Samuel Pepys diary August 1661

AUGUST 1661

August 1st. This morning Sir Williams both, and my wife and I and Mrs.
Margarett Pen (this first time that I have seen her since she came from
Ireland) went by coach to Walthamstow, a-gossiping to Mrs. Browne, where I
did give her six silver spoons—[But not the porringer of silver. See
May 29th, 1661.—M. B]—for her boy. Here we had a venison
pasty, brought hot from London, and were very merry. Only I hear how
nurses husband has spoken strangely of my Lady Batten how she was such a
mans whore, who indeed is known to leave her her estate, which we would
fain have reconciled to-day, but could not and indeed I do believe that
the story is true. Back again at night home.

2d. At the office all the morning. At noon Dr. Thos. Pepys dined with me,
and after dinner my brother Tom came to me and then I made myself ready to
get a-horseback for Cambridge. So I set out and rode to Ware, this night,
in the way having much discourse with a fellmonger,—[A dealer in
hides.]—a Quaker, who told me what a wicked man he had been all his
life-time till within this two years. Here I lay, and

3rd. Got up early the next morning and got to Barkway, where I staid and
drank, and there met with a letter-carrier of Cambridge, with whom I rode
all the way to Cambridge, my horse being tired, and myself very wet with
rain. I went to the Castle Hill, where the judges were at the Assizes; and
I staid till Roger Pepys rose and went with him, and dined with his
brother, the Doctor, and Claxton at Trinity Hall. Then parted, and I went
to the Rose, and there with Mr. Pechell, Sanchy, and others, sat and drank
till night and were very merry, only they tell me how high the old doctors
are in the University over those they found there, though a great deal
better scholars than themselves; for which I am very sorry, and, above
all, Dr. Gunning. At night I took horse, and rode with Roger Pepys and his
two brothers to Impington, and there with great respect was led up by them
to the best chamber in the house, and there slept.

4th (Lords day). Got up, and by and by walked into the orchard with my
cozen Roger, and there plucked some fruit, and then discoursed at large
about the business I came for, that is, about my uncles will, in which he
did give me good satisfaction, but tells me I shall meet with a great deal
of trouble in it. However, in all things he told me what I am to expect
and what to do. To church, and had a good plain sermon, and my uncle
Talbot went with us and at our coming in the country-people all rose with
so much reverence; and when the parson begins, he begins Right
worshipfull and dearly beloved to us. Home to dinner, which was very
good, and then to church again, and so home and to walk up and down and so
to supper, and after supper to talk about publique matters, wherein Roger
Pepys—(who I find a very sober man, and one whom I do now honour
more than ever before for this discourse sake only) told me how basely
things have been carried in Parliament by the young men, that did labour
to oppose all things that were moved by serious men. That they are the
most prophane swearing fellows that ever he heard in his life, which makes
him think that they will spoil all, and bring things into a warr again if
they can. So to bed.

5th. Early to Huntingdon, but was fain to stay a great while at Stanton
because of the rain, and there borrowed a coat of a man for 6d., and so he
rode all the way, poor man, without any. Staid at Huntingdon for a little,
but the judges are not come hither: so I went to Brampton, and there found
my father very well, and my aunt gone from the house, which I am glad of,
though it costs us a great deal of money, viz. L10. Here I dined, and
after dinner took horse and rode to Yelling, to my cozen Nightingales,
who hath a pretty house here, and did learn of her all she could tell me
concerning my business, and has given me some light by her discourse how I
may get a surrender made for Graveley lands. Hence to Graveley, and there
at an alehouse met with Chancler and Jackson (one of my tenants for Cotton
closes) and another with whom I had a great deal of discourse, much to my
satisfaction. Hence back again to Brampton and after supper to bed, being
now very quiet in the house, which is a content to us.

6th. Up early and went to Mr. Phillips, but lost my labour, he lying at
Huntingdon last night, so I went back again and took horse and rode
thither, where I staid with Thos. Trice and Mr. Philips drinking till
noon, and then Tom Trice and I to Brampton, where he to Goody Gorums and
I home to my father, who could discern that I had been drinking, which he
did never see or hear of before, so I eat a bit of dinner and went with
him to Gorums, and there talked with Tom Trice, and then went and took
horse for London, and with much ado, the ways being very bad, got to
Baldwick, and there lay and had a good supper by myself. The landlady
being a pretty woman, but I durst not take notice of her, her husband
being there. Before supper I went to see the church, which is a very
handsome church, but I find that both here, and every where else that I
come, the Quakers do still continue, and rather grow than lessen. To bed.

7th. Called up at three oclock, and was a-horseback by four; and as I was
eating my breakfast I saw a man riding by that rode a little way upon the
road with me last night; and he being going with venison in his pan-yards
to London, I called him in and did give him his breakfast with me, and so
we went together all the way. At Hatfield we bayted and walked into the
great house through all the courts; and I would fain have stolen a pretty
dog that followed me, but I could not, which troubled me. To horse again,
and by degrees with much ado got to London, where I found all well at home
and at my fathers and my Ladys, but no news yet from my Lord where he
is. At my Ladys (whither I went with Dean Fuller, who came to my house to
see me just as I was come home) I met with Mr. Moore, who told me at what
a loss he was for me, for to-morrow is a Seal day at the Privy Seal, and
it being my month, I am to wait upon my Lord Roberts, Lord Privy Seal, at
the Seal. Home and to bed.

8th. Early in the mornink to Whitehall, but my Lord Privy Seal came not
all the morning. At noon Mr. Moore and I to the Wardrobe to dinner, where
my Lady and all merry and well. Back again to the Privy Seal; but my Lord
comes not all the afternoon, which made me mad and gives all the world
reason to talk of his delaying of business, as well as of his severity and
ill using of the Clerks of the Privy Seal. In the evening I took Mons.
Eschar and Mr. Moore and Dr. Pierces brother (the souldier) to the tavern
next the Savoy, and there staid and drank with them. Here I met with Mr.
Mage, and discoursing of musique Mons. Eschar spoke so much against the
English and in praise of the French that made him mad, and so he went
away. After a stay with them a little longer we parted and I home.

9th. To the office, where word is brought me by a son-in-law of Mr.
Pierces; the purser, that his father is a dying and that he desires that I
would come to him before he dies. So I rose from the table and went, where
I found him not so ill as I thought that he had been ill. So I did promise
to be a friend to his wife and family if he should die, which was all he
desired of me, but I do believe he will recover. Back again to the office,
where I found Sir G. Carteret had a day or two ago invited some of the
officers to dinner to-day at Deptford. So at noon, when I heard that he
was a-coming, I went out, because I would see whether he would send to me
or no to go with them; but he did not, which do a little trouble me till I
see how it comes to pass. Although in other things I am glad of it because
of my going again to-day to the Privy Seal. I dined at home, and having
dined news is brought by Mr. Hater that his wife is now falling into
labour, so he is come for my wife, who presently went with him. I to White
Hall, where, after four oclock, comes my Lord Privy Seal, and so we went
up to his chamber over the gate at White Hall, where he asked me what
deputacon I had from My Lord. I told him none; but that I am sworn my
Lords deputy by both of the Secretarys, which did satisfy him. So he
caused Mr. Moore to read over all the bills as is the manner, and all
ended very well. So that I see the Lyon is not so fierce as he is painted.
That being done Mons. Eschar (who all this afternoon had been waiting at
the Privy Seal for the Warrant for L5,000 for my Lord of Sandwichs
preparation for Portugal) and I took some wine with us and went to visit
la belle Pierce, who we find very big with child, and a pretty lady, one
Mrs. Clifford, with her, where we staid and were extraordinary merry. From
thence I took coach to my fathers, where I found him come home this day
from Brampton (as I expected) very well, and after some discourse about
business and it being very late I took coach again home, where I hear by
my wife that Mrs. Hater is not yet delivered, but continues in her pains.
So to bed.

10th. This morning came the maid that my wife hath lately hired for a
chamber maid. She is very ugly, so that I cannot care for her, but
otherwise she seems very good. But however she do come about three weeks
hence, when my wife comes back from Brampton, if she go with my father. By
and by came my father to my house, and so he and I went and found out my
uncle Wight at the Coffee House, and there did agree with him to meet the
next week with my uncle Thomas and read over the Captains will before
them both for their satisfaction. Having done with him I went to my Ladys
and dined with her, and after dinner took the two young gentlemen and the
two ladies and carried them and Captain Ferrers to the Theatre, and shewed
them The merry Devill of Edmunton, which is a very merry play, the first
time I ever saw it, which pleased me well. And that being done I took them
all home by coach to my house and there gave them fruit to eat and wine.
So by water home with them, and so home myself.

11th (Lords day). To our own church in the forenoon, and in the afternoon
to Clerkenwell Church, only to see the two

     [A comedy acted at the Globe, and first printed in 1608.  In the
     original entry in the Stationers books it is said to be by T. B.,
     which may stand for Tony or Anthony Brewer.  The play has been
     attributed without authority both to Shakespeare and to Drayton.]

fayre Botelers;—[Mrs. Frances Butler and her sister.]—and I
happened to be placed in the pew where they afterwards came to sit, but
the pew by their coming being too full, I went out into the next, and
there sat, and had my full view of them both, but I am out of conceit now
with them, Colonel Dillon being come back from Ireland again, and do still
court them, and comes to church with them, which makes me think they are
not honest. Hence to Grayes-Inn walks, and there staid a good while;
where I met with Ned Pickering, who told me what a great match of hunting
of a stagg the King had yesterday; and how the King tired all their
horses, and come home with not above two or three able to keep pace with
him. So to my fathers, and there supped, and so home.

12th. At the office this morning. At home in the afternoon, and had notice
that my Lord Hinchingbroke is fallen ill, which I fear is with the fruit
that I did give them on Saturday last at my house: so in the evening I
went thither and there found him very ill, and in great fear of the
smallpox. I supped with my Lady, and did consult about him, but we find it
best to let him lie where he do; and so I went home with my heart full of
trouble for my Lord Hinchinabrokes sickness, and more for my Lord
Sandwichs himself, whom we are now confirmed is sick ashore at Alicante,
who, if he should miscarry, God knows in what condition would his family
be. I dined to-day with my Lord Crew, who is now at Sir H. Wrights, while
his new house is making fit for him, and he is much troubled also at these
things.

13th. To the Privy Seal in the morning, then to the Wardrobe to dinner,
where I met my wife, and found my young Lord very ill. So my Lady intends
to send her other three sons, Sidney, Oliver, and John, to my house, for
fear of the small-pox. After dinner I went to my fathers, where I found
him within, and went up to him, and there found him settling his papers
against his removal, and I took some old papers of difference between me
and my wife and took them away. After that Pall being there I spoke to my
father about my intention not to keep her longer for such and such
reasons, which troubled him and me also, and had like to have come to some
high words between my mother and me, who is become a very simple woman. By
and by comes in Mrs. Cordery to take her leave of my father, thinking he
was to go presently into the country, and will have us to come and see her
before he do go. Then my father and I went forth to Mr. Rawlinsons, where
afterwards comes my uncle Thomas and his two sons, and then my uncle Wight
by appointment of us all, and there we read the will and told them how
things are, and what our thoughts are of kindness to my uncle Thomas if he
do carry himself peaceable, but otherwise if he persist to keep his caveat
up against us. So he promised to withdraw it, and seemed to be very well
contented with things as they are. After a while drinking, we paid all and
parted, and so I home, and there found my Ladys three sons come, of which
I am glad that I am in condition to do her and my Lord any service in this
kind, but my mind is yet very much troubled about my Lord of Sandwichs
health, which I am afeard of.

14th. This morning Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen and I, waited upon the
Duke of York in his chamber, to give him an account of the condition of
the Navy for lack of money, and how our own very bills are offered upon
the Exchange, to be sold at 20 in the 100 loss. He is much troubled at it,
and will speak to the King and Council of it this morning. So I went to my
Ladys and dined with her, and found my Lord Hinchingbroke somewhat
better. After dinner Captain Ferrers and I to the Theatre, and there saw
The Alchymist; and there I saw Sir W. Pen, who took us when the play was
done and carried the Captain to Pauls and set him down, and me home with
him, and he and I to the Dolphin, but not finding Sir W. Batten there, we
went and carried a bottle of wine to his house, and there sat a while and
talked, and so home to bed. At home I found a letter from Mr. Creed of the
15th of July last, that tells me that my Lord is rid of his pain (which
was wind got into the muscles of his right side) and his feaver, and is
now in hopes to go aboard in a day or two, which do give me mighty great
comfort.

15th. To the Privy Seal and Whitehall, up and down, and at noon Sir W. Pen
carried me to Pauls, and so I walked to the Wardrobe and dined with my
Lady, and there told her, of my Lords sickness (of which though it hath
been the town-talk this fortnight, she had heard nothing) and recovery, of
which she was glad, though hardly persuaded of the latter. I found my Lord
Hinchingbroke better and better, and the worst past. Thence to the Opera,
which begins again to-day with The Witts, never acted yet with scenes;
and the King and Duke and Duchess were there (who dined to-day with Sir H.
Finch, reader at the Temple, in great state); and indeed it is a most
excellent play, and admirable scenes. So home and was overtaken by Sir W.
Pen in his coach, who has been this afternoon with my Lady Batten, &c.,
at the Theatre. So I followed him to the Dolphin, where Sir W. Batten was,
and there we sat awhile, and so home after we had made shift to fuddle Mr.
Falconer of Woolwich. So home.

16th. At the office all the morning, though little to be done; because all
our clerks are gone to the buriall of Tom Whitton, one of the Controllers
clerks, a very ingenious, and a likely young man to live, as any in the
Office. But it is such a sickly time both in City and country every where
(of a sort of fever), that never was heard of almost, unless it was in a
plague-time.

Among others, the famous Tom Fuller is dead of it; and Dr. Nichols, Dean
of Pauls; and my Lord General Monk is very dangerously ill. Dined at home
with the children and were merry, and my father with me; who after dinner
he and I went forth about business. Among other things we found one Dr.
John Williams at an alehouse, where we staid till past nine at night, in
Shoe Lane, talking about our country business, and I found him so well
acquainted with the matters of Gravely that I expect he will be of great
use to me. So by link home. I understand my Aunt Fenner is upon the point
of death.

17th. At the Privy Seal, where we had a seal this morning. Then met with
Ned Pickering, and walked with him into St. Jamess Park (where I had not
been a great while), and there found great and very noble alterations.
And, in our discourse, he was very forward to complain and to speak loud
of the lewdness and beggary of the Court, which I am sorry to hear, and
which I am afeard will bring all to ruin again. So he and I to the
Wardrobe to dinner, and after dinner Captain Ferrers and I to the Opera,
and saw The Witts again, which I like exceedingly. The Queen of Bohemia
was here, brought by my Lord Craven. So the Captain and I and another to
the Devil tavern and drank, and so by coach home. Troubled in mind that I
cannot bring myself to mind my business, but to be so much in love of
plays. We have been at a great loss a great while for a vessel that I sent
about a month ago with, things of my Lords to Lynn, and cannot till now
hear of them, but now we are told that they are put into Soale Bay, but to
what purpose I know not.

18th (Lords day). To our own church in the morning and so home to dinner,
where my father and Dr. Tom Pepys came to me to dine, and were very merry.
After dinner I took my wife and Mr. Sidney to my Lady to see my Lord
Hinchingbroke, who is now pretty well again, and sits up and walks about
his chamber. So I went to White Hall, and there hear that my Lord General
Monk continues very ill: so I went to la belle Pierce and sat with her;
and then to walk in St. Jamess Park, and saw great variety of fowl which
I never saw before and so home. At night fell to read in Hookers
Ecclesiastical Polity, which Mr. Moore did give me last Wednesday very
handsomely bound; and which I shall read with great pains and love for his
sake. So to supper and to bed.

19th. At the office all the morning; at noon the children are sent for by
their mother my Lady Sandwich to dinner, and my wife goes along with them
by coach, and she to my fathers and dines there, and from thence with
them to see Mrs. Cordery, who do invite them before my father goes into
the country, and thither I should have gone too but that I am sent for to
the Privy Seal, and there I found a thing of my Lord Chancellors

     [This thing was probably one of those large grants which Clarendon
     quietly, or, as he himself says, without noise or scandal,
      procured from the king.  Besides lands and manors, Clarendon states
     at one time that the king gave him a little billet into his hand,
     that contained a warrant of his own hand-writing to Sir Stephen Fox
     to pay to the Chancellor the sum of L20,000,—[approximately 10
     million dollars in the year 2000]—of which nobody could have
     notice.  In 1662 he received L5,000 out of the money voted to the
     king by the Parliament of Ireland, as he mentions in his vindication
     of himself against the impeachment of the Commons; and we shall see
     that Pepys, in February, 1664, names another sum of L20,000 given to
     the Chancellor to clear the mortgage upon Clarendon Park; and this
     last sum, it was believed, was paid from the money received from
     France by the sale of Dunkirk.—B.]

to be sealed this afternoon, and so I am forced to go to Worcester House,
where severall Lords are met in Council this afternoon. And while I am
waiting there, in comes the King in a plain common riding-suit and velvet
cap, in which he seemed a very ordinary man to one that had not known him.
Here I staid till at last, hearing that my Lord Privy Seal had not the
seal here, Mr. Moore and I hired a coach and went to Chelsy, and there at
an alehouse sat and drank and past the time till my Lord Privy Seal came
to his house, and so we to him and examined and sealed the thing, and so
homewards, but when we came to look for our coach we found it gone, so we
were fain to walk home afoot and saved our money. We met with a companion
that walked with us, and coming among some trees near the Neate houses, he
began to whistle, which did give us some suspicion, but it proved that he
that answered him was Mr. Marsh (the Lutenist) and his wife, and so we all
walked to Westminster together, in our way drinking a while at my cost,
and had a song of him, but his voice is quite lost. So walked home, and
there I found that my Lady do keep the children at home, and lets them not
come any more hither at present, which a little troubles me to lose their
company. This day my aunt Fenner dyed.

20th. At the office in the morning and all the afternoon at home to put my
papers in order. This day we come to some agreement with Sir R. Ford for
his house to be added to the office to enlarge our quarters.

21st. This morning by appointment I went to my father, and after a morning
draft he and I went to Dr. Williams, but he not within we went to Mrs.
Terry, a daughter of Mr. Whatelys, who lately offered a proposal of her
sister for a wife for my brother Tom, and with her we discoursed about and
agreed to go to her mother this afternoon to speak with her, and in the
meantime went to Will. Joyces and to an alehouse, and drank a good while
together, he being very angry that his father Fenner will give him and his
brother no more for mourning than their father did give him and my aunt at
their mothers death, and a very troublesome fellow I still find him to
be, that his company ever wearys me. From thence about two oclock to Mrs.
Whatelys, but she being going to dinner we went to Whitehall and there
staid till past three, and here I understand by Mr. Moore that my Lady
Sandwich is brought to bed yesterday of a young Lady, and is very well. So
to Mrs. Whatelys again, and there were well received, and she desirous to
have the thing go forward, only is afeard that her daughter is too young
and portion not big enough, but offers L200 down with her. The girl is
very well favoured,, and a very child, but modest, and one I think will do
very well for my brother: so parted till she hears from Hatfield from her
husband, who is there; but I find them very desirous of it, and so am I.
Hence home to my fathers, and I to the Wardrobe, where I supped with the
ladies, and hear their mother is well and the young child, and so home.

22nd. To the Privy Seal, and sealed; so home at noon, and there took my
wife by coach to my uncle Fenners, where there was both at his house and
the Sessions, great deal of company, but poor entertainment, which I
wonder at; and the house so hot, that my uncle Wight, my father and I were
fain to go out, and stay at an alehouse awhile to cool ourselves. Then
back again and to church, my fathers family being all in mourning, doing
him the greatest honour, the world believing that he did give us it: so to
church, and staid out the sermon, and then with my aunt Wight, my wife,
and Pall and I to her house by coach, and there staid and supped upon a
Westphalia ham, and so home and to bed.

23rd. This morning I went to my fathers, and there found him and my
mother in a discontent, which troubles me much, and indeed she is become
very simple and unquiet. Hence he and I to Dr. Williams, and found him
within, and there we sat and talked a good while, and from him to Tom
Trices to an alehouse near, and there sat and talked, and finding him
fair we examined my uncles will before him and Dr. Williams, and had them
sign the copy and so did give T. Trice the original to prove, so he took
my father and me to one of the judges of the Court, and there we were
sworn, and so back again to the alehouse and drank and parted. Dr.
Williams and I to a cooks where we eat a bit of mutton, and away, I to W.
Joyces, where by appointment my wife was, and I took her to the Opera,
and shewed her The Witts, which I had seen already twice, and was most
highly pleased with it. So with my wife to the Wardrobe to see my Lady,
and then home.

24th. At the office all the morning and did business; by and by we are
called to Sir W. Battens to see the strange creature that Captain Holmes
hath brought with him from Guiny; it is a great baboon, but so much like a
man in most things, that though they say there is a species of them, yet I
cannot believe but that it is a monster got of a man and she-baboon. I do
believe that it already understands much English, and I am of the mind it
might be taught to speak or make signs. Hence the Comptroller and I to Sir
Rd. Fords and viewed the house again, and are come to a complete end with
him to give him L200 per an. for it. Home and there met Capt. Isham
inquiring for me to take his leave of me, he being upon his voyage to
Portugal, and for my letters to my Lord which are not ready. But I took
him to the Mitre and gave him a glass of sack, and so adieu, and then
straight to the Opera, and there saw Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, done
with scenes very well, but above all, Betterton

     [Sir William Davenant introduced the use of scenery.  The character
     of Hamlet was one of Bettertons masterpieces.  Downes tells us that
     he was taught by Davenant how the part was acted by Taylor of the
     Blackfriars, who was instructed by Shakespeare himself.]

did the princes part beyond imagination. Hence homeward, and met with Mr.
Spong and took him to the Sampson in Pauls churchyard, and there staid
till late, and it rained hard, so we were fain to get home wet, and so to
bed.

25th (Lords day). At church in the morning, and dined at home alone with
my wife very comfortably, and so again to church with her, and had a very
good and pungent sermon of Mr. Mills, discoursing the necessity of
restitution. Home, and I found my Lady Batten and her daughter to look
something askew upon my wife, because my wife do not buckle to them, and
is not solicitous for their acquaintance, which I am not troubled at at
all. By and by comes in my father (he intends to go into the country
to-morrow), and he and I among other discourse at last called Pall up to
us, and there in great anger told her before my father that I would keep
her no longer, and my father he said he would have nothing to do with her.
At last, after we had brought down her high spirit, I got my father to
yield that she should go into the country with my mother and him, and stay
there awhile to see how she will demean herself. That being done, my
father and I to my uncle Wights, and there supped, and he took his leave
of them, and so I walked with [him] as far as Pauls and there parted, and
I home, my mind at some rest upon this making an end with Pall, who do
trouble me exceedingly.

26th. This morning before I went out I made even with my maid Jane, who
has this day been my maid three years, and is this day to go into the
country to her mother. The poor girl cried, and I could hardly forbear
weeping to think of her going, for though she be grown lazy and spoilt by
Palls coming, yet I shall never have one to please us better in all
things, and so harmless, while I live. So I paid her her wages and gave
her 2s. 6d. over, and bade her adieu, with my mind full of trouble at her
going. Hence to my father, where he and I and Thomas together setting
things even, and casting up my fathers accounts, and upon the whole I
find that all he hath in money of his own due to him in the world is but
L45, and he owes about the same sum: so that I cannot but think in what a
condition he had left my mother if he should have died before my uncle
Robert. Hence to Tom Trice for the probate of the will and had it done to
my mind, which did give my father and me good content. From thence to my
Lady at the Wardrobe and thence to the Theatre, and saw the Antipodes,
wherein there is much mirth, but no great matter else. Hence with Mr.
Bostock whom I met there (a clerk formerly of Mr. Phelps) to the Devil
tavern, and there drank and so away. I to my uncle Fenners, where my
father was with him at an alehouse, and so we three went by ourselves and
sat talking a great while about a brokers daughter that he do propose for
a wife for Tom, with a great portion, but I fear it will not take, but he
will do what he can. So we broke up, and going through the street we met
with a mother and son, friends of my fathers man, Neds, who are angry at
my fathers putting him away, which troubled me and my father, but all
will be well as to that. We have news this morning of my uncle Thomas and
his son Thomas being gone into the country without giving notice thereof
to anybody, which puts us to a stand, but I fear them not. At night at
home I found a letter from my Lord Sandwich, who is now very well again of
his feaver, but not yet gone from Alicante, where he lay sick, and was
twice let blood. This letter dated the 22nd July last, which puts me out
of doubt of his being ill. In my coming home I called in at the Crane
tavern at the Stocks by appointment, and there met and took leave of Mr.
Fanshaw, who goes to-morrow and Captain Isham toward their voyage to
Portugal. Here we drank a great deal of wine, I too much and Mr. Fanshaw
till he could hardly go. So we took leave one of another.

27th. This morning to the Wardrobe, and there took leave of my Lord
Hinchingbroke and his brother, and saw them go out by coach toward Rye in
their way to France, whom God bless. Then I was called up to my Ladys
bedside, where we talked an hour about Mr. Edward Montagus disposing of
the L5000 for my Lords departure for Portugal, and our fears that he will
not do it to my Lords honour, and less to his profit, which I am to
enquire a little after. Hence to the office, and there sat till noon, and
then my wife and I by coach to my cozen, Thos. Pepys, the Executor, to
dinner, where some ladies and my father and mother, where very merry, but
methinks he makes but poor dinners for such guests, though there was a
poor venison pasty. Hence my wife and I to the Theatre, and there saw The
Joviall Crew, where the King, Duke and Duchess, and Madame Palmer, were;
and my wife, to her great content, had a full sight of them all the while.
The play full of mirth. Hence to my fathers, and there staid to talk a
while and so by foot home by moonshine. In my way and at home, my wife
making a sad story to me of her brother Baltys a condition, and would
have me to do something for him, which I shall endeavour to do, but am
afeard to meddle therein for fear I shall not be able to wipe my hands of
him again, when I once concern myself for him. I went to bed, my wife all
the while telling me his case with tears, which troubled me.

28th. At home all the morning setting papers in order. At noon to the
Exchange, and there met with Dr. Williams by appointment, and with him
went up and down to look for an attorney, a friend of his, to advise with
about our bond of my aunt Pepys of L200, and he tells me absolutely that
we shall not be forced to pay interest for the money yet. I do doubt it
very much. I spent the whole afternoon drinking with him and so home. This
day I counterfeited a letter to Sir W. Pen, as from the thief that stole
his tankard lately, only to abuse and laugh at him.

29th. At the office all the morning, and at noon my father, mother, and my
aunt Bell (the first time that ever she was at my house) come to dine with
me, and were very merry. After dinner the two women went to visit my aunt
Wight, &c., and my father about other business, and I abroad to my
bookseller, and there staid till four oclock, at which time by
appointment I went to meet my father at my uncle Fenners. So thither I
went and with him to an alehouse, and there came Mr. Evans, the taylor,
whose daughter we have had a mind to get for a wife for Tom, and then my
father, and there we sat a good while and talked about the business; in
fine he told us that he hath not to except against us or our motion, but
that the estate that God hath blessed him with is too great to give where
there is nothing in present possession but a trade and house; and so we
friendly ended. There parted, my father and I together, and walked a
little way, and then at Holborn he and I took leave of one another, he
being to go to Brampton (to settle things against my mother comes)
tomorrow morning. So I home.

30th. At noon my wife and I met at the Wardrobe, and there dined with the
children, and after dinner up to my Ladys bedside, and talked and laughed
a good while. Then my wife end I to Drury Lane to the French comedy, which
was so ill done, and the scenes and company and every thing else so nasty
and out of order and poor, that I was sick all the while in my mind to be
there. Here my wife met with a son of my Lord Somersett, whom she knew in
France, a pretty man; I showed him no great countenance, to avoyd further
acquaintance. That done, there being nothing pleasant but the foolery of
the farce, we went home.

31st. At home and the office all the morning, and at noon comes Luellin to
me, and he and I to the tavern and after that to Bartholomew fair, and
there upon his motion to a pitiful alehouse, where we had a dirty slut or
two come up that were whores, but my very heart went against them, so that
I took no pleasure but a great deal of trouble in being there and getting
from thence for fear of being seen. From hence he and I walked towards
Ludgate and parted. I back again to the fair all alone, and there met with
my Ladies Jemimah and Paulina, with Mr. Pickering and Madamoiselle, at
seeing the monkeys dance, which was much to see, when they could be
brought to do so, but it troubled me to sit among such nasty company.
After that with them into Christs Hospitall, and there Mr. Pickering
bought them some fairings, and I did give every one of them a bauble,
which was the little globes of glass with things hanging in them, which
pleased the ladies very well. After that home with them in their coach,
and there was called up to my Lady, and she would have me stay to talk
with her, which I did I think a full hour. And the poor lady did with so
much innocency tell me how Mrs. Crispe had told her that she did intend,
by means of a lady that lies at her house, to get the King to be godfather
to the young lady that she is in childbed now of; but to see in what a
manner my Lady told it me, protesting that she sweat in the very telling
of it, was the greatest pleasure to me in the world to see the simplicity
and harmlessness of a lady. Then down to supper with the ladies, and so
home, Mr. Moore (as he and I cannot easily part) leading me as far as
Fenchurch Street to the Mitre, where we drank a glass of wine and so
parted, and I home and to bed.

Thus ends the month. My maid Jane newly gone, and Pall left now to do all
the work till another maid comes, which shall not be till she goes away
into the country with my mother. Myself and wife in good health. My Lord
Sandwich in the Straits and newly recovered of a great sickness at
Alicante. My father gone to settle at Brampton, and myself under much
business and trouble for to settle things in the estate to our content.
But what is worst, I find myself lately too much given to seeing of plays,
and expense, and pleasure, which makes me forget my business, which I must
labour to amend. No money comes in, so that I have been forced to borrow a
great deal for my own expenses, and to furnish my father, to leave things
in order. I have some trouble about my brother Tom, who is now left to
keep my fathers trade, in which I have great fears that he will miscarry
for want of brains and care. At Court things are in very ill condition,
there being so much emulacion, poverty, and the vices of drinking,
swearing, and loose amours, that I know not what will be the end of it,
but confusion. And the Clergy so high, that all people that I meet with do
protest against their practice. In short, I see no content or satisfaction
any where, in any one sort of people. The Benevolence

     [A voluntary contribution made by the subjects to their sovereign.
     Upon this occasion the clergy alone gave L33,743: See May 31st,
     1661.—B]

proves so little, and an occasion of so much discontent every where; that
it had better it had never been set up. I think to subscribe L20. We are
at our Office quiet, only for lack of money all things go to rack. Our
very bills offered to be sold upon the Exchange at 10 per cent. loss. We
are upon getting Sir R. Fords house added to our Office. But I see so
many difficulties will follow in pleasing of one another in the dividing
of it, and in becoming bound personally to pay the rent of L200 per annum,
that I do believe it will yet scarce come to pass. The season very sickly
every where of strange and fatal fevers.