Samuel Pepys diary October 1664


October 1st. Up and at the office both forenoon and afternoon very busy,
and with great pleasure in being so. This morning Mrs. Lane (now Martin)
like a foolish woman, came to the Horseshoe hard by, and sent for me while
I was: at the office; to come to speak with her by a note sealed up, I
know to get me to do something for her husband, but I sent her an answer
that I would see her at Westminster, and so I did not go, and she went
away, poor soul. At night home to supper, weary, and my eyes sore with
writing and reading, and to bed. We go now on with great vigour in
preparing against the Dutch, who, they say, will now fall upon us without
doubt upon this high newes come of our beating them so, wholly in Guinny.

2nd (Lords day). My wife not being well to go to church I walked with my
boy through the City, putting in at several churches, among others at
Bishopsgate, and there saw the picture usually put before the Kings book,
put up in the church, but very ill painted, though it were a pretty piece
to set up in a church. I intended to have seen the Quakers, who, they say,
do meet every Lords day at the Mouth at Bishopsgate; but I could see none
stirring, nor was it fit to aske for the place, so I walked over
Moorefields, and thence to Clerkenwell church, and there, as I wished, sat
next pew to the fair Butler, who indeed is a most perfect beauty still;
and one I do very much admire myself for my choice of her for a beauty,
she having the best lower part of her face that ever I saw all days of my
life. After church I walked to my Lady Sandwichs, through my Lord
Southamptons new buildings in the fields behind Grays Inn; and, indeed,
they are a very great and a noble work. So I dined with my Lady, and the
same innocent discourse that we used to have, only after dinner, being
alone, she asked me my opinion about Creed, whether he would have a wife
or no, and what he was worth, and proposed Mrs. Wright for him, which, she
says, she heard he was once inquiring after. She desired I would take a
good time and manner of proposing it, and I said I would, though I
believed he would love nothing but money, and much was not to be expected
there, she said. So away back to Clerkenwell Church, thinking to have got
sight of la belle Boteler again, but failed, and so after church walked
all over the fields home, and there my wife was angry with me for not
coming home, and for gadding abroad to look after beauties, she told me
plainly, so I made all peace, and to supper. This evening came Mrs. Lane
(now Martin) with her husband to desire my helpe about a place for him. It
seems poor Mr. Daniel is dead of the Victualling Office, a place too good
for this puppy to follow him in. But I did give him the best words I
could, and so after drinking a glasse of wine sent them going, but with
great kindnesse. Go to supper, prayers, and to bed.

3rd. Up with Sir J. Minnes, by coach, to St. Jamess; and there all the
newes now of very hot preparations for the Dutch: and being with the Duke,
he told us he was resolved to make a tripp himself, and that Sir W. Pen
should go in the same ship with him. Which honour, God forgive me! I could
grudge him, for his knavery and dissimulation, though I do not envy much
the having the same place myself. Talke also of great haste in the getting
out another fleete, and building some ships; and now it is likely we have
put one another by each others dalliance past a retreate. Thence with our
heads full of business we broke up, and I to my barbers, and there only
saw Jane and stroked her under the chin, and away to the Exchange, and
there long about several businesses, hoping to get money by them, and
thence home to dinner and there found Hawly. But meeting Bagwells wife at
the office before I went home I took her into the office and there kissed
her only. She rebuked me for doing it, saying that did I do so much to
many bodies else it would be a stain to me. But I do not see but she takes
it well enough, though in the main I believe she is very honest. So after
some kind discourse we parted, and I home to dinner, and after dinner down
to Deptford, where I found Mr. Coventry, and there we made, an experiment
of Hollands and our cordage, and ours outdid it a great deale, as my book
of observations tells particularly. Here we were late, and so home
together by water, and I to my office, where late, putting things in
order. Mr. Bland came this night to me to take his leave of me, he going
to Tangier, wherein I wish him good successe. So home to supper and to
bed, my mind troubled at the businesses I have to do, that I cannot mind
them as I ought to do and get money, and more that I have neglected my
frequenting and seeming more busy publicly than I have done of late in
this hurry of business, but there is time left to recover it, and I trust
in God I shall.

4th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and this morning
Sir W. Pen went to Chatham to look: after the ships now going out thence,
and particularly that wherein the Duke and himself go. He took Sir G.
Ascue with: him, whom, I believe, he hath brought into play. At noon to
the Change and thence home, where I found my aunt James and the two she
joyces. They dined and were merry with us. Thence after dinner to a play,
to see The Generall; which is so dull and so ill-acted, that I think it
is the worst. I ever saw or heard in all my days. I happened to sit near;
to Sir Charles Sidly; who I find a very witty man, and he did at every
line take notice of the dullness of the poet and badness of the action,
that most pertinently; which I was mightily taken with; and among others
where by Altemires command Clarimont, the Generall, is commanded to
rescue his Rivall, whom she loved, Lucidor, he, after a great deal of
demurre, broke out; Well, Ile save my Rivall and make her confess, that
I deserve, while he do but possesse. Why, what, pox, says Sir Charles
Sydly, would he have him have more, or what is there more to be had of a
woman than the possessing her? Thence-setting all them at home, I home
with my wife and Mercer, vexed at my losing my time and above 20s. in
money, and neglecting my business to see so bad a play. To-morrow they
told us should be acted, or the day after, a new play, called The
Parsons Dreame, acted all by women. So to my office, and there did
business; and so home to supper and to bed.

5th. Up betimes and to my office, and thence by coach to New Bridewell to
meet with Mr. Poyntz to discourse with him (being Master of the Workhouse
there) about making of Bewpers for us. But he was not within; however his
clerke did lead me up and down through all the house, and there I did with
great pleasure see the many pretty works, and the little children
employed, every one to do something, which was a very fine sight, and
worthy encouragement. I cast away a crowne among them, and so to the
Change and among the Linnen Wholesale Drapers to enquire about Callicos,
to see what can be done with them for the supplying our want of Bewpers
for flaggs, and I think I shall do something therein to good purpose for
the King. So to the Coffeehouse, and there fell in discourse with the
Secretary of the Virtuosi of Gresham College, and had very fine discourse
with him. He tells me of a new invented instrument to be tried before the
College anon, and I intend to see it. So to Trinity House, and there I
dined among the old dull fellows, and so home and to my office a while,
and then comes Mr. Cocker to see me, and I discoursed with him about his
writing and ability of sight, and how I shall do to get some glasse or
other to helpe my eyes by candlelight; and he tells me he will bring me
the helps he hath within a day or two, and shew me what he do. Thence to
the Musique-meeting at the Postoffice, where I was once before. And
thither anon come all the Gresham College, and a great deal of noble
company: and the new instrument was brought called the Arched Viall,

     [There seems to be a curious fate reigning over the instruments
     which have the word arch prefixed to their name.  They have no
     vitality, and somehow or other come to grief.  Even the famous
     archlute, which was still a living thing in the time of Handel, has
     now disappeared from the concert room and joined Mr. Pepyss Arched
     Viall in the limbo of things forgotten....  Mr. Pepyss
     verdict that it would never do...  has been fully confirmed by
     the event, as his predictions usually were, being indeed always
     founded on calm judgment and close observation.—B. (Hueffers
     Italian and other Studies, 1883, p.  263).]

where being tuned with lute-strings, and played on with kees like an
organ, a piece of parchment is always kept moving; and the strings, which
by the kees are pressed down upon it, are grated in imitation of a bow, by
the parchment; and so it is intended to resemble several vyalls played on
with one bow, but so basely and harshly, that it will never do. But after
three hours stay it could not be fixed in tune; and so they were fain to
go to some other musique of instruments, which I am grown quite out of
love with, and so I, after some good discourse with Mr. Spong, Hill,
Grant, and Dr. Whistler, and others by turns, I home to my office and
there late, and so home, where I understand my wife has spoke to Jane and
ended matters of difference between her and her, and she stays with us,
which I am glad of; for her fault is nothing but sleepiness and
forgetfulness, otherwise a good-natured, quiet, well-meaning, honest
servant, and one that will do as she is bid, so one called upon her and
will see her do it. This morning, by three oclock, the Prince—[Rupert]—and
King, and Duke with him, went down the River, and the Prince under sail
the next tide after, and so is gone from the Hope. God give him better
successe than he used to have! This day Mr. Bland went away hence towards
his voyage to Tangier. This day also I had a letter from an unknown hand
that tells me that Jacke Angier, he believes, is dead at Lisbon, for he
left him there ill.

6th. Up and to the office, where busy all the morning, among other things
about this of the flags and my bringing in of callicos to oppose Young and
Whistler. At noon by promise Mr. Pierce and his wife and Madam Clerke and
her niece came and dined with me to a rare chine of beefe and spent the
afternoon very pleasantly all the afternoon, and then to my office in the
evening, they being gone, and late at business, and then home to supper
and to bed, my mind coming to itself in following of my business.

7th. Lay pretty while with some discontent abed, even to the having bad
words with my wife, and blows too, about the ill-serving up of our
victuals yesterday; but all ended in love, and so I rose and to my office
busy all the morning. At noon dined at home, and then to my office again,
and then abroad to look after callicos for flags, and hope to get a small
matter by my pains therein and yet save the King a great deal of money,
and so home to my office, and there came Mr. Cocker, and brought me a
globe of glasse, and a frame of oyled paper, as I desired, to show me the
manner of his gaining light to grave by, and to lessen the glaringnesse of
it at pleasure by an oyled paper. This I bought of him, giving him a
crowne for it; and so, well satisfied, he went away, and I to my business
again, and so home to supper, prayers, and to bed.

8th. All the morning at the office, and after dinner abroad, and among
other things contracted with one Mr. Bridges, at the White Bear on
Cornhill, for 100 pieces of Callico to make flaggs; and as I know I shall
save the King money, so I hope to get a little for my pains and venture of
my own money myself. Late in the evening doing business, and then comes
Captain Tayler, and he and I till 12 oclock at night arguing about the
freight of his ship Eagle, hired formerly by me to Tangier, and at last we
made an end, and I hope to get a little money, some small matter by it. So
home to bed, being weary and cold, but contented that I have made an end
of that business.

9th (Lords day). Lay pretty long, but however up time enough with my wife
to go to church. Then home to dinner, and Mr. Fuller, my Cambridge
acquaintance, coming to me about what he was with me lately, to release a
waterman, he told me he was to preach at Barking Church; and so I to heare
him, and he preached well and neatly. Thence, it being time enough, to our
owne church, and there staid wholly privately at the great doore to gaze
upon a pretty lady, and from church dogged her home, whither she went to a
house near Tower hill, and I think her to be one of the prettiest women I
ever saw. So home, and at my office a while busy, then to my uncle
Wights, whither it seems my wife went after sermon and there supped, but
my aunt and uncle in a very ill humour one with another, but I made shift
with much ado to keep them from scolding, and so after supper home and to
bed without prayers, it being cold, and to-morrow washing day.

10th. Up and, it being rainy, in Sir W. Pens coach to St. Jamess, and
there did our usual business with the Duke, and more and more preparations
every day appear against the Dutch, and (which I must confess do a little
move my envy) Sir W. Pen do grow every day more and more regarded by the

     [The duke had decided that the English fleet should consist of
     three  squadrons to be commanded by himself, Prince Rupert, and Lord
     Sandwich, from which arrangement the two last, who were land
     admirals; had concluded that Penn would have no concern in this
     fleet.  Neither the duke, Rupert, nor Sandwich had ever been engaged
     in an encounter of fleets....  Penn alone of the four was
     familiar with all these things.  By the dukes unexpected
     announcement that he should take Penn with him into his own  ship,
     Rupert and Sandwich at once discovered that they would be really and
     practically under Penns command in everything.]

because of his service heretofore in the Dutch warr which I am confident
is by some strong obligations he hath laid upon Mr. Coventry; for Mr.
Coventry must needs know that he is a man of very mean parts, but only a
bred seaman: Going home in coach with Sir W. Batten he told me how Sir J.
Minnes by the means of Sir R. Ford was the last night brought to his house
and did discover the reason of his so long discontent with him, and now
they are friends again, which I am sorry for, but he told it me so plainly
that I see there is no thorough understanding between them, nor love, and
so I hope there will be no great combination in any thing, nor do I see
Sir J. Minnes very fond as he used to be. But: Sir W. Batten do raffle
still against Mr. Turner and his wife, telling me he is a false fellow,
and his wife a false woman, and has rotten teeth and false, set in with
wire, and as I know they are so, so I am glad he finds it so. To the
Coffee-house, and thence to the Change, and therewith Sir W. Warren to
the Coffee-house behind the Change, and sat alone with him till 4 oclock
talking of his businesses first and then of business in general, and
discourse how I might get money and how to carry myself to advantage to
contract no envy and yet make the world see my pains; which was with great
content to me, and a good friend and helpe I am like to find him, for
which God be thanked! So home to dinner at 4 oclock, and then to the
office, and there late, and so home to supper and to bed, having sat up
till past twelve at night to look over the account of the collections for
the Fishery, and the loose and base manner that monies so collected are
disposed of in, would make a man never part with a penny in that manner,
and, above all, the inconvenience of having a great man, though never so
seeming pious as my Lord Pembroke is. He is too great to be called to an
account, and is abused by his servants, and yet obliged to defend them for
his owne sake. This day, by the blessing of God, my wife and I have been
married nine years: but my head being full of business, I did not think of
it to keep it in any extraordinary manner. But bless God for our long
lives and loves and health together, which the same God long continue, I
wish, from my very heart!

11th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning. My wife this
morning went, being invited, to my Lady Sandwich, and I alone at home at
dinner, till by and by Luellin comes and dines with me. He tells me what a
bawdy loose play this Parsons Wedding is, that is acted by nothing but
women at the Kings house, and I am glad of it. Thence to the Fishery in
Thames Street, and there several good discourses about the letting of the
Lotterys, and, among others, one Sir Thomas Clifford, whom yet I knew not,
do speak very well and neatly. Thence I to my cozen Will Joyce to get him
to go to Brampton with me this week, but I think he will not, and I am not
a whit sorry for it, for his company both chargeable and troublesome. So
home and to my office, and then to supper and then to my office again till
late, and so home, with my head and heart full of business, and so to bed.
My wife tells me the sad news of my Lady Castlemaynes being now become so
decayed, that one would not know her; at least far from a beauty, which I
am sorry for. This day with great joy Captain Titus told us the
particulars of the Frenchs expedition against Gigery upon the Barbary
Coast, in the Straights, with 6,000 chosen men. They have taken the Fort
of Gigery, wherein were five men and three guns, which makes the whole
story of the King of Frances policy and power to be laughed at.

12th. This morning all the morning at my office ordering things against my
journey to-morrow. At noon to the Coffeehouse, where very good discourse.
For newes, all say De Ruyter is gone to Guinny before us. Sir J. Lawson is
come to Portsmouth; and our fleete is hastening all speed: I mean this new
fleete. Prince Rupert with his is got into the Downes. At home dined with
me W. Joyce and a friend of his. W. Joyce will go with me to Brampton.
After dinner I out to Mr. Bridges, the linnen draper, and evened with
(him) for 100 pieces of callico, and did give him L208 18s., which I now
trust the King for, but hope both to save the King money and to get a
little by it to boot. Thence by water up and down all the timber yards to
look out some Dram timber, but can find none for our turne at the price I
would have; and so I home, and there at my office late doing business
against my journey to clear my hands of every thing for two days. So home
and to supper and bed.

13th. After being at the office all the morning, I home and dined, and
taking leave of my wife with my mind not a little troubled how she would
look after herself or house in my absence, especially, too, leaving a
considerable sum of money in the office, I by coach to the Red Lyon in
Aldersgate Street, and there, by agreement, met W. Joyce and Tom Trice,
and mounted, I upon a very fine mare that Sir W. Warren helps me to, and
so very merrily rode till it was very darke, I leading the way through the
darke to Welling, and there, not being very weary, to supper and to bed.
But very bad accommodation at the Swan. In this days journey I met with
Mr. White, Cromwells chaplin that was, and had a great deale of discourse
with him. Among others, he tells me that Richard is, and hath long been,
in France, and is now going into Italy. He owns publiquely that he do
correspond, and return him all his money. That Richard hath been in some
straits at the beginning; but relieved by his friends. That he goes by
another name, but do not disguise himself, nor deny himself to any man
that challenges him. He tells me, for certain, that offers had been made
to the old man, of marriage between the King and his daughter, to have
obliged him, but he would not.

     [The Protector wished the Duke of Buckingham to marry his daughter
     Frances.  She married, 1. Robert Rich, grandson and heir to Robert,
     Earl of Warwick, on November 11th, 1657, who died in the following
     February;  2. Sir John Russell, Bart.  She died January 27th,
     1721-22, aged eighty-four. In T. Morrices life of Roger, Earl of
     Orrery, prefixed to Orrerys State Letters (Dublin, 1743, vol.
     i., p. 40), there is a circumstantial account of an interview
     between Orrery (then Lord Broghill) and Cromwell, in which the
     former suggested to the latter that Charles II. should marry Frances
     Cromwell.  Cromwell gave great attention to the reasons urged, but
     walking two or three turns, and pondering with himself, he told Lord
     Broghill the king would never forgive him the death of his father.
     His lordship desired him to employ somebody to sound the king in
     this matter, to see how he would take it, and offered himself to
     mediate in it for him. But Cromwell would not consent, but again
     repeated, The king cannot and will not forgive the death of his
     father; and so he left his lordship, who durst not tell him he had
     already dealt with his majesty in that affair.  Upon this my lord
     withdrew, and meeting Cromwells wife and daughter, they inquired
     how he had succeeded; of which having given them an account, he
     added they must try their interest in him, but none could prevail.]

He thinks (with me) that it never was in his power to bring in the King
with the consent of any of his officers about him; and that he scorned to
bring him in as Monk did, to secure himself and deliver every body else.
When I told him of what I found writ in a French book of one Monsieur
Sorbiere, that gives an account of his observations herein England; among
other things he says, that it is reported that Cromwell did, in his
life-time, transpose many of the bodies of the Kings of England from one
grave to another, and that by that means it is not known certainly whether
the head that is now set up upon a post be that of Cromwell, or of one of
the Kings; Mr. White tells me that he believes he never had so poor a low
thought in him to trouble himself about it. He says the hand of God is
much to be seen; that all his children are in good condition enough as to
estate, and that their relations that betrayed their family are all now
either hanged or very miserable.

14th. Up by break of day, and got to Brampton by three oclock, where my
father and mother overjoyed to see me, my mother, ready to weepe every
time she looked upon me. After dinner my father and I to the Court, and
there did all our business to my mind, as I have set down in a paper
particularly expressing our proceedings at this court. So home, where W.
Joyce full of talk and pleased with his journey, and after supper I to bed
and left my father, mother, and him laughing.

15th. My father and I up and walked alone to Hinchingbroke; and among the
other late chargeable works that my Lord hath done there, we saw his
water-works and the Oral which is very fine; and so is the house all over,
but I am sorry to think of the money at this time spent therein. Back to
my fathers (Mr. Sheply being out of town) and there breakfasted, after
making an end with Barton about his businesses, and then my mother called
me into the garden, and there but all to no purpose desiring me to be
friends with John, but I told her I cannot, nor indeed easily shall, which
afflicted the poor woman, but I cannot help it. Then taking leave, W.
Joyce and I set out, calling T. Trice at Bugden, and thence got by night
to Stevenage, and there mighty merry, though I in bed more weary than the
other two days, which, I think, proceeded from our galloping so much, my
other weariness being almost all over; but I find that a coney skin in my
breeches preserves me perfectly from galling, and that eating after I come
to my Inne, without drinking, do keep me from being stomach sick, which
drink do presently make me. We lay all in several beds in the same room,
and W. Joyce full of his impertinent tricks and talk, which then made us
merry, as any other fool would have done. So to sleep.

16th (Lords day). It raining, we set out, and about nine oclock got to
Hatfield in church-time; and I light and saw my simple Lord Salsbury sit
there in his gallery. Staid not in the Church, but thence mounted again
and to Barnett by the end of sermon, and there dined at the Red Lyon very
weary again, but all my weariness yesterday night and to-day in my thighs
only, the rest of my weariness in my shoulders and arms being quite gone.
Thence home, parting company at my cozen Anth. Joyces, by four oclock,
weary, but very well, to bed at home, where I find all well. Anon my wife
came to bed, but for my ease rose again and lay with her woman.

17th. Rose very well and not weary, and with Sir W. Batten to St. Jamess;
there did our business. I saw Sir J. Lawson since his return from sea
first this morning, and hear that my Lord Sandwich is come from Portsmouth
to town. Thence I to him, and finding him at my Lord Crews, I went with
him home to his house and much kind discourse. Thence my Lord to Court,
and I with Creed to the Change, and thence with Sir W. Warren to a cooks
shop and dined, discoursing and advising him about his great contract he
is to make tomorrow, and do every day receive great satisfaction in his
company, and a prospect of a just advantage by his friendship. Thence to
my office doing some business, but it being very cold, I, for fear of
getting cold, went early home to bed, my wife not being come home from my
Lady Jemimah, with whom she hath been at a play and at Court to-day.

18th. Up and to the office, where among other things we made a very great
contract with Sir W. Warren for 3,000 loade of timber. At noon dined at
home. In the afternoon to the Fishery, where, very confused and very
ridiculous, my Lord Cravens proceedings, especially his finding fault
with Sir J. Collaton and Colonell Griffins report in the accounts of the
lottery-men. Thence I with Mr. Gray in his coach to White Hall, but the
King and Duke being abroad, we returned to Somersett House. In discourse I
find him a very worthy and studious gentleman in the business of trade,
and among-other things he observed well to me, how it is not the greatest
wits, but the steady man, that is a good merchant: he instanced in Ford
and Cocke, the last of whom he values above all men as his oracle, as Mr.
Coventry do Mr. Jolliffe. He says that it is concluded among merchants,
that where a trade hath once been and do decay, it never recovers again,
and therefore that the manufacture of cloath of England will never come to
esteem again; that, among other faults, Sir Richard Ford cannot keepe a
secret, and that it is so much the part of a merchant to be guilty of that
fault that the Duke of Yoke is resolved to commit no more secrets to the
merchants of the Royall Company; that Sir Ellis Layton is, for a speech of
forty words, the wittiest man that ever he knew in his life, but longer he
is nothing, his judgment being nothing at all, but his wit most absolute.
At Somersett House he carried me in, and there I saw the Queenes new
rooms, which are most stately and nobly furnished; and there I saw her,
and the Duke of Yorke and Duchesse were there. The Duke espied me, and
came to me, and talked with me a very great while about our contract this
day with Sir W. Warren, and among other things did with some contempt ask
whether we did except Polliards, which Sir W. Batten did yesterday (in
spite, as the Duke I believe by my Lord Barkely do well enough know) among
other things in writing propose. Thence home by coach, it raining hard,
and to my office, where late, then home to supper and to bed. This night
the Dutch Embassador desired and had an audience of the King. What the
issue of it was I know not. Both sides I believe desire peace, but neither
will begin, and so I believe a warr will follow. The Prince is with his
fleet at Portsmouth, and the Dutch are making all preparations for warr.

19th. Up and to my office all the morning. At noon dined at home; then
abroad by coach to buy for the office Herne upon the Statute of
Charitable Uses, in order to the doing something better in the Chest than
we have done, for I am ashamed to see Sir W. Batten possess himself so
long of so much money as he hath done. Coming home, weighed, my two silver
flaggons at Stevenss. They weigh 212 oz. 27 dwt., which is about L50, at
5s. per oz., and then they judge the fashion to be worth above 5s. per oz.
more—nay, some say 10s. an ounce the fashion. But I do not believe,
but yet am sorry to see that the fashion is worth so much, and the silver
come to no more. So home and to my office, where very busy late. My wife
at Mercers mothers, I believe, W. Hewer with them, which I do not like,
that he should ask my leave to go about business, and then to go and spend
his time in sport, and leave me here busy. To supper and to bed, my wife
coming in by and by, which though I know there was no hurt in it; I do not

20th. Up and to the office, where all the morning. At noon my uncle Thomas
came, dined with me, and received some money of me. Then I to my office,
where I took in with me Bagwells wife, and there I caressed her, and find
her every day more and more coming with good words and promises of getting
her husband a place, which I will do. So we parted, and I to my Lord
Sandwich at his lodgings, and after a little stay away with Mr. Cholmely
to Fleete Streete; in the way he telling me that Tangier is like to be in
a bad condition with this same Fitzgerald, he being a man of no honour,
nor presence, nor little honesty, and endeavours: to raise the Irish and
suppress the English interest there; and offend every body, and do nothing
that I hear of well, which I am sorry for. Thence home, by the way taking
two silver tumblers home, which I have bought, and so home, and there late
busy at my office, and then home to supper and to bed.

21st. Up and by coach to Mr. Coles, and there conferred with him about
some law business, and so to Sir W. Turners, and there bought my cloth,
coloured, for a suit and cloake, to line with plush the cloak, which will
cost me money, but I find that I must go handsomely, whatever it costs me,
and the charge will be made up in the fruit it brings. Thence to the
Coffee-house and Change, and so home to dinner, and then to the office
all the afternoon, whither comes W. Howe to see me, being come from, and
going presently back to sea with my Lord. Among other things he tells me
Mr. Creed is much out of favour with my Lord from his freedom of talke and
bold carriage, and other things with which my Lord is not pleased, but
most I doubt his not lending my Lord money, and Mr. Moores reporting what
his answer was I doubt in the worst manner. But, however, a very unworthy
rogue he is, and, therefore, let him go for one good for nothing, though
wise to the height above most men I converse with. In the evening (W. Howe
being gone) comes Mr. Martin, to trouble me again to get him a
Lieutenants place for which he is as fit as a foole can be. But I put him
off like an arse, as he is, and so setting my papers and books in order: I
home to supper and to bed.

22nd. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning. At noon comes my
uncle Thomas and his daughter Mary about getting me to pay them the L30
due now, but payable in law to her husband. I did give them the best
answer I could, and so parted, they not desiring to stay to dinner. After
dinner I down to Deptford, and there did business, and so back to my
office, where very late busy, and so home to supper and to bed.

23rd (Lords day). Up and to church. At noon comes unexpected Mr. Fuller,
the minister, and dines with me, and also I had invited Mr. Cooper with
one I judge come from sea, and he and I spent the whole afternoon
together, he teaching me some things in understanding of plates. At night
to the office, doing business, and then home to supper. Then a psalm, to
prayers, and to bed.

24th. Up and in Sir J. Minnes coach (alone with Mrs. Turner as far as
Paternoster Row, where I set her down) to St. Jamess, and there did our
business, and I had the good lucke to speak what pleased the Duke about
our great contract in hand with Sir W. Warren against Sir W. Batten,
wherein the Duke is very earnest for our contracting. Thence home to the
office till noon, and then dined and to the Change and off with Sir W.
Warren for a while, consulting about managing his contract. Thence to a
Committee at White Hall of Tangier, where I had the good lucke to speak
something to very good purpose about the Mole at Tangier, which was well
received even by Sir J. Lawson and Mr. Cholmely, the undertakers, against
whose interest I spoke; that I believe I shall be valued for it. Thence
into the galleries to talk with my Lord Sandwich; among other things,
about the Princes writing up to tell us of the danger he and his fleete
lie in at Portsmouth, of receiving affronts from the Dutch; which, my Lord
said, he would never have done, had he lain there with one ship alone: nor
is there any great reason for it, because of the sands. However, the
fleete will be ordered to go and lay themselves up at the Cowes. Much
beneath the prowesse of the Prince, I think, and the honour of the nation,
at the first to be found to secure themselves. My Lord is well pleased to
think, that, if the Duke and the Prince go, all the blame of any
miscarriage will not light on him; and that if any thing goes well, he
hopes he shall have the share of the glory, for the Prince is by no means
well esteemed of by any body. Thence home, and though not very well yet up
late about the Fishery business, wherein I hope to give an account how I
find the Collections to have been managed, which I did finish to my great
content, and so home to supper and to bed. This day the great ONeale
died; I believe, to the content of all the Protestant pretenders in

25th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and finished Sir
W. Warrens great contract for timber, with great content to me, because
just in the terms I wrote last night to Sir W. Warren and against the
terms proposed by Sir W. Batten. At noon home to dinner, and there found
Creed and Hawley. After dinner comes in Mrs. Ingram, the first time to
make a visit to my wife. After a little stay I left them and to the
Committee of the Fishery, and there did make my report of the late public
collections for the Fishery, much to the satisfaction of the Committee,
and I think much to my reputation, for good notice was taken of it and
much it was commended. So home, in my way taking care of a piece of plate
for Mr. Christopher Pett, against the launching of his new great ship
tomorrow at Woolwich, which I singly did move to His Royall Highness, and
did obtain it for him, to the value of twenty pieces. And he, under his
hand, do acknowledge to me that he did never receive so great a kindness
from any man in the world as from me herein. So to my office, and then to
supper, and then to my office again, where busy late, being very full now
a days of business to my great content, I thank God, and so home to bed,
my house being full of a design, to go to-morrow, my wife and all her
servants, to see the new ship launched.

26th. Up, my people rising mighty betimes, to fit themselves to go by
water; and my boy, he could not sleep, but wakes about four oclock, and
in bed lay playing on his lute till daylight, and, it seems, did the like
last night till twelve oclock. About eight oclock, my wife, she and her
woman, and Besse and Jane, and W. Hewer and the boy, to the water-side,
and there took boat, and by and by I out of doors, to look after the
flaggon, to get it ready to carry to Woolwich. That being not ready, I
stepped aside and found out Nellson, he that Whistler buys his bewpers of,
and did there buy 5 pieces at their price, and am in hopes thereby to
bring them down or buy ourselves all we spend of Nellson at the first
hand. This jobb was greatly to my content, and by and by the flaggon being
finished at the burnishers, I home, and there fitted myself, and took a
hackney-coach I hired, it being a very cold and foule day, to Woolwich,
all the way reading in a good book touching the fishery, and that being
done, in the book upon the statute of charitable uses, mightily to my
satisfaction. At Woolwich; I there up to the King and Duke, and they liked
the plate well. Here I staid above with them while the ship was launched,
which was done with great success, and the King did very much like the
ship, saying, she had the best bow that ever he saw. But, Lord! the sorry
talke and discourse among the great courtiers round about him, without any
reverence in the world, but with so much disorder. By and by the Queene
comes and her Mayds of Honour; one whereof, Mrs. Boynton, and the Duchesse
of Buckingham, had been very siclee coming by water in the barge (the
water being very rough); but what silly sport they made with them in very
common terms, methought, was very poor, and below what people think these
great people say and do. The launching being done, the King and company
went down to take barge; and I sent for Mr. Pett, and put the flaggon into
the Dukes hand, and he, in the presence of the King, did give it, Mr.
Pett taking it upon his knee. This Mr. Pett is wholly beholding to me for,
and he do know and I believe will acknowledge it. Thence I to Mr.
Ackworth, and there eat and drank with Commissioner Pett and his wife, and
thence to Sheldens, where Sir W. Batten and his Lady were. By and by I
took coach after I had enquired for my wife or her boat, but found none.
Going out of the gate, an ordinary woman prayed me to give her room to
London, which I did, but spoke not to her all the way, but read, as long
as I could see, my book again. Dark when we came to London, and a stop of
coaches in Southwarke. I staid above half an houre and then light, and
finding Sir W. Battens coach, heard they were gone into the Beare at the
Bridge foot, and thither I to them. Presently the stop is removed, and
then going out to find my coach, I could not find it, for it was gone with
the rest; so I fair to go through the darke and dirt over the bridge, and
my leg fell in a hole broke on the bridge, but, the constable standing
there to keep people from it, I was catched up, otherwise I had broke my
leg; for which mercy the Lord be praised! So at Fanchurch I found my coach
staying for me, and so home, where the little girle hath looked to the
house well, but no wife come home, which made me begin to fear [for] her,
the water being very rough, and cold and darke. But by and by she and her
company come in all well, at which I was glad, though angry. Thence I to
Sir W. Battens, and there sat late with him, Sir R. Ford, and Sir John
Robinson; the last of whom continues still the same foole he was, crying
up what power he has in the City, in knowing their temper, and being able
to do what he will with them. It seems the City did last night very freely
lend the King L100,000 without any security but the Kings word, which was
very noble. But this loggerhead and Sir R. Ford would make us believe that
they did it. Now Sir R. Ford is a cunning man, and makes a foole of the
other, and the other believes whatever the other tells him. But, Lord! to
think that such a man should be Lieutenant of the Tower, and so great a
man as he is, is a strange thing to me. With them late and then home and
with my wife to bed, after supper.

27th. Up and to the office, where all the morning busy. At noon, Sir G.
Carteret, Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten, Sir W. Pen, and myself, were
treated at the Dolphin by Mr. Foly, the ironmonger, where a good plain
dinner, but I expected musique, the missing of which spoiled my dinner,
only very good merry discourse at dinner. Thence with Sir G. Carteret by
coach to White Hall to a Committee of Tangier, and thence back to London,
and light in Cheapside and I to Nellsons, and there met with a rub at
first, but took him out to drink, and there discoursed to my great content
so far with him that I think I shall agree with him for Bewpers to serve
the Navy with. So with great content home and to my office, where late,
and having got a great cold in my head yesterday home to supper and to

28th. Slept ill all night, having got a very great cold the other day at
Woolwich in [my] head, which makes me full of snot. Up in the morning, and
my tailor brings me home my fine, new, coloured cloth suit, my cloake
lined with plush, as good a suit as ever I wore in my life, and mighty
neat, to my great content. To my office, and there all the morning. At
noon to Nellsons, and there bought 20 pieces more of Bewpers, and hope to
go on with him to a contract. Thence to the Change a little, and thence
home with Luellin to dinner, where Mr. Deane met me by appointment, and
after dinner he and I up to my chamber, and there hard at discourse, and
advising him what to do in his business at Harwich, and then to discourse
of our old business of ships and taking new rules of him to my great
pleasure, and he being gone I to my office a little, and then to see Sir
W. Batten, who is sick of a greater cold than I, and thither comes to me
Mr. Holliard, and into the chamber to me, and, poor man (beyond all I ever
saw of him), was a little drunk, and there sat talking and finding
acquaintance with Sir W. Batten and my Lady by relations on both sides,
that there we staid very long. At last broke up, and he home much overcome
with drink, but well enough to get well home. So I home to supper and to

29th. Up, and it being my Lord Mayors show, my boy and three mayds went
out; but it being a very foule, rainy day, from morning till night, I was
sorry my wife let them go out. All the morning at the office. At dinner at
home. In the afternoon to the office again, and about 9 oclock by
appointment to the Kings Head tavern upon Fish Street Hill, whither Mr.
Wolfe (and Parham by his means) met me to discourse about the Fishery, and
great light I had by Parham, who is a little conceited, but a very knowing
man in his way, and in the general fishing trade of England. Here I staid
three hours, and eat a barrel of very fine oysters of Wolfes giving me,
and so, it raining hard, home and to my office, and then home to bed. All
the talke is that De Ruyter is come over-land home with six or eight of
his captaines to command here at home, and their ships kept abroad in the
Straights; which sounds as if they had a mind to do something with us.

30th (Lords day). Up, and this morning put on my new, fine, coloured
cloth suit, with my cloake lined with plush, which is a dear and noble
suit, costing me about L17. To church, and then home to dinner, and after
dinner to a little musique with my boy, and so to church with my wife, and
so home, and with her all the evening reading and at musique with my boy
with great pleasure, and so to supper, prayers, and to bed.

31st. Very busy all the morning, at noon Creed to me and dined with me,
and then he and I to White Hall, there to a Committee of Tangier, where it
is worth remembering when Mr. Coventry proposed the retrenching some of
the charge of the horse, the first word asked by the Duke of Albemarle
was, Let us see who commands them, there being three troops. One of them
he calls to mind was by Sir Toby Bridges. Oh! says he, there is a very
good man. If you must reform

     [Reform, i.e.  disband.  See Memoirs of Sir John Reresby,
      September 2nd, 1651.  A great many younger brothers and reformed
     officers of the Kings army depended upon him for their meat and
     drink.  So reformado, a discharged or disbanded officer.—M. B.]

two of them, be sure let him command the troop that is left. Thence home,
and there came presently to me Mr. Young and Whistler, who find that I
have quite overcome them in their business of flags, and now they come to
intreat my favour, but I will be even with them. So late to my office and
there till past one in the morning making up my months accounts, and find
that my expense this month in clothes has kept me from laying up anything;
but I am no worse, but a little better than I was, which is L1205, a great
sum, the Lord be praised for it! So home to bed, with my mind full of
content therein, and vexed for my being so angry in bad words to my wife
to-night, she not giving me a good account of her layings out to my mind
to-night. This day I hear young Mr. Stanly, a brave young [gentleman],
that went out with young Jermin, with Prince Rupert, is already dead of
the small-pox, at Portsmouth. All preparations against the Dutch; and the
Duke of Yorke fitting himself with all speed, to go to the fleete which is
hastening for him; being now resolved to go in the Charles.