Samuel Pepys diary June 1663

JUNE 1663

June 1st. Begun again to rise betimes by 4 oclock, and made an end of
The Adventures of Five Houres, and it is a most excellent play. So to my
office, where a while and then about several businesses, in my way to my
brothers, where I dined (being invited) with Mr. Peter and Dean Honiwood,
where Tom did give us a very pretty dinner, and we very pleasant, but not
very merry, the Dean being but a weak man, though very good. I was forced
to rise, being in haste to St. Jamess to attend the Duke, and left them
to end their dinner; but the Duke having been a-hunting to-day, and so
lately come home and gone to bed, we could not see him, and Mr. Coventry
being out of the house too, we walked away to White Hall and there took
coach, and I with Sir J. Minnes to the Strand May-pole; and there light
out of his coach, and walked to the New Theatre, which, since the Kings
players are gone to the Royal one, is this day begun to be employed by the
fencers to play prizes at. And here I came and saw the first prize I ever
saw in my life: and it was between one Mathews, who did beat at all
weapons, and one Westwicke, who was soundly cut several times both in the
head and legs, that he was all over blood: and other deadly blows they did
give and take in very good earnest, till Westwicke was in a most sad
pickle. They fought at eight weapons, three bouts at each weapon. It was
very well worth seeing, because I did till this day think that it has only
been a cheat; but this being upon a private quarrel, they did it in good
earnest; and I felt one of their swords, and found it to be very little,
if at all blunter on the edge, than the common swords are. Strange to see
what a deal of money is flung to them both upon the stage between every
bout. But a woful rude rabble there was, and such noises, made my head ake
all this evening. So, well pleased for once with this sight, I walked
home, doing several businesses by the way. In my way calling to see
Commissioner Pett, who lies sick at his daughter, a pretty woman, in
Gracious Street, but is likely to be abroad again in a day or two. At home
I found my wife in bed all this day …. I went to see Sir Wm. Pen, who
has a little pain of his gout again, but will do well. So home to supper
and to bed. This day I hear at Court of the great plot which was lately
discovered in Ireland, made among the Presbyters and others, designing to
cry up the Covenant, and to secure Dublin Castle and other places; and
they have debauched a good part of the army there, promising them ready

     [This  was known as Bloods Plot, and was named after Colonel
     Thomas Blood, afterwards notorious for his desperate attack upon the
     Duke of Ormond in St. Jamess Street (1670) and for his robbery of
     the crown jewels in the Tower (1671).  He died August 24th, 1680.]

Some of the Parliament there, they say, are guilty, and some withdrawn
upon it; several persons taken, and among others a son of Scotts, that
was executed here for the Kings murder. What reason the King hath, I know
not; but it seems he is doubtfull of Scotland: and this afternoon, when I
was there, the Council was called extraordinary; and they were opening the
letters this last posts coming and going between Scotland and us and
other places. Blessed be God, my head and hands are clear, and therefore
my sleep safe. The King of France is well again.

2d. Up and by water to White Hall and so to St. Jamess, to Mr. Coventry;
where I had an hours private talk with him. Most of it was discourse
concerning his own condition, at present being under the censure of the
House, being concerned with others in the Bill for selling of offices. He
tells me, that though he thinks himself to suffer much in his fame hereby,
yet he values nothing more of evil to hang over him for that it is against
no statute, as is pretended, nor more than what his predecessors time out
of mind have taken; and that so soon as he found himself to be in an
errour, he did desire to have his fees set, which was done; and since that
he hath not taken a token more. He undertakes to prove, that he did never
take a token of any captain to get him employed in his life beforehand, or
demanded any thing: and for the other accusation, that the Cavaliers are
not employed, he looked over the list of them now in the service, and of
the twenty-seven that are employed, thirteen have been heretofore always
under the King; two neutralls, and the other twelve men of great courage,
and such as had either the Kings particular commands, or great
recommendation to put them in, and none by himself. Besides that, he says
it is not the Kings nor Dukes opinion that the whole party of the late
officers should be rendered desperate. And lastly, he confesses that the
more of the Cavaliers are put in, the less of discipline hath followed in
the fleet; and that, whenever there comes occasion, it must be the old
ones that must do any good, there being only, he says, but Captain Allen
good for anything of them all. He tells me, that he cannot guess whom all
this should come from; but he suspects Sir G. Carteret, as I also do, at
least that he is pleased with it. But he tells me that he will bring Sir
G. Carteret to be the first adviser and instructor of him what to make his
place of benefit to him; telling him that Smith did make his place worth
L5000 and he believed L7000 to him the first year; besides something else
greater than all this, which he forbore to tell me. It seems one Sir
Thomas Tomkins of the House, that makes many mad motions, did bring it
into the House, saying that a letter was left at his lodgings, subscribed
by one Benson (which is a feigned name, for there is no such man in the
Navy), telling him how many places in the Navy have been sold. And by
another letter, left in the same manner since, nobody appearing, he writes
him that there is one Hughes and another Butler (both rogues, that have
for their roguery been turned out of their places), that will swear that
Mr. Coventry did sell their places and other things. I offered him my
service, and will with all my heart serve him; but he tells me he do not
think it convenient to meddle, or to any purpose, but is sensible of my
love therein. So I bade him good morrow, he being out of order to speak
anything of our office business, and so away to Westminster Hall, where I
hear more of the plot from Ireland; which it seems hath been hatching, and
known to the Lord Lieutenant a great while, and kept close till within
three days that it should have taken effect. The term ended yesterday, and
it seems the Courts rose sooner, for want of causes, than it is remembered
to have done in the memory of man. Thence up and down about business in
several places, as to speak with Mr. Phillips, but missed him, and so to
Mr. Beacham, the goldsmith, he being one of the jury to-morrow in Sir W.
Battens case against Field. I have been telling him our case, and I
believe he will do us good service there. So home, and seeing my wife had
dined I went, being invited, and dined with Sir W. Batten, Sir J. Minnes,
and others, at Sir W. Battens, Captain Allen giving them a Foy dinner,
he being to go down to lie Admiral in the Downs this summer. I cannot but
think it a little strange that having been so civil to him as I have been
he should not invite me to dinner, but I believe it was but a sudden
motion, and so I heard not of it. After dinner to the office, where all
the afternoon till late, and so to see Sir W. Pen, and so home to supper
and to bed. To-night I took occasion with the vintners man, who came by
my direction to taste again my tierce of claret, to go down to the cellar
with him to consult about the drawing of it; and there, to my great
vexation, I find that the cellar door hath long been kept unlocked, and
above half the wine drunk. I was deadly mad at it, and examined my people
round, but nobody would confess it; but I did examine the boy, and
afterwards Will, and told him of his sitting up after we were in bed with
the maids, but as to that business he denies it, which I can [not] remedy,
but I shall endeavour to know how it went. My wife did also this evening
tell me a story of Ashwell stealing some new ribbon from her, a yard or
two, which I am sorry to hear, and I fear my wife do take a displeasure
against her, that they will hardly stay together, which I should be sorry
for, because I know not where to pick such another out anywhere.

3rd. Up betimes, and studying of my double horizontal diall against Dean
Honiwood comes to me, who dotes mightily upon it, and I think I must give
it him. So after talking with Sir W. Batten, who is this morning gone to
Guildhall to his trial with Field, I to my office, and there read all the
morning in my statute-book, consulting among others the statute against
selling of offices, wherein Mr. Coventry is so much concerned; and though
he tells me that the statute do not reach him, yet I much fear that it
will. At noon, hearing that the trial is done, and Sir W. Batten come to
the Sun behind the Exchange I went thither, where he tells me that he had
much ado to carry it on his side, but that at last he did, but the jury,
by the judges favour, did give us but; L10 damages and the charges of the
suit, which troubles me; but it is well it went not against us, which
would have been much worse. So to the Exchange, and thence home to dinner,
taking Deane of Woolwich along with me, and he dined alone with my wife
being undressed, and he and I spent all the afternoon finely, learning of
him the method of drawing the lines of a ship, to my great satisfaction,
and which is well worth my spending some time in, as I shall do when my
wife is gone into the country. In the evening to the office and did some
business, then home, and, God forgive me, did from my wifes unwillingness
to tell me whither she had sent the boy, presently suspect that he was
gone to Pembletons, and from that occasion grew so discontented that I
could hardly speak or sleep all night.

4th. Up betimes, and my wife and Ashwell and I whiled away the morning up
and down while they got themselves ready, and I did so watch to see my
wife put on drawers, which poor soul she did, and yet I could not get off
my suspicions, she having a mind to go into Fenchurch Street before she
went out for good and all with me, which I must needs construe to be to
meet Pembleton, when she afterwards told me it was to buy a fan that she
had not a mind that I should know of, and I believe it is so. Specially I
did by a wile get out of my boy that he did not yesterday go to
Pembletons or thereabouts, but only was sent all that time for some
starch, and I did see him bringing home some, and yet all this cannot make
my mind quiet. At last by coach I carried her to Westminster Hall, and
they two to Mrs. Bowyer to go from thence to my wifes fathers and
Ashwell to hers, and by and by seeing my wifes father in the Hall, and
being loth that my wife should put me to another trouble and charge by
missing him to-day, I did employ a porter to go from a person unknown to
tell him his daughter was come to his lodgings, and I at a distance did
observe him, but, Lord! what a company of questions he did ask him, what
kind of man I was, and God knows what. So he went home, and after I had
staid in the Hall a good while, where I heard that this day the Archbishop
of Canterbury, Juxon, a man well spoken of by all for a good man, is dead;
and the Bishop of London is to have his seat. Home by water, where by and
by comes Dean Honiwood, and I showed him my double horizontal diall, and
promise to give him one, and that shall be it. So, without eating or
drinking, he went away to Mr. Turners, where Sir J. Minnes do treat my
Lord Chancellor and a great deal of guests to-day with a great dinner,
which I thank God I do not pay for; and besides, I doubt it is too late
for any man to expect any great service from my Lord Chancellor, for which
I am sorry, and pray God a worse do not come in his room. So I to dinner
alone, and so to my chamber, and then to the office alone, my head aching
and my mind in trouble for my wife, being jealous of her spending the day,
though God knows I have no great reason. Yet my mind is troubled. By and
by comes Will Howe to see us, and walked with me an hour in the garden,
talking of my Lords falling to business again, which I am glad of, and
his coming to lie at his lodgings at White Hall again. The match between
Sir J. Cutts and my Lady Jemimah, he says, is likely to go on; for which I
am glad. In the Hall to-day Dr. Pierce tells me that the Queen begins to
be brisk, and play like other ladies, and is quite another woman from what
she was, of which I am glad. It may be, it may make the King like her the
better, and forsake his two mistresses, my Lady Castlemaine and Stewart.
He gone we sat at the office till night, and then home, where my wife is
come, and has been with her father all the afternoon, and so home, and she
and I to walk in the garden, giving ear to her discourse of her fathers
affairs, and I found all well, so after putting things in order at my
office, home to supper and to bed.

5th. Up and to read a little, and by and by the carver coming, I directed
him how to make me a neat head for my viall that is making. About 10
oclock my wife and I, not without some discontent, abroad by coach, and I
set her at her fathers; but their condition is such that she will not let
me see where they live, but goes by herself when I am out of sight. Thence
to my brothers, taking care for a passage for my wife the next week in a
coach to my fathers, and thence to Pauls Churchyard, where I found
several books ready bound for me; among others, the new Concordance of the
Bible, which pleases me much, and is a book I hope to make good use of.
Thence, taking the little History of England with me, I went by water to
Deptford, where Sir J. Minnes and Sir W. Batten attending the Pay; I dined
with them, and there Dr. Britton, parson of the town, a fine man and good
company, dined with us, and good discourse. After dinner I left them and
walked to Redriffe, and thence to White Hall, and at my Lords lodgings
found my wife, and thence carried her to see my Lady Jemimah, but she was
not within. So to Mr. Turners, and there saw Mr. Edward Pepyss lady, who
my wife concurs with me to be very pretty, as most women we ever saw. So
home, and after a walk in the garden a little troubled to see my wife take
no more pleasure with Ashwell, but neglect her and leave her at home. Home
to supper and to bed.

6th. Lay in bed till 7 oclock, yet rose with an opinion that it was not
5, and so continued though I heard the clock strike, till noon, and would
not believe that it was so late as it truly was. I was hardly ever so
mistaken in my life before. Up and to Sir G. Carteret at his house, and
spoke to him about business, but he being in a bad humour I had no mind to
stay with him, but walked, drinking my morning draft of whay, by the way,
to York House, where the Russia Embassador do lie; and there I saw his
people go up and down louseing themselves: they are all in a great hurry,
being to be gone the beginning of next week. But that that pleased me
best, was the remains of the noble soul of the late Duke of Buckingham
appearing in his house, in every place, in the doorcases and the windows.
By and by comes Sir John Hebden, the Russia Resident, to me, and he and I
in his coach to White Hall, to Secretary Morrices, to see the orders
about the Russia hemp that is to be fetched from Archangel for our King,
and that being done, to coach again, and he brought me into the City and
so I home; and after dinner abroad by water, and met by appointment Mr.
Deane in the Temple Church, and he and I over to Mr. Blackburys yard, and
thence to other places, and after that to a drinking house, in all which
places I did so practise and improve my measuring of timber, that I can
now do it with great ease and perfection, which do please me mightily.
This fellow Deane is a conceited fellow, and one that means the King a
great deal of service, more of disservice to other people that go away
with the profits which he cannot make; but, however, I learn much of him,
and he is, I perceive, of great use to the King in his place, and so I
shall give him all the encouragement I can. Home by water, and having
wrote a letter for my wife to my Lady Sandwich to copy out to send this
nights post, I to the office, and wrote there myself several things, and
so home to supper and bed. My mind being troubled to think into what a
temper of neglect I have myself flung my wife into by my letting her learn
to dance, that it will require time to cure her of, and I fear her going
into the country will but make her worse; but only I do hope in the
meantime to spend my time well in my office, with more leisure than while
she is here. Hebden, to-day in the coach, did tell me how he is vexed to
see things at Court ordered as they are by nobody that attends to
business, but every man himself or his pleasures. He cries up my Lord
Ashley to be almost the only man that he sees to look after business; and
with that ease and mastery, that he wonders at him. He cries out against
the Kings dealing so much with goldsmiths, and suffering himself to have
his purse kept and commanded by them. He tells me also with what exact
care and order the States of Hollands stores are kept in their Yards, and
every thing managed there by their builders with such husbandry as is not
imaginable; which I will endeavour to understand further, if I can by any
means learn.

7th (Lords day). Whit Sunday. Lay long talking with my wife, sometimes
angry and ended pleased and hope to bring our matters to a better posture
in a little time, which God send. So up and to church, where Mr. Mills
preached, but, I know not how, I slept most of the sermon. Thence home,
and dined with my wife and Ashwell and after dinner discoursed very
pleasantly, and so I to church again in the afternoon, and, the Scot
preaching, again slept all the afternoon, and so home, and by and by to
Sir W. Battens, to talk about business, where my Lady Batten inveighed
mightily against the German Princess, and I as high in the defence of her
wit and spirit, and glad that she is cleared at the sessions. Thence to
Sir W. Pen, who I found ill again of the gout, he tells me that now Mr.
Castle and Mrs. Martha Batten do own themselves to be married, and have
been this fortnight. Much good may it do him, for I do not envy him his
wife. So home, and there my wife and I had an angry word or two upon
discourse of our boy, compared with Sir W. Pens boy that he has now, whom
I say is much prettier than ours and she the contrary. It troubles me to
see that every small thing is enough now-a-days to bring a difference
between us. So to my office and there did a little business, and then home
to supper and to bed. Mrs. Turner, who is often at Court, do tell me
to-day that for certain the Queen hath much changed her humour, and is
become very pleasant and sociable as any; and they say is with child, or
believed to be so.

8th. Up and to my office a while, and thence by coach with Sir J. Minnes
to St. Jamess to the Duke, where Mr. Coventry and us two did discourse
with the Duke a little about our office business, which saved our coming
in the afternoon, and so to rights home again and to dinner. After dinner
my wife and I had a little jangling, in which she did give me the lie,
which vexed me, so that finding my talking did but make her worse, and
that her spirit is lately come to be other than it used to be, and now
depends upon her having Ashwell by her, before whom she thinks I shall not
say nor do anything of force to her, which vexes me and makes me wish that
I had better considered all that I have of late done concerning my
bringing my wife to this condition of heat, I went up vexed to my chamber
and there fell examining my new concordance, that I have bought, with
Newmans, the best that ever was out before, and I find mine altogether as
copious as that and something larger, though the order in some respects
not so good, that a man may think a place is missing, when it is only put
in another place. Up by and by my wife comes and good friends again, and
to walk in the garden and so anon to supper and to bed. My cozen John
Angier the son, of Cambridge coming to me late to see me, and I find his
business is that he would be sent to sea, but I dissuaded him from it, for
I will not have to do with it without his friends consent.

9th. Up and after ordering some things towards my wifes going into the
country, to the office, where I spent the morning upon my measuring rules
very pleasantly till noon, and then comes Creed and he and I talked about
mathematiques, and he tells me of a way found out by Mr. Jonas Moore which
he calls duodecimal arithmetique, which is properly applied to measuring,
where all is ordered by inches, which are 12 in a foot, which I have a
mind to learn. So he with me home to dinner and after dinner walk in the
garden, and then we met at the office, where Coventry, Sir J. Minnes, and
I, and so in the evening, business done, I went home and spent my time
till night with my wife. Presently after my coming home comes Pembleton,
whether by appointment or no I know not, or whether by a former promise
that he would come once before my wifes going into the country, but I
took no notice of, let them go up and Ashwell with them to dance, which
they did, and I staid below in my chamber, but, Lord! how I listened and
laid my ear to the door, and how I was troubled when I heard them stand
still and not dance. Anon they made an end and had done, and so I suffered
him to go away, and spoke not to him, though troubled in my mind, but
showed no discontent to my wife, believing that this is the last time I
shall be troubled with him. So my wife and I to walk in the garden, home
and to supper and to bed.

10th. Up and all the morning helping my wife to put up her things towards
her going into the country and drawing the wine out of my vessel to send.
This morning came my cozen Thomas Pepys to desire me to furnish him with
some money, which I could not do till his father has wrote to Piggott his
consent to the sale of his lands, so by and by we parted and I to the
Exchange a while and so home and to dinner, and thence to the Royal
Theatre by water, and landing, met with Captain Ferrers his friend, the
little man that used to be with him, and he with us, and sat by us while
we saw Love in a Maze. The play is pretty good, but the life of the play
is Lacys part, the clown, which is most admirable; but for the rest,
which are counted such old and excellent actors, in my life I never heard
both men and women so ill pronounce their parts, even to my making myself
sick therewith. Thence, Creed happening to be with us, we four to the
Half-Moon Tavern, I buying some sugar and carrying it with me, which we
drank with wine and thence to the whay-house, and drank a great deal of
whay, and so by water home, and thence to see Sir W. Pen, who is not in
much pain, but his legs swell and so immoveable that he cannot stir them,
but as they are lifted by other people and I doubt will have another fit
of his late pain. Played a little at cards with him and his daughter, who
is grown every day a finer and finer lady, and so home to supper and to
bed. When my wife and I came first home we took Ashwell and all the rest
below in the cellar with the vintner drawing out my wine, which I blamed
Ashwell much for and told her my mind that I would not endure it, nor was
it fit for her to make herself equal with the ordinary servants of the

11th. Up and spent most of the morning upon my measuring Ruler and with
great pleasure I have found out some things myself of great dispatch, more
than my book teaches me, which pleases me mightily. Sent my wifes things
and the wine to-day by the carrier to my fathers, but staid my boy from a
letter of my fathers, wherein he desires that he may not come to trouble
his family as he did the last year. Dined at home and then to the office,
where we sat all the afternoon, and at night home and spent the evening
with my wife, and she and I did jangle mightily about her cushions that
she wrought with worsteds the last year, which are too little for any use,
but were good friends by and by again. But one thing I must confess I do
observe, which I did not before, which is, that I cannot blame my wife to
be now in a worse humour than she used to be, for I am taken up in my talk
with Ashwell, who is a very witty girl, that I am not so fond of her as I
used and ought to be, which now I do perceive I will remedy, but I would
to the Lord I had never taken any, though I cannot have a better than her.
To supper and to bed. The consideration that this is the longest day in
the year is very unpleasant to me.—[It is necessary to note that
this was according to the old style.]—This afternoon my wife had a
visit from my Lady Jeminah and Mr. Ferrers.

12th. Up and my office, there conning my measuring Ruler, which I shall
grow a master of in a very little time. At noon to the Exchange and so
home to dinner, and abroad with my wife by water to the Royall Theatre;
and there saw The Committee, a merry but indifferent play, only Laceys
part, an Irish footman, is beyond imagination. Here I saw my Lord
Falconbridge, and his Lady, my Lady Mary Cromwell, who looks as well as I
have known her, and well clad; but when the House began to fill she put on
her vizard,

     [Masks were commonly used by ladies in the reign of Elizabeth, and
     when their use was revived at the Restoration for respectable women
     attending the theatre, they became general.  They soon, however,
     became the mark of loose women, and their use was discontinued by
     women of repute.  On June 1st, 1704, a song was sung at the theatre
     in Lincolns Inn Fields called The Misses Lamentation for want of
     their Vizard Masques at the Theatre.  Mr. R. W. Lowe gives several
     references to the use of vizard masks at the theatre in his
     interesting biography, Thomas Betterton.]

and so kept it on all the play; which of late is become a great fashion
among the ladies, which hides their whole face. So to the Exchange, to buy
things with my wife; among others, a vizard for herself. And so by water
home and to my office to do a little business, and so to see Sir W. Pen,
but being going to bed and not well I could not see him. So home and to
supper and bed, being mightily troubled all night and next morning with
the palate of my mouth being down from some cold I took to-day sitting
sweating in the playhouse, and the wind blowing through the windows upon
my head.

13th. Up and betimes to Thames Street among the tarr men, to look the
price of tarr and so by water to Whitehall thinking to speak with Sir G.
Carteret, but he lying in the city all night, and meeting with Mr. Cutler
the merchant, I with him in his coach into the city to Sir G. Carteret,
but missing him there, he and I walked to find him at Sir Tho. Allens in
Bread Street, where not finding him he and I walked towards our office, he
discoursing well of the business of the Navy, and particularly of the
victualling, in which he was once I perceive concerned, and he and I
parted and I to the office and there had a difference with Sir W. Batten
about Mr. Bowyers tarr, which I am resolved to cross, though he sent me
last night, as a bribe, a barrel of sturgeon, which, it may be, I shall
send back, for I will not have the King abused so abominably in the price
of what we buy, by Sir W. Battens corruption and underhand dealing. So
from the office, Mr. Wayth with me, to the Parliament House, and there I
spoke and told Sir G. Carteret all, with which he is well pleased, and do
recall his willingness yesterday, it seems, to Sir W. Batten, that we
should buy a great quantity of tarr, being abused by him. Thence with Mr.
Wayth after drinking a cupp of ale at the Swan, talking of the corruption
of the Navy, by water. I landed him at Whitefriars, and I to the Exchange,
and so home to dinner, where I found my wifes brother, and thence after
dinner by water to the Royall Theatre, where I resolved to bid farewell,
as shall appear by my oaths tomorrow against all plays either at publique
houses or Court till Christmas be over. Here we saw The Faithfull
Sheepheardesse, a most simple thing, and yet much thronged after, and
often shown, but it is only for the scenes sake, which is very fine
indeed and worth seeing; but I am quite out of opinion with any of their
actings, but Lacys, compared with the other house. Thence to see Mrs.
Hunt, which we did and were much made of; and in our way saw my Lady
Castlemaine, who, I fear, is not so handsome as I have taken her for, and
now she begins to decay something. This is my wifes opinion also, for
which I am sorry. Thence by coach, with a mad coachman, that drove like
mad, and down byeways, through Bucklersbury home, everybody through the
street cursing him, being ready to run over them. So home, and after
writing letters by the post, home to supper and bed. Yesterday, upon
conference with the King in the Banqueting House, the Parliament did agree
with much ado, it being carried but by forty-two voices, that they would
supply him with a sum of money; but what and how is not yet known, but
expected to be done with great disputes the next week. But if done at all,
it is well.

14th (Lords day). Lay long in bed. So up and to church. Then to dinner,
and Tom dined with me, who I think grows a very thriving man, as he
himself tells me. He tells me that his man John has got a wife, and for
that he intends to part with him, which I am sorry for, and then that Mr.
Armiger comes to be a constant lodger at his house, and he says has money
in his purse and will be a good paymaster, but I do much doubt it. He
being gone, I up and sending my people to church, my wife and I did even
our reckonings, and had a great deal of serious talk, wherein I took
occasion to give her hints of the necessity of our saving all we can. I do
see great cause every day to curse the time that ever I did give way to
the taking of a woman for her, though I could never have had a better, and
also the letting of her learn to dance, by both which her mind is so
devilishly taken off her business and minding her occasions, and besides
has got such an opinion in her of my being jealous, that it is never to be
removed, I fear, nor hardly my trouble that attends it; but I must have
patience. I did give her 40s. to carry into the country tomorrow with her,
whereof 15s. is to go for the coach-hire for her and Ashwell, there being
20s. paid here already in earnest. In the evening our discourse turned to
great content and love, and I hope that after a little forgetting our late
differences, and being a while absent one from another, we shall come to
agree as well as ever. So to Sir W. Pens to visit him, and finding him
alone, sent for my wife, who is in her riding-suit, to see him, which she
hath not done these many months I think. By and by in comes Sir J. Minnes
and Sir W. Batten, and so we sat talking. Among other things, Sir J.
Minnes brought many fine expressions of Chaucer, which he doats on
mightily, and without doubt he is a very fine poet.

     [Pepys continued through life an admirer of Chaucer, and we have the
     authority of Dryden himself for saying that we owe his character of
     the Good Parson to Pepyss recommendation.]

Sir W. Pen continues lame of the gout, that he cannot rise from his chair.
So after staying an hour with him, we went home and to supper, and so to
prayers and bed.

15th. Up betimes, and anon my wife rose and did give me her keys, and put
other things in order and herself against going this morning into the
country. I was forced to go to Thames Street and strike up a bargain for
some tarr, to prevent being abused therein by Hill, who was with me this
morning, and is mightily surprised that I should tell him what I can have
the same tarr with his for. Thence home, but finding my wife gone, I took
coach and after her to her inn, where I am troubled to see her forced to
sit in the back of the coach, though pleased to see her company none but
women and one parson; she I find is troubled at all, and I seemed to make
a promise to get a horse and ride after them; and so, kissing her often,
and Ashwell once, I bid them adieu. So home by coach, and thence by water
to Deptford to the Trinity House, where I came a little late; but I found
them reading their charter, which they did like fools, only reading here
and there a bit, whereas they ought to do it all, every word, and then
proceeded to the election of a maister, which was Sir W. Batten, without
any control, who made a heavy, short speech to them, moving them to give
thanks to the late Maister for his pains, which he said was very great,
and giving them thanks for their choice of him, wherein he would serve
them to the best of his power. Then to the choice of their assistants and
wardens, and so rose. I might have received 2s. 6d. as a younger Brother,
but I directed one of the servants of the House to receive it and keep it.
Thence to church, where Dr. Britton preached a sermon full of words
against the Nonconformists, but no great matter in it, nor proper for the
day at all. His text was, With one mind and one mouth give glory to God,
the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. That done, by water, I in the barge
with the Maister, to the Trinity House at London; where, among others, I
found my Lords Sandwich and Craven, and my cousin Roger Pepys, and Sir Wm.
Wheeler. Anon we sat down to dinner, which was very great, as they always
have. Great variety of talk. Mr. Prin, among many, had a pretty tale of
one that brought in a bill in parliament for the empowering him to dispose
his land to such children as he should have that should bear the name of
his wife. It was in Queen Elizabeths time. One replied that there are
many species of creatures where the male gives the denomination to both
sexes, as swan and woodcock, but not above one where the female do, and
that is a goose. Both at and after dinner we had great discourses of the
nature and power of spirits, and whether they can animate dead bodies; in
all which, as of the general appearance of spirits, my Lord Sandwich is
very scepticall. He says the greatest warrants that ever he had to believe
any, is the present appearing of the Devil

     [In 1664, there being a generall report all over the kingdom of Mr.
     Monpesson his house being haunted, which hee himself affirming to
     the King and Queene to be true, the King sent the Lord Falmouth, and
     the Queene sent mee, to examine the truth of; but wee could neither
     see nor heare anything that was extraordinary; and about a year
     after, his Majesty told me that hee had discovered the cheat, and
     that Mr. Monpesson, upon his Majesty sending for him, confessed it
     to him.  And yet Mr. Monpesson, in a printed letter, had afterwards
     the confidence to deny that hee had ever made any such confession
      (Letters of the Second Earl of Chesterfield, p. 24, 1829, 8vo.).
     Joseph Glanville published a relation of the famous disturbance at
     the house of Mr. Monpesson, at Tedworth, Wilts, occasioned by the
     beating of an invisible drum every night for a year.  This story,
     which was believed at the time, furnished the plot for Addisons
     play of The Drummer, or the Haunted House.  In the Mercurius
     Publicus, April 16-23, 1663, there is a curious examination on this
     subject, by which it appears that one William Drury, of Uscut,
     Wilts, was the invisible drummer.—B.]

in Wiltshire, much of late talked of, who beats a drum up and down. There
are books of it, and, they say, very true; but my Lord observes, that
though he do answer to any tune that you will play to him upon another
drum, yet one tune he tried to play and could not; which makes him suspect
the whole; and I think it is a good argument. Sometimes they talked of
handsome women, and Sir J. Minnes saying that there was no beauty like
what he sees in the country-markets, and specially at Bury, in which I
will agree with him that there is a prettiest women I ever saw. My Lord
replied thus: Sir John, what do you think of your neighbours wife?
looking upon me. Do you not think that he hath a great beauty to his
wife? Upon my word he hath. Which I was not a little proud of. Thence by
barge with my Lord to Blackfriars, where we landed and I thence walked
home, where vexed to find my boy (whom I boxed at his coming for it) and
Will abroad, though he was but upon Tower Hill a very little while. My
head akeing with the healths I was forced to drink to-day I sent for the
barber, and he having done, I up to my wifes closett, and there played on
my viallin a good while, and without supper anon to bed, sad for want of
my wife, whom I love with all my heart, though of late she has given me
some troubled thoughts.

16th. Up, but not so early as I intend now, and to my office, where doing
business all the morning. At noon by desire I dined with Sir W. Batten,
who tells me that the House have voted the supply, intended for the King,
shall be by subsidy. After dinner with Sir J. Minnes to see some pictures
at Brewers, said to be of good hands, but I do not like them. So I to the
office and thence to Stacys, his Tar merchant, whose servant with whom I
agreed yesterday for some tar do by combination with Bowyer and Hill fall
from our agreement, which vexes us all at the office, even Sir W. Batten,
who was so earnest for it. So to the office, where we sat all the
afternoon till night, and then to Sir W. Pen, who continues ill, and so to
bed about 10 oclock.

17th. Up before 4 oclock, which is the hour I intend now to rise at, and
to my office a while, and with great pleasure I fell to my business again.
Anon went with money to my tar merchant to pay for the tar, which he
refuses to sell me; but now the master is come home, and so he speaks very
civilly, and I believe we shall have it with peace. I brought back my
money to my office, and thence to White Hall, and in the garden spoke to
my Lord Sandwich, who is in his gold-buttoned suit, as the mode is, and
looks nobly. Captain Ferrers, I see, is come home from France. I only
spoke one word to him, my Lord being there. He tells me the young
gentlemen are well there; so my Lord went to my Lord Albemarles to
dinner, and I by water home and dined alone, and at the office (after half
an hours viallin practice after dinner) till late at night, and so home
and to bed. This day I sent my cozen Edward Pepys his Lady, at my cozen
Turners, a piece of venison given me yesterday, and Madam Turner I sent
for a dozen bottles of hers, to fill with wine for her. This day I met
with Pierce the surgeon, who tells me that the King has made peace between
Mr. Edward Montagu and his father Lord Montagu, and that all is well
again; at which; for the familys sake, I am very glad, but do not think
it will hold long.

18th. Up by four oclock and to my office, where all the morning writing
out in my Navy collections the ordinary estimate of the Navy, and did it
neatly. Then dined at home alone, my mind pleased with business, but sad
for the absence of my wife. After dinner half an hour at my viallin, and
then all the afternoon sitting at the office late, and so home and to bed.
This morning Mr. Cutler came and sat in my closet half an hour with me,
his discourse very excellent, being a wise man, and I do perceive by him
as well as many others that my diligence is taken notice of in the world,
for which I bless God and hope to continue doing so. Before I went into my
house this night I called at Sir W. Battens, where finding some great
ladies at table at supper with him and his lady, I retreated and went
home, though they called to me again and again, and afterwards sent for
me. So I went, and who should it be but Sir Fr. Clerke and his lady and
another proper lady at supper there, and great cheer, where I staid till
11 oclock at night, and so home and to bed.

19th. Lay till 6 oclock, and then up and to my office, where all the
morning, and at noon to the Exchange, and coming home met Mr. Creed, and
took him back, and he dined with me, and by and by came Mr. Moore, whom I
supplied with L30, and then abroad with them by water to Lambeth,
expecting to have seen the Archbishop lie in state; but it seems he is not
laid out yet. And so over to White Hall, and at the Privy Seal Office
examined the books, and found the grant of increase of salary to the
principall officers in the year 1639, L300 among the Controller, Surveyor,
and Clerk of the Shippes. Thence to Wilkinsons after a good walk in the
Park, where we met on horseback Captain Ferrers; who tells us that the
King of France is well again, and that he saw him train his Guards, all
brave men, at Paris; and that when he goes to his mistress, Madame la
Valiere, a pretty little woman, now with child by him, he goes with his
guards with him publiquely, and his trumpets and kettle-drums with him,
who stay before the house while he is with her; and yet he says that, for
all this, the Queen do not know of it, for that nobody dares to tell her;
but that I dare not believe. Thence I to Wilkinsons, where we had bespoke
a dish of pease, where we eat them very merrily, and there being with us
the little gentleman, a friend of Captain Ferrers, that was with my wife
and I at a play a little while ago, we went thence to the Rhenish
wine-house, where we called for a red Rhenish wine called Bleahard, a
pretty wine, and not mixed, as they say. Here Mr. Moore showed us the
French manner, when a health is drunk, to bow to him that drunk to you,
and then apply yourself to him, whose ladys health is drunk, and then to
the person that you drink to, which I never knew before; but it seems it
is now the fashion. Thence by water home and to bed, having played out of
my chamber window on my pipe before I went to bed, and making Will read a
part of a Latin chapter, in which I perceive in a little while he will be
pretty ready, if he spends but a little pains in it.

20th. Up and to my office, where all the morning, and dined at home, Mr.
Deane, of Woolwich, with me, and he and I all the afternoon down by water,
and in a timber yard, measuring of timber, which I now understand
thoroughly, and shall be able in a little time to do the King great
service. Home in the evening, and after Wills reading a little in the
Latin Testament, to bed.

21st (Lords day). Up betimes, and fell to reading my Latin grammar, which
I perceive I have great need of, having lately found it by my calling Will
to the reading of a chapter in Latin, and I am resolved to go through it.
After being trimmed, I by water to White Hall, and so over the Park, it
raining hard, to Mr. Coventrys chamber, where I spent two hours with him
about business of the Navy, and how by his absence things are like to go
with us, and with good content from my being with him he carried me by
coach and set me down at Whitehall, and thence to right home by water. He
shewed me a list, which he hath prepared for the Parliaments view, if the
business of his selling of offices should be brought to further hearing,
wherein he reckons up, as I remember, 236 offices of ships which have been
disposed of without his taking one farthing. This, of his own accord, he
opened his cabinet on purpose to shew me, meaning, I suppose, that I
should discourse abroad of it, and vindicate him therein, which I shall
with all my power do. At home, being wet, shifted my band and things, and
then to dinner, and after dinner went up and tried a little upon my
tryangle, which I understand fully, and with a little use I believe could
bring myself to do something. So to church, and slept all the sermon, the
Scot, to whose voice I am not to be reconciled, preaching. Thence with Sir
J. Minnes (who poor man had forgot that he carried me the other day to the
painters to see some pictures which he has since bought and are brought
home) to his Jodgings to see some base things he calls them of great
masters of painting. So I said nothing that he had shown me them already,
but commended them, and I think they are indeed good enough. Thence to see
Sir W. Pen, who continues ill of the gout still. Here we staid a good
while, and then I to my office, and read my vows seriously and with
content, and so home to supper, to prayers, and to bed.

22nd. Up betimes and to my office, reading over all our letters of the
office that we have wrote since I came into the Navy, whereby to bring the
whole series of matters into my memory, and to enter in my manuscript some
of them that are needful and of great influence. By and by with Sir W.
Batten by coach to Westminster, where all along I find the shops evening
with the sides of the houses, even in the broadest streets; which will
make the City very much better than it was. I walked in the Hall from one
man to another. Hear that the House is still divided about the manner of
levying the subsidys which they intend to give the King, both as to the
manner, the time, and the number. It seems the House do consent to send to
the King to desire that he would be graciously pleased to let them know
who it was that did inform him of what words Sir Richard Temple should
say, which were to this purpose: That if the King would side with him, or
be guided by him and his party, that he should not lack money: but
without knowing who told it, they do not think fit to call him to any
account for it. Thence with Creed and bought a lobster, and then to an
alehouse, where the maid of the house is a confident merry lass, and if
modest is very pleasant to the customers that come thither. Here we eat
it, and thence to walk in the Park a good while. The Duke being gone
a-hunting, and by and by came in and shifted himself; he having in his
hunting, rather than go about, light and led his horse through a river up
to his breast, and came so home: and when we were come, which was by and
by, we went on to him, and being ready he retired with us, and we had a
long discourse with him. But Mr. Creeds accounts stick still through the
perverse ignorance of Sir G. Carteret, which I cannot safely control as I
would. Thence to the Park again, and there walked up and down an hour or
two till night with Creed, talking, who is so knowing, and a man of that
reason, that I cannot but love his company, though I do not love the man,
because he is too wise to be made a friend of, and acts all by interest
and policy, but is a man fit to learn of. So to White Hall, and by water
to the Temple, and calling at my brothers and several places, but to no
purpose, I came home, and meeting Strutt, the purser, he tells me for a
secret that he was told by Field that he had a judgment against me in the
Exchequer for L400. So I went to Sir W. Batten, and taking Mr. Batten, his
son the counsellor, with me, by coach, I went to Clerke, our Solicitor,
who tells me there can be no such thing, and after conferring with them
two together, who are resolved to look well after the business, I returned
home and to my office, setting down this days passages, and having a
letter that all is well in the country I went home to supper, and then a
Latin chapter of Will and to bed.

23rd. Up by four oclock, and so to my office; but before I went out,
calling, as I have of late done, for my boys copybook, I found that he
had not done his task; so I beat him, and then went up to fetch my ropes
end, but before I got down the boy was gone. I searched the cellar with a
candle, and from top to bottom could not find him high nor low. So to the
office; and after an hour or two, by water to the Temple, to my cozen
Roger; who, I perceive, is a deadly high man in the Parliament business,
and against the Court, showing me how they have computed that the King
hath spent, at least hath received, about four millions of money since he
came in: and in Sir J. Winters case, in which I spoke to him, he is so
high that he says he deserves to be hanged, and all the high words he
could give, which I was sorry to see, though I am confident he means well.
Thence by water home, and to the Change; and by and by comes the King and
the Queen by in great state, and the streets full of people. I stood in
Mr.————s balcone. They dine all at my Lord
Mayors; but what he do for victuals, or room for them, I know not. So
home to dinner alone, and there I found that my boy had got out of doors,
and came in for his hat and band, and so is gone away to his brother; but
I do resolve even to let him go away for good and all. So I by and by to
the office, and there had a great fray with Sir W. Batten and Sir J.
Minnes, who, like an old dotard, is led by the nose by him. It was in
Captain Cockes business of hemp, wherein the King is absolutely abused;
but I was for peace sake contented to be quiet and to sign to his bill,
but in my manner so as to justify myself, and so all was well; but to see
what a knave Sir W. Batten is makes my heart ake. So late at my office,
and then home to supper and to bed, my man Will not being well.

24th. Up before 4 oclock, and so to my lute an hour or more, and then by
water, drinking my morning draft alone at an alehouse in Thames Street, to
the Temple, and thence after a little discourse with my cozen Roger about
some business, away by water to St. Jamess, and there an hours private
discourse with Mr. Coventry, where he told me one thing to my great joy,
that in the business of Captain Cockes hemp, disputed before him the
other day, Mr. Coventry absent, the Duke did himself tell him since, that
Mr. Pepys and he did stand up and carry it against the rest that were
there, Sir G. Carteret and Sir W. Batten, which do please me much to see
that the Duke do take notice of me. We did talk highly of Sir W. Battens
corruption, which Mr. Coventry did very kindly say that it might be only
his heaviness and unaptness for business, that he do things without advice
and rashly, and to gratify people that do eat and drink and play with him,
and that now and then he observes that he signs bills only in anger and
fury to be rid of men. Speaking of Sir G. Carteret, of whom I perceive he
speaks but slightly, and diminishing of him in his services for the King
in Jersey; that he was well rewarded, and had good lands and rents, and
other profits from the King, all the time he was there; and that it was
always his humour to have things done his way. He brought an example how
he would not let the Castle there be victualled for more than a month,
that so he might keep it at his beck, though the people of the town did
offer to supply it more often themselves, which, when one did propose to
the King, Sir George Carteret being by, says Sir George, Let me know who
they are that would do it, I would with all my heart pay them. Ah, by
God, says the Commander that spoke of it, that is it that they are
afeard of, that you would hug them, meaning that he would not endure
them. Another thing he told me, how the Duke of York did give Sir G.
Carteret and the Island his profits as Admirall, and other things, toward
the building of a pier there. But it was never laid out, nor like to be.
So it falling out that a lady being brought to bed, the Duke was to be
desired to be one of the godfathers; and it being objected that that would
not be proper, there being no peer of the land to be joyned with him, the
lady replied, Why, let him choose; and if he will not be a godfather
without a peer, then let him even stay till he hath made a pier of his

     [In the same spirit, long after this, some question arising as to
     the best material to be used in building Westminster Bridge, Lord
     Chesterfield remarked, that there were too many wooden piers (peers)
     at Westminster already.—B.]

He tells me, too, that he hath lately been observed to tack about at
Court, and to endeavour to strike in with the persons that are against the
Chancellor; but this he says of him, that he do not say nor do anything to
the prejudice of the Chancellor. But he told me that the Chancellor was
rising again, and that of late Sir G. Carterets business and employment
hath not been so full as it used to be while the Chancellor stood up. From
that we discoursed of the evil of putting out men of experience in
business as the Chancellor, and from that to speak of the condition of the
Kings party at present, who, as the Papists, though otherwise fine
persons, yet being by law kept for these fourscore years out of
employment, they are now wholly uncapable of business; and so the
Cavaliers for twenty years, who, says he, for the most part have either
given themselves over to look after country and family business, and those
the best of them, and the rest to debauchery, &c.; and that was it
that hath made him high against the late Bill brought into the House for
the making all men incapable of employment that had served against the
King. Why, says he, in the sea-service, it is impossible to do any thing
without them, there being not more than three men of the whole Kings side
that are fit to command almost; and these were Captain Allen, Smith, and
Beech; and it may be Holmes, and Utber, and Batts might do something. I
desired him to tell me if he thought that I did speak anything that I do
against Sir W. Batten and Sir J. Minnes out of ill will or design. He told
me quite the contrary, and that there was reason enough. After a good deal
of good and fine discourse, I took leave, and so to my Lord Sandwichs
house, where I met my Lord, and there did discourse of our office
businesses, and how the Duke do show me kindness, though I have
endeavoured to displease more or less of my fellow officers, all but Mr.
Coventry and Pett; but it matters not. Yes, says my Lord, Sir J. Minnes,
who is great with the Chancellor; I told him the Chancellor I have thought
was declining, and however that the esteem he has among them is nothing
but for a jester or a ballad maker; at which my Lord laughs, and asks me
whether I believe he ever could do that well. Thence with Mr. Creed up and
down to an ordinary, and, the Kings Head being full, went to the other
over against it, a pretty man that keeps it, and good and much meat,
better than the other, but the company and room so small that he must
break, and there wants the pleasure that the other house has in its
company. Here however dined an old courtier that is now so, who did bring
many examples and arguments to prove that seldom any man that brings any
thing to Court gets any thing, but rather the contrary; for knowing that
they have wherewith to live, will not enslave themselves to the
attendance, and flattery, and fawning condition of a courtier, whereas
another that brings nothing, and will be contented to cog, and lie, and
flatter every man and woman that has any interest with the persons that
are great in favour, and can cheat the King, as nothing is to be got
without offending God and the King, there he for the most part, and he
alone, saves any thing. Thence to St. James Park, and there walked two or
three hours talking of the difference between Sir G. Carteret and Mr.
Creed about his accounts, and how to obviate him, but I find Creed a
deadly cunning fellow and one that never do any thing openly, but has
intrigues in all he do or says. Thence by water home to see all well, and
thence down to Greenwich, and there walked into a pretty common garden and
there played with him at nine pins for some drink, and to make the fellows
drink that set up the pins, and so home again being very cold, and taking
a very great cold, being to-day the first time in my tabby doublet this
year. Home, and after a small supper Creed and I to bed. This day I
observed the house, which I took to be the new tennis-court, newly built
next my Lords lodgings, to be fallen down by the badness of the
foundation or slight working, which my cozen Roger and his discontented
party cry out upon, as an example how the Kings work is done, which I am
sorry to see him and others so apt to think ill of things. It hath beaten
down a good deal of my Lords lodgings, and had like to have killed Mrs.
Sarah, she having but newly gone out of it.

25th. Up both of us pretty early and to my chamber, where he and I did
draw up a letter to Sir G. Carteret in excuse and preparation for Creed
against we meet before the Duke upon his accounts, which I drew up and it
proved very well, but I am pleased to see with what secret cunning and
variety of artifice this Creed has carried on his business even unknown to
me, which he is now forced by an accident to communicate to me. So that
taking up all the papers of moment which lead to the clearing of his
accounts unobserved out of the Controllers hand, which he now makes great
use of; knowing that the Controller has not wherewith to betray him. About
this all the morning, only Mr. Bland came to me about some business of
his, and told me the news, which holds to be true, that the Portuguese did
let in the Spaniard by a plot, and they being in the midst of the country
and we believing that they would have taken the whole country, they did
all rise and kill the whole body, near 8,000 men, and Don John of Austria
having two horses killed under him, was forced with one man to flee away.
Sir George Carteret at the office (after dinner, and Creed being gone, for
both now and yesterday I was afraid to have him seen by Sir G. Carteret
with me, for fear that he should increase his doubt that I am of a plot
with Creed in the business of his accounts) did tell us that upon Tuesday
last, being with my Lord Treasurer, he showed him a letter from Portugall
speaking of the advance of the Spaniards into their country, and yet that
the Portuguese were never more courageous than now; for by an old
prophecy, from France, sent thither some years, though not many since,
from the French King, it is foretold that the Spaniards should come into
their country, and in such a valley they should be all killed, and then
their country should be wholly delivered from the Spaniards. This was on
Tuesday last, and yesterday came the very first news that in this very
valley they had thus routed and killed the Spaniards, which is very
strange but true. So late at the office, and then home to supper and to
bed. This noon I received a letter from the country from my wife, wherein
she seems much pleased with the country; God continue that she may have
pleasure while she is there. She, by my Ladys advice, desires a new
petticoat of the new silk striped stuff, very pretty. So I went to
Paternoster Row presently, and bought her one, with Mr. Creeds help, a
very fine rich one, the best I did see there, and much better than she
desires or expects, and sent it by Creed to Unthanke to be made against
tomorrow to send by the carrier, thinking it had been but Wednesday
to-day, but I found myself mistaken, and also the taylor being out of the
way, it could not be done, but the stuff was sent me back at night by
Creed to dispose of some other way to make, but now I shall keep it to
next week.

26th. Up betimes, and Mr. Moore coming to see me, he and

     [Paternoster Row, now famous as the headquarters of the publishing
     houses, was at this time chiefly inhabited by mercers.  This
     street, before the Fire of London, was taken up by eminent Mercers,
     Silkmen and Lacemen; and their shops were so resorted to by the
     nobility and gentry in their coaches, that oft times the street was
     so stopd up that there was no passage for foot passengers
      (Strypes Stow, book iii., p. 195)].

I discoursed of going to Oxford this Commencement, Mr. Nathaniel Crew
being Proctor and Mr. Childe commencing Doctor of Musique this year, which
I have a great mind to do, and, if I can, will order my matters so that I
may do it. By and by, he and I to the Temple, it raining hard, my cozen
Roger being got out, he and I walked a good while among the Temple trees
discoursing of my getting my Lord to let me have security upon his estate
for L100 per ann. for two lives, my own and my wife, for my money. But
upon second thoughts Mr. Moore tells me it is very likely my Lord will
think that I beg something, and may take it ill, and so we resolved not to
move it there, but to look for it somewhere else. Here it raining hard he
and I walked into the Kings Bench Court, where I never was before, and
there staid an hour almost, till it had done raining, which is a sad
season, that it is said there hath not been one fair day these three
months, and I think it is true, and then by water to Westminster, and at
the Parliament House I spoke with Roger Pepys. The House is upon the
Kings answer to their message about Temple, which is, that my Lord of
Bristoll did tell him that Temple did say those words; so the House are
resolved upon sending some of their members to him to know the truth, and
to demand satisfaction if it be not true. So by water home, and after a
little while getting me ready, Sir W. Batten, Sir J. Minnes, my Lady
Batten, and I by coach to Bednall Green, to Sir W. Riders to dinner,
where a fine place, good lady mother, and their daughter, Mrs. Middleton,
a fine woman. A noble dinner, and a fine merry walk with the ladies alone
after dinner in the garden, which is very pleasant; the greatest quantity
of strawberrys I ever saw, and good, and a collation of great mirth, Sir
J. Minnes reading a book of scolding very prettily. This very house

     [Sir William Riders house was known as Kirby Castle, and was
     supposed to have been built in 1570 by John Thorpe for John Kirby.
     It was associated in rhyme with other follies of the time in bricks
     and mortar, as recorded by Stow

                   Kirkebyes Castell, and Fishers Follie,
                    Spinilas pleasure, and Megses glorie.

     The place was known in Strypes time as the Blind Beggars House,
      but he knew nothing of the ballad, The Beggars Daughter of Bednall
     Green, for he remarks, perhaps Kirby beggared himself by it.  Sr.
     William Rider died at this house in 1669.]

was built by the Blind Beggar of Bednall Green, so much talked of and sang
in ballads; but they say it was only some of the outhouses of it. We drank
great store of wine, and a beer glass at last which made me almost sick.
At table, discoursing of thunder and lightning, they told many stories of
their own knowledge at table of their masts being shivered from top to
bottom, and sometimes only within and the outside whole, but among the
rest Sir W. Rider did tell a story of his own knowledge, that a Genoese
gaily in Leghorn Roads was struck by thunder, so as the mast was broke
a-pieces, and the shackle upon one of the slaves was melted clear off of
his leg without hurting his leg. Sir William went on board the vessel, and
would have contributed towards the release of the slave whom Heaven had
thus set free, but he could not compass it, and so he was brought to his
fetters again. In the evening home, and a little to my Tryangle, and so to

27th. Up by 4 oclock and a little to my office. Then comes by agreement
Sir W. Warren, and he and I from ship to ship to see deals of all sorts,
whereby I have encreased my knowledge and with great pleasure. Then to his
yard and house, where I staid two hours or more discoursing of the expense
of the navy and the corruption of Sir W. Batten and his man Wood that he
brings or would bring to sell all that is to be sold by the Navy. Then
home to the office, where we sat a little, and at noon home to dinner,
alone, and thence, it raining hard, by water to the Temple, and so to
Lincolns Inn, and there walked up and down to see the new garden which
they are making, and will be very pretty, and so to walk under the
Chappell by agreement, whither Mr. Clerke our Solicitor came to me, and he
fetched Mr. Long, our Attorney in the Exchequer in the business against
Field, and I directed him to come to the best and speediest composition he
could, which he will do. So home on foot, calling upon my brothers and
elsewhere upon business, and so home to my office, and there wrote letters
to my father and wife, and so home to bed, taking three pills overnight.

28th (Lords day). Early in the morning my last nights physic worked and
did give me a good stool, and then I rose and had three or four stools,
and walked up and down my chamber. Then up, my maid rose and made me a
posset, and by and by comes Mr. Creed, and he and I spent all the morning
discoursing against to-morrow before the Duke the business of his pieces
of eight, in which the Treasurer makes so many queries. At noon, my physic
having done working, I went down to dinner, and then he and I up again and
spent most of the afternoon reading in Cicero and other books of good
discourse, and then he went away, and then came my brother Tom to see me,
telling me how the Joyces do make themselves fine clothes against Mary is
brought to bed. He being gone I went to cast up my monthly accounts, and
to my great trouble I find myself L7 worse than I was the last month, but
I confess it is by my reckoning beforehand a great many things, yet
however I am troubled to see that I can hardly promise myself to lay up
much from months end to months end, about L4 or L5 at most, one month
with another, without some extraordinary gettings, but I must and I hope I
shall continue to have a care of my own expenses. So to the reading my
vows seriously and then to supper. This evening there came my boys
brother to see for him, and tells me he knows not where he is, himself
being out of town this week and is very sorry that he is gone, and so am
I, but he shall come no more. So to prayers, and to bed.

29th. Up betimes and to my office, and by and by to the Temple, and there
appointed to meet in the evening about my business, and thence I walked
home, and up and down the streets is cried mightily the great victory got
by the Portugalls against the Spaniards, where 10,000 slain, 3 or 4,000
taken prisoners, with all the artillery, baggage, money, &c., and Don
John of Austria

     [He was natural son of Philip IV., King of Spain, who, after his
     fathers death in 1665, exerted his whole influence to overthrow the
     Regency appointed during the young kings minority.—B.]

forced to flee with a man or two with him, which is very great news.
Thence home and at my office all the morning, and then by water to St.
Jamess, but no meeting to-day being holy day, but met Mr. Creed in the
Park, and after a walk or two, discoursing his business, took leave of him
in Westminster Hall, whither we walked, and then came again to the Hall
and fell to talk with Mrs. Lane, and after great talk that she never went
abroad with any man as she used heretofore to do, I with one word got her
to go with me and to meet me at the further Rhenish wine-house, where I
did give her a Lobster and do so touse her and feel her all over, making
her believe how fair and good a skin she has, and indeed she has a very
white thigh and leg, but monstrous fat. When weary I did give over and
somebody, having seen some of our dalliance, called aloud in the street,
Sir! why do you kiss the gentlewoman so? and flung a stone at the
window, which vexed me, but I believe they could not see my touzing her,
and so we broke up and I went out the back way, without being observed I
think, and so she towards the Hall and I to White Hall, where taking water
I to the Temple with my cozen Roger and Mr. Goldsborough to Grays Inn to
his counsel, one Mr. Rawworth, a very fine man, where it being the
question whether I as executor should give a warrant to Goldsborough in my
reconveying her estate back again, the mortgage being performed against
all acts of the testator, but only my own, my cozen said he never heard it
asked before; and the other that it was always asked, and he never heard
it denied, or scrupled before, so great a distance was there in their
opinions, enough to make a man forswear ever having to do with the law; so
they agreed to refer it to Serjeant Maynard. So we broke up, and I by
water home from the Temple, and there to Sir W. Batten and eat with him,
he and his lady and Sir J. Minnes having been below to-day upon the East
India men that are come in, but never tell me so, but that they have been
at Woolwich and Deptford, and done great deal of business. God help them.
So home and up to my lute long, and then, after a little Latin chapter
with Will, to bed. But I have used of late, since my wife went, to make a
bad use of my fancy with whatever woman I have a mind to, which I am
ashamed of, and shall endeavour to do so no more. So to sleep.

30th. Up betimes yesterday and to-day, the sun rising very bright and
glorious; and yet yesterday, as it hath been these two months and more,
was a foul day the most part of the day. By and by by water to White Hall,
and there to my Lords lodgings by appointment, whither Mr. Creed comes to
me, having been at Chelsey this morning to fetch my Lord to St. Jamess.
So he and I to the Park, where we understand that the King and Duke are
gone out betimes this morning on board the East India ships lately come
in, and so our meeting appointed is lost. But he and I walked at the
further end of the Park, not to be observed, whither by and by comes my
Lord Sandwich, and he and we walked two hours and more in the Park and
then in White Hall Gallery, and lastly in White Hall garden, discoursing
of Mr. Creeds accounts, and how to answer the Treasurers objections. I
find that the business is L500 deep, the advantage of Creed, and why my
Lord and I should be concerned to promote his profit with so much
dishonour and trouble to us I know not, but however we shall do what we
can, though he deserves it not, for there is nothing even to his own
advantage that can be got out of him, but by mere force. So full of policy
he is in the smallest matters, that I perceive him to be made up of
nothing but design. I left him here, being in my mind vexed at the trouble
that this business gets me, and the distance that it makes between Sir G.
Carteret and myself, which I ought to avoyd. Thence by water home and to
dinner, and afterwards to the office, and there sat till evening, and then
I by water to Deptford to see Sir W. Pen, who lies ill at Captain Rooths,
but in a way to be well again this weather, this day being the only fair
day we have had these two or three months. Among other discourse I did
tell him plainly some of my thoughts concerning Sir W. Batten. and the
office in general, upon design for him to understand that I do mind things
and will not balk to take notice of them, that when he comes to be well
again he may know how to look upon me. Thence homeward walked, and in my
way met Creed coming to meet me, and then turned back and walk a while,
and so to boat and home by water, I being not very forward to talk of his
business, and he by design the same, to see how I would speak of it, but I
did not, but in general terms, and so after supper with general discourse
to bed and sleep. Thus, by Gods blessing, ends this book of two years; I
being in all points in good health and a good way to thrive and do well.
Some money I do and can lay up, but not much, being worth now above L700,
besides goods of all sorts. My wife in the country with Ashwell, her
woman, with my father; myself at home with W. Hewer and my cooke-maid
Hannah, my boy Wayneman being lately run away from me. In my office, my
repute and understanding good, especially with the Duke and Mr. Coventry;
only the rest of the officers do rather envy than love me, I standing in
most of their lights, specially Sir W. Batten, whose cheats I do daily
oppose to his great trouble, though he appears mighty kind and willing to
keep friendship with me, while Sir J. Minnes, like a dotard, is led by the
nose by him. My wife and I, by my late jealousy, for which I am truly to
be blamed, have not the kindness between us which we used and ought to
have, and I fear will be lost hereafter if I do not take course to oblige
her and yet preserve my authority. Publique matters are in an ill
condition; Parliament sitting and raising four subsidys for the King,
which is but a little, considering his wants; and yet that parted withal
with great hardness. They being offended to see so much money go, and no
debts of the publiques paid, but all swallowed by a luxurious Court:
which the King it is believed and hoped will retrench in a little time,
when he comes to see the utmost of the revenue which shall be settled on
him: he expecting to have his L1,200,000 made good to him, which is not
yet done by above L150,000, as he himself reports to the House. My
differences with my uncle Thomas at a good quiett, blessed be God! and
other matters. The town full of the great overthrow lately given to the
Spaniards by the Portugalls, they being advanced into the very middle of
Portugall. The weather wet for two or three months together beyond belief,
almost not one fair day coming between till this day, which has been a
very pleasant [day] and the first pleasant [day] this summer. The charge
of the Navy intended to be limited to L200,000 per annum, the ordinary
charge of it, and that to be settled upon the Customs. The King yet
greatly taken up with Madam Castlemaine and Mrs. Stewart, which God of
Heaven put an end to! Myself very studious to learn what I can of all
things necessary for my place as an officer of the Navy, reading lately
what concerns measuring of timber and knowledge of the tides. I have of
late spent much time with Creed, being led to it by his business of his
accounts, but I find him a fellow of those designs and tricks, that there
is no degree of true friendship to be made with him, and therefore I must
cast him off, though he be a very understanding man, and one that much may
be learned of as to cunning and judging of other men. Besides, too, I do
perceive more and more that my time of pleasure and idleness of any sort
must be flung off to attend to getting of some money and the keeping of my
family in order, which I fear by my wifes liberty may be otherwise lost.