, the remaining 26,000 must be found out of the
trade of the nation. He showed how the cloaths, sending by these merchants
to Turkey, are already bought and paid for to the workmen, and are as many
as they would send these twelve months or more; so the poor do not suffer
by their not going, but only the merchant, upon whose hands they lit dead;
and so the inconvenience is the less. And yet for them he propounded,
either the King should, if his Treasure would suffer it, buy them, and
showed the losse would not be so great to him: or, dispense with the Act
of Navigation, and let them be carried out by strangers; and ending that
he doubted not but when the merchants saw there was no remedy, they would
and could find ways of sending them abroad to their profit. All ended with
a conviction (unless future discourse with the merchants should alter it)
that it was not fit for them to go out, though the ships be loaded. The
King in discourse did ask me two or three questions about my newes of
Allens loss in the Streights, but I said nothing as to the business, nor
am not much sorry for it, unless the King had spoke to me as he did to
them, and then I could have said something to the purpose I think. So we
withdrew, and the merchants were called in. Staying without, my Lord Fitz
Harding come thither, and fell to discourse of Prince Rupert, and made
nothing to say that his disease was the pox and that he must be fluxed,
telling the horrible degree of the disease upon him with its breaking out
on his head. But above all I observed how he observed from the Prince,
that courage is not what men take it to be, a contempt of death; for, says
he, how chagrined the Prince was the other day when he thought he should
die, having no more mind to it than another man. But, says he, some men
are more apt to think they shall escape than another man in fight, while
another is doubtfull he shall be hit. But when the first man is sure he
shall die, as now the Prince is, he is as much troubled and apprehensive
of it as any man else; for, says he, since we told [him] that we believe
he would overcome his disease, he is as merry, and swears and laughs and
curses, and do all the things of a [man] in health, as ever he did in his
life; which, methought, was a most extraordinary saying before a great
many persons there of quality. So by and by with Sir W. Pen home again,
and after supper to the office to finish my vows, and so to bed.

16th January. Up and with Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen to White Hall, where we did
our business with the Duke. Thence I to Westminster Hall and walked up and
down. Among others Ned Pickering met me and tells me how active my Lord is
at sea, and that my Lord Hinchingbroke is now at Rome, and, by all report,
a very noble and hopefull gentleman. Thence to Mr. Povys, and there met
Creed, and dined well after his old manner of plenty and curiosity. But I
sat in pain to think whether he would begin with me again after dinner
with his enquiry after my bill, but he did not, but fell into other
discourse, at which I was glad, but was vexed this morning meeting of
Creed at some bye questions that he demanded of me about some such thing,
which made me fear he meant that very matter, but I perceive he did not.
Thence to visit my Lady Sandwich and so to a Tangier Committee, where a
great company of the new Commissioners, Lords, that in behalfe of my Lord
Bellasses are very loud and busy and call for Povys accounts, but it was
a most sorrowful thing to see how he answered to questions so little to
the purpose, but to his owne wrong. All the while I sensible how I am
concerned in my bill of L100 and somewhat more. So great a trouble is
fear, though in a case that at the worst will bear enquiry. My Lord
Barkeley was very violent against Povy. But my Lord Ashly, I observe, is a
most clear man in matters of accounts, and most ingeniously did discourse
and explain all matters. We broke up, leaving the thing to a Committee of
which I am one. Povy, Creed, and I staid discoursing, I much troubled in
mind seemingly for the business, but indeed only on my own behalf, though
I have no great reason for it, but so painfull a thing is fear. So after
considering how to order business, Povy and I walked together as far as
the New Exchange and so parted, and I by coach home. To the office a
while, then to supper and to bed. This afternoon Secretary Bennet read to
the Duke of Yorke his letters, which say that Allen

     [Among the State Papers is a letter from Captain Thomas Allin to Sir
     Richard Fanshaw, dated from The Plymouth, Cadiz Bay, December
     25th, 1664, in which he writes: On the 19th attacked with his seven
     ships left, a Dutch fleet of fourteen, three of which were men-of-
     war; sunk two vessels and took two others, one a rich prize from
     Smyrna; the others retired much battered.  Has also taken a Dutch
     prize laden with iron and planks, coming from Lisbon (Calendar,
      Domestic, 1664-65, p. 122).]

has met with the Dutch Smyrna fleet at Cales,—[The old form of the
name Cadiz.]—and sunk one and taken three. How true or what these
ships are time will show, but it is good newes and the newes of our ships
being lost is doubted at dales and Malaga. God send it false!

17th January. Up and walked to Mr. Povys by appointment, where I found him and
Creed busy about fitting things for the Committee, and thence we to my
Lord Ashlys, where to see how simply, beyond all patience, Povy did
again, by his many words and no understanding, confound himself and his
business, to his disgrace, and rendering every body doubtfull of his being
either a foole or knave, is very wonderfull. We broke up all dissatisfied,
and referred the business to a meeting of Mr. Sherwin and others to
settle, but here it was mighty strange methought to find myself sit herein
Committee with my hat on, while Mr. Sherwin stood bare as a clerke, with
his hat off to his Lord Ashlyand the rest, but I thank God I think myself
never a whit the better man for all that. Thence with Creed to the Change
and Coffee-house, and so home, where a brave dinner, by having a brace of
pheasants and very merry about Povys folly. So anon to the office, and
there sitting very late, and then after a little time at Sir W. Battens,
where I am mighty great and could if I thought it fit continue so, I to
the office again, and there very late, and so home to the sorting of some
of my books, and so to bed, the weather becoming pretty warm, and I think
and hope the frost will break.

18th January. Up and by and by to my booksellers, and there did give thorough
direction for the new binding of a great many of my old books, to make my
whole study of the same binding, within very few. Thence to my Lady
Sandwichs, who sent for me this morning. Dined with her, and it was to
get a letter of hers conveyed by a safe hand to my Lords owne hand at
Portsmouth, which I did undertake. Here my Lady did begin to talk of what
she had heard concerning Creed, of his being suspected to be a fanatique
and a false fellow. I told her I thought he was as shrewd and cunning a
man as any in England, and one that I would feare first should outwit me
in any thing. To which she readily concurred. Thence to Mr. Povys by
agreement, and there with Mr. Sherwin, Auditor Beale, and Creed and I hard
at it very late about Mr. Povys accounts, but such accounts I never did
see, or hope again to see in my days. At night, late, they gone, I did get
him to put out of this account our sums that are in posse only yet, which
he approved of when told, but would never have stayed it if I had been
gone. Thence at 9 at night home, and so to supper vexed and my head akeing
and to bed.

19th January. Up, and it being yesterday and to-day a great thaw it is not for a
man to walk the streets, but took coach and to Mr. Povys, and there
meeting all of us again agreed upon an answer to the Lords by and by, and
thence we did come to Exeter House, and there was a witness of most [base]
language against Mr. Povy, from my Lord Peterborough, who is most
furiously angry with him, because the other, as a foole, would needs say
that the L26,000 was my Lord Peterboroughs account, and that he had
nothing to do with it. The Lords did find fault also with our answer, but
I think really my Lord Ashly would fain have the outside of an Exchequer,—[This
word is blotted, and the whole sentence is confused.]—but when we
come better to be examined. So home by coach, with my Lord Barkeley, who,
by his discourse, I find do look upon Mr. Coventry as an enemy but yet
professes great justice and pains. I at home after dinner to the office,
and there sat all the afternoon and evening, and then home to supper and
to bed. Memorandum. This day and yesterday, I think it is the change of
the weather, I have a great deal of pain, but nothing like what I use to
have. I can hardly keep myself loose, but on the contrary am forced to
drive away my pain. Here I am so sleepy I cannot hold open my eyes, and
therefore must be forced to break off this days passages more shortly
than I would and should have done. This day was buried (but I could not be
there) my cozen Percivall Angier; and yesterday I received the newes that
Dr. Tom Pepys is dead, at Impington, for which I am but little sorry, not
only because he would have been troublesome to us, but a shame to his
family and profession; he was such a coxcomb.

20th January. Up and to Westminster, where having spoke with Sir Ph. Warwicke, I
to Jervas, and there I find them all in great disorder about Jane, her
mistress telling me secretly that she was sworn not to reveal anything,
but she was undone. At last for all her oath she told me that she had made
herself sure to a fellow that comes to their house that can only fiddle
for his living, and did keep him company, and had plainly told her that
she was sure to him never to leave him for any body else. Now they were
this day contriving to get her presently to marry one Hayes that was
there, and I did seem to persuade her to it. And at last got them to
suffer me to advise privately, and by that means had her company and think
I shall meet her next Sunday, but I do really doubt she will be undone in
marrying this fellow. But I did give her my advice, and so let her do her
pleasure, so I have now and then her company. Thence to the Swan at noon,
and there sent for a bit of meat and dined, and had my baiser of the fille
of the house there, but nothing plus. So took coach and to my Lady
Sandwichs, and so to my booksellers, and there took home Hookes book of
microscopy, a most excellent piece, and of which I am very proud. So home,
and by and by again abroad with my wife about several businesses, and met
at the New Exchange, and there to our trouble found our pretty Doll is
gone away to live they say with her father in the country, but I doubt
something worse. So homeward, in my way buying a hare and taking it home,
which arose upon my discourse to-day with Mr. Batten, in Westminster Hall,
who showed me my mistake that my hares foote hath not the joynt to it;
and assures me he never had his cholique since he carried it about him:
and it is a strange thing how fancy works, for I no sooner almost handled
his foote but my belly began to be loose and to break wind, and whereas I
was in some pain yesterday and tother day and in fear of more to-day, I
became very well, and so continue. At home to my office a while, and so to
supper, read, and to cards, and to bed.

21st January. At the office all the morning. Thence my Lord Brunker carried me as
far as Mr. Povys, and there I light and dined, meeting Mr. Sherwin,
Creed, &c., there upon his accounts. After dinner they parted and Mr.
Povy carried me to Somersett House, and there showed me the
Queene-Mothers chamber and closett, most beautiful places for furniture
and pictures; and so down the great stone stairs to the garden, and tried
the brave echo upon the stairs; which continues a voice so long as the
singing three notes, concords, one after another, they all three shall
sound in consort together a good while most pleasantly. Thence to a
Tangier Committee at White Hall, where I saw nothing ordered by judgment,
but great heat and passion and faction now in behalf of my Lord Bellasses,
and to the reproach of my Lord Tiviott, and dislike as it were of former
proceedings. So away with Mr. Povy, he carrying me homeward to Mark Lane
in his coach, a simple fellow I now find him, to his utter shame in his
business of accounts, as none but a sorry foole would have discovered
himself; and yet, in little, light, sorry things very cunning; yet, in the
principal, the most ignorant man I ever met with in so great trust as he
is. To my office till past 12, and then home to supper and to bed, being
now mighty well, and truly I cannot but impute it to my fresh hares
foote. Before I went to bed I sat up till two oclock in my chamber
reading of Mr. Hookes Microscopicall Observations, the most ingenious
book that ever I read in my life.

22nd  January (Lords day). Up, leaving my wife in bed, being sick of her months,
and to church. Thence home, and in my wifes chamber dined very merry,
discoursing, among other things, of a design I have come in my head this
morning at church of making a match between Mrs. Betty Pickering and Mr.
Hill, my friend the merchant, that loves musique and comes to me
aSundays, a most ingenious and sweet-natured and highly accomplished
person. I know not how their fortunes may agree, but their disposition and
merits are much of a sort, and persons, though different, yet equally, I
think, acceptable. After dinner walked to Westminster, and after being at
the Abbey and heard a good anthem well sung there, I as I had appointed to
the Trumpett, there expecting when Jane Welsh should come, but anon comes
a maid of the house to tell me that her mistress and master would not let
her go forth, not knowing of my being here, but to keep her from her
sweetheart. So being defeated, away by coach home, and there spent the
evening prettily in discourse with my wife and Mercer, and so to supper,
prayers, and to bed.

23rd January. Up, and with Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen to White Hall; but there
finding the Duke gone to his lodgings at St. Jamess for all together, his
Duchesse being ready to lie in, we to him, and there did our usual
business. And here I met the great newes confirmed by the Dukes own
relation, by a letter from Captain Allen. First, of our own loss of two
ships, the Phoenix and Nonesuch, in the Bay of Gibraltar: then of his, and
his seven ships with him, in the Bay of Cales, or thereabouts, fighting
with the 34 Dutch Smyrna fleete; sinking the King Salamon, a ship worth a
L150,000 or more, some say L200,000, and another; and taking of three
merchant-ships. Two of our ships were disabled, by the Dutch unfortunately
falling against their will against them; the Advice, Captain W. Poole, and
Antelope, Captain Clerke: The Dutch men-of-war did little service. Captain
Allen did receive many shots at distance before he would fire one gun,
which he did not do till he come within pistol-shot of his enemy. The
Spaniards on shore at Cales did stand laughing at the Dutch, to see them
run away and flee to the shore, 34 or thereabouts, against eight
Englishmen at most. I do purpose to get the whole relation, if I live, of
Captain Allen himself. In our loss of the two ships in the Bay of
Gibraltar, it is observable how the world do comment upon the misfortune
of Captain Moone of the Nonesuch (who did lose, in the same manner, the
Satisfaction), as a person that hath ill-luck attending him; without
considering that the whole fleete was ashore. Captain Allen led the way,
and Captain Allen himself writes that all the masters of the fleete, old
and young, were mistaken, and did carry their ships aground. But I think I
heard the Duke say that Moone, being put into the Oxford, had in this
conflict regained his credit, by sinking one and taking another. Captain
Seale of the Milford hath done his part very well, in boarding the King
Salamon, which held out half an hour after she was boarded; and his men
kept her an hour after they did master her, and then she sunk, and drowned
about 17 of her men. Thence to Jervass, my mind, God forgive me, running
too much after some folly, but elle not being within I away by coach to
the Change, and thence home to dinner. And finding Mrs. Bagwell waiting
at the office after dinner, away she and I to a cabaret where she and I
have eat before, and there I had her company tout and had mon plaisir
of elle. But strange to see how a woman, notwithstanding her greatest
pretences of love a son mari and religion, may be vaincue. Thence to
the Court of the Turkey Company at Sir Andrew Rickards to treat about
carrying some men of ours to Tangier, and had there a very civil
reception, though a denial of the thing as not practicable with them, and
I think so too. So to my office a little and to Jervass again, thinking
avoir rencontrais Jane, mais elle netait pas dedans. So I back again
and to my office, where I did with great content ferais a vow to mind my
business, and laisser aller les femmes for a month, and am with all my
heart glad to find myself able to come to so good a resolution, that
thereby I may follow my business, which and my honour thereby lies a
bleeding. So home to supper and to bed.

24th January. Up and by coach to Westminster Hall and the Parliament House, and
there spoke with Mr. Coventry and others about business and so back to the
Change, where no news more than that the Dutch have, by consent of all
the Provinces, voted no trade to be suffered for eighteen months, but that
they apply themselves wholly to the warr.

     [This statement of a total prohibition of all trade, and for so long
     a period as eighteen months, by a government so essentially
     commercial as that of the United Provinces, seems extraordinary.
     The fact was, that when in the beginning of the year 1665 the States
     General saw that the war with England was become inevitable, they
     took several vigorous measures, and determined to equip a formidable
     fleet, and with a view to obtain a sufficient number of men to man
     it, prohibited all navigation, especially in the great and small
     fisheries as they were then called, and in the whale fishery.  This
     measure appears to have resembled the embargoes so commonly resorted
     to in this country on similar occasions, rather than a total
     prohibition of trade.—B.]

And they say it is very true, but very strange, for we use to believe they
cannot support themselves without trade. Thence home to dinner and then to
the office, where all the afternoon, and at night till very late, and then
home to supper and bed, having a great cold, got on Sunday last, by
sitting too long with my head bare, for Mercer to comb my hair and wash my

25th January. Up, and busy all the morning, dined at home upon a hare pye, very
good meat, and so to my office again, and in the afternoon by coach to
attend the Council at White Hall, but come too late, so back with Mr.
Gifford, a merchant, and he and I to the Coffee-house, where I met Mr.
Hill, and there he tells me that he is to be Assistant to the Secretary of
the Prize Office (Sir Ellis Layton), which is to be held at Sir Richard
Fords, which, methinks, is but something low, but perhaps may bring him
something considerable; but it makes me alter my opinion of his being so
rich as to make a fortune for Mrs. Pickering. Thence home and visited Sir
J. Minnes, who continues ill, but is something better; there he told me
what a mad freaking fellow Sir Ellis Layton hath been, and is, and once at
Antwerp was really mad. Thence to my office late, my cold troubling me,
and having by squeezing myself in a coach hurt my testicles, but I hope
will cease its pain without swelling. So home out of order, to supper and
to bed.

26th January. Lay, being in some pain, but not much, with my last nights bruise,
but up and to my office, where busy all the morning, the like after dinner
till very late, then home to supper and to bed. My wife mightily troubled
with the tooth ake, and my cold not being gone yet, but my bruise
yesterday goes away again, and it chiefly occasioned I think now from the
sudden change of the weather from a frost to a great rayne on a sudden.

27th January. Called up by Mr. Creed to discourse about some Tangier business, and
he gone I made me ready and found Jane Welsh, Mr. Jervas his mayde, come
to tell me that she was gone from her master, and is resolved to stick to
this sweetheart of hers, one Harbing (a very sorry little fellow, and
poor), which I did in a word or two endeavour to dissuade her from, but
being unwilling to keep her long at my house, I sent her away and by and
by followed her to the Exchange, and thence led her about down to the 3
Cranes, and there took boat for the Falcon, and at a house looking into
the fields there took up and sat an hour or two talking and discoursing
…. Thence having endeavoured to make her think of making herself happy
by staying out her time with her master and other counsels, but she told
me she could not do it, for it was her fortune to have this man, though
she did believe it would be to her ruine, which is a strange, stupid
thing, to a fellow of no kind of worth in the world and a beggar to boot.
Thence away to boat again and landed her at the Three Cranes again, and I
to the Bridge, and so home, and after shifting myself, being dirty, I to
the Change, and thence to Mr. Povys and there dined, and thence with him
and Creed to my Lord Bellasses, and there debated a great while how to
put things in order against his going, and so with my Lord in his coach to
White Hall, and with him to my Lord Duke of Albemarle, finding him at
cards. After a few dull words or two, I away to White Hall again, and
there delivered a letter to the Duke of Yorke about our Navy business, and
thence walked up and down in the gallery, talking with Mr. Slingsby, who
is a very ingenious person, about the Mint and coynage of money. Among
other things, he argues that there being L700,000 coined in the Rump time,
and by all the Treasurers of that time, it being their opinion that the
Rump money was in all payments, one with another, about a tenth part of
all their money. Then, says he, to my question, the nearest guess we can
make is, that the money passing up and down in business is L7,000,000. To
another question of mine he made me fully understand that the old law of
prohibiting bullion to be exported, is, and ever was a folly and an
injury, rather than good. Arguing thus, that if the exportations exceed
importations, then the balance must be brought home in money, which, when
our merchants know cannot be carried out again, they will forbear to bring
home in money, but let it lie abroad for trade, or keepe in foreign banks:
or if our importations exceed our exportations, then, to keepe credit, the
merchants will and must find ways of carrying out money by stealth, which
is a most easy thing to do, and is every where done; and therefore the law
against it signifies nothing in the world. Besides, that it is seen, that
where money is free, there is great plenty; where it is restrained, as
here, there is a great want, as in Spayne. These and many other fine
discourses I had from him. Thence by coach home (to see Sir J. Minnes
first), who is still sick, and I doubt worse than he seems to be. Mrs.
Turner here took me into her closet, and there did give me a glass of most
pure water, and shewed me her Rocke, which indeed is a very noble thing
but a very bawble. So away to my office, where late, busy, and then home
to supper and to bed.

28th January. Up and to my office, where all the morning, and then home to dinner,
and after dinner abroad, walked to Pauls Churchyard, but my books not
bound, which vexed me. So home to my office again, where very late about
business, and so home to supper and to bed, my cold continuing in a great
degree upon me still. This day I received a good sum of money due to me
upon one score or another from Sir G. Carteret, among others to clear all
my matters about Colours,—[Flags]—wherein a month or two since
I was so embarrassed and I thank God I find myself to have got clear, by
that commodity, L50 and something more; and earned it with dear pains and
care and issuing of my owne money, and saved the King near L100 in it.

29th January (Lords day). Up and to my office, where all the morning, putting
papers to rights which now grow upon my hands. At noon dined at home. All
the afternoon at my business again. In the evening come Mr. Andrews and
Hill, and we up to my chamber and there good musique, though my great cold
made it the less pleasing to me. Then Mr. Hill (the other going away) and
I to supper alone, my wife not appearing, our discourse upon the
particular vain humours of Mr. Povy, which are very extraordinary indeed.
After supper I to Sir W. Battens, where I found him, Sir W. Pen, Sir J.
Robinson, Sir R. Ford and Captain Cocke and Mr. Pen, junior. Here a great
deal of sorry disordered talk about the Trinity House men, their being
exempted from land service. But, Lord! to see how void of method and sense
their discourse was, and in what heat, insomuch as Sir R. Ford (who we
judged, some of us, to be a little foxed) fell into very high terms with
Sir W. Batten, and then with Captain Cocke. So that I see that no man is
wise at all times. Thence home to prayers and to bed.

30th January. This is solemnly kept as a Fast all over the City, but I kept my
house, putting my closett to rights again, having lately put it out of
order in removing my books and things in order to being made clean. At
this all day, and at night to my office, there to do some business, and
being late at it, comes Mercer to me, to tell me that my wife was in bed,
and desired me to come home; for they hear, and have, night after night,
lately heard noises over their head upon the leads. Now it is strange to
think how, knowing that I have a great sum of money in my house, this puts
me into a most mighty affright, that for more than two hours, I could not
almost tell what to do or say, but feared this and that, and remembered
that this evening I saw a woman and two men stand suspiciously in the
entry, in the darke; I calling to them, they made me only this answer, the
woman said that the men came to see her; but who she was I could not tell.
The truth is, my house is mighty dangerous, having so many ways to be come
to; and at my windows, over the stairs, to see who goes up and down; but,
if I escape to-night, I will remedy it. God preserve us this night safe!
So at almost two oclock, I home to my house, and, in great fear, to bed,
thinking every running of a mouse really a thiefe; and so to sleep, very
brokenly, all night long, and found all safe in the morning.

31st January. Up and with Sir W. Batten to Westminster, where to speak at the
House with my Lord Bellasses, and am cruelly vexed to see myself put upon
businesses so uncertainly about getting ships for Tangier being ordered, a
servile thing, almost every day. So to the Change, back by coach with Sir
W. Batten, and thence to the Crowne, a taverne hard by, with Sir W. Rider
and Cutler, where we alone, a very good dinner. Thence home to the office,
and there all the afternoon late. The office being up, my wife sent for
me, and what was it but to tell me how Jane carries herself, and I must
put her away presently. But I did hear both sides and find my wife much in
fault, and the grounds of all the difference is my wifes fondness of Tom,
to the being displeased with all the house beside to defend the boy, which
vexes me, but I will cure it. Many high words between my wife and I, but
the wench shall go, but I will take a course with the boy, for I fear I
have spoiled him already. Thence to the office, to my accounts, and there
at once to ease my mind I have made myself debtor to Mr. Povy for the L117
5s. got with so much joy the last month, but seeing that it is not like to
be kept without some trouble and question, I do even discharge my mind of
it, and so if I come now to refund it, as I fear I shall, I shall now be
neer a whit the poorer for it, though yet it is some trouble to me to be
poorer by such a sum than I thought myself a month since. But, however, a
quiet mind and to be sure of my owne is worth all. The Lord be praised for
what I have, which is this month come down to L1257. I staid up about my
accounts till almost two in the morning.