Samuel Pepys diary July 1660

JULY 1660

July 1st. This morning came home my fine Camlett cloak,

     [Camlet was a mixed stuff of wool and silk.  It was very expensive,
     and later Pepys gave L24 for a suit.  (See June 1st, 1664.)]

with gold buttons, and a silk suit, which cost me much money, and I pray
God to make me able to pay for it. I went to the cooks and got a good
joint of meat, and my wife and I dined at home alone. In the afternoon to
the Abbey, where a good sermon by a stranger, but no Common Prayer yet.
After sermon called in at Mrs. Crisps, where I saw Mynheer Roder, that is
to marry Sam Hartlibs sister, a great fortune for her to light on, she
being worth nothing in the world. Here I also saw Mrs. Greenlife, who is
come again to live in Axe Yard with her new husband Mr. Adams. Then to my
Lords, where I staid a while. So to see for Mr. Creed to speak about
getting a copy of Barlows patent. To my Lords, where late at night comes
Mr. Morland, whom I left prating with my Lord, and so home.

2nd. Infinite of business that my heart and head and all were full. Met
with purser Washington, with whom and a lady, a friend of his, I dined at
the Bell Tavern in King Street, but the rogue had no more manners than to
invite me and to let me pay my club. All the afternoon with my Lord, going
up and down the town; at seven at night he went home, and there the
principal Officers of the Navy,

     [A list of the Officers of the Admiralty, May 31st, 1660.  From a
     MS. in the Pepysian Library in Pepyss own handwriting.
     His Royal Highness James, Duke of York, Lord High Admiral.
     Sir George Carteret, Treasurer.
     Sir Robert Slingsby, (soon after) Comptroller.
     Sir William Batten, Surveyor.
     Samuel Pepys, Esq., Clerk of the Acts.

     John, Lord Berkeley (of Stratton,)|
     Sir William Penn,                 | Commissioners.
     Peter Pett, Esq.—B,]             |

among the rest myself was reckoned one. We had order to meet to-morrow, to
draw up such an order of the Council as would put us into action before
our patents were passed. At which my heart was glad. At night supped with
my Lord, he and I together, in the great dining-room alone by ourselves,
the first time I ever did it in London. Home to bed, my maid pretty well

3d. All the morning the Officers and Commissioners of the Navy, we met at
Sir G. Carterets

     [Sir George Carteret, born 1599, had originally been bred to the sea
     service, and became Comptroller of the Navy to Charles I., and
     Governor of Jersey, where he obtained considerable reputation by his
     gallant defence of that island against the Parliament forces.  At
     the Restoration he was made Vice-Chamberlain to the King, Treasurer
     of the Navy, and a Privy Councillor, and in 1661 he was elected M.P.
     for Portsmouth.  In 1666 he exchanged the Treasurership of the Navy
     with the Earl of Anglesea for the Vice-Treasurership of Ireland.  He
     became a Commissioner of the Admiralty in 1673.  He continued in
     favour with Charles II. till his death, January 14th, 1679, in his
     eightieth year.  He married his cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Sir
     Philip Carteret, Knight of St. Ouen, and had issue three sons and
     five daughters.]

chamber, and agreed upon orders for the Council to supersede the old ones,
and empower us to act. Dined with Mr. Stephens, the Treasurers man of the
Navy, and Mr. Turner, to whom I offered L50 out of my own purse for one
year, and the benefit of a Clerks allowance beside, which he thanked me
for; but I find he hath some design yet in his head, which I could not
think of. In the afternoon my heart was quite pulled down, by being told
that Mr. Barlow was to enquire to-day for Mr. Coventry; but at night I met
with my Lord, who told me that I need not fear, for he would get me the
place against the world. And when I came to W. Howe, he told me that Dr.
Petty had been with my Lord, and did tell him that Barlow was a sickly
man, and did not intend to execute the place himself, which put me in
great comfort again. Till 2 in the morning writing letters and things for
my Lord to send to sea. So home to my wife to bed.

4th. Up very early in the morning and landing my wife at White Friars
stairs, I went to the Bridge and so to the Treasurers of the Navy, with
whom I spake about the business of my office, who put me into very good
hopes of my business. At his house comes Commissioner Pett, and he and I
went to view the houses in Seething Lane, belonging to the Navy,

     [The Navy Office was erected on the site of Lumley House, formerly
     belonging to the Fratres Sancta Crucis (or Crutched Friars), and all
     business connected with naval concerns was transacted there till its
     removal to Somerset House.—The ground was afterwards occupied by
     the East India Companys warehouses.  The civil business of the
     Admiralty was removed from Somerset House to Spring Gardens in

where I find the worst very good, and had great fears in my mind that they
will shuffle me out of them, which troubles me. From thence to the Excise
Office in Broad Street, where I received L500 for my Lord, by appointment
of the Treasurer, and went afterwards down with Mr. Luddyard and drank my
morning draft with him and other officers. Thence to Mr. Backewells, the
goldsmith, where I took my Lords L100 in plate for Mr. Secretary
Nicholas, and my own piece of plate, being a state dish and cup in chased
work for Mr. Coventry, cost me above L19. Carried these and the money by
coach to my Lords at White Hall, and from thence carried Nicholass plate
to his house and left it there, intending to speak with him anon. So to
Westminster Hall, where meeting with M. LImpertinent and W. Bowyer, I
took them to the Sun Tavern, and gave them a lobster and some wine, and
sat talking like a fool till 4 oclock. So to my Lords, and walking all
the afternoon in White Hall Court, in expectation of what shall be done in
the Council as to our business. It was strange to see how all the people
flocked together bare, to see the King looking out of the Council window.
At night my Lord told me how my orders that I drew last night about giving
us power to act, are granted by the Council. At which he and I were very
glad. Home and to bed, my boy lying in my house this night the first time.

5th. This morning my brother Tom brought me my jackanapes coat with silver
buttons. It rained this morning, which makes us fear that the glory of
this great day will be lost; the King and Parliament being to be
entertained by the City to-day with great pomp.

     [July 5th.  His Majesty, the two Dukes, the House of Lords, and the
     House of Commons, and the Privy Council, dined at the Guildhall.
     Every Hall appeared with their colours and streamers to attend His
     Majesty; the Masters in gold chains.  Twelve pageants in the streets
     between Temple Bar and Guildhall.  Forty brace of bucks were that
     day spent in the City of London.—Rugges Diurnal.—B.]

Mr. Hater was with me to-day, and I agreed with him to be my clerk.

     [Thomas Hayter.  He remained with Pepys for some time; and by his
     assistance was made Petty Purveyor of Petty Missions.  He succeeded
     Pepys as Clerk of the Acts in 1673, and in 1679 he was Secretary of
     the Admiralty, and Comptroller of the Navy from 1680 to 1682.]

Being at White Hall, I saw the King, the Dukes, and all their attendants
go forth in the rain to the City, and it bedraggled many a fine suit of
clothes. I was forced to walk all the morning in White Hall, not knowing
how to get out because of the rain. Met with Mr. Cooling, my Lord
Chamberlains secretary, who took me to dinner among the gentlemen
waiters, and after dinner into the wine-cellar. He told me how he had a
project for all us Secretaries to join together, and get money by bringing
all business into our hands. Thence to the Admiralty, where Mr. Blackburne
and I (it beginning to hold up) went and walked an hour or two in the
Park, he giving of me light in many things in my way in this office that I
go about. And in the evening I got my present of plate carried to Mr.
Coventrys. At my Lords at night comes Dr. Petty to me, to tell me that
Barlow had come to town, and other things, which put me into a despair,
and I went to bed very sad.

6th. In the morning with my Lord at Whitehall, got the order of the
Council for us to act. From thence to Westminster Hall, and there met with
the Doctor that shewed us so much kindness at the Hague, and took him to
the Sun tavern, and drank with him. So to my Lords and dined with W. Howe
and Sarah, thinking it might be the last time that I might dine with them
together. In the afternoon my Lord and I, and Mr. Coventry and Sir G.
Carteret, went and took possession of the Navy Office, whereby my mind was
a little cheered, but my hopes not great. From thence Sir G. Carteret and
I to the Treasurers Office, where he set some things in order. And so
home, calling upon Sir Geoffry Palmer, who did give me advice about my
patent, which put me to some doubt to know what to do, Barlow being alive.
Afterwards called at Mr. Pims, about getting me a coat of velvet, and he
took me to the Half Moon, and the house so full that we staid above half
an hour before we could get anything. So to my Lords, where in the dark
W. Howe and I did sing extemporys, and I find by use that we are able to
sing a bass and a treble pretty well. So home, and to bed.

7th. To my Lord, one with me to buy a Clerks place, and I did demand
L100. To the Council Chamber, where I took an order for the advance of the
salaries of the officers of the Navy, and I find mine to be raised to L350
per annum. Thence to the Change, where I bought two fine prints of Ragotti
from Rubens, and afterwards dined with my Uncle and Aunt Wight, where her
sister Cox and her husband were. After that to Mr. Rawlinsons with my
uncle, and thence to the Navy Office, where I began to take an inventory
of the papers, and goods, and books of the office. To my Lords, late
writing letters. So home to bed.

8th (Lords day). To White Hall chapel, where I got in with ease by going
before the Lord Chancellor with Mr. Kipps. Here I heard very good music,
the first time that ever I remember to have heard the organs and
singing-men in surplices in my life.

     [During the Commonwealth organs were destroyed all over the country,
     and the following is the title of the Ordinances under which this
     destruction took place: Two Ordinances of the Lords and Commons
     assembled in Parliament, for the speedy demolishing of all organs,
     images, and all matters of superstitious monuments in all Cathedrals
     and Collegiate or Parish Churches and Chapels throughout the Kingdom
     of England and the dominion of Wales; the better to accomplish the
     blessed reformation so happily begun, and to remove all offences and
     things illegal in the worship of God.  Dated May 9th, 1644.  When
     at the period of the Restoration music again obtained its proper
     place in the services of the Church, there was much work for the
     organ builders.  According to Dr. Rimbault (Hopkins on the Organ,
      1855, p. 74), it was more than fifty years after the Restoration
     when our parish churches began commonly to be supplied with organs.
     Drake says, in his Eboracum (published in 1733), that at that date
     only one parish church in the city of York possessed an organ.
     Bernard Schmidt, better known as Father Smith, came to England
     from Germany at the time of the Restoration, and he it was who built
     the organ at the Chapel Royal.  He was in high favour with Charles
     II., who allowed, him apartments in Whitehall Palace.]

The Bishop of Chichester preached before the King, and made a great
flattering sermon, which I did not like that Clergy should meddle with
matters of state. Dined with Mr. Luellin and Salisbury at a cooks shop.
Home, and staid all the afternoon with my wife till after sermon. There
till Mr. Fairebrother came to call us out to my fathers to supper. He
told me how he had perfectly procured me to be made Master in Arts by
proxy, which did somewhat please me, though I remember my cousin Roger
Pepys was the other day persuading me from it. While we were at supper
came Win. Howe to supper to us, and after supper went home to bed.

9th. All the morning at Sir G. Palmers advising about getting my bill
drawn. From thence to the Navy office, where in the afternoon we met and
sat, and there I begun to sign bills in the Office the first time. From
thence Captain Holland and Mr. Browne of Harwich took me to a tavern and
did give me a collation. From thence to the Temple to further my bills
being done, and so home to my Lord, and thence to bed.

10th. This day I put on first my new silk suit, the first that ever I wore
in my life. This morning came Nan Pepys husband Mr. Hall to see me being
lately come to town. I had never seen him before. I took him to the Swan
tavern with Mr. Eglin and there drank our morning draft. Home, and called
my wife, and took her to Dr. Clodiuss to a great wedding of Nan Hartlib
to Mynheer Roder, which was kept at Goring House with very great state,
cost, and noble company. But, among all the beauties there, my wife was
thought the greatest. After dinner I left the company, and carried my wife
to Mrs. Turners. I went to the Attorney-Generals, and had my bill which
cost me seven pieces. I called my wife, and set her home. And finding my
Lord in White Hall garden, I got him to go to the Secretarys, which he
did, and desired the dispatch of his and my bills to be signed by the
King. His bill is to be Earl of Sandwich, Viscount Hinchingbroke, and
Baron of St. Neots.

     [The motive for Sir Edward Montagus so suddenly altering his
     intended title is not explained; probably, the change was adopted as
     a compliment to the town of Sandwich, off which the Fleet was lying
     before it sailed to bring Charles from Scheveling.  Montagu had also
     received marked attentions from Sir John Boys and other principal
     men at Sandwich; and it may be recollected, as an additional reason,
     that one or both of the seats for that borough have usually been
     placed at the disposal of the Admiralty.  The title of Portsmouth
     was given, in 1673, for her life, to the celebrated Louise de
     Querouaille, and becoming extinct with her, was, in 1743, conferred
     upon John Wallop, Viscount Lymington, the ancestor of the present
     Earl of Portsmouth.—B.]

Home, with my mind pretty quiet: not returning, as I said I would, to see
the bride put to bed.

11th. With Sir W. Pen by water to the Navy office, where we met, and
dispatched business. And that being done, we went all to dinner to the
Dolphin, upon Major Browns invitation. After that to the office again,
where I was vexed, and so was Commissioner Pett, to see a busy fellow come
to look out the best lodgings for my Lord Barkley, and the combining
between him and Sir W. Pen; and, indeed, was troubled much at it. Home to
White Hall, and took out my bill signed by the King, and carried it to Mr.
Watkins of the Privy Seal to be despatched there, and going home to take a
cap, I borrowed a pair of sheets of Mr. Howe, and by coach went to the
Navy office, and lay (Mr. Hater, my clerk, with me) at Commissioner
Willoughbys house, where I was received by him very civilly and slept

12th. Up early and by coach to White Hall with Commissioner Pett, where,
after we had talked with my Lord, I went to the Privy Seal and got my bill
perfected there, and at the Signet: and then to the House of Lords, and
met with Mr. Kipps, who directed me to Mr. Beale to get my patent
engrossed; but he not having time to get it done in Chancery-hand, I was
forced to run all up and down Chancery-lane, and the Six Clerks Office

     [The Six Clerks Office was in Chancery Lane, near the Holborn end.
     The business of the office was to enrol commissions, pardons,
     patents, warrants, &c., that had passed the Great Seal; also other
     business in Chancery.  In the early history of the Court of
     Chancery, the Six Clerks and their under-clerks appear to have acted
     as the attorneys of the suitors.  As business increased, these
     under-clerks became a distinct body, and were recognized by the
     court under the denomination of sworn clerks, or clerks in
     court.  The advance of commerce, with its consequent accession of
     wealth, so multiplied the subjects requiring the judgment of a Court
     of Equity, that the limits of a public office were found wholly
     inadequate to supply a sufficient number of officers to conduct the
     business of the suitors.  Hence originated the Solicitors of the
     Court of Chancery.  See Smiths Chancery Practice, p. 62, 3rd
     edit.  The Six Clerks were abolished by act of Parliament,
     5 Vict.  c. 5.]

but could find none that could write the hand, that were at leisure. And
so in a despair went to the Admiralty, where we met the first time there,
my Lord Montagu, my Lord Barkley, Mr. Coventry, and all the rest of the
principal Officers and Commissioners, [except] only the Controller, who is
not yet chosen. At night to Mr. Kippss lodgings, but not finding him, I
went to Mr. Spongs and there I found him and got him to come to me to my
Lords lodgings at 11 oclock of night, when I got him to take my bill to
write it himself (which was a great providence that he could do it)
against to-morrow morning. I late writing letters to sea by the post, and
so home to bed. In great trouble because I heard at Mr. Beales to-day
that Barlow had been there and said that he would make a stop in the

13th. Up early, the first day that I put on my black camlett coat with
silver buttons. To Mr. Spong, whom I found in his night-down writing of my
patent, and he had done as far as he could for that &c. by 8
oclock. It being done, we carried it to Worcester House to the
Chancellor, where Mr. Kipps (a strange providence that he should now be in
a condition to do me a kindness, which I never thought him capable of
doing for me), got me the Chancellors recepi to my bill; and so carried
it to Mr. Beale for a dockett; but he was very angry, and unwilling to do
it, because he said it was ill writ (because I had got it writ by another
hand, and not by him); but by much importunity I got Mr. Spong to go to
his office and make an end of my patent; and in the mean time Mr. Beale to
be preparing my dockett, which being done, I did give him two pieces,
after which it was strange how civil and tractable he was to me. From
thence I went to the Navy office, where we despatched much business, and
resolved of the houses for the Officers and Commissioners, which I was
glad of, and I got leave to have a door made me into the leads. From
thence, much troubled in mind about my patent, I went to Mr. Beale again,
who had now finished my patent and made it ready for the Seal, about an
hour after I went to meet him at the Chancellors. So I went away towards
Westminster, and in my way met with Mr. Spong, and went with him to Mr.
Lilly and ate some bread and cheese, and drank with him, who still would
be giving me council of getting my patent out, for fear of another change,
and my Lord Montagus fall. After that to Worcester House, where by Mr.
Kippss means, and my pressing in General Montagus name to the
Chancellor, I did, beyond all expectation, get my seal passed; and while
it was doing in one room, I was forced to keep Sir G. Carteret (who by
chance met me there, ignorant of my business) in talk, while it was a
doing. Went home and brought my wife with me into London, and some money,
with which I paid Mr. Beale L9 in all, and took my patent of him and went
to my wife again, whom I had left in a coach at the door of Hinde Court,
and presented her with my patent at which she was overjoyed; so to the
Navy office, and showed her my house, and were both mightily pleased at
all things there, and so to my business. So home with her, leaving her at
her mothers door. I to my Lords, where I dispatched an order for a ship
to fetch Sir R. Honywood home, for which I got two pieces of my Lady
Honywood by young Mr. Powell. Late writing letters; and great doings of
music at the next house, which was Whallys; the King and Dukes there with
Madame Palmer,

     [Barbara Villiers, only child of William, second Viscount Grandison,
     born November, 1640, married April 14th, 1659, to Roger Palmer,
     created Earl of Castlemaine, 1661.  She became the Kings mistress
     soon after the Restoration, and was in 1670 made Baroness Nonsuch,
     Countess of Southampton, and Duchess of Cleveland.  She had six
     children by the King, one of them being created Duke of Grafton, and
     the eldest son succeeding her as Duke of Cleveland.  She
     subsequently married Beau Fielding, whom she prosecuted for bigamy.
     She died October 9th, 1709, aged sixty-nine.  Her life was written
     by G. Steinman Steinman, and privately printed 1871, with addenda
     1874, and second addenda 1878.]

a pretty woman that they have a fancy to, to make her husband a cuckold.
Here at the old door that did go into his lodgings, my Lord, I, and W.
Howe, did stand listening a great while to the music. After that home to
bed. This day I should have been at Guildhall to have borne witness for my
brother Hawly against Black Collar, but I could not, at which I was
troubled. To bed with the greatest quiet of mind that I have had a great
while, having ate nothing but a bit of bread and cheese at Lillys to-day,
and a bit of bread and butter after I was a-bed.

14th. Up early and advised with my wife for the putting of all our things
in a readiness to be sent to our new house. To my Lords, where he was in
bed very late. So with Major Tollhurst and others to Harpers, and I sent
for my barrel of pickled oysters and there ate them; while we were doing
so, comes in Mr. Pagan Fisher; the poet, and promises me what he had long
ago done, a book in praise of the King of France, with my armes, and a
dedication to me very handsome. After him comes Mr. Sheply come from sea
yesterday, whom I was glad to see that he may ease me of the trouble of my
Lords business. So to my Lords, where I staid doing his business and
taking his commands. After that to Westminster Hall, where I paid all my
debts in order to my going away from hence. Here I met with Mr. Eglin, who
would needs take me to the Leg in King Street and gave me a dish of meat
to dinner; and so I sent for Mons. LImpertinent, where we sat long and
were merry. After that parted, and I took Mr. Butler [Mons. LImpertinent]
with me into London by coach and shewed him my house at the Navy Office,
and did give order for the laying in coals. So into Fenchurch Street, and
did give him a glass of wine at Rawlinsons, and was trimmed in the
street. So to my Lords late writing letters, and so home, where I found
my wife had packed up all her goods in the house fit for a removal. So to

15th. Lay long in bed to recover my rest. Going forth met with Mr. Sheply,
and went and drank my morning draft with him at Wilkinsons, and my
brother Spicer.—[Jack Spicer, brother clerk of the Privy Seal.]—After
that to Westminster Abbey, and in Henry the Sevenths Chappell heard part
of a sermon, the first that ever I heard there. To my Lords and dined all
alone at the table with him. After dinner he and I alone fell to
discourse, and I find him plainly to be a sceptic in all things of
religion, and to make no great matter of anything therein, but to be a
perfect Stoic. In the afternoon to Henry the Sevenths Chappell, where I
heard service and a sermon there, and after that meeting W. Bowyer there,
he and I to the Park, and walked a good while till night. So to Harpers
and drank together, and Captain Stokes came to us and so I fell into
discourse of buying paper at the first hand in my office, and the Captain
promised me to buy it for me in France. After that to my Lords lodgings,
where I wrote some business and so home. My wife at home all the day, she
having no clothes out, all being packed up yesterday. For this month I
have wholly neglected anything of news, and so have beyond belief been
ignorant how things go, but now by my patent my mind is in some quiet,
which God keep. I was not at my fathers to-day, I being afraid to go for
fear he should still solicit me to speak to my Lord for a place in the
Wardrobe, which I dare not do, because of my own business yet. My wife and
I mightily pleased with our new house that we hope to have. My patent has
cost me a great deal of money, about L40, which is the only thing at
present which do trouble me much. In the afternoon to Henry the Sevenths
chapel, where I heard a sermon and spent (God forgive me) most of my time
in looking upon Mrs. Butler. After that with W. Bowyer to walk in the
Park. Afterwards to my Lords lodgings, and so home to bed, having not
been at my fathers to-day.

16th, This morning it proved very rainy weather so that I could not remove
my goods to my house. I to my office and did business there, and so home,
it being then sunrise, but by the time that I got to my house it began to
rain again, so that I could not carry my goods by cart as I would have
done. After that to my Lords and so home and to bed.

17th. This morning (as indeed all the mornings nowadays) much business at
my Lords. There came to my house before I went out Mr. Barlow, an old
consumptive man, and fair conditioned, with whom I did discourse a great
while, and after much talk I did grant him what he asked, viz., L50 per
annum, if my salary be not increased, and (100 per annum, in case it be to
L350), at which he was very well pleased to be paid as I received my money
and not otherwise. Going to my Lords I found my Lord had got a great cold
and kept his bed, and so I brought him to my Lords bedside, and he and I
did agree together to this purpose what I should allow him. That done and
the day proving fair I went home and got all my goods packed up and sent
away, and my wife and I and Mrs. Hunt went by coach, overtaking the carts
a-drinking in the Strand. Being come to my house and set in the goods, and
at night sent my wife and Mrs. Hunt to buy something for supper; they
bought a Quarter of Lamb, and so we ate it, but it was not half roasted.
Will, Mr. Blackburnes nephew, is so obedient, that I am greatly glad of
him. At night he and I and Mrs. Hunt home by water to Westminster. I to my
Lord, and after having done some business with him in his chamber in the
Nursery, which has been now his chamber since he came from sea, I went on
foot with a linkboy to my home, where I found my wife in bed and Jane
washing the house, and Will the boy sleeping, and a great deal of sport I
had before I could wake him. I to bed the first night that I ever lay here
with my wife.

18th. This morning the carpenter made an end of my door out of my chamber
upon the leads.

This morning we met at the office: I dined at my house in Seething Lane,
and after that, going about 4 oclock to Westminster, I met with Mr.
Carter and Mr. Cooke coming to see me in a coach, and so I returned home.
I did also meet with Mr. Pierce, the surgeon, with a porter with him, with
a barrel of Lemons, which my man Burr sends me from sea. I took all these
people home to my house and did give them some drink, and after them comes
Mr. Sheply, and after a little stay we all went by water to Westminster as
far as the New Exchange. Thence to my Lord about business, and being in
talk in comes one with half a buck from Hinchinbroke, and it smelling a
little strong my Lord did give it me (though it was as good as any could
be). I did carry it to my mother, where I had not been a great while, and
indeed had no great mind to go, because my father did lay upon me
continually to do him a kindness at the Wardrobe, which I could not do
because of my own business being so fresh with my Lord. But my father was
not at home, and so I did leave the venison with her to dispose of as she
pleased. After that home, where W. Hewer now was, and did lie this night
with us, the first night. My mind very quiet, only a little trouble I have
for the great debts which I have still upon me to the Secretary, Mr.
Kipps, and Mr. Spong for my patent.

19th. I did lie late a-bed. I and my wife by water, landed her at
Whitefriars with her boy with an iron of our new range which is already
broke and my wife will have changed, and many other things she has to buy
with the help of my father to-day. I to my Lord and found him in bed. This
day I received my commission to swear people the oath of allegiance and
supremacy delivered me by my Lord. After talk with my Lord I went to
Westminster Hall, where I took Mr. Michell and his wife, and Mrs. Murford
we sent for afterwards, to the Dog Tavern, where I did give them a dish of
anchovies and olives and paid for all, and did talk of our old discourse
when we did use to talk of the King, in the time of the Rump, privately;
after that to the Admiralty Office, in White Hall, where I staid and writ
my last observations for these four days last past. Great talk of the
difference between the Episcopal and Presbyterian Clergy, but I believe it
will come to nothing. So home and to bed.

20th. We sat at the office this morning, Sir W. Batten and Mr. Pett being
upon a survey to Chatham. This morning I sent my wife to my fathers and
he is to give me L5 worth of pewter. After we rose at the office, I went
to my fathers, where my Uncle Fenner and all his crew and Captain Holland
and his wife and my wife were at dinner at a venison pasty of the venison
that I did give my mother the other day. I did this time show so much
coldness to W. Joyce that I believe all the table took notice of it. After
that to Westminster about my Lords business and so home, my Lord having
not been well these two or three days, and I hear that Mr. Barnwell at
Hinchinbroke is fallen sick again. Home and to bed.

21st. This morning Mr. Barlow had appointed for me to bring him what form
I would have the agreement between him and me to pass, which I did to his
lodgings at the Golden Eagle in the new street—[Still retains the
name New Street.]—between Fetter Lane and Shoe Lane, where he liked
it very well, and I from him went to get Mr. Spong to engross it in
duplicates. To my Lord and spoke to him about the business of the Privy
Seal for me to be sworn, though I got nothing by it, but to do Mr. Moore a
kindness, which he did give me a good answer to. Went to the Six Clerks
office to Mr. Spong for the writings, and dined with him at a club at the
next door, where we had three voices to sing catches. So to my house to
write letters and so to Whitehall about business of my Lords concerning
his creation,—[As Earl of Sandwich.]—and so home and to bed.

22nd. Lords day. All this last night it had rained hard. My brother Tom
came this morning the first time to see me, and I paid him all that I owe
my father to this day. Afterwards I went out and looked into several
churches, and so to my uncle Fenners, whither my wife was got before me,
and we, my father and mother, and all the Joyces, and my aunt Bell, whom I
had not seen many a year before. After dinner to White Hall (my wife to
church with K. Joyce), where I find my Lord at home, and walked in the
garden with him, he showing me all the respect that can be. I left him and
went to walk in the Park, where great endeavouring to get into the inward
Park,—[This is still railed off from St. Jamess Park, and called
the Enclosure.]—but could not get in; one man was basted by the
keeper, for carrying some people over on his back through the water.
Afterwards to my Lords, where I staid and drank with Mr. Sheply, having
first sent to get a pair of oars. It was the first time that ever I went
by water on the Lords day. Home, and at night had a chapter read; and I
read prayers out of the Common Prayer Book, the first time that ever I
read prayers in this house. So to bed.

23rd. This morning Mr. Barlow comes to me, and he and I went forth to a
scrivener in Fenchurch Street, whom we found sick of the gout in bed, and
signed and sealed our agreement before him. He urged to have these words
(in consideration whereof) to be interlined, which I granted, though
against my will. Met this morning at the office, and afterwards Mr. Barlow
by appointment came and dined with me, and both of us very pleasant and
pleased. After dinner to my Lord, who took me to Secretary Nicholas, and
there before him and Secretary Morris, my Lord and I upon our knees
together took our oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy; and the Oath of the
Privy Seal, of which I was much glad, though I am not likely to get
anything by it at present; but I do desire it, for fear of a turn-out of
our office. That done and my Lord gone from me, I went with Mr. Cooling
and his brother, and Sam Hartlibb, little Jennings and some others to the
Kings Head Tavern at Charing Cross, where after drinking I took boat and
so home, where we supped merrily among ourselves (our little boy proving a
droll) and so after prayers to bed. This day my Lord had heard that Mr.
Barnwell was dead, but it is not so yet, though he be very ill. I was
troubled all this day with Mr. Cooke, being willing to do him good, but my
mind is so taken up with my own business that I cannot.

24th. To White Hall, where I did acquaint Mr. Watkins with my being sworn
into the Privy Seal, at which he was much troubled, but put it up and did
offer me a kinsman of his to be my clerk, which I did give him some hope
of, though I never intend it. In the afternoon I spent much time in
walking in White Hall Court with Mr. Bickerstaffe, who was very glad of my
Lords being sworn, because of his business with his brother Baron, which
is referred to my Lord Chancellor, and to be ended to-morrow. Baron had
got a grant beyond sea, to come in before the reversionary of the Privy
Seal. This afternoon Mr. Mathews came to me, to get a certificate of my
Lords and my being sworn, which I put in some forwardness, and so home
and to bed.

25th. In the morning at the office, and after that down to Whitehall,
where I met with Mr. Creed, and with him and a Welsh schoolmaster, a good
scholar but a very pedagogue, to the ordinary at the Leg in King Street.
I got my certificate of my Lords and my being sworn. This morning my Lord
took leave of the House of Commons, and had the thanks of the House for
his great services to his country. In the afternoon (but this is a
mistake, for it was yesterday in the afternoon) Monsieur LImpertinent and
I met and I took him to the Sun and drank with him, and in the evening
going away we met his mother and sisters and father coming from the
Gatehouse; where they lodge, where I did the first time salute them all,
and very pretty Madame Frances—[Frances Butler, the beauty.]—is
indeed. After that very late home and called in Tower Street, and there at
a barbers was trimmed the first time. Home and to bed.

26th. Early to White Hall, thinking to have a meeting of my Lord and the
principal officers, but my Lord could not, it being the day that he was to
go and be admitted in the House of Lords, his patent being done, which he
presented upon his knees to the Speaker; and so it was read in the House,
and he took his place. I at the Privy Seal Office with Mr. Hooker, who
brought me acquainted with Mr. Crofts of the Signet, and I invited them to
a dish of meat at the Leg in King Street, and so we dined there and I paid
for all and had very good light given me as to my employment there.
Afterwards to Mr. Pierces, where I should have dined but I could not, but
found Mr. Sheply and W. Howe there. After we had drunk hard we parted, and
I went away and met Dr. Castle, who is one of the Clerks of the Privy
Seal, and told him how things were with my Lord and me, which he received
very gladly. I was this day told how Baron against all expectation and law
has got the place of Bickerstaffe, and so I question whether he will not
lay claim to wait the next month, but my Lord tells me that he will stand
for it. In the evening I met with T. Doling, who carried me to St. Jamess

     [August, 1661: This year the Fair, called St. Jamess Fair, was
     kept the full appointed time, being a fortnight; but during that
     time many lewd and infamous persons were by his Majestys express
     command to the Lord Chamberlain, and his Lordships direction to
     Robert Nelson, Esq., committed to the House of Correction.—Rugges
     Diurnal.  St; Jamess fair was held first in the open space near St.
     Jamess Palace, and afterwards in St. Jamess Market.  It was
     prohibited by the Parliament in 1651, but revived at the
     Restoration.  It was, however, finally suppressed before the close
     of the reign of Charles II.]

and there meeting with W. Symons and his wife, and Luellin, and D.
Scobells wife and cousin, we went to Woods at the Pell Mell

     [This is one of the earliest references to Pall Mall as an inhabited
     street, and also one of the earliest uses of the word clubbing.]

(our old house for clubbing), and there we spent till 10 at night, at
which time I sent to my Lords for my clerk Will to come to me, and so by
link home to bed. Where I found Commissioner Willoughby had sent for all
his things away out of my bedchamber, which is a little disappointment,
but it is better than pay too dear for them.

27th: The last night Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen came to their houses at
the office. Met this morning and did business till noon. Dined at home and
from thence to my Lords where Will, my clerk, and I were all the
afternoon making up my accounts, which we had done by night, and I find
myself worth about L100 after all my expenses. At night I sent to W.
Bowyer to bring me L100, being that he had in his hands of my Lords. in
keeping, out of which I paid Mr. Sheply all that remained due to my Lord
upon my balance, and took the rest home with me late at night. We got a
coach, but the horses were tired and could not carry us farther than St.
Dunstans. So we light and took a link and so home weary to bed.

28th. Early in the morning rose, and a boy brought me a letter from Poet
Fisher, who tells me that he is upon a panegyrique of the King, and
desired to borrow a piece of me; and I sent him half a piece. To
Westminster, and there dined with Mr. Sheply and W. Howe, afterwards
meeting with Mr. Henson, who had formerly had the brave clock that went
with bullets (which is now taken away from him by the King, it being his

     [Some clocks are still made with a small ball, or bullet, on an
     inclined plane, which turns every minute.  The Kings clocks
     probably dropped bullets.  Gainsborough the painter had a brother
     who was a dissenting minister at Henley-on-Thames, and possessed a
     strong genius for mechanics.  He invented a clock of a very peculiar
     construction, which, after his death, was deposited in the British
     Museum.  It told the hour by a little bell, and was kept in motion
     by a leaden bullet, which dropped from a spiral reservoir at the top
     of the clock, into a little ivory bucket.  This was so contrived as
     to discharge it at the bottom, and by means of a counter-weight was
     carried up to the top of the clock, where it received another
     bullet, which was discharged as the former.  This seems to have been
     an attempt at the perpetual motion.—Gentlemans Magazine, 1785,
     p. 931.—B.]

I went with him to the Swan Tavern and sent for Mr. Butler, who was now
all full of his high discourse in praise of Ireland, whither he and his
whole family are going by Coll. Dillons persuasion, but so many lies I
never heard in praise of anything as he told of Ireland. So home late at
night and to bed.

29th. Lords day. I and my boy Will to Whitehall, and I with my Lord to
White Hall Chappell, where I heard a cold sermon of the Bishop of
Salisburys, and the ceremonies did not please me, they do so overdo them.
My Lord went to dinner at Kensington with my Lord Camden. So I dined and
took Mr. Birfett, my Lords chaplain, and his friend along with me, with
Mr. Sheply at my Lords. In the afternoon with Dick Vines and his brother
Payton, we walked to Lisson Green and Marybone and back again, and finding
my Lord at home I got him to look over my accounts, which he did approve
of and signed them, and so we are even to this day. Of this I was glad,
and do think myself worth clear money about L120. Home late, calling in at
my fathers without stay. To bed.

30th. Sat at our office to-day, and my father came this day the first time
to see us at my new office. And Mrs. Crisp by chance came in and sat with
us, looked over our house and advised about the furnishing of it. This
afternoon I got my L50, due to me for my first quarters salary as
Secretary to my Lord, paid to Tho. Hater for me, which he received and
brought home to me, of which I am full glad. To Westminster and among
other things met with Mr. Moore, and took him and his friend, a bookseller
of Pauls Churchyard, to the Rhenish Winehouse, and drinking there the
sword-bearer of London (Mr. Man) came to ask for us, with whom we sat
late, discoursing about the worth of my office of Clerk of the Acts, which
he hath a mind to buy, and I asked four years purchase. We are to speak
more of it to-morrow. Home on foot, and seeing him at home at Butlers
merry, he lent me a torch, which Will carried, and so home.

31st. To White Hall, where my Lord and the principal officers met, and had
a great discourse about raising of money for the Navy, which is in very
sad condition, and money must be raised for it. Mr. Blackburne, Dr.
Clerke, and I to the Quakers and dined there. I back to the Admiralty,
and there was doing things in order to the calculating of the debts of the
Navy and other business, all the afternoon. At night I went to the Privy
Seal, where I found Mr. Crofts and Mathews making up all their things to
leave the office tomorrow, to those that come to wait the next month. I
took them to the Sun Tavern and there made them drink, and discoursed
concerning the office, and what I was to expect tomorrow about Baron, who
pretends to the next month. Late home by coach so far as Ludgate with Mr.
Mathews, and thence home on foot with W. Hewer with me, and so to bed.