Samuel Pepys diary February 1664

FEBRUARY 1663-1664

February 1st. Up (my maids rising early this morning to washing), and
being ready I found Mr. Strutt the purser below with 12 bottles of sacke,
and tells me (which from Sir W. Batten I had heard before) how young Jack
Davis has railed against Sir W. Batten for his endeavouring to turn him
out of his place, at which for the fellows sake, because it will likely
prove his ruin, I am sorry, though I do believe he is a very arch rogue. I
took Strutt by coach with me to White Hall, where I set him down, and I to
my Lords, but found him gone out betimes to the Wardrobe, which I am glad
to see that he so attends his business, though it troubles me that my
counsel to my prejudice must be the cause of it. They tell me that he goes
into the country next week, and that the young ladies come up this week
before the old lady. Here I hear how two men last night, justling for the
wall about the New Exchange, did kill one another, each thrusting the
other through; one of them of the Kings Chappell, one Cave, and the other
a retayner of my Lord Generall Middletons. Thence to White Hall; where,
in the Dukes chamber, the King came and stayed an hour or two laughing at
Sir W. Petty, who was there about his boat; and at Gresham College in
general; at which poor Petty was, I perceive, at some loss; but did argue
discreetly, and bear the unreasonable follies of the Kings objections and
other bystanders with great discretion; and offered to take oddes against
the Kings best boates; but the King would not lay, but cried him down
with words only. Gresham College he mightily laughed at, for spending time
only in weighing of ayre, and doing nothing else since they sat. Thence to
Westminster Hall, and there met with diverse people, it being terme time.
Among others I spoke with Mrs. Lane, of whom I doubted to hear something
of the effects of our last meeting about a fortnight or three weeks ago,
but to my content did not. Here I met with Mr. Pierce, who tells me of
several passages at Court, among others how the King, coming the other day
to his Theatre to see The Indian Queene (which he commends for a very
fine thing), my Lady Castlemaine was in the next box before he came; and
leaning over other ladies awhile to whisper to the King, she rose out of
the box and went into the Kings, and set herself on the Kings right
hand, between the King and the Duke of York; which, he swears, put the
King himself, as well as every body else, out of countenance; and believes
that she did it only to show the world that she is not out of favour yet,
as was believed. Thence with Alderman Maynell by his coach to the Change,
and there with several people busy, and so home to dinner, and took my
wife out immediately to the Kings Theatre, it being a new month, and once
a month I may go, and there saw The Indian Queene acted; which indeed is
a most pleasant show, and beyond my expectation; the play good, but
spoiled with the ryme, which breaks the sense. But above my expectation
most, the eldest Marshall did do her part most excellently well as I ever
heard woman in my life; but her voice not so sweet as Ianthes; but,
however, we came home mightily contented. Here we met Mr. Pickering and
his mistress, Mrs. Doll Wilde; he tells me that the business runs high
between the Chancellor and my Lord Bristoll against the Parliament; and
that my Lord Lauderdale and Cooper open high against the Chancellor; which
I am sorry for. In my way home I light and to the Coffee-house, where I
heard Lt. Coll. Baron tell very good stories of his travels over the high
hills in Asia above the clouds, how clear the heaven is above them, how
thicke like a mist the way is through the cloud that wets like a sponge
ones clothes, the ground above the clouds all dry and parched, nothing in
the world growing, it being only a dry earth, yet not so hot above as
below the clouds. The stars at night most delicate bright and a fine clear
blue sky, but cannot see the earth at any time through the clouds, but the
clouds look like a world below you. Thence home and to supper, being
hungry, and so to the office, did business, specially about Creed, for
whom I am now pretty well fitted, and so home to bed. This day in
Westminster Hall W. Bowyer told me that his father is dead lately, and
died by being drowned in the river, coming over in the night; but he says
he had not been drinking. He was taken with his stick in his hand and
cloake over his shoulder, as ruddy as before he died. His horse was taken
overnight in the water, hampered in the bridle, but they were so silly as
not to look for his master till the next morning, that he was found

2nd. Up and to the office, where, though Candlemas day, Mr. Coventry and
Sir W. Pen and I all the morning, the others being at a survey at
Deptford. At noon by coach to the Change with Mr. Coventry, thence to the
Coffee-house with Captain Coeke, who discoursed well of the good effects
in some kind of a Dutch warr and conquest (which I did not consider
before, but the contrary) that is, that the trade of the world is too
little for us two, therefore one must down: 2ndly, that though our
merchants will not be the better husbands by all this, yet our wool will
bear a better price by vaunting of our cloths, and by that our tenants
will be better able to pay rents, and our lands will be more worth, and
all our owne manufactures, which now the Dutch outvie us in; that he
thinks the Dutch are not in so good a condition as heretofore because of
want of men always, and now from the warrs against the Turke more than
ever. Then to the Change again, and thence off to the Sun Taverne with
Sir W. Warren, and with him discoursed long, and had good advice, and
hints from him, and among other things he did give me a payre of gloves
for my wife wrapt up in paper, which I would not open, feeling it hard;
but did tell him that my wife should thank him, and so went on in
discourse. When I came home, Lord! in what pain I was to get my wife out
of the room without bidding her go, that I might see what these gloves
were; and, by and by, she being gone, it proves a payre of white gloves
for her and forty pieces in good gold, which did so cheer my heart, that I
could eat no victuals almost for dinner for joy to think how God do bless
us every day more and more, and more yet I hope he will upon the increase
of my duty and endeavours. I was at great losse what to do, whether tell
my wife of it or no, which I could hardly forbear, but yet I did and will
think of it first before I do, for fear of making her think me to be in a
better condition, or in a better way of getting money, than yet I am.
After dinner to the office, where doing infinite of business till past to
at night to the comfort of my mind, and so home with joy to supper and to
bed. This evening Mr. Hempson came and told me how Sir W, Batten his
master will not hear of continuing him in his employment as Clerk of the
Survey at Chatham, from whence of a sudden he has removed him without any
new or extraordinary cause, and I believe (as he himself do in part write,
and J. Norman do confess) for nothing but for that he was twice with me
the other day and did not wait upon him. So much he fears me and all that
have to do with me. Of this more in the Mem. Book of my office upon this
day, there I shall find it.

3rd. Up, and after a long discourse with my cozen Thomas Pepys, the
executor, I with my wife by coach to Holborn, where I light, and she to
her fathers, I to the Temple and several places, and so to the Change,
where much business, and then home to dinner alone; and so to the Mitre
Taverne by appointment (and there met by chance with W. Howe come to buy
wine for my Lord against his going down to Hinchingbroke, and I private
with him a great while discoursing of my Lords strangeness to me; but he
answers that I have no reason to think any such thing, but that my Lord is
only in general a more reserved man than he was before) to meet Sir W.
Rider and Mr. Clerke, and there after much ado made an end, giving Mr.
Custos L202 against Mr. Bland, which I endeavoured to bring down but could
not, and think it is well enough ended for Mr. Bland for all that. Thence
by coach to fetch my wife from her brothers, and found her gone home.
Called at Sir Robert Bernards about surrendering my estate in reversion
to the use of my life, which will be done, and at Roger Pepys, who was
gone to bed in pain of a boyle that he could not sit or stand. So home,
where my wife is full of sad stories of her good-natured father and
roguish brother, who is going for Holland and his wife, to be a soldier.
And so after a little at the office to bed. This night late coming in my
coach, coming up Ludgate Hill, I saw two gallants and their footmen taking
a pretty wench, which I have much eyed, lately set up shop upon the hill,
a seller of riband and gloves. They seek to drag her by some force, but
the wench went, and I believe had her turn served, but, God forgive me!
what thoughts and wishes I had of being in their place. In Covent Garden
to-night, going to fetch home my wife, I stopped at the great
Coffee-house there, where I never was before; where Dryden the poet (I
knew at Cambridge), and all the wits of the town, and Harris the player,
and Mr. Hoole of our College. And had I had time then, or could at ether
times, it will be good coming thither, for there, I perceive, is very
witty and pleasant discourse. But I could not tarry, and as it was late,
they were all ready to go away.

4th. Up and to the office, where after a while sitting, I left the board
upon pretence of serious business, and by coach to Pauls School, where I
heard some good speeches of the boys that were to be elected this year.
Thence by and by with Mr. Pullen and Barnes (a great Non-Conformist) with
several others of my old acquaintance to the Nags Head Taverne, and there
did give them a bottle of sacke, and away again and I to the School, and
up to hear the upper form examined; and there was kept by very many of the
Mercers, Clutterbucke, a Barker, Harrington, and others; and with great
respect used by them all, and had a noble dinner. Here they tell me, that
in Dr. Coletts will he says that he would have a Master found for the
School that hath good skill in Latin, and (if it could be) one that had
some knowledge of the Greeke; so little was Greeke known here at that
time. Dr. Wilkins and one Mr. Smallwood, Posers. After great pleasure
there, and specially to Mr. Crumlum, so often to tell of my being a
benefactor to the School, I to my booksellers and there spent an hour
looking over Theatrum Urbium and Flandria illustrata, with excellent cuts,
with great content. So homeward, and called at my little milliners, where
I chatted with her, her husband out of the way, and a mad merry slut she
is. So home to the office, and by and by comes my wife home from the
burial of Captain Groves wife at Wapping (she telling me a story how her
mayd Jane going into the boat did fall down and show her arse in the
boat), and alone comes my uncle Wight and Mr. Maes with the state of their
case, which he told me very discreetly, and I believe is a very hard one,
and so after drinking a bottle of ale or two they gone, and I a little
more to the office, and so home to prayers and to bed. This evening I made
an end of my letter to Creed about his pieces of eight, and sent it away
to him. I pray God give good end to it to bring me some money, and that
duly as from him.

5th. Up, and down by water, a brave morning, to Woolwich, and there spent
an houre or two to good purpose, and so walked to Greenwich and thence to
Deptford, where I found (with Sir W. Batten upon a survey) Sir J. Minnes,
Sir W. Pen, and my Lady Batten come down and going to dinner. I dined with
them, and so after dinner by water home, all the way going and coming
reading Faber Fortunae, which I can never read too often. At home a
while with my wife, and so to my office, where till 8 oclock, and then
home to look over some Brampton papers, and my uncles accounts as
Generall-Receiver of the County for 1647 of our monthly assessment, which,
contrary to my expectation, I found in such good order and so, thoroughly
that I did not expect, nor could have thought, and that being done, having
seen discharges for every farthing of money he received, I went to bed
late with great quiett.

6th. Up, and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and so at noon
to the Change, where I met Mr. Coventry, the first time I ever saw him
there, and after a little talke with him and other merchants, I up and
down about several businesses, and so home, whither came one Father
Fogourdy, an Irish priest, of my wifes and her mothers acquaintance in
France, a sober, discreet person, but one that I would not have converse
with my wife for fear of meddling with her religion, but I like the man
well. Thence with my wife abroad, and left her at Toms, while I abroad
about several businesses and so back to her, myself being vexed to find at
my first coming Tom abroad, and all his books, papers, and bills loose
upon the open table in the parlour, and he abroad, which I ranted at him
for when he came in. Then by coach home, calling at my cozen Scotts, who
(she) lies dying, they say, upon a miscarriage. My wife could not be
admitted to see her, nor anybody. At home to the office late writing
letters, and then home to supper and to bed. Father Fogourdy confirms to
me the newes that for certain there is peace between the Pope and King of

7th (Lords day). Up and to church, and thence home, my wife being ill …
kept her bed all day, and I up and dined by her bedside, and then all the
afternoon till late at night writing some letters of business to my father
stating of matters to him in general of great import, and other letters to
ease my mind in the week days that I have not time to think of, and so up
to my wife, and with great mirth read Sir W. Davenants two speeches in
dispraise of London and Paris, by way of reproach one to another, and so
to prayers and to bed.

8th. Up, and by coach called upon Mr. Phillips, and after a little talk
with him away to my Lord Sandwichs, but he being gone abroad, I staid a
little and talked with Mr. Howe, and so to Westminster in term time, and
there met Mr. Pierce, who told me largely how the King still do doat upon
his women, even beyond all shame; and that the good Queen will of herself
stop before she goes sometimes into her dressing-room, till she knows
whether the King be there, for fear he should be, as she hath sometimes
taken him, with Mrs. Stewart; and that some of the best parts of the
Queens joynture are, contrary to faith, and against the opinion of my
Lord Treasurer and his Council, bestowed or rented, I know not how, to my
Lord Fitz-Harding and Mrs. Stewart, and others of that crew that the King
do doat infinitely upon the Duke of Monmouth, apparently as one that he
intends to have succeed him. God knows what will be the end of it! After
he was gone I went and talked with Mrs. Lane about persuading her to
Hawly, and think she will come on, which I wish were done, and so to Mr.
Howlett and his wife, and talked about the same, and they are mightily for
it, and I bid them promote it, for I think it will be for both their goods
and my content. But I was much pleased to look upon their pretty daughter,
which is grown a pretty mayd, and will make a fine modest woman. Thence to
the Change by coach, and after some business done, home to dinner, and
thence to Guildhall, thinking to have heard some pleading, but there were
no Courts, and so to Cades, the stationer, and there did look upon some
pictures which he promised to give me the buying of, but I found he would
have played the Jacke with me, but at last he did proffer me what I
expected, and I have laid aside L10 or L12 worth, and will think of it,
but I am loth to lay out so much money upon them. So home a little vexed
in my mind to think how to-day I was forced to compliment W. Howe and
admit myself to an equality with Mr. Moore, which is come to challenge in
his discourse with me, but I will admit it no more, but let me stand or
fall, I will show myself as strange to them as my Lord do himself to me.
After at the office till 9 oclock, I home in fear of some pain by taking
cold, and so to supper and to bed.

9th. Up and to the office, where sat all the morning. At noon by coach
with Mr. Coventry to the Change, where busy with several people. Great
talke of the Dutch proclaiming themselves in India, Lords of the Southern
Seas, and deny traffick there to all ships but their owne, upon pain of
confiscation; which makes our merchants mad. Great doubt of two ships of
ours, the Greyhound and another, very rich, coming from the Streights,
for fear of the Turkes. Matters are made up between the Pope and the King
of France; so that now all the doubt is, what the French will do with
their armies. Thence home, and there found Captain Grove in mourning for
his wife, and Hawly, and they dined with me. After dinner, and Grove gone,
Hawly and I talked of his mistress, Mrs. Lane, and I seriously advising
him and inquiring his condition, and do believe that I shall bring them
together. By and by comes Mr. Moore, with whom much good discourse of my
Lord, and among other things told me that my Lord is mightily altered,
that is, grown very high and stately, and do not admit of any to come into
his chamber to him, as heretofore, and that I must not think much of his
strangeness to me, for it was the same he do to every body, and that he
would not have me be solicitous in the matter, but keep off and give him
now and then a visit and no more, for he says he himself do not go to him
now a days but when he sends for him, nor then do not stay for him if he
be not there at the hour appointed, for, says he, I do find that I can
stand upon my own legs and I will not by any over submission make myself
cheap to any body and contemptible, which was the doctrine of the world
that I lacked most, and shall follow it. I discoursed with him about my
money that my Lord hath, and the L1000 that I stand bound with him in, to
my cozen Thomas Pepys, in both which I will get myself at liberty as soon
as I can; for I do not like his being angry and in debt both together to
me; and besides, I do not perceive he looks after paying his debts, but
runs farther and farther in. He being gone, my wife and I did walk an
houre or two above in our chamber, seriously talking of businesses. I told
her my Lord owed me L700, and shewed her the bond, and how I intended to
carry myself to my Lord. She and I did cast about how to get Captain Grove
for my sister, in which we are mighty earnest at present, and I think it
would be a good match, and will endeavour it. So to my office a while,
then home to supper and to bed.

10th. Up, and by coach to my Lord Sandwich, to his new house, a fine
house, but deadly dear, in Lincolns Inne Fields, where I found and spoke
a little to him. He is high and strange still, but did ask me how my wife
did, and at parting remembered him to his cozen, which I thought was
pretty well, being willing to flatter myself that in time he will be well
again. Thence home straight and busy all the forenoon, and at noon with
Mr. Bland to Mr. Povys, but he being at dinner and full of company we
retreated and went into Fleet Street to a friend of his, and after a long
stay, he telling me the long and most perplexed story of Coronell and
Bushells business of sugars, wherein Parke and Green and Mr. Bland and 40
more have been so concerned about the King of Portugals duties, wherein
every party has laboured to cheat another, a most pleasant and profitable
story to hear, and in the close made me understand Mr. Maes business
better than I did before. By and by dinner came, and after dinner and good
discourse that and such as I was willing for improvement sake to hear, I
went away too to White Hall to a Committee of Tangier, where I took
occasion to demand of Creed whether he had received my letter, and he told
me yes, and that he would answer it, which makes me much wonder what he
means to do with me, but I will be even with him before I have done, let
him make as light of it as he will. Thence to the Temple, where my cozen
Roger Pepys did show me a letter my Father wrote to him last Terme to shew
me, proposing such things about Sturtlow and a portion for Pall, and I
know not what, that vexes me to see him plotting how to put me to trouble
and charge, and not thinking to pay our debts and legacys, but I will
write him a letter will persuade him to be wiser. So home, and finding my
wife abroad (after her coming home from being with my aunt Wight to-day to
buy Lent provisions) gone with Will to my brothers, I followed them by
coach, but found them not, for they were newly gone home from thence,
which troubled me. I to Sir Robert Bernards chamber, and there did
surrender my reversion in Brampton lands to the use of my will, which I
was glad to have done, my will being now good in all parts. Thence
homewards, calling a little at the Coffee-house, where a little merry
discourse, and so home, where I found my wife, who says she went to her
fathers to be satisfied about her brother, who I found at my house with
her. He is going this next tide with his wife into Holland to seek his
fortune. He had taken his leave of us this morning. I did give my wife
10s. to give him, and a coat that I had by me, a close-bodied
light-coloured cloth coat, with a gold edgeing in each seam, that was the
lace of my wifes best pettycoat that she had when I married her. I staid
not there, but to my office, where Stanes the glazier was with me till to
at night making up his contract, and, poor man, I made him almost mad
through a mistake of mine, but did afterwards reconcile all, for I would
not have the man that labours to serve the King so cheap above others
suffer too much. He gone I did a little business more, and so home to
supper and to bed, being now pretty well again, the weather being warm. My
pain do leave me without coming to any great excesse, but my cold that I
had got I suppose was not very great, it being only the leaving of my
wastecoat unbuttoned one morning.

11th. Up, after much pleasant discourse with my wife, and to the office,
where we sat all the morning, and did much business, and some much to my
content by prevailing against Sir W. Batten for the Kings profit. At noon
home to dinner, my wife and I hand to fist to a very fine pig. This noon
Mr. Falconer came and visited my wife, and brought her a present, a silver
state-cup and cover, value about L3 or L4, for the courtesy I did him the
other day. He did not stay dinner with me. I am almost sorry for this
present, because I would have reserved him for a place to go in summer
a-visiting at Woolwich with my wife.

12th. Up, and ready, did find below Mr. Creeds boy with a letter from his
master for me. So I fell to reading it, and it is by way of stating the
case between S. Pepys and J. Creed most excellently writ, both showing his
stoutness and yet willingness to peace, reproaching me yet flattering me
again, and in a word in as good a manner as I think the world could have
wrote, and indeed put me to a greater stand than ever I thought I could
have been in this matter. All the morning thinking how to behave myself in
the business, and at noon to the Coffee-house; thence by his appointment
met him upon the Change, and with him back to the Coffee-house, where
with great seriousness and strangeness on both sides he said his part and
I mine, he sometimes owning my favour and assistance, yet endeavouring to
lessen it, as that the success of his business was not wholly or very much
to be imputed to that assistance: I to alledge the contrary, and plainly
to tell him that from the beginning I never had it in my mind to do him
all that kindnesse for nothing, but he gaining 5 or L600, I did expect a
share of it, at least a real and not a complimentary acknowledgment of it.
In fine I said nothing all the while that I need fear he can do me more
hurt with them than before I spoke them. The most I told him was after we
were come to a peace, which he asked me whether he should answer the
Boards letter or no. I told him he might forbear it a while and no more.
Then he asked how the letter could be signed by them without their much
enquiry. I told him it was as I worded it and nothing at all else of any
moment, whether my words be ever hereafter spoken of again or no. So that
I have the same neither better nor worse force over him that I had before,
if he should not do his part. And the peace between us was this: Says he
after all, well, says he, I know you will expect, since there must be some
condescension, that it do become me to begin it, and therefore, says he, I
do propose (just like the interstice between the death of the old and the
coming in of the present king, all the time is swallowed up as if it had
never been) so our breach of friendship may be as if it had never been,
that I should lay aside all misapprehensions of him or his first letter,
and that he would reckon himself obliged to show the same ingenuous
acknowledgment of my love and service to him as at the beginning he ought
to have done, before by my first letter I did (as he well observed) put
him out of a capacity of doing it, without seeming to do it servilely, and
so it rests, and I shall expect how he will deal with me. After that I
began to be free, and both of us to discourse of other things, and he went
home with me and dined with me and my wife and very pleasant, having a
good dinner and the opening of my lampry (cutting a notch on one side),
which proved very good. After dinner he and I to Deptford, walking all the
way, where we met Sir W. Petty and I took him back, and I got him to go
with me to his vessel and discourse it over to me, which he did very well,
and then walked back together to the waterside at Redriffe, with good
discourse all the way. So Creed and I by boat to my house, and thence to
coach with my wife and called at Alderman Backewells and there changed
Mr. Falconers state-cup, that he did give us the other day, for a fair
tankard. The cup weighed with the fashion L5 16s., and another little cup
that Joyce Norton did give us 17s., both L6 13s.; for which we had the
tankard, which came to L6 10s., at 5s. 7d. per oz., and 3s. in money, and
with great content away thence to my brothers, Creed going away there,
and my brother bringing me the old silk standard that I lodged there long
ago, and then back again home, and thence, hearing that my uncle Wight had
been at my house, I went to him to the Miter, and there with him and Maes,
Norbury, and Mr. Rawlinson till late eating some pot venison (where the
Crowne earthen pot pleased me mightily), and then homewards and met Mr.
Barrow, so back with him to the Miter and sat talking about his business
of his discontent in the yard, wherein sometimes he was very foolish and
pettish, till 12 at night, and so went away, and I home and up to my wife
a-bed, with my mind ill at ease whether I should think that I had by this
made myself a bad end by missing the certainty of L100 which I proposed to
myself so much, or a good one by easing myself of the uncertain good
effect but the certain trouble and reflection which must have fallen on me
if we had proceeded to a public dispute, ended besides embarking myself
against my Lord, who (which I had forgot) had given him his hand for the
value of the pieces of eight at his rates which were all false, which by
the way I shall take heed to the giving of my Lord notice of it hereafter
whenever he goes out again.

13th. Up, and after I had told my wife in the morning in bed the passages
yesterday with Creed my head and heart was mightily lighter than they were
before, and so up and to the office, and thence, after sitting, at 11
oclock with Mr. Coventry to the African House, and there with Sir W.
Ryder by agreement we looked over part of my Lord Peterboroughs accounts,
these being by Creed and Vernaty. Anon down to dinner to a table which Mr.
Coventry keeps here, out of his L300 per annum as one of the Assistants to
the Royall Company, a very pretty dinner, and good company, and excellent
discourse, and so up again to our work for an hour till the Company came
to having a meeting of their own, and so we broke up and Creed and I took
coach and to Reeves, the perspective glass maker, and there did indeed see
very excellent microscopes, which did discover a louse or mite or sand
most perfectly and largely. Being sated with that we went away (yet with a
good will were it not for my obligation to have bought one) and walked to
the New Exchange, and after a turn or two and talked I took coach and
home, and so to my office, after I had been with my wife and saw her days
work in ripping the silke standard, which we brought home last night, and
it will serve to line a bed, or for twenty uses, to our great content. And
there wrote fair my angry letter to my father upon that that he wrote to
my cozen Roger Pepys, which I hope will make him the more carefull to
trust to my advice for the time to come without so many needless
complaints and jealousys, which are troublesome to me because without

14th (Lords day). Up and to church alone, where a lazy sermon of Mr.
Mills, upon a text to introduce catechizing in his parish, which I
perceive he intends to begin. So home and very pleasant with my wife at
dinner. All the afternoon at my office alone doing business, and then in
the evening after a walk with my wife in the garden, she and I to my uncle
Wights to supper, where Mr. Norbury, but my uncle out of tune, and after
supper he seemed displeased mightily at my aunts desiring [to] put off a
copper kettle, which it seems with great study he had provided to boil
meat in, and now she is put in the head that it is not wholesome, which
vexed him, but we were very merry about it, and by and by home, and after
prayers to bed.

15th. Up, and carrying my wife to my Lords lodgings left her, and I to
White Hall, to the Duke; where he first put on a periwigg to-day; but
methought his hair cut short in order thereto did look very prettily of
itself, before he put on his periwigg.

     [Charles II. followed his brother in the use of the periwig in the
     following April.]

Thence to his closet and there did our business, and thence Mr. Coventry
and I down to his chamber and spent a little time, and so parted, and I
took my wife homeward, I stopping at the Coffee-house, and thence a while
to the Change, where great newes of the arrivall of two rich ships, the
Greyhound and another, which they were mightily afeard of, and great
insurance given, and so home to dinner, and after an houre with my wife at
her globes, I to the office, where very busy till 11 at night, and so home
to supper and to bed. This afternoon Sir Thomas Chamberlin came to the
office to me, and showed me several letters from the East Indys, showing
the height that the Dutch are come to there, showing scorn to all the
English, even in our only Factory there of Surat, beating several men, and
hanging the English Standard St. George under the Dutch flagg in scorn;
saying, that whatever their masters do or say at home, they will do what
they list, and will be masters of all the world there; and have so
proclaimed themselves Soveraigne of all the South Seas; which certainly
our King cannot endure, if the Parliament will give him money. But I doubt
and yet do hope they will not yet, till we are more ready for it.

16th. Up and to the office, where very busy all the morning, and most with
Mr. Wood, I vexing him about his masts. At noon to the Change a little
and thence brought Mr. Barrow to dinner with me, where I had a haunch of
venison roasted, given me yesterday, and so had a pretty dinner, full of
discourse of his business, wherein the poor man is mightily troubled, and
I pity him in it, but hope to get him some ease. He being gone I to the
office, where very busy till night, that my uncle Wight and Mr. Maes came
to me, and after discourse about Maes business to supper very merry, but
my mind upon my business, and so they being gone I to my Vyall a little,
which I have not done some months, I think, before, and then a little to
my office, at 11 at night, and so home and to bed.

17th. Up, and with my wife, setting her down by her fathers in Long Acre,
in so ill looked a place, among all the whore houses, that I was troubled
at it, to see her go thither. Thence I to White Hall and there walked up
and down talking with Mr. Pierce, who tells me of the Kings giving of my
Lord Fitz-Harding two leases which belong indeed to the Queene, worth
L20,000 to him; and how people do talk of it, and other things of that
nature which I am sorry to hear. He and I walked round the Park with great
pleasure, and back again, and finding no time to speak with my Lord of
Albemarle, I walked to the Change and there met my wife at our pretty
Dolls, and so took her home, and Creed also whom I met there, and sent
her hose, while Creed and I staid on the Change, and by and by home and
dined, where I found an excellent mastiffe, his name Towser, sent me by a
chyrurgeon. After dinner I took my wife again by coach (leaving Creed by
the way going to Gresham College, of which he is now become one of the
virtuosos) and to White Hall, where I delivered a paper about Tangier to
my Lord Duke of Albemarle in the council chamber, and so to Mrs. Hunts to
call my wife, and so by coach straight home, and at my office till 3
oclock in the morning, having spent much time this evening in discourse
with Mr. Cutler, who tells me how the Dutch deal with us abroad and do not
value us any where, and how he and Sir W. Rider have found reason to lay
aside Captain Cocke in their company, he having played some indiscreet and
unfair tricks with them, and has lost himself every where by his imposing
upon all the world with the conceit he has of his own wit, and so has, he
tells me, Sir R. Ford also, both of whom are very witty men. He being gone
Sir W. Rider came and staid with me till about 12 at night, having found
ourselves work till that time, about understanding the measuring of Mr.
Woods masts, which though I did so well before as to be thought to deal
very hardly against Wood, yet I am ashamed I understand it no better, and
do hope yet, whatever be thought of me, to save the King some more money,
and out of an impatience to breake up with my head full of confused
confounded notions, but nothing brought to a clear comprehension, I was
resolved to sit up and did till now it is ready to strike 4 oclock, all
alone, cold, and my candle not enough left to light me to my owne house,
and so, with my business however brought to some good understanding, and
set it down pretty clear, I went home to bed with my mind at good quiet,
and the girl sitting up for me (the rest all a-bed). I eat and drank a
little, and to bed, weary, sleepy, cold, and my head akeing.

18th. Called up to the office and much against my will I rose, my head
aching mightily, and to the office, where I did argue to good purpose for
the King, which I have been fitting myself for the last night against Mr.
Wood about his masts, but brought it to no issue. Very full of business
till noon, and then with Mr. Coventry to the African House, and there fell
to my Lord Peterboroughs accounts, and by and by to dinner, where
excellent discourse, Sir G. Carteret and others of the African Company
with us, and then up to the accounts again, which were by and by done, and
then I straight home, my head in great pain, and drowsy, so after doing a
little business at the office I wrote to my father about sending him the
mastiff was given me yesterday. I home and by daylight to bed about 6
oclock and fell to sleep, wakened about 12 when my wife came to bed, and
then to sleep again and so till morning, and then:

19th. Up in good order in my head again and shaved myself, and then to the
office, whither Mr. Cutler came, and walked and talked with me a great
while; and then to the Change together; and it being early, did tell me
several excellent examples of men raised upon the Change by their great
diligence and saving; as also his owne fortune, and how credit grew upon
him; that when he was not really worth L1100, he had credit for L100,000
of Sir W. Rider how he rose; and others. By and by joyned with us Sir John
Bankes; who told us several passages of the East India Company; and how in
his very case, when there was due to him and Alderman Mico L64,000 from
the Dutch for injury done to them in the East Indys, Oliver presently
after the peace, they delaying to pay them the money, sent them word, that
if they did not pay them by such a day, he would grant letters of mark to
those merchants against them; by which they were so fearful of him, they
did presently pay the money every farthing. By and by, the Change
filling, I did many businesses, and about 2 oclock went off with my uncle
Wight to his house, thence by appointment we took our wives (they by coach
with Mr. Mawes) and we on foot to Mr. Jaggard, a salter, in Thames Street,
for whom I did a courtesy among the poor victuallers, his wife, whom long
ago I had seen, being daughter to old Day, my uncle Wights master, is a
very plain woman, but pretty children they have. They live methought at
first in but a plain way, but afterward I saw their dinner, all fish,
brought in very neatly, but the company being but bad I had no great
pleasure in it. After dinner I to the office, where we should have met
upon business extraordinary, but business not coming we broke up, and I
thither again and took my wife; and taking a coach, went to visit my Ladys
Jemimah and Paulina Montagu, and Mrs. Elizabeth Dickering, whom we find at
their fathers new house

     [The Earl of Sandwich had just moved to a house in Lincolns Inn
     Fields.  Elizabeth Dickering, who afterwards married John Creed, was
     niece to Lord Sandwich.]

in Lincolnes Inn Fields; but the house all in dirt. They received us well
enough; but I did not endeavour to carry myself over familiarly with them;
and so after a little stay, there coming in presently after us my Lady
Aberguenny and other ladies, we back again by coach, and visited, my wife
did, my she cozen Scott, who is very ill still, and thence to Jaggards
again, where a very good supper and great store of plate; and above all
after supper Mrs. Jaggard did at my entreaty play on the Vyall, but so
well as I did not think any woman in England could and but few Maisters, I
must confess it did mightily surprise me, though I knew heretofore that
she could play, but little thought so well. After her I set Maes to
singing, but he did it so like a coxcomb that I was sick of him. About 11
at night I carried my aunt home by coach, and then home myself, having set
my wife down at home by the way. My aunt tells me they are counted very
rich people, worth at least 10 or L12,000, and their country house all the
yeare long and all things liveable, which mightily surprises me to think
for how poore a man I took him when I did him the courtesy at our office.
So after prayers to bed, pleased at nothing all the day but Mrs. Jaggard
playing on the Vyall, and that was enough to make me bear with all the
rest that did not content me.

20th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and at noon to
the Change with Mr. Coventry and thence home to dinner, after dinner by a
gaily down to Woolwich, where with Mr. Falconer, and then at the other
yard doing some business to my content, and so walked to Greenwich, it
being a very fine evening and brought right home with me by water, and so
to my office, where late doing business, and then home to supper and to

21st. (Lords day). Up, and having many businesses at the office to-day I
spent all the morning there drawing up a letter to Mr. Coventry about
preserving of masts, being collections of my own, and at noon home to
dinner, whither my brother Tom comes, and after dinner I took him up and
read my letter lately of discontent to my father, and he is seemingly
pleased at it, and cries out of my sisters ill nature and lazy life
there. He being gone I to my office again, and there made an end of my
mornings work, and then, after reading my vows of course, home and back
again with Mr. Maes and walked with him talking of his business in the
garden, and he being gone my wife and I walked a turn or two also, and
then my uncle Wight fetching of us, she and I to his house to supper, and
by the way calling on Sir G. Carteret to desire his consent to my bringing
Maes to him, which he agreed to. So I to my uncles, but staid a great
while vexed both of us for Maes not coming in, and soon he came, and I
with him from supper to Sir G. Carteret, and there did largely discourse
of the business, and I believe he may expect as much favour as he can do
him, though I fear that will not be much. So back, and after sitting there
a good while, we home, and going my wife told me how my uncle when he had
her alone did tell her that he did love her as well as ever he did, though
he did not find it convenient to show it publicly for reasons on both
sides, seeming to mean as well to prevent my jealousy as his wifes, but I
am apt to think that he do mean us well, and to give us something if he
should die without children. So home to prayers and to bed. My wife called
up the people to washing by four oclock in the morning; and our little
girl Susan is a most admirable Slut and pleases us mightily, doing more
service than both the others and deserves wages better.

22nd. Up and shaved myself, and then my wife and I by coach out, and I set
her down by her fathers, being vexed in my mind and angry with her for
the ill-favoured place, among or near the whore houses, that she is forced
to come to him. So left her there, and I to Sir Th. Warwicks but did not
speak with him. Thence to take a turn in St. Jamess Park, and meeting
with Anth. Joyce walked with him a turn in the Pell Mell and so parted, he
St. Jamess ward and I out to Whitehall ward, and so to a picture-sellers
by the Half Moone in the street over against the Exchange, and there
looked over the maps of several cities and did buy two books of cities
stitched together cost me 9s. 6d., and when I came home thought of my
vowe, and paid 5s. into my poor box for it, hoping in God that I shall
forfeit no more in that kind. Thence, meeting Mr. Moore, and to the
Exchange and there found my wife at pretty Dolls, and thence by coach set
her at my uncle Wights, to go with my aunt to market once more against
Lent, and I to the Coffee-house, and thence to the Change, my chief
business being to enquire about the manner of other countries keeping of
their masts wet or dry, and got good advice about it, and so home, and
alone ate a bad, cold dinner, my people being at their washing all day,
and so to the office and all the afternoon upon my letter to Mr. Coventry
about keeping of masts, and ended it very well at night and wrote it fair
over. This evening came Mr. Alsopp the Kings brewer, with whom I spent an
houre talking and bewailing the posture of things at present; the King led
away by half-a-dozen men, that none of his serious servants and friends
can come at him. These are Lauderdale, Buckingham, Hamilton, Fitz-Harding
(to whom he hath, it seems, given L2,000 per annum in the best part of the
Kings estate); and that that the old Duke of Buckingham could never get
of the King. Progers is another, and Sir H. Bennett. He loves not the
Queen at all, but is rather sullen to her; and she, by all reports,
incapable of children. He is so fond of the Duke of Monmouth, that every
body admires it; and he says the Duke hath said, that he would be the
death of any man that says the King was not married to his mother: though
Alsopp says, it is well known that she was a common whore before the King
lay with her. But it seems, he says, that the King is mighty kind to these
his bastard children; and at this day will go at midnight to my Lady
Castlemaines nurses, and take the child and dance it in his arms: that he
is not likely to have his tables up again in his house,—[The tables
at which the king dined in public.-B.]—for the crew that are about
him will not have him come to common view again, but keep him obscurely
among themselves. He hath this night, it seems, ordered that the Hall
(which there is a ball to be in to-night before the King) be guarded, as
the Queen-Mothers is, by his Horse Guards; whereas heretofore they were
by the Lord Chamberlain or Steward, and their people. But it is feared
they will reduce all to the soldiery, and all other places taken away; and
what is worst of all, that he will alter the present militia, and bring
all to a flying army. That my Lord Lauderdale, being Middletons enemy,
and one that scorns the Chancellor even to open affronts before the King,
hath got the whole power of Scotland into his hand; whereas the other day
he was in a fair way to have had his whole estate, and honour, and life,
voted away from him. That the King hath done himself all imaginable wrong
in the business of my Lord Antrim, in Ireland; who, though he was the head
of rebels, yet he by his letter owns to have acted by his fathers and
mothers, and his commissions; but it seems the truth is, he hath obliged
himself, upon the clearing of his estate, to settle it upon a daughter of
the Queene-Mothers (by my Lord Germin, I suppose,) in marriage, be it to
whom the Queene pleases; which is a sad story. It seems a daughter of the
Duke of Lenoxs was, by force, going to be married the other day at
Somerset House, to Harry Germin; but she got away and run to the King, and
he says he will protect her. She is, it seems, very near akin to the King:
Such mad doings there are every day among them! The rape upon a woman at
Turnstile the other day, her husband being bound in his shirt, they both
being in bed together, it being night, by two Frenchmen, who did not only
lye with her but abused her with a linke, is hushed up for L300, being the
Queen Mothers servants. There was a French book in verse, the other day,
translated and presented to the Duke of Monmouth in such a high stile,
that the Duke of York, he tells me, was mightily offended at it. The Duke
of Monmouths mothers brother hath a place at Court; and being a Welchman
(I think he told me) will talk very broad of the Kings being married to
his sister. The King did the other day, at the Council, commit my Lord
Digbys chaplin, and steward, and another servant, who went upon the
process begun there against their lord, to swear that they saw him at
church, end receive the Sacrament as a Protestant, (which, the judges
said, was sufficient to prove him such in the eye of the law); the King, I
say, did commit them all to the Gate-house, notwithstanding their pleading
their dependance upon him, and the faith they owed him as their lord,
whose bread they eat. And that the King should say, that he would soon see
whether he was King, or Digby. That the Queene-Mother hath outrun herself
in her expences, and is now come to pay very ill, or run in debt; the
money being spent that she received for leases. He believes there is not
any money laid up in bank, as I told him some did hope; but he says, from
the best informers he can assure me there is no such thing, nor any body
that should look after such a thing; and that there is not now above
L80,000 of the Dunkirke money left in stock. That Oliver in the year when
he spent L1,400,000 in the Navy, did spend in the whole expence of the
kingdom L2,600,000. That all the Court are mad for a Dutch war; but both
he and I did concur, that it was a thing rather to be dreaded than hoped
for; unless by the French Kings falling upon Flanders, they and the Dutch
should be divided. That our Embassador had, it is true, an audience; but
in the most dishonourable way that could be; for the Princes of the Blood
(though invited by our Embassador, which was the greatest absurdity that
ever Embassador committed these 400 years) were not there; and so were not
said to give place to our Kings Embassador. And that our King did openly
say, the other day in the Privy Chamber, that he would not be hectored out
of his right and preeminencys by the King of France, as great as he was.
That the Pope is glad to yield to a peace with the French (as the
newes-book says), upon the basest terms that ever was. That the talke
which these people about our King, that I named before, have, is to tell
him how neither privilege of Parliament nor City is any thing; but his
will is all, and ought to be so: and their discourse, it seems, when they
are alone, is so base and sordid, that it makes the eares of the very
gentlemen of the back-stairs (I think he called them) to tingle to hear it
spoke in the Kings hearing; and that must be very bad indeed. That my
Lord Digby did send to Lisbon a couple of priests, to search out what they
could against the Chancellor concerning the match, as to the point of his
knowing before-hand that the Queene was not capable of bearing children;
and that something was given her to make her so. But as private as they
were, when they came thither they were clapped up prisoners. That my Lord
Digby endeavours what he can to bring the business into the House of
Commons, hoping there to master the Chancellor, there being many enemies
of his there; but I hope the contrary. That whereas the late King did
mortgage Clarendon to somebody for L20,000, and this to have given it to
the Duke of Albemarle, and he sold it to my Lord Chancellor, whose title
of Earldome is fetched from thence; the King hath this day sent his order
to the Privy Seale for the payment of this L20,000 to my Lord Chancellor,
to clear the mortgage! Ireland in a very distracted condition about the
hard usage which the Protestants meet with, and the too good which the
Catholiques. And from altogether, God knows my heart, I expect nothing but
ruine can follow, unless things are better ordered in a little time. He
being gone my wife came and told me how kind my uncle Wight had been to
her to-day, and that though she says that all his kindness comes from
respect to her she discovers nothing but great civility from him, yet but
what she says he otherwise will tell me, but to-day he told her plainly
that had she a child it should be his heir, and that should I or she want
he would be a good friend to us, and did give my wife instructions to
consent to all his wife says at any time, she being a pettish woman, which
argues a design I think he has of keeping us in with his wife in order to
our good sure, and he declaring her jealous of him that so he dares not
come to see my wife as otherwise he would do and will endeavour to do. It
looks strange putting all together, but yet I am in hopes he means well.
My aunt also is mighty open to my wife and tells her mighty plain how her
husband did intend to double her portion to her at his death as a
jointure. That he will give presently L100 to her niece Mary and a good
legacy at his death, and it seems did as much to the other sister, which
vexed [me] to think that he should bestow so much upon his wifes friends
daily as he do, but it cannot be helped for the time past, and I will
endeavour to remedy it for the time to come. After all this discourse with
my wife at my office alone, she home to see how the wash goes on and I to
make an end of my work, and so home to supper and to bed.

23rd. Up, it being Shrove Tuesday, and at the office sat all the morning,
at noon to the Change and there met with Sir W. Rider, and of a sudden
knowing what I had at home, brought him and Mr. Cutler and Mr. Cooke,
clerk to Mr. Secretary Morrice, a sober and pleasant man, and one that I
knew heretofore, when he was my Lord s secretary at Dunkirke. I made much
of them and had a pretty dinner for a sudden. We talked very pleasantly,
and they many good discourses of their travels abroad. After dinner they
gone, I to my office, where doing many businesses very late, but to my
good content to see how I grow in estimation every day more and more, and
have things given more oftener than I used to have formerly, as to have a
case of very pretty knives with agate shafts by Mrs. Russell. So home and
to bed. This day, by the blessing of God, I have lived thirty-one years in
the world; and, by the grace of God, I find myself not only in good health
in every thing, and particularly as to the stone, but only pain upon
taking cold, and also in a fair way of coming to a better esteem and
estate in the world, than ever I expected. But I pray God give me a heart
to fear a fall, and to prepare for it!

24th (Ash-Wednesday). Up and by water, it being a very fine morning, to
White Hall, and there to speak with Sir Ph. Warwicke, but he was gone out
to chappell, so I spent much of the morning walking in the Park, and going
to the Queenes chappell, where I staid and saw their masse, till a man
came and bid me go out or kneel down: so I did go out. And thence to
Somerset House; and there into the chappell, where Monsieur dEspagne used
to preach. But now it is made very fine, and was ten times more crouded
than the Queenes chappell at St. Jamess; which I wonder at. Thence down
to the garden of Somerset House, and up and down the new building, which
in every respect will be mighty magnificent and costly. I staid a great
while talking with a man in the garden that was sawing of a piece of
marble, and did give him 6d. to drink. He told me much of the nature and
labour of the worke, how he could not saw above 4 inches of the stone in a
day, and of a greater not above one or two, and after it is sawed, then it
is rubbed with coarse and then with finer and finer sand till they come to
putty, and so polish it as smooth as glass. Their saws have no teeth, but
it is the sand only which the saw rubs up and down that do the thing.
Thence by water to the Coffee-house, and there sat with Alderman Barker
talking of hempe and the trade, and thence to the Change a little, and so
home and dined with my wife, and then to the office till the evening, and
then walked a while merrily with my wife in the garden, and so she gone, I
to work again till late, and so home to supper and to bed.

25th. Up and to the office, where we sat, and thence with Mr. Coventry by
coach to the glasshouse and there dined, and both before and after did my
Lord Peterboroughs accounts. Thence home to the office, and there did
business till called by Creed, and with him by coach (setting my wife at
my brothers) to my Lords, and saw the young ladies, and talked a little
with them, and thence to White Hall, a while talking but doing no
business, but resolved of going to meet my Lord tomorrow, having got a
horse of Mr. Coventry to-day. So home, taking up my wife, and after doing
something at my office home, God forgive me, disturbed in my mind out of
my jealousy of my wife tomorrow when I am out of town, which is a hell to
my mind, and yet without all reason. God forgive me for it, and mend me.
So home, and getting my things ready for me, weary to bed.

26th. Up, and after dressing myself handsomely for riding, I out, and by
water to Westminster, to Mr. Creeds chamber, and after drinking some
chocolate, and playing on the vyall, Mr. Mallard being there, upon Creeds
new vyall, which proves, methinks, much worse than mine, and, looking upon
his new contrivance of a desk and shelves for books, we set out from an
inne hard by, whither Mr. Coventrys horse was carried, and round about
the bush through bad ways to Highgate. Good discourse in the way had
between us, and it being all day a most admirable pleasant day, we, upon
consultation, had stopped at the Cocke, a mile on this side Barnett, being
unwilling to put ourselves to the charge or doubtful acceptance of any
provision against my Lords coming by, and there got something and dined,
setting a boy to look towards Barnett Hill, against their coming; and
after two or three false alarms, they come, and we met the coach very
gracefully, and I had a kind receipt from both Lord and Lady as I could
wish, and some kind discourse, and then rode by the coach a good way, and
so fell to discoursing with several of the people, there being a dozen
attending the coach, and another for the mayds and parson. Among others
talking with W. Howe, he told me how my Lord in his hearing the other day
did largely tell my Lord Peterborough and Povy (who went with them down to
Hinchinbrooke) how and when he discarded Creed, and took me to him, and
that since the Duke of York has several times thanked him for me, which
did not a little please me, and anon I desiring Mr. Howe to tell me upon
[what] occasion this discourse happened, he desired me to say nothing of
it now, for he would not have my Lord to take notice of our being
together, but he would tell me another time, which put me into some
trouble to think what he meant by it. But when we came to my Lords house,
I went in; and whether it was my Lords neglect, or general indifference,
I know not, but he made me no kind of compliment there; and, methinks, the
young ladies look somewhat highly upon me. So I went away without bidding
adieu to anybody, being desirous not to be thought too servile. But I do
hope and believe that my Lord do yet value me as high as ever, though he
dare not admit me to the freedom he once did, and that my Lady is still
the same woman. So rode home and there found my uncle Wight. Tis an odd
thing as my wife tells me his caressing her and coming on purpose to give
her visits, but I do not trouble myself for him at all, but hope the best
and very good effects of it. He being gone I eat something and my wife. I
told all this days passages, and she to give me very good and rational
advice how to behave myself to my Lord and his family, by slighting every
body but my Lord and Lady, and not to seem to have the least society or
fellowship with them, which I am resolved to do, knowing that it is my
high carriage that must do me good there, and to appear in good clothes
and garbe. To the office, and being weary, early home to bed.

27th. Up, but weary, and to the office, where we sat all the morning.
Before I went to the office there came Bagwells wife to me to speak for
her husband. I liked the woman very well and stroked her under the chin,
but could not find in my heart to offer anything uncivil to her, she
being, I believe, a very modest woman. At noon with Mr. Coventry to the
African house, and to my Lord Peterboroughs business again, and then to
dinner, where, before dinner, we had the best oysters I have seen this
year, and I think as good in all respects as ever I eat in my life. I eat
a great many. Great, good company at dinner, among others Sir Martin
Noell, who told us the dispute between him, as farmer of the Additional
Duty, and the East India Company, whether callicos be linnen or no; which
he says it is, having been ever esteemed so: they say it is made of cotton
woole, and grows upon trees, not like flax or hempe. But it was carried
against the Company, though they stand out against the verdict. Thence
home and to the office, where late, and so home to supper and to bed, and
had a very pleasing and condescending answer from my poor father to-day in
answer to my angry discontentful letter to him the other day, which
pleases me mightily.

28th (Lords day). Up and walked to Pauls; and by chance it was an
extraordinary day for the Readers of the Inns of Court and all the
Students to come to church, it being an old ceremony not used these
twenty-five years, upon the first Sunday in Lent. Abundance there was of
Students, more than there was room to seat but upon forms, and the Church
mighty full. One Hawkins preached, an Oxford man. A good sermon upon these
words: But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable. Both
before and after sermon I was most impatiently troubled at the Quire, the
worst that ever I heard. But what was extraordinary, the Bishop of London,
who sat there in a pew, made a purpose for him by the pulpitt, do give the
last blessing to the congregation; which was, he being a comely old man, a
very decent thing, methought. The Lieutenant of the Tower, Sir J.
Robinson, would needs have me by coach home with him, and sending word
home to my house I did go and dine with him, his ordinary table being very
good, and his lady a very high-carriaged but comely big woman; I was
mightily pleased with her. His officers of his regiment dined with him. No
discourse at table to any purpose, only after dinner my Lady would needs
see a boy which was represented to her to be an innocent country boy
brought up to towne a day or two ago, and left here to the wide world, and
he losing his way fell into the Tower, which my Lady believes, and takes
pity on him, and will keep him; but though a little boy and but young, yet
he tells his tale so readily and answers all questions so wittily, that
for certain he is an arch rogue, and bred in this towne; but my Lady will
not believe it, but ordered victuals to be given him, and I think will
keep him as a footboy for their eldest son. After dinner to chappell in
the Tower with the Lieutenant, with the keyes carried before us, and the
Warders and Gentleman-porter going before us. And I sat with the
Lieutenant in his pew, in great state, but slept all the sermon. None, it
seems, of the prisoners in the Tower that are there now, though they may,
will come to prayers there. Church being done, I back to Sir Johns house
and there left him and home, and by and by to Sir W. Pen, and staid a
while talking with him about Sir J. Minnes his folly in his office, of
which I am sicke and weary to speak of it, and how the King is abused in
it, though Pen, I know, offers the discourse only like a rogue to get it
out of me, but I am very free to tell my mind to him, in that case being
not unwilling he should tell him again if he will or any body else. Thence
home, and walked in the garden by brave moonshine with my wife above two
hours, till past 8 oclock, then to supper, and after prayers to bed.

29th. Up and by coach with Sir W. Pen to Charing Cross, and there I
light, and to Sir Phillip Warwick to visit him and discourse with him
about navy business, which I did at large and he most largely with me, not
only about the navy but about the general Revenue of England, above two
hours, I think, many staying all the while without, but he seemed to take
pains to let me either understand the affairs of the Revenue or else to be
a witness of his pains and care in stating it. He showed me indeed many
excellent collections of the State of the Revenue in former Kings and the
late times, and the present. He showed me how the very Assessments between
1643 and 1659, which were taxes (besides Excise, Customes, Sequestrations,
Decimations, King and Queenes and Church Lands, or any thing else but
just the Assessments), come to above fifteen millions. He showed me a
discourse of his concerning the Revenues of this and foreign States. How
that of Spayne was great, but divided with his kingdoms, and so came to
little. How that of France did, and do much exceed ours before for
quantity; and that it is at the will of the Prince to tax what he will
upon his people; which is not here. That the Hollanders have the best
manner of tax, which is only upon the expence of provisions, by an excise;
and do conclude that no other tax is proper for England but a pound-rate,
or excise upon the expence of provisions. He showed me every particular
sort of payment away of money, since the Kings coming in, to this day;
and told me, from one to one, how little he hath received of profit from
most of them; and I believe him truly. That the L1,200,000 which the
Parliament with so much ado did first vote to give the King, and since
hath been reexamined by several committees of the present Parliament, is
yet above L300,000 short of making up really to the King the L1,200,000,
as by particulars he showed me.

     [A committee was appointed in September, 1660, to consider the
     subject of the Kings revenue, and they reported to the Commons that
     the average revenue of Charles I., from 1637 to 1641 inclusive, had
     been L895,819, and the average expenditure about L1,110,000.  At
     that time prices were lower and the country less burthened with navy
     and garrisons, among which latter Dunkirk alone now cost more than
     L100,000 a year.  It appeared, therefore, that the least sum to
     which the King could be expected to conform his expense was
     L1,200,000.  Burnet writes, It was believed that if two millions
     had been asked he could have carried it.  But he (Clarendon) had no
     mind to put the King out of the necessity of having recourse to his
     Parliament.—Listers Life of Clarendon, vol. ii., pp.  22, 23.]

And in my Lord Treasurers excellent letter to the King upon this subject,
he tells the King how it was the spending more than the revenue that did
give the first occasion of his fathers ruine, and did since to the
rebels; who, he says, just like Henry the Eighth, had great and sudden
increase of wealth, but yet, by overspending, both died poor; and further
tells the King how much of this L1,200,000 depends upon the life of the
Prince, and so must be renewed by Parliament again to his successor; which
is seldom done without parting with some of the prerogatives of the
Crowne; or if denied and he persists to take it of the people, it gives
occasion to a civill war, which may, as it did in the late business of
tonnage and poundage, prove fatal to the Crowne. He showed me how many
ways the Lord Treasurer did take before he moved the King to farme the
Customes in the manner he do, and the reasons that moved him to do it. He
showed the a very excellent argument to prove, that our importing lesse
than we export, do not impoverish the kingdom, according to the received
opinion: which, though it be a paradox, and that I do not remember the
argument, yet methought there was a great deale in what he said. And upon
the whole I find him a most exact and methodicall man, and of great
industry: and very glad that he thought fit to show me all this; though I
cannot easily guess the reason why he should do it to me, unless from the
plainness that he sees I use to him in telling him how much the King may
suffer for our want of understanding the case of our Treasury. Thence to
White Hall (where my Lord Sandwich was, and gave me a good countenance, I
thought), and before the Duke did our usual business, and so I about
several businesses in the house, and then out to the Mewes with Sir W.
Pen. But in my way first did meet with W. Howe, who did of himself advise
me to appear more free with my Lord and to come to him, for my own
strangeness he tells me he thinks do make my Lord the worse. At the Mewes
Sir W. Pen and Mr. Baxter did shew me several good horses, but Pen, which
Sir W. Pen did give the Duke of York, was given away by the Duke the other
day to a Frenchman, which Baxter is cruelly vexed at, saying that he was
the best horse that he expects a great while to have to do with. Thence I
to the Change, and thence to a Coffee-house with Sir W. Warren, and did
talk much about his and Woods business, and thence homewards, and in my
way did stay to look upon a fire in an Inneyard in Lumbard Streete. But,
Lord! how the mercers and merchants who had warehouses there did carry
away their cloths and silks. But at last it was quenched, and I home to
dinner, and after dinner carried my wife and set her and her two mayds in
Fleete Streete to buy things, and I to White Hall to little purpose, and
so to Westminster Hall, and there talked with Mrs. Lane and Howlett, but
the match with Hawly I perceive will not take, and so I am resolved wholly
to avoid occasion of further ill with her. Thence by water to Salsbury
Court, and found my wife, by agreement, at Mrs. Turners, and after a
little stay and chat set her and young Armiger down in Cheapside, and so
my wife and I home. Got home before our mayds, who by and by came with a
great cry and fright that they had like to have been killed by a coach;
but, Lord! to see how Jane did tell the story like a foole and a
dissembling fanatique, like her grandmother, but so like a changeling,
would make a man laugh to death almost, and yet be vexed to hear her. By
and by to the office to make up my monthly accounts, which I make up
to-night, and to my great content find myself worth eight hundred and
ninety and odd pounds, the greatest sum I ever yet knew, and so with a
heart at great case to bed.