Samuel Pepys diary June 1660

JUNE 1660

June 1st. This morning Mr. Sheply disposed of the money that the Duke of
York did give my Lords servants, 22 ducatoons 3 came to my share, whereof
he told me to give Jaspar something because my Lord left him out.

     [Foreign coins were in frequent use at this time.  A Proclamation,
     January 29th, 1660-61, declared certain foreign gold and silver
     coins to be current at certain rates.  The rate of the ducatoon was
     at 5s. 9d.]

I did give Mr. Sheply the fine pair of buckskin gloves that I bought
myself about five years ago. My Lord took physic to-day, and so come not
out all day. The Captain on shore all day. After dinner Captain Jefferys
and W. Howe, and the Lieutenant and I to ninepins, where I lost about two
shillings and so fooled away all the afternoon. At night Mr. Cooke comes
from London with letters, leaving all things there very gallant and
joyful. And brought us word that the Parliament had ordered the 29th of
May, the Kings birthday, to be for ever kept as a day of thanksgiving for
our redemption from tyranny, and the Kings return to his Government, he
entering London that day. My wife was in London when he came thither, and
had been there a week with Mr. Bowyer and his wife. My poor wife has not
been well a week before, but thanks be to God is well again. She would
fain see me and be at her house again, but we must be content. She writes
word how the Joyces grow very rich and very proud, but it is no matter,
and that there was a talk that I should be knighted by the King, which
they (the Joyces) laugh at; but I think myself happier in my wife and
estate than they are in theirs. To bed. The Captain come on board, when I
was going to bed, quite fuddled; and himself the next morning told me so
too, that the Vice-Admiral, Rear-Admiral, and he had been drinking all
day.

2d. Being with my Lord in the morning about business in his cabin, I took
occasion to give him thanks for his love to me in the share that he had
given me of his Majestys money, and the Dukes. He told the he hoped to
do me a more lasting kindness, if all things stand as they are now between
him and the King, but, says he, We must have a little patience and we
will rise together; in the mean time I will do you all the good jobs I
can. Which was great content for me to hear from my Lord. All the morning
with the Captain, computing how much the thirty ships that come with the
King from Scheveling their pay comes to for a month (because the King
promised to give them all a months pay), and it comes to L6,538, and the
Charles particularly L777. I wish we had the money. All the afternoon with
two or three captains in the Captains cabin, drinking of white wine and
sugar, and eating pickled oysters, where Captain Sparling told us the best
story that ever I heard, about a gentleman that persuaded a country fool
to let him gut his oysters or else they would stink. At night writing
letters to London and Weymouth, for my Lord being now to sit in the House
of Peers he endeavours to get Mr. Edward Montagu for Weymouth and Mr.
George for Dover. Mr. Cooke late with me in my cabin while I wrote to my
wife, and drank a bottle of wine and so took leave of me on his journey
and I to bed.

3d. Waked in the morning by one who when I asked who it was, he told me
one from Bridewell, which proved Captain Holland. I rose presently to him.
He is come to get an order for the setting out of his ship, and to renew
his commission. He tells me how every man goes to the Lord Mayor to set
down their names, as such as do accept of his Majestys pardon, and showed
me a certificate under the Lord Mayors hand that he had done so.

At sermon in the morning; after dinner into my cabin, to cast my accounts
up, and find myself to be worth near L100, for which I bless Almighty God,
it being more than I hoped for so soon, being I believe not clearly worth
L25 when I came to sea besides my house and goods. Then to set my papers
in order, they being increased much upon my hands through want of time to
put them in order. The ships company all this while at sermon. After
sermon my Lord did give me instruction to write to London about business,
which done, after supper to bed.

4th. Waked in the morning at four oclock to give some money to Mr. Hetly,
who was to go to London with the letters that I wrote yesterday night.
After he was gone I went and lay down in my gown upon my bed again an hour
or two. At last waked by a messenger come for a Post Warrant for Mr. Hetly
and Mr. Creed, who stood to give so little for their horses that the men
would not let them have any without a warrant, which I sent them. All the
morning getting Captain Hollands commission done, which I did, and he at
noon went away. I took my leave of him upon the quarter-deck with a bottle
of sack, my Lord being just set down to dinner. Then he being gone I went
to dinner and after dinner to my cabin to write. This afternoon I showed
my Lord my accounts, which he passed, and so I think myself to be worth
near L100 now. In the evening I made an order for Captain Sparling of the
Assistance to go to Middleburgh, to fetch over some of the Kings goods. I
took the opportunity to send all my Dutch money, 70 ducatoons and 29 gold
ducats to be changed, if he can, for English money, which is the first
venture that ever I made, and so I have been since a little afeard of it.
After supper some music and so to bed. This morning the Kings
Proclamation against drinking, swearing, and debauchery, was read to our
ships companies in the fleet, and indeed it gives great satisfaction to
all.

     [The Kings Proclamation against vicious, debauched, and prophane
     Persons is dated May 30th.  It is printed in Somerss Tracts, ed.
     1812, vol. vii.  p. 423.]

5th. A-bed late. In the morning my Lord went on shore with the
Vice-Admiral a-fishing, and at dinner returned. In the afternoon I played
at ninepins with my Lord, and when he went in again I got him to sign my
accounts for L115, and so upon my private balance I find myself confirmed
in my estimation that I am worth L100. In the evening in my cabin a great
while getting the song without book, Help, help Divinity, &c. After
supper my Lord called for the lieutenants cittern, and with two
candlesticks with money in them for symballs, we made barbers music,

     [In the Notices of Popular Histories, printed for the Percy
     Society, there is a curious woodcut representing the interior of a
     barbers shop, in which, according to the old custom, the person
     waiting to be shaved is playing on the ghittern till his turn
     arrives.  Decker also mentions a barbers cittern, for every
     serving-man to play upon.  This is no doubt the barbers music
      with which Lord Sandwich entertained himself.—B.]

with which my Lord was well pleased. So to bed.

6th. In the morning I had letters come, that told me among other things,
that my Lords place of Clerk of the Signet was fallen to him, which he
did most lovingly tell me that I should execute, in case he could not get
a better employment for me at the end of the year. Because he thought that
the Duke of York would command all, but he hoped that the Duke would not
remove me but to my advantage.

I had a great deal of talk about my uncle Robert,

     [Robert Pepys of Brampton, eldest son of Thomas Pepys the red, and
     brother of Samuels father.]

and he told me that he could not tell how his mind stood as to his estate,
but he would do all that lay in his power for me. After dinner came Mr.
Gooke from London, who told me that my wife he left well at Huntsmore,
though her health not altogether so constant as it used to be, which my
heart is troubled for. Mr. Moores letters tell me that he thinks my Lord
will be suddenly sent for up to London, and so I got myself in readiness
to go.

My letters tell me, that Mr. Calamy

     [Edmund Calamy, D.D., the celebrated Nonconformist divine, born
     February, 1600, appointed Chaplain to Charles II., 1660.  He refused
     the bishopric of Lichfield which was offered to him.  Died October
     29th, 1666.]

had preached before the King in a surplice (this I heard afterwards to be
false); that my Lord, Gen. Monk, and three more Lords, are made
Commissioners for the Treasury;

     [The names of the Commissioners were—Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards
     Earl of Clarendon, General Monk, Thomas, Earl of Southampton, John,
     Lord Robartes, Thomas, Lord Colepeper, Sir Edward Montagu, with Sir
     Edward Nicholas and Sir William Morrice as principal Secretaries of
     State.  The patents are dated June 19th, 1660.]

that my Lord had some great place conferred on him, and they say Master of
the Wardrobe;

     [The duty of the Master of the Wardrobe was to provide proper
     furniture for coronations, marriages, and funerals of the sovereign
     and royal family, cloaths of state, beds, hangings, and other
     necessaries for the houses of foreign ambassadors, cloaths of state
     for Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Prince of Wales, and ambassadors
     abroad, as also to provide robes for Ministers of State, Knights of
     the Garter, &c.  The last Master of the Wardrobe was Ralph, Duke of
     Montague, who died 1709.]

that the two Dukes—[Duke of York and Duke of Gloucester.]—do
haunt the Park much, and that they were at a play, Madam Epicene,—[Epicene,
or the Silent Woman, a comedy, by Ben Jonson.]—the other day; that
Sir. Ant. Cooper, Mr. Hollis, and Mr. Annesly,& late President of the
Council of State, are made Privy Councillors to the King. At night very
busy sending Mr. Donne away to London, and wrote to my father for a coat
to be made me against I come to London, which I think will not be long. At
night Mr. Edward Montagu came on board and staid long up with my Lord. I
to bed and about one in the morning,

7th. W. Howe called me up to give him a letter to carry to my Lord that
came to me to-day, which I did and so to, sleep again. About three in the
morning the people began to wash the deck, and the water came pouring into
my mouth, which waked me, and I was fain to rise and get on my gown, and
sleep leaning on my table. This morning Mr. Montagu went away again. After
dinner come Mr. John Wright and Mr. Moore, with the sight of whom my heart
was very glad. They brought an order for my Lords coming up to London,
which my Lord resolved to do tomorrow. All the afternoon getting my things
in order to set forth to-morrow. At night walked up and down with Mr.
Moore, who did give me an account of all things at London. Among others,
how the Presbyterians would be angry if they durst, but they will not be
able to do any thing. Most of the Commanders on board and supped with my
Lord. Late at night came Mr. Edw. Pickering from London, but I could not
see him this night. I went with Mr. Moore to the Masters cabin, and saw
him there in order to going to bed. After that to my own cabin to put
things in order and so to bed.

8th. Out early, took horses at Deale. I troubled much with the Kings
gittar, and Fairbrother, the rogue that I intrusted with the carrying of
it on foot, whom I thought I had lost. Col. Dixwells horse taken by a
soldier and delivered to my Lord, and by him to me to carry to London.
Came to Canterbury, dined there. I saw the minster and the remains of
Beckets tomb. To Sittiligborne and Rochester. At Chatham and Rochester
the ships and bridge. Mr. Hetlys mistake about dinner. Come to Gravesend.
A good handsome wench I kissed, the first that I have seen a great while.
Supped with my Lord, drank late below with Penrose, the Captain. To bed
late, having first laid out all my things against to-morrow to put myself
in a walking garb. Weary and hot to bed to Mr. Moore.

9th. Up betimes, 25s. the reckoning for very bare. Paid the house and by
boats to London, six boats. Mr. Moore, W. Howe, and I, and then the child
in the room of W. Howe. Landed at the Temple. To Mr. Crews. To my
fathers and put myself into a handsome posture to wait upon my Lord,
dined there. To White Hall with my Lord and Mr. Edwd. Montagu. Found the
King in the Park. There walked. Gallantly great.

10th. (Lords day.) At my fathers found my wife and to walk with her in
Lincolns Inn walks.

11th. Betimes to my Lord. Extremely much people and business. So with him
to Whitehall to the Duke. Back with him by coach and left him in Covent
Garden. I back to Wills and the Hall to see my father. Then to the Leg in
King Street with Mr. Moore, and sent for. LImpertinent to dinner with me.
After that with Mr. Moore about Privy Seal business. To Mr. Watkins, so to
Mr. Crews. Then towards my fathers met my Lord and with him to Dorset
House to the Chancellor. So to Mr. Crews and saw my Lord at supper, and
then home, and went to see Mrs. Turner, and so to bed.

12th. Visited by the two Pierces, Mr. Blackburne, Dr. Clerk and Mr. Creed,
and did give them a ham of bacon. So to my Lord and with him to the Duke
of Gloucester. The two Dukes dined with the Speaker, and I saw there a
fine entertainment and dined with the pages. To Mr. Crews, whither came
Mr. Greatorex, and with him to the Faithornes, and so to the Devils
tavern. To my Lords and staid till 12 at night about business. So to my
fathers, my father and mother in bed, who had been with my uncle Fenner,
&c., and my wife all day and expected me. But I found Mr. Cook there,
and so to bed.

13th. To my Lords and thence to the Treasurers of the Navy, with Mr.
Creed and Pierce the Purser to Rawlinsons, whither my uncle Wight came,
and I spent 12s. upon them. So to Mr. Crews, where I blotted a new carpet—[It
was customary to use carpets as table cloths.]—that was hired, but
got it out again with fair water. By water with my Lord in a boat to
Westminster, and to the Admiralty, now in a new place. After business done
there to the Rhenish wine-house with Mr. Blackburne, Creed, and Wivell. So
to my Lords lodging and to my fathers, and to bed.

14th. Up to my Lord and from him to the Treasurer of the Navy for L500.
After that to a tavern with Washington the Purser, very gallant, and ate
and drank. To Mr. Crews and laid my money. To my Lady Pickering with the
plate that she did give my Lord the other day. Then to Wills and met
William Symons and Doling and Luellin, and with them to the Bull-head, and
then to a new alehouse in Brewers Yard, where Winter that had the fray
with Stoakes, and from them to my fathers.

15th. All the morning at the Commissioners of the Navy about getting out
my bill for L650 for the last quarter, which I got done with a great deal
of ease, which is not common. After that with Mr. Turner to the Dolphin
and drunk, and so by water to W. Symons, where D. Scobell with his wife, a
pretty and rich woman. Mrs. Symons, a very fine woman, very merry after
dinner with marrying of Luellin and D. Scobells kinswoman that was there.
Then to my Lord who told me how the King has given him the place of the
great Wardrobe. My Lord resolves to have Sarah again. I to my fathers,
and then to see my uncle and aunt Fenner. So home and to bed.

16th. Rose betimes and abroad in one shirt, which brought me a great cold
and pain. Murford took me to Harveys by my fathers to drink and told me
of a business that I hope to get L5 by. To my Lord, and so to White Hall
with him about the Clerk of the Privy Seals place, which he is to have.

Then to the Admiralty, where I wrote same letters. Here Coll. Thompson
told me, as a great secret; that the Nazeby was on fire when the King was
there, but that is not known; when God knows it is quite false. Got a
piece of gold from Major Holmes for the horse of Dixwells I brought to
town. Dined at Mr. Crews, and after dinner with my Lord to Whitehall.
Court attendance infinite tedious. Back with my Lord to my Lady Wrights
and staid till it had done raining, which it had not done a great while.
After that at night home to my fathers and to bed.

17th (Lords day). Lay long abed. To Mr. Mossums; a good sermon. This day
the organs did begin to play at White Hall before the King.—[All
organs were removed from churches by an ordinance dated 1644.]—Dined
at my fathers. After dinner to Mr. Mossums again, and so in the garden,
and heard Chippells father preach, that was Page to the Protector, and
just by the window that I stood at sat Mrs. Butler, the great beauty.
After sermon to my Lord. Mr. Edward and I into Grays Inn walks, and saw
many beauties. So to my fathers, where Mr. Cook, W. Bowyer, and my coz
Roger Wharton supped and to bed.

18th. To my Lords, where much business and some hopes of getting some
money thereby. With him to the Parliament House, where he did intend to
have gone to have made his appearance to-day, but he met Mr. Crew upon the
stairs, and would not go in. He went to Mrs. Browns, and staid till word
was brought him what was done in the House. This day they made an end of
the twenty men to be excepted from pardon to their estates. By barge to
Stepny with my Lord, where at Trinity House we had great entertainment.
With, my Lord there went Sir W. Pen, Sir H. Wright, Hetly, Pierce; Creed,
Hill, I and other servants. Back again to the Admiralty, and so to my
Lords lodgings, where he told me that he did look after the place of the
Clerk of the Acts—[The letters patent appointing Pepys to the office
of Clerk of the Acts is dated July 13th, 1660.]—for me. So to Mr.
Crews and my fathers and to bed. My wife went this day to Huntsmore for
her things, and I was very lonely all night. This evening my wifes
brother, Balty, came to me to let me know his bad condition and to get a
place for him, but I perceive he stands upon a place for a gentleman, that
may not stain his family when, God help him, he wants bread.

19th. Called on betimes by Murford, who showed me five pieces to get a
business done for him and I am resolved to do it., Much business at my
Lords. This morning my Lord went into the House of Commons, and there had
the thanks of the House, in the name of the Parliament and Commons of
England, for his late service to his King and Country. A motion was made
for a reward for him, but it was quashed by Mr. Annesly, who, above most
men, is engaged to my Lords and Mr. Crews families. Meeting with Captain
Stoakes at Whitehall, I dined with him and Mr. Gullop, a parson (with whom
afterwards I was much offended at his importunity and impertinence, such
another as Elborough),

     [Thomas Elborough was one of Pepyss schoolfellows, and afterwards
     curate of St. Lawrence Poultney.]

and Mr. Butler, who complimented much after the same manner as the parson
did. After that towards my Lords at Mr. Crews, but was met with by a
servant of my Lady Pickering, who took me to her and she told me the story
of her husbands case and desired my assistance with my Lord, and did give
me, wrapped up in paper, L5 in silver. After that to my Lords, and with
him to Whitehall and my Lady Pickering. My Lord went at night with the
King to Baynards Castle to supper, and I home to my fathers to bed. My
wife and the girl and dog came home to-day. When I came home I found a
quantity of chocolate left for me, I know not from whom. We hear of W.
Howe being sick to-day, but he was well at night.

20th. Up by 4 in the morning to write letters to sea and a commission for
him that Murford solicited for. Called on by Captain Sparling, who did
give me my Dutch money again, and so much as he had changed into English
money, by which my mind was eased of a great deal of trouble. Some other
sea captains. I did give them a good morning draught, and so to my Lord
(who lay long in bed this day, because he came home late from supper with
the King). With my Lord to the Parliament House, and, after that, with him
to General Monks, where he dined at the Cock-pit. I home and dined with
my wife, now making all things ready there again. Thence to my Lady
Pickering, who did give me the best intelligence about the Wardrobe.
Afterwards to the Cockpit to my Lord with Mr. Townsend, one formerly and
now again to be employed as Deputy of the Wardrobe. Thence to the
Admiralty, and despatched away Mr. Cooke to sea; whose business was a
letter from my Lord about Mr. G. Montagu to be chosen as a Parliament-man
in my Lords room at Dover; and another to the Vice-Admiral to give my
Lord a constant account of all things in the fleet, merely that he may
thereby keep up his power there; another letter to Captn. Cuttance to send
the barge that brought the King on shore, to Hinchingbroke by Lynne. To my
own house, meeting G. Vines, and drank with him at Charing Cross, now the
Kings Head Tavern. With my wife to my fathers, where met with Swan,—[William
Swan is called a fanatic and a very rogue in other parts of the Diary.]—an
old hypocrite, and with him, his friend and my father, and my cozen Scott
to the Bear Tavern. To my fathers and to bed.

21st. To my Lord, much business. With him to the Council Chamber, where he
was sworn; and the charge of his being admitted Privy Counsellor is L26.
To the Dog Tavern at Westminster, where Murford with Captain Curle and two
friends of theirs went to drink. Captain Curle, late of the Maria, gave me
five pieces in gold and a silver can for my wife for the Commission I did
give him this day for his ship, dated April 20, 1660 last. Thence to the
Parliament door and came to Mr. Crews to dinner with my Lord, and with my
Lord to see the great Wardrobe, where Mr. Townsend brought us to the
governor of some poor children in tawny clothes; who had been maintained
there these eleven years, which put my Lord to a stand how to dispose of
them, that he may have the house for his use. The children did sing
finely, and my Lord did bid me give them five pieces in gold at his going
away. Thence back to White Hall, where, the King being gone abroad, my
Lord and I walked a great while discoursing of the simplicity of the
Protector, in his losing all that his father had left him. My Lord told
me, that the last words that he parted with the Protector with (when he
went to the Sound), were, that he should rejoice more to see him in his
grave at his return home, than that he should give way to such things as
were then in hatching, and afterwards did ruin him: and the Protector
said, that whatever G. Montagu, my Lord Broghill, Jones, and the
Secretary, would have him to do, he would do it, be it what it would.
Thence to my wife, meeting Mr. Blagrave, who went home with me, and did
give me a lesson upon the flageolet, and handselled my silver can with my
wife and me. To my fathers, where Sir Thomas Honeywood and his family
were come of a sudden, and so we forced to lie all together in a little
chamber, three stories high.

22d. To my Lord, where much business. With him to White Hall, where the
Duke of York not being up, we walked a good while in the Shield Gallery.
Mr. Hill (who for these two or three days hath constantly attended my
Lord) told me of an offer of L500 for a Baronets dignity, which I told my
Lord of in the balcone in this gallery, and he said he would think of it.
I to my Lords and gave order for horses to be got to draw my Lords great
coach to Mr. Crews. Mr. Morrice the upholsterer came himself to-day to
take notice what furniture we lack for our lodgings at Whitehall. My dear
friend Mr. Fuller of Twickenham and I dined alone at the Sun Tavern, where
he told me how he had the grant of being Dean of St. Patricks, in
Ireland; and I told him my condition, and both rejoiced one for another.
Thence to my Lords, and had the great coach to Brighams, who went with
me to the Half Moon, and gave me a can of good julep, and told me how my
Lady Monk deals with him and others for their places, asking him L500,
though he was formerly the Kings coach-maker, and sworn to it. My Lord
abroad, and I to my house and set things in a little order there. So with
Mr. Moore to my fathers, I staying with Mrs. Turner who stood at her door
as I passed. Among other things she told me for certain how my old Lady
Middlesex——herself the other day in the presence of the King,
and people took notice of it. Thence called at my fathers, and so to Mr.
Crews, where Mr. Hetley had sent a letter for me, and two pair of silk
stockings, one for W. Howe, and the other for me. To Sir H. Wrights to my
Lord, where he, was, and took direction about business, and so by link
home about 11 oclock. To bed, the first time since my coming from sea, in
my own house, for which God be praised.

23d. By water with Mr. Hill towards my Lords lodging and so to my Lord.
With him to Whitehall, where I left him and went to Mr. Holmes to deliver
him the horse of Dixwells that had staid there fourteen days at the Bell.
So to my Lords lodgings, where Tom Guy came to me, and there staid to see
the King touch people for the Kings evil. But he did not come at all, it
rayned so; and the poor people were forced to stand all the morning in the
rain in the garden. Afterward he touched them in the Banquetting-house.

     [This ceremony is usually traced to Edward the Confessor, but there
     is no direct evidence of the early Norman kings having touched for
     the evil.  Sir John Fortescue, in his defence of the House of
     Lancaster against that of York, argued that the crown could not
     descend to a female, because the Queen is not qualified by the form
     of anointing her, used at the coronation, to cure the disease called
     the Kings evil.  Burn asserts, History of Parish Registers, 1862,
     p. 179, that between 1660 and 1682, 92,107 persons were touched for
     the evil.  Everyone coming to the court for that purpose, brought a
     certificate signed by the minister and churchwardens, that he had
     not at any time been touched by His Majesty.  The practice was
     supposed to have expired with the Stuarts, but the point being
     disputed, reference was made to the library of the Duke of Sussex,
     and four several Oxford editions of the Book of Common Prayer were
     found, all printed after the accession of the house of Hanover, and
     all containing, as an integral part of the service, The Office for
     the Healing.  The stamp of gold with which the King crossed the
     sore of the sick person was called an angel, and of the value of ten
     shillings.  It had a hole bored through it, through which a ribbon
     was drawn, and the angel was hanged about the patients neck till
     the cure was perfected.  The stamp has the impression of St. Michael
     the Archangel on one side, and a ship in full sail on the other.
     My Lord Anglesey had a daughter cured of the Kings evil with three
     others on Tuesday.—MS.  Letter of William Greenhill to Lady Bacon,
     dated December 31st, 1629, preserved at Audley End.  Charles II.
     touched before he came to the throne.  It is certain that the
     King hath very often touched the sick, as well at Breda, where he
     touched 260 from Saturday the 17 of April to Sunday the 23 of May,
     as at Bruges and Bruxels, during the residence he made there; and
     the English assure...  it was not without success, since it was
     the experience that drew thither every day, a great number of those
     diseased even from the most remote provinces of Germany.—Sir
     William Lowers Relation of the Voiage and Residence which Charles
     the II. hath made in Holland, Hague, 1660, p. 78.  Sir William Lower
     gives a long account of the touching for the evil by Charles before
     the Restoration.]

With my Lord, to my Lord Frezendorfes, where he dined to-day. Where he
told me that he had obtained a promise of the Clerk of the Acts place for
me, at which I was glad. Met with Mr. Chetwind, and dined with him at
Hargraves, the Cornchandler, in St. Martins Lane, where a good dinner,
where he showed me some good pictures, and an instrument he called an
Angelique.

     [An angelique is described as a species of guitar in Murrays New
     English Dictionary, and this passage from the Diary is given as a
     quotation.  The word appears as angelot in Phillipss English
     Dictionary (1678), and is used in Brownings Sordello, as a
     plaything of page or girl.]

With him to London, changing all my Dutch money at Backwells

     [Alderman Edward Backwell, an eminent banker and goldsmith, who is
     frequently mentioned in the Diary.  His shop was in Lombard Street.
     He was ruined by the closing of the Exchequer by Charles II. in
     1672.  The crown then owed him L295,994 16s. 6d., in lieu of which
     the King gave him an annuity of L17,759 13s. 8d.  Backwell retired
     into Holland after the closing of the Exchequer, and died there in
     1679.  See Hilton Prices Handbook of London Bankers, 1876.]

for English, and then to Cardinals Cap, where he and the City
Remembrancer who paid for all. Back to Westminster, where my Lord was, and
discoursed with him awhile about his family affairs. So he went away, I
home and wrote letters into the country, and to bed.

24th. Sunday. Drank my morning draft at Harpers, and bought a pair of
gloves there. So to Mr. G. Montagu, and told him what I had received from
Dover, about his business likely to be chosen there. So home and thence
with my wife towards my fathers. She went thither, I to Mr. Crews, where
I dined and my Lord at my Lord Montagu of Boughton in Little Queen Street.
In the afternoon to Mr. Mossums with Mr. Moore, and we sat in Mr.
Butlers pew. Then to Whitehall looking for my Lord but in vain, and back
again to Mr. Crews where I found him and did give him letters. Among
others some simple ones from our Lieutenant, Lieut. Lambert to him and
myself, which made Mr. Crew and us all laugh. I went to my fathers to
tell him that I would not come to supper, and so after my business done at
Mr. Crews I went home and my wife within a little while after me, my mind
all this while full of thoughts for my place of Clerk of the Acts.

25th. With my Lord at White Hall, all the morning. I spoke with Mr.
Coventry about my business, who promised me all the assistance I could
expect. Dined with young Mr. Powell, lately come from the Sound, being
amused at our great changes here, and Mr. Southerne, now Clerk to Mr.
Coventry, at the Leg in King-street. Thence to the Admiralty, where I met
with Mr. Turner

     [Thomas Turner (or Tourner) was General Clerk at the Navy Office,
     and on June 30th he offered Pepys L150 to be made joint Clerk of the
     Acts with him.  In a list of the Admiralty officers just before the
     King came in, preserved in the British Museum, there occur, Richard
     Hutchinson; Treasury of the Navy, salary L1500; Thomas Tourner,
     General Clerk, for himself and clerk, L100.]

of the Navy-office, who did look after the place of Clerk of the Acts. He
was very civil to me, and I to him, and shall be so. There came a letter
from my Lady Monk to my Lord about it this evening, but he refused to come
to her, but meeting in White Hall, with Sir Thomas Clarges, her brother,
my Lord returned answer, that he could not desist in my business; and that
he believed that General Monk would take it ill if my Lord should name the
officers in his army; and therefore he desired to have the naming of one
officer in the fleet. With my Lord by coach to Mr. Crews, and very merry
by the way, discoursing of the late changes and his good fortune. Thence
home, and then with my wife to Dorset House, to deliver a list of the
names of the justices of the peace for Huntingdonshire. By coach, taking
Mr. Fox part of the way with me, that was with us with the King on board
the Nazeby, who I found to have married Mrs. Whittle, that lived at Mr.
Geers so long. A very civil gentleman. At Dorset House I met with Mr.
Kipps, my old friend, with whom the world is well changed, he being now
sealbearer to the Lord Chancellor, at which my wife and I are well
pleased, he being a very good natured man. Home and late writing letters.
Then to my Lords lodging, this being the first night of his coming to
Whitehall to lie since his coming from sea.

26th. My Lord dined at his lodgings all alone to-day. I went to Secretary
Nicholas

     [Sir Edward Nicholas, Secretary of State to Charles I. and II.
     He was dismissed from his office through the intrigues of Lady
     Castlemaine in 1663.  He died 1669, aged seventy-seven.]

to carry him my Lords resolutions about his title, which he had chosen,
and that is Portsmouth.

     [Montagu changed his mind, and ultimately took his title from the
     town of Sandwich, leaving that of Portsmouth for the use of a Kings
     mistress.]

I met with Mr. Throgmorton, a merchant, who went with me to the old Three
Tuns, at Charing Cross, who did give me five pieces of gold for to do him
a small piece of service about a convoy to Bilbo, which I did. In the
afternoon, one Mr. Watts came to me, a merchant, to offer me L500 if I
would desist from the Clerk of the Acts place. I pray God direct me in
what I do herein. Went to my house, where I found my father, and carried
him and my wife to Whitefriars, and myself to Puddlewharf, to the
Wardrobe, to Mr. Townsend, who went with me to Backwell, the goldsmiths,
and there we chose L100 worth of plate for my Lord to give Secretary
Nicholas. Back and staid at my fathers, and so home to bed.

27th. With my Lord to the Duke, where he spoke to Mr. Coventry to despatch
my business of the Acts, in which place every body gives me joy, as if I
were in it, which God send.

     [The letters patent, dated July 13th, 12 Charles II., recite and
     revoke letters patent of February 16th, 14 Charles I., whereby the
     office of Clerk of the Ships had been given to Dennis Fleming and
     Thomas Barlow, or the survivor.  D. F. was then dead, but T. B.
     living, and Samuel Pepys was appointed in his room, at a salary of
     L33 6s. 8d. per annum, with 3s. 4d. for each day employed in
     travelling, and L6 per annum for boathire, and all fees due.  This
     salary was only the ancient fee out of the Exchequer, which had
     been attached to the office for more than a century.  Pepyss salary
     had been previously fixed at L350 a year.]

Dined with my Lord and all the officers of his regiment, who invited my
Lord and his friends, as many as he would bring, to dinner, at the Swan,
at Dowgate, a poor house and ill dressed, but very good fish and plenty.
Here Mr. Symons, the Surgeon, told me how he was likely to lose his estate
that he had bought, at which I was not a little pleased. To Westminster,
and with Mr. Howe by coach to the Speakers, where my Lord supped with the
King, but I could not get in. So back again, and after a song or two in my
chamber in the dark, which do (now that the bed is out) sound very well, I
went home and to bed.

28th. My brother Tom came to me with patterns to choose for a suit. I paid
him all to this day, and did give him L10 upon account. To Mr. Coventry,
who told me that he would do me all right in my business. To Sir G.
Downing, the first visit I have made him since he came. He is so stingy a
fellow I care not to see him; I quite cleared myself of his office, and
did give him liberty to take any body in. Hawly and he are parted too, he
is going to serve Sir Thos. Ingram. I went also this morning to see Mrs.
Pierce, the chirurgeons wife]. I found her in bed in her house in
Margaret churchyard. Her husband returned to sea. I did invite her to go
to dinner with me and my wife to-day. After all this to my Lord, who lay
a-bed till eleven oclock, it being almost five before he went to bed,
they supped so late last night with the King. This morning I saw poor
Bishop Wren

     [Matthew Wren, born 1585, successively Bishop of Hereford, Norwich,
     and Ely.  At the commencement of the Rebellion he was sent to the
     Tower, and remained a prisoner there eighteen years.  Died April
     24th, 1667.]

going to Chappel, it being a thanksgiving-day

     [A Proclamation for setting apart a day of Solemn and Publick
     Thanksgiving throughout the whole Kingdom, dated June 5th, 1660.]

for the Kings return. After my Lord was awake, I went up to him to the
Nursery, where he do lie, and, having talked with him a little, I took
leave and carried my wife and Mrs. Pierce to Clothworkers-Hall, to
dinner, where Mr. Pierce, the Purser, met us. We were invited by Mr.
Chaplin, the Victualler, where Nich. Osborne was. Our entertainment very
good, a brave hall, good company, and very good music. Where among other
things I was pleased that I could find out a man by his voice, whom I had
never seen before, to be one that sang behind the curtaine formerly at Sir
W. Davenants opera. Here Dr. Gauden and Mr. Gauden the victualler dined
with us. After dinner to Mr. Rawlinsons,

     [Daniel Rawlinson kept the Mitre in Fenchurch Street, and there is a
     farthing token of his extant, At the Mitetr in Fenchurch Streete,
     D. M. R.  The initials stand for Daniel and Margaret Rawlinson (see
     Boynes Trade Tokens, ed.  Williamson, vol. i., 1889, p. 595) In
     Reliquiae Hearnianae (ed.  Bliss, 1869, vol. ii.  p. 39) is the
     following extract from Thomas Rawlinsons Note Book R.: Of Daniel
     Rawlinson, my grandfather, who kept the Mitre tavern in Fenchurch
     Street, and of whose being sequestred in the Rump time I have heard
     much, the Whiggs tell this, that upon the kings murder he hung his
     signe in mourning.  He certainly judged right.  The honour of the
     Mitre was much eclipsed through the loss of so good a parent of the
     church of England.  These rogues say, this endeared him so much to
     the churchmen that he soon throve amain and got a good estate.
      Mrs. Rawlinson died of the plague (see August 9th, 1666), and the
     house was burnt in the Great Fire.  Mr. Rawlinson rebuilt the Mitre,
     and he had the panels of the great room painted with allegorical
     figures by Isaac Fuller.  Daniel was father of Sir Thomas Rawlinson,
     of whom Thomas Hearne writes (October 1st, 1705): Sir Thomas
     Rawlinson is chosen Lord Mayor of London for ye ensueing
     notwithstanding the great opposition of ye Whigg party (Hearnes
     Collections, ed. Doble, 1885, vol. i.  p. 51).  The well-known
     antiquaries, Thomas and Richard Rawlinson, sons of Sir Thomas, were
     therefore grandsons of Daniel.]

to see him and his wife, and would have gone to my Aunt Wight, but that
her only child, a daughter, died last night. Home and to my Lord, who
supped within, and Mr. E. Montagu, Mr. Thos. Crew, and others with him sat
up late. I home and to bed.

29th. This day or two my maid Jane—[Jane Wayneman.]—has been
lame, that we cannot tell what to do for want of her. Up and to White
Hall, where I got my warrant from the Duke to be Clerk of the Acts. Also I
got my Lords warrant from the Secretary for his honour of Earle of
Portsmouth, and Viscount Montagu of Hinchingbroke. So to my Lord, to give
him an account of what I had done. Then to Sir Geffery Palmer, to give
them to him to have bills drawn upon them, who told me that my Lord must
have some good Latinist to make the preamble to his Patent, which must
express his late service in the best terms that he can, and he told me in
what high flaunting terms Sir J. Greenville had caused his to be done,
which he do not like; but that Sir Richard Fanshawe had done General
Monks very well. Back to Westminster, and meeting Mr. Townsend in the
Palace, he and I and another or two went and dined at the Leg there. Then
to White Hall, where I was told by Mr. Hutchinson at the Admiralty, that
Mr. Barlow, my predecessor, Clerk of the Acts, is yet alive, and coming up
to town to look after his place, which made my heart sad a little. At
night told my Lord thereof, and he bade me get possession of my Patent;
and he would do all that could be done to keep him out. This night my Lord
and I looked over the list of the Captains,. and marked some that my Lord
had a mind to have put out. Home and to bed. Our wench very lame, abed
these two days.

30th. By times to Sir R. Fanshawe to draw up the preamble to my Lords
Patent. So to my Lord, and with him to White Hall, where I saw a great
many fine antique heads of marble, that my Lord Northumberland had given
the King. Here meeting with Mr. De Cretz, he looked over many of the
pieces, in the gallery with me and told me [by] whose hands they were,
with great pleasure. Dined at home and Mr. Hawly with me upon six of my
pigeons, which my wife has resolved to kill here. This day came Will,

     [William Wayneman was constantly getting into trouble, and Pepys had
     to cane him.  He was dismissed on July 7th, 1663.]

my boy, to me; the wench continuing lame, so that my wife could not be
longer without somebody to help her. In the afternoon with Sir Edward
Walker, at his lodgings by St. Giles Church, for my Lords pedigree, and
carried it to Sir R. Fanshawe. To Mr. Crews, and there took money and
paid Mrs. Anne, Mrs. Jemimas maid, off quite, and so she went away and
another came to her. To White Hall with Mr. Moore, where I met with a
letter from Mr. Turner, offering me L150 to be joined with me in my
patent, and to advise me how to improve the advantage of my place, and to
keep off Barlow. To my Lords till late at night, and so home.