Samuel Pepys diary November 1663

NOVEMBER 1663

November 1st (Lords day). This morning my brothers man brought me a new
black baize waistecoate, faced with silke, which I put on from this day,
laying by half-shirts for this winter. He brought me also my new gowne of
purple shagg, trimmed with gold, very handsome; he also brought me as a
gift from my brother, a velvet hat, very fine to ride in, and the fashion,
which pleases me very well, to which end, I believe, he sent it me, for he
knows I had lately been angry with him. Up and to church with my wife, and
at noon dined at home alone, a good calves head boiled and dumplings, an
excellent dinner methought it was. Then to church again, whither Sir W.
Pen came, the first time he has been at church these several months, he
having been sicke all the while. Home and to my office, where I taught my
wife some part of subtraction, and then fell myself to set some papers of
my last nights accounts in order, and so to supper home, and after supper
another bout at arithmetique with my wife, and then to my office again and
made an end of my papers, and so home to prayers, and then to read my
vowes, and to bed.

2d. Up, and by coach to White Hall, and there in the long Matted Gallery I
find Sir G. Carteret, Sir J. Minnes, and Sir W. Batten—and by and by
comes the King to walk there with three or four with him; and soon as he
saw us, says he, Here is the Navy Office, and there walked twenty turns
the length of the gallery, talking, methought, but ordinary talke. By and
by came the Duke, and he walked, and at last they went into the Dukes
lodgings. The King staid so long that we could not discourse with the
Duke, and so we parted. I heard the Duke say that he was going to wear a
perriwigg; and they say the King also will. I never till this day observed
that the King is mighty gray. Thence, meeting with Creed, walked with him
to Westminster Hall, and thence by coach took up Mrs. Hunt, and carried
her towards my house, and we light at the Change, and sent her to my
house, Creed and I to the Coffeehouse, and then to the Change, and so
home, and carried a barrel of oysters with us, and so to dinner, and after
a good dinner left Mrs. Hunt and my wife making marmalett of quinces, and
Creed and I to the perriwigg makers, but it being dark concluded of
nothing, and so Creed went away, and I with Sir W. Pen, who spied me in
the street, in his coach home. There found them busy still, and I up to my
vyall. Anon, the comfiture being well done, my wife and I took Mrs. Hunt
at almost 9 at night by coach and carried Mrs. Hunt home, and did give her
a box of sugar and a haunch of venison given me by my Lady the other day.
We did not light, but saw her within doors, and straight home, where
after supper there happening some discourse where my wife thought she had
taken Jane in a lie, she told me of it mighty triumphantly, but I, not
seeing reason to conclude it a lie, was vexed, and my wife and I to very
high words, wherein I up to my chamber, and she by and by followed me up,
and to very bad words from her to me, calling me perfidious and man of no
conscience, whatever I pretend to, and I know not what, which troubled me
mightily, and though I would allow something to her passion, yet I see
again and again that she spoke but somewhat of what she had in her heart.
But I tempered myself very well, so as that though we went to bed with
discontent she yielded to me and began to be fond, so that being willing
myself to peace, we did before we sleep become very good friends, it being
past 12 oclock, and so with good hearts and joy to rest.

3rd. Up and to the office, where busy all the morning, and at noon to the
Coffee-house, and there heard a long and most passionate discourse between
two doctors of physique, of which one was Dr. Allen, whom I knew at
Cambridge, and a couple of apothecarys; these maintaining chymistry
against them Galenicall physique; and the truth is, one of the apothecarys
whom they charged most, did speak very prettily, that is, his language and
sense good, though perhaps he might not be so knowing a physician as to
offer to contest with them. At last they came to some cooler terms, and
broke up. I home, and there Mr. Moore coming by my appointment dined with
me, and after dinner came Mr. Goldsborough, and we discoursed about the
business of his mother, but could come to no agreement in it but parted
dissatisfied. By and by comes Chapman, the periwigg-maker, and upon my
liking it, without more ado I went up, and there he cut off my haire,
which went a little to my heart at present to part with it; but, it being
over, and my periwigg on, I paid him L3 for it; and away went he with my
owne haire to make up another of, and I by and by, after I had caused all
my mayds to look upon it; and they conclude it do become me; though Jane
was mightily troubled for my parting of my own haire, and so was Besse, I
went abroad to the Coffeehouse, and coming back went to Sir W. Pen and
there sat with him and Captain Cocke till late at night, Cocke talking of
some of the Roman history very well, he having a good memory. Sir W. Pen
observed mightily, and discoursed much upon my cutting off my haire, as he
do of every thing that concerns me, but it is over, and so I perceive
after a day or two it will be no great matter.

4th. Up and to my office, shewing myself to Sir W. Batten, and Sir J.
Minnes, and no great matter made of my periwigg, as I was afeard there
would be. Among other things there came to me Shales of Portsmouth, by my
order, and I began to discourse with him about the arrears of stores
belonging to the Victualling Office there, and by his discourse I am in
some hopes that if I can get a grant from the King of such a part of all I
discover I may chance to find a way to get something by the by, which do
greatly please me the very thoughts of. Home to dinner, and very pleasant
with my wife, who is this day also herself making of marmalett of quince,
which she now do very well herself. I left her at it and by coach I to the
New Exchange and several places to buy and bring home things, among others
a case I bought of the trunk makers for my periwigg, and so home and to
my office late, and among other things wrote a letter to Wills uncle to
hasten his removal from me, and so home to supper and to bed. This morning
Captain Cocke did give me a good account of the Guinny trade. The Queene
is in a great way to recovery. This noon came John Angier to me in a
pickle, I was sad to see him, desiring my good word for him to go a
trooper to Tangier, but I did schoole him and sent him away with good
advice, but no present encouragement. Presently after I had a letter from
his poor father at Cambridge, who is broke, it seems, and desires me to
get him a protection, or a place of employment; but, poor man, I doubt I
can helpe him, but will endeavour it.

5th. Lay long in bed, then up, called by Captain Cocke about business of a
contract of his for some Tarre, and so to the office, and then to Sir W.
Pen and there talked, and he being gone came Sir W. Warren and discoursed
about our business with Field, and at noon by agreement to the Miter to
dinner upon T. Trices 40s., to be spent upon our late agreement. Here was
a very poor dinner and great company. All our lawyers on both sides, and
several friends of his and some of mine brought by him, viz., Mr. Moore,
uncle Wight, Dr. Williams, and my cozen Angier, that lives here in town,
who t Captain John Shales after dinner carried me aside and showed me a
letter from his poor brother at Cambridge to me of the same contents with
that yesterday to me desiring help from me. Here I was among a sorry
company without any content or pleasure, and at the last the reckoning
coming to above 40s. by 15s., he would have me pay the 10s. and he would
pay the 5s., which was so poor that I was ashamed of it, and did it only
to save contending with him. There, after agreeing a day for him and I to
meet and seal our agreement, I parted and home, and at the office by
agreement came Mr. Shales, and there he and I discourse till late the
business of his helping me in the discovery of some arrears of provisions
and stores due to the stores at Portsmouth, out of which I may chance to
get some money, and save the King some too, and therefore I shall
endeavour to do the fellow some right in other things here to his
advantage between Mr. Gauden and him. He gone my wife and I to her
arithmetique, in which she pleases me well, and so to the office, there
set down my Journall, and so home to supper and to bed. A little troubled
to see how my family is out of order by Wills being there, and also to
hear that Jane do not please my wife as I expected and would have wished.

6th. This morning waking, my wife was mighty-earnest with me to persuade
me that she should prove with child since last night, which, if it be, let
it come, and welcome. Up to my office, whither Commissioner Pett came,
newly come out of the country, and he and I walked together in the garden
talking of business a great while, and I perceive that by our
countenancing of him he do begin to pluck up his head, and will do good
things I hope in the yard. Thence, he being gone, to my office and there
dispatched many people, and at noon to the Change to the coffee-house,
and among other things heard Sir John Cutler say, that of his owne
experience in time of thunder, so many barrels of beer as have a piece of
iron laid upon them will not be soured, and the others will. Thence to the
Change, and there discoursed with many people, and I hope to settle again
to my business and revive my report of following of business, which by my
being taken off for a while by sickness and, laying out of money has
slackened for a little while. Home, and there found Mrs. Hunt, who dined
very merry, good woman; with us. After dinner came in Captain Grove, and
he and I alone to talk of many things, and among many others of the
Fishery, in which he gives the such hopes that being at this time full of
projects how to get a little honestly, of which some of them I trust in
God will take, I resolved this afternoon to go and consult my Lord
Sandwich about it, and so, being to carry home Mrs. Hunt, I took her and
my wife by coach and set them at Axe Yard, and I to my Lords and thither
sent for Creed and discoursed with him about it, and he and I to White
Hall, where Sir G. Carteret and my Lord met me very fortunately, and
wondered first to see me in my perruque, and I am glad it is over, and
then, Sir G. Carteret being gone, I took my Lord aside, who do give me the
best advice he can, and telling me how there are some projectors, by name
Sir Edward Ford, who would have the making of farthings,

     [Sir Edward Ford, son of Sir William Ford of Harting, born at Up
     Park in 1605.  After the Restoration he invented a mode of coining
     farthings.  Each piece was to differ minutely from another to
     prevent forgery.  He failed in procuring a patent for these in
     England, but obtained one for Ireland.  He died in Ireland before he
     could carry his design into execution, on September 3rd, 1670
      (Dictionary of National Biography ).]

and out of that give so much to the King for the maintenance of the
Fishery; but my Lord do not like that, but would have it go as they
offered the last year, and so upon my desire he promises me when it is
seasonable to bring me into the commission with others, if any of them
take, and I perceive he and Mr. Coventry are resolved to follow it hard.
Thence, after walking a good while in the Long gallery, home to my Lords
lodging, my Lord telling me how my father did desire him to speak to me
about my giving of my sister something, which do vex me to see that he
should trouble my Lord in it, but however it is a good occasion for me to
tell my Lord my condition, and so I was glad of it. After that we begun to
talk of the Court, and he tells me how Mr. Edward Montagu begins to show
respect to him again after his endeavouring to bespatter him all was,
possible; but he is resolved never to admit him into his friendship again.
He tells me how he and Sir H. Bennet, the Duke of Buckingham and his
Duchesse, was of a committee with somebody else for the getting of Mrs.
Stewart for the King; but that she proves a cunning slut, and is advised
at Somerset House by the Queene-Mother, and by her mother, and so all the
plot is spoiled and the whole committee broke. Mr. Montagu and the Duke of
Buckingham fallen a-pieces, the Duchesse going to a nunnery; and so
Montagu begins to enter friendship with my Lord, and to attend the
Chancellor whom he had deserted. My Lord tells me that Mr. Montagu, among
other things, did endeavour to represent him to the Chancellors sons as
one that did desert their father in the business of my Lord of Bristoll;
which is most false, being the only man that hath several times dined with
him when no soul hath come to him, and went with him that very day home
when the Earl impeached him in the Parliament House, and hath refused ever
to pay a visit to my Lord of Bristoll, not so much as in return to a visit
of his. So that the Chancellor and my Lord are well known and trusted one
by another. But yet my Lord blames the Chancellor for desiring to have it
put off to the next Session of Parliament, contrary to my Lord Treasurers
advice, to whom he swore he would not do it: and, perhaps, my Lord
Chancellor, for aught I see by my Lords discourse, may suffer by it when
the Parliament comes to sit. My Lord tells me that he observes the Duke of
York do follow and understand business very well, and is mightily improved
thereby. Here Mr. Pagett coming in I left my Lord and him, and thence I
called my wife and her maid Jane and by coach home and to my office, where
late writing some things against tomorrow, and so home to supper and to
bed. This morning Mr. Blackburne came to me to let me know that he had got
a lodging very commodious for his kinsman, and so he is ready at my
pleasure to go when I would bid him, and so I told him that I would in a
day or two send to speak with him and he and I would talk and advise Will
what to do, of which I am very glad.

7th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and Sir W. Pen
and I had a word or two, where by opposing him in not being willing to
excuse a mulct put upon the purser of the James, absent from duty, he
says, by his business and order, he was mighty angry, and went out of the
office like an asse discontented: At which I am never a whit sorry; I
would not have [him] think that I dare not oppose him, where I see reason
and cause for it. Home to dinner, and then by coach abroad about several
businesses to several places, among others to Westminster Hall, where,
seeing Howletts daughter going out of the other end of the Hall, I
followed her if I would to have offered talk to her and dallied with her a
little, but I could not overtake her. Then calling at Unthanks for
something of my wifes not done, a pretty little gentlewoman, a lodger
there, came out to tell me that it was not yet done, which though it vexed
me yet I took opportunity of taking her by the hand with the boot, and so
found matter to talk a little the longer to her, but I was ready to laugh
at myself to see how my anger would not operate, my disappointment coming
to me by such a messenger. Thence to Doctors Commons and there consulted
Dr. Turner about some differences we have with the officers of the East
India ships about goods brought by them without paying freight, which we
demand of them. So home to my office, and there late writing letters, and
so home to supper and to bed, having got a scurvy cold by lying cold in my
head the last night. This day Captain Taylor brought me a piece of plate,
a little small state dish, he expecting that I should get him some
allowance for demorage

     [Demurrage is the compensation due to a shipowner from a
     freighter for unduly decaying his vessel in port beyond the time
     specified in the charter-party or bill of lading.  It is in fact an
     extended freight.  A ship, unjustly detained as a prize is entitled
     to demurrage.—Smyths Sailors Word-Book, 1867.]

of his ship William, kept long at Tangier, which I shall and may justly
do.

8th (Lords day). Up, and it being late, to church without my wife, and
there I saw Pembleton come into the church and bring his wife with him, a
good comely plain woman, and by and by my wife came after me all alone,
which I was a little vexed at. I found that my coming in a perriwigg did
not prove so strange to the world as I was afeard it would, for I thought
that all the church would presently have cast their eyes all upon me, but
I found no such thing. Here an ordinary lazy sermon of Mr. Mills, and
then home to dinner, and there Tom came and dined with us; and after
dinner to talk about a new black cloth suit that I have a making, and so
at church time to church again, where the Scott preached, and I slept most
of the time. Thence home, and I spent most of the evening upon Fullers
Church History and Barcklys Argeny, and so after supper to prayers
and to bed, a little fearing my pain coming back again, myself continuing
as costive as ever, and my physic ended, but I had sent a porter to-day
for more and it was brought me before I went to bed, and so with pretty
good content to bed.

9th. Up and found myself very well, and so by coach to White Hall and
there met all my fellow officers, and so to the Duke, where, when we came
into his closett, he told us that Mr. Pepys was so altered with his new
perriwigg that he did not know him. So to our discourse, and among and
above other things we were taken up in talking upon Sir J. Lawsons coming
home, he being come to Portsmouth; and Captain Berkely is come to towne
with a letter from the Duana of Algier to the King, wherein they do demand
again the searching of our ships and taking out of strangers, and their
goods; and that what English ships are taken without the Dukes pass they
will detain (though it be flat contrary to the words of the peace) as
prizes, till they do hear from our King, which they advise him may be
speedy. And this they did the very next day after they had received with
great joy the Grand Seignors confirmation of the Peace from
Constantinople by Captain Berkely; so that there is no command nor
certainty to be had of these people. The King is resolved to send his will
by a fleete of ships; and it is thought best and speediest to send these
very ships that are now come home, five sail of good ships, back again
after cleaning, victualling, and paying them. But it is a pleasant thing
to think how their Basha, Shavan Aga, did tear his hair to see the
soldiers order things thus; for (just like his late predecessor) when they
see the evil of war with England, then for certain they complain to the
Grand Seignor of him, and cut his head off: this he is sure of, and knows
as certain. Thence to Westminster Hall, where I met with Mr. Pierce,
chyrurgeon; and among other things he asked me seriously whether I knew
anything of my Lords being out of favour with the King; and told me, that
for certain the King do take mighty notice of my Lords living obscurely
in a corner not like himself, and becoming the honour that he is come to.
I was sorry to hear, and the truth is, from my Lords discourse among his
people (which I am told) of the uncertainty of princes favours, and his
melancholy keeping from Court, I am doubtful of some such thing; but I
seemed wholly strange to him in it, but will make my use of it. He told me
also how loose the Court is, nobody looking after business, but every man
his lust and gain; and how the King is now become besotted upon Mrs.
Stewart, that he gets into corners, and will be with her half an houre
together kissing her to the observation of all the world; and she now
stays by herself and expects it, as my Lady Castlemaine did use to do; to
whom the King, he says, is still kind, so as now and then he goes to have
a chat with her as he believes; but with no such fondness as he used to
do. But yet it is thought that this new wench is so subtle, that she lets
him not do any thing than is safe to her, but yet his doting is so great
that, Pierce tells me, it is verily thought if the Queene had died, he
would have married her. The Duke of Monmouth is to have part of the
Cockpitt new built for lodgings for him, and they say to be made Captain
of the Guards in the room of my Lord Gerard. Having thus talked with him,
there comes into the Hall Creed and Ned Pickering, and after a turne or
two with them, it being noon, I walked with them two to the Kings Head
ordinary, and there we dined; little discourse but what was common, only
that the Duke of Yorke is a very, desperate huntsman, but I was ashamed of
Pickering, who could not forbear having up my Lord Sandwich now and then
in the most paltry matters abominable. Thence I took leave of them, and so
having taken up something at my wifes tailors, I home by coach and there
to my office, whither Shales came and I had much discourse with him about
the business of the victualling, and thence in the evening to the
Coffee-house, and there sat till by and by, by appointment Will brought me
word that his uncle Blackburne was ready to speak with me. So I went down
to him, and he and I to a taverne hard by, and there I begun to speak to
Will friendlily, advising him how to carry himself now he is going from
under my roof, without any reflections upon the occasion from whence his
removal arose. This his uncle seconded, and after laying down to him his
duty to me, and what I expect of him, in a discourse of about a quarter of
an houre or more, we agreed upon his going this week, towards the latter
(end) of the week, and so dismissed him, and Mr. Blackburne and I fell to
talk of many things, wherein I did speak so freely to him in many things
agreeing with his sense that he was very open to me: first, in that of
religion, he makes it great matter of prudence for the King and Council to
suffer liberty of conscience; and imputes the losse of Hungary to the
Turke from the Emperors denying them this liberty of their religion. He
says that many pious ministers of the word of God, some thousands of them,
do now beg their bread: and told me how highly the present clergy carry
themselves every where, so as that they are hated and laughed at by
everybody; among other things, for their excommunications, which they send
upon the least occasions almost that can be. And I am convinced in my
judgement, not only from his discourse, but my thoughts in general, that
the present clergy will never heartily go down with the generality of the
commons of England; they have been so used to liberty and freedom, and
they are so acquainted with the pride and debauchery of the present
clergy. He did give me many stories of the affronts which the clergy
receive in all places of England from the gentry and ordinary persons of
the parish. He do tell me what the City thinks of General Monk, as of a
most perfidious man that hath betrayed every body, and the King also; who,
as he thinks, and his party, and so I have heard other good friends of the
King say, it might have been better for the King to have had his hands a
little bound for the present, than be forced to bring such a crew of poor
people about him, and be liable to satisfy the demands of every one of
them. He told me that to his knowledge (being present at every meeting at
the Treaty at the Isle of Wight), that the old King did confess himself
overruled and convinced in his judgement against the Bishopps, and would
have suffered and did agree to exclude the service out of the churches,
nay his own chappell; and that he did always say, that this he did not by
force, for that he would never abate one inch by any vyolence; but what he
did was out of his reason and judgement. He tells me that the King by
name, with all his dignities, is prayed for by them that they call
Fanatiques, as heartily and powerfully as in any of the other churches
that are thought better: and that, let the King think what he will, it is
them that must helpe him in the day of warr. For as they are the most, so
generally they are the most substantial sort of people, and the soberest;
and did desire me to observe it to my Lord Sandwich, among other things,
that of all the old army now you cannot see a man begging about the
street; but what? You shall have this captain turned a shoemaker; the
lieutenant, a baker; this a brewer; that a haberdasher; this common
soldier, a porter; and every man in his apron and frock, &c., as if
they never had done anything else: whereas the others go with their belts
and swords, swearing and cursing, and stealing; running into peoples
houses, by force oftentimes, to carry away something; and this is the
difference between the temper of one and the other; and concludes (and I
think with some reason,) that the spirits of the old parliament soldiers
are so quiett and contented with Gods providences, that the King is safer
from any evil meant him by them one thousand times more than from his own
discontented Cavalier. And then to the publique management of business: it
is done, as he observes, so loosely and so carelessly, that the kingdom
can never be happy with it, every man looking after himself, and his owne
lust and luxury; among other things he instanced in the business of money,
he do believe that half of what money the Parliament gives the King is not
so much as gathered. And to the purpose he told me how the Bellamys (who
had some of the Northern counties assigned them for their debt for the
petty warrant victualling) have often complained to him that they cannot
get it collected, for that nobody minds, or, if they do, they wont pay it
in. Whereas (which is a very remarkable thing,) he hath been told by some
of the Treasurers at Warr here of late, to whom the most of the L120,000
monthly was paid, that for most months the payments were gathered so duly,
that they seldom had so much or more than 40s., or the like, short in the
whole collection; whereas now the very Commissioners for Assessments and
other publique payments are such persons, and those that they choose in
the country so like themselves, that from top to bottom there is not a man
carefull of any thing, or if he be, he is not solvent; that what between
the beggar and the knave, the King is abused the best part of all his
revenue. From thence we began to talk of the Navy, and particularly of Sir
W. Pen, of whose rise to be a general I had a mind to be informed. He told
me he was always a conceited man, and one that would put the best side
outward, but that it was his pretence of sanctity that brought him into
play. Lawson, and Portman, and the Fifth-monarchy men, among whom he was a
great brother, importuned that he might be general; and it was pleasant to
see how Blackburne himself did act it, how when the Commissioners of the
Admiralty would enquire of the captains and admirals of such and such men,
how they would with a sigh and casting up the eyes say, Such a man fears
the Lord, or, I hope such a man hath the Spirit of God, and such things
as that. But he tells me that there was a cruel articling against Pen
after one fight, for cowardice, in putting himself within a coyle of
cables, of which he had much ado to acquit himself: and by great friends
did it, not without remains of guilt, but that his brethren had a mind to
pass it by, and Sir H. Vane did advise him to search his heart, and see
whether this fault or a greater sin was not the occasion of this so great
tryall. And he tells me, that what Pen gives out about Cromwells sending
and entreating him to go to Jamaica, is very false; he knows the contrary:
besides, the Protector never was a man that needed to send for any man,
specially such a one as he, twice. He tells me that the business of
Jamaica did miscarry absolutely by his pride, and that when he was in the
Tower he would cry like a child. This he says of his own personal
knowledge, and lastly tells me that just upon the turne, when Monk was
come from the North to the City, and did begin to think of bringing in the
King, Pen was then turned Quaker. This he is most certain of. He tells me
that Lawson was never counted any thing but only a seaman, and a stout
man, but a false man, and that now he appears the greatest hypocrite in
the world. And Pen the same. He tells me that it is much talked of, that
the King intends to legitimate the Duke of Monmouth; and that he has not,
nor his friends of his persuasion, have any hopes of getting their
consciences at liberty but by God Almightys turning of the Kings heart,
which they expect, and are resolved to live and die in quiett hopes of it;
but never to repine, or act any thing more than by prayers towards it. And
that not only himself but all of them have, and are willing at any time to
take the oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy. Thus far, and upon many more
things, we had discoursed when some persons in a room hard by began to
sing in three parts very finely and to play upon a flagilette so
pleasantly that my discourse afterwards was but troublesome, and I could
not attend it, and so, anon, considering of a sudden the time of night, we
found it 11 oclock, which I thought it had not been by two hours, but we
were close in talk, and so we rose, he having drunk some wine and I some
beer and sugar, and so by a fair moonshine home and to bed, my wife
troubled with tooth ache. Mr. Blackburne observed further to me, some
certain notice that he had of the present plot so much talked of; that he
was told by Mr. Rushworth, how one Captain Oates, a great discoverer, did
employ several to bring and seduce others into a plot, and that one of his
agents met with one that would not listen to him, nor conceal what he had
offered him, but so detected the trapan. This, he says, is most true. He
also, among other instances how the King is served, did much insist upon
the cowardice and corruption of the Kings guards and militia, which to be
sure will fail the King, as they have done already, when there will be
occasion for them.

10th. Up and to the office, where we sat till noon, and then to the
Exchange, where spoke with several and had my head casting about how to
get a penny and I hope I shall, and then hone, and there Mr. Moore by
appointment dined with me, and after dinner all the afternoon till night
drawing a bond and release against to-morrow for T. Trice, and I to come
to a conclusion in which I proceed with great fear and jealousy, knowing
him to be a rogue and one that I fear has at this time got too great a
hank—[hold]—over me by the neglect of my lawyers. But among
other things I am come to an end with Mr. Moore for a L32, a good while
lying in my hand of my Lord Privy Seals which he for the odd L7 do give
me a bond to secure me against, and so I got L25 clear. Then, he being
gone, to the office and there late setting down yesterdays remarkable
discourses, and so home and to supper, late, and to bed. The Queene, I
hear, is now very well again, and that she hath bespoke herself a new
gowne.

11th. Up and to my office all the morning, and at noon to the
Coffee-house, where with Dr. Allen some good discourse about physique and
chymistry. And among other things, I telling him what Dribble the German
Doctor do offer of an instrument to sink ships; he tells me that which is
more strange, that something made of gold, which they call in chymistry
Aurum fulminans, a grain, I think he said, of it put into a silver spoon
and fired, will give a blow like a musquett, and strike a hole through the
spoon downward, without the least force upward; and this he can make a
cheaper experiment of, he says, with iron prepared. Thence to the Change,
and being put off a meeting with T. Trice, he not coming, I home to
dinner, and after dinner by coach with my wife to my periwigg makers for
my second periwigg, but it is not done, and so, calling at a place or two,
home, and there to my office, and there taught my wife a new lesson in
arithmetique and so sent her home, and I to several businesses; and so
home to supper and to bed, being mightily troubled with a cold in my
stomach and head, with a great pain by coughing.

12th. Lay long in bed, indeed too long, divers people and the officers
staying for me. My cozen Thomas Pepys the executor being below, and I went
to him and stated reckonings about our debt, for his payments of money to
my uncle Thomas heretofore by the Captains orders. I did not pay him but
will soon do it if I can. To the office and there all the morning, where
Sir W. Pen, like a coxcomb, was so ready to cross me in a motion I made
unawares for the entering a man at Chatham into the works, wherein I was
vexed to see his spleene, but glad to understand it, and that it was in no
greater a matter, I being not at all concerned here. To the Change and
did several businesses there and so home with Mr. Moore to dinner, my wife
having dined, with Mr. Hollyard with her to-day, he being come to advise
her about her hollow sore place. After dinner Mr. Moore and I discoursing
of my Lords negligence in attendance at Court, and the discourse the
world makes of it, with the too great reason that I believe there is for
it; I resolved and took coach to his lodgings, thinking to speak with my
Lord about it without more ado. Here I met Mr. Howe, and he and I largely
about it, and he very soberly acquainted me how things are with my Lord,
that my Lord do not do anything like himself, but follows his folly, and
spends his time either at cards at Court with the ladies, when he is there
at all, or else at Chelsy with the slut to his great disgrace, and indeed
I do see and believe that my Lord do apprehend that he do grow less too at
Court. Anon my Lord do come in, and I begun to fall in discourse with him,
but my heart did misgive me that my Lord would not take it well, and then
found him not in a humour to talk, and so after a few ordinary words, my
Lord not talking in the manner as he uses to do; I took leave, and spent
some time with W. Howe again, and told him how I could not do what I had
so great a mind and resolution to do, but that I thought it would be as
well to do it in writing, which he approves of, and so I took leave of
him, and by coach home, my mind being full of it, and in pain concerning
it. So to my office busy very late, the nights running on faster than one
thinks, and so to supper and to bed.

13th. Up and to my office, busy all the morning with Commissioner Pett; at
noon I to the Exchange, and meeting Shales, he and I to the Coffee-house
and there talked of our victualling matters, which I fear will come to
little. However I will go on and carry it as far as I can. So home to
dinner where I expected Commissioner Pett, and had a good dinner, but he
came not. After dinner came my perriwigg-maker, and brings me a second
periwigg, made of my own haire, which comes to 21s. 6d. more than the
worth of my own haire, so that they both come to L4 1s. 6d., which he
sayth will serve me two years, but I fear it. He being gone, I to my
office, and put on my new shagg purple gowne, with gold buttons and loop
lace, I being a little fearful of taking cold and of pain coming upon me.
Here I staid making an end of a troublesome letter, but to my advantage,
against Sir W. Batten, giving Sir G. Carteret an account of our late great
contract with Sir W. Warren for masts, wherein I am sure I did the King
L600 service. That done home to my wife to take a clyster, which I did,
and it wrought very well and brought a great deal of wind, which I
perceive is all that do trouble me. After that, about 9 or 10 oclock, to
supper in my wifes chamber, and then about 12 to bed.

14th. Up and to the office, where we sat, and after we had almost done,
Sir W. Batten desired to have the room cleared, and there he did acquaint
the board how he was obliged to answer to something lately said which did
reflect upon the Comptroller and him, and to that purpose told how the
bargain for Winters timber did not prove so bad as I had reported to the
board it would. After he had done I cleared the matter that I did not
mention the business as a thing designed by me against them, but was led
to it by Sir J. Minnes, and that I said nothing but what I was told by
Mayers the surveyor as much as by Deane upon whom they laid all the fault,
which I must confess did and do still trouble me, for they report him to
be a fellow not fit to be employed, when in my conscience he deserves
better than any officer in the yard. I thought it not convenient to
vindicate him much now, but time will serve when I will do it, and I am
bound to do it. I offered to proceed to examine and prove what I said if
they please, but Mr. Coventry most discreetly advised not, it being to no
purpose, and that he did believe that what I said did not by my manner of
speaking it proceed from any design of reproaching them, and so it ended.
But my great trouble is for poor Deane. At noon home and dined with my
wife, and after dinner Will told me if I pleased he was ready to remove
his things, and so before my wife I did give him good counsel, and that
his going should not abate my kindnesse for him, if he carried himself
well, and so bid God bless him, and left him to remove his things, the
poor lad weeping, but I am apt to think matters will be the better both
for him and us. So to the office and there late busy. In the evening Mr.
Moore came to tell me that he had no opportunity of speaking his mind to
my Lord yesterday, and so I am resolved to write to him very suddenly. So
after my business done I home, I having staid till 12 oclock at night
almost, making an end of a letter to Sir G. Carteret about the late
contract for masts, wherein I have done myself right, and no wrong to Sir
W. Batten. This night I think is the first that I have lain without ever a
man in my house besides myself, since I came to keep any. Will being this
night gone to his lodging, and by the way I hear to-day that my boy
Waynman has behaved himself so with Mr. Davis that they have got him put
into a Barbadoes ship to be sent away, and though he sends to me to get a
release for him I will not out of love to the boy, for I doubt to keep him
here were to bring him to the gallows.

15th (Lords day). Lay very long in bed with my wife and then up and to my
office there to copy fair my letter to Sir G. Carteret, which I did, and
by and by most opportunely a footman of his came to me about other
business, and so I sent it him by his own servant. I wish good luck with
it. At noon home to dinner, my wife not being up, she lying to expect Mr.
Holyard the surgeon. So I dined by myself, and in the afternoon to my
office again, and there drew up a letter to my Lord, stating to him what
the world talks concerning him, and leaving it to him and myself to be
thought of by him as he pleases, but I have done but my duty in it. I wait
Mr. Moores coming for his advice about sending it. So home to supper to
my wife, myself finding myself by cold got last night beginning to have
some pain, which grieves me much in my mind to see to what a weakness I am
come. This day being our Queenes birthday, the guns of the Tower went all
off; and in the evening the Lord Mayor sent from church to church to order
the constables to cause bonfires to be made in every streete, which
methinks is a poor thing to be forced to be commanded. After a good supper
with my wife, and hearing of the mayds read in the Bible, we to prayers,
and to bed.

16th. Up, and being ready then abroad by coach to White Hall, and there
with the Duke, where Mr. Coventry did a second time go to vindicate
himself against reports and prove by many testimonies that he brought,
that he did nothing but what had been done by the Lord Admirals
secretaries heretofore, though he do not approve of it, nor since he had
any rule from the Duke hath he exceeded what he is there directed to take,
and the thing I think is very clear that they always did take and that now
he do take less than ever they did heretofore. Thence away, and Sir G.
Carteret did call me to him and discourse with me about my letter
yesterday, and did seem to take it unkindly that I should doubt of his
satisfaction in the bargain of masts, and did promise me that hereafter
whatever he do hear to my prejudice he would tell me before he would
believe it, and that this was only Sir W. Battens report in this
business, which he says he did ever approve of, in which I know he lies.
Thence to my Lords lodgings thinking to find Mr. Moore, in order to the
sending away my letter of reproof to my Lord, but I do not find him, but
contrary do find my Lord come to Court, which I am glad to hear and should
be more glad to hear that he do follow his business that I may not have
occasion to venture upon his good nature by such a provocation as my
letter will be to him. So by coach home, to the Exchange, where I talked
about several businesses with several people, and so home to dinner with
my wife, and then in the afternoon to my office, and there late, and in
the evening Mr. Hollyard came, and he and I about our great work to look
upon my wifes malady, which he did, and it seems her great conflux of
humours, heretofore that did use to swell there, did in breaking leave a
hollow which has since gone in further and further; till now it is near
three inches deep, but as God will have it do not run into the bodyward,
but keeps to the outside of the skin, and so he must be forced to cut it
open all along, and which my heart I doubt will not serve for me to see
done, and yet she will not have any body else to see it done, no, not her
own mayds, and so I must do it, poor wretch, for her. To-morrow night he
is to do it. He being gone, I to my office again a little while, and so
home to supper and to bed.

17th. Up, and while I am dressing myself, Mr. Deane of Woolwich came to
me, and I did tell him what had happened to him last Saturday in the
office, but did encourage him to make no matter of it, for that I did not
fear but he would in a little time be master of his enemies as much as
they think to master him, and so he did tell me many instances of the
abominable dealings of Mr. Pett of Woolwich towards him. So we broke up,
and I to the office, where we sat all the forenoon doing several
businesses, and at noon I to the Change where Mr. Moore came to me, and
by and by Tom Trice and my uncle Wight, and so we out to a taverne (the
New Exchange taverne over against the Change where I never was before,
and I found my old playfellow Ben Stanley master of it), and thence to a
scrivener to draw up a bond, and to another tavern (the Kings Head) we
went, and calling on my cozen Angier at the India House there we eat a bit
of pork from a cookes together, and after dinner did seal the bond, and I
did take up the old bond of my uncles to my aunt, and here T. Trice
before them do own all matters in difference between us is clear as to
this business, and that he will in six days give me it under the hand of
his attorney that there is no judgment against the bond that may give me
any future trouble, and also a copy of their letters of his Administration
to Godfrey, as much of it as concerns me to have. All this being done
towards night we broke up, and so I home and with Mr. Moore to my office,
and there I read to him the letter I have wrote to send to my Lord to give
him an account how the world, both city and court, do talk of him and his
living as he do there in such a poor and bad house so much to his
disgrace. Which Mr. Moore do conclude so well drawn: that he would not
have me by any means to neglect sending it, assuring me in the best of his
judgment that it cannot but endear me to my Lord instead of what I fear of
getting his offence, and did offer to take the same words and send them as
from, him with his hand to him, which I am not unwilling should come (if
they are at all fit to go) from any body but myself, and so, he being
gone, I did take a copy of it to keep by me in shorthand, and sealed them
up to send to-morrow by my Will. So home, Mr. Hollyard being come to my
wife, and there she being in bed, he and I alone to look again upon her
…. and there he do find that, though it would not be much pain, yet she
is so fearful, and the thing will be somewhat painful in the tending,
which I shall not be able to look after, but must require a nurse and
people about her; so that upon second thoughts he believes that a
fomentation will do as well, and though it will be troublesome yet no
pain, and what her mayd will be able to do without knowing directly what
it is for, but only that it may be for the piles. For though it be nothing
but what is fiery honest, yet my wife is loth to give occasion of
discourse concerning it. By this my mind and my wifes is much eased, for
I confess I should have been troubled to have had my wife cut before my
face, I could not have borne to have seen it. I had great discourse with
him about my disease. He tells me again that I must eat in a morning some
loosening gruel, and at night roasted apples, that I must drink now and
then ale with my wine, and eat bread and butter and honey, and rye bread
if I can endure it, it being loosening. I must also take once a week a
clyster of his last prescription, only honey now and then instead of
butter, which things I am now resolved to apply myself to. He being gone I
to my office again to a little business, and then home to supper and to
bed, being in, a little pain by drinking of cold small beer to-day and
being in a cold room at the Taverne I believe.

18th. Up, and after being ready, and done a little business at the office,
I and Mr. Hater by water to Redriffe, and so walked to Deptford, where I
have not been a very great, while, and there paid off the Milford in very
good order, and all respect showed me in the office as much as there used
to be to any of the rest or the whole board. That done at noon I took
Captain Terne, and there coming in by chance Captain Berkeley, him also to
dinner with me to the Globe. Captain Berkeley, who was lately come from
Algier, did give us a good account of the place, and how the Basha there
do live like a prisoner, being at the mercy of the soldiers and officers,
so that there is nothing but a great confusion there. After dinner came
Sir W. Batten, and I left him to pay off another ship, and I walked home
again reading of a little book of new poems of Cowleys, given me by his
brother. Abraham do lie, it seems, very sicke, still, but like to recover.
At my office till late, and then came Mr. Hollyard so full of discourse
and Latin that I think he hath got a cupp, but I do not know; but full of
talke he is in defence of Calvin and Luther. He begun this night the
fomentation to my wife, and I hope it will do well with her. He gone, I to
the office again a little, and so to bed. This morning I sent Will with my
great letter of reproof to my Lord Sandwich, who did give it into his owne
hand. I pray God give a blessing to it, but confess I am afeard what the
consequence may be to me of good or bad, which is according to the
ingenuity that he do receive it with. However, I am satisfied that it will
do him good, and that he needs it:

     MY LORD,

     I do verily hope that neither the manner nor matter of this advice
     will be condemned by your Lordship, when for my defence in the first
     I shall alledge my double attempt, since your return from
     Hinchinbroke, of doing it personally, in both of which your
     Lordships occasions, no doubtfulnesse of mine, prevented me, and
     that being now fearful of a sudden summons to Portsmouth, for the
     discharge of some ships there, I judge it very unbecoming the duty
     which every bit of bread I eat tells me I owe to your Lordship to
     expose the safety of your honour to the uncertainty of my return.
     For the matter, my Lord, it is such as could I in any measure think
     safe to conceal from, or likely to be discovered to you by any other
     hand, I should not have dared so far to owne what from my heart I
     believe is false, as to make myself but the relater of others
     discourse; but, sir, your Lordships honour being such as I ought to
     value it to be, and finding both in city and court that discourses
     pass to your prejudice, too generally for mine or any mans
     controllings but your Lordships, I shall, my Lord, without the
     least greatening or lessening the matter, do my duty in laying it
     shortly before you.

     People of all conditions, my Lord, raise matter of wonder from your
     Lordships so little appearance at Court: some concluding thence
     their disfavour thereby, to which purpose I have had questions asked
     me, and endeavouring to put off such insinuations by asserting the
     contrary, they have replied, that your Lordships living so beneath
     your quality, out of the way, and declining of Court attendance,
     hath been more than once discoursed about the King.  Others, my
     Lord, when the chief ministers of State, and those most active of
     the Council have been reckoned up, wherein your Lordship never used
     to want an eminent place, have said, touching your Lordship, that
     now your turn was served, and the King had given you a good estate,
     you left him to stand or fall as he would, and, particularly in that
     of the Navy, have enlarged upon your letting fall all service there.

     Another sort, and those the most, insist upon the bad report of the
     house wherein your Lordship, now observed in perfect health again,
     continues to sojourne, and by name have charged one of the daughters
     for a common courtizan, alledging both places and persons where and
     with whom she hath been too well known, and how much her wantonnesse
     occasions, though unjustly, scandal to your Lordship, and that as
     well to gratifying of some enemies as to the wounding of more
     friends I am not able to tell.

     Lastly, my Lord, I find a general coldness in all persons towards
     your Lordship, such as, from my first dependance on you, I never yet
     knew, wherein I shall not offer to interpose any thoughts or advice
     of mine, well knowing your Lordship needs not any.  But with a most
     faithful assurance that no person nor papers under Heaven is privy
     to what I here write, besides myself and this, which I shall be
     careful to have put into your owne hands, I rest confident of your
     Lordships just construction of my dutifull intents herein, and in
     all humility take leave, may it please your Lordship,

     Your Lordships most obedient Servant, S. P.

The foregoing letter was sealed up, and enclosed in this that follows

     MY LORD,

     If this finds your Lordship either not alone, or not at leisure, I
     beg the suspending your opening of the enclosed till you shall have
     both, the matter very well bearing such a delay, and in all humility
     remain, may it please your Lordship,

     Your Lordships most obedient Servant, S. P.

     November 17, 1663.

     My servant hath my directions to put this into your Lordships owne
     hand, but not to stay for any answer.

19th. Up, and to the office, where (Sir J. Minnes and Sir W. Batten being
gone this morning to Portsmouth) the rest of us met, and rode at noon. So
I to the Change, where little business, and so home to dinner, and being
at dinner Mr. Creed in and dined with us, and after dinner Mr. Gentleman,
my Janes father, to see us and her. And after a little stay with them, I
was sent for by Sir G. Carteret by agreement, and so left them, and to him
and with him by coach to my Lord Treasurer, to discourse with him about
Mr. Gaudens having of money, and to offer to him whether it would not be
necessary, Mr. Gaudens credit being so low as it is, to take security of
him if he demands any great sum, such as L20,000, which now ought to be
paid him upon his next years declaration. Which is a sad thing, that
being reduced to this by us, we should be the first to doubt his credit;
but so it is. However, it will be managed with great tenderness to him. My
Lord Treasurer we found in his bed-chamber, being laid up of the goute. I
find him a very ready man, and certainly a brave servant to the King: he
spoke so quick and sensibly of the Kings charge. Nothing displeased me in
him but his long nails, which he lets grow upon a pretty thick white short
hand, that it troubled me to see them. Thence with Sir G. Carteret by
coach, and he set me down at the New Exchange. In our way he told me there
is no such thing likely yet as a Dutch war, neither they nor we being in
condition for it, though it will come certainly to that in some time, our
interests lying the same way, that is to say, in trade. But not yet.
Thence to the Temple, and there visited my cozen Roger Pepys and his
brother Dr. John, a couple, methinks, of very ordinary men, and thence to
speak [with] Mr. Moore, and met him by the way, who tells me, to my great
content, that he believes my letter to my Lord Sandwich hath wrought well
upon him, and that he will look after himself and his business upon it,
for he begins already to do so. But I dare not conclude anything till I
see him, which shall be to-morrow morning, that I may be out of my pain to
know how he takes it of me. He and I to the Coffee-house, and there drank
and talked a little, and so I home, and after a little at my office home
to supper and to bed, not knowing how to avoid hopes from Mr. Moores
words to-night, and yet I am fearful of the worst.

20th. Up, and as soon as I could to my Lord Sandwichs lodgings, but he
was gone out before, and so I am defeated of my expectation of being eased
one way or other in the business of my Lord. But I went up to Mr. Howe,
who I saw this day the first time in a periwigg, which becomes him very
well, and discoursed with him. He tells me that my Lord is of a sudden
much changed, and he do believe that he do take my letter well. However,
we do both bless God that it hath so good an effect upon him. Thence I
home again, calling at the Wardrobe, where I found my Lord, but so busy
with Mr. Townsend making up accounts there that I was unwilling to trouble
him, and so went away. By and by to the Exchange, and there met by
agreement Mr. Howe, and took him with a barrel of oysters home to dinner,
where we were very merry, and indeed I observe him to be a very hopeful
young man, but only a little conceited. After dinner I took him and my
wife, and setting her in Covent Garden at her mothers, he and I to my
Lords, and thence I with Mr. Moore to White Hall, there the King and
Council being close, and I thinking it an improper place to meet my Lord
first upon the business; I took coach, and calling my wife went home,
setting Mr. Moore down by the way, and having been late at the office
alone looking over some plates of the Northern seas, the White seas, and
Archangell river, I went home, and, after supper, to bed. My wife tells me
that she and her brother have had a great falling out to-night, he taking
upon him to challenge great obligation upon her, and taxing her for not
being so as she ought to be to her friends, and that she can do more with
me than she pretends, and I know not what, but God be thanked she cannot.
A great talke there is today of a crush between some of the Fanatiques up
in arms, and the Kings men in the North; but whether true I know not yet.

21st. At the office all the morning and at noon I receive a letter from
Mr. Creed, with a token, viz., a very noble parti-coloured Indian gowne
for my wife. The letter is oddly writ, over-prizing his present, and
little owning any past service of mine, but that this was his genuine
respects, and I know not what: I confess I had expectations of a better
account from him of my service about his accounts, and so give his boy
12d., and sent it back again, and after having been at the pay of a ship
this afternoon at the Treasury, I went by coach to Ludgate, and, by
pricing several there, I guess this gowne may be worth about L12 or L15.
But, however, I expect at least L50 of him. So in the evening I wrote him
a letter telling him clearly my mind, a copy of which I keep and of his
letter and so I resolve to have no more such correspondence as I used to
have but will have satisfaction of him as I do expect. So to write my
letters, and after all done I went home to supper and to bed, my mind
being pretty well at ease from my letter to Creed, and more for my receipt
this afternoon of L17 at the Treasury, for the L17 paid a year since to
the carver for his work at my house, which I did intend to have paid
myself, but, finding others to do it, I thought it not amisse to get it
too, but I am afeard that we may hear of it to our greater prejudices
hereafter.

22nd (Lords day). Up pretty early, and having last night bespoke a coach,
which failed me this morning, I walked as far as the Temple, and there
took coach, and to my Lords lodgings, whom I found ready to go to
chappell; but I coming, he begun, with a very serious countenance, to tell
me that he had received my late letter, wherein first he took notice of my
care of him and his honour, and did give me thanks for that part of it
where I say that from my heart I believe the contrary of what I do there
relate to be the discourse of others; but since I intended it not a
reproach, but matter of information, and for him to make a judgment of it
for his practice, it was necessary for me to tell him the persons of whom
I have gathered the several particulars which I there insist on. I would
have made excuses in it; but, seeing him so earnest in it, I found myself
forced to it, and so did tell him Mr. Pierce; the chyrurgeon, in that of
his Lordships living being discoursed of at Court; a mayd servant that-I
kept, that lived at Chelsy school; and also Mr. Pickering, about the
report touching the young woman; and also Mr. Hunt, in Axe Yard, near whom
she lodged. I told him the whole city do discourse concerning his neglect
of business; and so I many times asserting my dutifull intention in all
this, and he owning his accepting of it as such. That that troubled me
most in particular is, that he did there assert the civility of the people
of the house, and the young gentlewoman, for whose reproach he was sorry.
His saying that he was resolved how to live, and that though he was taking
a house, meaning to live in another manner, yet it was not to please any
people, or to stop report, but to please himself, though this I do believe
he might say that he might not seem to me to be so much wrought upon by
what I have writ; and lastly, and most of all, when I spoke of the
tenderness that I have used in declaring this to him, there being nobody
privy to it, he told me that I must give him leave to except one. I told
him that possibly somebody might know of some thoughts of mine, I having
borrowed some intelligence in this matter from them, but nobody could say
they knew of the thing itself what I writ. This, I confess, however, do
trouble me, for that he seemed to speak it as a quick retort, and it must
sure be Will. Howe, who did not see anything of what I writ, though I told
him indeed that I would write; but in this, I think, there is no great
hurt. I find him, though he cannot but owne his opinion of my good
intentions, and so, he did again and again profess it, that he is troubled
in his mind at it; and I confess, I think I may have done myself an injury
for his good, which, were it to do again, and that I believed he would
take it no better, I think I should sit quietly without taking any notice
of it, for I doubt there is no medium between his taking it very well or
very ill. I could not forbear weeping before him at the latter end, which,
since, I am ashamed of, though I cannot see what he can take it to proceed
from but my tenderness and good will to him. After this discourse was
ended, he began to talk very, cheerfully of other things, and I walked
with him to White Hall, and we discoursed of the pictures in the gallery,
which, it may be, he might do out of policy, that the boy might not see
any, strangeness in him; but I rather think that his mind was somewhat
eased, and hope that he will be to me as he was before. But, however, I
doubt not when he sees that I follow my business, and become an honour to
him, and not to be like to need him, or to be a burden to him, and rather
able to serve him than to need him, and if he do continue to follow
business, and so come to his right witts again, I do not doubt but he will
then consider my faithfulnesse to him, and esteem me as he ought. At
chappell I had room in the Privy Seale pew with other gentlemen, and there
heard Dr. Killigrew, preach, but my mind was so, I know not whether
troubled, or only full of thoughts of what had passed between my Lord and
me that I could not mind it, nor can at this hour remember three words.
The anthem was good after sermon, being the fifty-first psalme, made for
five voices by one of Captain Cookes boys, a pretty boy. And they say
there are four or five of them that can do as much. And here I first
perceived that the King is a little musicall, and kept good time with his
hand all along the anthem. Up into the gallery after sermon and there I
met Creed. We saluted one another and spoke but not one word of what had
passed yesterday between us, but told me he was forced to such a place to
dinner and so we parted. Here I met Mr. Povy, who tells me how Tangier had
like to have been betrayed, and that one of the Kings officers is come,
to whom 8,000 pieces of eight were offered for his part. Hence I to the
Kings Head ordinary, and there dined, good and much company, and a good
dinner: most of their discourse was about hunting, in a dialect I
understand very little. Thence by coach to our own church, and there my
mind being yet unsettled I could mind nothing, and after sermon home and
there told my wife what had passed, and thence to my office, where doing
business only to keep my mind employed till late; and so home to supper,
to prayers, and to bed.

23rd: Up and to Alderman Backwells, where Sir W. Rider, by appointment,
met us to consult about the insuring of our hempe ship from Archangell, in
which we are all much concerned, by my Lord Treasurers command. That
being put in a way I went to Mr. Beacham, one of our jury, to confer with
him about our business with Field at our trial to-morrow, and thence to
St. Pauls Churchyarde, and there bespoke Rushworths Collections, and
Scobells Acts of the Long Parliament, &c., which I will make the
King pay for as to the office; and so I do not break my vow at all. Back
to the Coffee-house, and then to the Change, where Sir W. Rider and I did
bid 15 per cent., and nobody will take it under 20 per cent., and the
lowest was 15 per cent. premium, and 15 more to be abated in case of
losse, which we did not think fit without order to give, and so we parted,
and I home to a speedy, though too good a dinner to eat alone, viz., a
good goose and a rare piece of roast beef. Thence to the Temple, but being
there too soon and meeting Mr. Moore I took him up and to my Lord
Treasurers, and thence to Sir Ph. Warwicks, where I found him and did
desire his advice, who left me to do what I thought fit in this business
of the insurance, and so back again to the Temple all the way telling Mr.
Moore what had passed between my Lord and me yesterday, and indeed my
fears do grow that my Lord will not reform as I hoped he would nor have
the ingenuity to take my advice as he ought kindly. But however I am
satisfied that the one person whom he said he would take leave to except
is not Mr. Moore, and so W. Howe I am sure could tell him nothing of my
letter that ever he saw it. Here Mr. Moore and I parted, and I up to the
Speakers chamber, and there met Mr. Coventry by appointment to discourse
about Fields business, and thence we parting I homewards and called at
the Coffeehouse, and there by great accident hear that a letter is come
that our ship is safe come to Newcastle. With this news I went like an
asse presently to Alderman Backewell and, told him of it, and he and I
went to the African House in Broad Street to have spoke with Sir W. Rider
to tell him of it, but missed him. Now what an opportunity had I to have
concealed this and seemed to have made an insurance and got L100 with the
least trouble and danger in the whole world. This troubles me to think I
should be so oversoon. So back again with Alderman Backewell talking of
the new money, which he says will never be counterfeited, he believes; but
it is deadly inconvenient for telling, it is so thick, and the edges are
made to turn up. I found him as full of business, and, to speak the truth,
he is a very painfull man, and ever was, and now-a-days is well paid for
it. So home and to my office, doing business late in order to the getting
a little money, and so home to supper and to bed.

24th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and at noon to
the Change, where everybody joyed me in our hemp ships coming safe, and
it seems one man, Middleburgh, did give 20 per cent. in gold last night,
three or four minutes before the newes came of her being safe. Thence with
Mr. Deane home and dined, and after dinner and a good deal of discourse of
the business of Woolwich Yard, we opened his draught of a ship which he
has made for me, and indeed it is a most excellent one and that that I
hope will be of good use to me as soon as I get a little time, and much
indebted I am to the poor man. Toward night I by coach to Whitehall to the
Tangier committee, and there spoke with my Lord and he seems mighty kind
to me, but I will try him to-morrow by a visit to see whether he holds it
or no. Then home by coach again and to my office, where late with Captain
Miners about the East India business. So home to supper and to bed, being
troubled to find myself so bound as I am, notwithstanding all the physic
that I take. This day our tryall was with Field, and I hear that they have
given him L29 damage more, which is a strange thing, but yet not so much
as formerly, nor as I was afeard of.

25th. Up and to Sir G. Carterets house, and with him by coach to
Whitehall. He uses me mighty well to my great joy, and in our discourse
took occasion to tell me that as I did desire of him the other day so he
desires of me the same favour that we may tell one another at any time any
thing that passes among us at the office or elsewhere wherein we are
either dissatisfied one with another, and that I should find him in all
things as kind and ready to serve me as my own brother. This methinks-was
very sudden and extraordinary and do please me mightily, and I am resolved
by no means ever to lose him again if I can. He told me that he did still
observe my care for the Kings service in my office. He set me down in
Fleet Street and thence I by another coach to my Lord Sandwichs, and
there I did present him Mr. Barlows Terella, with which he was very
much pleased, and he did show me great kindnesse, and by other discourse I
have reason to think that he is not at all, as I feared he would be,
discontented against me more than the trouble of the thing will work upon
him. I left him in good humour, and I to White Hall, to the Duke of York
and Mr. Coventry, and there advised about insuring the hempe ship at 12
per cent., notwithstanding her being come to Newcastle, and I do hope that
in all my three places which are now my hopes and supports I may not now
fear any thing, but with care, which through the Lords blessing I will
never more neglect, I dont doubt but to keep myself up with them all. For
in the Duke, and Mr. Coventry, my Lord Sandwich and Sir G. Carteret I
place my greatest hopes, and it pleased me yesterday that Mr. Coventry in
the coach (he carrying me to the Exchange at noon from the office) did,
speaking of Sir W. Batten, say that though there was a difference between
them, yet he would embrace any good motion of Sir W. Batten to the Kings
advantage as well as of Mr. Pepys or any friend he had. And when I talked
that I would go about doing something of the Controllers work when I had
time, and that I thought the Controller would not take it ill, he wittily
replied that there was nothing in the world so hateful as a dog in the
manger. Back by coach to the Exchange, there spoke with Sir W. Rider about
insuring, and spoke with several other persons about business, and shall
become pretty well known quickly. Thence home to dinner with my poor wife,
and with great joy to my office, and there all the afternoon about
business, and among others Mr. Bland came to me and had good discourse,
and he has chose me a referee for him in a business, and anon in the
evening comes Sir W. Warren, and he and I had admirable discourse. He
advised me in things I desired about, bummary,—[bottomry]—and
other ways of putting out money as in parts of ships, how dangerous they
are, and lastly fell to talk of the Dutch management of the Navy, and I
think will helpe me to some accounts of things of the Dutch Admiralty,
which I am mighty desirous to know. He seemed to have been mighty privy
with my Lord Albemarle in things before this great turn, and to the Kings
dallying with him and others for some years before, but I doubt all was
not very true. However, his discourse is very useful in general, though he
would seem a little more than ordinary in this. Late at night home to
supper and to bed, my mind in good ease all but my health, of which I am
not a little doubtful.

26th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and at noon I to
the Change, and there met with Mr. Cutler the merchant, who would needs
have me home to his house by the Dutch Church, and there in an old but
good house, with his wife and mother, a couple of plain old women, I dined
a good plain dinner, and his discourse after dinner with me upon matters
of the navy victualling very good and worth my hearing, and so home to my
office in the afternoon with my mind full of business, and there at it
late, and so home to supper to my poor wife, and to bed, myself being in a
little pain….. by a stroke…. in pulling up my breeches yesterday over
eagerly, but I will lay nothing to it till I see whether it will cease of
itself or no. The plague, it seems, grows more and more at Amsterdam; and
we are going upon making of all ships coming from thence and Hambrough, or
any other infected places, to perform their Quarantine (for thirty days as
Sir Rd. Browne expressed it in the order of the Council, contrary to the
import of the word, though in the general acceptation it signifies now the
thing, not the time spent in doing it) in Holehaven, a thing never done by
us before.

27th. Up and to my office, where busy with great delight all the morning,
and at noon to the Change, and so home to dinner with my poor wife, and
with great content to my office again, and there hard at work upon stating
the account of the freights due to the King from the East India Company
till late at night, and so home to supper and to bed. My wife mightily
pleased with my late discourse of getting a trip over to Calais, or some
other port of France, the next summer, in one of the yachts, and I believe
I shall do it, and it makes good sport that my mayde Jane dares not go,
and Besse is wild to go, and is mad for joy, but yet will be willing to
stay if Jane hath a mind, which is the best temper in this and all other
things that ever I knew in my life.

28th. Up and at the office sat all the morning, and at noon by Mr.
Coventrys coach to the Change, and after a little while there where I
met with Mr. Pierce, the chyrurgeon, who tells me for good newes that my
Lord Sandwich is resolved to go no more to Chelsy, and told me he believed
that I had been giving my Lord some counsel, which I neither denied nor
affirmed, but seemed glad with him that he went thither no more, and so I
home to dinner, and thence abroad to Pauls Church Yard, and there looked
upon the second part of Hudibras, which I buy not, but borrow to read, to
see if it be as good as the first, which the world cry so mightily up,
though it hath not a good liking in me, though I had tried by twice or
three times reading to bring myself to think it witty. Back again home and
to my office, and there late doing business and so home to supper and to
bed. I have been told two or three times, but to-day for certain I am told
how in Holland publickly they have pictured our King with reproach. One
way is with his pockets turned the wrong side outward, hanging out empty;
another with two courtiers picking of his pockets; and a third, leading of
two ladies, while others abuse him; which amounts to great contempt.

29th (Lords day). This morning I put on my best black cloth suit, trimmed
with scarlett ribbon, very neat, with my cloake lined with velvett, and a
new beaver, which altogether is very noble, with my black silk knit canons
I bought a month ago. I to church alone, my wife not going, and there I
found my Lady Batten in a velvet gown, which vexed me that she should be
in it before my wife, or that I am able to put her into one, but what
cannot be, cannot be. However, when I came home I told my wife of it, and
to see my weaknesse, I could on the sudden have found my heart to have
offered her one, but second thoughts put it by, and indeed it would undo
me to think of doing as Sir W. Batten and his Lady do, who has a good
estate besides his office. A good dinner we had of boeuf a la mode, but
not roasted so well as my wife used to do it. So after dinner I to the
French Church, but that being too far begun I came back to St. Dunstans
by six and heard a good sermon, and so home and to my office all, the
evening making up my accounts of this month, and blessed be God I have got
up my crumb again to L770, the most that ever I had yet, and good clothes
a great many besides, which is a great mercy of God to me. So home to
supper and to bed.

30th. Was called up by a messenger from Sir W. Pen to go with him by coach
to White Hall. So I got up and went with him, and by the way he began to
observe to me some unkind dealing of mine to him a weeke or two since at
the table, like a coxcomb, when I answered him pretty freely that I would
not think myself to owe any man the service to do this or that because
they would have it so (it was about taking of a mulct upon a purser for
not keeping guard at Chatham when I was there), so he talked and I talked
and let fall the discourse without giving or receiving any great
satisfaction, and so to other discourse, but I shall know him still for a
false knave. At White Hall we met the Duke in the Matted Gallery, and
there he discoursed with us; and by and by my Lord Sandwich came and stood
by, and talked; but it being St. Andrews, and a collar-day, he went to
the Chappell, and we parted. From him and Sir W. Pen and I back again and
light at the Change, and to the Coffee-house, where I heard the best
story of a cheate intended by a Master of a ship, who had borrowed twice
his money upon the bottomary, and as much more insured upon his ship and
goods as they were worth, and then would have cast her away upon the coast
of France, and there left her, refusing any pilott which was offered him;
and so the Governor of the place took her and sent her over hither to find
an owner, and so the ship is come safe, and goods and all; they all worth
L500, and he had one way or other taken L3000. The cause is to be tried
to-morrow at Guildhall, where I intend to be. Thence home to dinner, and
then with my wife to her arithmetique. In the evening came W. Howe to see
me, who tells me that my Lord hath been angry three or four days with him,
would not speak to him; at last did, and charged him with having spoken to
me about what he had observed concerning his Lordship, which W. Howe
denying stoutly, he was well at ease; and continues very quiett, and is
removing from Chelsy as fast as he can, but, methinks, both by my Lords
looks upon me to-day, or it may be it is only my doubtfulness, and by W.
Howes discourse, my Lord is not very well pleased, nor, it may be, will
be a good while, which vexes me; but I hope all will over in time, or else
I am but ill rewarded for my good service. Anon he and I to the Temple and
there parted, and I to my cozen Roger Pepys, whom I met going to his
chamber; he was in haste, and to go out of town tomorrow. He tells me of a
letter from my father which he will keep to read to me at his coming to
town again. I perceive it is about my fathers jealousys concerning my
wifes doing ill offices with me against him only from the differences
they had when she was there, which he very unwisely continues to have and
troubles himself and friends about to speak to me in, as my Lord Sandwich,
Mr. Moore, and my cozen Roger, which vexes me, but I must impute it to his
age and care for my mother and Pall and so let it go. After little
discourse with him I took coach and home, calling upon my booksellers for
two books, Rushworths and Scobells Collections. I shall make the King
pay for them. The first I spent some time at the office to read and it is
an excellent book. So home and spent the evening with my wife in
arithmetique, and so to supper and to bed. I end this month with my mind
in good condition for any thing else, but my unhappy adventuring to
disoblige my Lord by doing him service in representing to him the
discourse of the world concerning him and his affairs.