Samuel Pepys diary October 1660

OCTOBER 1660

October 1st. Early to my Lord to Whitehall, and there he did give me some
work to do for him, and so with all haste to the office. Dined at home,
and my father by chance with me. After dinner he and I advised about
hangings for my rooms, which are now almost fit to be hung, the painters
beginning to do their work to-day. After dinner he and I to the Miter,
where with my uncle Wight (whom my father fetched thither), while I drank
a glass of wine privately with Mr. Mansell, a poor Reformado of the
Charles, who came to see me. Here we staid and drank three or four pints
of wine and so parted. I home to look after my workmen, and at night to
bed. The Commissioners are very busy disbanding of the army, which they
say do cause great robbing. My layings out upon my house an furniture are
so great that I fear I shall not be able to go through them without
breaking one of my bags of L100, I having but L200 yet in the world.

2nd. With Sir Wm. Pen by water to Whitehall, being this morning visited
before I went out by my brother Tom, who told me that for his lying out of
doors a day and a night my father had forbade him to come any more into
his house, at which I was troubled, and did soundly chide him for doing
so, and upon confessing his fault I told him I would speak to my father.
At Whitehall I met with Captain Clerk, and took him to the Leg in King
Street, and did give him a dish or two of meat, and his purser that was
with him, for his old kindness to me on board. After dinner I to
Whitehall, where I met with Mrs. Hunt, and was forced to wait upon Mr.
Scawen at a committee to speak for her husband, which I did. After that
met with Luellin, Mr. Fage, and took them both to the Dog, and did give
them a glass of wine. After that at Wills I met with Mr. Spicer, and with
him to the Abbey to see them at vespers. There I found but a thin
congregation already. So I see that religion, be it what it will, is but a
humour,

     [The four humours of the body described by the old physicians were
     supposed to exert their influence upon the mind, and in course of
     time the mind as well as the body was credited with its own
     particular humours.  The modern restricted use of the word humour
     did not become general until the eighteenth century.]

and so the esteem of it passeth as other things do. From thence with him
to see Robin Shaw, who has been a long time ill, and I have not seen him
since I came from sea. He is much changed, but in hopes to be well again.
From thence by coach to my fathers, and discoursed with him about Tom,
and did give my advice to take him home again, which I think he will do in
prudence rather than put him upon learning the way of being worse. So
home, and from home to Major Hart, who is just going out of town
to-morrow, and made much of me, and did give me the oaths of supremacy and
allegiance, that I may be capable of my arrears. So home again, where my
wife tells me what she has bought to-day, namely, a bed and furniture for
her chamber, with which very well pleased I went to bed.

3d. With Sir W. Batten and Pen by water to White Hall, where a meeting of
the Dukes of York and Albemarle, my Lord Sandwich and all the principal
officers, about the Winter Guard, but we determined of nothing. To my
Lords, who sent a great iron chest to White Hall; and I saw it carried,
into the Kings closet, where I saw most incomparable pictures. Among the
rest a book open upon a desk, which I durst have sworn was a reall book,
and back again to my Lord, and dined all alone with him, who do treat me
with a great deal of respect; and after dinner did discourse an hour with
me, and advise about some way to get himself some money to make up for all
his great expenses, saying that he believed that he might have any thing
that he would ask of the King. This day Mr. Sheply and all my Lords goods
came from sea, some of them laid of the Wardrobe and some brought to my
Lords house. From thence to our office, where we met and did business,
and so home and spent the evening looking upon the painters that are at
work in my house. This day I heard the Duke speak of a great design that
he and my Lord of Pembroke have, and a great many others, of sending a
venture to some parts of Africa to dig for gold ore there. They intend to
admit as many as will venture their money, and so make themselves a
company. L250 is the lowest share for every man. But I do not find that my
Lord do much like it. At night Dr. Fairbrother (for so he is lately made
of the Civil Law) brought home my wife by coach, it being rainy weather,
she having been abroad today to buy more furniture for her house.

4th. This morning I was busy looking over papers at the office all alone,
and being visited by Lieut. Lambert of the Charles (to whom I was formerly
much beholden), I took him along with me to a little alehouse hard by our
office, whither my cozen Thomas Pepys the turner had sent for me to show
me two gentlemen that had a great desire to be known to me, one his name
is Pepys, of our family, but one that I never heard of before, and the
other a younger son of Sir Tho. Bendishes, and so we all called cozens.
After sitting awhile and drinking, my two new cozens, myself, and Lieut.
Lambert went by water to Whitehall, and from thence I and Lieut. Lambert
to Westminster Abbey, where we saw Dr. Frewen translated to the
Archbishoprick of York. Here I saw the Bishops of Winchester, Bangor,
Rochester, Bath and Wells, and Salisbury, all in their habits, in King
Henry Sevenths chappell. But, Lord! at their going out, how people did
most of them look upon them as strange creatures, and few with any kind of
love or respect. From thence at 2 to my Lords, where we took Mr. Sheply
and Wm. Howe to the Raindeer, and had some oysters, which were very good,
the first I have eat this year. So back to my Lords to dinner, and after
dinner Lieut. Lambert and I did look upon my Lords model, and he told me
many things in a ship that I desired to understand. From thence by water I
(leaving Lieut. Lambert at Blackfriars) went home, and there by promise
met with Robert Shaw and Jack Spicer, who came to see me, and by the way I
met upon Tower Hill with Mr. Pierce the surgeon and his wife, and took
them home and did give them good wine, ale, and anchovies, and staid them
till night, and so adieu. Then to look upon my painters that are now at
work in my house. At night to bed.

5th. Office day; dined at home, and all the afternoon at home to see my
painters make an end of their work, which they did to-day to my content,
and I am in great joy to see my house likely once again to be clean. At
night to bed.

6th. Col. Slingsby and I at the office getting a catch ready for the
Prince de Ligne to carry his things away to-day, who is now going home
again. About noon comes my cozen H. Alcock, for whom I brought a letter
for my Lord to sign to my Lord Broghill for some preferment in Ireland,
whither he is now a-going. After him comes Mr. Creed, who brought me some
books from Holland with him, well bound and good books, which I thought he
did intend to give me, but I found that I must pay him. He dined with me
at my house, and from thence to Whitehall together, where I was to give my
Lord an account of the stations and victualls of the fleet in order to the
choosing of a fleet fit for him to take to sea, to bring over the Queen,
but my Lord not coming in before 9 at night I staid no longer for him, but
went back again home and so to bed.

7th (Lords day). To White Hall on foot, calling at my fathers to change
my long black cloak for a short one (long cloaks being now quite out); but
he being gone to church, I could not get one, and therefore I proceeded on
and came to my Lord before he went to chapel and so went with him, where I
heard Dr. Spurstow preach before the King a poor dry sermon; but a very
good anthem of Captn. Cookes afterwards. Going out of chapel I met with
Jack Cole, my old friend (whom I had not seen a great while before), and
have promised to renew acquaintance in London together. To my Lords and
dined with him; he all dinner time talking French to me, and telling me
the story how the Duke of York hath got my Lord Chancellors daughter with
child,

     [Anne Hyde, born March 12th, 1637, daughter of Edward, first Earl of
     Clarendon.  She was attached to the court of the Princess of Orange,
     daughter of Charles I., 1654, and contracted to James, Duke of York,
     at Breda, November 24th, 1659.  The marriage was avowed in London
     September 3rd, 1660.  She joined the Church of Rome in 1669, and
     died March 31st, 1671.]

and that she, do lay it to him, and that for certain he did promise her
marriage, and had signed it with his blood, but that he by stealth had got
the paper out of her cabinet. And that the King would have him to marry
her, but that he will not.

     [The Duke of York married Anne Hyde, and he avowed the marriage
     September 3rd, so that Pepys was rather behindhand in his
     information.]

So that the thing is very bad for the Duke, and them all; but my Lord do
make light of it, as a thing that he believes is not a new thing for the
Duke to do abroad. Discoursing concerning what if the Duke should marry
her, my Lord told me that among his fathers many old sayings that he had
wrote in a book of his, this is one—that he that do get a wench with
child and marry her afterwards is as if a man should——in his
hat and then clap it on his head. I perceive my Lord is grown a man very
indifferent in all matters of religion, and so makes nothing of these
things. After dinner to the Abbey, where I heard them read the
church-service, but very ridiculously, that indeed I do not in myself like
it at all. A poor cold sermon of Dr. Lambs, one of the prebends, in his
habit, came afterwards, and so all ended, and by my troth a pitiful sorry
devotion that these men pay. So walked home by land, and before supper I
read part of the Marian persecution in Mr. Fuller. So to supper, prayers,
and to bed.

8th. Office day, and my wife being gone out to buy some household stuff, I
dined all alone, and after dinner to Westminster, in my way meeting Mr.
Moore coming to me, who went back again with me calling at several places
about business, at my fathers about gilded leather for my dining room, at
Mr. Crews about money, at my Lords about the same, but meeting not Mr.
Sheply there I went home by water, and Mr. Moore with me, who staid and
supped with me till almost 9 at night. We love one anothers discourse so
that we cannot part when we do meet. He tells me that the profit of the
Privy Seal is much fallen, for which I am very sorry. He gone and I to
bed.

9th. This morning Sir W. Batten with Colonel Birch to Deptford, to pay off
two ships. Sir W. Pen and I staid to do business, and afterwards together
to White Hall, where I went to my Lord, and found him in bed not well, and
saw in his chamber his picture,—[Lord Sandwichs portrait by Lely,
see post, 22nd of this same month.]—very well done; and am with
child

     [A figurative expression for an eager longing desire, used by Udall
     and by Spenser.  The latest authority given by Dr. Murray in the
     New English Dictionary, is Bailey in 1725.]

till I get it copied out, which I hope to do when he is gone to sea. To
Whitehall again, where at Mr. Coventrys chamber I met with Sir W. Pen
again, and so with him to Redriffe by water, and from thence walked over
the fields to Deptford (the first pleasant walk I have had a great while),
and in our way had a great deal of merry discourse, and find him to be a
merry fellow and pretty good natured, and sings very bawdy songs. So we
came and found our gentlemen and Mr. Prin at the pay. About noon we dined
together, and were very merry at table telling of tales. After dinner to
the pay of another ship till 10 at night, and so home in our barge, a
clear moonshine night, and it was 12 oclock before we got home, where I
found my wife in bed, and part of our chambers hung to-day by the
upholster, but not being well done I was fretted, and so in a discontent
to bed. I found Mr. Prin a good, honest, plain man, but in his discourse
not very free or pleasant. Among all the tales that passed among us
to-day, he told us of one Damford, that, being a black man, did scald his
beard with mince-pie, and it came up again all white in that place, and
continued to his dying day. Sir W. Pen told us a good jest about some
gentlemen blinding of the drawer, and who he catched was to pay the
reckoning, and so they got away, and the master of the house coming up to
see what his man did, his man got hold of him, thinking it to be one of
the gentlemen, and told him that he was to pay the reckoning.

10th. Office day all the morning. In the afternoon with the upholster
seeing him do things to my mind, and to my content he did fit my chamber
and my wifes. At night comes Mr. Moore, and staid late with me to tell me
how Sir Hards. Waller—[Sir Hardress Waller, Knt., one of Charles I.
judges. His sentence was commuted to imprisonment for life.]—(who
only pleads guilty), Scott, Coke, Peters, Harrison,

     [General Thomas Harrison, son of a butcher at Newcastle-under-Lyme,
     appointed by Cromwell to convey Charles I.  from Windsor to
     Whitehall, in order to his trial.  He signed the warrant for the
     execution of the King.  He was hanged, drawn, and quartered on the
     13th.]

&c. were this day arraigned at the bar at the Sessions House, there
being upon the bench the Lord Mayor, General Monk, my Lord of Sandwich,
&c.; such a bench of noblemen as had not been ever seen in England!
They all seem to be dismayed, and will all be condemned without question.
In Sir Orlando Bridgmans charge, he did wholly rip up the unjustness of
the war against the King from the beginning, and so it much reflects upon
all the Long Parliament, though the King had pardoned them, yet they must
hereby confess that the King do look upon them as traitors. To-morrow they
are to plead what they have to say. At night to bed.

11th. In the morning to my Lords, where I met with Mr. Creed, and with
him and Mr. Blackburne to the Rhenish wine house, where we sat drinking of
healths a great while, a thing which Mr. Blackburne formerly would not
upon any terms have done. After we had done there Mr. Creed and I to the
Leg in King Street, to dinner, where he and I and my Will had a good udder
to dinner, and from thence to walk in St. Jamess Park, where we observed
the several engines at work to draw up water, with which sight I was very
much pleased. Above all the rest, I liked best that which Mr. Greatorex
brought, which is one round thing going within all with a pair of stairs
round; round which being laid at an angle of 45 deg., do carry up the
water with a great deal of ease. Here, in the Park, we met with Mr.
Salisbury, who took Mr. Creed and me to the Cockpitt to see The Moore of
Venice, which was well done. Burt acted the Moore; by the same token, a
very pretty lady that sat by me, called out, to see Desdemona smothered.
From thence with Mr. Creed to Hercules Pillars, where we drank and so
parted, and I went home.

12th. Office day all the morning, and from thence with Sir W. Batten and
the rest of the officers to a venison pasty of his at the Dolphin, where
dined withal Col. Washington, Sir Edward Brett, and Major Norwood, very
noble company. After dinner I went home, where I found Mr. Cooke, who told
me that my Lady Sandwich is come to town to-day, whereupon I went to
Westminster to see her, and found her at super, so she made me sit down
all alone with her, and after supper staid and talked with her, she
showing me most extraordinary love and kindness, and do give me good
assurance of my uncles resolution to make me his heir. From thence home
and to bed.

13th. To my Lords in the morning, where I met with Captain Cuttance, but
my Lord not being up I went out to Charing Cross, to see Major-general
Harrison hanged, drawn; and quartered; which was done there, he looking as
cheerful as any man could do in that condition. He was presently cut down,
and his head and heart shown to the people, at which there was great
shouts of joy. It is said, that he said that he was sure to come shortly
at the right hand of Christ to judge them that now had judged him; and
that his wife do expect his coming again. Thus it was my chance to see the
King beheaded at White Hall, and to see the first blood shed in revenge
for the blood of the King at Charing Cross. From thence to my Lords, and
took Captain Cuttance and Mr. Sheply to the Sun Tavern, and did give them
some oysters. After that I went by water home, where I was angry with my
wife for her things lying about, and in my passion kicked the little fine
basket, which I bought her in Holland, and broke it, which troubled me
after I had done it. Within all the afternoon setting up shelves in my
study. At night to bed.

14th (Lords day). Early to my Lords, in my way meeting with Dr.
Fairbrother, who walked with me to my fathers back again, and there we
drank my morning draft, my father having gone to church and my mother
asleep in bed. Here he caused me to put my hand among a great many
honorable hands to a paper or certificate in his behalf. To White Hall
chappell, where one Dr. Crofts made an indifferent sermon, and after it an
anthem, ill sung, which made the King laugh. Here I first did see the
Princess Royal since she came into England. Here I also observed, how the
Duke of York and Mrs. Palmer did talk to one another very wantonly through
the hangings that parts the Kings closet and the closet where the ladies
sit. To my Lords, where I found my wife, and she and I did dine with my
Lady (my Lord dining with my Lord Chamberlain), who did treat my wife with
a good deal of respect. In the evening we went home through the rain by
water in a sculler, having borrowed some coats of Mr. Sheply. So home, wet
and dirty, and to bed.

15th. Office all the morning. My wife and I by water; I landed her at
Whitefriars, she went to my fathers to dinner, it being my fathers
wedding day, there being a very great dinner, and only the Fenners and
Joyces there. This morning Mr. Carew

     [John Carew signed the warrant for the execution of Charles I.  He
     held the religion of the Fifth Monarchists, and was tried October
     12th, 1660.  He refused to avail himself of many opportunities of
     escape, and suffered death with much composure.]

was hanged and quartered at Charing Cross; but his quarters, by a great
favour, are not to be hanged up. I was forced to go to my Lords to get
him to meet the officers of the Navy this afternoon, and so could not go
along with her, but I missed my Lord, who was this day upon the bench at
the Sessions house. So I dined there, and went to White Hall, where I met
with Sir W. Batten and Pen, who with the Comptroller, Treasurer, and Mr.
Coventry (at his chamber) made up a list of such ships as are fit to be
kept out for the winter guard, and the rest to be paid off by the
Parliament when they can get money, which I doubt will not be a great
while. That done, I took coach, and called my wife at my fathers, and so
homewards, calling at Thos. Pepys the turners for some things that we
wanted. And so home, where I fell to read The Fruitless Precaution (a
book formerly recommended by Dr. Clerke at sea to me), which I read in bed
till I had made an end of it, and do find it the best writ tale that ever
I read in my life. After that done to sleep, which I did not very well do,
because that my wife having a stopping in her nose she snored much, which
I never did hear her do before.

16th. This morning my brother Tom came to me, with whom I made even for my
last clothes to this day, and having eaten a dish of anchovies with him in
the morning, my wife and I did intend to go forth to see a play at the
Cockpit this afternoon, but Mr. Moore coming to me, my wife staid at home,
and he and I went out together, with whom I called at the upholsters and
several other places that I had business with, and so home with him to the
Cockpit, where, understanding that Wit without money was acted, I would
not stay, but went home by water, by the way reading of the other two
stories that are in the book that I read last night, which I do not like
so well as it. Being come home, Will. told me that my Lord had a mind to
speak with me to-night; so I returned by water, and, coming there, it was
only to enquire how the ships were provided with victuals that are to go
with him to fetch over the Queen, which I gave him a good account of. He
seemed to be in a melancholy humour, which, I was told by W. Howe, was for
that he had lately lost a great deal of money at cards, which he fears he
do too much addict himself to now-a-days. So home by water and to bed.

17th. Office day. At noon came Mr. Creed to me, whom I took along with me
to the Feathers in Fish Street, where I was invited by Captain Cuttance to
dinner, a dinner made by Mr. Dawes and his brother. We had two or three
dishes of meat well done; their great design was to get me concerned in a
business of theirs about a vessel of theirs that is in the service, hired
by the King, in which I promise to do them all the service I can. From
thence home again with Mr. Crew, where I finding Mrs. The. Turner and her
aunt Duke I would not be seen but walked in the garden till they were
gone, where Mr. Spong came to me and Mr. Creed, Mr. Spong and I went to
our music to sing, and he being gone, my wife and I went to put up my
books in order in closet, and I to give her her books. After that to bed.

18th. This morning, it being expected that Colonel Hacker and Axtell
should die, I went to Newgate, but found they were reprieved till
to-morrow. So to my aunt Fenners, where with her and my uncle I drank my
morning draft. So to my fathers, and did give orders for a pair of black
baize linings to be made me for my breeches against to-morrow morning,
which was done. So to my Lords, where I spoke with my Lord, and he would
have had me dine with him, but I went thence to Mr. Blackburne, where I
met my wife and my Wills father and mother (the first time that ever I
saw them), where we had a very fine dinner. Mr. Creed was also there. This
day by her high discourse I found Mrs. Blackburne to be a very high dame
and a costly one. Home with my wife by coach. This afternoon comes Mr.
Chaplin and N. Osborn to my house, of whom I made very much, and kept them
with me till late, and so to bed. At my coming home. I did find that The.
Turner hath sent for a pair of doves that my wife had promised her; and
because she did not send them in the best cage, she sent them back again
with a scornful letter, with which I was angry, but yet pretty well
pleased that she was crossed.

19th. Office in the morning. This morning my dining-room was finished with
green serge hanging and gilt leather, which is very handsome. This morning
Hacker and Axtell were hanged and quartered, as the rest are. This night I
sat up late to make up my accounts ready against to-morrow for my Lord. I
found him to be above L80 in my debt, which is a good sight, and I bless
God for it.

20th. This morning one came to me to advise with me where to make me a
window into my cellar in lieu of one which Sir W. Batten had stopped up,
and going down into my cellar to look I stepped into a great heap of——by
which I found that Mr. Turners house of office is full and comes into my
cellar, which do trouble me, but I shall have it helped. To my Lords by
land, calling at several places about business, where I dined with my Lord
and Lady; when he was very merry, and did talk very high how he would have
a French cook, and a master of his horse, and his lady and child to wear
black patches; which methought was strange, but he is become a perfect
courtier; and, among other things, my Lady saying that she could get a
good merchant for her daughter Jem., he answered, that he would rather see
her with a pedlars pack at her back, so she married a gentleman, than she
should marry a citizen. This afternoon, going through London, and calling
at Crowes the upholsters, in Saint Bartholomews, I saw the limbs of
some of our new traitors set upon Aldersgate, which was a sad sight to
see; and a bloody week this and the last have been, there being ten
hanged, drawn, and quartered. Home, and after writing a letter to my uncle
by the post, I went to bed.

21st (Lords day). To the Parish church in the morning, where a good
sermon by Mr. Mills. After dinner to my Lords, and from thence to the
Abbey, where I met Spicer and D. Vines and others of the old crew. So
leaving my boy at the Abbey against I came back, we went to Priors by the
Hall back door, but there being no drink to be had we went away, and so to
the Crown in the Palace Yard, I and George Vines by the way calling at
their house, where he carried me up to the top of his turret, where there
is Cookes head set up for a traytor, and Harrisons set up on the other
side of Westminster Hall. Here I could see them plainly, as also a very
fair prospect about London. From the Crown to the Abbey to look for my
boy, but he was gone thence, and so he being a novice I was at a loss what
was become of him. I called at my Lords (where I found Mr. Adams, Mr.
Sheplys friend) and at my fathers, but found him not. So home, where I
found him, but he had found the way home well enough, of which I was glad.
So after supper, and reading of some chapters, I went to bed. This day or
two my wife has been troubled with her boils in the old place, which do
much trouble her. Today at noon (God forgive me) I strung my lute, which I
had not touched a great while before.

22nd. Office day; after that to dinner at home upon some ribs of roast
beef from the Cooks (which of late we have been forced to do because of
our house being always under the painters and other peoples hands, that
we could not dress it ourselves). After dinner to my Lords, where I found
all preparing for my Lords going to sea to fetch the Queen tomorrow. At
night my Lord came home, with whom I staid long, and talked of many
things. Among others I got leave to have his picture, that was done by
Lilly,

     [Peter Lely, afterwards knighted.  He lived in the Piazza, Covent
     Garden.  This portrait was bought by Lord Braybrooke at Mr. Pepys
     Cockerells sale in 1848, and is now at Audley End.]

copied, and talking of religion, I found him to be a perfect Sceptic, and
said that all things would not be well while there was so much preaching,
and that it would be better if nothing but Homilies were to be read in
Churches. This afternoon (he told me) there hath been a meeting before the
King and my Lord Chancellor, of some Episcopalian and Presbyterian
Divines; but what had passed he could not tell me. After I had done talk
with him, I went to bed with Mr. Sheply in his chamber, but could hardly
get any sleep all night, the bed being ill made and he a bad bedfellow.

23rd. We rose early in the morning to get things ready for My Lord, and
Mr. Sheply going to put up his pistols (which were charged with bullets)
into the holsters, one of them flew off, and it pleased God that, the
mouth of the gun being downwards, it did us no hurt, but I think I never
was in more danger in my life, which put me into a great fright. About
eight oclock my Lord went; and going through the garden my Lord met with
Mr. William Montagu, who told him of an estate of land lately come into
the Kings hands, that he had a mind my Lord should beg. To which end my
Lord writ a letter presently to my Lord Chancellor to do it for him, which
(after leave taken of my Lord at White Hall bridge) I did carry to Warwick
House to him; and had a fair promise of him, that he would do it this day
for my Lord. In my way thither I met the Lord Chancellor and all the
judges riding on horseback and going to Westminster Hall, it being the
first day of the term, which was the first time I ever saw any such
solemnity. Having done there I returned to Whitehall, where meeting with
my brother Ashwell and his cozen Sam. Ashwell and Mr. Mallard, I took them
to the Leg in King Street and gave them a dish of meat for dinner and paid
for it. From thence going to Whitehall I met with Catan Stirpin in
mourning, who told me that her mistress was lately dead of the small pox,
and that herself was now married to Monsieur Petit, as also what her
mistress had left her, which was very well. She also took me to her
lodging at an Ironmongers in King Street, which was but very poor, and I
found by a letter that she shewed me of her husbands to the King, that he
is a right Frenchman, and full of their own projects, he having a design
to reform the universities, and to institute schools for the learning of
all languages, to speak them naturally and not by rule, which I know will
come to nothing. From thence to my Lords, where I went forth by coach to
Mrs. Parkers with my Lady, and so to her house again. From thence I took
my Lords picture, and carried it to Mr. de Cretz to be copied. So to
White Hall, where I met Mr. Spong, and went home with him and played, and
sang, and eat with him and his mother. After supper we looked over many
books, and instruments of his, especially his wooden jack in his chimney,
which goes with the smoke, which indeed is very pretty. I found him to be
as ingenious and good-natured a man as ever I met with in my life, and
cannot admire him enough, he being so plain and illiterate a man as he is.
From thence by coach home and to bed, which was welcome to me after a
nights absence.

24th. I lay and slept long to-day. Office day. I took occasion to be angry
with my wife before I rose about her putting up of half a crown of mine in
a paper box, which she had forgot where she had lain it. But we were
friends again as we are always. Then I rose to Jack Cole, who came to see
me. Then to the office, so home to dinner, where I found Captain Murford,
who did put L3 into my hands for a friendship I had done him, but I would
not take it, but bade him keep it till he has enough to buy my wife a
necklace. This afternoon people at work in my house to make a light in my
yard into my cellar. To White Hall, in my way met with Mr. Moore, who went
back with me. He tells me, among other things, that the Duke of York is
now sorry for his lying with my Lord Chancellors daughter, who is now
brought to bed of a boy. From Whitehall to Mr. De Cretz, who I found about
my Lords picture. From thence to Mr. Lillys, where, not finding Mr.
Spong, I went to Mr. Greatorex, where I met him, and so to an alehouse,
where I bought of him a drawing-pen; and he did show me the manner of the
lamp-glasses, which carry the light a great way, good to read in bed by,
and I intend to have one of them. So to Mr. Lillys with Mr. Spong, where
well received, there being a club to-night among his friends. Among the
rest Esquire Ashmole, who I found was a very ingenious gentleman. With him
we two sang afterward in Mr. Lillys study. That done, we all pared; and I
home by coach, taking Mr. Booker with me, who did tell me a great many
fooleries, which may be done by nativities, and blaming Mr. Lilly for
writing to please his friends and to keep in with the times (as he did
formerly to his own dishonour), and not according to the rules of art, by
which he could not well err, as he had done. I set him down at Lime-street
end, and so home, where I found a box of Carpenters tools sent by my
cozen, Thomas Pepys, which I had bespoke of him for to employ myself with
sometimes. To bed.

25th. All day at home doing something in order to the fitting of my house.
In the evening to Westminster about business. So home and to bed. This
night the vault at the end of the cellar was emptied.

26th. Office. My father and Dr. Thomas Pepys dined at my house, the last
of whom I did almost fox with Margate ale. My father is mightily pleased
with my ordering of my house. I did give him money to pay several bills.
After that I to Westminster to White Hall, where I saw the Duke de
Soissons go from his audience with a very great deal of state: his own
coach all red velvet covered with gold lace, and drawn by six barbes, and
attended by twenty pages very rich in clothes. To Westminster Hall, and
bought, among, other books, one of the Life of our Queen, which I read at
home to my wife; but it was so sillily writ, that we did nothing but laugh
at it: among other things it is dedicated to that paragon of virtue and
beauty, the Duchess of Albemarle. Great talk as if the Duke of York do now
own the marriage between him and the Chancellors daughter.

27th. In London and Westminster all this day paying of money and buying of
things for my house. In my going I went by chance by my new Lord Mayors
house (Sir Richard Browne), by Goldsmiths Hall, which is now fitting, and
indeed is a very pretty house. In coming back I called at Pauls
Churchyard and bought Alsteds Encyclopaedia, which cost me 38s. Home and
to bed, my wife being much troubled with her old pain.

28th (Lords day). There came some pills and plaister this morning from
Dr. Williams for my wife. I to Westminster Abbey, where with much
difficulty, going round by the cloysters, I got in; this day being a great
day for the consecrating of five Bishopps, which was done after sermon;
but I could not get into Henry the Sevenths chappell. So I went to my
Lords, where I dined with my Lady, and my young Lord, and Mr. Sidney, who
was sent for from Twickenham to see my Lord Mayors show to-morrow. Mr.
Child did also dine with us. After dinner to White Hall chappell; my Lady
and my Lady Jemimah and I up to the Kings closet (who is now gone to meet
the Queen). So meeting with one Mr. Hill, that did know my Lady, he did
take us into the Kings closet, and there we did stay all service-time,
which I did think a great honour. We went home to my Lords lodgings
afterwards, and there I parted with my Lady and went home, where I did
find my wife pretty well after her physic. So to bed.

29th. I up early, it being my Lord Mayors day,

     [When the calendar was reformed in England by the act 24 Geo. II.
     c. 23, different provisions were made as regards those anniversaries
     which affect directly the rights of property and those which do not.
     Thus the old quarter days are still noted in our almanacs, and a
     curious survival of this is brought home to payers of income tax.
     The fiscal year still begins on old Lady-day, which now falls on
     April 6th.  All ecclesiastical fasts and feasts and other
     commemorations which did not affect the rights of property were left
     on their nominal days, such as the execution of Charles I. on
     January 30th and the restoration of Charles II. on May 29th.  The
     change of Lord Mayors day from the 29th of October to the 9th of
     November was not made by the act for reforming the calendar (c.
     23), but by another act of the same session (c. 48), entitled An
     Act for the Abbreviation of Michaelmas Term, by which it was
     enacted, that from and after the said feast of St. Michael, which
     shall be in the year 1752, the said solemnity of presenting and
     swearing the mayors of the city of London, after every annual
     election into the said office, in the manner and form heretofore
     used on the 29th day of October, shall be kept and observed on the
     ninth day of November in every year, unless the same shall fall on
     a Sunday, and in that case on the day following.]

(Sir Richd. Browne), and neglecting my office I went to the Wardrobe,
where I met my Lady Sandwich and all the children; and after drinking of
some strange and incomparable good clarett of Mr. Rumballs he and Mr.
Townsend did take us, and set the young Lords at one Mr. Nevills, a
draper in Pauls churchyard; and my Lady and my Lady Pickering and I to
one Mr. Isaacsons, a linendraper at the Key in Cheapside; where there was
a company of fine ladies, and we were very civilly treated, and had a very
good place to see the pageants, which were many, and I believe good, for
such kind of things, but in themselves but poor and absurd. After the
ladies were placed I took Mr. Townsend and Isaacson to the next door, a
tavern, and did spend 5s. upon them. The show being done, we got as far as
Pauls with much ado, where I left my Lady in the coach, and went on foot
with my Lady Pickering to her lodging, which was a poor one in
Blackfryars, where she never invited me to go in at all, which methought
was very strange for her to do. So home, where I was told how my Lady
Davis is now come to our next lodgings, and has locked up the leads door
from me, which puts me into so great a disquiet that I went to bed, and
could not sleep till morning at it.

30th. Within all the morning and dined at home, my mind being so troubled
that I could not mind nor do anything till I spoke with the Comptroller to
whom the lodgings belong. In the afternoon, to ease my mind, I went to the
Cockpit all alone, and there saw a very fine play called The Tamer
Tamed; very well acted. That being done, I went to Mr. Crews, where I
had left my boy, and so with him and Mr. Moore (who would go a little way
with me home, as he will always do) to the Hercules Pillars to drink,
where we did read over the Kings declaration in matters of religion,
which is come out to-day, which is very well penned, I think to the
satisfaction of most people. So home, where I am told Mr. Daviss people
have broken open the bolt of my chamber door that goes upon the leads,
which I went up to see and did find it so, which did still trouble me more
and more. And so I sent for Griffith, and got him to search their house to
see what the meaning of it might be, but can learn nothing to-night. But I
am a little pleased that I have found this out. I hear nothing yet of my
Lord, whether he be gone for the Queen from the Downs or no; but I believe
he is, and that he is now upon coming back again.

31st Office day. Much troubled all this morning in my mind about the
business of my walk on the leads. I spoke of it to the Comptroller and the
rest of the principal officers, who are all unwilling to meddle in
anything that may anger my Lady Davis. And so I am fain to give over for
the time that she do continue therein. Dined at home, and after dinner to
Westminster Hall, where I met with Billing the quaker at Mrs. Michells
shop, who is still of the former opinion he was of against the clergymen
of all sorts, and a cunning fellow I find him to be. Home, and there I had
news that Sir W. Pen is resolved to ride to Sir W. Battens country house
to-morrow, and would have me go with him, so I sat up late, getting
together my things to ride in, and was fain to cut an old pair of boots to
make leathers for those I was to wear. This month I conclude with my mind
very heavy for the loss of the leads, as also for the greatness of my late
expenses, insomuch that I do not think that I have above L150 clear money
in the world, but I have, I believe, got a great deal of good household
stuff: I hear to-day that the Queen is landed at Dover, and will be here
on Friday next, November 2nd. My wife has been so ill of late of her old
pain that I have not known her this fortnight almost, which is a pain to
me.