Samuel Pepys diary April 1664

APRIL 1664

April 1st. Up and to my office, where busy till noon, and then to the
Change, where I found all the merchants concerned with the presenting
their complaints to the Committee of Parliament appointed to receive them
this afternoon against the Dutch. So home to dinner, and thence by coach,
setting my wife down at the New Exchange, I to White Hall; and coming too
soon for the Tangier Committee walked to Mr. Blagrave for a song. I left
long ago there, and here I spoke with his kinswoman, he not being within,
but did not hear her sing, being not enough acquainted with her, but would
be glad to have her, to come and be at my house a week now and then. Back
to White Hall, and in the Gallery met the Duke of Yorke (I also saw the
Queene going to the Parke, and her Mayds of Honour: she herself looks ill,
and methinks Mrs. Stewart is grown fatter, and not so fair as she was);
and he called me to him, and discoursed a good while with me; and after he
was gone, twice or thrice staid and called me again to him, the whole
length of the house: and at last talked of the Dutch; and I perceive do
much wish that the Parliament will find reason to fall out with them. He
gone, I by and by found that the Committee of Tangier met at the Duke of
Albemarles, and so I have lost my labour. So with Creed to the Change,
and there took up my wife and left him, and we two home, and I to walk in
the garden with W. Howe, whom we took up, he having been to see us, he
tells me how Creed has been questioned before the Council about a letter
that has been met with, wherein he is mentioned by some fanatiques as a
serviceable friend to them, but he says he acquitted himself well in it,
but, however, something sticks against him, he says, with my Lord, at
which I am not very sorry, for I believe he is a false fellow. I walked
with him to Pauls, he telling me how my Lord is little at home, minds his
carding and little else, takes little notice of any body; but that he do
not think he is displeased, as I fear, with me, but is strange to all,
which makes me the less troubled. So walked back home, and late at the
office. So home and to bed. This day Mrs. Turner did lend me, as a rarity,
a manuscript of one Mr. Wells, writ long ago, teaching the method of
building a ship, which pleases me mightily. I was at it to-night, but
durst not stay long at it, I being come to have a great pain and water in
my eyes after candle-light.

2nd. Up and to my office, and afterwards sat, where great contest with Sir
W. Batten and Mr. Wood, and that doating fool Sir J. Minnes, that says
whatever Sir W. Batten says, though never minding whether to the Kings
profit or not. At noon to the Coffee-house, where excellent discourse with
Sir W. Petty, who proposed it as a thing that is truly questionable,
whether there really be any difference between waking and dreaming, that
it is hard not only to tell how we know when we do a thing really or in a
dream, but also to know what the difference [is] between one and the
other. Thence to the Change, but having at this discourse long afterwards
with Sir Thomas Chamberlin, who tells me what I heard from others, that
the complaints of most Companies were yesterday presented to the Committee
of Parliament against the Dutch, excepting that of the East India, which
he tells me was because they would not be said to be the first and only
cause of a warr with Holland, and that it is very probable, as well as
most necessary, that we fall out with that people. I went to the Change,
and there found most people gone, and so home to dinner, and thence to Sir
W. Warrens, and with him past the whole afternoon, first looking over two
ships of Captain Taylors and Phin. Petts now in building, and am
resolved to learn something of the art, for I find it is not hard and very
usefull, and thence to Woolwich, and after seeing Mr. Falconer, who is
very ill, I to the yard, and there heard Mr. Pett tell me several things
of Sir W. Battens ill managements, and so with Sir W. Warren walked to
Greenwich, having good discourse, and thence by water, it being now
moonshine and 9 or 10 oclock at night, and landed at Wapping, and by him
and his man safely brought to my door, and so he home, having spent the
day with him very well. So home and eat something, and then to my office a
while, and so home to prayers and to bed.

3rd (Lords day). Being weary last night lay long, and called up by W.
Joyce. So I rose, and his business was to ask advice of me, he being
summonsed to the House of Lords to-morrow, for endeavouring to arrest my
Lady Peters

     [Elizabeth, daughter of John Savage, second Earl Rivers, and first
     wife to William, fourth Lord Petre, who was, in 1678, impeached by
     the Commons of high treason, and died under confinement in the
     Tower, January 5th, 1683, s. p.—B.]

for a debt. I did give him advice, and will assist him. He staid all the
morning, but would not dine with me. So to my office and did business. At
noon home to dinner, and being set with my wife in the kitchen my father
comes and sat down there and dined with us. After dinner gives me an
account of what he had done in his business of his house and goods, which
is almost finished, and he the next week expects to be going down to
Brampton again, which I am glad of because I fear the children of my Lord
that are there for fear of any discontent. He being gone I to my office,
and there very busy setting papers in order till late at night, only in
the afternoon my wife sent for me home, to see her new laced gowne, that
is her gown that is new laced; and indeed it becomes her very nobly, and
is well made. I am much pleased with it. At night to supper, prayers, and
to bed.

4th. Up, and walked to my Lord Sandwichs; and there spoke with him about
W. Joyce, who told me he would do what was fit in so tender a point. I can
yet discern a coldness in him to admit me to any discourse with him.
Thence to Westminster, to the Painted Chamber, and there met the two
Joyces. Will in a very melancholy taking. After a little discourse I to
the Lords House before they sat; and stood within it a good while, while
the Duke of York came to me and spoke to me a good while about the new
ship at Woolwich. Afterwards I spoke with my Lord Barkeley and my Lord
Peterborough about it. And so staid without a good while, and saw my Lady
Peters, an impudent jade, soliciting all the Lords on her behalf. And at
last W. Joyce was called in; and by the consequences, and what my Lord
Peterborough told me, I find that he did speak all he said to his
disadvantage, and so was committed to the Black Rod: which is very hard,
he doing what he did by the advice of my Lord Peters own steward. But the
Sergeant of the Black Rod did direct one of his messengers to take him in
custody, and so he was peaceably conducted to the Swan with two Necks, in
Tuttle Street, to a handsome dining-room; and there was most civilly used,
my uncle Fenner, and his brother Anthony, and some other friends being
with him. But who would have thought that the fellow that I should have
sworn could have spoken before all the world should in this be so daunted,
as not to know what he said, and now to cry like a child. I protest, it is
very strange to observe. I left them providing for his stay there to-night
and getting a petition against tomorrow, and so away to Westminster Hall,
and meeting Mr. Coventry, he took me to his chamber, with Sir William
Hickeman, a member of their House, and a very civill gentleman. Here we
dined very plentifully, and thence to White Hall to the Dukes, where we
all met, and after some discourse of the condition of the Fleete, in order
to a Dutch warr, for that, I perceive, the Duke hath a mind it should come
to, we away to the office, where we sat, and I took care to rise betimes,
and so by water to Halfway House, talking all the way good discourse with
Mr. Wayth, and there found my wife, who was gone with her mayd Besse to
have a walk. But, Lord! how my jealous mind did make me suspect that she
might have some appointment to meet somebody. But I found the poor souls
coming away thence, so I took them back, and eat and drank, and then home,
and after at the office a while, I home to supper and to bed. It was a sad
sight, me thought, to-day to see my Lord Peters coming out of the House
fall out with his lady (from whom he is parted) about this business;
saying that she disgraced him. But she hath been a handsome woman, and is,
it seems, not only a lewd woman, but very high-spirited.

5th. Up very betimes, and walked to my cozen Anthony Joyces, and thence
with him to his brother Will, in Tuttle Street, where I find him pretty
cheery over [what] he was yesterday (like a coxcomb), his wife being come
to him, and having had his boy with him last night. Here I staid an hour
or two and wrote over a fresh petition, that which was drawn by their
solicitor not pleasing me, and thence to the Painted chamber, and by and
by away by coach to my Lord Peterboroughs, and there delivered the
petition into his hand, which he promised most readily to deliver to the
House today. Thence back, and there spoke to several Lords, and so did his
solicitor (one that W. Joyce hath promised L5 to if he be released). Lord
Peterborough presented a petition to the House from W. Joyce: and a great
dispute, we hear, there was in the House for and against it. At last it
was carried that he should be bayled till the House meets again after
Easter, he giving bond for his appearance. This was not so good as we
hoped, but as good as we could well expect. Anon comes the King and passed
the Bill for repealing the Triennial Act, and another about Writs of
Errour. I crowded in and heard the Kings speech to them; but he speaks
the worst that ever I heard man in my life worse than if he read it all,
and he had it in writing in his hand. Thence, after the House was up, and
I inquired what the order of the House was, I to W. Joyce, with his
brother, and told them all. Here was Kate come, and is a comely fat woman.
I would not stay dinner, thinking to go home to dinner, and did go by
water as far as the bridge, but thinking that they would take it kindly my
being there, to be bayled for him if there was need, I returned, but
finding them gone out to look after it, only Will and his wife and sister
left and some friends that came to visit him, I to Westminster Hall, and
by and by by agreement to Mrs. Lanes lodging, whither I sent for a
lobster, and with Mr. Swayne and his wife eat it, and argued before them
mightily for Hawly, but all would not do, although I made her angry by
calling her old, and making her know what herself is. Her body was out of
temper for any dalliance, and so after staying there 3 or 4 hours, but yet
taking care to have my oath safe of not staying a quarter of an hour
together with her, I went to W. Joyce, where I find the order come, and
bayle (his father and brother) given; and he paying his fees, which come
to above L2, besides L5 he is to give one man, and his charges of eating
and drinking here, and 10s. a-day as many days as he stands under bayle:
which, I hope, will teach him hereafter to hold his tongue better than he
used to do. Thence with Anth. Joyces wife alone home talking of Wills
folly, and having set her down, home myself, where I find my wife dressed
as if she had been abroad, but I think she was not, but she answering me
some way that I did not like I pulled her by the nose, indeed to offend
her, though afterwards to appease her I denied it, but only it was done in
haste. The poor wretch took it mighty ill, and I believe besides wringing
her nose she did feel pain, and so cried a great while, but by and by I
made her friends, and so after supper to my office a while, and then home
to bed. This day great numbers of merchants came to a Grand Committee of
the House to bring in their claims against the Dutch. I pray God guide the
issue to our good!

6th. Up and to my office, whither by and by came John Noble, my fathers
old servant, to speake with me. I smelling the business, took him home;
and there, all alone, he told me how he had been serviceable to my brother
Tom, in the business of his getting his servant, an ugly jade, Margaret,
with child. She was brought to bed in St. Sepulchres parish of two
children; one is dead, the other is alive; her name Elizabeth, and goes by
the name of Taylor, daughter to John Taylor. It seems Tom did a great
while trust one Crawly with the business, who daily got money of him; and
at last, finding himself abused, he broke the matter to J. Noble, upon a
vowe of secresy. Toms first plott was to go on the other side the water
and give a beggar woman something to take the child. They did once go, but
did nothing, J. Noble saying that seven years hence the mother might come
to demand the child and force him to produce it, or to be suspected of
murder. Then I think it was that they consulted, and got one Cave, a poor
pensioner in St. Brides parish to take it, giving him L5, he thereby
promising to keepe it for ever without more charge to them. The parish
hereupon indite the man Cave for bringing this child upon the parish, and
by Sir Richard Browne he is sent to the Counter. Cave thence writes to Tom
to get him out. Tom answers him in a letter of his owne hand, which J.
Noble shewed me, but not signed by him, wherein he speaks of freeing him
and getting security for him, but nothing as to the business of the child,
or anything like it: so that forasmuch as I could guess, there is nothing
therein to my brothers prejudice as to the main point, and therefore I
did not labour to tear or take away the paper. Cave being released,
demands L5 more to secure my brother for ever against the child; and he
was forced to give it him and took bond of Cave in L100, made at a
scriveners, one Hudson, I think, in the Old Bayly, to secure John Taylor,
and his assigns, &c. (in consideration of L10 paid him), from all
trouble, or charge of meat, drink, clothes, and breeding of Elizabeth
Taylor; and it seems, in the doing of it, J. Noble was looked upon as the
assignee of this John Taylor. Noble says that he furnished Tom with this
money, and is also bound by another bond to pay him 20s. more this next
Easter Monday; but nothing for either sum appears under Toms hand. I told
him how I am like to lose a great sum by his death, and would not pay any
more myself, but I would speake to my father about it against the
afternoon. So away he went, and I all the morning in my office busy, and
at noon home to dinner mightily oppressed with wind, and after dinner took
coach and to Paternoster Row, and there bought a pretty silke for a
petticoate for my wife, and thence set her down at the New Exchange, and I
leaving the coat at Unthankes, went to White Hall, but the Councell
meeting at Worcester House I went thither, and there delivered to the Duke
of Albemarle a paper touching some Tangier business, and thence to the
Change for my wife, and walked to my fathers, who was packing up some
things for the country. I took him up and told him this business of Tom,
at which the poor wretch was much troubled, and desired me that I would
speak with J. Noble, and do what I could and thought fit in it without
concerning him in it. So I went to Noble, and saw the bond that Cave did
give and also Toms letter that I mentioned above, and upon the whole I
think some shame may come, but that it will be hard from any thing I see
there to prove the child to be his. Thence to my father and told what I
had done, and how I had quieted Noble by telling him that, though we are
resolved to part with no more money out of our own purses, yet if he can
make it appear a true debt that it may be justifiable for us to pay it, we
will do our part to get it paid, and said that I would have it paid before
my own debt. So my father and I both a little satisfied, though vexed to
think what a rogue my brother was in all respects. I took my wife by coach
home, and to my office, where late with Sir W. Warren, and so home to
supper and to bed. I heard to-day that the Dutch have begun with us by
granting letters of marke against us; but I believe it not.

7th. Up and to my office, where busy, and by and by comes Sir W. Warren
and old Mr. Bond in order to the resolving me some questions about masts
and their proportions, but he could say little to me to my satisfaction,
and so I held him not long but parted. So to my office busy till noon and
then to the Change, where high talke of the Dutchs protest against our
Royall Company in Guinny, and their granting letters of marke against us
there, and every body expects a warr, but I hope it will not yet be so,
nor that this is true. Thence to dinner, where my wife got me a pleasant
French fricassee of veal for dinner, and thence to the office, where vexed
to see how Sir W. Batten ordered things this afternoon (vide my office
book, for about this time I have begun, my notions and informations
encreasing now greatly every day, to enter all occurrences extraordinary
in my office in a book by themselves), and so in the evening after long
discourse and eased my mind by discourse with Sir W. Warren, I to my
business late, and so home to supper and to bed.

8th. Up betimes and to the office, and anon, it begunn to be fair after a
great shower this morning, Sir W. Batten and I by water (calling his son
Castle by the way, between whom and I no notice at all of his letter the
other day to me) to Deptford, and after a turn in the yard, I went with
him to the Almes-house to see the new building which he, with some
ambition, is building of there, during his being Master of Trinity House;
and a good worke it is, but to see how simply he answered somebody
concerning setting up the arms of the corporation upon the door, that and
any thing else he did not deny it, but said he would leave that to the
master that comes after him. There I left him and to the Kings yard
again, and there made good inquiry into the business of the poop lanterns,
wherein I found occasion to correct myself mightily for what I have done
in the contract with the platerer, and am resolved, though I know not how,
to make them to alter it, though they signed it last night, and so I took

     [Among the State Papers is a petition of Thomas Staine to the Navy
     Commissioners for employment as plateworker in one or two
     dockyards.  Has incurred ill-will by discovering abuses in the great
     rates given by the king for several things in the said trade.  Begs
     the appointment, whereby it will be seen who does the work best and
     cheapest, otherwise he and all others will be discouraged from
     discovering abuses in future, with order thereon for a share of the
     work to be given to him  (Calendar, Domestic, 1663-64, p. 395)]

home with me by boat and discoursed it, and he will come to reason when I
can make him to understand it. No sooner landed but it fell a mighty storm
of rain and hail, so I put into a cane shop and bought one to walk with,
cost me 4s. 6d., all of one joint. So home to dinner, and had an excellent
Good Friday dinner of peas porridge and apple pye. So to the office all
the afternoon preparing a new book for my contracts, and this afternoon
come home the office globes done to my great content. In the evening a
little to visit Sir W. Pen, who hath a feeling this day or two of his old
pain. Then to walk in the garden with my wife, and so to my office a
while, and then home to the only Lenten supper I have had of wiggs—[Buns
or teacakes.]—and ale, and so to bed. This morning betimes came to
my office to me boatswain Smith of Woolwich, telling me a notable piece of
knavery of the officers of the yard and Mr. Gold in behalf of a contract
made for some old ropes by Mr. Wood, and I believe I shall find Sir W.
Batten of the plot (vide my office daybook).

     [These note-books referred to in the Diary are not known to exist

9th. The last night, whether it was from cold I got to-day upon the water
I know not, or whether it was from my mind being over concerned with
Staness business of the platery of the navy, for my minds was mighty
troubled with the business all night long, I did wake about one oclock in
the morning, a thing I most rarely do, and pissed a little with great
pain, continued sleepy, but in a high fever all night, fiery hot, and in
some pain. Towards morning I slept a little and waking found myself
better, but…. with some pain, and rose I confess with my clothes
sweating, and it was somewhat cold too, which I believe might do me more
hurt, for I continued cold and apt to shake all the morning, but that some
trouble with Sir J. Minnes and Sir W. Batten kept me warm. At noon home to
dinner upon tripes, and so though not well abroad with my wife by coach to
her Tailors and the New Exchange, and thence to my fathers and spoke one
word with him, and thence home, where I found myself sick in my stomach
and vomited, which I do not use to do. Then I drank a glass or two of
Hypocras, and to the office to dispatch some business, necessary, and so
home and to bed, and by the help of Mithrydate slept very well.

10th (Lords day). Lay long in bed, and then up and my wife dressed
herself, it being Easter day, but I not being so well as to go out, she,
though much against her will, staid at home with me; for she had put on
her new best gowns, which indeed is very fine now with the lace; and this
morning her taylor brought home her other new laced silks gowns with a
smaller lace, and new petticoats, I bought the other day both very pretty.
We spent the day in pleasant talks and company one with another, reading
in Dr. Fullers book what he says of the family of the Cliffords and
Kingsmills, and at night being myself better than I was by taking a
glyster, which did carry away a great deal of wind, I after supper at
night went to bed and slept well.

11th. Lay long talking with my wife, then up and to my chamber preparing
papers against my father comes to lie here for discourse about country
business. Dined well with my wife at home, being myself not yet thorough
well, making water with some pain, but better than I was, and all my fear
of an ague gone away. In the afternoon my father came to see us, and he
gone I up to my mornings work again, and so in the evening a little to
the office and to see Sir W. Batten, who is ill again, and so home to
supper and to bed.

12th. Up, and after my wife had dressed herself very fine in her new laced
gown, and very handsome indeed, W. Howe also coming to see us, I carried
her by coach to my uncle Wights and set her down there, and W. Howe and I
to the Coffee-house, where we sat talking about getting of him some place
under my Lord of advantage if he should go to sea, and I would be glad to
get him secretary and to out Creed if I can, for he is a crafty and false
rogue. Thence a little to the Change, and thence took him to my uncle
Wights, where dined my father, poor melancholy man, that used to be as
full of life as anybody, and also my aunts brother, Mr. Sutton, a
merchant in Flanders, a very sober, fine man, and Mr. Cole and his lady;
but, Lord! how I used to adore that mans talke, and now methinks he is
but an ordinary man, his son a pretty boy indeed, but his nose unhappily
awry. Other good company and an indifferent, and but indifferent dinner
for so much company, and after dinner got a coach, very dear, it being
Easter time and very foul weather, to my Lords, and there visited my
Lady, and leaving my wife there I and W. Howe to Mr. Pagetts, and there
heard some musique not very good, but only one Dr. Walgrave, an Englishman
bred at Rome, who plays the best upon the lute that I ever heard man. Here
I also met Mr. Hill

     [Thomas Hill, a man whose taste for music caused him to be a very
     acceptable companion to Pepys.  In January, 1664-65, he became
     assistant to the secretary of the Prize Office.]

the little merchant, and after all was done we sung. I did well enough a
Psalm or two of Lawes; he I perceive has good skill and sings well, and a
friend of his sings a good base. Thence late walked with them two as far
as my Lords, thinking to take up my wife and carry them home, but there
being no coach to be got away they went, and I staid a great while, it
being very late, about 10 oclock, before a coach could be got. I found my
Lord and ladies and my wife at supper. My Lord seems very kind. But I am
apt to think still the worst, and that it is only in show, my wife and
Lady being there. So home, and find my father come to lie at our house;
and so supped, and saw him, poor man, to bed, my heart never being fuller
of love to him, nor admiration of his prudence and pains heretofore in the
world than now, to see how Tom hath carried himself in his trade; and how
the poor man hath his thoughts going to provide for his younger children
and my mother. But I hope they shall never want. So myself and wife to

13th. Though late, past 12, before we went to bed, yet I heard my poor
father up, and so I rang up my people, and I rose and got something to eat
and drink for him, and so abroad, it being a mighty foul day, by coach,
setting my father down in Fleet Streete and I to St. Jamess, where I
found Mr. Coventry (the Duke being now come thither for the summer) with a
goldsmith, sorting out his old plate to change for new; but, Lord! what a
deale he hath! I staid and had two or three hours discourse with him,
talking about the disorders of our office, and I largely to tell him how
things are carried by Sir W. Batten and Sir J. Minnes to my great grief.
He seems much concerned also, and for all the Kings matters that are done
after the same rate every where else, and even the Dukes household
matters too, generally with corruption, but most indeed with neglect and
indifferency. I spoke very loud and clear to him my thoughts of Sir J.
Minnes and the other, and trust him with the using of them. Then to talk
of our business with the Dutch; he tells me fully that he believes it will
not come to a warr; for first, he showed me a letter from Sir George
Downing, his own hand, where he assures him that the Dutch themselves do
not desire, but above all things fear it, and that they neither have given
letters of marke against our shipps in Guinny, nor do De Ruyter

     [Michael De Ruyter, the Dutch admiral, was born 1607.  He served
     under Tromp in the war against England in 1653, and was Lieutenant
     Admiral General of Holland in 1665.  He died April 26th, 1676, of
     wounds received in a battle with the French off Syracuse.  Among the
     State Papers is a news letter (dated July 14th, 1664) containing
     information as to the views of the Dutch respecting a war with
     England.  They are preparing many ships, and raising 6,000 men, and
     have no doubt of conquering by sea.  A wise man says the States
     know how to master England by sending moneys into Scotland for them
     to rebel, and also to the discontented in England, so as to place
     the King in the same straits as his father was, and bring him to
     agree with Holland (Calendar, 1663-64, p. 642).]

stay at home with his fleet with an eye to any such thing, but for want of
a wind, and is now come out and is going to the Streights. He tells me
also that the most he expects is that upon the merchants complaints, the
Parliament will represent them to the King, desiring his securing of his
subjects against them, and though perhaps they may not directly see fit,
yet even this will be enough to let the Dutch know that the Parliament do
not oppose the King, and by that means take away their hopes, which was
that the King of England could not get money or do anything towards a warr
with them, and so thought themselves free from making any restitution,
which by this they will be deceived in. He tells me also that the Dutch
states are in no good condition themselves, differing one with another,
and that for certain none but the states of Holland and Zealand will
contribute towards a warr, the others reckoning themselves, being inland,
not concerned in the profits of warr or peace. But it is pretty to see
what he says, that those here that are forward for a warr at Court, they
are reported in the world to be only designers of getting money into the
Kings hands, they that elsewhere are for it have a design to trouble the
kingdom and to give the Fanatiques an opportunity of doing hurt, and
lastly those that are against it (as he himself for one is very cold
therein) are said to be bribed by the Dutch. After all this discourse he
carried me in his coach, it raining still, to, Charing Cross, and there
put me into another, and I calling my father and brother carried them to
my house to dinner, my wife keeping bed all day….. All the afternoon at
the office with W. Boddam looking over his particulars about the Chest of
Chatham, which shows enough what a knave Commissioner Pett hath been all
along, and how Sir W. Batten hath gone on in getting good allowance to
himself and others out of the poors money. Time will show all. So in the
evening to see Sir W. Pen, and then home to my father to keep him company,
he being to go out of town, and up late with him and my brother John till
past 12 at night to make up papers of Toms accounts fit to leave with my
cozen Scott. At last we did make an end of them, and so after supper all
to bed.

14th. Up betimes, and after my fathers eating something, I walked out
with him as far as Milk Streete, he turning down to Cripplegate to take
coach; and at the end of the streete I took leave, being much afeard I
shall not see him here any more, he do decay so much every day, and so I
walked on, there being never a coach to be had till I came to Charing
Cross, and there Col. Froud took me up and carried me to St. Jamess,
where with Mr. Coventry and Povy, &c., about my Lord Peterboroughs
accounts, but, Lord! to see still what a puppy that Povy is with all his
show is very strange. Thence to Whitehall and W. C[oventry] and I and Sir
W. Rider resolved upon a day to meet and make an end of all the business.
Thence walked with Creed to the Coffee-house in Covent Garden, where no
company, but he told me many fine experiments at Gresham College; and some
demonstration that the heat and cold of the weather do rarify and condense
the very body of glasse, as in a bolt head with cold water in it put into
hot water, shall first by rarifying the glasse make the water sink, and
then when the heat comes to the water makes that rise again, and then put
into cold water makes the water by condensing the glass to rise, and then
when the cold comes to the water makes it sink, which is very pretty and
true, he saw it tried. Thence by coach home, and dined above with my wife
by her bedside, she keeping her bed….. So to the office, where a great
conflict with Wood and Castle about their New England masts? So in the
evening my mind a little vexed, but yet without reason, for I shall
prevail, I hope, for the Kings profit, and so home to supper and to bed.

15th. Up and all the morning with Captain Taylor at my house talking about
things of the Navy, and among other things I showed him my letters to Mr.
Coventry, wherein he acknowledges that nobody to this day did ever
understand so much as I have done, and I believe him, for I perceive he
did very much listen to every article as things new to him, and is
contented to abide by my opinion therein in his great contest with us
about his and Mr. Woods masts. At noon to the Change, where I met with
Mr. Hill, the little merchant, with whom, I perceive, I shall contract a
musical acquaintance; but I will make it as little troublesome as I can.
Home and dined, and then with my wife by coach to the Dukes house, and
there saw The German Princess acted, by the woman herself; but never was
any thing so well done in earnest, worse performed in jest upon the stage;
and indeed the whole play, abating the drollery of him that acts her
husband, is very simple, unless here and there a witty sprinkle or two. We
met and sat by Dr. Clerke. Thence homewards, calling at Madam Turners,
and thence set my wife down at my aunt Wights and I to my office till
late, and then at to at night fetched her home, and so again to my office
a little, and then to supper and to bed.

16th. Up and to the office, where all the morning upon the dispute of Mr.
Woods masts, and at noon with Mr. Coventry to the African House; and
after a good and pleasant dinner, up with him, Sir W. Rider, the simple
Povy, of all the most ridiculous foole that ever I knew to attend to
business, and Creed and Vernatty, about my Lord Peterboroughs accounts;
but the more we look into them, the more we see of them that makes
dispute, which made us break off, and so I home, and there found my wife
and Besse gone over the water to Half-way house, and after them, thinking
to have gone to Woolwich, but it was too late, so eat a cake and home, and
thence by coach to have spoke with Tom Trice about a letter I met with
this afternoon from my cozen Scott, wherein he seems to deny proceeding as
my fathers attorney in administering for him in my brother Toms estate,
but I find him gone out of town, and so returned vexed home and to the
office, where late writing a letter to him, and so home and to bed.

17th (Lords day). Up, and I put on my best cloth black suit and my velvet
cloake, and with my wife in her best laced suit to church, where we have
not been these nine or ten weeks. The truth is, my jealousy hath hindered
it, for fear she should see Pembleton. He was here to-day, but I think sat
so as he could not see her, which did please me, God help me! mightily,
though I know well enough that in reason this is nothing but my ridiculous
folly. Home to dinner, and in the afternoon, after long consulting whether
to go to Woolwich or no to see Mr. Falconer, but indeed to prevent my wife
going to church, I did however go to church with her, where a young simple
fellow did preach: I slept soundly all the sermon, and thence to Sir W.
Pens, my wife and I, there she talking with him and his daughter, and
thence with my wife walked to my uncle Wights and there supped, where
very merry, but I vexed to see what charges the vanity of my aunt puts her
husband to among her friends and nothing at all among ours. Home and to
bed. Our parson, Mr. Mills, his owne mistake in reading of the service was
very remarkable, that instead of saying, We beseech thee to preserve to
our use the kindly fruits of the earth, he cries, Preserve to our use
our gracious Queen Katherine.

18th. Up and by coach to Westminster, and there solicited W. Joyces
business again; and did speake to the Duke of Yorke about it, who did
understand it very well. I afterwards did without the House fall in
company with my Lady Peters, and endeavoured to mollify her; but she told
me she would not, to redeem her from hell, do any thing to release him;
but would be revenged while she lived, if she lived the age of Methusalem.
I made many friends, and so did others. At last it was ordered by the
Lords that it should be referred to the Committee of Privileges to
consider. So I, after discoursing with the Joyces, away by coach to the
Change; and there, among other things, do hear that a Jew hath put in a
policy of four per cent. to any man, to insure him against a Dutch warr
for four months; I could find in my heart to take him at this offer, but
however will advise first, and to that end took coach to St. Jamess, but
Mr. Coventry was gone forth, and I thence to Westminster Hall, where Mrs.
Lane was gone forth, and so I missed of my intent to be with her this
afternoon, and therefore meeting Mr. Blagrave, went home with him, and
there he and his kinswoman sang, but I was not pleased with it, they
singing methought very ill, or else I am grown worse to please than
heretofore. Thence to the Hall again, and after meeting with several
persons, and talking there, I to Mrs. Hunts (where I knew my wife and my
aunt Wight were about business), and they being gone to walk in the parke
I went after them with Mrs. Hunt, who staid at home for me, and finding
them did by coach, which I had agreed to wait for me, go with them all and
Mrs. Hunt and a kinswoman of theirs, Mrs. Steward, to Hide Parke, where I
have not been since last year; where I saw the King with his periwigg, but
not altered at all; and my Lady Castlemayne in a coach by herself, in
yellow satin and a pinner on; and many brave persons. And myself being in
a hackney and full of people, was ashamed to be seen by the world, many of
them knowing me. Thence in the evening home, setting my aunt at home, and
thence we sent for a joynt of meat to supper, and thence to the office at
11 oclock at night, and so home to bed.

19th. Up and to St. Jamess, where long with Mr. Coventry, Povy, &c.,
in their Tangier accounts, but such the folly of that coxcomb Povy that we
could do little in it, and so parted for the time, and I to walk with
Creed and Vernaty in the Physique Garden in St. Jamess Parke; where I
first saw orange-trees, and other fine trees. So to Westminster Hall, and
thence by water to the Temple, and so walked to the Change, and there
find the Change full of news from Guinny, some say the Dutch have sunk
our ships and taken our fort, and others say we have done the same to
them. But I find by our merchants that something is done, but is yet a
secret among them. So home to dinner, and then to the office, and at night
with Captain Tayler consulting how to get a little money by letting him
the Elias to fetch masts from New England. So home to supper and to bed.

20th. Up and by coach to Westminster, and there solicited W. Joyces
business all the morning, and meeting in the Hall with Mr. Coventry, he
told me how the Committee for Trade have received now all the complaints
of the merchants against the Dutch, and were resolved to report very
highly the wrongs they have done us (when, God knows! it is only our owne
negligence and laziness that hath done us the wrong) and this to be made
to the House to-morrow. I went also out of the Hall with Mrs. Lane to the
Swan at Mrs. Herberts in the Palace Yard to try a couple of bands, and
did (though I had a mind to be playing the fool with her) purposely stay
but a little while, and kept the door open, and called the master and
mistress of the house one after another to drink and talk with me, and
showed them both my old and new bands. So that as I did nothing so they
are able to bear witness that I had no opportunity there to do anything.
Thence by coach with Sir W. Pen home, calling at the Temple for Lawess
Psalms, which I did not so much (by being against my oath) buy as only lay
down money till others be bound better for me, and by that time I hope to
get money of the Treasurer of the Navy by bills, which, according to my
oath, shall make me able to do it. At home dined, and all the afternoon at
a Committee of the Chest, and at night comes my aunt and uncle Wight and
Nan Ferrers and supped merrily with me, my uncle coming in an hour after
them almost foxed. Great pleasure by discourse with them, and so, they
gone, late to bed.

21st. Up pretty betimes and to my office, and thither came by and by Mr.
Vernaty and staid two hours with me, but Mr. Gauden did not come, and so
he went away to meet again anon. Then comes Mr. Creed, and, after some
discourse, he and I and my wife by coach to Westminster (leaving her at
Unthankes, her tailors) Hall, and there at the Lords House heard that
it is ordered, that, upon submission upon the knee both to the House and
my Lady Peters, W. Joyce shall be released. I forthwith made him submit,
and aske pardon upon his knees; which he did before several Lords. But my
Lady would not hear it; but swore she would post the Lords, that the world
might know what pitifull Lords the King hath; and that revenge was sweeter
to her than milk; and that she would never be satisfied unless he stood in
a pillory, and demand pardon there. But I perceive the Lords are ashamed
of her, and so I away calling with my wife at a place or two to inquire
after a couple of mayds recommended to us, but we found both of them bad.
So set my wife at my uncle Wights and I home, and presently to the
Change, where I did some business, and thence to my uncles and there
dined very well, and so to the office, we sat all the afternoon, but no
sooner sat but news comes my Lady Sandwich was come to see us, so I went
out, and running up (her friend however before me) I perceive by my dear
Lady blushing that in my dining-room she was doing something upon the
pott, which I also was ashamed of, and so fell to some discourse, but
without pleasure through very pity to my Lady. She tells me, and I find
true since, that the House this day have voted that the King be desired to
demand right for the wrong done us by the Dutch, and that they will stand
by him with their lives fortunes: which is a very high vote, and more than
I expected. What the issue will be, God knows! My Lady, my wife not being
at home, did not stay, but, poor, good woman, went away, I being mightily
taken with her dear visitt, and so to the office, where all the afternoon
till late, and so to my office, and then to supper and to bed, thinking to
rise betimes tomorrow.

22nd. Having directed it last night, I was called up this morning before
four oclock. It was full light enough to dress myself, and so by water
against tide, it being a little coole, to Greenwich; and thence, only that
it was somewhat foggy till the sun got to some height, walked with great
pleasure to Woolwich, in my way staying several times to listen to the
nightingales. I did much business both at the Ropeyarde and the other, and
on floate I discovered a plain cheat which in time I shall publish of Mr.
Ackworths. Thence, having visited Mr. Falconer also, who lies still sick,
but hopes to be better, I walked to Greenwich, Mr. Deane with me. Much
good discourse, and I think him a very just man, only a little conceited,
but yet very able in his way, and so he by water also with me also to
towne. I home, and immediately dressing myself, by coach with my wife to
my Lord Sandwichs, but they having dined we would not light but went to
Mrs. Turners, and there got something to eat, and thence after reading
part of a good play, Mrs. The., my wife and I, in their coach to Hide
Parke, where great plenty of gallants, and pleasant it was, only for the
dust. Here I saw Mrs. Bendy, my Lady Spillmans faire daughter that was,
who continues yet very handsome. Many others I saw with great content, and
so back again to Mrs. Turners, and then took a coach and home. I did also
carry them into St. Jamess Park and shewed them the garden. To my office
awhile while supper was making ready, and so home to supper and to bed.

23rd (Coronation day). Up, and after doing something at my office, and, it
being a holiday, no sitting likely to be, I down by water to Sir W.
Warrens, who hath been ill, and there talked long with him good
discourse, especially about Sir W. Battens knavery and his son Castles
ill language of me behind my back, saying that I favour my fellow
traytours, but I shall be even with him. So home and to the Change, where
I met with Mr. Coventry, who himself is now full of talke of a Dutch warr;
for it seems the Lords have concurred in the Commons vote about it; and
so the next week it will be presented to the King, insomuch that he do
desire we would look about to see what stores we lack, and buy what we
can. Home to dinner, where I and my wife much troubled about my money that
is in my Lord Sandwichs hand, for fear of his going to sea and be killed;
but I will get what of it out I can. All the afternoon, not being well, at
my office, and there doing much business, my thoughts still running upon a
warr and my money. At night home to supper and to bed.

24th (Lords day). Up, and all the morning in my chamber setting some of
my private papers in order, for I perceive that now publique business
takes up so much of my time that I must get time a-Sundays or a-nights to
look after my owne matters. Dined and spent all the afternoon talking with
my wife, at night a little to the office, and so home to supper and to

25th. Up, and with Sir W. Pen by coach to St. Jamess and there up to the
Duke, and after he was ready to his closet, where most of our talke about
a Dutch warr, and discoursing of things indeed now for it. The Duke, which
gives me great good hopes, do talk of setting up a good discipline in the
fleete. In the Dukes chamber there is a bird, given him by Mr. Pierce,
the surgeon, comes from the East Indys, black the greatest part, with the
finest collar of white about the neck; but talks many things and neyes
like the horse, and other things, the best almost that ever I heard bird
in my life. Thence down with Mr. Coventry and Sir W. Rider, who was there
(going along with us from the East Indya house to-day) to discourse of my
Lord Peterboroughs accounts, and then walked over the Parke, and in Mr.
Cutlers coach with him and Rider as far as the Strand, and thence I
walked to my Lord Sandwichs, where by agreement I met my wife, and there
dined with the young ladies; my Lady, being not well, kept her chamber.
Much simple discourse at table among the young ladies. After dinner walked
in the garden, talking, with Mr. Moore about my Lords business. He told
me my Lord runs in debt every day more and more, and takes little care how
to come out of it. He counted to me how my Lord pays use now for above
L9000, which is a sad thing, especially considering the probability of his
going to sea, in great danger of his life, and his children, many of them,
to provide for. Thence, the young ladies going out to visit, I took my
wife by coach out through the city, discoursing how to spend the
afternoon; and conquered, with much ado, a desire of going to a play; but
took her out at White Chapel, and to Bednal Green; so to Hackney, where I
have not been many a year, since a little child I boarded there. Thence to
Kingsland, by my nurses house, Goody Lawrence, where my brother Tom and I
was kept when young. Then to Newington Green, and saw the outside of Mrs.
Herberts house, where she lived, and my Aunt Ellen with her; but, Lord!
how in every point I find myself to over-value things when a child. Thence
to Islington, and so to St. Johns to the Red Bull, and there: saw the
latter part of a rude prize fought, but with good pleasure enough; and
thence back to Islington, and at the Kings Head, where Pitts lived, we
light and eat and drunk for remembrance of the old house sake, and so
through Kingsland again, and so to Bishopsgate, and so home with great
pleasure. The country mighty pleasant, and we with great content home, and
after supper to bed, only a little troubled at the young ladies leaving my
wife so to-day, and from some passages fearing my Lady might be offended.
But I hope the best.

26th. Up, and to my Lord Sandwichs, and coming a little too early, I went
and saw W. Joyce, and by and by comes in Anthony, they both owning a great
deal of kindness received from me in their late business, and indeed I did
what I could, and yet less I could not do. It has cost the poor man above
L40; besides, he is likely to lose his debt. Thence to my Lords, and by
and by he comes down, and with him (Creed with us) I rode in his coach to
St. Jamess, talking about W. Joyces business mighty merry, and my Lady
Peters, he says, is a drunken jade, he himself having seen her drunk in
the lobby of their House. I went up with him to the Duke, where methought
the Duke did not shew him any so great fondness as he was wont; and
methought my Lord was not pleased that I should see the Duke made no more
of him, not that I know any thing of any unkindnesse, but I think verily
he is not as he was with him in his esteem. By and by the Duke went out
and we with him through the Parke, and there I left him going into White
Hall, and Creed and I walked round the Parke, a pleasant walk, observing
the birds, which is very pleasant; and so walked to the New Exchange, and
there had a most delicate dish of curds and creame, and discourse with the
good woman of the house, a discreet well-bred woman, and a place with
great delight I shall make it now and then to go thither. Thence up, and
after a turn or two in the Change, home to the Old Exchange by coach,
where great newes and true, I saw by written letters, of strange fires
seen at Amsterdam in the ayre, and not only there, but in other places
thereabout. The talke of a Dutch warr is not so hot, but yet I fear it
will come to it at last. So home and to the office, where we sat late. My
wife gone this afternoon to the buriall of my she-cozen Scott, a good
woman; and it is a sad consideration how the Pepyss decay, and nobody
almost that I know in a present way of encreasing them. At night late at
my office, and so home to my wife to supper and to bed.

27th. Up, and all the morning very busy with multitude of clients, till my
head began to be overloaded. Towards noon I took coach and to the
Parliament house door, and there staid the rising of the House, and with
Sir G. Carteret and Mr. Coventry discoursed of some tarr that I have been
endeavouring to buy, for the market begins apace to rise upon us, and I
would be glad first to serve the King well, and next if I could I find
myself now begin to cast how to get a penny myself. Home by coach with
Alderman Backewell in his coach, whose opinion is that the Dutch will not
give over the business without putting us to some trouble to set out a
fleete; and then, if they see we go on well, will seek to salve up the
matter. Upon the Change busy. Thence home to dinner, and thence to the
office till my head was ready to burst with business, and so with my wife
by coach, I sent her to my Lady Sandwich and myself to my cozen Roger
Pepyss chamber, and there he did advise me about our Exchequer business,
and also about my brother John, he is put by my father upon interceding
for him, but I will not yet seem the least to pardon him nor can I in my
heart. However, he and I did talk how to get him a mandamus for a
fellowship, which I will endeavour. Thence to my Ladys, and in my way met
Mr. Sanchy, of Cambridge, whom I have not met a great while. He seems a
simple fellow, and tells me their master, Dr. Rainbow, is newly made
Bishop of Carlisle. To my Ladys, and she not being well did not see her,
but straight home with my wife, and late to my office, concluding in the
business of Woods masts, which I have now done and I believe taken more
pains in it than ever any Principall officer in this world ever did in any
thing to no profit to this day. So, weary, sleepy, and hungry, home and to
bed. This day the Houses attended the King, and delivered their votes to
him: upon the business of the Dutch; and he thanks them, and promises an
answer in writing.

28th. Up and close at my office all the morning. To the Change busy at
noon, and so home to dinner, and then in the afternoon at the office till
night, and so late home quite tired with business, and without joy in
myself otherwise than that I am by Gods grace enabled to go through it
and one day, hope to have benefit by it. So home to supper and to bed.

29th. Up betimes, and with Sir W. Rider and Cutler to White Hall. Rider
and I to St. Jamess, and there with Mr. Coventry did proceed strictly
upon some fooleries of Mr. Povys in my Lord Peterboroughs accounts,
which will touch him home, and I am glad of it, for he is the most
troublesome impertinent man that ever I met with. Thence to the Change,
and there, after some business, home to dinner, where Luellin and Mount
came to me and dined, and after dinner my wife and I by coach to see my
Lady Sandwich, where we find all the children and my Lord removed, and the
house so melancholy that I thought my Lady had been dead, knowing that she
was not well; but it seems she hath the meazles, and I fear the small pox,
poor lady. It grieves me mightily; for it will be a sad houre to the
family should she miscarry. Thence straight home and to the office, and in
the evening comes Mr. Hill the merchant and another with him that sings
well, and we sung some things, and good musique it seemed to me, only my
mind too full of business to have much pleasure in it. But I will have
more of it. They gone, and I having paid Mr. Moxon for the work he has
done for the office upon the Kings globes, I to my office, where very
late busy upon Captain Taylers bills for his masts, which I think will
never off my hand. Home to supper and to bed.

30th. Up and all the morning at the office. At noon to the Change, where,
after business done, Sir W. Rider and Cutler took me to the Old James and
there did give me a good dish of mackerell, the first I have seen this
year, very good, and good discourse. After dinner we fell to business
about their contract for tarr, in which and in another business of Sir W.
Riders, canvas, wherein I got him to contract with me, I held them to
some terms against their wills, to the Kings advantage, which I believe
they will take notice of to my credit. Thence home, and by water by a
gally down to Woolwich, and there a good while with Mr. Pett upon the new
ship discoursing and learning of him. Thence with Mr. Deane to see Mr.
Falconer, and there find him in a way to be well. So to the water (after
much discourse with great content with Mr. Deane) and home late, and so to
the office, wrote to, my father among other things my continued
displeasure against my brother John, so that I will give him nothing more
out of my own purse, which will trouble the poor man, but however it is
fit that I should take notice of my brothers ill carriage to me. Then
home and till 12 at night about my months accounts, wherein I have just
kept within compass, this having been a spending month. So my people being
all abed I put myself to bed very sleepy. All the newes now is what will
become of the Dutch business, whether warr or peace. We all seem to desire
it, as thinking ourselves to have advantages at present over them; for my
part I dread it. The Parliament promises to assist the King with lives and
fortunes, and he receives it with thanks and promises to demand
satisfaction of the Dutch. My poor Lady Sandwich is fallen sick three days
since of the meazles. My Lord Digbys business is hushed up, and nothing
made of it; he is gone, and the discourse quite ended. Never more quiet in
my family all the days of my life than now, there being only my wife and I
and Besse and the little girl Susan, the best wenches to our content that
we can ever expect.