Samuel Pepys diary August 1664


August 1st. Up, my mind very light from my last nights accounts, and so
up and with Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten, and Sir W. Pen to St. Jamess,
where among other things having prepared with some industry every man a
part this morning and no sooner (for fear they should either consider of
it or discourse of it one to another) Mr. Coventry did move the Duke and
obtain it that one of the clerkes of the Clerke of the Acts should have an
addition of L30 a year, as Mr. Turner hath, which I am glad of, that I may
give T. Hater L20 and keep L10 towards a boys keeping. Thence Mr.
Coventry and I to the Attorneys chamber at the Temple, but not being
there we parted, and I home, and there with great joy told T. Hater what I
had done, with which the poor wretch was very glad, though his modesty
would not suffer him to say much. So to the Coffee-house, and there all
the house full of the victory Generall Soushe

     [General Soushe was Louis Ratuit, Comte de Souches.  The battle was
     fought at Lewenz (or Leva), in Hungary.—B.]

(who is a Frenchman, a soldier of fortune, commanding part of the German
army) hath had against the Turke; killing 4,000 men, and taking most
extraordinary spoil. Thence taking up Harman and his wife, carried them to
Anthony Joyces, where we had my venison in a pasty well done; but, Lord!
to see how much they made of, it, as if they had never eat any before, and
very merry we were, but Will most troublesomely so, and I find he and his
wife have a most wretched life one with another, but we took no notice,
but were very merry as I could be in such company. But Mrs. Harman is a
very pretty-humoured wretch, whom I could love with all my heart, being so
good and innocent company. Thence to Westminster to Mr. Blagraves, and
there, after singing a thing or two over, I spoke to him about a woman for
my wife, and he offered me his kinswoman, which I was glad of, but she is
not at present well, but however I hope to have her. Thence to my Lord
Chancellors, and thence with Mr. Coventry, who appointed to meet me
there, and with him to the Attorney General, and there with Sir Ph.
Warwicke consulted of a new commission to be had through the Broad Seale
to enable us to make this contract for Tangier victualling. So home, and
there talked long with Will about the young woman of his family which he
spoke of for to live with my wife, but though she hath very many good
qualitys, yet being a neighbours child and young and not very staid, I
dare not venture of having her, because of her being able to spread any
report of our family upon any discontent among the heart of our
neighbours. So that my dependance is upon Mr. Blagrave, and so home to
supper and to bed. Last night, at 12 oclock, I was waked with knocking at
Sir W. Pens door; and what was it but peoples running up and down to
bring him word that his brother,

     [George Penn, the elder brother of Sir W. Penn, was a wealthy
     merchant at San Lucar, the port of Seville.  He was seized as a
     heretic by the Holy Office, and cast into a dungeon eight feet
     square and dark as the grave.  There he remained three years, every
     month being scourged to make him confess his crimes.  At last, after
     being twice put to the rack, he offered to confess whatever they
     would suggest.  His property, L12,000, was then confiscated, his
     wife, a Catholic, taken from him, and he was banished from Spain for
     ever.—M. B.]

who hath been a good while, it seems, sicke, is dead.

2nd. At the office all the morning. At noon dined, and then to, the
Change, and there walked two hours or more with Sir W. Warren, who after
much discourse in general of Sir W. Battens dealings, he fell to talk how
every body must live by their places, and that he was willing, if I
desired it, that I should go shares with him in anything that he deals in.
He told me again and again, too, that he confesses himself my debtor too
for my service and friendship to him in his present great contract of
masts, and that between this and Christmas he shall be in stocke and will
pay it me. This I like well, but do not desire to become a merchant, and,
therefore, put it off, but desired time to think of it. Thence to the
Kings play-house, and there saw Bartholomew Fayre, which do still
please me; and is, as it is acted, the best comedy in the world, I
believe. I chanced to sit by Tom Killigrew, who tells me that he is
setting up a Nursery; that is, is going to build a house in Moorefields,
wherein he will have common plays acted. But four operas it shall have in
the year, to act six weeks at a time; where we shall have the best scenes
and machines, the best musique, and every thing as magnificent as is in
Christendome; and to that end hath sent for voices and painters and other
persons from Italy. Thence homeward called upon my Lord Marlborough, and
so home and to my office, and then to Sir W. Pen, and with him and our
fellow officers and servants of the house and none else to Church to lay
his brother in the ground, wherein nothing handsome at all, but that he
lays him under the Communion table in the chancel, about nine at night? So
home and to bed.

3rd. Up betimes and set some joyners on work to new lay my floor in our
wardrobe, which I intend to make a room for musique. Thence abroad to
Westminster, among other things to Mr. Blagraves, and there had his
consent for his kinswoman to come to be with my wife for her woman, at
which I am well pleased and hope she may do well. Thence to White Hall to
meet with Sir G. Carteret about hiring some ground to make our mast docke
at Deptford, but being Council morning failed, but met with Mr. Coventry,
and he and I discoursed of the likeliness of a Dutch warr, which I think
is very likely now, for the Dutch do prepare a fleet to oppose us at
Guinny, and he do think we shall, though neither of us have a mind to it,
fall into it of a sudden, and yet the plague do increase among them, and
is got into their fleet, and Opdams own ship, which makes it strange they
should be so high. Thence to the Change, and thence home to dinner, and
down by water to Woolwich to the rope yard, and there visited Mrs.
Falconer, who tells me odd stories of how Sir W. Pen was rewarded by her
husband with a gold watch (but seems not certain of what Sir W. Batten
told me, of his daughter having a life given her in L80 per ann.) for his
helping him to his place, and yet cost him L150 to Mr. Coventry besides.
He did much advise it seems Mr. Falconer not to marry again, expressing
that he would have him make his daughter his heire, or words to that
purpose, and that that makes him, she thinks, so cold in giving her any
satisfaction, and that W. Boddam hath publickly said, since he came down
thither to be clerke of the ropeyard, that it hath this week cost him
L100, and would be glad that it would cost him but half as much more for
the place, and that he was better before than now, and that if he had been
to have bought it, he would not have given so much for it. Now I am sure
that Mr. Coventry hath again and again said that he would take nothing,
but would give all his part in it freely to him, that so the widow might
have something. What the meaning of this is I know not, but that Sir W.
Pen do get something by it. Thence to the Dockeyard, and there saw the new
ship in great forwardness. So home and to supper, and then to the office,
where late, Mr. Bland and I talking about Tangier business, and so home to

4th. Up betimes and to the office, fitting myself against a great dispute
about the East India Company, which spent afterwards with us all the
morning. At noon dined with Sir W. Pen, a piece of beef only, and I
counterfeited a friendship and mirth which I cannot have with him, yet out
with him by his coach, and he did carry me to a play and pay for me at the
Kings house, which is The Rivall Ladys, a very innocent and most pretty
witty play. I was much pleased with it, and it being given me, I look upon
it as no breach to my oathe. Here we hear that Clun, one of their best
actors, was, the last night, going out of towne (after he had acted the
Alchymist, wherein was one of his best parts that he acts) to his
country-house, set upon and murdered; one of the rogues taken, an Irish
fellow. It seems most cruelly butchered and bound. The house will have a
great miss of him. Thence visited my Lady Sandwich, who tells me my Lord
FitzHarding is to be made a Marquis. Thence home to my office late, and so
to supper and to bed.

5th. Up very betimes and set my plaisterer to work about whiting and
colouring my musique roome, which having with great pleasure seen done,
about ten oclock I dressed myself, and so mounted upon a very pretty
mare, sent me by Sir W. Warren, according to his promise yesterday. And so
through the City, not a little proud, God knows, to be seen upon so pretty
a beast, and to my cozen W. Joyces, who presently mounted too, and he and
I out of towne toward Highgate; in the way, at Kentish-towne, showing me
the place and manner of Cluns being killed and laid in a ditch, and yet
was not killed by any wounds, having only one in his arm, but bled to
death through his struggling. He told me, also, the manner of it, of his
going home so late [from] drinking with his whore, and manner of having it
found out. Thence forward to Barnett, and there drank, and so by night to
Stevenage, it raining a little, but not much, and there to my great
trouble, find that my wife was not come, nor any Stamford coach gone down
this week, so that she cannot come. So vexed and weary, and not thoroughly
out of pain neither in my old parts, I after supper to bed, and after a
little sleep, W. Joyce comes in his shirt into my chamber, with a note and
a messenger from my wife, that she was come by Yorke coach to
Bigglesworth, and would be with us to-morrow morning. So, mightily pleased
at her discreete action in this business, I with peace to sleep again till
next morning. So up, and

6th. Here lay Deane Honiwood last night. I met and talked with him this
morning, and a simple priest he is, though a good, well-meaning man. W.
Joyce and I to a game at bowles on the green there till eight oclock, and
then comes my wife in the coach, and a coach full of women, only one man
riding by, gone down last night to meet a sister of his coming to town. So
very joyful drank there, not lighting, and we mounted and away with them
to Welling, and there light, and dined very well and merry and glad to
see my poor-wife. Here very merry as being weary I could be, and after
dinner, out again, and to London. In our way all the way the mightiest
merry, at a couple of young gentlemen, come down to meet the same
gentlewoman, that ever I was in my life, and so W. Joyce too, to see how
one of them was horsed upon a hard-trotting sorrell horse, and both of
them soundly weary and galled. But it is not to be set down how merry we
were all the way. We light in Holborne, and by another coach my wife and
mayde home, and I by horseback, and found all things well and most mighty
neate and clean. So, after welcoming my wife a little, to the office, and
so home to supper, and then weary and not very well to bed.

7th (Lords day). Lay long caressing my wife and talking, she telling me
sad stories of the ill, improvident, disquiett, and sluttish manner that
my father and mother and Pall live in the country, which troubles me
mightily, and I must seek to remedy it. So up and ready, and my wife also,
and then down and I showed my wife, to her great admiration and joy, Mr.
Gaudens present of plate, the two flaggons, which indeed are so noble
that I hardly can think that they are yet mine. So blessing God for it, we
down to dinner mighty pleasant, and so up after dinner for a while, and I
then to White Hall, walked thither, having at home met with a letter of
Captain Cookes, with which he had sent a boy for me to see, whom he did
intend to recommend to me. I therefore went and there met and spoke with
him. He gives me great hopes of the boy, which pleases me, and at Chappell
I there met Mr. Blagrave, who gives a report of the boy, and he showed me
him, and I spoke to him, and the boy seems a good willing boy to come to
me, and I hope will do well. I am to speak to Mr. Townsend to hasten his
clothes for him, and then he is to come. So I walked homeward and met with
Mr. Spong, and he with me as far as the Old Exchange talking of many
ingenuous things, musique, and at last of glasses, and I find him still
the same ingenuous man that ever he was, and do among other fine things
tell me that by his microscope of his owne making he do discover that the
wings of a moth is made just as the feathers of the wing of a bird, and
that most plainly and certainly. While we were talking came by several
poor creatures carried by, by constables, for being at a conventicle. They
go like lambs, without any resistance. I would to God they would either
conform, or be more wise, and not be catched! Thence parted with him,
mightily pleased with his company, and away homeward, calling at Dan
Rawlinson, and supped there with my uncle Wight, and then home and eat
again for form sake with her, and then to prayers and to bed.

8th. Up and abroad with Sir W. Batten, by coach to St. Jamess, where by
the way he did tell me how Sir J. Minnes would many times arrogate to
himself the doing of that that all the Board have equal share in, and more
that to himself which he hath had nothing to do in, and particularly the
late paper given in by him to the Duke, the translation of a Dutch print
concerning the quarrel between us and them, which he did give as his own
when it was Sir Richard Fords wholly. Also he told me how Sir W. Pen (it
falling in our discourse touching Mrs. Falconer) was at first very great
for Mr. Coventry to bring him in guests, and that at high rates for
places, and very open was he to me therein. After business done with the
Duke, I home to the Coffee-house, and so home to dinner, and after dinner
to hang up my fine pictures in my dining room, which makes it very pretty,
and so my wife and I abroad to the Kings play-house, she giving me her
time of the last month, she having not seen any then; so my vowe is not
broke at all, it costing me no more money than it would have done upon
her, had she gone both her times that were due to her. Here we saw
Floras Figarys. I never saw it before, and by the most ingenuous
performance of the young jade Flora, it seemed as pretty a pleasant play
as ever I saw in my life. So home to supper, and then to my office late,
Mr. Andrews and I to talk about our victualling commission, and then he
being gone I to set down my four days past journalls and expenses, and so
home to bed.

9th. Up, and to my office, and there we sat all the morning, at noon home,
and there by appointment Mr. Blagrave came and dined with me, and brought
a friend of his of the Chappell with him. Very merry at dinner, and then
up to my chamber and there we sung a Psalm or two of Lawess, then he and
I a little talke by ourselves of his kinswoman that is to come to live
with my wife, who is to come about ten days hence, and I hope will do
well. They gone I to my office, and there my head being a little troubled
with the little wine I drank, though mixed with beer, but it may be a
little more than I used to do, and yet I cannot say so, I went home and
spent the afternoon with my wife talking, and then in the evening a little
to my office, and so home to supper and to bed. This day comes the newes
that the Emperour hath beat the Turke;

     [This was the battle of St. Gothard, in which the Turks were
     defeated with great slaughter by the imperial forces under
     Montecuculli, assisted by the confederates from the Rhine, and by
     forty troops of French cavalry under Coligni.  St. Gothard is in
     Hungary, on the river Raab, near the frontier of Styria; it is about
     one hundred and twenty miles south of Vienna, and thirty east of
     Gratz.  The battle took place on the 9th Moharrem, A.H. 1075, or
     23rd July, A.D. 1664 (old style), which is that used by Pepys.—B.]

killed the Grand Vizier and several great Bassas, with an army of 80,000
men killed and routed; with some considerable loss of his own side, having
lost three generals, and the French forces all cut off almost. Which is
thought as good a service to the Emperour as beating the Turke almost, for
had they conquered they would have been as troublesome to him.

     [The fact is, the Germans were beaten by the Turks, and the French
     won the battle for them.—B.]

10th. Up, and, being ready, abroad to do several small businesses, among
others to find out one to engrave my tables upon my new sliding rule with
silver plates, it being so small that Browne that made it cannot get one
to do it. So I find out Cocker, the famous writing-master, and get him to
do it, and I set an hour by him to see him design it all; and strange it
is to see him with his natural eyes to cut so small at his first designing
it, and read it all over, without any missing, when for my life I could
not, with my best skill, read one word or letter of it; but it is use. But
he says that the best light for his life to do a very small thing by
(contrary to Chaucers words to the Sun, that he should lend his light to
them that small seals grave), it should be by an artificial light of a
candle, set to advantage, as he could do it. I find the fellow, by his
discourse, very ingenuous; and among other things, a great admirer and
well read in all our English poets, and undertakes to judge of them all,
and that not impertinently. Well pleased with his company and better with
his judgement upon my Rule, I left him and home, whither Mr. Deane by
agreement came to me and dined with me, and by chance Gunner Batterss
wife. After dinner Deane and I [had] great discourse again about my Lord
Chancellors timber, out of which I wish I may get well. Thence I to
Cockers again, and sat by him with good discourse again for an hour or
two, and then left him, and by agreement with Captain Silas Taylor (my old
acquaintance at the Exchequer) to the Post Officer to hear some instrument
musique of Mr. Berchenshaws before my Lord Brunkard and Sir Robert
Murray. I must confess, whether it be that I hear it but seldom, or that
really voice is better, but so it is that I found no pleasure at all in
it, and methought two voyces were worth twenty of it. So home to my office
a while, and then to supper and to bed.

11th. Up, and through pain, to my great grief forced to wear my gowne to
keep my legs warm. At the office all the morning, and there a high dispute
against Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen about the breadth of canvas again,
they being for the making of it narrower, I and Mr. Coventry and Sir J.
Minnes for the keeping it broader. So home to dinner, and by and by comes
Mr. Creed, lately come from the Downes, and dined with me. I show him a
good countenance, but love him not for his base ingratitude to me.
However, abroad, carried my wife to buy things at the New Exchange, and so
to my Lady Sandwichs, and there merry, talking with her a great while,
and so home, whither comes Cocker with my rule, which he hath engraved to
admiration, for goodness and smallness of work: it cost me 14s. the doing,
and mightily pleased I am with it. By and by, he gone, comes Mr. Moore and
staid talking with me a great while about my Lords businesses, which I
fear will be in a bad condition for his family if my Lord should miscarry
at sea. He gone, I late to my office, and cannot forbear admiring and
consulting my new rule, and so home to supper and to bed. This day, for a
wager before the King, my Lords of Castlehaven and Arran (a son of my Lord
of Ormonds), they two alone did run down and kill a stoute bucke in St.
Jamess parke.

12th. Up, and all the morning busy at the office with Sir W. Warren about
a great contract for New England masts, where I was very hard with him,
even to the making him angry, but I thought it fit to do it as well as
just for my owne [and] the Kings behalf. At noon to the Change a little,
and so to dinner and then out by coach, setting my wife and mayde down,
going to Stevens the silversmith to change some old silver lace and to go
buy new silke lace for a petticoat; I to White Hall and did much business
at a Tangier Committee; where, among other things, speaking about
propriety of the houses there, and how we ought to let the Portugeses I
have right done them, as many of them as continue, or did sell the houses
while they were in possession, and something further in their favour, the
Duke in an anger I never observed in him before, did cry, says he, All
the world rides us, and I think we shall never ride anybody. Thence home,
and, though late, yet Pedro being there, he sang a song and parted. I did
give him 5s., but find it burdensome and so will break up the meeting. At
night is brought home our poor Fancy, which to my great grief continues
lame still, so that I wish she had not been brought ever home again, for
it troubles me to see her.

13th. Up, and before I went to the office comes my Taylor with a coate I
have made to wear within doors, purposely to come no lower than my knees,
for by my wearing a gowne within doors comes all my tenderness about my
legs. There comes also Mr. Reeve, with a microscope and scotoscope.

     [An optical instrument used to enable objects to be seen in the
     dark.  The name is derived from the Greek.]

For the first I did give him L5 10s., a great price, but a most curious
bauble it is, and he says, as good, nay, the best he knows in England, and
he makes the best in the world. The other he gives me, and is of value;
and a curious curiosity it is to look objects in a darke room with.
Mightly pleased with this I to the office, where all the morning. There
offered by Sir W. Pen his coach to go to Epsum and carry my wife, I stept
out and bade my wife make her ready, but being not very well and other
things advising me to the contrary, I did forbear going, and so Mr. Creed
dining with me I got him to give my wife and me a play this afternoon,
lending him money to do it, which is a fallacy that I have found now once,
to avoyde my vowe with, but never to be more practised I swear, and to the
new play, at the Dukes house, of Henry the Fifth; a most noble play,
writ by my Lord Orrery; wherein Betterton, Harris, and Ianthes parts are
most incomparably wrote and done, and the whole play the most full of
height and raptures of wit and sense, that ever I heard; having but one
incongruity, or what did, not please me in it, that is, that King Harry
promises to plead for Tudor to their Mistresse, Princesse Katherine of
France, more than when it comes to it he seems to do; and Tudor refused by
her with some kind of indignity, not with a difficulty and honour that it
ought to have been done in to him. Thence home and to my office, wrote by
the post, and then to read a little in Dr. Powers book of discovery by
the Microscope to enable me a little how to use and what to expect from my
glasse. So to supper and to bed.

14th (Lords day). After long lying discoursing with my wife, I up, and
comes Mr. Holliard to see me, who concurs with me that my pain is nothing
but cold in my legs breeding wind, and got only by my using to wear a
gowne, and that I am not at all troubled with any ulcer, but my thickness
of water comes from my overheat in my back. He gone, comes Mr. Herbert,
Mr. Honiwoods man, and dined with me, a very honest, plain, well-meaning
man, I think him to be; and by his discourse and manner of life, the true
embleme of an old ordinary serving-man. After dinner up to my chamber and
made an end of Dr. Powers booke of the Microscope, very fine and to my
content, and then my wife and I with great pleasure, but with great
difficulty before we could come to find the manner of seeing any thing by
my microscope. At last did with good content, though not so much as I
expect when I come to understand it better. By and by comes W. Joyce, in
his silke suit, and cloake lined with velvett: staid talking with me, and
I very merry at it. He supped with me; but a cunning, crafty fellow he is,
and dangerous to displease, for his tongue spares nobody. After supper I
up to read a little, and then to bed.

15th. Up, and with Sir J. Minnes by coach to St. Jamess, and there did
our business with the Duke, who tells us more and more signs of a Dutch
warr, and how we must presently set out a fleete for Guinny, for the Dutch
are doing so, and there I believe the warr will begin. Thence home with
him again, in our way he talking of his cures abroad, while he was with
the King as a doctor, and above all men the pox. And among others, Sir J.
Denham he told me he had cured, after it was come to an ulcer all over his
face, to a miracle. To the Coffee-house I, and so to the Change a little,
and then home to dinner with Creed, whom I met at the Coffee-house, and
after dinner by coach set him down at the Temple, and I and my wife to Mr.
Blagraves. They being none of them at home; I to the Hall, leaving her
there, and thence to the Trumpett, whither came Mrs. Lane, and there
begins a sad story how her husband, as I feared, proves not worth a
farthing, and that she is with child and undone, if I do not get him a
place. I had my pleasure here of her, and she, like an impudent jade,
depends upon my kindness to her husband, but I will have no more to do
with her, let her brew as she has baked, seeing she would not take my
counsel about Hawly. After drinking we parted, and I to Blagraves, and
there discoursed with Mrs. Blagrave about her kinswoman, who it seems is
sickly even to frantiqueness sometimes, and among other things chiefly
from love and melancholy upon the death of her servant,—[Servant =
lover.]—insomuch that she telling us all most simply and innocently
I fear she will not be able to come to us with any pleasure, which I am
sorry for, for I think she would have pleased us very well. In comes he,
and so to sing a song and his niece with us, but she sings very meanly. So
through the Hall and thence by coach home, calling by the way at Charing
Crosse, and there saw the great Dutchman that is come over, under whose
arm I went with my hat on, and could not reach higher than his eye-browes
with the tip of my fingers, reaching as high as I could. He is a comely
and well-made man, and his wife a very little, but pretty comely Dutch
woman. It is true, he wears pretty high-heeled shoes, but not very high,
and do generally wear a turbant, which makes him show yet taller than
really he is, though he is very tall, as I have said before. Home to my
office, and then to supper, and then to my office again late, and so home
to bed, my wife and I troubled that we do not speed better in this
business of her woman.

16th. Wakened about two oclock this morning with the noise of thunder,
which lasted for an houre, with such continued lightnings, not flashes,
but flames, that all the sky and ayre was light; and that for a great
while, not a minutes space between new flames all the time; such a thing
as I never did see, nor could have believed had ever been in nature. And
being put into a great sweat with it, could not sleep till all was over.
And that accompanied with such a storm of rain as I never heard in my
life. I expected to find my house in the morning overflowed with the rain
breaking in, and that much hurt must needs have been done in the city with
this lightning; but I find not one drop of rain in my house, nor any newes
of hurt done. But it seems it has been here and all up and down the
countrie hereabouts the like tempest, Sir W. Batten saying much of the
greatness thereof at Epsum. Up and all the morning at the office. At noon
busy at the Change about one business or other, and thence home to
dinner, and so to my office all the afternoon very busy, and so to supper
anon, and then to my office again a while, collecting observations out of
Dr. Powers booke of Microscopes, and so home to bed, very stormy weather
to-night for winde. This day we had newes that my Lady Pen is landed and
coming hither, so that I hope the family will be in better order and more
neate than it hath been.

17th. Up, and going to Sir W. Batten to speak to him about business, he
did give me three, bottles of his Epsum water, which I drank and it
wrought well with me, and did give me many good stools, and I found myself
mightily cooled with them and refreshed. Thence I to Mr. Honiwood and my
fathers old house, but he was gone out, and there I staid talking with
his man Herbert, who tells me how Langford and his wife are very
foul-mouthed people, and will speak very ill of my father, calling him old
rogue in reference to the hard penniworths he sold him of his goods when
the rogue need not have bought any of them. So that I am resolved he shall
get no more money by me, but it vexes me to think that my father should be
said to go away in debt himself, but that I will cause to be remedied
whatever comes of it. Thence to my Lord Crew, and there with him a little
while. Before dinner talked of the Dutch war, and find that he do much
doubt that we shall fall into it without the money or consent of
Parliament, that is expected or the reason of it that is fit to have for
every warr. Dined with him, and after dinner talked with Sir Thomas Crew,
who told me how Mr. Edward Montagu is for ever blown up, and now quite out
with his father again; to whom he pretended that his going down was, not
that he was cast out of the Court, but that he had leave to be absent a
month; but now he finds the truth. Thence to my Lady Sandwich, where by
agreement my wife dined, and after talking with her I carried my wife to
Mr. Pierces and left her there, and so to Captain Cookes, but he was not
at home, but I there spoke with my boy Tom Edwards, and directed him to go
to Mr. Townsend (with whom I was in the morning) to have measure taken of
his clothes to be made him there out of the Wardrobe, which will be so
done, and then I think he will come to me. Thence to White Hall, and after
long staying there was no Committee of the Fishery as was expected. Here I
walked long with Mr. Pierce, who tells me the King do still sup every
night with my Lady Castlemayne, who he believes has lately slunk a great
belly away, for from very big she is come to be down again. Thence to Mrs.
Pierces, and with her and my wife to see Mrs. Clarke, where with him and
her very merry discoursing of the late play of Henry the 5th, which they
conclude the best that ever was made, but confess with me that Tudors
being dismissed in the manner he is is a great blemish to the play. I am
mightily pleased with the Doctor, for he is the only man I know that I
could learn to pronounce by, which he do the best that ever I heard any
man. Thence home and to the office late, and so to supper and to bed. My
Lady Pen came hither first to-night to Sir W. Pens lodgings.

18th. Lay too long in bed, till 8 oclock, then up and Mr. Reeve came and
brought an anchor and a very fair loadstone. He would have had me bought
it, and a good stone it is, but when he saw that I would not buy it he
said he [would] leave it for me to sell for him. By and by he comes to
tell me that he had present occasion for L6 to make up a sum, and that he
would pay me in a day or two, but I had the unusual wit to deny him, and
so by and by we parted, and I to the office, where busy all the morning
sitting. Dined alone at home, my wife going to-day to dine with Mrs.
Pierce, and thence with her and Mrs. Clerke to see a new play, The Court
Secret. I busy all the afternoon, toward evening to Westminster, and
there in the Hall a while, and then to my barber, willing to have any
opportunity to speak to Jane, but wanted it. So to Mrs. Pierces, who was
come home, and she and Mrs. Clerke busy at cards, so my wife being gone
home, I home, calling by the way at the Wardrobe and met Mr. Townsend, Mr.
Moore and others at the Taverne thereby, and thither I to them and spoke
with Mr. Townsend about my boys clothes, which he says shall be soon
done, and then I hope I shall be settled when I have one in the house that
is musicall. So home and to supper, and then a little to my office, and
then home to bed. My wife says the play she saw is the worst that ever she
saw in her life.

19th. Up and to the office, where Mr. Coventry and Sir W. Pen and I sat
all the morning hiring of ships to go to Guinny, where we believe the warr
with Holland will first break out. At noon dined at home, and after dinner
my wife and I to Sir W. Pens, to see his Lady, the first time, who is a
well-looked, fat, short, old Dutchwoman, but one that hath been heretofore
pretty handsome, and is now very discreet, and, I believe, hath more wit
than her husband. Here we staid talking a good while, and very well
pleased I was with the old woman at first visit. So away home, and I to my
office, my wife to go see my aunt Wight, newly come to town. Creed came to
me, and he and I out, among other things, to look out a man to make a
case, for to keep my stone, that I was cut of, in, and he to buy Daniels
history, which he did, but I missed of my end. So parted upon Ludgate
Hill, and I home and to the office, where busy till supper, and home to
supper to a good dish of fritters, which I bespoke, and were done much to
my mind. Then to the office a while again, and so home to bed. The newes
of the Emperours victory over the Turkes is by some doubted, but by most
confessed to be very small (though great) of what was talked, which was
80,000 men to be killed and taken of the Turkes side.

20th. Up and to the office a while, but this day the Parliament meeting
only to be adjourned to November (which was done, accordingly), we did not
meet, and so I forth to bespeak a case to be made to keep my stone in,
which will cost me 25s. Thence I walked to Cheapside, there to see the
effect of a fire there this morning, since four oclock; which I find in
the house of Mr. Bois, that married Dr. Fullers niece, who are both out
of towne, leaving only a mayde and man in towne. It begun in their house,
and hath burned much and many houses backward, though none forward; and
that in the great uniform pile of buildings in the middle of Cheapside. I
am very sorry for them, for the Doctors sake. Thence to the Change, and
so home to dinner. And thence to Sir W. Battens, whither Sir Richard Ford
came, the Sheriffe, who hath been at this fire all the while; and he tells
me, upon my question, that he and the Mayor were there, as it is their
dutys to be, not only to keep the peace, but they have power of commanding
the pulling down of any house or houses, to defend the whole City. By and
by comes in the Common Cryer of the City to speak with him; and when he
was gone, says he, You may see by this man the constitution of the
Magistracy of this City; that this fellows place, I dare give him (if he
will be true to me) L1000 for his profits every year, and expect to get
L500 more to myself thereby. When, says he, I in myself am forced to
spend many times as much. By and by came Mr. Coventry, and so we met at
the office, to hire ships for Guinny, and that done broke up. I to Sir W.
Battens, there to discourse with Mrs. Falconer, who hath been with Sir W.
Pen this evening, after Mr. Coventry had promised her half what W. Bodham
had given him for his place, but Sir W. Pen, though he knows that, and
that Mr. Bodham hath said that his place hath cost him L100 and would L100
more, yet is he so high against the poor woman that he will not hear to
give her a farthing, but it seems do listen after a lease where he expects
Mr. Falconer hath put in his daughters life, and he is afraid that that
is not done, and did tell Mrs. Falconer that he would see it and know what
is done therein in spite of her, when, poor wretch, she neither do nor can
hinder him the knowing it. Mr. Coventry knows of this business of the
lease, and I believe do think of it as well as I. But the poor woman is
gone home without any hope, but only Mr. Coventrys own nobleness. So I to
my office and wrote many letters, and so to supper and to bed.

21st (Lords day). Waked about 4 oclock with my wife, having a looseness,
and peoples coming in the yard to the pump to draw water several times, so
that fear of this days fire made me fearful, and called Besse and sent
her down to see, and it was Griffins maid for water to wash her house. So
to sleep again, and then lay talking till 9 oclock. So up and drunk three
bottles of Epsum water, which wrought well with me. I all the morning and
most of the afternoon after dinner putting papers to rights in my chamber,
and the like in the evening till night at my office, and renewing and
writing fair over my vowes. So home to supper, prayers, and to bed. Mr.
Coventry told us the Duke was gone ill of a fit of an ague to bed; so we
sent this morning to see how he do.

     [Elizabeth Falkener, wife of John Falkener, announced to Pepys the
     death of her dear and loving husband in a letter dated July 19th,
     1664 begs interest that she may be in something considered by the
     person succeeding her husband in his employment, which has
     occasioned great expenses. (Calendar of State Papers, Domestic,
     1663-64, p. 646)]

22nd. Up and abroad, doing very many errands to my great content which lay
as burdens upon my mind and memory. Home to dinner, and so to White Hall,
setting down my wife at her fathers, and I to the Tangier Committee,
where several businesses I did to my mind, and with hopes thereby to get
something. So to Westminster Hall, where by appointment I had made I met
with Dr. Tom Pepys, but avoided all discourse of difference with him,
though much against my will, and he like a doating coxcomb as he is, said
he could not but demand his money, and that he would have his right, and
that let all anger be forgot, and such sorry stuff, nothing to my mind,
but only I obtained this satisfaction, that he told me about Sturbridge
last was 12 months or 2 years he was at Brampton, and there my father did
tell him that what he had done for my brother in giving him his goods and
setting him up as he had done was upon condition that he should give my
brother John L20 per ann., which he charged upon my father, he tells me in
answer, as a great deal of hard measure that he should expect that with
him that had a brother so able as I am to do that for him. This is all
that he says he can say as to my fathers acknowledging that he had given
Tom his goods. He says his brother Roger will take his oath that my father
hath given him thanks for his counsel for his giving of Tom his goods and
setting him up in the manner that he hath done, but the former part of
this he did not speak fully so bad nor as certain what he could say. So we
walked together to my cozen Joyces, where my wife staid for me, and then
I home and her by coach, and so to my office, then to supper and to bed.

23rd. Lay long talking with my wife, and angry awhile about her desiring
to have a French mayde all of a sudden, which I took to arise from
yesterdays being with her mother. But that went over and friends again,
and so she be well qualitied, I care not much whether she be French or no,
so a Protestant. Thence to the office, and at noon to the Change, where
very busy getting ships for Guinny and for Tangier. So home to dinner, and
then abroad all the afternoon doing several errands, to comply with my
oath of ending many businesses before Bartholomews day, which is two days
hence. Among others I went into New Bridewell, in my way to Mr. Cole, and
there I saw the new model, and it is very handsome. Several at work, among
others, one pretty whore brought in last night, which works very lazily. I
did give them 6d. to drink, and so away. To Grayes Inn, but missed Mr.
Cole, and so homeward called at Harmans, and there bespoke some chairs
for a room, and so home, and busy late, and then to supper and to bed. The
Dutch East India Fleete are now come home safe, which we are sorry for.
Our Fleets on both sides are hastening out to Guinny.

24th. Up by six oclock, and to my office with Tom Hater dispatching
business in haste. At nine oclock to White Hall about Mr. Maess business
at the Council, which stands in an ill condition still. Thence to Grayes
Inn, but missed of Mr. Cole the lawyer, and so walked home, calling among
the joyners in Wood Streete to buy a table and bade in many places, but
did not buy it till I come home to see the place where it is to stand, to
judge how big it must be. So after Change home and a good dinner, and
then to White Hall to a Committee of the Fishery, where my Lord Craven and
Mr. Gray mightily against Mr. Creeds being joined in the warrant for
Secretary with Mr. Duke. However I did get it put off till the Duke of
Yorke was there, and so broke up doing nothing. So walked home, first to
the Wardrobe, and there saw one suit of clothes made for my boy and linen
set out, and I think to have him the latter end of this week, and so home,
Mr. Creed walking the greatest part of the way with me advising what to do
in his case about his being Secretary to us in conjunction with Duke,
which I did give him the best I could, and so home and to my office, where
very much business, and then home to supper and to bed.

25th. Up and to the office after I had spoke to my taylor, Langford (who
came to me about some work), desiring to know whether he knew of any debts
that my father did owe of his own in the City. He tells me, No, not any.
I did on purpose try him because of what words he and his wife have said
of him (as Herbert told me the other day), and further did desire him,
that if he knew of any or could hear of any that he should bid them come
to me, and I would pay them, for I would not that because he do not pay my
brothers debts that therefore he should be thought to deny the payment of
his owne. All the morning at the office busy. At noon to the Change,
among other things busy to get a little by the hire of a ship for Tangier.
So home to dinner, and after dinner comes Mr. Cooke to see me; it is true
he was kind to me at sea in carrying messages to and fro to my wife from
sea, but I did do him kindnesses too, and therefore I matter not much to
compliment or make any regard of his thinking me to slight him as I do for
his folly about my brother Toms mistress. After dinner and some talk with
him, I to my office; there busy, till by and by Jacke Noble came to me to
tell me that he had Cave in prison, and that he would give me and my
father good security that neither we nor any of our family should be
troubled with the child; for he could prove that he was fully satisfied
for him; and that if the worst came to the worst, the parish must keep it;
that Cave did bring the child to his house, but they got it carried back
again, and that thereupon he put him in prison. When he saw that I would
not pay him the money, nor made anything of being secured against the
child, he then said that then he must go to law, not himself, but come in
as a witness for Cave against us. I could have told him that he could bear
witness that Cave is satisfied, or else there is no money due to himself;
but I let alone any such discourse, only getting as much out of him as I
could. I perceive he is a rogue, and hath inquired into everything and
consulted with Dr. Pepys, and that he thinks as Dr. Pepys told him that my
father if he could would not pay a farthing of the debts, and yet I made
him confess that in all his lifetime he never knew my father to be asked
for money twice, nay, not once, all the time he lived with him, and that
for his own debts he believed he would do so still, but he meant only for
those of Tom. He said now that Randall and his wife and the midwife could
prove from my brothers own mouth that the child was his, and that Tom had
told them the circumstances of time, upon November 5th at night, that he
got it on her. I offered him if he would secure my father against being
forced to pay the money again I would pay him, which at first he would do,
give his own security, and when I asked more than his own he told me yes
he would, and those able men, subsidy men, but when we came by and by to
discourse of it again he would not then do it, but said he would take his
course, and joyne with Cave and release him, and so we parted. However,
this vexed me so as I could not be quiet, but took coach to go speak with
Mr. Cole, but met him not within, so back, buying a table by the way, and
at my office late, and then home to supper and to bed, my mind disordered
about this roguish business—in every thing else, I thank God, well
at ease.

26th. Up by 5 oclock, which I have not been many a day, and down by water
to Deptford, and there took in Mr. Pumpfield the rope-maker, and down with
him to Woolwich to view Clothiers cordage, which I found bad and stopped
the receipt of it. Thence to the ropeyard, and there among other things
discoursed with Mrs. Falconer, who tells me that she has found the
writing, and Sir W. Pens daughter is not put into the lease for her life
as he expected, and I am glad of it. Thence to the Dockyarde, and there
saw the new ship in very great forwardness, and so by water to Deptford a
little, and so home and shifting myself, to the Change, and there did
business, and thence down by water to White Hall, by the way, at the Three
Cranes, putting into an alehouse and eat a bit of bread and cheese. There
I could not get into the Parke, and so was fain to stay in the gallery
over the gate to look to the passage into the Parke, into which the King
hath forbid of late anybodys coming, to watch his coming that had
appointed me to come, which he did by and by with his lady and went to
Guardeners Lane, and there instead of meeting with one that was handsome
and could play well, as they told me, she is the ugliest beast and plays
so basely as I never heard anybody, so that I should loathe her being in
my house. However, she took us by and by and showed us indeed some
pictures at one Hisemans, a picture drawer, a Dutchman, which is said to
exceed Lilly, and indeed there is both of the Queenes and Mayds of Honour
(particularly Mrs. Stewarts in a buff doublet like a soldier) as good
pictures, I think, as ever I saw. The Queene is drawn in one like a
shepherdess, in the other like St. Katharin, most like and most admirably.
I was mightily pleased with this sight indeed, and so back again to their
lodgings, where I left them, but before I went this mare that carried me,
whose name I know not but that they call him Sir John, a pitiful fellow,
whose face I have long known but upon what score I know not, but he could
have the confidence to ask me to lay down money for him to renew the lease
of his house, which I did give eare to there because I was there receiving
a civility from him, but shall not part with my money. There I left them,
and I by water home, where at my office busy late, then home to supper,
and so to bed. This day my wife tells me Mr. Pen,

     [William Penn, afterwards the famous Quaker.  P. Gibson, writing to
     him in March, 1711-12, says: I remember your honour very well,
     when you newly came out of France and wore pantaloon breeches]

Sir Williams son, is come back from France, and come to visit her. A most
modish person, grown, she says, a fine gentleman.

27th. Up and to the office, where all the morning. At noon to the Change,
and there almost made my bargain about a ship for Tangier, which will
bring me in a little profit with Captain Taylor. Off the Change with Mr.
Cutler and Sir W. Rider to Cutlers house, and there had a very good
dinner, and two or three pretty young ladies of their relations there.
Thence to my case-maker for my stone case, and had it to my mind, and cost
me 24s., which is a great deale of money, but it is well done and pleases
me. So doing some other small errands I home, and there find my boy, Tom
Edwards, come, sent me by Captain Cooke, having been bred in the Kings
Chappell these four years. I propose to make a clerke of him, and if he
deserves well, to do well by him. Spent much of the afternoon to set his
chamber in order, and then to the office leaving him at home, and late at
night after all business was done I called Will and told him my reason of
taking a boy, and that it is of necessity, not out of any unkindness to
him, nor should be to his injury, and then talked about his landlords
daughter to come to my wife, and I think it will be. So home and find my
boy a very schoole boy, that talks innocently and impertinently, but at
present it is a sport to us, and in a little time he will leave it. So
sent him to bed, he saying that he used to go to bed at eight oclock, and
then all of us to bed, myself pretty well pleased with my choice of a boy.
All the newes this day is, that the Dutch are, with twenty-two sayle of
ships of warr, crewsing up and down about Ostend; at which we are alarmed.
My Lord Sandwich is come back into the Downes with only eight sayle, which
is or may be a prey to the Dutch, if they knew our weakness and inability
to set out any more speedily.

28th (Lords day). Up the first time I have had great while. Home to
dined, and with my boy alone to church anybody to attend me to church a
dinner, and there met Creed, who, and we merry together, as his learning
is such and judgment that I cannot but be pleased with it. After dinner I
took him to church, into our gallery, with me, but slept the best part of
the sermon, which was a most silly one. So he and I to walk to the Change
a while, talking from one pleasant discourse to another, and so home, and
thither came my uncle Wight and aunt, and supped with us mighty merry. And
Creed lay with us all night, and so to bed, very merry to think how Mr.
Holliard (who came in this evening to see me) makes nothing, but proving
as a most clear thing that Rome is Antichrist.

29th. Up betimes, intending to do business at my office, by 5 oclock, but
going out met at my door Mr. Hughes come to speak with me about office
business, and told me that as he came this morning from Deptford he left
the Kings yarde a-fire. So I presently took a boat and down, and there
found, by Gods providence, the fire out; but if there had been any wind
it must have burned all our stores, which is a most dreadfull
consideration. But leaving all things well I home, and out abroad doing
many errands, Mr. Creed also out, and my wife to her mothers, and Creed
and I met at my Lady Sandwichs and there dined; but my Lady is become as
handsome, I think, as ever she was; and so good and discreet a woman I
know not in the world. After dinner I to Westminster to Jervass a while,
and so doing many errands by the way, and necessary ones, I home, and
thither came the woman with her mother which our Will recommends to my
wife. I like her well, and I think will please us. My wife and they
agreed, and she is to come the next week. At which I am very well
contented, for then I hope we shall be settled, but I must remember that,
never since I was housekeeper, I ever lived so quietly, without any noise
or one angry word almost, as I have done since my present mayds Besse,
Jane, and Susan came and were together. Now I have taken a boy and am
taking a woman, I pray God we may not be worse, but I will observe it.
After being at my office a while, home to supper and to bed.

30th. Up and to the office, where sat long, and at noon to dinner at home;
after dinner comes Mr. Pen to visit me, and staid an houre talking with
me. I perceive something of learning he hath got, but a great deale, if
not too much, of the vanity of the French garbe and affected manner of
speech and gait. I fear all real profit he hath made of his travel will
signify little. So, he gone, I to my office and there very busy till late
at night, and so home to supper and to bed.

31st. Up by five oclock and to my office, where T. Hater and Will met me,
and so we dispatched a great deal of my business as to the ordering my
papers and books which were behindhand. All the morning very busy at my
office. At noon home to dinner, and there my wife hath got me some pretty
good oysters, which is very soon and the soonest, I think, I ever eat any.
After dinner I up to hear my boy play upon a lute, which I have this day
borrowed of Mr. Hunt; and indeed the boy would, with little practice, play
very well upon the lute, which pleases me well. So by coach to the Tangier
Committee, and there have another small business by which I may get a
little small matter of money. Staid but little there, and so home and to
my office, where late casting up my monthly accounts, and, blessed be God!
find myself worth L1020, which is still the most I ever was worth. So home
and to bed. Prince Rupert I hear this day is to go to command this fleete
going to Guinny against the Dutch. I doubt few will be pleased with his
going, being accounted an unhappy man. My mind at good rest, only my
fathers troubles with Dr. Pepys and my brother Toms creditors in general
do trouble me. I have got a new boy that understands musique well, as
coming to me from the Kings Chappell, and I hope will prove a good boy,
and my wife and I are upon having a woman, which for her content I am
contented to venture upon the charge of again, and she is one that our
Will finds out for us, and understands a little musique, and I think will
please us well, only her friends live too near us. Pretty well in health,
since I left off wearing of a gowne within doors all day, and then go out
with my legs into the cold, which brought me daily pain.