Samuel Pepys diary December 1663

DECEMBER 1663

December 1st. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning. At noon
I home to dinner with my poor wife, with whom now-a-days I enjoy great
pleasure in her company and learning of Arithmetique. After dinner I to
Guild Hall to hear a tryall at Kings Bench, before Lord Chief Justice
Hide, about the insurance of a ship, the same I mention in my yesterdays
journall, where everything was proved how money was so taken up upon
bottomary and insurance, and the ship left by the master and seamen upon
rocks, where, when the sea fell at the ebb, she must perish. The master
was offered helpe, and he did give the pilotts 20 sols to drink to bid
them go about their business, saying that the rocks were old, but his ship
was new, and that she was repaired for L6 and less all the damage that she
received, and is now brought by one, sent for on purpose by the insurers,
into the Thames, with her cargo, vessels of tallow daubed over with
butter, instead of all butter, the whole not worth above L500, ship and
all, and they had took up, as appeared, above L2,400. He had given his men
money to content them; and yet, for all this, he did bring some of them to
swear that it was very stormy weather, and [they] did all they could to
save her, and that she was seven feete deep water in hold, and were fain
to cut her main and foremast, that the master was the last man that went
out, and they were fain to force [him] out when she was ready to sink; and
her rudder broke off, and she was drawn into the harbour after they were
gone, as wrecke all broken, and goods lost: that she could not be carried
out again without new building, and many other things so contrary as is
not imaginable more. There was all the great counsel in the kingdom in the
cause; but after one witnesse or two for the plaintiff, it was cried down
as a most notorious cheate; and so the jury, without going out, found it
for the plaintiff. But it was pleasant to see what mad sort of testimonys
the seamen did give, and could not be got to speak in order: and then
their terms such as the judge could not understand; and to hear how
sillily the Counsel and judge would speak as to the terms necessary in the
matter, would make one laugh: and above all, a Frenchman that was forced
to speak in French, and took an English oathe he did not understand, and
had an interpreter sworn to tell us what he said, which was the best
testimony of all. So home well satisfied with this afternoons work,
purposing to spend an afternoon or two every term so, and so to my office
a while and then home to supper, arithmetique with my wife, and to bed. I
heard other causes, and saw the course of pleading by being at this trial,
and heard and learnt two things: one is that every man has a right of
passage in, but not a title to, any highway. The next, that the judge
would not suffer Mr. Crow, who hath fined for Alderman, to be called so,
but only Mister, and did eight or nine times fret at it, and stop every
man that called him so.

2nd. My wife troubled all last night with the toothache and this morning.
I up and to my office, where busy, and so home to dinner with my wife, who
is better of her tooth than she was, and in the afternoon by agreement
called on by Mr. Bland, and with him to the Ship a neighbour tavern and
there met his antagonist Mr. Custos and his referee Mr. Clarke a merchant
also, and begun the dispute about the freight of a ship hired by Mr. Bland
to carry provisions to Tangier, and the freight is now demanded, whereas
he says that the goods were some spoiled, some not delivered, and upon the
whole demands L1300 of the other, and their minds are both so high, their
demands so distant, and their words so many and hot against one another
that I fear we shall bring it to nothing. But however I am glad to see
myself so capable of understanding the business as I find I do, and shall
endeavour to do Mr. Bland all the just service I can therein. Here we were
in a bad room, which vexed me most, but we meet at another house next. So
at noon I home and to my office till 9 oclock, and so home to my wife to
keep her company, arithmetique, then to supper, and to bed, she being well
of her tooth again.

3rd. Up and to the office, where all the forenoon, and then (by Mr.
Coventrys coach) to the Change, and so home to dinner, very pleasant
with my poor wife. Somebody from Portsmouth, I know not who, has this day
sent me a Runlett of Tent. So to my office all the afternoon, where much
business till late at night, and so home to my wife, and then to supper
and to bed. This day Sir G. Carteret did tell us at the table, that the
Navy (excepting what is due to the Yards upon the quarter now going on,
and what few bills he hath not heard of) is quite out of debt; which is
extraordinary good newes, and upon the Change to hear how our creditt
goes as good as any merchants upon the Change is a joyfull thing to
consider, which God continue! I am sure the King will have the benefit of
it, as well as we some peace and creditt.

4th. Up pretty betimes, that is about 7 oclock, it being now dark then,
and so got me ready, with my clothes, breeches and warm stockings, and by
water with Henry Russell, cold and wet and windy to Woolwich, to a hempe
ship there, and staid looking upon it and giving direction as to the
getting it ashore, and so back again very cold, and at home without going
on shore anywhere about 12 oclock, being fearful of taking cold, and so
dined at home and shifted myself, and so all the afternoon at my office
till night, and then home to keep my poor wife company, and so to supper
and to bed.

5th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and then with the
whole board, viz., Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten, and myself along with
Captain Allen home to dinner, where he lives hard by in Mark Lane, where
we had a very good plain dinner and good welcome, in a pretty little house
but so smoky that it was troublesome to us all till they put out the fire,
and made one of charcoale. I was much pleased with this dinner for the
many excellent stories told by Mr. Coventry, which I have put down in my
book of tales and so shall not mention them here. We staid till night, and
then Mr. Coventry away, and by and by I home to my office till 9 or 10 at
night, and so home to supper and to bed after some talke and Arithmetique
with my poor wife, with whom now-a-days I live with great content, out of
all trouble of mind by jealousy (for which God forgive me), or any other
distraction more than my fear of my Lord Sandwichs displeasure.

6th (Lords day). Lay long in bed, and then up and to church alone, which
is the greatest trouble that I have by not having a man or, boy to wait on
me, and so home to dinner, my wife, it being a cold day, and it begun to
snow (the first snow we have seen this year) kept her bed till after
dinner, and I below by myself looking over my arithmetique books and
timber rule. So my wife rose anon, and she and I all the afternoon at
arithmetique, and she is come to do Addition, Subtraction, and
Multiplicacion very well, and so I purpose not to trouble her yet with
Division, but to begin with the Globes to her now. At night came Captain
Grove to discourse with me about Fields business and of other matters,
and so, he being gone, I to my office, and spent an houre or two reading
Rushworth, and so to supper home, and to prayers and bed, finding myself
by cold to have some pain begin with me, which God defend should increase.

7th. Up betimes, and, it being a frosty morning, walked on foot to White
Hall, but not without some fear of my pain coming. At White Hall I hear
and find that there was the last night the greatest tide that ever was
remembered in England to have been in this river: all White Hall having
been drowned, of which there was great discourse. Anon we all met, and up
with the Duke and did our business, and by and by my Lord of Sandwich came
in, but whether it be my doubt or no I cannot tell, but I do not find that
he made any sign of kindnesse or respect to me, which troubles me more
than any thing in the world. After done there Sir W. Batten and Captain
Allen and I by coach to the Temple, where I light, they going home, and
indeed it being my trouble of mind to try whether I could meet with my
Lord Sandwich and try him to see how he will receive me. I took coach and
back again to Whitehall, but there could not find him. But here I met Dr.
Clerke, and did tell him my story of my health; how my pain comes to me
now-a-days. He did write something for me which I shall take when there is
occasion. I then fell to other discourse of Dr. Knapp, who tells me he is
the Kings physician, and is become a solicitor for places for people, and
I am mightily troubled with him. He tells me he is the most impudent
fellow in the world, that gives himself out to be the Kings physician,
but it is not so, but is cast out of the Court. From thence I may learn
what impudence there is in the world, and how a man may be deceived in
persons: Anon the King and Duke and Duchesse came to dinner in the
Vane-roome, where I never saw them before; but it seems since the tables
are done, he dines there all together. The Queene is pretty well, and goes
out of her chamber to her little chappell in the house. The King of
France, they say, is hiring of sixty sail of ships of the Dutch, but it is
not said for what design. By and by, not hoping to see my Lord, I went to
the Kings Head ordinary, where a good dinner but no discourse almost, and
after dinner by coach, home, and found my wife this cold day not yet out
of bed, and after a little good talk with her to my office, and there
spent my time till late. Sir W. Warren two or three hours with me talking
of trade, and other very good discourse, which did please me very, well,
and so, after reading in Rushworth, home to supper and to bed.

8th. Lay long in bed, and then up and to the office, where we sat all the
morning, and among other things my Lord Barkely called in question his
clerk Mr. Davy for something which Sir W. Batten and I did tell him
yesterday, but I endeavoured to make the least of it, and so all was put
up. At noon to the Change, and among other businesses did discourse with
Captain Taylor, and I think I shall safely get L20 by his ships freight
at present, besides what it may be I may get hereafter. So home to dinner,
and thence by coach to White Hall, where a great while walked with my Lord
Tiviott, whom I find a most carefull, thoughtfull, and cunning man, as I
also ever took him to be. He is this day bringing in an account where he
makes the King debtor to him L10,000 already on the garrison of Tangier
account; but yet demands not ready money to pay it, but offers such ways
of paying it out of the sale of old decayed provisions as will enrich him
finely. Anon came my Lord Sandwich, and then we fell to our business at
the Committee about my Lord Tiviotts accounts, wherein I took occasion to
speak now and then, so as my Lord Sandwich did well seem to like of it,
and after we were up did bid me good night in a tone that, methinks, he is
not so displeased with me as I did doubt he is; however, I will take a
course to know whether he be or no. The Committee done, I took coach and
home to my office, and there late, and so to supper at home, and to bed,
being doubtful of my pain through the very cold weather which we have, but
I will take all the care I can to prevent it.

9th. Lay very long in bed for fear of my pain, and then rose and went to
stool (after my wifes way, who by all means would have me sit long and
upright) very well, and being ready to the office. From thence I was
called by and by to my wife, she not being well. So to her, and found her
in great pain…… So by and by to my office again, and then abroad to
look out a cradle to burn charcoal in at my office, and I found one to my
mind in Newgate Market, and so meeting Hobys man in the street, I spoke
to him to serve it in to the office for the King. So home to dinner, and
after talk with my wife, she in bed and pain all day, I to my office most
of the evening, and then home to my wife. This day Mrs. Russell did give
my wife a very fine St. George, in alabaster, which will set out my wifes
closett mightily. This evening at the office, after I had wrote my days
passages, there came to me my cozen Angier of Cambridge, poor man, making
his moan, and obtained of me that I would send his son to sea as a
Reformado, which I will take care to do. But to see how apt every man is
to forget friendship in time of adversity. How glad was I when he was
gone, for fear he should ask me to be bond for him, or to borrow money of
me.

10th. Up, pretty well, the weather being become pretty warm again, and to
the office, where we sat all the morning, and I confess having received so
lately a token from Mrs. Russell, I did find myself concerned for our not
buying some tallow of her (which she bought on purpose yesterday most
unadvisedly to her great losse upon confidence of putting it off to us).
So hard it is for a man not to be warped against his duty and masters
interest that receives any bribe or present, though not as a bribe, from
any body else. But she must be contented, and I to do her a good turn when
I can without wrong to the Kings service. Then home to dinner (and did
drink a glass of wine and beer, the more for joy that this is the shortest
day in the year,—[Old Style]—which is a pleasant
consideration) with my wife. She in bed but pretty well, and having a
messenger from my brother, that he is not well nor stirs out of doors, I
went forth to see him, and found him below, he has not been well, but is
not ill. I found him taking order for the distribution of Mrs. Ramseys
coals, a thing my father for many years did, and now he after him, which I
was glad to see, as also to hear that Mr. Wheatly begins to look after
him. I hope it is about his daughter. Thence to St. Pauls Church Yard, to
my booksellers, and having gained this day in the office by my
stationers bill to the King about 40s. or L3, I did here sit two or three
hours calling for twenty books to lay this money out upon, and found
myself at a great losse where to choose, and do see how my nature would
gladly return to laying out money in this trade. I could not tell whether
to lay out my money for books of pleasure, as plays, which my nature was
most earnest in; but at last, after seeing Chaucer, Dugdales History of
Pauls, Stows London, Gesner, History of Trent, besides Shakespeare,
Jonson, and Beaumonts plays, I at last chose Dr. Fullers Worthys, the
Cabbala or Collections of Letters of State, and a little book, Delices de
Hollande, with another little book or two, all of good use or serious
pleasure: and Hudibras, both parts, the book now in greatest fashion for
drollery, though I cannot, I confess, see enough where the wit lies. My
mind being thus settled, I went by linke home, and so to my office, and to
read in Rushworth; and so home to supper and to bed. Calling at Wottons,
my shoemakers, today, he tells me that Sir H. Wright is dying; and that
Harris is come to the Dukes house again; and of a rare play to be acted
this week of Sir William Davenants: the story of Henry the Eighth with
all his wives.

11th. Up and abroad toward the Wardrobe, and going out Mr. Clerke met me
to tell me that Field has a writ against me in this last business of L30
10s., and that he believes he will get an execution against me this
morning, and though he told me it could not be well before noon, and that
he would stop it at the Sheriffs, yet it is hard to believe with what
fear I did walk and how I did doubt at every man I saw and do start at the
hearing of one man cough behind my neck. I to, the Wardrobe and there
missed Mr. Moore. So to Mr. Holdens and evened all reckonings there for
hats, and then walked to Pauls Churchyard and after a little at my
booksellers and bought at a shop Cardinall Mazarins Will in French. I to
the Coffeehouse and there among others had good discourse with an Iron
Merchant, who tells me the great evil of discouraging our natural
manufacture of England in that commodity by suffering the Swede to bring
in three times more than ever they did and our owne Ironworks be lost, as
almost half of them, he says, are already. Then I went and sat by Mr.
Harrington, and some East country merchants, and talking of the country
about Quinsborough, and thereabouts, he told us himself that for fish,
none there, the poorest body, will buy a dead fish, but must be alive,
unless it be in winter; and then they told us the manner of putting their
nets into the water. Through holes made in the thick ice, they will spread
a net of half a mile long; and he hath known a hundred and thirty and a
hundred and seventy barrels of fish taken at one draught. And then the
people come with sledges upon the ice, with snow at the bottome, and lay
the fish in and cover them with snow, and so carry them to market. And he
hath seen when the said fish have been frozen in the sledge, so as that he
hath taken a fish and broke a-pieces, so hard it hath been; and yet the
same fishes taken out of the snow, and brought into a hot room, will be
alive and leap up and down. Swallows are often brought up in their nets
out of the mudd from under water, hanging together to some twigg or other,
dead in ropes, and brought to the fire will come to life. Fowl killed in
December. (Alderman Barker said) he did buy, and putting into the box
under his sledge, did forget to take them out to eate till Aprill next,
and they then were found there, and were through the frost as sweet and
fresh and eat as well as at first killed. Young beares are there; their
flesh sold in market as ordinarily as beef here, and is excellent sweet
meat. They tell us that beares there do never hurt any body, but fly away
from you, unless you pursue and set upon them; but wolves do much
mischief. Mr. Harrington told us how they do to get so much honey as they
send abroad. They make hollow a great fir-tree, leaving only a small slitt
down straight in one place, and this they close up again, only leave a
little hole, and there the bees go in and fill the bodys of those trees as
full of wax and honey as they can hold; and the inhabitants at times go
and open the slit, and take what they please without killing the bees, and
so let them live there still and make more. Fir trees are always planted
close together, because of keeping one another from the violence of the
windes; and when a fell is made, they leave here and there a grown tree to
preserve the young ones coming up. The great entertainment and sport of
the Duke of Corland, and the princes thereabouts, is hunting; which is not
with dogs as we, but he appoints such a day, and summons all the
country-people as to a campagnia; and by several companies gives every one
their circuit, and they agree upon a place where the toyle is to be set;
and so making fires every company as they go, they drive all the wild
beasts, whether bears, wolves, foxes, swine, and stags, and roes, into the
toyle; and there the great men have their stands in such and such places,
and shoot at what they have a mind to, and that is their hunting. They are
not very populous there, by reason that people marry women seldom till
they are towards or above thirty; and men thirty or forty years old, or
more oftentimes. Against a publique hunting the Duke sends that no wolves
be killed by the people; and whatever harm they do, the Duke makes it good
to the person that suffers it: as Mr. Harrington instanced in a house
where he lodged, where a wolfe broke into a hog-stye, and bit three or
four great pieces off the back of the hog, before the house could come to
helpe it (it calling, and that did give notice to the people of the
house); and the man of the house told him that there were three or four
wolves thereabouts that did them great hurt; but it was no matter, for the
Duke was to make it good to him, otherwise he would kill them. Hence home
and upstairs, my wife keeping her bed, and had a very good dinner, and
after dinner to my office, and there till late busy. Among other things
Captain Taylor came to me about his bill for freight, and besides that I
found him contented that I have the L30 I got, he do offer me to give me
L6 to take the getting of the bill paid upon me, which I am ready to do,
but I am loath to have it said that I ever did it. However, I will do him
the service to get it paid if I can and stand to his courtesy what he will
give me. Late to supper home, and to my great joy I have by my wifes good
advice almost brought myself by going often and leisurely to the stool
that I am come almost to have my natural course of stool as well as ever,
which I pray God continue to me.

12th. Up and to the office where all the morning, and among other things
got Sir G. Carteret to put his letters to Captain Taylors bill by which I
am in hopes to get L5, which joys my heart. We had this morning a great
dispute between Mr. Gauden, Victualler of the Navy, and Sir J. Lawson, and
the rest of the Commanders going against Argier, about their fish and
keeping of Lent; which Mr. Gauden so much insists upon to have it
observed, as being the only thing that makes up the loss of his dear
bargain all the rest of the year. At noon went home and there I found that
one Abrahall, who strikes in for the serving of the King with Ship
chandlery ware, has sent my wife a Japan gowne, which pleases her very
well and me also, it coming very opportune, but I know not how to carry
myself to him, I being already obliged so far to Mrs. Russell, so that I
am in both their pays. To the Exchange, where I had sent Luellin word I
would come to him, and thence brought him home to dinner with me. He tells
me that W. Symons wife is dead, for which I am sorry, she being a good
woman, and tells me an odde story of her saying before her death, being in
good sense, that there stood her uncle Scobell. Then he began to tell me
that Mr. Deering had been with him to desire him to speak to me that if I
would get him off with these goods upon his hands, he would give me 50
pieces, and further that if I would stand his friend to helpe him to the
benefit of his patent as the Kings merchant, he could spare me L200 per
annum out of his profits. I was glad to hear both of these, but answered
him no further than that as I would not by any thing be bribed to be
unjust in my dealings,

     [Edward Dering was granted, August, 1660, the office of Kings
     merchant in the East, for buying and providing necessaries for
     apparelling the Navy (Calendar, Domestic, 1660-61, p.  212).
     There is evidence among the State Papers of some dissatisfaction
     with the timber, &c., which he supplied to the Navy, and at this
     time he appears to have had some stores left on his hands.]

so I was not so squeamish as not to take peoples acknowledgment where I
had the good fortune by my pains to do them good and just offices, and so
I would not come to be at any agreement with him, but I would labour to do
him this service and to expect his consideration thereof afterwards as he
thought fit. So I expect to hear more of it. I did make very much of
Luellin in hopes to have some good by this business, and in the evening
received some money from Mr. Moore, and so went and settled accounts in my
books between him and me, and I do hope at Christmas not only to find
myself as rich or more than ever I was yet, but also my accounts in less
compass, fewer reckonings either of debts or moneys due to me, than ever I
have been for some years, and indeed do so, the goodness of God bringing
me from better to a better expectation and hopes of doing well. This day I
heard my Lord Barkeley tell Sir G. Carteret that he hath letters from
France that the King hath unduked twelve Dukes, only to show his power and
to crush his nobility, who he said he did see had heretofore laboured to
cross him. And this my Lord Barkeley did mightily magnify, as a sign of a
brave and vigorous mind, that what he saw fit to be done he dares do. At
night, after business done at my office, home to supper and to bed. I have
forgot to set down a very remarkable passage that, Lewellen being gone,
and I going into the office, and it begun to be dark, I found nobody
there, my clerks being at the burial of a child of W. Griffins, and so I
spent a little time till they came, walking in the garden, and in the mean
time, while I was walking Mrs. Pens pretty maid came by my side, and went
into the office, but finding nobody there I went in to her, being glad of
the occasion. She told me as she was going out again that there was nobody
there, and that she came for a sheet of paper. So I told her I would
supply her, and left her in the office and went into my office and opened
my garden door, thinking to have got her in, and there to have caressed
her, and seeming looking for paper, I told her this way was as near a way
for her, but she told me she had left the door open and so did not come to
me. So I carried her some paper and kissed her, leading her by the hand to
the garden door and there let her go. But, Lord! to see how much I was put
out of order by this surprisal, and how much I could have subjected my
mind to have treated and been found with this wench, and how afterwards I
was troubled to think what if she should tell this and whether I had spoke
or done any thing that might be unfit for her to tell. But I think there
was nothing more passed than just what I here write.

13th (Lords day). Up and made me ready for Church, but my wife and I had
a difference about her old folly that she would fasten lies upon her
mayds, and now upon Jane, which I did not see enough to confirm me in it,
and so would not consent to her. To church, where after sermon home, and
to my office, before dinner, reading my vowes, and so home to dinner,
where Tom came to me and he and I dined together, my wife not rising all
day, and after dinner I made even accounts with him, and spent all the
afternoon in my chamber talking of many things with him, and about
Wheatelys daughter for a wife for him, and then about the Joyces and
their father Fenner, how they are sometimes all honey one with another and
then all turd, and a strange rude life there is among them. In the
evening, he gone, I to my office to read Rushworth upon the charge and
answer of the Duke of Buckingham, which is very fine, and then to do a
little business against to-morrow, and so home to supper to my wife, and
then to bed.

14th. Up by candlelight, which I do not use to do, though it be very late,
that is to say almost 8 oclock, and out by coach to White Hall, where we
all met and to the Duke, where I heard a large discourse between one that
goes over an agent from the King to Legorne and thereabouts, to remove the
inconveniences his ships are put to by denial of pratique; which is a
thing that is now-a-days made use of only as a cheat, for a man may buy a
bill of health for a piece of eight, and my enemy may agree with the
Intendent of the Sante for ten pieces of eight or so; that he shall not
give me a bill of health, and so spoil me in my design, whatever it be.
This the King will not endure, and so resolves either to have it removed,
or to keep all ships from coming in, or going out there, so long as his
ships are stayed for want hereof. Then, my Lord Sandwich being there, we
all went into the Dukes closet and did our business. But among other
things, Lord! what an account did Sir J. Minnes and Sir W. Batten make of
the pulling down and burning of the head of the Charles, where Cromwell
was placed with people under his horse, and Peter, as the Duke called him,
is praying to him; and Sir J. Minnes would needs infer the temper of the
people from their joy at the doing of this and their building a gibbet for
the hanging of his head up, when God knows, it is even the flinging away
of L100 out of the Kings purse, to the building of another, which it
seems must be a Neptune. Thence I through White Hall only to see what was
doing, but meeting none that I knew I went through the garden to my Lord
Sandwichs lodging, where I found my Lord got before me (which I did not
intend or expect) and was there trying some musique, which he intends for
an anthem of three parts, I know not whether for the Kings chapel or no,
but he seems mighty intent upon it. But it did trouble me to hear him
swear before God and other oathes, as he did now and then without any
occasion, which methinks did so ill become him, and I hope will be a
caution for me, it being so ill a thing in him. The musique being done,
without showing me any good or ill countenance, he did give me his hat and
so adieu, and went down to his coach without saying anything to me. He
being gone I and Mr. Howe talked a good while. He tells me that my Lord,
it is true, for a while after my letter, was displeased, and did shew many
slightings of me when he had occasion of mentioning me to his Lordship,
but that now my Lord is in good temper and he do believe will shew me as
much respect as ever, and would have me not to refrain to come to him.
This news I confess did much trouble me, but when I did hear how he is
come to himself, and hath wholly left Chelsy, and the slut, and that I see
he do follow his business, and becomes in better repute than before, I am
rejoiced to see it, though it do cost me some disfavour for a time, for if
not his good nature and ingenuity, yet I believe his memory will not bear
it always in his mind. But it is my comfort that this is the thing that
after so many years good service that has made him my enemy. Thence to the
Kings Head ordinary, and there dined among a company of fine gentlemen;
some of them discoursed of the King of Frances greatness, and how he is
come to make the Princes of the Blood to take place of all foreign
Embassadors, which it seems is granted by them of Venice and other States,
and expected from my Lord. Hollis, our Kings Embassador there; and that
either upon that score or something else he hath not had his entry yet in
Paris, but hath received several affronts, and among others his harnesse
cut, and his gentlemen of his horse killed, which will breed bad blood if
true. They say also that the King of France hath hired threescore ships of
Holland, and forty of the Swede, but nobody knows what to do; but some
great designs he hath on foot against the next year. Thence by coach home
and to my office, where I spent all the evening till night with Captain
Taylor discoursing about keeping of masts, and when he was gone, with Sir
W. Warren, who did give me excellent discourse about the same thing, which
I have committed to paper, and then fell to other talk of his being at
Chatham lately and there discoursing of his masts. Commissioner Pett did
let fall several scurvy words concerning my pretending to know masts as
well as any body, which I know proceeds ever since I told him I could
measure a piece of timber as well as anybody employed by the King. But,
however, I shall remember him for a black sheep again a good while, with
all his fair words to me, and perhaps may let him know that my ignorance
does the King as much good as all his knowledge, which would do more it is
true if it were well used. Then we fell to talk of Sir J. Minness and Sir
W. Battens burning of Olivers head, while he was there; which was done
with so much insulting and folly as I never heard of, and had the Trayned
Band of Rochester to come to the solemnity, which when all comes to all,
Commissioner Pett says it never was made for him; but it troubles me the
King should suffer L100 losse in his purse, to make a new one after it was
forgot whose it was, or any words spoke of it. He being gone I mightily
pleased with his discourse, by which I always learn something, I to read a
little in Rushworth, and so home to supper to my wife, it having been
washing day, and so to bed, my mind I confess a little troubled for my
Lord Sandwichs displeasure. But God will give me patience to bear since
it rises from so good an occasion.

15th. Before I was up, my brothers man came to tell me that my cozen,
Edward Pepys, was dead, died at Mrs. Turners, for which my wife and I are
very sorry, and the more for that his wife was the only handsome woman of
our name. So up and to the office, where the greatest business was Sir J.
Minnes and Sir W. Batten against me for Sir W. Warrens contract for
masts, to which I may go to my memorandum book to see what past, but came
off with conquest, and my Lord Barkely and Mr. Coventry well convinced
that we are well used. So home to dinner, and thither came to me Mr. Mount
and Mr. Luellin, I think almost foxed, and there dined with me and very
merry as I could be, my mind being troubled to see things so ordered at
the Board, though with no disparagement to me at all. At dinner comes a
messenger from the Counter with an execution against me for the L30 10s.,
given the last verdict to Field. The mans name is Thomas, of the Poultry
Counter. I sent Griffin with him to the Dolphin, where Sir W. Batten was
at dinner, and he being satisfied that I should pay the money, I did cause
the money to be paid him, and Griffin to tell it out to him in the office.
He offered to go along with me to Sir R. Ford, but I thought it not
necessary, but let him go with it, he also telling me that there is never
any receipt for it given, but I have good witness of the payment of it.
They being gone, Luellin having again told me by myself that Deering is
content to give me L50 if I can sell his deals for him to the King, not
that I did ever offer to take it, or bid Luellin bargain for me with him,
but did tacitly seem to be willing to do him what service I could in it,
and expect his thanks, what he thought good. Thence to White Hall by
coach, by the way overtaking Mr. Moore, and took him into the coach to me,
and there he could tell me nothing of my Lord, how he stands as to his
thoughts or respect to me, but concludes that though at present he may be
angry yet he will come to be pleased again with me no doubt, and says that
he do mind his business well, and keeps at Court. So to White Hall, and
there by order found some of the Commissioners of Tangier met, and my Lord
Sandwich among the rest, to whom I bowed, but he shewed me very little if
any countenance at all, which troubles me mightily. Having soon done
there, I took up Mr. Moore again and set him down at Pauls, by the way he
proposed to me of a way of profit which perhaps may shortly be made by
money by fines upon houses at the Wardrobe, but how I did not understand
but left it to another discourse. So homeward, calling upon Mr. Fen, by
Sir G. Carterets desire, and did there shew him the bill of Captain
Taylors whereby I hope to get something justly. Home and to my office,
and there very late with Sir W. Warren upon very serious discourse,
telling him how matters passed to-day, and in the close he and I did fall
to talk very openly of the business of this office, and (if I was not a
little too open to tell him my interest, which is my fault) he did give me
most admirable advice, and such as do speak him a most able and worthy
man, and understanding seven times more than ever I thought to be in him.
He did particularly run over every one of the officers and commanders, and
shewed me how I had reason to mistrust every one of them, either for their
falsenesse or their over-great power, being too high to fasten a real
friendship in, and did give me a common but a most excellent saying to
observe in all my life. He did give it in rhyme, but the sense was this,
that a man should treat every friend in his discourse and opening his mind
to him as of one that may hereafter be his foe. He did also advise me how
I should take occasion to make known to the world my case, and the pains
that I take in my business, and above all to be sure to get a thorough
knowledge in my employment, and to that add all the interest at Court that
I can, which I hope I shall do. He staid talking with me till almost 12 at
night, and so good night, being sorry to part with him, and more sorry
that he should have as far as Wapping to walk to-night. So I to my
Journall and so home, to supper and to bed.

16th. Up, and with my head and heart full of my business, I to my office,
and there all the morning, where among other things to my great content
Captain Taylor brought me L40, the greater part of which I shall gain to
myself after much care and pains out of his bill of freight, as I have at
large set down in my book of Memorandums. At noon to the Change and there
met with Mr. Wood by design, and got out of him to my advantage a
condition which I shall make good use of against Sir W. Batten (vide my
book of Memorandums touching the contract of masts of Sir W. Warren about
which I have had so much trouble). So home to dinner and then to the Star
Tavern hard by to our arbitration of Mr. Blands business, and at it a
great while, but I found no order like to be kept in our inquiry, and Mr.
Clerke, the other arbitrator, one so far from being fit (though able as to
his trade of a merchant) to inquire and to take pains in searching out the
truth on both sides, that we parted without doing anything, nor do I
believe we shall at all ever attain to anything in it. Then home and till
12 at night making up my accounts with great account of this days receipt
of Captain Taylors money and some money reimbursed me which I have laid
out on Fields business. So home with my mind in pretty good quiet, and to
Supper and to bed.

17th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning. At noon home to
my poor wife and dined, and then by coach abroad to Mrs. Turners where I
have not been for many a day, and there I found her and her sister Dike
very sad for the death of their brother. After a little common expression
of sorrow, Mrs. Turner told me that the trouble she would put me to was,
to consult about getting an achievement prepared, scutcheons were done
already, to set over the door. So I did go out to Mr. Smiths, where my
brother tells me the scutcheons are made, but he not being within, I went
to the Temple, and there spent my time in a Booksellers shop, reading in
a book of some Embassages into Moscovia, &c., where was very good
reading, and then to Mrs. Turners, and thither came Smith to me, with
whom I did agree for L4 to make a handsome one, ell square within the
frame. After he was gone I sat an houre talking of the suddennesse of his
death within 7 days, and how by little and little death came upon him,
neither he nor they thinking it would come to that. He died after a days
raveing, through lightness in his head for want of sleep. His lady did not
know of his sickness, nor do they hear yet how she takes it. Hence home,
taking some books by the way in Pauls Churchyard by coach to my office,
where late doing business, and so home to supper and to bed.

18th. Up, and after being ready and done several businesses with people, I
took water (taking a dram of the bottle at the waterside) with a gaily,
the first that ever I had yet, and down to Woolwich, calling at Ham
Creeke, where I met Mr. Deane, and had a great deal of talke with him
about business, and so to the Ropeyarde and Docke, discoursing several
things, and so back again and did the like at Deptford, and I find that it
is absolutely necessary for me to do thus once a weeke at least all the
yeare round, which will do me great good, and so home with great ease and
content, especially out of the content which I met with in a book I bought
yesterday, being a discourse of the state of Rome under the present Pope,
Alexander the 7th, it being a very excellent piece. After eating something
at home, then to my office, where till night about business to dispatch.
Among other people came Mr. Primate, the leather seller, in Fleete
Streete, to see me, he says, coming this way; and he tells me that he is
upon a proposal to the King, whereby, by a law already in being, he will
supply the King, without wrong to any man, or charge to the people in
general, so much as it is now, above L200,000 per annum, and God knows
what, and that the King do like the proposal, and hath directed that the
Duke of Monmouth, with their consent, be made privy, and go along with him
and his fellow proposer in the business, God knows what it is; for I
neither can guess nor believe there is any such thing in his head. At
night made an end of the discourse I read this morning, and so home to
supper and to bed.

19th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and I laboured
hard at Deerings business of his deals more than I would if I did not
think to get something, though I do really believe that I did what is to
the Kings advantage in it, and yet, God knows, the expectation of profit
will have its force and make a man the more earnest. Dined at home, and
then with Mr. Bland to another meeting upon his arbitration, and seeing we
were likely to do no good I even put them upon it, and they chose Sir W.
Rider alone to end the matter, and so I am rid of it. Thence by coach to
my shoemakers and paid all there, and gave something to the boys box
against Christmas. To Mrs. Turners, whom I find busy with Sir W. Turner,
about advising upon going down to Norfolke with the corps, and I find him
in talke a sober, considering man. So home to my office late, and then
home to supper and to bed. My head full of business, but pretty good
content.

20th (Lords day). Up and alone to church, where a common sermon of Mr.
Mills, and so home to dinner in our parler, my wife being clean, and the
first time we have dined here a great while together, and in the afternoon
went to church with me also, and there begun to take her place above Mrs.
Pen, which heretofore out of a humour she was wont to give her as an
affront to my Lady Batten. After a dull sermon of the Scotchman, home, and
there I found my brother Tom and my two cozens Scotts, he and she, the
first time they were ever here. And by and by in comes my uncle. Wight and
Mr. Norbury, and they sat with us a while drinking, of wine, of which I
did give them plenty. But the two would not stay supper, but the other two
did. And we were as merry as I could be with people that I do wish well
to, but know not what discourse either to give them or find from them. We
showed them our house from top to bottom, and had a good Turkey roasted
for our supper, and store of wine, and after supper sent them home on
foot, and so we to prayers and to bed.

21st. Up betimes, my wife having a mind to have gone abroad with me, but I
had not because of troubling me, and so left her, though against my will,
to go and see her father and mother by herself, and I straight to my Lord
Sandwichs, and there I had a pretty kind salute from my Lord, and went on
to the Dukes, where my fellow officers by and by came, and so in with him
to his closet, and did our business, and so broke up, and I with Sir W.
Batten by coach to Salisbury Court, and there spoke with Clerk our
Solicitor about Fields business, and so parted, and I to Mrs. Turners,
and there saw the achievement pretty well set up, and it is well done.
Thence I on foot to Charing Crosse to the ordinary, and there, dined,
meeting Mr. Gauden and Creed. Here variety of talk but to no great
purpose. After dinner won a wager of a payre of gloves of a crowne of Mr.
Gauden upon some words in his contract for victualling. There parted in
the street with them, and I to my Lords, but he not being within, took
coach, and, being directed by sight of bills upon the walls, I did go to
Shoe Lane to see a cocke-fighting at a new pit there, a sport I was never
at in my life; but, Lord! to see the strange variety of people, from
Parliament-man (by name Wildes, that was Deputy Governor of the Tower when
Robinson was Lord Mayor) to the poorest prentices, bakers, brewers,
butchers, draymen, and what not; and all these fellows one with another in
swearing, cursing, and betting. I soon had enough of it, and yet I would
not but have seen it once, it being strange to observe the nature of these
poor creatures, how they will fight till they drop down dead upon the
table, and strike after they are ready to give up the ghost, not offering
to run away when they are weary or wounded past doing further, whereas
where a dunghill brood comes he will, after a sharp stroke that pricks
him, run off the stage, and then they wring off his neck without more ado,
whereas the other they preserve, though their eyes be both out, for breed
only of a true cock of the game. Sometimes a cock that has had ten to one
against him will by chance give an unlucky blow, will strike the other
starke dead in a moment, that he never stirs more; but the common rule is,
that though a cock neither runs nor dies, yet if any man will bet L10 to a
crowne, and nobody take the bet, the game is given over, and not sooner.
One thing more it is strange to see how people of this poor rank, that
look as if they had not bread to put in their mouths, shall bet three or
four pounds at one bet, and lose it, and yet bet as much the next battle
(so they call every match of two cocks), so that one of them will lose L10
or L20 at a meeting. Thence, having enough of it, by coach to my Lord
Sandwichs, where I find him within with Captain Cooke and his boys, Dr.
Childe, Mr. Madge, and Mallard, playing and singing over my Lords anthem
which he hath made to sing in the Kings Chappell: my Lord saluted me
kindly and took me into the withdrawing-room, to hear it at a distance,
and indeed it sounds very finely, and is a good thing, I believe, to be
made by him, and they all commend it. And after that was done Captain
Cooke and his two boys did sing some Italian songs, which I must in a word
say I think was fully the best musique that I ever yet heard in all my
life, and it was to me a very great pleasure to hear them. After all
musique ended, my Lord going to White Hall, I went along with him, and
made a desire for to have his coach to go along with my cozen Edward
Pepyss hearse through the City on Wednesday next, which he granted me
presently, though he cannot yet come to speak to me in the familiar stile
that he did use to do, nor can I expect it. But I was the willinger of
this occasion to see whether he would deny me or no, which he would I
believe had he been at open defyance against me. Being not a little
pleased with all this, though I yet see my Lord is not right yet, I
thanked his Lordship and parted with him in White Hall. I back to my
Lords, and there took up W. Howe in a coach, and carried him as far as
the Half Moone, and there set him down. By the way, talking of my Lord,
who is come another and a better man than he was lately, and God be
praised for it, and he says that I shall find my Lord as he used to be to
me, of which I have good hopes, but I shall beware of him, I mean W. Howe,
how I trust him, for I perceive he is not so discreet as I took him for,
for he has told Captain Ferrers (as Mr. Moore tells me) of my letter to my
Lord, which troubles me, for fear my Lord should think that I might have
told him. So called with my coach at my wifes brothers lodging, but she
was gone newly in a coach homewards, and so I drove hard and overtook her
at Temple Bar, and there paid off mine, and went home with her in her
coach. She tells me how there is a sad house among her friends. Her
brothers wife proves very unquiet, and so her mother is, gone back to be
with her husband and leave the young couple to themselves, and great
trouble, and I fear great want, will be among them, I pray keep me from
being troubled with them. At home to put on my gowne and to my office, and
there set down this days Journall, and by and by comes Mrs. Owen, Captain
Allens daughter, and causes me to stay while the papers relating to her
husbands place, bought of his father, be copied out because of her going
by this mornings tide home to Chatham. Which vexes me, but there is no
help for it. I home to supper while a young [man] that she brought with
her did copy out the things, and then I to the office again and dispatched
her, and so home to bed.

22nd. Up and there comes my she cozen Angier, of Cambridge, to me to speak
about her son. But though I love them, and have reason so to do, yet,
Lord! to consider how cold I am to speak to her, for fear of giving her
too much hopes of expecting either money or anything else from me besides
my care of her son. I let her go without drinking, though that was against
my will, being forced to hasten to the office, where we sat all the
morning, and at noon I to Sir R. Fords, where Sir R. Browne (a dull but
it seems upon action a hot man), and he and I met upon setting a price
upon the freight of a barge sent to France to the Duchess of Orleans. And
here by discourse I find them greatly crying out against the choice of Sir
J. Cutler to be Treasurer for Pauls upon condition that he give L1500
towards it, and it seems he did give it upon condition that he might be
Treasurer for the work, which they say will be worth three times as much
money, and talk as if his being chosen to the office will make people
backward to give, but I think him as likely a man as either of them, or
better. The business being done we parted, Sir R. Ford never inviting me
to dine with him at all, and I was not sorry for it. Home and dined. I had
a letter from W. Howe that my Lord hath ordered his coach and six horses
for me to-morrow, which pleases me mightily to think that my Lord should
do so much, hoping thereby that his anger is a little over. After dinner
abroad with my wife by coach to Westminster, and set her at Mrs. Hunts
while I about my business, having in our way met with Captain Ferrers
luckily to speak to him about my coach, who was going in all haste
thither, and I perceive the King and Duke and all the Court was going to
the Dukes playhouse to see Henry VIII. acted, which is said to be an
admirable play. But, Lord! to see how near I was to have broken my oathe,
or run the hazard of 20s. losse, so much my nature was hot to have gone
thither; but I did not go, but having spoke with W. Howe and known how my
Lord did do this kindly as I would have it, I did go to Westminster Hall,
and there met Hawley, and walked a great while with him. Among other
discourse encouraging him to pursue his love to Mrs. Lane, while God knows
I had a roguish meaning in it. Thence calling my wife home by coach,
calling at several places, and to my office, where late, and so home to
supper and to bed. This day I hear for certain that my Lady Castlemaine is
turned Papist, which the Queene for all do not much like, thinking that
she do it not for conscience sake. I heard to-day of a great fray lately
between Sir H. Finchs coachman, who struck with his whip a coachman of
the Kings to the losse of one of his eyes; at which the people of the
Exchange seeming to laugh and make sport with some words of contempt to
him, my Lord Chamberlin did come from the King to shut up the Change, and
by the help of a justice, did it; but upon petition to the King it was
opened again.

23rd. Up betimes and my wife; and being in as mourning a dress as we
could, at present, without cost, put ourselves into, we by Sir W. Pens
coach to Mrs. Turners, at Salisbury Court, where I find my Lords coach
and six horses. We staid till almost eleven oclock, and much company
came, and anon, the corps being put into the hearse, and the scutcheons
set upon it, we all took coach, and I and my wife and Auditor Beale in my
Lord Sandwichs coach, and went next to Mrs. Turners mourning coach, and
so through all the City and Shoreditch, I believe about twenty coaches,
and four or five with six and four horses. Being come thither, I made up
to the mourners, and bidding them a good journey, I took leave and back
again, and setting my wife into a hackney out of Bishopsgate Street, I
sent her home, and I to the Change and Auditor Beale about his business.
Did much business at the Change, and so home to dinner, and then to my
office, and there late doing business also to my great content to see God
bless me in my place and opening honest ways, I hope to get a little money
to lay up and yet to live handsomely. So to supper and to bed. My wife
having strange fits of the toothache, some times on this, and by and by on
that side of her tooth, which is not common.

24th. Up betimes; and though it was a most foggy morning, and cold, yet
with a gally down to Eriffe, several times being at a loss whither we
went. There I mustered two ships of the Kings, lent by him to the Guiny
Company, which are manned better than ours at far less wages. Thence on
board two of the Kings, one of them the Leopard, Captain Beech, who I
find an able and serious man. He received me civilly, and his wife was
there, a very well bred and knowing woman, born at Antwerp, but speaks as
good English as myself, and an ingenious woman. Here was also Sir G.
Carterets son, who I find a pretty, but very talking man, but good
humour. Thence back again, entertaining myself upon my sliding rule with
great content, and called at Woolwich, where Mr. Chr. Pett having an
opportunity of being alone did tell me his mind about several things he
thought I was offended with him in, and told me of my kindness to his
assistant. I did give him such an answer as I thought was fit and left him
well satisfied, he offering to do me all the service, either by draughts
or modells that I should desire. Thence straight home, being very cold,
but yet well, I thank God, and at home found my wife making mince pies,
and by and by comes in Captain Ferrers to see us, and, among other talke,
tells us of the goodness of the new play of Henry VIII., which makes me
think [it] long till my time is out; but I hope before I go I shall set
myself such a stint as I may not forget myself as I have hitherto done
till I was forced for these months last past wholly to forbid myself the
seeing of one. He gone I to my office and there late writing and reading,
and so home to bed.

25th (Christmas day). Lay long talking pleasantly with my wife, but among
other things she begun, I know not whether by design or chance, to enquire
what she should do if I should by any accident die, to which I did give
her some slight answer; but shall make good use of it to bring myself to
some settlement for her sake, by making a will as soon as I can. Up and to
church, where Mr. Mills made an ordinary sermon, and so home and dined
with great pleasure with my wife, and all the afternoon first looking out
at window and seeing the boys playing at many several sports in our back
yard by Sir W. Pens, which reminded me of my own former times, and then I
began to read to my wife upon the globes with great pleasure and to good
purpose, for it will be pleasant to her and to me to have her understand
these things. In the evening at the office, where I staid late reading
Rushworth, which is a most excellent collection of the beginning of the
late quarrels in this kingdom, and so home to supper and to bed, with good
content of mind.

26th. Up and walked forth first to the Minerys to Browns, and there with
great pleasure saw and bespoke several instruments, and so to Cornhill to
Mr. Cades, and there went up into his warehouse to look for a map or two,
and there finding great plenty of good pictures, God forgive me! how my
mind run upon them, and bought a little one for my wifes closett
presently, and concluded presently of buying L10 worth, upon condition he
would give me the buying of them. Now it is true I did still within me
resolve to make the King one way or other pay for them, though I saved it
to him another way, yet I find myself too forward to fix upon the expense,
and came away with a resolution of buying them, but do hope that I shall
not upon second thoughts do it without a way made out before I buy them to
myself how to do [it] without charge to my main stock. Thence to the
Coffee-house, and sat long in good discourse with some gentlemen
concerning the Roman Empire. So home and found Mr. Hollyard there, and he
stayed and dined with us, we having a pheasant to dinner. He gone, I all
the afternoon with my wife to cards, and, God forgive me! to see how the
very discourse of plays, which I shall be at liberty to see after New
Years Day next, do set my mind upon them, but I must be forced to stint
myself very strictly before I begin, or else I fear I shall spoil all. In
the evening came my aunt Wights kinswoman to see how my wife do, with a
compliment from my aunt, which I take kindly as it is unusual for her to
do it, but I do perceive my uncle is very kind to me of late. So to my
office writing letters, and then to read and make an end of Rushworth,
which I did, and do say that it is a book the most worth reading for a man
of my condition or any man that hopes to come to any publique condition in
the world that I do know. So home to supper and to bed.

27th. Up and to church alone and so home to dinner with my wife very
pleasant and pleased with one anothers company, and in our general
enjoyment one of another, better we think than most other couples do. So
after dinner to the French church, but came too late, and so back to our
owne church, where I slept all the sermon the Scott preaching, and so
home, and in the evening Sir J. Minnes and I met at Sir W. Pens about
ordering some business of the Navy, and so I home to supper, discourse,
prayers, and bed.

28th. Up and by coach to my Lords lodgings, but he was gone abroad, so I
lost my pains, but, however, walking through White Hall I heard the King
was gone to play at Tennis, so I down to the new Tennis Court; and saw him
and Sir Arthur Slingsby play against my Lord of Suffolke and my Lord
Chesterfield. The King beat three, and lost two sets, they all, and he
particularly playing well, I thought. Thence went and spoke with the Duke
of Albemarle about his wound at Newhall, but I find him a heavy dull man,
methinks, by his answers to me. Thence to the Kings Head ordinary and
there dined, and found Creed there, but we met and dined and parted
without any thing more than How do you? After dinner straight on foot to
Mr. Hollyards, and there paid him L3 in full for his physic and work to
my wife…. but whether it is cured for ever or no I cannot tell, but he
says it will never come to anything, though it may be it may ooze now and
then a little. So home and found my wife gone out with Will (whom she sent
for as she do now a days upon occasion) to have a tooth drawn, she having
it seems been in great pain all day, and at night came home with it drawn,
and pretty well. This evening I had a stove brought me to the office to
try, but it being an old one it smokes as much as if there was nothing but
a hearth as I had before, but it may be great new ones do not, and
therefore I must enquire further. So at night home to supper and to bed.
The Duchesse of York is fallen sicke of the meazles.

29th. Up and to the office, where all the morning sitting, at noon to the
change, and there I found and brought home Mr. Pierse the surgeon to
dinner. Where I found also Mr. Luellin and Mount, and merry at dinner, but
their discourse so free…. that I was weary of them. But after dinner
Luellin took me up to my chamber to give me L50 for the service I did him,
though not so great as he expected and I intended. But I told him that I
would not sell my liberty to any man. If he would give me any thing by
anothers hand I would endeavour to deserve it, but I will never give him
himself thanks for it, not acknowledging the receiving of any, which he
told me was reasonable. I did also tell him that neither this nor any
thing should make me to do any thing that should not be for the Kings
service besides. So we parted and left them three at home with my wife
going to cards, and I to my office and there staid late. Sir W. Pen came
like a cunning rogue to sit and talk with me about office business and
freely about the Comptrollers business of the office, to which I did give
him free answers and let him make the best of them. But I know him to be a
knave, and do say nothing that I fear to have said again. Anon came Sir W.
Warren, and after talking of his business of the masts and helping me to
understand some foul dealing in the business of Woods we fell to other
talk, and particularly to speak of some means how to part this great
familiarity between Sir W. Batten and Sir J. Minnes, and it is easy to do
by any good friend of Sir J. Minnes to whom it will be a good service, and
he thinks that Sir J. Denham will be a proper man for it, and so do I. So
after other discourse we parted, and I home and to bed.

30th. Up betimes and by coach to my Lord Sandwich, who I met going out,
and he did aske me how his cozen, my wife; did, the first time he hath
done so since his being offended, and, in my conscience, he would be glad
to be free with me again, but he knows not how to begin. So he went out,
and I through the garden to Mr. Coventry, where I saw Mr. Ch. Pett
bringing him a modell, and indeed it is a pretty one, for a New Years
gift; but I think the work not better done than mine. With him by coach to
London, with good and friendly discourse of business and against Sir W.
Batten and his foul dealings. So leaving him at the Guiny House I to the
Coffee House, whither came Mr. Grant and Sir W. Petty, with whom I talked,
and so did many, almost all the house there, about his new vessel, wherein
he did give me such satisfaction in every point that I am almost confident
she will prove an admirable invention. So home to dinner, and after being
upon the Change awhile I dined with my wife, who took physique to-day,
and so to my office, and there all the afternoon till late at night about
office business, and so to supper and to bed.

31st. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and among other
things Sir W. Warren came about some contract, and there did at the open
table, Sir W. Batten not being there; openly defy him, and insisted how
Sir W. Batten did endeavour to oppose him in everything that he offered.
Sir W. Pen took him up for it, like a counterfeit rogue, though I know he
was as much pleased to hear him talk so as any man there. But upon his
speaking no more was said but to the business. At noon we broke up and I
to the Change awhile, and so home again to dinner, my head aching
mightily with being overcharged with business. We had to dinner, my wife
and I, a fine turkey and a mince pie, and dined in state, poor wretch, she
and I, and have thus kept our Christmas together all alone almost, having
not once been out, but to-morrow my vowes are all out as to plays and
wine, but I hope I shall not be long before I come to new ones, so much
good, and Gods blessing, I find to have attended them. Thence to the
office and did several businesses and answered several people, but my head
aching and it being my great night of accounts, I went forth, took coach,
and to my brothers, but he was not within, and so I back again and sat an
hour or two at the Coffee [house], hearing some simple discourse about
Quakers being charmed by a string about their wrists, and so home, and
after a little while at my office, I home and supped, and so had a good
fire in my chamber and there sat till 4 oclock in the morning making up
my accounts and writing this last Journall of the year. And first I bless
God I do, after a large expense, even this month, by reason of Christmas,
and some payments to my father, and other things extraordinary, find that
I am worth in money, besides all my household stuff, or any thing of
Brampton, above L800, whereof in my Lord Sandwichs hand, L700, and the
rest in my hand. So that there is not above L5 of all my estate in money
at this minute out of my hands and my Lords. For which the good God be
pleased to give me a thankful heart and a mind careful to preserve this
and increase it. I do live at my lodgings in the Navy Office, my family
being, besides my wife and I, Jane Gentleman, Besse, our excellent,
good-natured cookmayde, and Susan, a little girle, having neither man nor
boy, nor like to have again a good while, living now in most perfect
content and quiett, and very frugally also; my health pretty good, but
only that I have been much troubled with a costiveness which I am
labouring to get away, and have hopes of doing it. At the office I am
well, though envied to the devil by Sir William Batten, who hates me to
death, but cannot hurt me. The rest either love me, or at least do not
show otherwise, though I know Sir W. Pen to be a false knave touching me,
though he seems fair. My father and mother well in the country; and at
this time the young ladies of Hinchingbroke with them, their house having
the small-pox in it. The Queene after a long and sore sicknesse is become
well again; and the King minds his mistresse a little too much, if it
pleased God! but I hope all things will go well, and in the Navy
particularly, wherein I shall do my duty whatever comes of it. The great
talke is the designs of the King of France, whether against the Pope or
King of Spayne nobody knows; but a great and a most promising Prince he
is, and all the Princes of Europe have their eye upon him. My wifes
brother come to great unhappiness by the ill-disposition, my wife says, of
his wife, and her poverty, which she now professes, after all her
husbands pretence of a great fortune, but I see none of them, at least
they come not to trouble me. At present I am concerned for my cozen
Angier, of Cambridge, lately broke in his trade, and this day am sending
his son John, a very rogue, to sea. My brother Tom I know not what to
think of, for I cannot hear whether he minds his business or not; and my
brother John at Cambridge, with as little hopes of doing good there, for
when he was here he did give me great cause of dissatisfaction with his
manner of life. Pall with my father, and God knows what she do there, or
what will become of her, for I have not anything yet to spare her, and she
grows now old, and must be disposed of one way or other. The Duchesse of
York, at this time, sicke of the meazles, but is growing well again. The
Turke very far entered into Germany, and all that part of the world at a
losse what to expect from his proceedings. Myself, blessed be God! in a
good way, and design and resolution of sticking to my business to get a
little money with doing the best service I can to the King also; which God
continue! So ends the old year.

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     A woman sober, and no high-flyer, as he calls it
     Academy was dissolved by order of the Pope
     After oysters, at first course, a hash of rabbits, a lamb
     After some pleasant talk, my wife, Ashwell, and I to bed
     After awhile I caressed her and parted seeming friends
     Again that she spoke but somewhat of what she had in her heart
     And there, did what I would with her
     And so to sleep till the morning, but was bit cruelly
     And so to bed and there entertained her with great content
     And so to bed, my father lying with me in Ashwells bed
     Apprehend about one hundred Quakers
     At last we pretty good friends
     Before I sent my boy out with them, I beat him for a lie
     Being cleansed of lice this day by my wife
     Better we think than most other couples do
     Book itself, and both it and them not worth a turd
     But a woful rude rabble there was, and such noises
     Compliment from my aunt, which I take kindly as it is unusual
     Conceited, but thats no matter to me
     Content as to be at our own home, after being abroad awhile
     Dare not oppose it alone for making an enemy and do no good
     Did so watch to see my wife put on drawers, which (she did)
     Did go to Shoe Lane to see a cocke-fighting at a new pit there
     Did find none of them within, which I was glad of
     Dined at home alone, a good calves head boiled and dumplings
     Dinner was great, and most neatly dressed
     Dog attending us, which made us all merry again
     Dr. Calamy is this day sent to Newgate for preaching
     Duodecimal arithmetique
     Eat a mouthful of pye at home to stay my stomach
     Employed by the fencers to play prizes at
     Enquiring into the selling of places do trouble a great many
     Every man looking after himself, and his owne lust and luxury
     Every small thing is enough now-a-days to bring a difference
     Excommunications, which they send upon the least occasions
     Expectation of profit will have its force
     Familiarity with her other servants is it that spoils them all
     Fear it may do him no good, but me hurt
     Fearful that I might not go far enough with my hat off
     Feverish, and hath sent for Mr. Pierce to let him blood
     Found guilty, and likely will be hanged (for stealing spoons)
     Found him a fool, as he ever was, or worse
     Galileos air thermometer, made before 1597
     Give her a Lobster and do so touse her and feel her all over
     God knows that I do not find honesty enough in my own mind
     Goes with his guards with him publiquely, and his trumpets
     Goes down the wind in honour as well as every thing else
     Great plot which was lately discovered in Ireland
     Had a good supper of an oxes cheek
     Half a pint of Rhenish wine at the Still-yard, mixed with beer
     Hanged with a silken halter
     He is too wise to be made a friend of
     He hoped he should live to see her ugly and willing
      He having made good promises, though I fear his performance
     His readiness to speak spoilt all
     How highly the Presbyters do talk in the coffeehouses still
     I calling her beggar, and she me pricklouse, which vexed me
     I and she never were so heartily angry in our lives as to-day
     I do not find other people so willing to do business as myself
     I slept most of the sermon
     I was very angry, and resolve to beat him to-morrow
     Ill humour to be so against that which all the world cries up
     In some churches there was hardly ten people in the whole church
     Insurrection of the Catholiques there
     It must be the old ones that must do any good
     Jealous, though God knows I have no great reason
     John has got a wife, and for that he intends to part with him
     Justice of proceeding not to condemn a man unheard
     Keep at interest, which is a good, quiett, and easy profit
     King was gone to play at Tennis
     Lady Castlemaine hath all the Kings Christmas presents
     Lay long in bed talking and pleasing myself with my wife
     Lay very long with my wife in bed talking with great pleasure
     Lay chiding, and then pleased with my wife in bed
     Liability of a husband to pay for goods supplied his wife
     Many thousands in a little time go out of England
     Matters in Ireland are full of discontent
     Money, which sweetens all things
     Most flat dead sermon, both for matter and manner of delivery
     Much discourse, but little to be learned
     My maid Susan ill, or would be thought so
     My wife has got too great head to be brought down soon
     My wife and her maid Ashwell had between them spilled the pot....
     No more matter being made of the death of one than another
     No sense nor grammar, yet in as good words that ever I saw
     Nor will yield that the Papists have any ground given them
     Nor would become obliged too much to any
     Nothing in the world done with true integrity
     Nothing of any truth and sincerity, but mere envy and design
     Nothing is to be got without offending God and the King
     Once a week or so I know a gentleman must go....
     Opening his mind to him as of one that may hereafter be his foe
     Out of an itch to look upon the sluts there
     Pain of the stone, and makes bloody water with great pain
     Parliament do agree to throw down Popery
     Pen was then turned Quaker
     Persuade me that she should prove with child since last night
     Plague is much in Amsterdam, and we in fears of it here
     Pride and debauchery of the present clergy
     Pride himself too much in it
     Quakers being charmed by a string about their wrists
     Rabbit not half roasted, which made me angry with my wife
     Railed bitterly ever and anon against John Calvin
     Reading my Latin grammar, which I perceive I have great need
     Reckon nothing money but when it is in the bank
     Resolve to live well and die a beggar
     Sad for want of my wife, whom I love with all my heart
     Saw his people go up and down louseing themselves
     Scholler, that would needs put in his discourse (every occasion)
     Scholler, but, it may be, thinks himself to be too much so
     See how time and example may alter a man
     See whether my wife did wear drawers to-day as she used to do
     Sent me last night, as a bribe, a barrel of sturgeon
     Servant of the Kings pleasures too, as well as business
     She was so ill as to be shaved and pidgeons put to her feet
     She is conceited that she do well already
     She used the word devil, which vexed me
     She begins not at all to take pleasure in me or study to please
     So home, and mighty friends with my wife again
     So much is it against my nature to owe anything to any body
     So home to supper and bed with my father
     So home, and after supper did wash my feet, and so to bed
     So neat and kind one to another
     Softly up to see whether any of the beds were out of order or no
     Sorry for doing it now, because of obliging me to do the like
     Sporting in my fancy with the Queen
     Statute against selling of offices
     Talk very highly of liberty of conscience
     Taught my wife some part of subtraction
     That I might say I saw no money in the paper
     That he is not able to live almost with her
     The plague is got to Amsterdam, brought by a ship from Argier
     The goldsmith, he being one of the jury to-morrow
     The house was full of citizens, and so the less pleasant
     Thence by coach, with a mad coachman, that drove like mad
     There is no passing but by coach in the streets, and hardly that
     There is no man almost in the City cares a turd for him
     Therefore ought not to expect more justice from her
     These young Lords are not fit to do any service abroad
     They were so false spelt that I was ashamed of them
     They say now a common mistress to the King
     Things being dear and little attendance to be had we went away
     Though it be but little, yet I do get ground every month
     Through the Fleete Ally to see a couple of pretty [strumpets]
     To bed with discontent she yielded to me and began to be fond
     Towzing her and doing what I would, but the last thing of all
     Upon a small temptation I could be false to her
     Vexed at my wifes neglect in leaving of her scarf
     Waked this morning between four and five by my blackbird
     We having no luck in maids now-a-days
     Who is over head and eares in getting her house up
     Whose voice I am not to be reconciled
     Wife and the dancing-master alone above, not dancing but talking
     Wine, new and old, with labells pasted upon each bottle
     With much ado in an hour getting a coach home
     Would not make my coming troublesome to any
     Yet it was her fault not to see that I did take them