Samuel Pepys diary December 1661


December 1st (Lords day). In the morning at church and heard Mr. Mills.
At home dined and with me by appointment Mr. Sanchy, who should have
brought his mistress, Mrs. Mary Archer, of Cambridge, but she could not
come, but we had a good dinner for him. And so in the afternoon my wife
went to church, and he and I stayed at home and drank and talked, and he
stayed with me till night and supped with me, when I expected to have seen
Jack Cole and Lem. Wagstaffe, but they did not come. We this day cut a
brave collar of brawn from Winchcombe which proves very good, and also
opened the glass of girkins which Captain Cocke did give my wife the other
day, which are rare things. So at night to bed. There hath lately been
great clapping up of some old statesmen, such as Ireton, Moyer, and
others, and they say, upon a great plot, but I believe no such thing; but
it is but justice that they should be served as they served the poor
Cavaliers; and I believe it will oftentimes be so as long as I live,
whether there be cause or no. This evening my brother Tom was with me, and
I did talk again to him about Mr. Townsends daughter, and I do intend to
put the business in hand. I pray God give a good end to it.

2nd. To Savill the painters, but he not being well I could do nothing
there, and so I returned home, and in my way met Mr. Moore and took him
with me home; where we staid and talked all the morning, and he dined with
me, and after dinner went away to the Privy Seal, this being our first day
this month. By and by called on by Mr. Sanchy and his mistress, and with
them by coach to the Opera, to see The Mad Lover, but not much pleased
with the play. That done home all to my house, where they staid and supped
and were merry, and at last late bid good night and so we to bed.

3rd. To the Paynters and sat and had more of my picture done; but it do
not please me, for I fear it will not be like me. At noon from thence to
the Wardrobe, where dinner not being ready Mr. Moore and I to the Temple
about my little business at Mr. Turners, and so back again, and dinner
being half done I went in to my Lady, where my Lady Wright was at dinner
with her, and all our talk about the great happiness that my Lady Wright
says there is in being in the fashion and in variety of fashions, in scorn
of others that are not so, as citizens wives and country gentlewomen,
which though it did displease me enough, yet I said nothing to it. Thence
by water to the office through bridge, being carried by him in oars that
the other day rowed in a scull faster than my oars to the Towre, and I did
give him 6d. At the office all the afternoon, and at night home to read in
Mare Clausum till bedtime, and so to bed, but had a very bad night by
dreams of my wifes riding with me and her horse throwing her and breaking
her leg, and then I dreamed that I.. [was] in such pain that I waked with
it, and had a great deal of pain there a very great while till I fell
asleep again, and such apprehension I had of it that when I rose and
trussed up myself thinking that it had been no dream. Till in the daytime
I found myself very well at ease, and remembered that I did dream so, and
that Mr. Creed was with me, and that I did complain to him of it, and he
said he had the same pain in his left that I had in my right… which
pleased me much to remember.

4th. To Whitehall with both Sir Williams, thence by water, where I saw a
man lie dead upon Westminster Stairs that had been drowned yesterday. To
the Temple, and thence to Mr. Phillips and got my copy of Sturtlow lands.
So back to the 3 Tuns at Charing Cross, and there met the two Sir Williams
and Col. Treswell and Mr. Falconer, and dined there at Sir W. Pens cost,
and after dinner by water to Cheapside to the painters, and there found
my wife, and having sat a little she and I by coach to the Opera and
Theatre, but coming too late to both, and myself being a little out of
tune we returned, and I settled to read in Mare Clausum till bedtime,
and so to bed.

5th. This morning I went early to the Paynters and there sat for my
picture the fourth time, but it do not yet please me, which do much
trouble me. Thence to the Treasury Office, where I found Sir W. Batten
come before me, and there we sat to pay off the St. George. By and by came
Sir W. Pen, and he and I staid while Sir W. Batten went home to dinner,
and then he came again, and Sir W. Pen and I went and dined at my house,
and had two mince pies sent thither by our order from the messenger
Slater, that had dressed some victuals for us, and so we were very merry,
and after dinner rode out in his coach, he to Whitehall, and my wife and I
to the Opera, and saw Hamlett well performed. Thence to the Temple and
Mrs. Turners (who continues still very ill), and so home and to bed.

6th. Lay long in bed, and then to Westminster Hall and there walked, and
then with Mr. Spicer, Hawly, Washington, and little Mr. Ashwell (my old
friends at the Exchequer) to the Dog, and gave them two or three quarts of
wine, and so away to White Hall, where, at Sir G. Carterets, Sir Williams
both and I dined very pleasantly; and after dinner, by appointment, came
the Governors of the East India Company, to sign and seal the contract
between us

     [Charles II.s charter to the Company, confirming and extending the
     former charter, is dated April 3rd, 1661.  Bombay, just acquired as
     part of Queen Katherines dowry, was made over to the Company by
     Letters Patent dated March 27th, 1669.]

(in the Kings name) and them. And that done, we all went to the Kings
closet, and there spoke with the King and the Duke of York, who promise to
be very careful of the India trade to the utmost. So back to Sir G.
Carterets and ended our business, and so away homewards, but Sir W.
Batten offering to go to the 3 Tuns at Charing Cross, where the pretty
maid the daughter of the house is; I was saying that, that tickled Sir W.
Pen, he seemed to take these words very captiously and angrily, which I
saw, and seemed indifferent to go home in his coach with them, and so took
leave to go to the Council Chamber to speak with my Lord Privy Seal, which
I did, but they did stay for me, which I was pleased at, but no words
passed between him and me in all our way home. So home and to bed.

7th. This morning comes Captain Ferrers and the German, Emanuel Luffe, who
goes as one of my Lords footmen, though he deserves a much better
preferment, to take their leave of me, and here I got the German to play
upon my theorbo, which he did both below and in my wifes chamber, who was
in bed. He plays bravely. I find by him that my lute is a most excellent
lute. I did give them a mince pie and a collar of brawn and some wine for
their breakfast, and were very merry, and sent for Mr. Adamsons neighbour
to drink Mr. Shepleys health. At last we all parted, but within a quarter
of an hour after they were gone, and my wife and I were talking about
buying of a fine scallop which is brought her this morning by a woman to
be sold, which is to cost her 45s., in comes the German back again, all in
a goare of blood, which I wondered at, and tells me that he is afeard that
the Captain is killed by the watermen at Towre Stayres; so I presently
went thither, and found that upon some rude pressing of the watermen to
ply the Captain, he struck one of them with his cane, which they would not
take, but struck him again, and then the German drew his sword and ran at
one of them, but they were both soundly beaten.

     [See a similar outrage, committed by Captain Ferrers, September
     12th, 1662.  Swords were usually worn by footmen.  See May 4th,
     1662, host.—B.]

The Captain is, however, got to the boy that carries him and the pages to
the Downs, and I went into the alehouse at the Stayres and got them to
deliver the Captains feathers, which one from the Captain was come to
demand, and went home again, and there found my wife dressing of the
Germans head, and so did [give] him a cravett for his neck, and a crown
in his purse, and sent him away again. Then came Mr. Moore, and he and I
to Westminster and to Worcester House to see Mr. Montagu before he goes
away (this night), but could not see him, nor do I think he has a mind to
see us for fear of our demanding of money of him for anything. So back to
Whitehall, and eat a bit of meat at Wilkinsons, and then to the Privy
Seal, and sealed there the first time this month; and, among other things
that passed, there was a patent for Roger Palmer (Madam Palmers husband)
to be Earl of Castlemaine and Baron of Limbricke in Ireland; but the
honour is tied up to the males got of the body of this wife, the Lady
Barbary: the reason whereof every body knows. That done, by water to the
office, when I found Sir W. Pen had been alone all the night and was just
rose, and so I to him, and with him I found Captain Holmes, who had wrote
his case, and gives me a copy, as he hath many among his friends, and
presented the same to the King and Council. Which I shall make use of in
my attempt of writing something concerning the business of striking sail,
which I am now about. But he do cry out against Sir John Minnes, as the
veriest knave and rogue and coward in the world, which I was glad to hear,
because he has given out bad words concerning my Lord, though I am sorry
it is so. Here Captain Cox then came in, and he and I staid a good while
and so good night. Home and wrote by the post to my father, and so to bed.

8th (Lords day). In bed all the morning thinking to take physique, but it
being a frost my wife would not have me. So to dinner at the Wardrobe, and
after a great deal of good discourse with my Lady after dinner, and among
other things of the great christening yesterday at Mr. Rumbells, and
courtiers and pomp that was there, which I wonder at, I went away up and
down into all the churches almost between that place and my house, and so
home. And then came my brother Tom, and staid and talked with me, and I
hope he will do very well and get money. So to supper and to bed. This
morning as I was in bed, one brings me T. Trices answer to my bill in
chancery from Mr. Smallwood, which I am glad to see, though I am afraid it
will do me hurt.

9th. To Whitehall, and thence to the Rhenish wine-house, where I met Mons.
Eschar and there took leave of him, he being to go this night to the Downs
towards Portugall, and so spent all the morning. At noon to dinner to the
Wardrobe; where my Lady Wright was, who did talk much upon the worth and
the desert of gallantry; and that there was none fit to be courtiers, but
such as have been abroad and know fashions. Which I endeavoured to oppose;
and was troubled to hear her talk so, though she be a very wise and
discreet lady in other things. From thence Mr. Moore and I to the Temple
about my law business with my cozen Turner, and there we read over T.
Trices answer to my bill and advised thereupon what to do in his absence,
he being to go out of town to-morrow. Thence he and I to Mr. Walpole, my
attorney, whom I never saw before, and we all to an alehouse hard by, and
there we talked of our business, and he put me into great hopes, but he is
but a young man, and so I do not depend so much upon his encouragement. So
by coach home, and to supper, and to bed, having staid up till 12 at night
writing letters to my Lord Sandwich and all my friends with him at sea, to
send to-morrow by Mons. Eschar, who goes tomorrow post to the Downs to go
along with the fleet to Portugall.

10th. To Whitehall, and there finding Mons. Eschar to be gone, I sent my
letters by a porter to the posthouse in Southwark to be sent by despatch
to the Downs. So to dinner to my Lord Crews by coach, and in my way had a
stop of above an hour and a half, which is a great trouble this Parliament
time, but it cannot be helped. However I got thither before my Lord come
from the House, and so dined with him, and dinner done, home to the
office, and there sat late and so home.

11th. My brother Tom and then Mr. Moore came to me this morning, and staid
a while with me, and then I went out, and in my way met with Mr. Howell
the Turner, who invited me to dine this day at Mr. Rawlinsons with some
friends of his, officers of the Towre, at a venison pasty, which I
promised him, and so I went to the Old Bayly, and there staid and drank
with him, who told me the whole story how Pegg Kite has married herself to
a weaver, an ugly fellow, to her undoing, of which I am glad that I have
nothing to do in it. From thence home and put on my velvet coat, and so to
the Mitre to dinner according to my promise this morning, but going up
into the room I found at least 12 or more persons, and knew not the face
of any of them, so I went down again, and though I met Mr. Yong the
upholster yet I would not be persuaded to stay, but went away and walked
to the Exchequer, and up and down, and was very hungry, and from thence
home, when I understand Mr. Howell was come for me to go thither, but I am
glad I was not at home, and my wife was gone out by coach to Clerkenwell
to see Mrs. Margaret Pen, who is at school there. So I went to see Sir W.
Pen, who for this two or three days has not been well, and he and I after
some talk took a coach and went to Moorfields, and there walked, though it
was very cold, an hour or two, and went into an alehouse, and there I
drank some ale and eat some bread and cheese, but he would not eat a bit,
and so being very merry we went home again. He to his lodgings and I by
promise to Sir W. Battens, where he and my lady have gone out of town,
and so Mrs. Martha was at home alone, and Mrs. Moore and there I supped
upon some good things left of yesterdays dinner there, where dined a
great deal of company—Sir R. Browne and others—and by and by
comes in Captain Cox who promised to be here with me, but he staid very
late, and had been drinking somewhere and was very drunk, and so very
capricious, which I was troubled to see in a man that I took for a very
wise and wary man. So I home and left him there, and so to bed.

12th. We lay long in bed, then up and made me ready, and by and by come
Will Bowyer and Mr. Gregory, my old Exchequer friend, to see me, and I
took them to the Dolphin and there did give them a good morning draft, and
so parted, and invited them and all my old Exchequer acquaintance to come
and dine with me there on Wednesday next. From thence to the Wardrobe and
dined with my Lady, where her brother, Mr. John Crew, dined also, and a
strange gentlewoman dined at the table as a servant of my Ladys; but I
knew her not, and so I am afeard that poor Madamoiselle was gone, but I
since understand that she is come as housekeeper to my Lady, and is a
married woman. From thence to Westminster to my Lords house to meet my
Lord Privy Seal, who appointed to seal there this afternoon, but by and by
word is brought that he is come to Whitehall, and so we are fain to go
thither to him, and there we staid to seal till it was so late that though
I got leave to go away before he had done, yet the office was done before
I could get thither, and so to Sir W. Pens, and there sat and talked and
drank with him, and so home.

13th. At home all the morning, being by the cold weather, which for these
two days has been frost, in some pain in my bladder. Dined at home and
then with my wife to the Paynters, and there she sat the first time to be
drawn, while I all the while stood looking on a pretty ladys picture,
whose face did please me extremely. At last, he having done, I found that
the dead colour of my wife is good, above what I expected, which pleased
me exceedingly. So home and to the office about some special business,
where Sir Williams both were, and from thence with them to the Steelyard,
where my Lady Batten and others came to us, and there we drank and had
musique and Captain Coxs company, and he paid all, and so late back again
home by coach, and so to bed.

14th. All the morning at home lying in bed with my wife till 11 oclock.
Such a habit we have got this winter of lying long abed. Dined at home,
and in the afternoon to the office. There sat late, and so home and to

15th (Lords day). To church in the morning, where our young Reader begun
the first day to read. Sir W. Pen dined with me and we were merry. Again
to church and so home, and all alone read till bedtime, and so to prayers
and to bed. I have been troubled this day about a difference between my
wife and her maid Nell, who is a simple slut, and I am afeard we shall
find her a cross-grained wench. I am now full of study about writing
something about our making of strangers strike to us at sea; and so am
altogether reading Selden and Grotius, and such other authors to that

16th. Up by five oclock this morning by candlelight (which I have not
done for many a day), being called upon by one Mr. Bollen by appointment,
who has business to be done with my Lord Privy Seal this morning, and so
by coach, calling Mr. Moore at the Wardrobe, to Chelsy, and there did get
my Lord to seal it. And so back again to Westminster Hall, and thence to
my Lord Sandwichs lodging, where I met my wife (who had been to see Mrs.
Hunt who was brought to bed the other day of a boy), and got a joint of
meat thither from the Cooks, and she and I and Sarah dined together, and
after dinner to the Opera, where there was a new play (Cutter of Coleman

     [Cutter, an old word for a rough swaggerer: hence the title of
     Cowleys play.  It was originally called The Guardian, when acted
     before Prince Charles at Trinity College, Cambridge, on March 12th,

made in the year 1658, with reflections much upon the late times; and it
being the first time, the pay was doubled, and so to save money, my wife
and I went up into the gallery, and there sat and saw very well; and a
very good play it is. It seems of Cowlys making. From thence by coach
home, and to bed.

17th. Up and to the Paynters to see how he went forward in our picture.
So back again to dinner at home, and then was sent for to the Privy Seal,
whither I was forced to go and stay so long and late that I was much
vexed. At last we got all done, and then made haste to the office, where
they were sat, and there we sat late, and so home to supper and to Selden,
Mare Clausum, and so to bed.

18th. At the office upon business extraordinary all the morning, then to
my Lady Sandwichs to dinner, whither my wife, who had been at the
painters, came to me, and there dined, and there I left her, and to the
Temple my brother and I to see Mrs. Turner, who begins to be better, and
so back to my Ladys, where much made of, and so home to my study till
bed-time, and so to bed.

19th. This morning my wife dressed herself fine to go to the christening
of Mrs. Hunts child, and so she and I in the way in the morning went to
the Paynter s, and there she sat till noon, and I all the while looking
over great variety of good prints which he had, and by and by comes my boy
to tell us that Mrs. Hunt has been at our house to tell us that the
christening is not till Saturday next. So after the Paynter had done I did
like the picture pretty well, and my wife and I went by coach home, but in
the way I took occasion to fall out with my wife very highly about her
ribbands being ill matched and of two colours, and to very high words, so
that, like a passionate fool, I did call her whore, for which I was
afterwards sorry. But I set her down at home, and went myself by
appointment to the Dolphin, where Sir W. Warren did give us all a good
dinner, and that being done, to the office, and there sat late, and so

20th. Lay long in bed, and then up, and so to the Wardrobe to dinner, and
from thence out with Mr. Moore towards my house, and in our way met with
Mr. Swan (my old acquaintance), and we to a tavern, where we had enough of
his old simple religious talk, and he is still a coxcomb in these things
as he ever was, and tells me he is setting out a book called The
unlawfull use of lawfull things; but a very simple fellow he is, and so I
leave him. So we drank and at last parted, and Mr. Moore and I into
Cornhill, it being dark night, and in the street and on the Exchange
discoursed about Dominion of the Sea, wherein I am lately so much
concerned, and so I home and sat late up reading of Mr. Selden, and so to

21st. To White Hall to the Privy Seal, where my Lord Privy Seal did tell
us he could seal no more this month, for that he goes thirty miles out of
town to keep his Christmas. At which I was glad, but only afeard lest any
thing of the Kings should force us to go after him to get a seal in the
country. Thence to Westminster Hall (having by the way drank with Mrs.
Sarah and Mrs. Betty at my Lords lodgings), and thence taken by some
Exchequer men to the Dogg, where, being St. Thomass day, by custom they
have a general meeting at dinner. There I was and all very merry, and
there I spoke to Mr. Falconberge to look whether he could out of Domesday
Book, give me any thing concerning the sea, and the dominion thereof;
which he says he will look after. Thence taking leave to my brothers, and
there by appointment met with Prior of Brampton who had money to pay me,
but desiring some advice he stays till Monday. So by coach home to the
office, where I was vexed to see Sir Williams both seem to think so much
that I should be a little out of the way, saying that without their
Register they were not a Committee, which I took in some dudgeon, and see
clearly that I must keep myself at a little distance with them and not
crouch, or else I shall never keep myself up even with them. So home and
wrote letters by the post. This evening my wife come home from christening
Mrs. Hunts son, his name John, and a merchant in Mark Lane came along
with her, that was her partner. So after my business was done, and read
something in Mr. Selden, I went to bed.

22nd. To church in the morning, where the Reader made a boyish young
sermon. Home to dinner, and there I took occasion, from the blacknesse of
the meat as it came out of the pot, to fall out with my wife and my maid
for their sluttery, and so left the table, and went up to read in Mr.
Selden till church time, and then my wife and I to church, and there in
the pew, with the rest of the company, was Captain Holmes, in his
gold-laced suit, at which I was troubled because of the old business which
he attempted upon my wife. So with my mind troubled I sat still, but by
and by I took occasion from the rain now holding up (it raining when we
came into the church) to put my wife in mind of going to the christening
(which she was invited to) of N. Osbornes child, which she did, and so
went out of the pew, and my mind was eased. So home after sermon and there
came by appointment Dr. T. Pepys, Will. Joyce, and my brother Tom, and
supped with me, and very merry they were, and I seemed to be, but I was
not pleased at all with their company. So they being gone we went to bed.

23rd. Early up and by coach (before daylight) to the Wardrobe, and took up
Mr. Moore, and he and I to Chelsy to my Lord Privy Seal, and there sealed
some things, he being to go out of town for all Christmas to-morrow. So
back again to Westminster, and from thence by water to the Treasury
Office, where I found Sir W. Pen paying off the Sophia and Griffen, and
there I staid with him till noon, and having sent for some collar of beef
and a mince pie, we eat and drank, and so I left him there and to my
brothers by appointment to meet Prior, but he came not, so I went and saw
Mrs. Turner who continues weak, and by and by word was brought me that
Priors man was come to Toms, and so I went and told out L128 which I am
to receive of him, but Prior not coming I went away and left the money by
his desire with my brother all night, and they to come to me to-morrow
morning. So I took coach, and lighting at my booksellers in Pauls
Churchyard, I met with Mr. Crumlum and the second master of Pauls School,
and thence I took them to the Starr, and there we sat and talked, and I
had great pleasure in their company, and very glad I was of meeting him so
accidentally, I having omitted too long to go to see him. Here in
discourse of books I did offer to give the school what books he would
choose of L5. So we parted, and I home, and to Mr. Selden, and then to

24th. Home all the morning and dined at home, and in the afternoon to the
office. So home.

25th. In the morning to church, where at the door of our pew I was fain to
stay, because that the sexton had not opened the door. A good sermon of
Mr. Mills. Dined at home all alone, and taking occasion from some fault in
the meat to complain of my maids sluttery, my wife and I fell out, and I
up to my chamber in a discontent. After dinner my wife comes up to me and
all friends again, and she and I to walk upon the leads, and there Sir W.
Pen called us, and we went to his house and supped with him, but before
supper Captain Cock came to us half drunk, and began to talk, but Sir W.
Pen knowing his humour and that there was no end of his talking, drinks
four great glasses of wine to him, one after another, healths to the king,
and by that means made him drunk, and so he went away, and so we sat down
to supper, and were merry, and so after supper home and to bed.

26th. This morning Sir W. Pen and I to the Treasury office, and there we
paid off the Amity (Captain Stokess ship that was at Guinny) and another
ship, and so home, and after dinner Sir William came to me, and he and his
son and Aaugliter, and I and my wife, by coach to Moorfields to walk; but
it was most foul weather, and so we went into an alehouse and there eat
some cakes and ale, and a washeallbowle

             [The wenches with their wassall bowls
               About the streets are singing.
                          —Withers Christmas Carol.

     The old custom of carrying the wassail bowl from door to door, with
     songs and merriment, in Christmas week, is still observed in some of
     our rural districts.—B.]

woman and girl came to us and sung to us. And after all was done I called
my boy (Wayneman) to us to eat some cake that was left, and the woman of
the house told us that he had called for two cakes and a pot of ale for
himself, at which I was angry, and am resolved to correct him for it. So
home, and Sir W. Pen and his son and daughter to supper to me to a good
turkey, and were merry at cards, and so to bed.

27th. In the morning to my Booksellers to bespeak a Stephenss Thesaurus,
for which I offer L4, to give to Pauls School; and from thence to Pauls
Church; and there I heard Dr. Gunning preach a good sermon upon the day
(being St. Johns day), and did hear him tell a story, which he did
persuade us to believe to be true, that St. John and the Virgin Mary did
appear to Gregory, a Bishopp, at his prayer to be confirmed in the faith,
which I did wonder to hear from him. Here I met with Mr. Crumlum (and told
him of my endeavour to get Stephenss Thesaurus for the school), and so
home, and after dinner comes Mr. Faulconberge to see me, and at his desire
I sent over for his kinsman Mr. Knightly, the merchant, and so he came
over and sat and drank with us, and at his request I went over with him,
and there I sat till the evening, and till both Mr. Knightly and Mr.
Faulconberge (for whom I sent my boy to get a coach to carry him to
Westminster) were both drunk, and so home, but better wine I never drank
in all my life. So home, and finding my wife gone to Sir W. Pens, I went
thither, and there I sat and played at cards and supped, and so home and
to bed.

28th. At home all the morning; and in the afternoon all of us at the
office, upon a letter from the Duke for the making up of a speedy estimate
of all the debts of the Navy, which is put into good forwardness. I home
and Sir W. Pen to my house, who with his children staid playing cards
late, and so to bed.

29th (Lords day). Long in bed with my wife, and though I had determined
to go to dine with my wife at my Ladys, (chiefly to put off dining with
Sir W. Pen to-day because Holmes dined there), yet I could not get a coach
time enough to go thither, and so I dined at home, and my brother Tom with
me, and then a coach came and I carried my wife to Westminster, and she
went to see Mrs. Hunt, and I to the Abbey, and there meeting with Mr.
Hooper, he took me in among the quire, and there I sang with them their
service, and so that being done, I walked up and down till night for that
Mr. Coventry was not come to Whitehall since dinner again. At last I went
thither and he was come, and I spoke with him about some business of the
office, and so took leave of him, and sent for my wife and the coach, and
so to the Wardrobe and supped, and staid very long talking with my Lady,
who seems to doat every day more and more upon us. So home and to prayers,
and to bed.

30th. At the office about this estimate and so with my wife and Sir W. Pen
to see our pictures, which do not much displease us, and so back again,
and I staid at the Mitre, whither I had invited all my old acquaintance of
the Exchequer to a good chine of beef, which with three barrels of oysters
and three pullets, and plenty of wine and mirth, was our dinner, and there
was about twelve of us, among others Mr. Bowyer, the old man, and Mr.
Faulconberge, Shadwell, Taylor, Spicer, Woodruffe (who by reason of some
friend that dined with him came to us after dinner), Servington, &c.,
and here I made them a foolish promise to give them one this day
twelvemonth, and so for ever while I live, but I do not intend it. Mere I
staid as long as I could keep them, and so home to Sir W. Pen, who with
his children and my wife has been at a play to-day and saw DAmbois,
which I never saw. Here we staid late at supper and playing at cards, and
so home and

31st. My wife and I this morning to the Paynters, and there she sat the
last time, and I stood by and did tell him some little things to do, that
now her picture I think will please me very well; and after her, her
little black dogg sat in her lap; and was drawn, which made us very merry;
so home to dinner, and so to the office; and there late finishing our
estimate of the debts of the Navy to this day; and it come to near
L374,000. So home, and after supper, and my barber had trimmed me, I sat
down to end my journell for this year, and my condition at this time, by
Gods blessing, is thus: my health (only upon catching cold, which brings
great pain in my back… as it used to be when I had the stone) is very
good, and so my wifes in all respects: my servants, W. Hewer, Sarah,
Nell, and Wayneman: my house at the Navy Office. I suppose myself to be
worth about L500 clear in the world, and my goods of my house my own, and
what is coming to me from Brampton, when my father dies, which God defer.
But, by my uncles death, the whole care and trouble of all, and settling
of all lies upon me, which is very great, because of law-suits, especially
that with T. Trice, about the interest of L200, which will, I hope, be
ended soon. My chiefest thought is now to get a good wife for Tom, there
being one offered by the Joyces, a cozen of theirs, worth L200 in ready
money. I am also upon writing a little treatise to present to the Duke,
about our privilege in the seas, as to other nations striking their flags
to us. But my greatest trouble is, that I have for this last half year
been a very great spendthrift in all manner of respects, that I am afeard
to cast up my accounts, though I hope I am worth what I say above. But I
will cast them up very shortly. I have newly taken a solemn oath about
abstaining from plays and wine, which I am resolved to keep according to
the letter of the oath which I keep by me. The fleet hath been ready to
sail for Portugall, but hath lacked wind this fortnight, and by that means
my Lord is forced to keep at sea all this winter, till he brings home the
Queen, which is the expectation of all now, and the greatest matter of
publique talk.


     A most tedious, unreasonable, and impertinent sermon
     A play not very good, though commended much
     A great baboon, but so much like a man in most things
     A little while since a very likely man to live as any I knew
     A lady spit backward upon me by a mistake
     After dinner my wife comes up to me and all friends again
     Ambassador—that he is an honest man sent to lie abroad
     And so by coach, though hard to get it, being rainy, home
     As all things else did not come up to my expectations
     Begun to smell, and so I caused it to be set forth (corpse)
     Being sure never to see the like again in this world
     Believe that England and France were once the same continent
     Bleeding behind by leeches will cure him
     But she loves not that I should speak of Mrs. Pierce
     By chewing of tobacco is become very fat and sallow
     Cannot bring myself to mind my business
     Chocolate was introduced into England about the year 1652
     Comely black woman.—[The old expression for a brunette.]
     Coming to lay out a great deal of money in clothes for my wife
     Cruel custom of throwing at cocks on Shrove Tuesday
     Day I first begun to go forth in my coat and sword
     Did extremely beat him, and though it did trouble me to do it
     Did trouble me very much to be at charge to no purpose
     Difference there will be between my father and mother about it
     Discontented that my wife do not go neater now she has two maids
     Dominion of the Sea
     Durst not take notice of her, her husband being there
     Eat of the best cold meats that ever I eat on in all my life
     Exclaiming against mens wearing their hats on in the church
     Faced white coat, made of one of my wifes pettycoates
     Family being all in mourning, doing him the greatest honour
     Fear I shall not be able to wipe my hands of him again
     Fell to dancing, the first time that ever I did in my life
     Finding my wife not sick, but yet out of order
     Foolery to take too much notice of such things
     Found my brother John at eight oclock in bed, which vexed me
     Found him not so ill as I thought that he had been ill
     Frogs and many insects do often fall from the sky, ready formed
     From some fault in the meat to complain of my maids sluttery
     Gamesters life, which I see is very miserable, and poor
     Get his lady to trust herself with him into the tavern
     God! what an age is this, and what a world is this
     Good God! how these ignorant people did cry her up for it!
     Good wine, and anchovies, and pickled oysters (for breakfast)
     Greedy to see the will, but did not ask to see it till to-morrow
     Have been so long absent that I am ashamed to go
     His company ever wearys me
     I could not forbear to love her exceedingly
     I took occasion to be angry with him
     I had the opportunity of kissing Mrs. Rebecca very often
     I would fain have stolen a pretty dog that followed me
     I broke wind and so came to some ease
     I was as merry as I could counterfeit myself to be
     I went in and kissed them, demanding it as a fee due
     In mens clothes, and had the best legs that ever I saw
     Inconvenience that do attend the increase of a mans fortune
     Instructed by Shakespeare himself
     Jealousy of him and an ugly wench that lived there lately
     Justice of God in punishing men for the sins of their ancestors
     King, Duke and Duchess, and Madame Palmer, were
     Lady Batten how she was such a mans whore
     Lady Batten to give me a spoonful of honey for my cold
     Lately too much given to seeing of plays, and expense
     Lay with her to-night, which I have not done these eight(days)
     Lewdness and beggary of the Court
     Like a passionate fool, I did call her whore
     Look askew upon my wife, because my wife do not buckle to them
     Made a lazy sermon, like a Presbyterian
     Man cannot live without playing the knave and dissimulation
     My head was not well with the wine that I drank to-day
     My great expense at the Coronacion
     My wife and I fell out
     None will sell us any thing without our personal security given
     Oliver Cromwell as his ensign
     Quakers do still continue, and rather grow than lessen
     Sat before Mrs. Palmer, the Kings mistress, and filled my eyes
     Seemed much glad of that it was no more
     She hath got her teeth new done by La Roche
     She would not let him come to bed to her out of jealousy
     She is a very good companion as long as she is well
     Sir W. Pen was so fuddled that we could not try him to play
     So the children and I rose and dined by ourselves
     So home and to bed, where my wife had not lain a great while
     So much wine, that I was even almost foxed
     Sorry in some respect, glad in my expectations in another respec
     Still in discontent with my wife, to bed, and rose so this morn
     Strange the folly of men to lay and lose so much money
     That I might not seem to be afeared
     The Lords taxed themselves for the poor—an earl, s.
     The unlawfull use of lawfull things
     The barber came to trim me and wash me
     The Alchymist,—[Comedy by Ben Jonson
     The monkey loose, which did anger me, and so I did strike her
     This week made a vow to myself to drink no wine this week
     This day churched, her month of childbed being out
     Those absent from prayers were to pay a forfeit
     To be so much in love of plays
     Took occasion to fall out with my wife very highly
     Took physique, and it did work very well
     Tory—The term was not used politically until about 1679
     Troubled to see my father so much decay of a suddain
     Vices of the Court, and how the pox is so common there
     Was kissing my wife, which I did not like
     We do naturally all love the Spanish, and hate the French
     We are to go to law never to revenge, but only to repayre
     We had a good surloyne of rost beefe
     What they all, through profit or fear, did promise
     What people will do tomorrow
     Who seems so inquisitive when my house will be made an end of
     Who we found ill still, but he do make very much of it
     Woman with a rod in her hand keeping time to the musique
     Wronged by my over great expectations