Samuel Pepys diary September 1664


Sept. 1st. A sad rainy night, up and to the office, where busy all the
morning. At noon to the Change and thence brought Mr. Pierce, the
Surgeon, and Creed, and dined very merry and handsomely; but my wife not
being well of those she not with us; and we cut up the great cake
Moorcocke lately sent us, which is very good. They gone I to my office,
and there very busy till late at night, and so home to supper and to bed.

2nd. Up very betimes and walked (my boy with me) to Mr. Coles, and after
long waiting below, he being under the barbers hands, I spoke with him,
and he did give me much hopes of getting my debt that my brother owed me,
and also that things would go well with my father. But going to his
attorneys, that he directed me to, they tell me both that though I could
bring my father to a confession of a judgment, yet he knowing that there
are specialties out against him he is bound to plead his knowledge of them
to me before he pays me, or else he must do it in his own wrong. I took a
great deal of pains this morning in the thorough understanding hereof, and
hope that I know the truth of our case, though it be but bad, yet better
than to run spending money and all to no purpose. However, I will inquire
a little more. Walked home, doing very many errands by the way to my great
content, and at the Change met and spoke with several persons about
serving us with pieces of eight at Tangier. So home to dinner above
stairs, my wife not being well of those in bed. I dined by her bedside,
but I got her to rise and abroad with me by coach to Bartholomew Fayre,
and our boy with us, and there shewed them and myself the dancing on the
ropes, and several other the best shows; but pretty it is to see how our
boy carries himself so innocently clownish as would make one laugh. Here
till late and dark, then up and down, to buy combes for my wife to give
her mayds, and then by coach home, and there at the office set down my
days work, and then home to bed.

3rd. I have had a bad nights rest to-night, not sleeping well, as my wife
observed, and once or twice she did wake me, and I thought myself to be
mightily bit with fleas, and in the morning she chid her mayds for not
looking the fleas a-days. But, when I rose, I found that it is only the
change of the weather from hot to cold, which, as I was two winters ago,
do stop my pores, and so my blood tingles and itches all day all over my
body, and so continued to-day all the day long just as I was then, and if
it continues to be so cold I fear I must come to the same pass, but
sweating cured me then, and I hope, and am told, will this also. At the
office sat all the morning, dined at home, and after dinner to White Hall,
to the Fishing Committee, but not above four of us met, which could do
nothing, and a sad thing it is to see so great a work so ill followed, for
at this pace it can come to any thing at first sight. Mr. Hill came to
tell me that he had got a gentlewoman for my wife, one Mrs. Ferrabosco,
that sings most admirably. I seemed glad of it; but I hear she is too
gallant for me, and I am not sorry that I misse her. Thence to the office,
setting some papers right, and so home to supper and to bed, after

5th. Up and to St. Jamess, and there did our business with the Duke;
where all our discourse of warr in the highest measure. Prince Rupert was
with us; who is fitting himself to go to sea in the Heneretta. And
afterwards in White Hall I met him and Mr. Gray, and he spoke to me, and
in other discourse, says he, God damn me, I can answer but for one ship,
and in that I will do my part; for it is not in that as in an army, where
a man can command every thing. By and by to a Committee for the Fishery,
the Duke of Yorke there, where, after Duke was made Secretary, we fell to
name a Committee, whereof I was willing to be one, because I would have my
hand in the business, to understand it and be known in doing something in
it; and so, after cutting out work for the Committee, we rose, and I to my
wife to Unthankes, and with her from shop to shop, laying out near L10
this morning in clothes for her. And so I to the Change, where a while,
and so home and to dinner, and thither came W. Bowyer and dined with us;
but strange to see how he could not endure onyons in sauce to lamb, but
was overcome with the sight of it, and so-was forced to make his dinner of
an egg or two. He tells us how Mrs. Lane is undone, by her marrying so
bad, and desires to speak with me, which I know is wholly to get me to do
something for her to get her husband a place, which he is in no wise fit
for. After dinner down to Woolwich with a gaily, and then to Deptford, and
so home, all the way reading Sir J. Suck[l]ings Aglaura, which,
methinks, is but a mean play; nothing of design in it. Coming home it is
strange to see how I was troubled to find my wife, but in a necessary
compliment, expecting Mr. Pen to see her, who had been there and was by
her people denied, which, he having been three times, she thought not fit
he should be any more. But yet even this did raise my jealousy presently
and much vex me. However, he did not come, which pleased me, and I to
supper, and to the office till 9 oclock or thereabouts, and so home to
bed. My aunt James had been here to-day with Kate Joyce twice to see us.
The second time my wife was at home, and they it seems are going down to
Brampton, which I am sorry for, for the charge that my father will be put
to. But it must be borne with, and my mother has a mind to see them, but I
do condemn myself mightily for my pride and contempt of my aunt and
kindred that are not so high as myself, that I have not seen her all this
while, nor invited her all this while.

6th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning. At noon home to
dinner, then to my office and there waited, thinking to have had Bagwells
wife come to me about business, that I might have talked with her, but she
came not. So I to White Hall by coach with Mr. Andrews, and there I got
his contract for the victualling of Tangier signed and sealed by us there,
so that all the business is well over, and I hope to have made a good
business of it and to receive L100 by it the next weeke, for which God be
praised! Thence to W. Joyces and Anthonys, to invite them to dinner to
meet my aunt James at my house, and the rather because they are all to go
down to my father the next weeke, and so I would be a little kind to them
before they go. So home, having called upon Doll, our pretty Change
woman, for a pair of gloves trimmed with yellow ribbon, to [match the]
petticoate my wife bought yesterday, which cost me 20s.; but she is so
pretty, that, God forgive me! I could not think it too much—which is
a strange slavery that I stand in to beauty, that I value nothing near it.
So going home, and my coach stopping in Newgate Market over against a
poulterers shop, I took occasion to buy a rabbit, but it proved a deadly
old one when I came to eat it, as I did do after an hour being at my
office, and after supper again there till past 11 at night. So home,, and
to bed. This day Mr. Coventry did tell us how the Duke did receive the
Dutch Embassador the other day; by telling him that, whereas they think us
in jest, he believes that the Prince (Rupert) which goes in this fleete to
Guinny will soon tell them that we are in earnest, and that he himself
will do the like here, in the head of the fleete here at home, and that
for the meschants, which he told the Duke there were in England, which did
hope to do themselves good by the Kings being at warr, says he, the
English have ever united all this private difference to attend foraigne,
and that Cromwell, notwithstanding the meschants in his time, which were
the Cavaliers, did never find them interrupt him in his foraigne
businesses, and that he did not doubt but to live to see the Dutch as
fearfull of provoking the English, under the government of a King, as he
remembers them to have been under that of a Coquin. I writ all this story
to my Lord Sandwich tonight into the Downes, it being very good and true,
word for word from Mr. Coventry to-day.

7th. Lay long to-day, pleasantly discoursing with my wife about the dinner
we are to have for the Joyces, a day or two hence. Then up and with Mr.
Margetts to Limehouse to see his ground and ropeyarde there, which is very
fine, and I believe we shall employ it for the Navy, for the Kings
grounds are not sufficient to supply our defence if a warr comes. Thence
back to the Change, where great talke of the forwardnesse of the Dutch,
which puts us all to a stand, and particularly myself for my Lord
Sandwich, to think him to lie where he is for a sacrifice, if they should
begin with us. So home and Creed with me, and to dinner, and after dinner
I out to my office, taking in Bagwells wife, who I knew waited for me,
but company came to me so soon that I could have no discourse with her, as
I intended, of pleasure. So anon abroad with Creed walked to Bartholomew
Fayre, this being the last day, and there saw the best dancing on the
ropes that I think I ever saw in my life, and so all say, and so by coach
home, where I find my wife hath had her head dressed by her woman, Mercer,
which is to come to her to-morrow, but my wife being to go to a
christening tomorrow, she came to do her head up to-night. So a while to
my office, and then to supper and to bed.

8th. Up and to the office, where busy all the morning. At noon dined at
home, and I by water down to Woolwich by a galley, and back again in the
evening. All haste made in setting out this Guinny fleete, but yet not
such as will ever do the Kings business if we come to a warr. My wife
this afternoon being very well dressed by her new woman, Mary Mercer, a
decayed merchants daughter that our Will helps us to, did go to the
christening of Mrs. Mills, the parsons wifes child, where she never was
before. After I was come home Mr. Povey came to me and took me out to
supper to Mr. Blands, who is making now all haste to be gone for Tangier.
Here pretty merry, and good discourse, fain to admire the knowledge and
experience of Mrs. Bland, who I think as good a merchant as her husband. I
went home and there find Mercer, whose person I like well, and I think
will do well, at least I hope so. So to my office a while and then to bed.

9th. Up, and to put things in order against dinner. I out and bought
several things, among others, a dozen of silver salts; home, and to the
office, where some of us met a little, and then home, and at noon comes my
company, namely, Anthony and Will Joyce and their wives, my aunt James
newly come out of Wales, and my cozen Sarah Gyles. Her husband did not
come, and by her I did understand afterwards, that it was because he was
not yet able to pay me the 40s. she had borrowed a year ago of me.

     [Pepys would have been more proud of his cousin had he anticipated
     her husbands becoming a knight, for she was probably the same
     person whose burial is recorded in the register of St. Helens,
     Bishopsgate, September 4th, 1704: Dame Sarah Gyles, widow, relict
     of Sir John Gyles.—B.]

I was as merry as I could, giving them a good dinner; but W. Joyce did so
talk, that he made every body else dumb, but only laugh at him. I forgot
there was Mr. Harman and his wife, my aunt, a very good harmlesse woman.
All their talke is of her and my two she-cozen Joyces and Wills little
boy Will (who was also here to-day), down to Brampton to my fathers next
week, which will be trouble and charge to them, but however my father and
mother desire to see them, and so let them. They eyed mightily my great
cupboard of plate, I this day putting my two flaggons upon my table; and
indeed it is a fine sight, and better than ever I did hope to see of my
owne. Mercer dined with us at table, this being her first dinner in my
house. After dinner left them and to White Hall, where a small Tangier
Committee, and so back again home, and there my wife and Mercer and Tom
and I sat till eleven at night, singing and fiddling, and a great joy it
is to see me master of so much pleasure in my house, that it is and will
be still, I hope, a constant pleasure to me to be at home. The girle plays
pretty well upon the harpsicon, but only ordinary tunes, but hath a good
hand; sings a little, but hath a good voyce and eare. My boy, a brave boy,
sings finely, and is the most pleasant boy at present, while his ignorant
boys tricks last, that ever I saw. So to supper, and with great pleasure
to bed.

10th. Up and to the office, where we sate all the morning, and I much
troubled to think what the end of our great sluggishness will be, for we
do nothing in this office like people able to carry on a warr. We must be
put out, or other people put in. Dined at home, and then my wife and I and
Mercer to the Dukes house, and there saw The Rivalls, which is no
excellent play, but good acting in it; especially Gosnell comes and sings
and dances finely, but, for all that, fell out of the key, so that the
musique could not play to her afterwards, and so did Harris also go out of
the tune to agree with her. Thence home and late writing letters, and this
night I received, by Will, L105, the first-fruits of my endeavours in the
late contract for victualling of Tangier, for which God be praised! for I
can with a safe conscience say that I have therein saved the King L5000
per annum, and yet got myself a hope of L300 per annum without the least
wrong to the King. So to supper and to bed.

11th (Lords day). Up and to church in the best manner I have gone a good
while, that is to say, with my wife, and her woman, Mercer, along with us,
and Tom, my boy, waiting on us. A dull sermon. Home, dined, left my wife
to go to church alone, and I walked in haste being late to the Abbey at
Westminster, according to promise to meet Jane Welsh, and there wearily
walked, expecting her till 6 oclock from three, but no Jane came, which
vexed me, only part of it I spent with Mr. Blagrave walking in the Abbey,
he telling me the whole government and discipline of White Hall Chappell,
and the caution now used against admitting any debauched persons, which I
was glad to hear, though he tells me there are persons bad enough. Thence
going home went by Jarviss, and there stood Jane at the door, and so I
took her in and drank with her, her master and mistress being out of
doors. She told me how she could not come to me this afternoon, but
promised another time. So I walked home contented with my speaking with
her, and walked to my uncle Wights, where they were all at supper, and
among others comes fair Mrs. Margarett Wight, who indeed is very pretty.
So after supper home to prayers and to bed. This afternoon, it seems, Sir
J. Minnes fell sicke at church, and going down the gallery stairs fell
down dead, but came to himself again and is pretty well.

12th. Up, and to my cozen Anthony Joyces, and there took leave of my aunt
James, and both cozens, their wives, who are this day going down to my
fathers by coach. I did give my Aunt 20s., to carry as a token to my
mother, and 10s. to Pall. Thence by coach to St. Jamess, and there did
our business as usual with the Duke; and saw him with great pleasure play
with his little girle,—[Afterwards Queen Mary II.]—like an
ordinary private father of a child. Thence walked to Jervass, where I
took Jane in the shop alone, and there heard of her, her master and
mistress were going out. So I went away and came again half an hour after.
In the meantime went to the Abbey, and there went in to see the tombs with
great pleasure. Back again to Jane, and there upstairs and drank with her,
and staid two hours with her kissing her, but nothing more. Anon took boat
and by water to the Neat Houses over against Fox Hall to have seen
Greatorex dive, which Jervas and his wife were gone to see, and there I
found them (and did it the rather for a pretence for my having been so
long at their house), but being disappointed of some necessaries to do it
I staid not, but back to Jane, but she would not go out with me. So I to
Mr. Creeds lodgings, and with him walked up and down in the New Exchange,
talking mightily of the convenience and necessity of a mans wearing good
clothes, and so after eating a messe of creame I took leave of him, he
walking with me as far as Fleete Conduit, he offering me upon my request
to put out some money for me into Backewells hands at 6 per cent.
interest, which he seldom gives, which I will consider of, being doubtful
of trusting any of these great dealers because of their mortality, but
then the convenience of having ones money, at an houres call is very
great. Thence to my uncle Wights, and there supped with my wife, having
given them a brave barrel of oysters of Povys giving me. So home and to

13th. Up and, to the office, where sat busy all morning, dined at home and
after dinner to Fishmongers Hall, where we met the first time upon the
Fishery Committee, and many good things discoursed of concerning making of
farthings, which was proposed as a way of raising money for this business,
and then that of lotterys,

     [Among the State Papers is a Statement of Articles in the Covenant
     proposed by the Commissioners for the Royal Fishing to, Sir Ant.
     Desmarces & Co.  in reference to the regulation of lotteries; which
     are very unreasonable, and of the objections thereto (Calendar of
     State Papers, Domestic, 1663-64, p.  576.)]

but with great confusion; but I hope we shall fall into greater order. So
home again and to my office, where after doing business home and to a
little musique, after supper, and so to bed.

14th. Up, and wanting some things that should be laid ready for my
dressing myself I was angry, and one thing after another made my wife give
Besse warning to be gone, which the jade, whether out of fear or
ill-nature or simplicity I know not, but she took it and asked leave to go
forth to look a place, and did, which vexed me to the heart, she being as
good a natured wench as ever we shall have, but only forgetful. At the
office all the morning and at noon to the Change, and there went off with
Sir W. Warren and took occasion to desire him to lend me L100, which he
said he would let the have with all his heart presently, as he had
promised me a little while ago to give me for my pains in his two great
contracts for masts L100, and that this should be it. To which end I did
move it to him, and by this means I hope to be, possessed of the L100
presently within 2 or 3 days. So home to dinner, and then to the office,
and down to Blackwall by water to view a place found out for laying of
masts, and I think it will be most proper. So home and there find Mr. Pen
come to visit my wife, and staid with them till sent for to Mr. Blands,
whither by appointment I was to go to supper, and against my will left
them together, but, God knows, without any reason of fear in my conscience
of any evil between them, but such is my natural folly. Being thither come
they would needs have my wife, and so Mr. Bland and his wife (the first
time she was ever at my house or my wife at hers) very civilly went forth
and brought her and W. Pen, and there Mr. Povy and we supped nobly and
very merry, it being to take leave of Mr. Bland, who is upon going soon to
Tangier. So late home and to bed.

15th. At the office all the morning, then to the Change, and so home to
dinner, where Luellin dined with us, and after dinner many people came in
and kept me all the afternoon, among other the Master and Wardens of
Chyrurgeons Hall, who staid arguing their cause with me; I did give them
the best answer I could, and after their being two hours with me parted,
and I to my office to do business, which is much on my hands, and so late
home to supper and to bed.

16th. Up betimes and to my office, where all the morning very busy putting
papers to rights. And among other things Mr. Gauden coming to me, I had a
good opportunity to speak to him about his present, which hitherto hath
been a burden: to me, that I could not do it, because I was doubtfull that
he meant it as a temptation to me to stand by him in the business of
Tangier victualling; but he clears me it was not, and that he values me
and my proceedings therein very highly, being but what became me, and that
what he did was for my old kindnesses to him in dispatching of his
business, which I was glad to hear, and with my heart in good rest and
great joy parted, and to my business again. At noon to the Change, where
by appointment I met Sir W. Warren, and afterwards to the Sun taverne,
where he brought to me, being all alone; L100 in a bag, which I offered
him to give him my receipt for, but he told me, no, it was my owne, which
he had a little while since promised me and was glad that (as I had told
him two days since) it would now do me courtesy; and so most kindly he did
give it me, and I as joyfully, even out of myself, carried it home in a
coach, he himself expressly taking care that nobody might see this
business done, though I was willing enough to have carried a servant with
me to have received it, but he advised me to do it myself. So home with it
and to dinner; after dinner I forth with my boy to buy severall things,
stools and andirons and candlesticks, &c., household stuff, and walked
to the mathematical instrument maker in Moorefields and bought a large
pair of compasses, and there met Mr. Pargiter, and he would needs have me
drink a cup of horse-radish ale, which he and a friend of his troubled
with the stone have been drinking of, which we did and then walked into
the fields as far almost as Sir G. Whitmores, all the way talking of
Russia, which, he says, is a sad place; and, though Moscow is a very great
city, yet it is from the distance between house and house, and few people
compared with this, and poor, sorry houses, the Emperor himself living in
a wooden house, his exercise only flying a hawk at pigeons and carrying
pigeons ten or twelve miles off and then laying wagers which pigeon shall
come soonest home to her house. All the winter within doors, some few
playing at chesse, but most drinking their time away. Women live very
slavishly there, and it seems in the Emperors court no room hath above
two or three windows, and those the greatest not a yard wide or high, for
warmth in winter time; and that the general cure for all diseases there is
their sweating houses, or people that are poor they get into their ovens,
being heated, and there lie. Little learning among things of any sort. Not
a man that speaks Latin, unless the Secretary of State by chance. Mr.
Pargiter and I walked to the Change together and there parted, and so I
to buy more things and then home, and after a little at my office, home to
supper and to bed. This day old Hardwicke came and redeemed a watch he had
left with me in pawne for 40s. seven years ago, and I let him gave it.
Great talk that the Dutch will certainly be out this week, and will sail
directly to Guinny, being convoyed out of the Channel with 42 sail of

17th. Up and to the office, where Mr. Coventry very angry to see things go
so coldly as they do, and I must needs say it makes me fearful every day
of having some change of the office, and the truth is, I am of late a
little guilty of being remiss myself of what I used to be, but I hope I
shall come to my old pass again, my family being now settled again. Dined
at home, and to the office, where late busy in setting all my businesses
in order, and I did a very great and a very contenting afternoons work.
This day my aunt Wight sent my wife a new scarfe, with a compliment for
the many favours she had received of her, which is the several things we
have sent her. I am glad enough of it, for I see my uncle is so given up
to the Wights that I hope for little more of them. So home to supper and
to bed.

18th (Lords day). Up and to church all of us. At noon comes Anthony and
W. Joyce (their wives being in the country with my father) and dined with
me very merry as I can be in such company. After dinner walked to
Westminster (tiring them by the way, and so left them, Anthony in
Cheapside and the other in the Strand), and there spent all the afternoon
in the Cloysters as I had agreed with Jane Welsh, but she came not, which
vexed me, staying till 5 oclock, and then walked homeward, and by coach
to the old Exchange, and thence to my aunt Wights, and invited her and my
uncle to supper, and so home, and by and by they came, and we eat a brave
barrel of oysters Mr. Povy sent me this morning, and very merry at supper,
and so to prayers and to bed. Last night it seems my aunt Wight did send
my wife a new scarfe, laced, as a token for her many givings to her. It is
true now and then we give them some toys, as oranges, &c., but my aime
is to get myself something more from my uncles favour than this.

19th. Up, my wife and I having a little anger about her woman already, she
thinking that I take too much care of her at table to mind her (my wife)
of cutting for her, but it soon over, and so up and with Sir W. Batten and
Sir W. Pen to St. Jamess, and there did our business with the Duke, and
thence homeward straight, calling at the Coffee-house, and there had very
good discourse with Sir——Blunt and Dr. Whistler about Egypt
and other things. So home to dinner, my wife having put on to-day her
winter new suit of moyre, which is handsome, and so after dinner I did
give her L15 to lay out in linen and necessaries for the house and to buy
a suit for Pall, and I myself to White Hall to a Tangier Committee, where
Colonell Reames hath brought us so full and methodical an account of all
matters there, that I never have nor hope to see the like of any publique
business while I live again. The Committee up, I to Westminster to
Jervass, and spoke with Jane; who I find cold and not so desirous of a
meeting as before, and it is no matter, I shall be the freer from the
inconvenience that might follow thereof, besides offending God Almighty
and neglecting my business. So by coach home and to my office, where late,
and so to supper and to bed. I met with Dr. Pierce to-day, who, speaking
of Dr. Fraziers being so earnest to have such a one (one Collins) go
chyrurgeon to the Princes person will have him go in his terms and with
so much money put into his hands, he tells me (when I was wondering that
Frazier should order things with the Prince in that confident manner) that
Frazier is so great with my Lady Castlemayne, and Stewart, and all the
ladies at Court, in helping to slip their calfes when there is occasion,
and with the great men in curing of their claps that he can do what he
please with the King, in spite of any man, and upon the same score with
the Prince; they all having more or less occasion to make use of him. Sir
G. Carteret tells me this afternoon that the Dutch are not yet ready to
set out; and by that means do lose a good wind which would carry them out
and keep us in, and moreover he says that they begin to boggle in the
business, and he thinks may offer terms of peace for all this, and seems
to argue that it will be well for the King too, and I pray God send it.
Colonell Reames did, among other things, this day tell me how it is clear
that, if my Lord Tiviott had lived, he would have quite undone Tangier, or
designed himself to be master of it. He did put the King upon most great,
chargeable, and unnecessary works there, and took the course industriously
to deter, all other merchants but himself to deal there, and to make both
King and all others pay what he pleased for all that was brought thither.

20th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, at noon to the
Change, and there met by appointment with Captain Poyntz, who hath some
place, or title to a place, belonging to gameing, and so I discoursed with
him about the business of our improving of the Lotterys, to the Kings
benefit, and that of the Fishery, and had some light from him in the
business, and shall, he says, have more in writing from him. So home to
dinner and then abroad to the Fishing Committee at Fishmongers Hall, and
there sat and did some business considerable, and so up and home, and
there late at my office doing much business, and I find with great delight
that I am come to my good temper of business again. God continue me in it.
So home to supper, it being washing day, and to bed.

21st. Up, and by coach to Mr. Povys, and there got him to signe the
payment of Captain Taylers bills for the remainder of freight for the
Eagle, wherein I shall be gainer about L30, thence with him to Westminster
by coach to Housemans [Huysman] the great picture drawer, and saw again
very fine pictures, and have his promise, for Mr. Povys sake, to take
pains in what picture I shall set him about, and I think to have my
wifes. But it is a strange thing to observe and fit for me to remember
that I am at no time so unwilling to part with money as when I am
concerned in the getting of it most, as I thank God of late I have got
more in this month, viz. near 0250, than ever I did in half a year before
in my life, I think. Thence to White Hall with him, and so walked to the
old Exchange and back to Povys to dinner, where great and good company;
among others Sir John Skeffington, whom I knew at Magdalen College, a
fellow-commoner, my fellow-pupil, but one with whom I had no great
acquaintance, he being then, God knows, much above me. Here I was afresh
delighted with Mr. Povys house and pictures of perspective, being strange
things to think how they do delude ones eye, that methinks it would make
a man doubtful of swearing that ever he saw any thing. Thence with him to
St. Jamess, and so to White Hall to a Tangier Committee, and hope I have
light of another opportunity of getting a little money if Sir W. Warren
will use me kindly for deales to Tangier, and with the hopes went joyfully
home, and there received Captain Taylers money, received by Will to-day,
out of which (as I said above) I shall get above L30. So with great
comfort to bed, after supper. By discourse this day I have great hopes
from Mr. Coventry that the Dutch and we shall not fall out.

22nd. Up and at the office all the morning. To the Change at noon, and
among other things discoursed with Sir William Warren what I might do to
get a little money by carrying of deales to Tangier, and told him the
opportunity I have there of doing it, and he did give me some advice,
though not so good as he would have done at any other time of the year,
but such as I hope to make good use of, and get a little money by. So to
Sir G. Carterets to dinner, and he and I and Captain Cocke all alone, and
good discourse, and thence to a Committee of Tangier at White Hall, and so
home, where I found my wife not well, and she tells me she thinks she is
with child, but I neither believe nor desire it. But Gods will be done!
So to my office late, and home to supper and to bed; having got a strange
cold in my head, by flinging off my hat at dinner, and sitting with the
wind in my neck.

     [In Lord Clarendons Essay, On the decay of respect paid to Age,
      he says that in his younger days he never kept his hat on before
     those older than himself, except at dinner.—B.]

23rd. My cold and pain in my head increasing, and the palate of my mouth
falling, I was in great pain all night. My wife also was not well, so that
a mayd was fain to sit up by her all night. Lay long in the morning, at
last up, and amongst others comes Mr. Fuller, that was the wit of
Cambridge, and Praevaricator

     [At the Commencement (Comitia Majora) in July, the Praevaricator, or
     Varier, held a similar position to the Tripos at the Comitia Minora.
     He was so named from varying the question which he proposed, either
     by a play upon the words or by the transposition of the terms in
     which it was expressed.  Under the pretence of maintaining some
     philosophical question, he poured out a medley of absurd jokes and
     personal ridicule, which gradually led to the abolition of the
     office.  In Thoresbys Diary we read, Tuesday, July 6th.  The
     Praevaricators speech was smart and ingenious, attended with
     vollies of hurras (see Wordsworths University Life in the
     Eighteenth Century ).—M. B.]

in my time, and staid all the morning with me discoursing, and his
business to get a man discharged, which I did do for him. Dined with
little heart at noon, in the afternoon against my will to the office,
where Sir G. Carteret and we met about an order of the Council for the
hiring him a house, giving him L1000 fine, and L70 per annum for it. Here
Sir J. Minnes took occasion, in the most childish and most unbeseeming
manner, to reproach us all, but most himself, that he was not valued as
Comptroller among us, nor did anything but only set his hand to paper,
which is but too true; and every body had a palace, and he no house to lie
in, and wished he had but as much to build him a house with, as we have
laid out in carved worke. It was to no end to oppose, but all bore it, and
after laughed at him for it. So home, and late reading The Siege of
Rhodes to my wife, and then to bed, my head being in great pain and my
palate still down.

24th. Up and to the office, where all the morning busy, then home to
dinner, and so after dinner comes one Phillips, who is concerned in the
Lottery, and from him I collected much concerning that business. I carried
him in my way to White Hall and set him down at Somersett House. Among
other things he told me that Monsieur Du Puy, that is so great a man at
the Duke of Yorkes, and this mans great opponent, is a knave and by
quality but a tailor. To the Tangier Committee, and there I opposed
Colonell Leggs estimate of supplies of provisions to be sent to Tangier
till all were ashamed of it, and he fain after all his good husbandry and
seeming ignorance and joy to have the Kings money saved, yet afterwards
he discovered all his design to be to keep the furnishing of these things
to the officers of the Ordnance, but Mr. Coventry seconded me, and between
us we shall save the King some money in the year. In one business of
deales in L520, I offer to save L172, and yet purpose getting money, to
myself by it. So home and to my office, and business being done home to
supper and so to bed, my head and throat being still out of order
mightily. This night Prior of Brampton came and paid me L40, and I find
this poor painful man is the only thriving and purchasing man in the town
almost. We were told to-day of a Dutch ship of 3 or 400 tons, where all
the men were dead of the plague, and the ship cast ashore at Gottenburgh.

25th (Lords day). Up, and my throat being yet very sore, and, my head out
of order, we went not to church, but I spent all the morning reading of
The Madd Lovers, a very good play, and at noon comes Harman and his
wife, whom I sent for to meet the Joyces, but they came not. It seems Will
has got a fall off his horse and broke his face. However, we were as merry
as I could in their company, and we had a good chine of beef, but I had no
taste nor stomach through my cold, and therefore little pleased with my
dinner. It raining, they sat talking with us all the afternoon. So anon
they went away; and then I to read another play, The Custome of the
Country, which is a very poor one, methinks. Then to supper, prayers, and

26th. Up pretty well again, but my mouth very scabby, my cold being going
away, so that I was forced to wear a great black patch, but that would not
do much good, but it happens we did not go to the Duke to-day, and so I
staid at home busy all the morning. At noon, after dinner, to the Change,
and thence home to my office again, where busy, well employed till 10 at
night, and so home to supper and to bed, my mind a little troubled that I
have not of late kept up myself so briske in business; but mind my ease a
little too much and my family upon the coming of Mercer and Tom. So that I
have not kept company, nor appeared very active with Mr. Coventry, but now
I resolve to settle to it again, not that I have idled all my time, but as
to my ease something. So I have looked a little too much after Tangier and
the Fishery, and that in the sight of Mr. Coventry, but I have good reason
to love myself for serving Tangier, for it is one of the best flowers in
my garden.

27th. Lay long, sleeping, it raining and blowing very hard. Then up and to
the office, my mouth still being scabby and a patch on it. At the office
all the morning. At noon dined at home, and so after dinner (Lewellin
dining with me and in my way talking about Deering) to the Fishing
Committee, and had there very many fine things argued, and I hope some
good will cone of it. So home, where my wife having (after all her merry
discourse of being with child) her months upon her is gone to bed. I to my
office very late doing business, then home to supper and to bed. To-night
Mr. T. Trice and Piggot came to see me, and desire my going down to
Brampton Court, where for Piggots sake, for whom it is necessary, I
should go, I would be glad to go, and will, contrary to my purpose,
endeavour it, but having now almost L1000, if not above, in my house, I
know not what to do with it, and that will trouble my mind to leave in the
house, and I not at home.

28th. Up and by water with Mr. Tucker down to Woolwich, first to do
several businesses of the Kings, then on board Captain Fishers ship,
which we hire to carry goods to Tangier. All the way going and coming I
reading and discoursing over some papers of his which he, poor man, having
some experience, but greater conceit of it than is fit, did at the Kings
first coming over make proposals of, ordering in a new manner the whole
revenue of the kingdom, but, God knows, a most weak thing; however, one
paper I keep wherein he do state the main branches of the publick revenue
fit to consider and remember. So home, very cold, and fearfull of having
got some pain, but, thanks be to God! I was well after it. So to dinner,
and after dinner by coach to White Hall, thinking to have met at a
Committee of Tangier, but nobody being there but my Lord Rutherford, he
would needs carry me and another Scotch Lord to a play, and so we saw,
coming late, part of The Generall, my Lord Orrerys (Broghill) second
play; but, Lord! to see how no more either in words, sense, or design, it
is to his Harry the 5th is not imaginable, and so poorly acted, though
in finer clothes, is strange. And here I must confess breach of a vowe in
appearance, but I not desiring it, but against my will, and my oathe being
to go neither at my own charge nor at anothers, as I had done by becoming
liable to give them another, as I am to Sir W. Pen and Mr. Creed; but here
I neither know which of them paid for me, nor, if I did, am I obliged ever
to return the like, or did it by desire or with any willingness. So that
with a safe conscience I do think my oathe is not broke and judge God
Almighty will not think it other wise. Thence to W. Joyces, and there
found my aunt and cozen Mary come home from my fathers with great
pleasure and content, and thence to Kates and found her also mighty
pleased with her journey and their good usage of them, and so home,
troubled in my conscience at my being at a play. But at home I found
Mercer playing on her Vyall, which is a pretty instrument, and so I to the
Vyall and singing till late, and so to bed. My mind at a great losse how
to go down to Brampton this weeke, to satisfy Piggott; but what with the
fears of my house, my money, my wife, and my office, I know not how in the
world to think of it, Tom Hater being out of towne, and I having near
L1000 in my house.

29th. Up and to the office, where all the morning, dined at home and Creed
with me; after dinner I to Sir G. Carteret, and with him to his new house
he is taking in Broad Streete, and there surveyed all the rooms and
bounds, in order to the drawing up a lease thereof; and that done, Mr.
Cutler, his landlord, took me up and down, and showed me all his ground
and house, which is extraordinary great, he having bought all the
Augustine Fryers, and many, many a L1000 he hath and will bury there. So
home to my business, clearing my papers and preparing my accounts against
tomorrow for a monthly and a great auditt. So to supper and to bed. Fresh
newes come of our beating the Dutch at Guinny quite out of all their
castles almost, which will make them quite mad here at home sure. And Sir
G. Carteret did tell me, that the King do joy mightily at it; but asked
him laughing, But, says he, how shall I do to answer this to the
Embassador when he comes? Nay they say that we have beat them out of the
New Netherlands too;

     [Captain (afterwards Sir Robert) Holmes expedition to attack the
     Dutch settlements in Africa eventuated in an important exploit.
     Holmes suddenly left the coast of Africa, sailed across the
     Atlantic, and reduced the Dutch settlement of New Netherlands to
     English rule, under the title of New York.  The short and true
     state of the matter is this: the country mentioned was part of the
     province of Virginia, and, as there is no settling an extensive
     country at once, a few Swedes crept in there, who surrendered the
     plantations they could not defend to the Dutch, who, having bought
     the charts and papers of one Hudson, a seaman, who, by the
     commission from the crown of England, discovered a river, to which
     he gave his name, conceited they had purchased a province.
     Sometimes, when we had strength in those parts, they were English
     subjects; at others, when that strength declined, they were subjects
     of the United Provinces.  However, upon King Charless claim the
     States disowned the title, but resumed it during our confusions.  On
     March 12th, 1663-64, Charles II. granted it to the Duke of York
 ... The King sent Holmes, when he returned, to the Tower, and did
     not discharge him; till he made it evidently appear that he had not
     infringed the law of nations .  (Campbells Naval History, vol.
     ii, p., 89).  How little did the King or Holmes himself foresee
     the effects of the capture,—B.]

so that we have been doing them mischief for a great while in several
parts of the world; without publique knowledge or reason. Their fleete for
Guinny is now, they say, ready, and abroad, and will be going this week.
Coming home to-night, I did go to examine my wifes house accounts, and
finding things that seemed somewhat doubtful, I was angry though she did
make it pretty plain, but confessed that when she do misse a sum, she do
add something to other things to make it, and, upon my being very angry,
she do protest she will here lay up something for herself to buy her a
necklace with, which madded me and do still trouble me, for I fear she
will forget by degrees the way of living cheap and under a sense of want.

30th. Up, and all day, both morning and afternoon, at my accounts, it
being a great month, both for profit and layings out, the last being L89
for kitchen and clothes for myself and wife, and a few extraordinaries for
the house; and my profits, besides salary, L239; so that I have this
weeke, notwithstanding great layings out, and preparations for laying out,
which I make as paid this month, my balance to come to L1203, for which
the Lords name be praised! Dined at home at noon, staying long looking
for Kate Joyce and my aunt James and Mary, but they came not. So my wife
abroad to see them, and took Mary Joyce to a play. Then in the evening
came and sat working by me at the office, and late home to supper and to
bed, with my heart in good rest for this days work, though troubled to
think that my last months negligence besides the making me neglect
business and spend money, and lessen myself both as to business and the
world and myself, I am fain to preserve my vowe by paying 20s. dry—[
Dry = hard, as hard cash. ]—money into the poors box, because I
had not fulfilled all my memorandums and paid all my petty debts and
received all my petty credits, of the last month, but I trust in God I
shall do so no more.