Samuel Pepys diary July 1663

JULY 1663

July 1st. This morning it rained so hard (though it was fair yesterday,
and we thereupon in hopes of having some fair weather, which we have
wanted these three months) that it wakened Creed, who lay with me last
night, and me, and so we up and fell to discourse of the business of his
accounts now under dispute, in which I have taken much trouble upon myself
and raised a distance between Sir G. Carteret and myself, which troubles
me, but I hope we have this morning light on an expedient that will right
all, that will answer their queries, and yet save Creed the L500 which he
did propose to make of the exchange abroad of the pieces of eight which he
disbursed. Being ready, he and I by water to White Hall, where I left him
before we came into the Court, for fear I should be seen by Sir G.
Carteret with him, which of late I have been forced to avoid to remove
suspicion. I to St. Jamess, and there discoursed a while with Mr.
Coventry, between whom and myself there is very good understanding and
friendship, and so to Westminster Hall, and being in the Parliament lobby,
I there saw my Lord of Bristoll come to the Commons House to give his
answer to their question, about some words he should tell the King that
were spoke by Sir Richard Temple, a member of their House. A chair was set
at the bar of the House for him, which he used but little, but made an
harangue of half an hour bareheaded, the House covered. His speech being
done, he came out and withdrew into a little room till the House had
concluded of an answer to his speech; which they staying long upon, I went
away. And by and by out comes Sir W. Batten; and he told me that his
Lordship had made a long and a comedian-like speech, and delivered with
such action as was not becoming his Lordship. He confesses he did tell the
King such a thing of Sir Richard Temple, but that upon his honour they
were not spoke by Sir Richard, he having taken a liberty of enlarging to
the King upon the discourse which had been between Sir Richard and himself
lately; and so took upon himself the whole blame, and desired their
pardon, it being not to do any wrong to their fellow-member, but out of
zeal to the King. He told them, among many other things, that as to his
religion he was a Roman Catholique, but such a one as thought no man to
have right to the Crown of England but the Prince that hath it; and such a
one as, if the King should desire his counsel as to his own, he would not
advise him to another religion than the old true reformed religion of this
country, it being the properest of this kingdom as it now stands; and
concluded with a submission to what the House shall do with him, saying,
that whatever they shall do, says he, thanks be to God, this head, this
heart, and this sword (pointing to them all), will find me a being in any
place in Europe. The House hath hereupon voted clearly Sir Richard Temple
to be free from the imputation of saying those words; but when Sir William
Batten came out, had not concluded what to say to my Lord, it being argued
that to own any satisfaction as to my Lord from his speech, would be to
lay some fault upon the King for the message he should upon no better
accounts send to the impeaching of one of their members. Walking out, I
hear that the House of Lords are offended that my Lord Digby should come
to this House and make a speech there without leave first asked of the
House of Lords. I hear also of another difficulty now upon him; that my
Lord of Sunderland (whom I do not know) was so near to the marriage of his
daughter as that the wedding-clothes were made, and portion and every
thing agreed on and ready; and the other day he goes away nobody yet knows
whither, sending her the next morning a release of his right or claim to
her, and advice to his friends not to enquire into the reason of this
doing, for he hath enough for it; but that he gives them liberty to say
and think what they will of him, so they do not demand the reason of his
leaving her, being resolved never to have her, but the reason desires and
resolves not to give. Thence by water with Sir W. Batten to Trinity House,
there to dine with him, which we did; and after dinner we fell talking,
Sir J. Minnes, Mr. Batten and I; Mr. Batten telling us of a late triall of
Sir Charles Sydly the other day, before my Lord Chief Justice Foster and
the whole bench, for his debauchery a little while since at Oxford Kates,

     [The details in the original are very gross.  Dr. Johnson relates
     the story in the Lives of the Poets, in his life of Sackville,
     Lord Dorset Sackville, who was then Lord Buckhurst, with Sir
     Charles Sedley and Sir Thomas Ogle, got drunk at the Cock, in Bow
     Street, by Covent Garden, and going into the balcony exposed
     themselves to the populace in very indecent postures.  At last, as
     they grew warmer, Sedley stood forth naked, and harangued the
     populace in such profane language, that the publick indignation was
     awakened; the crowd attempted to force the door, and being repulsed,
     drove in the performers with stones, and broke the windows of the
     house.  For this misdemeanour they were indicted, and Sedley was
     fined five hundred pounds; what was the sentence of the others is
     not known.  Sedley employed [Henry] Killigrew and another to procure
     a remission from the King, but (mark the friendship of the
     dissolute!) they begged the fine for themselves, and exacted it to
     the last groat.  The woman known as Oxford Kate appears to have
     kept the notorious Cock Tavern in Bow Street at this date.]

coming in open day into the Balcone and showed his nakedness,…. and
abusing of scripture and as it were from thence preaching a mountebank
sermon from the pulpit, saying that there he had to sell such a powder as
should make all the [women] in town run after him, 1000 people standing
underneath to see and hear him, and that being done he took a glass of
wine…. and then drank it off, and then took another and drank the Kings
health. It seems my Lord and the rest of the judges did all of them round
give him a most high reproof; my Lord Chief justice saying, that it was
for him, and such wicked wretches as he was, that Gods anger and
judgments hung over us, calling him sirrah many times. Its said they have
bound him to his good behaviour (there being no law against him for it) in
L5000. It being told that my Lord Buckhurst was there, my Lord asked
whether it was that Buckhurst that was lately tried for robbery; and when
answered Yes, he asked whether he had so soon forgot his deliverance at
that time, and that it would have more become him to have been at his
prayers begging Gods forgiveness, than now running into such courses
again…. Thence home, and my clerks being gone by my leave to see the
East India ships that are lately come home, I staid all alone within my
office all the afternoon. This day I hear at dinner that Don John of
Austria, since his flight out of Portugall, is dead of his wounds:—[not
true]—so there is a great man gone, and a great dispute like to be
ended for the crown of Spayne, if the King should have died before him. I
received this morning a letter from my wife, brought by John Gower to
town, wherein I find a sad falling out between my wife and my father and
sister and Ashwell upon my writing to my father to advise Pall not to keep
Ashwell from her mistress, or making any difference between them. Which
Pall telling to Ashwell, and she speaking some words that her mistress
heard, caused great difference among them; all which I am sorry from my
heart to hear of, and I fear will breed ill blood not to be laid again. So
that I fear my wife and I may have some falling out about it, or at least
my father and I, but I shall endeavour to salve up all as well as I can,
or send for her out of the country before the time intended, which I would
be loth to do. In the evening by water to my coz. Roger Pepys chamber,
where he was not come, but I found Dr. John newly come to town, and is
well again after his sickness; but, Lord! what a simple man he is as to
any public matter of state, and talks so sillily to his brother Dr. Tom.
What the matter is I know not, but he has taken (as my father told me a
good while since) such displeasure that he hardly would touch his hat to
me, and I as little to him. By and by comes Roger, and he told us the
whole passage of my Lord Digby to-day, much as I have said here above;
only that he did say that he would draw his sword against the Pope
himself, if he should offer any thing against his Majesty, and the good of
these nations; and that he never was the man that did either look for a
Cardinals cap for himself, or any body else, meaning Abbot Montagu; and
the House upon the whole did vote Sir Richard Temple innocent; and that my
Lord Digby hath cleared the honour of his Majesty, and Sir Richard
Temples, and given perfect satisfaction of his own respects to the House.
Thence to my brothers, and being vexed with his not minding my fathers
business here in getting his Landscape done, I went away in an anger, and
walked home, and so up to my lute and then to bed.

2d. Up betimes to my office, and there all the morning doing business, at
noon to the Change, and there met with several people, among others
Captain Cox, and with him to a Coffee [House], and drank with him and some
other merchants. Good discourse. Thence home and to dinner, and, after a
little alone at my viol, to the office, where we sat all the afternoon,
and so rose at the evening, and then home to supper and to bed, after a
little musique. My mind troubled me with the thoughts of the difference
between my wife and my father in the country. Walking in the garden this
evening with Sir G. Carteret and Sir J. Minnes, Sir G. Carteret told us
with great contempt how like a stage-player my Lord Digby spoke yesterday,
pointing to his head as my Lord did, and saying, First, for his head,
says Sir G. Carteret, I know what a calfs head would have done better by
half for his heart and his sword, I have nothing to say to them. He told
us that for certain his head cost the late King his, for it was he that
broke off the treaty at Uxbridge. He told us also how great a man he was
raised from a private gentleman in France by Monsieur Grandmont,

     [Antoine, Duc de Gramont, marshal of France, who died July 12th,
     1678, aged seventy-four.  His memoirs have been published.]

and afterwards by the Cardinall,—[Mazarin]—who raised him to
be a Lieutenant-generall, and then higher; and entrusted by the Cardinall,
when he was banished out of France, with great matters, and recommended by
him to the Queen as a man to be trusted and ruled by: yet when he came to
have some power over the Queen, he begun to dissuade her from her opinion
of the Cardinal; which she said nothing to till the Cardinal was returned,
and then she told him of it; who told my Lord Digby, Eh bien, Monsieur,
vous estes un fort bon amy donc: but presently put him out of all; and
then he was, from a certainty of coming in two or three years time to be
Mareschall of France (to which all strangers, even Protestants, and those
as often as French themselves, are capable of coming, though it be one of
the greatest places in France), he was driven to go out of France into
Flanders; but there was not trusted, nor received any kindness from the
Prince of Conde, as one to whom also he had been false, as he had been to
the Cardinal and Grandmont. In fine, he told us how he is a man of
excellent parts, but of no great faith nor judgment, and one very easy to
get up to great height of preferment, but never able to hold it. So home
and to my musique; and then comes Mr. Creed to me giving me an account of
his accounts, how he has now settled them fit for perusal the most strict,
at which I am glad. So he and I to bed together.

3d. Up and he home, and I with Sir J. Minnes and Sir W. Batten by coach to
Westminster, to St. Jamess, thinking to meet Sir G. Carteret, and to
attend the Duke, but he not coming we broke up, and so to Westminster
Hall, and there meeting with Mr. Moore he tells me great news that my Lady
Castlemaine is fallen from Court, and this morning retired. He gives me no
account of the reason of it, but that it is so: for which I am sorry: and
yet if the King do it to leave off not only her but all other mistresses,
I should be heartily glad of it, that he may fall to look after business.
I hear my Lord Digby is condemned at Court for his speech, and that my
Lord Chancellor grows great again. Thence with Mr. Creed, whom I called at
his chamber, over the water to Lambeth; but could not, it being morning,
get to see the Archbishops hearse: so he and I walked over the fields to
Southwark, and there parted, and I spent half an hour in Mary Overys
Church, where are fine monuments of great antiquity, I believe, and has
been a fine church. Thence to the Change, and meeting Sir J. Minnes there,
he and I walked to look upon Backwells design of making another alley
from his shop through over against the Exchange door, which will be very
noble and quite put down the other two.

So home to dinner and then to the office, and entered in my manuscript
book the Victuallers contract, and then over the water and walked to see
Sir W. Pen, and sat with him a while, and so home late, and to my viall.
So up comes Creed again to me and stays all night, to-morrow morning being
a hearing before the Duke. So to bed full of discourse of his business.

4th. Up by 4 oclock and sent him to get matters ready, and I to my office
looking over papers and mending my manuscript by scraping out the blots
and other things, which is now a very fine book. So to St. Jamess by
water with Sir J. Minnes and Sir W. Batten, I giving occasion to a wager
about the tide, that it did flow through bridge, by which Sir W. Batten
won 5s. of Sir J. Minnes. At St. Jamess we staid while the Duke made
himself ready. Among other things Sir Allen Apsley showed the Duke the
Lisbon Gazette in Spanish, where the late victory is set down
particularly, and to the great honour of the English beyond measure. They
have since taken back Evora, which was lost to the Spaniards, the English
making the assault, and lost not more than three men. Here I learnt that
the English foot are highly esteemed all over the world, but the horse not
so much, which yet we count among ourselves the best; but they abroad have
had no great knowledge of our horse, it seems. The Duke being ready, we
retired with him, and there fell upon Mr. Creeds business, where the
Treasurer did, like a mad coxcomb, without reason or method run over a
great many things against the account, and so did Sir J. Minnes and Sir W.
Batten, which the Duke himself and Mr. Coventry and my Lord Barkely and
myself did remove, and Creed being called in did answer all with great
method and excellently to the purpose (myself I am a little conscious did
not speak so well as I purposed and do think I used to do, that is, not so
intelligibly and persuasively, as I well hoped I should), not that what I
said was not well taken, and did carry the business with what was urged
and answered by Creed and Mr. Coventry, till the Duke himself did declare
that he was satisfied, and my Lord Barkely offered to lay L100 that the
King would receive no wrong in the account, and the two last knights held
their tongues, or at least by not understanding it did say what made for
Mr. Creed, and so Sir G. Carteret was left alone, but yet persisted to say
that the account was not good, but full of corruption and foul dealing.
And so we broke up to his shame, but I do fear to the loss of his
friendship to me a good while, which I am heartily troubled for. Thence
with Creed to the Kings Head ordinary; but, coming late, dined at the
second table very well for 12d.; and a pretty gentleman in our company,
who confirms my Lady Castlemaines being gone from Court, but knows not
the reason; he told us of one wipe the Queen a little while ago did give
her, when she came in and found the Queen under the dressers hands, and
had been so long:

I wonder your Majesty, says she, can have the patience to sit so long
a-dressing?—I have so much reason to use patience, says the
Queen, that I can very well bear with it. He thinks that it may be the
Queen hath commanded her to retire, though that is not likely. Thence with
Creed to hire a coach to carry us to Hide Park, to-day there being a
general muster of the Kings Guards, horse and foot: but they demand so
high, that I, spying Mr. Cutler the merchant, did take notice of him, and
he going into his coach, and telling me that he was going to shew a couple
of Swedish strangers the muster, I asked and went along with him; where a
goodly sight to see so many fine horses and officers, and the King, Duke,
and others come by a-horseback, and the two Queens in the Queen-Mothers
coach, my Lady Castlemaine not being there. And after long being there, I
light, and walked to the place where the King, Duke, &c., did stand
to see the horse and foot march by and discharge their guns, to show a
French Marquisse (for whom this muster was caused) the goodness of our
firemen; which indeed was very good, though not without a slip now and
then; and one broadside close to our coach we had going out of the Park,
even to the nearness as to be ready to burn our hairs. Yet methought all
these gay men are not the soldiers that must do the Kings business, it
being such as these that lost the old King all he had, and were beat by
the most ordinary fellows that could be. Thence with much ado out of the
Park, and I lighted and through St. Jamess down the waterside over, to
Lambeth, to see the Archbishops corps (who is to be carried away to
Oxford on Monday), but came too late, and so walked over the fields and
bridge home (calling by the way at old Georges), but find that he is
dead, and there wrote several letters, and so home to supper and to bed.
This day in the Dukes chamber there being a Roman story in the hangings,
and upon the standards written these four letters—S. P. Q. R., Sir
G. Carteret came to me to know what the meaning of those four letters
were; which ignorance is not to be borne in a Privy Counsellor, methinks,
that a schoolboy should be whipt for not knowing.

5th (Lords day). Lady Batten had sent twice to invite me to go with them
to Walthamstow to-day, Mrs. Martha being married already this morning to
Mr. Castle, at this parish church. I could not rise soon enough to go with
them, but got myself ready, and so to Gamess, where I got a horse and
rode thither very pleasantly, only coming to make water I found a
stopping, which makes me fearful of my old pain. Being come thither, I was
well received, and had two pair of gloves, as the rest, and walked up and
down with my Lady in the garden, she mighty kind to me, and I have the way
to please her. A good dinner and merry, but methinks none of the kindness
nor bridall respect between the bridegroom and bride, that was between my
wife and I, but as persons that marry purely for convenience. After dinner
to church by coach, and there my Lady, Mrs. Turner, Mrs. Lemon, and I
only, we, in spite to one another, kept one another awake; and sometimes I
read in my book of Latin plays, which I took in my pocket, thinking to
have walked it. An old doting parson preached. So home again, and by and
by up and homewards, calling in our way (Sir J. Minnes and I only) at Mr.
Battens (who with his lady and child went in another coach by us), which
is a very pretty house, and himself in all things within and without very
ingenious, and I find a very fine study and good books. So set out, Sir J.
Minnes and I in his coach together, talking all the way of chymistry,
wherein he do know something, at least, seems so to me, that cannot
correct him, Mr. Battens man riding my horse, and so home and to my
office a while to read my vows, then home to prayers and to bed.

6th. Up pretty early and to my office all the morning, writing out a list
of the Kings ships in my Navy collections with great pleasure. At noon
Creed comes to me, who tells me how well he has sped with Sir G. Carteret
after all our trouble, that he had his tallys up and all the kind words
possible from him, which I believe is out of an apprehension what a fool
he has made of himself hitherto in making so great a stop therein. But I
find, and so my Lord Sandwich may, that Sir G. Carteret had a design to do
him a disgrace, if he could possibly, otherwise he would never have
carried the business so far after that manner, but would first have
consulted my Lord and given him advice what to do therein for his own
honour, which he thought endangered. Creed dined with me and then walked a
while, and so away, and I to my office at my mornings work till dark
night, and so with good content home. To supper, a little musique, and
then to bed.

7th. Up by 4 oclock and to my office, and there continued all the morning
upon my Navy book to my great content. At noon down by barge with Sir J.
Minnes (who is going to Chatham) to Woolwich, in our way eating of some
venison pasty in the barge, I having neither eat nor drank to-day, which
fills me full of wind. Here also in Mr. Petts garden I eat some and the
first cherries I have eat this year, off the tree where the King himself
had been gathering some this morning. Thence walked alone, only part of
the way Deane walked with me, complaining of many abuses in the Yard, to
Greenwich, and so by water to Deptford, where I found Mr. Coventry, and
with him up and down all the stores, to the great trouble of the officers,
and by his help I am resolved to fall hard to work again, as I used to do.
So thence he and I by water talking of many things, and I see he puts his
trust most upon me in the Navy, and talks, as there is reason, slightly of
the two old knights, and I should be glad by any drudgery to see the
Kings stores and service looked to as they ought, but I fear I shall
never understand half the miscarriages and tricks that the King suffers
by. He tells me what Mr. Pett did to-day, that my Lord Bristoll told the
King that he will impeach the Chancellor of High Treason: but I find that
my Lord Bristoll hath undone himself already in every bodys opinion, and
now he endeavours to raise dust to put out other mens eyes, as well as
his own; but I hope it will not take, in consideration merely that it is
hard for a Prince to spare an experienced old officer, be he never so
corrupt; though I hope this man is not so, as some report him to be. He
tells me that Don John is yet alive, and not killed, as was said, in the
great victory against the Spaniards in Portugall of late. So home, and
late at my office. Thence home and to my musique. This night Mr. Turners
house being to be emptied out of my cellar, and therefore I think to sit
up a little longer than ordinary. This afternoon, coming from the
waterside with Mr. Coventry, I spied my boy upon Tower Hill playing with
the rest of the boys; so I sent W. Griffin to take him, and he did bring
him to me, and so I said nothing to him, but caused him to be stripped
(for he was run away with his best suit), and so putting on his other, I
sent him going, without saying one word hard to him, though I am troubled
for the rogue, though he do not deserve it. Being come home I find my
stomach not well for want of eating to-day my dinner as I should do, and
so am become full of wind. I called late for some victuals, and so to bed,
leaving the men below in the cellar emptying the vats up through Mr.
Turners own house, and so with more content to bed late.

8th. Being weary, and going to bed late last night, I slept till 7
oclock, it raining mighty hard, and so did every minute of the day after
sadly. But I know not what will become of the corn this year, we having
had but two fair days these many months. Up and to my office, where all
the morning busy, and then at noon home to dinner alone upon a good dish
of eeles, given me by Michell, the Bewpers man, and then to my viall a
little, and then down into the cellar and up and down with Mr. Turner to
see where his vault may be made bigger, or another made him, which I think
may well be. And so to my office, where very busy all day setting things
in order my contract books and preparing things against the next sitting.
In the evening I received letters out of the country, among others from my
wife, who methinks writes so coldly that I am much troubled at it, and I
fear shall have much ado to bring her to her old good temper. So home to
supper and musique, which is all the pleasure I have of late given myself,
or is fit I should, others spending too much time and money. Going in I
stepped to Sir W. Batten, and there staid and talked with him (my Lady
being in the country), and sent for some lobsters, and Mrs. Turner came
in, and did bring us an umble pie hot out of her oven, extraordinary good,
and afterwards some spirits of her making, in which she has great
judgment, very good, and so home, merry with this nights refreshment.

9th. Up. Making water this morning, which I do every morning as soon as I
am awake, with greater plenty and freedom than I used to do, which I think
I may impute to last nights drinking of elder spirits. Abroad, it
raining, to Blackfriars, and there went into a little alehouse and staid
while I sent to the Wardrobe, but Mr. Moore was gone out. Here I kissed
three or four times the maid of the house, who is a pretty girl, but very
modest, and, God forgive me, had a mind to something more. Thence to my
lawyers; up and down to the Six Clerks Office, where I found my bill
against Tom Trice dismissed, which troubles me, it being through my
neglect, and will put me to charges. So to Mr. Phillips, and discoursed
with him about finding me out somebody that will let me have for money an
annuity of about L100 per annum for two lives. So home, and there put up
my riding things against the evening, in case Mr. Moore should continue
his mind to go to Oxford, which I have little mind to do, the weather
continuing so bad and the waters high. Dined at home, and Mr. Moore in the
afternoon comes to me and concluded not to go. Sir W. Batten and I sat a
little this afternoon at the office, and thence I by water to Deptford,
and there mustered the Yard, purposely, God forgive me, to find out
Bagwell, a carpenter, whose wife is a pretty woman, that I might have some
occasion of knowing him and forcing her to come to the office again, which
I did so luckily that going thence he and his wife did of themselves meet
me in the way to thank me for my old kindness, but I spoke little to her,
but shall give occasion for her coming to me. Her husband went along with
me to show me Sir W. Pens lodging, which I knew before, but only to have
a time of speaking to him and sounding him. So left and I went in to Sir
W. Pen, who continues ill, and worse, I think, than before. He tells me my
Lady Castlemaine was at Court, for all this talk this week, which I am
glad to hear; but it seems the King is stranger than ordinary to her.
Thence walked home as I used to do, and to bed presently, having taken
great cold in my feet by walking in the dirt this day in thin shoes or
some other way, so that I begun to be in pain, and with warm clothes made
myself better by morning, but yet in pain.

10th. Up late and by water to Westminster Hall, where I met Pierce the
chirurgeon, who tells me that for certain the King is grown colder to my
Lady Castlemaine than ordinary, and that he believes he begins to love the
Queen, and do make much of her, more than he used to do. Up to the Lobby,
and there sent out for Mr. Coventry and Sir W. Batten, and told them if
they thought convenient I would go to Chatham today, Sir John Minnes being
already there at a Pay, and I would do such and such business there, which
they thought well of, and so I went home and prepared myself to go after,
dinner with Sir W. Batten. Sir W. Batten and Mr. Coventry tell me that my
Lord Bristoll hath this day impeached my Lord Chancellor in the House of
Lords of High Treason. The chief of the articles are these: 1st. That he
should be the occasion of the peace made with Holland lately upon such
disadvantageous terms, and that he was bribed to it. 2d. That Dunkirke was
also sold by his advice chiefly, so much to the damage of England. 3d.
That he had L6000 given him for the drawing-up or promoting of the Irish
declaration lately, concerning the division of the lands there. 4th. He
did carry on the design of the Portugall match, so much to the prejudice
of the Crown of England, notwithstanding that he knew the Queen is not
capable of bearing children. 5th. That the Dukes marrying of his daughter
was a practice of his, thereby to raise his family; and that it was done
by indirect courses. 6th. That the breaking-off of the match with Parma,
in which he was employed at the very time when the match with Portugall
was made up here, which he took as a great slur to him, and so it was; and
that, indeed, is the chief occasion of all this fewde. 7th. That he hath
endeavoured to bring in Popery, and wrote to the Pope for a cap for a
subject of the King of Englands (my Lord Aubigny ); and some say that he
lays it to the Chancellor, that a good Protestant Secretary (Sir Edward
Nicholas) was laid aside, and a Papist, Sir H. Bennet, put in his room:
which is very strange, when the last of these two is his own creature, and
such an enemy accounted to the Chancellor, that they never did nor do
agree; and all the world did judge the Chancellor to be falling from the
time that Sir H. Bennet was brought in. Besides my Lord Bristoll being a
Catholique himself, all this is very strange. These are the main of the
Articles. Upon which my Lord Chancellor desired that the noble Lord that
brought in these Articles, would sign to them with his hand; which my Lord
Bristoll did presently. Then the House did order that the judges should,
against Monday next, bring in their opinion, Whether these articles are
treason, or no? and next, they would know, Whether they were brought in
regularly or no, without leave of the Lords House? After dinner I took
boat (H. Russell) and down to Gravesend in good time, and thence with a
guide post to Chatham, where I found Sir J. Minnes and Mr. Wayth walking
in the garden, whom I told all this days news, which I left the town full
of, and it is great news, and will certainly be in the consequence of it.
By and by to supper, and after long discourse, Sir J. Minnes and I, he saw
me to my chamber, which not pleasing me, I sent word so to Mrs. Bradford,
that I should be crowded into such a hole, while the clerks and boarders
of her own take up the best rooms. However I lay there and slept well.

11th. Up early and to the Dock, and with the Storekeeper and other
officers all the morning from one office to another. At noon to the
Hill-house in Commissioner Petts coach, and after seeing the guard-ships,
to dinner, and after dining done to the Dock by coach, it raining hard, to
see The Prince launched, which hath lain in the Dock in repairing these
three years. I went into her and was launched in her. Thence by boat
ashore, it raining, and I went to Mr. Barrows, where Sir J. Minnes and
Commissioner Pett; we staid long eating sweetmeats and drinking, and
looking over some antiquities of Mr. Barrows, among others an old
manuscript Almanac, that I believe was made for some monastery, in
parchment, which I could spend much time upon to understand. Here was a
pretty young lady, a niece of Barrows, which I took much pleasure to look
on. Thence by barge to St. Mary Creek; where Commissioner Pett (doubtful
of the growing greatness of Portsmouth by the finding of those creeks
there), do design a wett dock at no great charge, and yet no little one;
he thinks towards L10,000. And the place, indeed, is likely to be a very
fit place, when the King hath money to do it with. Thence, it raining as
hard as it could pour down, home to the Hillhouse, and anon to supper, and
after supper, Sir J. Minnes and I had great discourse with Captain Cox and
Mr. Hempson about business of the yard, and particularly of pursers
accounts with Hempson, who is a cunning knave in that point. So late to
bed and, Mr. Wayth being gone, I lay above in the Treasurers bed and
slept well. About one or two in the morning the curtains of my bed being
drawn waked me, and I saw a man stand there by the inside of my bed
calling me French dogg 20 times, one after another, and I starting, as if
I would get out of the bed, he fell a-laughing as hard as he could drive,
still calling me French dogg, and laid his hand on my shoulder. At last,
whether I said anything or no I cannot tell, but I perceived the man,
after he had looked wistly upon me, and found that I did not answer him to
the names that he called me by, which was Salmon, Sir Carterets clerk,
and Robt. Maddox, another of the clerks, he put off his hat on a suddaine,
and forebore laughing, and asked who I was, saying, Are you Mr. Pepys? I
told him yes, and now being come a little better to myself, I found him to
be Tom Willson, Sir W. Battens clerk, and fearing he might be in some
melancholy fit, I was at a loss what to do or say. At last I asked him
what he meant. He desired my pardon for that he was mistaken, for he
thought verily, not knowing of my coming to lie there, that it had been
Salmon, the Frenchman, with whom he intended to have made some sport. So I
made nothing of it, but bade him good night, and I, after a little pause,
to sleep again, being well pleased that it ended no worse, and being a
little the better pleased with it, because it was the Surveyors clerk,
which will make sport when I come to tell Sir W. Batten of it, it being a
report that old Edgeborough, the former Surveyor, who died here, do now
and then walk.

12th (Lords day). Up, and meeting Tom Willson he asked my pardon again,
which I easily did give him, telling him only that it was well I was not a
woman with child, for it might have made me miscarry. With Sir J. Minnes
to church, where an indifferent good sermon. Here I saw Mrs. Becky Allen,
who hath been married, and is this day churched, after her bearing a
child. She is grown tall, but looks very white and thin, and I can find no
occasion while I am here to come to have her company, which I desire and
expected in my coming, but only coming out of the church I kissed her and
her sister and mother-in-law. So to dinner, Sir J. Minnes, Commissioner
Pett, and I, &c., and after dinner walked in the garden, it being a
very fine day, the best we have had this great while, if not this whole
summer. To church again, and after that walked through the Rope-ground to
the Dock, and there over and over the Dock and grounds about it, and
storehouses, &c., with the officers of the Yard, and then to
Commissioner Petts and had a good sullybub and other good things, and
merry. Commissioner Pett showed me alone his bodys as a secrett, which I
found afterwards by discourse with Sir J. Minnes that he had shown them
him, wherein he seems to suppose great mystery in the nature of Lynes to
be hid, but I do not understand it at all. Thence walked to the
Hill-house, being myself much dissatisfied, and more than I thought I
should have been with Commissioner Pett, being, by what I saw since I came
hither, convinced that he is not able to exercise the command in the Yard
over the officers that he ought to do, or somebody else, if ever the
service be well looked after there. Sat up and with Sir J. Minnes talking,
and he speaking his mind in slighting of the Commissioner, for which I
wish there was not so much reason. For I do see he is but a man of words,
though indeed he is the ablest man that we have to do service if he would
or durst. Sir J. Minnes being gone to bed, I took Mr. Whitfield, one of
the clerks, and walked to the Dock about eleven at night, and there got a
boat and a crew, and rowed down to the guard-ships, it being a most
pleasant moonshine evening that ever I saw almost. The guard-ships were
very ready to hail us, being no doubt commanded thereto by their Captain,
who remembers how I surprised them the last time I was here. However, I
found him ashore, but the ship in pretty good order, and the arms well
fixed, charged, and primed. Thence to the Soveraign, where I found no
officers aboard, no arms fixed, nor any powder to prime their few guns,
which were charged, without bullet though. So to the London, where neither
officers nor any body awake; I boarded her, and might have done what I
would, and at last could find but three little boys; and so spent the
whole night in visiting all the ships, in which I found, for the most
part, neither an officer aboard, nor any men so much as awake, which I was
grieved to find, specially so soon after a great Larum, as Commissioner
Pett brought us word that he [had] provided against, and put all in a
posture of defence but a week ago, all which I am resolved to represent to
the Duke.

13th. So, it being high day, I put in to shore and to bed for two hours
just, and so up again, and with the Storekeeper and Clerk of the Rope-yard
up and down the Dock and Rope-house, and by and by mustered the Yard, and
instructed the Clerks of the Cheque in my new way of Callbook, and that
and other things done, to the Hill-house, and there we eat something, and
so by barge to Rochester, and there took coach hired for our passage to
London, and Mrs. Allen, the clerk of the Rope-yards wife with us,
desiring her passage, and it being a most pleasant and warm day, we got by
four oclock home. In our way she telling us in what condition Becky Allen
is married against all expectation a fellow that proves to be a coxcomb
and worth little if any thing at all, and yet are entered into a way of
living above their condition that will ruin them presently, for which, for
the ladys sake, I am much troubled. Home I found all well there, and
after dressing myself, I walked to the Temple; and there, from my cozen
Roger, hear that the judges have this day brought in their answer to the
Lords, That the articles against my Lord Chancellor are not Treason; and
to-morrow they are to bring in their arguments to the House for the same.
This day also the King did send by my Lord Chamberlain to the Lords, to
tell them from him, that the most of the articles against my Lord
Chancellor he himself knows to be false. Thence by water to Whitehall, and
so walked to St. Jamess, but missed Mr. Coventry. I met the Queen-Mother
walking in the Pell Mell, led by my Lord St. Albans. And finding many
coaches at the Gate, I found upon enquiry that the Duchess is brought to
bed of a boy; and hearing that the King and Queen are rode abroad with the
Ladies of Honour to the Park, and seeing a great crowd of gallants staying
here to see their return, I also staid walking up and down, and among
others spying a man like Mr. Pembleton (though I have little reason to
think it should be he, speaking and discoursing long with my Lord
DAubigne), yet how my blood did rise in my face, and I fell into a sweat
from my old jealousy and hate, which I pray God remove from me. By and by
the King and Queen, who looked in this dress (a white laced waistcoat and
a crimson short pettycoat, and her hair dressed ci la negligence) mighty
pretty; and the King rode hand in hand with her. Here was also my Lady
Castlemaine rode among the rest of the ladies; but the King took,
methought, no notice of her; nor when they light did any body press (as
she seemed to expect, and staid for it) to take her down, but was taken
down by her own gentleman. She looked mighty out of humour, and had a
yellow plume in her hat (which all took notice of), and yet is very
handsome, but very melancholy: nor did any body speak to her, or she so
much as smile or speak to any body. I followed them up into White Hall,
and into the Queens presence, where all the ladies walked, talking and
fiddling with their hats and feathers, and changing and trying one
anothers by one anothers heads, and laughing. But it was the finest
sight to me, considering their great beautys and dress, that ever I did
see in all my life. But, above all, Mrs. Stewart in this dress, with her
hat cocked and a red plume, with her sweet eye, little Roman nose, and
excellent taille, is now the greatest beauty I ever saw, I think, in my
life; and, if ever woman can, do exceed my Lady Castlemaine, at least in
this dress nor do I wonder if the King changes, which I verily believe is
the reason of his coldness to my Lady Castlemaine. Here late, with much
ado I left to look upon them, and went away, and by water, in a boat with
other strange company, there being no other to be had, and out of him into
a sculler half to the bridge, and so home and to Sir W. Batten, where I
staid telling him and Sir J. Minnes and Mrs. Turner, with great mirth, my
being frighted at Chatham by young Edgeborough, and so home to supper and
to bed, before I sleep fancying myself to sport with Mrs. Stewart with
great pleasure.

14th. Up a little late, last night recovering my sleepiness for the night
before, which was lost, and so to my office to put papers and things to
right, and making up my journal from Wednesday last to this day. All the
morning at my office doing of business; at noon Mr. Hunt came to me, and
he and I to the Exchange, and a Coffee House, and drank there, and thence
to my house to dinner, whither my uncle Thomas came, and he tells me that
he is going down to Wisbech, there to try what he can recover of my uncle
Days estate, and seems to have good arguments for what he do go about, in
which I wish him good speed. I made him almost foxed, the poor man having
but a bad head, and not used I believe nowadays to drink much wine. So
after dinner, they being gone, I to my office, and so home to bed. This
day I hear the judges, according to order yesterday, did bring into the
Lords House their reasons of their judgment in the business between my
Lord Bristoll and the Chancellor; and the Lords do concur with the Judges
that the articles are not treason, nor regularly brought into the House,
and so voted that a Committee should be chosen to examine them; but
nothing to be done therein till the next sitting of this Parliament (which
is like to be adjourned in a day or two), and in the mean time the two
Lords to, remain without prejudice done to either of them.

15th. Up and all the morning at the office, among other things with Cooper
the Purveyor, whose dullness in his proceeding in his work I was vexed at,
and find that though he understands it may be as much as other men that
profess skill in timber, yet I perceive that many things, they do by rote,
and very dully. Thence home to dinner, whither Captain Grove came and
dined with me, he going into the country to-day; among other discourse he
told me of discourse very much to my honour, both as to my care and
ability, happening at the Duke of Albemarles table the other day, both
from the Duke, and the Duchess themselves; and how I paid so much a year
to him whose place it was of right, and that Mr. Coventry did report thus
of me; which was greatly to my content, knowing how against their minds I
was brought into the Navy. Thence by water to Westminster, and there spent
a good deal of time walking in the Hall, which is going to be repaired,
and, God forgive me, had a mind to have got Mrs. Lane abroad, or fallen in
with any woman else (in that hot humour). But it so happened she could not
go out, nor I meet with any body else, and so I walked homeward, and in my
way did many and great businesses of my own at the Temple among my lawyers
and others to my great content, thanking God that I did not fall into any
company to occasion spending time and money. To supper, and then to a
little viall and to bed, sporting in my fancy with the Queen.

16th. Up and dispatched things into the country and to my fathers, and
two keggs of Sturgeon and a dozen bottles of wine to Cambridge for my
cozen Roger Pepys, which I give him. By and by down by water on several
Deall ships, and stood upon a stage in one place seeing calkers sheathing
of a ship. Then at Wapping to my carvers about my Viall head. So home,
and thence to my Viall makers in Bishops, gate Street; his name is Wise,
who is a pretty fellow at it. Thence to the Exchange, and so home to
dinner, and then to my office, where a full board, and busy all the
afternoon, and among other things made a great contract with Sir W. Warren
for 40,000 deals Swinsound, at L3 17s. od. per hundred. In the morning
before I went on the water I was at Thames Street about some pitch, and
there meeting Anthony Joyce, I took him and Mr. Stacy, the Tarr merchant,
to the tavern, where Stacy told me many old stories of my Lady Battens
former poor condition, and how her former husband broke, and how she came
to her state. At night, after office done, I went to Sir W. Battens,
where my Lady and I [had] some high words about emptying our house of
office, where I did tell her my mind, and at last agreed that it should be
done through my office, and so all well. So home to bed.

17th. Up, and after doing some business at my office, Creed came to me,
and I took him to my viall makers, and there I heard the famous Mr.
Stefkins play admirably well, and yet I found it as it is always, I over
expected. I took him to the tavern and found him a temperate sober man, at
least he seems so to me. I commit the direction of my viall to him. Thence
to the Change, and so home, Creed and I to dinner, and after dinner Sir W.
Warren came to me, and he and I in my closet about his last nights
contract, and from thence to discourse of measuring of timber, wherein I
made him see that I could understand the matter well, and did both learn
of and teach him something. Creed being gone through my staying talking to
him so long, I went alone by water down to Redriffe, and so to sit and
talk with Sir W. Pen, where I did speak very plainly concerning my
thoughts of Sir G. Carteret and Sir J. Minnes. So as it may cost me some
trouble if he should tell them again, but he said as much or more to me
concerning them both, which I may remember if ever it should come forth,
and nothing but what is true and my real opinion of them, that they
neither do understand to this day Creeds accounts, nor do deserve to be
employed in their places without better care, but that the King had better
give them greater salaries to stand still and do nothing. Thence coming
home I was saluted by Bagwell and his wife (the woman I have a kindness
for), and they would have me into their little house, which I was willing
enough to, and did salute his wife. They had got wine for me, and I
perceive live prettily, and I believe the woman a virtuous modest woman.
Her husband walked through to Redriffe with me, telling me things that I
asked of in the yard, and so by water home, it being likely to rain again
to-night, which God forbid. To supper and to bed.

18th. Up and to my office, where all the morning, and Sir J. Minnes and I
did a little, and but a little business at the office. So I eat a bit of
victuals at home, and so abroad to several places, as my booksellers, and
then to Thomson the instrument makers to bespeak a ruler for my pocket
for timber, &c., which I believe he will do to my mind. So to the
Temple, Wardrobe, and lastly to Westminster Hall, where I expected some
bands made me by Mrs. Lane, and while she went to the starchers for them,
I staid at Mrs. Howletts, who with her husband were abroad, and only
their daughter (which I call my wife) was in the shop, and I took occasion
to buy a pair of gloves to talk to her, and I find her a pretty spoken
girl, and will prove a mighty handsome wench. I could love her very well.
By and by Mrs. Lane comes, and my bands not being done she and I posted
and met at the Crown in the Palace Yard, where we eat a chicken I sent
for, and drank, and were mighty merry, and I had my full liberty of
towzing her and doing what I would, but the last thing of all…. Of which
I am heartily ashamed, but I do resolve never to do more so. But, Lord! to
see what a mind she has to a husband, and how she showed me her hands to
tell her her fortune, and every thing that she asked ended always whom and
when she was to marry. And I pleased her so well, saying as. I know she
would have me, and then she would say that she had been with all the
artists in town, and they always told her the same things, as that she
should live long, and rich, and have a good husband, but few children, and
a great fit of sickness, and 20 other things, which she says she has
always been told by others. Here I staid late before my bands were done,
and then they came, and so I by water to the Temple, and thence walked
home, all in a sweat with my tumbling of her and walking, and so a little
supper and to bed, fearful of having taken cold.

19th (Lords day). Lay very long in pleasant dreams till Church time, and
so up, and it being foul weather so that I cannot walk as I intended to
meet my Cozen Roger at Thomas Pepyss house (whither he rode last night),
to Hatcham, I went to church, where a sober Doctor made a good sermon. So
home to dinner alone, and then to read a little, and so to church again,
where the Scot made an ordinary sermon, and so home to my office, and
there read over my vows and increased them by a vow against all strong
drink till November next of any sort or quantity, by which I shall try how
I can forbear it. God send it may not prejudice my health, and then I care
not. Then I fell to read over a silly play writ by a person of honour
(which is, I find, as much as to say a coxcomb), called Love a la Mode,
and that being ended, home, and played on my lute and sung psalms till
bedtime, then to prayers and to bed.

20th. Up and to my office, and then walked to Woolwich, reading Bacons
Faber fortunae,

     [Pepys may here refer either to Essay XLI. (of Fortune) or to a
     chapter in the Advancement of Learning.  The sentence, Faber
     quisque fortunae propria, said to be by Appius Claudian, is quoted
     more than once in the De Augmentis Scientiarum, lib. viii., cap.

which the oftener I read the more I admire. There found Captain Cocke, and
up and down to many places to look after matters, and so walked back again
with him to his house, and there dined very finely. With much ado obtained
an excuse from drinking of wine, and did only taste a drop of Sack which
he had for his lady, who is, he fears, a little consumptive, and her
beauty begins to want its colour. It was Malago Sack, which, he says, is
certainly 30 years old, and I tasted a drop of it, and it was excellent
wine, like a spirit rather than wine. Thence by water to the office, and
taking some papers by water to White Hall and St. Jamess, but there being
no meeting with the Duke to-day, I returned by water and down to
Greenwich, to look after some blocks that I saw a load carried off by a
cart from Woolwich, the Kings Yard. But I could not find them, and so
returned, and being heartily weary I made haste to bed, and being in bed
made Will read and construe three or four Latin verses in the Bible, and
chide him for forgetting his grammar. So to sleep, and sleep ill all the
night, being so weary, and feverish with it.

21st. And so lay long in the morning, till I heard people knock at my
door, and I took it to be about 8 oclock (but afterwards found myself a
little mistaken), and so I rose and ranted at Will and the maid, and swore
I could find my heart to kick them down stairs, which the maid mumbled at
mightily. It was my brother, who staid and talked with me, his chief
business being about his going about to build his house new at the top,
which will be a great charge for him, and above his judgment. By and by
comes Mr. Deane, of Woolwich, with his draught of a ship, and the bend and
main lines in the body of a ship very finely, and which do please me
mightily, and so am resolved to study hard, and learn of him to understand
a body, and I find him a very pretty fellow in it, and rational, but a
little conceited, but thats no matter to me. At noon, by my Lady Battens
desire, I went over the water to Mr. Castles, who brings his wife home to
his own house to-day, where I found a great many good old women, and my
Lady, Sir W. Batten, and Sir J. Minnes. A good, handsome, plain dinner,
and then walked in the garden; which is pleasant enough, more than I
expected there, and so Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten, and I by water to the
office, and there sat, and then I by water to the Temple about my law
business, and back again home and wrote letters to my father and wife
about my desire that they should observe the feast at Brampton, and have
my Lady and the family, and so home to supper and bed, my head aching all
the day from my last nights bad rest, and yesterdays distempering myself
with over walking, and to-day knocking my head against a low door in Mr.
Castles house. This day the Parliament kept a fast for the present
unseasonable weather.

22nd. Up, and by and by comes my uncle Thomas, to whom I paid L10 for his
last half years annuity, and did get his and his sons hand and seal for
the confirming to us Piggotts mortgage, which was forgot to be expressed
in our late agreement with him, though intended, and therefore they might
have cavilled at it, if they would. Thence abroad calling at several
places upon some errands, among others to my brother Toms barber and had
my hair cut, while his boy played on the viallin, a plain boy, but has a
very good genius, and understands the book very well, but to see what a
shift he made for a string of red silk was very pleasant. Thence to my
Lord Crews. My Lord not being come home, I met and staid below with
Captain Ferrers, who was come to wait upon my Lady Jemimah to St. Jamess,
she being one of the four ladies that hold up the mantle at the
christening this afternoon of the Dukes child (a boy). In discourse of
the ladies at Court, Captain Ferrers tells me that my Lady Castlemaine is
now as great again as ever she was; and that her going away was only a fit
of her own upon some slighting words of the King, so that she called for
her coach at a quarter of an hours warning, and went to Richmond; and the
King the next morning, under pretence of going a-hunting, went to see her
and make friends, and never was a-hunting at all. After which she came
back to Court, and commands the King as much as ever, and hath and doth
what she will. No longer ago than last night, there was a private
entertainment made for the King and Queen at the Duke of Buckinghams, and
she: was not invited: but being at my Lady Suffolks, her aunts (where my
Lady Jemimah and Lord Sandwich dined) yesterday, she was heard to say,
Well; much good may it do them, and for all that I will be as merry as
they: and so she went home and caused a great supper to be prepared. And
after the King had been with the Queen at Wallingford House, he came to my
Lady Castlemaines, and was there all night, and my Lord Sandwich with
him, which was the reason my Lord lay in town all night, which he has not
done a great while before. He tells me he believes that, as soon as the
King can get a husband for Mrs. Stewart however, my Lady Castlemaines
nose will be out of joynt; for that she comes to be in great esteem, and
is more handsome than she. I found by his words that my Lord Sandwich
finds some pleasure in the country where he now is, whether he means one
of the daughters of the house or no I know not, but hope the contrary,
that he thinks he is very well pleased with staying there, but yet upon
breaking up of the Parliament, which the King by a message to-day says
shall be on Monday next, he resolves to go. Ned Pickering, the coxcomb,
notwithstanding all his hopes of my Lords assistance, wherein I am sorry
to hear my Lord has much concerned himself, is defeated of the place he
expected under the Queen. He came hither by and by and brought some
jewells for my Lady Jem. to put on, with which and her other clothes she
looks passing well. I staid and dined with my Lord Crew, who whether he
was not so well pleased with me as he used to be, or that his head was
full of business, as I believe it was, he hardly spoke one word to me all
dinner time, we dining alone, only young Jack Crew, Sir Thomass son, with
us. After dinner I bade him farewell. Sir Thomas I hear has gone this
morning ill to bed, so I had no mind to see him. Thence homewards, and in
the way first called at Wottons, the shoemakers, who tells me the reason
of Harriss going from Sir Wm. Davenants house, that he grew very proud
and demanded L20 for himself extraordinary, more than Betterton or any
body else, upon every new play, and L10 upon every revive; which with
other things Sir W. Davenant would not give him, and so he swore he would
never act there more, in expectation of being received in the other House;
but the King will not suffer it, upon Sir W. Davenants desire that he
would not, for then he might shut up house, and that is true. He tells me
that his going is at present a great loss to the House, and that he fears
he hath a stipend from the other House privately. He tells the that the
fellow grew very proud of late, the King and every body else crying him up
so high, and that above Betterton, he being a more ayery man, as he is
indeed. But yet Betterton, he says, they all say do act: some parts that
none but himself can do. Thence to my booksellers, and found my Waggoners
done. The very binding cost me 14s., but they are well done, and so with a
porter home with them, and so by water to Ratcliffe, and there went to
speak with Cumberford the platt-maker, and there saw his manner of
working, which is very fine and laborious. So down to Deptford, reading
Ben Jonsons Devil is an asse, and so to see Sir W. Pen, who I find
walking out of doors a little, but could not stand long; but in doors and
I with him, and staid a great while talking, I taking a liberty to tell
him my thoughts in things of the office; that when he comes abroad again,
he may know what to think of me, and to value me as he ought. Walked home
as I used to do, and being weary, and after some discourse with Mr.
Barrow, who came to see and take his leave of me, he being to-morrow to
set out toward the Isle of Man, I went to bed. This day I hear that the
Moores have made some attaques upon the outworks of Tangier; but my Lord
Tiviott; with the loss of about 200 men, did beat them off, and killed
many of them. To-morrow the King and Queen for certain go down to
Tunbridge. But the King comes hack again against Monday to raise the

23rd. Up and to my office, and thence by information from, Mr. Ackworth I
went down to Woolwich, and mustered the three East India ships that lie
there, believing that there is great-juggling between the Pursers and
Clerks of the Cheque in cheating the King of the wages and victuals of men
that do not give attendance, and I found very few on board. So to the
yard, and there mustered the yard, and found many faults, and discharged
several fellows that were absent from their business. I staid also at Mr.
Ackworths desire at dinner with him and his wife, and there was a simple
fellow, a gentleman I believe of the Court, their kinsmen, that threatened
me I could have little discourse or begin, acquaintance with Ackworths
wife, and so after dinner away, with all haste home, and there found Sir
J. Minnes and Sir W. Batten at the office, and by Sir W. Battens
testimony and Sir G. Carterets concurrence was forced to consent to a
business of Captain Cockes timber, as bad as anything we have lately
disputed about, and all through Mr. Coventrys not being with us. So up
and to supper with Sir W. Batten upon a soused mullett, very good meat,
and so home and to bed.

24th. Up pretty early (though of late I have been faulty by an hour or two
every morning of what I should do) and by water to the Temple, and there
took leave of my cozen Roger Pepys, who goes out of town to-day. So to
Westminster Hall, and there at Mrs. Michells shop sent for beer and sugar
and drink, and made great cheer with it among her and Mrs. Howlett, her
neighbour, and their daughters, especially Mrs. Howletts daughter, Betty,
which is a pretty girl, and one I have long called wife, being, I formerly
thought, like my own wife. After this good neighbourhood, which I do to
give them occasion of speaking well and commending me in some company that
now and then I know comes to their shop, I went to the Six clerks office,
and there had a writ for Tom Trice, and paid 20s. for it to Wilkinson, and
so up and down to many places, among others to the viall makers, and
there saw the head, which now pleases me mightily, and so home, and being
sent for presently to Mr. Blands, where Mr. Povy and Gauden and I were
invited to dinner, which we had very finely and great plenty, but for
drink, though many and good, I drank nothing but small beer and water,
which I drank so much that I wish it may not do me hurt. They had a
kinswoman, they call daughter, in the house, a short, ugly, red-haired
slut, that plays upon the virginalls, and sings, but after such a country
manner I was weary of it, but yet could not but commend it. So by and by
after dinner comes Monsr. Gotier, who is beginning to teach her, but,
Lord! what a droll fellow it is to make her hold open her mouth, and
telling this and that so drolly would make a man burst, but himself I
perceive sings very well. Anon we sat dawn again to a collacon of
cheesecakes, tarts, custards, and such like, very handsome, and so up and
away home, where I at the office a while, till disturbed by, Mr. Hill, of
Cambridge, with whom I walked in the garden a while, and thence home and
then in my dining room walked, talking of several matters of state till 11
at night, giving him a glass of wine. I was not unwilling to hear him
talk, though he is full of words, yet a man of large conversation,
especially among the Presbyters and Independents; he tells me that
certainly, let the Bishops alone, and they will ruin themselves, and he is
confident that the Kings declaration about two years since will be the
foundation of the settlement of the Church some time or other, for the
King will find it hard to banish all those that will appear Nonconformists
upon this Act that is coming out against them. He being gone, I to bed.

25th. Up and to my office setting papers in order for these two or three
days, in which I have been hindered a little, and then having intended
this day to go to Banstead Downs to see a famous race, I sent Will to get
himself ready to go with me, and I also by and by home and put on my
riding suit, and being ready came to the office to Sir J. Minnes and Sir
W. Batten, and did a little of course at the office this morning, and so
by boat to White Hall, where I hear that the race is put off, because the
Lords do sit in Parliament to-day. However, having appointed Mr. Creed to
come to me to Fox Hall, I went over thither, and after some debate, Creed
and I resolved to go to Clapham, to Mr. Gaudens, who had sent his coach
to their place for me because I was to have my horse of him to go to the
race. So I went thither by coach and my Will by horse with me; Mr. Creed
he went over back again to Westminster to fetch his horse. When I came to
Mr. Gaudens one first thing was to show me his house, which is almost
built, wherein he and his family live. I find it very regular and finely
contrived, and the gardens and offices about it as convenient and as full
of good variety as ever I saw in my life. It is true he hath been censured
for laying out so much money; but he tells me that he built it for his
brother, who is since dead (the Bishop), who when he should come to be
Bishop of Winchester, which he was promised (to which bishoprick at
present there is no house), he did intend to dwell here. Besides, with the
good husbandry in making his bricks and other things I do not think it
costs him so much money as people think and discourse. By and by to
dinner, and in comes Mr. Creed. I saluted Mr. Gaudens lady, and the young
ladies, he having many pretty children, and his sister, the Bishops
widow; who was, it seems, Sir W. Russels daughter, the Treasurer of the
Navy; who by her discourse at dinner I find to be very well-bred, and a
woman of excellent discourse, even so much as to have my attention all
dinner with much more pleasure than I did give to Mr. Creed, whose
discourse was mighty merry in inveighing at Mr. Gaudens victuals that
they had at sea the last voyage that he prosecuted, till methought the
woman began to take it seriously. After dinner by Mr. Gaudens motion we
got Mrs. Gauden and her sister to sing to a viall, on which Mr. Gaudens
eldest son (a pretty man, but a simple one methinks) played but very
poorly, and the musique bad, but yet I commended it. Only I do find that
the ladies have been taught to sing and do sing well now, but that the
viall puts them out. I took the viall and played some things from one of
their books, Lyra lessons, which they seemed to like well. Thus we pass an
hour or two after dinner and towards the evening we bade them Adieu! and
took horse; being resolved that, instead of the race which fails us, we
would go to Epsum. So we set out, and being gone a little way I sent home
Will to look to the house, and Creed and I rode forward; the road being
full of citizens going and coming toward Epsum, where, when we came, we
could hear of no lodging, the town so full; but which was better, I went
towards Ashted, my old place of pleasure; and there by direction of one
goodman Arthur, whom we met on the way, we went to Farmer Pages, at which
direction he and I made good sport, and there we got a lodging in a little
hole we could not stand upright in, but rather than go further to look we
staid there, and while supper was getting ready I took him to walk up and
down behind my cozen Pepyss house that was, which I find comes little
short of what I took it to be when I was a little boy, as things use
commonly to appear greater than then when one comes to be a man and knows
more, and so up and down in the closes, which I know so well methinks, and
account it good fortune that I lie here that I may have opportunity to
renew my old walks. It seems there is one Mr. Rouse, they call him the
Queens Tailor, that lives there now. So to our lodging to supper, and
among other meats had a brave dish of cream, the best I ever eat in my
life, and with which we pleased ourselves much, and by and by to bed,
where, with much ado yet good sport, we made shift to lie, but with little
ease, and a little spaniel by us, which has followed us all the way, a
pretty dogg, and we believe that follows my horse, and do belong to Mrs.
Gauden, which we, therefore, are very careful of.

26th (Lords-day). Up and to the Wells,

     [Epsom medicinal wells were discovered about 1618, but they did not
     become fashionable until the Restoration.  John Toland, in his
     Description of Epsom, says that he often counted seventy coaches in
     the Ring (the present racecourse on the Downs) on a Sunday evening;
     but by the end of the eighteenth century Epsom had entirely lost its

where great store of citizens, which was the greatest part of the company,
though there were some others of better quality. I met many that I knew,
and we drank each of us two pots and so walked away, it being very
pleasant to see how everybody turns up his tail, here one and there
another, in a bush, and the women in their quarters the like. Thence I
walked with Creed to Mr. Minness house, which has now a very good way
made to it, and thence to Durdans and walked round it and within the Court
Yard and to the Bowling-green, where I have seen so much mirth in my time;
but now no family in it (my Lord Barkeley, whose it is, being with his
family at London), and so up and down by Minness wood, with great
pleasure viewing my old walks, and where Mrs. Hely and I did use to walk
and talk, with whom I had the first sentiments of love and pleasure in
womans company, discourse, and taking her by the hand, she being a pretty
woman. So I led him to Ashted Church (by the place where Peter, my cozens
man, went blindfold and found a certain place we chose for him upon a
wager), where we had a dull Doctor, one Downe, worse than I think even
parson King was, of whom we made so much scorn, and after sermon home, and
staid while our dinner, a couple of large chickens, were dressed, and a
good mess of cream, which anon we had with good content, and after dinner
(we taking no notice of other lodgers in the house, though there was one
that I knew, and knew and spoke to me, one Mr. Rider, a merchant), he and
I to walk, and I led him to the pretty little wood behind my cozens house,
into which we got at last by clambering, and our little dog with us, but
when we were among the hazel trees and bushes, Lord! what a course did we
run for an hour together, losing ourselves, and indeed I despaired I
should ever come to any path, but still from thicket to thicket, a thing I
could hardly have believed a man could have been lost so long in so small
a room. At last I found out a delicate walk in the middle that goes quite
through the wood, and then went out of the wood, and holloed Mr. Creed,
and made him hunt me from place to place, and at last went in and called
him into my fine walk, the little dog still hunting with us through the
wood. In this walk being all bewildered and weary and sweating, Creed he
lay down upon the ground, which I did a little, but I durst not long, but
walked from him in the fine green walk, which is half a mile long, there
reading my vows as I used to on Sundays. And after that was done, and
going and lying by Creed an hour, he and I rose and went to our lodging
and paid our reckoning, and so mounted, whether to go toward London home
or to find a new lodging, and so rode through Epsum, the whole town over,
seeing the various companys that were there walking; which was very
pleasant to see how they are there without knowing almost what to do, but
only in the morning to drink waters. But, Lord! to see how many I met
there of citizens, that I could not have thought to have seen there, or
that they had ever had it in their heads or purses to go down thither. We
rode out of the town through Yowell beyond Nonesuch House a mile, and
there our little dogg, as he used to do, fell a-running after a flock of
sheep feeding on the common, till he was out of sight, and then
endeavoured to come back again, and went to the last gate that he parted
with us at, and there the poor thing mistakes our scent, instead of coming
forward he hunts us backward, and runs as hard as he could drive back
towards Nonesuch, Creed and I after him, and being by many told of his
going that way and the haste he made, we rode still and passed him through
Yowell, and there we lost any further information of him. However, we went
as far as Epsum almost, hearing nothing of him, we went back to Yowell,
and there was told that he did pass through the town. We rode back to
Nonesuch to see whether he might be gone back again, but hearing nothing
we with great trouble and discontent for the loss of our dogg came back
once more to Yowell, and there set up our horses and selves for all night,
employing people to look for the dogg in the town, but can hear nothing of
him. However, we gave order for supper, and while that was dressing walked
out through Nonesuch Park to the house, and there viewed as much as we
could of the outside, and looked through the great gates, and found a
noble court; and altogether believe it to have been a very noble house,
and a delicate park about it, where just now there was a doe killed, for
the King to carry up to Court. So walked back again, and by and by our
supper being ready, a good leg of mutton boiled, we supped and to bed,
upon two beds in the same room, wherein we slept most excellently all

27th. Up in the morning about 7 oclock, and after a little study,
resolved of riding to the Wells to look for our dogg, which we did, but
could hear nothing; but it being much a warmer day than yesterday there
was great store of gallant company, more than then, to my greater
pleasure. There was at a distance, under one of the trees on the common, a
company got together that sung. I, at the distance, and so all the rest
being a quarter of a mile off, took them for the Waytes, so I rode up to
them, and found them only voices, some citizens met by chance, that sung
four or five parts excellently. I have not been more pleased with a snapp
of musique, considering the circumstances of the time and place, in all my
life anything so pleasant. We drank each of us, three cupps, and so, after
riding up to the horsemen upon the hill, where they were making of matches
to run, we went away and to Yowell, where we found our breakfast, the
remains of our supper last night hashed, and by and by, after the smith
had set on two new shoes to Creeds horse, we mounted, and with little
discourse, I being intent upon getting home in time, we rode hard home,
observing Mr. Gaudens house, but not calling there (it being too late for
me to stay, and wanting their dog too). The house stands very finely, and
has a graceful view to the highway. Set up our horses at Fox Hall, and I
by water (observing the Kings barge attending his going to the House this
day) home, it being about one oclock. So got myself ready and shifting
myself, and so by water to Westminster, and there came most luckily to the
Lords House as the House of Commons were going into the Lords House, and
there I crowded in along with the Speaker, and got to stand close behind
him, where he made his speech to the King (who sat with his crown on and
robes, and so all the Lords in their robes, a fine sight); wherein he told
his Majesty what they have done this Parliament, and now offered for his
royall consent. The greatest matters were a bill for the Lords day (which
it seems the Lords have lost, and so cannot be passed, at which the
Commons are displeased); the bills against Conventicles and Papists (but
it seems the Lords have not passed them), and giving his Majesty four
entire subsidys; which last, with about twenty smaller Acts, were passed
with this form: The Clerk of the House reads the title of the bill, and
then looks at the end and there finds (writ by the King I suppose) Le Roy
le veult, and that he reads. And to others he reads, Soit fait comme
vous desirez. And to the Subsidys, as well that for the Commons, I mean
the layety, as for the Clergy, the King writes, Le Roy remerciant les
Seigneurs, &c., Prelats, &c., accepte leur benevolences. The
Speakers speech was far from any oratory, but was as plain (though good
matter) as any thing could be, and void of elocution. After the bills
passed, the King, sitting on his throne, with his speech writ in a paper
which he held in his lap, and scarce looked off of it, I thought, all the
time he made his speech to them, giving them thanks for their subsidys, of
which, had he not need, he would not have asked or received them; and that
need, not from any extravagancys of his, he was sure, in any thing, but
the disorders of the times compelling him to be at greater charge than he
hoped for the future, by their care in their country, he should be: and
that for his family expenses and others, he would labour however to
retrench in many things convenient, and would have all others to do so
too. He desired that nothing of old faults should be remembered, or
severity for the same used to any in the country, it being his desire to
have all forgot as well as forgiven. But, however, to use all care in
suppressing any tumults, &c.; assuring them that the restless spirits
of his and their adversaries have great expectations of something to be
done this summer. And promised that though the Acts about Conventicles and
Papists were not ripe for passing this Session, yet he would take care
himself that neither of them should in this intervall be encouraged to the
endangering of the peace; and that at their next meeting he would himself
prepare two bills for them concerning them. So he concluded, that for the
better proceeding of justice he did think fit to make this a Session, and
to prorogue them to the 16th of March next. His speech was very plain,
nothing at all of spirit in it, nor spoke with any; but rather on the
contrary imperfectly, repeating many times his words though he read all
which I was sorry to see, it having not been hard for him to have got all
the speech without book. So they all went away, the King out of the House
at the upper end, he being by and by to go to Tunbridge to the Queen; and
I in the Painted Chamber spoke with my Lord Sandwich while he was putting
off his robes, who tells me he will now hasten down into the country, as
soon as he can get some money settled on the Wardrobe. Here meeting Creed,
he and I down to the Hall, and I having at Michells shop wrote a little
letter to Mr. Gauden, to go with his horse, and excusing my not taking
leave or so much as asking after the old lady the widow when we came away
the other day from them, he and I over the water to Fox Hall, and there
sent away the horse with my letter, and then to the new Spring Garden,
walking up and down, but things being dear and little attendance to be had
we went away, leaving much brave company there, and so to a less house
hard by, where we liked very well their Codlin tarts, having not time, as
we intended, to stay the getting ready of a dish of pease. And there came
to us an idle boy to show us some tumbling tricks, which he did very well,
and the greatest bending of his body that ever I observed in my life.
Thence by water to White Hall, and walked over the Park to St. Jamess;
but missed Mr. Coventry, he not being within; and so out again, and there
the Duke was coming along the Pell-Mell. It being a little darkish, I
staid not to take notice of him, but we went directly back again. And in
our walk over the Park, one of the Dukes footmen came running behind us,
and came looking just in our faces to see who we were, and went back
again. What his meaning is I know not, but was fearful that I might not go
far enough with my hat off, though methinks that should not be it,
besides, there were others covered nearer than myself was, but only it was
my fear. So to White Hall and by water to the Bridge, and so home to bed,
weary and well pleased with my journey in all respects. Only it cost me
about 20s., but it was for my health, and I hope will prove so, only I do
find by my riding a little swelling to rise just by my anus. I had the
same the last time I rode, and then it fell again, and now it is up again
about the bigness of the bag of a silkworm, makes me fearful of a rupture.
But I will speak to Mr. Hollyard about it, and I am glad to find it now,
that I may prevent it before it goes too far.

28th. Up after sleeping very well, and so to my office setting down the
Journall of this last three days, and so settled to business again, I hope
with greater cheerfulness and success by this refreshment. At the office
all the morning, and at noon to Wises about my viall that is a-doing, and
so home to dinner and then to the office, where we sat all the afternoon
till night, and I late at it till after the office was risen. Late came my
Jane and her brother Will: to entreat for my taking of the boy again, but
I will not hear her, though I would yet be glad to do anything for her
sake to the boy, but receive him again I will not, nor give him anything.
She would have me send him to sea; which if I could I would do, but there
is no ship going out. The poor girl cried all the time she was with me,
and would not go from me, staying about two hours with me till 10 or 11
oclock, expecting that she might obtain something of me, but receive him
I will not. So the poor girl was fain to go away crying and saying little.
So from thence home, where my house of office was emptying, and I find
they will do, it with much more cleanness than I expected. I went up and
down among them a good while, but knowing that Mr. Coventry was to call me
in the morning, I went to bed and left them to look after the people. So
to bed.

29th. Up about 6 oclock, and found the people to have just done, and
Hannah not gone to bed yet, but was making clean of the yard and kitchen.
Will newly gone to bed. So I to my office, and having given some order to
Tom Hater, to whom I gave leave for his recreation to go down to
Portsmouth this Pay, I went down to Wapping to Sir W. Warren, and there
staid an hour or two discoursing of some of his goods and then things in
general relating to this office, &c., and so home, and there going to
Sir William Batten (having no stomach to dine at home, it being yet hardly
clean of last nights [mess])and there I dined with my Lady and her
daughter and son Castle, and mighty kind she is and I kind to her, but,
Lord! how freely and plainly she rails against Commissioner Pett, calling
him rogue, and wondering that the King keeps such a fellow in the Navy.
Thence by and by walked to see Sir W. Pen at Deptford, reading by the way
a most ridiculous play, a new one, called The Politician Cheated. After
a little sitting with him I walked to the yard a little and so home again,
my Will with me, whom I bade to stay in the yard for me, and so to bed.
This morning my brother Tom was with me, and we had some discourse again
concerning his country mistress, but I believe the most that is fit for us
to condescend to, will not content her friends.

30th. Up and to the office to get business ready for our sitting, this
being the first day of altering it from afternoon during the Parliament
sitting to the fore-noon again. By and by Mr. Coventry only came (Sir John
Minnes and Sir William Batten being gone this morning to Portsmouth to pay
some ships and the yard there), and after doing a little business he and I
down to Woolwich, and there up and down the yard, and by and by came Sir
G. Carteret and we all looked into matters, and then by water back to
Deptford, where we dined with him at his house, a very good dinner and
mightily tempted with wines of all sorts and brave French Syder, but I
drunk none. But that which is a great wonder I find his little daughter
Betty, that was in hanging sleeves but a month or two ago, and is a very
little young child; married, and to whom, but to young Scott, son to Madam
Catharine Scott, that was so long in law, and at whose triall I was with
her husband; he pleading that it was unlawfully got and would not own it,
she, it seems, being brought to bed of it, if not got by somebody else at
Oxford, but it seems a little before his death he did own the child, and
hath left him his estate, not long since. So Sir G. Carteret hath struck
up of a sudden a match with him for his little daughter. He hath about
L2000 per annum; and it seems Sir G. Carteret hath by this means
over-reached Sir H. Bennet, who did endeavour to get this gentleman for a
sister of his, but Sir G. Carteret I say has over-reached him. By this
means Sir G. Carteret hath married two daughters this year both very well.
After dinner into Deptford yard, but our bellies being full we could do no
great business, and so parted, and Mr. Coventry and I to White Hall by
water, where we also parted, and I to several places about business, and
so calling for my five books of the Variorum print bound according to my
common binding instead of the other which is more gaudy I went home. The
town talk this day is of nothing but the great foot-race run this day on
Banstead Downes, between Lee, the Duke of Richmonds footman, and a tyler,
a famous runner. And Lee hath beat him; though the King and Duke of York
and all men almost did bet three or four to one upon the tylers head.

31st. Up early to my accounts this month, and I find myself worth clear
L730, the most I ever had yet, which contents me though I encrease but
very little. Thence to my office doing business, and at noon to my viall
makers, who has begun it and has a good appearance, and so to the
Exchange, where I met Dr. Pierce, who tells me of his good luck to get to
be groom of the Privy-Chamber to the Queen, and without my Lord Sandwichs
help; but only by his good fortune, meeting a man that hath let him have
his right for a small matter, about L60, for which he can every day have
L400. But he tells me my Lord hath lost much honour in standing so long
and so much for that coxcomb Pickering, and at last not carrying it for
him; but hath his name struck out by the King and Queen themselves after
he had been in ever since the Queens coming. But he tells me he believes
that either Sir H. Bennet, my Lady Castlemaine, or Sir Charles Barkeley
had received some money for the place, and so the King could not
disappoint them, but was forced to put out this fool rather than a better
man. And I am sorry to hear what he tells me that Sir Charles Barkeley
hath still such power over the King, as to be able to fetch him from the
Council-table to my Lady Castlemaine when he pleases. He tells me also, as
a friend, the great injury that he thinks I do myself by being so severe
in the Yards, and contracting the ill-will of the whole Navy for those
offices, singly upon myself. Now I discharge a good conscience therein,
and I tell him that no man can (nor do he say any say it) charge me with
doing wrong; but rather do as many good offices as any man. They think, he
says, that I have a mind to get a good name with the King and Duke, who he
tells me do not consider any such thing; but I shall have as good thanks
to let all alone, and do as the rest. But I believe the contrary; and yet
I told him I never go to the Duke alone, as others do, to talk of my own
services. However, I will make use of his council, and take some course to
prevent having the single ill-will of the office. Before I went to the
office I went to the Coffee House, where Sir J. Cutler and Mr. Grant were,
and there Mr. Grant showed me letters of Sir William Pettys, wherein he
says, that his vessel which he hath built upon two keeles (a modell
whereof, built for the King, he showed me) hath this month won a wager of
L50 in sailing between Dublin and Holyhead with the pacquett-boat, the
best ship or vessel the King hath there; and he offers to lay with any
vessel in the world. It is about thirty ton in burden, and carries thirty
men, with good accommodation, (as much more as any ship of her burden,)
and so any vessel of this figure shall carry more men, with better
accommodation by half, than any other ship. This carries also ten guns, of
about five tons weight. In their coming back from Holyhead they started
together, and this vessel came to Dublin by five at night, and the
pacquett-boat not before eight the next morning; and when they came they
did believe that, this vessel had been drowned, or at least behind, not
thinking she could have lived in that sea. Strange things are told of this
vessel, and he concludes his letter with this position, I only affirm
that the perfection of sayling lies in my principle, finde it out who
can. Thence home, in my way meeting Mr. Rawlinson, who tells me that my
uncle Wight is off of his Hampshire purchase and likes less of the Wights,
and would have me to be kind and study to please him, which I am resolved
to do. Being at home he sent for me to dinner to meet Mr. Moore, so I went
thither and dined well, but it was strange for me to refuse, and yet I did
without any reluctancy to drink wine in a tavern, where nothing else
almost was drunk, and that excellent good. Thence with Mr. Moore to the
Wardrobe, and there sat while my Lord was private with Mr. Townsend about
his accounts an hour or two, we reading of a merry book against the
Presbyters called Cabbala, extraordinary witty. Thence walked home and to
my office, setting papers of all sorts and writing letters and putting
myself into a condition to go to Chatham with Mr. Coventry to-morrow. So,
at almost 12 oclock, and my eyes tired with seeing to write, I went home
and to bed. Ending the month with pretty good content of mind, my wife in
the country and myself in good esteem, and likely by pains to become
considerable, I think, with Gods blessing upon my diligence.