Samuel Pepys diary April 1662

APRIL 1662

April 1st. Within all the morning and at the office. At noon my wife and I
(having paid our maid Nell her whole wages, who has been with me half a
year, and now goes away for altogether) to the Wardrobe, where my Lady and
company had almost dined. We sat down and dined. Here was Mr. Herbert, son
to Sir Charles Herbert, that lately came with letters from my Lord
Sandwich to the King. After some discourse we remembered one another to
have been together at the tavern when Mr. Fanshaw took his leave of me at
his going to Portugall with Sir Richard. After dinner he and I and the two
young ladies and my wife to the playhouse, the Opera, and saw The Mayde
in the Mill, a pretty good play. In the middle of the play my Lady
Paulina, who had taken physique this morning, had need to go forth, and so
I took the poor lady out and carried her to the Grange, and there sent the
maid of the house into a room to her, and she did what she had a mind to,
and so back again to the play; and that being done, in their coach I took
them to Islington, and then, after a walk in the fields, I took them to
the great cheese-cake house and entertained them, and so home, and after
an hours stay with my Lady, their coach carried us home, and so weary to

2nd. Mr. Moore came to me, and he and I walked to the Spittle an hour or
two before my Lord Mayor and the blewcoat boys come, which at last they
did, and a fine sight of charity it is indeed. We got places and staid to
hear a sermon; but, it being a Presbyterian one, it was so long, that
after above an hour of it we went away, and I home and dined; and then my
wife and I by water to the Opera, and there saw The Bondman most
excellently acted; and though we had seen it so often, yet I never liked
it better than to-day, Ianthe acting Cleoras part very well now Roxalana
is gone. We are resolved to see no more plays till Whitsuntide, we having
been three days together. Met Mr. Sanchy, Smithes; Gale, and Edlin at the
play, but having no great mind to spend money, I left them there. And so
home and to supper, and then dispatch business, and so to bed.

3rd. At home and at the office all day. At night to bed.

4th. By barge Sir George, Sir Williams both and I to Deptford, and there
fell to pay off the Drake and Hampshire, then to dinner, Sir George to his
lady at his house, and Sir Wm. Pen to Woolwich, and Sir W. Batten and I to
the tavern, where much company came to us and our dinner, and somewhat
short by reason of their taking part away with them. Then to pay the rest
of the Hampshire and the Paradox, and were at it till 9 at night, and so
by night home by barge safe, and took Tom Hater with some that the clerks
had to carry home along with us in the barge, the rest staying behind to
pay tickets, but came home after us that night. So being come home, to
bed. I was much troubled to-day to see a dead man lie floating upon the
waters, and had done (they say) these four days, and nobody takes him up
to bury him, which is very barbarous.

5th. At the office till almost noon, and then broke up. Then came Sir G.
Carteret, and he and I walked together alone in the garden, taking notice
of some faults in the office, particularly of Sir W. Battens, and he
seemed to be much pleased with me, and I hope will be the ground of a
future interest of mine in him, which I shall be glad of. Then with my
wife abroad, she to the Wardrobe and there dined, and I to the Exchange
and so to the Wardrobe, but they had dined. After dinner my wife and the
two ladies to see my aunt Wight, and thence met me at home. From thence
(after Sir W. Batten and I had viewed our houses with a workman in order
to the raising of our roofs higher to enlarge our houses) I went with them
by coach first to Moorfields and there walked, and thence to Islington and
had a fine walk in the fields there, and so, after eating and drinking,
home with them, and so by water with my wife home, and after supper to

6th (Lords day). By water to White Hall, to Sir G. Carteret, to give him
an account of the backwardness of the ships we have hired to Portugall: at
which he is much troubled. Thence to the Chappell, and there, though
crowded, heard a very honest sermon before the King by a Canon of Christ
Church, upon these words, Having a form of godliness, but denying, &c.
Among other things, did much insist upon the sin of adultery: which
methought might touch the King, and the more because he forced it into his
sermon, methinks, besides his text. So up and saw the King at dinner; and
thence with Sir G. Carteret to his lodgings to dinner, with him and his
lady, where I saluted her, and was well received as a stranger by her; she
seems a good lady, and all their discourse, which was very much, was upon
their sufferings and services for the King. Yet not without some trouble,
to see that some that had been much bound to them, do now neglect them;
and others again most civil that have received least from them: and I do
believe that he hath been a good servant to the King. Thence to walk in
the Park, where the King and Duke did walk round the Park. After I was
tired I went and took boat to Milford stairs, and so to Grayes Inn walks,
the first time I have been there this year, and it is very pleasant and
full of good company. When tired I walked to the Wardrobe, and there staid
a little with my Lady, and so by water from Pauls Wharf (where my boat
staid for me), home and supped with my wife with Sir W. Pen, and so home
and to bed.

7th. By water to Whitehall and thence to Westminster, and staid at the
Parliament-door long to speak with Mr. Coventry, which vexed me. Thence to
the Lords House, and stood within the House, while the Bishops and Lords
did stay till the Chancellors coming, and then we were put out, and they
to prayers. There comes a Bishop; and while he was rigging himself, he bid
his man listen at the door, whereabout in the prayers they were but the
man told him something, but could not tell whereabouts it was in the
prayers, nor the Bishop neither, but laughed at the conceit; so went in:
but, God forgive me! I did tell it by and by to people, and did say that
the man said that they were about something of saving their souls, but
could not tell whereabouts in the prayers that was. I sent in a note to my
Lord Privy Seal, and he came out to me; and I desired he would make
another deputy for me, because of my great business of the Navy this
month; but he told me he could not do it without the Kings consent, which
vexed me. So to Dr. Castles, and there did get a promise from his clerk
that his master should officiate for me to-morrow. Thence by water to
Toms, and there with my wife took coach and to the old Exchange, where
having bought six large Holland bands, I sent her home, and myself found
out my uncle Wight and Mr. Rawlinson, and with them went to the tatters
house to dinner, and there had a good dinner of cold meat and good wine,
but was troubled in my head after the little wine I drank, and so home to
my office, and there did promise to drink no more wine but one glass a
meal till Whitsuntide next upon any score. Mrs. Bowyer and her daughters
being at my house I forbore to go to them, having business and my head
disturbed, but staid at my office till night, and then to walk upon the
leads with my wife, and so to my chamber and thence to bed. The great talk
is, that the Spaniards and the Hollanders do intend to set upon the
Portuguese by sea, at Lisbon, as soon as our fleet is come away; and by
that means our fleet is not likely to come yet these two months or three;
which I hope is not true.

8th. Up very early and to my office, and there continued till noon. So to
dinner, and in comes uncle Fenner and the two Joyces. I sent for a barrel
of oysters and a breast of veal roasted, and were very merry; but I cannot
down with their dull company and impertinent. After dinner to the office
again. So at night by coach to Whitehall, and Mr. Coventry not being there
I brought my business of the office to him, it being almost dark, and so
came away and took up my wife. By the way home and on Ludgate Hill there
being a stop I bought two cakes, and they were our supper at home.

9th. Sir George Carteret, Sir Williams both and myself all the morning at
the office passing the Victuallers accounts, and at noon to dinner at the
Dolphin, where a good chine of beef and other good cheer. At dinner Sir
George showed me an account in French of the great famine, which is to the
greatest extremity in some part of France at this day, which is very

     [On the 5th of June following, Louis, notwithstanding the scarcity,
     gave that splendid carousal in the court before the Tuileries, from
     which the place has ever since taken its name.—B.]

So to the Exchange, Mrs. Turner (who I found sick in bed), and several
other places about business, and so home. Supper and to bed.

10th. To Westminster with the two Sir Williams by water, and did several
businesses, and so to the Wardrobe with Mr. Moore to dinner. Yesterday
came Col. Talbot with letters from Portugall, that the Queen is resolved
to embarque for England this week. Thence to the office all the afternoon.
My Lord Windsor came to us to discourse of his affairs, and to take his
leave of us; he being to go Governor of Jamaica with this fleet that is
now going. Late at the office. Home with my mind full of business. So to

11th. Up early to my lute and a song, then about six oclock with Sir W.
Pen by water to Deptford; and among the ships now going to Portugall with
men and horse, to see them dispatched. So to Greenwich; and had a fine
pleasant walk to Woolwich, having in our company Captn. Minnes, with whom
I was much pleased to hear him talk in fine language, but pretty well for
all that. Among other things, he and the other Captains that were with us
tell me that negros drowned look white and lose their blackness, which I
never heard before. At Woolwich, up and down to do the same business; and
so back to Greenwich by water, and there while something is dressing for
our dinner, Sir William and I walked into the Park, where the King hath
planted trees and made steps in the hill up to the Castle, which is very
magnificent. So up and down the house, which is now repayring in the
Queens lodgings. So to dinner at the Globe, and Captain Lambert of the
Dukes pleasure boat came to us and dined with us, and were merry, and so
home, and I in the evening to the Exchange, and spoke with uncle Wight,
and so home and walked with my wife on the leads late, and so the barber
came to me, and so to bed very weary, which I seldom am.

12th. At the office all the morning, where, among other things, being
provoked by some impertinence of Sir W. Battens, I called him
unreasonable man, at which he was very angry and so was I, but I think we
shall not much fall out about it. After dinner to several places about
business, and so home and wrote letters at my office, and one to Mr.
Coventry about business, and at the close did excuse my not waiting on him
myself so often as others do for want of leisure. So home and to bed.

13th (Lords day). In the morning to Pauls, where I heard a pretty good
sermon, and thence to dinner with my Lady at the Wardrobe; and after much
talk with her after dinner, I went to the Temple to Church, and there
heard another: by the same token a boy, being asleep, fell down a high
seat to the ground, ready to break his neck, but got no hurt. Thence to
Grayes Inn walkes; and there met Mr. Pickering and walked with him two
hours till 8 oclock till I was quite weary. His discourse most about the
pride of the Duchess of York; and how all the ladies envy my Lady
Castlemaine. He intends to go to Portsmouth to meet the Queen this week;
which is now the discourse and expectation of the town. So home, and no
sooner come but Sir W. Warren comes to me to bring me a paper of Fields
(with whom we have lately had a great deal of trouble at the office),
being a bitter petition to the King against our office for not doing
justice upon his complaint to us of embezzlement of the Kings stores by
one Turpin. I took Sir William to Sir W. Pens (who was newly come from
Walthamstow), and there we read it and discoursed, but we do not much fear
it, the King referring it to the Duke of York. So we drank a glass or two
of wine, and so home and I to bed, my wife being in bed already.

14th. Being weary last night I lay very long in bed to-day, talking with
my wife, and persuaded her to go to Brampton, and take Sarah with her,
next week, to cure her ague by change of ayre, and we agreed all things
therein. We rose, and at noon dined, and then we to the Paynters, and
there sat the last time for my little picture, which I hope will please
me. Then to Paternoster Row to buy things for my wife against her going.
So home and walked upon the leads with my wife, and whether she suspected
anything or no I know not, but she is quite off of her going to Brampton,
which something troubles me, and yet all my design was that I might the
freer go to Portsmouth when the rest go to pay off the yards there, which
will be very shortly. But I will get off if I can. So to supper and to

15th. At the office all the morning. Dined at home. Again at the office in
the afternoon to despatch letters and so home, and with my wife, by coach,
to the New Exchange, to buy her some things; where we saw some new-fashion
pettycoats of sarcenett, with a black broad lace printed round the bottom
and before, very handsome, and my wife had a mind to one of them, but we
did not then buy one. But thence to Mr. Bowyers, thinking to have spoke
to them for our Sarah to go to Huntsmore for a while to get away her ague,
but we had not opportunity to do it, and so home and to bed.

16th. Up early and took my physique; it wrought all the morning well. At
noon dined, and all the afternoon, Mr. Hater to that end coming to me, he
and I did go about my abstracting all the contracts made in the office
since we came into it. So at night to bed.

17th. To Mr. Holliards in the morning, thinking to be let blood, but he
was gone out. So to White Hall, thinking to have had a Seal at Privy Seal,
but my Lord did not come, and so I walked back home and staid within all
the afternoon, there being no office kept to-day, but in the evening Sir
W. Batten sent for me to tell me that he had this day spoke to the Duke
about raising our houses, and he hath given us leave to do it, at which,
being glad, I went home merry, and after supper to bed.

18th. This morning sending the boy down into the cellar for some beer I
followed him with a cane, and did there beat him for his staying of awards
and other faults, and his sister came to me down and begged for him. So I
forebore, and afterwards, in my wifes chamber, did there talk to Jane how
much I did love the boy for her sake, and how much it do concern to
correct the boy for his faults, or else he would be undone. So at last she
was well pleased. This morning Sir G. Carteret, Sir W. Batten and I met at
the office, and did conclude of our going to Portsmouth next week, in
which my mind is at a great loss what to do with my wife, for I cannot
persuade her to go to Brampton, and I am loth to leave her at, home. All
the afternoon in several places to put things in order for my going. At
night home and to bed.

19th. This morning, before we sat, I went to Aldgate; and at the corner
shop, a drapers, I stood, and did see Barkestead, Okey, and Corbet, drawn
towards the gallows at Tiburne; and there they were hanged and quartered.
They all looked very cheerful; but I hear they all die defending what they
did to the King to be just; which is very strange. So to the office and
then home to dinner, and Captain David Lambert came to take his leave of
me, he being to go back to Tangier there to lie. Then abroad about
business, and in the evening did get a bever, an old one, but a very good
one, of Sir W. Batten, for which I must give him something; but I am very
well pleased with it. So after writing by the post to bed.

20th (Lords day). My intention being to go this morning to White Hall to
hear South, my Lord Chancellors chaplain, the famous preacher and oratour
of Oxford, (who the last Lords day did sink down in the pulpit before the
King, and could not proceed,) it did rain, and the wind against me, that I
could by no means get a boat or coach to carry me; and so I staid at
Pauls, where the judges did all meet, and heard a sermon, it being the
first Sunday of the term; but they had a very poor sermon. So to my Ladys
and dined, and so to White Hall to Sir G. Carteret, and so to the
Chappell, where I challenged my pew as Clerk of the Privy Seal and had it,
and then walked home with Mr. Blagrave to his old house in the Fishyard,
and there he had a pretty kinswoman that sings, and we did sing some holy
things, and afterwards others came in and so I left them, and by water
through the bridge (which did trouble me) home, and so to bed.

21st: This morning I attempted to persuade my wife in bed to go to
Brampton this week, but she would not, which troubles me, and seeing that
I could keep it no longer from her, I told her that I was resolved to go
to Portsmouth to-morrow. Sir W. Batten goes to Chatham to-day, and will be
back again to come for Portsmouth after us on Thursday next. I went to
Westminster and several places about business. Then at noon dined with my
Lord Crew; and after dinner went up to Sir Thos. Crews chamber, who is
still ill. He tells me how my Lady Duchess of Richmond and Castlemaine had
a falling out the other day; and she calls the latter Jane Shore, and did
hope to see her come to the same end that she did. Coming down again to my
Lord, he told me that news was come that the Queen is landed; at which I
took leave, and by coach hurried to White Hall, the bells ringing in
several places; but I found there no such matter, nor anything like it. So
I went by appointment to Anthony Joyces, where I sat with his wife and
Matt. Joyce an hour or two, and so her husband not being at home, away I
went and in Cheapside spied him and took him into the coach. Home, and
there I found my Lady Jemimah, and Anne, and Madamoiselle come to see my
wife, whom I left, and to talk with Joyce about a project I have of his
and my joyning, to get some money for my brother Tom and his kinswoman to
help forward with her portion if they should marry. I mean in buying of
tallow of him at a low rate for the King, and Tom should have the profit;
but he tells me the profit will be considerable, at which I was troubled,
but I have agreed with him to serve some in my absence. He went away, and
then came Mr. Moore and sat late with me talking about business, and so
went away and I to bed.

22nd. After taking leave of my wife, which we could hardly do kindly,
because of her mind to go along with me, Sir W. Pen and I took coach and
so over the bridge to Lambeth, W. Bodham and Tom Hewet going as clerks to
Sir W. Pen, and my Will for me. Here we got a dish of buttered eggs, and
there staid till Sir G. Carteret came to us from White Hall, who brought
Dr. Clerke with him, at which I was very glad, and so we set out, and I
was very much pleased with his company, and were very merry all the way
…. We came to Gilford and there passed our time in the garden, cutting
of sparagus for supper, the best that ever I eat in my life but in the
house last year. Supped well, and the Doctor and I to bed together,
calling cozens from his name and my office.

23d. Up early, and to Petersfield, and there dined well; and thence got a
countryman to guide us by Havant, to avoid going through the Forest; but
he carried us much out of the way, and upon our coming we sent away an
express to Sir W. Batten to stop his coming, which I did project to make
good my oath, that my wife should come if any of our wives came, which my
Lady Batten did intend to do with her husband. The Doctor and I lay
together at Wiards, the chyrurgeons, in Portsmouth, his wife a very
pretty woman. We lay very well and merrily; in the morning, concluding him
to be of the eldest blood and house of the Clerkes, because that all the
fleas came to him and not to me.

24th. Up and to Sir G. Carterets lodgings at Mrs. Stephenss, where we
keep our table all the time we are here. Thence all of us to the
Pay-house; but the books not being ready, we went to church to the
lecture, where there was my Lord Ormond and Manchester, and much London
company, though not so much as I expected. Here we had a very good sermon
upon this text: In love serving one another; which pleased me very well.
No news of the Queen at all. So to dinner; and then to the Pay all the
afternoon. Then W. Pen and I walked to the Kings Yard, and there lay at
Mr. Tippetss, where exceeding well treated.

25th. All the morning at Portsmouth, at the Pay, and then to dinner, and
again to the Pay; and at night got the Doctor to go lie with me, and much
pleased with his company; but I was much troubled in my eyes, by reason of
the healths I have this day been forced to drink.

26th. Sir George and I, and his clerk Mr. Stephens, and Mr. Holt our
guide, over to Gosport; and so rode to Southampton. In our way, besides my
Lord Southamptons parks and lands, which in one view we could see L6,000
per annum, we observed a little church-yard, where the graves are
accustomed to be all sowed with sage.

     [Gough says, It is the custom at this day all over Wales to strew
     the graves, both within and without the church, with green herbs,
     branches of box, flowers, rushes, and flags, for one year, after
     which such as can afford it lay down a stone.—Brands Popular
     Antiquities, edited W. C. Hazlitt, vol. ii., p. 218.]

At Southampton we went to the Mayors and there dined, and had sturgeon of
their own catching the last week, which do not happen in twenty years, and
it was well ordered. They brought us also some caveare, which I attempted
to order, but all to no purpose, for they had neither given it salt
enough, nor are the seedes of the roe broke, but are all in berryes. The
towne is one most gallant street, and is walled round with stone, &c.,
and Beviss picture upon one of the gates; many old walls of religious
houses, and the key, well worth seeing. After dinner to horse again, being
in nothing troubled but the badness of my hat, which I borrowed to save my
beaver. Home by night and wrote letters to London, and so with Sir W. Pen
to the Dock to bed.

27th (Sunday). Sir W. Pen got trimmed before me, and so took the coach to
Portsmouth to wait on my Lord Steward to church, and sent the coach for me
back again. So I rode to church, and met my Lord Chamberlain upon the
walls of the garrison, who owned and spoke to me. I followed him in the
crowd of gallants through the Queens lodgings to chappell; the rooms
being all rarely furnished, and escaped hardly being set on fire
yesterday. At chappell we had a most excellent and eloquent sermon. And
here I spoke and saluted Mrs. Pierce, but being in haste could not learn
of her where her lodgings are, which vexes me. Thence took Ned Pickering
to dinner with us, and the two Marshes, father and Son, dined with us, and
very merry. After dinner Sir W. Batten and I, the Doctor, and Ned
Pickering by coach to the Yard, and there on board the Swallow in the dock
hear our navy chaplain preach a sad sermon, full of nonsense and false
Latin; but prayed for the Right Honourable the principal officers.

     [Principal officers of the navy, of which body Pepys was one as
     Clerk of the Acts.]

After sermon took him to Mr. Tippetss to drink a glass of wine, and so at
4 back again by coach to Portsmouth, and then visited the Mayor, Mr.
Timbrell, our anchor-smith, who showed us the present they have for the
Queen; which is a salt-sellar of silver, the walls christall, with four
eagles and four greyhounds standing up at the top to bear up a dish; which
indeed is one of the neatest pieces of plate that ever I saw, and the case
is very pretty also.

     [A salt-cellar answering this description is preserved at the

This evening came a merchantman in the harbour, which we hired at London
to carry horses to Portugall; but, Lord! what running there was to the
seaside to hear what news, thinking it had come from the Queen. In the
evening Sir George, Sir W. Pen and I walked round the walls, and thence we
two with the Doctor to the yard, and so to supper and to bed.

28th. The Doctor and I begun philosophy discourse exceeding pleasant. He
offers to bring me into the college of virtuosoes—[The Royal
Society.]—and my Lord Brounckers acquaintance, and to show me some
anatomy, which makes me very glad; and I shall endeavour it when I come to
London. Sir W. Pen much troubled upon letters came last night. Showed me
one of Dr. Owens

     [John Owen, D.D., a learned Nonconformist divine, and a voluminous
     theological writer, born 1616, made Dean of Christ Church in 1653 by
     the Parliament, and ejected in 1659-60.  He died at Ealing in 1683.]

to his son,—[William Penn, the celebrated Quaker.]—whereby it
appears his son is much perverted in his opinion by him; which I now
perceive is one thing that hath put Sir William so long off the hooks. By
coach to the Pay-house, and so to work again, and then to dinner, and to
it again, and so in the evening to the yard, and supper and bed.

29th. At the pay all the morning, and so to dinner; and then to it again
in the afternoon, and after our work was done, Sir G. Carteret, Sir W. Pen
and I walked forth, and I spied Mrs. Pierce and another lady passing by.
So I left them and went to the ladies, and walked with them up and down,
and took them to Mrs. Stephens, and there gave them wine and sweetmeats,
and were very merry; and then comes the Doctor, and we carried them by
coach to their lodging, which was very poor, but the best they could get,
and such as made much mirth among us. So I appointed one to watch when the
gates of the town were ready to be shut, and to give us notice; and so the
Doctor and I staid with them playing and laughing, and at last were forced
to bid good night for fear of being locked into the town all night. So we
walked to the yard, designing how to prevent our going to London tomorrow,
that we might be merry with these ladies, which I did. So to supper and
merrily to bed.

30th. This morning Sir G. Carteret came down to the yard, and there we
mustered over all the men and determined of some regulations in the yard,
and then to dinner, all the officers of the yard with us, and after dinner
walk to Portsmouth, there to pay off the Success, which we did pretty
early, and so I took leave of Sir W. Pen, he desiring to know whither I
went, but I would not tell him. I went to the ladies, and there took them
and walked to the Mayors to show them the present, and then to the Dock,
where Mr. Tippets made much of them, and thence back again, the Doctor
being come to us to their lodgings, whither came our supper by my
appointment, and we very merry, playing at cards and laughing very merry
till 12 oclock at night, and so having staid so long (which we had
resolved to stay till they bade us be gone), which yet they did not do but
by consent, we bade them good night, and so past the guards, and went to
the Doctors lodgings, and there lay with him, our discourse being much
about the quality of the lady with Mrs. Pierce, she being somewhat old and
handsome, and painted and fine, and had a very handsome maid with her,
which we take to be the marks of a bawd. But Mrs. Pierce says she is a
stranger to her and met by chance in the coach, and pretends to be a
dresser. Her name is Eastwood. So to sleep in a bad bed about one oclock
in the morning. This afternoon after dinner comes Mr. Stephenson, one of
the burgesses of the town, to tell me that the Mayor and burgesses did
desire my acceptance of a burgess-ship, and were ready at the Mayors to
make me one. So I went, and there they were all ready, and did with much
civility give me my oath, and after the oath, did by custom shake me all
by the hand. So I took them to a tavern and made them drink, and paying
the reckoning, went away. They having first in the tavern made Mr. Waith
also a burgess, he coming in while we were drinking. It cost me a piece in
gold to the Town Clerk, and 10s. to the Bayliffes, and spent 6s.