Samuel Pepys diary March 1663

MARCH 1662-1663

March 1st (Lords day). Up and walked to White Hall, to the Chappell,
where preached one Dr. Lewes, said heretofore to have been a great witt;
but he read his sermon every word, and that so brokenly and so low, that
nobody could hear at any distance, nor I anything worth hearing that sat
near. But, which was strange, he forgot to make any prayer before sermon,
which all wonder at, but they impute it to his forgetfulness. After sermon
a very fine anthem; so I up into the house among the courtiers, seeing the
fine ladies, and, above all, my Lady Castlemaine, who is above all, that
only she I can observe for true beauty. The King and Queen being set to
dinner I went to Mr. Foxs, and there dined with him. Much genteel
company, and, among other things, I hear for certain that peace is
concluded between the King of France and the Pope; and also I heard the
reasons given by our Parliament yesterday to the King why they dissent
from him in matter of Indulgence, which are very good quite through, and
which I was glad to hear. Thence to my Lord Sandwich, who continues with a
great cold, locked up; and, being alone, we fell into discourse of my
uncle the Captains death and estate, and I took the opportunity of
telling my Lord how matters stand, and read his will, and told him all,
what a poor estate he hath left, at all which he wonders strangely, which
he may well do. Thence after singing some new tunes with W. Howe I walked
home, whither came Will. Joyce, whom I have not seen here a great while,
nor desire it a great while again, he is so impertinent a coxcomb, and yet
good natured, and mightily concerned for my brothers late folly in his
late wooing at the charge to no purpose, nor could in any probability
expect it. He gone, we all to bed, without prayers, it being washing day

2nd. Up early and by water with Commissioner Pett to Deptford, and there
took the Jemmy yacht (that the King and the Lords virtuosos built the
other day) down to Woolwich, where we discoursed of several matters both
there and at the Ropeyard, and so to the yacht again, and went down four
or five miles with extraordinary pleasure, it being a fine day, and a
brave gale of wind, and had some oysters brought us aboard newly taken,
which were excellent, and ate with great pleasure. There also coming into
the river two Dutchmen, we sent a couple of men on board and bought three
Hollands cheeses, cost 4d. a piece, excellent cheeses, whereof I had two
and Commissioner Pett one. So back again to Woolwich, and going aboard the
Hulke to see the manner of the iron bridles, which we are making of for to
save cordage to put to the chain, I did fall from the shipside into the
ship (Kent), and had like to have broke my left hand, but I only sprained
some of my fingers, which, when I came ashore I sent to Mrs. Ackworth for
some balsam, and put to my hand, and was pretty well within a little while
after. We dined at the White Hart with several officers with us, and after
dinner went and saw the Royal James brought down to the stern of the Docke
(the main business we came for), and then to the Ropeyard, and saw a trial
between Riga hemp and a sort of Indian grass, which is pretty strong, but
no comparison between it and the other for strength, and it is doubtful
whether it will take tarre or no. So to the yacht again, and carried us
almost to London, so by our oars home to the office, and thence Mr. Pett
and I to Mr. Grants coffee-house, whither he and Sir J. Cutler came to us
and had much discourse, mixed discourse, and so broke up, and so home
where I found my poor wife all alone at work, and the house foul, it being
washing day, which troubled me, because that tomorrow I must be forced to
have friends at dinner. So to my office, and then home to supper and to

3rd (Shrove Tuesday). Up and walked to the Temple, and by promise calling
Commissioner Pett, he and I to White Hall to give Mr. Coventry an account
of what we did yesterday. Thence I to the Privy Seal Office, and there got
a copy of Sir W. Pens grant to be assistant to Sir J. Minnes,
Comptroller, which, though there be not much in it, yet I intend to stir
up Sir J. Minnes to oppose, only to vex Sir W. Pen. Thence by water home,
and at noon, by promise, Mrs. Turner and her daughter, and Mrs. Morrice,
came along with Roger Pepys to dinner. We were as merry as I could be,
having but a bad dinner for them; but so much the better, because of the
dinner which I must have at the end of this month. And here Mrs. The.
shewed me my name upon her breast as her Valentine, which will cost me
20s. After dinner I took them down into the wine-cellar, and broached my
tierce of claret for them. Towards the evening we parted, and I to the
office awhile, and then home to supper and to bed, the sooner having taken
some cold yesterday upon the water, which brings me my usual pain. This
afternoon Roger Pepys tells me, that for certain the King is for all this
very highly incensed at the Parliaments late opposing the Indulgence;
which I am sorry for, and fear it will breed great discontent.

4th. Lay long talking with my wife about ordering things in our family,
and then rose and to my office, there collecting an alphabet for my Navy
Manuscript, which, after a short dinner, I returned to and by night
perfected to my great content. So to other business till 9 at night, and
so home to supper and to bed.

5th. Rose this morning early, only to try with intention to begin my last
summers course in rising betimes. So to my office a little, and then to
Westminster by coach with Sir J. Minnes and Sir W. Batten, in our way
talking of Sir W. Pens business of his patent, which I think I have put a
stop to wholly, for Sir J. Minnes swears he will never consent to it. Here
to the Lobby, and spoke with my cozen Roger, who is going to Cambridge
to-morrow. In the Hall I do hear that the Catholiques are in great hopes
for all this, and do set hard upon the King to get Indulgence. Matters, I
hear, are all naught in Ireland, and that the Parliament has voted, and
the people, that is, the Papists, do cry out against the Commissioners
sent by the King; so that they say the English interest will be lost
there. Thence I went to see my Lord Sandwich, who I found very ill, and by
his cold being several nights hindered from sleep, he is hardly able to
open his eyes, and is very weak and sad upon it, which troubled me much.
So after talking with Mr. Cooke, whom I found there, about his folly for
looking and troubling me and other friends in getting him a place (that
is, storekeeper of the Navy at Tangier) before there is any such thing, I
returned to the Hall, and thence back with the two knights home again by
coach, where I found Mr. Moore got abroad, and dined with me, which I was
glad to see, he having not been able to go abroad a great while. Then came
in Mr. Hawley and dined with us, and after dinner I left them, and to the
office, where we sat late, and I do find that I shall meet with nothing to
oppose my growing great in the office but Sir W. Pen, who is now well
again, and comes into the office very brisk, and, I think, to get up his
time that he has been out of the way by being mighty diligent at the
office, which, I pray God, he may be, but I hope by mine to weary him out,
for I am resolved to fall to business as hard as I can drive, God giving
me health. At my office late, and so home to supper and to bed.

6th. Up betimes, and about eight oclock by coach with four horses, with
Sir J. Minnes and Sir W. Batten, to Woolwich, a pleasant day. There at the
yard we consulted and ordered several matters, and thence to the rope yard
and did the like, and so into Mr. Falconers, where we had some fish,
which we brought with us, dressed; and there dined with us his new wife,
which had been his mayde, but seems to be a genteel woman, well enough
bred and discreet. Thence after dinner back to Deptford, where we did as
before, and so home, good discourse in our way, Sir J. Minnes being good
company, though a simple man enough as to the business of his office, but
we did discourse at large again about Sir W. Pens patent to be his
assistant, and I perceive he is resolved never to let it pass. To my
office, and thence to Sir W. Battens, where Major Holmes was lately come
from the Streights, but do tell me strange stories of the faults of Cooper
his master, put in by me, which I do not believe, but am sorry to hear and
must take some course to have him removed, though I believe that the
Captain is proud, and the fellow is not supple enough to him. So to my
office again to set down my Journall, and so home and to bed. This evening
my boy Waynmans brother was with me, and I did tell him again that I must
part with the boy, for I will not keep him. He desires my keeping him a
little longer till he can provide for him, which I am willing for a while
to do. This day it seems the House of Commons have been very high against
the Papists, being incensed by the stir which they make for their having
an Indulgence; which, without doubt, is a great folly in them to be so hot
upon at this time, when they see how averse already the House have showed
themselves from it. This evening Mr. Povy was with me at my office, and
tells me that my Lord Sandwich is this day so ill that he is much afeard
of him, which puts me to great pain, not more for my own sake than for his
poor familys.

7th. Up betimes, and to the office, where some of us sat all the morning.
At noon Sir W. Pen began to talk with me like a counterfeit rogue very
kindly about his house and getting bills signed for all our works, but he
is a cheating fellow, and so I let him talk and answered nothing. So we
parted. I to dinner, and there met The. Turner, who is come on foot in a
frolique to beg me to get a place at sea for John, their man, which is a
rogue; but, however, it may be, the sea may do him good in reclaiming him,
and therefore I will see what I can do. She dined with me; and after
dinner I took coach, and carried her home; in our way, in Cheapside,
lighting and giving her a dozen pair of white gloves as my Valentine.
Thence to my Lord Sandwich, who is gone to Sir W. Wheelers for his more
quiet being, where he slept well last night, and I took him very merry,
playing at cards, and much company with him. So I left him, and Creed and
I to Westminster Hall, and there walked a good while. He told me how for
some words of my Lady Gerards

     [Jane, wife of Lord Gerard (see ante, January 1st, 1662-63).  The
     king had previously put a slight upon Lady Gerard, probably at the
     instigation of Lady Castlemaine, as the two ladies were not friends.
     On the 4th of January of this same year Lady Gerard had given a
     supper to the king and queen, when the king withdrew from the party
     and proceeded to the house of Lady Castlemaine, and remained there
     throughout the evening (see Steinmans Memoir of Barbara, Duchess
     of Cleveland, 1871, p. 47).]

against my Lady Castlemaine to the Queen, the King did the other day
affront her in going out to dance with her at a ball, when she desired it
as the ladies do, and is since forbid attending the Queen by the King;
which is much talked of, my Lord her husband being a great favourite.
Thence by water home and to my office, wrote by the post and so home to

8th (Lords day). Being sent to by Sir J. Minnes to know whether I would
go with him to White Hall to-day, I rose but could not get ready before he
was gone, but however I walked thither and heard Dr. King, Bishop of
Chichester, make a good and eloquent sermon upon these words, They that
sow in tears, shall reap in joy. Thence (the chappell in Lent being hung
with black, and no anthem sung after sermon, as at other times), to my
Lord Sandwich at Sir W. Wheelers. I found him out of order, thinking
himself to be in a fit of an ague, but in the afternoon he was very
cheery. I dined with Sir William, where a good but short dinner, not
better than one of mine commonly of a Sunday. After dinner up to my Lord,
there being Mr. Kumball. My Lord, among other discourse, did tell us of
his great difficultys passed in the business of the Sound, and of his
receiving letters from the King there, but his sending them by Whetstone
was a great folly; and the story how my Lord being at dinner with Sydney,
one of his fellow plenipotentiarys and his mortal enemy, did see
Whetstone, and put off his hat three times to him, but the fellow would
not be known, which my Lord imputed to his coxcombly humour (of which he
was full), and bid Sydney take notice of him too, when at the very time he
had letters in his pocket from the King, as it proved afterwards. And
Sydney afterwards did find it out at Copenhagen, the Dutch Commissioners
telling him how my Lord Sandwich had hired one of their ships to carry
back Whetstone to Lubeck, he being come from Flanders from the King. But I
cannot but remember my Lords aequanimity in all these affairs with
admiration. Thence walked home, in my way meeting Mr. Moore, with whom I
took a turn or two in the street among the drapers in Pauls Churchyard,
talking of business, and so home to bed.

9th. Up betimes, to my office, where all the morning. About noon Sir J.
Robinson, Lord Mayor, desiring way through the garden from the Tower,
called in at the office and there invited me (and Sir W. Pen, who happened
to be in the way) to dinner, which we did; and there had a great Lent
dinner of fish, little flesh. And thence he and I in his coach, against my
will (for I am resolved to shun too great fellowship with him) to White
Hall, but came too late, the Duke having been with our fellow officers
before we came, for which I was sorry. Thence he and I to walk one turn in
the Park, and so home by coach, and I to my office, where late, and so
home to supper and bed. There dined with us to-day Mr. Slingsby, of the
Mint, who showed us all the new pieces both gold and silver (examples of
them all), that are made for the King, by Blondeaus way; and compared
them with those made for Oliver. The pictures of the latter made by
Symons, and of the King by one Rotyr, a German, I think, that dined with
us also. He extolls those of Rotyrs above the others; and, indeed, I
think they are the better, because the sweeter of the two; but, upon my
word, those of the Protector are more like in my mind, than the Kings,
but both very well worth seeing. The crowns of Cromwell are now sold, it
seems, for 25s. and 30s. apiece.

10th. Up and to my office all the morning, and great pleasure it is to be
doing my business betimes. About noon Sir J. Minnes came to me and staid
half an hour with me in my office talking about his business with Sir W.
Pen, and (though with me an old doter) yet he told me freely how sensible
he is of Sir W. Pens treachery in this business, and what poor ways he
has taken all along to ingratiate himself by making Mr. Turner write out
things for him and then he gives them to the Duke, and how he directed him
to give Mr. Coventry L100 for his place, but that Mr. Coventry did give
him L20 back again. All this I am pleased to hear that his knavery is
found out. Dined upon a poor Lenten dinner at home, my wife being vexed at
a fray this morning with my Lady Batten about my boys going thither to
turn the watercock with their maydes leave, but my Lady was mighty high
upon it and she would teach his mistress better manners, which my wife
answered aloud that she might hear, that she could learn little manners of
her. After dinner to my office, and there we sat all the afternoon till 8
at night, and so wrote my letters by the post and so before 9 home, which
is rare with me of late, I staying longer, but with multitude of business
my head akes, and so I can stay no longer, but home to supper and to bed.

11th. Up betimes, and to my office, walked a little in the garden with Sir
W. Batten, talking about the difference between his Lady and my wife
yesterday, and I doubt my wife is to blame. About noon had news by Mr.
Wood that Butler, our chief witness against Field, was sent by him to New
England contrary to our desire, which made me mad almost; and so Sir J.
Minnes, Sir W. Pen, and I dined together at Trinity House, and thither
sent for him to us and told him our minds, which he seemed not to value
much, but went away. I wrote and sent an express to Walthamstow to Sir W.
Pen, who is gone thither this morning, to tell him of it. However, in the
afternoon Wood sends us word that he has appointed another to go, who
shall overtake the ship in the Downes. So I was late at the office, among
other things writing to the Downes, to the Commander-in-Chief, and putting
things into the surest course I could to help the business. So home and to

12th. Up betimes and to my office all the morning with Captain Cocke
ending their account of their Riga contract for hemp. So home to dinner,
my head full of business against the office. After dinner comes my uncle
Thomas with a letter to my father, wherein, as we desire, he and his son
do order their tenants to pay their rents to us, which pleases me well. In
discourse he tells me my uncle Wight thinks much that I do never see them,
and they have reason, but I do apprehend that they have been too far
concerned with my uncle Thomas against us, so that I have had no mind
hitherto, but now I shall go see them. He being gone, I to the office,
where at the choice of maisters and chyrurgeons for the fleet now going
out, I did my business as I could wish, both for the persons I had a mind
to serve, and in getting the warrants signed drawn by my clerks, which I
was afeard of. Sat late, and having done I went home, where I found Mary
Ashwell come to live with us, of whom I hope well, and pray God she may
please us, which, though it cost me something, yet will give me much
content. So to supper and to bed, and find by her discourse and carriage
to-night that she is not proud, but will do what she is bid, but for want
of being abroad knows not how to give the respect to her mistress, as she
will do when she is told it, she having been used only to little children,
and there was a kind of a mistress over them. Troubled all night with my
cold, I being quite hoarse with it that I could not speak to be heard at
all almost.

13th. Up pretty early and to my office all the morning busy. At noon home
to dinner expecting Ashwells father, who was here in the morning and
promised to come but he did not, but there came in Captain Grove, and I
found him to be a very stout man, at least in his discourse he would be
thought so, and I do think that he is, and one that bears me great respect
and deserves to be encouraged for his care in all business. Abroad by
water with my wife and Ashwell, and left them at Mr. Pierces, and I to
Whitehall and St. Jamess Park (there being no Commission for Tangier
sitting to-day as I looked for) where I walked an hour or two with great
pleasure, it being a most pleasant day. So to Mrs. Hunts, and there found
my wife, and so took them up by coach, and carried them to Hide Park,
where store of coaches and good faces. Here till night, and so home and to
my office to write by the post, and so to supper and to bed.

14th. Up betimes and to my office, where we sat all the morning, and a
great rant I did give to Mr. Davis, of Deptford, and others about their
usage of Michell, in his Bewpers,—[Bewpers is the old name for
bunting.]—which he serves in for flaggs, which did trouble me, but
yet it was in defence of what was truth. So home to dinner, where Creed
dined with me, and walked a good while in the garden with me after dinner,
talking, among other things, of the poor service which Sir J. Lawson did
really do in the Streights, for which all this great fame and honour done
him is risen. So to my office, where all the afternoon giving maisters
their warrants for this voyage, for which I hope hereafter to get
something at their coming home. In the evening my wife and I and Ashwell
walked in the garden, and I find she is a pretty ingenuous

     [For ingenious.  The distinction of the two words ingenious and
     ingenuous by which the former indicates mental, and the second moral
     qualities, was not made in Pepyss day.]

girl at all sorts of fine work, which pleases me very well, and I hope
will be very good entertainment for my wife without much cost. So to write
by the post, and so home to supper and to bed.

15th (Lords day). Up and with my wife and her woman Ashwell the first
time to church, where our pew was so full with Sir J. Minness sister and
her daughter, that I perceive, when we come all together, some of us must
be shut out, but I suppose we shall come to some order what to do therein.
Dined at home, and to church again in the afternoon, and so home, and I to
my office till the evening doing one thing or other and reading my vows as
I am bound every Lords day, and so home to supper and talk, and Ashwell
is such good company that I think we shall be very lucky in her. So to
prayers and to bed. This day the weather, which of late has been very hot
and fair, turns very wet and cold, and all the church time this afternoon
it thundered mightily, which I have not heard a great while.

16th. Up very betimes and to my office, where, with several Masters of the
Kings ships, Sir J. Minnes and I advising upon the business of Slopps,
wherein the seaman is so much abused by the Pursers, and that being done,
then I home to dinner, and so carried my wife to her mothers, set her
down and Ashwell to my Lords lodging, there left her, and I to the Duke,
where we met of course, and talked of our Navy matters. Then to the
Commission of Tangier, and there, among other things, had my Lord
Peterboroughs Commission read over; and Mr. Secretary Bennet did make his
querys upon it, in order to the drawing one for my Lord Rutherford more
regularly, that being a very extravagant thing. Here long discoursing upon
my Lord Rutherfords despatch, and so broke up, and so going out of the
Court I met with Mr. Coventry, and so he and I walked half an hour in the
long Stone Gallery, where we discoursed of many things, among others how
the Treasurer doth intend to come to pay in course, which is the thing of
the world that will do the King the greatest service in the Navy, and
which joys my heart to hear of. He tells me of the business of Sir J.
Minnes and Sir W. Pen, which I knew before, but took no notice or little
that I did know it. But he told me it was chiefly to make Mr. Petts being
joyned with Sir W. Batten to go down the better, and do tell me how he
well sees that neither one nor the other can do their duties without help.
But however will let it fall at present without doing more in it to see
whether they will do their duties themselves, which he will see, and saith
they do not. We discoursed of many other things to my great content and so
parted, and I to my wife at my Lords lodgings, where I heard Ashwell play
first upon the harpsicon, and I find she do play pretty well, which
pleaseth me very well. Thence home by coach, buying at the Temple the
printed virginal-book for her, and so home and to my office a while, and
so home and to supper and to bed.

17th. Up betimes and to my office a while, and then home and to Sir W.
Batten, with whom by coach to St. Margarets Hill in Southwark, where the
judge of the Admiralty came, and the rest of the Doctors of the Civill
law, and some other Commissioners, whose Commission of Oyer and Terminer
was read, and then the charge, given by Dr. Exton, which methought was
somewhat dull, though he would seem to intend it to be very rhetoricall,
saying that justice had two wings, one of which spread itself over the
land, and the other over the water, which was this Admiralty Court. That
being done, and the jury called, they broke up, and to dinner to a tavern
hard by, where a great dinner, and I with them; but I perceive that this
Court is yet but in its infancy (as to its rising again), and their design
and consultation was, I could overhear them, how to proceed with the most
solemnity, and spend time, there being only two businesses to do, which of
themselves could not spend much time. In the afternoon to the court again,
where, first, Abraham, the boatswain of the Kings pleasure boat, was
tried for drowning a man; and next, Turpin, accused by our wicked rogue
Field, for stealing the Kings timber; but after full examination, they
were both acquitted, and as I was glad of the first, for the saving the
mans life, so I did take the other as a very good fortune to us; for if
Turpin had been found guilty, it would have sounded very ill in the ears
of all the world, in the business between Field and us. So home with my
mind at very great ease, over the water to the Tower, and thence, there
being nobody at the office, we being absent, and so no office could be
kept. Sir W. Batten and I to my Lord Mayors, where we found my Lord with
Colonel Strangways and Sir Richard Floyd, Parliament-men, in the cellar
drinking, where we sat with them, and then up; and by and by comes in Sir
Richard Ford. In our drinking, which was always going, we had many
discourses, but from all of them I do find Sir R. Ford a very able man of
his brains and tongue, and a scholler. But my Lord Mayor I find to be a
talking, bragging Bufflehead, a fellow that would be thought to have led
all the City in the great business of bringing in the King, and that
nobody understood his plots, and the dark lanthorn he walked by; but led
them and plowed with them as oxen and asses (his own words) to do what he
had a mind when in every discourse I observe him to be as very a coxcomb
as I could have thought had been in the City. But he is resolved to do
great matters in pulling down the shops quite through the City, as he hath
done in many places, and will make a thorough passage quite through the
City, through Canning-street, which indeed will be very fine. And then his
precept, which he, in vain-glory, said he had drawn up himself, and hath
printed it, against coachmen and carrmen affronting of the gentry in the
street; it is drawn so like a fool, and some faults were openly found in
it, that I believe he will have so much wit as not to proceed upon it
though it be printed. Here we staid talking till eleven at night, Sir R.
Ford breaking to my Lord our business of our patent to be justices of the
Peace in the City, which he stuck at mightily; but, however, Sir R. Ford
knows him to be a fool, and so in his discourse he made him appear, and
cajoled him into a consent to it: but so as I believe when he comes to his
right mind tomorrow he will be of another opinion; and though Sir R. Ford
moved it very weightily and neatly, yet I had rather it had been spared
now. But to see how he do rant, and pretend to sway all the City in the
Court of Aldermen, and says plainly that they cannot do, nor will he
suffer them to do, any thing but what he pleases; nor is there any officer
of the City but of his putting in; nor any man that could have kept the
City for the King thus well and long but him. And if the country can be
preserved, he will undertake that the City shall not dare to stir again.
When I am confident there is no man almost in the City cares a turd for
him, nor hath he brains to outwit any ordinary tradesman. So home and
wrote a letter to Commissioner Pett to Chatham by all means to compose the
business between Major Holmes and Cooper his master, and so to bed.

18th. Wake betimes and talk a while with my wife about a wench that she
has hired yesterday, which I would have enquired of before she comes, she
having lived in great families, and so up and to my office, where all the
morning, and at noon home to dinner. After dinner by water to Redriffe, my
wife and Ashwell with me, and so walked and left them at Halfway house; I
to Deptford, where up and down the store-houses, and on board two or three
ships now getting ready to go to sea, and so back, and find my wife
walking in the way. So home again, merry with our Ashwell, who is a merry
jade, and so awhile to my office, and then home to supper, and to bed.
This day my tryangle, which was put in tune yesterday, did please me very
well, Ashwell playing upon it pretty well.

19th. Up betimes and to Woolwich all alone by water, where took the
officers most abed. I walked and enquired how all matters and businesses
go, and by and by to the Clerk of the Cheques house, and there eat some
of his good Jamaica brawne, and so walked to Greenwich. Part of the way
Deane walking with me; talking of the pride and corruption of most of his
fellow officers of the yard, and which I believe to be true. So to
Deptford, where I did the same to great content, and see the people begin
to value me as they do the rest. At noon Mr. Wayth took me to his house,
where I dined, and saw his wife, a pretty woman, and had a good fish
dinner, and after dinner he and I walked to Redriffe talking of several
errors in the Navy, by which I learned a great deal, and was glad of his
company. So by water home, and by and by to the office, where we sat till
almost 9 at night. So after doing my own business in my office, writing
letters, &c., home to supper, and to bed, being weary and vexed that I
do not find other people so willing to do business as myself, when I have
taken pains to find out what in the yards is wanting and fitting to be

20th. Up betimes and over the water, and walked to Deptford, where up and
down the yarde, and met the two clerks of the Cheques to conclude by our
method their callbooks, which we have done to great perfection, and so
walked home again, where I found my wife in great pain abed…. I staid
and dined by her, and after dinner walked forth, and by water to the
Temple, and in Fleet Street bought me a little sword, with gilt handle,
cost 23s., and silk stockings to the colour of my riding cloth suit, cost
I 5s., and bought me a belt there too, cost 15s., and so calling at my
brothers I find he has got a new maid, very likely girl, I wish he do not
play the fool with her. Thence homewards, and meeting with Mr. Kirtons
kinsman in Pauls Church Yard, he and I to a coffee-house; where I hear
how there had like to have been a surprizall of Dublin by some
discontented protestants, and other things of like nature; and it seems
the Commissioners have carried themselves so high for the Papists that the
others will not endure it. Hewlett and some others are taken and clapped
up; and they say the King hath sent over to dissolve the Parliament there,
who went very high against the Commissioners. Pray God send all well!
Hence home and in comes Captain Ferrers and by and by Mr. Bland to see me
and sat talking with me till 9 or 10 at night, and so good night. The
Captain to bid my wife to his childs christening. So my wife being pretty
well again and Ashwell there we spent the evening pleasantly, and so to

21st. Up betimes and to my office, where busy all the morning, and at
noon, after a very little dinner, to it again, and by and by, by
appointment, our full board met, and Sir Philip Warwick and Sir Robert
Long came from my Lord Treasurer to speak with us about the state of the
debts of the Navy; and how to settle it, so as to begin upon the new
foundation of L200,000 per annum, which the King is now resolved not to
exceed. This discourse done, and things put in a way of doing, they went
away, and Captain Holmes being called in he began his high complaint
against his Master Cooper, and would have him forthwith discharged. Which
I opposed, not in his defence but for the justice of proceeding not to
condemn a man unheard, upon [which] we fell from one word to another that
we came to very high terms, such as troubled me, though all and the worst
that I ever said was that that was insolently or ill mannerdly spoken.
When he told me that it was well it was here that I said it. But all the
officers, Sir G. Carteret, Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten, and Sir W. Pen
cried shame of it. At last he parted and we resolved to bring the dispute
between him and his Master to a trial next week, wherein I shall not at
all concern myself in defence of any thing that is unhandsome on the
Masters part nor willingly suffer him to have any wrong. So we rose and I
to my office, troubled though sensible that all the officers are of
opinion that he has carried himself very much unbecoming him. So wrote
letters by the post, and home to supper and to bed.

22d (Lords day). Up betimes and in my office wrote out our bill for the
Parliament about our being made justices of Peace in the City. So home and
to church, where a dull formall fellow that prayed for the Right Hon. John
Lord Barkeley, Lord President of Connaught, &c. So home to dinner, and
after dinner my wife and I and her woman by coach to Westminster, where
being come too soon for the Christening we took up Mr. Creed and went out
to take some ayre, as far as Chelsey and further, I lighting there and
letting them go on with the coach while I went to the church expecting to
see the young ladies of the school, Ashwell desiring me, but I could not
get in far enough, and so came out and at the coachs coming back went in
again and so back to Westminster, and led my wife and her to Captain
Ferrers, and I to my Lord Sandwich, and with him talking a good while; I
find the Court would have this Indulgence go on, but the Parliament are
against it. Matters in Ireland are full of discontent. Thence with Mr.
Creed to Captain Ferrers, where many fine ladies; the house well and
prettily furnished. She [Mrs. Ferrers] lies in, in great state, Mr. G.
Montagu, Collonel Williams, Cromwell that was,

     [Colonel Williams—Cromwell that was—appears to have been Henry
     Cromwell, grandson of Sir Oliver Cromwell, and first cousin, once
     removed, to the Protector.  He was seated at Bodsey House, in the
     parish of Ramsey, which had been his fathers residence, and held
     the commission of a colonel.  He served in several Parliaments for
     Huntingdonshire, voting, in 1660, for the restoration of the
     monarchy; and as he knew the name of Cromwell would not be grateful
     to the Court, he disused it, and assumed that of Williams, which had
     belonged to his ancestors; and he is so styled in a list of knights
     of the proposed Order of the Royal Oak.  He died at Huntingdon, 3rd
     August, 1673.  (Abridged from Nobles Memoirs of the Cromwells,
      vol. i., p. 70.)—B.]

and Mrs. Wright as proxy for my Lady Jemimah, were witnesses. Very pretty
and plentiful entertainment, could not get away till nine at night, and so
home. My coach cost me 7s. So to prayers, and to bed. This day though I
was merry enough yet I could not get yesterdays quarrel out of my mind,
and a natural fear of being challenged by Holmes for the words I did give
him, though nothing but what did become me as a principal officer.

23rd. Up betimes and to my office, before noon my wife and I eat
something, thinking to have gone abroad together, but in comes Mr. Hunt,
who we were forced to stay to dinner, and so while that was got ready he
and I abroad about 2 or 3 small businesses of mine, and so back to dinner,
and after dinner he went away, and my wife and I and Ashwell by coach, set
my wife down at her mothers and Ashwell at my Lords, she going to see
her father and mother, and I to Whitehall, being fearful almost, so poor a
spirit I have, of meeting Major Holmes. By and by the Duke comes, and we
with him about our usual business, and then the Committee for Tangier,
where, after reading my Lord Rutherfords commission and consented to, Sir
R. Ford, Sir W. Rider, and I were chosen to bring in some laws for the
Civill government of it, which I am little able to do, but am glad to be
joyned with them, for I shall learn something of them. Thence to see my
Lord Sandwich, and who should I meet at the door but Major Holmes. He
would have gone away, but I told him I would not spoil his visitt, and
would have gone, but however we fell to discourse and he did as good as
desire excuse for the high words that did pass in his heat the other day,
which I was willing enough to close with, and after telling him my mind we
parted, and I left him to speak with my Lord, and I by coach home, where I
found Will. Howe come home to-day with my wife, and staid with us all
night, staying late up singing songs, and then he and I to bed together in
Ashwells bed and she with my wife. This the first time that I ever lay in
the room. This day Greatorex brought me a very pretty weather-glass for
heat and cold.

     [The thermometer was invented in the sixteenth century, but it is
     disputed who the inventor was.  The claims of Santorio are supported
     by Borelli and Malpighi, while the title of Cornelius Drebbel is
     considered undoubted by Boerhaave.  Galileos air thermometer, made
     before 1597, was the foundation of accurate thermometry.  Galileo
     also invented the alcohol thermometer about 1611 or 1612.  Spirit
     thermometers were made for the Accademia del Cimento, and described
     in the Memoirs of that academy.  When the academy was dissolved by
     order of the Pope, some of these thermometers were packed away in a
     box, and were not discovered until early in the nineteenth century.
     Robert Hooke describes the manufacture and graduation of
     thermometers in his Micrographia (1665).]

24th. Lay pretty long, that is, till past six oclock, and them up and W.
Howe and I very merry together, till having eat our breakfast, he went
away, and I to my office. By and by Sir J. Minnes and I to the Victualling
Office by appointment to meet several persons upon stating the demands of
some people of money from the King. Here we went into their Bakehouse, and
saw all the ovens at work, and good bread too, as ever I would desire to
eat. Thence Sir J. Minnes and I homewards calling at Brownes, the
mathematician in the Minnerys, with a design of buying Whites ruler to
measure timber with, but could not agree on the price. So home, and to
dinner, and so to my office, where we sat anon, and among other things had
Coopers business tried against Captain Holmes, but I find Cooper a
fuddling, troublesome fellow, though a good artist, and so am contented to
have him turned out of his place, nor did I see reason to say one word
against it, though I know what they did against him was with great envy
and pride. So anon broke up, and after writing letters, &c., home to
supper and to bed.

25th (Lady-day). Up betimes and to my office, where all the morning, at
noon dined and to the Exchange, and thence to the Sun Tavern, to my Lord
Rutherford, and dined with him, and some others, his officers, and Scotch
gentlemen, of fine discourse and education. My Lord used me with great
respect, and discoursed upon his business as with one that he did esteem
of, and indeed I do believe that this garrison is likely to come to
something under him. By and by he went away, forgetting to take leave of
me, my back being turned, looking upon the aviary, which is there very
pretty, and the birds begin to sing well this spring. Thence home and to
my office till night, reading over and consulting upon the book and Ruler
that I bought this morning of Browne concerning the lyne of numbers, in
which I find much pleasure. This evening came Captain Grove about hiring
ships for Tangier. I did hint to him my desire that I could make some
lawfull profit thereof, which he promises that he will tell me of all that
he gets and that I shall have a share, which I did not demand, but did
silently consent to it, and money I perceive something will be got
thereby. At night Mr. Bland came and sat with me at my office till late,
and so I home and to bed. This day being washing day and my maid Susan
ill, or would be thought so, put my house so out of order that we had no
pleasure almost in anything, my wife being troubled thereat for want of a
good cook-maid, and moreover I cannot have my dinner as I ought in memory
of my being cut for the stone, but I must have it a day or two hence.

26th. Up betimes and to my office, leaving my wife in bed to take her
physique, myself also not being out of some pain to-day by some cold that
I have got by the sudden change of the weather from hot to cold. This day
is five years since it pleased God to preserve me at my being cut of the
stone, of which I bless God I am in all respects well. Only now and then
upon taking cold I have some pain, but otherwise in very good health
always. But I could not get my feast to be kept to-day as it used to be,
because of my wifes being ill and other disorders by my servants being
out of order. This morning came a new cook-maid at L4 per annum, the first
time I ever did give so much, but we hope it will be nothing lost by
keeping a good cook. She did live last at my Lord Monks house, and indeed
at dinner did get what there was very prettily ready and neat for me,
which did please me much. This morning my uncle Thomas was with me
according to agreement, and I paid him the L50, which was against my heart
to part with, and yet I must be contented; I used him very kindly, and I
desire to continue so voyd of any discontent as to my estate, that I may
follow my business the better. At the Change I met him again, with intent
to have met with my uncle Wight to have made peace with him, with whom by
my long absence I fear I shall have a difference, but he was not there, so
we missed. All the afternoon sat at the office about business till 9 or 10
at night, and so dispatch business and home to supper and to bed. My maid
Susan went away to-day, I giving her something for her lodging and diet
somewhere else a while that I might have room for my new maid.

27th. Up betimes and at my office all the morning, at noon to the
Exchange, and there by appointment met my uncles Thomas and Wight, and
from thence with them to a tavern, and there paid my uncle Wight three
pieces of gold for himself, my aunt, and their son that is dead, left by
my uncle Robert, and read over our agreement with my uncle Thomas and the
state of our debts and legacies, and so good friendship I think is made up
between us all, only we have the worst of it in having so much money to
pay. Thence I to the Exchequer again, and thence with Creed into Fleet
Street, and calling at several places about business; in passing, at the
Hercules pillars he and I dined though late, and thence with one that we
found there, a friend of Captain Ferrers I used to meet at the playhouse,
they would have gone to some gameing house, but I would not but parted,
and staying a little in Pauls Churchyard, at the foreign Booksellers
looking over some Spanish books, and with much ado keeping myself from
laying out money there, as also with them, being willing enough to have
gone to some idle house with them, I got home, and after a while at my
office, to supper, and to bed.

28th. Up betimes and to my office, where all the morning. Dined at home
and Creed with me, and though a very cold day and high wind, yet I took
him by land to Deptford, my common walk, where I did some little
businesses, and so home again walking both forwards and backwards, as much
along the street as we could to save going by water. So home, and after
being a little while hearing Ashwell play on the tryangle, to my office,
and there late, writing a chiding letter—to my poor father about his
being so unwilling to come to an account with me, which I desire he might
do, that I may know what he spends, and how to order the estate so as to
pay debts and legacys as far as may be. So late home to supper and to bed.

29th (Lords day). Waked as I used to do betimes, but being Sunday and
very cold I lay long, it raining and snowing very hard, which I did never
think it would have done any more this year. Up and to church, home to
dinner. After dinner in comes Mr. Moore, and sat and talked with us a good
while; among other things telling me, that [neither] my Lord nor he are
under apprehensions of the late discourse in the House of Commons,
concerning resumption of Crowne lands, which I am very glad of. He being
gone, up to my chamber, where my wife and Ashwell and I all the afternoon
talking and laughing, and by and by I a while to my office, reading over
some papers which I found in my man Williams chest of drawers, among
others some old precedents concerning the practice of this office
heretofore, which I am glad to find and shall make use of, among others an
oath, which the Principal Officers were bound to swear at their entrance
into their offices, which I would be glad were in use still. So home and
fell hard to make up my monthly accounts, letting my family go to bed
after prayers. I staid up long, and find myself, as I think, fully worth
L670. So with good comfort to bed, finding that though it be but little,
yet I do get ground every month. I pray God it may continue so with me.

30th. Up betimes and found my weather-glass sunk again just to the same
position which it was last night before I had any fire made in my chamber,
which had made it rise in two hours time above half a degree. So to my
office where all the morning and at the Glass-house, and after dinner by
coach with Sir W. Pen I carried my wife and her woman to Westminster, they
to visit Mrs. Ferrers and Clerke, we to the Duke, where we did our usual
business, and afterwards to the Tangier Committee, where among other
things we all of us sealed and signed the Contract for building the Mole
with my Lord Tiviott, Sir J. Lawson, and Mr. Cholmeley. A thing I did with
a very ill will, because a thing which I did not at all understand, nor
any or few of the whole board. We did also read over the propositions for
the Civill government and Law Merchant of the town, as they were agreed on
this morning at the Glasshouse by Sir R. Ford and Sir W. Rider, who drew
them, Mr. Povy and myself as a Committee appointed to prepare them, which
were in substance but not in the manner of executing them independent
wholly upon the Governor consenting to. Thence to see my Lord Sandwich,
who I found very merry and every day better and better. So to my wife, who
waited my coming at my Lords lodgings, and took her up and by coach home,
where no sooner come but to bed, finding myself just in the same condition
I was lately by the extreme cold weather, my pores stopt and so my body
all inflamed and itching. So keeping myself warm and provoking myself to a
moderate sweat, and so somewhat better in the morning,

31st. And to that purpose I lay long talking with my wife about my
fathers coming, which I expect to-day, coming up with the horses brought
up for my Lord. Up and to my office, where doing business all the morning,
and at Sir W. Battens, whither Mr. Gauden and many others came to us
about business. Then home to dinner, where W. Joyce came, and he still a
talking impertinent fellow. So to the office again, and hearing by and by
that Madam Clerke, Pierce, and others were come to see my wife I stepped
in and staid a little with them, and so to the office again, where late,
and so home to supper and to bed.