Samuel Pepys diary April 1661

APRIL 1661

April 1st, 1661. This day my waiting at the Privy Seal comes in again. Up
early among my workmen. So to the once, and went home to dinner with Sir
W. Batten, and after that to the Goat tavern by Charing Cross to meet Dr.
Castle, where he and I drank a pint of wine and talked about Privy Seal
business. Then to the Privy Seal Office and there found Mr. Moore, but no
business yet. Then to Whitefryars, and there saw part of Rule a wife and
have a wife, which I never saw before, but do not like it. So to my
father, and there finding a discontent between my father and mother about
the maid (which my father likes and my mother dislikes), I staid till 10
at night, persuading my mother to understand herself, and that in some
high words, which I was sorry for, but she is grown, poor woman, very
froward. So leaving them in the same discontent I went away home, it being
a brave moonshine, and to bed.

2d. Among my workmen early and then along with my wife and Pall to my
Fathers by coach there to have them lie a while till my house be done. I
found my mother alone weeping upon my last nights quarrel and so left
her, and took my wife to Charing Cross and there left her to see her
mother who is not well. So I into St. Jamess Park, where I saw the Duke
of York playing at Pelemele,

     [The game was originally played in the road now styled Pall Mall,
     near St. Jamess Square, but at the Restoration when sports came in
     fashion again the street was so much built over, that it became
     necessary to find another ground.  The Mall in St. Jamess Park was
     then laid out for the purpose.]

 the first time that ever I saw the sport.  Then to my Lords, where I
dined with my Lady, and after we had dined in comes my Lord and Ned
Pickering hungry, and there was not a bit of meat left in the house, the
servants having eat up all, at which my Lord was very angry, and at last
got something dressed. Then to the Privy Seal, and signed some things,
and so to White-fryars and saw The Little Thiefe, which is a very
merry and pretty play, and the little boy do very well. Then to my
Fathers, where I found my mother and my wife in a very good mood, and
so left them and went home. Then to the Dolphin to Sir W. Batten, and
Pen, and other company; among others Mr. Delabar; where strange how
these men, who at other times are all wise men, do now, in their drink,
betwitt and reproach one another with their former conditions, and their
actions as in public concernments, till I was ashamed to see it. But
parted all friends at 12 at night after drinking a great deal of wine.
So home and alone to bed.

3rd. Up among my workmen, my head akeing all day from last nights
debauch. To the office all the morning, and at noon dined with Sir W.
Batten and Pen, who would needs have me drink two drafts of sack to-day to
cure me of last nights disease, which I thought strange but I think find
it true.

     [The proverb, A hair of the dog that bit you, which probably had
     originally a literal meaning, has long been used to inculcate the
     advice of the two Sir Williams.]

Then home with my workmen all the afternoon, at night into the garden to
play on my flageolette, it being moonshine, where I staid a good while,
and so home and to bed. This day I hear that the Dutch have sent the King
a great present of money, which we think will stop the match with
Portugal; and judge this to be the reason that our so great haste in
sending the two ships to the East Indys is also stayed.

4th. To my workmen, then to my Lords, and there dined with Mr. Shepley.
After dinner I went in to my Lord and there we had a great deal of
musique, and then came my cozen Tom Pepys and there did accept of the
security which we gave him for his L1000 that we borrow of him, and so the
money to be paid next week. Then to the Privy Seal, and so with Mr. Moore
to my fathers, where some friends did sup there and we with them and late
went home, leaving my wife still there. So to bed.

5th: Up among my workmen and so to the office, and then to Sir W. Pens
with the other Sir William and Sir John Lawson to dinner, and after that,
with them to Mr. Lucys, a merchant, where much good company, and there
drank a great deal of wine, and in discourse fell to talk of the weight of
people, which did occasion some wagers, and where, among others, I won
half a piece to be spent. Then home, and at night to Sir W. Battens, and
there very merry with a good barrell of oysters, and this is the present
life I lead. Home and to bed.

6th. Up among my workmen, then to Whitehall, and there at Privy Seal and
elsewhere did business, and among other things met with Mr. Townsend, who
told of his mistake the other day, to put both his legs through one of his
knees of his breeches, and went so all day. Then with Mr. Creed and Moore
to the Leg in the Palace to dinner which I gave them, and after dinner I
saw the girl of the house, being very pretty, go into a chamber, and I
went in after her and kissed her. Then by water, Creed and I, to Salisbury
Court and there saw Loves Quarrell acted the first time, but I do not
like the design or words. So calling at my fathers, where they and my
wife well, and so home and to bed.

7th (Lords day). All the morning at home making up my accounts (God
forgive me!) to give up to my Lord this afternoon. Then about 11 oclock
out of doors towards Westminster and put in at Pauls, where I saw our
minister, Mr. Mills, preaching before my Lord Mayor. So to White Hall, and
there I met with Dr. Fuller of Twickenham, newly come from Ireland; and
took him to my Lords, where he and I dined; and he did give my Lord and
me a good account of the condition of Ireland, and how it come to pass,
through the joyning of the Fanatiques and the Presbyterians, that the
latter and the former are in their declaration put together under the
names of Fanatiques. After dinner, my Lord and I and Mr. Shepley did look
over our accounts and settle matters of money between us; and my Lord did
tell me much of his mind about getting money and other things of his
family, &c. Then to my fathers, where I found Mr. Hunt and his wife
at supper with my father and mother and my wife, where after supper I left
them and so home, and then I went to Sir W. Battens and resolved of a
journey tomorrow to Chatham, and so home and to bed.

8th. Up early, my Lady Batten knocking at her door that comes into one of
my chambers. I did give directions to my people and workmen, and so about
8 oclock we took barge at the Tower, Sir William Batten and his lady,
Mrs. Turner, Mr. Fowler and I. A very pleasant passage and so to
Gravesend, where we dined, and from thence a coach took them and me, and
Mr. Fowler with some others came from Rochester to meet us, on horseback.
At Rochester, where alight at Mr. Alcocks and there drank and had good
sport, with his bringing out so many sorts of cheese. Then to the
Hillhouse at Chatham, where I never was before, and I found a pretty
pleasant house and am pleased with the arms that hang up there. Here we
supped very merry, and late to bed; Sir William telling me that old
Edgeborrow, his predecessor, did die and walk in my chamber, did make me
some what afeard, but not so much as for mirths sake I did seem. So to
bed in the treasurers chamber.

9th. And lay and slept well till 3 in the morning, and then waking, and by
the light of the moon I saw my pillow (which overnight I flung from me)
stand upright, but not bethinking myself what it might be, I was a little
afeard, but sleep overcame all and so lay till high morning, at which time
I had a candle brought me and a good fire made, and in general it was a
great pleasure all the time I staid here to see how I am respected and
honoured by all people; and I find that I begin to know now how to receive
so much reverence, which at the beginning I could not tell how to do. Sir
William and I by coach to the dock and there viewed all the storehouses
and the old goods that are this day to be sold, which was great pleasure
to me, and so back again by coach home, where we had a good dinner, and
among other strangers that come, there was Mr. Hempson and his wife, a
pretty woman, and speaks Latin; Mr. Allen and two daughters of his, both
very tall and the youngest very handsome, so much as I could not forbear
to love her exceedingly, having, among other things, the best hand that
ever I saw. After dinner, we went to fit books and things (Tom Hater being
this morning come to us) for the sale, by an inch of candle, and very good
sport we and the ladies that stood by had, to see the people bid. Among
other things sold there was all the States arms, which Sir W. Batten
bought; intending to set up some of the images in his garden, and the rest
to burn on the Coronacion night. The sale being done, the ladies and I and
Captain Pett and Mr. Castle took barge and down we went to see the
Sovereign, which we did, taking great pleasure therein, singing all the
way, and, among other pleasures, I put my Lady, Mrs. Turner, Mrs. Hempson,
and the two Mrs. Allens into the lanthorn and I went in and kissed them,
demanding it as a fee due to a principall officer, with all which we were
exceeding merry, and drunk some bottles of wine and neats tongue, &c.
Then back again home and so supped, and after much mirth to bed.

10th. In the morning to see the Dockhouses. First, Mr. Petts, the
builder, and there was very kindly received, and among other things he did
offer my Lady Batten a parrot, the best I ever saw, that knew Mingo so
soon as it saw him, having been bred formerly in the house with them; but
for talking and singing I never heard the like. My Lady did accept of it:
Then to see Commissioner Petts house, he and his family being absent, and
here I wondered how my Lady Batten walked up and down with envious looks
to see how neat and rich everything is (and indeed both the house and
garden is most handsome), saying that she would get it, for it belonged
formerly to the Surveyor of the Navy. Then on board the Prince, now in the
dock, and indeed it has one and no more rich cabins for carved work, but
no gold in her. After that back home, and there eat a little dinner. Then
to Rochester, and there saw the Cathedrall, which is now fitting for use,
and the organ then a-tuning. Then away thence, observing the great doors
of the church, which, they say, was covered with the skins of the Danes,

     [Traditions similar to that at Rochester, here alluded to, are to be
     found in other places in England.  Sir Harry Englefield, in a
     communication made to the Society of Antiquaries, July 2nd, 1789,
     called attention to the curious popular tale preserved in the
     village of Hadstock, Essex, that the door of the church had been
     covered with the skin of a Danish pirate, who had plundered the
     church.  At Worcester, likewise, it was asserted that the north
     doors of the cathedral had been covered with the skin of a person
     who had sacrilegiously robbed the high altar.  The date of these
     doors appears to be the latter part of the fourteenth century, the
     north porch having been built about 1385.  Dart, in his History of
     the Abbey Church of St. Peters, Westminster, 1723 (vol. i., book
     ii., p. 64), relates a like tradition then preserved in reference to
     a door, one of three which closed off a chamber from the south
     transept—namely, a certain building once known as the Chapel of
     Henry VIII., and used as a Revestry.  This chamber, he states, is
     inclosed with three doors, the inner cancellated, the middle, which
     is very thick, lined with skins like parchment, and driven full of
     nails.  These skins, they by tradition tell us, were some skins of
     the Danes, tannd and given here as a memorial of our delivery from
     them.  Portions of this supposed human skin were examined under the
     microscope by the late Mr. John Quekett of the Hunterian Museum, who
     ascertained, beyond question, that in each of the cases the skin was
     human.  From a communication by the late Mr. Albert Way, F.S.A., to
     the late Lord Braybrooke.]

and also had much mirth at a tomb, on which was Come sweet Jesu, and I
read Come sweet Mall, &c., at which Captain Pett and I had good
laughter. So to the Salutacion tavern, where Mr. Alcock and many of the
town came and entertained us with wine and oysters and other things, and
hither come Sir John Minnes to us, who is come to-day to see the Henery,
in which he intends to ride as Vice-Admiral in the narrow seas all this
summer. Here much mirth, but I was a little troubled to stay too long,
because of going to Hempsons, which afterwards we did, and found it in
all things a most pretty house, and rarely furnished, only it had a most
ill access on all sides to it, which is a greatest fault that I think can
be in a house. Here we had, for my sake, two fiddles, the one a base
viall, on which he that played, played well some lyra lessons, but both
together made the worst musique that ever I heard. We had a fine
collacion, but I took little pleasure in that, for the illness of the
musique and for the intentness of my mind upon Mrs. Rebecca Allen. After
we had done eating, the ladies went to dance, and among the men we had, I
was forced to dance too; and did make an ugly shift. Mrs. R. Allen danced
very well, and seems the best humoured woman that ever I saw. About 9
oclock Sir William and my Lady went home, and we continued dancing an
hour or two, and so broke up very pleasant and merry, and so walked home,
I leading Mrs. Rebecca, who seemed, I know not why, in that and other
things, to be desirous of my favours and would in all things show me
respects. Going home, she would needs have me sing, and I did pretty well
and was highly esteemed by them. So to Captain Allens (where we were last
night, and heard him play on the harpsicon, and I find him to be a perfect
good musician), and there, having no mind to leave Mrs. Rebecca, what with
talk and singing (her father and I), Mrs. Turner and I staid there till 2
oclock in the morning and was most exceeding merry, and I had the
opportunity of kissing Mrs. Rebecca very often. Among other things Captain
Pett was saying that he thought that he had got his wife with child since
I came thither. Which I took hold of and was merrily asking him what he
would take to have it said for my honour that it was of my getting? He
merrily answered that he would if I would promise to be godfather to it if
it did come within the time just, and I said that I would. So that I must
remember to compute it when the time comes.

11th. At 2 oclock, with very great mirth, we went to our lodging and to
bed, and lay till 7, and then called up by Sir W. Batten, so I arose and
we did some business, and then came Captn. Allen, and he and I withdrew
and sang a song or two, and among others took pleasure in Goe and bee
hanged, thats good-bye. The young ladies come too, and so I did again
please myself with Mrs. Rebecca, and about 9 oclock, after we had
breakfasted, we sett forth for London, and indeed I was a little troubled
to part with Mrs. Rebecca, for which God forgive me. Thus we went away
through Rochester, calling and taking leave of Mr. Alcock at the door,
Capt. Cuttance going with us. We baited at Dartford, and thence to London,
but of all the journeys that ever I made this was the merriest, and I was
in a strange mood for mirth.

Among other things, I got my Lady to let her maid, Mrs. Anne, to ride all
the way on horseback, and she rides exceeding well; and so I called her my
clerk, that she went to wait upon me. I met two little schoolboys going
with pitchers of ale to their schoolmaster to break up against Easter, and
I did drink of some of one of them and give him two pence. By and by we
come to two little girls keeping cows, and I saw one of them very pretty,
so I had a mind to make her ask my blessing, and telling her that I was
her godfather, she asked me innocently whether I was not Ned Wooding, and
I said that I was, so she kneeled down and very simply called, Pray,
godfather, pray to God to bless me, which made us very merry, and I gave
her twopence. In several places, I asked women whether they would sell me
their children, but they denied me all, but said they would give me one to
keep for them, if I would. Mrs. Anne and I rode under the man that hangs
upon Shooters Hill,

     [Shooters Hill, Kent, between the eighth and ninth milestones on
     the Dover road.  It was long a notorious haunt of highwaymen.  The
     custom was to leave the bodies of criminals hanging until the bones
     fell to the ground.]

and a filthy sight it was to see how his flesh is shrunk to his bones. So
home and I found all well, and a deal of work done since I went. I sent to
see how my wife do, who is well, and my brother John come from Cambridge.
To Sir W. Battens and there supped, and very merry with the young ladles.
So to bed very sleepy for last nights work, concluding that it is the
pleasantest journey in all respects that ever I had in my life.

12th. Up among my workmen, and about 7 oclock comes my wife to see me and
my brother John with her, who I am glad to see, but I sent them away
because of going to the office, and there dined with Sir W. Batten, all
fish dinner, it being Good Friday. Then home and looking over my workmen,
and then into the City and saw in what forwardness all things are for the
Coronacion, which will be very magnificent. Then back again home and to my
chamber, to set down in my diary all my late journey, which I do with
great pleasure; and while I am now writing comes one with a tickett to
invite me to Captain Robert Blakes buriall, for whose death I am very
sorry, and do much wonder at it, he being a little while since a very
likely man to live as any I knew. Since my going out of town, there is one
Alexander Rosse taken and sent to the Counter by Sir Thomas Allen, for
counterfeiting my hand to a ticket, and we this day at the office have
given order to Mr. Smith to prosecute him. To bed.

13th. To Whitehall by water from Towre-wharf, where we could not pass the
ordinary way, because they were mending of the great stone steps against
the Coronacion. With Sir W. Pen, then to my Lords, and thence with Capt.
Cuttance and Capt. Clark to drink our morning draught together, and before
we could get back again my Lord was gone out. So to Whitehall again and,
met with my Lord above with the Duke; and after a little talk with him, I
went to the Banquethouse, and there saw the King heal, the first time that
ever I saw him do it; which he did with great gravity, and it seemed to me
to be an ugly office and a simple one. That done to my Lords and dined
there, and so by water with parson Turner towards London, and upon my
telling of him of Mr. Moore to be a fit man to do his business with Bishop
Wren, about which he was going, he went back out of my boat into another
to Whitehall, and so I forwards home and there by and by took coach with
Sir W. Pen and Captain Terne and went to the buriall of Captain Robert
Blake, at Wapping, and there had each of us a ring, but it being dirty, we
would not go to church with them, but with our coach we returned home, and
there staid a little, and then he and I alone to the Dolphin (Sir W.
Batten being this day gone with his wife to Walthamstow to keep Easter),
and there had a supper by ourselves, we both being very hungry, and
staying there late drinking I became very sleepy, and so we went home and
I to bed.

14th (Easter. Lords day). In the morning towards my fathers, and by the
way heard Mr. Jacomb, at Ludgate, upon these words, Christ loved you and
therefore let us love one another, and made a lazy sermon, like a
Presbyterian. Then to my fathers and dined there, and Dr. Fairbrother
(lately come to town) with us. After dinner I went to the Temple and there
heard Dr. Griffith, a good sermon for the day; so with Mr. Moore (whom I
met there) to my Lords, and there he shewed me a copy of my Lord
Chancellors patent for Earl, and I read the preamble, which is very
short, modest, and good. Here my Lord saw us and spoke to me about getting
Mr. Moore to come and govern his house while he goes to sea, which I
promised him to do and did afterwards speak to Mr. Moore, and he is
willing. Then hearing that Mr. Barnwell was come, with some of my Lords
little children, yesterday to town, to see the Coronacion, I went and
found them at the Goat, at Charing Cross, and there I went and drank with
them a good while, whom I found in very good health and very merry Then to
my fathers, and after supper seemed willing to go home, and my wife
seeming to be so too I went away in a discontent, but she, poor wretch,
followed me as far in the rain and dark as Fleet Bridge to fetch me back
again, and so I did, and lay with her to-night, which I have not done
these eight or ten days before.

15th. From my fathers, it being a very foul morning for the King and
Lords to go to Windsor, I went to the office and there met Mr. Coventry
and Sir Robt. Slingsby, but did no business, but only appoint to go to
Deptford together tomorrow. Mr. Coventry being gone, and I having at home
laid up L200 which I had brought this morning home from Alderman
Backwells, I went home by coach with Sir R. Slingsby and dined with him,
and had a very good dinner. His lady seems a good woman and very desirous
they were to hear this noon by the post how the election has gone at
Newcastle, wherein he is concerned, but the letters are not come yet. To
my uncle Wights, and after a little stay with them he and I to Mr.
Rawlinsons, and there staid all the afternoon, it being very foul, and
had a little talk with him what good I might make of these ships that go
to Portugal by venturing some money by them, and he will give me an answer
to it shortly. So home and sent for the Barber, and after that to bed.

16th. So soon as word was brought me that Mr. Coventry was come with the
barge to the Towre, I went to him, and found him reading of the Psalms in
short hand (which he is now busy about), and had good sport about the long
marks that are made there for sentences in divinity, which he is never
like to make use of. Here he and I sat till the Comptroller came and then
we put off for Deptford, where we went on board the Kings pleasure boat
that Commissioner Pett is making, and indeed it will be a most pretty
thing. From thence to Commr. Petts lodging, and there had a good
breakfast, and in came the two Sir Wms. from Walthamstow, and so we sat
down and did a great deal of public business about the fitting of the
fleet that is now going out. That done we went to the Globe and there had
a good dinner, and by and by took barge again and so home. By the way they
would have me sing, which I did to Mr. Coventry, who went up to Sir
William Battens, and there we staid and talked a good while, and then
broke up and I home, and then to my fathers and there lay with my wife.

17th. By land and saw the arches, which are now almost done and are very
fine, and I saw the picture of the ships and other things this morning,
set up before the East Indy House, which are well done. So to the office,
and that being done I went to dinner with Sir W. Batten, and then home to
my workmen, and saw them go on with great content to me. Then comes Mr.
Allen of Chatham, and I took him to the Mitre and there did drink with
him, and did get of him the song that pleased me so well there the other
day, Of Shitten come Shites the beginning of love. His daughters are to
come to town to-morrow, but I know not whether I shall see them or no.
That done I went to the Dolphin by appointment and there I met Sir Wms.
both and Mr. Castle, and did eat a barrel of oysters and two lobsters,
which I did give them, and were very merry. Here we had great talk of Mr.
Warrens being knighted by the King, and Sir W. B. seemed to be very much
incensed against him. So home.

18th. Up with my workmen and then about 9 oclock took horse with both the
Sir Williams for Walthamstow, and there we found my Lady and her daughters
all; and a pleasant day it was, and all things else, but that my Lady was
in a bad mood, which we were troubled at, and had she been noble she would
not have been so with her servants, when we came thither, and this Sir W.
Pen took notice of, as well as I. After dinner we all went to the Church
stile, and there eat and drank, and I was as merry as I could counterfeit
myself to be. Then, it raining hard, we left Sir W. Batten, and we two
returned and called at Mr.——and drank some brave wine there,
and then homewards again and in our way met with two country fellows upon
one horse, which I did, without much ado, give the way to, but Sir W. Pen
would not, but struck them and they him, and so passed away, but they
giving him some high words, he went back again and struck them off their
horse, in a simple fury, and without much honour, in my mind, and so came
away. Home, and I sat with him a good while talking, and then home and to
bed.

19th. Among my workmen and then to the office, and after that dined with
Sir W. Batten, and then home, where Sir W. Warren came, and I took him and
Mr. Shepley and Moore with me to the Mitre, and there I cleared with
Warren for the deals I bought lately for my Lord of him, and he went away,
and we staid afterwards a good while and talked, and so parted, it being
so foul that I could not go to Whitehall to see the Knights of the Bath
made to-day, which do trouble me mightily. So home, and having staid
awhile till Will came in (with whom I was vexed for staying abroad), he
comes and then I went by water to my fathers, and then after supper to
bed with my wife.

20th. Here comes my boy to tell me that the Duke of York had sent for all
the principal officers, &c., to come to him to-day. So I went by water
to Mr. Coventrys, and there staid and talked a good while with him till
all the rest come. We went up and saw the Duke dress himself, and in his
night habitt he is a very plain man. Then he sent us to his closett, where
we saw among other things two very fine chests, covered with gold and
Indian varnish, given him by the East Indy Company of Holland. The Duke
comes; and after he had told us that the fleet was designed for Algier
(which was kept from us till now), we did advise about many things as to
the fitting of the fleet, and so went away. And from thence to the Privy
Seal, where little to do, and after that took Mr. Creed and Moore and gave
them their morning draught, and after that to my Lords, where Sir W. Pen
came to me, and dined with my Lord. After dinner he and others that dined
there went away, and then my Lord looked upon his pages and footmens
liverys, which are come home to-day, and will be handsome, though not
gaudy. Then with my Lady and my Lady Wright to White Hall; and in the
Banqueting-house saw the King create my Lord Chancellor and several
others, Earls, and Mr. Crew and several others, Barons: the first being
led up by Heralds and five old Earls to the King, and there the patent is
read, and the King puts on his vest, and sword, and coronet, and gives him
the patent. And then he kisseth the Kings hand, and rises and stands
covered before the king. And the same for the Barons, only he is led up
but by three of the old Barons, and are girt with swords before they go to
the King. That being done (which was very pleasant to see their habits), I
carried my Lady back, and I found my Lord angry, for that his page had let
my Lords new beaver be changed for an old hat; then I went away, and with
Mr. Creed to the Exchange and bought some things, as gloves and
bandstrings, &c. So back to the Cockpitt, and there, by the favour of
one Mr. Bowman, he and I got in, and there saw the King and Duke of York
and his Duchess (which is a plain woman, and like her mother, my Lady
Chancellor). And so saw The Humersome Lieutenant acted before the King,
but not very well done.

But my pleasure was great to see the manner of it, and so many great
beauties, but above all Mrs. Palmer, with whom the King do discover a
great deal of familiarity. So Mr. Creed and I (the play being done) went
to Mrs. Harpers, and there sat and drank, it being about twelve at night.
The ways being now so dirty, and stopped up with the rayles which are this
day set up in the streets, I would not go home, but went with him to his
lodging at Mr. Wares, and there lay all night.

21st (Lords day). In the morning we were troubled to hear it rain as it
did, because of the great show tomorrow. After I was ready I walked to my
fathers and there found the late maid to be gone and another come by my
mothers choice, which my father do not like, and so great difference
there will be between my father and mother about it. Here dined Doctor
Thos. Pepys and Dr. Fayrebrother; and all our talk about to-morrows show,
and our trouble that it is like to be a wet day. After dinner comes in my
coz. Snow and his wife, and I think stay there till the show be over. Then
I went home, and all the way is so thronged with people to see the
triumphal arches, that I could hardly pass for them. So home, people being
at church, and I got home unseen, and so up to my chamber and saw done
these last five or six days diarys. My mind a little troubled about my
workmen, which, being foreigners,—[Foreigners were workmen dwelling
outside the city.]—are like to be troubled by a couple of lazy
rogues that worked with me the other day, that are citizens, and so my
work will be hindered, but I must prevent it if I can.

22d. KINGS GOING FROM YE TOWER TO WHITE HALL.

     [The king in the early morning of the 22nd went from Whitehall to
     the Tower by water, so that he might proceed from thence through the
     City to Westminster Abbey, there to be crowned.]

Up early and made myself as fine as I could, and put on my velvet coat,
the first day that I put it on, though made half a year ago. And being
ready, Sir W. Batten, my Lady, and his two daughters and his son and wife,
and Sir W. Pen and his son and I, went to Mr. Youngs, the flag-maker, in
Corne-hill;

     [The members of the Navy Office appear to have chosen Mr. Youngs
     house on account of its nearness to the second triumphal arch,
     situated near the Royal Exchange, which was dedicated to the Navy.]

and there we had a good room to ourselves, with wine and good cake, and
saw the show very well. In which it is impossible to relate the glory of
this day, expressed in the clothes of them that rid, and their horses and
horses clothes, among others, my Lord Sandwichs. Embroidery and diamonds
were ordinary among them. The Knights of the Bath was a brave sight of
itself; and their Esquires, among which Mr. Armiger was an Esquire to one
of the Knights. Remarquable were the two men that represent the two Dukes
of Normandy and Aquitane. The Bishops come next after Barons, which is the
higher place; which makes me think that the next Parliament they will be
called to the House of Lords. My Lord Monk rode bare after the King, and
led in his hand a spare horse, as being Master of the Horse. The King, in
a most rich embroidered suit and cloak, looked most noble. Wadlow,

     [Simon Wadlow was the original of old Sir Simon the king, the
     favourite air of Squire Western in Tom Jones.

              Hang up all the poor hop-drinkers,
               Cries old Sim, the king of skinkers.

     Ben Jonson, Verses over the door into the Apollo.]

the vintner, at the Devil; in Fleetstreet, did lead a fine company of
soldiers, all young comely men, in white doublets. There followed the
Vice-Chamberlain, Sir G. Carteret, a company of men all like Turks; but I
know not yet what they are for. The streets all gravelled, and the houses
hung with carpets before them, made brave show, and the ladies out of the
windows, one of which over against us I took much notice of, and spoke of
her, which made good sport among us. So glorious was the show with gold
and silver, that we were not able to look at it, our eyes at last being so
much overcome with it. Both the King and the Duke of York took notice of
us, as he saw us at the window. The show being ended, Mr. Young did give
us a dinner, at which we were very merry, and pleased above imagination at
what we have seen. Sir W. Batten going home, he and I called and drunk
some mum

     [Mum.  Ale brewed with wheat at Brunswick.

              Sedulous and stout
               With bowls of fattening mum.

     J. Phillips, Cyder, Vol. ii.  p. 231.]

and laid our wager about my Lady Faulconbridges name,

     [Mary, third daughter of Oliver Cromwell, and second wife of Thomas
     Bellasis, second Viscount Fauconberg, created Earl of Fauconberg,
     April 9th, 1689.]

which he says not to be Mary, and so I won above 20s. So home, where Will
and the boy staid and saw the show upon Towre Hill, and Jane at T.
Pepyss, The. Turner, and my wife at Charles Glassecockes, in Fleet
Street. In the evening by water to White Hall to my Lords, and there I
spoke with my Lord. He talked with me about his suit, which was made in
France, and cost him L200, and very rich it is with embroidery. I lay with
Mr. Shepley, and

                             CORONACION DAY.

23d. About 4 I rose and got to the Abbey, where I followed Sir J. Denham,
the Surveyor, with some company that he was leading in. And with much ado,
by the favour of Mr. Cooper, his man, did get up into a great scaffold
across the North end of the Abbey, where with a great deal of patience I
sat from past 4 till 11 before the King came in. And a great pleasure it
was to see the Abbey raised in the middle, all covered with red, and a
throne (that is a chair) and footstool on the top of it; and all the
officers of all kinds, so much as the very fidlers, in red vests. At last
comes in the Dean and Prebends of Westminster, with the Bishops (many of
them in cloth of gold copes), and after them the Nobility, all in their
Parliament robes, which was a most magnificent sight. Then the Duke, and
the King with a scepter (carried by my Lord Sandwich) and sword and mond

     [Mond or orb of gold, with a cross set with precious stones, carried
     by the Duke of Buckingham.]

before him, and the crown too. The King in his robes, bare-headed, which
was very fine. And after all had placed themselves, there was a sermon and
the service; and then in the Quire at the high altar, the King passed
through all the ceremonies of the Coronacon, which to my great grief I and
most in the Abbey could not see. The crown being put upon his head, a
great shout begun, and he came forth to the throne, and there passed more
ceremonies: as taking the oath, and having things read to him by the
Bishop; and his lords (who put on their caps as soon as the King put on
his crown)

     [As yet barons had no coronet.  A grant of that outward mark of
     dignity was made to them by Charles soon after his coronation.
     Queen Elizabeth had assigned coronets to viscounts.—B.]

and bishops come, and kneeled before him. And three times the King at Arms
went to the three open places on the scaffold, and proclaimed, that if any
one could show any reason why Charles Stewart should not be King of
England, that now he should come and speak. And a Generall Pardon also was
read by the Lord Chancellor, and meddalls flung up and down by my Lord
Cornwallis, of silver, but I could not come by any. But so great a noise
that I could make but little of the musique; and indeed, it was lost to
every body. But I had so great a lust to…. that I went out a little
while before the King had done all his ceremonies, and went round the
Abbey to Westminster Hall, all the way within rayles, and 10,000 people,
with the ground covered with blue cloth; and scaffolds all the way. Into
the Hall I got, where it was very fine with hangings and scaffolds one
upon another full of brave ladies; and my wife in one little one, on the
right hand. Here I staid walking up and down, and at last upon one of the
side stalls I stood and saw the King come in with all the persons (but the
soldiers) that were yesterday in the cavalcade; and a most pleasant sight
it was to see them in their several robes. And the King came in with his
crown on, and his sceptre in his hand, under a canopy borne up by six
silver staves, carried by Barons of the Cinque Ports,

     [Pepys was himself one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports at the
     Coronation of James II.]

and little bells at every end. And after a long time, he got up to the
farther end, and all set themselves down at their several tables; and that
was also a brave sight: and the Kings first course carried up by the
Knights of the Bath. And many fine ceremonies there was of the Heralds
leading up people before him, and bowing; and my Lord of Albemarles going
to the kitchin and eat a bit of the first dish that was to go to the
Kings table. But, above all, was these three Lords, Northumberland, and
Suffolk, and the Duke of Ormond, coming before the courses on horseback,
and staying so all dinner-time, and at last to bring up [Dymock] the
Kings Champion, all in armour on horseback, with his spear and targett
carried before him. And a Herald proclaims That if any dare deny Charles
Stewart to be lawful King of England, here was a Champion that would fight
with him;

     [The terms of the Champions challenge were as follows: If any
     person of what degree soever, high or low, shall deny or gainsay our
     Soveraigne Lord King Charles the Second, King of England, Scotland,
     France and Ireland, defender of the faith, Sonne and next heire to
     our Soveraigne Lord Charles the First, the last King deceased, to be
     right heire to the Imperiall Crowne of this Realme of England, or
     that bee ought not to enjoy the same; here is his champion, who
     sayth that he lyeth and is a false Traytor, being ready in person to
     combate with him, and in this quarrell will venture his life against
     him, on what day soever hee shall be appointed.]

and with these words, the Champion flings down his gauntlet, and all this
he do three times in his going up towards the Kings table. At last when
he is come, the King drinks to him, and then sends him the cup which is of
gold, and he drinks it off, and then rides back again with the cup in his
hand. I went from table to table to see the Bishops and all others at
their dinner, and was infinitely pleased with it. And at the Lords table,
I met with William Howe, and he spoke to my Lord for me, and he did give
me four rabbits and a pullet, and so I got it and Mr. Creed and I got Mr.
Michell to give us some bread, and so we at a stall eat it, as every body
else did what they could get. I took a great deal of pleasure to go up and
down, and look upon the ladies, and to hear the musique of all sorts, but
above all, the 24 violins: About six at night they had dined, and I went
up to my wife, and there met with a pretty lady (Mrs. Frankleyn, a
Doctors wife, a friend of Mr. Bowyers), and kissed them both, and by and
by took them down to Mr. Bowyers. And strange it is to think, that these
two days have held up fair till now that all is done, and the King gone
out of the Hall; and then it fell a-raining and thundering and lightening
as I have not seen it do for some years: which people did take great
notice of; Gods blessing of the work of these two days, which is a
foolery to take too much notice of such things. I observed little disorder
in all this, but only the Kings footmen had got hold of the canopy, and
would keep it from the Barons of the Cinque Ports,

     [Bishop Kennett gives a somewhat fuller account of this unseemly
     broil: No sooner had the aforesaid Barons brought up the King to
     the foot of the stairs in Westminster Hall, ascending to his throne,
     and turned on the left hand (towards their own table) out of the
     way, but the Kings footmen most insolently and violently seized
     upon the canopy, which the Barons endeavouring to keep and defend,
     were by their number and strength dragged clown to the lower end of
     the Hall, nevertheless still keeping their hold; and had not Mr.
     Owen York Herald, being accidentally near the Hall door, and seeing
     the contest, caused the same to be shut, the footmen had certainly
     carried it away by force.  But in the interim also (speedy notice
     hereof having been given the King) one of the Querries were sent
     from him, with command to imprison the footmen, and dismiss them out
     of his service, which put an end to the present disturbance.  These
     footmen were also commanded to make their submission to the Court of
     Claims, which was accordingly done by them the 30th April following,
     and the canopy then delivered back to the said Barons.  Whilst this
     disturbance happened, the upper end of the first table, which had
     been appointed for the Barons of the Cinque Ports, was taken up by
     the Bishops, judges, &c., probably nothing loth to take precedence
     of them; and the poor Barons, naturally unwilling to lose their
     dinner, were necessitated to eat it at the bottom of the second
     table, below the Masters of Chancery and others of the long
     robe.-B.]

which they endeavoured to force from them again, but could not do it till
my Lord Duke of Albemarle caused it to be put into Sir R. Pyes hand till
tomorrow to be decided. At Mr. Bowyers; a great deal of company, some I
knew, others I did not. Here we staid upon the leads and below till it was
late, expecting to see the fire-works, but they were not performed
to-night: only the City had a light like a glory round about it with
bonfires. At last I went to Kingstreet, and there sent Crockford to my
fathers and my house, to tell them I could not come home tonight, because
of the dirt, and a coach could not be had. And so after drinking a pot of
ale alone at Mrs. Harpers I returned to Mr. Bowyers, and after a little
stay more I took my wife and Mrs. Frankleyn (who I proffered the civility
of lying with my wife at Mrs. Hunts to-night) to Axe-yard, in which at
the further end there were three great bonfires, and a great many great
gallants, men and women; and they laid hold of us, and would have us drink
the Kings health upon our knees, kneeling upon a faggot, which we all
did, they drinking to us one after another. Which we thought a strange
frolique; but these gallants continued thus a great while, and I wondered
to see how the ladies did tipple. At last I sent my wife and her bedfellow
to bed, and Mr. Hunt and I went in with Mr. Thornbury (who did give the
company all their wine, he being yeoman of the wine-cellar to the King) to
his house; and there, with his wife and two of his sisters, and some
gallant sparks that were there, we drank the Kings health, and nothing
else, till one of the gentlemen fell down stark drunk, and there lay
spewing; and I went to my Lords pretty well. But no sooner a-bed with Mr.
Shepley but my head began to hum, and I to vomit, and if ever I was foxed
it was now, which I cannot say yet, because I fell asleep and slept till
morning. Only when I waked I found myself wet with my spewing. Thus did
the day end with joy every where; and blessed be God, I have not heard of
any mischance to any body through it all, but only to Serjt. Glynne, whose
horse fell upon him yesterday, and is like to kill him, which people do
please themselves to see how just God is to punish the rogue at such a
time as this; he being now one of the Kings Serjeants, and rode in the
cavalcade with Maynard, to whom people wish the same fortune. There was
also this night in King-street, [a woman] had her eye put out by a boys
flinging a firebrand into the coach. Now, after all this, I can say that,
besides the pleasure of the sight of these glorious things, I may now shut
my eyes against any other objects, nor for the future trouble myself to
see things of state and show, as being sure never to see the like again in
this world.

24th. Waked in the morning with my head in a sad taking through the last
nights drink, which I am very sorry for; so rose and went out with Mr.
Creed to drink our morning draft, which he did give me in chocolate

     [Chocolate was introduced into England about the year 1652.  In the
     Publick Advertiser of Tuesday, June 16-22, 1657, we find the
     following; In Bishopsgate Street in Queens Head Alley, at a
     Frenchmans house, is an excellent West India drink called
     chocolate, to be sold, where you may have it ready at any time, and
     also unmade at reasonable rates.—M. B.]

to settle my stomach. And after that I to my wife, who lay with Mrs.
Frankelyn at the next door to Mrs. Hunts, and they were ready, and so I
took them up in a coach, and carried the ladies to Pauls, and there set
her down, and so my wife and I home, and I to the office. That being done
my wife and I went to dinner to Sir W. Batten, and all our talk about the
happy conclusion of these last solemnities. After dinner home, and advised
with my wife about ordering things in my house, and then she went away to
my fathers to lie, and I staid with my workmen, who do please me very
well with their work. At night, set myself to write down these three days
diary, and while I am about it, I hear the noise of the chambers,—[A
chamber is a small piece of ordnance.]—and other things of the
fire-works, which are now playing upon the Thames before the King; and I
wish myself with them, being sorry not to see them. So to bed.

25th. All the morning with my workmen with great pleasure to see them near
coming to an end. At noon Mr. Moore and I went to an Ordinary at the
Kings Head in Towre Street, and there had a dirty dinner. Afterwards home
and having done some business with him, in comes Mr. Sheply and Pierce the
surgeon, and they and I to the Mitre and there staid a while and drank,
and so home and after a little rending to bed.

26th. At the office all the morning, and at noon dined by myself at home
on a piece of meat from the cooks, and so at home all the afternoon with
my workmen, and at night to bed, having some thoughts to order my business
so as to go to Portsmouth the next week with Sir Robert Slingsby.

27th. In the morning to my Lords, and there dined with my Lady, and after
dinner with Mr. Creed and Captain Ferrers to the Theatre to see The
Chances, and after that to the Cock alehouse, where we had a harp and
viallin played to us, and so home by coach to Sir W. Battens, who seems
so inquisitive when my house will be made an end of that I am troubled to
go thither. So home with some trouble in my mind about it.

28th (Lords day). In the morning to my fathers, where I dined, and in
the afternoon to their church, where come Mrs. Turner and Mrs. Edward
Pepys, and several other ladies, and so I went out of the pew into
another. And after sermon home with them, and there staid a while and
talked with them and was sent for to my fathers, where my cozen Angier
and his wife, of Cambridge, to whom I went, and was glad to see them, and
sent for wine for them, and they supped with my father. After supper my
father told me of an odd passage the other night in bed between my mother
and him, and she would not let him come to bed to her out of jealousy of
him and an ugly wench that lived there lately, the most ill-favoured slut
that ever I saw in my life, which I was ashamed to hear that my mother
should be become such a fool, and my father bid me to take notice of it to
my mother, and to make peace between him and her. All which do trouble me
very much. So to bed to my wife.

29th. Up and with my father towards my house, and by the way met with
Lieut. Lambert, and with him to the Dolphin in Tower Street and drank our
morning draught, he being much troubled about his being offered a fourth
rate ship to be Lieutenant of her now he has been two years Lieutenant in
a first rate. So to the office, where it is determined that I should go
to-morrow to Portsmouth. So I went out of the office to Whitehall
presently, and there spoke with Sir W. Pen and Sir George Carteret and had
their advice as to my going, and so back again home, where I directed Mr.
Hater what to do in order to our going to-morrow, and so back again by
coach to Whitehall and there eat something in the buttery at my Lords
with John Goods and Ned Osgood. And so home again, and gave order to my
workmen what to do in my absence. At night to Sir W. Battens, and by his
and Sir W. Pens persuasion I sent for my wife from my fathers, who came
to us to Mrs. Turners, where we were all at a collacion to-night till
twelve oclock, there being a gentlewoman there that did play well and
sang well to the Harpsicon, and very merry we were. So home and to bed,
where my wife had not lain a great while.

30th. This morning, after order given to my workmen, my wife and I and Mr.
Creed took coach, and in Fishstreet took up Mr. Hater and his wife, who
through her mask seemed at first to be an old woman, but afterwards I
found her to be a very pretty modest black woman. We got a small bait at
Leatherhead, and so to Godlyman, where we lay all night, and were very
merry, having this day no other extraordinary rencontre, but my hat
falling off my head at Newington into the water, by which it was spoiled,
and I ashamed of it. I am sorry that I am not at London, to be at
Hide-parke to-morrow, among the great gallants and ladies, which will be
very fine.