Samuel Pepys diary October 1663

OCTOBER 1663

October 1st. Up and betimes to my office, and then to sit, where Sir G.
Carteret, Sir W. Batten, Sir W. Pen, Sir J. Minnes, Mr. Coventry and
myself, a fuller board than by the Kings progresse and the late pays and
my absence has been a great while. Sat late, and then home to dinner.
After dinner I by water to Deptford about a little business, and so back
again, buying a couple of good eeles by the way, and after writing by the
post, home to see the painter at work, late, in my wifes closet, and so
to supper and to bed, having been very merry with the painter, late, while
he was doing his work. This day the King and Court returned from their
progress.

2nd. Up betimes and by water to St. Jamess, and there visited Mr.
Coventry as a compliment after his new coming to town, but had no great
talk with him, he being full of business. So back by foot through London,
doing several errands, and at the Change met with Mr. Cutler, and he and
I to a coffee-house, and there discoursed, and he do assure me that there
is great likelyhood of a war with Holland, but I hope we shall be in good
condition before it comes to break out. I like his company, and will make
much of his acquaintance. So home to dinner with my wife, who is over head
and eares in getting her house up, and so to the office, and with Mr.
Lewes, late, upon some of the old victuallers accounts, and so home to
supper and to bed, up to our red chamber, where we purpose always to lie.
This day I received a letter from Mr. Barlow, with a Terella,

     [Professor Silvanus P. Thompson, F.R.S., has kindly supplied me with
     the following interesting note on the terrella (or terella): The
     name given by Dr. William Gilbert, author of the famous treatise,
     De Magnete (Lond.  1600), to a spherical loadstone, on account of
     its acting as a model, magnetically, of the earth; compass-needles
     pointing to its poles, as mariners compasses do to the poles of
     the earth.  The term was adopted by other writers who followed
     Gilbert, as the following passage from Wm.  Barlowes Magneticall
     Advertisements (Lond.  1616) shows: Wherefore the round Loadstone
     is significantly termed by Doct. Gilbert Terrella, that is, a
     little, or rather a very little Earth: For it representeth in an
     exceeding small model (as it were) the admirable properties
     magneticall of the huge Globe of the earth (op. cit, p. 55).
     Gilbert set great store by his invention of the terrella, since it
     led him to propound the true theory of the mariners compass.  In
     his portrait of himself which he had painted for the University of
     Oxford he was represented as holding in his hand a globe inscribed
     terella.  In the Galileo Museum in Florence there is a terrella
     twenty-seven inches in diameter, of loadstone from Elba, constructed
     for Cosmo de Medici.  A smaller one contrived by Sir Christopher
     Wren was long preserved in the museum of the Royal Society (Grews
     Rarities belonging to the Royal Society, p.  364).  Evelyn was
     shown a pretty terrella described with all ye circles and skewing
     all y magnetic deviations (Diary, July 3rd, 1655).]

which I had hoped he had sent me, but to my trouble I find it is to
present from him to my Lord Sandwich, but I will make a little use of it
first, and then give it him.

3rd. Up, being well pleased with my new lodging and the convenience of
having our mayds and none else about us, Will lying below. So to the
office, and there we sat full of business all the morning. At noon I home
to dinner, and then abroad to buy a bell to hang by our chamber door to
call the mayds. Then to the office, and met Mr. Blackburne, who came to
know the reason of his kinsman (my Will) his being observed by his friends
of late to droop much. I told him my great displeasure against him and the
reasons of it, to his great trouble yet satisfaction, for my care over
him, and how every thing I said was for the good of the fellow, and he
will take time to examine the fellow about all, and to desire my pleasure
concerning him, which I told him was either that he should became a better
servant or that we would not have him under my roof to be a trouble. He
tells me in a few days he will come to me again and we shall agree what to
do therein. I home and told my wife all, and am troubled to see that my
servants and others should be the greatest trouble I have in the world,
more than for myself. We then to set up our bell with a smith very well,
and then I late at the office. So home to supper and to bed.

4th (Lords day). Up and to church, my house being miserably overflooded
with rayne last night, which makes me almost mad. At home to dinner with
my wife, and so to talk, and to church again, and so home, and all the
evening most pleasantly passed the time in good discourse of our fortune
and family till supper, and so to bed, in some pain below, through cold
got.

5th. Up with pain, and with Sir J. Minnes by coach to the Temple, and then
I to my brothers, and up and down on business, and so to the New
Exchange, and there met Creed, and he and I walked two or three hours,
talking of many businesses, especially about Tangier, and my Lord Tiviots
bringing in of high accounts, and yet if they were higher are like to pass
without exception, and then of my Lord Sandwich sending a messenger to
know whether the King intends to come to Newmarket, as is talked, that he
may be ready to entertain him at Hinchingbroke. Thence home and dined, and
my wife all day putting up her hangings in her closett, which she do very
prettily herself with her own hand, to my great content. So I to the
office till night, about several businesses, and then went and sat an hour
or two with Sir W. Pen, talking very largely of Sir J. Minness simplicity
and unsteadiness, and of Sir W. Battens suspicious dealings, wherein I
was open, and he sufficiently, so that I do not care for his telling of
tales, for he said as much, but whether that were so or no I said nothing
but what is my certain knowledge and belief concerning him. Thence home to
bed in great pain.

6th. Slept pretty well, and my wife waked to ring the bell to call up our
mayds to the washing about 4 oclock, and I was and she angry that our
bell did not wake them sooner, but I will get a bigger bell. So we to
sleep again till 8 oclock, and then I up in some ease to the office,
where we had a full board, where we examined Cockes second account, when
Mr. Turner had drawn a bill directly to be paid the balance thereof, as
Mr. Cocke demanded, and Sir J. Minnes did boldly assert the truth of it,
and that he had examined it, when there is no such thing, but many
vouchers, upon examination, missing, and we saw reason to strike off
several of his demands, and to bring down his 5 per cent. commission to 3
per cent. So we shall save the King some money, which both the Comptroller
and his clerke had absolutely given away. There was also two occasions
more of difference at the table; the one being to make out a bill to
Captain Smith for his salary abroad as commander-in-chief in the
Streights. Sir J. Minnes did demand an increase of salary for his being
Vice-Admiral in the Downes, he having received but 40s. without an
increase, when Sir J. Lawson, in the same voyage, had L3, and others have
also had increase, only he, because he was an officer of the board, was
worse used than any body else, and particularly told Sir W. Batten that he
was the opposer formerly of his having an increase, which I did wonder to
hear him so boldly lay it to him. So we hushed up the dispute, and
offered, if he would, to examine precedents, and report them, if there was
any thing to his advantage to be found, to the Duke. The next was, Mr.
Chr. Pett and Deane were summoned to give an account of some knees

     [Naturally grown timber or bars of iron bent to a right angle or to
     fit the surfaces and to secure bodies firmly together as hanging
     knees secure the deck beams to the sides.—Smyths Sailors Word-
     Book.  There are several kinds of knees.]

which Pett reported bad, that were to be served in by Sir W. Warren, we
having contracted that none should be served but such as were to be
approved of by our officers. So that if they were bad they were to be
blamed for receiving them. Thence we fell to talk of Warrens other goods,
which Pett had said were generally bad, and falling to this contract
again, I did say it was the most cautious and as good a contract as had
been made here, and the only [one] that had been in such terms. Sir J.
Minnes told me angrily that Winters timber, bought for 33s. per load, was
as good and in the same terms. I told him that it was not so, but that he
and Sir W. Batten were both abused, and I would prove it was as dear a
bargain as had been made this half year, which occasioned high words
between them and me, but I am able to prove it and will. That also was so
ended, and so to other business. At noon Lewellin coming to me I took him
and Deane, and there met my uncle Thomas, and we dined together, but was
vexed that, it being washing-day, we had no meat dressed, but sent to the
Cooks, and my people had so little witt to send in our meat from abroad
in that Cooks dishes, which were marked with the name of the Cook upon
them, by which, if they observed anything, they might know it was not my
own dinner. After dinner we broke up, and I by coach, setting down Luellin
in Cheapside. So to White Hall, where at the Committee of Tangier, but,
Lord! how I was troubled to see my Lord Tiviotts accounts of L10,000 paid
in that manner, and wish 1000 times I had not been there. Thence rose with
Sir G. Carteret and to his lodgings, and there discoursed of our frays at
the table to-day, and particularly of that of the contract, and the
contract of masts the other day, declaring my fair dealing, and so needing
not any mans good report of it, or word for it, and that I would make it
so appear to him, if he desired it, which he did, and I will do it. Thence
home by water in great pain, and at my office a while, and thence a little
to Sir W. Pen, and so home to bed, and finding myself beginning to be
troubled with wind as I used to be, and in pain in making water, I took a
couple of pills that I had by me of Mr. Hollyards.

7th. They wrought in the morning, and I did keep my bed, and my pain
continued on me mightily that I kept within all day in great pain, and
could break no wind nor have any stool after my physic had done working.
So in the evening I took coach and to Mr. Holliards, but he was not at
home, and so home again, and whether the coach did me good or no I know
not…. So to bed and lay in good ease all night, and…. pretty well to
the morning…..

     [Pepyss prescription for the colic:

     Balsom of Sulphur, 3 or 4 drops in a spoonfull of Syrrup of Colts
     foote, not eating or drinking two hours before or after.

     The making of this Balsom:

     2/3ds of fine Oyle, and 1/3d of fine Brimstone, sett 13 or 14
     houres upon yt fire, simpring till a thicke Stufte lyes at ye
     Bottome, and ye Balsom at ye topp.  Take this off &c.

     Sir Rob. Parkhurst for ye Collique.—M. B.]

8th. So, keeping myself warm, to the office, and at noon home to dinner,
my pain coming again by breaking no wind nor having any stool. So to Mr.
Holliard, and by his direction, he assuring me that it is nothing of the
stone, but only my constitution being costive, and that, and cold from
without, breeding and keeping the wind, I took some powder that he did
give me in white wine, and sat late up, till past eleven at night, with my
wife in my chamber till it had done working, which was so weakly that I
could hardly tell whether it did work or no. My mayds being at this time
in great dirt towards getting of all my house clean, and weary and having
a great deal of work to do therein to-morrow and next day, were gone to
bed before my wife and I, who also do lie in our room more like beasts
than Christians, but that is only in order to having of the house shortly
in a cleaner, or rather very clean condition. Some ease I had so long as
this did keep my body loose, and I slept well.

9th. And did keep my bed most of this morning, my body I find being still
bound and little wind, and so my pain returned again, though not so bad,
but keeping my body with warm clothes very hot I made shift to endure it,
and at noon sent word to Mr. Hollyard of my condition, that I could
neither have a natural stool nor break wind, and by that means still in
pain and frequent offering to make water. So he sent me two bottles of
drink and some syrup, one bottle to take now and the other to-morrow
morning. So in the evening, after Commissioner Pett, who came to visit me,
and was going to Chatham, but methinks do talk to me in quite another
manner, doubtfully and shyly, and like a stranger, to what he did
heretofore. After I saw he was gone I did drink one of them, but it was a
most loathsome draught, and did keep myself warm after it, and had that
afternoon still a stool or two, but in no plenty, nor any wind almost
carried away, and so to bed. In no great pain, but do not think myself
likely to be well till I have a freedom of stool and wind. Most of this
day and afternoon my wife and I did spend together in setting things now
up and in order in her closet, which indeed is, and will be, when I can
get her some more things to put in it, a very pleasant place, and is at
present very pretty, and such as she, I hope, will find great content in.
So to bed.

10th. Up, and not in any good ease yet, but had pain in making water, and
some course. I see I must take besides keeping myself warm to make myself
break wind and go freely to stool before I can be well, neither of which I
can do yet, though I have drank the other bottle of Mr. Hollyards against
my stomach this morning. I did, however, make shift to go to the office,
where we sat, and there Sir J. Minnes and Sir W. Batten did advise me to
take some juniper water, and Sir W. Batten sent to his Lady for some for
me, strong water made of juniper. Whether that or anything else of my
draught this morning did it I cannot tell, but I had a couple of stools
forced after it…. but whether I shall grow better upon it I cannot tell.
Dined at home at noon, my wife and house in the dirtiest pickle that ever
she and it was in almost, but in order, I hope, this night to be very
clean. To the office all the afternoon upon victualling business, and late
at it, so after I wrote by the post to my father, I home. This evening Mr.
Hollyard sends me an electuary to take (a walnut quantity of it) going to
bed, which I did. Tis true I slept well, and rose in a little ease in the
morning.

11th (Lords day). And was mightily pleased to see my house clean and in
good condition, but something coming into my wifes head, and mine, to be
done more about bringing the green bed into our chamber, which is
handsomer than the red one, though not of the colour of our hangings, my
wife forebore to make herself clean to-day, but continued in a sluttish
condition till to-morrow. I after the old passe, all the day within
doors,…. the effect of my electuary last night, and the greatest of my
pain I find to come by my straining…. For all this I eat with a very
good stomach, and as much as I use to do, and so I did this noon, and
staid at home discoursing and doing things in my chamber, altering chairs
in my chamber, and set them above in the red room, they being Turkey work,
and so put their green covers upon those that were above, not so handsome.
At night fell to reading in the Church History of Fullers, and
particularly Cranmers letter to Queen Elizabeth, which pleases me
mightily for his zeal, obedience, and boldness in a cause of religion.
After supper to bed as I use to be, in pain…..

12th. Up (though slept well) and made some water in the morning [as] I
used to do, and a little pain returned to me, and some fears, but being
forced to go to the Duke at St. Jamess, I took coach and in my way called
upon Mr. Hollyard and had his advice to take a glyster. At St. Jamess we
attended the Duke all of us. And there, after my discourse, Mr. Coventry
of his own accord begun to tell the Duke how he found that discourse
abroad did run to his prejudice about the fees that he took, and how he
sold places and other things; wherein he desired to appeal to his
Highness, whether he did any thing more than what his predecessors did,
and appealed to us all. So Sir G. Carteret did answer that some fees were
heretofore taken, but what he knows not; only that selling of places never
was nor ought to be countenanced. So Mr. Coventry very hotly answered to
Sir G. Carteret, and appealed to himself whether he was not one of the
first that put him upon looking after this taking of fees, and that he
told him that Mr. Smith should say that he made L5000 the first year, and
he believed he made L7000. This Sir G. Carteret denied, and said, that if
he did say so he told a lie, for he could not, nor did know, that ever he
did make that profit of his place; but that he believes he might say L2500
the first year. Mr. Coventry instanced in another thing, particularly
wherein Sir G. Carteret did advise with him about the selling of the
Auditors place of the stores, when in the beginning there was an
intention of creating such an office. This he confessed, but with some
lessening of the tale Mr. Coventry told, it being only for a respect to my
Lord Fitz-Harding. In fine, Mr. Coventry did put into the Dukes hand a
list of above 250 places that he did give without receiving one farthing,
so much as his ordinary fees for them, upon his life and oath; and that
since the Dukes establishment of fees he had never received one token
more of any man; and that in his whole life he never conditioned or
discoursed of any consideration from any commanders since he came to the
Navy. And afterwards, my Lord Barkeley merrily discoursing that he wished
his profit greater than it was, and that he did believe that he had got
L50,000 since he came in, Mr. Coventry did openly declare that his
Lordship, or any of us, should have not only all he had got, but all that
he had in the world (and yet he did not come a beggar into the Navy, nor
would yet be thought to speak in any contempt of his Royall Highnesss
bounty), and should have a year to consider of it too, for L25,000. The
Dukes answer was, that he wished we all had made more profit than he had
of our places, and that we had all of us got as much as one man below
stayres in the Court, which he presently named, and it was Sir George
Lane! This being ended, and the list left in the Dukes hand, we parted,
and I with Sir G. Carteret, Sir J. Minnes, and Sir W. Batten by coach to
the Exchange, and there a while, and so home, and whether it be the
jogging, or by having my mind more employed (which I believe is a great
matter) I know not, but…. I begin to be suddenly well, at least better
than I was. So home and to dinner, and thence by coach to the Old
Exchange, and there cheapened some laces for my wife, and then to Mr.——-the
great laceman in Cheapside, and bought one cost me L4. more by 20s. than I
intended, but when I came to see them I was resolved to buy one worth
wearing with credit, and so to the New Exchange, and there put it to
making, and so to my Lords lodgings and left my wife, and so I to the
Committee of Tangier, and then late home with my wife again by coach,
beginning to be very well, and yet when I came home…. the little
straining which I thought was no strain at all at the present did by and
by bring me some pain for a good while. Anon, about 8 oclock, my wife did
give me a clyster which Mr. Hollyard directed, viz., a pint of strong ale,
4 oz. of sugar, and 2 oz. of butter. It lay while I lay upon the bed above
an hour, if not two, and then thinking it quite lost I rose, and by and by
it began with my walking to work, and gave me three or four most excellent
stools and carried away wind, put me in excellent ease, and taking my
usual walnut quantity of electuary at my going into bed I had about two
stools in the night…..

13th. And so rose in the morning in perfect good ease…. continued all
the morning well, and in the afternoon had a natural easily and dry
stoole, the first I have had these five days or six, for which God be
praised, and so am likely to continue well, observing for the time to come
when any of this pain comes again

(1) To begin to keep myself as warm as I can.

(2) Strain as little as ever I can backwards, remembering that my pain
will come by and by, though in the very straining I do not feel it.

(3) Either by physic forward or by clyster backward or both ways to get an
easy and plentiful going to stool and breaking of wind.

(4) To begin to suspect my health immediately when I begin to become
costive and bound, and by all means to keep my body loose, and that to
obtain presently after I find myself going the contrary.

This morning at the office, and at noon with Creed to the Exchange, where
much business, but, Lord! how my heart, though I know not reason for it,
began to doubt myself, after I saw Stint, Fields one-eyed solicitor,
though I know not any thing that they are doing, or that they endeavour
any thing further against us in the business till the terme. Home, and
Creed with me to dinner, and after dinner John Cole, my old friend, came
to see and speak with me about a friend. I find him ingenious, but more
and more discern his city pedantry; but however, I will endeavour to have
his company now and then, for that he knows much of the temper of the
City, and is able to acquaint therein as much as most young men, being of
large acquaintance, and himself, I think, somewhat unsatisfied with the
present state of things at Court and in the Church. Then to the office,
and there busy till late, and so home to my wife, with some ease and
pleasure that I hope to be able to follow my business again, which by
Gods leave I am resolved to return to with more and more eagerness. I
find at Court, that either the King is doubtfull of some disturbance, or
else would seem so (and I have reason to hope it is no worse), by his
commanding all commanders of castles, &c., to repair to their charges;
and mustering the Guards the other day himself, where he found reason to
dislike their condition to my Lord Gerard, finding so many absent men, or
dead pays.

     [This is probably an allusion to the practice of not reporting the
     deaths of soldiers, that the officers might continue to draw their
     pay.—B.]

My Lady Castlemaine, I hear, is in as great favour as ever, and the King
supped with her the very first night he came from Bath: and last night and
the night before supped with her; when there being a chine of beef to
roast, and the tide rising into their kitchen that it could not be roasted
there, and the cook telling her of it, she answered, Zounds! she must set
the house on fire but it should be roasted! So it was carried to Mrs.
Sarahs husbands, and there it was roasted. So home to supper and to bed,
being mightily pleased with all my house and my red chamber, where my wife
and I intend constantly to lie, and the having of our dressing room and
mayds close by us without any interfering or trouble.

14th. Up and to my office, where all the morning, and part of it Sir J.
Minnes spent, as he do every thing else, like a fool, reading the Anatomy
of the body to me, but so sillily as to the making of me understand any
thing that I was weary of him, and so I toward the Change and met with
Mr. Grant, and he and I to the Coffee-house, where I understand by him
that Sir W. Petty and his vessel are coming, and the King intends to go to
Portsmouth to meet it. Thence home and after dinner my wife and I, by Mr.
Rawlinsons conduct, to the Jewish Synagogue: where the men and boys in
their vayles, and the women behind a lattice out of sight; and some things
stand up, which I believe is their Law, in a press to which all coming in
do bow; and at the putting on their vayles do say something, to which
others that hear him do cry Amen, and the party do kiss his vayle. Their
service all in a singing way, and in Hebrew. And anon their Laws that they
take out of the press are carried by several men, four or five several
burthens in all, and they do relieve one another; and whether it is that
every one desires to have the carrying of it, I cannot tell, thus they
carried it round about the room while such a service is singing. And in
the end they had a prayer for the King, which they pronounced his name in
Portugall; but the prayer, like the rest, in Hebrew. But, Lord! to see the
disorder, laughing, sporting, and no attention, but confusion in all their
service, more like brutes than people knowing the true God, would make a
man forswear ever seeing them more and indeed I never did see so much, or
could have imagined there had been any religion in the whole world so
absurdly performed as this. Away thence with my mind strongly disturbed
with them, by coach and set down my wife in Westminster Hall, and I to
White Hall, and there the Tangier Committee met, but the Duke and the
Africa Committee meeting in our room, Sir G. Carteret; Sir W. Compton, Mr.
Coventry, Sir W. Rider, Cuttance and myself met in another room, with
chairs set in form but no table, and there we had very fine discourses of
the business of the fitness to keep Sally, and also of the terms of our
Kings paying the Portugees that deserted their house at Tangier, which
did much please me, and so to fetch my wife, and so to the New Exchange
about her things, and called at Thomas Pepys the turners and bought
something there, an so home to supper and to bed, after I had been a good
while with Sir W. Pen, railing and speaking freely our minds against Sir
W. Batten and Sir J. Minnes, but no more than the folly of one and the
knavery of the other do deserve.

15th. Up, I bless God being now in pretty good condition, but cannot come
to make natural stools yet….. So up and to the office, where we sat all
the morning, and at noon dined at home, my head full of business, and
after stepping abroad to buy a thing or two, compasses and snuffers for my
wife, I returned to my office and there mighty busy till it was late, and
so home well contented with the business that I had done this afternoon,
and so to supper and to bed.

16th. Up and to my office, where all the morning doing business, and at
noon home to dinner, and then up to remove my chest and clothes up stairs
to my new wardrobe, that I may have all my things above where I lie, and
so by coach abroad with my wife, leaving her at my Lords till I went to
the Tangier Committee, where very good discourse concerning the Articles
of peace to be continued with Guyland, and thence took up my wife, and
with her to her tailors, and then to the Exchange and to several places,
and so home and to my office, where doing some business, and then home to
supper and to bed.

17th. Up and to my office, and there we sat a very full board all the
morning upon some accounts of Mr. Gaudens. Here happened something
concerning my Will which Sir W. Batten would fain charge upon him, and I
heard him mutter something against him of complaint for his often
receiving peoples money to Sir G. Carteret, which displeased me much, but
I will be even with him. Thence to the Dolphin Tavern, and there Mr.
Gauden did give us a great dinner. Here we had some discourse of the
Queens being very sick, if not dead, the Duke and Duchess of York being
sent for betimes this morning to come to White Hall to her. So to my
office and there late doing business, and so home to supper, my house
being got mighty clean to my great content from top to toe, and so to bed,
myself beginning to be in good condition of health also, but only my
laying out so much money upon clothes for myself and wife and her closet
troubles me.

18th (Lords day). Up, and troubled at a distaste my wife took at a small
thing that Jane did, and to see that she should be so vexed that I took
part with Jane, wherein I had reason; but by and by well again, and so my
wife in her best gown and new poynt that I bought her the other day, to
church with me, where she has not been these many weeks, and her mayde
Jane with her. I was troubled to see Pembleton there, but I thought it
prudence to take notice myself first of it and show my wife him, and so by
little and little considering that it mattered not much his being there I
grew less concerned and so mattered it not much, and the less when, anon,
my wife showed me his wife, a pretty little woman, and well dressed, with
a good jewel at her breast. The parson, Mr. Mills, I perceive, did not
know whether to pray for the Queen or no, and so said nothing about her;
which makes me fear she is dead. But enquiring of Sir J. Minnes, he told
me that he heard she was better last night. So home to dinner, and Tom
came and dined with me, and so, anon, to church again, and there a simple
coxcomb preached worse than the Scot, and no Pembleton nor his wife there,
which pleased me not a little, and then home and spent most of the evening
at Sir W. Pens in complaisance, seeing him though he deserves no respect
from me. This evening came my uncle Wight to speak with me about my uncle
Thomass business, and Mr. Moore came, 4 or 5 days out of the country and
not come to see me before, though I desired by two or three messengers
that he would come to me as soon as he came to town. Which do trouble me
to think he should so soon forget my kindness to him, which I am afraid he
do. After walking a good while in the garden with these, I went up again
to Sir W. Pen, and took my wife home, and after supper to prayers, and
read very seriously my vowes, which I am fearful of forgetting by my late
great expenses, but I hope in God I do not, and so to bed.

19th. Waked with a very high wind, and said to my wife, I pray God I hear
not of the death of any great person, this wind is so high! fearing that
the Queen might be dead. So up; and going by coach with Sir W. Batten and
Sir J. Minnes to St. Jamess, they tell me that Sir W. Compton, who it is
true had been a little sickly for a week or fortnight, but was very well
upon Friday at night last at the Tangier Committee with us, was dead—died
yesterday: at which I was most exceedingly surprised, he being, and so all
the world saying that he was, one of the worthyest men and best officers
of State now in England; and so in my conscience he was: of the best
temper, valour, abilities of mind, integrity, birth, fine person, and
diligence of any one man he hath left behind him in the three kingdoms;
and yet not forty years old, or if so, that is all.

     [Sir William Compton (1625-1663) was knighted at Oxford, December
     12th, 1643.  He was called by Cromwell the sober young man and the
     godly cavalier.  After the Restoration he was M.P. for Cambridge
     (1661), and appointed Master of the Ordnance.  He died in Drury
     Lane, suddenly, as stated in the text, and was buried at Compton
     Wynyates, Warwickshire.]

I find the sober men of the Court troubled for him; and yet not so as to
hinder or lessen their mirth, talking, laughing, and eating, drinking, and
doing every thing else, just as if there was no such thing, which is as
good an instance for me hereafter to judge of death, both as to the
unavoidableness, suddenness, and little effect of it upon the spirits of
others, let a man be never so high, or rich, or good; but that all die
alike, no more matter being made of the death of one than another, and
that even to die well, the praise of it is not considerable in the world,
compared to the many in the world that know not nor make anything of it,
nor perhaps to them (unless to one that like this poor gentleman, who is
one of a thousand, there nobody speaking ill of him) that will speak ill
of a man. Coming to St. Jamess, I hear that the Queen did sleep five
hours pretty well to-night, and that she waked and gargled her mouth, and
to sleep again; but that her pulse beats fast, beating twenty to the
Kings or my Lady Suffolks eleven; but not so strong as it was. It seems
she was so ill as to be shaved and pidgeons put to her feet, and to have
the extreme unction given her by the priests, who were so long about it
that the doctors were angry. The King, they all say; is most fondly
disconsolate for her, and weeps by her, which makes her weep;

     [The queen was given over by her physicians,..., and the
     good nature of the king was much affected with the situation in
     which he saw!  a princess whom, though he did not love her, yet he
     greatly esteemed.  She loved him tenderly, and thinking that it was
     the last time she should ever speak to him, she told him That the
     concern he showed for her death was enough to make her quit life
     with regret; but that not possessing charms sufficient to merit his
     tenderness, she had at least the consolation in dying to give place
     to a consort who might be more worthy, of it and to whom heaven,
     perhaps, might grant a blessing that had been refused to her.  At
     these words she bathed his hands with some tears which he thought
     would be her last; he mingled his own with hers, and without
     supposing she would take him at his word, he conjured her to live
     for his sake.—Grammont Memoirs, chap.  vii.]

which one this day told me he reckons a good sign, for that it carries
away some rheume from the head. This morning Captain Allen tells me how
the famous Ned Mullins, by a slight fall, broke his leg at the ancle,
which festered; and he had his leg cut off on Saturday, but so ill done,
notwithstanding all the great chyrurgeons about the town at the doing of
it, that they fear he will not live with it, which is very strange,
besides the torment he was put to with it. After being a little with the
Duke, and being invited to dinner to my Lord Barkeleys, and so, not
knowing how to spend our time till noon, Sir W. Batten and I took coach,
and to the Coffee-house in Cornhill;

     [This may be the Coffee House in Exchange Alley, which had for a
     sign, Morat the Great, or The Great Turk, where coffee was sold in
     berry, in powder, and pounded in a mortar.  There is a token of the
     house, see Boynes Tokens, ed.  Williamson, vol.  i., p.  592.]

where much talk about the Turks proceedings, and that the plague is got
to Amsterdam, brought by a ship from Argier; and it is also carried to
Hambrough. The Duke says the King purposes to forbid any of their ships
coming into the river. The Duke also told us of several Christian
commanders (French) gone over to the Turks to serve them; and upon inquiry
I find that the King of France do by this aspire to the Empire, and so to
get the Crown of Spayne also upon the death of the King, which is very
probable, it seems. Back to St. Jamess, and there dined with my Lord
Barkeley and his lady, where Sir G. Carteret, Sir W. Batten, and myself,
with two gentlemen more; my Lady, and one of the ladies of honour to the
Duchesse (no handsome woman, but a most excellent hand). A fine French
dinner, and so we after dinner broke up and to Creeds new lodgings in
Axe-yard, which I like very well and so with him to White Hall and walked
up and down in the galleries with good discourse, and anon Mr. Coventry
and Povy, sad for the loss of one of our number we sat down as a Committee
for Tangier and did some business and so broke up, and I down with Mr.
Coventry and in his chamber discoursing of business of the office and Sir
J. Minnes and Sir W. Battens carriage, when he most ingeniously tells me
how they have carried themselves to him in forbearing to speak the other
day to the Duke what they know they have so largely at other times said to
him, and I told him what I am put to about the bargain for masts. I
perceive he thinks of it all and will remember it. Thence took up my wife
at Mrs. Harpers where she and Jane were, and so called at the New
Exchange for some things for her, and then at Toms went up and saw his
house now it is finished, and indeed it is very handsome, but he not
within and so home and to my office; and then to supper and to bed.

20th. Up and to the office, where we sat; and at noon Sir G. Carteret, Sir
J. Minnes, and I to dinner to my Lord Mayors, being invited, where was
the Farmers of the Customes, my Lord Chancellors three sons, and other
great and much company, and a very great noble dinner, as this Mayor—[Sir
John Robinson.]—is good for nothing else. No extraordinary discourse
of any thing, every man being intent upon his dinner, and myself willing
to have drunk some wine to have warmed my belly, but I did for my oaths
sake willingly refrain it, but am so well pleased and satisfied afterwards
thereby, for it do keep me always in so good a frame of mind that I hope I
shall not ever leave this practice. Thence home, and took my wife by coach
to White Hall, and she set down at my Lords lodgings, I to a Committee of
Tangier, and thence with her homeward, calling at several places by the
way. Among others at Pauls Churchyard, and while I was in Kirtons shop,
a fellow came to offer kindness or force to my wife in the coach, but she
refusing, he went away, after the coachman had struck him, and he the
coachman. So I being called, went thither, and the fellow coming out again
of a shop, I did give him a good cuff or two on the chops, and seeing him
not oppose me, I did give him another; at last found him drunk, of which I
was glad, and so left him, and home, and so to my office awhile, and so
home to supper and to bed. This evening, at my Lords lodgings, Mrs. Sarah
talking with my wife and I how the Queen do, and how the King tends her
being so ill. She tells us that the Queens sickness is the spotted fever;
that she was as full of the spots as a leopard which is very strange that
it should be no more known; but perhaps it is not so. And that the King do
seem to take it much to heart, for that he hath wept before her; but, for
all that; that he hath not missed one night since she was sick, of supping
with my Lady Castlemaine; which I believe is true, for she [Sarah] says
that her husband hath dressed the suppers every night; and I confess I saw
him myself coming through the street dressing of a great supper to-night,
which Sarah says is also for the King and her; which is a very strange
thing.

21st. Up, and by and by comes my brother Tom to me, though late (which do
vex me to the blood that I could never get him to come time enough to me,
though I have spoke a hundred times; but he is very sluggish, and too
negligent ever to do well at his trade I doubt), and having lately
considered with my wife very much of the inconvenience of my going in no
better plight, we did resolve of putting me into a better garb, and, among
other things, to have a good velvet cloake; that is, of cloth lined with
velvet and other things modish, and a perruque, and so I sent him and her
out to buy me velvet, and I to the Exchange, and so to Trinity House, and
there dined with Sir W. Batten, having some business to speak with him,
and Sir W. Rider. Thence, having my belly full, away on foot to my
brothers, all along Thames Streete, and my belly being full of small
beer, I did all alone, for healths sake, drink half a pint of Rhenish
wine at the Still-yard, mixed with beer. From my brothers with my wife to
the Exchange, to buy things for her and myself, I being in a humour of
laying out money, but not prodigally, but only in clothes, which I every
day see that I suffer for want of, I so home, and after a little at my
office, home to supper and to bed. Memorandum: This morning one Mr.
Commander, a scrivener, came to me from Mr. Moore with a deed of which.
Mr. Moore had told me, that my Lord had made use of my name, and that I
was desired by my Lord to sign it. Remembering this very well, though
understanding little of the particulars, I read it over, and found it
concern Sir Robt. Bernard and Duckinford, their interest in the manor of
Brampton. So I did sign it, declaring to Mr. Commander that I am only
concerned in having my name at my Lord Sandwichs desire used therein, and
so I sealed it up after I had signed and sealed the deed, and desired him
to give it so sealed to Mr. Moore. I did also call at the Wardrobe this
afternoon to have told Mr. Moore of it, but he was not within, but knowing
Mr. Commander to have the esteem of a good and honest man with my Lord
Crew, I did not doubt to intrust him with the deed after I had signed it.
This evening after I came home I begun to enter my wife in arithmetique,
in order to her studying of the globes, and she takes it very well, and, I
hope, with great pleasure, I shall bring her to understand many fine
things.

22nd. Up to the office, where we sat till noon and then I home to dinner,
and after dinner with my wife to her study and there read some more
arithmetique, which she takes with great ease and pleasure. This morning,
hearing that the Queen grows worse again, I sent to stop the making of my
velvet cloake, till I see whether she lives or dies. So a little abroad
about several businesses, and then home and to my office till night, and
then home to supper, teach my wife, and so to bed.

23rd. Up, and this morning comes Mr. Clerke, and tells me that the
Injunction against Trice is dismissed again, which troubles me much. So I
am to look after it in the afternoon. There comes also by appointment my
uncle Thomas, to receive the first payment of his daughters money. But
showing of me the original of the deed by which his daughter gives her
right to her legacy to him, and the copy of it attested by the Scrivener,
for me to keep by me, I did find some difference, and thereupon did look
more into it, and at last did find the whole thing a forgery; yet he
maintained it again and again, upon oath, that it had been signed and
sealed by my cozen Mary ever since before her marriage. So I told him to
his teeth he did like a knave, and so he did, and went with him to the
Scrivener at Bedlam, and there found how it came to pass, viz., that he
had lost, or pretends to have lost, the true original, and that so he was
forced to take this course; but a knave, at least a man that values not
what he swears to, I perceive he is. But however I am now better able to
see myself fully secured before I part with the money, for I find that his
son Charles has right to this legacy till the first L100 of his daughters
portion be paid, he being bond for it. So I put him upon getting both his
sons to be bound for my security, and so left him and so home, and then
abroad to my brothers, but found him abroad at the young couple that was
married yesterday, and he one of the Br[ides] men, a kinswoman
(Brumfield) of the Joyces married to an upholster. Thence walked to the
Kings Head at Charing Cross and there dined, and hear that the Queen
slept pretty well last night, but her fever continues upon her still. It
seems she hath never a Portuguese doctor here. Thence by appointment to
the Six Clerks office to meet Mr. Clerke, which I did and there waited
all the afternoon for Wilkinson my attorney, but he came not, and so vexed
and weary we parted, and I endeavoured but in vain to have found Dr.
Williams, of whom I shall have use in Trices business, but I could not
find him. So weary walked home; in my way bought a large kitchen knife and
half dozen oyster knives. Thence to Mr. Holliard, who tells me that
Mullins is dead of his leg cut off the other day, but most basely done. He
tells me that there is no doubt but that all my slyme do come away in my
water, and therefore no fear of the stone; but that my water being so
slymy is a good sign. He would have me now and then to take a clyster, the
same I did the other day, though I feel no pain, only to keep me loose,
and instead of butter, which he would have to be salt butter, he would
have me sometimes use two or three ounces of honey, at other times two or
three ounces of Linseed oil. Thence to Mr. Rawlinsons and saw some of my
new bottles made, with my crest upon them, filled with wine, about five or
six dozen. So home and to my office a little, and thence home to prepare
myself against T. Trice, and also to draw a bond fit for my uncle and his
sons to enter into before I pay them the money. That done to bed.

24th. Up and to my office, where busy all the morning about Mr. Gaudens
account, and at noon to dinner with him at the Dolphin, where mighty merry
by pleasant stories of Mr. Coventrys and Sir J. Minness, which I have
put down some of in my book of tales. Just as I was going out my uncle
Thomas came to the with a draught of a bond for him and his sons to sign
to me about the payment of the L20 legacy, which I agreed to, but he would
fain have had from me the copy of the deed, which he had forged and did
bring me yesterday, but I would not give him it. Says [he] I perceive then
you will keep it to defame me with, and desired me not to speak of it, for
he did it innocently. Now I confess I do not find any great hurt in the
thing, but only to keep from me a sight of the true original deed, wherein
perhaps there was something else that may touch this business of the
legacy which he would keep from me, or it may be, it is really lost as he
says it is. But then he need not have used such a slight, but confess it
without danger. Thence by coach with Mr. Coventry to the Temple, and
thence I to the Six Clerks office, and discoursed with my Attorney and
Solicitor, and he and I to Mr. Turner, who puts me in great fear that I
shall not get retayned again against Tom Trice; which troubles me. Thence,
it being night, homewards, and called at Wottons and tried some shoes,
but he had none to fit me. He tells me that by the Duke of Yorks
persuasion Harris is come again to Sir W. Davenant upon his terms that he
demanded, which will make him very high and proud. Thence to another shop,
and there bought me a pair of shoes, and so walked home and to my office,
and dispatch letters by the post, and so home to supper and to bed, where
to my trouble I find my wife begin to talk of her being alone all day,
which is nothing but her lack of something to do, for while she was busy
she never, or seldom, complained….. The Queen is in a good way of
recovery; and Sir Francis Pridgeon hath got great honour by it, it being
all imputed to his cordiall, which in her dispaire did give her rest and
brought her to some hopes of recovery. It seems that, after the much talk
of troubles and a plot, something is found in the North that a party was
to rise, and some persons that were to command it are found, as I find in
a letter that Mr. Coventry read to-day about it from those parts.

     [This refers to a rising in the West Riding of Yorkshire, which took
     place on October 12th, and was known as the Farneley Wood Plot.  The
     rising was easily put down, and several prisoners were taken.  A
     special commission of oyer and terminer was sent down to York to try
     the prisoners in January, 1663-64, when twenty-one were convicted
     and executed.  (See Whitakers Loidis and Elmete, 1816.)]

25th (Lords day). Up, and my wife and I to church, where it is strange to
see how the use and seeing Pembleton come with his wife thither to church,
I begin now to make too great matter of it, which before was so terrible
to me. Dined at home, my wife and I alone, a good dinner, and so in the
afternoon to church again, where the Scot preached, and I slept most of
the afternoon. So home, and my wife and I together all the evening
discoursing, and then after reading my vowes to myself, and my wife with
her mayds (who are mighty busy to get it dispatched because of their
mistresss promise, that when it is done they shall have leave all to go
see their friends at Westminster, whither my wife will carry them)
preparing for their washing to-morrow, we hastened to supper and to bed.

26th. Waked about one oclock in the morning…. My wife being waked rung
her bell, and the mayds rose and went to washing, we to sleep again till 7
oclock, and then up, and I abroad to look out Dr. Williams, but being
gone out I went to Westminster, and there seeing my Lord Sandwichs
footman knew he was come to town, and so I went in and saw him, and
received a kind salute from him, but hear that my father is very ill
still. Thence to Westminster Hall with Creed, and spent the morning
walking there, where, it being Terme time, I met several persons, and
talked with them, among others Dr. Pierce, who tells me that the Queen is
in a way to be pretty well again, but that her delirium in her head
continues still; that she talks idle, not by fits, but always, which in
some lasts a week after so high a fever, in some more, and in some for
ever; that this morning she talked mightily that she was brought to bed,
and that she wondered that she should be delivered without pain and
without spueing or being sicke, and that she was troubled that her boy was
but an ugly boy. But the King being by, said, No, it is a very pretty
boy.—Nay, says she, if it be like you it is a fine boy indeed,
and I would be very well pleased with it. The other day she talked
mightily of Sir H. Woods ladys great belly, and said if she should
miscarry he would never get another, and that she never saw such a man as
this Sir H. Wood in her life, and seeing of Dr. Pridgeon, she said, Nay,
Doctor, you need not scratch your head, there is hair little enough
already in the place. But methinks it was not handsome for the weaknesses
of Princes to be talked of thus. Thence Creed and I to the Kings Head
ordinary, where much and very good company, among others one very talking
man, but a scholler, that would needs put in his discourse and philosophy
upon every occasion, and though he did well enough, yet his readiness to
speak spoilt all. Here they say that the Turkes go on apace, and that my
Lord Castlehaven is going to raise 10,000 men here for to go against him;
that the King of France do offer to assist the Empire upon condition that
he may be their Generalissimo, and the Dolphin chosen King of the Romans:
and it is said that the King of France do occasion this difference among
the Christian Princes of the Empire, which gives the Turke such
advantages. They say also that the King of Spayne is making all imaginable
force against Portugall again. Thence Creed and I to one or two periwigg
shops about the Temple, having been very much displeased with one that we
saw, a head of greasy and old womans haire, at Jervass in the morning;
and there I think I shall fit myself of one very handsomely made. Thence
by coach, my mind being troubled for not meeting with Dr. Williams, to St.
Catharines to look at a Dutch ship or two for some good handsome maps,
but met none, and so back to Cornhill to Moxons, but it being dark we
staid not to see any, then to coach again, and presently spying Sir W.
Batten; I light and took him in and to the Globe in Fleete Streete, by
appointment, where by and by he and I with our solicitor to Sir F. Turner
about Fields business, and back to the Globe, and thither I sent for Dr.
Williams, and he is willing to swear in my behalf against T. Trice, viz.,
that at T. Trices desire we have met to treat about our business. Thence
(I drinking no wine) after an hours stay Sir W. Batten and another, and
he drinking, we home by coach, and so to my office and set down my
Journall, and then home to supper and to bed, my washing being in a good
condition over. I did give Dr. Williams 20s. tonight, but it was after he
had answered me well to what I had to ask him about this business, and it
was only what I had long ago in my petty bag book allotted for him besides
the bill of near L4 which I paid him a good while since by my brother Tom
for physique for my wife, without any consideration to this business that
he is to do for me, as God shall save me. Among the rest, talking of the
Emperor at table to-day one young gentleman, a pretty man, and it seems a
Parliament man, did say that he was a sot;

     [Leopold I, the Holy Roman Emperor, was born June 9th, 1640.  He
     became King of Hungary in 1655, and King of Bohemia in 1658, in
     which year he received the imperial crown.  The Princes of the
     German Empire watched for some time the progress of his struggle
     with the Turks with indifference, but in 1663 they were induced to
     grant aid to Leopold after he had made a personal appeal to them in
     the diet at Ratisbon.]

for he minded nothing of the Government, but was led by the Jesuites.
Several at table took him up, some for saying that he was a sot in being
led by the Jesuites, [who] are the best counsel he can take. Another
commander, a Scott[ish] Collonell, who I believe had several under him,
that he was a man that had thus long kept out the Turke till now, and did
many other great things, and lastly Mr. Progers, one of our courtiers, who
told him that it was not a thing to be said of any Soveraigne Prince, be
his weaknesses what they will, to be called a sot, which methinks was very
prettily said.

27th. Up, and my uncle Thomas and his scrivener bringing me a bond and
affidavit to my mind, I paid him his L20 for his daughters legacy, and L5
more for a Quarters annuity, in the manner expressed in each acquittance,
to which I must be referred on any future occasion, and to the bond and
affidavit. Thence to the office and there sat till noon, and then home to
dinner, and after dinner (it being a foul house to-day among my maids,
making up their clothes) abroad with my Will with me by coach to Dr,
Williams, and with him to the Six Clerkss office, and there, by advice of
his acquaintance, I find that my case, through my neglect and the neglect
of my lawyers, is come to be very bad, so as that it will be very hard to
get my bill retayned again. However, I got him to sign and swear an
affidavit that there was treaties between T. Trice and me with as much
advantage as I could for me, but I will say that for him he was most exact
as ever I saw man in my life, word by word what it was that he swore to,
and though, God forgive me, I could have been almost naturally willing to
have let him ignorantly have sworn to something that was not of itself
very certain, either or no, yet out of his own conscience and care he
altered the words himself so as to make them very safe for him to swear.
This I carrying to my clerk Wilkinson, and telling him how I heard matters
to stand, he, like a conceited fellow, made nothing of it but advised me
to offer Trices clerks the cost of the dismission, viz., 46s. 8d., which
I did, but they would not take it without his client. Immediately
thereupon we parted, and met T. Trice coming into the room, and he came to
me and served me with a subpoena for these very costs, so I paid it him,
but Lord! to see his resolution, and indeed discretion, in the wording of
his receipt, he would have it most express to my greatest disadvantage
that could be, yet so as I could not deny to give it him. That being paid,
my clerke, and then his began to ask why we could not think, being
friends, of referring it, or stating it, first ourselves, and then put it
to some good lawyer to judge in it. From one word to more we were resolved
to try, and to that end to step to the Popes Head Taverne, and there he
and his Clerke and Attorney and I and my Clerke, and sent for Mr.
Smallwood, and by and by comes Mr. Clerke, my Solicitor, and after I had
privately discoursed with my men and seen how doubtfully they talked, and
what future certain charge and trouble it would be, with a doubtful
victory, I resolved to condescend very low, and after some talke all
together Trice and I retired, and he came to L150 the lowest, and I bid
him L80. So broke off and then went to our company, and they putting us to
a second private discourse, at last I was contented to give him L100, he
to spend 40s. of it among this good company that was with us. So we went
to our company, both seeming well pleased that we were come to an end, and
indeed I am in the respects above said, though it be a great sum for us to
part with. I am to pay him by giving him leave to buy about L40 worth of
Piggotts land and to strike off so much of Piggotts debt, and the other
to give him bond to pay him in 12 months after without interest, only
giving him a power to buy more land of Piggott and paying him that way as
he did for the other, which I am well enough contented with, or at least
to take the land at that price and give him the money. This last I did not
tell him, but I shall order it so. Having agreed upon to-morrow come
sennight for the spending of the 40s. at Mr. Rawlinsons, we parted, and
I set T. Trice down in Pauls Churchyard and I by coach home and to my
office, and there set down this days passages, and so home to supper and
to bed. Mr. Coventry tells me to-day that the Queen had a very good night
last night; but yet it is strange that still she raves and talks of little
more than of her having of children, and fancys now that she hath three
children, and that the girle is very like the King. And this morning about
five oclock waked (the physician feeling her pulse, thinking to be better
able to judge, she being still and asleep, waked her) and the first word
she said was, How do the children?

28th. Up and at my office all the morning, and at noon Mr. Creed came to
me and dined with me, and after dinner Murford came to me and he and I
discoursed wholly upon his breach of contract with us. After that Mr.
Creed and I abroad, I doing several errands, and with him at last to the
great coffee-house, and there after some common discourse we parted and I
home, paying what I owed at the Mitre in my way, and at home Sympson the
joyner coming he set up my press for my cloaks and other small things, and
so to my office a little, and to supper, and to bed. This morning Mr.
Blackburne came to me, and telling me what complaints Will made of the
usage he had from my wife and other discouragements, and, I seeing him,
instead of advising, rather favouring his kinsman, I told him freely my
mind, but friendlily, and so we have concluded to have him have a lodging
elsewhere, and that I will spare him L15 of his salary, and if I do not
need to keep another L20.

29th. Up, it being my Lord Mayors day, Sir Anthony Bateman. This morning
was brought home my new velvet cloake, that is, lined with velvet, a good
cloth the outside, the first that ever I had in my life, and I pray God it
may not be too soon now that I begin to wear it. I had it this day
brought, thinking to have worn it to dinner, but I thought it would be
better to go without it because of the crowde, and so I did not wear it.
We met a little at the office, and then home again and got me ready to go
forth, my wife being gone forth by my consent before to see her father and
mother, and taken her cooke mayde and little girle to Westminster with her
for them to see their friends. This morning in dressing myself and wanting
a band,

     [The band succeeded the ruff as the ordinary civil costume.  The
     lawyers, who now retain bands, and the clergy, who have only lately
     left them off, formerly wore ruffs.]

I found all my bands that were newly made clean so ill smoothed that I
crumpled them, and flung them all on the ground, and was angry with Jane,
which made the poor girle mighty sad, so that I were troubled for it
afterwards. At noon I went forth, and by coach to Guild Hall (by the way
calling at Mr. Rawlinsons), and there was admitted, and meeting with Mr.
Proby (Sir R. Fords son), and Lieutenant-Colonel Baron, a City commander,
we went up and down to see the tables; where under every salt there was a
bill of fare, and at the end of the table the persons proper for the
table. Many were the tables, but none in the Hall but the Mayors and the
Lords of the Privy Council that had napkins

     [As the practice of eating with forks gradually was introduced from
     Italy into England, napkins were not so generally used, but
     considered more as an ornament than a necessary.

                    The laudable use of forks,
          Brought into custom here, as they are in Italy,
          To the sparing of napkins.

                         Ben Jonson, The Devil is an Ass, act v., sc.  3.

     The guests probably brought their own knife and fork with them in a
     case.—M.B.]

or knives, which was very strange. We went into the Buttry, and there
stayed and talked, and then into the Hall again: and there wine was
offered and they drunk, I only drinking some hypocras, which do not break
my vowe, it being, to the best of my present judgement, only a mixed
compound drink, and not any wine.

     [A drink, composed usually of red wine, but sometimes of white, with
     the addition of sugar and spices.  Sir Walter Scott (Quarterly
     Review, vol.  xxxiii.) says, after quoting this passage of Pepys,
     Assuredly his pieces of bacchanalian casuistry can only be matched
     by that of Fieldings chaplain of Newgate, who preferred punch to
     wine, because the former was a liquor nowhere spoken against in
     Scripture.]

If I am mistaken, God forgive me! but I hope and do think I am not. By and
by met with Creed; and we, with the others, went within the several
Courts, and there saw the tables prepared for the Ladies and Judges and
Bishopps: all great sign of a great dinner to come. By and by about one
oclock, before the Lord Mayor came, come into the Hall, from the room
where they were first led into, the Lord Chancellor (Archbishopp before
him), with the Lords of the Council, and other Bishopps, and they to
dinner. Anon comes the Lord Mayor, who went up to the lords, and then to
the other tables to bid wellcome; and so all to dinner. I sat near Proby,
Baron, and Creed at the Merchant Strangers table; where ten good dishes
to a messe, with plenty of wine of all sorts, of which I drunk none; but
it was very unpleasing that we had no napkins nor change of trenchers, and
drunk out of earthen pitchers and wooden dishes.—[The City plate was
probably melted during the Civil War.-M.B.]—It happened that after
the lords had half dined, came the French Embassador, up to the lords
table, where he was to have sat; but finding the table set, he would not
sit down nor dine with the Lord Mayor, who was not yet come, nor have a
table to himself, which was offered; but in a discontent went away again.
After I had dined, I and Creed rose and went up and down the house, and up
to the ladys room, and there stayed gazing upon them. But though there
were many and fine, both young and old, yet I could not discern one
handsome face there; which was very strange, nor did I find the lady that
young Dawes married so pretty as I took her for, I having here an
opportunity of looking much upon her very near. I expected musique, but
there was none but only trumpets and drums, which displeased me. The
dinner, it seems, is made by the Mayor and two Sheriffs for the time
being, the Lord Mayor paying one half, and they the other. And the whole,
Proby says, is reckoned to come to about 7 or L800 at most. Being wearied
with looking upon a company of ugly women, Creed and I went away, and took
coach and through Cheapside, and there saw the pageants, which were very
silly, and thence to the Temple, where meeting Greatorex, he and we to
Hercules Pillars, there to show me the manner of his going about of
draining of fenns, which I desired much to know, but it did not appear
very satisfactory to me, as he discoursed it, and I doubt he will faile in
it. Thence I by coach home, and there found my wife come home, and by and
by came my brother Tom, with whom I was very angry for not sending me a
bill with my things, so as that I think never to have more work done by
him if ever he serves me so again, and so I told him. The consideration of
laying out L32 12s. this very month in his very work troubles me also, and
one thing more, that is to say, that Will having been at home all the day,
I doubt is the occasion that Jane has spoken to her mistress tonight that
she sees she cannot please us and will look out to provide herself
elsewhere, which do trouble both of us, and we wonder also at her, but yet
when the rogue is gone I do not fear but the wench will do well. To the
office a little, to set down my Journall, and so home late to supper and
to bed. The Queen mends apace, they say; but yet talks idle still.

30th. Lay long in bed with my wife, and then up and a while at my office,
and so to the Change, and so [home] again, and there I found my wife in a
great passion with her mayds. I upstairs to set some things in order in
our chamber and wardrobe, and so to dinner upon a good dish of stewed
beef, then up again about my business. Then by coach with my wife to the
New Exchange, and there bought and paid for several things, and then back,
calling at my periwigg-makers, and there showed my wife the periwigg made
for me, and she likes it very well, and so to my brothers, and to buy a
pair of boddice for her, and so home, and to my office late, and then home
to my wife, purposing to go on to a new lesson in arithmetique with her.
So to supper and to bed. The Queen mends apace, but her head still light.
My mind very heavy thinking of my great layings out lately, and what they
must still be for clothes, but I hope it is in order to getting of
something the more by it, for I perceive how I have hitherto suffered for
lack of going as becomes my place. After a little discourse with my wife
upon arithmetique, to bed.

31st. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and at noon home
to dinner, where Creed came and dined with me, and after dinner he and I
upstairs, and I showed him my velvet cloake and other things of clothes,
that I have lately bought, which he likes very well, and I took his
opinion as to some things of clothes, which I purpose to wear, being
resolved to go a little handsomer than I have hitherto. Thence to the
office; where busy till night, and then to prepare my monthly account,
about which I staid till 10 or 11 oclock at night, and to my great sorrow
find myself L43 worse than I was the last month, which was then L760, and
now it is but L717. But it hath chiefly arisen from my layings-out in
clothes for myself and wife; viz., for her about L12, and for myself L55,
or thereabouts; having made myself a velvet cloake, two new cloth suits,
black, plain both; a new shagg

     [Shag was a stuff similar to plush.  In 1703 a youth who was missing
     is described in an advertisement as wearing red shag breeches,
     striped with black stripes. (Planches Cyclopxdia of Costume ).]

gowne, trimmed with gold buttons and twist, with a new hat, and, silk tops
for my legs, and many other things, being resolved henceforward to go like
myself. And also two perriwiggs, one whereof costs me L3, and the other
40s.—I have worn neither yet, but will begin next week, God willing.
So that I hope I shall not need now to lay out more money a great while, I
having laid out in clothes for myself and wife, and for her closett and
other things without, these two months, this and the last, besides
household expenses of victuals, &c., above L110. But I hope I shall
with more comfort labour to get more, and with better successe than when,
for want of clothes, I was forced to sneake like a beggar. Having done
this I went home, and after supper to bed, my mind being eased in knowing
my condition, though troubled to think that I have been forced to spend so
much.

Thus I end this month worth L717, or thereabouts, with a good deal of good
goods more than I had, and a great deal of new and good clothes. My
greatest trouble and my wifes is our family, mighty out of order by this
fellow Wills corrupting the mayds by his idle talke and carriage, which
we are going to remove by hastening him out of the house, which his uncle
Blackburne is upon doing, and I am to give him L20 per annum toward his
maintenance. The Queene continues lightheaded, but in hopes to recover.
The plague is much in Amsterdam, and we in fears of it here, which God
defend.

     [Defend is used in the sense of forbid.  It is a Gallicism from the
     French defendre.]

The Turke goes on mightily in the Emperors dominions, and the Princes
cannot agree among themselves how to go against him. Myself in pretty good
health now, after being ill this month for a week together, but cannot yet
come to…. well, being so costive, but for this month almost I have not
had a good natural stool, but to this hour am forced to take physic every
night, which brings me neither but one stool, and that in the morning as
soon as I am up, all the rest of the day very costive. My father has been
very ill in the country, but I hope better again now. I am lately come to
a conclusion with Tom Trice to pay him L100, which is a great deale of
money, but I hope it will save a great deale more. But thus everything
lessens, which I have and am like to have, and therefore I must look about
me to get something more than just my salary, or else I may resolve to
live well and die a beggar.