Samuel Pepys diary February 1663

FEBRUARY 1662-1663

February 1st (Lords day). Up and to church, where Mr. Mills, a good
sermon, and so home and had a good dinner with my wife, with which I was
pleased to see it neatly done, and this troubled me to think of parting
with Jane, that is come to be a very good cook. After dinner walked to my
Lord Sandwich, and staid with him in the chamber talking almost all the
afternoon, he being not yet got abroad since his sickness. Many discourses
we had; but, among others, how Sir R. Bernard is turned out of his
Recordership of Huntingdon by the Commissioners for Regulation, &c.,
at which I am troubled, because he, thinking it is done by my Lord
Sandwich, will act some of his revenge, it is likely, upon me in my
business, so that I must cast about me to get some other counsel to rely
upon. In the evening came Mr. Povey and others to see my Lord, and they
gone, my Lord and I and Povey fell to the business of Tangier, as to the
victualling, and so broke up, and I, it being a fine frost, my boy
lighting me I walked home, and after supper up to prayers, and then alone
with my wife and Jane did fall to tell her what I did expect would become
of her since, after so long being my servant, she had carried herself so
as to make us be willing to put her away, and desired God to bless [her],
but bid her never to let me hear what became of her, for that I could
never pardon ingratitude. So I to bed, my mind much troubled for the poor
girl that she leaves us, and yet she not submitting herself, for some
words she spoke boldly and yet I believe innocently and out of familiarity
to her mistress about us weeks ago, I could not recall my words that she
should stay with me. This day Creed and I walking in White Hall garden did
see the King coming privately from my Lady Castlemaines; which is a poor
thing for a Prince to do; and I expressed my sense of it to Creed in terms
which I should not have done, but that I believe he is trusty in that

2nd. Up, and after paying Jane her wages, I went away, because I could
hardly forbear weeping, and she cried, saying it was not her fault that
she went away, and indeed it is hard to say what it is, but only her not
desiring to stay that she do now go. By coach with Sir J. Minnes and Sir
W. Batten to the Duke; and after discourse as usual with him in his
closett, I went to my Lords: the King and Duke being gone to chappell, it
being collar-day, it being Candlemas-day; where I staid with him a while
until towards noon, there being Jonas Moore talking about some
mathematical businesses, and thence I walked at noon to Mr. Poveys, where
Mr. Gawden met me, and after a neat and plenteous dinner as is usual, we
fell to our victualling business, till Mr. Gawden and I did almost fall
out, he defending himself in the readiness of his provision, when I know
that the ships everywhere stay for them. Thence Mr. Povey and I walked to
White Hall, it being a great frost still, and after a turn in the Park
seeing them slide, we met at the Committee for Tangier, a good full
Committee, and agreed how to proceed in the dispatching of my Lord
Rutherford, and treating about this business of Mr. Cholmely and Sir J.
Lawsons proposal for the Mole. Thence with Mr. Coventry down to his
chamber, where among other discourse he did tell me how he did make it not
only his desire, but as his greatest pleasure, to make himself an interest
by doing business truly and justly, though he thwarts others greater than
himself, not striving to make himself friends by addresses; and by this he
thinks and observes he do live as contentedly (now he finds himself
secured from fear of want), and, take one time with another, as void of
fear or cares, or more, than they that (as his own termes were) have
quicker pleasures and sharper agonies than he. Thence walking with Mr.
Creed homewards we turned into a house and drank a cup of Cock ale and so
parted, and I to the Temple, where at my cozen Rogers chamber I met Madam
Turner, and after a little stay led her home and there left her, she and
her daughter having been at the play to-day at the Temple, it being a
revelling time with them.

     [The revels were held in the Inner Temple Hall.  The last revel in
     any of the Inns of Court was held in the Inner Temple in 1733.]

Thence called at my brothers, who is at church, at the buriall of young
Cumberland, a lusty young man. So home and there found Jane gone, for
which my wife and I are very much troubled, and myself could hardly
forbear shedding tears for fear the poor wench should come to any ill
condition after her being so long with me. So to my office and setting
papers to rights, and then home to supper and to bed. This day at my
Lords I sent for Mr. Ashwell, and his wife came to me, and by discourse I
perceive their daughter is very fit for my turn if my family may be as
much for hers, but I doubt it will be to her loss to come to me for so
small wages, but that will be considered of.

3rd. To the office all the morning, at noon to dinner, where Mr. Creed
dined with me, and Mr. Ashwell, with whom after dinner I discoursed
concerning his daughter coming to live with us. I find that his daughter
will be very fit, I think, as any for our turn, but the conditions I know
not what they will be, he leaving it wholly to her, which will be agreed
on a while hence when my wife sees her. After an hours discourse after
dinner with them, I to my office again, and there about business of the
office till late, and then home to supper and to bed.

4th. Up early and to Mr. Moore, and thence to Mr. Lovell about my law

business, and from him to Pauls School, it being Apposition-day there. I
heard some of their speeches, and they were just as schoolboys used to
be, of the seven liberal sciences; but I think not so good as ours were in
our time. Away thence and to Bow Church, to the Court of Arches, where a
judge sits, and his proctors about him in their habits, and their
pleadings all in Latin. Here I was sworn to give a true answer to my
uncles libells, and so paid my fee for swearing, and back again to Pauls
School, and went up to see the head forms posed in Latin, Greek, and
Hebrew, but I think they did not answer in any so well as we did, only in
geography they did pretty well: Dr. Wilkins and Outram were examiners. So
down to the school, where Dr. Crumlum did me much honour by telling many
what a present I had made to the school, shewing my Stephanus, in four
volumes, cost me L4 10s. He also shewed us, upon my desire, an old edition
of the grammar of Coletts, where his epistle to the children is very
pretty; and in rehearsing the creed it is said borne of the cleane Virgin
Mary. Thence with Mr. Elborough (he being all of my old acquaintance that
I could meet with here) to a cooks shop to dinner, but I found him a
fool, as he ever was, or worse. Thence to my cozen Roger Pepys and Mr.
Phillips about my law businesses, which stand very bad, and so home to the
office, where after doing some business I went home, where I found our new
mayde Mary, that is come in Janes place.

5th. Up and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and then home to
dinner, and found it so well done, above what I did expect from my mayde
Susan, now Jane is gone, that I did call her in and give her sixpence.
Thence walked to the Temple, and there at my cozen Roger Pepyss chamber
met by appointment with my uncle Thomas and his son Thomas, and there I
shewing them a true state of my uncles estate as he has left it with the
debts, &c., lying upon it, we did come to some quiett talk and fair
offers against an agreement on both sides, though I do offer quite to the
losing of the profit of the whole estate for 8 or 10 years together, yet
if we can gain peace, and set my mind at a little liberty, I shall be glad
of it. I did give them a copy of this state, and we are to meet tomorrow
with their answer. So walked home, it being a very great frost still, and
to my office, there late writing letters of office business, and so home
to supper and to bed.

6th. Up and to my office about business, examining people what they could
swear against Field, and the whole is, that he has called us cheating
rogues and cheating knaves, for which we hope to be even with him. Thence
to Lincolns Inn Fields; and it being too soon to go to dinner, I walked
up and down, and looked upon the outside of the new theatre, now
a-building in Covent Garden, which will be very fine. And so to a
booksellers in the Strand, and there bought Hudibras again, it being
certainly some ill humour to be so against that which all the world cries
up to be the example of wit; for which I am resolved once again to read
him, and see whether I can find it or no. So to Mr. Povys, and there
found them at dinner, and dined there, there being, among others, Mr.
Williamson, Latin Secretary, who, I perceive, is a pretty knowing man and
a scholler, but, it may be, thinks himself to be too much so. Thence,
after dinner, to the Temple, to my cozen Roger Pepys, where met us my
uncle Thomas and his son; and, after many high demands, we at last came to
a kind of agreement upon very hard terms, which are to be prepared in
writing against Tuesday next. But by the way promising them to pay my
cozen Marys legacys at the time of her marriage, they afterwards told me
that she was already married, and married very well, so that I must be
forced to pay it in some time. My cozen Roger was so sensible of our
coming to agreement that he could not forbear weeping, and, indeed, though
it is very hard, yet I am glad to my heart that we are like to end our
trouble. So we parted for to-night, and I to my Lord Sandwich and there
staid, there being a Committee to sit upon the contract for the Mole,
which I dare say none of us that were there understood, but yet they
agreed of things as Mr. Cholmely and Sir J. Lawson demanded, who are the
undertakers, and so I left them to go on to agree, for I understood it
not. So home, and being called by a coachman who had a fare in him, he
carried me beyond the Old Exchange, and there set down his fare, who would
not pay him what was his due, because he carried a stranger with him, and
so after wrangling he was fain to be content with 6d., and being vexed the
coachman would not carry me home a great while, but set me down there for
the other 6d., but with fair words he was willing to it, and so I came
home and to my office, setting business in order, and so to supper and to
bed, my mind being in disorder as to the greatness of this days business
that I have done, but yet glad that my trouble therein is like to be over.

7th. Up and to my office, whither by agreement Mr. Coventry came before
the time of sitting to confer about preparing an account of the
extraordinary charge of the Navy since the Kings coming, more than is
properly to be applied and called the Navy charge. So by and by we sat,
and so till noon. Then home to dinner, and in the afternoon some of us met
again upon something relating to the victualling, and thence to my writing
of letters late, and making my Alphabet to my new Navy book very pretty.
And so after writing to my father by the post about the endeavour to come
to a composition with my uncle, though a very bad one, desiring him to be
contented therewith, I went home to supper and to bed.

8th (Lords day). Up, and it being a very great frost, I walked to White
Hall, and to my Lord Sandwichs by the fireside till chapel time, and so
to chappell, where there preached little Dr. Duport, of Cambridge, upon
Josiahs words,—But I and my house, we will serve the Lord. But
though a great scholler, he made the most flat dead sermon, both for
matter and manner of delivery, that ever I heard, and very long beyond his
hour, which made it worse. Thence with Mr. Creed to the Kings Head
ordinary, where we dined well, and after dinner Sir Thomas Willis and
another stranger, and Creed and I, fell a-talking; they of the errours and
corruption of the Navy, and great expence thereof, not knowing who I was,
which at last I did undertake to confute, and disabuse them: and they took
it very well, and I hope it was to good purpose, they being
Parliament-men. By and by to my Lords, and with him a good while talking
upon his want of money, and ways of his borrowing some, &c., and then
by other visitants, I withdrew and away, Creed and I and Captn. Ferrers to
the Park, and there walked finely, seeing people slide, we talking all the
while; and Captn. Ferrers telling me, among other Court passages, how
about a month ago, at a ball at Court, a child was dropped by one of the
ladies in dancing, but nobody knew who, it being taken up by somebody in
their handkercher. The next morning all the Ladies of Honour appeared
early at Court for their vindication, so that nobody could tell whose this
mischance should be. But it seems Mrs. Wells

     [Winifred Wells, maid of honour to the Queen, who figures in the
     Grammont Memoirs.  The king is supposed to have been father of the
     child.  A similar adventure is told of Mary Kirke (afterwards
     married to Sir Thomas Vernon), who figures in the Grammont Memoirs
      as Miss Warmestre.]

fell sick that afternoon, and hath disappeared ever since, so that it is
concluded that it was her. Another story was how my Lady Castlemaine, a
few days since, had Mrs. Stuart to an entertainment, and at night began a
frolique that they two must be married, and married they were, with ring
and all other ceremonies of church service, and ribbands and a sack posset
in bed, and flinging the stocking; but in the close, it is said that my
Lady Castlemaine, who was the bridegroom, rose, and the King came and took
her place with pretty Mrs. Stuart. This is said to be very true. Another
story was how Captain Ferrers and W. Howe both have often, through my Lady
Castlemaines window, seen her go to bed and Sir Charles Barkeley in the
chamber all the while with her. But the other day Captn. Ferrers going to
Sir Charles to excuse his not being so timely at his arms the other day,
Sir Charles swearing and cursing told him before a great many other
gentlemen that he would not suffer any man of the Kings Guards to be
absent from his lodging a night without leave. Not but that, says he, once
a week or so I know a gentleman must go…, and I am not for denying it to
any man, but however he shall be bound to ask leave to lie abroad, and to
give account of his absence, that we may know what guard the King has to
depend upon. The little Duke of Monmouth, it seems, is ordered to take
place of all Dukes, and so to follow Prince Rupert now, before the Duke of
Buckingham, or any else. Whether the wind and the cold did cause it or no
I know not, but having been this day or two mightily troubled with an
itching all over my body which I took to be a louse or two that might
bite me, I found this afternoon that all my body is inflamed, and my face
in a sad redness and swelling and pimpled, so that I was before we had
done walking not only sick but ashamed of myself to see myself so changed
in my countenance, so that after we had thus talked we parted and I walked
home with much ado (Captn. Ferrers with me as far as Ludgate Hill towards
Mr. Moore at the Wardrobe), the ways being so full of ice and water by
peoples trampling. At last got home and to bed presently, and had a very
bad night of it, in great pain in my stomach, and in great fever.

9th. Could not rise and go to the Duke, as I should have done with the
rest, but keep my bed and by the Apothecarys advice, Mr. Battersby, I am
to sweat soundly, and that will carry all this matter away which nature
would of itself eject, but they will assist nature, it being some disorder
given the blood, but by what I know not, unless it be by my late quantitys
of Dantzic-girkins that I have eaten. In the evening came Sir J. Minnes
and Sir W. Batten to see me, and Sir J. Minnes advises me to the same
thing, but would not have me take anything from the apothecary, but from
him, his Venice treacle being better than the others, which I did consent
to and did anon take and fell into a great sweat, and about 10 or 11
oclock came out of it and shifted myself, and slept pretty well alone, my
wife lying in the red chamber above.

10th. In the morning most of my disease, that is, itching and pimples,
were gone. In the morning visited by Mr. Coventry and others, and very
glad I am to see that I am so much inquired after and my sickness taken
notice of as I did. I keep my bed all day and sweat again at night, by
which I expect to be very well to-morrow. This evening Sir W. Warren came
himself to the door and left a letter and box for me, and went his way.
His letter mentions his giving me and my wife a pair of gloves; but,
opening the box, we found a pair of plain white gloves for my hand, and a
fair state dish of silver, and cup, with my arms, ready cut upon them,
worth, I believe, about L18, which is a very noble present, and the best I
ever had yet. So after some contentful talk with my wife, she to bed and I
to rest.

11th. Took a clyster in the morning and rose in the afternoon. My wife and
I dined on a pullet and I eat heartily, having eat nothing since Sunday
but water gruel and posset drink, but must needs say that our new maid
Mary has played her part very well in her readiness and discretion in
attending me, of which I am very glad. In the afternoon several people
came to see me, my uncle Thomas, Mr. Creed, Sir J. Minnes (who has been,
God knows to what end, mighty kind to me and careful of me in my
sickness). At night my wife read Sir H. Vanes tryall to me, which she
began last night, and I find it a very excellent thing, worth reading, and
him to have been a very wise man. So to supper and to bed.

12th. Up and find myself pretty well, and so to the office, and there all
the morning. Rose at noon and home to dinner in my green chamber, having a
good fire. Thither there came my wifes brother and brought Mary Ashwell
with him, whom we find a very likely person to please us, both for person,
discourse, and other qualitys. She dined with us, and after dinner went
away again, being agreed to come to us about three weeks or a month hence.
My wife and I well pleased with our choice, only I pray God I may be able
to maintain it. Then came an old man from Mr. Povy, to give me some advice
about his experience in the stone, which I [am] beholden to him for, and
was well pleased with it, his chief remedy being Castle soap in a posset.
Then in the evening to the office, late writing letters and my Journall
since Saturday, and so home to supper and to bed.

13th. Lay very long with my wife in bed talking with great pleasure, and
then rose. This morning Mr. Cole, our timber merchant, sent me five couple
of ducks. Our maid Susan is very ill, and so the whole trouble of the
house lies upon our maid Mary, who do it very contentedly and mighty well,
but I am sorry she is forced to it. Dined upon one couple of ducks to-day,
and after dinner my wife and I by coach to Toms, and I to the Temple to
discourse with my cozen Roger Pepys about my law business, and so back
again, it being a monstrous thaw after the long great frost, so that there
is no passing but by coach in the streets, and hardly that. Took my wife
home, and I to my office. Find myself pretty well but fearful of cold, and
so to my office, where late upon business; Mr. Bland sitting with me,
talking of my Lord Windsors being come home from Jamaica, unlooked-for;
which makes us think that these young Lords are not fit to do any service
abroad, though it is said that he could not have his health there, but
hath razed a fort of the King of Spain upon Cuba, which is considerable,
or said to be so, for his honour. So home to supper and to bed. This day I
bought the second part of Dr. Batess Elenchus, which reaches to the fall
of Richard, and no further, for which I am sorry. This evening my wife had
a great mind to choose Valentines against to-morrow, I Mrs. Clerke, or
Pierce, she Mr. Hunt or Captain Ferrers, but I would not because of
getting charge both to me for mine and to them for her, which did not
please her.

14th. Up and to my office, where we met and sate all the morning, only Mr.
Coventry, which I think is the first or second time he has missed since he
came to the office, was forced to be absent. So home to dinner, my wife
and I upon a couple of ducks, and then by coach to the Temple, where my
uncle Thomas, and his sons both, and I, did meet at my cozen Rogers and
there sign and seal to an agreement. Wherein I was displeased at nothing
but my cozen Rogers insisting upon my being obliged to settle upon them
as the will do all my uncles estate that he has left, without power of
selling any for the payment of debts, but I would not yield to it without
leave of selling, my Lord Sandwich himself and my cozen Thos. Pepys being
judges of the necessity thereof, which was done. One thing more that
troubles me was my being forced to promise to give half of what personal
estate could be found more than L372, which I reported to them, which
though I do not know it to be less than what we really have found, yet he
would have been glad to have been at liberty for that, but at last I did
agree to it under my own handwriting on the backside of the report I did
make and did give them of the estate, and have taken a copy of it upon the
backside of one that I have. All being done I took the father and his son
Thos. home by coach, and did pay them L30, the arrears of the fathers
annuity, and with great seeming love parted, and I presently to bed, my
head akeing mightily with the hot dispute I did hold with my cozen Roger
and them in the business.

15th (Lords day). This morning my wife did wake me being frighted with
the noise I made in my sleep, being a dream that one of our sea maisters
did desire to see the St. Johns Isle of my drawing, which methought I
showed him, but methought he did handle it so hard that it put me to very
horrid pain…. Which what a strange extravagant dream it was. So to sleep
again and lay long in bed, and then trimmed by the barber, and so sending
Will to church, myself staid at home, hanging up in my green chamber my
picture of the Soveraigne, and putting some things in order there. So to
dinner, to three more ducks and two teals, my wife and I. Then to Church,
where a dull sermon, and so home, and after walking about the house awhile
discoursing with my wife, I to my office there to set down something and
to prepare businesses for tomorrow, having in the morning read over my
vows, which through sicknesse I could not do the last Lords day, and not
through forgetfulness or negligence, so that I hope it is no breach of my
vow not to pay my forfeiture. So home, and after prayers to bed, talking
long with my wife and teaching her things in astronomy.

16th. Up and by coach with Sir W. Batten and Sir J. Minnes to White Hall,
and, after we had done our usual business with the Duke, to my Lord
Sandwich and by his desire to Sir W. Wheeler, who was brought down in a
sedan chair from his chamber, being lame of the gout, to borrow L1000 of
him for my Lords occasions, but he gave me a very kind denial that he
could not, but if any body else would, he would be bond with my Lord for
it. So to Westminster Hall, and there find great expectation what the
Parliament will do, when they come two days hence to sit again, in matters
of religion. The great question is, whether the Presbyters will be
contented to have the Papists have the same liberty of conscience with
them, or no, or rather be denied it themselves: and the Papists, I hear,
are very busy designing how to make the Presbyters consent to take their
liberty, and to let them have the same with them, which some are apt to
think they will. It seems a priest was taken in his vests officiating
somewhere in Holborn the other day, and was committed by Secretary Morris,
according to law; and they say the Bishop of London did give him thanks
for it. Thence to my Lord Crews and dined there, there being much
company, and the above-said matter is now the present publique discourse.
Thence about several businesses to Mr. Phillips my attorney, to stop all
proceedings at law, and so to the Temple, where at the Solicitor Generals
I found Mr. Cholmely and Creed reading to him the agreement for him to put
into form about the contract for the Mole at Tangier, which is done at
13s. the Cubical yard, though upon my conscience not one of the Committee,
besides the parties concerned, do understand what they do therein, whether
they give too much or too little. Thence with Mr. Creed to see Mr. Moore,
who continues sick still, within doors, and here I staid a good while
after him talking of all the things either business or no that came into
my mind, and so home and to see Sir W. Pen, and sat and played at cards
with him, his daughter, and Mrs. Rooth, and so to my office a while, and
then home and to bed.

17th. Up and to my office, and there we sat all the morning, and at noon
my wife being gone to Chelsey with her brother and sister and Mrs. Lodum,
to see the wassell at the school, where Mary Ashwell is, I took home Mr.
Pett and he dined with me all alone, and much discourse we had upon the
business of the office, and so after dinner broke up and with much ado, it
raining hard, which it has not done a great while now, but only frost a
great while, I got a coach and so to the Temple, where discoursed with Mr.
W. Montagu about borrowing some money for my Lord, and so by water (where
I have not been a good while through cold) to Westminster to Sir W.
Wheelers, whom I found busy at his own house with the Commissioners of
Sewers, but I spoke to him about my Lords business of borrowing money,
and so to my Lord of Sandwich, to give him an account of all, whom I found
at cards with Pickering; but he made an end soon: and so all alone, he and
I, after I had given him an account, he told me he had a great secret to
tell me, such as no flesh knew but himself, nor ought; which was this:
that yesterday morning Eschar, Mr. Edward Montagus man, did come to him
from his master with some of the Clerks of the Exchequer, for my Lord to
sign to their books for the Embassy money; which my Lord very civilly
desired not to do till he had spoke with his master himself. In the
afternoon, my Lord and my Lady Wright being at cards in his chamber, in
comes Mr. Montagu; and desiring to speak with my Lord at the window in his
chamber, he begun to charge my Lord with the greatest ingratitude in the
world: that he that had received his earldom, garter, L4000 per annum, and
whatever he is in the world, from him, should now study him all the
dishonour that he could; and so fell to tell my Lord, that if he should
speak all that he knew of him, he could do so and so. In a word, he did
rip up all that could be said that was unworthy, and in the basest terms
they could be spoken in. To which my Lord answered with great temper,
justifying himself, but endeavouring to lessen his heat, which was a
strange temper in him, knowing that he did owe all he hath in the world to
my Lord, and that he is now all that he is by his means and favour. But my
Lord did forbear to increase the quarrel, knowing that it would be to no
good purpose for the world to see a difference in the family; but did
allay him so as that he fell to weeping. And after much talk (among other
things Mr. Montagu telling him that there was a fellow in the town, naming
me, that had done ill offices, and that if he knew it to be so, he would
have him cudgelled) my Lord did promise him that, if upon account he saw
that there was not many tradesmen unpaid, he would sign the books; but if
there was, he could not bear with taking too great a debt upon him. So
this day he sent him an account, and a letter assuring him there was not
above L200 unpaid; and so my Lord did sign to the Exchequer books. Upon
the whole, I understand fully what a rogue he is, and how my Lord do think
and will think of him for the future; telling me that thus he has served
his father my Lord Manchester, and his whole family, and now himself: and
which is worst, that he hath abused, and in speeches every day do abuse,
my Lord Chancellor, whose favour he hath lost; and hath no friend but Sir
H. Bennet, and that (I knowing the rise of the friendship) only from the
likeness of their pleasures, and acquaintance, and concernments, they have
in the same matters of lust and baseness; for which, God forgive them! But
he do flatter himself, from promises of Sir H. Bennet, that he shall have
a pension of L2000 per annum, and be made an Earl. My Lord told me he
expected a challenge from him, but told me there was no great fear of him,
for there was no man lies under such an imputation as he do in the
business of Mr. Cholmely, who, though a simple sorry fellow, do brave him
and struts before him with the Queen, to the sport and observation of the
whole Court. He did keep my Lord at the window, thus reviling and braving
him above an hour, my Lady Wright being by; but my Lord tells me she could
not hear every word, but did well know what their discourse was; she could
hear enough to know that. So that he commands me to keep it as the
greatest secret in the world, and bids me beware of speaking words against
Mr. Montagu, for fear I should suffer by his passion thereby. After he had
told me this I took coach and home, where I found my wife come home and in
bed with her sister in law in the chamber with her, she not being able to
stay to see the wassel, being so ill…, which I was sorry for. Hither we
sent for her sisters viall, upon which she plays pretty well for a girl,
but my expectation is much deceived in her, not only for that, but in her
spirit, she being I perceive a very subtle witty jade, and one that will
give her husband trouble enough as little as she is, whereas I took her
heretofore for a very child and a simple fool. I played also, which I have
not done this long time before upon any instrument, and at last broke up
and I to my office a little while, being fearful of being too much taken
with musique, for fear of returning to my old dotage thereon, and so
neglect my business as I used to do. Then home and to bed. Coming home I
brought Mr. Pickering as far as the Temple, who tells me the story is very
true of a child being dropped at the ball at Court; and that the King had
it in his closett a week after, and did dissect it; and making great sport
of it, said that in his opinion it must have been a month and three hours
old; and that, whatever others think, he hath the greatest loss (it being
a boy, as he says), that hath lost a subject by the business. He tells me,
too, that the other story, of my Lady Castlemaines and Stuarts marriage,
is certain, and that it was in order to the Kings coming to Stuart, as is
believed generally. He tells me that Sir H. Bennet is a Catholique, and
how all the Court almost is changed to the worse since his coming in, they
being afeard of him. And that the Queen-Mothers Court is now the greatest
of all; and that our own Queen hath little or no company come to her,
which I know also to be very true, and am sorry to see it.

18th. Up, leaving my wife sick as last night in bed. I to my office all
the morning, casting up with Captain Cocke their accounts of 500 tons of
hemp brought from Riga, and bought by him and partners upon account,
wherein are many things worth my knowledge. So at noon to dinner, taking
Mr. Hater with me because of losing them, and in the afternoon he and I
alone at the office, finishing our account of the extra charge of the
Navy, not properly belonging to the Navy, since the Kings coming in to
Christmas last; and all extra things being abated, I find that the true
charge of the Navy to that time hath been after the rate of L374,743
a-year. I made an end by eleven oclock at night, and so home to bed
almost weary. This day the Parliament met again, after their long
prorogation; but I know not any thing what they have done, being within
doors all day.

19th. Up and to my office, where abundance of business all the morning.
Dined by my wifes bedside, she not being yet well. We fell out almost
upon my discourse of delaying the having of Ashwell, where my wife
believing that I have a mind to have Pall, which I have not, though I
could wish she did deserve to be had. So to my office, where by and by we
sat, this afternoon being the first we have met upon a great while, our
times being changed because of the parliament sitting. Being rose, I to my
office till twelve at night, drawing out copies of the overcharge of the
Navy, one to send to Mr. Coventry early to-morrow. So home and to bed,
being weary, sleepy, and my eyes begin to fail me, looking so long by
candlelight upon white paper. This day I read the Kings speech to the
Parliament yesterday; which is very short, and not very obliging; but only
telling them his desire to have a power of indulging tender consciences,
not that he will yield to have any mixture in the uniformity of the
Churchs discipline; and says the same for the Papists, but declares
against their ever being admitted to have any offices or places of trust
in the kingdom; but, God knows, too many have.

20th. Up and by water with Commissioner Pett to Deptford, and there looked
over the yard, and had a call, wherein I am very highly pleased with our
new manner of call-books, being my invention. Thence thinking to have gone
down to Woolwich in the Charles pleasure boat, but she run aground, it
being almost low water, and so by oars to the town, and there dined, and
then to the yard at Mr. Ackworths, discoursing with the officers of the
yard about their stores of masts, which was our chief business, and having
done something therein, took boat and to the pleasure boat, which was come
down to fetch us back, and I could have been sick if I would in going, the
wind being very fresh, but very pleasant it was, and the first time I have
sailed in any one of them. It carried us to Cuckolds Point, and so by
oars to the Temple, it raining hard, where missed speaking with my cosen
Roger, and so walked home and to my office; there spent the night till bed
time, and so home to supper and to bed.

21st. Up and to the office, where Sir J. Minnes (most of the rest being at
the Parliament-house), all the morning answering petitions and other
business. Towards noon there comes a man in as if upon ordinary business,
and shows me a writ from the Exchequer, called a Commission of Rebellion,
and tells me that I am his prisoner in Fields business; which methought
did strike me to the heart, to think that we could not sit in the middle
of the Kings business. I told him how and where we were employed, and bid
him have a care; and perceiving that we were busy, he said he would, and
did withdraw for an hour: in which time Sir J. Minnes took coach and to
Court, to see what he could do from thence; and our solicitor against
Field came by chance and told me that he would go and satisfy the fees of
the Court, and would end the business. So he went away about that, and I
staid in my closett, till by and by the man and four more of his fellows
came to know what I would do; I told them stay till I heard from the King
or my Lord Chief Baron, to both whom I had now sent. With that they
consulted, and told me that if I would promise to stay in the house they
would go and refresh themselves, and come again, and know what answer I
had: so they away, and I home to dinner, whither by chance comes Mr.
Hawley and dined with me. Before I had dined, the bayleys come back again
with the constable, and at the office knock for me, but found me not
there; and I hearing in what manner they were come, did forbear letting
them know where I was; so they stood knocking and enquiring for me. By and
by at my parler-window comes Sir W. Battens Mungo, to tell me that his
master and lady would have me come to their house through Sir J. Minness
lodgings, which I could not do; but, however, by ladders, did get over the
pale between our yards, and so to their house, where I found them (as they
have reason) to be much concerned for me, my lady especially. The fellows
staid in the yard swearing with one or two constables, and some time we
locked them into the yard, and by and by let them out again, and so kept
them all the afternoon, not letting them see me, or know where I was. One
time I went up to the top of Sir W. Battens house, and out of one of
their windows spoke to my wife out of one of ours; which methought, though
I did it in mirth, yet I was sad to think what a sad thing it would be for
me to be really in that condition. By and by comes Sir J. Minnes, who
(like himself and all that he do) tells us that he can do no good, but
that my Lord Chancellor wonders that we did not cause the seamen to fall
about their ears: which we wished we could have done without our being
seen in it; and Captain Grove being there, he did give them some affront,
and would have got some seamen to have drubbed them, but he had not time,
nor did we think it fit to have done it, they having executed their
commission; but there was occasion given that he did draw upon one of them
and he did complain that Grove had pricked him in the breast, but no hurt
done; but I see that Grove would have done our business to them if we had
bid him. By and by comes Mr. Clerke, our solicitor, who brings us a
release from our adverse atturney, we paying the fees of the commission,
which comes to five marks, and pay the charges of these fellows, which are
called the commissioners, but are the most rake-shamed rogues that ever I
saw in my life; so he showed them this release, and they seemed satisfied,
and went away with him to their atturney to be paid by him. But before
they went, Sir W. Batten and my lady did begin to taunt them, but the
rogues answered them as high as themselves, and swore they would come
again, and called me rogue and rebel, and they would bring the sheriff and
untile his house, before he should harbour a rebel in his house, and that
they would be here again shortly. Well, at last they went away, and I by
advice took occasion to go abroad, and walked through the street to show
myself among the neighbours, that they might not think worse than the
business is. Being met by Captn. Taylor and Bowry, whose ship we have
hired for Tangier, they walked along with me to Cornhill talking about
their business, and after some difference about their prices we agreed,
and so they would have me to a tavern, and there I drank one glass of wine
and discoursed of something about freight of a ship that may bring me a
little money, and so broke up, and I home to Sir W. Battens again, where
Sir J. Lawson, Captain Allen, Spragg, and several others, and all our
discourse about the disgrace done to our office to be liable to this
trouble, which we must get removed. Hither comes Mr. Clerke by and by, and
tells me that he hath paid the fees of the Court for the commission; but
the men are not contented with under; L5 for their charges, which he will
not give them, and therefore advises me not to stir abroad till Monday
that he comes or sends to me again, whereby I shall not be able to go to
White Hall to the Duke of York, as I ought. Here I staid vexing, and yet
pleased to see every body, man and woman, my Lady and Mr. Turner
especially, for me, till 10 at night; and so home, where my people are
mightily surprized to see this business, but it troubles me not very much,
it being nothing touching my particular person or estate. Being in talk
to-day with Sir W. Batten he tells me that little is done yet in the
Parliament-house, but only this day it was moved and ordered that all the
members of the House do subscribe to the renouncing of the Covenant, which
is thought will try some of them. There is also a bill brought in for the
wearing of nothing but cloth or stuffs of our own manufacture, and is
likely to be passed. Among other talk this evening, my lady did speak
concerning Commissioner Petts calling the present King bastard, and other
high words heretofore; and Sir W. Batten did tell us, that he did give the
Duke or Mr. Coventry an account of that and other like matters in writing
under oath, of which I was ashamed, and for which I was sorry, but I see
there is an absolute hatred never to be altered there, and Sir J. Minnes,
the old coxcomb, has got it by the end, which troubles me for the sake of
the Kings service, though I do truly hate the expressions laid to him. To
my office and set down this days journall, and so home with my mind out
of order, though not very sad with it, but ashamed for myself something,
and for the honour of the office much more. So home and to bed.

22d (Lords day). Lay long in bed and went not out all day; but after
dinner to Sir W. Battens and Sir W. Pens, where discoursing much of
yesterdays trouble and scandal; but that which troubled me most was Sir
J. Minnes coming from Court at night, and instead of bringing great
comfort from thence (but I expected no better from him), he tells me that
the Duke and Mr. Coventry make no great matter of it. So at night
discontented to prayers, and to bed.

23d. Up by times; and not daring to go by land, did (Griffin going along
with me for fear), slip to White Hall by water; where to Mr. Coventry,
and, as we used to do, to the Duke; the other of my fellows being come.
But we said nothing of our business, the Duke being sent for to the King,
that he could not stay to speak with us. This morning came my Lord Windsor
to kiss the Dukes hand, being returned from Jamaica. He tells the Duke,
that from such a degree of latitude going thither he begun to be sick, and
was never well till his coming so far back again, and then presently begun
to be well. He told the Duke of their taking the fort of St. Jago, upon
Cuba, by his men; but, upon the whole, I believe that he did matters like
a young lord, and was weary of being upon service out of his own country,
where he might have pleasure. For methought it was a shame to see him this
very afternoon, being the first day of his coming to town, to be at a
playhouse. Thence to my Lord Sandwich, who though he has been abroad again
two or three days is falling ill again, and is let blood this morning,
though I hope it is only a great cold that he has got. It was a great
trouble to me (and I had great apprehensions of it) that my Lord desired
me to go to Westminster Hall, to the Parliament-house door, about
business; and to Sir Wm. Wheeler, which I told him I would do, but durst
not go for fear of being taken by these rogues; but was forced to go to
White Hall and take boat, and so land below the Tower at the Iron-gate;
and so the back way over Little Tower Hill; and with my cloak over my
face, took one of the watermen along with me, and staid behind a wall in
the New-buildings behind our garden, while he went to see whether any body
stood within the Merchants Gate, under which we pass to go into our
garden, and there standing but a little dirty boy before the gate, did
make me quake and sweat to think he might be a Trepan. But there was
nobody, and so I got safe into the garden, and coming to open my office
door, something behind it fell in the opening, which made me start. So
that God knows in what a sad condition I should be in if I were truly in
the condition that many a poor man is for debt: and therefore ought to
bless God that I have no such reall reason, and to endeavour to keep
myself, by my good deportment and good husbandry, out of any such
condition. At home I found Mr. Creed with my wife, and so he dined with
us, I finding by a note that Mr. Clerke in my absence hath left here, that
I am free; and that he hath stopped all matters in Court; I was very glad
of it, and immediately had a light thought of taking pleasure to rejoice
my heart, and so resolved to take my wife to a play at Court to-night, and
the rather because it is my birthday, being this day thirty years old, for
which let me praise God. While my wife dressed herself, Creed and I walked
out to see what play was acted to-day, and we find it The Slighted
Mayde. But, Lord! to see that though I did know myself to be out of
danger, yet I durst not go through the street, but round by the garden
into Tower Street. By and by took coach, and to the Dukes house, where we
saw it well acted, though the play hath little good in it, being most
pleased to see the little girl dance in boys apparel, she having very
fine legs, only bends in the hams, as I perceive all women do. The play
being done, we took coach and to Court, and there got good places, and saw
The Wilde Gallant, performed by the Kings house, but it was ill acted,
and the play so poor a thing as I never saw in my life almost, and so
little answering the name, that from beginning to end, I could not, nor
can at this time, tell certainly which was the Wild Gallant. The King did
not seem pleased at all, all the whole play, nor any body else, though Mr.
Clerke whom we met here did commend it to us. My Lady Castlemaine was all
worth seeing tonight, and little Steward.—[Mrs. Stuart]—Mrs.
Wells do appear at Court again, and looks well; so that, it may be, the
late report of laying the dropped child to her was not true. It being
done, we got a coach and got well home about 12 at night. Now as my mind
was but very ill satisfied with these two plays themselves, so was I in
the midst of them sad to think of the spending so much money and venturing
upon the breach of my vow, which I found myself sorry for, I bless God,
though my nature would well be contented to follow the pleasure still. But
I did make payment of my forfeiture presently, though I hope to save it
back again by forbearing two plays at Court for this one at the Theatre,
or else to forbear that to the Theatre which I am to have at Easter. But
it being my birthday and my day of liberty regained to me, and lastly, the
last play that is likely to be acted at Court before Easter, because of
the Lent coming in, I was the easier content to fling away so much money.
So to bed. This day I was told that my Lady Castlemaine hath all the
Kings Christmas presents, made him by the peers, given to her, which is a
most abominable thing; and that at the great ball she was much richer in
jewells than the Queen and Duchess put both together.

24th. Slept hard till 8 oclock, then waked by Mr. Clerkes being come to
consult me about Fields business, which we did by calling him up to my
bedside, and he says we shall trounce him. Then up, and to the office, and
at 11 oclock by water to Westminster, and to Sir W. Wheelers about my
Lords borrowing of money that I was lately upon with him, and then to my
Lord, who continues ill, but will do well I doubt not. Among other things,
he tells me that he hears the Commons will not agree to the Kings late
declaration, nor will yield that the Papists have any ground given them to
raise themselves up again in England, which I perceive by my Lord was
expected at Court. Thence home again by water presently, and with a bad
dinner, being not looked for, to the office, and there we sat, and then
Captn. Cocke and I upon his hemp accounts till 9 at night, and then, I not
very well, home to supper and to bed. My late distemper of heat and
itching being come upon me again, so that I must think of sweating again
as I did before.

25th. Up and to my office, where with Captain Cocke making an end of his
last nights accounts till noon, and so home to dinner, my wife being come
in from laying out about L4 in provision of several things against Lent.
In the afternoon to the Temple, my brothers, the Wardrobe, to Mr. Moore,
and other places, called at about small businesses, and so at night home
to my office and then to supper and to bed. The Commons in Parliament, I
hear, are very high to stand to the Act of Uniformity, and will not
indulge the Papists (which is endeavoured by the Court Party) nor the

26th. Up and drinking a draft of wormewood wine with Sir W. Batten at the
Steelyard, he and I by water to the Parliament-house: he went in, and I
walked up and down the Hall. All the news is the great odds yesterday in
the votes between them that are for the Indulgence to the Papists and
Presbyters, and those that are against it, which did carry it by 200
against 30. And pretty it is to consider how the King would appear to be a
stiff Protestant and son of the Church; and yet would appear willing to
give a liberty to these people, because of his promise at Breda. And yet
all the world do believe that the King would not have this liberty given
them at all. Thence to my Lords, who, I hear, has his ague again, for
which I am sorry, and Creed and I to the Kings Head ordinary, where much
good company. Among the rest a young gallant lately come from France, who
was full of his French, but methought not very good, but he had enough to
make him think himself a wise man a great while. Thence by water from the
New Exchange home to the Tower, and so sat at the office, and then writing
letters till 11 at night. Troubled this evening that my wife is not come
home from Chelsey, whither she is gone to see the play at the school where
Ashwell is, but she came at last, it seems, by water, and tells me she is
much pleased with Ashwells acting and carriage, which I am glad of. So
home and to supper and bed.

27th. Up and to my office, whither several persons came to me about office
business. About 11 oclock, Commissioner Pett and I walked to Chyrurgeons
Hall (we being all invited thither, and promised to dine there); where we
were led into the Theatre; and by and by comes the reader, Dr. Tearne,
with the Master and Company, in a very handsome manner: and all being
settled, he begun his lecture, this being the second upon the kidneys,
ureters, &c., which was very fine; and his discourse being ended, we
walked into the Hall, and there being great store of company, we had a
fine dinner and good learned company, many Doctors of Phisique, and we
used with extraordinary great respect. Among other observables we drank
the Kings health out of a gilt cup given by King Henry VIII. to this
Company, with bells hanging at it, which every man is to ring by shaking
after he hath drunk up the whole cup. There is also a very excellent piece
of the King, done by Holbein, stands up in the Hall, with the officers of
the Company kneeling to him to receive their Charter. After dinner Dr.
Scarborough took some of his friends, and I went along with them, to see
the body alone, which we did, which was a lusty fellow, a seaman, that was
hanged for a robbery. I did touch the dead body with my bare hand: it felt
cold, but methought it was a very unpleasant sight. It seems one Dillon,
of a great family, was, after much endeavours to have saved him, hanged
with a silken halter this Sessions (of his own preparing), not for honour
only, but it seems, it being soft and sleek, it do slip close and kills,
that is, strangles presently: whereas, a stiff one do not come so close
together, and so the party may live the longer before killed. But all the
Doctors at table conclude, that there is no pain at all in hanging, for
that it do stop the circulation of the blood; and so stops all sense and
motion in an instant. Thence we went into a private room, where I perceive
they prepare the bodies, and there were the kidneys, ureters [&c.],
upon which he read to-day, and Dr. Scarborough upon my desire and the
companys did show very clearly the manner of the disease of the stone and
the cutting and all other questions that I could think of… how the water
[comes] into the bladder through the three skins or coats just as poor Dr.
Jolly has heretofore told me. Thence with great satisfaction to me back to
the Company, where I heard good discourse, and so to the afternoon Lecture
upon the heart and lungs, &c., and that being done we broke up, took
leave, and back to the office, we two, Sir W. Batten, who dined here also,
being gone before. Here late, and to Sir W. Battens to speak upon some
business, where I found Sir J. Minnes pretty well fuddled I thought: he
took me aside to tell me how being at my Lord Chancellors to-day, my Lord
told him that there was a Great Seal passing for Sir W. Pen, through the
impossibility of the Comptrollers duty to be performed by one man; to be
as it were joynt-comptroller with him, at which he is stark mad; and
swears he will give up his place, and do rail at Sir W. Pen the cruellest;
he I made shift to encourage as much as I could, but it pleased me
heartily to hear him rail against him, so that I do see thoroughly that
they are not like to be great friends, for he cries out against him for
his house and yard and God knows what. For my part, I do hope, when all is
done, that my following my business will keep me secure against all their
envys. But to see how the old man do strut, and swear that he understands
all his duty as easily as crack a nut, and easier, he told my Lord
Chancellor, for his teeth are gone; and that he understands it as well as
any man in England; and that he will never leave to record that he should
be said to be unable to do his duty alone; though, God knows, he cannot do
it more than a child. All this I am glad to see fall out between them and
myself safe, and yet I hope the Kings service well done for all this, for
I would not that should be hindered by any of our private differences. So
to my office, and then home to supper and to bed.

28th. Waked with great pain in my right ear (which I find myself much
subject to) having taken cold. Up and to my office, where we sat all the
morning, and I dined with Sir W. Batten by chance, being in business
together about a bargain of New England masts. Then to the Temple to meet
my uncle Thomas, who I found there, but my cozen Roger not being come home
I took boat and to Westminster, where I found him in Parliament this
afternoon. The House have this noon been with the King to give him their
reasons for refusing to grant any indulgence to Presbyters or Papists;
which he, with great content and seeming pleasure, took, saying, that he
doubted not but he and they should agree in all things, though there may
seem a difference in judgement, he having writ and declared for an
indulgence: and that he did believe never prince was happier in a House of
Commons, than he was in them. Thence he and I to my Lord Sandwich, who
continues troubled with his cold. Our discourse most upon the outing of
Sir R. Bernard, and my Lords being made Recorder of Huntingdon in his
stead, which he seems well contented with, saying, that it may be for his
convenience to have the chief officer of the town dependent upon him,
which is very true. Thence he and I to the Temple, but my uncle being gone
we parted, and I walked home, and to my office, and at nine oclock had a
good supper of an oxes cheek, of my wifes dressing and baking, and so to
my office again till past eleven at night, making up my months account,
and find that I am at a stay with what I was last, that is L640. So home
and to bed. Coming by, I put in at White Hall, and at the Privy Seal I did
see the docquet by which Sir W. Pen is made the Comptrollers assistant,
as Sir J. Minnes told me last night, which I must endeavour to prevent.