Samuel Pepys diary March 1660

MARCH 1659-1660

March 1st. In the morning went to my Lords lodgings, thinking to have
spoke with Mr. Sheply, having not been to visit him since my coming to
town. But he being not within I went up, and out of the box where my
Lords pamphlets lay, I chose as many as I had a mind to have for my own
use and left the rest. Then to my office, where little to do, abut Mr.
Sheply comes to me, so at dinner time he and I went to Mr. Crews, whither
Mr. Thomas was newly come to town, being sent with Sir H. Yelverton, a my
old school-fellow at Pauls School, to bring the thanks of the county to
General Monk for the return of the Parliament. But old Mr. Crew and my
Lord not coming home to dinner, we tarried late before we went to dinner,
it being the day that John, Mr. John Crews coachman, was to be buried in
the afternoon, he being a day or two before killed with a blow of one of
his horses that struck his skull into his brain. From thence Mr. Sheply
and I went into London to Mr. Laxtons; my Lords apothecary, and so by
water to Westminster, where at the Sun [tavern] he and I spent two or
three hours in a pint or two of wine, discoursing of matters in the
country, among other things telling me that my uncle did to him make a
very kind mention of me, and what he would do for me. Thence I went home,
and went to bed betimes. This day the Parliament did vote that they would
not sit longer than the 15th day of this month.

2d. This morning I went early to my Lord at Mr. Crews, where I spoke to
him. Here were a great many come to see him, as Secretary Thurlow who is
now by this Parliament chosen again Secretary of State. There were also
General Monks trumpeters to give my Lord a sound of their trumpets this
morning. Thence I went to my office, and wrote a letter to Mr. Downing
about the business of his house. Then going home, I met with Mr. Eglin,
Chetwind, and Thomas, who took me to the Leg [another tavern] in Kings
street, where we had two brave dishes of meat, one of fish, a carp and
some other fishes, as well done as ever I ate any. After that to the Swan
tavern, where we drank a quart or two of wine, and so parted. So I to Mrs.
Jem and took Mr. Moore with me (who I met in the street), and there I met
W. Howe and Sheply. After that to Westminster Hall, where I saw Sir G.
Booth at liberty. This day I hear the City militia is put into good
posture, and it is thought that Monk will not be able to do any great
matter against them now, if he have a mind. I understand that my Lord
Lambert did yesterday send a letter to the Council, and that to-night he
is to come and appear to the Council in person. Sir Arthur Haselrigge do
not yet appear in the House. Great is the talk of a single person, and
that it would now be Charles, George, or Richard again.—[Charles
II., or George Monk, or Richard Cromwell.]—For the last of which, my
Lord St. John is said to speak high. Great also is the dispute now in the
House, in whose name the writs shall run for the next Parliament; and it
is said that Mr. Prin, in open House, said, In King Charless. From
Westminster Hall home. Spent the evening in my study, and so after some
talk with my wife, then to bed.

3d. To Westminster Hall, where I found that my Lord was last night voted
one of the Generals at Sea, and Monk the other. I met my Lord in the Hall,
who bid me come to him at noon. I met with Mr. Pierce the purser, Lieut.
Lambert, Mr. Creed, and Will. Howe, and went with them to the Swan tavern.
Up to my office, but did nothing. At noon home to dinner to a sheeps
head. My brother Tom came and dined with me, and told me that my mother
was not very well, and that my Aunt Fenner was very ill too. After dinner
I to Warwick House, in Holborn, to my Lord, where he dined with my Lord of
Manchester, Sir Dudley North, my Lord Fiennes, and my Lord Barkly. I staid
in the great hall, talking with some gentlemen there, till they all come
out. Then I, by coach with my Lord, to Mr. Crews, in our way talking of
publick things, and how I should look after getting of his Commissioners
despatch. He told me he feared there was new design hatching, as if Monk
had a mind to get into the saddle. Here I left him, and went by
appointment to Hering, the merchant, but missed of my money, at which I
was much troubled, but could not help myself. Returning, met Mr. Gifford,
who took me and gave me half a pint of wine, and told me, as I hear this
day from many, that things are in a very doubtful posture, some of the
Parliament being willing to keep the power in their hands. After I had
left him, I met with Tom Harper, who took me into a place in Drury Lane,
where we drank a great deal of strong water, more than ever I did in my
life at onetime before. He talked huge high that my Lord Protector would
come in place again, which indeed is much discoursed of again, though I do
not see it possible. Hence home and wrote to my father at Brampton by the
post. So to bed. This day I was told that my Lord General Fleetwood told
my lord that he feared the King of Sweden is dead of a fever at
Gottenburg.

4th. Lords day. Before I went to church I sang Orpheus Hymn to my viall.
After that to Mr. Gunnings, an excellent sermon upon charity. Then to my
mother to dinner, where my wife and the maid were come. After dinner we
three to Mr. Messums where we met Mons. LImpertinent, who got us a seat
and told me a ridiculous story how that last week he had caused a simple
citizen to spend; L80 in entertainments of him and some friends of his
upon pretence of some service that he would do him in his suit after a
widow. Then to my mother again, and after supper she and I talked very
high about religion, I in defence of the religion I was born in. Then
home.

5th. Early in the morning Mr. Hill comes to string my theorbo,

     [The theorbo was a bass lute.  Having gut strings it was played with
     the fingers.  There is a humorous comparison of the long waists of
     ladies, which came into fashion about 1621, with the theorbo, by
     Bishop Corbet:

         She was barrd up in whale-bones, that did leese
          None of the whales length, for they reached her knees;
          Off with her head, and then she hath a middle
          As her waste stands, just like the new found fiddle,
          The favourite Theorbo, truth to tell ye,
          Whose neck and throat are deeper than the belly.

                                   Corbet, Iter Boreale.]

which we were about till past ten oclock, with a great deal of pleasure.
Then to Westminster, where I met with Mr. Sheply and Mr. Pinkney at
Wills, who took me by water to Billingsgate, at the Salutation Tavern,
whither by-and-by, Mr. Talbot and Adams came, and bring a great [deal of]
good meat, a ham of bacon, &c. Here we staid and drank till Mr. Adams
began to be overcome. Then we parted, and so to Westminster by water, only
seeing Mr. Pinkney at his own house, where he shewed me how he had alway
kept the Lion and Unicorn, in the back of his chimney, bright, in
expectation of the Kings coming again. At home I found Mr. Hunt, who told
me how the Parliament had voted that the Covenant be printed and hung in
churches again. Great hopes of the Kings coming again. To bed.

6th. (Shrove Tuesday.) I called Mr. Sheply and we both went up to my
Lords lodgings at Mr. Crews, where he bade us to go home again, and get
a fire against an hour after. Which we did at White Hall, whither he came,
and after talking with him and me about his going to sea, he called me by
myself to go along with him into the garden, where he asked me how things
were with me, and what he had endeavoured to do with my uncle to get him
to do something for me but he would say nothing too. He likewise bade me
look out now at this turn some good place, and he would use all his own,
and all the interest of his friends that he had in England, to do me good.
And asked me whether I could, without too much inconvenience, go to sea as
his secretary, and bid me think of it. He also began to talk of things of
State, and told me that he should want one in that capacity at sea, that
he might trust in, and therefore he would have me to go. He told me also,
that he did believe the King would come in, and did discourse with me
about it, and about the affection of the people and City, at which I was
full glad. After he was gone, I waiting upon him through the garden till
he came to the Hall, where I left him and went up to my office, where Mr.
Hawly brought one to me, a seaman, that had promised Rio to him if he get
him a pursers place, which I think to endeavour to do. Here comes my
uncle Tom, whom I took to Wills and drank with, poor man, he comes to
inquire about the knights of Windsor, of which he desires to get to be
one.

     [The body of Poor Knights of Windsor was founded by Edward III.  The
     intention of the king with regard to the poor knights was to provide
     relief and comfortable subsistence for such valiant soldiers as
     happened in their old age to fall into poverty and decay.  On
     September 20th, 1659, a Report having been read respecting the Poor
     Knights of Windsor, the House ordered that it be referred to a
     Committee, to look into the revenue for maintenance of the Poor
     Knights of Windsor, &c.  (See Tighe and Daviss Annals of
     Windsor.)]

While we were drinking, in comes Mr. Day, a carpenter in Westminster, to
tell me that it was Shrove Tuesday, and that I must go with him to their
yearly Club upon this day, which I confess I had quite forgot. So I went
to the Bell, where were Mr. Eglin, Veezy, Vincent a butcher, one more, and
Mr. Tanner, with whom I played upon a viall, and he a viallin, after
dinner, and were very merry, with a special good dinner, a leg of veal and
bacon, two capons and sausages and fritters, with abundance of wine. After
that I went home, where I found Kate Sterpin who hath not been here a
great while before. She gone I went to see Mrs. Jem, at whose chamber door
I found a couple of ladies, but she not being there, we hunted her out,
and found that she and another had hid themselves behind a door. Well,
they all went down into the dining-room, where it was full of tag, rag,
and bobtail, dancing, singing, and drinking, of which I was ashamed, and
after I had staid a dance or two I went away. Going home, called at my
Lords for Mr. Sheply, but found him at the Lion with a pewterer, that he
had bought pewter to-day of. With them I drank, and so home and wrote by
the post, by my Lords command, for J. Goods to come up presently. For my
Lord intends to go forthwith into the Swiftsure till the Nazeby be ready.
This day I hear that the Lords do intend to sit, and great store of them
are now in town, and I see in the Hall to-day. Overton at Hull do stand
out, but can, it is thought, do nothing; and Lawson, it is said, is gone
with some ships thither, but all that is nothing. My Lord told me, that
there was great endeavours to bring in the Protector again; but he told
me, too, that he did believe it would not last long if he were brought in;
no, nor the King neither (though he seems to think that he will come in),
unless he carry himself very soberly and well. Every body now drinks the
Kings health without any fear, whereas before it was very private that a
man dare do it. Monk this day is feasted at Mercers Hall, and is invited
one after another to all the twelve Halls in London! Many think that he is
honest yet, and some or more think him to be a fool that would raise
himself, but think that he will undo himself by endeavouring it. My mind,
I must needs remember, has been very much eased and joyed at my Lords
great expressions of kindness this day, and in discourse thereupon my wife
and I lay awake an hour or two in our bed.

7th. (Ash Wednesday.) In the morning I went to my Lord at Mr. Crews, in
my way Washington overtook me and told me upon my question whether he knew
of any place now void that I might have, by power over friends, that this
day Mr. G. Montagu was to be made Custos Rotulorum for Westminster, and
that by friends I might get to be named by him Clerk of the Peace, with
which I was, as I am at all new things, very much joyed, so when I came to
Mr. Crews, I spoke to my Lord about it, who told me he believed Mr.
Montagu had already promised it, and that it was given him only that he
might gratify one person with the place I look for. Here, among many that
were here, I met with Mr. Lynes, the surgeon, who promised me some seeds
of the sensitive plant.

     [Evelyn, about the same date (August 9th, 1661), tried several
     experiments on the sensitive plant and humilis, which contracted
     with the least touch of the sun through a burning glass, though it
     rises and opens only when it shines on it]

I spoke too with Mr. Pierce the surgeon, who gave me great encouragement
to go to sea with my Lord. Thence going homewards, my Lord overtook me in
his coach, and called me in, and so I went with him to St. Jamess, and G.
Montagu being gone to White Hall, we walked over the Park thither, all the
way he discoursing of the times, and of the change of things since the
last year, and wondering how he could bear with so great disappointment as
he did. He did give me the best advice that he could what was best for me,
whether to stay or go with him, and offered all the ways that could be,
how he might do me good, with the greatest liberty and love that could be.
I left him at Whitehall, and myself went to Westminster to my office,
whither nothing to do, but I did discourse with Mr. Falconbridge about Le
Squires place, and had his consent to get it if I could. I afterwards in
the Hall met with W. Simons, who put me in the best way how to get it
done. Thence by appointment to the Angel in King Street, where Chetwind,
Mr. Thomas and Doling were at oysters, and beginning Lent this day with a
fish dinner. After dinner Mr. Thomas and I by water to London, where I
went to Herrings and received the L50 of my Lords upon Franks bill from
Worcester. I gave in the bill and set my hand to his bill. Thence I went
to the Popes Head Alley and called on Adam Chard, and bought a catcall
there, it cost me two groats. Thence went and gave him a cup of ale. After
that to the Sun behind the Exchange, where meeting my uncle Wight by the
way, took him with me thither, and after drinking a health or two round at
the Cock (Mr. Thomas being gone thither), we parted, he and I homewards,
parted at Fleet Street, where I found my father newly come home from
Brampton very well. He left my uncle with his leg very dangerous, and do
believe he cannot continue in that condition long. He tells me that my
uncle did acquaint him very largely what he did intend to do with his
estate, to make me his heir and give my brother Tom something, and that my
father and mother should have likewise something, to raise portions for
John and Pall. I pray God he may be as good as his word. Here I staid and
supped and so home, there being Joyce Norton there and Ch. Glascock. Going
home I called at Wottons and took home a piece of cheese. At home Mr.
Sheply sat with me a little while, and so we all to bed. This news and my
Lords great kindness makes me very cheerful within. I pray God make me
thankful. This day, according to order, Sir Arthur [Haselrigge] appeared
at the House; what was done I know not, but there was all the Rumpers
almost come to the House to-day. My Lord did seem to wonder much why
Lambert was so willing to be put into the Tower, and thinks he has some
design in it; but I think that he is so poor that he cannot use his
liberty for debts, if he were at liberty; and so it is as good and better
for him to be there, than any where else.

8th. To Whitehall to bespeak some firing for my father at Shorts, and
likewise to speak to Mr. Blackburne about Batters being gunner in the
Wexford. Then to Westminster Hall, where there was a general damp over
mens minds and faces upon some of the Officers of the Army being about
making a remonstrance against Charles Stuart or any single person; but at
noon it was told, that the General had put a stop to it, so all was well
again. Here I met with Jasper, who was to look for me to bring me to my
Lord at the lobby; whither sending a note to my Lord, he comes out to me
and gives me direction to look after getting some money for him from the
Admiralty, seeing that things are so unsafe, that he would not lay out a
farthing for the State, till he had received some money of theirs. Home
about two oclock, and took my wife by land to Paternoster Row, to buy
some Paragon for a petticoat and so home again. In my way meeting Mr.
Moore, who went home with me while I ate a bit and so back to Whitehall
again, both of us. He waited at the Council for Mr. Crew. I to the
Admiralty, where I got the order for the money, and have taken care for
the getting of it assigned upon Mr. Hutchinson, Treasurer for the Navy,
against tomorrow. Hence going home I met with Mr. King that belonged to
the Treasurers at War and took him to Harpers, who told me that he and
the rest of his fellows are cast out of office by the new Treasurers. This
afternoon, some of the Officers of the Army, and some of the Parliament,
had a conference at White Hall to make all right again, but I know not
what is done. This noon I met at the Dog tavern Captain Philip Holland,
with whom I advised how to make some advantage of my Lords going to sea,
which he told me might be by having of five or six servants entered on
board, and I to give them what wages I pleased, and so their pay to be
mine; he was also very urgent to have me take the Secretarys place, that
my Lord did proffer me. At the same time in comes Mr. Wade and Mr. Sterry,
secretary to the plenipotentiary in Denmark, who brought the news of the
death of the King of Sweden at Gottenburgh the 3rd of the last month, and
he told me what a great change he found when he came here, the secluded
members being restored. He also spoke very freely of Mr. Wades profit,
which he made while he was in Zeeland, how he did believe that he cheated
Mr. Powell, and that he made above L500 on the voyage, which Mr. Wade did
very angrily deny, though I believe he was guilty enough.

9th. To my Lord at his lodging, and came to Westminster with him in the
coach, with Mr. Dudley with him, and he in the Painted Chamber

     [The Painted Chamber, or St. Edwards Chamber, in the old Palace at
     Westminster.  The first name was given to it from the curious
     paintings on the walls, and the second from the tradition that
     Edward the Confessor died in it.]

walked a good while; and I telling him that I was willing and ready to go
with him to sea, he agreed that I should, and advised me what to write to
Mr. Downing about it, which I did at my office, that by my Lords desire I
offered that my place might for a while be supplied by Mr. Moore, and that
I and my security should be bound by the same bond for him. I went and
dined at Mr. Crews, where Mr. Hawly comes to me, and I told him the
business and shewed him the letter promising him L20 a year, which he
liked very well of. I did the same to Mr. Moore, which he also took for a
courtesy. In the afternoon by coach, taking Mr. Butler with me to the Navy
Office, about the L500 for my Lord, which I am promised to have to-morrow
morning. Then by coach back again, and at White Hall at the Council
Chamber spoke with my Lord and got him to sign the acquittance for the
L500, and he also told me that he had spoke to Mr. Blackburne to put off
Mr. Creed and that I should come to him for direction in the employment.
After this Mr. Butler and I to Harpers, where we sat and drank for two
hours till ten at night; the old woman she was drunk and began to talk
foolishly in commendation of her son James. Home and to bed. All night
troubled in my thoughts how to order my business upon this great change
with me that I could not sleep, and being overheated with drink I made a
promise the next morning to drink no strong drink this week, for I find
that it makes me sweat and puts me quite out of order. This day it was
resolved that the writs do go out in the name of the Keepers of the
Liberty, and I hear that it is resolved privately that a treaty be offered
with the King. And that Monk did check his soldiers highly for what they
did yesterday.

10th. In the morning went to my fathers, whom I took in his cutting
house,—[His father was a tailor, and this was his cutting-out room.]—and
there I told him my resolution to go to sea with my Lord, and consulted
with him how to dispose of my wife, and we resolved of letting her be at
Mr. Bowyers. Thence to the Treasurer of the Navy, where I received L500
for my Lord, and having left L200 of it with Mr. Rawlinson at his house
for Sheply, I went with the rest to the Sun tavern on Fish Street Hill,
where Mr. Hill, Stevens and Mr. Hater of the Navy Office had invited me,
where we had good discourse and a fine breakfast of Mr. Hater. Then by
coach home, where I took occasion to tell my wife of my going to sea, who
was much troubled at it, and was with some dispute at last willing to
continue at Mr. Bowyers in my absence. After this to see Mrs. Jem and
paid her maid L7, and then to Mr. Blackburne, who told me what Mr. Creed
did say upon the news of my coming into his place, and that he did propose
to my Lord that there should be two Secretaries, which made me go to Sir
H. Wrights where my Lord dined and spoke with him about it, but he seemed
not to agree to the motion. Hither W. Howe comes to me and so to
Westminster. In the way he told me, what I was to provide and so forth
against my going. He went with me to my office, whither also Mr. Madge
comes half foxed and played the fool upon the violin that made me weary.
Then to Whitehall and so home and set many of my things in order against
my going. My wife was late making of caps for me, and the wench making an
end of a pair of stockings that she was knitting of. So to bed.

11th. (Sunday.) All the day busy without my band on, putting up my books
and things, in order to my going to sea. At night my wife and I went to my
fathers to supper, where J. Norton and Chas. Glascocke supt with us, and
after supper home, where the wench had provided all things against
tomorrow to wash, and so to bed, where I much troubled with my cold and
coughing.

12th. This day the wench rose at two in the morning to wash, and my wife
and I lay talking a great while. I by reason of my cold could not tell how
to sleep. My wife and I to the Exchange, where we bought a great many
things, where I left her and went into London, and at Bedells the
booksellers at the Temple gate I paid L12 10s. 6d. for Mr. Fuller by his
direction. So came back and at Wilkinsons found Mr. Sheply and some sea
people, as the cook of the Nazeby and others, at dinner. Then to the White
Horse in King Street, where I got Mr. Buddles horse to ride to Huntsmore
to Mr. Bowyers, where I found him and all well, and willing to have my
wife come and board with them while I was at sea, which was the business I
went about. Here I lay and took a thing for my cold, namely a spoonful of
honey and a nutmeg scraped into it, by Mr. Bowyers direction, and so took
it into my mouth, which I found did do me much good.

13th. It rained hard and I got up early, and got to London by 8 oclock at
my Lords lodgings, who told me that I was to be secretary, and Creed to
be deputy treasurer to the Fleet, at which I was troubled, but I could not
help it. After that to my fathers to look after things, and so at my
shoemakers and others. At night to Whitehall, where I met with Simons and
Luellin at drink with them at Roberts at Whitehall. Then to the Admiralty,
where I talked with Mr. Creed till the Brothers, and they were very
seemingly willing and glad that I have the place since my Lord would
dispose of it otherwise than to them. Home and to bed. This day the
Parliament voted all that had been done by the former Rump against the
House of Lords be void, and to-night that the writs go out without any
qualification. Things seem very doubtful what will be the end of all; for
the Parliament seems to be strong for the King, while the soldiers do all
talk against.

14th. To my Lord, where infinity of applications to him and to me. To my
great trouble, my Lord gives me all the papers that was given to him, to
put in order and give him an account of them. Here I got half-a-piece of a
person of Mr. Wrights recommending to my Lord to be Preacher of the
Speaker frigate. I went hence to St. Jamess and Mr. Pierce the surgeon
with me, to speak with Mr. Clerke, Monks secretary, about getting some
soldiers removed out of Huntingdon to Oundle, which my Lord told me he did
to do a courtesy to the town, that he might have the greater interest in
them, in the choice of the next Parliament; not that he intends to be
chosen himself, but that he might have Mr. G. Montagu and my Lord
Mandeville chose there in spite of the Bernards. This done (where I saw
General Monk and methought he seemed a dull heavy man), he and I to
Whitehall, where with Luellin we dined at Marshs. Coming home telling my
wife what we had to dinner, she had a mind to some cabbage, and I sent for
some and she had it. Went to the Admiralty, where a strange thing how I am
already courted by the people. This morning among others that came to me I
hired a boy of Jenkins of Westminster and Burr to be my clerk. This night
I went to Mr. Creeds chamber where he gave me the former book of the
proceedings in the fleet and the Seal. Then to Harpers where old Beard
was and I took him by coach to my Lords, but he was not at home, but
afterwards I found him out at Sir H. Wrights. Thence by coach, it raining
hard, to Mrs. Jem, where I staid a while, and so home, and late in the
night put up my things in a sea-chest that Mr. Sheply lent me, and so to
bed.

15th March. Early packing up my things to be sent by cart with the rest of my
Lords. So to Wills, where I took leave of some of my friends. Here I met
Tom Alcock, one that went to school with me at Huntingdon, but I had not
seen him these sixteen years. So in the Hall paid and made even with Mrs.
Michell; afterwards met with old Beale, and at the Axe paid him this
quarter to Ladyday next. In the afternoon Dick Mathews comes to dine, and
I went and drank with him at Harpers. So into London by water, and in
Fish Street my wife and I bought a bit of salmon for 8d. and went to the
Sun Tavern and ate it, where I did promise to give her all that I have in
the world but my books, in case I should die at sea. From thence
homewards; in the way my wife bought linen for three smocks and other
things. I went to my Lords and spoke with him. So home with Mrs. Jem by
coach and then home to my own house. From thence to the Fox in King-street
to supper on a brave turkey of Mr. Hawlys, with some friends of his
there, Will Bowyer, &c. After supper I went to Westminster Hall, and
the Parliament sat till ten at night, thinking and being expected to
dissolve themselves to-day, but they did not. Great talk to-night that the
discontented officers did think this night to make a stir, but prevented.
To the Fox again. Home with my wife, and to bed extraordinary sleepy.

16th. No sooner out of bed but troubled with abundance of clients, seamen.
My landlord Vanlys man came to me by my direction yesterday, for I was
there at his house as I was going to London by water, and I paid him rent
for my house for this quarter ending at Lady day, and took an acquittance
that he wrote me from his master. Then to Mr. Sheply, to the Rhenish
Tavern House, where Mr. Pim, the tailor, was, and gave us a morning draft
and a neats tongue. Home and with my wife to London, we dined at my
fathers, where Joyce Norton and Mr. Armiger dined also. After dinner my
wife took leave of them in order to her going to-morrow to Huntsmore. In
my way home I went to the Chapel in Chancery Lane to bespeak papers of all
sorts and other things belonging to writing against my voyage. So home,
where I spent an hour or two about my business in my study. Thence to the
Admiralty, and staid a while, so home again, where Will Bowyer came to
tell us that he would bear my wife company in the coach to-morrow. Then to
Westminster Hall, where I heard how the Parliament had this day dissolved
themselves, and did pass very cheerfully through the Hall, and the Speaker
without his mace. The whole Hall was joyful thereat, as well as
themselves, and now they begin to talk loud of the King. To-night I am
told, that yesterday, about five oclock in the afternoon, one came with a
ladder to the Great Exchange, and wiped with a brush the inscription that
was upon King Charles, and that there was a great bonfire made in the
Exchange, and people called out God bless. King Charles the Second!

     [Then the writing in golden letters, that was engraven under the
     statue of Charles I, in the Royal Exchange (Exit tyrannus, Regum
     ultimus, anno libertatis Angliae, anno Domini 1648, Januarie xxx.)
     was washed out by a painter, who in the day time raised a ladder,
     and with a pot and brush washed the writing quite out, threw down
     his pot and brush and said it should never do him any more service,
     in regard that it had the honour to put out rebels hand-writing.
     He then came down, took away his ladder, not a misword said to him,
     and by whose order it was done was not then known.  The merchants
     were glad and joyful, many people were gathered together, and
     against the Exchange made a bonfire. Rugges Diurnal.  In the
     Thomason Collection of Civil War Tracts at the British Museum is a
     pamphlet which is dated in MS. March 21st, 1659-60, where this act
     is said to be by order of Monk: The Loyal Subjects Teares for the
     Sufferings and Absence of their Sovereign Charles II., King of
     England, Scotland, and Ireland; with an Observation upon the
     expunging of Exit Tyrannus, Regum ultimus, by order of General
     Monk, and some Advice to the Independents, Anabaptists, Phanatiques,
     &c.  London, 1660.]

From the Hall I went home to bed, very sad in mind to part with my wife,
but Gods will be done.

17th March. This morning bade adieu in bed to the company of my wife. We rose
and I gave my wife some money to serve her for a time, and what papers of
consequence I had. Then I left her to get her ready and went to my Lords
with my boy Eliezer to my Lords lodging at Mr. Crews. Here I had much
business with my Lord, and papers, great store, given me by my Lord to
dispose of as of the rest. After that, with Mr. Moore home to my house and
took my wife by coach to the Chequer in Holborn, where, after we had
drank, &c., she took coach and so farewell. I staid behind with Tom
Alcock and Mr. Anderson, my old chamber fellow at Cambridge his brother,
and drank with them there, who were come to me thither about one that
would have a place at sea. Thence with Mr. Hawly to dinner at Mr. Crews.
After dinner to my own house, where all things were put up into the
dining-room and locked up, and my wife took the keys along with her.

This day, in the presence of Mr. Moore (who made it) and Mr. Hawly, I did
before I went out with my wife, seal my will to her, whereby I did give
her all that I have in the world, but my books which I give to my brother
John, excepting only French books, which my wife is to have. In the
evening at the Admiralty, I met my Lord there and got a commission for
Williamson to be captain of the Harp frigate, and afterwards went by coach
taking Mr. Crips with me to my Lord and got him to sign it at table as he
was at supper. And so to Westminster back again with him with me, who had
a great desire to go to sea and my Lord told me that he would do him any
favour. So I went home with him to his mothers house by me in Axe Yard,
where I found Dr. Clodiuss wife and sat there talking and hearing of old
Mrs. Crisp playing of her old lessons upon the harpsichon till it was time
to go to bed. After that to bed, and Laud, her son lay with me in the best
chamber in her house, which indeed was finely furnished.

18th. I rose early and went to the barbers (Jervas) in Palace Yard and I
was trimmed by him, and afterwards drank with him a cup or two of ale, and
did begin to hire his man to go with me to sea. Then to my Lords lodging
where I found Captain Williamson and gave him his commission to be Captain
of the Harp, and he gave me a piece of gold and 20s. in silver. So to my
own house, where I staid a while and then to dinner with Mr. Shepley at my
Lords lodgings. After that to Mr. Mossums, where he made a very gallant
sermon upon Pray for the life of the King and the Kings son. (Ezra vi.
10.) From thence to Mr. Crews, but my Lord not being within I did not
stay, but went away and met with Mr. Woodfine, who took me to an alehouse
in Drury Lane, and we sat and drank together, and ate toasted cakes which
were very good, and we had a great deal of mirth with the mistress of the
house about them. From thence homewards, and called at Mr. Blagraves,
where I took up my note that he had of mine for 40s., which he two years
ago did give me as a pawn while he had my lute. So that all things are
even between him and I. So to Mrs. Crisp, where she and her daughter and
son and I sat talking till ten oclock at night, I giving them the best
advice that I could concerning their son, how he should go to sea, and so
to bed.

19th. Early to my Lord, where infinity of business to do, which makes my
head full; and indeed, for these two or three days, I have not been
without a great many cares and thoughts concerning them. After that to the
Admiralty, where a good while with Mr. Blackburne, who told me that it was
much to be feared that the King would come in, for all good men and good
things were now discouraged. Thence to Wilkinsons, where Mr. Sheply and I
dined; and while we were at dinner, my Lord Monks lifeguard come by with
the Serjeant at Arms before them, with two Proclamations, that all
Cavaliers do depart the town; but the other that all officers that were
lately disbanded should do the same. The last of which Mr. R. Creed, I
remember, said, that he looked upon it as if they had said, that all Gods
people should depart the town. Thence with some sea officers to the Swan,
where we drank wine till one comes to me to pay me some money from
Worcester, viz., L25. His name is Wilday. I sat in another room and took
my money and drank with him till the rest of my company were gone and so
we parted. Going home the water was high, and so I got Crockford to carry
me over it. So home, and left my money there. All the discourse now-a-day
is, that the King will come again; and for all I see, it is the wishes of
all; and all do believe that it will be so. My mind is still much troubled
for my poor wife, but I hope that this undertaking will be worth my pains.
To Whitehall and staid about business at the Admiralty late, then to Tony
Robinss, where Capt. Stokes, Mr. Luddington and others were, and I did
solicit the Captain for Laud Crisp, who gave me a promise that he would
entertain him. After that to Mrs. Crisps where Dr. Clodius and his wife
were. He very merry with drink. We played at cards late and so to bed.
This day my Lord dined at my Lord Mayors [Allen], and Jasper was made
drunk, which my Lord was very angry at.

20th. This morning I rose early and went to my house to put things in a
little order against my going, which I conceive will be to-morrow (the
weather still very rainy). After that to my Lord, where I found very great
deal of business, he giving me all letters and papers that come to him
about business, for me to give him account of when we come on shipboard.
Hence with Capt. Isham by coach to Whitehall to the Admiralty. He and I
and Chetwind, Doling and Luellin dined together at Marshs at Whitehall.
So to the Bull Head whither W. Simons comes to us and I gave them my foy

     [Foy. A feast given by one who is about to leave a place.  In Kent,
     according to Grose, a treat to friends, either at going abroad or
     coming home.  See Diary, November 25th, 1661.]

against my going to sea; and so we took leave one of another, they
promising me to write to me to sea. Hither comes Pims boy, by my
direction, with two monteeres—[Monteeres, montero (Spanish), a kind
of huntsmans cap.]—for me to take my choice of, and I chose the
saddest colour and left the other for Mr. Sheply. Hence by coach to
London, and took a short melancholy leave of my father and mother, without
having them to drink, or say anything of business one to another. And
indeed I had a fear upon me I should scarce ever see my mother again, she
having a great cold then upon her. Then to Westminster, where by reason of
rain and an easterly wind, the water was so high that there was boats
rowed in King Street and all our yard was drowned, that one could not go
to my house, so as no man has seen the like almost, most houses full of
water.

     [In this month the wind was very high, and caused great tides, so
     that great hurt was done to the inhabitants of Westminster, King
     Street being quite drowned.  The Maidenhead boat was cast away, and
     twelve persons with her.  Also, about Dover the waters brake in upon
     the mainland; and in Kent was very much damage done; so that report
     said, there was L20,000 worth of harm done.—Rugges Diurnal.—B.]

Then back by coach to my Lords; where I met Mr. Sheply, who staid with me
waiting for my Lords coming in till very late. Then he and I, and William
Howe went with our swords to bring my Lord home from Sir H. Wrights. He
resolved to go to-morrow if the wind ceased. Sheply and I home by coach. I
to Mrs. Crisps, who had sat over a good supper long looking for me. So we
sat talking and laughing till it was very late, and so Laud and I to bed.

21st. To my Lords, but the wind very high against us, and the weather bad
we could not go to-day; here I did very much business, and then to my Lord
Widdringtons from my Lord, with his desire that he might have the
disposal of the writs of the Cinque Ports. My Lord was very civil to me,
and called for wine, and writ a long letter in answer. Thence I went to a
tavern over against Mr. Pierces with judge Advocate Fowler and Mr. Burr,
and sat and drank with them two or three pints of wine. After that to Mr.
Crews again and gave my Lord an account of what I had done, and so about
my business to take leave of my father and mother, which by a mistake I
have put down yesterday. Thence to Westminster to Crisps, where we were
very merry; the old woman sent for a supper for me, and gave me a
handkercher with strawberry buttons on it, and so to bed.

22nd. Up very early and set things in order at my house, and so took leave
of Mrs. Crispe and her daughter (who was in bed) and of Mrs. Hunt. Then to
my Lords lodging at the gate and did so there, where Mr. Hawly came to me
and I gave him the key of my house to keep, and he went with me to Mr.
Crews, and there I took my last leave of him. But the weather continuing
very bad my Lord would not go to-day. My Lord spent this morning private
in sealing of his last will and testament with Mr. W. Mountagu. After that
I went forth about my own business to buy a pair of riding grey serge
stockings and sword and belt and hose, and after that took Wotton and
Brigden to the Popes Head Tavern in Chancery Lane, where Gilb. Holland
and Shelston were, and we dined and drank a great deal of wine, and they
paid all. Strange how these people do now promise me anything; one a
rapier, the other a vessel of wine or a gun, and one offered me his silver
hatband to do him a courtesy. I pray God to keep me from being proud or
too much lifted up hereby. After that to Westminster, and took leave of
Kate Sterpin who was very sorry to part with me, and after that of Mr.
George Mountagu, and received my warrant of Mr. Blackburne, to be
Secretary to the two Generals of the Fleet. Then to take my leave of the
Clerks of the Council, and thence Doling and Luellin would have me go with
them to Mounts chamber, where we sat and talked and then I went away. So
to my Lord (in my way meeting Chetwind and Swan and bade them farewell)
where I lay all night with Mr. Andrews. This day Mr. Sheply went away on
board and I sent my boy with him. This day also Mrs. Jemimah went to
Marrowbone, so I could not see her. Mr. Moore being out of town to-night I
could not take leave of him nor speak to him about business which troubled
me much. I left my small case therefore with Mr. Andrews for him.

23rd. Up early, carried my Lords will in a black box to Mr. William
Montagu for him to keep for him. Then to the barbers and put on my cravat
there. So to my Lord again, who was almost ready to be gone and had staid
for me. Hither came Gilb. Holland, and brought me a stick rapier and
Shelston a sugar-loaf, and had brought his wife who he said was a very
pretty woman to the Ship tavern hard by for me to see but I could not go.
Young Reeve also brought me a little perspective glass which I bought for
my Lord, it cost me 8s. So after that my Lord in Sir H. Wrights coach
with Captain Isham, Mr. Thomas, John Crew, W. Howe, and I in a Hackney to
the Tower, where the barges staid for us; my Lord and the Captain in one,
and W. Howe and I, &c., in the other, to the Long Reach, where the
Swiftsure lay at anchor; (in our way we saw the great breach which the
late high water had made, to the loss of many L1000 to the people about
Limehouse.) Soon as my Lord on board, the guns went off bravely from the
ships. And a little while after comes the Vice-Admiral Lawson, and seemed
very respectful to my Lord, and so did the rest of the Commanders of the
frigates that were thereabouts. I to the cabin allotted for me, which was
the best that any had that belonged to my Lord. I got out some things out
of my chest for writing and to work presently, Mr. Burr and I both. I
supped at the deck table with Mr. Sheply. We were late writing of orders
for the getting of ships ready, &c.; and also making of others to all
the seaports between Hastings and Yarmouth, to stop all dangerous persons
that are going or coming between Flanders and there. After that to bed in
my cabin, which was but short; however I made shift with it and slept very
well, and the weather being good I was not sick at all yet, I know not
what I shall be.

24th. At work hard all the day writing letters to the Council, &c.
This day Mr. Creed came on: board and dined very boldly with my Lord, but
he could not get a bed there. At night Capt. Isham who had been at
Gravesend all last night and to-day came and brought Mr. Lucy (one
acquainted with Mrs. Pierce, with whom I had been at her house), I drank
with him in the Captains cabin, but my business could not stay with him.
I despatch many letters to-day abroad and it was late before we could get
to bed. Mr. Sheply and Howe supped with me in my cabin. The boy Eliezer
flung down a can of beer upon my papers which made me give him a box of
the ear, it having all spoiled my papers and cost me a great deal of work.
So to bed.

25th. (Lords day). About two oclock in the morning, letters came from
London by our coxon, so they waked me, but I would not rise but bid him
stay till morning, which he did, and then I rose and carried them in to my
Lord, who read them a-bed. Among the rest, there was the writ and mandate
for him to dispose to the Cinque Ports for choice of Parliament-men. There
was also one for me from Mr. Blackburne, who with his own hand
superscribes it to S.P. Esq., of which God knows I was not a little proud.
After that I wrote a letter to the Clerk of Dover Castle, to come to my
Lord about issuing of those writs. About ten oclock Mr. Ibbott, at the
end of the long table, begun to pray and preach and indeed made a very
good sermon, upon the duty of all Christians to be stedfast in faith.
After that Captain Cuttance and I had oysters, my Lord being in his cabin
not intending to stir out to-day. After that up into the great cabin above
to dinner with the Captain, where was Captain Isham and all the officers
of the ship. I took place of all but the Captains; after dinner I wrote a
great many letters to my friends at London. After that, sermon again, at
which I slept, God forgive me! After that, it being a fair day, I walked
with the Captain upon the deck talking. At night I supped with him and
after that had orders from my Lord about some business to be done against
to-morrow, which I sat up late and did and then to bed.

26th. This day it is two years since it pleased God that I was cut of the
stone at Mrs. Turners in Salisbury Court. And did resolve while I live to
keep it a festival, as I did the last year at my house, and for ever to
have Mrs. Turner and her company with me. But now it pleases God that I am
where I am and so prevented to do it openly; only within my soul I can and
do rejoice, and bless God, being at this time blessed be his holy name, in
as good health as ever I was in my life. This morning I rose early, and
went about making of an establishment of the whole Fleet, and a list of
all the ships, with the number of men and guns: About an hour after that,
we had a meeting of the principal commanders and seamen, to proportion out
the number of these things. After that to dinner, there being very many
commanders on board. All the afternoon very many orders were made, till I
was very weary. At night Mr. Sheply and W. Howe came and brought some
bottles of wine and some things to eat in my cabin, where we were very
merry, remembering the day of being cut for the stone. Captain Cuttance
came afterwards and sat drinking a bottle of wine till eleven, a kindness
he do not usually do the greatest officer in the ship. After that to bed.

27th. Early in the morning at making a fair new establishment of the Fleet
to send to the Council. This morning, the wind came about, and we fell
into the Hope,—[A reach of the Thames near Tilbury.]—and in
our passing by the Vice-Admiral, he and the rest of the frigates, with
him, did give us abundance of guns and we them, so much that the report of
them broke all the windows in my cabin and broke off the iron bar that was
upon it to keep anybody from creeping in at the Scuttle.—[A small
hole or port cut either in the deck or side of a ship, generally for
ventilation. That in the deck is a small hatch-way.—Smyths
Sailors Word-Book.]—This noon I sat the first time with my Lord at
table since my coming to sea. All the afternoon exceeding busy in writing
of letters and orders. In the afternoon, Sir Harry Wright came onboard us,
about his business of being chosen Parliament-man. My Lord brought him to
see my cabin, when I was hard a-writing. At night supped with my Lord too,
with the Captain, and after that to work again till it be very late. So to
bed.

28th. This morning and the whole day busy, and that the more because Mr.
Burr was about his own business all the day at Gravesend. At night there
was a gentleman very well bred, his name was Banes, going for Flushing,
who spoke French and Latin very well, brought by direction from Captain
Clerke hither, as a prisoner, because he called out of the vessel that he
went in, Where is your King, we have done our business, Vive le Roi. He
confessed himself a Cavalier in his heart, and that he and his whole
family had fought for the King; but that he was then drunk, having been
all night taking his leave at Gravesend the night before, and so could not
remember what it was that he said; but in his words and carriage showed
much of a gentleman. My Lord had a great kindness for him, but did not
think it safe to release him, but commanded him to be used civilly, so he
was taken to the Masters Cabin and had supper there. In the meantime I
wrote a letter to the Council about him, and an order for the vessel to be
sent for back that he was taken out of. But a while after, he sent a
letter down to my Lord, which my Lord did like very well, and did advise
with me what was best to be done. So I put in something to my Lord and
then to the Captain that the gentleman was to be released and the letter
stopped, which was done. So I went up and sat and talked with him in Latin
and French, and drank a bottle or two with him; and about eleven at night
he took boat again, and so God bless him. Thence I to my cabin and to bed.
This day we had news of the election at Huntingdon for Bernard and Pedly,
at which my Lord was much troubled for his friends missing of it.

29th. We lie still a little below Gravesend. At night Mr. Sheply returned
from London, and told us of several elections for the next Parliament.
That the Kings effigies was new making to be set up in the Exchange
again. This evening was a great whispering of some of the Vice-Admirals
captains that they were dissatisfied, and did intend to fight themselves,
to oppose the General. But it was soon hushed, and the Vice-Admiral did
wholly deny any such thing, and protested to stand by the General. At
night Mr. Sheply, W. Howe, and I supped in my cabin. So up to the Masters
cabin, where we sat talking, and then to bed.

30th. I was saluted in the morning with two letters, from some that I had
done a favour to, which brought me in each a piece of gold. This day,
while my Lord and we were at dinner, the Nazeby came in sight towards us,
and at last came to anchor close by us. After dinner my Lord and many
others went on board her, where every thing was out of order, and a new
chimney made for my Lord in his bedchamber, which he was much pleased
with. My Lord, in his discourse, discovered a great deal of love to this
ship.

31st March. This morning Captain Jowles of the Wexford came on board, for whom
I got commission from my Lord to be commander of the ship. Upon the doing
thereof he was to make the 20s. piece that he sent me yesterday, up L5;
wherefore he sent me a bill that he did owe me L4., which I sent my boy to
Gravesend with him, and he did give the boy L4 for me, and the boy gave
him the bill under his hand. This morning, Mr. Hill that lives in Axe-yard
was here on board with the Vice-Admiral. I did give him a bottle of wine,
and was exceedingly satisfied of the power that I have to make my friends
welcome. Many orders to make all the afternoon. At night Mr. Sheply, Howe,
Ibbott, and I supped in my cabin together.