Samuel Pepys diary June 1662

JUNE 1662

June 1st (Lords day). At church in the morning. A stranger made a very
good sermon. Dined at home, and Mr. Spong came to see me; so he and I sat
down a little to sing some French psalms, and then comes Mr. Shepley and
Mr. Moore, and so we to dinner, and after dinner to church again, where a
Presbyter made a sad and long sermon, which vexed me, and so home, and so
to walk on the leads, and supper and to prayers and bed.

2nd. Up early about business and then to the Wardrobe with Mr. Moore, and
spoke to my Lord about the exchange of the crusados

     [Cruzado, a Portuguese coin of 480 reis.  It is named from a cross
     which it bears on one side, the arms of Portugal being on the other.
     It varied in value at different periods from 2s. 3d. to 4s.]

into sterling money, and other matters. So to my father at Toms, and
after some talk with him away home, and by and by comes my father to
dinner with me, and then by coach, setting him down in Cheapside, my wife
and I to Mrs. Clarkes at Westminster, the first visit that ever we both
made her yet. We found her in a dishabille, intending to go to Hampton
Court to-morrow. We had much pretty discourse, and a very fine lady she
is. Thence by water to Salisbury Court, and Mrs. Turner not being at home,
home by coach, and so after walking on the leads and supper to bed. This
day my wife put on her slasht wastecoate, which is very pretty.

3rd. Up by four oclock and to my business in my chamber, to even accounts
with my Lord and myself, and very fain I would become master of L1000, but
I have not above L530 toward it yet. At the office all the morning, and
Mr. Coventry brought his patent and took his place with us this morning.
Upon our making a contract, I went, as I use to do, to draw the heads
thereof, but Sir W. Pen most basely told me that the Comptroller is to do
it, and so begun to employ Mr. Turner about it, at which I was much vexed,
and begun to dispute; and what with the letter of the Dukes orders, and
Mr. Barlows letter, and the practice of our predecessors, which Sir G.
Carteret knew best when he was Comptroller, it was ruled for me. What Sir
J. Minnes will do when he comes I know not, but Sir W. Pen did it like a
base raskall, and so I shall remember him while I live. After office done,
I went down to the Towre Wharf, where Mr. Creed and Shepley was ready with
three chests of the crusados, being about L6000, ready to bring to shore
to my house, which they did, and put it in my further cellar, and Mr.
Shepley took the key. I to my father and Dr. Williams and Tom Trice, by
appointment, in the Old Bayly, to Shorts, the alehouse, but could come to
no terms with T. Trice. Thence to the Wardrobe, where I found my Lady come
from Hampton Court, where the Queen hath used her very civilly; and my
Lady tells me is a most pretty woman, at which I am glad. Yesterday (Sir
R. Ford told me) the Aldermen of the City did attend her in their habits,
and did present her with a gold Cupp and L1000 in gold therein. But, he
told me, that they are so poor in their Chamber, that they were fain to
call two or three Aldermen to raise fines to make up this sum, among which
was Sir W. Warren. Home and to the office, where about 8 at night comes
Sir G. Carteret and Sir W. Batten, and so we did some business, and then
home and to bed, my mind troubled about Sir W. Pen, his playing the rogue
with me to-day, as also about the charge of money that is in my house,
which I had forgot; but I made the maids to rise and light a candle, and
set it in the dining-room, to scare away thieves, and so to sleep.

4th. Up early, and Mr. Moore comes to me and tells me that Mr. Barnwell is
dead, which troubles me something, and the more for that I believe we
shall lose Mr. Shepleys company. By and by Sir W. Batten and I by water
to Woolwich; and there saw an experiment made of Sir R. Fords Hollands
yarn (about which we have lately had so much stir; and I have much
concerned myself for our ropemaker, Mr. Hughes, who has represented it as
bad), and we found it to be very bad, and broke sooner than, upon a fair
triall, five threads of that against four of Riga yarn; and also that some
of it had old stuff that had been tarred, covered over with new hemp,
which is such a cheat as hath not been heard of. I was glad of this
discovery, because I would not have the Kings workmen discouraged (as Sir
W. Batten do most basely do) from representing the faults of merchants
goods, where there is any. After eating some fish that we had bought upon
the water at Falconers, we went to Woolwich, and there viewed our frames
of our houses, and so home, and I to my Lords, who I find resolved to buy
Brampton Manor of Sir Peter Ball,

     [Sir Peter Ball was the Queens Attorney-General, and Evelyn
     mentions, in his Diary (January 11th, 1661-62), having received from
     him the draft of an act against the nuisance of the smoke of

at which I am glad. Thence to White Hall, and showed Sir G. Carteret the
cheat, and so to the Wardrobe, and there staid and supped with my Lady. My
Lord eating nothing, but writes letters to-night to several places, he
being to go out of town to-morrow. So late home and to bed.

5th. To the Wardrobe, and there my Lord did enquire my opinion of Mr.
Moore, which I did give to the best advantage I could, and by that means
shall get him joined with Mr. Townsend in the Wardrobe business. He did
also give me all Mr. Shepleys and Mr. Moores accounts to view, which I
am glad of, as being his great trust in me, and I would willingly keep up
a good interest with him. So took leave of him (he being to go this day)
and to the office, where they were just sat down, and I showed them
yesterdays discovery, and have got Sir R. Ford to be my enemy by it; but
I care not, for it is my duty, and so did get his bill stopped for the
present. To dinner, and found Dr. Thos. Pepys at my house; but I was
called from dinner by a note from Mr. Moore to Alderman Backwells, to see
some thousands of my Lords crusados weighed, and we find that 3,000 come
to about L530 or 40 generally. Home again and found my father there; we
talked a good while and so parted. We met at the office in the afternoon
to finish Mr. Gaudens accounts, but did not do them quite. In the evening
with Mr. Moore to Backwells with another 1,200 crusados and saw them
weighed, and so home and to bed.

6th. At my office all alone all the morning, and the smith being with me
about other things, did open a chest that hath stood ever since I came to
the office, in my office, and there we found a modell of a fine ship,
which I long to know whether it be the Kings or Mr. Turners. At noon to
the Wardrobe by appointment to meet my father, who did come and was well
treated by my Lady, who tells me she has some thoughts to send her two
little boys to our house at Brampton, but I have got leave for them to go
along with me and my wife to Hampton Court to-morrow or Sunday. Thence to
my brother Toms, where we found a letter from Pall that my mother is
dangerously ill in fear of death, which troubles my father and me much,
but I hope it is otherwise, the letter being four days old since it was
writ. Home and at my office, and with Mr. Hater set things in order till
evening, and so home and to bed by daylight. This day at my fathers
desire I lent my brother Tom L20, to be repaid out of the proceeds of
Sturtlow when we can sell it. I sent the money all in new money by my boy
from Alderman Backwells.

7th. To the office, where all the morning, and I find Mr. Coventry is
resolved to do much good, and to enquire into all the miscarriages of the
office. At noon with him and Sir W. Batten to dinner at Trinity House;
where, among others, Sir J. Robinson, Lieutenant of the Tower, was, who
says that yesterday Sir H. Vane had a full hearing at the Kings Bench,
and is found guilty; and that he did never hear any man argue more simply
than he in all his life, and so others say. My mind in great trouble
whether I should go as I intended to Hampton Court to-morrow or no. At
last resolved the contrary, because of the charge thereof, and I am afraid
now to bring in any accounts for journeys, and so will others I suppose
be, because of Mr. Coventrys prying into them. Thence sent for to Sir G.
Carterets, and there talked with him a good while. I perceive, as he told
me, were it not that Mr. Coventry had already feathered his nest in
selling of places, he do like him very well, and hopes great good from
him. But he complains so of lack of money, that my heart is very sad,
under the apprehension of the fall of the office. At my office all the
afternoon, and at night hear that my father is gone into the country, but
whether to Richmond as he intended, and thence to meet us at Hampton Court
on Monday, I know not, or to Brampton. At which I am much troubled. In the
evening home and to bed.

8th (Lords day). Lay till church-time in bed, and so up and to church,
and there I found Mr. Mills come home out of the country again, and
preached but a lazy sermon. Home and dined with my wife, and so to church
again with her. Thence walked to my Ladys, and there supped with her, and
merry, among other things, with the parrott which my Lord hath brought
from the sea, which speaks very well, and cries Pall so pleasantly, that
made my Lord give it my Lady Paulina; but my Lady, her mother, do not like
it. Home, and observe my man Will to walk with his cloak flung over his
shoulder, like a Ruffian, which, whether it was that he might not be seen
to walk along with the footboy, I know not, but I was vexed at it; and
coming home, and after prayers, I did ask him where he learned that
immodest garb, and he answered me that it was not immodest, or some such
slight answer, at which I did give him two boxes on the ears, which I
never did before, and so was after a little troubled at it.

9th. Early up and at the office with Mr. Hater, making my alphabet of
contracts, upon the dispatch of which I am now very intent, for that I am
resolved much to enquire into the price of commodities. Dined at home, and
after dinner to Greatorexs, and with him and another stranger to the
Tavern, but I drank no wine. He recommended Bond, of our end of the town,
to teach me to measure timber, and some other things that I would learn,
in order to my office. Thence back again to the office, and there T. Hater
and I did make an end of my alphabet, which did much please me. So home to
supper and to bed.

10th. At the office all the morning, much business; and great hopes of
bringing things, by Mr. Coventrys means, to a good condition in the
office. Dined at home, Mr. Hunt with us; to the office again in the
afternoon, but not meeting, as was intended, I went to my brothers and
booksellers, and other places about business, and paid off all for books
to this day, and do not intend to buy any more of any kind a good while,
though I had a great mind to have bought the Kings works, as they are new
printed in folio, and present it to my Lord; but I think it will be best
to save the money. So home and to bed.

     [There is a beautiful copy of The Workes of King Charles the
     Martyr, and Collections of Declarations, Treaties, &c.  (2 vols.
     folio, 1662), in the Pepysian Library, with a very interesting note
     in the first volume by Pepys (dated October 7th, 1700), to the
     effect that he had collated it with a copy in Lambeth Library,
     presented by Dr. Zachary Cradock, Provost of Eton.  This book being
     seized on board an English ship was delivered, by order of the
     Inquisition of Lisbon, to some of the English Priests to be perused
     and corrected according to the Rules of the Index Expurgatorius.
     Thus corrected it was given to Barnaby Crafford, English merchant
     there, and by him it was given to me, the English preacher resident
     there A.D. 1670, and by me as I then received it to the Library at
     Lambeth to be there preserved.  Nov. 2, 1678.  Ita testor, Zach.
     Cradock.—From which (through the favour of the most Reverend Father
     in God and my most honoured Friend his Grace the present Archbishop
     of Canterbury) I have this 7th of October, 1700, had an opportunity
     given me there (assisted by my clerk, Thomas Henderson), leisurely to
     overlook, and with my uttermost attention to note the said
     Expurgations through each part of this my own Book.  Whole
     sentences in the book are struck through, as well as such words as
     Martyr, Defender of the Faith, More than Conqueror, &c.]

11th. At the office all the morning, Sir W. Batten, Sir W. Pen, and I
about the Victuallers accounts. Then home to dinner and to the office
again all the afternoon, Mr. Hater and I writing over my Alphabet fair, in
which I took great pleasure to rule the lines and to have the capitall
words wrote with red ink. So home and to supper. This evening Savill the
Paynter came and did varnish over my wifes picture and mine, and I paid
him for my little picture L3, and so am clear with him. So after supper to
bed. This day I had a letter from my father that he is got down well, and
found my mother pretty well again. So that I am vexed with all my heart at
Pall for writing to him so much concerning my mothers illness (which I
believe was not so great), so that he should be forced to hasten down on
the sudden back into the country without taking leave, or having any
pleasure here.

12th. This morning I tried on my riding cloth suit with close knees, the
first that ever I had; and I think they will be very convenient, if not
too hot to wear any other open knees after them. At the office all the
morning, where we had a full Board, viz., Sir G. Carteret, Sir John
Mennes, Sir W. Batten, Mr. Coventry, Sir W. Pen, Mr. Pett, and myself.
Among many other businesses, I did get a vote signed by all, concerning my
issuing of warrants, which they did not smell the use I intend to make of
it; but it is to plead for my clerks to have their right of giving out all
warrants, at which I am not a little pleased. But a great difference
happened between Sir G. Carteret and Mr. Coventry, about passing the
Victuallers account, and whether Sir George is to pay the Victualler his
money, or the Exchequer; Sir George claiming it to be his place to save
his threepences. It ended in anger, and I believe will come to be a
question before the King and Council. I did what I could to keep myself
unconcerned in it, having some things of my own to do before I would
appear high in anything. Thence to dinner, by Mr. Gaudens invitation, to
the Dolphin, where a good dinner; but what is to myself a great wonder;
that with ease I past the whole dinner without drinking a drop of wine.
After dinner to the office, my head full of business, and so home, and it
being the longest day in the year,—[That is, by the old style. The
new style was not introduced until 1752]—I made all my people go to
bed by daylight. But after I was a-bed and asleep, a note came from my
brother Tom to tell me that my cozen Anne Pepys, of Worcestershire, her
husband is dead, and she married again, and her second husband in town,
and intends to come and see me to-morrow.

13th. Up by 4 oclock in the morning, and read Ciceros Second Oration
against Catiline, which pleased me exceedingly; and more I discern therein
than ever I thought was to be found in him; but I perceive it was my
ignorance, and that he is as good a writer as ever I read in my life. By
and by to Sir G. Carterets, to talk with him about yesterdays difference
at the office; and offered my service to look into any old books or papers
that I have, that may make for him. He was well pleased therewith, and did
much inveigh against Mr. Coventry; telling me how he had done him service
in the Parliament, when Prin had drawn up things against him for taking of
money for places; that he did at his desire, and upon his, letters, keep
him off from doing it. And many other things he told me, as how the King
was beholden to him, and in what a miserable condition his family would
be, if he should die before he hath cleared his accounts. Upon the whole,
I do find that he do much esteem of me, and is my friend, and I may make
good use of him. Thence to several places about business, among others to
my brothers, and there Tom Beneere the barber trimmed me. Thence to my
Ladys, and there dined with her, Mr. Laxton, Gibbons, and Goldgroove with
us, and after dinner some musique, and so home to my business, and in the
evening my wife and I, and Sarah and the boy, a most pleasant walk to
Halfway house, and so home and to bed.

14th. Up by four oclock in the morning and upon business at my office.
Then we sat down to business, and about 11 oclock, having a room got
ready for us, we all went out to the Tower-hill; and there, over against
the scaffold, made on purpose this day, saw Sir Henry Vane brought.

     [Sir Harry Vane the younger was born 1612.  Charles signed on June
     12th a warrant for the execution of Vane by hanging at Tyburn on the
     14th, which sentence on the following day upon humble suit made to
     him, Charles was graciously pleased to mitigate, as the warrant
     terms it, for the less ignominious punishment of beheading on Tower
     Hill, and with permission that the head and body should be given to
     the relations to be by them decently and privately interred.—
     Listers Life of Clarendon, ii, 123.]

A very great press of people. He made a long speech, many times
interrupted by the Sheriff and others there; and they would have taken his
paper out of his hand, but he would not let it go. But they caused all the
books of those that writ after him to be given the Sheriff; and the
trumpets were brought under the scaffold that he might not be heard. Then
he prayed, and so fitted himself, and received the blow; but the scaffold
was so crowded that we could not see it done. But Boreman, who had been
upon the scaffold, came to us and told us, that first he began to speak of
the irregular proceeding against him; that he was, against Magna Charta,
denied to have his exceptions against the indictment allowed; and that
there he was stopped by the Sheriff. Then he drew out his, paper of notes,
and begun to tell them first his life; that he was born a gentleman, that
he was bred up and had the quality of a gentleman, and to make him in the
opinion of the world more a gentleman, he had been, till he was seventeen
years old, a good fellow, but then it pleased God to lay a foundation of
grace in his heart, by which he was persuaded, against his worldly
interest, to leave all preferment and go abroad, where he might serve God
with more freedom. Then he was called home, and made a member of the Long
Parliament; where he never did, to this day, any thing against his
conscience, but all for the glory of God. Here he would have given them an
account of the proceedings of the Long Parliament, but they so often
interrupted him, that at last he was forced to give over: and so fell into
prayer for England in generall, then for the churches in England, and then
for the City of London: and so fitted himself for the block, and received
the blow. He had a blister, or issue, upon his neck, which he desired them
not hurt: he changed not his colour or speech to the last, but died
justifying himself and the cause he had stood for; and spoke very
confidently of his being presently at the right hand of Christ; and in
all, things appeared the most resolved man that ever died in that manner,
and showed more of heat than cowardize, but yet with all humility and
gravity. One asked him why he did not pray for the King. He answered,
Nay, says he, you shall see I can pray for the King: I pray God bless
him! The King had given his body to his friends; and, therefore, he told
them that he hoped they would be civil to his body when dead; and desired
they would let him die like a gentleman and a Christian, and not crowded
and pressed as he was. So to the office a little, and so to the
Trinity-house all of us to dinner; and then to the office again all the
afternoon till night. So home and to bed. This day, I hear, my Lord
Peterborough is come unexpected from Tangier, to give the King an account
of the place, which, we fear, is in none of the best condition. We had
also certain news to-day that the Spaniard is before Lisbon with thirteen
sail; six Dutch, and the rest his own ships; which will, I fear, be ill
for Portugall. I writ a letter of all this days proceedings to my Lord,
at Hinchingbroke, who, I hear, is very well pleased with the work there.

15th (Lords day). To church in the morning and home to dinner, where come
my brother Tom and Mr. Fisher, my cozen, Nan Pepyss second husband, who,
I perceive, is a very good-humoured man, an old cavalier. I made as much
of him as I could, and were merry, and am glad she hath light of so good a
man. They gone, to church again; but my wife not being dressed as I would
have her, I was angry, and she, when she was out of doors in her way to
church, returned home again vexed. But I to church, Mr. Mills, an ordinary
sermon. So home, and found my wife and Sarah gone to a neighbour church,
at which I was not much displeased. By and by she comes again, and, after
a word or two, good friends. And then her brother came to see her, and he
being gone she told me that she believed he was married and had a wife
worth L500 to him, and did inquire how he might dispose the money to the
best advantage, but I forbore to advise her till she could certainly tell
me how things are with him, being loth to meddle too soon with him. So to
walk upon the leads, and to supper, and to bed.

16th. Up before four oclock, and after some business took Will forth, and
he and I walked over the Tower Hill, but the gate not being open we walked
through St. Catharines and Ratcliffe (I think it is) by the waterside
above a mile before we could get a boat, and so over the water in a scull
(which I have not done a great while), and walked finally to Deptford,
where I saw in what forwardness the work is for Sir W. Battens house and
mine, and it is almost ready. I also, with Mr. Davis, did view my cozen
Joyces tallow, and compared it with the Irish tallow we bought lately,
and found ours much more white, but as soft as it; now what is the fault,
or whether it be or no a fault, I know not. So walked home again as far as
over against the Towre, and so over and home, where I found Sir W. Pen and
Sir John Minnes discoursing about Sir John Minness house and his coming
to live with us, and I think he intends to have Mr. Turners house and he
to come to his lodgings, which I shall be very glad of. We three did go to
Mr. Turners to view his house, which I think was to the end that Sir John
Minnes might see it. Then by water with my wife to the Wardrobe, and dined
there; and in the afternoon with all the children by water to Greenwich,
where I showed them the Kings yacht, the house, and the park, all very
pleasant; and so to the tavern, and had the musique of the house, and so
merrily home again. Will and I walked home from the Wardrobe, having left
my wife at the Tower Wharf coming by, whom I found gone to bed not very
well…. So to bed.

17th. Up, and Mr. Mayland comes to me and borrowed 30s. of me to be paid
again out of the money coming to him in the James and Charles for his late
voyage. So to the office, where all the morning. So home to dinner, my
wife not being well, but however dined with me. So to the office, and at
Sir W. Battens, where we all met by chance and talked, and they drank
wine; but I forebore all their healths. Sir John Minnes, I perceive, is
most excellent company. So home and to bed betimes by daylight.

18th. Up early; and after reading a little in Cicero, I made me ready and
to my office, where all the morning very busy. At noon Mr. Creed came to
me about business, and he and I walked as far as Lincolns Inn Fields
together. After a turn or two in the walks we parted, and I to my Lord
Crews and dined with him; where I hear the courage of Sir H. Vane at his
death is talked on every where as a miracle. Thence to Somerset House to
Sir J. Winters chamber by appointment, and met Mr. Pett, where he and I
read over his last contract with the King for the Forest of Dean, whereof
I took notes because of this new one that he is now in making. That done
he and I walked to Lillys, the painters, where we saw among other rare
things, the Duchess of York, her whole body, sitting instate in a chair,
in white sattin, and another of the King, that is not finished; most rare
things. I did give the fellow something that showed them us, and promised
to come some other time, and he would show me Lady Castlemaines, which I
could not then see, it being locked up! Thence to Wrights, the painters:
but, Lord! the difference that is between their two works. Thence to the
Temple, and there spoke with my cozen Roger, who gives me little hopes in
the business between my Uncle Tom and us. So Mr. Pett (who staid at his
sons chamber) and I by coach to the old Exchange, and there parted, and I
home and at the office till night. My windows at my office are made clean
to-day and a casement in my closet. So home, and after some merry
discourse in the kitchen with my wife and maids as I now-a-days often do,
I being well pleased with both my maids, to bed.

19th. Up by five oclock, and while my man Will was getting himself ready
to come up to me I took and played upon my lute a little. So to dress
myself, and to my office to prepare things against we meet this morning.
We sat long to-day, and had a great private business before us about
contracting with Sir W. Rider, Mr. Cutler, and Captain Cocke, for 500 ton
of hemp, which we went through, and I am to draw up the conditions. Home
to dinner, where I found Mr. Moore, and he and I cast up our accounts
together and evened them, and then with the last chest of crusados to
Alderman Backwells, by the same token his lady going to take coach stood
in the shop, and having a gilded glassfull of perfumed comfits given her
by Don Duarte de Silva, the Portugall merchant, that is come over with the
Queen, I did offer at a taste, and so she poured some out into my hand,
and, though good, yet pleased me the better coming from a pretty lady. So
home and at the office preparing papers and things, and indeed my head has
not been so full of business a great while, and with so much pleasure, for
I begin to see the pleasure it gives. God give me health. So to bed.

20th. Up by four or five oclock, and to the office, and there drew up the
agreement between the King and Sir John Winter about the Forrest of Deane;
and having done it, he came himself (I did not know him to be the Queens
Secretary before, but observed him to be a man of fine parts); and we read
it, and both liked it well. That done, I turned to the Forrest of Deane,
in Speedes Mapps, and there he showed me how it lies; and the Lea-bayly,
with the great charge of carrying it to Lydny, and many other things worth
my knowing; and I do perceive that I am very short in my business by not
knowing many times the geographical part of my business. At my office till
Mr. Moore took me out and at my house looked over our papers again, and
upon our evening accounts did give full discharges one to the other, and
in his and many other accounts I perceive I shall be better able to give a
true balance of my estate to myself within a day or two than I have been
this twelve months. Then he and I to Alderman Backwells and did the like
there, and I gave one receipt for all the money I have received thence
upon the receipt of my Lords crusados. Then I went to the Exchange, and
hear that the merchants have a great fear of a breach with the Spaniard;
for they think he will not brook our having Tangier, Dunkirk, and Jamaica;
and our merchants begin to draw home their estates as fast as they can.
Then to Popes Head Ally, and there bought me a pair of tweezers, cost me
14s., the first thing like a bawble I have bought a good while, but I do
it with some trouble of mind, though my conscience tells me that I do it
with an apprehension of service in my office to have a book to write
memorandums in, and a pair of compasses in it; but I confess myself the
willinger to do it because I perceive by my accounts that I shall be
better by L30 than I expected to be. But by tomorrow night I intend to see
to the bottom of all my accounts. Then home to dinner, where Mr. Moore met
me. Then he went away, and I to the office and dispatch much business. So
in the evening, my wife and I and Jane over the water to the
Halfway-house, a pretty, pleasant walk, but the wind high. So home again
and to bed.

21st. Up about four oclock, and settled some private business of my own,
then made me ready and to the office to prepare things for our meeting
to-day. By and by we met, and at noon Sir W. Pen and I to the Trinity
House; where was a feast made by the Wardens, when great good cheer, and
much, but ordinary company. The Lieutenant of the Tower, upon my demanding
how Sir H. Vane died, told me that he died in a passion; but all confess
with so much courage as never man died. Thence to the office, where Sir W.
Rider, Capt. Cocke, and Mr. Cutler came by appointment to meet me to
confer about the contract between us and them for 500 tons of hemp. That
being done, I did other business and so went home, and there found Mr.
Creed, who staid talking with my wife and me an hour or two, and I put on
my riding cloth suit, only for him to see how it is, and I think it will
do very well. He being gone, and I hearing from my wife and the maids
complaints made of the boy, I called him up, and with my whip did whip him
till I was not able to stir, and yet I could not make him confess any of
the lies that they tax him with. At last, not willing to let him go away a
conqueror, I took him in task again, and pulled off his frock to his
shirt, and whipped him till he did confess that he did drink the whey,
which he had denied, and pulled a pink, and above all did lay the
candlestick upon the ground in his chamber, which he had denied this
quarter of a year. I confess it is one of the greatest wonders that ever I
met with that such a little boy as he could possibly be able to suffer
half so much as he did to maintain a lie. I think I must be forced to put
him away. So to bed, with my arm very weary.

22nd (Lords day). This day I first put on my slasht doublet, which I like
very well. Mr. Shepley came to me in the morning, telling me that he and
my Lord came to town from Hinchinbroke last night. He and I spend an hour
in looking over his account, and then walked to the Wardrobe, all the way
discoursing of my Lords business. He tells me to my great wonder that Mr.
Barnwell is dead L500 in debt to my Lord. By and by my Lord came from
church, and I dined, with some others, with him, he very merry, and after
dinner took me aside and talked of state and other matters. By and by to
my brother Toms and took him out with me homewards (calling at the
Wardrobe to talk a little with Mr. Moore), and so to my house, where I
paid him all I owed him, and did make the L20 I lately lent him up to L40,
for which he shall give bond to Mr. Shepley, for it is his money. So my
wife and I to walk in the garden, where all our talk was against Sir W.
Pen, against whom I have lately had cause to be much prejudiced. By and by
he and his daughter came out to walk, so we took no notice of them a great
while, at last in going home spoke a word or two, and so good night, and
to bed. This day I am told of a Portugall lady, at Hampton Court, that
hath dropped a child already since the Queens coming, but the king would
not have them searched whose it is; and so it is not commonly known yet.
Coming home to-night, I met with Will. Swan, who do talk as high for the
Fanatiques as ever he did in his life; and do pity my Lord Sandwich and me
that we should be given up to the wickedness of the world; and that a fall
is coming upon us all; for he finds that he and his company are the true
spirit of the nation, and the greater part of the nation too, who will
have liberty of conscience in spite of this Act of Uniformity, or they
will die; and if they may not preach abroad, they will preach in their own
houses. He told me that certainly Sir H. Vane must be gone to Heaven, for
he died as much a martyr and saint as ever man did; and that the King hath
lost more by that mans death, than he will get again a good while. At all
which I know not what to think; but, I confess, I do think that the
Bishops will never be able to carry it so high as they do.

23rd. Up early, this morning, and my people are taking down the hangings
and things in my house because of the great dust that is already made by
the pulling down of Sir W. Battens house, and will be by my own when I
come to it. To my office, and there hard at work all the morning. At noon
to the Exchange to meet Dr. Williams, who sent me this morning notice of
his going into the country tomorrow, but could not find him, but meeting
with Frank Moore, my Lord Lambeths man formerly, we, and two or three
friends of his did go to a tavern, and there they drank, but I nothing but
small beer. In the next room one was playing very finely of the dulcimer,
which well played I like well, but one of our own company, a talking
fellow, did in discourse say much of this Act against Seamen,

     [In 1662 was passed An Act for providing of carriage by land and by
     water for the use of His Majestys Navy and Ordinance (13-14 Gar.
     II., cap. 20), which gave power for impressing seamen, &c.]

for their being brought to account; and that it was made on purpose for my
Lord Sandwich, who was in debt L100,000, and hath been forced to have
pardon oftentimes from Oliver for the same: at which I was vexed at him,
but thought it not worth my trouble to oppose what he said, but took leave
and went home, and after a little dinner to my office again, and in the
evening Sir W. Warren came to me about business, and that being done,
discoursing of deals, I did offer to go along with him among his deal
ships, which we did to half a score, where he showed me the difference
between Dram, Swinsound, Christiania, and others, and told me many
pleasant notions concerning their manner of cutting and sawing them by
watermills, and the reason how deals become dearer and cheaper, among
others, when the snow is not so great as to fill up the values that they
may pass from hill to hill over the snow, then it is dear carriage. From
on board he took me to his yard, where vast and many places of deals,
sparrs, and bulks, &c., the difference between which I never knew
before, and indeed am very proud of this evenings work. He had me into
his house, which is most pretty and neat and well furnished. After a
glass, not of wine, for I would not be tempted to drink any, but a glass
of mum, I well home by water, but it being late was forced to land at the
Custom House, and so home and to bed, and after I was a-bed, letters came
from the Duke for the fitting out of four ships forthwith from Portsmouth
(I know not yet for what) so I was forced to make Will get them wrote, and
signed them in bed and sent them away by express. And so to sleep.

24th (Midsummer day). Up early and to my office, putting things in order
against we sit. There came to me my cozen Harry Alcocke, whom I much
respect, to desire (by a letter from my father to me, where he had been
some days) my help for him to some place. I proposed the sea to him, and I
think he will take it, and I hope do well. Sat all the morning, and I
bless God I find that by my diligence of late and still, I do get ground
in the office every day. At noon to the Change, where I begin to be known
also, and so home to dinner, and then to the office all the afternoon
dispatching business. At night news is brought me that Field the rogue
hath this day cast me at Guildhall in L30 for his imprisonment, to which I
signed his commitment with the rest of the officers; but they having been
parliament-men, that he hath begun the law with me; and threatens more,
but I hope the Duke of York will bear me out. At night home, and Mr. Spong
came to me, and so he and I sat singing upon the leads till almost ten at
night and so he went away (a pretty, harmless, and ingenious man), and I
to bed, in a very great content of mind, which I hope by my care still in
my business will continue to me.

25th. Up by four oclock, and put my accounts with my Lord into a very
good order, and so to my office, where having put many things in order I
went to the Wardrobe, but found my Lord gone to Hampton Court. After
discourse with Mr. Shepley we parted, and I into Thames Street, beyond the
Bridge, and there enquired among the shops the price of tarre and oyle,
and do find great content in it, and hope to save the King money by this
practice. So home to dinner, and then to the Change, and so home again,
and at the office preparing business against to-morrow all the afternoon.
At night walked with my wife upon the leads, and so to supper and to bed.
My wife having lately a great pain in her ear, for which this night she
begins to take physique, and I have got cold and so have a great deal of
my old pain.

26th. Up and took physique, but such as to go abroad with, only to loosen
me, for I am bound. So to the office, and there all the morning sitting
till noon, and then took Commissioner Pett home to dinner with me, where
my stomach was turned when my sturgeon came to table, upon which I saw
very many little worms creeping, which I suppose was through the staleness
of the pickle. He being gone, comes Mr. Nicholson, my old fellow-student
at Magdalene, and we played three or four things upon the violin and
basse, and so parted, and I to my office till night, and there came Mr.
Shepley and Creed in order to settling some accounts of my Lord to-night,
and so to bed.

27th. Up early, not quite rid of my pain. I took more physique, and so
made myself ready to go forth. So to my Lord, who rose as soon as he heard
I was there; and in his nightgown and shirt stood talking with me alone
two hours,. I believe, concerning his greatest matters of state and
interest. Among other things, that his greatest design is, first, to get
clear of all debts to the King for the Embassy money, and then a pardon.
Then, to get his land settled; and then to, discourse and advise what is
best for him, whether to keep his sea employment longer or no. For he do
discern that the Duke would be willing to have him out, and that by
Coventrys means. And here he told me, how the terms at Argier were wholly
his; and that he did plainly tell Lawson and agree with him, that he would
have the honour of them, if they should ever be agreed to; and that
accordingly they did come over hither entitled, Articles concluded on by
Sir J. Lawson, according to instructions received from His Royal Highness
James Duke of York, &c., and from His Excellency the Earle of
Sandwich. (Which however was more than needed; but Lawson tells my Lord
in his letter, that it was not he, but the Council of Warr that would have
His Royal Highness put into the title, though he did not contribute one
word to it.) But the Duke of York did yesterday propose them to the
Council, to be printed with this title: Concluded on, by Sir J. Lawson,
Knt. and my Lord quite left out. Here I find my Lord very politique; for
he tells me, that he discerns they design to set up Lawson as much as they
can and that he do counterplot them by setting him up higher still; by
which they will find themselves spoiled of their design, and at last grow
jealous of Lawson. This he told me with much pleasure; and that several of
the Dukes servants, by name my Lord Barkeley [of Stratton], Mr. Talbot,
and others, had complained to my Lord, of Coventry, and would have him
out. My Lord do acknowledge that his greatest obstacle is Coventry. He did
seem to hint such a question as this: Hitherto I have been supported by
the King and Chancellor against the Duke; but what if it should come
about, that it should be the Duke and Chancellor against the King? which,
though he said it in these plain words, yet I could not fully understand
it; but may more here after. My Lord did also tell me, that the Duke
himself at Portsmouth did thank my Lord for all his pains and care; and
that he perceived it must be the old Captains that must do the business;
and that the new ones would spoil all. And that my Lord did very
discreetly tell the Duke (though quite against his judgement and
inclination), that, however, the Kings new captains ought to be borne
with a little and encouraged. By which he will oblige that party, and
prevent, as much as may be, their envy; but he says that certainly things
will go to rack if ever the old captains should be wholly out, and the new
ones only command. Then we fell to talk of Sir J. Minnes, of whom my Lord
hath a very slight opinion, and that at first he did come to my Lord very
displeased and sullen, and had studied and turned over all his books to
see whether it had ever been that two flags should ride together in the
main-top, but could not find it, nay, he did call his captains on board to
consult them. So when he came by my Lords side, he took down his flag,
and all the day did not hoist it again, but next day my Lord did tell him
that it was not so fit to ride without a flag, and therefore told him that
he should wear it in the fore-top, for it seems my Lord saw his
instructions, which were that he should not wear his flag in the maintop
in the presence of the Duke or my Lord. But that after that my Lord did
caress him, and he do believe him as much his friend as his interest will
let him. I told my Lord of the late passage between Swan and me, and he
told me another lately between Dr. Dell and himself when he was in the
country. At last we concluded upon dispatching all his accounts as soon as
possible, and so I parted, and to my office, where I met Sir W. Pen, and
he desired a turn with me in the garden, where he told me the day now was
fixed for his going into Ireland;—[Penn was Governor of Kinsale.-B.]—and
that whereas I had mentioned some service he could do a friend of mine
there, Saml. Pepys,

     [Mentioned elsewhere as My cousin in Ireland.  He was son of Lord
     Chief Justice Richard Pepys.]

he told me he would most readily do what I would command him, and then
told me we must needs eat a dish of meat together before he went, and so
invited me and my wife on Sunday next. To all which I did give a cold
consent, for my heart cannot love or have a good opinion of him since his
last playing the knave with me, but he took no notice of our difference at
all, nor I to him, and so parted, and I by water to Deptford, where I
found Sir W. Batten alone paying off the yard three quarters pay. Thence
to dinner, where too great a one was prepared, at which I was very much
troubled, and wished I had not been there. After dinner comes Sir J.
Minnes and some captains with him, who had been at a Councill of Warr
to-day, who tell us they have acquitted Captain Hall, who was accused of
cowardice in letting of old Winter, the Argier pyrate, go away from him
with a prize or two; and also Captain Diamond of the murder laid to him of
a man that he had struck, but he lived many months after, till being
drunk, he fell into the hold, and there broke his jaw and died, but they
say there are such bawdy articles against him as never were heard of ….
To the pay again, where I left them, and walked to Redriffe, and so home,
and there came Mr. Creed and Shepley to me, and staid till night about my
Lords accounts, our proceeding to set them in order, and so parted and I
to bed. Mr. Holliard had been with my wife to-day, and cured her of her
pain in her ear by taking out a most prodigious quantity of hard wax that
had hardened itself in the bottom of the ear, of which I am very glad.

28th. Up to my Lords and my own accounts, and so to the office, where all
the forenoon sitting, and at noon by appointment to the Mitre, where Mr.
Shepley gave me and Mr. Creed, and I had my uncle Wight with us, a dish of
fish. Thence to the office again, and there all the afternoon till night,
and so home, and after talking with my wife to bed. This day a genteel
woman came to me, claiming kindred of me, as she had once done before, and
borrowed 10s. of me, promising to repay it at night, but I hear nothing of
her. I shall trust her no more. Great talk there is of a fear of a war
with the Dutch; and we have order to pitch upon twenty ships to be
forthwith set out; but I hope it is but a scarecrow to the world, to let
them see that we can be ready for them; though, God knows! the King is not
able to set out five ships at this present without great difficulty, we
neither having money, credit, nor stores. My mind is now in a wonderful
condition of quiet and content, more than ever in all my life, since my
minding the business of my office, which I have done most constantly; and
I find it to be the very effect of my late oaths against wine and plays,
which, if God please, I will keep constant in, for now my business is a
delight to me, and brings me great credit, and my purse encreases too.

29th (Lords day). Up by four oclock, and to the settling of my own
accounts, and I do find upon my monthly ballance, which I have undertaken
to keep from month to month, that I am worth L650, the greatest sum that
ever I was yet master of. I pray God give me a thankfull, spirit, and care
to improve and encrease it. To church with my wife, who this day put on
her green petticoat of flowred satin, with fine white and gimp lace of her
own putting on, which is very pretty. Home with Sir W. Pen to dinner by
appointment, and to church again in the afternoon, and then home, Mr.
Shepley coming to me about my Lords accounts, and in the evening parted,
and we to supper again to Sir W. Pen. Whatever the matter is, he do much
fawn upon me, and I perceive would not fall out with me, and his daughter
mighty officious to my wife, but I shall never be deceived again by him,
but do hate him and his traitorous tricks with all my heart. It was an
invitation in order to his taking leave of us to-day, he being to go for
Ireland in a few days. So home and prayers, and to bed.

30th. Up betimes, and to my office, where I found Griffens girl making it
clean, but, God forgive me! what a mind I had to her, but did not meddle
with her. She being gone, I fell upon boring holes for me to see from my
closet into the great office, without going forth, wherein I please myself
much. So settled to business, and at noon with my wife to the Wardrobe,
and there dined, and staid talking all the afternoon with my Lord, and
about four oclock took coach with my wife and Lady, and went toward my
house, calling at my Lady Carterets, who was within by chance (she
keeping altogether at Deptford for a month or two), and so we sat with her
a little. Among other things told my Lady how my Lady Fanshaw is fallen
out with her only for speaking in behalf of the French, which my Lady
wonders at, they having been formerly like sisters, but we see there is no
true lasting friendship in the world. Thence to my house, where I took
great pride to lead her through the Court by the hand, she being very
fine, and her page carrying up her train. She staid a little at my house,
and then walked through the garden, and took water, and went first on
board the Kings pleasure boat, which pleased her much. Then to Greenwich
Park; and with much ado she was able to walk up to the top of the hill,
and so down again, and took boat, and so through bridge to Blackfryers,
and home, she being much pleased with the ramble in every particular of
it. So we supped with her, and then walked home, and to bed.


This I take to be as bad a juncture as ever I observed. The King and his
new Queen minding their pleasures at Hampton Court. All people
discontented; some that the King do not gratify them enough; and the
others, Fanatiques of all sorts, that the King do take away their liberty
of conscience; and the height of the Bishops, who I fear will ruin all
again. They do much cry up the manner of Sir H. Vanes death, and he
deserves it. They clamour against the chimney-money, and say they will not
pay it without force. And in the mean time, like to have war abroad; and
Portugall to assist, when we have not money to pay for any ordinary
layings-out at home. Myself all in dirt about building of my house and Sir
W. Battens a story higher. Into a good way, fallen on minding my business
and saving money, which God encrease; and I do take great delight in it,
and see the benefit of it. In a longing mind of going to see Brampton, but
cannot get three days time, do what I can. In very good health, my wife
and myself.