Samuel Pepys diary February 1662

FEBRUARY 1661-1662

February 1st. This morning within till 11 oclock, and then with
Commissioner Pett to the office; and he staid there writing, while I and
Sir W. Pen walked in the garden talking about his business of putting his
son to Cambridge; and to that end I intend to write to-night to Dr.
Fairebrother, to give me an account of Mr. Burton of Magdalene. Thence
with Mr. Pett to the Paynters; and he likes our pictures very well, and
so do I. Thence he and I to the Countess of Sandwich, to lead him to her
to kiss her hands: and dined with her, and told her the news (which Sir W.
Pen told me to-day) that express is come from my Lord with letters, that
by a great storm and tempest the mole of Argier is broken down, and many
of their ships sunk into the mole. So that God Almighty hath now ended
that unlucky business for us; which is very good news. After dinner to the
office, where we staid late, and so I home, and late writing letters to my
father and Dr. Fairebrother, and an angry letter to my brother John for
not writing to me, and so to bed.

2nd (Lords day). To church in the morning, and then home and dined with
my wife, and so both of us to church again, where we had an Oxford man
give us a most impertinent sermon upon Cast your bread upon the waters,
&c. So home to read, supper, and to prayers, and then to bed.

3rd. After musique practice I went to the office, and there with the two
Sir Williams all the morning about business, and at noon I dined with Sir
W. Batten with many friends more, it being his wedding-day, and among
other froliques, it being their third year, they had three pyes, whereof
the middlemost was made of an ovall form, in an ovall hole within the
other two, which made much mirth, and was called the middle piece; and
above all the rest, we had great striving to steal a spooneful out of it;
and I remember Mrs. Mills, the ministers wife, did steal one for me and
did give it me; and to end all, Mrs. Shippman did fill the pye full of
white wine, it holding at least a pint and a half, and did drink it off
for a health to Sir William and my Lady, it being the greatest draft that
ever I did see a woman drink in my life. Before we had dined came Sir G.
Carteret, and we went all three to the office and did business there till
night, and then to Sir W. Batten again, and I went along with my lady and
the rest of the gentlewomen to Major Holmess, and there we had a fine
supper, among others, excellent lobsters, which I never eat at this time
of the year before. The Major bath good lodgings at the Trinity House.
Here we staid, and at last home, and, being in my chamber, we do hear
great noise of mirth at Sir William Battens, tearing the ribbands from my
Lady and him.—[As if they were a newly-married couple.]—So I
to bed.

4th. To Westminster Hall, where it was full term. Here all the morning,
and at noon to my Lord Crews, where one Mr. Tempter (an ingenious man and
a person of honour he seems to be) dined; and, discoursing of the nature
of serpents, he told us some that in the waste places of Lancashire do
grow to a great bigness, and that do feed upon larks, which they take
thus: They observe when the lark is soared to the highest, and do crawl
till they come to be just underneath them; and there they place themselves
with their mouths uppermost, and there, as is conceived, they do eject
poyson up to the bird; for the bird do suddenly come down again in its
course of a circle, and falls directly into the mouth of the serpent;
which is very strange. He is a great traveller; and, speaking of the
tarantula, he says that all the harvest long (about which times they are
most busy) there are fidlers go up and down the fields every where, in
expectation of being hired by those that are stung. Thence to the office,
where late, and so to my chamber and then to bed, my mind a little
troubled how to put things in order to my advantage in the office in
readiness to the Dukes orders lately sent to us, and of which we are to
treat at the office to-morrow morning. This afternoon, going into the
office, one met me and did serve a subpoena upon me for one Field, whom we
did commit to prison the other day for some ill words he did give the
office. The like he had for others, but we shall scour him for it.

5th. Early at the office. Sir G. Carteret, the two Sir Williams and myself
all alone reading of the Dukes institutions for the settlement of our
office, whereof we read as much as concerns our own duties, and left the
other officers for another time. I did move several things for my purpose,
and did ease my mind. At noon Sir W. Pen dined with me, and after dinner
he and I and my wife to the Theatre, and went in, but being very early we
went out again to the next door, and drank some Rhenish wine and sugar,
and so to the House again, and there saw Rule a Wife and have a Wife
very well done. And here also I did look long upon my Lady Castlemaine,
who, notwithstanding her late sickness, continues a great beauty. Home and
supped with Sir W. Pen and played at cards with him, and so home and to
bed, putting some cataplasm to my…. which begins to swell again.

6th. At my musique practice, and so into my cellar to my workmen, and I am
very much pleased with my alteracon there. About noon comes my uncle
Thomas to me to ask for his annuity, and I did tell him my mind freely. We
had some high words, but I was willing to end all in peace, and so I made
him dine with me, and I have hopes to work my end upon him. After dinner
the barber trimmed me, and so to the office, where I do begin to be exact
in my duty there and exacting my privileges, and shall continue to do so.
None but Sir W. Batten and me here to-night, and so we broke up early, and
I home and to my chamber to put things in order, and so to bed. My
swelling I think do begin to go away again.

7th. Among my workmen this morning. By and by by water to Westminster with
Commissioner Pett (landing my wife at Black Friars) where I hear the
prisoners in the Tower that are to die are come to the Parliament-house
this morning. To the Wardrobe to dinner with my Lady; where a civitt cat,
parrot, apes, and many other things are come from my Lord by Captain Hill,
who dined with my Lady with us to-day. Thence to the Paynters, and am
well pleased with our pictures. So by coach home, where I found the
joyners putting up my chimney-piece in the dining-room, which pleases me
well, only the frame for a picture they have made so massy and heavy that
I cannot tell what to do with it. This evening came my she cozen Porter to
see us (the first time that we had seen her since we came to this end of
the town) and after her Mr. Hart, who both staid with us a pretty while
and so went away. By and by, hearing that Mr. Turner was much troubled at
what I do in the office, and do give ill words to Sir W. Pen and others of
me, I am much troubled in my mind, and so went to bed; not that I fear him
at all, but the natural aptness I have to be troubled at any thing that
crosses me.

8th. All the morning in the cellar with the colliers, removing the coles
out of the old cole hole into the new one, which cost me 8s. the doing;
but now the cellar is done and made clean, it do please me exceedingly, as
much as any thing that was ever yet done to my house. I pray God keep me
from setting my mind too much upon it. About 3 oclock the colliers having
done I went up to dinner (my wife having often urged me to come, but my
mind is so set upon these things that I cannot but be with the workmen to
see things done to my mind, which if I am not there is seldom done), and
so to the office, and thence to talk with Sir W. Pen, walking in the dark
in the garden some turns, he telling me of the ill management of our
office, and how Wood the timber merchant and others were very knaves,
which I am apt to believe. Home and wrote letters to my father and my
brother John, and so to bed. Being a little chillish, intending to take
physique to-morrow morning.

9th (Lords day). I took physique this day, and was all day in my chamber,
talking with my wife about her laying out of L20, which I had long since
promised her to lay out in clothes against Easter for herself, and
composing some ayres, God forgive me! At night to prayers and to bed.

10th. Musique practice a good while, then to Pauls Churchyard, and there
I met with Dr. Fullers Englands Worthys, the first time that I ever
saw it; and so I sat down reading in it, till it was two oclock before I,
thought of the time going, and so I rose and went home to dinner, being
much troubled that (though he had some discourse with me about my family
and arms) he says nothing at all, nor mentions us either in Cambridgeshire
or Norfolk. But I believe, indeed, our family were never considerable. At
home all the afternoon, and at night to bed.

11th. Musique, then my brother Tom came, and spoke to him about selling of
Sturtlow, he consents to, and I think will be the best for him,
considering that he needs money, and has no mind to marry. Dined at home,
and at the office in the afternoon. So home to musique, my mind being full
of our alteracons in the garden, and my getting of things in the office
settled to the advantage of my clerks, which I found Mr. Turner much
troubled at, and myself am not quiet in mind. But I hope by degrees to
bring it to it. At night begun to compose songs, and begin with Gaze not
on Swans. So to bed.

12th. This morning, till four in the afternoon, I spent abroad, doing of
many and considerable businesses at Mr. Phillips the lawyer, with Prior,
Westminster, my Lord Crews, Wardrobe, &c., and so home about the time
of day to dinner with my mind very highly contented with my days work,
wishing I could do so every day. Then to my chamber drawing up writings,
in expectation of my uncle Thomas corning. So to my musique and then to
bed. This night I had half a 100 poor Jack—[The poor john is a
hake salted and dried. It is frequently referred to in old authors as poor
fare.]—sent me by Mr. Adis.

13th. After musique comes my cozen Tom Pepys the executor, and he did stay
with me above two hours discoursing about the difference between my uncle
Thomas and me, and what way there may be to make it up, and I have hopes
we may do good of it for all this. Then to dinner, and then came Mr.
Kennard, and he and I and Sir W. Pen went up and down his house to view
what may be the contrivance and alterations there to the best advantage.
So home, where Mr. Blackburne (whom I have not seen a long time) was come
to speak with me, and among other discourse he do tell me plain of the
corruption of all our Treasurers officers, and that they hardly pay any
money under ten per cent.; and that the other day, for a mere assignation
of L200 to some counties, they took L15 which is very strange. So to the
office till night, and then home and to write by the post about many
businesses, and so to bed. Last night died the Queen of Bohemia.

14th (Valentines day). I did this day purposely shun to be seen at Sir W.
Battens, because I would not have his daughter to be my Valentine, as she
was the last year, there being no great friendship between us now, as
formerly. This morning in comes W. Bowyer, who was my wifes Valentine,
she having, at which I made good sport to myself, held her hands all the
morning, that she might not see the paynters that were at work in gilding
my chimney-piece and pictures in my diningroom. By and by she and I by
coach with him to Westminster, by the way leaving at Toms and my wifes
fathers lodgings each of them some poor Jack, and some she carried to my
father Bowyers, where she staid while I walked in the Hall, and there
among others met with Serj. Pierce, and I took him aside to drink a cup
of ale, and he told me the basest thing of Mr. Montagus and his man
Eschars going away in debt, that I am troubled and ashamed, but glad to
be informed of. He thinks he has left L1000 for my Lord to pay, and that
he has not laid out L3,000 Out of the L5,000 for my Lords use, and is not
able to make an account of any of the money. My wife and I to dinner to
the Wardrobe, and then to talk with my Lady, and so by coach, it raining
hard, home, and so to do business and to bed.

15th. With the two Sir Williams to the Trinity-house; and there in their
society had the business debated of Sir Nicholas Crisps sasse at
Deptford. Then to dinner, and after dinner I was sworn a Younger Brother;
Sir W. Rider being Deputy Master for my Lord of Sandwich; and after I was
sworn, all the Elder Brothers shake me by the hand: it is their custom, it
seems. Hence to the office, and so to Sir Wm. Battens all three, and
there we staid till late talking together in complaint of the Treasurers
instruments. Above all Mr. Waith, at whose childs christening our wives
and we should have been to-day, but none of them went and I am glad of it,
for he is a very rogue, So home, and drew up our report for Sir N.
Crispes sasse, and so to bed. No news yet of our fleet gone to Tangier,
which we now begin to think long.

16th (Lords day). To church this morning, and so home and to dinner. In
the afternoon I walked to St. Brides to church, to hear Dr. Jacomb preach
upon the recovery, and at the request of Mrs. Turner, who came abroad this
day, the first time since her long sickness. He preached upon Davids
words, I shall not die, but live, and declare the works of the Lord, and
made a pretty good sermon, though not extraordinary. After sermon I led
her home, and sat with her, and there was the Dr. got before us; but
strange what a command he hath got over Mrs. Turner, who was so carefull
to get him what he would, after his preaching, to drink, and he, with a
cunning gravity, knows how to command, and had it, and among other things
told us that he heard more of the Common Prayer this afternoon (while he
stood in the vestry, before he went up into the pulpitt) than he had heard
this twenty years. Thence to my uncle Wight to meet my wife, and with
other friends of hers and his met by chance we were very merry, and
supped, and so home, not being very well through my usual pain got by
cold. So to prayers and to bed, and there had a good draft of mulled ale
brought me.

17th. This morning, both Sir Williams, myself, and Captain Cocke and
Captain Tinker of the Convertine, which we are going to look upon (being
intended to go with these ships fitting for the East Indys), down to
Deptford; and thence, after being on shipboard, to Woolwich, and there eat
something. The Sir Williams being unwilling to eat flesh,

     [In Lent, of which the observance, intermitted for nineteen years,
     was now reviving.  We have seen that Pepys, as yet, had not cast off
     all show of Puritanism.  In this month the Fishmongers Company
     petitioned the King that Lent might be kept, because they had
     provided abundance of fish for this season, and their prayer was

Captain Cocke and I had a breast of veal roasted. And here I drank wine
upon necessity, being ill for want of it, and I find reason to fear that
by my too sudden leaving off wine, I do contract many evils upon myself.
Going and coming we played at gleeke, and I won 9s. 6d. clear, the most
that ever I won in my life. I pray God it may not tempt me to play again.
Being come home again we went to the Dolphin, where Mr. Alcock and my Lady
and Mrs. Martha Batten came to us, and after them many others (as it
always is where Sir W. Batten goes), and there we had some pullets to
supper. I eat though I was not very well, and after that left them, and so
home and to bed.

18th. Lay long in bed, then up to the office (we having changed our days
to Tuesday and Saturday in the morning and Thursday at night), and by and
by with Sir W. Pen, Mr. Kennard, and others to survey his house again, and
to contrive for the alterations there, which will be handsome I think.
After we had done at the office, I walked to the Wardrobe, where with Mr.
Moore and Mr. Lewis Phillips after dinner we did agree upon the agreement
between us and Prior and I did seal and sign it. Having agreed with Sir
Wm. Pen and my wife to meet them at the Opera, and finding by my walking
in the streets, which were every where full of brick-battes and tyles
flung down by the extraordinary wind the last night (such as hath not been
in memory before, unless at the death of the late Protector), that it was
dangerous to go out of doors; and hearing how several persons had been
killed to-day by the fall of things in the streets, and that the pageant
in Fleetstreet is most of it blown down, and hath broke down part of
several houses, among others Dick Brigdens; and that one Lady Sanderson,
a person of quality in Covent Garden, was killed by the fall of the house,
in her bed, last night; I sent my boy home to forbid them to go forth. But
he bringing me word that they are gone, I went thither and there saw The
Law against Lovers, a good play and well performed, especially the little
girls (whom I never saw act before) dancing and singing; and were it not
for her, the loss of Roxalana would spoil the house. So home and to
musique, and so to bed.

19th. Musique practice: thence to the Trinity House to conclude upon our
report of Sir N. Crisps project, who came to us to answer objections, but
we did give him no ear, but are resolved to stand to our report; though I
could wish we had shewn him more justice and had heard him. Thence to the
Wardrobe and dined with my Lady, and talked after dinner as I used to do,
and so home and up to my chamber to put things in order to my good
content, and so to musique practice.

20th. This morning came Mr. Child to see me, and set me something to my
Theorbo, and by and by come letters from Tangier from my Lord, telling me
how, upon a great defete given to the Portuguese there by the Moors, he
had put in 300 men into the town, and so he is in possession, of which we
are very glad, because now the Spaniards designs of hindering our getting
the place are frustrated. I went with the letter inclosed to my Lord
Chancellor to the House of Lords, and did give it him in the House. And
thence to the Wardrobe with my Ladys, and there could not stay dinner,
but went by promise to Mr. Savills, and there sat the first time for my
picture in little, which pleaseth me well. So to the office till night and
then home.

     [Sunday, Jan.  12.  This morning, the Portuguese, 140 horse in
     Tangier, made a salley into the country for booty, whereof they had
     possessed about 400 cattle, 30 camels, and some horses, and 35 women
     and girls, and being six miles distant from Tangier, were
     intercepted by 100 Moors with harquebusses, who in the first charge
     killed the Aidill with a shot in the head, whereupon the rest of the
     Portuguese ran, and in the pursuit 51 were slain, whereof were 11 of
     the knights, besides the Aidill.  The horses of the 51 were also
     taken by the Moors, and all the booty relieved.

     Tuesday, Jan. 14.  This morning, Mr. Mules came to me from the
     Governor, for the assistance of some of our men into the castle.

     Thursday, Jan. 16.  About 80 men out of my own ship, and the
     Princess, went into Tangier, into the lower castle, about four of
     the clock in the afternoon.

     Friday, Jan. 17.  In the morning, by eight oclock, the Martyr
     came in from Cales (Cadiz) with provisions, and about ten a clock I
     sent Sir Richard Stayner, with 120 men, besides officers, to the
     assistance of the Governor, into Tangier.—Lord Sandwichs Journal,
     in Kennets Register.

     On the 23rd, Lord Sandwich put one hundred more men into Tangier; on
     the 29th and 30th, Lord Peterborough and his garrison arrived from
     England, and received possession from the Portuguese; and, on the
     31st, Sir Richard Stayner and the seamen re-embarked on board Lord
     Sandwichs fleet.—B.]

21st, All the morning putting things in my house in order, and packing up
glass to send into the country to my father, and books to my brother John,
and then to my Lord Crews to dinner; and thence to Mr. Lewes Philips
chamber, and there at noon with him for business, and received L80 upon
Jaspar Trices account, and so home with it, and so to my chamber for all
this evening, and then to bed.

22nd. At the office busy all the morning, and thence to dinner to my Lady
Sandwichs, and thence with Mr. Moore to our Attorney, Wellpooles, and
there found that Godfry has basely taken out a judgment against us for the
L40, for which I am vexed. And thence to buy a pair of stands and a
hanging shelf for my wifes chamber, and so home, and thither came Mr.
Savill with the pictures, and we hung them up in our dining-room. It comes
now to appear very handsome with all my pictures. This evening I wrote
letters to my father; among other things acquainting him with the unhappy
accident which hath happened lately to my Lord of Dorsets two oldest
sons, who, with two Belasses and one Squire Wentworth, were lately
apprehended for killing and robbing of a tanner about Newington on
Wednesday last, and are all now in Newgate. I am much troubled for it, and
for the grief and disgrace it brings to their familys and friends. After
this, having got a very great cold, I got something warm to-night, and so
to bed.

23rd (Lords day). My cold being increased, I staid at home all day,
pleasing myself with my dining-room, now graced with pictures, and reading
of Dr. Fullers Worthys. So I spent the day, and at night comes Sir W.
Pen and supped and talked with me. This day by Gods mercy I am 29 years
of age, and in very good health, and like to live and get an estate; and
if I have a heart to be contented, I think I may reckon myself as happy a
man as any is in the world, for which God be praised. So to prayers and to

24th. Long with Mr. Berkenshaw in the morning at my musique practice;
finishing my song of Gaze not on Swans, in two parts, which pleases me
well, and I did give him L5 for this month or five weeks that he hath
taught me, which is a great deal of money and troubled me to part with it.
Thence to the Paynter s, and set again for my picture in little, and
thence over the water to Southwark to Mr. Berkenshaws house, and there
sat with him all the afternoon, he showing me his great card of the body
of musique, which he cries up for a rare thing, and I do believe it cost
much pains, but is not so useful as he would have it. Then we sat down and
set Nulla, nulla sit formido, and he has set it very finely. So home and
to supper, and then called Will up, and chid him before my wife for
refusing to go to church with the maids yesterday, and telling his
mistress that he would not be made a slave of, which vexes me. So to bed.

25th. All the morning at the office. At noon with Mr. Moore to the
Coffee-house, where among other things the great talk was of the effects
of this late great wind; and I heard one say that he had five great trees
standing together blown down; and, beginning to lop them, one of them, as
soon as the lops were cut off, did, by the weight of the root, rise again
and fasten. We have letters from the forest of Deane, that above 1000
Oakes and as many beeches are blown down in one walk there. And letters
from my father tell me of L20 hurt done to us at Brampton. This day in the
news-book I find that my Lord Buckhurst and his fellows have printed their
case as they did give it in upon examination to a justice of Peace,
wherein they make themselves a very good tale that they were in pursuit of
thieves, and that they took this man for one of them, and so killed him;
and that he himself confessed it was the first time of his robbing; and
that he did pay dearly for it, for he was a dead man. But I doubt things
will be proved otherwise, as they say. Home to dinner, and by and by comes
Mr. Hunt and his wife to see us and staid a good, while with us. Then
parted, and I to my study in the office. The first time since the
alteracon that I have begun to do business myself there, and I think I
shall be well pleased with it. At night home to supper and to bed.

26th. Mr. Berkenshaw with me all the morning composing of musique to This
cursed jealousy, what is it, a song of Sir W. Davenants. After dinner I
went to my Booksellers, W. Joyces, and several other places to pay my
debts and do business, I being resolved to cast up my accounts within a
day or two, for I fear I have run out too far. In coming home I met with a
face I knew and challenged him, thinking it had been one of the Theatre
musicians, and did enquire for a song of him, but finding it a mistake,
and that it was a gentleman that comes sometimes to the office, I was much
ashamed, but made a pretty good excuse that I took him for a gentleman of
Grays Inn who sings well, and so parted. Home for all night and set
things in order and so to bed.

27th. This morning came Mr. Berkenshaw to me and in our discourse I,
finding that he cries up his rules for most perfect (though I do grant
them to be very good, and the best I believe that ever yet were made), and
that I could not persuade him to grant wherein they were somewhat lame, we
fell to angry words, so that in a pet he flung out of my chamber and I
never stopped him, having intended to put him off today, whether this had
happened or no, because I think I have all the rules that he hath to give.
And so there remains not the practice now to do me good, and it is not for
me to continue with him at; L5 per month. So I settled to put all his
rules in fair order in a book, which was my work all the morning till
dinner. After dinner to the office till late at night, and so home to
write by the post, and so to bed.

28th. The boy failing to call us up as I commanded, I was angry, and
resolved to whip him for that and many other faults, to-day. Early with
Sir W. Pen by coach to Whitehall, to the Duke of Yorks chamber, and there
I presented him from my Lord a fine map of Tangier, done by one Captain
Beckman, a Swede, that is with my Lord. We staid looking it over a great
while with the Duke after he was ready. Thence I by water to the
Painters, and there sat again for my face in little, and thence home to
dinner, and so at home all the afternoon. Then came Mr. Moore and staid
and talked with me, and then I to the office, there being all the
Admiralty papers brought hither this afternoon from Mr. Blackburnes,
where they have lain all this while ever since my coming into this office.
This afternoon Mr. Hater received half a years salary for me, so that now
there is not owing me but this quarter, which will be out the next month.
Home, and to be as good as my word, I bade Will get me a rod, and he and I
called the boy up to one of the upper rooms of the Comptrollers house
towards the garden, and there I reckoned all his faults, and whipped him
soundly, but the rods were so small that I fear they did not much hurt to
him, but only to my arm, which I am already, within a quarter of an hour,
not able to stir almost. After supper to bed.