Samuel Pepys diary May 1664

MAY 1664

May 1st (Lords day). Lay long in bed. Went not to church, but staid at
home to examine my last nights accounts, which I find right, and that I
am L908 creditor in the world, the same I was last month. Dined, and after
dinner down by water with my wife and Besse with great pleasure as low as
Greenwich and so back, playing as it were leisurely upon the water to
Deptford, where I landed and sent my wife up higher to land below Half-way
house. I to the Kings yard and there spoke about several businesses with
the officers, and so with Mr. Wayth consulting about canvas, to Half-way
house where my wife was, and after eating there we broke and walked home
before quite dark. So to supper, prayers, and to bed.

2nd. Lay pretty long in bed. So up and by water to St. Jamess, and there
attended the Duke with Sir W. Batten and Sir J. Minnes, and having done
our work with him walked to Westminster Hall, and after walking there and
talking of business met Mr. Rawlinson and by coach to the Change, where I
did some business, and home to dinner, and presently by coach to the
Kings Play-house to see The Labyrinth, but, coming too soon, walked to
my Lords to hear how my Lady do, who is pretty well; at least past all
fear. There by Captain Ferrers meeting with an opportunity of my Lords
coach, to carry us to the Parke anon, we directed it to come to the
play-house door; and so we walked, my wife and I and Madamoiselle. I paid
for her going in, and there saw The Labyrinth, the poorest play,
methinks, that ever I saw, there being nothing in it but the odd accidents
that fell out, by a ladys being bred up in mans apparel, and a man in a
womans. Here was Mrs. Stewart, who is indeed very pretty, but not like my
Lady Castlemayne, for all that. Thence in the coach to the Parke, where no
pleasure; there being much dust, little company, and one of our horses
almost spoiled by falling down, and getting his leg over the pole; but all
mended presently, and after riding up and down, home. Set Madamoiselle at
home; and we home, and to my office, whither comes Mr. Bland, and pays me
the debt he acknowledged he owed me for my service in his business of the
Tangier Merchant, twenty pieces of new gold, a pleasant sight. It cheered
my heart; and he being gone, I home to supper, and shewed them my wife;
and she, poor wretch, would fain have kept them to look on, without any
other design but a simple love to them; but I thought it not convenient,
and so took them into my own hand. So, after supper, to bed.

3rd. Up, and being ready, went by agreement to Mr. Blands and there drank
my morning draft in good chocollatte, and slabbering my band sent home for
another, and so he and I by water to White Hall, and walked to St.
Jamess, where met Creed and Vernatty, and by and by Sir W. Rider, and so
to Mr. Coventrys chamber, and there upon my Lord Peterboroughs accounts,
where I endeavoured to shew the folly and punish it as much as I could of
Mr. Povy; for, of all the men in the world, I never knew any man of his
degree so great a coxcomb in such imployments. I see I have lost him
forever, but I value it not; for he is a coxcomb, and, I doubt, not over
honest, by some things which I see; and yet, for all his folly, he hath
the good lucke, now and then, to speak his follies in as good words, and
with as good a show, as if it were reason, and to the purpose, which is
really one of the wonders of my life. Thence walked to Westminster Hall;
and there, in the Lords House, did in a great crowd, from ten oclock
till almost three, hear the cause of Mr. Roberts, my Lord Privy Seals
son, against Win, who by false ways did get the father of Mr. Robertss
wife (Mr. Bodvill) to give him the estate and disinherit his daughter. The
cause was managed for my Lord Privy Seal by Finch the Solicitor [General];
but I do really think that he is truly a man of as great eloquence as ever
I heard, or ever hope to hear in all my life. Thence, after long staying
to speak with my Lord Sandwich, at last he coming out to me and speaking
with me about business of my Lord Peterborough, I by coach home to the
office, where all the afternoon, only stept home to eat one bit and to the
office again, having eaten nothing before to-day. My wife abroad with my
aunt Wight and Norbury. I in the evening to my uncle Wights, and not
finding them come home, they being gone to the Parke and the Mulberry
garden, I went to the Change, and there meeting with Mr. Hempson, whom
Sir W. Batten has lately turned out of his place, merely because of his
coming to me when he came to town before he went to him, and there he told
me many rogueries of Sir W. Batten, how he knows and is able to prove that
Captain Cox of Chatham did give him L10 in gold to get him to certify for
him at the Kings coming in, and that Tom Newborne did make [the] poor men
give him L3 to get Sir W. Batten to cause them to be entered in the yard,
and that Sir W. Batten had oftentimes said: by God, Tom, you shall get
something and I will have some ont. His present clerk that is come in
Normans room has given him something for his place; that they live high
and (as Sir Francis Clerks lady told his wife) do lack money as well as
other people, and have bribes of a piece of sattin and cabinetts and other
things from people that deal with him, and that hardly any body goes to
see or hath anything done by Sir W. Batten but it comes with a bribe, and
that this is publickly true that his wife was a whore, and that he had
libells flung within his doors for a cuckold as soon as he was married;
that he received L100 in money and in other things to the value of L50
more of Hempson, and that he intends to give him back but L50; that he
hath abused the Chest and hath now some L1000 by him of it. I met also
upon the Change with Mr. Cutler, and he told me how for certain Lawson
hath proclaimed warr again with Argier, though they had at his first
coming given back the ships which they had taken, and all their men;
though they refused afterwards to make him restitution for the goods which
they had taken out of them. Thence to my uncle Wights, and he not being
at home I went with Mr. Norbury near hand to the Fleece, a mum house in
Leadenhall, and there drunk mum and by and by broke up, it being about 11
oclock at night, and so leaving them also at home, went home myself and
to bed.

4th. Up, and my new Taylor, Langford, comes and takes measure of me for a
new black cloth suit and cloake, and I think he will prove a very carefull
fellow and will please me well. Thence to attend my Lord Peterborough in
bed and give him an account of yesterdays proceeding with Povy. I
perceive I labour in a business will bring me little pleasure; but no
matter, I shall do the King some service. To my Lords lodgings, where
during my Ladys sickness he is, there spoke with him about the same
business. Back and by water to my cozen Scotts. There condoled with him
the loss of my cozen, his wife, and talked about his matters, as atturney
to my father, in his administering to my brother Tom. He tells me we are
like to receive some shame about the business of his bastarde with Jack
Noble; but no matter, so it cost us no money. Thence to the Coffee-house
and to the Change a while. News uncertain how the Dutch proceed. Some say
for, some against a war. The plague increases at Amsterdam. So home to
dinner, and after dinner to my office, where very late, till my eyes
(which begin to fail me nowadays by candlelight) begin to trouble me. Only
in the afternoon comes Mr. Peter Honiwood to see me and gives me 20s., his
and his friends pence for my brother John, which, God forgive my pride,
methinks I think myself too high to take of him; but it is an ungratefull
pitch of pride in me, which God forgive. Home at night to supper and to

5th. Up betimes to my office, busy, and so abroad to change some plate for
my father to send to-day by the carrier to Brampton, but I observe and do
fear it may be to my wrong that I change spoons of my uncle Roberts into
new and set a P upon them that thereby I cannot claim them hereafter, as
it was my brother Toms practice. However, the matter of this is not
great, and so I did it. So to the Change, and meeting Sir W. Warren, with
him to a taverne, and there talked, as we used to do, of the evils the
King suffers in our ordering of business in the Navy, as Sir W. Batten now
forces us by his knavery. So home to dinner, and to the office, where all
the afternoon, and thence betimes home, my eyes beginning every day to
grow less and less able to bear with long reading or writing, though it be
by daylight; which I never observed till now. So home to my wife, and
after supper to bed.

6th. This morning up and to my office, where Sympson my joyner came to
work upon altering my closet, which I alter by setting the door in another
place, and several other things to my great content. Busy at it all day,
only in the afternoon home, and there, my books at the office being out of
order, wrote letters and other businesses. So at night with my head full
of the business of my closet home to bed, and strange it is to think how
building do fill my mind and put out all other things out of my thoughts.

7th. Betimes at my office with the joyners, and giving order for other
things about it. By and by we sat all the morning. At noon to dinner, and
after dinner comes Deane of Woolwich, and I spent, as I had appointed, all
the afternoon with him about instructions which he gives me to understand
the building of a ship, and I think I shall soon understand it. In the
evening a little to my office to see how the work goes forward there, and
then home and spent the evening also with Mr. Deane, and had a good
supper, and then to bed, he lying at my house.

8th (Lords day). This day my new tailor, Mr. Langford, brought me home a
new black cloth suit and cloake lined with silk moyre, and he being gone,
who pleases me very well with his work and I hope will use me pretty well,
then Deane and I to my chamber, and there we repeated my yesterdays
lesson about ships all the morning, and I hope I shall soon understand it.
At noon to dinner, and strange how in discourse he cries up chymistry from
some talk he has had with an acquaintance of his, a chymist, when, poor
man, he understands not one word of it. But I discern very well that it is
only his good nature, but in this of building ships he hath taken great
pains, more than most builders I believe have. After dinner he went away,
and my wife and I to church, and after church to Sir W. Pen, and there sat
and talked with him, and the perfidious rogue seems, as he do always,
mightily civil to us, though I know he hates and envies us. So home to
supper, prayers, and to bed.

9th. Up and to my office all the morning, and there saw several things
done in my work to my great content, and at noon home to dinner, and after
dinner in Sir W. Pens coach he set my wife and I down at the New
Exchange, and after buying some things we walked to my Lady Sandwichs,
who, good lady, is now, thanks be to God! so well as to sit up, and sent
to us, if we were not afeard, to come up to her. So we did; but she was
mightily against my wifes coming so near her; though, poor wretch! she is
as well as ever she was, as to the meazles, and nothing can I see upon her
face. There we sat talking with her above three hours, till six oclock,
of several things with great pleasure and so away, and home by coach,
buying several things for my wife in our way, and so after looking what
had been done in my office to-day, with good content home to supper and to
bed. But, strange, how I cannot get any thing to take place in my mind
while my work lasts at my office. This day my wife and I in our way to
Paternoster Row to buy things called upon Mr. Hollyard to advise upon her
drying up her issue in her leg, which inclines of itself to dry up, and he
admits of it that it should be dried up.

10th. Up and at my office looking after my workmen all the morning, and
after the office was done did the same at night, and so home to supper and
to bed.

11th. Up and all day, both forenoon and afternoon, at my office to see it
finished by the joyners and washed and every thing in order, and indeed
now my closet is very convenient and pleasant for me. My uncle Wight came
to me to my office this afternoon to speak with me about Mr. Maess
business again, and from me went to my house to see my wife, and strange
to think that my wife should by and by send for me after he was gone to
tell me that he should begin discourse of her want of children and his
also, and how he thought it would be best for him and her to have one
between them, and he would give her L500 either in money or jewells
beforehand, and make the child his heir. He commended her body, and
discoursed that for all he knew the thing was lawful. She says she did
give him a very warm answer, such as he did not excuse himself by saying
that he said this in jest, but told her that since he saw what her mind
was he would say no more to her of it, and desired her to make no words of
it. It seemed he did say all this in a kind of counterfeit laugh, but by
all words that passed, which I cannot now so well set down, it is plain to
me that he was in good earnest, and that I fear all his kindness is but
only his lust to her. What to think of it of a sudden I know not, but I
think not to take notice yet of it to him till I have thought better of
it. So with my mind and head a little troubled I received a letter from
Mr. Coventry about a mast for the Dukes yacht, which with other business
makes me resolve to go betimes to Woolwich to-morrow. So to supper and to

12th. Up by 4 oclock and by water to Woolwich, where did some business
and walked to Greenwich, good discourse with Mr. Deane best part of the
way; there met by appointment Commissioner Pett, and with him to Deptford,
where did also some business, and so home to my office, and at noon Mrs.
Hunt and her cozens child and mayd came and dined with me. My wife sick
… in bed. I was troubled with it, but, however, could not help it, but
attended them till after dinner, and then to the office and there sat all
the afternoon, and by a letter to me this afternoon from Mr. Coventry I
saw the first appearance of a warr with Holland. So home; and betimes to
bed because of rising to-morrow.

13th. Up before three oclock, and a little after upon the water, it being
very light as at noon, and a bright sunrising; but by and by a rainbow
appeared, the first that ever in a morning I saw, and then it fell
a-raining a little, but held up again, and I to Woolwich, where before all
the men came to work I with Mr. Deane spent two hours upon the new ship,
informing myself in the names and natures of many parts of her to my great
content, and so back again, without doing any thing else, and after
shifting myself away to Westminster, looking after Mr. Maess business and
others. In the Painted Chamber I heard a fine conference between some of
the two Houses upon the Bill for Conventicles. The Lords would be freed
from having their houses searched by any but the Lord Lieutenant of the
County; and upon being found guilty, to be tried only by their peers; and
thirdly, would have it added, that whereas the Bill says, That that,
among other things, shall be a conventicle wherein any such meeting is
found doing any thing contrary to the Liturgy of the Church of England,
they would have it added, or practice. The Commons to the Lords said,
that they knew not what might hereafter be found out which might be called
the practice of the Church of England; for there are many things may be
said to be the practice of the Church, which were never established by any
law, either common, statute, or canon; as singing of psalms, binding up
prayers at the end of the Bible, and praying extempore before and after
sermon: and though these are things indifferent, yet things for aught they
at present know may be started, which may be said to be the practice of
the Church which would not be fit to allow. For the Lords priviledges,
Mr. Walter told them how tender their predecessors had been of the
priviledges of the Lords; but, however, where the peace of the kingdom
stands in competition with them, they apprehend those priviledges must
give place. He told them that he thought, if they should owne all to be
the priviledges of the Lords which might be demanded, they should be led
like the man (who granted leave to his neighbour to pull off his horses
tail, meaning that he could not do it at once) that hair by hair had his
horses tail pulled off indeed: so the Commons, by granting one thing
after another, might be so served by the Lords. Mr. Vaughan, whom I could
not to my grief perfectly hear, did say, if that they should be obliged in
this manner to, exempt the Lords from every thing, it would in time come
to pass that whatever (be [it] never so great) should be voted by the
Commons as a thing penall for a commoner, the contrary should be thought a
priviledge to the Lords: that also in this business, the work of a
conventicle being but the work of an hour, the cause of a search would be
over before a Lord Lieutenant, who may be many miles off, can be sent for;
and that all this dispute is but about L100; for it is said in the Act,
that it shall be banishment or payment of L100. I thereupon heard the Duke
of Lenox say, that there might be Lords who could not always be ready to
lose L100, or some such thing: They broke up without coming to any end in
it. There was also in the Commons House a great quarrel about Mr. Prin,
and it was believed that he should have been sent to the Towre, for adding
something to a Bill (after it was ordered to be engrossed) of his own head—a
Bill for measures for wine and other things of that sort, and a Bill of
his owne bringing in; but it appeared he could not mean any hurt in it.
But, however, the King was fain to write in his behalf, and all was passed
over. But it is worth my remembrance, that I saw old Ryly the Herald, and
his son; and spoke to his son, who told me in very bad words concerning
Mr. Prin, that the King had given him an office of keeping the Records;
but that he never comes thither, nor had been there these six months: so
that I perceive they expect to get his imployment from him. Thus every
body is liable to be envied and supplanted. At noon over to the Leg, where
Sir G. Ascue, Sir Robt. Parkhurst and Sir W. Pen dined. A good dinner and
merry. Thence to White Hall walking up and down a great while, but the
Council not meeting soon enough I went homeward, calling upon my cozen
Roger Pepys, with whom I talked and heard so much from him of his desire
that I would see my brothers debts paid, and things still of that nature
tending to my parting with what I get with pain to serve others expenses
that I was cruelly vexed. Thence to Sir R. Bernard, and there heard
something of Pigotts delay of paying our money, that that also vexed me
mightily. So home and there met with a letter from my cozen Scott, which
tells me that he is resolved to meddle no more with our business, of
administering for my father, which altogether makes me almost distracted
to think of the trouble that I am like to meet with by other folks
business more than ever I hope to have by my owne. So with great trouble
of mind to bed.

14th. Up, full of pain, I believe by cold got yesterday. So to the office,
where we sat, and after office home to dinner, being in extraordinary
pain. After dinner my pain increasing I was forced to go to bed, and by
and by my pain rose to be as great for an hour or two as ever I remember
it was in any fit of the stone, both in the lower part of my belly and in
my back also. No wind could I break. I took a glyster, but it brought away
but a little, and my height of pain followed it. At last after two hours
lying thus in most extraordinary anguish, crying and roaring, I know not
what, whether it was my great sweating that may do it, but upon getting by
chance, among my other tumblings, upon my knees, in bed, my pain began to
grow less and less, till in an hour after I was in very little pain, but
could break no wind, nor make any water, and so continued, and slept well
all night.

15th (Lords day). Rose, and as I had intended without reference to this
pain, took physique, and it wrought well with me, my wife lying from me
to-night, the first time she did in the same house ever since we were
married, I think (unless while my father was in town, that he lay with
me). She took physique also to-day, and both of our physiques wrought
well, so we passed our time to-day, our physique having done working, with
some pleasure talking, but I was not well, for I could make no water yet,
but a drop or two with great pain, nor break any wind. In the evening came
Mr. Vernatty to see me and discourse about my Lord Peterboroughs
business, and also my uncle Wight and Norbury, but I took no notice nor
showed any different countenance to my uncle Wight, or he to me, for all
that he carried himself so basely to my wife the last week, but will take
time to make my use of it. So, being exceeding hot, to bed, and slept

16th. Forced to rise because of going to the Duke to St. Jamess, where we
did our usual business, and thence by invitation to Mr. Pierces the
chyrurgeon, where I saw his wife, whom I had not seen in many months
before. She holds her complexion still, but in everything else, even in
this her new house and the best rooms in it, and her closet which her
husband with some vainglory took me to show me, she continues the eeriest
slattern that ever I knew in my life. By and by we to see an experiment of
killing a dogg by letting opium into his hind leg. He and Dr. Clerke did
fail mightily in hitting the vein, and in effect did not do the business
after many trials; but with the little they got in, the dogg did presently
fall asleep, and so lay till we cut him up, and a little dogg also, which
they put it down his throate; he also staggered first, and then fell
asleep, and so continued. Whether he recovered or no, after I was gone, I
know not, but it is a strange and sudden effect. Thence walked to
Westminster Hall, where the King was expected to come to prorogue the
House, but it seems, afterwards I hear, he did not come. I promised to go
again to Mr. Pierces, but my pain grew so great, besides a bruise I got
to-day in my right testicle, which now vexes me as much as the other, that
I was mighty melancholy, and so by coach home and there took another
glyster, but find little good by it, but by sitting still my pain of my
bruise went away, and so after supper to bed, my wife and I having talked
and concluded upon sending my father an offer of having Pall come to us to
be with us for her preferment, if by any means I can get her a husband
here, which, though it be some trouble to us, yet it will be better than
to have her stay there till nobody will have her and then be flung upon my

17th. Slept well all night and lay long, then rose and wrote my letter to
my father about Pall, as we had resolved last night. So to dinner and then
to the office, finding myself better than I was, and making a little
water, but not yet breaking any great store of wind, which I wonder at,
for I cannot be well till I do do it. After office home and to supper and
with good ease to bed, and endeavoured to tie my hands that I might not
lay them out of bed, by which I believe I have got cold, but I could not
endure it.

18th. Up and within all the morning, being willing to keep as much as I
could within doors, but receiving a very wakening letter from Mr. Coventry
about fitting of ships, which speaks something like to be done, I went
forth to the office, there to take order in things, and after dinner to
White Hall to a Committee of Tangier, but did little. So home again and to
Sir W. Pen, who, among other things of haste in this new order for ships,
is ordered to be gone presently to Portsmouth to look after the work
there. I staid to discourse with him, and so home to supper, where upon a
fine couple of pigeons, a good supper; and here I met a pretty cabinet
sent me by Mr. Shales, which I give my wife, the first of that sort of
goods I ever had yet, and very conveniently it comes for her closett. I
staid up late finding out the private boxes, but could not do some of
them, and so to bed, afraid that I have been too bold to-day in venturing
in the cold. This day I begun to drink butter-milke and whey, and I hope
to find great good by it.

19th. Up, and it being very rayny weather, which makes it cooler than it
was, by coach to Charing Cross with Sir W. Pen, who is going to Portsmouth
this day, and left him going to St. Jamess to take leave of the Duke, and
I to White Hall to a Committee of Tangier; where God forgive how our
Report of my Lord Peterboroughs accounts was read over and agreed to by
the Lords, without one of them understanding it! And had it been what it
would, it had gone: and, besides, not one thing touching the Kings profit
in it minded or hit upon. Thence by coach home again, and all the morning
at the office, sat, and all the afternoon till 9 at night, being fallen
again to business, and I hope my health will give me leave to follow it.
So home to supper and to bed, finding myself pretty well. A pretty good
stool, which I impute to my whey to-day, and broke wind also.

20th. Up and to my office, whither by and by comes Mr. Cholmely, and
staying till the rest of the company come he told me how Mr. Edward
Montagu is turned out of the Court, not [to] return again. His fault, I
perceive, was his pride, and most of all his affecting to seem great with
the Queene and it seems indeed had more of her eare than any body else,
and would be with her talking alone two or three hours together; insomuch
that the Lords about the King, when he would be jesting with them about
their wives, would tell the King that he must have a care of his wife too,
for she hath now the gallant: and they say the King himself did once ask
Montagu how his mistress (meaning the Queene) did. He grew so proud, and
despised every body, besides suffering nobody, he or she, to get or do any
thing about the Queene, that they all laboured to do him a good turn. They
also say that he did give some affront to the Duke of Monmouth, which the
King himself did speak to him of. But strange it is that this man should,
from the greatest negligence in the world, come to be the miracle of
attendance, so as to take all offices from everybody, either men or women,
about the Queene. Insomuch that he was observed as a miracle, but that
which is the worst, that which in a wise manner performed [would] turn to
his greatest advantage, was by being so observed employed to his greatest
wrong, the world concluding that there must be something more than
ordinary to cause him to do this. So he is gone, nobody pitying but
laughing at him; and he pretends only that he is gone to his father, that
is sick in the country. By and by comes Povy, Creed, and Vernatty, and so
to their accounts, wherein more trouble and vexation with Povy. That being
done, I sent them going and myself fell to business till dinner. So home
to dinner very pleasant. In the afternoon to my office, where busy again,
and by and by came a letter from my father so full of trouble for
discontents there between my mother and servants, and such troubles to my
father from hence from Cave that hath my brothers bastard that I know not
what in the world to do, but with great trouble, it growing night, spent
some time walking, and putting care as much as I could out of my head,
with my wife in the garden, and so home to supper and to bed.

21st. Up, called by Mr. Cholmely, and walked with him in the garden till
others came to another Committee of Tangier, as we did meet as we did use
to do, to see more of Povys folly, and so broke up, and at the office sat
all the morning, Mr. Coventry with us, and very hot we are getting out
some ships. At noon to the Change, and there did some business, and
thence home to dinner, and so abroad with my wife by coach to the New
Exchange, and there laid out almost 40s. upon her, and so called to see my
Lady Sandwich, whom we found in her dining-room, which joyed us mightily;
but she looks very thin, poor woman, being mightily broke. She told us
that Mr. Montagu is to return to Court, as she hears, which I wonder at,
and do hardly believe. So home and to my office, where late, and so home
to supper and to bed.

22nd (Lords day). Up and by water to White Hall to my Lords lodgings,
and with him walked to White Hall without any great discourse, nor do I
find that he do mind business at all. Here the Duke of Yorke called me to
him, to ask me whether I did intend to go with him to Chatham or no. I
told him if he commanded, but I did believe there would be business here
for me, and so he told me then it would be better to stay, which I suppose
he will take better than if I had been forward to go. Thence, after
staying and seeing the throng of people to attend the King to Chappell
(but, Lord! what a company of sad, idle people they are) I walked to St.
Jamess with Colonell Remes, where staid a good while and then walked to
White Hall with Mr. Coventry, talking about business. So meeting Creed,
took him with me home and to dinner, a good dinner, and thence by water to
Woolwich, where mighty kindly received by Mrs. Falconer and her husband,
who is now pretty well again, this being the first time I ever carried my
wife thither. I walked to the Docke, where I met Mrs. Ackworth alone at
home, and God forgive me! what thoughts I had, but I had not the courage
to stay, but went to Mr. Petts and walked up and down the yard with him
and Deane talking about the dispatch of the ships now in haste, and by and
by Creed and my wife and a friend of Mr. Falconers came with the boat and
called me, and so by water to Deptford, where I landed, and after talking
with others walked to Half-way house with Mr. Wayth talking about the
business of his supplying us with canvas, and he told me in discourse
several instances of Sir W. Battens cheats. So to Half-way house, whither
my wife and them were gone before, and after drinking there we walked, and
by water home, sending Creed and the other with the boat home. Then wrote
a letter to Mr. Coventry, and so a good supper of pease, the first I eat
this year, and so to bed.

23rd. Up and to the office, where Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten, and myself
met and did business, we being in a mighty hurry. The King is gone down
with the Duke and a great crew this morning by break of day to Chatham.
Towards noon I and my wife by water to Woolwich, leaving my wife at Mr.
Falconers, and Mr. Hater and I with some officers of the yard on board to
see several ships how ready they are. Then to Mr. Falconers to a good
dinner, having myself carried them a vessel of sturgeon and a Lamprey pie,
and then to the Yarde again, and among other things did at Mr. Ackworths
obtain a demonstration of his being a knave; but I did not discover it,
till it be a little more seasonable. So back to the Ropeyard and took my
wife and Mr. Hater back, it raining mighty hard of a sudden, but we with
the tilt

     [Tilt (A.S. teld) represents a tent or awning.  It was used for a
     cloth covering for a cart or waggon, or for a canopy or awning over
     a portion of a boat.]

kept ourselves dry. So to Deptford, did some business there; but, Lord! to
see how in both places the Kings business, if ever it should come to a
warr, is likely to be done, there not being a man that looks or speaks
like a man that will take pains, or use any forecast to serve the King, at
which I am heartily troubled. So home, it raining terribly, but we still
dry, and at the office late discoursing with Sir J. Minnes and Sir W.
Batten, who like a couple of sots receive all I say but to little purpose.
So late home to supper and to bed.

24th. Up and to the office, where Sir J. Minnes and I sat all the morning,
and after dinner thither again, and all the afternoon hard at the office
till night, and so tired home to supper and to bed. This day I heard that
my uncle Fenner is dead, which makes me a little sad, to see with what
speed a great many of my friends are gone, and more, I fear, for my
fathers sake, are going.

25th. Took physique betimes and to sleep, then up, it working all the
morning. At noon dined, and in the afternoon in my chamber spending two or
three hours to look over some unpleasant letters and things of trouble to
answer my father in, about Toms business and others, that vexed me, but I
did go through it and by that means eased my mind very much. This
afternoon also came Tom and Charles Pepys by my sending for, and received
of me L40 in part towards their L70 legacy of my uncles. Spent the
evening talking with my wife, and so to bed.

26th. Up to the office, where we sat, and I had some high words with Sir
W. Batten about canvas, wherein I opposed him and all his experience,
about seams in the middle, and the profit of having many breadths and
narrow, which I opposed to good purpose, to the rejecting of the whole
business. At noon home to dinner, and thence took my wife by coach, and
she to my Lady Sandwich to see her. I to Tom Trice, to discourse about my
fathers giving over his administration to my brother, and thence to Sir
R. Bernard, and there received L19 in money, and took up my fathers bond
of L21, that is L40, in part of Piggots L209 due to us, which L40 he pays
for 7 roods of meadow in Portholme. Thence to my wife, and carried her to
the Old Bayly, and there we were led to the Quest House, by the church,
where all the kindred were by themselves at the buriall of my uncle
Fenner; but, Lord! what a pitiful rout of people there was of them, but
very good service and great company the whole was. And so anon to church,
and a good sermon, and so home, having for ease put my L19 into W. Joyces
hand, where I left it. So to supper and to bed, being in a little pain
from some cold got last night lying without anything upon my feet.

27th. Up, not without some pain by cold, which makes me mighty melancholy,
to think of the ill state of my health. To the office, where busy till my
brains ready to drop with variety of business, and vexed for all that to
see the service like to suffer by other peoples neglect. Vexed also at a
letter from my father with two troublesome ones enclosed from Cave and
Noble, so that I know not what to do therein. At home to dinner at noon.
But to comfort my heart, Captain Taylor this day brought me L20 he
promised me for my assistance to him about his masts. After dinner to the
office again, and thence with Mr. Wayth to St. Catherines to see some
variety of canvass, which indeed was worth my seeing, but only I was in
some pain, and so took not the delight I should otherwise have done. So
home to the office, and there busy till late at night, and so home to
supper and to bed. This morning my taylor brought me a very tall mayde to
be my cook-mayde; she asked L5, but my wife offered her but L3 10s.—whether
she will take it or no I know not till to-morrow, but I am afeard she will
be over high for us, she having last been a chamber mayde, and holds up
her head, as my little girle Su observed.

28th. Up pretty well as to pain and wind, and to the office, where we sat
close and did much business. At noon I to the Change, and thence to Mr.
Cutlers, where I heard Sir W. Rider was, where I found them at dinner and
dined with them, he having yesterday and to-day a fit of a pain like the
gout, the first time he ever had it. A good dinner. Good discourse, Sir W.
Rider especially much fearing the issue of a Dutch warr, wherein I very
highly commend him. Thence home, and at the office a while, and then with
Mr. Deane to a second lesson upon my Shipwrightry, wherein I go on with
great pleasure. He being gone I to the office late, and so home to supper
and to bed. But, Lord! to see how my very going to the Change, and being
without my gowne, presently brought me wind and pain, till I came home and
was well again; but I am come to such a pass that I shall not know what to
do with myself, but I am apt to think that it is only my legs that I take
cold in from my having so long worn a gowne constantly.

29th (Whitsunday. Kings Birth and Restauration day). Up, and having
received a letter last night desiring it from Mr. Coventry, I walked to
St. Jamess, and there he and I did long discourse together of the
business of the office, and the warr with the Dutch; and he seemed to
argue mightily with the little reason that there is for all this. For
first, as to the wrong we pretend they have done us: that of the East
Indys, for their not delivering of Poleron, it is not yet known whether
they have failed or no; that of their hindering the Leopard cannot amount
to above L3,000 if true; that of the Guinny Company, all they had done us
did not amount to above L200 or L300 he told me truly; and that now, from
what Holmes, without any commission, hath done in taking an island and two
forts, hath set us much in debt to them; and he believes that Holmes will
have been so puffed up with this, that he by this time hath been enforced
with more strength than he had then, hath, I say, done a great deale more
wrong to them. He do, as to the effect of the warr, tell me clearly that
it is not any skill of the Dutch that can hinder our trade if we will, we
having so many advantages over them, of winds, good ports, and men; but it
is our pride, and the laziness of the merchant. He seems to think that
there may be some negotiation which may hinder a warr this year, but that
he speaks doubtfully as unwilling I perceive to be thought to discourse
any such thing. The main thing he desired to speake with me about was, to
know whether I do understand my Lord Sandwichs intentions as to going to
sea with this fleete; saying, that the Duke, if he desires it, is most
willing to it; but thinking that twelve ships is not a fleete fit for my
Lord to be troubled to go out with, he is not willing to offer it to him
till he hath some intimations of his mind to go, or not. He spoke this
with very great respect as to my Lord, though methinks it is strange they
should not understand one another better at this time than to need
anothers mediation. Thence walked over the Parke to White Hall, Mr. Povy
with me, and was taken in a very great showre in the middle of the Parke
that we were very wet. So up into, the house and with him to the Kings
closett, whither by and by the King came, my Lord Sandwich carrying the
sword. A Bishopp preached, but he speaking too low for me to hear behind
the Kings closett, I went forth and walked and discoursed with Colonell
Reames, who seems a very willing man to be informed in his business of
canvas, which he is undertaking to strike in with us to serve the Navy. By
and by my Lord Sandwich came forth, and called me to him: and we fell into
discourse a great while about his business, wherein he seems to be very
open with me, and to receive my opinion as he used to do; and I hope I
shall become necessary to him again. He desired me to think of the
fitness, or not, for him to offer himself to go to sea; and to give him my
thoughts in a day or two. Thence after sermon among the ladies on the
Queenes side; where I saw Mrs. Stewart, very fine and pretty, but far
beneath my Lady Castlemayne. Thence with Mr. Povy home to dinner; where
extraordinary cheer. And after dinner up and down to see his house. And in
a word, methinks, for his perspective upon his wall in his garden, and the
springs rising up with the perspective in the little closett; his room
floored above with woods of several colours, like but above the best
cabinet-work I ever saw; his grotto and vault, with his bottles of wine,
and a well therein to keep them cool; his furniture of all sorts; his bath
at the top of his house, good pictures, and his manner of eating and
drinking; do surpass all that ever I did see of one man in all my life.
Thence walked home and found my uncle Wight and Mr. Rawlinson, who supped
with me. They being gone, I to bed, being in some pain from my being so
much abroad to-day, which is a most strange thing that in such warm
weather the least ayre should get cold and wind in me. I confess it makes
me mighty sad and out of all content in the world.

30th. Lay long, the bells ringing, it being holiday, and then up and all
the day long in my study at home studying of shipmaking with great content
till the evening, and then came Mr. Howe and sat and then supped with me.
He is a little conceited, but will make a discreet man. He being gone, a
little to my office, and then home to bed, being in much pain from
yesterdays being abroad, which is a consideration of mighty sorrow to me.

31st. Up, and called upon Mr. Hollyard, with whom I advised and shall fall
upon some course of doing something for my disease of the wind, which
grows upon me every day more and more. Thence to my Lord Sandwichs, and
while he was dressing I below discoursed with Captain Cooke, and I think
if I do find it fit to keep a boy at all I had as good be supplied from
him with one as any body. By and by up to my Lord, and to discourse about
his going to sea, and the message I had from Mr. Coventry to him. He
wonders, as he well may, that this course should be taken, and he every
day with the Duke, who, nevertheless, seems most friendly to him, who hath
not yet spoke one word to my Lord of his desire to have him go to sea. My
Lord do tell me clearly that were it not that he, as all other men that
were of the Parliament side, are obnoxious to reproach, and so is forced
to bear what otherwise he would not, he would never suffer every thing to
be done in the Navy, and he never be consulted; and it seems, in the
naming of all these commanders for this fleete, he hath never been asked
one question. But we concluded it wholly inconsistent with his honour not
to go with this fleete, nor with the reputation which the world hath of
his interest at Court; and so he did give me commission to tell Mr.
Coventry that he is most willing to receive any commands from the Duke in
this fleete, were it less than it is, and that particularly in this
service. With this message I parted, and by coach to the office, where I
found Mr. Coventry, and told him this. Methinks, I confess, he did not
seem so pleased with it as I expected, or at least could have wished, and
asked me whether I had told my Lord that the Duke do not expect his going,
which I told him I had. But now whether he means really that the Duke, as
he told me the other day, do think the Fleete too small for him to take or
that he would not have him go, I swear I cannot tell. But methinks other
ways might have been used to put him by without going in this manner about
it, and so I hope it is out of kindness indeed. Dined at home, and so to
the office, where a great while alone in my office, nobody near, with
Bagwells wife of Deptford, but the woman seems so modest that I durst not
offer any courtship to her, though I had it in my mind when I brought her
in to me. But I am resolved to do her husband a courtesy, for I think he
is a man that deserves very well. So abroad with my wife by coach to St.
Jamess, to one Lady Poultnys, where I found my Lord, I doubt, at some
vain pleasure or other. I did give him a short account of what I had done
with Mr. Coventry, and so left him, and to my wife again in the coach, and
with her to the Parke, but the Queene being gone by the Parke to
Kensington, we staid not but straight home and to supper (the first time I
have done so this summer), and so to my office doing business, and then to
my monthly accounts, where to my great comfort I find myself better than I
was still the last month, and now come to L930. I was told to-day, that
upon Sunday night last, being the Kings birth-day, the King was at my
Lady Castlemaynes lodgings (over the hither-gates at Lamberts lodgings)
dancing with fiddlers all night almost; and all the world coming by taking
notice of it, which I am sorry to hear. The discourse of the town is only
whether a warr with Holland or no, and we are preparing for it all we can,
which is but little. Myself subject more than ordinary to pain by winde,
which makes me very sad, together with the trouble which at present lies
upon me in my fathers behalf, rising from the death of my brother, which
are many and great. Would to God they were over!