Samuel Pepys diary August 1660


August 1st. Up very early, and by water to Whitehall to my Lords, and
there up to my Lords lodging (Win. Howe being now ill of the gout at Mr.
Pierces), and there talked with him about the affairs of the Navy, and
how I was now to wait today at the Privy Seal. Commissioner Pett went with
me, whom I desired to make my excuse at the office for my absence this
day. Hence to the Privy Seal Office, where I got (by Mr. Mathews means)
possession of the books and table, but with some expectation of Barons
bringing of a warrant from the King to have this month. Nothing done this
morning, Baron having spoke to Mr. Woodson and Groome (clerks to Mr.
Trumbull of the Signet) to keep all work in their hands till the
afternoon, at which time he expected to have his warrant from the King for
this month.—[The clerks of the Privy Seal took the duty of
attendance for a month by turns.]—I took at noon Mr. Harper to the
Leg in King Street, and did give him his dinner, who did still advise me
much to act wholly myself at the Privy Seal, but I told him that I could
not, because I had other business to take up my time. In the afternoon at,
the office again, where we had many things to sign; and I went to the
Council Chamber, and there got my Lord to sign the first bill, and the
rest all myself; but received no money today. After I had signed all, I
went with Dick Scobell and Luellin to drink at a bottle beer house in the
Strand, and after staying there a while (had sent W. Hewer home before), I
took boat and homewards went, and in Fish Street bought a Lobster, and as
I had bought it I met with Winter and Mr. Delabarr, and there with a piece
of sturgeon of theirs we went to the Sun Tavern in the street and ate
them. Late home and to bed.

2d. To Westminster by water with Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen (our
servants in another boat) to the Admiralty; and from thence I went to my
Lords to fetch him thither, where we stayed in the morning about ordering
of money for the victuailers, and advising how to get a sum of money to
carry on the business of the Navy. From thence dined with Mr. Blackburne
at his house with his friends (his wife being in the country and just upon
her return to London), where we were very well treated and merry. From
thence W. Hewer and I to the office of Privy Seal, where I stayed all the
afternoon, and received about L40 for yesterday and to-day, at which my
heart rejoiced for Gods blessing to me, to give me this advantage by
chance, there being of this L40 about L10 due to me for this days work.
So great is the present profit of this office, above what it was in the
Kings time; there being the last month about 300 bills; whereas in the
late Kings time it was much to have 40. With my money home by coach, it,
being the first time that I could get home before our gates were shut
since I came to the Navy office. When I came home I found my wife not very
well of her old pain…. which she had when we were married first. I went
and cast up the expense that I laid out upon my former house (because
there are so many that are desirous of it, and I am, in my mind, loth to
let it go out of my hands, for fear of a turn). I find my layings-out to
come to about L20, which with my fine will come to about L22 to him that
shall hire my house of me.—[Pepys wished to let his house in Axe
Yard now that he had apartments at the Navy Office.]—To bed.

3rd. Up betimes this morning, and after the barber had done with me, then
to the office, where I and Sir William Pen only did meet and despatch
business. At noon my wife and I by coach to Dr. Clerkes to dinner: I was
very much taken with his lady, a comely, proper woman, though not
handsome; but a woman of the best language I ever heard. Here dined Mrs.
Pierce and her husband. After dinner I took leave to go to Westminster,
where I was at the Privy Seal Office all day, signing things and taking
money, so that I could not do as I had intended, that is to return to them
and go to the Red Bull Playhouse,

     [This well-known theatre was situated in St. Johns Street on the
     site of Red Bull Yard.  Pepys went there on March 23rd, 1661, when
     he expressed a very poor opinion of the place.  T. Carew, in some
     commendatory lines on Sir William.  Davenants play, The just
     Italian, 1630, abuses both audiences and actors:—

              There are the men in crowded heaps that throng
               To that adulterate stage, where not a tongue
               Of th untund kennel can a line repeat
               Of serious sense.

     There is a token of this house (see Boynes Trade Tokens, ed.
     Williamson, vol. i., 1889, p. 725).]

but I took coach and went to see whether it was done so or no, and I found
it done. So I returned to Dr. Clerkes, where I found them and my wife,
and by and by took leave and went away home.

4th. To White Hall, where I found my Lord gone with the King by water to
dine at the Tower with Sir J. Robinson, Lieutenant. I found my Lady
Jemimah—[Lady Jemima Montage, daughter of Lord Sandwich, previously
described as Mrs. Jem.]—at my Lords, with whom I staid and dined,
all alone; after dinner to the Privy Seal Office, where I did business. So
to a Committee of Parliament (Sir Hen[eage] Finch, Chairman), to give them
an answer to an order of theirs, that we could not give them any account
of the Accounts of the Navy in the years 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, as they
desire. After that I went and bespoke some linen of Betty Lane in the
Hall, and after that to the Trumpet, where I sat and talked with her,
&c. At night, it being very rainy, and it thundering and lightning
exceedingly, I took coach at the Trumpet door, taking Monsieur
LImpertinent along with me as far as the Savoy, where he said he went to
lie with Cary Dillon,

     [Colonel Cary Dillon, a friend of the Butlers, who courted the fair
     Frances; but the engagement was subsequently broken off, see
     December 31 st, 1661.]

and is still upon the mind of going (he and his whole family) to Ireland.
Having set him down I made haste home, and in the courtyard, it being very
dark, I heard a man inquire for my house, and having asked his business,
he told me that my man William (who went this morning—out of town to
meet his aunt Blackburne) was come home not very well to his mother, and
so could not come home to-night. At which I was very sorry. I found my
wife still in pain. To bed, having not time to write letters, and indeed
having so many to write to all places that I have no heart to go about
them. Mrs. Shaw did die yesterday and her husband so sick that he is not
like to live.

5th. Lords day. My wife being much in pain, I went this morning to Dr.
Williams (who had cured her once before of this business), in Holborn, and
he did give me an ointment which I sent home by my boy, and a plaister
which I took with me to Westminster (having called and seen my mother in
the morning as I went to the doctor), where I dined with Mr. Sheply (my
Lord dining at Kensington). After dinner to St. Margarets, where the
first time I ever heard Common Prayer in that Church. I sat with Mr. Hill
in his pew; Mr. Hill that married in Axe Yard and that was aboard us in
the Hope. Church done I went and Mr. Sheply to see W. Howe at Mr. Pierces,
where I staid singing of songs and psalms an hour or two, and were very
pleasant with Mrs. Pierce and him. Thence to my Lords, where I staid and
talked and drank with Mr. Sheply. After that to Westminster stairs, where
I saw a fray between Mynheer Clinke, a Dutchman, that was at Hartlibbs
wedding, and a waterman, which made good sport. After that I got a
Gravesend boat, that was come up to fetch some bread on this side the
bridge, and got them to carry me to the bridge, and so home, where I found
my wife. After prayers I to bed to her, she having had a very bad night of
it. This morning before I was up Will came home pretty well again, he
having been only weary with riding, which he is not used to.

6th. This morning at the office, and, that being done, home to dinner all
alone, my wife being ill in pain a-bed, which I was troubled at, and not a
little impatient. After dinner to Whitehall at the Privy Seal all the
afternoon, and at night with Mr. Man to Mr. Rawlinsons in Fenchurch
Street, where we staid till eleven oclock at night. So home and to bed,
my wife being all this day in great pain. This night Mr. Man offered me
L1000 for my office of Clerk of the Acts, which made my mouth water; but
yet I dare not take it till I speak with my Lord to have his consent.

7th. This morning to Whitehall to the Privy Seal, and took Mr. Moore and
myself and dined at my Lords with Mr. Sheply. While I was at dinner in
come Sam. Hartlibb and his brother-in-law, now knighted by the King, to
request my promise of a ship for them to Holland, which I had promised to
get for them. After dinner to the Privy Seal all the afternoon. At night,
meeting Sam. Hartlibb, he took me by coach to Kensington, to my Lord of
Hollands; I staid in the coach while he went in about his business. He
staying long I left the coach and walked back again before on foot (a very
pleasant walk) to Kensington, where I drank and staid very long waiting
for him. At last he came, and after drinking at the inn we went towards
Westminster. Here I endeavoured to have looked out Jane that formerly
lived at Dr. Williams at Cambridge, whom I had long thought to live at
present here, but I found myself in an error, meeting one in the place
where I expected to have found her, but she proved not she though very
like her. We went to the Bullhead, where he and I sat and drank till 11 at
night, and so home on foot. Found my wife pretty well again, and so to

8th. We met at the office, and after that to dinner at home, and from
thence with my wife by water to Catan Sterpin, with whom and her mistress
Pye we sat discoursing of Kates marriage to Mons. Petit, her mistress and
I giving the best advice we could for her to suspend her marriage till
Mons. Petit had got some place that may be able to maintain her, and not
for him to live upon the portion that she shall bring him. From thence to
Mr. Butlers to see his daughters, the first time that ever we made a
visit to them. We found them very pretty, and Coll. Dillon there, a very
merry and witty companion, but methinks they live in a gaudy but very poor
condition. From thence, my wife and I intending to see Mrs. Blackburne,
who had been a day or two again to see my wife, but my wife was not in
condition to be seen, but she not being at home my wife went to her
mothers and I to the Privy Seal. At night from the Privy Seal, Mr.
Woodson and Mr. Jennings and I to the Sun Tavern till it was late, and
from thence to my Lords, where my wife was come from Mrs. Blackburnes to
me, and after I had done some business with my Lord, she and I went to
Mrs. Hunts, who would needs have us to lie at her house to-night, she
being with my wife so late at my Lords with us, and would not let us go
home to-night. We lay there all night very pleasantly and at ease…

9th. Left my wife at Mrs. Hunts and I to my Lords, and from thence with
judge Advocate Fowler, Mr. Creed, and Mr. Sheply to the Rhenish
Wine-house, and Captain Hayward of the Plymouth, who is now ordered to
carry my Lord Winchelsea, Embassador to Constantinople. We were very
merry, and judge Advocate did give Captain Hayward his Oath of Allegiance
and Supremacy. Thence to my office of Privy Seal, and, having signed some
things there, with Mr. Moore and Dean Fuller to the Leg in King Street,
and, sending for my wife, we dined there very merry, and after dinner,
parted. After dinner with my wife to Mrs. Blackburne to visit her. She
being within I left my wife there, and I to the Privy Seal, where I
despatch some business, and from thence to Mrs. Blackburne again, who did
treat my wife and me with a great deal of civility, and did give us a fine
collation of collar of beef, &c. Thence I, having my head full of
drink from having drunk so much Rhenish wine in the morning, and more in
the afternoon at Mrs. Blackburnes, came home and so to bed, not well, and
very ill all night.

10th. I had a great deal of pain all night, and a great loosing upon me so
that I could not sleep. In the morning I rose with much pain and to the
office. I went and dined at home, and after dinner with great pain in my
back I went by water to Whitehall to the Privy Seal, and that done with
Mr. Moore and Creed to Hide Park by coach, and saw a fine foot-race three
times round the Park between an Irishman and Crow, that was once my Lord
Claypooles footman. (By the way I cannot forget that my Lord Claypoole
did the other day make enquiry of Mrs. Hunt, concerning my House in
Axe-yard, and did set her on work to get it of me for him, which methinks
is a very great change.) Crow beat the other by above two miles. Returned
from Hide Park, I went to my Lords, and took Will (who waited for me
there) by coach and went home, taking my lute home with me. It had been
all this while since I came from sea at my Lords for him to play on. To
bed in some pain still. For this month or two it is not imaginable how
busy my head has been, so that I have neglected to write letters to my
uncle Robert in answer to many of his, and to other friends, nor indeed
have I done anything as to my own family, and especially this month my
waiting at the Privy Seal makes me much more unable to think of anything,
because of my constant attendance there after I have done at the Navy
Office. But blessed be God for my good chance of the Privy Seal, where I
get every day I believe about L3. This place I got by chance, and my Lord
did give it me by chance, neither he nor I thinking it to be of the worth
that he and I find it to be. Never since I was a man in the world was I
ever so great a stranger to public affairs as now I am, having not read a
new book or anything like it, or enquiring after any news, or what the
Parliament do, or in any wise how things go. Many people look after my
house in Axe-yard to hire it, so that I am troubled with them, and I have
a mind to get the money to buy goods for my house at the Navy Office, and
yet I am loth to put it off because that Mr. Man bids me L1000 for my
office, which is so great a sum that I am loth to settle myself at my new
house, lest I should take Mr. Mans offer in case I found my Lord willing
to it.

11th. I rose to-day without any pain, which makes me think that my pain
yesterday was nothing but from my drinking too much the day before. To my
Lord this morning, who did give me order to get some things ready against
the afternoon for the Admiralty where he would meet. To the Privy Seal,
and from thence going to my own house in Axeyard, I went in to Mrs.
Crisps, where I met with Mr. Hartlibb; for whom I wrote a letter for my
Lord to sign for a ship for his brother and sister, who went away hence
this day to Gravesend, and from thence to Holland. I found by discourse
with Mrs. Crisp that he is very jealous of her, for that she is yet very
kind to her old servant Meade. Hence to my Lords to dinner with Mr.
Sheply, so to the Privy Seal; and at night home, and then sent for the
barber, and was trimmed in the kitchen, the first time that ever I was so.
I was vexed this night that W. Hewer was out of doors till ten at night
but was pretty well satisfied again when my wife told me that he wept
because I was angry, though indeed he did give me a good reason for his
being out; but I thought it a good occasion to let him know that I do
expect his being at home. So to bed.

12th. Lords day. To my Lord, and with him to White Hall Chappell, where
Mr. Calamy preached, and made a good sermon upon these words To whom much
is given, of him much is required. He was very officious with his three
reverences to the King, as others do. After sermon a brave anthem of
Captain Cookes,

     [Henry Cooke, chorister of the Chapel Royal, adhered to the royal
     cause at the breaking out of the Civil Wars, and for his bravery
     obtained a captains commission.  At the Restoration he received the
     appointment of Master of the Children of the Chapel Royal; he was an
     excellent musician, and three of his pupils turned out very
     distinguished musicians, viz, Pelham Humphrey, John Blow, and
     Michael Wise.  He was one of the original performers in the Siege,
     of Rhodes.  He died July 13th, 1672,: and was buried in the
     cloisters of Westminster Abbey.  In another place, Pepys says, a
     vain coxcomb he is, though he sings so well.]

which he himself sung, and the King was well pleased with it. My Lord
dined at my Lord Chamberlains, and I at his house with Mr. Sheply. After
dinner I did give Mr. Donne; who is going to sea, the key of my cabin and
direction for the putting up of my things.

After, that I went to walk, and meeting Mrs. Lane of Westminster Hall, I
took her to my Lords, and did give her a bottle of wine in the garden,
where Mr. Fairbrother, of Cambridge, did come and found us, and drank with
us. After that I took her to my house, where I was exceeding free in
dallying with her, and she not unfree to take it. At night home and called
at my fathers, where I found Mr. Fairbrother, but I did not stay but went
homewards and called in at Mr. Rawlinsons, whither my uncle Wight was
coming and did come, but was exceeding angry (he being a little fuddled,
and I think it was that I should see him in that case) as I never saw him
in my life, which I was somewhat troubled at. Home and to bed.

13th. A sitting day at our office. After dinner to Whitehall; to the Privy
Seal, whither my father came to me, and staid talking with me a great
while, telling me that he had propounded Mr. John Pickering for Sir Thomas
Honywoods daughter, which I think he do not deserve for his own merit: I
know not what he may do for his estate. My father and Creed and I to the
old Rhenish Winehouse, and talked and drank till night. Then my father
home, and I to my Lords; where he told me that he would suddenly go into
the country, and so did commend the business of his sea commission to me
in his absence. After that home by coach, and took my L100 that I had
formerly left at Mr. Rawlinsons, home with me, which is the first that
ever I was master of at once. To prayers, and to bed.

14th. To the Privy Seal, and thence to my Lords, where Mr. Pim, the
tailor, and I agreed upon making me a velvet coat. From thence to the
Privy Seal again, where Sir Samuel Morland came in with a Baronets grant
to pass, which the King had given him to make money of. Here he staid with
me a great while; and told me the whole manner of his serving the King in
the time of the Protector; and how Thurloes bad usage made him to do it;
how he discovered Sir R. Willis, and how he hath sunk his fortune for the
King; and that now the King hath given him a pension of L500 per annum out
of the Post Office for life, and the benefit of two Baronets; all which do
make me begin to think that he is not so much a fool as I took him to be.
Home by water to the Tower, where my father, Mr. Fairbrother, and Cooke
dined with me. After dinner in comes young Captain Cuttance of the
Speedwell, who is sent up for the gratuity given the seamen that brought
the King over. He brought me a firkin of butter for my wife, which is very
welcome. My father, after dinner, takes leave, after I had given him 40s.
for the last half year for my brother John at Cambridge. I did also make
even with Mr. Fairbrother for my degree of Master of Arts, which cost me
about L9 16s. To White Hall, and my wife with me by water, where at the
Privy Seal and elsewhere all the afternoon. At night home with her by
water, where I made good sport with having the girl and the boy to comb my
head, before I went to bed, in the kitchen.

15th. To the office, and after dinner by water to White Hall, where I
found the King gone this morning by 5 of the clock to see a Dutch
pleasure-boat below bridge,

     [A yacht which was greatly admired, and was imitated and improved by
     Commissioner Pett, who built a yacht for the King in 1661, which was
     called the Jenny.  Queen Elizabeth had a yacht, and one was built
     by Phineas Pett in 1604.]

where he dines, and my Lord with him. The King do tire all his people that
are about him with early rising since he came. To the office, all the
afternoon I staid there, and in the evening went to Westminster Hall,
where I staid at Mrs. Michells, and with her and her husband sent for
some drink, and drank with them. By the same token she and Mrs. Murford
and another old woman of the Hall were going a gossiping tonight. From
thence to my Lords, where I found him within, and he did give me
direction about his business in his absence, he intending to go into the
country to-morrow morning. Here I lay all night in the old chamber which I
had now given up to W. Howe, with whom I did intend to lie, but he and I
fell to play with one another, so that I made him to go lie with Mr.
Sheply. So I lay alone all night.

16th. This morning my Lord (all things being ready) carried me by coach to
Mr. Crews, (in the way talking how good he did hope my place would be to
me, and in general speaking that it was not the salary of any place that
did make a man rich, but the opportunity of getting money while he is in
the place) where he took leave, and went into the coach, and so for
Hinchinbroke. My Lady Jemimah and Mr. Thomas Crew in the coach with him.
Hence to Whitehall about noon, where I met with Mr. Madge, who took me
along with him and Captain Cooke (the famous singer) and other masters of
music to dinner at an ordinary about Charing Cross where we dined, all
paying their club. Hence to the Privy Seal, where there has been but
little work these two days. In the evening home.

17th. To the office, and that done home to dinner where Mr. Unthanke, my
wifes tailor, dined with us, we having nothing but a dish of sheeps
trotters. After dinner by water to Whitehall, where a great deal of
business at the Privy Seal. At night I and Creed and the judge-Advocate
went to Mr. Pim, the tailors, who took us to the Half Moon, and there did
give us great store of wine and anchovies, and would pay for them all.
This night I saw Mr. Creed show many the strangest emotions to shift off
his drink I ever saw in my life. By coach home and to bed.

18th. This morning I took my wife towards Westminster by water, and landed
her at Whitefriars, with L5 to buy her a petticoat, and I to the Privy
Seal. By and by comes my wife to tell me that my father has persuaded her
to buy a most fine cloth of 26s. a yard, and a rich lace, that the
petticoat will come to L5, at which I was somewhat troubled, but she doing
it very innocently, I could not be angry. I did give her more money, and
sent her away, and I and Creed and Captain Hayward (who is now unkindly
put out of the Plymouth to make way for Captain Allen to go to
Constantinople, and put into his ship the Dover, which I know will trouble
my Lord) went and dined at the Leg in King Street, where Captain Ferrers,
my Lords Cornet, comes to us, who after dinner took me and Creed to the
Cockpitt play,

     [The Cockpit Theatre, situated in Drury Lane, was occupied as a
     playhouse in the reign of James I.  It was occupied by Davenant and
     his company in 1658, and they remained in it until November 15th,
     1660, when they removed to Salisbury Court.]

the first that I have had time to see since my coming from sea, The
Loyall Subject, where one Kinaston, a boy, acted the Dukes sister, but
made the loveliest lady that ever I saw in my life, only her voice not
very good. After the play done, we three went to drink, and by Captain
Ferrers means, Kinaston and another that acted Archas, the General, came
and drank with us. Hence home by coach, and after being trimmed, leaving
my wife to look after her little bitch, which was just now a-whelping, I
to bed.

19th (Lords day). In the morning my wife tells me that the bitch has
whelped four young ones and is very well after it, my wife having had a
great fear that she would die thereof, the dog that got them being very
big. This morning Sir W. Batten, Pen, and myself, went to church to the
churchwardens, to demand a pew, which at present could not be given us,
but we are resolved to have one built. So we staid and heard Mr. Mills; a
very, good minister. Home to dinner, where my wife had on her new
petticoat that she bought yesterday, which indeed is a very fine cloth and
a fine lace; but that being of a light colour, and the lace all silver, it
makes no great show. Mr. Creed and my brother Tom dined with me. After
dinner my wife went and fetched the little puppies to us, which are very
pretty ones. After they were gone, I went up to put my papers in order,
and finding my wifes clothes lie carelessly laid up, I was angry with
her, which I was troubled for. After that my wife and I went and walked in
the garden, and so home to bed.

20th (Office day). As Sir W. Pen and I were walking in the garden, a
messenger came to me from the Duke of York to fetch me to the Lord
Chancellor. So (Mrs. Turner with her daughter The. being come to my house
to speak with me about a friend of hers to send to sea) I went with her in
her coach as far as Worcester House, but my Lord Chancellor being gone to
the House of Lords, I went thither, and (there being a law case before
them this day) got in, and there staid all the morning, seeing their
manner of sitting on woolpacks, &c., which I never did before.

     [It is said that these woolpacks were placed in the House of Lords
     for the judges to sit on, so that the fact that wool was a main
     source of our national wealth might be kept in the popular mind.
     The Lord Chancellors seat is now called the Woolsack.]

After the House was up, I spoke to my Lord, and had order from him to come
to him at night. This morning Mr. Creed did give me the Papers that
concern my Lords sea commission, which he left in my hands and went to
sea this day to look after the gratuity money.

This afternoon at the Privy Seal, where reckoning with Mr. Moore, he had
got L100 for me together, which I was glad of, guessing that the profits
of this month would come to L100.

In the evening I went all alone to drink at Mr. Harpers, where I found
Mrs. Crisps daughter, with whom and her friends I staid and drank, and so
with W. Hewer by coach to Worcester House, where I light, sending him home
with the L100 that I received to-day. Here I staid, and saw my Lord
Chancellor come into his Great Hall, where wonderful how much company
there was to expect him at a Seal. Before he would begin any business, he
took my papers of the state of the debts of the Fleet, and there viewed
them before all the people, and did give me his advice privately how to
order things, to get as much money as we can of the Parliament. That being
done, I went home, where I found all my things come home from sea (sent by
desire by Mr. Dun), of which I was glad, though many of my things are
quite spoilt with mould by reason of lying so long a shipboard, and my
cabin being not tight. I spent much time to dispose of them tonight, and
so to bed.

21st. This morning I went to White Hall with Sir W. Pen by water, who in
our passage told me how he was bred up under Sir W. Batten. We went to Mr.
Coventrys chamber, and consulted of drawing my papers of debts of the
Navy against the afternoon for the Committee. So to the Admiralty, where
W. Hewer and I did them, and after that he went to his Aunts Blackburn
(who has a kinswoman dead at her house to-day, and was to be buried
to-night, by which means he staid very late out). I to Westminster Hall,
where I met Mr. Crew and dined with him, where there dined one Mr.
Hickeman, an Oxford man, who spoke very much against the height of the now
old clergy, for putting out many of the religious fellows of Colleges, and
inveighing against them for their being drunk, which, if true, I am sorry
to hear. After that towards Westminster, where I called on Mr. Pim, and
there found my velvet coat (the first that ever I had) done, and a velvet
mantle, which I took to the Privy Seal Office, and there locked them up,
and went to the Queens Court, and there, after much waiting, spoke with
Colonel Birch, who read my papers, and desired some addition, which done I
returned to the Privy Seal, where little to do, and with Mr. Moore towards
London, and in our way meeting Monsieur Eschar (Mr. Montagus man), about
the Savoy, he took us to the Brazennose Tavern, and there drank and so
parted, and I home by coach, and there, it being post-night, I wrote to my
Lord to give him notice that all things are well; that General Monk is
made Lieutenant of Ireland, which my Lord Roberts (made Deputy) do not
like of, to be Deputy to any man but the King himself. After that to bed.

22nd. Office, which done, Sir W. Pen took me into the garden, and there
told me how Mr. Turner do intend to petition the Duke for an allowance
extra as one of the Clerks of the Navy, which he desired me to join with
him in the furthering of, which I promised to do so that it did not
reflect upon me or to my damage to have any other added, as if I was not
able to perform my place; which he did wholly disown to be any of his
intention, but far from it. I took Mr. Hater home with me to dinner, with
whom I did advise, who did give me the same counsel. After dinner he and I
to the office about doing something more as to the debts of the Navy than
I had done yesterday, and so to Whitehall to the Privy Seal, and having
done there, with my father (who came to see me) to Westminster Hall and
the Parliament House to look for Col. Birch, but found him not. In the
House, after the Committee was up, I met with Mr. G. Montagu, and joyed
him in his entrance (this being his 3d day) for Dover. Here he made me sit
all alone in the House, none but he and I, half an hour, discoursing how
things stand, and in short he told me how there was like to be many
factions at Court between Marquis Ormond, General Monk, and the Lord
Roberts, about the business of Ireland; as there is already between the
two Houses about the Act of Indemnity; and in the House of Commons,
between the Episcopalian and Presbyterian men. Hence to my fathers
(walking with Mr. Herring, the minister of St. Brides), and took them to
the Sun Tavern, where I found George, my old drawer, come again. From
thence by water, landed them at Blackfriars, and so home and to bed.

23rd. By water to Doctors Commons to Dr. Walker, to give him my Lords
papers to view over concerning his being empowered to be Vice-Admiral
under the Duke of York. There meeting with Mr. Pinkney, he and I to a
morning draft, and thence by water to White Hall, to the Parliament House,
where I spoke with Colonel Birch, and so to the Admiralty chamber, where
we and Mr. Coventry had a meeting about several businesses. Amongst
others, it was moved that Phineas Pett (kinsman to the Commissioner) of
Chatham, should be suspended his employment till he had answered some
articles put in against him, as that he should formerly say that the King
was a bastard and his mother a whore. Hence to Westminster Hall, where I
met with my father Bowyer, and Mr. Spicer, and them I took to the Leg in
King Street, and did give them a dish or two of meat, and so away to the
Privy Seal, where, the King being out of town, we have had nothing to do
these two days. To Westminster Hall, where I met with W. Symons, T.
Doling, and Mr. Booth, and with them to the Dogg, where we eat a musk

     [Melons were hardly known in England till Sir George Gardiner
     brought one from Spain, when they became in general estimation.  The
     ordinary price was five or six shillings.—Quarterly Review, vol,

(the first that I have eat this year), and were very merry with W. Symons,
calling him Mr. Dean, because of the Deans lands that his uncle had left
him, which are like to be lost all. Hence home by water, and very late at
night writing letters to my Lord to Hinchinbroke, and also to the
Vice-Admiral in the Downs, and so to bed.

24th. Office, and thence with Sir William Batten and Sir William Pen to
the parish church to find out a place where to build a seat or a gallery
to sit in, and did find one which is to be done speedily. Hence with them
to dinner at a tavern in Thames Street, where they were invited to a
roasted haunch of venison and other very good victuals and company. Hence
to Whitehall to the Privy Seal, but nothing to do. At night by land to my
fathers, where I found my mother not very well. I did give her a pint of
sack. My father came in, and Dr. T. Pepys, who talked with me in French
about looking out for a place for him. But I found him a weak man, and
speaks the worst French that ever I heard of one that had been so long
beyond sea. Hence into Pants Churchyard and bought Barkleys Argenis in
Latin, and so home and to bed. I found at home that Captain Burr had sent
me 4 dozen bottles of wine today. The King came back to Whitehall

25th. This morning Mr. Turner and I by coach from our office to Whitehall
(in our way I calling on Dr. Walker for the papers I did give him the
other day, which he had perused and found that the Dukes counsel had
abated something of the former draught which Dr. Walker drew for my Lord)
to Sir G. Carteret, where we there made up an estimate of the debts of the
Navy for the Council. At noon I took Mr. Turner and Mr. Moore to the Leg
in King Street, and did give them a dinner, and afterward to the Sun
Tavern, and did give Mr. Turner a glass of wine, there coming to us Mr.
Fowler the apothecary (the judges son) with a book of lute lessons which
his father had left there for me, such as he formerly did use to play when
a young man, and had the use of his hand. To the Privy Seal, and found
some business now again to do there. To Westminster Hall for a new
half-shirt of Mrs. Lane, and so home by water. Wrote letters by the post
to my Lord and to sea. This night W. Hewer brought me home from Mr. Pims
my velvet coat and cap, the first that ever I had. So to bed.

26th (Lords day). With Sir W. Pen to the parish church, where we are
placed in the highest pew of all, where a stranger preached a dry and
tedious long sermon. Dined at home. To church again in the afternoon with
my wife; in the garden and on the leads at night, and so to supper and to

27th. This morning comes one with a vessel of Northdown ale from Mr.
Pierce, the purser, to me, and after him another with a brave Turkey
carpet and a jar of olives from Captain Cuttance, and a pair of fine
turtle-doves from John Burr to my wife. These things came up to-day in our
smack, and my boy Ely came along with them, and came after office was done
to see me. I did give him half a crown because I saw that he was ready to
cry to see that he could not be entertained by me here. In the afternoon
to the Privy Seal, where good store of work now toward the end of the
month. From thence with Mr. Mount, Luellin, and others to the Bull head
till late, and so home, where about to oclock Major Hart came to me, whom
I did receive with wine and anchovies, which made me so dry that I was ill
with them all night, and was fain to have the girle rise and fetch me some

28th. At home looking over my papers and books and house as to the fitting
of it to my mind till two in the afternoon. Some time I spent this morning
beginning to teach my wife some scale in music, and found her apt beyond
imagination. To the Privy Seal, where great store of work to-day. Colonel
Scroope—[Colonel Adrian Scroope, one of the persons who sat in
judgment upon Charles I.]—is this day excepted out of the Act of
Indemnity, which has been now long in coming out, but it is expected
to-morrow. I carried home L80 from the Privy Seal, by coach, and at night
spent a little more time with my wife about her music with great content.
This day I heard my poor mother had then two days been very ill, and I
fear she will not last long. To bed, a little troubled that I fear my boy

     [Pepys refers to two Wills.  This was Will Wayneman; the other was
     William Hewer.]

is a thief and has stole some money of mine, particularly a letter that
Mr. Jenkins did leave the last week with me with half a crown in it to
send to his son.

29th (Office day). Before I went to the office my wife and I examined my
boy Will about his stealing of things, but he denied all with the greatest
subtlety and confidence in the world. To the office, and after office then
to the Church, where we took another view of the place where we had
resolved to build a gallery, and have set men about doing it. Home to
dinner, and there I found my wife had discovered my boy Wills theft and a
great deal more than we imagined, at which I was vexed and intend to put
him away. To my office at the Privy Seal in the afternoon, and from thence
at night to the Bull Head, with Mount, Luellin, and others, and hence to
my fathers, and he being at my uncle Fenners, I went thither to him, and
there sent for my boys father and talked with him about his son, and had
his promise that if I will send home his boy, he will take him
notwithstanding his indenture. Home at night, and find that my wife had
found out more of the boys stealing 6s. out of W. Hewers closet, and hid
it in the house of office, at which my heart was troubled. To bed, and
caused the boys clothes to be brought up to my chamber. But after we were
all a-bed, the wench (which lies in our chamber) called us to listen of a
sudden, which put my wife into such a fright that she shook every joint of
her, and a long time that I could not get her out of it. The noise was the
boy, we did believe, got in a desperate mood out of his bed to do himself
or William [Hewer] some mischief. But the wench went down and got a candle
lighted, and finding the boy in bed, and locking the doors fast, with a
candle burning all night, we slept well, but with a great deal of fear.

30th. We found all well in the morning below stairs, bu the boy in a sad
plight of seeming sorrow; but he is the most cunning rogue that ever I met
with of his age. To White Hall, where I met with the Act of Indemnity—[12
Car. II. cap. II, an act of free and general pardon, indemnity, and
oblivion.]—(so long talked of and hoped for), with the Act of Rate
for Pole-money, an for judicial proceedings. At Westminster Hall I met
with Mr. Paget the lawyer, and dined with him at Heaven. This afternoon my
wife went to Mr. Pierces wifes childs christening, and was urged to be
godmother, but I advised her before-hand not to do it, so she did not, but
as proxy for my Lady Jemimah. This the first day that ever I saw my wife
wear black patches since we were married!

     [The fashion of placing black patches on the face was introduced
     towards the close of the reign of Charles I., and the practice is
     ridiculed in the Spectator.]

My Lord came to town to-day, but coming not home till very late I staid
till 10 at night, and so home on foot. Mr. Sheply and Mr. Childe this
night at the tavern.

31st. Early to wait upon my Lord at White Hall, and with him to the Dukes
chamber. So to my office in Seething Lane. Dined at home, and after dinner
to my Lord again, who told me that he is ordered to go suddenly to sea,
and did give me some orders to be drawing up against his going. This
afternoon I agreed to let my house quite out of my hands to Mr. Dalton
(one of the wine sellers to the King, with whom I had drunk in the old
wine cellar two or three times) for L41. At night made even at Privy Seal
for this month against tomorrow to give up possession, but we know not to
whom, though we most favour Mr. Bickerstaffe, with whom and Mr. Matthews
we drank late after office was done at the Sun, discoursing what to do
about it tomorrow against Baron, and so home and to bed. Blessed be God
all things continue well with and for me. I pray God fit me for a change
of my fortune.