Samuel Pepys diary November 1660


November 1st. This morning Sir W. Pen and I were mounted early, and had
very merry discourse all the way, he being very good company. We came to
Sir W. Battens, where he lives like a prince, and we were made very
welcome. Among other things he showed us my Ladys closet, where was great
store of rarities; as also a chair, which he calls King Harrys chair,
where he that sits down is catched with two irons, that come round about
him, which makes good sport. Here dined with us two or three more country
gentle men; among the rest Mr. Christmas, my old school-fellow, with whom
I had much talk. He did remember that I was a great Roundhead when I was a
boy, and I was much afraid that he would have remembered the words that I
said the day the King was beheaded (that, were I to preach upon him, my
text should be The memory of the wicked shall rot); but I found
afterwards that he did go away from school before that time.

     [Pepys might well be anxious on this point, for in October of this
     year Phieas Pett, assistant master shipwright at Chatham, was
     dismissed from his post for having when a Child spoken
     disrespectfully of the King.  See ante, August 23rd.]

He did make us good sport in imitating Mr. Case, Ash, and Nye, the
ministers, which he did very well, but a deadly drinker he is, and grown
exceeding fat. From his house to an ale-house near the church, where we
sat and drank and were merry, and so we mounted for London again, Sir W.
Batten with us. We called at Bow and drank there, and took leave of Mr.
Johnson of Blackwall, who dined with us and rode with us thus far. So home
by moonlight, it being about 9 oclock before we got home.

2nd. Office. Then dined at home, and by chance Mr. Holliard

     [Thomas Holliard or Hollier was appointed in 1638 surgeon for scald
     heads at St. Thomass Hospital, and on January 25th, 1643-4, he was
     chosen surgeon in place of Edward Molins.  In 1670 his son of the
     same names was allowed to take his place during his illness.  Ward,
     in his Diary, p.  235, mentions that the porter at St. Thomass
     Hospital told him, in 1661, of Mr. Holyards having cut thirty for
     the stone in one year, who all lived.]

called at dinner time and dined with me, with whom I had great discourse
concerning the cure of the Kings evil, which he do deny altogether any
effect at all. In the afternoon I went forth and saw some silver bosses
put upon my new Bible, which cost me 6s. 6d. the making, and 7s. 6d. the
silver, which, with 9s. 6d. the book, comes in all to L1 3s. 6d. From
thence with Mr. Cooke that made them, and Mr. Stephens the silversmith to
the tavern, and did give them a pint of wine. So to White Hall, where when
I came I saw the boats going very thick to Lambeth, and all the stairs to
be full of people. I was told the Queen was a-coming;

     [Nov. 2.  The Queen-mother and the Princess Henrietta came into
     London, the Queen having left this land nineteen years ago.  Her
     coming was very private, Lambeth-way, where the King, Queen, and the
     Duke of York, and the rest, took water, crossed the Thames, and all
     safely arrived at Whitehall.—Rugges Diurnal.]

so I got a sculler for sixpence to carry me thither and back again, but I
could not get to see the Queen; so come back, and to my Lords, where he
was come; and I supt with him, he being very merry, telling merry stories
of the country mayors, how they entertained the King all the way as he
come along; and how the country gentlewomen did hold up their heads to be
kissed by the King, not taking his hand to kiss as they should do. I took
leave of my Lord and Lady, and so took coach at White Hall and carried Mr.
Childe as far as the Strand, and myself got as far as Ludgate by all the
bonfires, but with a great deal of trouble; and there the coachman desired
that I would release him, for he durst not go further for the fires. So he
would have had a shilling or 6d. for bringing of me so far; but I had but
3d. about me and did give him it. In Pauls church-yard I called at
Kirtons, and there they had got a mass book for me, which I bought and
cost me twelve shillings; and, when I came home, sat up late and read in
it with great pleasure to my wife, to hear that she was long ago so well
acquainted with. So to bed. I observed this night very few bonfires in the
City, not above three in all London, for the Queens coming; whereby I
guess that (as I believed before) her coming do please but very few.

3d. Saturday. At home all the morning. In the afternoon to White Hall,
where my Lord and Lady were gone to kiss the Queenes hand. To Westminster
Hall, where I met with Tom Doling, and we two took Mrs. Lane to the
alehouse, where I made her angry with commending of Tom Newton and her new
sweetheart to be both too good for her, so that we parted with much anger,
which made Tom and me good sport. So home to write letters by the post,
and so to bed.

4th (Lords day). In the morn to our own church, where Mr. Mills did begin
to nibble at the Common Prayer, by saying Glory be to the Father, &c.
after he had read the two psalms; but the people had been so little used
to it, that they could not tell what to answer. This declaration of the
Kings do give the Presbyterians some satisfaction, and a pretence to read
the Common Prayer, which they would not do before because of their former
preaching against it. After dinner to Westminster, where I went to my
Lords, and having spoke with him, I went to the Abbey, where the first
time that ever I heard the organs in a cathedral! Thence to my Lords,
where I found Mr. Pierce, the surgeon, and with him and Mr. Sheply, in our
way calling at the Bell to see the seven Flanders mares that my Lord has
bought lately, where we drank several bottles of Hull ale. Much company I
found to come to her, and cannot wonder at it, for she is very pretty and
wanton. Hence to my fathers, where I found my mother in greater and
greater pain of the stone. I staid long and drank with them, and so home
and to bed. My wife seemed very pretty to-day, it being the first time I
had given her leave to wear a black patch.

5th (Office day). Being disappointed of money, we failed of going to
Deptford to pay off the Henrietta to-day. Dined at home, and at home all
day, and at the office at night, to make up an account of what the debts
of nineteen of the twenty-five ships that should have been paid off, is
increased since the adjournment of the Parliament, they being to sit again
to-morrow. This 5th of November is observed exceeding well in the City;
and at night great bonfires and fireworks. At night Mr. Moore came and sat
with me, and there I took a book and he did instruct me in many law
notions, in which I took great pleasure. To bed.

6th. In the morning with Sir W. Batten and Pen by water to Westminster,
where at my Lords I met with Mr. Creed. With him to see my Lords picture
(now almost done), and thence to Westminster Hall, where we found the
Parliament met to-day, and thence meeting with Mr. Chetwind, I took them
to the Sun, and did give them a barrel of oysters, and had good discourse;
among other things Mr. Chetwind told me how he did fear that this late
business of the Duke of Yorks would prove fatal to my Lord Chancellor.
From thence Mr. Creed and I to Wilkinsons, and dined together, and in
great haste thence to our office, where we met all, for the sale of two
ships by an inch of candle

     [The old-fashioned custom of sale by auction by inch of candle was
     continued in sales by the Admiralty to a somewhat late date.  See
     September 3rd, 1662.]

(the first time that ever I saw any of this kind), where I observed how
they do invite one another, and at last how they all do cry,—[To cry
was to bid.]—and we have much to do to tell who did cry last. The
ships were the Indian, sold for L1,300, and the Half-moon, sold for L830.
Home, and fell a-reading of the tryalls of the late men that were hanged
for the Kings death, and found good satisfaction in reading thereof. At
night to bed, and my wife and I did fall out about the dogs being put
down into the cellar, which I had a mind to have done because of his
fouling the house, and I would have my will, and so we went to bed and lay
all night in a quarrel. This night I was troubled all night with a dream
that my wife was dead, which made me that I slept ill all night.

7th (Office day). This day my father came to dine at my house, but being
sent for in the morning I could not stay, but went by water to my Lord,
where I dined with him, and he in a very merry humour (present Mr. Borfett
and Childe) at dinner: he, in discourse of the great opinion of the virtue—gratitude
(which he did account the greatest thing in the world to him, and had,
therefore, in his mind been often troubled in the late times how to answer
his gratitude to the King, who raised his father), did say it was that did
bring him to his obedience to the King; and did also bless himself with
his good fortune, in comparison to what it was when I was with him in the
Sound, when he durst not own his correspondence with the King; which is a
thing that I never did hear of to this day before; and I do from this
raise an opinion of him, to be one of the most secret men in the world,
which I was not so convinced of before. After dinner he bid all go out of
the room, and did tell me how the King had promised him L4000 per annum
for ever, and had already given him a bill under his hand (which he showed
me) for L4000 that Mr. Fox is to pay him. My Lord did advise with me how
to get this received, and to put out L3000 into safe hands at use, and the
other he will make use of for his present occasion. This he did advise
with me about with much secresy. After all this he called for the fiddles
and books, and we two and W. Howe, and Mr. Childe, did sing and play some
psalmes of Will. Lawess, and some songs; and so I went away. So I went to
see my Lords picture, which is almost done, and do please me very well.
Hence to Whitehall to find out Mr. Fox, which I did, and did use me very
civilly, but I did not see his lady, whom I had so long known when she was
a maid, Mrs. Whittle. From thence meeting my father Bowyer, I took him to
Mr. Harpers, and there drank with him. Among other things in discourse he
told me how my wifes brother had a horse at grass with him, which I was
troubled to hear, it being his boldness upon my score. Home by coach, and
read late in the last nights book of Trials, and told my wife about her
brothers horse at Mr. Bowyers, who is also much troubled for it, and do
intend to go to-morrow to inquire the truth. Notwithstanding this was the
first day of the Kings proclamation against hackney coaches coming into
the streets to stand to be hired, yet I got one to carry me home.

     [A Proclamation to restrain the abuses of Hackney Coaches in the
     Cities of London and Westminster and the Suburbs thereof.  This is
     printed in Notes and Queries, First Series, vol. viii.  p. 122.
     In April, 1663, the poor widows of hackney-coachmen petitioned for
     some relief, as the parliament had reduced the number of coaches to
     400; there were before, in and about London, more than 2,000.
      —Rugges Diurnal.]

8th. This morning Sir Wm. and the Treasurer and I went by barge with Sir
Wm. Doyley and Mr. Prin to Deptford, to pay off the Henrietta, and had a
good dinner. I went to Mr. Davyss and saw his house (where I was once
before a great while ago) and I found him a very pretty man. In the
afternoon Commissioner Pett and I went on board the yacht, which indeed is
one of the finest things that ever I saw for neatness and room in so small
a vessel. Mr. Pett is to make one to outdo this for the honour of his
country, which I fear he will scarce better. From thence with him as far
as Ratcliffe, where I left him going by water to London, and I (unwilling
to leave the rest of the officers) went back again to Deptford, and being
very much troubled with a sudden looseness, I went into a little alehouse
at the end of Ratcliffe, and did give a groat for a pot of ale, and there
I did… So went forward in my walk with some men that were going that way
a great pace, and in our way we met with many merry seamen that had got
their money paid them to-day. We sat very late doing the work and waiting
for the tide, it being moonshine we got to London before two in the
morning. So home, where I found my wife up, she shewed me her head which
was very well dressed to-day, she having been to see her father and
mother. So to bed.

9th. Lay long in bed this morning though an office day, because of our
going to bed late last night. Before I went to my office Mr. Creed came to
me about business, and also Mr. Carter, my old Cambridge friend, came to
give me a visit, and I did give them a morning draught in my study. So to
the office, and from thence to dinner with Mr. Wivell at the Hoop Tavern,
where we had Mr. Shepley, Talbot, Adams, Mr. Chaplin and Osborne, and our
dinner given us by Mr. Ady and another, Mr. Wine, the Kings fishmonger.
Good sport with Mr. Talbot, who eats no sort of fish, and there was
nothing else till we sent for a neats tongue. From thence to Whitehall
where I found my Lord, who had an organ set up to-day in his dining-room,
but it seems an ugly one in the form of Bridewell. Thence I went to Sir
Harry Wrights, where my Lord was busy at cards, and so I staid below with
Mrs. Carter and Evans (who did give me a lesson upon the lute), till he
came down, and having talked with him at the door about his late business
of money, I went to my fathers and staid late talking with my father
about my sister Palls coming to live with me if she would come and be as
a servant (which my wife did seem to be pretty willing to do to-day), and
he seems to take it very well, and intends to consider of it. Home and to

10th. Up early. Sir Wm. Batten and I to make up an account of the wages of
the officers and mariners at sea, ready to present to the Committee of
Parliament this afternoon. Afterwards came the Treasurer and Comptroller,
and sat all the morning with us till the business was done. So we broke
up, leaving the thing to be wrote over fair and carried to Trinity House
for Sir Wm. Battens hand. When staying very long I found (as appointed)
the Treasurer and Comptroller at Whitehall, and so we went with a foul
copy to the Parliament house, where we met with Sir Thos. Clarges and Mr.
Spry, and after we had given them good satisfaction we parted. The
Comptroller and I to the coffee-house, where he shewed me the state of his
case; how the King did owe him about L6000. But I do not see great
likelihood for them to be paid, since they begin already in Parliament to
dispute the paying of the just sea-debts, which were already promised to
be paid, and will be the undoing of thousands if they be not paid. So to
Whitehall to look but could not find Mr. Fox, and then to Mr. Moore at Mr.
Crews, but missed of him also. So to Pauls Churchyard, and there bought
Montelion, which this year do not prove so good as the last was; so after
reading it I burnt it. After reading of that and the comedy of the Rump,
which is also very silly, I went to bed. This night going home, Will and I
bought a goose.

11th (Lords day). This morning I went to Sir W. Battens about going to
Deptford to-morrow, and so eating some hogs pudding of my Ladys making,
of the hog that I saw a fattening the other day at her house, he and I
went to Church into our new gallery, the first time it was used, and it
not being yet quite finished, there came after us Sir W. Pen, Mr. Davis,
and his eldest son. There being no woman this day, we sat in the foremost
pew, and behind us our servants, and I hope it will not always be so, it
not being handsome for our servants to sit so equal with us. This day also
did Mr. Mills begin to read all the Common Prayer, which I was glad of.
Home to dinner, and then walked to Whitehall, it being very cold and foul
and rainy weather. I found my Lord at home, and after giving him an
account of some business, I returned and went to my fathers where I found
my wife, and there we supped, and Dr. Thomas Pepys, who my wife told me
after I was come home, that he had told my brother Thomas that he loved my
wife so well that if she had a child he would never marry, but leave all
that he had to my child, and after supper we walked home, my little boy
carrying a link, and Will leading my wife. So home and to prayers and to
bed. I should have said that before I got to my Lords this day I went to
Mr. Foxs at Whitehall, when I first saw his lady, formerly Mrs. Elizabeth
Whittle, whom I had formerly a great opinion of, and did make an anagram
or two upon her name when I was a boy. She proves a very fine lady, and
mother to fine children. To-day I agreed with Mr. Fox about my taking of
the; L4000 of him that the King had given my Lord.

12th. Lay long in bed to-day. Sir Wm. Batten went this morning to Deptford
to pay off the Wolf. Mr. Comptroller and I sat a while at the office to do
business, and thence I went with him to his house in Lime Street, a fine
house, and where I never was before, and from thence by coach (setting
down his sister at the new Exchange) to Westminster Hall, where first I
met with Jack Spicer and agreed with him to help me to tell money this
afternoon. Hence to De Cretz, where I saw my Lords picture finished,
which do please me very well. So back to the Hall, where by appointment I
met the Comptroller, and with him and three or four Parliament men I dined
at Heaven, and after dinner called at Wills on Jack Spicer, and took him
to Mr. Foxs, who saved me the labour of telling me the money by giving
me; L3000 by consent (the other L1000 I am to have on Thursday next),
which I carried by coach to the Exchequer, and put it up in a chest in
Spicers office. From thence walked to my fathers, where I found my wife,
who had been with my father to-day, buying of a tablecloth and a dozen of
napkins of diaper the first that ever I bought in my life. My father and I
took occasion to go forth, and went and drank at Mr. Standings, and there
discoursed seriously about my sisters coming to live with me, which I
have much mind for her good to have, and yet I am much afeard of her
ill-nature. Coming home again, he and I, and my wife, my mother and Pall,
went all together into the little room, and there I told her plainly what
my mind was, to have her come not as a sister in any respect, but as a
servant, which she promised me that she would, and with many thanks did
weep for joy, which did give me and my wife some content and satisfaction.
So by coach home and to bed. The last night I should have mentioned how my
wife and I were troubled all night with the sound of drums in our ears,
which in the morning we found to be Mr. Davyss jack,

     [The date of the origin of smoke jacks does not appear to be known,
     but the first patent taken out for an improved smoke-jack by Peter
     Clare is dated December 24th, 1770.  The smoke jack consists of a
     wind-wheel fixed in the chimney, which communicates motion by means
     of an endless band to a pulley, whence the motion is transmitted to
     the spit by gearing.  In the valuable introduction to the volume of
     Abridgments of Specifications relating to Cooking, 1634-1866
      (Patent Office), mention is made of an Italian work by Bartolomeo
     Scappi, published first at Rome in 1572, and afterwards reprinted at
     Venice in 1622, which gives a complete account of the kitchens of
     the time and the utensils used in them.  In the plates several
     roasting-jacks are represented, one worked by smoke or hot air and
     one by a spring.]

but not knowing the cause of its going all night, I understand to-day that
they have had a great feast to-day.

13th. Early going to my Lords I met with Mr. Moore, who was going to my
house, and indeed I found him to be a most careful, painful,—[Painful,
i.e. painstaking or laborious. Latimer speaks of the painful
magistrates.]—and able man in business, and took him by water to
the Wardrobe, and shewed him all the house; and indeed there is a great
deal of room in it, but very ugly till my Lord hath bestowed great cost
upon it. So to the Exchequer, and there took Spicer and his fellow clerks
to the Dog tavern, and did give them a peck of oysters, and so home to
dinner, where I found my wife making of pies and tarts to try, her oven
with, which she has never yet done, but not knowing the nature of it, did
heat it too hot, and so a little overbake her things, but knows how to do
better another time. At home all the afternoon. At night made up my
accounts of my sea expenses in order to my clearing off my imprest bill of
L30 which I had in my hands at the beginning of my voyage; which I intend
to shew to my Lord to-morrow. To bed.

14th (Office day). But this day was the first that we do begin to sit in
the afternoon, and not in the forenoon, and therefore I went into
Cheapside to Mr. Beauchamps, the goldsmith, to look out a piece of plate
to give Mr. Fox from my Lord, for his favour about the L4,000, and did
choose a gilt tankard. So to Pauls Churchyard and bought Cornelianum

     [Cornelianum dolium is a Latin comedy, by T. R., published at
     London in 1638.  Douce attributed it to Thomas Randolph (d. 1635).
     The book has a frontispiece representing the sweating tub which,
     from the name of the patient, was styled Corneliuss tub.  There is
     a description of the play in the European Magazine, vol. xxxvii.
     (1805), p. 343]

So home to dinner, and after that to the office till late at night, and so
Sir W. Pen, the Comptroller, and I to the Dolphin, where we found Sir W.
Batten, who is seldom a night from hence, and there we did drink a great
quantity of sack and did tell many merry stories, and in good humours we
were all. So home and to bed.

15th. To Westminster, and it being very cold upon the water I went all
alone to the Sun and drank a draft of mulled white wine, and so to Mr. de
Cretz, whither I sent for J. Spicer (to appoint him to expect me this
afternoon at the office, with the other L1000 from Whitehall), and here we
staid and did see him give some finishing touches to my Lords picture, so
at last it is complete to my mind, and I leave mine with him to copy out
another for himself, and took the original by a porter with me to my
Lords, where I found my Lord within, and staid hearing him and Mr. Child
playing upon my Lords new organ, the first time I ever heard it. My Lord
did this day show me the Kings picture, which was done in Flanders, that
the King did promise my Lord before he ever saw him, and that we did
expect to have had at sea before the King came to us; but it came but
to-day, and indeed it is the most pleasant and the most like him that ever
I saw picture in my life. As dinner was coming on table, my wife came to
my Lords, and I got her carried in to my Lady, who took physic to-day,
and was just now hiring of a French maid that was with her, and they could
not understand one another till my wife came to interpret. Here I did
leave my wife to dine with my Lord, the first time he ever did take notice
of her as my wife, and did seem to have a just esteem for her. And did
myself walk homewards (hearing that Sir W. Pen was gone before in a coach)
to overtake him and with much ado at last did in Fleet Street, and there I
went in to him, and there was Sir Arnold Brames, and we all three to Sir
W. Battens to dinner, he having a couple of Servants married to-day; and
so there was a great number of merchants, and others of good quality on
purpose after dinner to make an offering, which, when dinner was done, we
did, and I did give ten shillings and no more, though I believe most of
the rest did give more, and did believe that I did so too. From thence to
Whitehall again by water to Mr. Fox and by two porters carried away the
other L1000. He was not within himself, but I had it of his kinsman, and
did give him L4. and other servants something; but whereas I did intend to
have given Mr. Fox himself a piece of plate of L50 I was demanded L100,
for the fee of the office at 6d. a pound, at which I was surprised, but,
however, I did leave it there till I speak with my Lord. So I carried it
to the Exchequer, where at Wills I found Mr. Spicer, and so lodged it at
his office with the rest. From thence after a pot of ale at Wills I took
boat in the dark and went for all that to the old Swan, and so to Sir Wm.
Battens, and leaving some of the gallants at cards I went home, where I
found my wife much satisfied with my Lords discourse and respect to her,
and so after prayers to bed.

16th. Up early to my fathers, where by appointment Mr. Moore came to me,
and he and I to the Temple, and thence to Westminster Hall to speak with
Mr. Wm. Montagu about his looking upon the title of those lands which I do
take as security for L3000 of my Lords money. That being done Mr. Moore
and I parted, and in the Hall I met with Mr. Fontleroy (my old
acquaintance, whom I had not seen a long time), and he and I to the Swan,
and in discourse he seems to be wise and say little, though I know things
are changed against his mind. Thence home by water, where my father, Mr.
Snow, and Mr. Moore did dine with me. After dinner Mr. Snow and I went up
together to discourse about the putting out of L80 to a man who lacks the
money and would give me L15 per annum for 8 years for it, which I did not
think profit enough, and so he seemed to be disappointed by my refusal of
it, but I would not now part with my money easily. He seems to do it as a
great favour to me to offer to come in upon a way of getting of money,
which they call Bottomry,

     [The contract of bottomry is a negotiable instrument, which may be
     put in suit by the person to whom it is transferred; it is in use in
     all countries of maritime commerce and interests.  A contract in the
     nature of a mortgage of a ship, when the owner of it borrows money
     to enable him to carry on the voyage, and pledges the keel or bottom
     of the ship as a security for the repayment.  If the ship be lost
     the lender loses his whole money; but if it returns in safety, then
     he shall receive back his principal, and also the premium stipulated
     to be paid, however it may exceed the usual or legal rate of
     interest.—Smyths Sailors Word Book.]

which I do not yet understand, but do believe there may be something in it
of great profit. After we were parted I went to the office, and there we
sat all the afternoon, and at night we went to a barrel of oysters at Sir
W. Battens, and so home, and I to the setting of my papers in order,
which did keep me up late. So to bed.

17th. In the morning to Whitehall, where I inquired at the Privy Seal
Office for a form for a nobleman to make one his Chaplain. But I
understanding that there is not any, I did draw up one, and so to my
Lords, and there I did give him it to sign for Mr. Turner to be his first
Chaplain. I did likewise get my Lord to sign my last sea accounts, so that
I am even to this day when I have received the balance of Mr. Creed. I
dined with my Lady and my Lady Pickering, where her son John dined with
us, who do continue a fool as he ever was since I knew him. His mother
would fain marry him to get a portion for his sister Betty but he will not
hear of it. Hither came Major Hart this noon, who tells me that the
Regiment is now disbanded, and that there is some money coming to me for
it. I took him to my Lord to Mr. Crews, and from thence with Mr. Shepley
and Mr. Moore to the Devil Tavern, and there we drank. So home and wrote
letters by the post. Then to my lyra viall,

     [The lyre viol is a viol with extra open bass strings, holding the
     same relation to the viol as the theorbo does to the lute.  A volume
     entitled Musicks Recreation on the Lyra Viol, was printed by John
     Playford in 1650.]

and to bed.

18th (Lords day). In the morning to our own church, Where Mr. Powel (a
crook legged man that went formerly with me to Pauls School), preached a
good sermon. In the afternoon to our own church and my wife with me (the
first time that she and my Lady Batten came to sit in our new pew), and
after sermon my Lady took us home and there we supped with her and Sir W.
Batten, and Pen, and were much made of. The first time that ever my wife
was there. So home and to bed.

19th (Office day). After we had done a little at the office this morning,
I went with the Treasurer in his coach to White Hall, and in our way, in
discourse, do find him a very good-natured man; and, talking of those men
who now stand condemned for murdering the King, he says that he believes
that, if the law would give leave, the King is a man of so great
compassion that he would wholly acquit them. Going to my Lords I met with
Mr. Shepley, and so he and I to the Sun, and I did give him a morning
draft of Muscadine.

     [Muscadine or muscadel, a rich sort of wine.  Vinum muscatum quod
     moschi odorem referat.

              Quaffed off the muscadel, and threw the sops
               All in the sextons face.

               Shakespeare, Taming of the Shrew, act iii.  SC. 2.—M. B.]

And so to see my Lords picture at De Cretz, and he says it is very like
him, and I say so too. After that to Westminster Hall, and there hearing
that Sir W. Batten was at the Leg in the Palace, I went thither, and there
dined with him and some of the Trinity House men who had obtained
something to-day at the House of Lords concerning the Ballast Office.
After dinner I went by water to London to the Globe in Cornhill, and there
did choose two pictures to hang up in my house, which my wife did not like
when I came home, and so I sent the picture of Paris back again. To the
office, where we sat all the afternoon till night. So home, and there came
Mr. Beauchamp to me with the gilt tankard, and I did pay him for it L20.
So to my musique and sat up late at it, and so to bed, leaving my wife to
sit up till 2 oclock that she may call the wench up to wash.

20th. About two oclock my wife wakes me, and comes to bed, and so both to
sleep and the wench to wash. I rose and with Will to my Lords by land, it
being a very hard frost, the first we have had this year. There I staid
with my Lord and Mr. Shepley, looking over my Lords accounts and to set
matters straight between him and Shepley, and he did commit the viewing of
these accounts to me, which was a great joy to me to see that my Lord do
look upon me as one to put trust in. Hence to the organ, where Mr. Child
and one Mr Mackworth (who plays finely upon the violin) were playing, and
so we played till dinner and then dined, where my Lord in a very good
humour and kind to me. After dinner to the Temple, where I met Mr. Moore
and discoursed with him about the business of putting out my Lords L3000,
and that done, Mr. Shepley and I to the new Play-house near
Lincolns-Inn-Fields (which was formerly Gibbons tennis-court), where the
play of Beggars Bush was newly begun; and so we went in and saw it, it
was well acted: and here I saw the first time one Moone,

     [Michael Mohun, or Moone, the celebrated actor, who had borne a
     majors commission in the Kings army.  The period of his death is
     uncertain, but he is known to have been dead in 1691.  Downes
     relates that an eminent poet [Lee] seeing him act Mithridates
     vented suddenly this saying: Oh, Mohun, Mohun, thou little man of
     mettle, if I should write a 100, Id write a part for thy mouth.
      —Roscius Anglicanus, p.  17.]

who is said to be the best actor in the world, lately come over with the
King, and indeed it is the finest play-house, I believe, that ever was in
England. From thence, after a pot of ale with Mr. Shepley at a house hard
by, I went by link home, calling a little by the way at my fathers and my
uncle Fenners, where all pretty well, and so home, where I found the
house in a washing pickle, and my wife in a very joyful condition when I
told her that she is to see the Queen next Thursday, which puts me in mind
to say that this morning I found my Lord in bed late, he having been with
the King, Queen, and Princess, at the Cockpit

     [The Cockpit at Whitehall.  The plays at the Cockpit in Drury Lane
     were acted in the afternoon.]

all night, where. General Monk treated them; and after supper a play,
where the King did put a great affront upon Singletons musique, he
bidding them stop and bade the French musique play, which, my Lord says,
do much outdo all ours. But while my Lord was rising, I went to Mr. Foxs,
and there did leave the gilt tankard for Mrs. Fox, and then to the
counting-house to him, who hath invited me and my wife to dine with him on
Thursday next, and so to see the Queen and Princesses.

21st. Lay long in bed. This morning my cozen Thomas Pepys, the turner,
sent me a cupp of lignum vitae

     [A hard, compact, black-green wood, obtained from Guaiacum
     offcinale, from which pestles, ship-blocks, rollers, castors, &c.,
     are turned.]

for a token. This morning my wife and I went to Paternoster Row, and there
we bought some green watered moyre for a morning wastecoate. And after
that we went to Mr. Cades to choose some pictures for our house. After
that my wife went home, and I to Popes Head, and bought me an aggate
hafted knife, which cost me 5s. So home to dinner, and so to the office
all the afternoon, and at night to my viallin (the first time that I have
played on it since I came to this house) in my dining room, and afterwards
to my lute there, and I took much pleasure to have the neighbours come
forth into the yard to hear me. So down to supper, and sent for the
barber, who staid so long with me that he was locked into the house, and
we were fain to call up Griffith, to let him out. So up to bed, leaving my
wife to wash herself, and to do other things against to-morrow to go to

22d. This morning came the carpenters to make me a door at the other side
of my house, going into the entry, which I was much pleased with. At noon
my wife and I walked to the Old Exchange, and there she bought her a white

     [A gorget or neckerchief worn by women at this time.  A womans
     neck whisk is used both plain and laced, and is called of most a
     gorget or falling whisk, because it falleth about the shoulders.
      —Randle Hohnt (quoted by Planche).]

and put it on, and I a pair of gloves, and so we took coach for Whitehall
to Mr. Foxs, where we found Mrs. Fox within, and an alderman of London
paying L1000 or L1500 in gold upon the table for the King, which was the
most gold that ever I saw together in my life. Mr. Fox came in presently
and did receive us with a great deal of respect; and then did take my wife
and I to the Queens presence-chamber; where he got my wife placed behind
the Queens chair, and I got into the crowd, and by and by the Queen and
the two Princesses came to dinner. The Queen a very little plain old
woman, and nothing more in her presence in any respect nor garb than any
ordinary woman. The Princess of Orange I had often seen before. The
Princess Henrietta is very pretty, but much below my expectation; and her
dressing of herself with her hair frized short up to her ears, did make
her seem so much the less to me. But my wife standing near her with two or
three black patches on, and well dressed, did seem to me much handsomer
than she. Dinner being done, we went to Mr. Foxs again, where many
gentlemen dined with us, and most princely dinner, all provided for me and
my friends, but I bringing none but myself and wife, he did call the
company to help to eat up so much good victuals. At the end of dinner, my
Lord Sandwichs health was drunk in the gilt tankard that I did give to
Mrs. Fox the other day. After dinner I had notice given me by Will my man
that my Lord did inquire for me, so I went to find him, and met him and
the Duke of York in a coach going towards Charing Cross. I endeavoured to
follow them but could not, so I returned to Mr. Fox, and after much
kindness and good discourse we parted from thence. I took coach for my
wife and me homewards, and I light at the Maypole in the Strand, and sent
my wife home. I to the new playhouse and saw part of the Traitor, a very
good Tragedy; Mr. Moon did act the Traitor very well. So to my Lords, and
sat there with my Lady a great while talking. Among other things, she took
occasion to inquire (by Madame Durys late discourse with her) how I did
treat my wifes father and mother. At which I did give her a good account,
and she seemed to be very well opinioned of my wife. From thence to White
Hall at about 9 at night, and there, with Laud the page that went with me,
we could not get out of Henry the Eighths gallery into the further part
of the boarded gallery, where my Lord was walking with my Lord Ormond; and
we had a key of Sir S. Morlands, but all would not do; till at last, by
knocking, Mr. Harrison the door-keeper did open us the door, and, after
some talk with my Lord about getting a catch to carry my Lord St. Albans a
goods to France, I parted and went home on foot, it being very late and
dirty, and so weary to bed.

23rd. This morning standing looking upon the workmen doing of my new door
to my house, there comes Captain Straughan the Scot (to whom the King has
given half of the money that the two ships lately sold do bring), and he
would needs take me to the Dolphin, and give me a glass of ale and a peck
of oysters, he and I. He did talk much what he is able to advise the King
for good husbandry in his ships, as by ballasting them with lead ore and
many other tricks, but I do believe that he is a knowing man in
sea-business. Home and dined, and in the afternoon to the office, where
till late, and that being done Mr. Creed did come to speak with me, and I
took him to the Dolphin, where there was Mr. Pierce the purser and his
wife and some friends of theirs. So I did spend a crown upon them behind
the bar, they being akin to the people of the house, and this being the
house where Mr. Pierce was apprentice. After they were gone Mr. Creed and
I spent an hour in looking over the account which he do intend to pass in
our office for his lending moneys, which I did advise about and approve or
disapprove of as I saw cause. After an hour being, serious at this we
parted about 11 oclock at night. So I home and to bed, leaving my wife
and the maid at their linen to get up.

24th. To my Lords, where after I had done talking with him Mr. Townsend,
Rumball, Blackburn, Creed and Shepley and I to the Rhenish winehouse, and
there I did give them two quarts of Wormwood wine,

     [Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) is celebrated for its intensely
     bitter, tonic, and stimulating qualities, which have caused it to be
     used in various medicinal preparations, and also in the making of
     liqueurs, as wormwood wine and creme dabsinthe.]

and so we broke up. So we parted, and I and Mr. Creed to Westminster Hall
and looked over a book or two, and so to my Lords, where I dined with my
lady, there being Mr. Child and Mrs. Borfett, who are never absent at
dinner there, under pretence of a wooing. From thence I to Mr. de Cretz
and did take away my Lords picture, which is now finished for me, and I
paid L3 10s. for it and the frame, and am well pleased with it and the
price. So carried it home by water, Will being with me. At home, and had a
fire made in my closet, and put my papers and books and things in order,
and that being done I fell to entering these two good songs of Mr. Lawes,
Helpe, helpe, O helpe, and O God of Heaven and Hell in my song book,
to which I have got Mr. Child to set the base to the Theorbo, and that
done to bed.

25th (Lords day). In the forenoon I alone to our church, and after dinner
I went and ranged about to many churches, among the rest to the Temple,
where I heard Dr. Wilkins a little (late Maister of Trinity in
Cambridge). That being done to my fathers to see my mother who is
troubled much with the stone, and that being done I went home, where I had
a letter brought me from my Lord to get a ship ready to carry the Queens
things over to France, she being to go within five or six days. So to
supper and to bed.

26th (Office day). To it all the morning, and dined at home where my
father come and dined with me, who seems to take much pleasure to have a
son that is neat in his house. I being now making my new door into the
entry, which he do please himself much with. After dinner to the office
again, and there till night. And that being done the Comptroller and I to
the Mitre to a glass of wine, when we fell into a discourse of poetry, and
he did repeat some verses of his own making which were very good. Home,
there hear that my Lady Batten had given my wife a visit (the first that
ever she made her), which pleased me exceedingly. So after supper to bed.

27th. To Whitehall, where I found my Lord gone abroad to the Wardrobe,
whither he do now go every other morning, and do seem to resolve to
understand and look after the business himself. From thence to Westminster
Hall, and in King Street there being a great stop of coaches, there was a
falling out between a drayman and my Lord Chesterfields coachman, and one
of his footmen killed. At the Hall I met with Mr. Creed, and he and I to
Hell to drink our morning draught, and so to my Lords again, where I
found my wife, and she and I dined with him and my Lady, and great company
of my Lords friends, and my Lord did show us great respect. Soon as
dinner was done my wife took her leave, and went with Mr. Blackburne and
his wife to London to a christening of a Brothers child of his on Tower
Hill, and I to a play, The Scorn-full Lady, and that being done, I went
homewards, and met Mr. Moore, who had been at my house, and took him to my
fathers, and we three to Standings to drink. Here Mr. Moore told me how
the House had this day voted the King to have all the Excise for ever.
This day I do also hear that the Queens going to France is stopt, which
do like, me well, because then the King will be in town the next month,
which is my month again at the Privy Seal. From thence home, where when I
come I do remember that I did leave my boy Waineman at Whitehall with
order to stay there for me in the court, at which I was much troubled, but
about 11 oclock at night the boy came home well, and so we all to bed.

28th. This morning went to Whitehall to my Lords, where Major Hart did
pay me; L23 14s. 9d., due to me upon my pay in my Lords troop at the time
of our disbanding, which is a great blessing to have without taking any
law in the world for. But now I must put an end to any hopes of getting
any more, so that I bless God for this. From thence with Mr. Shepley and
Pinkney to the Sun, and did give them a glass of wine and a peck of
oysters for joy of my getting this money. So home, where I found that Mr.
Creed had sent me the L11 5s. that is due to me upon the remains of
account for my sea business, which is also so much clear money to me, and
my bill of impresse

     [For bill of impress In Italian imprestare means to lend.  In
     the ancient accounts of persons officially employed by the crown,
     money advanced, paid on, account, was described as de prestito, or
     in prestitis.—M. B.]

for L30 is also cleared, so that I am wholly clear as to the sea in all
respects. To the office, and was there till late at night, and among the
officers do hear that they may have our salaries allowed by the Treasurer,
which do make me very glad, and praise God for it. Home to supper, and Mr.
Hater supped with me, whom I did give order to take up my money of the
Treasurer to-morrow if it can be had. So to bed.

29th. In the morning seeing a great deal of foul water come into my
parlour from under the partition between me and Mr. Davis, I did step
thither to him and tell him of it, and he did seem very ready to have it
stopt, and did also tell me how thieves did attempt to rob his house last
night, which do make us all afraid. This noon I being troubled that the
workmen that I have to do my door were called to Mr. Daviss away, I sent
for them, when Mr. Davis sent to inquire a reason of, and I did give him a
good one, that they were come on purpose to do some work with me that they
had already begun, with which he was well pleased, and I glad, being
unwilling to anger them. In the afternoon Sir W. Batten and I met and did
sell the ship Church for L440; and we asked L391, and that being done, I
went home, and Dr. Petty came to me about Mr. Barlows money, and I being
a little troubled to be so importuned before I had received it, and that
they would have it stopt in Mr. Fenns hands, I did force the Doctor to go
fetch the letter of attorney that he had to receive it only to make him
same labour, which he did bring, and Mr. Hales came along with him from
the Treasury with my money for the first quarter (Michaelmas last) that
ever I received for this employment. So I paid the Dr. L25 and had L62
10s. for myself, and L7 10s. to myself also for Wills salary, which I do
intend yet to keep for myself. With this my heart is much rejoiced, and do
bless Almighty God that he is pleased to send so sudden and unexpected
payment of my salary so soon after my great disbursements. So that now I
am worth L200 again. In a great ease of mind and spirit I fell about the
auditing of Mr. Shepleys last accounts with my Lord by my Lords desire,
and about that I sat till 12 oclock at night, till I began to doze, and
so to bed, with my heart praising God for his mercy to us.

30th (Office day). To the office, where Sir G. Carteret did give us an
account how Mr. Holland do intend to prevail with the Parliament to try
his project of discharging the seamen all at present by ticket, and so
promise interest to all men that will lend money upon them at eight per
cent., for so long as they are unpaid; whereby he do think to take away
the growing debt, which do now lie upon the kingdom for lack of present
money to discharge the seamen. But this we are, troubled at as some
diminution to us. I having two barrels of oysters at home, I caused one of
them and some wine to be brought to the inner room in the office, and
there the Principal Officers did go and eat them. So we sat till noon, and
then to dinner, and to it again in the afternoon till night. At home I
sent for Mr. Hater, and broke the other barrel with him, and did
afterwards sit down discoursing of sea terms to learn of him. And he being
gone I went up and sat till twelve at night again to make an end of my
Lords accounts, as I did the last night. Which at last I made a good end
of, and so to bed.