Samuel Pepys diary November 1661


November 1st. I went this morning with Sir W. Pen by coach to Westminster,
and having done my business at Mr. Montagus, I went back to him at
Whitehall, and from thence with him to the 3 Tun Tavern, at Charing Cross,
and there sent for up the maister of the houses dinner, and dined very
well upon it, and afterwards had him and his fayre sister (who is very
great with Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen in mirth) up to us, and looked
over some medals that they shewed us of theirs; and so went away to the
Theatre, to The Joviall Crew, and from hence home, and at my house we
were very merry till late, having sent for his son, Mr. William Pen,

     [The celebrated Quaker, and founder of Pennsylvania.]

lately come from Oxford. And after supper parted, and to bed.

2d. At the office all the morning; where Sir John Minnes, our new
comptroller, was fetched by Sir Wm. Pen and myself from Sir Wm. Battens,
and led to his place in the office. The first time that he had come
hither, and he seems a good fair condition man, and one that I am glad
hath the office. After the office done, I to the Wardrobe, and there
dined, and in the afternoon had an hour or twos talk with my Lady with
great pleasure. And so with the two young ladies by coach to my house, and
gave them some entertainment, and so late at night sent them home with
Captain Ferrers by coach. This night my boy Wayneman, as I was in my
chamber, I overheard him let off some gunpowder; and hearing my wife chide
him below for it, and a noise made, I call him up, and find that it was
powder that he had put in his pocket, and a match carelessly with it,
thinking that it was out, and so the match did give fire to the powder,
and had burnt his side and his hand that he put into his pocket to put out
the fire. But upon examination, and finding him in a lie about the time
and place that he bought it, I did extremely beat him, and though it did
trouble me to do it, yet I thought it necessary to do it. So to write by
the post, and to bed.

3rd (Lords day). This day I stirred not out, but took physique, and it
did work very well, and all the day as I was at leisure I did read in
Fullers Holy Warr, which I have of late bought, and did try to make a
song in the praise of a liberall genius (as I take my own to be) to all
studies and pleasures, but it not proving to my mind I did reject it and
so proceeded not in it. At night my wife and I had a good supper by
ourselves of a pullet hashed, which pleased me much to see my condition
come to allow ourselves a dish like that, and so at night to bed.

4th. In the morning, being very rainy, by coach with Sir W. Pen and my
wife to Whitehall, and sent her to Mrs. Bunts, and he and I to Mr.
Coventrys about business, and so sent for her again, and all three home
again, only I to the Mitre (Mr. Rawlinsons), where Mr. Pierce, the
Purser, had got us a most brave chine of beef, and a dish of marrowbones.
Our company my uncle Wight, Captain Lambert, one Captain Davies, and
purser Barter, Mr. Rawlinson, and ourselves; and very merry. After dinner
I took coach, and called my wife at my brothers, where I left her, and to
the Opera, where we saw The Bondman, which of old we both did so doat
on, and do still; though to both our thinking not so well acted here
(having too great expectations), as formerly at Salisbury-court. But for
Betterton he is called by us both the best actor in the world. So home by
coach, I lighting by the way at my uncle Wights and staid there a little,
and so home after my wife, and to bed.

5th. At the office all the morning. At noon comes my brother Tom and Mr.
Armiger to dine with me, and did, and we were very merry. After dinner, I
having drunk a great deal of wine, I went away, seeming to go about
business with Sir W. Pen, to my Lady Battens (Sir William being at
Chatham), and there sat a good while, and then went away (before I went I
called at home to see whether they were gone, and found them there, and
Armiger inviting my wife to go to a play, and like a fool would be
courting her, but he is an ass, and lays out money with Tom, otherwise I
should not think him worth half this respect I shew him). To the Dolphin,
where he and I and Captain Cocke sat late and drank much, seeing the boys
in the streets flying their crackers, this day being kept all the day very
strictly in the City. At last broke up, and called at my Lady Battens
again and would have gone to cards, but Sir W. Pen was so fuddled that we
could not try him to play, and therefore we parted, and I home and to bed.

6th. Going forth this morning I met Mr. Davenport and a friend of his, one
Mr. Furbisher, to drink their morning draft with me, and I did give it
them in good wine, and anchovies, and pickled oysters, and took them to
the Sun in Fish Street, there did give them a barrel of good ones, and a
great deal of wine, and sent for Mr. W. Bernard (Sir Roberts son), a
grocer thereabouts, and were very merry, and cost me a good deal of money,
and at noon left them, and with my head full of wine, and being invited by
a note from Luellin, that came to my hands this morning in bed, I went to
Nick Osbornes at the Victualling Office, and there saw his wife, who he
has lately married, a good sober woman, and new come to their home. We had
a good dish or two of marrowbones and another of neats tongues to dinner,
and that being done I bade them adieu and hastened to Whitehall (calling
Mr. Moore by the way) to my Lord Privy Seal, who will at last force the
clerks to bring in a table of their fees, which they have so long denied,
but I do not join with them, and so he is very respectful to me. So he
desires me to bring in one which I observe in making of fees, which I will
speedily do. So back again, and endeavoured to speak with Tom Trice (who I
fear is hatching some mischief), but could not, which vexed me, and so I
went home and sat late with pleasure at my lute, and so to bed.

7th. This morning came one Mr. Hill (sent by Mr. Hunt, the Instrument
maker), to teach me to play on the Theorbo, but I do not like his play nor
singing, and so I found a way to put him off. So to the office. And then
to dinner, and got Mr. Pett the Commissioner to dinner with me, he and I
alone, my wife not being well, and so after dinner parted. And I to Tom
Trice, who in short shewed me a writt he had ready for my father, and I
promised to answer it. So I went to Dr. Williams (who is now pretty well
got up after his sickness), and after that to Mr. Moore to advise, and so
returned home late on foot, with my mind cleared, though not satisfied. I
met with letters at home from my Lord from Lisbone, which speak of his
being well; and he tells me he had seen at the court there the day before
he wrote this letter, the Juego de Toro.—[A bull fight. See May
24th, 1662.—B:]—So fitted myself for bed. Coming home I called
at my uncle Fenners, who tells that Peg Kite now hath declared she will
have the beggarly rogue the weaver, and so we are resolved neither to
meddle nor make with her.

8th. This morning up early, and to my Lord Chancellors with a letter to
him from my Lord, and did speak with him; and he did ask me whether I was
son to Mr. Talbot Pepys or no (with whom he was once acquainted in the
Court of Requests), and spoke to me with great respect. Thence to
Westminster Hall (it being Term time) and there met with Commissioner
Pett, and so at noon he and I by appointment to the Sun in New Fish
Street, where Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten, and we all were to dine, at an
invitation of Captain Stoaks and Captain Clerk, and were very merry, and
by discourse I found Sir J. Minnes a fine gentleman and a very good
scholler. After dinner to the Wardrobe, and thence to Dr. Williams, who
went with me (the first time that he has been abroad a great while) to the
Six Clerks Office to find me a clerk there able to advise me in my
business with Tom Trice, and after I had heard them talk, and had given me
some comfort, I went to my brother Toms, and took him with me to my coz.
Turner at the Temple, and had his opinion that I should not pay more than
the principal L200, with which I was much pleased, and so home.

9th. At the office all the morning. At noon Mr. Davenport, Phillips, and
Mr. Wm. Bernard and Furbisher, came by appointment and dined with me, and
we were very merry. After dinner I to the Wardrobe, and there staid
talking with my Lady all the afternoon till late at night. Among other
things my Lady did mightily urge me to lay out money upon my wife, which I
perceived was a little more earnest than ordinary, and so I seemed to be
pleased with it, and do resolve to bestow a lace upon her, and what with
this and other talk, we were exceeding merry. So home at night.

10th (Lords day). At our own church in the morning, where Mr. Mills
preached. Thence alone to the Wardrobe to dinner with my Lady, where my
Lady continues upon yesterdays discourse still for me to lay out money
upon my wife, which I think it is best for me to do for her honour and my
own. Last night died Archibald, my Ladys butler and Mrs. Sarahs brother,
of a dropsy, which I am troubled at. In the afternoon went and sat with
Mr. Turner in his pew at St. Gregorys, where I hear our Queen Katherine,
the first time by name as such, publickly prayed for, and heard Dr. Buck
upon Woe unto thee, Corazin, &c., where he started a difficulty,
which he left to another time to answer, about why God should give means
of grace to those people which he knew would not receive them, and deny to
others which he himself confesses, if they had had them, would have
received them, and they would have been effectual too. I would I could
hear him explain this, when he do come to it. Thence home to my wife, and
took her to my Aunt Wights, and there sat a while with her (my uncle
being at Katharine hill), and so home, and I to Sir W. Battens, where
Captain Cock was, and we sent for two bottles of Canary to the Rose, which
did do me a great deal of hurt, and did trouble me all night, and, indeed,
came home so out of order that I was loth to say prayers to-night as I am
used ever to do on Sundays, which my wife took notice of and people of the
house, which I was sorry for.

11th. To the Wardrobe, and with Mr. Townsend and Moore to the Saracens
Head to a barrel of oysters, and so Mr. Moore and I to Tom Trices, with
whom I did first set my hand to answer to a writt of his this tearm.
Thence to the Wardrobe to dinner, and there by appointment met my wife,
who had by my direction brought some laces for my Lady to choose one for
her. And after dinner I went away, and left my wife and ladies together,
and all their work was about this lace of hers. Captain Ferrers and I went
together, and he carried me the first time that ever I saw any gaming
house, to one, entering into Lincolns-Inn-Fields, at the end of Bell
Yard, where strange the folly of men to lay and lose so much money, and
very glad I was to see the manner of a gamesters life, which I see is
very miserable, and poor, and unmanly. And thence he took me to a dancing
school in Fleet Street, where we saw a company of pretty girls dance, but
I do not in myself like to have young girls exposed to so much vanity. So
to the Wardrobe, where I found my Lady had agreed upon a lace for my wife
of L6, which I seemed much glad of that it was no more, though in my mind
I think it too much, and I pray God keep me so to order myself and my
wifes expenses that no inconvenience in purse or honour follow this my
prodigality. So by coach home.

12th. At the office all the morning. Dined at home alone. So abroad with
Sir W. Pen. My wife and I to Bartholomew Fayre, with puppets which I had
seen once before, and Ate play without puppets often, but though I love
the play as much as ever I did, yet I do not like the puppets at all, but
think it to be a lessening to it. Thence to the Greyhound in Fleet Street,
and there drank some raspberry sack and eat some sasages, and so home very
merry. This day Holmes come to town; and we do expect hourly to hear what
usage he hath from the Duke and the King about this late business of
letting the Swedish Embassador go by him without striking his flag.

     [And that, too, in the river Thames itself.  The right of obliging
     ships of all nations to lower topsails, and strike their flag to the
     English, whilst in the British seas, and even on the French coasts,
     had, up to this time, been rigidly enforced.  When Sully was sent by
     Henry IV., in 1603, to congratulate James I. on his accession, and
     in a ship commanded by a vice-admiral of France, he was fired upon
     by the English Admiral Mansel, for daring to hoist the flag of
     France in the presence of that of England, although within sight of
     Calais.  The French flag was lowered, and all Sullys remonstrances
     could obtain no redress for the alleged injury.  According to Rugge,
     Holmes had insisted upon the Swedes lowering his flag, and had even
     fired a shot to enforce the observance of the usual tribute of
     respect, but the ambassador sent his secretary and another gentleman
     on board the English frigate, to assure the captain, upon the word
     and honour of an ambassador, that the king, by a verbal order, had
     given him leave and a dispensation in that particular, and upon this
     false representation he was allowed to proceed on his voyage without
     further question.  This want of caution, and disobedience of orders,
     fell heavily on Holmes, who was imprisoned for two months, and not
     re-appointed to the same ship.  Brahe afterwards made a proper
     submission for the fault he had committed, at his own court.  His
     conduct reminds us of Sir Henry Wottons definition of an
     ambassador—that he is an honest man sent to lie abroad for the good
     of his country.  A pun upon the term lieger—ambassador.—B.]

13th. By appointment, we all went this morning to wait upon the Duke of
York, which we did in his chamber, as he was dressing himself in his
riding suit to go this day by sea to the Downs. He is in mourning for his
wifes grandmother, which is thought a great piece of fondness.

     [Fondness, foolishness.

              Fondness it were for any, being free,
               To covet fetters, tho they golden be.
                                    Spenser, Sonnet 37,—M. B.]

After we had given him our letter relating the bad condition of the Navy
for want of money, he referred it to his coming back and so parted, and I
to Whitehall and to see la belle Pierce, and so on foot to my Lord Crews,
where I found him come to his new house, which is next to that he lived in
last; here I was well received by my Lord and Sir Thomas, with whom I had
great talk: and he tells me in good earnest that he do believe the
Parliament (which comes to sit again the next week), will be troublesome
to the Court and Clergy, which God forbid! But they see things carried so
by my Lord Chancellor and some others, that get money themselves, that
they will not endure it. From thence to the Theatre, and there saw
Fathers own Son again, and so it raining very hard I went home by
coach, with my mind very heavy for this my expensefull life, which will
undo me, I fear, after all my hopes, if I do not take up, for now I am
coming to lay out a great deal of money in clothes for my wife, I must
forbear other expenses. To bed, and this night began to lie in the little
green chamber, where the maids lie, but we could not a great while get
Nell to lie there, because I lie there and my wife, but at last, when she
saw she must lie there or sit up, she, with much ado, came to bed.

4th. At the office all the morning. At noon I went by appointment to the
Sun in Fish Street to a dinner of young Mr. Bernards for myself, Mr.
Phillips, Davenport, Weaver, &c., where we had a most excellent
dinner, but a pie of such pleasant variety of good things, as in all my
life I never tasted. Hither came to me Captain Lambert to take his leave
of me, he being this day to set sail for the Straights. We drank his
farewell and a health to all our friends, and were very merry, and drank
wine enough. Hence to the Temple to Mr. Turner about drawing up my bill in
Chancery against T. Trice, and so to Salisbury Court, where Mrs. Turner is
come to town to-night, but very ill still of an ague, which I was sorry to
see. So to the Wardrobe and talked with my Lady, and so home and to bed.

15th. At home all the morning, and at noon with my wife to the Wardrobe to
dinner, and there, did shew herself to my Lady in the handkercher that she
bought the lace for the other day, and indeed it is very handsome. Here I
left my wife and went to my Lord Privy Seal to Whitehall, and there did
give him a copy of the Fees of the office as I have received them, and he
was well pleased with it. So to the Opera, where I met my wife and Captain
Ferrers and Madamoiselle Le Blanc, and there did see the second part of
The Siege of Rhodes very well done; and so by coach set her home, and
the coach driving down the hill through Thames Street, which I think never
any coach did before from that place to the bridge-foot, but going up Fish
Street Hill his horses were so tired, that they could not be got to go up
the hill, though all the street boys and men did beat and whip them. At
last I was fain to send my boy for a link, and so light out of the coach
till we got to another at the corner of Fenchurch Street, and so home, and
to bed.

16th. At the office all the morning. Dined at home, and so about my
business in the afternoon to the Temple, where I found my Chancery bill
drawn against T. Trice, which I read and like it, and so home.

17th (Lords day). To our own church, and at noon, by invitation, Sir W.
Pen dined with me, and I took Mrs. Hester, my Lady Battens kinswoman, to
dinner from church with me, and we were very merry. So to church again,
and heard a simple fellow upon the praise of Church musique, and
exclaiming against mens wearing their hats on in the church, but I slept
part of the sermon, till latter prayer and blessing and all was done
without waking which I never did in my life. So home, and by and by comes
my uncle Wight and my aunt and Mr. Norbury and his lady, and we drank hard
and were very merry till supper time, and then we parted, my wife and I
being invited to Sir W. Pens, where we also were very merry, and so home
to prayers and to bed.

18th. By coach with Sir W. Pen; my wife and I toward Westminster, but
seeing Mr. Moore in the street I light and he and I went to Mr.
Battersbys the minister, in my way I putting in at St. Pauls, where I
saw the quiristers in their surplices going to prayers, and a few idle
poor people and boys to hear them, which is the first time I have seen
them, and am sorry to see things done so out of order, and there I
received L50 more, which make up L100 that I now have borrowed of him, and
so I did burn the old bond for L50, and paying him the use of it did make
a new bond for the whole L100. Here I dined and had a good dinner, and his
wife a good pretty woman. There was a young Parson at the table that had
got himself drunk before dinner, which troubled me to see. After dinner to
Mr. Bowers at Westminster for my wife, and brought her to the Theatre to
see Philaster, which I never saw before, but I found it far short of my
expectations. So by coach home.

19th. At the office all the morning, and coming home found Mr. Hunt with
my wife in the chamber alone, which God forgive me did trouble my head,
but remembering that it was washing and that there was no place else with
a fire for him to be in, it being also cold weather, I was at ease again.
He dined with us, and after dinner took coach and carried him with us as
far as my cozen Scotts, where we set him down and parted, and my wife and
I staid there at the christening of my cozens boy, where my cozen Samuel
Pepys, of Ireland, and I were godfathers, and I did name the child Samuel.
There was a company of pretty women there in the chamber, but we staid
not, but went with the minister into another room and eat and drank, and
at last, when most of the women were gone, Sam and I went into my cozen
Scott, who was got off her bed, and so we staid and talked and were very
merry, my she-cozen, Stradwick, being godmother. And then I left my wife
to go home by coach, and I walked to the Temple about my law business, and
there received a subpoena for T. Trice. I carried it myself to him at the
usual house at Doctors Commons and did give it him, and so home and to
bed. It cost me 20s, between the midwife and the two nurses to-day.

20th. To Westminster Hall by water in the morning, where I saw the King
going in his barge to the Parliament House; this being the first day of
their meeting again. And the Bishops, I hear, do take their places in the
Lords House this day. I walked long in the Hall, but hear nothing of news,
but what Ned Pickering tells me, which I am troubled at, that Sir J.
Minnes should send word to the King, that if he did not remove all my Lord
Sandwichs captains out of this fleet, he believed the King would not be
master of the fleet at its coming again: and so do endeavour to bring
disgrace upon my Lord. But I hope all that will not do, for the King loves
him. Hence by water to the Wardrobe, and dined with my Lady, my Lady
Wright being there too, whom I find to be a witty but very conceited woman
and proud. And after dinner Mr. Moore and I to the Temple, and there he
read my bill and likes it well enough, and so we came back again, he with
me as far as the lower end of Cheapside, and there I gave him a pint of
sack and parted, and I home, and went seriously to look over my papers
touching T. Trice, and I think I have found some that will go near to do
me more good in this difference of ours than all I have before. So to bed
with my mind cheery upon it, and lay long reading Hobbs his Liberty and
Necessity, and a little but very shrewd piece, and so to sleep.

21st. In the morning again at looking over my last nights papers, and by
and by comes Mr. Moore, who finds that my papers may do me much good. He
staid and dined with me, and we had a good surloyne of rost beefe, the
first that ever I had of my own buying since I kept house; and after
dinner he and I to the Temple, and there showed Mr. Smallwood my papers,
who likes them well, and so I left them with him, and went with Mr. Moore
to Grays Inn to his chamber, and there he shewed me his old Camdens
Britannica, which I intend to buy of him, and so took it away with me,
and left it at St. Pauls Churchyard to be bound, and so home and to the
office all the afternoon; it being the first afternoon that we have sat,
which we are now to do always, so long as the Parliament sits, who this
day have voted the King L 120,000

     [A mistake.  According to the journals, L1,200,000.  And see Diary,
     February 29th, 1663-64.—M. B.]

to be raised to pay his debts. And after the office with Sir W. Batten to
the Dolphin, and drank and left him there, and I again to the Temple about
my business, and so on foot home again and to bed.

22nd. Within all the morning, and at noon with my wife, by appointment to
dinner at the Dolphin, where Sir W. Batten, and his lady and daughter
Matt, and Captain Cocke and his lady, a German lady, but a very great
beauty, and we dined together, at the spending of some wagers won and lost
between him and I; and there we had the best musique and very good songs,
and were very merry and danced, but I was most of all taken with Madam
Cocke and her little boy, which in mirth his father had given to me. But
after all our mirth comes a reckoning of L4, besides 40s. to the
musicians, which did trouble us, but it must be paid, and so I took leave
and left them there about eight at night. And on foot went to the Temple,
and then took my cozen Turners man Roger, and went by his advice to
Serjeant Fountaine and told him our case, who gives me good comfort in it,
and I gave him 30s. fee. So home again and to bed. This day a good pretty
maid was sent my wife by Mary Bowyer, whom my wife has hired.

23rd. To Westminster with my wife (she to her fathers), and about 10
oclock back again home, and there I to the office a little, and thence by
coach with Commissioner Pett to Cheapside to one Savill, a painter, who I
intend shall do my picture and my wifes. Thence I to dinner at the
Wardrobe, and so home to the office, and there all the afternoon till
night, and then both Sir Williams to my house, and in comes Captain Cock,
and they to cards. By and by Sir W. Batten and Cock, after drinking a good
deal of wine, went away, and Sir W. Pen staid with my wife and I to
supper, very pleasant, and so good night. This day I have a chine of beef
sent home, which I bespoke to send, and did send it as a present to my
uncle Wight.

24th (Lords day). Up early, and by appointment to St. Clement Danes to
church, and there to meet Captain Cocke, who had often commended Mr.
Alsopp, their minister, to me, who is indeed an able man, but as all
things else did not come up to my expectations. His text was that all good
and perfect gifts are from above. Thence Cocke and I to the Sun tavern
behind the Exchange, and there met with others that are come from the same
church, and staid and drank and talked with them a little, and so broke
up, and I to the Wardrobe and there dined, and staid all the afternoon
with my Lady alone talking, and thence to see Madame Turner, who, poor
lady, continues very ill, and I begin to be afraid of her. Thence
homewards, and meeting Mr. Yong, the upholster, he and I to the Mitre, and
with Mr. Rawlinson sat and drank a quart of sack, and so I to Sir W.
Battens and there staid and supped, and so home, where I found an
invitation sent my wife and I to my uncle Wights on Tuesday next to the
chine of beef which I presented them with yesterday. So to prayers and to

25th. To Westminster Hall in the morning with Captain Lambert, and there
he did at the Dog give me and some other friends of his, his foy, he being
to set sail to-day towards the Streights. Here we had oysters and good
wine. Having this morning met in the Hall with Mr. Sanchy, we appointed to
meet at the play this afternoon. At noon, at the rising of the House, I
met with Sir W. Pen and Major General Massy,

     [Major-General Edward Massey (or Massie), son of John Massie, was
     captain of one of the foot companies of the Irish Expedition, and
     had Oliver Cromwell as his ensign (see Peacocks Army Lists in
     1642, p. 65).  He was Governor of Gloucester in its obstinate
     defence against the royal forces, 1643; dismissed by the self-
     denying ordinance when he entered Charles IIs service.  He was
     taken prisoner at the battle of Worcester, September 3rd, 1651, but
     escaped abroad.]

who I find by discourse to be a very ingenious man, and among other things
a great master in the secresys of powder and fireworks, and another knight
to dinner, at the Swan, in the Palace yard, and our meat brought from the
Legg; and after dinner Sir W. Pen and I to the Theatre, and there saw The
Country Captain, a dull play, and that being done, I left him with his

     [This is a strange use of the word Tory, and an early one also.  The
     word originally meant bogtrotters or wild Irish, and as Penn was
     Governor of Kildare these may have been some of his Irish followers.
     The term was not used politically until about 1679.]

and went to the Opera, and saw the last act of The Bondman, and there
found Mr. Sanchy and Mrs. Mary Archer, sister to the fair Betty, whom I
did admire at Cambridge, and thence took them to the Fleece in Covent
Garden, there to bid good night to Sir W. Pen who staid for me; but Mr.
Sanchy could not by any argument get his lady to trust herself with him
into the tavern, which he was much troubled at, and so we returned
immediately into the city by coach, and at the Mitre in Cheapside there
light and drank, and then yet her at her uncles in the Old Jewry. And so
he and I back again thither, and drank till past 12 at night, till I had
drank something too much. He all the while telling me his intention to get
a girl who is worth L1000, and many times we had her sister Bettys
health, whose memory I love. At last parted, and I well home, only had got
cold and was hoarse and so to bed.

27th. This morning our maid Dorothy and my wife parted, which though she
be a wench for her tongue not to be borne with, yet I was loth to part
with her, but I took my leave kindly of her and went out to Savills, the
painter, and there sat the first time for my face with him; thence to
dinner with my Lady; and so after an hour or twos talk in divinity with
my Lady, Captain Ferrers and Mr. Moore and I to the Theatre, and there saw
Hamlett very well done, and so I home, and found that my wife had been
with my aunt Wight and Ferrers to wait on my Lady to-day this afternoon,
and there danced and were very merry, and my Lady very fond as she is
always of my wife. So to bed.

28th. At home all the morning; at noon Will brought me from Whitehall,
whither I had sent him, some letters from my Lord Sandwich, from Tangier;
where he continues still, and hath done some execution upon the Turks, and
retaken an Englishman from them, of one Mr. Parkers, a merchant in
Marke-lane. In the afternoon Mr. Pett and I met at the office; there being
none more there than we two I saw there was not the reverence due to us
observed, and so I took occasion to break up and took Mr. Gawdon along
with me, and he and I (though it rained) were resolved to go, he to my
Lord Treasurers and I to the Chancellors with a letter from my Lord
to-day. So to a tavern at the end of Mark Lane, and there we staid till
with much ado we got a coach, and so to my Lord Treasurers and lost our
labours, then to the Chancellors, and there met with Mr. Dugdale, and
with him and one Mr. Simons, I think that belongs to my Lord Hatton, and
Mr. Kipps and others, to the Fountain tavern, and there staid till twelve
at night drinking and singing, Mr. Simons and one Mr. Agar singing very
well. Then Mr. Gawdon being almost drunk had the wit to be gone, and so I
took leave too, and it being a fine moonshine night he and I footed it all
the way home, but though he was drunk he went such a pace as I did admire
how he was able to go. When I came home I found our new maid Sarah—[Sarah
did not stay long with Mrs. Pepys, who was continually falling out with
her. She left to enter Sir William Penns service.]—come, who is a
tall and a very well favoured wench, and one that I think will please us.
So to bed.

29th. I lay long in bed, till Sir Williams both sent me word that we were
to wait upon the Duke of York to-day; and that they would have me to meet
them at Westminster Hall, at noon: so I rose and went thither; and there I
understand that they are gone to Mr. Coventrys lodgings, in the Old
Palace Yard, to dinner (the first time I knew he had any); and there I met
them two and Sir G. Carteret, and had a very fine dinner, and good
welcome, and discourse; and so, by water, after dinner to White Hall to
the Duke, who met us in his closet; and there he did discourse to us the
business of Holmes, and did desire of us to know what hath been the common
practice about making of forrayne ships to strike sail to us, which they
did all do as much as they could; but I could say nothing to it, which I
was sorry for. So indeed I was forced to study a lie, and so after we were
gone from the Duke, I told Mr. Coventry that I had heard Mr. Selden often
say, that he could prove that in Henry the 7ths time, he did give
commission to his captains to make the King of Denmarks ships to strike
to him in the Baltique. From thence Sir W. Pen and I to the Theatre, but
it was so full that we could hardly get any room, so he went up to one of
the boxes, and I into the 18d. places, and there saw Love at first
sight, a play of Mr. Killigrews, and the first time that it hath been
acted since before the troubles, and great expectation there was, but I
found the play to be a poor thing, and so I perceive every body else do.
So home, calling at Pauls Churchyard for a Mare Clausum, having it in
my mind to write a little matter, what I can gather, about the business of
striking sayle, and present it to the Duke, which I now think will be a
good way to make myself known. So home and to bed.

30th. In the morning to the Temple, Mr. Philips and Dr. Williams about my
several law matters, and so to the Wardrobe to dinner, and after dinner
stole away, my Lady not dining out of her chamber, and so home and then to
the office all the afternoon, and that being done Sir W. Batten and I and
Captain Cock got a bottle of sack into the office, and there we sat late
and drank and talked, and so home and to bed. I am this day in very good
health, only got a little cold. The Parliament has sat a pretty while. The
old condemned judges of the late King have been brought before the
Parliament, and like to be hanged. I am deep in Chancery against Tom
Trice, God give a good issue; and myself under great trouble for my late
great expending of money vainly, which God stop for the future. This is
the last day for the old States coyne

     [In a speech of Lord Lucas in the House of Lords, the 22nd February,
     1670-1 (which speech was burnt by the common hangman), he thus
     adverted to that coin: It is evident that there is scarcity of
     money; for all the parliaments money called breeches (a fit stamp
     for the coin of the Rump) is wholly vanished—the kings
     proclamation and the Dutch have swept it all away, and of his now
     majestys coin there appears but very little; so that in effect we
     have none left for common use, but a little old lean coined money of
     the late three former princes.  And what supply is preparing for it,
     my lords?  I hear of none, unless it be of copper farthings, and
     this is the metal that is to vindicate, according to the inscription
     on it, the dominion of the four seas.—Quoted in Penns Memorials
     of Sir Wm. Penn, ii.  264.]