Samuel Pepys diary January 1664

JANUARY 1663-1664

January 1st, Went to bed between 4 and 5 in the morning with my mind in
good temper of satisfaction and slept till about 8, that many people came
to speak with me. Among others one came with the best New Years gift that
ever I had, namely from Mr. Deering, with a bill of exchange drawn upon
himself for the payment of L50 to Mr. Luellin. It being for my use with a
letter of compliment. I am not resolved what or how to do in this
business, but I conclude it is an extraordinary good new years gift,
though I do not take the whole, or if I do then give some of it to
Luellin. By and by comes Captain Allen and his son Jowles and his wife,
who continues pretty still. They would have had me set my hand to a
certificate for his loyalty, and I know not what his ability for any
employment. But I did not think it fit, but did give them a pleasing
denial, and after sitting with me an hour they went away. Several others
came to me about business, and then being to dine at my uncle Wights I
went to the Coffee-house, sending my wife by Will, and there staid talking
an hour with Coll. Middleton, and others, and among other things about a
very rich widow, young and handsome, of one Sir Nicholas Golds, a
merchant, lately fallen, and of great courtiers that already look after
her: her husband not dead a week yet. She is reckoned worth L80,000.
Thence to my uncle Wights, where Dr. of——-, among others,
dined, and his wife, a seeming proud conceited woman, I know not what to
make of her, but the Drs. discourse did please me very well about the
disease of the stone, above all things extolling Turpentine, which he told
me how it may be taken in pills with great ease. There was brought to
table a hot pie made of a swan I sent them yesterday, given me by Mr.
Howe, but we did not eat any of it. But my wife and I rose from table,
pretending business, and went to the Dukes house, the first play I have
been at these six months, according to my last vowe, and here saw the so
much cried-up play of Henry the Eighth; which, though I went with
resolution to like it, is so simple a thing made up of a great many
patches, that, besides the shows and processions in it, there is nothing
in the world good or well done. Thence mightily dissatisfied back at night
to my uncle Wights, and supped with them, but against my stomach out of
the offence the sight of my aunts hands gives me, and ending supper with
a mighty laugh, the greatest I have had these many months, at my uncles
being out in his grace after meat, we rose and broke up, and my wife and I
home and to bed, being sleepy since last night.

2nd. Up and to the office, and there sitting all the morning, and at noon
to the Change, in my going met with Luellin and told him how I had
received a letter and bill for L50 from Mr. Deering, and delivered it to
him, which he told me he would receive for me. To which I consented,
though professed not to desire it if he do not consider himself
sufficiently able by the service I have done, and that it is rather my
desire to have nothing till he be further sensible of my service. From the
Change I brought him home and dined with us, and after dinner I took my
wife out, for I do find that I am not able to conquer myself as to going
to plays till I come to some new vowe concerning it, and that I am now
come, that is to say, that I will not see above one in a month at any of
the publique theatres till the sum of 50s. be spent, and then none before
New Years Day next, unless that I do become worth L1000 sooner than then,
and then am free to come to some other terms, and so leaving him in
Lombard Street I took her to the Kings house, and there met Mr.
Nicholson, my old colleague, and saw The Usurper, which is no good play,
though better than what I saw yesterday. However, we rose unsatisfied, and
took coach and home, and I to the office late writing letters, and so to
supper and to bed.

3rd (Lords day). Lay long in bed, and then rose and with a fire in my
chamber staid within all day, looking over and settling my accounts in
good order, by examining all my books, and the kitchen books, and I find
that though the proper profit of my last year was but L305, yet I did by
other gain make it up L444., which in every part of it was unforeseen of
me, and therefore it was a strange oversight for lack of examining my
expenses that I should spend L690 this year, but for the time to come I
have so distinctly settled all my accounts in writing and the particulars
of all my several layings out, that I do hope I shall hereafter make a
better judgment of my spendings than ever. I dined with my wife in her
chamber, she in bed, and then down again and till 11 at night, and broke
up and to bed with great content, but could not make an end of writing
over my vows as I purposed, but I am agreed in every thing how to order
myself for the year to come, which I trust in God will be much for my
good. So up to prayers and to bed. This evening Sir W. Pen came to invite
me against next Wednesday, being Twelfth day, to his usual feast, his
wedding day.

4th. Up betimes, and my wife being ready, and her mayd Besse and the girl,
I carried them by coach and set them all down in Covent Garden and there
left them, and I to my Lord Sandwichs lodgings, but he not being up, I to
the Dukes chamber, and there by and by to his closett, where since his
lady was ill, a little red bed of velvet is brought for him to lie alone,
which is a very pretty one. After doing business here, I to my Lords
again, and there spoke with him, and he seems now almost friends again as
he used to be. Here meeting Mr. Pierce, the chyrurgeon, he told me among
other Court newes, how the Queene is very well again, and the King lay
with her on Saturday night last; and that she speaks now very pretty
English, and makes her sense out now and then with pretty phrazes: as
among others this is mightily cried up; that, meaning to say that she did
not like such a horse so well as the rest, he being too prancing and full
of tricks, she said he did make too much vanity. Thence to the Tennis
Court, after I had spent a little time in Westminster Hall, thinking to
have met with Mrs. Lane, but I could not and am glad of it, and there saw
the King play at Tennis and others: but to see how the Kings play was
extolled without any cause at all, was a loathsome sight, though
sometimes, indeed, he did play very well and deserved to be commended; but
such open flattery is beastly. Afterwards to St. Jamess Parke, being
unwilling to go to spend money at the ordinary, and there spent an hour or
two, it being a pleasant day, seeing people play at Pell Mell; where it
pleased me mightily to hear a gallant, lately come from France, swear at
one of his companions for suffering his man (a spruce blade) to be so
saucy as to strike a ball while his master was playing on the Mall.

     [When Egerton was Bishop of Durham, he often played at bowls with
     his guests on the public days.  On an occasion of this sort, a
     visitor happening to cross the lawn, one of the chaplains exclaimed,
     You must not shake the green, for the bishop is going to

Thence took coach at White Hall and took up my wife, who is mighty sad to
think of her father, who is going into Germany against the Turkes; but
what will become of her brother I know not. He is so idle, and out of all
capacity, I think, to earn his bread. Home and at my office till is at
night making my solemn vowes for the next year, which I trust in the Lord
I shall keep, but I fear I have a little too severely bound myself in some
things and in too many, for I fear I may forget some. But however, I know
the worst, and shall by the blessing of God observe to perform or pay my
forfeits punctually. So home and to bed with my mind at rest.

5th. Up and to our office, where we sat all the morning, where my head
being willing to take in all business whatever, I am afraid I shall over
clogg myself with it. But however, it is my desire to do my duty and shall
the willinger bear it. At noon home and to the Change, where I met with
Luellin, who went off with me and parted to meet again at the Coffeehouse,
but missed. So home and found him there, and Mr. Barrow came to speak with
me, so they both dined with me alone, my wife not being ready, and after
dinner I up in my chamber with Barrow to discourse about matters of the
yard with him, and his design of leaving the place, which I am sorry for,
and will prevent if I can. He being gone then Luellin did give me the L50
from Mr. Deering, which he do give me for my pains in his business and
what I may hereafter take for him, though there is not the least word or
deed I have yet been guilty of in his behalf but what I am sure has been
to the Kings advantage and the profit of the service, nor ever will. And
for this money I never did condition with him or expected a farthing at
the time when I did do him the service, nor have given any receipt for it,
it being brought me by Luellin, nor do purpose to give him any thanks for
it, but will wherein I can faithfully endeavour to see him have the
privilege of his Patent as the Kings merchant. I did give Luellin two
pieces in gold for a pair of gloves for his kindness herein. Then he being
gone, I to my office, where busy till late at night, that through my room
being over confounded in business I could stay there no longer, but went
home, and after a little supper to bed.

6th (Twelfth day). Up and to my office, where very busy all the morning,
being indeed over loaded with it through my own desire of doing all I can.
At noon to the Change, but did little, and so home to dinner with my poor
wife, and after dinner read a lecture to her in Geography, which she takes
very prettily and with great pleasure to her and me to teach her, and so
to the office again, where as busy as ever in my life, one thing after
another, and answering peoples business, particularly drawing up things
about Mr. Woods masts, which I expect to have a quarrel about with Sir W.
Batten before it be ended, but I care not. At night home to my wife, to
supper, discourse, prayers, and to bed. This morning I began a practice
which I find by the ease I do it with that I shall continue, it saving me
money and time; that is, to trimme myself with a razer: which pleases me

7th. Up, putting on my best clothes and to the office, where all the
morning we sat busy, among other things upon Mr. Woods performance of his
contract for masts, wherein I was mightily concerned, but I think was
found all along in the right, and shall have my desire in it to the Kings
advantage. At noon, all of us to dinner to Sir W. Pens, where a very
handsome dinner, Sir J. Lawson among others, and his lady and his
daughter, a very pretty lady and of good deportment, with looking upon
whom I was greatly pleased, the rest of the company of the women were all
of our own house, of no satisfaction or pleasure at all. My wife was not
there, being not well enough, nor had any great mind. But to see how Sir
W. Pen imitates me in everything, even in his having his chimney piece in
his dining room the same with that in my wifes closett, and in every
thing else I perceive wherein he can. But to see again how he was out in
one compliment: he lets alone drinking any of the ladies healths that
were there, my Lady Batten and Lawson, till he had begun with my Lady
Carteret, who was absent, and that was well enough, and then Mr.
Coventrys mistresse, at which he was ashamed, and would not have had him
have drunk it, at least before the ladies present, but his policy, as he
thought, was such that he would do it. After dinner by coach with Sir G.
Carteret and Sir J. Minnes by appointment to Auditor Beales in Salisbury
Court, and there we did with great content look over some old ledgers to
see in what manner they were kept, and indeed it was in an extraordinary
good method, and such as (at least out of design to keep them employed) I
do persuade Sir J. Minnes to go upon, which will at least do as much good
it may be to keep them for want of something to do from envying those that
do something. Thence calling to see whether Mrs. Turner was returned,
which she is, and I spoke one word only to her, and away again by coach
home and to my office, where late, and then home to supper and bed.

8th. Up and all the morning at my office and with Sir J. Minnes, directing
him and Mr. Turner about keeping of their books according to yesterdays
work, wherein I shall make them work enough. At noon to the Change, and
there long, and from thence by appointment took Luellin, Mount, and W.
Symons, and Mr. Pierce, the chirurgeon, home to dinner with me and were
merry. But, Lord! to hear how W. Symons do commend and look sadly and then
talk bawdily and merrily, though his wife was dead but the other day,
would make a dogg laugh. After dinner I did go in further part of kindness
to Luellin for his kindness about Deerings L50 which he procured me the
other day of him. We spent all the afternoon together and then they to
cards with my wife, who this day put on her Indian blue gowne which is
very pretty, where I left them for an hour, and to my office, and then to
them again, and by and by they went away at night, and so I again to my
office to perfect a letter to Mr. Coventry about Department Treasurers,
wherein I please myself and hope to give him content and do the King
service therein. So having done, I home and to teach my wife a new lesson
in the globes, and to supper, and to bed. We had great pleasure this
afternoon; among other things, to talk of our old passages together in
Cromwells time; and how W. Symons did make me laugh and wonder to-day
when he told me how he had made shift to keep in, in good esteem and
employment, through eight governments in one year (the dear 1659, which
were indeed, and he did name them all), and then failed unhappy in the
ninth, viz. that of the Kings coming in. He made good to me the story
which Luellin did tell me the other day, of his wife upon her death-bed;
how she dreamt of her uncle Scobell, and did foretell, from some discourse
she had with him, that she should die four days thence, and not sooner,
and did all along say so, and did so. Upon the Change a great talke there
was of one Mr. Tryan, an old man, a merchant in Lyme-Streete, robbed last
night (his man and mayde being gone out after he was a-bed), and gagged
and robbed of L1050 in money and about L4000 in jewells, which he had in
his house as security for money. It is believed by many circumstances that
his man is guilty of confederacy, by their ready going to his secret till
in his desk, wherein the key of his cash-chest lay.

9th. Up (my underlip being mightily swelled, I know not how but by
overrubbing it, it itching) and to the office, where we sat all the
morning, and at noon I home to dinner, and by discourse with my wife
thought upon inviting my Lord Sandwich to a dinner shortly. It will cost
me at least ten or twelve pounds; but, however, some arguments of prudence
I have, which however I shall think again upon before I proceed to that
expence. After dinner by coach I carried my wife and Jane to Westminster,
leaving her at Mr. Hunts, and I to Westminster Hall, and there visited
Mrs. Lane, and by appointment went out and met her at the Trumpet, Mrs.
Hares, but the room being damp we went to the Bell tavern, and there I
had her company, but could not do as I used to do (yet nothing but what
was honest)….. So I to talk about her having Hawley, she told me flatly
no, she could not love him. I took occasion to enquire of Howletts
daughter, with whom I have a mind to meet a little to see what mettle the
young wench is made of, being very pretty, but she tells me she is already
betrothed to Mrs. Michells son, and she in discourse tells me more, that
Mrs. Michell herself had a daughter before marriage, which is now near
thirty years old, a thing I could not have believed. Thence leading her to
the Hall, I took coach and called my wife and her mayd, and so to the New
Exchange, where we bought several things of our pretty Mrs. Dorothy Stacy,
a pretty woman, and has the modestest look that ever I saw in my life and
manner of speech. Thence called at Toms and saw him pretty well again,
but has not been currant. So homeward, and called at Ludgate, at Ashwells
uncles, but she was not within, to have spoke to her to have come to
dress my wife at the time my Lord dines here. So straight home, calling
for Walsinghams Manuals at my booksellers to read but not to buy,
recommended for a pretty book by Sir W. Warren, whose warrant however I do
not much take till I do read it. So home to supper and to bed, my wife not
being very well since she came home, being troubled with a fainting fit,
which she never yet had before since she was my wife.

10th (Lords day). Lay in bed with my wife till 10 or 11 oclock, having
been very sleepy all night. So up, and my brother Tom being come to see
me, we to dinner, he telling me how Mrs. Turner found herself discontented
with her late bad journey, and not well taken by them in the country, they
not desiring her coming down, nor the burials of Mr. Edward Pepyss corps
there. After dinner I to the office, where all the afternoon, and at night
my wife and I to my uncle Wights, and there eat some of their swan pie,
which was good, and I invited them to my house to eat a roasted swan on
Tuesday next, which after I was come home did make a quarrels between my
wife and I, because she had appointed a wish to-morrow. But, however, we
were friends again quickly. So to bed. All our discourse to-night was Mr.
Tryans late being robbed; and that Collonell Turner (a mad, swearing,
confident fellow, well known by all, and by me), one much indebted to this
man for his very livelihood, was the man that either did or plotted it;
and the money and things are found in his hand, and he and his wife now in
Newgate for it; of which we are all glad, so very a known rogue he was.

11th. Waked this morning by 4 oclock by my wife to call the mayds to
their wash, and what through my sleeping so long last night and vexation
for the lazy sluts lying so long again and their great wash, neither my
wife nor I could sleep one winke after that time till day, and then I rose
and by coach (taking Captain Grove with me and three bottles of Tent,
which I sent to Mrs. Lane by my promise on Saturday night last) to White
Hall, and there with the rest of our company to the Duke and did our
business, and thence to the Tennis Court till noon, and there saw several
great matches played, and so by invitation to St. Jamess; where, at Mr.
Coventrys chamber, I dined with my Lord Barkeley, Sir G. Carteret, Sir
Edward Turner, Sir Ellis Layton, and one Mr. Seymour, a fine gentleman;
were admirable good discourse of all sorts, pleasant and serious. Thence
after dinner to White Hall, where the Duke being busy at the Guinny
business, the Duke of Albemarle, Sir W. Rider, Povy, Sir J. Lawson and I
to the Duke of Albemarles lodgings, and there did some business, and so
to the Court again, and I to the Duke of Yorks lodgings, where the Guinny
company are choosing their assistants for the next year by ballotting.
Thence by coach with Sir J. Robinson, Lieutenant of the Tower, he set me
down at Cornhill, but, Lord! the simple discourse that all the way we had,
he magnifying his great undertakings and cares that have been upon him for
these last two years, and how he commanded the city to the content of all
parties, when the loggerhead knows nothing almost that is sense. Thence to
the Coffee-house, whither comes Sir W. Petty and Captain Grant, and we
fell in talke (besides a young gentleman, I suppose a merchant, his name
Mr. Hill, that has travelled and I perceive is a master in most sorts of
musique and other things) of musique; the universal character; art of
memory; Grangers counterfeiting of hands and other most excellent
discourses to my great content, having not been in so good company a great
while, and had I time I should covet the acquaintance of that Mr. Hill.
This morning I stood by the King arguing with a pretty Quaker woman, that
delivered to him a desire of hers in writing. The King showed her Sir J.
Minnes, as a man the fittest for her quaking religion, saying that his
beard was the stiffest thing about him, and again merrily said, looking
upon the length of her paper, that if all she desired was of that length
she might lose her desires; she modestly saying nothing till he begun
seriously to discourse with her, arguing the truth of his spirit against
hers; she replying still with these words, O King! and thoud him all
along. The general talke of the towne still is of Collonell Turner, about
the robbery; who, it is thought, will be hanged. I heard the Duke of York
tell to-night, how letters are come that fifteen are condemned for the
late plot by the judges at York; and, among others, Captain Oates, against
whom it was proved that he drew his sword at his going out, and flinging
away the scabbard, said that he would either return victor or be hanged.
So home, where I found the house full of the washing and my wife mighty
angry about Wills being here to-day talking with her mayds, which she
overheard, idling of their time, and he telling what a good mayd my old
Jane was, and that she would never have her like again. At which I was
angry, and after directing her to beat at least the little girl, I went to
the office and there reproved Will, who told me that he went thither by my
wifes order, she having commanded him to come thither on Monday morning.
Now God forgive me! how apt I am to be jealous of her as to this fellow,
and that she must needs take this time, when she knows I must be gone out
to the Duke, though methinks had she that mind she would never think it
discretion to tell me this story of him, to let me know that he was there,
much less to make me offended with him, to forbid him coming again. But
this cursed humour I cannot cool in myself by all the reason I have, which
God forgive me for, and convince me of the folly of it, and the disquiet
it brings me. So home, where, God be thanked, when I came to speak to my
wife my trouble of mind soon vanished, and to bed. The house foul with the
washing and quite out of order against to-morrows dinner.

12th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and at noon to
the Change awhile, and so home, getting things against dinner ready, and
anon comes my uncle Wight and my aunt, with their cozens Mary and Robert,
and by chance my uncle Thomas Pepys. We had a good dinner, the chief dish
a swan roasted, and that excellent meate. At, dinner and all day very
merry. After dinner to cards, where till evening, then to the office a
little, and to cards again with them, and lost half-a-crowne. They being
gone, my wife did tell me how my uncle did this day accost her alone, and
spoke of his hoping she was with child, and kissing her earnestly told her
he should be very glad of it, and from all circumstances methinks he do
seem to have some intention of good to us, which I shall endeavour to
continue more than ever I did yet. So to my office till late, and then
home to bed, after being at prayers, which is the first time after my late
vowe to say prayers in my family twice in every week.

13th. Up and to my office a little, and then abroad to many several places
about business, among others to the geometrical instrument makers, and
through Bedlam (calling by the way at an old booksellers and there fell
into looking over Spanish books and pitched upon some, till I thought of
my oathe when I was going to agree for them, and so with much ado got
myself out of the shop glad at my heart and so away) to the African House
to look upon their book of contracts for several commodities for my
information in the prices we give in the Navy. So to the Coffee [house]
where extraordinary good discourse of Dr. Whistlers upon my question
concerning the keeping of masts, he arguing against keeping them dry, by
showing the nature of corruption in bodies and the several ways thereof.
So to the Change, and thence with Sir W. Rider to the Trinity House to
dinner, and then home and to my office till night, and then with Mr. Bland
to Sir T. Viners about pieces of eight for Sir J. Lawson, and so back to
my office, and there late upon business, and so home to supper and to bed.

14th. Up and to the office, where all the morning, and at noon all of us,
viz., Sir G. Carteret and Sir W. Batten at one end, and Mr. Coventry, Sir
J. Minnes and I (in the middle at the other end, being taught how to sit
there all three by my sitting so much the backwarder) at the other end, to
Sir G. Carterets, and there dined well. Here I saw Mr. Scott, the bastard
that married his youngest daughter. Much pleasant talk at table, and then
up and to the office, where we sat long upon our design of dividing the
Controllers work into some of the rest of our hands for the better doing
of it, but he would not yield to it, though the simple man knows in his
heart that he do not do one part of it. So he taking upon him to do it all
we rose, I vexed at the heart to see the Kings service run after this
manner, but it cannot be helped. Thence to the Old James to the reference
about Mr. Blands business. Sir W. Rider being now added to us, and I
believe we shall soon come to some determination in it. So home and to my
office, did business, and then up to Sir W. Pen and did express my trouble
about this days business, he not being there, and plainly told him what I
thought of it, and though I know him a false fellow yet I adventured, as I
have done often, to tell him clearly my opinion of Sir W. Batten and his
design in this business, which is very bad. Hence home, and after a
lecture to my wife in her globes, to prayers and to bed.

15th. Up and to my office, where all the morning, and among other things
Mr. Turner with me, and I did tell him my mind about the Controller his
master and all the office, and my mind touching himself too, as he did
carry himself either well or ill to me and my clerks, which I doubt not
but it will operate well. Thence to the Change, and there met my uncle
Wight, who was very kind to me, and would have had me home with him, and
so kind that I begin to wonder and think something of it of good to me.
Thence home to dinner, and after dinner with Mr. Hater by water, and
walked thither and back again from Deptford, where I did do something
checking the iron business, but my chief business was my discourse with
Mr. Hater about what had passed last night and to-day about the office
business, and my resolution to do him all the good I can therein. So home,
and my wife tells me that my uncle Wight hath been with her, and played at
cards with her, and is mighty inquisitive to know whether she is with
child or no, which makes me wonder what his meaning is, and after all my
thoughts, I cannot think, unless it be in order to the making his will,
that he might know how to do by me, and I would to God my wife had told
him that she was.

16th. Up, and having paid some money in the morning to my uncle Thomas on
his yearly annuity, to the office, where we sat all the morning. At noon I
to the Change about some pieces of eight for Sir J. Lawson. There I hear
that Collonell Turner is found guilty of felony at the Sessions in Mr.
Tryans business, which will save his life. So home and met there J.
Hasper come to see his kinswoman our Jane. I made much of him and made him
dine with us, he talking after the old simple manner that he used to do.
He being gone, I by water to Westminster Hall, and there did see Mrs.
Lane….. So by coach home and to my office, where Browne of the Minerys
brought me an Instrument made of a Spyral line very pretty for all
questions in Arithmetique almost, but it must be some use that must make
me perfect in it. So home to supper and to bed, with my mind un peu
troubled pour ce que fait to-day, but I hope it will be la dernier de
toute ma vie.

17th (Lords day). Up, and I and my wife to church, where Pembleton
appeared, which, God forgive me, did vex me, but I made nothing of it. So
home to dinner, and betimes my wife and I to the French church and there
heard a good sermon, the first time my wife and I were there ever
together. We sat by three sisters, all pretty women. It was pleasant to
hear the reader give notice to them, that the children to be catechized
next Sunday were them of Hounsditch and Blanche Chapiton. Thence home, and
there found Ashwell come to see my wife (we having called at her lodging
the other, day to speak with her about dressing my wife when my Lord
Sandwich dines here), and is as merry as ever, and speaks as disconcerned
for any difference between us on her going away as ever. She being gone,
my wife and I to see Sir W. Pen and there supped with him much against my
stomach, for the dishes were so deadly foule that I could not endure to
look upon them. So after supper home to prayers and to bed.

18th. Up, being troubled to find my wife so ready to have me go out of
doors. God forgive me for my jealousy! but I cannot forbear, though God
knows I have no reason to do so, or to expect her being so true to me as I
would have her. I abroad to White Hall, where the Court all in mourning
for the Duchesse of Savoy. We did our business with the Duke, and so I to
W. Howe at my Lords lodgings, not seeing my Lord, he being abroad, and
there I advised with W. Howe about my having my Lord to dinner at my
house, who likes it well, though it troubles me that I should come to need
the advice of such a boy, but for the present it is necessary. Here I
found Mr. Mallard, and had from him a common tune set by my desire to the
Lyra Vyall, which goes most admirably. Thence home by coach to the
Change, after having been at the Coffee-house, where I hear Turner is
found guilty of felony and burglary; and strange stories of his confidence
at the barr, but yet great indiscretion in his argueing. All desirous of
his being hanged. So home and found that Will had been with my wife. But,
Lord! why should I think any evil of that; and yet I cannot forbear it.
But upon enquiry, though I found no reason of doubtfulness, yet I could
not bring my nature to any quiet or content in my wife all day and night,
nor though I went with her to divert myself at my uncle Wights, and there
we played at cards till 12 at night and went home in a great shower of
rain, it having not rained a great while before. Here was one Mr. Benson,
a Dutchman, played and supped with us, that pretends to sing well, and I
expected great matters but found nothing to be pleased with at all. So
home and to bed, yet troubled in my mind.

19th. Up, without any kindness to my wife, and so to the office, where we
sat all the morning, and at noon I to the Change, and thence to Mr.
Cutlers with Sir W. Rider to dinner, and after dinner with him to the Old
James upon our reference of Mr. Blands, and, having sat there upon the
business half an hour, broke up, and I home and there found Madame Turner
and her sister Dike come to see us, and staid chatting till night, and so
away, and I to my office till very late, and my eyes began to fail me, and
be in pain which I never felt to now-a-days, which I impute to sitting up
late writing and reading by candle-light. So home to supper and to bed.

20th. Up and by coach to my Lord Sandwichs, and after long staying till
his coming down (he not sending for me up, but it may be he did not know I
was there), he came down, and I walked with him to the Tennis Court, and
there left him, seeing the King play. At his lodgings this morning there
came to him Mr. W. Montagues fine lady, which occasioned my Lords
calling me to her about some business for a friend of hers preferred to be
a midshipman at sea. My Lord recommended the whole matter to me. She is a
fine confident lady, I think, but not so pretty as I once thought her. My
Lord did also seal a lease for the house he is now taking in Lincolns Inn
Fields, which stands him in 250 per annum rent. Thence by water to my
brothers, whom I find not well in bed, sicke, they think, of a
consumption, and I fear he is not well, but do not complain, nor desire to
take anything. From him I visited Mr. Honiwood, who is lame, and to thank
him for his visit to me the other day, but we were both abroad. So to Mr.
Commanders in Warwicke Lane, to speak to him about drawing up my will,
which he will meet me about in a day or two. So to the Change and walked
home, thence with Sir Richard Ford, who told me that Turner is to be
hanged to-morrow, and with what impudence he hath carried out his trial;
but that last night, when he brought him newes of his death, he began to
be sober and shed some tears, and he hopes will die a penitent; he having
already confessed all the thing, but says it was partly done for a joke,
and partly to get an occasion of obliging the old man by his care in
getting him his things again, he having some hopes of being the better by
him in his estate at his death. Home to dinner, and after dinner my wife
and I by water, which we have not done together many a day, that is not
since last summer, but the weather is now very warm, and left her at Axe
Yard, and I to White Hall, and meeting Mr. Pierce walked with him an hour
in the Matted Gallery; among other things he tells me that my Lady
Castlemaine is not at all set by by the King, but that he do doat upon
Mrs. Stewart only; and that to the leaving of all business in the world,
and to the open slighting of the Queene; that he values not who sees him
or stands by him while he dallies with her openly; and then privately in
her chamber below, where the very sentrys observe his going in and out;
and that so commonly, that the Duke or any of the nobles, when they would
ask where the King is, they will ordinarily say, Is the King above, or
below? meaning with Mrs. Stewart: that the King do not openly disown my
Lady Castlemaine, but that she comes to Court; but that my Lord
FitzHarding and the Hambletons,

     [The three brothers, George Hamilton, James Hamilton, and the Count
     Antoine Hamilton, author of the Memoires de Grammont.]

and sometimes my Lord Sandwich, they say, have their snaps at her. But he
says my Lord Sandwich will lead her from her lodgings in the darkest and
obscurest manner, and leave her at the entrance into the Queenes
lodgings, that he might be the least observed; that the Duke of Monmouth
the King do still doat on beyond measure, insomuch that the King only, the
Duke of York, and Prince Rupert, and the Duke of Monmouth, do now wear
deep mourning, that is, long cloaks, for the Duchesse of Savoy; so that he
mourns as a Prince of the Blood, while the Duke of York do no more, and
all the nobles of the land not so much; which gives great offence, and he
says the Duke of York do consider. But that the Duke of York do give
himself up to business, and is like to prove a noble Prince; and so indeed
I do from my heart think he will. He says that it is believed, as well as
hoped, that care is taken to lay up a hidden treasure of money by the King
against a bad day, pray God it be so! but I should be more glad that the
King himself would look after business, which it seems he do not in the
least. By and by came by Mr. Coventry, and so we broke off; and he and I
took a turn or two and so parted, and then my Lord Sandwich came upon me,
to speak with whom my business of coming again to-night to this ende of
the town chiefly was, in order to the seeing in what manner he received
me, in order to my inviting him to dinner to my house, but as well in the
morning as now, though I did wait upon him home and there offered occasion
of talk with him, yet he treated me, though with respect, yet as a
stranger, without any of the intimacy or friendship which he used to do,
and which I fear he will never, through his consciousness of his faults,
ever do again. Which I must confess do trouble me above anything in the
world almost, though I neither do need at present nor fear to need to be
so troubled, nay, and more, though I do not think that he would deny me
any friendship now if I did need it, but only that he has not the face to
be free with me, but do look upon me as a remembrancer of his former
vanity, and an espy upon his present practices, for I perceive that
Pickering to-day is great with him again, and that he has done a great
courtesy for Mr. Pierce, the chirurgeon, to a good value, though both
these and none but these did I mention by name to my Lord in the business
which has caused all this difference between my Lord and me. However, I am
resolved to forbear my laying out my money upon a dinner till I see him in
a better posture, and by grave and humble, though high deportment, to make
him think I do not want him, and that will make him the readier to admit
me to his friendship again, I believe the soonest of anything but
downright impudence, and thrusting myself, as others do, upon him, which
yet I cannot do, not [nor] will not endeavour. So home, calling with my
wife to see my brother again, who was up, and walks up and down the house
pretty well, but I do think he is in a consumption. Home, troubled in mind
for these passages with my Lord, but am resolved to better my case in my
business to make my stand upon my owne legs the better and to lay up as
well as to get money, and among other ways I will have a good fleece out
of Creeds coat ere it be long, or I will have a fall. So to my office and
did some business, and then home to supper and to bed, after I had by
candlelight shaved myself and cut off all my beard clear, which will make
my worke a great deal the less in shaving.

21st. Up, and after sending my wife to my aunt Wights to get a place to
see Turner hanged, I to the office, where we sat all the morning, and at
noon going to the Change; and seeing people flock in the City, I
enquired, and found that Turner was not yet hanged. And so I went among
them to Leadenhall Street, at the end of Lyme Street, near where the
robbery was done; and to St. Mary Axe, where he lived. And there I got for
a shilling to stand upon the wheel of a cart, in great pain, above an
houre before the execution was done; he delaying the time by long
discourses and prayers one after another, in hopes of a reprieve; but none
came, and at last was flung off the ladder in his cloake. A comely-looked
man he was, and kept his countenance to the end: I was sorry to see him.
It was believed there were at least 12 or 14,000 people in the street. So
I home all in a sweat, and dined by myself, and after dinner to the Old
James, and there found Sir W. Rider and Mr. Cutler at dinner, and made a
second dinner with them, and anon came Mr. Bland and Custos, and Clerke,
and so we fell to the business of reference, and upon a letter from Mr.
Povy to Sir W. Rider and I telling us that the King is concerned in it, we
took occasion to fling off the business from off our shoulders and would
have nothing to do with it, unless we had power from the King or
Commissioners of Tangier, and I think it will be best for us to continue
of that mind, and to have no hand, it being likely to go against the King.
Thence to the Coffee-house, and heard the full of Turners discourse on
the cart, which was chiefly to clear himself of all things laid to his
charge but this fault, for which he now suffers, which he confesses. He
deplored the condition of his family, but his chief design was to lengthen
time, believing still a reprieve would come, though the sheriff advised
him to expect no such thing, for the King was resolved to grant none.
After that I had good discourse with a pretty young merchant with mighty
content. So to my office and did a little business, and then to my aunt
Wights to fetch my wife home, where Dr. Burnett did tell me how poorly
the sheriffs did endeavour to get one jewell returned by Turner, after he
was convicted, as a due to them, and not to give it to Mr. Tryan, the true
owner, but ruled against them, to their great dishonour. Though they plead
it might be another jewell for ought they know and not Tryans. After
supper home, and my wife tells me mighty stories of my uncles fond and
kind discourses to her to-day, which makes me confident that he has
thoughts of kindness for us, he repeating his desire for her to be with
child, for it cannot enter into my head that he should have any unworthy
thoughts concerning her. After doing some business at my office, I home to
supper, prayers, and to bed.

22nd. Up, and it being a brave morning, with a gaily to Woolwich, and
there both at the Ropeyarde and the other yarde did much business, and
thence to Greenwich to see Mr. Pett and others value the carved work of
the Henrietta (God knows in an ill manner for the King), and so to
Deptford, and there viewed Sir W. Pettys vessel; which hath an odd
appearance, but not such as people do make of it, for I am of the opinion
that he would never have discoursed so much of it, if it were not better
than other vessels, and so I believe that he was abused the other day, as
he is now, by tongues that I am sure speak before they know anything good
or bad of her. I am sorry to find his ingenuity discouraged so. So home,
reading all the way a good book, and so home to dinner, and after dinner a
lesson on the globes to my wife, and so to my office till 10 or 11 oclock
at night, and so home to supper and to bed.

23rd. Up, and to the office, where we sat all the morning. At noon home to
dinner, where Mr. Hawly came to see us and dined with us, and after we had
dined came Mr. Mallard, and after he had eat something, I brought down my
vyall which he played on, the first maister that ever touched her yet, and
she proves very well and will be, I think, an admirable instrument. He
played some very fine things of his owne, but I was afeard to enter too
far in their commendation for fear he should offer to copy them for me
out, and so I be forced to give or lend him something. So to the office in
the evening, whither Mr. Commander came to me, and we discoursed about my
will, which I am resolved to perfect the next week by the grace of God. He
being gone, I to write letters and other business late, and so home to
supper and to bed.

24th (Lords day). Lay long in bed, and then up, and being desirous to
perform my vowes that I lately made, among others, to be performed this
month, I did go to my office, and there fell on entering, out of a
bye-book, part of my second journall-book, which hath lain these two years
and more unentered. Upon this work till dinner, and after dinner to it
again till night, and then home to supper, and after supper to read a
lecture to my wife upon the globes, and so to prayers and to bed. This
evening also I drew up a rough draught of my last will to my mind.

25th. Up and by coach to Whitehall to my Lords lodgings, and seeing that
knowing that I was in the house, my Lord did not nevertheless send for me
up, I did go to the Dukes lodgings, and there staid while he was making
ready, in which time my Lord Sandwich came, and so all into his closet and
did our common business, and so broke up, and I homeward by coach with Sir
W. Batten, and staid at Warwicke Lane and there called upon Mr. Commander
and did give him my last will and testament to write over in form, and so
to the Change, where I did several businesses. So home to dinner, and
after I had dined Luellin came and we set him something to eat, and I left
him there with my wife, and to the office upon a particular meeting of the
East India Company, where I think I did the King good service against the
Company in the business of their sending our ships home empty from the
Indies contrary to their contract, and yet, God forgive me! I found that I
could be willing to receive a bribe if it were offered me to conceal my
arguments that I found against them, in consideration that none of my
fellow officers, whose duty it is more than mine, had ever studied the
case, or at this hour do understand it, and myself alone must do it. That
being done Mr. Povy and Bland came to speak with me about their business
of the reference, wherein I shall have some more trouble, but cannot help
it, besides I hope to make some good use of Mr. Povy to my advantage. So
home after business done at my office, to supper, and then to the globes
with my wife, and so to bed. Troubled a little in mind that my Lord
Sandwich should continue this strangeness to me that methinks he shows me
now a days more than while the thing was fresh.

26th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning. At noon to the
Change, after being at the Coffee-house, where I sat by Tom Killigrew,
who told us of a fire last night in my Lady Castlemaines lodging, where
she bid L40 for one to adventure the fetching of a cabinet out, which at
last was got to be done; and the fire at last quenched without doing much
wrong. To Change and there did much business, so home to dinner, and then
to the office all the afternoon. And so at night my aunt Wight and Mrs.
Buggin came to sit with my wife, and I in to them all the evening, my
uncle coming afterward, and after him Mr. Benson the Dutchman, a frank,
merry man. We were very merry and played at cards till late and so broke
up and to bed in good hopes that this my friendship with my uncle and aunt
will end well.

27th. Up and to the office, and at noon to the Coffeehouse, where I sat
with Sir G. Ascue

     [Sir George Ayscue or Askew.  After his return from his imprisonment
     he declined to go to sea again, although he was twice afterwards
     formally appointed.  He sat on the court-martial on the loss of the
     Defiance in 1668.]

and Sir William Petty, who in discourse is, methinks, one of the most
rational men that ever I heard speak with a tongue, having all his notions
the most distinct and clear, and, among other things (saying, that in all
his life these three books were the most esteemed and generally cried up
for wit in the world Religio Medici, Osbornes Advice to a Son,

     [Francis Osborne, an English writer of considerable abilities and
     popularity, was the author of Advice to a Son, in two parts,
     Oxford, 1656-8, 8vo.  He died in 1659.  He is the same person
     mentioned as My Father Osborne, October 19th, 1661.—B.]

and Hudibras ), did say that in these—in the two first principally—the
wit lies, and confirming some pretty sayings, which are generally like
paradoxes, by some argument smartly and pleasantly urged, which takes with
people who do not trouble themselves to examine the force of an argument,
which pleases them in the delivery, upon a subject which they like;
whereas, as by many particular instances of mine, and others, out of
Osborne, he did really find fault and weaken the strength of many of
Osbornes arguments, so as that in downright disputation they would not
bear weight; at least, so far, but that they might be weakened, and better
found in their rooms to confirm what is there said. He shewed finely
whence it happens that good writers are not admired by the present age;
because there are but few in any age that do mind anything that is
abstruse and curious; and so longer before any body do put the true
praise, and set it on foot in the world, the generality of mankind
pleasing themselves in the easy delights of the world, as eating,
drinking, dancing, hunting, fencing, which we see the meanest men do the
best, those that profess it. A gentleman never dances so well as the
dancing master, and an ordinary fiddler makes better musique for a
shilling than a gentleman will do after spending forty, and so in all the
delights of the world almost. Thence to the Change, and after doing much
business, home, taking Commissioner Pett with me, and all alone dined
together. He told me many stories of the yard, but I do know him so well,
and had his character given me this morning by Hempson, as well as my own
too of him before, that I shall know how to value any thing he says either
of friendship or other business. He was mighty serious with me in
discourse about the consequence of Sir W. Pettys boat, as the most
dangerous thing in the world, if it should be practised by endangering our
losse of the command of the seas and our trade, while the Turkes and
others shall get the use of them, which, without doubt, by bearing more
sayle will go faster than any other ships, and, not being of burden, our
merchants cannot have the use of them and so will be at the mercy of their
enemies. So that I perceive he is afeard that the honour of his trade will
down, though (which is a truth) he pretends this consideration to hinder
the growth of this invention. He being gone my wife and I took coach and
to Covent Garden, to buy a maske at the French House, Madame Charetts,
for my wife; in the way observing the streete full of coaches at the new
play, The Indian Queene; which for show, they say, exceeds Henry the
Eighth. Thence back to Mrs. Turners and sat a while with them talking of
plays and I know not what, and so called to see Tom, but not at home,
though they say he is in a deep consumption, and Mrs. Turner and Dike and
they say he will not live two months to an end. So home and to the office,
and then to supper and to bed.

28th. Up and to the office, where all the morning sitting, and at noon
upon several things to the Change, and thence to Sir G. Carterets to
dinner of my own accord, and after dinner with Mr. Wayth down to Deptford
doing several businesses, and by land back again, it being very cold, the
boat meeting me after my staying a while for him at an alehouse by
Redriffe stairs. So home, and took Will coming out of my doors, at which I
was a little moved, and told my wife of her keeping him from the office
(though God knows my base jealous head was the cause of it), which she
seemed troubled at, and that it was only to discourse with her about
finding a place for her brother. So I to my office late, Mr. Commander
coming to read over my will in order to the engrossing it, and so he being
gone I to other business, among others chiefly upon preparing matters
against Creed for my profit, and so home to supper and bed, being mightily
troubled with my left eye all this evening from some dirt that is got into

29th. Up, and after shaving myself (wherein twice now, one after another,
I have cut myself much, but I think it is from the bluntness of the razor)
there came Mr. Deane to me and staid with me a while talking about masts,
wherein he prepared me in several things against Mr. Wood, and also about
Sir W. Pettys boat, which he says must needs prove a folly, though I do
not think so unless it be that the King will not have it encouraged. At
noon, by appointment, comes Mr. Hartlibb and his wife, and a little before
them Messrs. Langley and Bostocke (old acquaintances of mine at
Westminster, clerks), and after shewing them my house and drinking they
set out by water, my wife and I with them down to Wapping on board the
Crowne, a merchantman, Captain Floyd, a civil person. Here was
Vice-Admiral Goodson, whom the more I know the more I value for a serious
man and staunch. Here was Whistler the flagmaker, which vexed me, but it
mattered not. Here was other sorry company and the discourse poor, so that
we had no pleasure there at all, but only to see and bless God to find the
difference that is now between our condition and that heretofore, when we
were not only much below Hartlibb in all respects, but even these two
fellows above named, of whom I am now quite ashamed that ever my education
should lead me to such low company, but it is Gods goodness only, for
which let him be praised. After dinner I. broke up and with my wife home,
and thence to the Fleece in Cornhill, by appointment, to meet my Lord
Marlborough, a serious and worthy gentleman, who, after doing our
business, about the company, he and they began to talk of the state of the
Dutch in India, which is like to be in a little time without any controll;
for we are lost there, and the Portuguese as bad. Thence to the
Coffee-house, where good discourse, specially of Lt.-Coll. Baron touching
the manners of the Turkes Government, among whom he lived long. So to my
uncle Wights, where late playing at cards, and so home.

30th. Up, and a sorry sermon of a young fellow I knew at Cambridge; but
the day kept solemnly for the Kings murder, and all day within doors
making up my Brampton papers, and in the evening Mr. Commander came and we
made perfect and signed and sealed my last will and testament, which is so
to my mind, and I hope to the liking of God Almighty, that I take great
joy in myself that it is done, and by that means my mind in a good
condition of quiett. At night to supper and to bed. This evening, being in
a humour of making all things even and clear in the world, I tore some old
papers; among others, a romance which (under the title of Love a Cheate
) I begun ten years ago at Cambridge; and at this time reading it over
to-night I liked it very well, and wondered a little at myself at my vein
at that time when I wrote it, doubting that I cannot do so well now if I
would try.

31st (Lords day). Up, and in my chamber all day long (but a little at
dinner) settling all my Brampton accounts to this day in very good order,
I having obliged myself by oathe to do that and some other things within
this month, and did also perfectly prepare a state of my estate and
annexed it to my last will and testament, which now is perfect, and,
lastly, I did make up my monthly accounts, and find that I have gained
above L50 this month clear, and so am worth L858 clear, which is the
greatest sum I ever yet was master of, and also read over my usual vowes,
as I do every Lords day, but with greater seriousness than ordinary, and
I do hope that every day I shall see more and more the pleasure of looking
after my business and laying up of money, and blessed be God for what I
have already been enabled by his grace to do. So to supper and to bed with
my mind in mighty great ease and content, but my head very full of
thoughts and business to dispatch this next month also, and among others
to provide for answering to the Exchequer for my uncles being
Generall-Receiver in the year 1647, which I am at present wholly unable to
do, but I must find time to look over all his papers.