Samuel Pepys diary November 1662


November 1st. Up and after a little while with my workmen I went to my
office, and then to our sitting all the morning. At noon with Mr. Creede,
whom I found at my house, to the Trinity House, to a great dinner there,
by invitacion, and much company. It seems one Captain Evans makes his
Elder Brothers dinner to-day. Among other discourses one Mr. Oudant,
secretary to the late Princesse of Orange, did discourse of the
convenience as to keeping the highways from being deep, by their horses,
in Holland (and Flanders where the ground is as miry as ours is), going in
their carts and, waggons as ours in coaches, wishing the same here as an
expedient to make the ways better, and I think there is something in it,
where there is breadth enough. Thence to my office, sent for to meet Mr.
Leigh again; from Sir H. Bennet. And he and I, with Wade and his
intelligencer and labourers, to the Tower cellars, to make one tryall
more; where we staid two or three hours digging, and dug a great deal all
under the arches, as it was now most confidently directed, and so
seriously, and upon pretended good grounds, that I myself did truly expect
to speed; but we missed of all: and so we went away the second time like
fools. And to our office, whither, a coach being come, Mr. Leigh goes home
to Whitehall; and I by appointment to the Dolphin Tavern, to meet Wade and
the other, Captn. Evett, who now do tell me plainly, that he that do put
him upon this is one that had it from Barkesteads own mouth, and was
advised with by him, just before the Kings coming in, how to get it out,
and had all the signs told him how and where it lay, and had always been
the great confident of Barkestead even to the trusting him with his life
and all he had. So that he did much convince me that there is good ground
for what we go about. But I fear it may be that he did find some
conveyance of it away, without the help of this man, before he died. But
he is resolved to go to the party once more, and then to determine what we
shall do further. So we parted, and I to my office, where after sending
away my letters to the post I do hear that Sir J. Minnes is resolved to
turn part of our entry into a room and to divide the back yard between Sir
W. Pen and him, which though I do not see how it will annoy me much
particularly, yet it do trouble me a little for fear it should, but I do
not see how it can well unless in his desiring my coming to my back
stairs, but for that I shall do as well as himself or Sir W. Pen, who is
most concerned to look after it.

2nd (Lords day). Lay long with pleasure talking with my wife, in whom I
never had greater content, blessed be God! than now, she continuing with
the same care and thrift and innocence, so long as I keep her from
occasions of being otherwise, as ever she was in her life, and keeps the
house as well. To church, where Mr. Mills, after he had read the service,
and shifted himself as he did the last day, preached a very ordinary
sermon. So home to dinner with my wife. Then up into my new rooms which
are, almost finished, and there walked with great content talking with my
wife till church time, and then to church, and there being a lazy preacher
I slept out the sermon, and so home, and after visiting the two Sir
Williams, who are both of them mending apace, I to my office preparing
things against to-morrow for the Duke, and so home and to bed, with some
pain,… having taken cold this morning in sitting too long bare-legged to
pare my corns. My wife and I spent a good deal of this evening in reading
Du Bartas Imposture and other parts which my wife of late has taken up
to read, and is very fine as anything I meet with.

3d. Up and with Sir J. Minnes in his coach to White Hall, to the Dukes;
but found him gone out a-hunting. Thence to my Lord Sandwich, from whom I
receive every day more and more signs of his confidence and esteem of me.
Here I met with Pierce the chyrurgeon, who tells me that my Lady
Castlemaine is with child; but though it be the Kings, yet her Lord being
still in town, and sometimes seeing of her, though never to eat or lie
together, it will be laid to him. He tells me also how the Duke of York is
smitten in love with my Lady Chesterfield

     [Lady Elizabeth Butler, daughter of James Butler, first Duke of
     Ormond, second wife of Philip Stanhope, second Earl of Chesterfield.
     She died July, 1665 (see Memoires de Grammont, chap. viii.).
     Peter Cunningham thinks that this banishment was only temporary,
     for, according to the Grammont Memoirs, she was in town when the
     Russian ambassador was in London, December, 1662, and January, 1662-
     63.  It appears from the books of the Lord Stewards office...
     that Lord Chesterfield set out for the country on the 12th May,
     1663, and, from his Short Notes referred to in the Memoirs before
     his Correspondence, that he remained at Bretby, in Derbyshire, with
     his wife, throughout the summer of that year (Story of Nell Gwyn,
      1852, p. 189).]

(a virtuous lady, daughter to my Lord of Ormond); and so much, that the
duchess of York hath complained to the King and her father about it, and
my Lady Chesterfield is gone into the country for it. At all which I am
sorry; but it is the effect of idleness, and having nothing else to employ
their great spirits upon. Thence with Mr. Creede and Mr. Moore (who is got
upon his legs and come to see my Lord) to Wilkinsons, and there I did
give them and Mr. Howe their dinner of roast beef, cost me 5s., and after
dinner carried Mr. Moore as far as Pauls in a coach, giving him direction
about my law business, and there set him down, and I home and among my
workmen, who happened of all sorts to meet to their making an end of a
great many jobbs, so that after to-morrow I shall have but a little
plastering and all the painting almost to do, which was good content to
me. At night to my office, and did business; and there came to me Mr. Wade
and Evett, who have been again with their prime intelligencer, a woman, I
perceive: and though we have missed twice, yet they bring such an account
of the probability of the truth of the thing, though we are not certain of
the place, that we shall set upon it once more; and I am willing and
hopefull in it. So we resolved to set upon it again on Wednesday morning;
and the woman herself will be there in a disguise, and confirm us in the
place. So they took leave for the night, and I to my business, and then
home to my wife and to supper and bed, my pain being going away. So by
Gods great blessing my mind is in good condition of quiet.

4th. Lay long talking pleasantly with my wife in bed, it having rained,
and do still, very much all night long. Up and to the office, where we sat
till noon. This morning we had news by letters that Sir Richard Stayner is
dead at sea in the Mary, which is now come into Portsmouth from Lisbon;
which we are sorry for, he being a very stout seaman. But there will be no
great miss of him for all that. Dined at home with my wife, and all the
afternoon among my workmen, and at night to my office to do business
there, and then to see Sir W. Pen, who is still sick, but his pain less
than it was. He took occasion to talk with me about Sir J. Minness
intention to divide the entry and the yard, and so to keep him out of the
yard, and forcing him to go through the garden to his house. Which he is
vexed at, and I am glad to see that Sir J. Minnes do use him just as he do
me, and so I perceive it is not anything extraordinary his carriage to me
in the matter of our houses, for this is worse than anything he has done
to me, that he should give order for the stopping up of his way to his
house without so much as advising with him or letting of him know it, and
I confess that it is very highly and basely done of him. So to my office
again, and after doing business there, then home to supper and to bed.

5th. Up and with my painters painting my dining room all day long till
night, not stirring out at all. Only in the morning my Lady Batten did
send to speak with me, and told me very civilly that she did not desire,
nor hoped I did, that anything should pass between us but what was civill,
though there was not the neighbourliness between her and my wife that was
fit to be, and so complained of my maids mocking of her; when she called
Nan to her maid within her own house, my maid Jane in the garden
overheard her, and mocked her, and some other such like things she told
me, and of my wifes speaking unhandsomely of her; to all which I did give
her a very respectfull answer, such as did please her, and am sorry indeed
that this should be, though I do not desire there should be any
acquaintance between my wife and her. But I promised to avoid such words
and passages for the future. So home, and by and by Sir W. Pen did send
for me to his bedside; and tell me how really Sir J. Minnes did resolve to
have one of my rooms, and that he was very angry and hot, and said he
would speak to the Duke. To which, knowing that all this was but to scare
me, and to get him to put off his resolution of making up the entry, I did
tell him plainly how I did not value his anger more, than he did mine, and
that I should be willing to do what the Duke commanded, and I was sure to
have justice of him, and that was all I did say to him about it, though I
was much vexed, and after a little stay went home; and there telling my
wife she did put me into heart, and resolve to offer him to change
lodgings, and believe that that will one way or other bring us to some end
in this dispute. At night I called up my maids, and schooled Jane, who did
answer me so humbly and drolly about it, that though I seemed angry, I was
much pleased with her and [my] wife also. So at night to bed.

6th. At the office forenoon and afternoon till late at night, very busy
answering my Lord Treasurers letter, and my mind troubled till we come to
some end with Sir J. Minnes about our lodgings, and so home. And after
some pleasant discourse and supper to bed, and in my dream much troubled
by being with Will. Swan, a great fanatic, my old acquaintance, and,
methought, taken and led up with him for a plotter, all our discourse
being at present about the late plots.

7th. Up and being by appointment called upon by Mr. Lee, he and I to the
Tower, to make our third attempt upon the cellar. And now privately the
woman, Barkesteads great confident, is brought, who do positively say
that this is the place which he did say the money was hid in, and where he
and she did put up the L50,000

     [Thus in the MS., although the amount was first stated as L7,000
     (see October 30th, 1662)]

in butter firkins; and the very day that he went out of England did say
that neither he nor his would be the better for that money, and therefore
wishing that she and hers might. And so left us, and we full of hope did
resolve to dig all over the cellar, which by seven oclock at night we
performed. At noon we sent for a dinner, and upon the head of a barrel
dined very merrily, and to work again. Between times, Mr. Lee, who had
been much in Spain, did tell me pretty stories of the customs and other
things, as I asked him, of the country, to my great content. But at last
we saw we were mistaken; and after digging the cellar quite through, and
removing the barrels from one side to the other, we were forced to pay our
porters, and give over our expectations, though I do believe there must be
money hid somewhere by him, or else he did delude this woman in hopes to
oblige her to further serving him, which I am apt to believe. Thence by
coach to White Hall, and at my Lords lodgings did write a letter, he not
being within, to tell him how things went, and so away again, only hearing
that Mrs. Sarah is married, I did go up stairs again and joy her and kiss
her, she owning of it; and it seems it is to a cook. I am glad she is
disposed of, for she grows old, and is very painfull,—[painstaking]—and
one I have reason to wish well for her old service to me. Then to my
brothers, where my wife, by my order, is tonight to stay a night or two
while my house is made clean, and thence home, where I am angry to see,
instead of the house made in part clean, all the pewter goods and other
things are brought up to scouring, which makes the house ten times worse,
at which I was very much displeased, but cannot help it. So to my office
to set down my journal, and so home and to bed.

8th. All the morning sitting at the office, and after that dined alone at
home, and so to the office again till 9 oclock, being loth to go home,
the house is so dirty, and my wife at my brothers. So home and to bed.

9th (Lords day). Lay alone a good while, my mind busy about pleading
to-morrow to the Duke if there shall be occasion for this chamber that I
lie in against Sir J., Minnes. Then up, and after being ready walked to my
brothers, where my wife is, calling at many churches, and then to the
Temple, hearing a bit there too, and observing that in the streets and
churches the Sunday is kept in appearance as well as I have known it at
any time. Then to dinner to my brothers, only he and my wife, and after
dinner to see Mr. Moore, who is pretty well, and he and I to St.
Gregorys, where I escaped a great fall down the staires of the gallery:
so into a pew there and heard Dr. Ball make a very good sermon, though
short of what I expected, as for the most part it do fall out. So home
with Mr. Moore to his chamber, and after a little talk I walked home to my
house and staid at Sir W. Battens. Till late at night with him and Sir J.
Minnes, with whom we did abundance of most excellent discourse of former
passages of sea commanders and officers of the navy, and so home and to
bed, with my mind well at ease but only as to my chamber, which I fear to

10th. Up betimes and to set my workmen to work, and then a little to the
office, and so with Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten, and myself by coach to
White Hall, to the Duke, who, after he was ready, did take us into his
closett. Thither come my Lord General Monk, and did privately talk with
the Duke about having the life-guards pass through the City today only for
show and to fright people, for I perceive there are great fears abroad;
for all which I am troubled and full of doubt that things will not go
well. He being gone, we fell to business of the Navy. Among other things,
how to pay off this fleet that is now come from Portugall; the King of
Portugall sending them home, he having no more use for them, which we
wonder at, that his condition should be so soon altered. And our landmen
also are coming back, being almost starved in that poor country. Having
done here I went by my Lord Sandwichs, who was not at home, and so to
Westminster Hall, where full of term, and here met with many about
business, among others my cozen Roger Pepys, who is all for a composition
with my uncle Thomas, which upon any fair terms I am for also and desire
it. Thence by water, and so by land to my Lord Crews, and dined with him
and his brother, I know not his name; where very good discourse; among
others, of Frances intention to make a patriarch of his own, independent
from the Pope, by which he will be able to cope with the Spaniard in all
councils, which hitherto he has never done. My Lord Crew told us how he
heard my Lord of Holland say that, being Embassador about the match with
the Queene-Mother that now is, the King of France—[Louis XIII., in
1624.]—insisted upon a dispensation from the Pope, which my Lord
Holland making a question of, and that he was commanded to yield to
nothing to the prejudice of our religion, says the King of France, You
need not fear that, for if the Pope will not dispense with the match, my
Bishopp of Paris shall. By and by come in great Mr. Swinfen, the
Parliament-man, who, among other discourse of the rise and fall of
familys, told us of Bishopp Bridgeman (brother of Sir Orlando) who lately
hath bought a seat anciently of the Levers, and then the Ashtons; and so
he hath in his great hall window (having repaired and beautified the
house) caused four great places to be left for coates of armes. In one, he
hath put the Levers, with this motto, Olim. In another the Ashtons, with
this, Heri. In the next his own, with this, Hodie. In the fourth
nothing but this motto, Cras nescio cujus. Thence towards my brothers;
met with Jack Cole in Fleet Street, and he and I went into his cozen Mary
Coles (whom I never saw since she was married), and drank a pint of wine
and much good discourse. I found him a little conceited, but he had good
things in him, and a man may know the temper of the City by him, he being
of a general conversation, and can tell how matters go; and upon that
score I will encourage his acquaintance. Thence to my brothers, and
taking my wife up, carried her to Charing Cross, and there showed her the
Italian motion, much after the nature of what I showed her a while since
in Covent Garden. Their puppets here are somewhat better, but their
motions not at all. Thence by coach to my Ladys, and, hiding my wife with
Sarah below, I went up and heard some musique with my Lord, and afterwards
discoursed with him alone, and so good night to him and below, having sent
for Mr. Creed, had thought to have shown my wife a play before the King,
but it is so late that we could not, and so we took coach, and taking up
Sarah at my brothers with their night geare we went home, and I to my
office to settle matters, and so home and to bed. This morning in the
Dukes chamber Sir J. Minnes did break to me his desire about my chamber,
which I did put off to another time to discourse of, he speaking to me
very kindly to make me the less trouble myself, hoping to save myself and
to contrive something or other to pleasure him as well, though I know not
well what. The town, I hear, is full of discontents, and all know of the
Kings new bastard by Mrs. Haslerigge, and as far as I can hear will never
be contented with Episcopacy, they are so cruelly set for Presbytery, and
the Bishopps carry themselves so high, that they are never likely to gain
anything upon them.

11th. All the morning sitting at the office, and then to dinner with my
wife, and so to the office again (where a good while Mr. Bland was with
me, telling me very fine things in merchandize, which, but that the
trouble of my office do so cruelly hinder me, I would take some pains in)
till late at night. Towards the evening I, as I have done for three or
four nights, studying something of Arithmetique, which do please me well
to see myself come forward. So home, to supper, and to bed.

12th. At my office most of the morning, after I had done among my
painters, and sent away Mr. Shaw and Hawly, who came to give me a visit
this morning. Shaw it seems is newly re-married to a rich widow. At noon
dined at home with my wife, and by and by, by my wifes appointment came
two young ladies, sisters, acquaintances of my wifes brothers, who are
desirous to wait upon some ladies, and proffer their service to my wife.
The youngest, indeed, hath a good voice, and sings very well, besides
other good qualitys; but I fear hath been bred up with too great liberty
for my family, and I fear greater inconveniences of expenses, and my
wifes liberty will follow, which I must study to avoid till I have a
better purse; though, I confess, the gentlewoman, being pretty handsome,
and singing, makes me have a good mind to her. Anon I took them by coach
and carried them to a friends of theirs, in Lincolns Inn Fields, and
there I left them and I to the Temple by appointment to my cousin Rogers
chamber, where my uncle Thomas and his son Thomas met us, I having hoped
that they would have agreed with me to have had [it] ended by my cozen
Roger, but they will have two strangers to be for them against two others
of mine, and so we parted without doing any thing till the two send me the
names of their arbiters. Thence I walked home, calling a little in Pauls
Churchyard, and, I thank God, can read and never buy a book, though I have
a great mind to it. So to the Dolphin Tavern near home, by appointment,
and there met with Wade and Evett, and have resolved to make a new attempt
upon another discovery, in which God give us better fortune than in the
other, but I have great confidence that there is no cheat in these people,
but that they go upon good grounds, though they have been mistaken in the
place of the first. From thence, without drinking a drop of wine, home to
my office and there made an end, though late, of my collection of the
prices of masts for these twelve years to this day, in order to the buying
of some of Wood, and I bound it up in painted paper to lie by as a book
for future use. So home and to supper and to bed, and a little before and
after we were in bed we had much talk and difference between us about my
wifes having a woman, which I seemed much angry at, that she should go so
far in it without consideration and my being consulted with. So to bed.

13th. Up and began our discontent again and sorely angered my wife, who
indeed do live very lonely, but I do perceive that it is want of work that
do make her and all other people think of ways of spending their time
worse, and this I owe to my building, that do not admit of her undertaking
any thing of work, because the house has been and is still so dirty. I to
my office, and there sat all the morning and dined with discontent with my
wife at noon, and so to my office, and there this afternoon we had our
first meeting upon our commission of inspecting the Chest, and there met
Sir J. Minnes, Sir Francis Clerke, Mr. Heath, Atturney of the Dutchy, Mr.
Prinn, Sir W. Rider, Captn. Cocke, and myself. Our first work to read over
the Institution, which is a decree in Chancery in the year 1617, upon an
inquisition made at Rochester about that time into the revenues of the
Chest, which had then, from the year 1588 or 1590, by the advice of the
Lord High Admiral and principal officers then being, by consent of the
seamen, been settled, paying sixpence per month, according to their wages
then, which was then but 10s. which is now 24s. We adjourned to a
fortnight hence. So broke up, and I to see Sir W. Pen, who is now pretty
well, but lies in bed still; he cannot rise to stand. Then to my office
late, and this afternoon my wife in her discontent sent me a letter, which
I am in a quandary what to do, whether to read it or not, but I purpose
not, but to burn it before her face, that I may put a stop to more of this
nature. But I must think of some way, either to find her some body to keep
her company, or to set her to work, and by employment to take up her
thoughts and time. After doing what I had to do I went home to supper, and
there was very sullen to my wife, and so went to bed and to sleep (though
with much ado, my mind being troubled) without speaking one word to her.

14th. She begun to talk in the morning and to be friends, believing all
this while that. I had read her letter, which I perceive by her discourse
was full of good counsel, and relating the reason of her desiring a woman,
and how little charge she did intend it to be to me, so I begun and argued
it as full and plain to her, and she to reason it highly to me, to put her
away, and take one of the Bowyers if I did dislike her, that I did resolve
when the house is ready she shall try her for a while; the truth is, I
having a mind to have her come for her musique and dancing. So up and
about my papers all the morning, and her brother coming I did tell him my
mind plain, who did assure me that they were both of the sisters very
humble and very poor, and that she that we are to have would carry herself
so. So I was well contented and spent part of the morning at my office,
and so home and to dinner, and after dinner, finding Sarah to be
discontented at the news of this woman, I did begin in my wifes chamber
to talk to her and tell her that it was not out of unkindness to her, but
my wife came up, and I perceive she is not too reconciled to her whatever
the matter is, that I perceive I shall not be able to keep her, though she
is as good a servant (only a little pettish) that ever I desire to have,
and a creditable servant. So she desired leave to go out to look [for] a
service, and did, for which I am troubled, and fell out highly afterwards
with my wife about it. So to my office, where we met this afternoon about
answering a great letter of my Lord Treasurers, and that done to my
office drawing up a letter to him, and so home to supper.

15th. All the morning at the office sitting, dined with my wife pleasantly
at home, then among my painters, and by and by went to my Civil Lawyers
about my uncles suit, and so home again and saw my painters make an end
of my house this night, which is my great joy, and so to my office and did
business till ten at night, and so home and to supper, and after reading
part of Bussy dAmbois, a good play I bought to-day, to bed.

16th (Lords day). About 3 oclock in the morning waked with a rude noise
among Sir J. Minnes his servants (he not being yet come to his lodgings),
who are the rudest people but they that lived before, one Mrs. Davis, that
ever I knew in my life. To sleep again, and after long talking pleasantly
with my wife, up and to church, where Mrs. Goodyer, now Mrs. Buckworth,
was churched. I love the woman for her gravity above any in the parish. So
home and to dinner with my wife with great content, and after dinner
walked up and down my house, which is now almost finished, there being
nothing to do but the glazier and furniture to put up. By and by comes
Tom, and after a little talk I with him towards his end, but seeing many
strangers and coaches coming to our church, and finding that it was a
sermon to be preached by a probationer for the Turkey Company,—[The
Turkey or Levant Company was established in 1581.]—to be sent to
Smyrna, I returned thither. And several Turkey merchants filled all the
best pews (and some in ours) in the Church, but a most pitiful sermon it
was upon a text in Zachariah, and a great time he spent to show whose son
Zachary was, and to prove Malachi to be the last prophet before John the
Baptist. Home and to see Sir W. Pen, who gets strength, but still keeps
his bed. Then home and to my office to do some business there, and so home
to supper and to bed.

17th. To the Dukes to-day, but he is gone a-hunting, and therefore I to
my Lord Sandwichs, and having spoke a little with him about his
businesses, I to Westminster Hall and there staid long doing many
businesses, and so home by the Temple and other places doing the like, and
at home I found my wife dressing by appointment by her woman—[Mrs.
Gosnell.]—that I think is to be, and her other sister being here
to-day with her and my wifes brother, I took Mr. Creed, that came to
dine, to an ordinary behind the Change, and there dined together, and
after dinner home and there spent an hour or two till almost dark, talking
with my wife, and making Mrs. Gosnell sing; and then, there being no coach
to be got, by water to White Hall; but Gosnell not being willing to go
through bridge, we were forced to land and take water, again, and put her
and her sister ashore at the Temple. I am mightily pleased with her humour
and singing. At White Hall by appointment, Mr. Creed carried my wife and I
to the Cockpitt, and we had excellent places, and saw the King, Queen,
Duke of Monmouth, his son, and my Lady Castlemaine, and all the fine
ladies; and The Scornfull Lady, well performed. They had done by eleven
oclock, and it being fine moonshine, we took coach and home, but could
wake nobody at my house, and so were fain to have my boy get through one
of the windows, and so opened the door and called up the maids, and went
to supper and to bed, my mind being troubled at what my wife tells me,
that her woman will not come till she hears from her mother, for I am so
fond of her that I am loth now not to have her, though I know it will be a
great charge to me which I ought to avoid, and so will make it up in other
things. So to bed.

18th. Up and to the office, where Mr. Phillip the lawyer came to me, but I
put him off to the afternoon. At noon I dined at Sir W. Battens, Sir John
Minnes being here, and he and I very kind, but I every day expect to pull
a crow with him about our lodgings. My mind troubled about Gosnell and my
law businesses. So after dinner to Mr. Phillips his chamber, where he
demands an abatement for Piggotts money, which vexes me also, but I will
not give it him without my fathers consent, which I will write to him
to-night about, and have done it. Here meeting my uncle Thomas, he and I
to my cozen Rogers chamber, and there I did give my uncle him and Mr.
Philips to be my two arbiters against Mr. Cole and Punt, but I expect no
great good of the matter. Thence walked home, and my wife came home,
having been abroad to-day, laying out above L12 in linen, and a copper,
and a pot, and bedstead, and other household stuff, which troubles me
also, so that my mind to-night is very heavy and divided. Late at my
office, drawing up a letter to my Lord Treasurer, which we have been long
about, and so home, and, my mind troubled, to bed.

20th. All the morning sitting at the office, at noon with Mr. Coventry to
the Temple to advise about Fields, but our lawyers not being in the way
we went to St. Jamess, and there at his chamber dined, and I am still in
love more and more with him for his real worth. I broke to him my desire
for my wifes brother to send him to sea as a midshipman, which he is
willing to agree to, and will do it when I desire it. After dinner to the
Temple, to Mr. Thurland; and thence to my Lord Chief Baron, Sir Edward
Hales, and back with Mr. Thurland to his chamber, where he told us that
Field will have the better of us; and that we must study to make up the
business as well as we can, which do much vex and trouble us: but I am
glad the Duke is concerned in it. Thence by coach homewards, calling at a
tavern in the way (being guided by the messenger in whose custody Field
lies), and spoke with Mr. Smith our messenger about the business, and so
home, where I found that my wife had finished very neatly my study with
the former hangings of the diningroom, which will upon occasion serve for
a fine withdrawing room. So a little to my office and so home, and spent
the evening upon my house, and so to supper and to bed.

21St. Within all day long, helping to put up my hangings in my house in my
wifes chamber, to my great content. In the afternoon I went to speak to
Sir J. Minnes at his lodgings, where I found many great ladies, and his
lodgings made very fine indeed. At night to supper and to bed: this night
having first put up a spitting sheet, which I find very convenient. This
day come the Kings pleasure-boats from Calais, with the Dunkirk money,
being 400,000 pistolles.

22nd. This morning, from some difference between my wife and Sarah, her
maid, my wife and I fell out cruelly, to my great discontent. But I do see
her set so against the wench, whom I take to be a most extraordinary good
servant, that I was forced for the wenchs sake to bid her get her another
place, which shall cost some trouble to my wife, however, before I suffer
to be. Thence to the office, where I sat all the morning, then dined; Mr.
Moore with me, at home, my wife busy putting her furniture in order. Then
he and I out, and he home and I to my cozen Roger Pepys to advise about
treating with my uncle Thomas, and thence called at the Wardrobe on Mr.
Moore again, and so home, and after doing much business at my office I
went home and caused a new fashion knocker to be put on my door, and did
other things to the putting my house in order, and getting my outward door
painted, and the arch. This day I bought the book of country dances
against my wifes woman Gosnell comes, who dances finely; and there
meeting Mr. Playford he did give me his Latin songs of Mr. Deerings,
which he lately printed. This day Mr. Moore told me that for certain the
Queen-Mother is married to my Lord St. Albans, and he is like to be made
Lord Treasurer. Newes that Sir J. Lawson hath made up a peace now with
Tunis and Tripoli, as well as Argiers, by which he will come home very
highly honoured.

23rd (Lords day). Up, after some talk with my wife, soberly, upon
yesterdays difference, and made good friends, and to church to hear Mr.
Mills, and so home, and Mr. Moore and my brother Tom dined with me. My
wife not being well to-day did not rise. In the afternoon to church again,
and heard drowsy Mr. Graves, and so to see Sir W. Pen, who continues ill
in bed, but grows better and better every day. Thence to Sir W. Battens,
and there staid awhile and heard how Sir R. Fords daughter is married to
a fellow without friends consent, and the match carried on and made up at
Will Griffins, our doorkeepers. So to my office and did a little
business, and so home and to bed. I talked to my brother to-day, who
desires me to give him leave to look after his mistress still; and he will
not have me put to any trouble or obligation in it, which I did give him
leave to do. I hear to-day how old rich Audley is lately dead, and left a
very great estate, and made a great many poor familys rich, not all to
one. Among others, one Davis, my old schoolfellow at Pauls, and since a
bookseller in Pauls Church Yard: and it seems do forgive one man L60,000
which he had wronged him of, but names not his name; but it is well known
to be the scrivener in Fleet Street, at whose house he lodged. There is
also this week dead a poulterer, in Gracious Street, which was thought
rich, but not so rich, that hath left L800 per annum, taken in other mens
names, and 40,000 Jacobs in gold.

     [A jacobus was a gold coin of the value of twenty-five shillings,
     called after James I, in whose reign it was first coined.]

24th. Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten, and I, going forth toward White Hall,
we hear that the King and Duke are come this morning to the Tower to see
the Dunkirk money! So we by coach to them, and there went up and down all
the magazines with them; but methought it was but poor discourse and
frothy that the Kings companions (young Killigrew among the rest) about
the codpieces of some of the men in armour there to be seen, had with him.
We saw none of the money, but Mr. Slingsby did show the King, and I did
see, the stamps of the new money that is now to be made by Blondeaus

     [Peter Blondeau was employed by the Commonwealth to coin their
     money.  After the Restoration, November 3rd, 1662, he received
     letters of denization, and a grant for being engineer of the Mint in
     the Tower of London, and for using his new invention for coining
     gold and silver with the mill and press, with the fee of L100 per
     annum (Walpoles Anecdotes of Painting).]

which are very neat, and like the King. Thence the King to Woolwich,
though a very cold day; and the Duke to White Hall, commanding us to come
after him, which we did by coach; and in his closett, my Lord Sandwich
being there, did discourse with us about getting some of this money to pay
off the Fleets, and other matters; and then away hence, and, it being
almost dinner time, I to my Lord Crews, and dined with him, and had very
good discourse, and he seemed to be much pleased with my visits. Thence to
Mr. Phillips, and so to the Temple, where met my cozen Roger Pepys and his
brother, Dr. John, as my arbitrators against Mr. Cole and Mr. John Bernard
for my uncle Thomas, and we two with them by appointment. They began very
high in their demands, and my friends, partly being not so well acquainted
with the will, and partly, I doubt, not being so good wits as they, for
which I blame my choosing of relations (who besides that are equally
engaged to stand for them as me), I was much troubled thereat, and taking
occasion to deny without my fathers consent to bind myself in a bond of
L2000 to stand to their award, I broke off the business for the present
till I hear and consider further, and so thence by coach (my cozen, Thomas
Pepys, being in another chamber busy all the while, going along with me)
homeward, and I set him down by the way; but, Lord! how he did endeavour
to find out a ninepence to clubb with me for the coach, and for want was
forced to give me a shilling, and how he still cries Gad! and talks of
Popery coming in, as all the Fanatiques do, of which I was ashamed. So
home, finding my poor wife very busy putting things in order, and so to
bed, my mind being very much troubled, and could hardly sleep all night,
thinking how things are like to go with us about Brampton, and blaming
myself for living so high as I do when for ought I know my father and
mother may come to live upon my hands when all is done.

25th. Up and to the office all the morning, and at noon with the rest, by
Mr. Holy, the ironmongers invitation, to the Dolphin, to a venison pasty,
very good, and rare at this time of the year, and thence by coach with Mr.
Coventry as far as the Temple, and thence to Greatorexs, where I staid
and talked with him, and got him to mend my pocket ruler for me, and so by
coach to my Lords lodging, where I sat with Mr. Moore by appointment,
making up accounts for my Lord Sandwich, which done he and I and Capt.
Ferrers and W. Howe very merry a good while in the great dining room, and
so it being late and my Lord not coming in, I by coach to the Temple, and
thence walked home, and so to my study to do some business, and then home
and to bed. Great talk among people how some of the Fanatiques do say that
the end of the world is at hand, and that next Tuesday is to be the day.
Against which, whenever it shall be, good God fit us all.

26th. In the morning to the Temple to my cozen Roger, who now desires that
I would excuse him from arbitrating, he not being able to stand for me as
he would do, without appearing too high against my uncle Thomas, which
will raise his clamour. With this I am very well pleased, for I did desire
it, and so I shall choose other counsel. Thence home, he being busy that I
could not speak more with him. All day long till twelve oclock at night
getting my house in order, my wife putting up the red hangings and bed in
her womans chamber, and I my books and all other matters in my chamber
and study, which is now very pretty. So to bed.

27th. At my waking, I found the tops of the houses covered with snow,
which is a rare sight, that I have not seen these three years. Up, and put
my people to perfect the cleaning of my house, and so to the office, where
we sat till noon; and then we all went to the next house upon Tower Hill,
to see the coming by of the Russia Embassador; for whose reception all the
City trained-bands do attend in the streets, and the Kings life-guards,
and most of the wealthy citizens in their black velvet coats, and gold
chains (which remain of their gallantry at the Kings coming in), but they
staid so long that we went down again home to dinner. And after I had
dined, I heard they were coming, and so I walked to the Conduit in the

     [In two ordinances of the reign of Edward III., printed in Rileys
     Memorials of London (pp. 300, 389), this is called the Carfukes,
      which nearly approaches the name of the Carfax, at Oxford, where
     four ways also met.  Pepyss form of the word is nearer quatre
     voies, the French equivalent of quadrivium.]

at the end of Gracious-street and Cornhill; and there (the spouts thereof
running very near me upon all the people that were under it) I saw them
pretty well go by. I could not see the Embassador in his coach; but his
attendants in their habits and fur caps very handsome, comely men, and
most of them with hawkes upon their fists to present to the King. But
Lord! to see the absurd nature of Englishmen, that cannot forbear laughing
and jeering at every thing that looks strange. So back and to the office,
and there we met and sat till seven oclock, making a bargain with Mr.
Wood for his masts of New England; and then in Mr. Coventrys coach to the
Temple, but my cozen Roger Pepys not being at leisure to speak to me about
my business, I presently walked home, and to my office till very late
doing business, and so home, where I found my house more and more clear
and in order, and hope in a day or two now to be in very good condition
there and to my full content. Which God grant! So to supper and to bed.

28th. A very hard frost; which is news to us after having none almost
these three years. Up and to Ironmongers Hall by ten oclock to the
funeral of Sir Richard Stayner. Here we were, all the officers of the
Navy, and my Lord Sandwich, who did discourse with us about the fishery,
telling us of his Majestys resolution to give L200 to every man that will
set out a Busse;

     [A small sea-vessel used in the Dutch herring-fishery.]

and advising about the effects of this encouragement, which will be a very
great matter certainly. Here we had good rings, and by and by were to take
coach; and I being got in with Mr. Creed into a four-horse coach, which
they come and told us were only for the mourners, I went out, and so took
this occasion to go home. Where I staid all day expecting Gosnells
coming, but there came an excuse from her that she had not heard yet from
her mother, but that she will come next week, which I wish she may, since
I must keep one that I may have some pleasure therein. So to my office
till late writing out a copy of my uncles will, and so home and to bed.

29th. Before I went to the office my wifes brother did come to us, and we
did instruct him to go to Gosnells and to see what the true matter is of
her not coming, and whether she do intend to come or no, and so I to the
office; and this morning come Sir G. Carteret to us (being the first time
we have seen him since his coming from France): he tells us, that the
silver which he received for Dunkirk did weigh 120,000 weight. Here all
the morning upon business, and at noon (not going home to dinner, though
word was brought me that Will. Joyce was there, whom I had not seen at my
house nor any where else these three or four months) with Mr. Coventry by
his coach as far as Fleet Street, and there stepped into Madam Turners,
where was told I should find my cozen Roger Pepys, and with him to the
Temple, but not having time to do anything I went towards my Lord
Sandwichs. (In my way went into Captn. Cuttances coach, and with him to
my Lords.) But the company not being ready I did slip down to
Wilkinsons, and having not eat any thing to-day did eat a mutton pie and
drank, and so to my Lords, where my Lord and Mr. Coventry, Sir Wm. Darcy,
one Mr. Parham (a very knowing and well-spoken man in this business), with
several others, did meet about stating the business of the fishery, and
the manner of the Kings giving of this L200 to every man that shall set
out a new-made English Busse by the middle of June next. In which business
we had many fine pretty discourses; and I did here see the great pleasure
to be had in discoursing of publique matters with men that are
particularly acquainted with this or that business. Having come to some
issue, wherein a motion of mine was well received, about sending these
invitations from the King to all the fishing-ports in general, with
limiting so many Busses to this, and that port, before we know the
readiness of subscribers, we parted, and I walked home all the way, and
having wrote a letter full of business to my father, in my way calling
upon my cozen Turner and Mr. Calthrop at the Temple, for their consent to
be my arbitrators, which they are willing to. My wife and I to bed pretty
pleasant, for that her brother brings word that Gosnell, which my wife and
I in discourse do pleasantly call our Marmotte, will certainly come next
week without fail, which God grant may be for the best.

30th (Lords day). To church in the morning, and Mr. Mills made a pretty
good sermon. It is a bitter cold frost to-day. Dined alone with my wife
to-day with great content, my house being quite clean from top to bottom.
In the afternoon I to the French church here

     [The French Protestant Church was founded by Edward VI. in the
     church of St. Anthonys Hospital in Threadneedle Street.  This was
     destroyed in the Great Fire, and rebuilt, but demolished for the
     approaches of the new Royal Exchange.  The church was then removed
     to St. Martins-le-Grand, but this was also removed in 1888 to make
     room for the new Post Office buildings.]

in the city, and stood in the aisle all the sermon, with great delight
hearing a very admirable sermon, from a very young man, upon the article
in our creed, in order of catechism, upon the Resurrection. Thence home,
and to visit Sir W. Pen, who continues still bed-rid. Here was Sir W.
Batten and his Lady, and Mrs. Turner, and I very merry, talking of the
confidence of Sir R. Fords new-married daughter, though she married so
strangely lately, yet appears at church as brisk as can be, and takes
place of her elder sister, a maid. Thence home and to supper, and then,
cold as it is, to my office, to make up my monthly accounts, and I do find
that, through the fitting of my house this month, I have spent in that and
kitchen L50 this month; so that now I am worth but L660, or thereabouts.
This being done and fitted myself for the Duke to-morrow, I went home, and
to prayers and to bed. This day I first did wear a muffe, being my wifes
last years muffe,

     [The fashion of men wearing muffs appears to have been introduced
     from France in this reign.]

and now I have bought her a new one, this serves me very well. Thus ends
this month; in great frost; myself and family all well, but my mind much
disordered about my uncles law business, being now in an order of being
arbitrated between us, which I wish to God it were done. I am also
somewhat uncertain what to think of my going about to take a woman-servant
into my house, in the quality of a woman for my wife. My wife promises it
shall cost me nothing but her meat and wages, and that it shall not be
attended with any other expenses, upon which termes I admit of it; for
that it will, I hope, save me money in having my wife go abroad on visits
and other delights; so that I hope the best, but am resolved to alter it,
if matters prove otherwise than I would have them. Publique matters in an
ill condition of discontent against the height and vanity of the Court,
and their bad payments: but that which troubles most, is the Clergy, which
will never content the City, which is not to be reconciled to Bishopps:
the more the pity that differences must still be. Dunkirk newly sold, and
the money brought over; of which we hope to get some to pay the Navy:
which by Sir J. Lawsons having dispatched the business in the Straights,
by making peace with Argier,—[The ancient name for Algiers.]—Tunis,
and Tripoli (and so his fleet will also shortly come home), will now every
day grow less, and so the Kings charge be abated; which God send!