Samuel Pepys diary August 1662


August 1st. Up, my head aching, and to my office, where Cooper read me
another lecture upon my modell very pleasant. So to my business all the
morning, which increases by people coming now to me to the office. At noon
to the Exchange, where meeting Mr. Creed and Moore we three to a house
hard by (which I was not pleased with) to dinner, and after dinner and
some discourse ordinary by coach home, it raining hard, and so at the
office all the afternoon till evening to my chamber, where, God forgive
me, I was sorry to hear that Sir W. Pens maid Betty was gone away
yesterday, for I was in hopes to have had a bout with her before she had
gone, she being very pretty. I had also a mind to my own wench, but I dare
not for fear she should prove honest and refuse and then tell my wife. I
staid up late, putting things in order for my going to Chatham to-morrow,
and so to bed, being in pain… with the little riding in a coach to-day
from the Exchange, which do trouble me.

2nd. Up early, and got me ready in my riding clothes, and so to the
office, and there wrote letters to my father and wife against night, and
then to the business of my office, which being done, I took boat with
Will, and down to Greenwich, where Captain Cocke not being at home I was
vexed, and went to walk in the Park till he come thither to me: and Wills
forgetting to bring my boots in the boat did also vex me, for I was forced
to send the boat back again for them. I to Captain Cockes along with him
to dinner, where I find his lady still pretty, but not so good a humour as
I thought she was. We had a plain, good dinner, and I see they do live
very frugally. I eat among other fruit much mulberrys, a thing I have not
eat of these many years, since I used to be at Ashted, at my cozen
Pepyss. After dinner we to boat, and had a pleasant passage down to
Gravesend, but it was nine oclock before we got thither, so that we were
in great doubt what to do, whether to stay there or no; and the rather
because I was afeard to ride, because of my pain…; but at the Swan,
finding Mr. Hemson and Lieutenant Carteret of the Foresight come to meet
me, I borrowed Mr. Hemsons horse, and he took another, and so we rode to
Rochester in the dark, and there at the Crown Mr. Gregory, Barrow, and
others staid to meet me. So after a glass of wine, we to our barge, that
was ready for me, to the Hill-house, where we soon went to bed, before we
slept I telling upon discourse Captain Cocke the manner of my being cut of
the stone, which pleased him much. So to sleep.

3rd (Lords day). Up early, and with Captain Cocke to the dock-yard, a
fine walk, and fine weather. Where we walked till Commissioner Pett come
to us, and took us to his house, and showed us his garden and fine things,
and did give us a fine breakfast of bread and butter, and sweetmeats and
other things with great choice, and strong drinks, with which I could not
avoyde making my head ake, though I drank but little. Thither came Captain
Allen of the Foresight, and the officers of the yard to see me. Thence by
and by to church, by coach, with the Commissioner, and had a dull sermon.
A full church, and some pretty women in it; among others, Beck Allen, who
was a bride-maid to a new married couple that came to church to-day, and,
which was pretty strange, sat in a pew hung with mourning for a mother of
the brides, which methinks should have been taken down. After dinner
going out of the church saluted Mrs. Pett, who came after us in the coach
to church, and other officers wives. The Commissioner staid at dinner
with me, and we had a good dinner, better than I would have had, but I saw
there was no helping of it. After dinner the Commissioner and I left the
company and walked in the garden at the Hill-house, which is very
pleasant, and there talked of our businesses and matters of the navy. So
to church again, where quite weary, and so after sermon walked with him to
the yard up and down and the fields, and saw the place designed for the
wet dock. And so to his house, and had a syllabub, and saw his closet,
which come short of what I expected, but there was fine modells of ships
in it indeed, whose worth I could not judge of. At night walked home to
the Hill-house, Mr. Barrow with me, talking of the faults of the yard,
walking in the fields an hour or two, and so home to supper, and so
Captain Cocke and I to bed. This day among other stories he told me how
despicable a thing it is to be a hangman in Poland, although it be a place
of credit. And that, in his time, there was some repairs to be made of the
gallows there, which was very fine of stone; but nobody could be got to
mend it till the Burgomaster, or Mayor of the town, with all the companies
of those trades which were necessary to be used about those repairs, did
go in their habits with flags, in solemn procession to the place, and
there the Burgomaster did give the first blow with the hammer upon the
wooden work; and the rest of the Masters of the Companys upon the works
belonging to their trades; that so workmen might not be ashamed to be
employed upon doing of the gallows works.

4th. Up by four oclock in the morning and walked to the Dock, where
Commissioner Pett and I took barge and went to the guardships and mustered
them, finding them but badly manned; thence to the Sovereign, which we
found kept in good order and very clean, which pleased us well, but few of
the officers on board. Thence to the Charles, and were troubled to see her
kept so neglectedly by the boatswain Clements, who I always took for a
very good officer; it is a very brave ship. Thence to Upnor Castle, and
there went up to the top, where there is a fine prospect, but of very
small force; so to the yard, and there mustered the whole ordinary, where
great disorder by multitude of servants and old decrepid men, which must
be remedied. So to all the storehouses and viewed the stores of all sorts
and the hemp, where we found Captain Cockes (which he came down to see
along with me) very bad, and some others, and with much content (God
forgive me) I did hear by the Clerk of the Ropeyard how it was by Sir W.
Battens private letter that one parcel of Alderman Barkers was
received. At two oclock to dinner to the Hill-house, and after dinner
dispatched many peoples business, and then to the yard again, and looked
over Mr. Gregorys and Barrows houses to see the matter of difference
between them concerning an alteration that Barrow would make, which I
shall report to the board, but both their houses very pretty, and deserve
to be so, being well kept. Then to a trial of several sorts of hemp, but
could not perform it here so well as at Woolwich, but we did do it pretty
well. So took barge at the dock and to Rochester, and there Captain Cocke
and I and our two men took coach about 8 at night and to Gravesend, where
it was very dark before we got thither to the Swan; and there, meeting
with Doncaster, an old waterman of mine above bridge, we eat a short
supper, being very merry with the drolling, drunken coachman that brought
us, and so took water. It being very dark, and the wind rising, and our
waterman unacquainted with this part of the river, so that we presently
cast upon the Essex shore, but got off again, and so, as well as we could,
went on, but I in such fear that I could not sleep till we came to Erith,
and there it begun to be calm, and the stars to shine, and so I began to
take heart again, and the rest too, and so made shift to slumber a little.
Above Woolwich we lost our way, and went back to Blackwall, and up and
down, being guided by nothing but the barking of a dog, which we had
observed in passing by Blackwall, and so,

5th. Got right again with much ado, after two or three circles and so on,
and at Greenwich set in Captain Cocke, and I set forward, hailing to all
the Kings ships at Deptford, but could not wake any man: so that we could
have done what we would with their ships. At last waked one man; but it
was a merchant ship, the Royall Catharine: so to the Towerdock and home,
where the girl sat up for me. It was about three oclock, and putting Mr.
Boddam out of my bed, went to bed, and lay till nine oclock, and so to
the office, where we sat all the morning, and I did give some accounts of
my service. Dined alone at home, and was glad my house is begun tiling.
And to the office again all the afternoon, till it was so dark that I
could not see hardly what it is that I now set down when I write this
word, and so went to my chamber and to bed, being sleepy.

6th. Up early, and, going to my office, met Sir G. Carteret in coming
through the yard, and so walked a good while talking with him about Sir W.
Batten, and find that he is going down the wind in every bodys esteem,
and in that of his honesty by this letter that he wrote to Captn. Allen
concerning Alderman Barkers hemp. Thence by water to White Hall; and so
to St. Jamess; but there found Mr. Coventry gone to Hampton Court. So to
my Lords; and he is also gone: this being a great day at the Council
about some business at the Council before the King. Here I met with Mr.
Pierce, the chyrurgeon, who told me how Mr. Edward Montagu hath lately had
a duell with Mr. Cholmely, that is first gentleman-usher to the Queen, and
was a messenger from the King to her in Portugall, and is a fine
gentleman; but had received many affronts from Mr. Montagu, and some
unkindness from my Lord, upon his score (for which I am sorry). He proved
too hard for Montagu, and drove him so far backward that he fell into a
ditch, and dropt his sword, but with honour would take no advantage over
him; but did give him his life: and the world says Mr. Montagu did carry
himself very poorly in the business, and hath lost his honour for ever
with all people in it, of which I am very glad, in hopes that it will
humble him. I hear also that he hath sent to my Lord to borrow L400,
giving his brother Harveys security for it, and that my Lord will lend
it him, for which I am sorry. Thence home, and at my office all the
morning, and dined at home, and can hardly keep myself from having a mind
to my wench, but I hope I shall not fall to such a shame to myself. All
the afternoon also at my office, and did business. In the evening came Mr.
Bland the merchant to me, who has lived long in Spain, and is concerned in
the business of Tangier, who did discourse with me largely of it, and
after he was gone did send me three or four printed things that he hath
wrote of trade in general and of Tangier particularly, but I do not find
much in them. This afternoon Mr. Waith was with me, and did tell me much
concerning the Chest, which I am resolved to look into; and I perceive he
is sensible of Sir W. Battens carriage; and is pleased to see any thing
work against him. Who, poor man, is, I perceive, much troubled, and did
yesterday morning walk in the garden with me, did tell me he did see there
was a design of bringing another man in his room, and took notice of my
sorting myself with others, and that we did business by ourselves without
him. Part of which is true, but I denied, and truly, any design of doing
him any such wrong as that. He told me he did not say it particularly of
me, but he was confident there was somebody intended to be brought in,
nay, that the trayne was laid before Sir W. Pen went, which I was glad to
hear him say. Upon the whole I see he perceives himself tottering, and
that he is suspected, and would be kind to me, but I do my business in the
office and neglect him. At night writing in my study a mouse ran over my
table, which I shut up fast under my shelfs upon my table till to-morrow,
and so home and to bed.

7th. Up by four oclock and to my office, and by and by Mr. Cooper comes
and to our modell, which pleases me more and more. At this till 8 oclock,
and so we sat in the office and staid all the morning, my interest still
growing, for which God be praised. This morning I got unexpectedly the
Reserve for Mr. Cooper to be maister of, which was only by taking an
opportune time to motion [it], which is one good effect of my being
constant at the office, that nothing passes without me; and I have the
choice of my own time to propose anything I would have. Dined at home, and
to the office again at my business all the afternoon till night, and so to
supper and to bed. It being become a pleasure to me now-a-days to follow
my business, and the greatest part may be imputed to my drinking no wine,
and going to no plays.

8th. Up by four oclock in the morning, and at five by water to Woolwich,
there to see the manner of tarring, and all the morning looking to see the
several proceedings in making of cordage, and other things relating to
that sort of works, much to my satisfaction. At noon came Mr. Coventry on
purpose from Hampton Court to see the same, and dined with Mr. Falconer,
and after dinner to several experiments of Hemp, and particularly some
Milan hemp that is brought over ready dressed. Thence we walked talking,
very good discourse all the way to Greenwich, and I do find most excellent
discourse from him. Among other things, his rule of suspecting every man
that proposes any thing to him to be a knave; or, at least, to have some
ends of his own in it. Being led thereto by the story of Sir John
Millicent, that would have had a patent from King James for every man to
have had leave to have given him a shilling; and that he might take it of
every man that had a mind to give it, and being answered that that was a
fair thing, but what needed he a patent for it, and what he would do to
them that would not give him. He answered, he would not force them; but
that they should come to the Council of State, to give a reason why they
would not. Another rule is a proverb that he hath been taught, which is
that a man that cannot sit still in his chamber (the reason of which I did
not understand him), and he that cannot say no (that is, that is of so
good a nature that he cannot deny any thing, or cross another in doing any
thing), is not fit for business. The last of which is a very great fault
of mine, which I must amend in. Thence by boat; I being hot, he put the
skirt of his cloak about me; and it being rough, he told me the passage of
a Frenchman through London Bridge, where, when he saw the great fall, he
begun to cross himself and say his prayers in the greatest fear in the
world, and soon as he was over, he swore Morbleu! cest le plus grand
plaisir du monde, being the most like a French humour in the world.

     [When the first editions of this Diary were printed no note was
     required here.  Before the erection of the present London Bridge the
     fall of water at the ebb tide was great, and to pass at that time
     was called Shooting the bridge.  It was very hazardous for small
     boats.  The ancient mode, even in Henry VIII.s time, of going to
     the Tower and Greenwich, was to land at the Three Cranes, in Upper
     Thames Street, suffer the barges to shoot the bridge, and to enter
     them again at Billingsgate.  See Cavendishs Wolsey, p. 40, ed.

To Deptford, and there surprised the Yard, and called them to a muster,
and discovered many abuses, which we shall be able to understand hereafter
and amend. Thence walked to Redriffe, and so to London Bridge, where I
parted with him, and walked home and did a little business, and to supper
and to bed.

9th. Up by four oclock or a little after, and to my office, whither by
and by comes Cooper, to whom I told my getting for him the Reserve, for
which he was very thankful, and fell to work upon our modell, and did a
good mornings work upon the rigging, and am very sorry that I must lose
him so soon. By and by comes Mr. Coventry, and he and I alone sat at the
office all the morning upon business. And so to dinner to Trinity House,
and thence by his coach towards White Hall; but there being a stop at the
Savoy, we light and took water, and my Lord Sandwich being out of town,
we parted there, all the way having good discourse, and in short I find
him the most ingenuous person I ever found in my life, and am happy in his
acquaintance and my interest in him. Home by water, and did business at my
office. Writing a letter to my brother John to dissuade him from being
Moderator of his year, which I hear is proffered him, of which I am very
glad. By and by comes Cooper, and he and I by candlelight at my modell,
being willing to learn as much of him as is possible before he goes. So
home and to bed.

10th (Lords day). Being to dine at my brothers, I walked to St.
Dunstans, the church being now finished; and here I heard Dr. Bates, who
made a most eloquent sermon; and I am sorry I have hitherto had so low an
opinion of the man, for I have not heard a neater sermon a great while,
and more to my content. So to Toms, where Dr. Fairebrother, newly come
from Cambridge, met me, and Dr. Thomas Pepys. I framed myself as pleasant
as I could, but my mind was another way. Hither came my uncle Fenner,
hearing that I was here, and spoke to me about Pegg Kites business of her
portion, which her husband demands, but I will have nothing to do with it.
I believe he has no mind to part with the money out of his hands, but let
him do what he will with it. He told me the new service-book—[The
Common Prayer Book of 1662, now in use.]—(which is now lately come
forth) was laid upon their deske at St. Sepulchres for Mr. Gouge to read;
but he laid it aside, and would not meddle with it: and I perceive the
Presbyters do all prepare to give over all against Bartholomew-tide.

     [Thomas Gouge (1609-1681), an eminent Presbyterian minister, son of
     William Gouge, D.D. (lecturer at and afterwards Rector of St.
     Annes, Blackfriars).  He was vicar of the parish of St. Sepulchre
     from 1638 until the Act of Uniformity, in 1662, forced him to resign
     his living.]

Mr. Herring, being lately turned out at St. Brides, did read the psalm to
the people while they sung at Dr. Batess, which methought is a strange
turn. After dinner to St. Brides, and there heard one Carpenter, an old
man, who, they say, hath been a Jesuit priest, and is come over to us; but
he preaches very well. So home with Mrs. Turner, and there hear that Mr.
Calamy hath taken his farewell this day of his people, and that others
will do so the next Sunday. Mr. Turner, the draper, I hear, is knighted,
made Alderman, and pricked for Sheriffe, with Sir Thomas Bluddel, for the
next year, by the King, and so are called with great honour the Kings
Sheriffes. Thence walked home, meeting Mr. Moore by the way, and he home
with me and walked till it was dark in the garden, and so good night, and
I to my closet in my office to perfect my Journall and to read my solemn
vows, and so to bed.

11th. All the morning at the office. Dined at home all alone, and so to my
office again, whither Dean Fuller came to see me, and having business
about a ship to carry his goods to Dublin, whither he is shortly to
return, I went with him to the Hermitage, and the ship happening to be
Captn. Hollands I did give orders for them to be well looked after, and
thence with him to the Custom House about getting a pass for them, and so
to the Dolphin tavern, where I spent 6d. on him, but drank but one glass
of wine, and so parted. He tells me that his niece, that sings so well,
whom I have long longed to see, is married to one Mr. Boys, a wholesale
man at the Three Crowns in Cheapside. I to the office again, whither
Cooper came and read his last lecture to me upon my modell, and so bid me
good bye, he being to go to-morrow to Chatham to take charge of the ship I
have got him. So to my business till 9 at night, and so to supper and to
bed, my mind a little at ease because my house is now quite tiled.

12th. Up early at my office, and I find all people beginning to come to
me. Among others Mr. Deane, the Assistant of Woolwich, who I find will
discover to me the whole abuse that his Majesty suffers in the measuring
of timber, of which I shall be glad. He promises me also a modell of a
ship, which will please me exceedingly, for I do want one of my own. By
and by we sat, and among other things Sir W. Batten and I had a difference
about his clerks making a warrant for a Maister, which I would not
suffer, but got another signed, which he desires may be referred to a full
board, and I am willing to it. But though I did get another signed of my
own clerks, yet I will give it to his clerk, because I would not be
judged unkind, and though I will stand upon my privilege. At noon home and
to dinner alone, and so to the office again, where busy all the afternoon
till to oclock at night, and so to supper and to bed, my mind being a
little disquieted about Sir W. Battens dispute to-day, though this
afternoon I did speak with his man Norman at last, and told him the reason
of my claim.

13th. Up early, and to my office, where people come to me about business,
and by and by we met on purpose to enquire into the business of the
flag-makers, where I am the person that do chiefly manage the business
against them on the Kings part; and I do find it the greatest cheat that
I have yet found; they having eightpence per yard allowed them by pretence
of a contract, where no such thing appears; and it is threepence more than
was formerly paid, and than I now offer the Board to have them done. We
did not fully end it, but refer it to another time. At noon Commr. Pett
and I by water to Greenwich, and on board the pleasure-boats to see what
they wanted, they being ordered to sea, and very pretty things I still
find them, and so on shore and at the Shipp had a bit of meat and dined,
there waiting upon us a barber of Mr. Petts acquaintance that plays very
well upon the viollin. Thence to Lambeth; and there saw the little
pleasure-boat in building by the King, my Lord Brunkard, and the
virtuosoes of the town, according to new lines, which Mr. Pett cries up
mightily, but how it will prove we shall soon see. So by water home, and
busy at my study late, drawing a letter to the yards of reprehension and
direction for the board to sign, in which I took great pains. So home and
to bed.

14th. Up early and to look on my works, and find my house to go on apace.
So to my office to prepare business, and then we met and sat till noon,
and then Commissioner Pett and I being invited, went by Sir John Winters
coach sent for us, to the Mitre, in Fenchurch street, to a venison-pasty;
where I found him a very worthy man; and good discourse. Most of which was
concerning the Forest of Dean, and the timber there, and iron-workes with
their great antiquity, and the vast heaps of cinders which they find, and
are now of great value, being necessary for the making of iron at this
day; and without which they cannot work: with the age of many trees there
left at a great fall in Edward the Thirds time, by the name of
forbid-trees, which at this day are called vorbid trees. Thence to my
office about business till late, and so home and to bed.

15th. Up very early, and up about seeing how my work proceeds, and am
pretty well pleased therewith; especially my wifes closet will be very
pretty. So to the office and there very busy, and many people coming to
me. At noon to the Change, and there hear of some Quakers that are seized
on, that would have blown up the prison in Southwark where they are put.
So to the Swan, in Old Fish Street, where Mr. Brigden and his
father-in-law, Blackbury, of whom we had bought timber in the office, but
have not dealt well with us, did make me a fine dinner only to myself; and
after dinner comes in a jugler, which shewed us very pretty tricks. I
seemed very pleasant, but am no friend to the mans dealings with us in
the office. After an hour or two sitting after dinner talking about office
business, where I had not spent any time a great while, I went to Pauls
Church Yard to my booksellers; and there I hear that next Sunday will be
the last of a great many Presbyterian ministers in town, who, I hear, will
give up all. I pray God the issue may be good, for the discontent is
great. Home and to my office till 9 at night doing business, and so to
bed. My mind well pleased with a letter I found at home from Mr. Coventry,
expressing his satisfaction in a letter I writ last night, and sent him
this morning, to be corrected by him in order to its sending down to all
the Yards as a charge to them.

17th (Lords day). Up very early, this being the last Sunday that the
Presbyterians are to preach, unless they read the new Common Prayer and
renounce the Covenant,

     [On St. Bartholomews day, August 24th, 1662, the Act of Uniformity
     took effect, and about two hundred Presbyterian and Independent
     ministers lost their preferments.]

and so I had a mind to hear Dr. Batess farewell sermon, and walked
thither, calling first at my brothers, where I found that he is come home
after being a week abroad with Dr. Pepys, nobody knows where, nor I but by
chance, that he was gone, which troubles me. So I called only at the door,
but did not ask for him, but went to Madam Turners to know whether she
went to church, and to tell her that I would dine with her; and so walked
to St. Dunstans, where, it not being seven oclock yet, the doors were
not open; and so I went and walked an hour in the Temple-garden, reading
my vows, which it is a great content to me to see how I am a changed man
in all respects for the better, since I took them, which the God of Heaven
continue to me, and make me thankful for. At eight oclock I went, and
crowded in at a back door among others, the church being half-full almost
before any doors were open publicly; which is the first time that I have
done so these many years since I used to go with my father and mother, and
so got into the gallery, beside the pulpit, and heard very well. His text
was, Now the God of Peace—; the last Hebrews, and the 20th verse:
he making a very good sermon, and very little reflections in it to any
thing of the times. Besides the sermon, I was very well pleased with the
sight of a fine lady that I have often seen walk in Grayes Inn Walks, and
it was my chance to meet her again at the door going out, and very pretty
and sprightly she is, and I believe the same that my wife and I some years
since did meet at Temple Bar gate and have sometimes spoke of. So to Madam
Turners, and dined with her. She had heard Parson Herring take his leave;
tho he, by reading so much of the Common Prayer as he did, hath cast
himself out of the good opinion of both sides. After dinner to St.
Dunstans again; and the church quite crowded before I came, which was
just at one oclock; but I got into the gallery again, but stood in a
crowd and did exceedingly sweat all the time. He pursued his text again
very well; and only at the conclusion told us, after this manner: I do
believe that many of you do expect that I should say something to you in
reference to the time, this being the last time that possibly I may appear
here. You know it is not my manner to speak any thing in the pulpit that
is extraneous to my text and business; yet this I shall say, that it is
not my opinion, fashion, or humour that keeps me from complying with what
is required of us; but something which, after much prayer, discourse, and
study yet remains unsatisfied, and commands me herein. Wherefore, if it is
my unhappiness not to receive such an illumination as should direct me to
do otherwise, I know no reason why men should not pardon me in this world,
and am confident that God will pardon me for it in the next. And so he
concluded. Parson Herring read a psalm and chapters before sermon; and one
was the chapter in the Acts, where the story of Ananias and Sapphira is.
And after he had done, says he, This is just the case of England at
present. God he bids us to preach, and men bid us not to preach; and if we
do, we are to be imprisoned and further punished. All that I can say to it
is, that I beg your prayers, and the prayers of all good Christians, for
us. This was all the exposition he made of the chapter in these very
words, and no more. I was much pleased with Dr. Batess manner of bringing
in the Lords Prayer after his own; thus, In whose comprehensive words we
sum up all our imperfect desires; saying, Our Father, &c. Church
being done and it raining I took a hackney coach and so home, being all in
a sweat and fearful of getting cold. To my study at my office, and thither
came Mr. Moore to me and walked till it was quite dark. Then I wrote a
letter to my Lord Privy Seale as from my Lord for Mr.———-to
be sworn directly by deputy to my Lord, he denying to swear him as deputy
together with me. So that I am now clear of it, and the profit is now come
to be so little that I am not displeased at my getting off so well. He
being gone I to my study and read, and so to eat a bit of bread and cheese
and so to bed. I hear most of the Presbyters took their leaves to-day, and
that the City is much dissatisfied with it. I pray God keep peace among
us, and make the Bishops careful of bringing in good men in their rooms,
or else all will fly a-pieces; for bad ones will not [go] down with the

18th. Up very early, and up upon my house to see how work goes on, which
do please me very well. So about seven oclock took horse and rode to
Bowe, and there staid at the Kings Head, and eat a breakfast of eggs till
Mr. Deane of Woolwich came to me, and he and I rid into Waltham Forest,
and there we saw many trees of the Kings a-hewing; and he showed me the
whole mystery of off square,

     [Off-square is evidently a mistake, in the shorthand MS., for half

wherein the King is abused in the timber that he buys, which I shall with
much pleasure be able to correct. After we had been a good while in the
wood, we rode to Illford, and there, while dinner was getting ready, he
and I practised measuring of the tables and other things till I did
understand measuring of timber and board very well. So to dinner and by
and by, being sent for, comes Mr. Cooper, our officer in the Forest, and
did give me an account of things there, and how the country is backward to
come in with their carts. By and by comes one Mr. Marshall, of whom the
King has many carriages for his timber, and they staid and drank with me,
and while I am here, Sir W. Batten passed by in his coach, homewards from
Colchester, where he had been seeing his son-in-law, Lemon, that lies
a-dying, but I would take no notice of him, but let him go. By and by I
got a horseback again and rode to Barking, and there saw the place where
they ship this timber for Woolwich; and so Deane and I home again, and
parted at Bowe, and I home just before a great showre of rayne, as God
would have it. I find Deane a pretty able man, and able to do the King
service; but, I think, more out of envy to the rest of the officers of the
yard, of whom he complains much, than true love, more than others, to the
service. He would fain seem a modest man, and yet will commend his own
work and skill, and vie with other persons, especially the Petts, but I
let him alone to hear all he will say. Whiled away the evening at my
office trying to repeat the rules of measuring learnt this day, and so to
bed with my mind very well pleased with this days work.

19th. Up betimes and to see how my work goes on. Then Mr. Creed came to
me, and he and I walked an hour or two till 8 oclock in the garden,
speaking of our accounts one with another and then things public. Among
other things he tells me that my Lord has put me into Commission with
himself and many noblemen and others for Tangier, which, if it be, is not
only great honour, but may be of profit too, and I am very glad of it. By
and by to sit at the office; and Mr. Coventry did tell us of the duell
between Mr. Jermyn, nephew to my Lord St. Albans, and Colonel Giles
Rawlins, the latter of whom is killed, and the first mortally wounded, as
it is thought. They fought against Captain Thomas Howard, my Lord
Carlisles brother, and another unknown; who, they say, had armour on that
they could not be hurt, so that one of their swords went up to the hilt
against it. They had horses ready, and are fled. But what is most strange,
Howard sent one challenge, but they could not meet, and then another, and
did meet yesterday at the old Pall Mall at St. Jamess, and would not to
the last tell Jermyn what the quarrel was; nor do any body know. The Court
is much concerned in this fray, and I am glad of it; hoping that it will
cause some good laws against it. After sitting, Sir G. Carteret and I
walked a good while in the garden, who told me that Sir W. Batten had made
his complaint to him that some of us had a mind to do him a bad turn, but
I do not see that Sir George is concerned for him at all, but rather
against him. He professes all love to me, and did tell me how he had spoke
of me to my Lord Chancellor, and that if my Lord Sandwich would ask my
Lord Chancellor, he should know what he had said of me to him to my
advantage, of which I am very glad, and do not doubt that all things will
grow better and better every day for me. Dined at home alone, then to my
office, and there till late at night doing business, and so home, eat a
bit, and to bed.

20th. Up early, and to my office, and thence to my Lord Sandwich, whom I
found in bed, and he sent for me in. Among other talk, he do tell me that
he hath put me into commission with a great many great persons in the
business of Tangier, which is a very great honour to me, and may be of
good concernment to me. By and by comes in Mr. Coventry to us, whom my
Lord tells that he is also put into the commission, and that I am there,
of which he said he was glad; and did tell my Lord that I was indeed the
life of this office, and much more to my commendation beyond measure. And
that, whereas before he did bear me respect for his sake, he do do it now
much more for my own; which is a great blessing to me. Sir G. Carteret
having told me what he did yesterday concerning his speaking to my Lord
Chancellor about me. So that on all hands, by Gods blessing, I find
myself a very rising man. By and by comes my Lord Peterborough in, with
whom we talked a good while, and he is going tomorrow towards Tangier
again. I perceive there is yet good hopes of peace with Guyland,—[A
Moorish usurper, who had put himself at the head of an army for the
purpose of attacking Tangier.—B.]—which is of great
concernment to Tangier. And many other things I heard which yet I
understand not, and so cannot remember. My Lord and Lord Peterborough
going out to the Solicitor General about the drawing up of this
Commission, I went to Westminster Hall with Mr. Moore, and there meeting
Mr. Townsend, he would needs take me to Fleet Street, to one Mr. Barwell,
squire sadler to the King, and there we and several other Wardrobe-men
dined. We had a venison pasty, and other good plain and handsome dishes;
the mistress of the house a pretty, well-carriaged woman, and a fine hand
she hath; and her maid a pretty brown lass. But I do find my nature ready
to run back to my old course of drinking wine and staying from my
business, and yet, thank God, I was not fully contented with it, but did
stay at little ease, and after dinner hastened home by water, and so to my
office till late at night. In the evening Mr. Hayward came to me to advise
with me about the business of the Chest, which I have now a mind to put in
practice, though I know it will vex Sir W. Batten, which is one of the
ends (God forgive me) that I have in it. So home, and eat a bit, and to

21st. Up early, and to my office, and by and by we sat all the morning. At
noon, though I was invited to my uncle Fenners to dinner to a haunch of
venison I sent him yesterday, yet I did not go, but chose to go to Mr.
Rawlinsons, where my uncle Wight and my aunt, and some neighbour couples
were at a very good venison pasty. Hither came, after we were set down, a
most pretty young lady (only her hands were not white nor handsome), which
pleased me well, and I found her to be sister to Mrs. Anne Wight that
comes to my uncle Wights. We were good company, and had a very pretty
dinner. And after dinner some talk, I with my aunt and this young lady
about their being [at] Epsom, from whence they came to-day, and so home
and to my office, and there doing business till past 9 at night, and so
home and to bed. But though I drank no wine to-day, yet how easily was I
of my own accord stirred up to desire my aunt and this pretty lady (for it
was for her that I did it) to carry them to Greenwich and see the pleasure
boats. But my aunt would not go, of which since I am much glad.

22nd. About three oclock this morning I waked with the noise of the
rayne, having never in my life heard a more violent shower; and then the
catt was lockt in the chamber, and kept a great mewing, and leapt upon the
bed, which made me I could not sleep a great while. Then to sleep, and
about five oclock rose, and up to my office, and about 8 oclock went
down to Deptford, and there with Mr. Davis did look over most of his
stores; by the same token in the great storehouse, while Captain Badily
was talking to us, one from a trap-door above let fall unawares a coyle of
cable, that it was 10,000 to one it had not broke Captain Badilys neck,
it came so near him, but did him no hurt. I went on with looking and
informing myself of the stores with great delight, and having done there,
I took boat home again and dined, and after dinner sent for some of my
workmen and did scold at them so as I hope my work will be hastened. Then
by water to Westminster Hall, and there I hear that old Mr. Hales did
lately die suddenly in an hours time. Here I met with Will Bowyer, and
had a promise from him of a place to stand to-morrow at his house to see
the show. Thence to my Lords, and thither sent for Mr. Creed, who came,
and walked together talking about business, and then to his lodgings at
Clerkes, the confectioners, where he did give me a little banquet, and I
had liked to have begged a parrot for my wife, but he hath put me in a way
to get a better from Steventon; at Portsmouth. But I did get of him a
draught of Tangier to take a copy by, which pleases me very well. So home
by water and to my office, where late, and so home to bed.

23d. Up early, and about my works in my house, to see what is done and
design more. Then to my office, and by and by we sat till noon at the
office. After sitting, Mr. Coventry and I did walk together a great while
in the Garden, where he did tell me his mind about Sir G. Carterets
having so much the command of the money, which must be removed. And indeed
it is the bane of all our business. He observed to me also how Sir W.
Batten begins to struggle and to look after his business, which he do
indeed a little, but it will come to nothing. I also put him upon getting
an order from the Duke for our inquiries into the Chest, which he will see
done. So we parted, and Mr. Creed by appointment being come, he and I went
out together, and at an ordinary in Lumbard Streete dined together, and so
walked down to the Styllyard, and so all along Thames-street, but could
not get a boat: I offered eight shillings for a boat to attend me this
afternoon, and they would not, it being the day of the Queens coming to
town from Hampton Court. So we fairly walked it to White Hall, and through
my Lords lodgings we got into White Hall garden, and so to the
Bowling-green, and up to the top of the new Banqueting House there, over
the Thames, which was a most pleasant place as any I could have got; and
all the show consisted chiefly in the number of boats and barges; and two
pageants, one of a King, and another of a Queen, with her Maydes of Honour
sitting at her feet very prettily; and they tell me the Queen is Sir.
Richard Fords daughter. Anon come the King and Queen in a barge under a
canopy with 10,000 barges and boats, I think, for we could see no water
for them, nor discern the King nor Queen. And so they landed at White Hall
Bridge, and the great guns on the other side went off: But that which
pleased me best was, that my Lady Castlemaine stood over against us upon a
piece of White Hall, where I glutted myself with looking on her. But
methought it was strange to see her Lord and her upon the same place
walking up and down without taking notice one of another, only at first
entry he put off his hat, and she made him a very civil salute, but
afterwards took no notice one of another; but both of them now and then
would take their child, which the nurse held in her armes, and dandle it.
One thing more; there happened a scaffold below to fall, and we feared
some hurt, but there was none, but she of all the great ladies only run
down among the common rabble to see what hurt was done, and did take care
of a child that received some little hurt, which methought was so noble.
Anon there came one there booted and spurred that she talked long with.
And by and by, she being in her hair, she put on his hat, which was but an
ordinary one, to keep the wind off. But methinks it became her mightily,
as every thing else do. The show being over, I went away, not weary with
looking on her, and to my Lords lodgings, where my brother Tom and Dr.
Thomas Pepys were to speak with me. So I walked with them in the garden,
and was very angry with them both for their going out of town without my
knowledge; but they told me the business, which was to see a gentlewoman
for a wife for Tom, of Mr. Cookes providing, worth L500, of good
education, her name Hobell, and lives near Banbury, demands L40 per annum
joynter. Tom likes her, and, they say, had a very good reception, and that
Cooke hath been very serviceable therein, and that she is committed to old
Mr. Young, of the Wardrobes, tuition. After I had told them my mind about
their folly in going so unadvisedly, I then begun to inquire after the
business, and so did give no answer as to my opinion till I have looked
farther into it by Mr. Young. By and by, as we were walking in my Lords
walk, comes my Lord, and so we broke our discourse and went in with him,
and after I had put them away I went in to my Lord, and he and I had half
an hours private discourse about the discontents of the times, which we
concluded would not come to anything of difference, though the Presbyters
would be glad enough of it; but we do not think religion will so soon
cause another war. Then to his own business. He asked my advice there,
whether he should go on to purchase more land and to borrow money to pay
for it, which he is willing to do, because such a bargain as that of Mr.
Bugginss, of Stukely, will not be every day to be had, and Brampton is
now perfectly granted him by the King—I mean the reversion of it—after
the Queens death; and, in the meantime, he buys it of Sir Peter Ball his
present right. Then we fell to talk of Navy business, and he concludes, as
I do, that he needs not put himself upon any more voyages abroad to spend
money, unless a war comes; and that by keeping his family awhile in the
country, he shall be able to gather money. He is glad of a friendship with
Mr. Coventry, and I put him upon increasing it, which he will do, but he
(as Mr. Coventry do) do much cry against the course of our payments and
the Treasurer to have the whole power in his own hands of doing what he
will, but I think will not meddle in himself. He told me also that in the
Commission for Tangier Mr. Coventry had advised him that Mr. Povy, who
intended to be Treasurer,

     [Thomas Povy, who had held, under Cromwell, a high situation in the
     Office of Plantations, was appointed in July, 1660, Treasurer and
     Receiver-General of the Rents and Revenues of James, Duke of York;
     but his royal masters affairs falling into confusion, he
     surrendered his patent on the 27th July, 1668, for a consideration
     of L2,000.  He was also First Treasurer for Tangier, which office he
     resigned to Pepys.  Povy, had apartments at Whitehall, besides his
     lodgings in Lincolns Inn, and a villa near Hounslow, called the
     Priory, which he had inherited from Justinian Povy, who purchased it
     in 1625.  He was one of the sons of Justinian Povy, Auditor-General
     to Queen Anne of Denmark in 1614, whose father was John Povy,
     citizen and embroiderer of London.]

and it is intended him, may not be of the Commission itself, and my Lord I
think will endeavour to get him to be contented to be left out of the
Commission, and it is a very good rule indeed that the Treasurer in no
office ought to be of the Commission. Here we broke off, and I bid him
good night, and so with much ado, the streets being at nine oclock at
night crammed with people going home to the city, for all the borders of
the river had been full of people, as the King had come, to a miracle got
to the Palace Yard, and there took boat, and so to the Old Swan, and so
walked home, and to bed very weary.

24th (Lords day). Slept till 7 oclock, which I have not done a very
great while, but it was my weariness last night that caused it. So rose
and to my office till church time, writing down my yesterdays
observations, and so to church, where I all alone, and found Will Griffin
and Thomas Hewett got into the pew next to our backs, where our maids sit,
but when I come, they went out; so forward some people are to outrun
themselves. Here we had a lazy, dull sermon. So home to dinner, where my
brother Tom came to me, and both before and after dinner he and I walked
all alone in the garden, talking about his late journey and his mistress,
and for what he tells me it is like to do well. He being gone, I to church
again, where Mr. Mills, making a sermon upon confession, he did endeavour
to pull down auricular confession, but did set it up by his bad arguments
against it, and advising people to come to him to confess their sins when
they had any weight upon their consciences, as much as is possible, which
did vex me to hear. So home, and after an hours being in my office alone,
looking over the plates and globes, I walked to my uncle Wights, the
truth is, in hopes to have seen and been acquainted with the pretty lady
that came along with them to dinner the other day to Mr. Rawlinson, but
she is gone away. But here I staid supper, and much company there was;
among others, Dr. Burnett, Mr. Cole the lawyer, Mr. Rawlinson, and Mr.
Sutton, a brother of my aunts, that I never saw before. Among other
things they tell me that there hath been a disturbance in a church in
Friday Street; a great many young people knotting together and crying out

     [A nickname given by the Dissenters to the Prayer-Book.  In Mrs.
     Behns City Heiress (1682), Sir Anthony says to Sir Timothy, You
     come from Church, too.  Sir Timothy replies, Ay, needs must when
     the Devil drives—I go to save my bacon, as they say, once a month,
     and that too after the Porridge is served up.  Scott quotes, in his
     notes to Woodstock, a pamphlet entitled, Vindication of the Book
     of Common Prayer, against the contumelious Slanders of the Fanatic
     party terming it Porridge.]

often and seditiously in the church, and took the Common Prayer Book, they
say, away; and, some say, did tear it; but it is a thing which appears to
me very ominous. I pray God avert it. After supper home and to bed.

25th. Up early, and among my workmen when they came, and set them in good
order at work on all hands, which, though it at first began angrily, yet I
pleased myself afterwards in seeing it put into a good posture, and so I
left them, and away by water to Woolwich (calling in my way in Hamcreek,
where I have never been before, and there found two of the Kings ships
lie there without any living creature aboard, which troubled me, every
thing being stole away that can be), where I staid seeing a cable of 14
inches laid, in which there was good variety. Then to Mr. Falconers, and
there eat a bit of roast meat off of the spit, and so away to the yard,
and there among other things mustered the yard, and did things that I
perceive people do begin to value me, and that I shall be able to be of
command in all matters, which God be praised for. Then to Mr. Petts, and
there eat some fruit and drank, and so to boat again, and to Deptford,
calling there about the business of my house only, and so home, where by
appointment I found Mr. Coventry, Sir W. Batten, and Mr. Waith met at Sir
W. Battens, and thither I met, and so agreed upon a way of answering my
Lord Treasurers letter. Here I found Mr. Coventry had got a letter from
the Duke, sent us for looking into the business of the Chest, of which I
am glad. After we had done here I went home, and up among my workmen, and
found they had done a good days work, and so to my office till late
ordering of several businesses, and so home and to bed, my mind, God be
praised, full of business, but great quiet.

26th. Up betimes and among my works and workmen, and with great pleasure
seeing them go on merrily, and a good many hands, which I perceive makes
good riddance, and so to the office, where we sat all the morning, and at
noon dined alone with Sir W. Batten, which I have not done a great while,
but his lady being out of the way I was the willinger to do it, and after
dinner he and I by water to Deptford, and there found Sir G. Carteret and
my Lady at dinner, and so we sat down and eat another dinner of venison
with them, and so we went to the payhouse, and there staid till to oclock
at night paying off the Martin and Kinsale, being small but troublesome
ships to pay, and so in the dark by water home to the Custom House, and so
got a lanthorn to light us home, there being Mr. Morrice the wine cooper
with us, he having been at Deptford to view some of the Kings casks we
have to sell. So to bed.

27th. Up and among my workmen, my work going on still very well. So to my
office all the morning, and dined again with Sir W. Batten, his Lady being
in the country. Among other stories, he told us of the Mayor of Bristolls
reading a pass with the bottom upwards; and a barber that could not read,
that flung a letter in the kennel when one came to desire him to read the
superscription, saying, Do you think I stand here to read letters? Among
my workmen again, pleasing myself all the afternoon there, and so to the
office doing business till past 9 at night, and so home and to bed. This
afternoon Mrs. Hunt came to see me, and I did give her a Muske Millon.
To-day my hogshead of sherry I have sold to Sir W. Batten, and am glad of
my money instead of wine. After I had wrote this at my office (as I have
of late altogether done since my wife has been in the country) I went into
my house, and Will having been making up books at Deptford with other
clerks all day, I did not think he was come home, but was in fear for him,
it being very late, what was become of him. But when I came home I found
him there at his ease in his study, which vexed me cruelly, that he should
no more mind me, but to let me be all alone at the office waiting for him.
Whereupon I struck him, and did stay up till 12 oclock at night chiding
him for it, and did in plain terms tell him that I would not be served so,
and that I am resolved to look out some boy that I may have the bringing
up of after my own mind, and which I do intend to do, for I do find that
he has got a taste of liberty since he came to me that he will not leave.
Having discharged my mind, I went to bed.

28th. I observe that Will, whom I used to call two or three times in a
morning, would now wake of himself and rise without calling. Which though
angry I was glad to see. So I rose and among my workmen, in my gown,
without a doublet, an hour or two or more, till I was afraid of getting an
ague, and so to the office, and there we sat all the morning, and at noon
Mr. Coventry and I dined at Sir W. Battens, where I have now dined three
days together, and so in the afternoon again we sat, which we intend to do
two afternoons in a week besides our other sitting. In the evening we
rose, and I to see how my work goes on, and so to my office, writing by
the post and doing other matters, and so home and to bed late.

29th. Up betimes and among my workmen, where I did stay with them the
greatest part of the morning, only a little at the office, and so to
dinner alone at home, and so to my workmen again, finding my presence to
carry on the work both to my mind and with more haste, and I thank God I
am pleased with it. At night, the workmen being gone, I went to my office,
and among other businesses did begin to-night with Mr. Lewes to look into
the nature of a pursers account, and the business of victualling, in
which there is great variety; but I find I shall understand it, and be
able to do service there also. So being weary and chill, being in some
fear of an ague, I went home and to bed.

30th. Up betimes among my workmen, and so to the office, where we sat all
the morning, and at noon rose and had news that Sir W. Pen would be in
town from Ireland, which I much wonder at, he giving so little notice of
it, and it troubled me exceedingly what to do for a lodging, and more what
to do with my goods, that are all in his house; but at last I resolved to
let them lie there till Monday, and so got Griffin to get a lodging as
near as he could, which is without a door of our back door upon Tower
Hill, a chamber where John Pavis, one of our clerks, do lie in, but he do
provide himself elsewhere, and I am to have his chamber. So at the office
all the afternoon and the evening till past to at night expecting Sir W.
Pens coming, but he not coming to-night I went thither and there lay very
well, and like my lodging well enough. My man Will after he had got me to
bed did go home and lay there, and my maid Jane lay among my goods at Sir
W. Pens.

31st (Lords day). Waked early, but being in a strange house, did not rise
till 7 oclock almost, and so rose and read over my oaths, and whiled away
an hour thinking upon businesses till Will came to get me ready, and so
got ready and to my office, and thence to church. After sermon home and
dined alone. News is brought me that Sir W. Pen is come. But I would take
no notice thereof till after dinner, and then sent him word that I would
wait on him, but he is gone to bed. So to my office, and there made my
monthly accounts, and find myself worth in money about L686 19s. 2 1/2d.,
for which God be praised; and indeed greatly I hope to thank Almighty God,
who do most manifestly bless me in my endeavours to do the duties of my
office, I now saving money, and my expenses being little. My wife is still
in the country; my house all in dirt; but my work in a good forwardness,
and will be much to my mind at last. In the afternoon to church, and there
heard a simple sermon of a stranger upon Davids words, Blessed is the
man that walketh not in the way of the ungodly, &c., and the best of
his sermon was the degrees of walking, standing, and sitting, showing how
by steps and degrees sinners do grow in wickedness. After sermon to my
brother Toms, who I found has taken physic to-day, and I talked with him
about his country mistress, and read Cooks letter, wherein I am well
satisfied, and will appear in promoting it; so back and to Mr.
Rawlinsons, and there supped with him, and in came my uncle Wight and my
aunt. Our discourse of the discontents that are abroad, among, and by
reason of the Presbyters. Some were clapped up to-day, and strict watch is
kept in the City by the train-bands, and letters of a plot are taken. God
preserve us! for all these things bode very ill. So home, and after going
to welcome home Sir W. Pen, who was unready, going to bed, I staid with
him a little while, and so to my lodging and to bed.