Samuel Pepys diary September 1661


September 1st (Lords day). Last night being very rainy [the rain] broke
into my house, the gutter being stopped, and spoiled all my ceilings
almost. At church in the morning, and dined at home with my wife. After
dinner to Sir W. Battens, where I found Sir W. Pen and Captain Holmes.
Here we were very merry with Sir W. Pen about the loss of his tankard,
though all be but a cheat, and he do not yet understand it; but the
tankard was stole by Sir W. Batten, and the letter, as from the thief,
wrote by me, which makes: very good sport. Here I staid all the afternoon,
and then Captain Holmes and I by coach to White Hall; in our way, I found
him by discourse, to be a great friend of my Lords, and he told me there
was many did seek to remove him; but they were old seamen, such as Sir J.
Minnes (but he would name no more, though I do believe Sir W. Batten is
one of them that do envy him), but he says he knows that the King do so
love him, and the Duke of York too, that there is no fear of him. He seems
to be very well acquainted with the Kings mind, and with all the several
factions at Court, and spoke all with so much frankness, that I do take
him to be my Lords good friend, and one able to do him great service,
being a cunning fellow, and one (by his own confession to me) that can put
on two several faces, and look his enemies in the face with as much love
as his friends. But, good God! what an age is this, and what a world is
this! that a man cannot live without playing the knave and dissimulation.
At Whitehall we parted, and I to Mrs. Pierces, meeting her and Madam
Clifford in the street, and there staid talking and laughing with them a
good while, and so back to my mothers, and there supped, and so home and
to bed.

2nd. In the morning to my cozen Thos. Pepys, executor, and there talked
with him about my uncle Thomas, his being in the country, but he could not
advise me to anything therein, not knowing what the other has done in the
country, and so we parted. And so to Whitehall, and there my Lord Privy
Seal, who has been out of town this week, not being yet come, we can have
no seal, and therefore meeting with Mr. Battersby the apothecary in
Fenchurch Street to the Kings Apothecarys chamber in Whitehall, and
there drank a bottle or two of wine, and so he and I by water towards
London. I landed at Blackfriars and so to the Wardrobe and dined, and then
back to Whitehall with Captain Ferrers, and there walked, and thence to
Westminster Hall, where we met with Mr. Pickering, and so all of us to the
Rhenish wine house (Priors), where the master of the house is laying out
some money in making a cellar with an arch in his yard, which is very
convenient for him. Here we staid a good while, and so Mr. Pickering and I
to Westminster Hall again, and there walked an hour or two talking, and
though he be a fool, yet he keeps much company, and will tell all he sees
or hears, and so a man may understand what the common talk of the town is,
and I find by him that there are endeavours to get my Lord out of play at
sea, which I believe Mr. Coventry and the Duke do think will make them
more absolute; but I hope, for all this, they will not be able to do it.
He tells me plainly of the vices of the Court, and how the pox is so
common there, and so I hear on all hands that it is as common as eating
and swearing. From him by water to the bridge, and thence to the Mitre,
where I met my uncle and aunt Wight come to see Mrs. Rawlinson (in her
husbands absence out of town), and so I staid with them and Mr. Lucas and
other company, very merry, and so home, Where my wife has been busy all
the day making of pies, and had been abroad and bought things for herself,
and tells that she met at the Change with my young ladies of the Wardrobe
and there helped them to buy things, and also with Mr. Somerset, who did
give her a bracelet of rings, which did a little trouble me, though I know
there is no hurt yet in it, but only for fear of further acquaintance. So
to bed. This night I sent another letter to Sir W. Pen to offer him the
return of his tankard upon his leaving of 30s. at a place where it should
be brought. The issue of which I am to expect.

3rd. This day some of us Commissioners went down to Deptford to pay off
some ships, but I could not go, but staid at home all the morning setting
papers to rights, and this morning Mr. Howell, our turner, sent me two
things to file papers on very handsome. Dined at home, and then with my
wife to the Wardrobe, where my Ladys child was christened (my Lord Crew
and his Lady, and my Lady Montagu, my Lords mother-in-law, were the
witnesses), and named Katherine

     [Lady Katherine Montagu, youngest daughter of Lord Sandwich,
     married, first, Nicholas Bacon, eldest son and heir of Sir Nicholas
     Bacon, K.B., of Shrubland Hall, co.  Suffolk; and, secondly, the
     Rev. Balthazar Gardeman.  She died January 15th, 1757, at ninety-six
     years, four months.—B.]

(the Queen elects name); but to my and all our trouble, the Parson of the
parish christened her, and did not sign the child with the sign of the
cross. After that was done, we had a very fine banquet, the best I ever
was at, and so (there being very little company) we by and by broke up,
and my wife and I to my mother, who I took a liberty to advise about her
getting things ready to go this week into the country to my father, and
she (being become now-a-days very simple) took it very ill, and we had a
great deal of noise and wrangling about it. So home by coach.

4th. In the morning to the Privy Seal to do some things of the last month,
my Lord Privy Seal having been some time out of town. Then my wife came to
me to Whitehall, and we went and walked a good while in St. Jamess Park
to see the brave alterations, and so to Wilkinsons, the Cooks, to
dinner, where we sent for Mrs. Sarah and there dined and had oysters, the
first I have eat this year, and were pretty good. After dinner by
agreement to visit Mrs. Symonds, but she is abroad, which I wonder at, and
so missing her my wife again to my mothers (calling at Mrs. Pierces, who
we found brought to bed of a girl last night) and there staid and drank,
and she resolves to be going to-morrow without fail. Many friends come in
to take their leave of her, but a great deal of stir I had again tonight
about getting her to go to see my Lady Sandwich before she goes, which she
says she will do tomorrow. So I home.

5th. To the Privy Seal this morning about business, in my way taking leave
of my mother, who goes to Brampton to-day. But doing my business at the
Privy Seal pretty soon, I took boat and went to my uncle Fenners, and
there I found my mother and my wife and Pall (of whom I had this morning
at my own house taken leave, and given her 20s. and good counsel how to
carry herself to my father and mother), and so I took them, it being late,
to Beards, where they were staid for, and so I put them into the waggon,
and saw them going presently, Pall crying exceedingly. Then in with my
wife, my aunt Bell and Charles Pepys, whom we met there, and drank, and so
to my uncle Fenners to dinner (in the way meeting a French footman with
feathers, who was in quest of my wife, and spoke with her privately, but I
could not tell what it was, only my wife promised to go to some place
to-morrow morning, which do trouble my mind how to know whither it was),
where both his sons and daughters were, and there we were merry and dined.
After dinner news was brought that my aunt Kite, the butchers widow in
London, is sick ready to die and sends for my uncle and me to come to take
charge of things, and to be entrusted with the care of her daughter. But I
through want of time to undertake such a business, I was taken up by
Antony Joyce, which came at last to very high words, which made me very
angry, and I did not think that he would ever have been such a fool to
meddle with other peoples business, but I saw he spoke worse to his
father than to me and therefore I bore it the better, but all the company
was offended with him, so we parted angry he and I, and so my wife and I
to the fair, and I showed her the Italians dancing the ropes, and the
women that do strange tumbling tricks and so by foot home vexed in my mind
about Antony Joyce.

6th. This morning my uncle Fenner by appointment came and drank his
morning draft with me, and from thence he and I go to see my aunt Kite (my
wife holding her resolution to go this morning as she resolved yesterday,
and though there could not be much hurt in it, yet my own jealousy put a
hundred things into my mind, which did much trouble me all day), whom we
found in bed and not like to live as we think, and she told us her mind
was that if she should die she should give all she had to her daughter,
only L5 apiece to her second husbands children, in case they live to come
out of their apprenticeships, and that if her daughter should die before
marrying, then L10 to be divided between Sarah Kites children and the
rest as her own daughter shall dispose of it, and this I set down that I
may be able to swear in case there should be occasion. From thence to an
alehouse while it rained, which kept us there I think above two hours, and
at last we were fain to go through the rainy street home, calling on his
sister Utbeck and drank there. Then I home to dinner all alone, and thence
my mind being for my wifes going abroad much troubled and unfit for
business, I went to the Theatre, and saw Elder Brother ill acted; that
done, meeting here with Sir G. Askew, Sir Theophilus Jones, and another
Knight, with Sir W. Pen, we to the Ship tavern, and there staid and were
merry till late at night, and so got a coach, and Sir Wm. and I home,
where my wife had been long come home, but I seemed very angry, as indeed
I am, and did not all night show her any countenance, neither before nor
in bed, and so slept and rose discontented.

7th. At the office all the morning. At noon Mr. Moore dined with me, and
then in comes Wm. Joyce to answer a letter of mine I wrote this morning to
him about a maid of his that my wife had hired, and she sent us word that
she was hired to stay longer with her master, which mistake he came to
clear himself of; and I took it very kindly. So I having appointed the
young ladies at the Wardrobe to go with them to a play to-day, I left him
and my brother Tom who came along with him to dine, and my wife and I took
them to the Theatre, where we seated ourselves close by the King, and Duke
of York, and Madame Palmer, which was great content; and, indeed, I can
never enough admire her beauty. And here was Bartholomew Fayre, with the
puppet-show, acted to-day, which had not been these forty years (it being
so satyricall against Puritanism, they durst not till now, which is
strange they should already dare to do it, and the King do countenance
it), but I do never a whit like it the better for the puppets, but rather
the worse. Thence home with the ladies, it being by reason of our staying
a great while for the Kings coming, and the length of the play, near nine
oclock before it was done, and so in their coach home, and still in
discontent with my wife, to bed, and rose so this morning also.

8th (Lords day). To church, it being a very wet night last night and
to-day, dined at home, and so to church again with my wife in the
afternoon, and coming home again found our new maid Doll asleep, that she
could not hear to let us in, so that we were fain to send the boy in at a
window to open the door to us. So up to my chamber all alone, and troubled
in mind to think how much of late I have addicted myself to expense and
pleasure, that now I can hardly reclaim myself to look after my great
business of settling Gravely business, until now almost too late. I pray
God give me grace to begin now to look after my business, but it always
was, and I fear will ever be, my foible that after I am once got
behind-hand with business, I am hard to set to it again to recover it. In
the evening I begun to look over my accounts and upon the whole I do find
myself, by what I can yet see, worth near L600, for which God be blessed,
which put me into great comfort. So to supper and to bed.

9th. To the Privy Seal in the morning, but my Lord did not come, so I went
with Captain Morrice at his desire into the Kings Privy Kitchen to Mr.
Sayres, the Master Cook, and there we had a good slice of beef or two to
our breakfast, and from thence he took us into the wine cellar where, by
my troth, we were very merry, and I drank too much wine, and all along had
great and particular kindness from Mr. Sayres, but I drank so much wine
that I was not fit for business, and therefore at noon I went and walked
in Westminster Hall a while, and thence to Salisbury Court play house,
where was acted the first time Tis pity Shees a Whore, a simple play
and ill acted, only it was my fortune to sit by a most pretty and most
ingenious lady, which pleased me much. Thence home, and found Sir Williams
both and much more company gone to the Dolphin to drink the 30s. that we
got the other day of Sir W. Pen about his tankard. Here was Sir R.
Slingsby, Holmes, Captn. Allen, Mr. Turner, his wife and daughter, my Lady
Batten, and Mrs. Martha, &c., and an excellent company of fiddlers; so
we exceeding merry till late; and then we begun to tell Sir W. Pen the
business, but he had been drinking to-day, and so is almost gone, that we
could not make him understand it, which caused us more sport. But so much
the better, for I believe when he do come to understand it he will be
angry, he has so talked of the business himself and the letter up and down
that he will be ashamed to be found abused in it. So home and to bed.

10th. At the office all the morn, dined at home; then my wife into Wood
Street to buy a chest, and thence to buy other things at my uncle Fenners
(though by reason of rain we had ill walking), thence to my brother Toms,
and there discoursed with him about business, and so to the Wardrobe to
see my Lady, and after supper with the young ladies, bought a link and
carried it myself till I met one that would light me home for the link. So
he light me home with his own, and then I did give him mine. This night I
found Mary, my cozen W. Joyces maid, come to me to be my cook maid, and
so my house is full again. So to bed.

11th. Early to my cozen Thomas Trice to discourse about our affairs, and
he did make demand of the L200 and the interest thereof. But for the L200
I did agree to pay him, but for the other I did desire to be advised. So
from him to Dr. Williams, who did carry me into his garden, where he hath
abundance of grapes; and did show me how a dog that he hath do kill all
the cats that come thither to kill his pigeons, and do afterwards bury
them; and do it with so much care that they shall be quite covered; that
if but the tip of the tail hangs out he will take up the cat again, and
dig the hole deeper. Which is very strange; and he tells me that he do
believe that he hath killed above 100 cats. After he was ready we went up
and down to inquire about my affairs and then parted, and to the Wardrobe,
and there took Mr. Moore to Tom Trice, who promised to let Mr. Moore have
copies of the bond and my aunts deed of gift, and so I took him home to
my house to dinner, where I found my wifes brother, Balty, as fine as
hands could make him, and his servant, a Frenchman, to wait on him, and
come to have my wife to visit a young lady which he is a servant to, and
have hope to trepan and get for his wife. I did give way for my wife to go
with him, and so after dinner they went, and Mr. Moore and I out again, he
about his business and I to Dr. Williams: to talk with him again, and he
and I walking through Lincolns Fields observed at the Opera a new play,
Twelfth Night

     [Pepys seldom liked any play of Shakespeares, and he sadly
     blundered when he supposed Twelfth Night was a new play.]

was acted there, and the King there; so I, against my own mind and
resolution, could not forbear to go in, which did make the play seem a
burthen to me, and I took no pleasure at all in it; and so after it was
done went home with my mind troubled for my going thither, after my
swearing to my wife that I would never go to a play without her. So that
what with this and things going so cross to me as to matters of my uncles
estate, makes me very much troubled in my mind, and so to bed. My wife was
with her brother to see his mistress today, and says she is young, rich,
and handsome, but not likely for him to get.

12th. Though it was an office day, yet I was forced to go to the Privy
Seal, at which I was all the morning, and from thence to my Ladys to
dinner at the Wardrobe; and in my way upon the Thames, I saw the Kings
new pleasure-boat that is come now for the King to take pleasure in above
bridge; and also two Gundaloes

     [Two long boats that were made in Venice, called gondolas, were by
     the Duke of Venice (Dominico Contareni) presented to His Majesty;
     and the attending watermen, being four, were in very rich clothes,
     crimson satin; very big were their breeches and doublets; they wore
     also very large shirts of the same satin, very richly laced.
      —Rugges Diurnal.—B.]

that are lately brought, which are very rich and fine. After dinner I went
into my Ladys chamber where I found her up now out of her childbed, which
I was glad to see, and after an hours talk with her I took leave and to
Tom Trice again, and sat talking and drinking with him about our business
a great while. I do find I am likely to be forced to pay interest for the
L200. By and by in comes my uncle Thomas, and as he was always a close
cunning fellow, so he carries himself to me, and says nothing of what his
endeavours are, though to my trouble I know that he is about recovering of
Gravely, but neither I nor he began any discourse of the business. From
thence to Dr. Williams (at the little blind alehouse in Shoe Lane, at the
Gridiron, a place I am ashamed to be seen to go into), and there with some
bland counsel of his we discuss our matters, but I find men of so
different minds that by my troth I know not what to trust to. It being
late I took leave, and by link home and called at Sir W. Battens, and
there hear that Sir W. Pen do take our jest of the tankard very ill, which
Pam sorry for.

13th September. This morning I was sent for by my uncle Fenner to come and advise
about the buriall of my aunt, the butcher, who died yesterday; and from
thence to the Anchor, by Doctors Commons, and there Dr. Williams and I
did write a letter for my purpose to Mr. Sedgewick, of Cambridge, about
Gravely business, and after that I left him and an attorney with him and
went to the Wardrobe, where I found my wife, and thence she and I to the
water to spend the afternoon in pleasure; and so we went to old Georges,
and there eat as much as we would of a hot shoulder of mutton, and so to
boat again and home. So to bed, my mind very full of business and trouble.

14th. At the office all the morning, at noon to the Change, and then home
again. To dinner, where my uncle Fenner by appointment came and dined with
me, thinking to go together to my aunt Kites that is dead; but before we
had dined comes Sir R. Slingsby and his lady, and a great deal of company,
to take my wife and I out by barge to shew them the Kings and Dukes
yachts. So I was forced to leave my uncle and brother Tom at dinner and go
forth with them, and we had great pleasure, seeing all four yachts, viz.,
these two and the two Dutch ones. And so home again, and after writing
letters by post, to bed.

15th (Lords day). To my aunt Kites in the morning to help my uncle
Fenner to put things in order against anon for the buriall, and at noon
home again; and after dinner to church, my wife and I, and after sermon
with my wife to the buriall of my aunt Kite, where besides us and my uncle
Fenners family, there was none of any quality, but poor rascally people.
So we went to church with the corps, and there had service read at the
grave, and back again with Pegg Kite who will be, I doubt, a troublesome
carrion to us executors; but if she will not be ruled, I shall fling up my
executorship. After that home, and Will Joyce along with me where we sat
and talked and drank and ate an hour or two, and so he went away and I up
to my chamber and then to prayers and to bed.

16th. This morning I was busy at home to take in my part of our freight of
Coles, which Sir G. Carteret, Sir R. Slingsby, and myself sent for, which
is 10 Chaldron, 8 of which I took in, and with the other to repay Sir W.
Pen what I borrowed of him a little while ago. So that from this day I
should see how long 10 chaldron of coals will serve my house, if it please
the Lord to let me live to see them burned. In the afternoon by
appointment to meet Dr. Williams and his attorney, and they and I to Tom
Trice, and there got him in discourse to confess the words that he had
said that his mother did desire him not to see my uncle about her L200
bond while she was alive. Here we were at high words with T. Trice and
then parted, and we to Standings, in Fleet Street, where we sat and drank
and talked a great while about my going down to Gravely Court,

     [The manorial court of Graveley, in Huntingdonshire, to which
     Impington owed suit or service, and under which the Pepyss copyhold
     estates were held.  See July 8th, 1661, ante.—B.]

which will be this week, whereof the Doctor had notice in a letter from
his sister this week. In the middle of our discourse word was brought me
from my brothers that there is a fellow come from my father out of the
country, on purpose to speak to me, so I went to him and he made a story
how he had lost his letter, but he was sure it was for me to go into the
country, which I believed, and thought it might be to give me notice of
Gravely Court, but I afterwards found that it was a rogue that did use to
play such tricks to get money of people, but he got none of me. At night I
went home, and there found letters-from my father informing me of the
Court, and that I must come down and meet him at Impington, which I
presently resolved to do,

17th. And the next morning got up, telling my wife of my journey, and she
with a few words got me to hire her a horse to go along with me. So I went
to my Ladys and elsewhere to take leave, and of Mr. Townsend did borrow a
very fine side-saddle for my wife; and so after all things were ready, she
and I took coach to the end of the town towards Kingsland, and there got
upon my horse and she upon her pretty mare that I hired for her, and she
rides very well. By the mare at one time falling she got a fall, but no
harm; so we got to Ware, and there supped, and to bed very merry and

18th. The next morning up early and begun our march; the way about
Puckridge—[Puckeridge, a village in Hertfordshire six and a half
miles N.N.E, of Ware.]—very bad, and my wife, in the very last dirty
place of all, got a fall, but no hurt, though some dirt. At last she
begun, poor wretch, to be tired, and I to be angry at it, but I was to
blame; for she is a very good companion as long as she is well. In the
afternoon we got to Cambridge, where I left my wife at my cozen Angiers
while I went to Christs College, and there found my brother in his
chamber, and talked with him; and so to the barbers, and then to my wife
again, and remounted for Impington, where my uncle received me and my wife
very kindly. And by and by in comes my father, and we supped and talked
and were merry, but being weary and sleepy my wife and I to bed without
talking with my father anything about our business.

19th. Up early, and my father and I alone into the garden, and there
talked about our business, and what to do therein. So after I had talked
and advised with my coz Claxton, and then with my uncle by his bedside, we
all horsed away to Cambridge, where my father and I, having left my wife
at the Beare with my brother, went to Mr. Sedgewicke, the steward of
Gravely, and there talked with him, but could get little hopes from
anything that he would tell us; but at last I did give him a fee, and then
he was free to tell me what I asked, which was something, though not much
comfort. From thence to our horses, and with my wife went and rode through

     [Sturbridge fair is of great antiquity.  The first trace of it is
     found in a charter granted about 1211 by King John to the Lepers of
     the Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen at Sturbridge by Cambridge, a fair
     to be held in the close of the hospital on the vigil and feast of
     the Holy Cross (see Cornelius Walfords Fairs Past and Present,
      1883, p. 54).]

but the fair was almost done. So we did not light there at all, but went
back to Cambridge, and there at the Beare we had some herrings, we and my
brother, and after dinner set out for Brampton, where we come in very good
time, and found all things well, and being somewhat weary, after some talk
about tomorrows business with my father, we went to bed.

20th. Will Stankes and I set out in the morning betimes for Gravely, where
to an ale-house and drank, and then, going towards the Court House, met my
uncle Thomas and his son Thomas, with Bradly, the rogue that had betrayed
us, and one Young, a cunning fellow, who guides them. There passed no
unkind words at all between us, but I seemed fair and went to drink with
them. I said little till by and by that we come to the Court, which was a
simple meeting of a company of country rogues, with the Steward, and two
Fellows of Jesus College, that are lords of the town where the jury were
sworn; and I producing no surrender, though I told them I was sure there
is and must be one somewhere, they found my uncle Thomas heir at law, as
he is, and so, though I did tell him and his son that they would find
themselves abused by these fellows, and did advise them to forbear being
admitted this Court (which they could have done, but that these rogues did
persuade them to do it now), my uncle was admitted, and his son also, in
reversion after his father, which he did well in to secure his money. The
father paid a year and a half for his fine, and the son half a year, in
all L48, besides about L3 fees; so that I do believe the charges of his
journeys, and what he gives those two rogues, and other expenses herein,
cannot be less than L70, which will be a sad thing for them if a surrender
be found. After all was done, I openly wished them joy in it, and so rode
to Offord with them and there parted fairly without any words. I took
occasion to bid them money for their half acre of land, which I had a mind
to do that in the surrender I might secure Piggotts, which otherwise I
should be forced to lose. So with Stankes home and supped, and after
telling my father how things went, I went to bed with my mind in good
temper, because I see the matter and manner of the Court and the bottom of
my business, wherein I was before and should always have been ignorant.

21st. All the morning pleasing myself with my father, going up and down
the house and garden with my father and my wife, contriving some
alterations. After dinner (there coming this morning my aunt Hanes and her
son from London, that is to live with my father) I rode to Huntingdon,
where I met Mr. Philips, and there put my Bugden

     [Bugden, or Buckden, a village and parish in the St. Neots district
     of Huntingdonshire, four miles S.W. of Huntingdon.]

matter in order against the Court, and so to Hinchingbroke, where Mr.
Barnwell shewed me the condition of the house, which is yet very backward,
and I fear will be very dark in the cloyster when it is done. So home and
to supper and to bed, very pleasant and quiet.

22nd (Lords day). Before church time walking with my father in the garden
contriving. So to church, where we had common prayer, and a dull sermon by
one Mr. Case, who yet I heard sing very well. So to dinner, and busy with
my father about his accounts all the afternoon, and people came to speak
with us about business. Mr. Barnwell at night came and supped with us. So
after setting matters even with my father and I, to bed.

23rd. Up, and sad to hear my father and mother wrangle as they used to do
in London, of which I took notice to both, and told them that I should
give over care for anything unless they would spend what they have with
more love and quiet. So (John Bowles coming to see us before we go) we
took horse and got early to Baldwick; where there was a fair, and we put
in and eat a mouthfull of pork, which they made us pay 14d. for, which
vexed us much. And so away to Stevenage, and staid till a showre was over,
and so rode easily to Welling, where we supped well, and had two beds in
the room and so lay single, and still remember it that of all the nights
that ever I slept in my life I never did pass a night with more epicurism
of sleep; there being now and then a noise of people stirring that waked
me, and then it was a very rainy night, and then I was a little weary,
that what between waking and then sleeping again, one after another, I
never had so much content in all my life, and so my wife says it was with

24th. We rose, and set forth, but found a most sad alteration in the road
by reason of last nights rains, they being now all dirty and washy,
though not deep. So we rode easily through, and only drinking at Holloway,
at the sign of a woman with cakes in one hand and a pot of ale in the
other, which did give good occasion of mirth, resembling her to the maid
that served us, we got home very timely and well, and finding there all
well, and letters from sea, that speak of my Lords being well, and his
action, though not considerable of any side, at Argier.—[Algiers]—I
went straight to my Lady, and there sat and talked with her, and so home
again, and after supper we to bed somewhat weary, hearing of nothing ill
since my absence but my brother Tom, who is pretty well though again.

25th. By coach with Sir W. Pen to Covent Garden. By the way, upon my
desire, he told me that I need not fear any reflection upon my Lord for
their ill success at Argier, for more could not be done than was done. I
went to my cozen, Thos. Pepys, there, and talked with him a good while
about our country business, who is troubled at my uncle Thomas his folly,
and so we parted; and then meeting Sir R. Slingsby in St. Martins Lane,
he and I in his coach through the Mewes, which is the way that now all
coaches are forced to go, because of a stop at Charing Cross, by reason of
a drain there to clear the streets. To Whitehall, and there to Mr.
Coventry, and talked with him, and thence to my Lord Crews and dined with
him, where I was used with all imaginable kindness both from him and her.
And I see that he is afraid that my Lords reputacon will a little suffer
in common talk by this late success; but there is no help for it now. The
Queen of England (as she is now owned and called) I hear doth keep open
Court, and distinct at Lisbon. Hence, much against my nature and will, yet
such is the power of the Devil over me I could not refuse it, to the
Theatre, and saw The Merry Wives of Windsor, ill done. And that ended,
with Sir W. Pen and Sir G. More to the tavern, and so home with him by
coach, and after supper to prayers and to bed. In full quiet of mind as to
thought, though full of business, blessed be God.

26th. At the office all the morning, so dined at home, and then abroad
with my wife by coach to the Theatre to shew her King and no King, it
being very well done. And so by coach, though hard to get it, being rainy,
home. So to my chamber to write letters and the journal for these six last
days past.

27th. By coach to Whitehall with my wife (where she went to see Mrs.
Pierce, who was this day churched, her month of childbed being out). I
went to Mrs. Montagu and other businesses, and at noon met my wife at the
Wardrobe; and there dined, where we found Captain Country (my little
Captain that I loved, who carried me to the Sound), come with some grapes
and millons

     [The antiquity of the cultivation of the melon is very remote.  Both
     the melon (cucaimis melo) and the water-melon (cucumis citrullus)
     were introduced into England at the end of the sixteenth century.
     See vol. i., p. 228.]

from my Lord at Lisbon, the first that ever I saw any, and my wife and I
eat some, and took some home; but the grapes are rare things. Here we
staid; and in the afternoon comes Mr. Edwd. Montagu (by appointment this
morning) to talk with my Lady and me about the provisions fit to be
bought, and sent to my Lord along with him. And told us, that we need not
trouble ourselves how to buy them, for the King would pay for all, and
that he would take care to get them: which put my Lady and me into a great
deal of ease of mind. Here we staid and supped too, and, after my wife had
put up some of the grapes in a basket for to be sent to the King, we took
coach and home, where we found a hampire of millons sent to me also.

28th. At the office in the morning, dined at home, and then Sir W. Pen and
his daughter and I and my wife to the Theatre, and there saw Fathers own
Son, a very good play, and the first time I ever saw it, and so at night
to my house, and there sat and talked and drank and merrily broke up, and
to bed.

29th (Lords day). To church in the morning, and so to dinner, and Sir W.
Pen and daughter, and Mrs. Poole, his kinswoman, Captain Pooles wife,
came by appointment to dinner with us, and a good dinner we had for them,
and were very merry, and so to church again, and then to Sir W. Pens and
there supped, where his brother, a traveller, and one that speaks Spanish
very well, and a merry man, supped with us, and what at dinner and supper
I drink I know not how, of my own accord, so much wine, that I was even
almost foxed, and my head aked all night; so home and to bed, without
prayers, which I never did yet, since I came to the house, of a Sunday
night: I being now so out of order that I durst not read prayers, for fear
of being perceived by my servants in what case I was. So to bed.

30th. This morning up by moon-shine, at 5 oclock, to White Hall, to meet
Mr. Moore at the Privy Seal, but he not being come as appointed, I went
into King Street to the Red Lyon to drink my morning draft, and there I
heard of a fray between the two Embassadors of Spain and France; and that,
this day, being the day of the entrance of an Embassador from Sweden, they
intended to fight for the precedence! Our King, I heard, ordered that no
Englishman should meddle in the business,

     [The Comte de Brienne insinuates, in his Memoirs, that Charles
     purposely abstained from interfering, in the belief that it was for
     his interest to let France and Spain quarrel, in order to further
     his own designs in the match with Portugal.  Louis certainly held
     that opinion; and he afterwards instructed DEstrades to solicit
     from the English court the punishment of those Londoners who had
     insulted his ambassador, and to demand the dismissal of De
     Batteville.  Either no Londoner had interfered, or Louiss demand
     had not in England the same force as in Spain; for no one was
     punished.  The latter part of his request it was clearly not for
     Charles to entertain, much less enforce.—B.]

but let them do what they would. And to that end all the soldiers in the
town were in arms all the day long, and some of the train-bands in the
City; and a great bustle through the City all the day. Then I to the Privy
Seal, and there Mr. Moore and a gentleman being come with him, we took
coach (which was the business I come for) to Chelsy, to my Lord Privy
Seal, and there got him to seal the business. Here I saw by day-light two
very fine pictures in the gallery, that a little while ago I saw by night;
and did also go all over the house, and found it to be the prettiest
contrived house that ever I saw in my life. So to coach back again; and at
White Hall light, and saw the soldiers and people running up and down the
streets. So I went to the Spanish Embassadors and the French, and there
saw great preparations on both sides; but the French made the most noise
and vaunted most, the other made no stir almost at all; so that I was
afraid the other would have had too great a conquest over them. Then to
the Wardrobe, and dined there, end then abroad and in Cheapside hear that
the Spanish hath got the best of it, and killed three of the French
coach-horses and several men, and is gone through the City next to our
Kings coach; at which, it is strange to see how all the City did rejoice.
And indeed we do naturally all love the Spanish, and hate the French. But
I, as I am in all things curious, presently got to the water-side, and
there took oars to Westminster Palace, thinking to have seen them come in
thither with all the coaches, but they being come and returned, I ran
after them with my boy after me through all the dirt and the streets full
of people; till at last, at the Mewes, I saw the Spanish coach go, with
fifty drawn swords at least to guard it, and our soldiers shouting for
joy. And so I followed the coach, and then met it at York House, where the
embassador lies; and there it went in with great state. So then I went to
the French house, where I observe still, that there is no men in the world
of a more insolent spirit where they do well, nor before they begin a
matter, and more abject if they do miscarry, than these people are; for
they all look like dead men, and not a word among them, but shake their
heads. The truth is, the Spaniards were not only observed to fight most
desperately, but also they did outwitt them; first in lining their own
harness with chains of iron that they could not be cut, then in setting
their coach in the most advantageous place, and to appoint men to guard
every one of their horses, and others for to guard the coach, and others
the coachmen. And, above all, in setting upon the French horses and
killing them, for by that means the French were not able to stir. There
were several men slain of the French, and one or two of the Spaniards, and
one Englishman by a bullet. Which is very observable, the French were at
least four to one in number, and had near 100 case of pistols among them,
and the Spaniards had not one gun among them; which is for their honour
for ever, and the others disgrace. So, having been very much daubed with
dirt, I got a coach, and home where I vexed my wife in telling of her this
story, and pleading for the Spaniards against the French. So ends this
month; myself and family in good condition of health, but my head full of
my Lords and my own and the office business; where we are now very busy
about the business of sending forces to Tangier,

     [This place so often mentioned, was first given up to the English
     fleet under Lord Sandwich, by the Portuguese, January 30th, 1662;
     and Lord Peterborough left governor, with a garrison.  The greatest
     pains were    afterwards taken to preserve the fortress, and a fine
     mole was constructed at a vast expense, to improve the harbour.  At
     length, after immense sums of money had been wasted there, the House
     of Commons expressed a dislike to the management of the garrison,
     which they suspected to be a nursery for a popish army, and seemed
     disinclined to maintain it any longer.  The king consequently, in
     1683, sent Lord Dartmouth to bring home the troops, and destroy the
     works; which he performed so effectually, that it would puzzle all
     our engineers to restore the harbour.  It were idle to speculate on
     the benefits which might have accrued to England, by its
     preservation and retention; Tangier fell into the hands of the
     Moors, its importance having ceased, with the demolition of the
     mole.  Many curious views of Tangier were taken by Hollar, during
     its occupation by the English; and his drawings are preserved in the
     British Museum.  Some have been engraved by himself; but the
     impressions are of considerable rarity.—B.]

and the fleet to my Lord of Sandwich, who is now at Lisbon to bring over
the Queen, who do now keep a Court as Queen of England. The business of
Argier hath of late troubled me, because my Lord hath not done what he
went for, though he did as much as any man in the world could have done.
The want of money puts all things, and above all things the Nary, out of
order; and yet I do not see that the King takes care to bring in any
money, but thinks of new designs to lay out money.