Samuel Pepys diary January 1663

JANUARY 1662-1663

January 1st, Lay with my wife at my Lords lodgings, where I have been
these two nights, till 10 oclock with great pleasure talking, then I rose
and to White Hall, where I spent a little time walking among the
courtiers, which I perceive I shall be able to do with great confidence,
being now beginning to be pretty well known among them. Then to my wife
again, and found Mrs. Sarah with us in the chamber we lay in. Among other
discourse, Mrs. Sarah tells us how the King sups at least four or [five]
times every week with my Lady Castlemaine; and most often stays till the
morning with her, and goes home through the garden all alone privately,
and that so as the very centrys take notice of it and speak of it. She
tells me, that about a month ago she [Lady Castlemaine] quickened at my
Lord Gerards at dinner, and cried out that she was undone; and all the
lords and men were fain to quit the room, and women called to help her. In
fine, I find that there is nothing almost but bawdry at Court from top to
bottom, as, if it were fit, I could instance, but it is not necessary;
only they say my Lord Chesterfield, groom of the stole to the Queen, is
either gone or put away from the Court upon the score of his ladys having
smitten the Duke of York, so as that he is watched by the Duchess of York,
and his lady is retired into the country upon it. How much of this is
true, God knows, but it is common talk. After dinner I did reckon with
Mrs. Sarah for what we have eat and drank here, and gave her a crown, and
so took coach, and to the Dukes House, where we saw The Villaine again;
and the more I see it, the more I am offended at my first undervaluing the
play, it being very good and pleasant, and yet a true and allowable
tragedy. The house was full of citizens, and so the less pleasant, but
that I was willing to make an end of my gaddings, and to set to my
business for all the year again tomorrow. Here we saw the old Roxalana in
the chief box, in a velvet gown, as the fashion is, and very handsome, at
which I was glad. Hence by coach home, where I find all well, only Sir W.
Pen they say ill again. So to my office to set down these two or three
days journall, and to close the last year therein, and so that being
done, home to supper, and to bed, with great pleasure talking and
discoursing with my wife of our late observations abroad.

2nd. Lay long in bed, and so up and to the office, where all the morning
alone doing something or another. So dined at home with my wife, and in
the afternoon to the Treasury office, where Sir W. Batten was paying off
tickets, but so simply and arbitrarily, upon a dull pretence of doing
right to the King, though to the wrong of poor people (when I know there
is no man that means the King less right than he, or would trouble himself
less about it, but only that he sees me stir, and so he would appear doing
something, though to little purpose), that I was weary of it. At last we
broke up, and walk home together, and I to see Sir W. Pen, who is fallen
sick again. I staid a while talking with him, and so to my office,
practising some arithmetique, and so home to supper and bed, having sat up
late talking to my poor wife with great content.

3rd. Up and to the office all the morning, and dined alone with my wife at
noon, and then to my office all the afternoon till night, putting business
in order with great content in my mind. Having nothing now in my mind of
trouble in the world, but quite the contrary, much joy, except only the
ending of our difference with my uncle Thomas, and the getting of the
bills well over for my building of my house here, which however are as
small and less than any of the others. Sir W. Pen it seems is fallen very
ill again. So to my arithmetique again to-night, and so home to supper and
to bed.

4th (Lords day). Up and to church, where a lazy sermon, and so home to
dinner to a good piece of powdered beef, but a little too salt. At dinner
my wife did propound my having of my sister Pall at my house again to be
her woman, since one we must have, hoping that in that quality possibly
she may prove better than she did before, which I take very well of her,
and will consider of it, it being a very great trouble to me that I should
have a sister of so ill a nature, that I must be forced to spend money
upon a stranger when it might better be upon her, if she were good for
anything. After dinner I and she walked, though it was dirty, to White
Hall (in the way calling at the Wardrobe to see how Mr. Moore do, who is
pretty well, but not cured yet), being much afeard of being seen by
anybody, and was, I think, of Mr. Coventry, which so troubled me that I
made her go before, and I ever after loitered behind. She to Mr. Hunts,
and I to White Hall Chappell, and then up to walk up and down the house,
which now I am well known there, I shall forbear to do, because I would
not be thought a lazy body by Mr. Coventry and others by being seen, as I
have lately been, to walk up and down doing nothing. So to Mr. Hunts, and
there was most prettily and kindly entertained by him and her, who are two
as good people as I hardly know any, and so neat and kind one to another.
Here we staid late, and so to my Lords to bed.

5th. Up and to the Duke, who himself told me that Sir J. Lawson was come
home to Portsmouth from the Streights, who is now come with great renown
among all men, and, I perceive, mightily esteemed at Court by all. The
Duke did not stay long in his chamber; but to the Kings chamber, whither
by and by the Russia Embassadors come; who, it seems, have a custom that
they will not come to have any treaty with our or any Kings
Commissioners, but they will themselves see at the time the face of the
King himself, be it forty days one after another; and so they did to-day
only go in and see the King; and so out again to the Council-chamber. The
Duke returned to his chamber, and so to his closett, where Sir G.
Carteret, Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten, Mr. Coventry, and myself attended
him about the business of the Navy; and after much discourse and pleasant
talk he went away. And I took Sir W. Batten and Captain Allen into the
wine cellar to my tenant (as I call him, Serjeant Dalton), and there drank
a great deal of variety of wines, more than I have drunk at one time, or
shall again a great while, when I come to return to my oaths, which I
intend in a day or two. Thence to my Lords lodging, where Mr. Hunt and
Mr. Creed dined with us, and were very merry. And after dinner he and I to
White Hall, where the Duke and the Commissioners for Tangier met, but did
not do much: my Lord Sandwich not being in town, nobody making it their
business. So up, and Creed and I to my wife again, and after a game or two
at cards, to the Cockpitt, where we saw Claracilla, a poor play, done by
the Kings house (but neither the King nor Queen were there, but only the
Duke and Duchess, who did show some impertinent and, methought, unnatural
dalliances there, before the whole world, such as kissing, and leaning
upon one another); but to my very little content, they not acting in any
degree like the Dukes people. So home (there being here this night Mrs.
Turner and Mrs. Martha Batten of our office) to my Lords lodgings again,
and to a game at cards, we three and Sarah, and so to supper and some
apples and ale, and to bed with great pleasure, blessed be God!

6th (Twelfth Day). Up and Mr. Creed brought a pot of chocolate ready made
for our morning draft, and then he and I to the Dukes, but I was not very
willing to be seen at this end of the town, and so returned to our
lodgings, and took my wife by coach to my brothers, where I set her down,
and Creed and I to St. Pauls Church-yard, to my booksellers, and looked
over several books with good discourse, and then into St. Pauls Church,
and there finding Elborough, my old schoolfellow at Pauls, now a parson,
whom I know to be a silly fellow, I took him out and walked with him,
making Creed and myself sport with talking with him, and so sent him away,
and we to my office and house to see all well, and thence to the Exchange,
where we met with Major Thomson, formerly of our office, who do talk very
highly of liberty of conscience, which now he hopes for by the Kings
declaration, and that he doubts not that if he will give him, he will find
more and better friends than the Bishopps can be to him, and that if he do
not, there will many thousands in a little time go out of England, where
they may have it. But he says that they are well contented that if the
King thinks it good, the Papists may have the same liberty with them. He
tells me, and so do others, that Dr. Calamy is this day sent to Newgate
for preaching, Sunday was sennight, without leave, though he did it only
to supply the place; when otherwise the people must have gone away without
ever a sermon, they being disappointed of a minister but the Bishop of
London will not take that as an excuse. Thence into Wood Street, and there
bought a fine table for my dining-room, cost me 50s.; and while we were
buying it, there was a scare-fire

     [Scar-fire or scarefire.  An alarm of fire.  One of the little
     pieces in Herricks Hesperides is entitled The Scar-fire, but
     the word sometimes was used, as in the text, for the fire itself.
     Fuller, in his Worthies, speaks of quenching scare-fires.]

in an ally over against us, but they quenched it. So to my brothers,
where Creed and I and my wife dined with Tom, and after dinner to the
Dukes house, and there saw Twelfth Night

     [Pepys saw Twelfth Night for the first time on September 11th,
     1661, when he supposed it was a new play, and took no pleasure at
     all in it.]

acted well, though it be but a silly play, and not related at all to the
name or day. Thence Mr. Battersby the apothecary, his wife, and I and mine
by coach together, and setting him down at his house, he paying his share,
my wife and I home, and found all well, only myself somewhat vexed at my
wifes neglect in leaving of her scarf, waistcoat, and night-dressings in
the coach today that brought us from Westminster, though, I confess, she
did give them to me to look after, yet it was her fault not to see that I
did take them out of the coach. I believe it might be as good as 25s. loss
or thereabouts. So to my office, however, to set down my last three days
journall, and writing to my Lord Sandwich to give him an account of Sir J.
Lawsons being come home, and to my father about my sending him some wine
and things this week, for his making an entertainment of some friends in
the country, and so home. This night making an end wholly of Christmas,
with a mind fully satisfied with the great pleasures we have had by being
abroad from home, and I do find my mind so apt to run to its old want of
pleasures, that it is high time to betake myself to my late vows, which I
will to-morrow, God willing, perfect and bind myself to, that so I may,
for a great while, do my duty, as I have well begun, and increase my good
name and esteem in the world, and get money, which sweetens all things,
and whereof I have much need. So home to supper and to bed, blessing God
for his mercy to bring me home, after much pleasure, to my house and
business with health and resolution to fall hard to work again.

7th. Up pretty early, that is by seven oclock, it being not yet light
before or then. So to my office all the morning, signing the Treasurers
ledger, part of it where I have not put my hand, and then eat a mouthful
of pye at home to stay my stomach, and so with Mr. Waith by water to
Deptford, and there among other things viewed old pay-books, and found
that the Commanders did never heretofore receive any pay for the rigging
time, but only for seatime, contrary to what Sir J. Minnes and Sir W.
Batten told the Duke the other day. I also searched all the ships in the
Wett Dock for fire, and found all in good order, it being very dangerous
for the King that so many of his ships lie together there. I was among the
canvass in stores also, with Mr. Harris, the saylemaker, and learnt the
difference between one sort and another, to my great content, and so by
water home again, where my wife tells me stories how she hears that by
Sarahs going to live at Sir W. Pens, all our affairs of my family are
made known and discoursed of there and theirs by my people, which do
trouble me much, and I shall take a time to let Sir W. Pen know how he has
dealt in taking her without our full consent. So to my office, and by and
by home to supper, and so to prayers and bed.

8th. Up pretty early, and sent my boy to the carriers with some wine for
my father, for to make his feast among his Brampton friends this
Christmas, and my muff to my mother, sent as from my wife. But before I
sent my boy out with them, I beat him for a lie he told me, at which his
sister, with whom we have of late been highly displeased, and warned her
to be gone, was angry, which vexed me, to see the girl I loved so well,
and my wife, should at last turn so much a fool and unthankful to us. So
to the office, and there all the morning, and though without and a little
against the advice of the officers did, to gratify him, send Thomas Hater
to-day towards Portsmouth a day or two before the rest of the clerks,
against the Pay next week. Dined at home; and there being the famous new
play acted the first time to-day, which is called The Adventures of Five
Hours, at the Dukes house, being, they say, made or translated by
Colonel Tuke, I did long to see it; and so made my wife to get her ready,
though we were forced to send for a smith, to break open her trunk, her
mayde Jane being gone forth with the keys, and so we went; and though
early, were forced to sit almost out of sight, at the end of one of the
lower forms, so full was the house. And the play, in one word, is the
best, for the variety and the most excellent continuance of the plot to
the very end, that ever I saw, or think ever shall, and all possible, not
only to be done in the time, but in most other respects very admittable,
and without one word of ribaldry; and the house, by its frequent plaudits,
did show their sufficient approbation. So home; with much ado in an hour
getting a coach home, and, after writing letters at my office, I went home
to supper and to bed, now resolving to set up my rest as to plays till
Easter, if not Whitsuntide next, excepting plays at Court.

9th. Waking in the morning, my wife I found also awake, and begun to speak
to me with great trouble and tears, and by degrees from one discourse to
another at last it appears that Sarah has told somebody that has told my
wife of my meeting her at my brothers and making her sit down by me while
she told me stories of my wife, about her giving her scallop to her
brother, and other things, which I am much vexed at, for I am sure I never
spoke any thing of it, nor could any body tell her but by Sarahs own
words. I endeavoured to excuse my silence herein hitherto by not believing
any thing she told me, only that of the scallop which she herself told me
of. At last we pretty good friends, and my wife begun to speak again of
the necessity of her keeping somebody to bear her company; for her
familiarity with her other servants is it that spoils them all, and other
company she hath none, which is too true, and called for Jane to reach her
out of her trunk, giving her the keys to that purpose, a bundle of papers,
and pulls out a paper, a copy of what, a pretty while since, she had wrote
in a discontent to me, which I would not read, but burnt. She now read it,
and it was so piquant, and wrote in English, and most of it true, of the
retiredness of her life, and how unpleasant it was; that being wrote in
English, and so in danger of being met with and read by others, I was
vexed at it, and desired her and then commanded her to tear it. When she
desired to be excused it, I forced it from her, and tore it, and withal
took her other bundle of papers from her, and leapt out of the bed and in
my shirt clapped them into the pocket of my breeches, that she might not
get them from me, and having got on my stockings and breeches and gown, I
pulled them out one by one and tore them all before her face, though it
went against my heart to do it, she crying and desiring me not to do it,
but such was my passion and trouble to see the letters of my love to her,
and my Will wherein I had given her all I have in the world, when I went
to sea with my Lord Sandwich, to be joyned with a paper of so much
disgrace to me and dishonour, if it should have been found by any body.
Having torn them all, saving a bond of my uncle Roberts, which she hath
long had in her hands, and our marriage license, and the first letter that
ever I sent her when I was her servant,

     [The usual word at this time for a lover.  We have continued the
     correlative term mistress, but rejected that of servant.]

I took up the pieces and carried them into my chamber, and there, after
many disputes with myself whether I should burn them or no, and having
picked up, the pieces of the paper she read to-day, and of my Will which I
tore, I burnt all the rest, and so went out to my office troubled in mind.
Hither comes Major Tolhurst, one of my old acquaintance in Cromwells
time, and sometimes of our clubb, to see me, and I could do no less than
carry him to the Mitre, and having sent for Mr. Beane, a merchant, a
neighbour of mine, we sat and talked, Tolhurst telling me the manner of
their collierys in the north. We broke up, and I home to dinner. And to
see my folly, as discontented as I am, when my wife came I could not
forbear smiling all dinner till she began to speak bad words again, and
then I began to be angry again, and so to my office. Mr. Bland came in the
evening to me hither, and sat talking to me about many things of
merchandise, and I should be very happy in his discourse, durst I confess
my ignorance to him, which is not so fit for me to do. There coming a
letter to me from Mr. Pierce, the surgeon, by my desire appointing his and
Dr. Clerkes coming to dine with me next Monday, I went to my wife and
agreed upon matters, and at last for my honour am forced to make her
presently a new Moyre gown to be seen by Mrs. Clerke, which troubles me to
part with so much money, but, however, it sets my wife and I to friends
again, though I and she never were so heartily angry in our lives as
to-day almost, and I doubt the heartburning will not [be] soon over, and
the truth is I am sorry for the tearing of so many poor loving letters of
mine from sea and elsewhere to her. So to my office again, and there the
Scrivener brought me the end of the manuscript which I am going to get
together of things of the Navy, which pleases me much. So home, and mighty
friends with my wife again, and so to bed.

10th. Up and to the office. From thence, before we sat, Sir W. Pen sent
for me to his bedside to talk (indeed to reproach me with my not owning to
Sir J. Minnes that he had my advice in the blocking up of the garden door
the other day, which is now by him out of fear to Sir J. Minnes opened
again), to which I answered him so indifferently that I think he and I
shall be at a distance, at least to one another, better than ever we did
and love one another less, which for my part I think I need not care for.
So to the office, and sat till noon, then rose and to dinner, and then to
the office again, where Mr. Creed sat with me till late talking very good
discourse, as he is full of it, though a cunning knave in his heart, at
least not to be too much trusted, till Sir J. Minnes came in, which at
last he did, and so beyond my expectation he was willing to sign his
accounts, notwithstanding all his objections, which really were very
material, and yet how like a doting coxcomb he signs the accounts without
the least satisfaction, for which we both sufficiently laughed at him and
Sir W. Batten after they had signed them and were gone, and so sat talking
together till 11 oclock at night, and so home and to bed.

11th (Lords day). Lay long talking pleasant with my wife, then up and to
church, the pew being quite full with strangers come along with Sir W.
Batten and Sir J. Minnes, so after a pitifull sermon of the young Scott,
home to dinner. After dinner comes a footman of my Lord Sandwichs (my
Lord being come to town last night) with a letter from my father, in which
he presses me to carry on the business for Tom with his late mistress,
which I am sorry to see my father do, it being so much out of our power or
for his advantage, as it is clear to me it is, which I shall think of and
answer in my next. So to my office all the afternoon writing orders myself
to have ready against to-morrow, that I might not appear negligent to Mr.
Coventry. In the evening to Sir W. Pens, where Sir J. Minnes and Sir W.
Batten, and afterwards came Sir G. Carteret. There talked about business,
and afterwards to Sir W. Battens, where we staid talking and drinking
Syder, and so I went away to my office a little, and so home and to bed.

12th. Up, and to Sir W. Battens to bid him and Sir J. Minnes adieu, they
going this day towards Portsmouth, and then to Sir W. Pens to see Sir J.
Lawson, who I heard was there, where I found him the same plain man that
he was, after all his success in the Straights, with which he is come
loaded home. Thence to Sir G. Carteret, and with him in his coach to White
Hall, and first I to see my Lord Sandwich (being come now from
Hinchingbrooke), and after talking a little with him, he and I to the
Dukes chamber, where Mr. Coventry and he and I into the Dukes closett
and Sir J. Lawson discoursing upon business of the Navy, and particularly
got his consent to the ending some difficulties in Mr. Creeds accounts.
Thence to my Lords lodgings, and with Mr. Creed to the Kings Head
ordinary, but people being set down, we went to two or three places; at
last found some meat at a Welch cooks at Charing Cross, and here dined
and our boys. After dinner to the Change to buy some linen for my wife,
and going back met our two boys. Mine had struck down Creeds boy in the
dirt, with his new suit on, and the boy taken by a gentlewoman into a
house to make clean, but the poor boy was in a pitifull taking and pickle;
but I basted my rogue soundly. Thence to my Lords lodging, and Creed to
his, for his papers against the Committee. I found my Lord within, and he
and I went out through the garden towards the Dukes chamber, to sit upon
the Tangier matters; but a lady called to my Lord out of my Lady
Castlemaines lodging, telling him that the King was there and would speak
with him. My Lord could not tell what to bid me say at the Committee to
excuse his absence, but that he was with the King; nor would suffer me to
go into the Privy Garden (which is now a through-passage, and common), but
bid me to go through some other way, which I did; so that I see he is a
servant of the Kings pleasures too, as well as business. So I went to the
Committee, where we spent all this night attending to Sir J. Lawsons
description of Tangier and the place for the Mole,

     [The construction of this Mole or breakwater turned out a very
     costly undertaking.  In April, 1663, it was found that the charge
     for one years work was L13,000.  In March, 1665, L36,000 had been
     spent upon it.  The wind and sea exerted a very destructive
     influence over this structure, although it was very strongly built,
     and Colonel Norwood reported in 1668 that a breach had been made in
     the Mole, which cost a considerable sum to repair.]

of which he brought a very pretty draught. Concerning the making of the
Mole, Mr. Cholmely did also discourse very well, having had some
experience in it. Being broke up, I home by coach to Mr. Blands, and
there discoursed about sending away of the merchant ship which hangs so
long on hand for Tangier. So to my Lady Battens, and sat with her awhile,
Sir W. Batten being gone out of town; but I did it out of design to get
some oranges for my feast to-morrow of her, which I did. So home, and
found my wifes new gown come home, and she mightily pleased with it. But
I appeared very angry that there were no more things got ready against
to-morrows feast, and in that passion sat up long, and went discontented
to bed.

13th. So my poor wife rose by five oclock in the morning, before day, and
went to market and bought fowls and many other things for dinner, with
which I was highly pleased, and the chine of beef was down also before six
oclock, and my own jack, of which I was doubtfull, do carry it very well.
Things being put in order, and the cook come, I went to the office, where
we sat till noon and then broke up, and I home, whither by and by comes
Dr. Clerke and his lady, his sister, and a she-cozen, and Mr. Pierce and
his wife, which was all my guests. I had for them, after oysters, at first
course, a hash of rabbits, a lamb, and a rare chine of beef. Next a great
dish of roasted fowl, cost me about 30s., and a tart, and then fruit and
cheese. My dinner was noble and enough. I had my house mighty clean and
neat; my room below with a good fire in it; my dining-room above, and my
chamber being made a withdrawing-chamber; and my wifes a good fire also.
I find my new table very proper, and will hold nine or ten people well,
but eight with great room. After dinner the women to cards in my wifes
chamber, and the Dr. and Mr. Pierce in mine, because the dining-room
smokes unless I keep a good charcoal fire, which I was not then provided
with. At night to supper, had a good sack posset and cold meat, and sent
my guests away about ten oclock at night, both them and myself highly
pleased with our management of this day; and indeed their company was very
fine, and Mrs. Clerke a very witty, fine lady, though a little conceited
and proud. So weary, so to bed. I believe this days feast will cost me
near L5.

14th. Lay very long in bed, till with shame forced to rise, being called
up by Mr. Bland about business. He being gone I went and staid upon
business at the office and then home to dinner, and after dinner staid a
little talking pleasant with my wife, who tells me of another woman
offered by her brother that is pretty and can sing, to which I do listen
but will not appear over forward, but I see I must keep somebody for
company sake to my wife, for I am ashamed she should live as she do. So to
the office till 10 at night upon business, and numbering and examining
part of my sea-manuscript with great pleasure, my wife sitting working by
me. So home to supper and to bed.

15th. Up and to my office preparing things, by and by we met and sat Mr.
Coventry and I till noon, and then I took him to dine with me, I having a
wild goose roasted, and a cold chine of beef and a barrel of oysters. We
dined alone in my chamber, and then he and I to fit ourselves for
horseback, he having brought me a horse; and so to Deptford, the ways
being very dirty. There we walked up and down the Yard and Wett Dock, and
did our main business, which was to examine the proof of our new way of
the call-books, which we think will be of great use. And so to horse
again, and I home with his horse, leaving him to go over the fields to
Lambeth, his boy at my house taking home his horse. I vexed, having left
my keys in my other pocket in my chamber, and my door is shut, so that I
was forced to set my boy in at the window, which done I shifted myself,
and so to my office till late, and then home to supper, my mind being
troubled about Fields business and my uncles, which the term coming on I
must think to follow again. So to prayers and to bed, and much troubled in
mind this night in my dreams about my uncle Thomas and his son going to
law with us.

16th. Lay long talking in bed with my wife. Up, and Mr. Battersby, the
apothecary, coming to see me, I called for the cold chine of beef and made
him eat, and drink wine, and talked, there being with us Captain Brewer,
the paynter, who tells me how highly the Presbyters do talk in the
coffeehouses still, which I wonder at. They being gone I walked two or
three hours with my brother Tom, telling him my mind how it is troubled
about my fathers concernments, and how things would be with them all if
it should please God that I should die, and therefore desire him to be a
good husband and follow his business, which I hope he do. At noon to
dinner, and after dinner my wife began to talk of a woman again, which I
have a mind to have, and would be glad Pall might please us, but she is
quite against having her, nor have I any great mind to it, but only for
her good and to save money flung away upon a stranger. So to my office
till 9 oclock about my navy manuscripts, and there troubled in my mind
more and more about my uncles business from a letter come this day from
my father that tells me that all his tenants are sued by my uncle, which
will cost me some new trouble, I went home to supper and so to bed.

17th. Waked early with my mind troubled about our law matters, but it came
into my mind that [sayings] of Epictetus, which did put me to a great deal
of ease, it being a saying of great reason. Up to the office, and there
sat Mr. Coventry, Mr. Pett, new come to town, and I. I was sorry for
signing a bill and guiding Mr. Coventry to sign a bill to Mr. Creed for
his pay as Deputy Treasurer to this day, though the service ended 5 or 6
months ago, which he perceiving did blot out his name afterwards, but I
will clear myself to him from design in it. Sat till two oclock and then
home to dinner, and Creed with me, and after dinner, to put off my minds
trouble, I took Creed by coach and to the Dukes playhouse, where we did
see The Five Hours entertainment again, which indeed is a very fine
play, though, through my being out of order, it did not seem so good as at
first; but I could discern it was not any fault in the play. Thence with
him to the China alehouse, and there drank a bottle or two, and so home,
where I found my wife and her brother discoursing about Mr. Ashwells
daughter, whom we are like to have for my wifes woman, and I hope it may
do very well, seeing there is a necessity of having one. So to the office
to write letters, and then home to supper and to bed.

18th (Lords day). Up, and after the barber had done, and I had spoke with
Mr. Smith (whom I sent for on purpose to speak of Fields business, who
stands upon L250 before he will release us, which do trouble me highly),
and also Major Allen of the Victualling Office about his ship to be hired
for Tangier, I went to church, and thence home to dinner alone with my
wife, very pleasant, and after dinner to church again, and heard a dull,
drowsy sermon, and so home and to my office, perfecting my vows again for
the next year, which I have now done, and sworn to in the presence of
Almighty God to observe upon the respective penalties thereto annexed, and
then to Sir W. Pens (though much against my will, for I cannot bear him,
but only to keep him from complaint to others that I do not see him) to
see how he do, and find him pretty well, and ready to go abroad again.

19th. Up and to White Hall, and while the Duke is dressing himself I went
to wait on my Lord Sandwich, whom I found not very well, and Dr. Clerke
with him. He is feverish, and hath sent for Mr. Pierce to let him blood,
but not being in the way he puts it off till night, but he stirs not
abroad to-day. Then to the Duke, and in his closett discoursed as we use
to do, and then broke up. That done, I singled out Mr. Coventry into the
Matted Gallery, and there I told him the complaints I meet every day about
our Treasurers or his peoples paying no money, but at the goldsmiths
shops, where they are forced to pay fifteen or twenty sometimes per cent.
for their money, which is a most horrid shame, and that which must not be
suffered. Nor is it likely that the Treasurer (at least his people) will
suffer Maynell the Goldsmith to go away with L10,000 per annum, as he do
now get, by making people pay after this manner for their money. We were
interrupted by the Duke, who called Mr. Coventry aside for half an hour,
walking with him in the gallery, and then in the garden, and then going
away I ended my discourse with Mr. Coventry. But by the way Mr. Coventry
was saying that there remained nothing now in our office to be amended but
what would do of itself every day better and better, for as much as he
that was slowest, Sir W. Batten, do now begin to look about him and to
mind business. At which, God forgive me! I was a little moved with envy,
but yet I am glad, and ought to be, though it do lessen a little my care
to see that the Kings service is like to be better attended than it was
heretofore. Thence by coach to Mr. Povys, being invited thither by [him]
came a messenger this morning from him, where really he made a most
excellent and large dinner, of their variety, even to admiration, he
bidding us, in a frolique, to call for what we had a mind, and he would
undertake to give it us: and we did for prawns, swan, venison, after I had
thought the dinner was quite done, and he did immediately produce it,
which I thought great plenty, and he seems to set off his rest in this
plenty and the neatness of his house, which he after dinner showed me,
from room to room, so beset with delicate pictures, and above all, a piece
of perspective in his closett in the low parler; his stable, where was
some most delicate horses, and the very-racks painted, and mangers, with a
neat leaden painted cistern, and the walls done with Dutch tiles, like my
chimnies. But still, above all things, he bid me go down into his
wine-cellar, where upon several shelves there stood bottles of all sorts
of wine, new and old, with labells pasted upon each bottle, and in the
order and plenty as I never saw books in a booksellers shop; and herein,
I observe, he puts his highest content, and will accordingly commend all
that he hath, but still they deserve to be so. Here dined with me Dr.
Whore and Mr. Scawen. Therewith him and Mr. Bland, whom we met by the way,
to my Lord Chancellors, where the King was to meet my Lord Treasurer,
&c., many great men, to settle the revenue of Tangier. I staid talking
awhile there, but the King not coming I walked to my brothers, where I
met my cozen Scotts (Tom not being at home) and sent for a glass of wine
for them, and having drunk we parted, and I to the Wardrobe talking with
Mr. Moore about my law businesses, which I doubt will go ill for want of
time for me to attend them. So home, where I found Mrs. Lodum speaking
with my wife about her kinswoman which is offered my wife to come as a
woman to her. So to the office and put things in order, and then home and
to bed, it being my great comfort that every day I understand more and
more the pleasure of following of business and the credit that a man gets
by it, which I hope at last too will end in profit. This day, by Dr.
Clerke, I was told the occasion of my Lord Chesterfields going and taking
his lady (my Lord Ormonds daughter) from Court. It seems he not only hath
been long jealous of the Duke of York, but did find them two talking
together, though there were others in the room, and the lady by all
opinions a most good, virtuous woman. He, the next day (of which the Duke
was warned by somebody that saw the passion my Lord Chesterfield was in
the night before), went and told the Duke how much he did apprehend
himself wronged, in his picking out his lady of the whole Court to be the
subject of his dishonour; which the Duke did answer with great calmness,
not seeming to understand the reason of complaint, and that was all that
passed but my Lord did presently pack his lady into the country in
Derbyshire, near the Peake; which is become a proverb at Court, to send a
mans wife to the Devils arse a Peake, when she vexes him. This noon I
did find out Mr. Dixon at Whitehall, and discoursed with him about Mrs.
Wheatlys daughter for a wife for my brother Tom, and have committed it to
him to enquire the pleasure of her father and mother concerning it. I
demanded L300.

20th. Up betimes and to the office, where all the morning. Dined at home,
and Mr. Deane of Woolwich with me, talking about the abuses of the yard.
Then to the office about business all the afternoon with great pleasure,
seeing myself observed by every body to be the only man of business of us
all, but Mr. Coventry. So till late at night, and then home to supper and

21st. Up early leaving my wife very ill in bed… and to my office till
eight oclock, there coming Ch. Pepys

     [Charles Pepys was second son of Thomas Pepys, elder brother of
     Samuels father.  Samuel paid part of the legacy to Charles and his
     elder brother Thomas on May 25th, 1664.]

to demand his legacy of me, which I denied him upon good reason of his
father and brothers suing us, and so he went away. Then came Commissioner
Pett, and he and I by agreement went to Deptford, and after a turn or two
in the yard, to Greenwich, and thence walked to Woolwich. Here we did
business, and I on board the Tangier-merchant, a ship freighted by us,
that has long lain on hand in her despatch to Tangier, but is now ready
for sailing. Back, and dined at Mr. Ackworths, where a pretty dinner, and
she a pretty, modest woman; but above all things we saw her Rocke, which
is one of the finest things done by a woman that ever I saw. I must have
my wife to see it. After dinner on board the Elias, and found the timber
brought by her from the forest of Deane to be exceeding good. The Captain
gave each of us two barrels of pickled oysters put up for the Queen
mother. So to the Dock again, and took in Mrs. Ackworth and another
gentlewoman, and carried them to London, and at the Globe tavern, in
Eastcheap, did give them a glass of wine, and so parted. I home, where I
found my wife ill in bed all day, and her face swelled with pain. My Will
has received my last two quarters salary, of which I am glad. So to my
office till late and then home, and after the barber had done, to bed.

22nd. To the office, where Sir W. Batten and Sir J. Minnes are come from
Portsmouth. We sat till dinner time. Then home, and Mr. Dixon by agreement
came to dine, to give me an account of his success with Mr. Wheatly for
his daughter for my brother; and in short it is, that his daughter cannot
fancy my brother because of his imperfection in his speech, which I am
sorry for, but there the business must die, and we must look out for
another. There came in also Mrs. Lodum, with an answer from her brother
Ashwells daughter, who is likely to come to me, and with her my wifes
brother, and I carried Commissioner Pett in with me, so I feared want of
victuals, but I had a good dinner, and mirth, and so rose and broke up,
and with the rest of the officers to Mr. Russells buriall, where we had
wine and rings, and a great and good company of aldermen and the livery of
the Skinners Company. We went to St. Dunstans in the East church, where
a sermon, but I staid not, but went home, and, after writing letters, I
took coach to Mr. Povys, but he not within I left a letter there of
Tangier business, and so to my Lords, and there find him not sick, but
expecting his fit to-night of an ague. Here was Sir W. Compton, Mr. Povy,
Mr. Bland, Mr. Gawden and myself; we were very busy about getting
provisions sent forthwith to Tangier, fearing that by Mr. Gawdens neglect
they might want bread. So among other ways thought of to supply them I was
empowered by the Commissioners of Tangier that were present to write to
Plymouth and direct Mr. Lanyon to take up vessels great or small to the
quantity of 150 tons, and fill them with bread of Mr. Gawdens lying ready
there for Tangier, which they undertake to bear me out in, and to see the
freight paid. This I did. About 10 oclock we broke up, and my Lords fit
was coming upon him, and so we parted, and I with Mr. Creed, Mr. Pierce,
Win. Howe and Captn. Ferrers, who was got almost drunk this afternoon, and
was mighty capricious and ready to fall out with any body, supped together
in the little chamber that was mine heretofore upon some fowls sent by Mr.
Shepley, so we were very merry till 12 at night, and so away, and I lay
with Mr. Creed at his lodgings, and slept well.

23rd. Up and hastened him in despatching some business relating to
Tangier, and I away homewards, hearing that my Lord had a bad fit
to-night, called at my brothers, and found him sick in bed, of a pain in
the sole of one of his feet, without swelling, knowing not how it came,
but it will not suffer him to stand these two days. So to Mr. Moore, and
Mr. Lovell, our proctor, being there, discoursed of my law business.
Thence to Mr. Grant, to bid him come for money for Mr. Barlow, and he and
I to a coffee-house, where Sir J. Cutler was;

     [Citizen and grocer of London; most severely handled by Pope.  Two
     statues were erected to his memory—one in the College of
     Physicians, and the other in the Grocers Hall.  They were erected
     and one removed (that in the College of Physicians) before Pope
     stigmatized sage Cutler.  Pope says that Sir John Cutler had an
     only daughter; in fact, he had two: one married to Lord Radnor; the
     other, mentioned afterwards by Pepys, the wife of Sir William

and in discourse, among other things, he did fully make it out that the
trade of England is as great as ever it was, only in more hands; and that
of all trades there is a greater number than ever there was, by reason of
men taking more prentices, because of their having more money than
heretofore. His discourse was well worth hearing. Coming by Temple Bar I
bought Audleys Way to be Rich, a serious pamphlett and some good things
worth my minding. Thence homewards, and meeting Sir W. Batten, turned back
again to a coffee-house, and there drunk more till I was almost sick, and
here much discourse, but little to be learned, but of a design in the
north of a rising, which is discovered, among some men of condition, and
they sent for up. Thence to the Change, and so home with him by coach,
and I to see how my wife do, who is pretty well again, and so to dinner to
Sir W. Battens to a cods head, and so to my office, and after stopping
to see Sir W. Pen, where was Sir J. Lawson and his lady and daughter,
which is pretty enough, I came back to my office, and there set to
business pretty late, finishing the margenting my Navy-Manuscript. So home
and to bed.

24th. Lay pretty long, and by lying with my sheet upon my lip, as I have
of old observed it, my upper lip was blistered in the morning. To the
office all the morning, sat till noon, then to the Exchange to look out
for a ship for Tangier, and delivered my manuscript to be bound at the
stationers. So to dinner at home, and then down to Redriffe, to see a
ship hired for Tangier, what readiness she was in, and found her ready to
sail. Then home, and so by coach to Mr. Povys, where Sir W. Compton, Mr.
Bland, Gawden, Sir J. Lawson and myself met to settle the victualling of
Tangier for the time past, which with much ado we did, and for a six
months supply more. So home in Mr. Gawdens coach, and to my office till
late about business, and find that it is business that must and do every
day bring me to something.—[In earlier days Pepys noted for us each
few pounds or shillings of graft which he annexed at each transaction in
his office.]—So home to supper and to bed.

25th (Lords day). Lay till 9 a-bed, then up, and being trimmed by the
barber, I walked towards White Hall, calling upon Mr. Moore, whom I found
still very ill of his ague. I discoursed with him about my Lords estate
against I speak with my Lord this day. Thence to the Kings Head ordinary
at Charing Cross, and sent for Mr. Creed, where we dined very finely and
good company, good discourse. I understand the King of France is upon
consulting his divines upon the old question, what the power of the Pope
is? and do intend to make war against him, unless he do right him for the
wrong his Embassador received;

     [On the 20th of August, the Duc de Crequi, then French ambassador at
     Rome, was insulted by the Corsican armed police, a force whose
     ignoble duty it was to assist the Sbirri; and the pope, Alexander
     VII., at first refused reparation for the affront offered to the
     French.  Louis, as in the case of DEstrades, took prompt measures.
     He ordered the papal nuncio forthwith to quit France; he seized upon
     Avignon, and his army prepared to enter Italy.  Alexander found it
     necessary to submit.  In fulfilment of a treaty signed at Pisa in
     1664, Cardinal Chigi, the popes nephew, came to Paris, to tender
     the popes apology to Louis.  The guilty individuals were punished;
     the Corsicans banished for ever from the Roman States; and in front
     of the guard-house which they had occupied a pyramid was erected,
     bearing an inscription which embodied the popes apology.  This
     pyramid Louis permitted Clement IX. to destroy on his accession.-B.]

and banish the Cardinall Imperiall,

     [Lorenzo Imperiali, of Genoa.  He had been appointed Governor of
     Rome by Innocent X., and he had acted in that capacity at
     the time of the tumult.—B.]

which I understand this day is not meant the Cardinall belonging or chosen
by the Emperor, but the name of his family is Imperiali. Thence to walk in
the Park, which we did two hours, it being a pleasant sunshine day though
cold. Our discourse upon the rise of most men that we know, and observing
them to be the results of chance, not policy, in any of them, particularly
Sir J. Lawsons, from his declaring against Charles Stuart in the river of
Thames, and for the Rump. Thence to my Lord, who had his ague fit last
night, but is now pretty well, and I staid talking with him an hour alone
in his chamber, about sundry publique and private matters. Among others,
he wonders what the project should be of the Dukes going down to
Portsmouth just now with his Lady, at this time of the year: it being no
way, we think, to increase his popularity, which is not great; nor yet
safe to do it, for that reason, if it would have any such effect. By and
by comes in my Lady Wright, and so I went away, end after talking with
Captn. Ferrers, who tells me of my Lady Castlemaines and Sir Charles
Barkeley being the great favourites at Court, and growing every day more
and more; and that upon a late dispute between my Lord Chesterfield, that
is the Queens Lord Chamberlain, and Mr. Edward Montagu, her Master of the
Horse, who should have the precedence in taking the Queens upperhand
abroad out of the house, which Mr. Montagu challenges, it was given to my
Lord Chesterfield. So that I perceive he goes down the wind in honour as
well as every thing else, every day. So walk to my brothers and talked
with him, who tells me that this day a messenger is come, that tells us
how Collonel Honiwood, who was well yesterday at Canterbury, was flung by
his horse in getting up, and broke his scull, and so is dead. So home and
to the office, despatching some business, and so home to supper, and then
to prayers and to bed.

26th. Up and by water with Sir W. Batten to White Hall, drinking a glass
of wormewood wine at the Stillyard, and so up to the Duke, and with the
rest of the officers did our common service; thence to my Lord Sandwichs,
but he was in bed, and had a bad fit last night, and so I went to,
Westminster Hall, it being Term time, it troubling me to think that I
should have any business there to trouble myself and thoughts with. Here I
met with Monsieur Raby, who is lately come from France. [He] tells me that
my Lord Hinchingbroke and his brother do little improve there, and are
much neglected in their habits and other things; but I do believe he hath
a mind to go over as their tutour, and so I am not apt to believe what he
says therein. But I had a great deal of very good discourse with him,
concerning the difference between the French and the Pope, and the
occasion, which he told me very particularly, and to my great content; and
of most of the chief affairs of France, which I did enquire: and that the
King is a most excellent Prince, doing all business himself; and that it
is true he hath a mistress, Mademoiselle La Valiere, one of the Princess
Henriettes women, that he courts for his pleasure every other day, but
not so as to make him neglect his publique affairs. He tells me how the
King do carry himself nobly to the relations of the dead Cardinall,—[Cardinal
Mazarin died March 9th, 1661.]—and will not suffer one pasquill to
come forth against him; and that he acts by what directions he received
from him before his death. Having discoursed long with him, I took him by
coach and set him down at my Lord Crews, and myself went and dined at Mr.
Povys, where Orlando Massam, Mr. Wilks, a Wardrobe man, myself and Mr.
Gawden, and had just such another dinner as I had the other day there. But
above all things I do the most admire his piece of perspective especially,
he opening me the closett door, and there I saw that there is nothing but
only a plain picture hung upon the wall. After dinner Mr. Gauden and I to
settle the business of the Tangier victualling, which I perceive none of
them yet have hitherto understood but myself. Thence by coach to White
Hall, and met upon the Tangier Commission, our greatest business the
discoursing of getting things ready for my Lord Rutherford to go about the
middle of March next, and a proposal of Sir J. Lawsons and Mr. Cholmelys
concerning undertaking the Mole, which is referred to another time. So by
coach home, being melancholy, overcharged with business, and methinks I
fear that I have some ill offices done to Mr. Coventry, or else he
observes that of late I have not despatched business so as I did use to
do, which I confess I do acknowledge. But it may be it is but my fear
only, he is not so fond as he used to be of me. But I do believe that Sir
W. Batten has made him believe that I do too much crow upon having his
kindness, and so he may on purpose to countenance him seem a little more
strange to me, but I will study hard to bring him back again to the same
degree of kindness. So home, and after a little talk with my wife, to the
office, and did a great deal of business there till very late, and then
home to supper and to bed.

27th. Up and to the office, where sat till two oclock, and then home to
dinner, whither by and by comes Mr. Creed, and he and I talked of our
Tangier business, and do find that there is nothing in the world done with
true integrity, but there is design along with it, as in my Lord
Rutherford, who designs to have the profit of victualling of the garrison
himself, and others to have the benefit of making the Mole, so that I am
almost discouraged from coming any more to the Committee, were it not that
it will possibly hereafter bring me to some acquaintance of great men.
Then to the office again, where very busy till past ten at night, and so
home to supper and to bed. I have news this day from Cambridge that my
brother hath had his bachelors cap put on; but that which troubles me is,
that he hath the pain of the stone, and makes bloody water with great
pain, it beginning just as mine did. I pray God help him.

28th. Up and all the morning at my office doing business, and at home
seeing my painters work measured. So to dinner and abroad with my wife,
carrying her to Unthanks, where she alights, and I to my Lord Sandwichs,
whom I find missing his ague fit to-day, and is pretty well, playing at
dice (and by this I see how time and example may alter a man; he being now
acquainted with all sorts of pleasures and vanities, which heretofore he
never thought of nor loved, nor, it may be, hath allowed) with Ned
Pickering and his page Laud. Thence to the Temple to my cozen Roger Pepys,
and thence to Serjt. Bernard to advise with him and retain him against my
uncle, my heart and head being very heavy with the business. Thence to
Wottons, the shoemaker, and there bought another pair of new boots, for
the other I bought my last would not fit me, and here I drank with him and
his wife, a pretty woman, they broaching a vessel of syder a-purpose for
me. So home, and there found my wife come home, and seeming to cry; for
bringing home in a coach her new ferrandin

     [Ferrandin, which was sometimes spelt farendon, was a stuff made of
     silk mixed with some other material, like what is now called poplin.
     Both mohair and farendon are generally cheap materials; for in the
     case of Manby v. Scott, decided in the Exchequer Chamber in 1663,
     and reported in the first volume of Modern Reports, the question
     being as to the liability of a husband to pay for goods supplied
     against his consent to his wife, who had separated from him, Mr.
     Justice Hyde (whose judgment is most amusing) observes, in putting
     various supposed cases, that The wife will have a velvet gown and a
     satin petticoat, and the husband thinks a mohair or farendon for a
     gown, and watered tabby for a petticoat, is as fashionable, and
     fitter for her quality.—B.]

waistecoate, in Cheapside, a man asked her whether that was the way to the
Tower; and while she was answering him, another, on the other side,
snatched away her bundle out of her lap, and could not be recovered, but
ran away with it, which vexes me cruelly, but it cannot be helped. So to
my office, and there till almost 12 at night with Mr. Lewes, learning to
understand the manner of a pursers account, which is very hard and little
understood by my fellow officers, and yet mighty necessary. So at last
with great content broke up and home to supper and bed.

29th. Lay chiding, and then pleased with my wife in bed, and did consent
to her having a new waistcoate made her for that which she lost yesterday.
So to the office, and sat all the morning. At noon dined with Mr. Coventry
at Sir J. Minnes his lodgings, the first time that ever I did yet, and am
sorry for doing it now, because of obliging me to do the like to him
again. Here dined old Captn. Marsh of the Tower with us. So to visit Sir
W. Pen, and then to the office, and there late upon business by myself, my
wife being sick to-day. So home and to supper and to bed.

30th. A solemn fast for the Kings murther, and we were forced to keep it
more than we would have done, having forgot to take any victuals into the
house. I to church in the forenoon, and Mr. Mills made a good sermon upon
Davids heart smiting him for cutting off the garment of Saul.

     [Samuel, chap.  xxiv.  v. 5, And it came to pass afterward, that
     Davids heart smote him, because he had cut off Sauls skirt.]

Home, and whiled away some of the afternoon at home talking with my wife.
So to my office, and all alone making up my months accounts, which to my
great trouble I find that I am got no further than L640. But I have had
great expenses this month. I pray God the next may be a little better, as
I hope it will. In the evening my manuscript is brought home handsomely
bound, to my full content; and now I think I have a better collection in
reference to the Navy, and shall have by the time I have filled it, than
any of my predecessors. So home and eat something such as we have, bread
and butter and milk, and so to bed.

31st. Up and to my office, and there we sat till noon. I home to dinner,
and there found my plate of the Soverayne with the table to it come from
Mr. Christopher Pett, of which I am very glad. So to dinner late, and not
very good, only a rabbit not half roasted, which made me angry with my
wife. So to the office, and there till late, busy all the while. In the
evening examining my wifes letter intended to my Lady, and another to
Mademoiselle; they were so false spelt that I was ashamed of them, and
took occasion to fall out about them with my wife, and so she wrote none,
at which, however, I was, sorry, because it was in answer to a letter of
Madam about business. Late home to supper and to bed.